# Greek Ollendorff

March 13, 2018 | Author: Amaranthine Emma | Category: Phonology, Phonetics, Semantics, Morphology, Oral Communication

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Cornell University Library

The

original of this

book

is in

the Cornell University Library.

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the United States on the use of the

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text.

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924031242450

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Ail^OLD'S CLASSICAL SERIES I.

A FIEST AND SECOND LATIN BOOK

IND PRACTICAL GRAMMAR. By Thomas

Arnold, A. M. Revised and One vol. 12mo., 75 els.

K. Corrected, by J. A. fencer, A. M.

5il6fi5ll»

II.

LATIN PROSE COMPOSITION: A.

Practical Introduction to Latin Prose Composition. By Thomas K. AnNOLD^ A. Aevised and Corrected by J. A. Sponcer, A. M. 12mo., $1. M I III. FIRST GREEK "BOOK; *^tb Easy ExcrclGea and Vocabulary. By Thomas K. Arnold, A. M. rected by J, A. Spencer, A. M. 12mo., 75 cts. ileTUed and 0 ; COb Btruing, VI. CORNELIUS NEPOS; With Practical Questions and Answers, and an Imitative Exercise on each Chapter. Thomas K. Arnold, A. M. Revised, with Additional Notes, by Prof Johnson, Professor of the Latin Language in the Unlvereity of the City of New- York. Bj 12mo. A new, enlarged edition, with Lexicon, Index, &c.,$1.

"Arnold's Greek and Latin Series.— The publication of this valuable collection o( books may be regarded as the presage of better things in respect to the mode ol teaching and acquiring languages. Heretofore boys have been condemned to the drudgery o< going over Latin and Greek Grammar without the remotest conception of the value of what ley were learning, and every day becoming more and more disgusted with the thy and unmeaning task but now, by Mr. Arnold's admirable method— substantially the same with that oi lUendorff— the moment they take up the study of Latin or Greek, they begin to learn sentences, their mode o( 10 acquire ideas, to see how the Roma""! ancf Greeks expressed themselves, how expression dillered from ours, and by degrees they Uy up a stock of linowledge which is utt«riT ai!iuni"hing to those who have dragged on mo.ith alter month in the old-lashioned, dry, aiM tedious way of learmng languages. . l -, , , " Mr. Arnold, in fact, has liad the good sense to adopt the system of nature. A child leBni till it i.s fasteneJ his own language by hnUnling what he hears, and constantly repeating it Exercises in La'ta to work a-. immediately the memoiy ; in the same way Mr. A. puts the pupil the mode and Greek, invoVmg the elementary principles ol the language— words are supplied— their id as, expressed ancients the how shown pupil— he is 01 rutting them together is told the !7er«m ilerumt/ue—lhe docile pupli has aiicl ihe-., by leiiealiug these ihinsrs again and ag.iinunderstanding. his rooted in and his memory upcn them indelibly impressed eat her or "The American Eilitor is a thorough classical scholar, ami has been a practical He has devoted the utmost care to a complete revision of Mr, Arnold s wo .Ks, ,Mi-3 in this city. -vai .9113 improved and rearrangeij nas corrected several error» of inadvertence or otherwise, nas c; accurate f ruiT. matters in tiie early volu-mes of the series, and has alte Jed most diligently to the ado-.Jllon speedy confidently the most anticipate mechanical execution of the^whole. classical school

;

m

mg and

m

We

our schools and colleges." olthcse works . , , _ unparalleled, „ ,.j k«f»« bemg • • Arnold's Sciiesof Classical Works has attained a circulation almost in the Uiuteil wate» latro'duced into nearly all the Colleges and leadmg Educational Institutinna ,

30

.

CICERO DE OFFICIIS. WITH ENGLISH NOTES. Chiefly selected and

traii&lat/'id

from the editions of Zumpt and BonneH

BY THOMAS

THACHER,

A.

Assistant Professor of Latin in Yale College.

One volume 12mo.

90 cents.

has the advantage over any other with which we are acquainted, of more copious notes, b-jucr arrangement, and a more beautiful typography. The text ci Zumpt appeirs to have be';n c'osely followed, except in a very lew instances, where it is varierl on the authoiiiy cf Beiec, 0/elli and BonneU. Teachers and students will do wtll to examine

This edition ofDe

OfT'iCiUi

this edition.

"Mr. Thacher very mndastly disclaims for himself more than the cirlit cf a compiler and Bein^ ouriielves unblessed with ihe works of Zumpt, translator in the editing of this work. Bonnell, and other German writers to whom IVIr. T. credits mos' of his notes and comments, we cannot affirm that more credit is due him than he claims for his iivbors. but we may accord him the merit of an exliemely judicious and careful compiler, if no more;1i)r we have seen no re-mark without an important bearing, nor any point requiring elucidation which was passed unnoticed. " This work of Cicero cannot but interest eveiy one at

all

disposed to inquire into the views

of the ancients on morals.

"This valuable philosophical treatise, emanating from the pen of the illustrious Koman, derives a peculiar interest from the fact of its beiug written with the object to instruct his son, of whom tne author had heard unfavorable accounts, and whom the weight of his public duties had prevHnted him from visiting in person. Ii presents a great many wise maxims, apt and rich illustrations, and the results of the experience and reflections of an acute and powerful It is well adapted to the use of the student by copious and elaborate notes, explanatory jmind. of the text, aflxirding ample facilities to its entire comprehension. These have been gleaned *yith great judgment from the most learned and reliable authorities,— such as Zumpt, Bonnell, and others. Mr. Thacher has evinced a praiseworthy care and diligence in preparing the volume for tho purposes for which it was designed."

SELECT ORATIONS OF WITH NOTES,

M.

TULLIUS CICERO

THE USE OP SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES. BY E, A. JOHNSON,

FOE.

Professor of Latin in the University of

One volume, 12mo.

New- York.

$1. " This edition of Ciotfd^ Select Orations possesses some special advantages for the student bolli new and impottant. It is the only edition which contains the imoroved tejtl WHICH are 01 The great care, from the best German authors, as well as the English edition of Arnold. Although abuiidant, and ajmost profuse they yet appear generally to relate to some imponant point the text or subject, which the immature minil of pupils could not readily delect will out aid. ''"".^ ''"^ '^ ™°''^ perfect edition for the use of schools could well be prepared " >> .nu"°' This IS a beautiful and most excellent eiliiion of the great Roman orator ancf, so far as published in this country. Ii c.niains the four orations against CataH^f, "hr; r line, .he oiation lor the Monilian Law, the oraiion for Marcellus, for Ligarius, fur Kin" U^io"" ^"'°,the text of these Sraiions the edilor has ?."'' ^';;K'l t'lr'?' Pr^'r i'^i"^,' • .ailed himself of the best German and English ediiions; and the notes have been gathered f,om every available source These are so abundant-filling more than 300 pages-as to leavo almost nothing to be desired by the student. They are philological, explanatory and historical m " ; f "T . J" WOP^™? Each Orauon h furmshed with a valuable Introduction, combining what is necessaiT for the Btudem to know preparatory to the commencement of the study of iTie Oration, and an analvs » of the plan and argument of each Oraiion. Furnished will, this edition of' Cicero's SeleJ? Orations, the student is prepared to enter with pleasure and profit on the -o^u"; study ui of this una eiegani elegan and renowneil rtasBic author."— i;osi»,» jl«a*. : GREEK OLLENDOREE; BEING A PROGRESSIVE EXHIBITION OF THE PRINCIPLES OP THE GREEK GRAMMAR: iisignBi fnr ^loJginiiBrs in iBxnk, AND AS A BOOK OF EXERCISES FOR ACADEMIES AND COLLEGES. ASAHEL CrpNDRICK, PROFESSOR OF THE GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER. NEW-YORK D. APPLETON & COMPANY, 1851. & 200 BROADWAY. Entered, according D. m ttie to Act of Congress, in the year 1850, by APPLETON & COMPANY, Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New- York. EEFA P The present work -wtat is and aims OUemdorff, E its title indicates, strictly apply to C tlie an metliods which have proved so successful in the acquisition of the Modern languages to the study of the Ancient Greek, with such differences of course as the different genius of the Greek, and the would different suggest. purposes for which It differs in containing Exercises confining excellent It differs, reciprocal translation, in in a principles of the on the other hand, from other elementary works Ollendorff method, ; studied, them within a smaller compass, and recently appeared, in a plan is from the modern OUendorffs for more methodical exposition of the language. it more in Greek, rigid adherence to the and the greater in simplifying as much which have simplicity of its as possible the character of the Exercises, and keeping out of sight every thing which would divert the student's attention from the naked construction. The fold ; object of the first, to fornish a Author in this work was two- book which should serve as an PREFACE. introduction to the study of Greek, of any Grrammar. and precede not claiming to embrace mar, yet complete in use tlie be found, although It will therefore the principles of the Gram- all and itself, will lead the pupil, by from the simpler constructions to more complicated and difficult. The insensible gradations, those which are exceptions, and the more forms, strictly idiomatic it studiously leaves one side, and only aims to exhibit the regular and ordinary usages of the language, as the proper starting point for the student's further researches. In presenting these, the Author has aimed to combine the strictest accuracy with the utmost simplicity of statement. its He hopes, therefore, that his way among work will find a younger class of pupils than have usually engaged in the study of Greek, and will win to many in our Acadwho have been repelled by the acquisition of that noble tongue emies and Primary Schools the less simple character of our ordinary text-books. On this point while he trusts he would speak earnestly. it This book, will bear the criticism of the scholar, and be found adapted to older pupils, has been yet con- structed with a constant reference to the wants of the young ; and he knows no reason why boys and twelve, ten, or even eight years of age, may girls of not advan- tageously be put to the study of this book, and, under ' skilful instruction, when mastered, so full rapidly master its o^itline its contents. And of grammatical principles and comprehensive that the filling up is will be a PREFACE. pleasure rather tlian a task. With, the younger class of pupils, he would suggest that the rules for accent, and some of the other minor poned points, should With to a second or third perusal. the accents, and, with quantity should all, be post- older pupils, from the first receive diligent attention. Another object of this work is to furnish students with a book of Exercises to accompany the Grammar in any stage of their Greek Exercises, studies. It was in the oral which the Author has been in the habit of holding with his classes in College, that the conception and no time, he believes, work originated more profitably employed could be by the Greek stuof this dent, ; than that spent in going thoroughly, with or without writing, over the entire body of Exercises contained in this work, and such others of like character as the teacher may The absence of originate at the time. any peculiar grammatical nomenclature will enable the work to be used in connection with any Grammar and the number of words introduced is purposely very ; small, in order that the pupil's attention may diverted from the principles of construction by an remember unfamiliar words. feature of this book that it aims to principles of the of a very small almost all all cases, It is, in fact, a not be effort marked to present the leading Greek language through the medium number of words, and those words, in the names of very familiar, and through the earlier part of the book, physical objects. Hence, PREFACE. it has not been deemed necessary to furnisli any vocab- ulary of tbe words employed, as they are of so frequent recurrence tliat the attentive pupil cannot forget them. "With these and yet That it diflBidently, will the Author cheerfully, explanations, submits his -work to the public. be as favorably judged as has no doubt ; ought to be he but that is it will attractive guide to those ing, or seeking to perfect blest of human aware of its make it who ought to be he much be as He not so confident. with conscientious diligence to and it used as it has labored at once a reliable are either commenc- an acquaintance with the no- languages. He is, to imperfections, and, should able reception, he will spare no pains more worthy of public approval. attractive typographical dress, in it some to render For the which it extent, meet a favorit still tasteful and appears, he is indebted to the liberality of his publishers, the Messrs. Appletons, whose excellent series of school-books commanding universal favor. is GREEK OLLENDOEFF. INTEODUCTION. § 1. ters, 1. The Alphabet. The Greek Alphabet as follows Foi-m. : consists of twenty-four let- : GEEEK OLLENDORFF. 10 2. The Vowels (seA'en) and are divided into letters i, o, v, m. s, Consonants (seventeen). simple consointo divided are 3. The consonants consonants simj}le The consonants. nants and double Voioels, a, consist of nine mutes, four and the liquids, I, j3, (p, ft, v, sibilant (or hissing), The mutes 4. n, tj, x, 7, x> ^> ^> ^> Q, a- are subdivided as follows labials. lip-letters, n, ^, cf; pronounced with the lips " palate-letters, paZatofe. "palate; v.,y.i, " tongue tongue-letters, Unguals. " 7^ 5^ Q^ Again, n, x, 7, are smooth (unaspirated). ; ; q), Xy y, ^, ^ " rough (fully aspirated). 8 " medial (partially aspirated). Double consonants. from If, 5. ? f sometimes Rem. — Thus whenever y.ir, i)j. ya, VT before V, § 1. The «, Long, jj, oj. Doubtful, a, I, Thus, a, E, t, a, Tj, " ar 'iy^nvniv ov-A They have not the ball, i^ovai ocpaiQuv. Tijv ov Tqv aqjaiyar syovaiv. Tr;v acpaigav ovx e)[ovaiv. ovx i;(i( &VQar rj oixia; Has not the house a door ? The house has not a door, ?] olyJa oiy. I^ei &VQav. Rem. The pupil will mark the variation in the arrangement of the words, often according to their relative degree of emphasis ; thus. The house has a porch, Has the house a 'porch 7 The house has not a porch, fi otxia atoav ovy_ Tj n'f^Bi e^ii azouv. olm'a fj oixia aioav ; e'/^ei. (= it is not the house that has a porch.) The house has not a porch, (= it is not a porch that the house has.) The house has not a porch, 12. I. ov aroav ovx e^si azouv s)(^Ei oima. ij 7] otxia. Exercises. Render into English. — — Olxlat — — Ov S-vquq d'VQag ai olxlat — Ovx oixla ovx — Ov Oroav olxia —^H olxia ov aroav al olxiat Gxiag — Ov olxia.— Ovx —U Oxidg k^ovGcv. — Ov axiag txovGiv al —Al — Qvqa olxlag.Oxcay Oroa Oix'ia -di/Qaq txovGiv. I'^si -d-VQav. i'^ovai-v. "E^avGi. t;/si 'ff t^it S-VQag. Gvoccv t/ji. t'xovGLV fj t'^tc ; olxlac. rrjg ty^ti. f] olxlag. ; ; GREEK OLLENDOEFF. 22 —Ai eOrlac olxtav. —Sepal— Ov^ OipaiQuv. — Ovx txtrt — Ou^i — Qag ^cpaiqaq tojv x^i/Qai T/jg oixiag. Qccv i'/tcQ ucpai- t';(co t;(Of.itv i'^Ofitv. ; roc: ocpai- Qug. II. Render into Greek. have a — have not a —Have we —They have balls? — We have —A shadow. —A shadow of a has a shadow. — Has the a shadow? — The have shadows. — The door of the house —The has a has a shadow. — Has not the house a door — —The house has —Has not a portico? The house has not a —Have not the houses hearths — They have hearths. — The hearth of the I they not balls ? Have you a — Have ball? ball. ball. I ball's. balls. ball ball Dall. balls ? doors. door. it portico. ? house. FOURTH LESSON, 13. G. i!g It GREEK OLLENDOllFF. Rem. — Quantity and Accent 1. 2. in Decl. 23 1. The ending a>; in this Decl. is always long The Ace. ending in kv, is like the Nom.; as, as. a(f,i()ui. ; iiifiviiu, (rcfv- Quv, axtu., axial'. 4. The Dual ending in a is always long; as, acftviiiii, Tlie Nom. PI. in «t is short; as, afpyqal, axiaX. 5. Hence 3. atfvqn, acpvQYai, acpvgai,, a]Tt]Q fj/ACOV, our mother. I) nartjQ xai (I TTiiT/jQ /xov, y.ai, 7] ^ay.TijQi'a finv rj furjzriQ fiov, > n 7f (I ?7Kti,- y.ul rj my father and mother. fti^Tr/Q, rofxsi, xai rf 7i(dg y.ai lya ri xai rj rj cqiaiqa, nalg, naig TQt'^ovaiv, 6 naig tQe^ofier, ray staff, and my ball, both the boy runs, and the girl, both the boy and the girl run. I and the boy run. GREEK OLLENDORFF. Rem. 1. —When a verb is joined to subjects of different persons, the first person takes precedence second, and the second of the third; as, iya nai av TQf^o^sv, syoo xai o av IS xaL syta tq^^oj, iyco 7S rpt^o), tya Tf xai av 36. im aov rgt^Ers, y.ai av, im Rem. TOV, iq)),on. on A I and you run. preposition. the. cases. We cjil x6v, tlie sOgag, r^ atj^cuqa; sariag xttzai, im tijg as, on the house. on a house. on a seat. tn oixiag, Kulzai one, some two, and some the cases which they inl tov, the Gen. inl tm, the indicate Ace. sni 17]? oiKiug, Kshai both (Governs the Gen. Dat. and Ace.) govern, by the Art. Dat. nov run and you. — The Prep, govern, some three Eg; I ZQ^/^o/jisr, (irt, 2. both rq^^ofisv. inl Tov, T^, Tov, iq) and you run. and the boy are. botli you and your father run. both we and you liave. I xai av, KKi iyon xni av of the I 7zaTe inl xafiXovi — O^X t/^ki. ^) xaXdi Tb xcd dyad-dg. ^CC'^') >iOQJj, rj 'li pialt/ HV{ti]. dyavhrj. r) tloiv 'Ev ; riig iv i'dQccg rijg /^Xalvai sv /iiov TTJq Xtv^fjg. fia^iTrjgicc r) }iQr]VJ]g Trig ;ic{Xul rjj Ti] Xtvpifi Xijg ^OQr], ra rfjg nvXrj xtTrac, rfj }c!]na. —Hov —'Ev yavla dXXd nXrioiov xtivrai at xaXal ^ttlvrai, rijg Xtvarig /j]- —Ilo&iv Tqs^aL 6 mnog —^Exti&av — sx tov dyqav ooov. — Tig tov 'mnov — O veaviag — TOV IIol 6 dcddoxu—Eig Xog TOV avrov ; Xov. TQ&p^tc. ; Tqe;(sc TcXrjalov rijg xdf^Tjg >{a{}-rjvac iTvl ; iTtnov tfa&rjTai. STtl Render II. %'i-[A.%tL ttjv xco/Lirjv ^ad-riTifiv rfjv big tts/h- into Greek. A wise young man.— A wise teacher.— A beautiful boy. —A beautiful maidens. — Where the among the —She in rm &c.) the garden. — Not among those in the or the pasture. garden, but among those in the here nor The young men are neither —The garden has a beautiful spring. — The teacher has nothing good —A wise mother.—The but good books. — wise teacher has a good scholar.- -Whom does the father send hither? — He sends either the good workman or the wise — and you send the young man home. beautiful girl. maiden —Beautiful sitting? is sits trees (iv rotg iv field sitting A. artisan. The there. father. I apples are falling into the beautiful fountain. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 66 EIGHTEENTH LESSON. 64. Adjectives of the First and Second Declension. Adjectives in o? pure {og preceded have the Fem. 1], in d, thus, og, a, ov. except those in Qoog, which have by a vowel) and gog, But Adj. in oos have a. nlovdlog, a, ov, rich. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 65. 67 6 norufios, ov, the river. 6 ddxjv).og, ov, the finger. 6 av&Q03!zos, ov, the mail. 6 TiXovaiog 'i[i7toQog, the rich merchant. jxTjkov i^ixgov, a small apple, a winding river, a long road. anoliog Tiotafiog' jjiaxQa odog, 66. Adjectives in the Predicate. The road is crooked, The houses are beautiful, The roses in the garden ^ 686g iari axoXiix. at olxiai xuXai daiv. are ra white, iv 7(p K);w(j) Qoda Xsvxd iaiiv. My father and mother are wise, 6 nairjQ y.a.i t; fi'^TriQ fiov ao- (poi elaiv. The young men and the maid- ens are good, The river and the road are long. aogai aya- ol viavlai ycit ai &01 daiv. 6 noza/iog nai rj 686g Eiai [laxQci. — When the Adj. refers to Nouns of different genthey he persons, the Masc. takes precedence of the Pem. and the Pem. of the Neut. ii^ things, the Adj. may agree with the nearest noun, or be put in the Neut. Plur. without regard to the gender of the Rem. ders, if ; Substantives. 63 GREEK OLLENDORFF. 67. TzaiZm, Eig, &c. Iplay, sport as dg, ovzcag — wg, ovj^ ovrco ag lya aocfog Tiity^m, so — as. as wise as svco, ag not. v.aKog, as ah xaj ovzco ncug, child), thus, so. otizmg or ovrm, ovra aoaog ag (fr. (proclitic). I I. so wise as beautiful. run, so also you run. TQt'xsig, cogneg, just 0V7C0 so also. Xttl, agneg nintu to oevoqov, ovtco as. just as the tree so falls, it lies, xHzai, cagnsQ av, ovtco kou iym, 68. I. "^fj.noqoz just as you, so also I. Exercises. Mender into Ejiglish. nXovGioz. —'O t/nnogog TcXovGioq, — Ov/ 6 nlovotog dXX 6 — Ov^ OVTCO TiXovoios ag dya&og eGtlv —^H oSog sari —Sxo'kcui ul oSol at syyvg rov noraf^ov. —^H odog ovre ioTLv.- TS^i'iTT/g Ef.inoQOQ, iortv. o GptoTiia. t[.i7tOQog. ti6iv outoj — ioiiv. — l-iaxQu iariv, ovrs oi/rco Gxo'kid wg o norajj-og. O noraftbg ovva fj,cxQbg ovrs axoXcog —— GREEK OLLENDORPF. 8c(xrii)Mi Tia/g fiviav r>/ r] GOV fj-iXirrav etiL X^^Q'- ^ (iv&QCJTtos ; TIov 01 — TV tov daaruXov. — Tl sOti teal f-uxqag. f.icc>€()og Tov baxTvXov i-jil 60(f)ol ; ', ^Xalvav £^4^Jtalg iv ra xrjTicp nai^tc. X^L- —'0 —O 7] vtaviai iv roig ciyqolg Jval^ovGiv. tig rr]v XQrivriv qinrtL. niTcvtc. fj.ixqoz ^(pvqav 6(pcuQav qinrovOcv ; Ttjv '^O iTi%og TilXog II. "^O ^'H fi 6 ]] sv —Uol vtaviag rrjv Gcpaiqav Gcpalga odov i.x TTJg xal t'^ti naTg k^hL tj^ti "^0 Ttal^bi 6 TvaiQ 69 tig tov tiotccjuov tig ttjv vofirjv tqs- x^f^^va fxov accXa sGtcv. Render into Greek. a rich man. — The —The laborers are —They are not so rich as wise.—The young man not but wise. —Not so wise as beautiful. — The scholar not so wise as the teacher. —Who are playing in the gardens — The boy and the are playing Who running out of the river —The man running out of the river into the crooked road. — A small (that on the cloak. —What Small cloaks. —The — The one on my —What bee —The one on —^Whom does your father send the village the —He always sends the wise youth. —Just as he sends the youth, so also he sends the workman. — The young A rich man. The merchant ar- is tisan is not so rich as the laborer. rich. is beautiful, is there. girl 1 ? is is fly. fly fly ? is) ? finger. into rose. man neither plays in the garden, nor throws his (the) ball into the river. sits on a ? horse, but GREEK OLLENDORFF. 70 NINETEENTH LESSON. 69. Contract Nouns of the Second Declension. Some nouns contracted in tog, oog, sov and oov of this Decl. are ; 6 voog, the mind, TO oat&ov, the hone. GEEEK OLLENDORFF. 70. 71 Position of the Gen. Emphasis mainly {a) Partitive Gen. (Lesson III.) on the governing noun. The Constiuction of this has already been given as, ; Tj &vQa (6) tj &vQct, Emphasis mainly on force, and is placed between the art. and noun, or aftgr Adj. (or Attributive) Gen. the Gen. The Gen. then has an Adj. like the Adj. either both with the art. repeated ij T^f otxi'ag -Ovga, 7j &vQa rj ; as. the door of the house = the of-the-house door. tr/g oixiag, 71. (a) the door of the house. irig oixiag, 7^S owiag Examples. Partitive Gen. (emphasis chiefly on the govern- ing noun). The basket of the young man, Not the basket of the young man, but his (the) ball, Both the cloak and the hat of TO xavovv rov veaviov. ov 70 xarovv zov reaviov, aXX 9] rj The Adj. Gen. ; cloak, but that of the artisan, youth's ball, and the work- The man's hammer. b nXlog %ov (emphasis chiefly on the Gen.) cloak of the merchant, Not the merchant's v.ci.i av&Qwnov, the man, (b) acfiaiga. IS x^uiva, ^ rov i/jiTZOQOv ylaiva. ov^ rj 70V tiinoQovfkaiva,, alX ij 10V liiyitov. ij toil rsanov aqxuQa xai acfvga ij rov (Qyarov. rj ;; 72 GREEK OLLENDORFF. Promiscuous Exainples. 72. The ra QoSci Tov nrjnov. ov zk QoSa 70V n^nov, aXXa roses of the garden, Npt the roses of the garden, za SivSqa. but the trees. Not the roses of the garden (i. e. the garden roses) but ov la. xrinov QoSa,, aD.a rol) ra Qoda ra 70V dygov. the roses oi ihejidd, The The finger of the man. head of the 6 ddxTvlog TOV finger, not the man, Both the man's 6 ddxTvXos, ovf^ finger, and the xecpaXi; tov workman — This dvOgmnov T£ TOV TOV •Aou Not the young man's Obs. 7j avdQionov. youth's, the uv&gmnov. s finger, but ov^ last construction, I'satiov Toil dXX head. rj xscpaXy Tj xscpalrj 8dxTvlog, veai'iov. rj dai^rvloi;, 7j &c. TOV BQyd- is chiefly employed when not only the Gen. but also the governing noun is to be contrasted with some other object. 73. What ball'? Tig aqiaiga That of the young man, The young man's. What hammer do you I I ?} Tiva. throw ? throw the merchant's, throw that of the merchant, aqjvgKV ginTSig Qinroa tijv tov sjinogov. 5 What horses are running? Not the teacher's horses, Not the horses ; TOV v^aviov. of the teacher, But the scholar's, But those of the scholar, | ( Tivsg "nnoi, TQtjovaiv "^^^ "' '^''*' ^'^"'^""^"'^ ''''''" 5 /,..,, ""^^ \ "' ^"^ f^^^^V^o^- ; ; greek ollendorff. 74. Exercises. Render I. 73 into English. —^Oora — Ta sv rw — Tig ^ovg — sv ra Xtvxce — dyQa. Ov^ 6 sv ra dyqa ^ovg, d'kX — vovg tov vsaviov. — Ovvs 6 vovg, OVTS tov vsaviov. — tov dcha6}c tov dyqov Ti Kava I'xiiQ sv ra ttava ; ogto. t;^a. e6Tiv. 6 jtXrjaiov Trig Hojfirjg. t) '^O xtcpa'krj "^O Gocpog icrcv. i'^sig ttjv ttjv S^CO, /SafivrjQiav T?JV S/.17c6qOV. t^ca TtjV tilXov. ttjv qinTco, ttjv Hfj-sTg TTjv f-iCfiQ^v ovTCo Xsvxr] vof-ifi Trig f] Tfi ovtco iTiTioc y.ol (also) Sf.i7tOQOv iTVTTOi. jnfjXa slotv. tco tiava. sig tov moTa[.LOV tqe^ovGiv. II. Render basket. —White baskets. — Our baskets are —The basket not so white as the bones. —The A white white. into Greek. is 4 — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 74 not so white nor so small as the merchant's basket, is not so white as his merchant's basket The artisarCs. is cloak.— l^\\e girl has small and white violets.— We have nothing hut bones in the basket. They have roses and violets in their (the) baskets, instead of roots and thorns. A fly instead of a bee. What has the thief? (the) — —He has the young mayis cloak.— He has not the merchant's cloak, but his hat. — A ing into my hat. — Whence does — Out of the —The apples from the apple-trees into the beauspring. — The on the white boy —The cow on the rocks, near the corner of the pas- He has my cloak. ball is fall- it tree. fall? fig- fall tiful is sitting little seat. lies ture. TWENTIETH LESSON. 6 XQot'og, ov, the the the the the rots, then, at that time. noXai, of old, anciently. 75. aii\(f6g, ov, b 11 ^ vioi,; 01), aSsXcpij, ^f, dgocpj], rig, o vvv XQorog, brother. son. sister. roof. time, time. the present time XQOVOS 6 fvv, 01 Tore av&Qconoi, 01 av&Qwnoi 01 ndXai vsaviai, the ol tots, at vsaviat ol ndXai, (the now time), men of that time (the iJ^eramen). > the young men of old. GREEK OLLENDORFF. Rem. 75 —Adverbs following an Art. have the force of Adjec- tives. .76. The word pupil will observe that whatever or clause has an ^c^'ec^ii'e force can stand, between the noian and its Art. or after both with the Art. repeated; (a) 1. The Adjective, The Adj. Gen. 3. The Adv. as Adj. (IvOQwnog 6 aocfiog. uii&()a)nog 6 aiXfog. 70V reiiiiov adtXcp^. rj rov viaviov. (c) aSel^fq fj 10V peatiov. (a) 2. (jocpog S,v&QCx>noi. (6) 6 (c) as, ri aStXq)i] (6) !i ((7.) oi rvv ai&Qmnoi. (6) Oi ai'OQoonni ol vvv. (c) av&QCO7!0l 01 vvv. (a) 4. The Adj. clause, (b) (c) Thus, ri OvQa. iv tij oi-Aa OvQU &VQa rj i) ij sv jrj olxia. iv irj oixia. e. g. What men? Tiieg civOqcotzoi. ; I { I. The wise men, I ^ 2. The of-ihe-village (The men of the men, village), (a) (6) 01 (f) uvOQmnoi: ai-Ogmnni ol aocpoL 01 ancpnl at'QQmnoi. ol ffoqpo/. av&Qamoi. I (a) ol < (6) oldv&(>a>no(.ol f (fi) zJji,' '/.(Ofirii af&QoinoL 77j>,'y.(oi^/ji! ol tiji y.aixtji;. (a) ot nakai anQQtanoi. 3. The qf-old (6) ot at>&(ja)7zoi oi naXat. men, (The men of old), ((,•) av&Qconoi ol ndlai. (a) ol iyyvi; rou notanov av- dgainot. 4. The near-ihe-river men, (The men near the river), (6) ot avdQanoi ol iyyv(s tov iyjvi; tov noia/xov. (c) av&fjainoi noTafiov. ol . GREEK OLLENDORFF. (tj Rem.— In Examples (a) the emphasis is eaxlusiveli/, or mainly on the Adj. or qualifying word or clause. In (6) and (c) there is additionally some emphasis on the first noun as contradistinguished from some other noun, (c) Differs from (6) only as it first presents the conception indefinitely, but immediately made definite by the Art. following as, av&gajiog o aya&oq, a man, the The good man. good one ; = 77. |l3^ The pupil will specially observe that whatever Adv. an or clause has the force of fbllow the Art. by English constructions The door in the house, The cow near 'H dvQa ii' the river, rfi noTajAov, derstood) which is olyJa, ; thus, Tj OvQa sV oi'x/re. but. rj SV oiy.ia &vQa. or. ri jy {)vQa not. Tj ^ovg but i] nXtjaiov tov nozafiov or, Tj ^oog ij would mean, or, iv Ty olkik. rj Trltjaiov the door, zov nozufiov. (SoJi,'. nli]aiov xov izozafiov. the door is in the when in the house; house. 'H ^ovg nXtjaiov tov cow is near the river (taziv unwhen near the river ; not, the cow is) in the would mean, or, must immediately not. house {tariv understood), not, the door [which A(Jj. — He must guard against being misled the coiv, the near the river. Examples. Render, The horse (which ^ is) ' in the road. \ ( The cow (that is) in the field. The rock near the stream. The bones in the basket. The boy on the roof. The fountains in the village. The apples in the apple-tree. ? '^ °^^] '"1°fi f mnog o tv zy ooo}. ; ; GREEK OLLENDOUFE. 78. 77 Observe also the various modes of rendering the Art. in connection with a Gen. or with an Adj. clause thus, ; what horse have you ilea thv rov aSaXqiov, ? I have that of my brother. have my brother's. have the one in the pasture. have that which is in the I have the one which I I I pasture. is in the pasture, what horses have youl I have those of the merchant. tivag In/iovs exsii ZOVg TOV fflTlOQOV iy^M, have the merchant's. have those there. I have those which are there. Ihave the ones which are there. I I 79. I. Exercises. Hender into English. JTou nai^tL 6 ddtXcpog gov ; —'O d8t'k(pbs xal — Ovx sv aXk sv ra tov nXov6iov TOV EQydrov — 6 viog Gov — vlog fiov — Gata Ovx sv iv dXX sv tov devd^ov. — xaxiag — TOV 8sv8()OV sv Ov Ttai^ovGcv nXrjGiov tov noraf-iov — Ovx sxsl ovBs uvtov, d^Jka avx^g. — Tov — T/pa GOV 6 — xal dStXcpog dya&ov vlov GcpaiQuv. — Tlva GcpaiQuv — sv ri dStXcpr] jxov sv tcj ttrfTia %uiQov6LV. tco xriTia, jiai^ki TfjQ TYj j oixiag. %l.r]aiov Trjg 7t£jiin-ii tig tijv xco^ujv TiaviiQ Tis/nTtti. TTjV ol- r)/L(cov nai'QovGiv., /Liiv T/jg Opiid. TYj &i]fiti}cc TJj 'Hfxsig ttj Oxi^a.) ol viol sfA.- Iloii Ttai^ai TioQov. 'Eyco ; 6 qIjtto- ; Trjv Trj — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 78 6voa. ^iTCTtTH Trjv STtl TTJg OcpaiQav rrjv vtaviat ra; iv rag iv ri] x^i^^? rfi tdQa; ; rfj^ iv Oroa. rfj —JJots 'Ev rco viiv ^qovco. ^rjXa OcpaiQag qntrovOn'. — Ob — Ours ^iTvrovocv, ovvt rag iv roig xavolg. II. Render into Greek. A wise son. —A good brother. — The beautiful sister. Who has the beautiful staff? —My sister has it [avtijv). — —What hat has — He has not his brother's hat but his books. — What staves has the father? — He has those of the young man. — He has not the young man's, but the merchant's. — What violets? The beautiful ones in (ta the garden. — What ta roots — The roots of the apple-tree. — Not the roots of the apple-tree, but those of the —The thorns of the —Nothing so beautiful as the — Not roses but —We have nothing in our (the) baskets except Not the merchant's my son 1 son, but his brother. — He has the hat of his (the) brother. iv) y.ula. ? fig-tree. rose. rose. is violets. violets. TWENTY-FIRST LESSON. 80. f'/MoV, aog, ri, arj, (fllo^-, 6 if 6v, (from tfxov) (from aou) gov, my, mine. thy, thine =y our, a friend. ov, Hog. the friend. cpiloi fwv, a friend of mine. i/xbg epilog, or qiilog s/jog, a friend 6 epilog fiov, my friend. my' Iriend. '']'=' epilog ifiog epilog, s/tog, ) > V n oi" ^ mine. yours. ; ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. Rem. —When my, ic, ifioi 79 &c. are to be made emphat- thy, (your) and aog are always used. ^XaTfiiv fiov Till) fjffVf,' Have you my cloak? k^sig 7)jv I have not your cloak, but ov ffiiiV zi]f ai,v '^Xaivttv mine, ; ylahav ; ej^co, aXXa TtjV ffArjV. Yoicr brother, not mine, My friend, aSsXtfog, (JOS not the teacher's, ov]( 6 Bfxos. 6 iftoi (filog, ovf^ o tov diBas- aaXov. 81. Tivog of whom ; tivmv; of 7ivog sariv o mnog whose sfiog iaiiv, 6 it is aog iativ, aXX 'Innog iriv ti'vog i^sig riiv zivog 'i%ug iv Totg ^axrtjQiav rj in those of our friends, whose acpaiga, sazi rov adslq}Ov fiov, it is 'iazi TOV i] 70V eftov aSeXqiov, ifiij iativ, aiX ? my brother's. arti- san's. — If the question the Possessor Dat. with the ball it is rov zsyvirov. Rem. is the merchant's, the ball is mine, not the fflTZOQOV ioTlV, acpaiQK yours, not mine. in mine. cfllcav ij/imv, Ti'vog iazlv is whose staff have you? whose have you (that of whom have you ?) in whose gardens are they.? ; ; rivmv a^noig elatv zmv the horse 1 is mine. horse tlie c iv loTg EiioTg, iv xolg whose 7 (Sing.) whose 7 (Plur.) 7 whom 7 a thing?' the Gen. of he possess?' the or the Ace. with e/w. is iazl, is, used 'whose ; if] ' is xehat does ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. 80 Whose The ; ; is zlvog fMT\v the cloak'? the workman's, thereto the workman? cloak is What is (What has the workman?) rj fXalva. (Qyarq; 71 lazi TO) 11 There is a cloak to the workman, i. e. the workman has ri yXaiva, iari tov iyyarov. f(jy(i.Ti]g ; 'iffii sazi ylaXvu. to) fQyarri, ylahav b fQydzrjg s/^si. a cloak, What have you beautiful? Have you any rt sy^srs y.a).ov thing beautiful ? (which are) r/^s7£ KttXas ones 82. — Ovx o TOV (my) vlov — Ov rov qjog. tig nsfiTCEcg ^Ev Tolg Tivog sv ry y.cofiri Xsvnag —'O — dXX 6 aog — Tov rivog tov dyqov. juov. s/z6g dStXcpoQ. sfj-ov nE[j.%a, arjTioi-g iv ly e)^0[isv. cxStX- JJsfi'Jva aXXa tov ov8a iv Tolg oo/g TcaiL^ovoiv, — Ov>e sv dXX vlov oov. Ttui^ovetv ot vtaviai; ToTg xaXoig Toig tov sjlitvoqov. d'ov 8i8a6xaXou. tag into English. ddsXcpog Sjitoq, iiofisv KCOfllJ. Exercises. Render "^O ; s)(Ofisv. levxag 7ai; rag "AdsXqioQ. -AaXag omiag HlOjltV.^^ in the village, I. ri xa).oi' vj-ilv saTiv ij/uv PvSsv Kalov. beautiful houses? We have. We have beautiful ones. We have the white ear IV ovdsv r/ujiev y,alov. We have nothing beautiful, Have you Sj(STS 71 y,alov ; — JLv roTg ifioig, iv Tolg tov dya- — Tivog ilalv ol xfinoc oi iyyvg ; ; ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. TOV xaXov Qov tov aocpov tstiolv ol f(aXol dyqoi Ov tov ahtXcpov ilocv, akXa tov gov. Uov tloiv ol ^vItov. — TivoQ sfA.ov cpiXoc fijLicJv ; xa&r]vvut. cpiXcp — H ifiol slaiv, 81 GOV r] —-H inl tcov tietqcjv, — TV sgtc tco (pi'Xco EGvi, nXrjv /SaxTrjQiag sv tuIq GtouIq rj — Ovdsv (.lov xal tco fiinQccq ^rjXov. — Tl xaXov — OvSsv ovts xaXov ovts dya&ov. — Ovblv xaXov sgtI qoScov xul — Ovx k^st vovv —2o(pov vovv — H TOV yXdJGGa ov^ ovtco e^sis tx^o, ; fioc nXr^v vnaviac. I'cov. ^ Gog^rj fj.a-&r}TOV i'X^t. €GTiv, cog rj TOV didaGxaXov. II. What has My father has Render intd Greek. my brother ? —Your brother nothing but a staff. has a staff.— —Whose staff has he 1 —He has mine. —He has not mine, nor the merchant's, but that of the wise artisan. — Has the teacher (any) books? — He has. — He has (some) good ones. — The teacher has not so good books as the scholar. — Neither I nor you have so good books as the teacher. — The teacher has a wise tongue. — What has (what there the scholar —There are to the scholar good books, and a good mind. —Has the artisan any thing beautiful? —He has something both beautiful and good. —What has he beautiful? — He has nothing beautiful except a small hammer. — He has a ball instead of a hammer. —Is not not yours, but your the hammer mine — either on the hearth, or in the Where does — is to) 1 ? it lie? friend's. It is It lies small chest, or near the beautiful 4* fig-tree. 82 GREEK OLLENDORFF. TWENTY-SECOND LESSON. 83. Contracted Adj. of the First 4* Second Declension. XQixsEog, a, ov, golden. GREEK XQVaog, ov, 6 aQyvQog, ov, to noii'niior, ov, TQcijie^u, Tj A r]g, golden cup, The the gold, gold. the silver, silver. the cap, idrinking-cup). the table. IQVaOVV silver table, Purple cloaks, i] 7I07I]QI0V. aQyvQO. tQans^a. yXaXvai noqqivqai. upon. Prep. (Gen. Dat. Ace). (Gen.) on the. im lov, (Ace.) on to the (motion on 84. inl, in). Tov, i^v ne- xsTtai ini fXaXva. ij 83 0LLEND0E.F3?. the cloak lies to). on the rocks. TQWV, ia firila mnru im Tag nitqag, inl iTjg TQanstvs, in\ trjv rgdnsl^av, ij aqiaiQa y.shai inl ij aqiatQDt. nmrsi rijg sni tqant- Tp rqa- niQav, ano rov. fall on to the rocks, on the table. on to the table. the ball lies on the table. the apples the ball falls on to the table. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 84 Rem. h Tov, differs ittl from tov, as slg tov differs ircl from TM, tlius, the being iv, illy dg, into, the im im sm tov, on, in. coming in. the being on. on to, the coming on. rov, on the chest, Trig X^jkov, the chest, hrrixn^cp,^ STzl rqv X'l^ov, in sig Tijv y^rilov. into the chest. on to the chest, Render, From the hearth, Out of Instead of a On On from the fig-tree. the basket, out of the chests. staff, the table, to the table, In the hat, instead of the cloak. on the tongue. on to the rocks. in the mind. Into the fountain, into the basket. Except a A ball, near the y.a7.rj beautiful cloak of mine, river. x^atvd s/xrj y.aXi] My purple cloak. Not my purple cloak, but yours, \ i] TznQifVQa •j^Xaird ftov. ^ ij ffAtj ovx 7T0Q(pvQd iXalva. fi aXX My beautiful cup is golden, .oxIj fiov. ylaTva. 70 ffiov ti^ij Tj TiOQtfvQu. ylouva, aij. y.aXov aovv iaziv. nozriQiov IQV- ; ; greek ollendorff. Exercises. 85. Render I. Xqvgovv icaXov sGTtv. sgtiv, cog to gov. tcQa sGtiv o}Q — To ^QvOoiiv novrjQiov Sf^ov noTJiqcov ifinoQOv. ovtw xccXov ov^ ovrco .(a.l- oi/;x Tec Get Ttor/jQtce ra tov yvgd TE norrjQia — Of into English. TtOTrjQcov. — To 85 ^H/j.7v sGtcv uq- aal ^qvGcc. — XQvaovv y^qvoa eGtl ra xavd, dXX xavovv. dq-yvQci. — Ti ra ^Qvoa xava — E^tc >eaXu dg— yvqd ^fiXu. -E^ei dgyvqag ocpvqaq, huI ^qvad t/^it o Tvalg iv 7iOTt]Qca. — Ta rlvog TO- novriQia ^qvGcc eGtiv, ov8s Ef.icc norrjQia ^gvGa sgtcv to. ; Ga, — Ou dXXd —-EGrt — TV egti ra ra Sfinoqa xXulva TiOQCpvqd ^quGrj. — nou — uL ^Xaivai /^qvGy /j]Xa KtJvTat. — TL Gcpalqa ov xalrac dXka — Oi vtaviai xudt^vrac tdqag, rqsxovGLV. —'O Tcc Tcjv cpiXcov rjjucjv. ifx-noQco rt acci xtlvrccL 'Ev rfj stvI rqaTTE^i/g, ri/g niTtTSt STvl TTjV ^rjXop. snl rfjg nalg qlTtrat r] ttjv Render i] oqocprjv sttI ttjv olxiav. into Greek. My friend. Not my friend, but Both my friend, and the merchant's. -What has merchant? He has purple cloaks, and golden cups. yours. tlie rrjv Gcpaiqav II. A sjtl friend of mine. — GKEEK OLLENDORFF. 86 —The silver Whose is this It is cup is not so beautiful as the golden golden the merchant's. cup?—Whose neither It is is it oi^e. {zivog iaziv)! mine nor the mer- the laborer's.— The purple cloaks are not lies here ? so beautiful as the white ones. son lies here. Where? On the roof. Not on the roof, chant's ; it is but on the table. —Who — —My on to the —The —The ball on the chest, but in the chest. —The table. falls ball does not lie apples fall not {ov nintu) on to the basket, but into the or into —The horses always —The cow the road. — The boy but on to basket. on to the rocks. is is run either into the road, or either running in the road, not running on the house, the house. TWENTY-THIRD LESSON. 86. Declension o tacog, the SING. 2. Attic Form. peacock. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 70 avmyetav, the dining-hall. SINO. 87 GREEK OLLENDORFF. 88 aTzo rov, from the. £x rov, avTi TOV, out from the. instead of the. 7ZQ0 70V, before the. im rov, sjii rov, on on er into the. sig rov. I come, to the. in the. 7^, bQlofiai, the. go. (Passive and middle form.) Ind. Pres. ; greek ollendorff. 89. I. tQ^tTCCi, tig TTjv EQ^ivat, f.tr]TrjQ Exercises. Render Tig t(}y(STai; 89 into English. —"E^ji^arai Groav dXX fi firjTrjQ 6r]. fj 6 navrjQ ^ov. —'0 Gov ; — Oup( — Taa rj racog. — 01 Xaya xai ol raw. — TV —SxiovQOv — Qovg, dXXa Xayaig Xafi^uvtvs. — Ovx Tialg Xafj./3avic. ; dXX Xaycog Xau/3avojLiiv, vfj.tig %Q0 cpiXoc. r)ficov ijutj xal 'kufx/Savtc o TS Xuyco. — Ov>c vfj.tlg. V/^'^^i "H/iitlg rf^g eOrcsQag tQ/^ovrai. —Hsftnti roi/g rs aal to dvcoytav SQ^oiLit&a. TTjg kco tig nQO ov gxlov- 'Yjutig — 01 —Jlort vlov uvtov nqo ovqa rov tccco. Ovji( r) ovqa, dXX Tj }itrpaXr] rov tuco. Ovrt rj rov raw ovqu, ovTE rj Tov OxcovQOv. 'H rov Gxlovqov ovqcc ov^ ovTCo xaXr] s6tcv, ag rj tov Taa. Ugb tov XQ^' nSfiTTse- trig 6 narrjQ rov rifzsQag. 'if vov. —^O xXsTtTTjg jiQO TJjg tco tqx^raL. fcilvvac Tigb Ttjg 7CvX?]g. sGTtv ag T} honsQu. II. —'H tag —At /Sotg ov^ oiira xaXri — To juoiQov dvaysav. Render into Greek. Wlience comes the young man ? The young man comes out of the dining-hall. The peacock and the When does squirrel are running into the dining-hall. the thief come ? Not before noon, but before morning. The teacher sends his (the) disciple before evening. Whither does he send him? —Into the village. — Into 90 GREEK OLLENDORFF. what village ? Into the one near the river. What do the young men catch? They catch hares and peacocks. —The — The of the —A pur—"Whose the golden cup? — mine. ple cloak. — not mine, but my —The horse before the — The maidens before the porch. —Noon not so beautiful as morning —Where the basket? — beautiful. in the dining-hall. — The day of the peacock tail peacock is is beautifal. tail not so small as that of the squirrel. It is is brother's. gate. It is lies sit is lies (^ sag). It lies is TWENTY-FOUETH LESSON. 90. Adj. of Declension Most co7npound Adjectives 2, of two endings. in og, and many belong in their inflexion, entirely to the 2 Decl. others, The form is the same for all genders, except where the Neut. has a separate ending. aloyog, irrational, unreasonable. (from a privative, and loyog, speech, reason.) SING. ; . GREEK OLLENDORFF. tfts ^?, xpT'Xfl, ?/ TO fcoo)', fj soul. the living creature, the animal. the phi/siciati. ov, 6 luTQos, ov, t] ^ivym afydrarog laiiv, the soul u&dvttzov iaziv, the soul yjvx'i 6 uv&Q(a7iog ^wov iaitv, 91. nowg, xajio'f, a, ov, ri, now? av&Qwnog ; noTa QoSa aoQi] rj is immortal, immortal (an immortal thing), man is an animal. of what sort ov, evil, i^^i 91 7 is what kind of 7 bad, wicked. what sort of a man 1 what sort of roses has the maiden? rot. noia what sx^i sort of ones has she? (the of-whai-sorl ones has she?) TO, Koka she has the beautiful ones. S^El, Rem. Tidlog referring to something previously spoken commonly takes the article. ygdcpo), sig, Tj bi &c. F.ntaioXrj, iji, nQog i6v, I wriie, am the letter, to the. writing of, GREEK OLLENDORFF. 92 92. nQog, in front of, before, to. niiOi rov, A Preposition. T^, i6r, (Governs Gen. Dat. and Ace.) TTQog Tov, to the. TTQog Tiva YQacpF.ig TZQog s/^s ; y(>aiOi sGtlv. 93 tiGcv. —Tqacpoj adixog.— dyai^bi vtettiOtoXt'jv. —Tlgbg riva yqacptTt rov lurqov. —Hoiag STTiOrolag yqacpsrs —KaXag yqagjojusv —JJocav — yqacpic — — nqog rov 'O —'O navrjQ rov vlov n's^ntc nqog rov Gocpov aaX ov STtcGToXag yQacpo^tv. 'Eyco ; —Uqog tfj-Tttigov sttioto- ; ijtiGroXrjv 'kag. ygufpsi. r] xoqt] KccXrjv ; (tis) vlov. TvarrjQ yQa(f>t(, '^O d8iXjv. — Tivtg ngog rj av- rj/iidg — GREEK OLLENDORFF. tqxovTac; 7isfj,7t£i — 01 vsaviac 7vsfA.7t£t. aXXa aal Ts;(vtTrjg, s/us. — Ov Trjv TOV ijUTVOQOv rrjv ivvovg £Gti Ta vaTog £6tiv vccTog sGriv. Tt}v Trjv 6rjv, i/Lir)v dXX ov tpv^rj f^ovrj ; jtXrft> Trjg ifjv^^g dddvuTOV d&dva- is xal siaxog xcd ddixog iorcv. Render man — Is immortal or not? —What rj xXETtTrjg soul of My physician x^l^ov 6 fxa&rjTi}. II. not? if^rjv dv-d-qctncov fiovcav al ipv^al Toi slaiv. tional or /u6- — O oocpog dtddoxaXog —JJotsqov d&ddya&co ov —'H d&d- — OvSsv — Tav — — Tov £;(£t. ipv^rj, r] sp/sc rijv tov tov sjutioqov. OVTS — Tlvu TOV viov nsftnsi, £^%6qov;— Ovts ttjv tj fA.6vov —IJonqov i^si, The iqxovrai. f.i6voi 6 narrjQ ngog rov 8i8cc6f(aXov ; vov vlov ioriv. 97 is into Greek. not irrational. Is the soul in-a- the physician experienced or not? not so experienced as yours. —Even (xai) —Is the soul the wicked soul is immortal. a cloak has the merchant — He has a pur—He has neither my cloak, nor yours, but my — He has not only cloaks, but golden cups. When does our friend come —He comes not only bemorning, but also before evening. —Not only the day beautiful, but also the morning and the evening. —Both the morning and the evening are beautiful. —-To whom —He writes not only does your father write his only son. — The son comes alone. me, but also sort of ? ple cloak. friend's. ? fore IS letters ? to Who comes besides {nlriv) the thief? 5 to GREEK OLLENDORFF. 98 TWENTY-SIXTH LESSON. 98. Adjectives of the Attic 2 Decl. iXsmg, propitious, SING. gracious. ; GEEEK OLLENDORFF. The good man is happy, The unjust are wretched, God is propitious to tlie good ayaQo? fia>tdQi6]Xav ttsqI —"O xanoQ — haVToii UoXkancq, xaxo\ — Ov fiovov aXXovQ ^XansavTOvg TOVOcv ddixoL, dXka eavrovg. — Ti ^mrst — Ovx 6 nalg — O nalg evlors ocpaiQuv — — Nal, OvTia 6 dyytXog Tavva ovnco (pavsga 6 ^fzsTSQog ayytXog —UoTS EQ^ovTccc dyytXoi —Uqo ^svog tQ^trai d^a Xovrac. — 01 xaxol dil dXXr/Xovg dicoxovOcv. xpv;(r]v rrjv ol (jXdnTtt. /SXajiTOVCcv. ol stcd qiTTTSi. ; r]§r] rjxsi, rj§r] rj^esL ; rixsi iorcv. ; ol ^/j-SQug eg- TtQog ^'O rrj fjfxdg rj/usqcc. II. We Render into Greek. speak concerning one another. I concerning you, nor you concerning me. do not speak (man) — This always speaks about (concerning) the same things {nsgl rav avtmv). Whom do the wicked flee? They flee both each other and themselves. They harm their own souls. The good harm neither themselves, nor others. — —Who great — God alone —God alone both great and high. —A large — see a great on the —The messenger already coming.—These things is is great. 1 tree. hill. is I is tree — GREEK OLLENDORPP. are not yet evident. Qog roTi cifOQmnoig). teacher is —God is not manifest to 131 men ((fccvs- — The wise are always happy. —This sometimes —The maiden frequently —Nobody sees his own except the good (man). — God wise. writes letters to her (the) brother. soul. —Nobody sees alone sees the soul. soul is God — Is the soul immortal or not immortal. THIKTY-FIFTH LESSON. 130. TioXvg, much. Plur. many. ? The GREEK 132 OLLEiMDUllFF. much time, a long time, much time, in a long many persons, many things. nolvg XQOvoe, in noXXoi, noXka, ov toaavta —oaa not so ovx ovTco TzoXld oaa izoXla xal xaXu, (a) noXXa xcu (o) Rem. vipyjXa SevBga, things as. many beautiful things, many high trees. connected with another Adj generally takes many golden baskets, noXXa xal^gvaSi xaBut not with uXXog, jowviog &c. as, JTO^iJs xai,and; va. many time, . as, TOtavta TtolXa, uXXoi noXXoi, aXXa. noXXa,, alXa roiavza noXXd, nolXoi Tovrcav, noXXa, TovTODV, ovSsig finSiv, ovder joiovror, OvdsV tWV TOIOVTCOP, ovdsv tovtcav, many such things, many others, many other things, many other such things, many of these persons, many of these things. no one of us. no such thing. nothing or none of such things. nothing or none of these things, noXXoi rmv iftnoQmv, rig Tcov ifinoqiav 01 aw ^fuv, at vvv, 01 ndXai, ; many of the merchants, who of the merchants? those with us. those of the present time. they of old, the men of old. ; GIIEEK OLLENDORFF. 131. oh'yog, dltyne, tj, oltyot, Plur. little in ov, a little, little, a few, few. quantity, opposed to noli?, " /jJxQog, little in size, So »/ ^ixQog nolloi, many. " liinQol, small, much. fieyag, large, great. " Plur. oliyoi, few, fityag 133 [isydXoi; large. a large or small garden, yi/jnog, much many noXvg ^ bXiyog otvog, noXXoi ij oliyoi av&Qconoi, or little wine, or few men. oXiyog ygoi/og, a fiixQog ^Qovog, little time. oliyoi rivsg, he stays (during) a little time, he stays only-a few days. some little. some few. ovx ollyoi, not a bliyov ^Qovov fisvei, hliyag ruitQag fxovag fihsi, ollyov 01. zi, few=many. the many. Tiolloi, the few. 01 oliyoi; 132. I. Exercises. Re7ider into English. — ;/^va6g oaog — — x^^^ —JJoXXa xaXa dqyvqd aqyvqog %o%vg — ra p^qvoog oXlyog —IIoTsqov 6 ^svog ^qvGov, — — — oXiyov Movov oXiyov JJoXXal Uoaag oov — Ov iioXXdg UoXvg xQVGog. Ov roaovTog aQyvQog. Movog oXlyog aQyvqog. s6riv. sv TiOTTjqca. fifisqag /uevsc rjfi.Eqag. "^O rf/ noXi/v e^si. ; ev if^a norriqia t^st sGtiv. -'O teal rj fjf^Eqai. 6 (piXog sfxog cpiXog ov TOOavvag ^/asqag f^svsi^ — GREEK 134 oGaQ 6 Gog. — Ovrog OLLE.\UOi!PP. roiavra ttoXXu Xsyat. Ov xctl jioXXu rOLUVva aXXa aWa juovov ravra, XsyovOiv. Uoaov ;(q6vov yqacpki 6 narrjQ rjfiav ; —IIoXXol — Ov Tiolvv dyysXcov ra e^ov. — 01 xaxol ovx TOiavva Xsyovai — 01 dya&ol ov tooovtoI o6oi xaxoL noXXcu xat xuXal —JLv Tovva — noXXoi. — 01 Ovv ovxcd. 01 Gvv Tcov ji^QOvov. jTsqI oXiyot sIolv tlolv. ol TCp TCidlcp tlol teal jxriXsai, iloc f]fA.lv TOVTOiQ ov TOOovToi tloiv 0001 ol ovv exsivoig. 01 TiaXac dv&qcoTzoL ovx fjOav ovtco %oXXdi ovda ovTco 6o(po\ dg ol vvv. II. Render into Greek. —Only the few are wise. —The many —The many are neither wise, nor good, nor —They stay a long happy. — Not a few came with come —These (men) stay many days. —They the evening. — In time they before morning or wine in the cup. — There are a few —There a cups on the —There are not so many cups —Many of the merchants are —None of the worksays writes these things men either cerning me. — The brother writes many such things his gold cerning us —There a or in the — A white —Gold instead of hat instead of a purple cloak. — The cows The few. are not wise. us. either time. in is this flee. little as balls. table. rich. con- or {ovzs) (ovts) con- to sister. silver chest. is either on, little silver. either fore the gate, or Not a few cows. run on lie be- to the hill, or into the pasture. GREEK OLLENDORFF. THIETY-SIXTH LESSON. 133. anovoo, &c. I hear. s(ff, evQicTxm, sig, iaQim, Ifind. I sis, eat. the bread, bread, Plur. loaves. 6 aqtog, ov, 6 nvQog, ov, the wheat, xoheat. 6 aiTog, ov. corn, grain, food. qimviq, jjg, the voice. 7] §QOVTTi, the thunder. 1] dazQajirj, 7] What rig. jjg, do you eat 1 the lightning 135 136 GREEK OLLENDORFF. a/AqiorsQos, a, ov, both, snaajos, zavta xaXd Ufiqiorsfja 01 kfinoQoi 1], each, each one. ov, both these things are beautiful, the raerchanis are both rich. iaziv, ajxqioreQOi eiaiv nXovaioi, sxdnri] TjfifQa, s>idaTt] ij fj J tjfisQa, > I'jfifQa sy.d(Ti]j, Tj xmQci, as, the region, tj ylj, 135. fiii, D. -^ri, is used only in the Sing. A. -^riv, avd, up, back, over. ava ttva tor Qovv, country, the earth, land, earth, •p], G. each day, ) Tov, V. A yi]. Preposition. (Governs only the Ace.) — GREEK OLLENDOUFF. 137 Render, ano ymgag, ix imv laqmv. trii aoTQuntj 7] ai/Ti. ^QOvirig. TiQo irfi (JToag, iv rj r-q XI^V- «d&7]fiai uhr rg ddeXqi'ij inl rf; xQ'^t'TS- nai^ovsiv inl xav natgrnv aal rQf'yovmv iui rovg Xoipovs. 7a jxTjla. elg nefinofiev lov qovv nintsi. ngog rov di8day.aXov. neQi jovtcov. ygdicfa} tzqos gs rrjv ^QOVTtjv dva zrjv 01 Innoi TQSj^ovaiv lo nediov. Exercises. 136. I. ycogav dnovovaiv. dvot, Render into English. — — — —Hongov dxovco — —^i — rov 01 dvd ^Qovvrj }^aqav ^qovTr]v dxovovocv. —'Avu Tuvvrjv — TL avQiaxscg — raurag rag cpavdg naig Evqioxa noXvv dqrov — xal dyad-ov oItov ml xal eoSitt aqrov. — Tl dfiovsig ; Trjv TOV ddsXcpov. J] TTjv 'T-'covtjv Trjv rivog ; ttjv ^qovttjv, dovQaTtrjv oqco £6rc dttova. ; Trjv /jQOvvriv dytovsig. O'tov. cpcovrj rriv -yrjv rrjv rrjv dxovov6i-v. iv xtc TvoXvv '// ; '0 Trjg Ttalg tt/qiOxsi ts oocpol OhTE rfj ^^/Iw. dqrov tvqio- Tqant^rjg. Oiivoi ol ioi^lovOiv, ovr& olvov jtivovOlv. ; ; 138 ; GREEK OLLENDOE.FP. — Oga XQvooiiv nvqov sv ra mdla. —-E^ccOrog rap vtavuov noXiiv sv ra xava e^m. — H — r^g ^qovttjq —Etg tov — EiQ TOV Hfjnov — H TOV ^oy —'0 dgroQ noQOV. — H dOTQanr] — dyadoQ. — Tivog tov diduOsidXov. — tov dtdaOfeaXov dxovni. — 01 tov btbaOxdXov dxovH/Lit'iQ dfx.cfidvtQOc ocQTOv iGi)tofj,tv. TvoXvv xoqt] TivQOi' ooiOViL rriv cpcovrjv >eul eavv)); xfjTtov tqsx^'-} tig ^1 ^^i ^'^^ cpavtQcc sGrtv. df^ovsvt- IIoi tIvoq xrjTcov. T()[-;(ti tqs;(£C. s/.i- iorlv Aitovofxiiv oocpou I'taviag fxa-diqTu\ rrjv cpcovrp' ovotv. II. Render bito Greek. —He hears a — What —He hears his —What does he hear — He hears nothing except the thun— Who hears the stranger? —Nobody except me hears him. — Throughout the earth we hear the voice God. — What does the young man find? — He — Much —He finds and catches peacocks instead of and beautiful wheat. — This wheat not so good as mine. — Mine not so good as my —What do see? — see the lightning. —Nobody sees any thing except lightning. — The young men eat much corn. — They both eat bread and drink wine. — Wine harms the mind of young man. —Young man, wine harms the What does the boy hear? voice does he hear ? ? voice. teacher's. else else der. of finds hares. hares. is is brother's. I the I the soul. GEEEK OLLENDORFF. 139 THIETY-SEVENTH LESSON. Verbs compounded luith Prepositions. 137. ixTisunKt, I send away, send I send out. slinijinco, I send anon^fina, avjj.nif.inoi, ansQXOi^ai, iltQxonai, siaeQxoixai, avvsQxoi^i^h ara^airm, hack. in. I send along with. I come, go away, depart. I go out, go forth. I come or go in, I enter. I come along with, come together, I go up, ascend. Observe, avfinifinai for avvnifinia (ctw and nifntia), unigxofiai from ano (kjt) and anomnnm sxTif'i^nco as ano rrjg oixiag, Tov S.yyslov iy. Tijs KcafiTjg, 01 arOgconoi avvsQ^ovrai, Tcp vsaria avvsQx6jA.s.&u, ijfieis sis 7j;j' nhlav uaiQXovzai, ava^alvco em. top avtt^airti ini top Aogr'"', mnov. t§%oi.iai. send you away from the house. I send forth the messenger out of the village, the men come together, we come along with the young I man. they enter into the house. I ascend (on to) the hill, he mounts his horse. 140 GREEK OLLENDORFF. 138. racoff ; — GREEK OLLENDORFF. £7ti6roXag yQacpovGiv ; —'Evlors xaXcog yqacpovGiv. /lixaicog XsytcQ.—^O iavQOQ Xsysi. — Ta xaxag t^tc. II. Whom do The raiira ov dcaalag — Ta ovx xaxaq ra tov dyysXov. — Tavra tv ef.ia s^tc cog 141 Render scholar but mine. away —We t;(£i. into Greek. you send away 1 teacher sends ovtco £/j.a —I send away my son. his send scholar. —Not his own this horse out of the pas- the —My father and mother enter and you mount the —Who mounts the horse — Nobody —Nobody except the young man. —The young men depart before evening.—The horses come together the plain dawn. —Early in the morning. —A long day. — A beautiful evening. —How are these things? — They are well —The maiden writes —The bad (man) speaks badly. —The into ture. Both village. else horse. I else. 1 into at {sv sx£i). beautifully. good (man) speaks well. —-The just (man) always speaks justly. THIRTY-BiaHTH LESSON. 140. Greek Verbs. Greek Verbs have three Voices, Active, Passive, and Middle six Modes, Indicative, Subjunctive, Optative, ; Imperative, Infinitive, and Participle ; six Tenses, Pres- 142 GREEK OLLENDORFF. ent and Imperfect, Perfect and Pluperfect, Future and Aorist three Numbers, Singular, Dual, and Plural and ; ; three Persons, First, Second, Rem. — A few verbs have viz. in the Passive a seventh tense, a Perfect Future. 141. Ends and Third. in ov The Imperf. with the augment yQaqi-a, 'i-yqaqi-ov, Ind. Act. (s) prefixed. I write, am writing, I was writing, used to write. GREEK OLLENDORFF. was falling, &c. nmtd) eninjov, ntfunta srzsfinor, XBas sending, 'inai^ov, was playing, was pursuing, was fleeing, was throwing. (psvyto kqisvyov, QlTfZ CO iomntov, Rem. — Observe initial when doubled, the 143 9, after the first augment,is doubled, and smooth breathing, q has the the second the rough. noTs oTs, {or, od') when UQzt, agiicog, just now. when were you speaking ? 'ilsysg ; UQTiatg sXeyov, I sXsyov ors I ifisTs tygdcpsrs, 1&SS t^dSit,ov (Relative). iv xoTg oLyQOig. I was speaking just now. was speaking when you were writing. was walking yesterday in the fields, we were playing at evening, we were running during the inai^ofiev sansQag, sTQi^ofiev Trjv rifxeqav. day. 142. The Augment. Augment. This is « prefixed unchangtenses of verbs beginning with a consopast ed to all becatise it adds a syllable. called is so nant. It 1. Syllabic ; ; 144 GREEIi- OLLENDORFF. 2. Temporal Augment. a vowel, the lengthens s iinites a and " t I o, 6, become V " ai (called initial vowel, and if short, so that it, the a and —When the verb begins with with this and T " 03. " 01 ij. " ' (p, i[i and writing under, V. i. e. lengthening or subscribing the i suhscriff). KKovto, Imperf. rjHovov, iadtco, " 7]evyw, " tK-Qlmca, " GREEK OLLENDORFF. On that day, On the same evening. (jvXh'yo) {avv, avrrj saTiigcc. zri During those times, During that same morning. Tovs iqovovg (Kslvovg. iHStV'l]V ITjV I lay Xiym) 147 together, aVTTJV i'w. I collect. Imperf. avv-ilsyov, ivas collecting, used ^i^Xovg hi avlXiym, I am still collecting hooks, these things ravTci ovasri Gvllsyco, to collect. I no longer collect, no longer. Note. li'yo) means originally not speak, but hence avXh'ym, lay together, Note also avX-liya r\ aoqita, ri aQEtri, for 6vv-Xiyca, for ui,; ijg, &avjjidi^(o, Eig, &avfid^a) as, ^avfid^co 146. aov. euphony. wisdom. (manly excellence) virtue. I xoonder at, admire. I Tt]v aq&rriv lay ; collect. j I I wonder at you, I admire you. admire your virtue. Generally the Predicate omits the Art. wisdom, r; aQSrfj aoq)ia saziv, virtue ri aocpta uQSTrj tazir, wisdom is virtue, the young man is a thief, the thief is a young man. vsitriag ydsTZtrjg saziv, 6 y.)j7iTi]g ian vsaviag, is ovrog SQydzrig sarlv, this person is ovTog sativ 6 SQydrijg, this man is laborer a laborer. the laborer, is this man. i. e. the — GRLEK OLLEKDORPF. 148 Exercises. 147. Render TJov Ttidia, 6 Tf^jfr/r^g fjv i^-d-sg dvE/Saiviv rj s/3adi^iv 6 ayysXoQ ^iv. iTvi ; tig, — Tiva aTiEQQiTTrsv. 68ov syga- —"H xo—"Eya nig to xavovv qoSa ital la. ravra ra xaXa qoBa. 'Efcsivrj rfj ovvkXtynv eaqcov rifiSQa rj/^Eig sv rfj vtaviag avrf, olxia Ovv v/xiv SfiEvofisv. ttjv ^aferrjQiav ccTTSQQiTtvsv. 'O bibuOna'kog ^l/3Xovg OvXXi-ysi. "^0 i'^inoQog — — Ovxstc rooavawsXtytv. — ov vvv TOOOVTOV olvov Jthtc oGov naXai Tccg fii/3Xovg ra ttjv xcof^rjv i/3adi- r/fiS^ccv sniOTo'kccg rag Gcpaiqag TtaiQ ^-H E/3a§c^sv iv ; rbv Xo(pov. Tr]v Hfj-slg ixtivrjv rrjv (po/xtv. qr] into English. titivev. avXXsyst baag iiaXai. "^H — 60(pia rov diSaOaaXov —IlaXac fjOav BcdaGxaXoi. — Qav^uoc^co aQtTrjv rov viavlov. — Tig ov S^av^u^ti rov §idaOxaXov oocpiav — 60(p6g sGnv. —'0 — — Ovrog sgtcv Gocpog sGtc xa\ ocQiTTj sOtLv. Gocfiia "^H ioTiv. fziydXr] iifuv 60(pol noTJkdl Hcii. rrjv rrjv '^0 ; S-abg S-tog fxovog /nsyag. OvTog 6 ifxog vlog II. I fj,ov. nalg sGriv. Render my ball. into Greek. — The boy was throwing —He was not throwing away own but mine. — We had not mine, but the merchant's. away ball, throw away viog his ball. his I GEEEK OLLENDORFF. —^What was the 149 — — — young man saying? He was saying What were the young men pursuing ? Either a peacock or a squirrel. The squirrel was fleeing (from) the young man. What young man was he fleeing? This same young man. We were then nothing except this. sending these letters to the —We good stranger, do not now send so many letters as we formerly used to send. What were you admiring ? — I was admiring both the —Who were play—The maiden was either playing or at the spring. —The horse was running into the large pasture. — The stranger had much —The horses were fleeing away (escaping). — see myself. — wisdom and ing among the virtue of the teacher. (in) the roses ? there, gold. I see my own hat, not yours. FOKTIETH LESSON. 148. Nouns genders. The Third Declension. of this Decl. are very numerous, The Gen. regularly ends in og, and of of nouns have the Attic ending mg. Note. — Observe that any substantive. !in ag or in ov, -qg of the 1 Decl. of the 1 or 2 Decl. of the 3 Decl. is is in og (or wg) is all but a few classes GREEK OLLENDORFF. 150 («ifj', SING. the month. GREEK OLLENDORFF. So also T(i,', Accent. SING. some one, any one, 151 with a change of ; ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. 152 Proparoxy tones, av&Qconog 5. after for rig av&Qoonog [lov " av&QwnoL tivsg " avdQwnog av&Qanog ar&Qwnoi zig. fiov. Tivtg. |CJ= Observe that after Paroxytones, dissyllabic enclitics retain their accent, as olxlai Tivig. — If several enclitics succeed each other,, they throw Rem. on each other ; as, oixia re ^k iimv. has the accent of zig, and Tig that otiaziv. their accents back Here rs Tiaim, I strike. 7V7ITC0, Imperf. 'inaiov, hvmov. Tzaico, ivmm Ty zy isiQi, liysig. j'^cocnri; Ride. 151. thing is done, Note. —The instrument, or that is instrument, (aw) ; with which a put in the Dat. —Distinguish the carefully between with denoting and with denoting accompaniment as, avv Tin eQ'^siai fQ'^^srai striking. with what do you strike? I strike with a hammer. I strike with my hand, you speak with your tongue. rivi naisig ; acpvQK I was avv tw (film, Tin ia&iEi ov zj yXcoaay ia&iu, with (along with) whom does he come? he comes with his friend. with what does he eat? he does not eat with his tongue. —— ; GKEEK OLLENDORFF. I am splitting, axl^oi, TO ^vlov, ov, the stick of ivood. sticks of wood, wood. l^vla, 7(V I split, ivas splitting, &c. sa^i^or, iaiii,s Tig 153 somebody was ^vla, who Tovjav 'iapZsv ; 152. I. —'O of" splitting wood, was these splitting? Exercises. Render into English. — Ovvog avrog — Ov roGovroc —UoXXol o6ac — OvTog ov^ sOtlv ug — — Tig ^vXa ixuvog. —TlvL ^vXa Tovtco — eco&sv ra fiaydXa SQydrai ivXu —-Ors nalg Ccpalgav — — Tig rd — dqriag ^vXa — Tivi naitc xov vtaTovTOig avTolg 'O f^irjv. liirjv 6 ovTOC. f.ifjvsg. f-cfivsg 6 G^i^si. 6/JiC,ovac firjv Cxi^tt Tiei, ; 'gv'ka ; ol ttjv etvtttsv, fifisTg ^v'kcc ToTg 6cprjoiv E0y(i^0fX£v. acprjv SQyarrig '^O oi egydrui. X-d-sg 6 e'o^iyov. rjf.i8- ovtco /.laxgog qac. 6cprjvL fi?]v. 2q)rjv rig. GcpTqGiv io;(i^tTE rolg GcpiqGiv. — — Tivsg fiaarrjqia viav 6 dvO-qcmog ; f-Lixqa '-H rfj y(iiQ} avrbv "EXXrjVsg aaXol xul Cocpol dvd-qanot, "EXXrjvug ovx ovtco noi-— UoXXoi (some) Tcov naitc, fjOav oi "EXXrjvsg aocpol rj6av, a>g fjOav. oi viiv Tojv 'EXXrjvav Oocpol rjOav. "EXXrjvcov Goipoi'rs J* ; rj rfi Oi —-Oi dv&qa- — Ttvsg xai dyadol f/Gav. — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 154 II. A this stick of wood ? Render into Greek. wood.—This wood.—Who was splitting Somebody was spUtting this wood either yesterday or the day before. —This (man) sphts wood nor a golden wedge. —This month.— On that with a wedge. Not with a This wedge is not silver. silver, month. During those same months we were writing. Was your father writing during that month, or the other? During the other. During how many months do you The stay ? We do not stay so many months as days. Greeks were wise. The Greeks used to write many books. This rich merchant, when he was rich, had many books. He had not so many books then as he has — — now — — —A certain Greek was wise. — Certain — God was always prothe good. — The just are always happy. {oaag vvv ijsi). Greeks were both good and wise. pitious to FORTY-FIRST LESSON. 153. 6 noifii]v, the stem, SING. TToifisv. shepherd, GllDEK OLLENDOra'P. 155 The Nom. of the 3 Decl. is often a strengthened or otherwise modified form of the stem, or root, to which the several endings are attached. The stem can gen- Rem. be found by throwing erally jxrjv-6g, stein, fir^v, noijiiv-oq, tCf" Observe Oxytoned sahst. ia-^v eVo; retain the long vowel in the Voc. This ends in aoo generally stem yQd.(f-oi3, Fut. axiS- Fut. axioca added r\^, igog,- to the (from yqd\pa> oij", ovog • stem or root ygagj-ffoj) I shall from rin-aco. Giit,co, from aiiS-aa, &c. (See Introd. zvnrm, stem rvn- Fut. write, as, Fut. Ind. of Verbs. 154. of the verb, as from the Gen. off o? stem, noifxiv. tv'ipco ' § 1. 5). Observe na, §a, (pa,^xp, in Thus, ra, fiu, ^cy, yQaqiw, BXaTzim, " m^nco, as, the lingual is dropt; ygaypm, / shall " Bldipm, shall u " " TZs'flTZO} ivnrm, naio), QlTZZai, svQiaKCO, ff;(tfa), a/t'Scroj, Fut. axiooo. write. harm, hurt. shall come. ri'ACO, isja, nifin-aca =neii^p(a. shall say, speak. Xi^G), nefixpco, shall send. axtooi, shall split, cleave. OavfjLuato, shall admire. I'|ro, shall have. " " " " , ' -, ' naiam and nairiam, ^lipco, I shall strike, ^ shall throw, cast. iVQrjaw (from ivQso)) shall Jind. ; ; : GREEK OLLENDOllFF. 156 The Fut. in w inflected like the Pres. thus is Sing. yQoixp-m, sis, Dual St. szov, STOP. Plur. Ofisv, ai^fAsgov. ' > STS, ovai{v). to-day. Att. irjlXEQOV. avQiov. to-morrow. to-morrow morning, early to-morrow morning, to-morrow at evening. avQiov Eco&sr, aVQlOV TIQCO, TlQwi av()iov samqag, when uyytlog fiOTS ri^si 6 will the messenger cornel he will come to-morrow, they not write ? ttVQlOV ij^Sl, oil yQaypovaiv TZe'flXfKO will TOV viov. 155. I shall send my son. Sm, through. A Preposition. 8ia 70V, ToV, (Governs Gen. and Ace.) dia tov, through dia TOV, oil the, hy means of the. account of the. run through a river. send through, by means of the messenger. on account of what 1 for what reason? on account of me, on my acI nsjinoi 8ia tov dyysXov, 8ia di ti, sfis, I count. dta ravta, on account of these things, for this reason. 8ia noXXd, many many reasons. on account of things, for ; GllEEK OLLENDORFF. ano from the, out from the. TOD, EX TOV, nqo tov, ai'Ti toil, instead of the, before the. sv Toj, avv 7^, with the. on the, at or by the. on to the, into the. concerning the, to the. in the, sni lov, tni T(^, ini tor, eiV rov, nsQi zov, ava TiQot; toV, over, througliout the. zov, dia tov, 157 ditt through TOV, on account of the. the, Render, nsfi'ipco as i] ano s|m ^axTijQiav 6 ayyslog 'iQf^iiai xoQi} y.a&tjtai rj 01 rijg voi^rjg, am i] sx rov ayQOv. acpt^vog. nqo lov ^qovov. avv T(p vsttviai TzaiXovaiv udslq:^ sv zav stn t-q aroa. TzszQmv, dXX ovx snl ry &VQa. 01 ^s'voc ovts slg rtjv olxiav ij'^ovaiv, 6 natrjQ ygaqisi nqog zov notfit'va ava 70 Tisdiov ktQS^ov oi 156. I. im tov loqiov. tuv vlov. mnoi. Sia zavra nsjinm nqog at Oi innoi Sia zov nsSiov ovxs tzsqi dice tov ayysXov. zqtj^ovaiv. Exercises. Render into English. — 01 ovtoc — TOV Xocpov xu^rivrac. Uots dtvQO — avQiov. — STnaro—Aca — — Jca avrr/v dia noXXa. avzrjv — JToavTTqv 8ia tov f^ovov — Tooavra 6xiS£t oou oa £vXa 6 SQyaTrig JJov xaif^rjrac 6 7i;ocfj.rjv ; %oi/usvsg rj^ovoiv ; eTtl 2rjfj.£Q0V %r\v. rj'^ovGcv, JJsfiipcj rl ravri'iv rrjv ijvcGroXrjv Tzt-juyjtig ; t'lvoc, Usf^ifjco ipstg ; ?] TIsi^ip03 cx'iGtt tis/li- vlov. — GJIEEK OLLENDORFF. 158 —UoTiiQOv ^vXa ol — ov Ov ;(dig to^i^ov ^vXa, dXX avqiov o^ioov—IJoOaQ yqaipai avQiov o — yqdipBL 60V Ov oOas t^jluqov yQacpnc — — — rovra ravva Tavva ra i)^av loyoL (words) rdg OvTOL — — 01 dhixob dkl dXXr]kovg ovrs eavrovQ ovrt aXXovg ^XaipovGtv. 01 — — OvTOQ 6 Tov vtavlav ^uHTriqia ^-O-sg k'a^c^dv t'^&i. rsxvlrcu^ ij ; ETiiOToXaq Glv. TtarrjQ Tivi, ; Xk^siq Ttoc/nsvc ; Xe§(o. rpv^ocg ol fiXd- /jXaipovaiv. ipov6iv. d'lHaiOL nalasc. itaxoc, 01 mnoc Tj TTidlou Ttqog Render This good shep shepherd. This shepherd. These same shepherds. We speak concerning these shepherds. I see the shepherd in the pasture. The shepherd remains many months When did tov iq into Greek. The tcvXcov tctlvrai., rbv Xo fiia sv ivog iiiag svog svi jxia svi [Uttv si> no one, nobody, none. Sing. N. G. D. A. ovdeig Plur. ovSifita, ovSiv, ovdsvsg ovdevog ovSe/xiug ov8sv6g ovSe'vcor ohSsvi ov8sjM.a ov8evi ovSEai[v) ovSivoi ovdef/tttP ovdsv ovdsvag So also jUj/SttV, none. dvo, two. 179. N. G. D. A. Svo 8voiv {pvsiv) Svolv (Svai{v) Svo TQeig, three. N. G. D. A. rqsig Neut. rqta. tQiav rQiativ) 7QHg ziaaaQtg (Att. rsTTaQsg), four. N. G. Tsaaagsg Neut. rsaaaQoi rsaadgcov A. TsaaaQuig xiaaaqa TQia, GREEK OLLENDORFF. 180. The remaining numerals under two hundred are indeclinable. nivts 179 GREEK OLLENDORFF. 180 ysQcov fiovrjv (xiav fj.iav yXaGGav xai 8sxa OuSslg, t/st. 01 TOVTOV TiXtjr — TQilg —UoGac, — 01 avd-qanot daxTvXovg txovatv. — nai86g, §vo yXoiooag — iv ruvrri X^Q^- yXaGOav roii Tiorafxol tlacv tx£(- rfj TisvTE -d-rjQSvral ravvrjv rrjv fxiuv ^rjGav. ri/iisQagkfx.iiviv yscpvQav Evrav&u —'-Efxscvs Scs- 6 Ssvog ; TsGOaQag r] nsvrs fifj-SQaQ. Al TiaiStQ Ovhtlg b^ovac TQLOxaibtxa fj.i]Xa iv role xavolg. xav qrjTOQav ravTU I'Xs^iv. Ovdsf^iav firjXsav Ta OQCJ iv tirjjia tovtco. II. One horses. — Ov8s fiiav Render apple or two roses. There are oqoj. into Greek. —Either three men or four five or six apple-trees or fig-trees in one pasture. One shepherd pursues many wolves. Many wild beasts flee one hunter. How long {noaov They stay nine or ten yiQorov) do our friends stay? months. This boy has ten fingers. This field has a hundred trees. In the thunder I hear a hundred voices. The three messenI see only four horses on that hill. this gers crossed country. two great seas, —How beautiful — — — and came is this into' this country ! beautiful —There is only one God.— There is no God but one. God is propitious to none {ovSei/i) except tho good. Not a single man will say these things. GREEK OLLENDORFF. FORTY-EIGHTH LESSON. 182. 6 xoQoi^, the SING. raven. 181 182 GREEK OLLENDOEFF. 183. aniico {kno, f^ro), aniifov (Imperf.), I am distant, I was distant. how noaijv ooov noQSvovtai / great a distance do they travel ? they went a long way. inoQSv&ijaav fiaxgav bSov, tnoQEv&riv Sma aiddta, I noaovg how many azadiovg aneiu t] Km/xt] Tov nozaixov / aneiyiov allr^lmv oxtco araSiovg, ^ aTtd^ov aD-rfkBiv ov noXi, ane^ovai nolXap rjfieQwv bSov, travelled ten stadia, stadia the village is distant from the river? they were eight stadia distant from each other, they were not far distant from each other, they are distant many days' journey. Rem. — Continued space, like continued time, is put in the Ace. Exercises. 184. I. Render into English. OvTog 6 xoQU^. "Exslvoc ol avrol xoquxsq. OvTOi ol HOQaxag ccvtoL ^Oqa TQ8ig feogaxaQ sv TseaaQsg i] Ttsvvs xogaxsg ettI rav hkvrfj vlfi. dgav Tcjv iyyvQ tov norufiov Ena&rp^TO. "0 x6- Xa§ lav sv sp^se, rf) yXcoGGrj. — Ou yXaOari tov xoXajeoQ eOtlv log, ipv^ri. 'ff juovov ev t^ dXXa hcu fcaqdlu tov TcoXaxog noXvv e^ei jff aQETTf] S6TC ^arj. oocpla xal —H Ttriyr] — Ovdklg dyuS'bg Trjg ^ojfjg. rj 'Ev ccQETrj ^ar] i'p(si lov ev rfi ttj ev t^ lov. Gocpla sOtI Trjg xfjv^rig eIolv. itaqdla. —^H tov ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. ov^lv 60(pov ieciQ^ia noXka Ovddca susivTqv t;(st Trjv 183 xaaov-— Oi "^EXXrjvsg tj/xsquv STvoQSv&rjOav. —UooovQ Oradiovg aTcs^ovGcv at xa/^ac r^g —"Ogov much, about) Saarov 6ra— 01 anu^ov ov noXkav d'a- (as XaGGrjg Xoqjoc fifxav biovg. Qav as, ^{j-s- 68ov. II. Render into Greek. —Tiitue the source of wisdom. —Virtue in the heart of the — wise. —A raven. — Two ravens are on that a saw three ravens yesterday. —Who —My not a be a friend of friend —No has poison both on tongue and mine. — The —How many teeth has the old man ?—He in — How many days' journey that has only four country distant from us? — Six days' journey. — The two Virtue and wisdom. Virtue alone is is wisdom. is sitting I is flatterer. tree. flatterer ? is flatterer shall his flatterer his heart. teeth. is villages are ten stadia distant from the sea.' The two merchants were twenty stadia distant from each other. When the Greeks crossed the river, they were about {oaov or wg) twelve stadia distant from the bridge. FORTY-NINTH LESSON. 185. Verbs in dm, Modes. all the Contract Verbs. iw, 6m, contract the Pres. and Imperf. in 184 GREEK OLLENDORFF. Pres. Ind. Imperf. GKEEK OLLENDORFF. mimros, >!, e-Atog, ov, ij, dexKTog, jj, ov, 185 fifth. sixth. tenth. ov, nQtoTos, first (before any one else.) Tigmrov, first (before TO nqmiov, at the nQWTOv Xsysig, nqmzog liysig, you speak first (before doing any thing else), you speak first (you are the first to TO nQWTOv tavTU sXs^sv, zg nqcoTrj rjfifQa, ty devTega s(p, r^ dsxdzcp ptijvi. 187. SING. any thing else), first, at the first speak), he said these things on the first day. on the second morning, on the tenth month. ^ XsiQ, the hand. ; ; 186 greek ollendorff. 188. I. sioqaxac, Exercises. Render into English. — KoqaxaQ oqaf^tv. — Ov tooouvov; oOovq xo'kaxag. — 01 Ti oqurs ; oqco/hhv noi/LisvtQ (ptvyovGtv OTc Tov Xviiov }{ai ol xt]Jtoe-g oil OQaOiv. —-Ots oi aoxroi XsovTSQ Tovg d'rjQtVTag sldov, tots itpvyov. —JJaXaL OTS jutXiTTUQ (bees) sv tovtoiq Tolq JioTJkac, — TaiiTa Ta slG^X&sg. — Tl tXaj3tv icoQco/uiv. d'tiqla ecoQcjv iyco tig rriv x^^Qoc 6 egyd- — Ov Ocpvqav /^slqa tXa^tv, dXXa — —UoTS TOV -H — ovGlv ol H — honsqa. — 01 dyysXoi. hsxaTCO — HoOag x^lqag 6 avd'qanog Avo xal yXcJaaav. — ysXdg — 01 vsaviuc ytXa. — rovTOtg y^&sg TS iysXaOav, xal avqiov naXiv ysXaOovTUL. — '0 QtjTaq nqcJTog not f^ovog TTjg —"H TOV acprjvcc, ttjv acpvgav fzov. tig ttjv i/^rjv r] rj TTjv s/u.7Toqov. TiQCOTrj fjjLiSQa- cp'iXot rjfj.d}v TJj ccTtiaai, s/^sl /Liiav dsvrsqcc tco 6r']v, rjS- r] tjj tqItt] ^rjvi. /^slqag ; 'EttI 'Hfislg tt]v ttjv tIvc ; ^EtvI i'xki tovvg) ysXcofzsv. aTvl Xsyst. II. Render into Greek. —We do not laugh. —These (men) always laugh. — What are they laughing at? — At nothing [m —At nothing good. —The good (man) laughs nothing bad. — was laughing when was seeing — laughed when boy took the hands. — The did not the boy, did he? We laugh. at olSevi). I squirrel. his I squirrel into this I squirrel the bite GREEK OLLENDORFF. I shall — —When laugh again to-morrow. see these two squirrels. 187 always laugh when I heard the thunder I man. Who was the first I I —The — —My friend came on the second morning. — saw the on the third day.— The took her hands the fourth book. — One wolf, two —The — saw not so many as —We crossed the sixth bridge on the tenth day. — The day instead ran into the house. first man? I lion (the) lions. into little girl bears. lions I bears. first of the second. FIFTIETH LESSON. 189. Contract Verbs in m. (ftXk'oi Pres. (ftXa, Hove. Imperf 188 GREEK OLLENDORFF. 190. contract ^803 «s flow, into si and other ; m only dissyllabic verbs in thus, Pres. Sing. Qim Qstg Dual Plur, QiOfJLSV QEl QfltOV QSltOV ^SltS QS0V6t(v) Imperf. Sing. sQQSov SQgeig Dual Plur, EQQSOflSV Flit. lira SQQCl sqqsTtov i^QeiTS SQQSOV Qvijao/xai (QsvaoiAai) (filstg ; whom I shall flow. do you love 1 rove aya9ovg ifilm, I 01 aocpoi 7}]v aoq}iav cfiXovaiv, the wise love wisdom. the river runs ( Tiozafioe Q£t dia rov nsdiov, love the good. through the 6 tnnog rq^isi dia rijg odov, the = flows) plain, horse runs through the road. 191. I sell. ncalm, nmlm, Imperf. mmlsov, inmXovv, I was selling, used Put. ntahjaoa, I shall sell. 1 Aor. Isold. incolriaa, to sell. GREEK OLLENDORFF. TO agyvQiov, ov, silver, r] 7/|U;J, ijg, noaov i/]v money (small 189 or coined silver). the price [worth, valuation). olxiav 7i(aXeTe ; for how much do yoa your sell house ? toaovrov intahiaa. Rule. I sold I shall sell —The price of a thing it for is 6 Tiovg, the foot. SING. BO it much. a great for put in the Gen. price. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 190 afitzvXog, 6 01 Tov noSog noSmv da>iTv7.og, 8a>iTvXoi, the thumb. a toe. the toe. the toes. — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 206 208. 6 i^h — — (liv, xaaog aaXog aoia, " UQt}y.oi, " eiltjqici, have said. SQQvi^y.eiv, had seen. had taken. had flowed. " shgrjusiv, hadfoiind. " si^jjueiv, had Pluperf. mgaitsiv, " slXi^cpsiv, " said. 214 GREEK OLLENDORFF. 220. Sing. iyeyQ&q)- Inflection of the Phiperf. eiv, sijuev, I had eig, ei, eiTOV, £LTt]V. eiTs, uaav ' sent, We had or iaav. ETzsnofxcpsiv. collected, He had already fled, He had escaped, He had come when avvsiX6)^sil-iev. tjdrj inecpsvysi. anSTiEcpeiyet. I was de- i}.7jXv&ei 018 anyuv. parting. 221. Pres. Fut. Specimens of the & Imperf. & 1 Aor. Perf.&Pluperf. & Imperil & 2 Aor. Perf. & Pluperf. entire Indicative Active. nifiTia, 'ini^nov, am Tiifi^ia, snsfiipa, shall send, sent. Jj£'7iO|U9oa, msnofitfuv, have sending, was had sent, sending, sent. Pres. nlnza, 'dnmxov, am falling, wasfalling. Fut. nscTovfiai., ETisaov, shall fall, fell, nsmaxa, immojxuv, have fallen, had fallen. Pres. &Impf. & 2 Aor. Perf. & Plupf. Fut. iVQlaxia, cvgiaxov, ivgriao), svqov, £i)§>)!]ra, P Fut. Perf. &• T f & 1 Aor. & Pluperf. ^ I seek, qnXsai). i^riTsov, am seeking, was seeking. S?jujo-o), efijjTjo-a, shall seek, sought. sf^'zijua, £^»ji^j] 8ii/jS/8>jx(:iT£ ore iycj ev —El — — tvQiGxsig. ^r]T£ig, tVQrioeiQ avTTjv. 6 OTS iTiicfitvytOav. noc/Liriv Xi)-ig tTiiTiTS navra fj-iuv ^rjTrjOi-iQ '0 tpiXog /nou svQri^itt TTjv j;(Xaivcev. %sovT8Q oipofiat, rov ore r7]v ylcpvQav TT)v doTQUTcrjv eaQccHScv, HOQa^a Ovtico tjjv /Sqovttjv dxrixoti-v ovvs ds Xkvy.ov, ov. —O ttjv Xvxog to ^sv ^Iva xal 8vo — 01 nmrti. — tjdr] eTrecpsvysi — Td ^fjXa (but not yet) ovtvo —Uavrtg e^ovoiv. —'H tov —El fzaxuQioi aya8s Tcc fiiiXa, rs xal -d'rjQiov. nQOOrjX^av. iTtiTircoxai. —El ^XaZvav, s^rirrjxsi. ElXr](p£i.v §t£/3rjT£. ytijTva t)v. ol dvd-gconoi "^H qiq. 6cf)x)'a'Kfzovg VKUviov Qig [xaxQa iorcv. ol &ol, d&'kiot ol xaxoi. II. Render into Greek. —The nose. —A long nose. —The old man's —This man's nose not so long as mine. I had come. — I had run. — We had written many as we had written. —We had not sent so many collecting books. am looking a wedge. — — I am had not found so many wedges as had looked — had not drunk so much wine as my —I had ten my about mid-night. — The thieves were already entering into the house, when they saw the borer. — hear thunder. — shall see the lightning. — If we A nose nose. is long. is letters. letters for I I friend. for. writ- letter la- I I ; GREEK OLLENDOEFP. —The — The cat had —At day-break («^a t^ w^q«) I had sent the messenger. — The lake ten hear the thunder, we also squirrel will bite the child ten the colt. away 217 (xce/) see the hghtning. on the foot. bit- is (ansnsnoixqieti') stadia distant from the village. FIFTY-EIGHTH LESSON. 224. noa&Kig, how many times 7 how roauMg, so oaaxts (rel.) how many tim,es, as often as. many times, often, frequently, nolla-Aig, ana^, mice, Sig, twice. TQig, four Ttsrtaaig, five tim,es. six times. ten times. Ssx&xig, Not often does so often as They come oftenl often, thrice, three times. TETQaxig, i^uKig, How m,any times, so he come ? I, twice a day, times. noaamg eg^stai pi\roadMs)6cTdxig iyoi. 5/V SQiovtai trig ^fiBQug. &a| Not even once a day, ovds Many times a year, How many times a night ? noXldxig tov iviaviov. noad,Mg trig vvxto? ; 10 r^ff ^fisgag. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 218 TtQozeQov {ttqo), before, previously. 225. vazsQov, afterward. A little before, oXi'yov nQoriQOv. bliycp nQorsQOv, (before by a little). Hf/.QOV TIQOTSQOV. oXi'yov vazsQOv. A little afterwards or after, oXiyM vattQov. VdTEQOV. (liy.QOV Much Much A nolv TZQoregop. tjoAAq) nQOTSQOv much. before, 7zo).v varsQOf. nolXc^ VGTfQOV. Not many days noDS) the day before, On On On the day after, the day before these things. the day Within ten 226. after the hunt. tiqotiqov. rfl TJQoaOiv ijueya. Ti] vajSQuia l7j TIQOTliQUia TOVTCOV. ifi vajtQala [ijfA.tQn). 7tjg &>jQas. daysj ij the hunt, chase &riqS., as, i]Q oEvzrjg, Ti]i,, ov, uv, 6 d'riQarrjg, ov, &7](}ua), & Impf &1 yjjot'f^ [Gr. before by much time.) ov nolhug ij^iQtuii vmSQOv. after, On Fut. by after, long time before. Pres. (before / ^ ^^g hunter, r hunt, am &ijQaco a, gdrjoaov, av, OijQaao}, i&rjQaaa, Aor. huntsman. \ a, hunting. I hunt, was hunting. I shall hunt, hunted. &riQmsojj.ai. Perf &Plupf TsOriQaxa, its&rjgdy.siv, have hunted, ayQiog, a, ov, wild, fierce. had hwited, ; ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. we hunt &ijQdaoiiai anb (ncp) Innov, I shall 219 lions. hunt from a horse =on horseback, we used go forth to the to chase. Exercises. 227. Render I. '0 Xv>eoQ into English. ayqtov son oiiTOi -driQtVTai tlocv. -drjQiov. — Ol — 01 vtuviai drigtwal ovtol Olv dcp iTtTvov XiOvvaQ, xal aQxrovg, xcu d'tiqa- noXla —IIooaxiQ s^eq^ovtui ol vtavlai —Kath' i^sQ^^ovrac. — S7U 'Exiivoi rov 8s — IlQortQov dtxa^ig xaff exudTTjv vvv §s TOV ivtaVTOv (even) ana^ rov svluvtov iiig/ovrui. —JjQcoi — e^EQ^ovrai, Ttdoav 8s — vvjerog bQXirac 6 Jig JJoadxig oXiyov nQortqov vvuvog. — Tolg vOTtqaia 8s vonqov. — dsTS, — yscpvqav avqiov alXa &'r]qia. rrjv -d-riQuv jusv dig rjf.ibQaP /xrjvog at,t:QxovTai, t^jiitig /ucp fjf.i£Qav. s^rjiOav, (.lovov dig, rj peed rrjv Tj/usgav ^i]()W()iv. fj,sv xXiTivrig rrjg rrjg "Yf.itig r]fj.tlg JA.LXQOV driQccg Tr]v ddXaOCav rjjLisqaig fzsv 8is^r]f.av. 8iu^rjatOi)'£, vOrsqov. xal r] tjX- Tfi rijg "TfASig vr/v rj^stg ov TtoXXatg — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 220 Render II. I eat and drink. into Greek. —We eat bread and drink wine. —Twice a day. —Not so often now as formerly {mg hqotsqov). — This (man) eats three times a day. —How many times a year does the father write to his daughter? — Many times a year. — Six times a month. — Once a day. — Either daily or monthly. How often do you eat bread ? How often do the young men go out to the chase ? Formerly (indeed) they went out twice a month, but now only twice a year. Not long after. I — A Httle before. —A came will pursue those fierce wild beasts ? the hunter. —The bad (man) wild beast is a fierce is so fierce as the unjust pursue good (za aya&d), others, little after. —Who —Nobody except wild beast. — No many days .not man before. [adixog). — Some evil. FIFTY-NINTH LESSON. 228. nsQi, around, about. tisqI tov, 7(p, ToV, A Preposition. (Governs Gen. Dat and Ace.) concerning. tif.qI tov, about, ttiqI 1^, close about. heqI iov, aroutid, about (more loosely, totvard about.) speak about, concerning thesa Xt'ym negl rovrcov, I ai 7!£Qt 70V noiaixov xa/Aui, a girdle about the body, the villages about the river. things. GREEK OLLENDOEPF. 229. otKs'oi I dwell, ofXM, c^xsov ioquxog qrjTO- drjdav vvxTog, ovStlg Xs^si, aaovvac at dt/dovig /x>] oi ds rfj vXrj, — Oi accl at vaaviac adovGi fxtrd rcov xoqcov. Et Xs^ovOc Travrtg, ovdilg dxovOtrai. Ei ovrog o Gocpog Xs^it, ol '^11 TiavTtg /u&v drjdcov TvaGav rrjv Oa[j.a, fikXav, fi §s xoXaiiog }fC(Qdia. II. Retider into Greek. Who singing —My father and mother are singing. — My brothers are singing in connection with my sings —The nightingale singing. —The swallow by day ^nd the nightingale by night. —If the birds shall nobody will hear them. —If the sing no longer will hear. — If nobody has said wise man shall speak, —Unless you shall well (ndvra these things, ? is sisters. is [fiiv] (/iijyJTi), all sv e^Ei). all is you will not find. If the young man writes a letIf he shall seek his cloak, he will find ter, he sends it. If these If nobody shall speak, who will hear 7 it. except nothing caught things are so, all is well.— The boy unless he is Nobodyis happy a peacock and a squirrel. seek, also (xai) good. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 228 SIXTY-FIRST LESSON. 240. Adjectives of two endings of the 3 Declension. acocpQcov, SING.. sound-minded, sober, virtuous. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 241. very. [tdlu, exceedingly, aea\ }ecd iv tioiv, dXX iv \ tw oa. iv Tc5 t 246 GREEK OLLENDORFF. Render II. into Greek. — — This experienced shoemaker. How many shoemakers are there in the village ? Not so many shoemakers as physicians. The father sends his son to {ngog, The shoemakers live {okoloi) naQoi) the sPioemaker. near the river. The parents of the shoemaker live in the village. The horseman sits on his (the) horse. The horseman came as a messenger from the king. This boy has eaten many cherries. He will not eat so many — — cherries as figs. — —The king of this country dwells near —As long as the king was sober-minded he was happy. — The wicked pursue one another, they may harm each — God a good and king. — There no king except God. — God the sea. (xukol) that other. is great is is one. SIXTY-SIXTH LESSON. 262. Subjunctive of Contract Verbs. oQaco oQw, I see. Ind. Sing, ogaco OQca. 2 Aor. Bldor, i'doo. Perf. SKQCci^a sojquxw. ogaco optu, tJ^^i- Plur. Subj. OQna oga, Pres. ogdcofiev ogmfisv, ogiirjg ogag ogar; oga. ogdrjzov ogazov bgi'ujzov ogarnv. bgdrj%s ogazs, ogdcaai{v) ogaiaiiv) GREEK OLLENDOEFF. 263. giiXfioj, I love. cpiXa, Ind. Pres. (fiXw, q:i2.s(o (ftXw. (filijaco. icf.ii.rjaa, Perf. Sing, (filim Subj. qptJ.e'w Aor. 1 247 TiecpiXijxa, ^li-srjg qnlris, (fiXco, (fiXey q)ily. Dual. q)iXs>]TOv (pil/jzov, ifilsijTOV qiili]tov. Plur. qnXea^sv qiilwi^ev, }X6(o dr;Xm, T show. Ind. Subj. Pres. 1 qit,Xiaai{v) (piXmai^f). Srfkom Srikm. Aor. iSrjlmaa., dtjlcoao}. dedijXaixa, Perf. Sing. SriXoat dtjla, dijlnyg dijXoig, Dual. 8i]Xdr]Tovdi]lmtov,diiX6i]Tov dr/Xmzov. Plur. d/jXom/isv 8^7.afisv, di^Xorjze drjXazs, 265. idv, riv, av, (si av) if lav, i]v, (only with the Subj.) if if isyijg, a-Aovaojicu, Rem. d>]X6aiat{v) 8ijXwai(_v). he come, I shall see him. you be wise, you will be happy, if you speak, I shall hear. sav sX&ri, oxpO[xai olvtov, aocpos yg, /xaxaQiog say, i]v av drjloy dijloi and the Modal Adv. av). are all same mode, and used exclusively The conjunction «V, if, (si, av) must av (from si different forms of the with the Subj. therefore be carefully distinguished from the simple Modal Adv. av which is a part of it. 9 248 GREEK OLLENDORFF. tCS" Observe «V, if, commonly begins the clause, av Adv. never. av Xiyrjg, if j'on ileyov av, el I av naqrig, if Xe^stg, speak. should speak if— you are present, you will speak, sXsysg av, si tiaqijg, you would speak if you were present. 266. idv, {rjv, with Subj. implies doubt and av) inte- rest in a practical question. av G03(pQ(av y, q,i7.ijaco aizov, if he be virtuous, I shall love him. iocv T7]v flalvav evqw, ^|oo, 267. (a) si if I find my cloak, I shall come. Recapitulation. with Ind. implies that the thing is so. (b) si with a past tense of the Ind. followed by av with a past tense of the Ind. implies that the thing is ?iot so. edv (^v, av) With Subj. implies doubt and whether the thing is or will be so. (c) as to a) SI Sljll, (0) SI 7]]' (c) sav to, av, interest if I am. if I were, in that case. if I be. GREEK OLLENDORFF. (a) (lovog eI katai, he if oxpofiai il fAOVog ijv, (toi'ot; (idov avrov, if kv if eldop av avior, if oHmfttti aviov, if ovK oipo- if imQcov r,v, (c) [lovog r^v, av uovog lav fjij 11, him. i^ovos fi, fiat avrov, Note. shall see I he was alone, I saw him. he were alone, I should see avTov, £1 shall be alone, him. avzoi; (b) SI 249 — English he had been alone, I should have seen him. he be alone, I shall see liim. he be not alone, see him. usage commonly overlooks the nice distinctions of the Greek. I shall not many Especially it of con- founds the Pres. Ind. with the Pres. Subj. and Fut. Ind. thus, u i'g;(iTai, oQci avTov, if he comes, I see el ijUh aviov, if he shall oijiojxai I av ei.S-7], cupoftai, if him (and he does). come {commonly, if he comes), shall see him. he come {commonly if he comes), I shall see him. For the sake of clearness we shall adhere Greek structure as closely as possible thus. to the ; he says this, he errs. he shall say this, he will if he say this, he will err. ravra laysi, afiafjiavsi, javra ?.«|£t, a/xaQzrjastai, av Tavia As/;;, anaqzriastai, si if SI if 268. I. {a) si si Exercises. Render into English. with Ind. implying that the case si "]^si 6 is as supposed. vsaviag, sarai iva Hsgdtnn ia&irj. aSovatv ol OQviOsg, si ^Qovztjv axovaoi^ai, err. rjfisig dsi aKOvofisr. aal (also) 11* oi/)Oft«t r^v aarqaniiv. 250 GREEK OLLENDORFF. Kui «f ai //.elairai rtcfelai, oficog Xdfinu Si aviwv ^ uarQamj. SI trjv eTziaroVrjv tyqatpctg, avxa ii ToTg oqt&aX/xoig OQaftev, axovofxsv joTg dtaiv. nai^, svQi'iasi 6 ndvia sderai. ovdsv 6\p6jis&a, rjXiog, El (ir) Xafi'ipu (b) xat tni/itpag avt^v. « u Tig TULvra, siqtjxs, fiaKa aoifog sativ. SI rilOs "lOeg 6 tsfog, ^^si xcu avqiov naXiv. El with past tenses of the Ind. implying that the ar, case is not as supposed. av lov Isovza. eI naqtiv, scoqcov 6 Xi&og, el £v nvQi ly.siro, ovx kv sXa^nsv. zrjV El yeqivQav die§rj o innsvg, ovx av Eig rov noTctfiov knsaev. om tig av iysXaaev, av sysXa, nig oi'A si s'l (c) ioTZEQa ^v, nsxQi idv, Trig 6 axiovQog rov natda sdaxev ; av sv ty atoa ixa&rjfisQa. sansQag e/isivag, sXafiipsv av i] aeX'qvt]. dv with Subj. implying doubt, &c. ijv, av avQiov idv nsarj TittQtjg, tj iav TiaQa ijv Tjftsig ft rovrov tov tucov smga; si sXOrj J/ ;(im'j', tov XsovTa oipy. ov noXvv f()ovov xsKTsrai eni tijv vvy.ra adtxxTir HOQt] Eig tov nijuov, ar XdfiTzaaiv oi oil QoSa xai la doTSQsg did tUv vscpsXmr, xav [even if xal dv) to. Tijg yrjg. at drjdoveg, dxovaofts&a rjfieig. aii.Xs^si. ^"i'v^ xaXij eaTat, &rjQia tov &rjQ8V7)jv oipszai, oi^tag (fsp^srai. m vsavia, dv liv&QaTiov t^rrjg, dvxlQconov xai w Tiid, dv acoqjQcov rjg, ov^ uv (not even svdaifioiv ksri. xui if) sarj ndvv EVQrjCfsig. fiaxagiog. nXuiiatog i]g, uvsv uQEii^g GREEK OLLENDORFF. II. Render into Greek. man is wise.— If woman would be If these things are so, the things were so [ovTmg gether happy. —If d/^ev) 251 the these things be so {ovtag these alto- f^v) the king will send a messenger to the horseman. The woman is not happy because she is beautiful, but because she is virtuous.—Why in the world has the shoemaker come into this place ? That he may collect books and hear the orators. If the orator shall speak, I shall hear him. If the orator were speaking against my parents, I should not hear him. If the teacher speak concerning virtue things, and wisdom, what will the rich alone are — — miserable. his horse. I shall be present. orator say ?— He happy.— This bad king If the horseman were If those things be so, —After is rich indeed, but he would not the boy will laugh. rich SIXTY-SEVENTH LESSON. 269. SING. rj these will say that the noltg, the city. sell 252 GREEK OLLENDORFF. Accent. — In cwg v!z6 {vn 1. vno top, tig, A Preposition. under the earth. I loose horses from under the yoke, 5.1/0) davnat,ovtai (Pass.)^;i' vno short in reference to accent. under, more commonly, /) ofn under, by. vTio rov, vno j'i) vno 7^ is (Governs Gen. Dat. and Ace.) rijg yiig, VTtO ^vyOV l!Z7lOVg 2. a under. vcp) , vno rov, ^lav, !z6u, dg, the grass. ij 270. and they are admired by me. siiov, under, close under, at the foot tai, of. siaiv, they are under the earth, ^ogjqj, close under, at the foot of the hill. 3. vno motion under, tor, to the foot of. I run under the table, they came under =to the TQiim vno T?]v rgdns^av, vno ibv Xoqiov tjX&ov, of the ano away Toil, from the, ix rov, out from the. avxl rov, instead ey TM, in, among of^ for the, ngo tov, before, for the. the, el? rov, into the. fiiToi tov, in connection with throughout the, ngog tov, to the. through the, dia tov, on account of the. j&, along with the, criiv ava foot hill. the. TOV, over, Sia TOV, x«r« Toil, down from, against the. according to, (at, by) the. /xcTct TOV in connection with the, fisra to>', next to, after the. nsgl («|Uq5s) tov, concerning the. nsi/l TO), close about the, Jifpt tov, around, about the. XKTK sTTi TOV, TOV, on the, iiri tw, close on the, inl tov, on to the. GREEK OLLENDOIIFF. naga from beside the, naga tov, 253 by the to"), side of, comparison ofj beside the. jiaga xoV, to, toward beyond the. ; along, during ; in by the, vnb motion under. V710 Tov, under, fi-om under, under the, vno 271. With ors, ] toi, under, close when. and fTzmdij Ind. tov, £03?, inn, after that, when, since. as long as, until. [ fiiXQ'S and ftexQi, until. when. ineiddv {fneid^, av), when, after With Subj. < ozav {org, liv), indv [inei, av) fcoff «)', fi^XQ'^ that. " " so long as, until. aj/, until. ore sQ^itai, oiav i"g (not sQiriiai), when he comes, when he may come, ors, insi8)j i^X&sv, when, after that he came, when, after he may (shall) have come, when you shall seek, you shall ozav, ETiBidav sl&ri, find, ozav when you (may) svQ'^asig, i^rjTtig, seek, you shall find. I shall sit xa&rtaofiai scag Is^stg, so long as you shall speak. xaOrjOoixai ewg av i.syrjg, I shall sit so long as you may speak. sjisrov soog {fsxe'?) V^&SS, fievm sag av siOyg, I I stayed until you came. shall stay until you may have come, when he shall come into the (shall) OTE ^^Et f.lg insidav sX&'i] rrjv noliv, oipoixai, city, I shall o\fjofiai, sig vriv nohv, when, after he see him. shall into the city, him. I have come shall see 254 GUEEK OLLENDOEFF. 272. Rem. Sec. with the Aorist Subj. and as the Subj. generally to a Perf. Fut. then becomes eag iav, orav, inudiiv, denote a completed act, refers to future lirae, it shall have = (may have). if orav liv, he after until 273. I. 'Ors (may) have come. have found, we shall have seen, they shall have come. shall when you svgrjTS, sig rrjv shall Exercises. Render noXiv into English. rbv /3a6c%sa. fjXS-ov, iiSov "ETTSidav tig tt]v noXiv tlei-'kd'a^tv, rov ffaGiXi-a dtlj6fxi:-&cc, feSTjrac, —"Ecog ovdsva av aiXovQog vno rj drj^srai. —'-Eag (here) fzivovf.itv. —"Ecog 6 ocpcg iv —'O OxoXibg fcklrai. —O Ev xovsc xtlasTai, itavTug TYj ol av adcoOcv at ^tXcdovag, navvag tda^vtv. rfi TQans^rj iTCTttTg vno ra Xo(pa noXiv noTUfj.ov 8ca/3coai, ttjv rai. —^Enaidav ocpig xoi'iv io<i. avvov noa txtcro, vno ra )ui)cp rfj ucpcg rj/uug tov oipov- "-'Ecog oiirog 6 ocpig xava rovg no^ug Ecog av Xa[.ntri 6 r/Xiog, tooovtov ^qovov ra O'tjQia ^Lco^ofit-d'a. ^H aikovQog vno ti]v TQant^av dthQafiiqxsv. '-Orav XsyaOiv ol qrjTOQtg, TOTS dxov60fj.k&a. 'SI vaavla, tcog av oacpgcov j/g, drj^srai. rifttlg o -dtog iXscog eOrat 6oi. GREEK OLLENDOEFF. Render II. into Greek. —The great city —The city ten stadia distant from the —The squirrel running under the —The large rock at the foot of the —The serpent in the grass, or in the dust, or under a stone. — The serpent has poison under his The city. undei* the — The — 255 It hill. great city. lies the midst of the plain. lies in river. is is table. lies tree. tongue. —The tongue of the serpent has not so poison as that of the lies in his soul. —If lies flatterer.^ tongue, but that much —The poison of the serpent Si) (6 of the flatterer in his the serpent lies in the grass, he bites. — When have seen the serpent, he will flee. As long as the scholar may have money he will collect The shepherd will stay until he shall have seen books. the boy shall the wolf. SIXTY-EIGHTH LESSON. Ind. Pres. faiQm, I rejoice. 274. I was Imperf. s^aiqov, Fut. 2 Aor. y^aiQriam, ix&Qiiv, fjg, Perf. (Pass, form) &c. el zaiiza ag aya- q^lloig, Xe'isig, may I ovico )[aiQSig &oig used imq-qaa. to rejoice. I rejoiced, Subj. xo^Q^> rejoice. }t£)^dQ7]xu (ne][dQi]ixai),have vaioco TovTOig, ovotvt rejoicing, shall rejoice. rejoiced. rejoice in these things. You rejoice in nothing so (much) as in good friends. if you shall say this, I shall rejoice. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 256 275. see. let let lis run. let Rem. me 'i8m, TQf/CO/tSV, — The Subj. is used us not come down. in the 1 Pers. Sing, and Plur. for exhortations, &c. fitjSsig, ftr]8sfJia, ^ijdir, no one, nobody, nothing: lxi]8Ev6g, &c., like ovdsd;. Rem. /iTjStlg differs 276. Rule. the Aor. Subj. from ovdiic: as jirj from —In is ov. negative commands, precepts, used instead of the Aor. Imper. (fee, do not write. firj tavra jxtjdsnozE AtS?;?, fii]d'tv xkxov Xs^rjg, 277. SING. no one write. do not say these things. never say any thing evil. let firjSslg yQci-ipri, 6 niXsxvg, the axe. GREEK OLLENDORFF. rfftra (xo'/rra)), Ind. 357 F cut. Sllbj. Pres. tffxva), am cutting, &c. Imperf; hifivov, tijiva, may be cutting. Fut. tefia, 2 Aor. hufiov, Perf jeT/xijutt, zafim. TS/fOjuro. Plupl! izsT[X^HSlV, 278. (o? o(T7(ff T?ff) whosoever., whoever. Sin N. G. D. o)zin, rjziH, cpziti, A. Oftivu, rjvnva, o,ti, oarig, ring, o,ri. oviivog, Jjsrifog, ovztvog, oa7ig Tavra leysi, aya&ov oqa, qtum, ovTiva 279. who ? ndaog ; how much ? ; noXog nov ; nots of what sort ? where ? ; ; when ? oTcp, otri, orcp. &c. og and ug, declined throughout. whosoever says these things, whomsoever I see good, I love. Indirect Interrogatives. Direct. Tig Att. OTOV, 0T1]g, 070V. Indirect. ostig, who. OTzoaog, how much, bnoiog, of what sort, onnv, where. Subj. onov av. onots, when. " onoiav. ; ; GREEK OLLENDORFF 258 who tig satir f^rarrei,' noting is it 1 who how much ? do you ask oazig saziv ; shall not say it how much. oh h'^ca bnoaog, I nov iQmTco onov siatv, where are they ? I ask where they noaov for slniv ; Tzoyltig sQcoTa bnoaov ncolsTg, oang og are. how much do you sell 1 he asks- for how much you ; 280. is? av, ivhosoever (with Subj.) at'. Whoever may say this, Whomsoever I may see, oang av tovto Every one who, Tzaa 007 ig or oaog. r/ ndvTtg onot (not olzireg). ndvrag, oaoi av ayaOoi All who, may be good 'ktyri. ov av dpoo. f/ All that sell. I love, coai, wila. Wherever T may be, Whatever you may say. oaa av 281. I. av OTZOt; a>. liyrig. Exercises. Render into English. — Ov fiovov — ^aiQOVOLV. 'O dyadog uyaSoig ccya&d^ — xaxoTg. 6 XaiQa. iyco, dXXa feed TtcevvtQ rolg dyad'olc, ^^a'lQkL. toTq f.itv TLl 6 7tUTr]Q. —-Ootiq ococpgcov ))v ^".^2 T(p ViUVlU, xaxa xaxb; ro/g ocpo^QU dv ty^^aiQtv j/aigkc, 6 8s vto;, flt]7C0Tt fXlfikvl XUHCb ^UQYfi. ^aiqtL, dxhXcoQ eoriv. — Ti iv — GREEK OLLENDORFF. rfi x^iQl t^iiQ ; §vXa ra —nlXixvv — Ta fttv. ravva — MP/ —'0 i'xoo. SQ-ydrtj^ ts/uvhc ^uXu ^vXa bqa o f^iv TvtXsxic Jih'ksxti. T(p 8s Ocpt/vl o^to&i. rrjg, 259 —-Ooa ccv refzal te xccl G/ioti. ravTU la dsv^Qa "Ico/Liiv. (>X^(^fl fir/TTOTS Sivog 'Eqcotco Ot oOTcg sariv 6 i&vog. y oixtt OTCov Tcalg rik&tg ; — M^ s^axov Xs^rj. nXovOLOg 6 Xs^r]g ottots rjX-d'ig. Tqt/^co- ^'P ittX&xti. Mrjdiig firj^sv rt/Liti, rt^vi- T/'g ioviv 6 'Eqcotu 6 — —Jta ravrcc ovx tjxnoqog. JJovi- ivufiov TO dsv^QOv, OTi ovdkva tl^ov nhXixw. II. me Let things you Bt'xaia). (res evil (to see the xamv). may Render axe. into Greek. —Let us always pursue just —-Young man do not —Never say any thing say, I shall hear. — All who pursue what evil. is — Whatever shall be present, —Whomsoever the king may see he loves. —For how much has the young man sold his cloak — For much money. — He will not say hand. how much. —Let no one take this axe into his —Do not wood with axe. —Who asks how much milk drink — Nobody asks how many (onSaa) apples and cherries the boy has eaten. —If had an axe should threw the axe under the cut stone. — — Not the but on — On what seat under the under the On the one in the porch. — The cat in —I in these things. —Who does not will say the same things. just, ? for (rJ/v) this split ? I I I table. I this table, seat. ? to seat. rejoice rejoice good friends to lies to ? 260 GREEK OLLENDORFF. SIXTY-NINTH LESSON. 282. T;3vg, pleasant, sweet. GHEEK OLLENDORFF. 261 307. Rule The Adj. when not immediately preceded by the Art. distinguishes the substantive not from another object, but from the same object in another condition ; thus, I my have cloak black (not white). but, I^M fiikawuv ^Xatrav, T'qv I have my black cloak (not my vrhite one). So of clauses. 284. OQm olxia &vqav, zijv iv tri I see the door (which is) in the house. oqa iv rg oixia 7r]P Qixpca vno triv dvQav, rg ZQaneX'Q I see the door in the house (not I shall I shall is) (KfoXqav, qixpai acfoiqav ti]v vno zrjv iqaniQav, 285. under the table. throw the ball under the table. sweetly. with pleasure, gladly, quickly, swiftly, slowly. fiU, Tidecos, taxi, ^qadmg, ' sv&v, aoqiag. straightway, immediately. wisely. rag xuqag sXa^sv, sv&iig slg any where else). throw the ball (which he straightway took into his hands. sv&sTa 01 ri Tuvta the road odog, oQVi&sg tjSv Tjde'mg aSovaiv, dxovm, is straight. the birds sing sweetly. I hear these things with pleasure. 262 GREEK OLLENDOllFF. 286. 6 ^oJc, the ox. r\ SING. ^ovi,; the cow. greek ollendorff. 288. I. 263 Exercises. Render into Eiiglish. rXvxvQ oivog. 'Hdiicc (pavrj. 'H ttjs drjSovQ "^0 (pcovrj ovx ovrcog rjBtia ionv cog rj Or]. va^ug iTiTtog. ^QaSvg /3ovg. /uiv innog Ta/^vg, 6 'O 'O — ds o^vp. — O Gog /3ovg /3(jceSug soriv. — —'O %k'kt>!vg dvrjQ t'^tc tov oti-Xtxvv ov^ ovrag o^vg sotiv aqyuTOv. —Uorufj-bg ^cc&ug. — TOV ^a&vg TS tvqvg. —'H naq TiXuTaiu aoriv ug muq vulv. — "^0 ftczi oiivco rj 6 norafibg "kifiviq i]f.uv ijog 'ff ov^ fxsv 686g —Uou —"H ^ovv haqaxag — —Al /^aqa f^aka ^a&tla ^ sp ravrr] a8ovOc naGav vvxra. — 01 innoi — Ta^scog Ou nqoo&tv rovg — Ov Gcpodqa %q\v — uv oi tXi)aGiv. ^acqrjGo) Oc mTtttg tov — Olvog ovrco jSai^vv noraf-iov tv&tia, 6 8s norctfzog 6xoXiog sotiv. j ^^v rfj fityaXr] ioviv. drjSovsg rjdv rrjv oqvi-O'ag rqs^oiJOiv. eXaf.ixpsv rjxovGafitv.! fj tag. (piXot rcqlv 8ia,8fjG0VTat. ag yaXa II. Swift horses. horse is Xifxvrj vof.iri. rfj yXvxvg sotiv rrjv r} Sender i/daq. into Greek. —Horses are not so swift as the ov}( but oxen slow. — The —The birds sing sweetly. swift, lion. I drink sweet I hear this nightingale with pleasure. milk with pleasure. This lake is neither so broad, nor A 264 GREEK OLLENDORFF. —The man — —The cows walk slowly. — The messenger from the king nuQa rov will cross the straight and broad bridge. — did not see the large and beautiful city until (= before) crossed the —You will not see the city until (= before) you shall have come on to the —You speak these things should wisely. — the orator always spoke so wisely, hear him with pleasure. —Let no one ever say that the SO deep as the sea. swift horse, a wide river, and a has his axe sharp. straight bridge. (o ^aa.) I I river. hill. I ^If wicked (o« aa-Aoi) are happy. SEVENTIETH LESSON. 289. The Comparison of Adjectives. comparative commonly ends in reQog, a, ov, G. ov, ag, 6cc. The Superlative in larog, ij, ov, G. ov, ijg, &c. v\pi]l6g, high, lofty. vxpijloTSQog, higher. v\pr]X6tciiog, highest. So, fxSyt-Qog, QOTSQog, gozazog, long, longer, longest. fiiH-Qog, Qozegog, Qotatog, small, smaller, &c. "kafin-qog, QOziQog, Qozazog. levx-og, oziQog, ozazog. dlxai-og, ozsQog, ozatog. GREEK OLLENDOKFP. Adj. in Off \vith short penult aoqimrfgog, croqcoi,', malce meQog and oirarog. aoqiwrarog. nloiioXog, nlovaiwjiQog, ni.ovamzu.tog. So, OKoltog, crooked, a&liog, wretched, 290. Rule. 265 fta-AaqXog, happy. a8i>cog, unjust. —The Comparative is usually followed by the Gen. nlovaicoTCQog jj oJ/ richer than I. your house i/xov, olnia ievAOit'Qa iaii rijg is whiter than mine, ij ifiij mine ftixQOtfQa sari ilqg lov is smaller than the physi- latqov, is 291. Where the Gen. made by than. is inadmissible, the comparison ?/, I am wiser now than yesterday, You have a higher house av eymg vxpi]lo7SQav oimav than I, Richer in gold than TilovaicoisQos j^Qvaov ijaQyvQov. av f/E(ff silver, the Gen. Still often used for is vxpijloTSQav oImuv tj f)'co, ail s/^eig aocfiwriQog rvv ^ e^&f'g. i] ^, as, 1 you 1 viprjXoTtqav cifii olxiav have than I. a loftier house j ifiov, And J ^ than, is sometimes used x6Xa§, ) ovdsv xoXaxog ciSMmrsQOv, ) ov8sv d8i:cvg ioviv, si Tj di f-isv ETL fj.£XdvT£Qoq. r] roig gov. JLi dv vaaviag, fzaxaQiartgog — Mq^dg iiv.- r)y XsS,r] ovc 6 ddcxog tvdacf.iovs6TSQog tov dcfealov. II. Render into Greek. A high tree. —A higher hill. —The highest houses. — small calf. horse is. —The calf is — The —The ox neither horse. — A man slower smaller than the cow. swifter than the cow. beautiful nor so swift as the than a horse. —The road so is is into the city (^ slg ttjv noliv 6d6g) and more crooked than that through {tij^ 8ta) the plain. The river is more winding than the road. The stars are brighter than the moon. I have never seen is longer the stars brighter than now. — —The ether is higher than good are happier than the bad. If the old man were wiser, he would be happier.— The tongue of the serpent is black. The tongue of the flatterer is blacker than that of the serpent. the atmosphere. —The . 268 GREEK OLLENDORFF. SEVENTY-FIEST LESSON. Comparison of Adjectives 294. Some [continued). Adjectives are compared in Tav and kjtos, «?, ov, as, pleasant, sweet, sweeter, &c. ddaaoDv (Att. &a.7Taiv) id'^iaTog, (irreg ) aia^Qog, ala^mv, a[a^iazos, ugly, base, more vgly, &c. ri^vi;, rfiitav, rjdi TiQmrov ndpTcov, I speak all. first (the first thing) of GREEK OLLENDORFF. 305. More beautiful than wise, More wise than just. xaXXimv Greater than can be described, IxEi^tav rj 275 aoqjcarcQog. aocpcotegog dixawtSQog. rj Xoyov (greater than speech). Greater than human, fisi^mv Tj {lit. man). to o xtovaofiiii, dy.ovaoifitjv. ijxovacc, ttxovaaifti. axijxoa. axTjy.6oifU. 1 Aor. Pert: ; as, find. was seeking that I might find. sought that I might find. axoia, Ind. and future seek that I may find. shall seek that I may I Ifa tVQoa, i^iJTOvv iva evQoiixi, s^i'jzijaa might write, be writing, might write. 283- GREEK OLLENDORFF. Inflection of the Middle form Sing, dxovcoifitjv, uycouaoio, Dual ttnovaoifisOov, ttxovaoia&ov, Plur. axovaoifie&a, aKOvaoiaOs, So, all forms in olfirjv aMvaoijjiriv. axovaono. .aHnv6oia&7]v. ay.ovaoivTO. except Opt. from Fut. in ovfiat which differs in accent. niTiT(a,fall: Opt. Ind. Pres. ninrm, Fut. Tisaovfiui, nsaoifiijv. 2 Aor. snsaov, ntaoifxi. Perf. 7iinTwy.oiiu. ntntcoxa,. Sing. ngaoifiJ]v, Dual nsaoi'iis&ov, Plur. nsaoifts&Ui nesoio, So 8Qafioi'ni]v 315. fieaoiro. nssoTa&ov, neoola&s, neaoia&rjv. TZSSOtVTO. from dQa^iovfiai. sQ'^ojA.cu, come, go. loifu {toti]v) lots, lot &c.) Pres. sQ'^ofj.ai, (Imperf ^siv or ya, (Fut. ^|w, 2 Aor. ^l&ov (^Mv) sXdo), {rjnoa) il&oifii. [riKOijJii). Perf: iXijlvOa, iXi]}.v&(o, iXrjlv&oifa. Pluperf. iXjjlvOeiv. Rem. (/'(a tlfii, was going, coming,') shall come, shall go, — Observe that the Ind. of tion, am i]^oifii.) dfit is future in significa- but not the Subj. or Opt. The Imperf of 'ixo) and the Subj. and Opt. come, is Aor. =^^5^0^ ; Pres. are Aor. common r,y.a, instead of rixoi/ii i'oifii. =ti.&(a, 'il&oifii. ioli)v is ; 284 greek ollendorpp. Exercises. 316. Render I. into English. —TIaQtjv — tvunqoz — iva Tov dxovco. Ol'EXhjvtg Xai Ovvrjtdav iva TlXavavo^ axovoctv. —^^ojxqantQl eXtyov Tvavng dxovuitv. — Enl TOV Xocpov iva OQviScov dxovoat— 8iVQ0 y'sqav —-Iva IlaQttjLit I'va yqacpco. — AtVQO ifkd-ov rrjv fir'jTtQa yQaif/acjuc. cpcXoaocpov li^co dil rrii 'iva yQccffoifxc. 7ca- dgtrr/g 'iva tcov dvcl3r]v fu. /dia Ti fjX-d'iv ^axTTfiQiav tvQOL. 6 y(QV60VV nOTTjQlOV tVQOC. dvTjQ tlC T/jV vXr/v iiOiXf/Xu&iv iva TOV TtsXixvv dti ahovGiv iva r]/.iiTQ cpiXoi, ti0rj7.x}-0f.itv dv tijv nuTg ovtoc, rikdtv iva to tvQrj. dxovco/Lctr. tic, Trjv — 01 ILl vtuviui, TcaQfjaav ol vXriv iva Tag tojv OQviLhcov (pcovag dxov6aifj.tv. II. Render into Greek. you looking for? I am looking for a mirlies on this table. I was looking for cherries. I came into this garden that I might find cherI shall come to-morrow that I may find a rose. ries. We always come that we may find (tvQiftF.v) apples and figs. We come that we may write letters. We came that we might write letters. We used to sit in the gardens that we might hear the voices of the birds. Why in the world did the thieves come into this house 1 That they might find gold and silver. They found What ror. are — The mirror — GREEK OLLENDORFF. silver than gold. — They found —The maiden was among more per. 285 less silver sitting (sV) than cop- the trees that —The stranger took —Whom do unjust most injure? — Themselves. — Their own she might hear the nightingale. ther my cloak, nor yours, but his own. nei- the souls. SEVENTY-FIFTH LESSON. 317. The Optative Mode The examples already given {continued). show the formation of the Opt. tenses from their corresponding tenses in the Ind. We add a few others. Ind. Pres. Opt. 286 •GREEK OLLENDORFF. 318. ulenia, Ind. Subj. Pres. aXf'nTCo, vXinia, Imperf. exXeniov. Fut. nT.expco Aor. & I steal. xXiipcq, Perf. Ksx^.oqoa, xe>t}.6(p(o, Pluperf. i>iexX6ijieiv. 319. x2,tWot|U(. aXixpoifii xXexpofiai, 'f^leipa, 1 Opt. f(»? ril&ov, until I came. emg av sX&m, until I come ecag eX&oifti, until I should or ixd&TjVTO etog ^l&sr, asi SKtt&tjvTO Rem. k'cog sldoi, — The Adv. of time & xi.e^otiiijv. = shall have come, might come, they sat until he came, they always sat until he came (might; should come). I'ws, /J-bxqis, ots, onori, inil, incidri are used with the Opt. (more commonly the Aor. Opt.) to express the repetition of an action. and TZSQisfiEvoixev JT^tV sxadTozs sag av sX&oig, ot iTtnoi, inei zig Sicoxoi, scpsv•jov [av), ovBetzote yoisv. anriEoav tiqiv (pa- we waited each time until you came (might come.) the horses when any one pursued (might pursue) them, fled, used to flee. they never went away before they ate. GK.EEK OLLENDORFF; 320. 287 Conditional Sentences. El with the Opt. expresses pure uncertainty, with no reference to the possible or probable realization of the supposition. In the apodosis (or answering clause) the Opt. with the £{ SI Modal Adverb should speak (habitually) you would err. if you should speak (in a given case), you would err. if he sliould see a wild beast, he would flee. Xs^aig, afiuQTOig av, "dot, qriyoi av. 321. Recapitulation. used. is if you Ihfoiq, (xfiaQidvotg av, d &TJQ10V av —We have thus four kinds of conditional or hypothetical constructions 1. si Isysig, a/iaQTcivsig, if ; as, you speak you err (and you do), 2. SI B.sysg, tj/xaQTavsg av, 3. iav 4. st Isyoig, afA.aQTa.voig av, Xsyifig, auaQtijari, you spoke, were speaking, you would err. if you speak, you will err. if you should speak, you would if err. No. 1. assumes that the case is as supposed (i. e. implies no uncertainty). 3. assumes that the case is not as supposed.* contemplates a case as possible, and expresses doubt and 4. expresses pure uncertainty^mplies no thought of a de- 2. interest. cision. * It by no means follows that the assumptions (1, 2) correspond ne- cessarily with the facts of the case. moment by the speaker. They may be merely made for the ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. 288 Thus expressed with the EngUsh verb to he GREEIC OLLENDORFF. Exercises. 322. Render I. 289 into Ensrlish. —TJsQCfxhva ^aq 6 ayytXoQ. — noXhi — tag av ov sv — dil iv ra — 01 Tovg darsQag — xouv JMsva Ttaqa 6oL (I shall wait) 'Ev ccv eX-d-rj Exa-drj/j.rjv naQfjQ. Ecog OTTjv vvxra iv tag rfj vXr] iX&OLkV —El rbv ocpiv rfig TUfj-Ot iq !Q vtavia, (xaxdqLog. —El nXrjv il Tidvv 6cj(pQ0}v si'rj dv il'rjg, jJ-Ti vvxtL tXdottv, noXXa dv rov TtsXexvv, ovdslg dv Slxuiog ddixog /nr] rjv. rcov novov ov8tlg dv ti'rjg, tcptvyov ol Xvxoc. ^vXa. fiuxaQiartQog dv Tidvrtg rfj x7.sifjac rig ()y(^i6i:ie xaS^ hxd- drjSovog dpeovOaifitv. rag ^tiQag Xa/3oig, 8axoc dp. El ol xXknrai ravrri xXtipac&v. ixslva 01 x'kS'JlTai., dil TloXkcC i'xXiTtTOV. tig —El roitco 'E^isvo/xtv '^OjIOts dicoxoiav oi Ttoijusvag, 'OtIOTI: ctocc scog ttjv xXbtctul, stth dico- i^OLfXL. Innslg, i'cpavyov. ol rji 'Efta^rj^rjv Gi^Tjvrjv sidov. xa-d-rjOo^ccc rfj '-Av rjv tar], ovSiTtOTS 6 ^aOiXtug, d&dvavog i) rj xaxoJv %acQr}60VTai. i'arj noXv ipvxri, —"Avtv — £1 naT, oo(pog — dv&Qwnt, tvSaiuav. fjv /uaxccgcog. tl '£1 tl f.(r] ovSsTtOTS ooc iXtag ovds tvvovg dv tir^g 6 ^tog. 13 — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 290 II. The cattle flee Whenever hito Greek. when they see the wild beasts. saw (might see) the wolf, he the shepherd pursued him. we saw Render —We always {iSol/xsv) used moon and the more beautiful than the moon. the stars. him. him. — —If If tlie orator shall to sit by the the stars. —Nothing come river until — Nothing is is brighter than to-day, I shall hear If the philosopher should speak, I should hear these things were {ndvreg av iiaiQoniv). —If my we should all rejoice daughter were absent, I so, should write letters to her. If I should write letters, I should send them. If nobody should speak, who would hear? If the body were (Jp) only a mouth, where were — If the soul immortal, who does not rejoice any one should say that the he would exceedingly err. soul is the ears 'I If is SEVENTY-SIXTH LESSON. 323. Pres. Fut. The Optative Mode ? not immortal, {continued). GREEK OLLENDORFF. I go, ^aivM, Ind. 2Aor. Opt. Subj. 291 ^c5, ^airiv. Sing, ^airiv, (iaii]s, (iait]. Dual ^airizov&^airov, ^aujxriv Plur. e^tiv, ^ai7jfi£v&^aTiisi>, BaiijTS 324. & (laizs & Optative of Contract Verbs. oQ&o) oQw, Ind. F see. Opt. Pres. ogdco oqa, OQaoiut Fut. oxpofiai, o\poi/xt]v. 0(>q>iii. 2 Aor. elSov, idoifii. Perf. SmQa-AOIlA,!. imQ(Zy.a, ogdoifii oQo^iu is ^airtjv. §aitf(T-dve\y^curj(jar). thus inflected : 292 GREEK OLLENDORFF. Rem. — The form in in Nole. exa>, have, 2 &c. (not 2 Aor. 325. olijv is more common in the Sing., that in the Plur. otfii A or. I'o/oy, had. axSi Opt. axolrpi, r]iaQtoQ av tlr/ avtv — Ovdtlg Gotpqav — dtog. Ovdtlg —'O TtaXai dQ&TTJg. av ti'rj avtv noTJkov iiovov. TLi firj Tig ovH av ur] tvvovg avrco o uv 8ig teg TOV avrov nozafiov ijx^air]. Oocpog eXtytv on ovdtlg §lg av if.i/3ai.r] tig rov avTOv Ttova^ov. Toig xa^olg outvot av tuj 'iXtcog 01 xaxol ovx av dXXtjXoig tvvoe. tltv. £1 6 dtog. Oocpog ti'rj, rov nargog. — Td ^al, of our noXtag (the ovx — ra paOiktvg xaXag — ayytXog dg TOV dyysXov — tv av on ndvva ra — Ei navra uv vavTU — — ytgov, yvvai, tv — MrjStlg on — Ovdtlg nonozt nXtiovg hvog TioXv tvdai/iiovsOvtQog rfjg ovTco rrjg t/^ti cog ttTttv sv ' t/Oi. iXtcog dv rfj vjutr&Qag. tiTvtv 6 Idoi. TioXtt fjfilv t/^OL. &tog. -O^tol Mrj(%lg TiaQthj tig Gocpog, £2 X'syoig dr. Q. tial x)tbv ogq)')/) the sun withit would be well. Nobody can say these things. Who would out eyes. see (rtV swQtt. av) all these things, unless he had eyes ? How would they hear all these words, if they should not have (ft lit) sxoisv) ears ? We hear voices with our {roTt;) Let nobody say {i^rjdeig h'^ij) these things. May ears. May the daughter be happier the maiden be happy. than her (r^t,-) mother. The orator said that these words — — — — Plato used to say that the soul is immortal. say that the good can never be wretched. The river was more deep than wide. The men fled (sqisvyov) until they came to (upon im) a deep were false. —The philosophers river. SEVENTY-SEVENTH LESSON. 330. Optative of Contract Verbs [continued). cpiXeio, Ind. Pres. qidt'ai (fdca cfArjam Fut. 1 Aor. ecpilr,aa Perf; mcpiliixa qidw, Hove. Opt. cpdi'otfii. qidoTfii (jitlffiotiu cpilijnaiiu m^ih'inoi(Ai 296 GREEK OLLENDORFF. Inflection of q>iXioi[ii. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 332. noita Ind. Pres. noeco noim, Imperf; inokov inoiovv. 297 nom, I do, make. Siibj. Opt. — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 298 ovarivag Siy.atovs So 6(yO)ij, e(pilu, also u, with or without av in the apodosis. SI Tiva, bQ(p>i, tTKUEv {av). Exercises. Render I. '£2 Tvai, ccqixfig. Til £>:th'OV cptXolt] navTU av English. i'l'rjg. —-OoriS — Ovblv rov itavEQa —El av 6 Tiaig av 6 ih]. OcXtvg, tTvauv cpiXohj, civ. —-Ovriva xaxov tvQoi 6 J3a—Ovriva dyadov vtaviuv Idoi Ttocai — Tovvovg ravva —lEcpvQag xul iyoj aTioirjaa, ojg jud?u- ttuvv sgjlXiL. roiig '£2 ^sva, tl — Ti 6 iQyarrjq — GcpaiQag El ravra — T/g tooovtov Sojqov Ora av Tcv ]0 dya&og ^tjraQ tovtojv, xai — d^iog ov dfiaQTuvacg. :^oial. d'^iog ia- erl fiai'Qovav ; iorcv. 'ff i/nT] olitla tooovtov d^ia ioriv tov i^TcoQov. —'H tov—^H aXuTTOvog d^ia tov olaicc arl xoQti rioXXdg ^iXtioTOV axai. noiaig, ; t]/ua()TOv. aQyvQiov xal Xa/UTtoi 6 rj?uog, TtarrjQ. dXrji^tTg Xkytig. dojQcov rowvrog rihiov aort ^/x.iv dtjXoh]. JEaxQarrjg, tovtov Xoyovg ijito Tvavra GojcpQov Oiog av, fxaxuQLog Trig he might see any one, he would strike him. if 334. il'r/ he used to send what he had (what he miglit have). whomsoever he might see just, he loved. cog f] ior} Tfjg d^iag SojQadg f.v if^fjg. ralg /^tQ6i.v — GEEEK OLLENDORFF. II. Who worthy? Render 299 into Greek. —Nobody worthy of these gifts. gifts which the orator has are greater than mine. The boy loves his father. If this young man should love virtue, he would be happy. If the moon should shine, she would show all things. Wine shows the mind of man. How much money is the cloak worth? It is worth much' gold. If This is is not so great as that. gift is —The — I should sell this cup, I should sell it for a great price. None but a good man can be happy. If I should do this, Whatever cloak or hat the thief might I should not err. see, he would steal it. He has come that he may steal. He came by night that he might steal. Thieves frequently steal by night. SEVENTY-EIGHTH LESSON. 335. yiyvojxui, T become, take place, happen. 300 (xs^a fiij GREEK OLLENDORFF. ravru after this eyevEZO j ii may tavzaysroiTO, ravta ovx av this could not, ysvoiro, 336. cannot happen. at least, certainly (enclitic). ys, lyoays, lovzo xazd 337. what happened 1 not this happen. I at least according to this. ye tovzo, Qvnizog, at least. this at least. ys, 7], 6v, ofioiog, a, ov, 6 vnvog, ov, mortal. similar, like. the sleep, sleep. 6 Xv~/yoi, ov, the lam,p. o-&dvcizog,ov, the death, death. vnvog no7.7.a d^avdzcp ofioiog,- sleep is in many things like death, zip nazQi similar, like to the father. ofioiog, ovdsv aXXo ofiOiog, > ovSev za)v liXlmv bfioiog, Rem. artrio, oij.oiog, like, is I light, Subj. anra, anzm. Opt. UTlZOlfU, Ind. similar in nothing else. constructed with the Dat. kindle (prim.a.nly, fasten, touch). rjuzor, axpm, axpoifM, fjipa, ffipa, zjcpa, 'flv s^co noXsay. from ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. 313 sV tcu? nolsatv In the cities which I see, . ev T«rs' tv aig In such cities as I ag ogm. nolsaiv alg oqu. ogd noXnaiv. tv loiavtaig nolsaiv olaig f^oa. have, iv o'laig s^co noXaaiv. The Rel. is thus often assimilated in case to its antecedent (Gen. or Dat.) ; ano zSiv noXimv wv e^to, &c. Rem. 354. Conversely the antecedent in case to the Rel. This is the and placed man whom you saw. 355. clauses ^ ( is often assimilated after the Rel. oviog ianv or eldsg afSga. lilSsg avdqa, ovxog ianv. ov For the sake of emphasis the Rel. and Demonst. frequently change place, the Rel. preceding as, a ovx av ov 7TOioii]V, tovzo Ofx av Ityaiiii, av oqm dyador, what I should not do, this should not speak rovzov whomsoever man (film, I I see good, this love. Tlaqvaacog, ov, Par7iassus. the muse. ri jiovaa, Tj tjSovi], Tjg, pleasure (from rj xaaia, ag, evil, vice. rjg, 14 I of. iiSvg). ; GREEK OLLENDORFF. 314 356. Exercises. Render I. '0 IIuQvaC>6og into English. f]v vxpt]7.ov oqoq sv 'EX?m8i. — To — tdqa rav Movacov. At Oi ivvsa MovGai TcuXai UaQvaaaov axovv. nXovvOQ "EXXrjvtQ dtl eri/LUOv tcc; MovOag. 'O Ovx iyi ^«aviv ccQtTrjg ovdsv tji^n Trjg fj8ovf]g. OQOQ 6 IlaQvaGGOQ tiv yiyvtrai ftiag Ti/iia Gjvorrjv Tov jSaGiXtia. TCf.iaTCo. —H s^ — Tovto navrtg dXX /3t/3cciav i/ki r]dovr]v. fx.6vrj rj8ovr], f] —"ExaOrog —Havng diddopfaXog tigr^xtv lO/^tv. tov 8t- ce^tog ova oldtv on —'O ioriv 6 oi- jusyag 6 fiad-rjTrjg ov jlui^cov earl SidaGxdXov, ov8s o oixsTrjg tov diOTrorov. Toi) EO cog otteSTtjg ol avd^QcoiiOL ut\ tov —-Tig fiovov d'tov TCfxajwcov.- xacog fi-tyiGrav haqtav aqbrt] aQtriig. I'a&i (know dXrj&fj sOtlv. well, —O be assured) oti. Tuvra ndvTa Qr/rcoQ Xkyki tiiqI tcov TioXtcov cov 6v i'x^'S- 'O ^uoiktvg ^aiQtc alg t'x^i' noXtOiv. '^ dv y.aXd y, tcwtcc dtl nolti. Tig navrav huvTOV yiyvojoxtc ; 11. 'SI vtavia, yvci&t Osavvov. Render into Greek. —Who does not know that So— Who of (men) does not know that the pleasure of vice short (^QaxtTa)! — (We) know that virtue immortal. —The Muses used I knew crates these things. was a great philosopher ? all is all is — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 315 . —The Muses were nine beautiful —The pleasure of virtue alone permanent.—Be much larger than the that the Moon assured much larger than the moon. — NoEarth. — The Sun thing so sweet the laborer as —Even the brother death sweet the good (man). — Sleep of death. — liOVe your brother. —Honor your parents. Always seek what good aya&ov) and sliun Never say any thing base. —Nothing blacker than the tongue of the these apples — The —Who to sing on Parnassus. virgins. is is (tS la&i) is sleep. to is to is (nal) is evil. (zo is is flatterer. thief came ? stole that he might steal the figs and the cherries. EIGHTY-SECOND LESSON. 357. The Infinitive The Infinitive Mode. has four tenses, the Pi'es. Fut. Aor. and Perf. The usual ending of the Pres. and Fut. Infin. Act. is ElV. The 2 Aor. Act. and the Fut. of Liquid The Perf. Act. ends in hai. The I Aor. Act. ends in at. The regular Pass, and Mid. ending is Mid. ea&ai. verbs, fv. sa&ai, 2 Aor. GREEK OLLENDORFF. S16 358. Ind. Pres. ygdcpco, write. Inf. GREEK OLLENDOE.FP. 3ir GREEK OLLENDORFF. 318 I am able. I wish. aaXsva), I direct, command. Svrolfiai, ^ovXofiai, wish to speak. ^ovlnij.ai Isytiv, I %i Ht).evtig us Tzoieif ; a^ioi; si Tiuna Xa^tiv, what do you direct me to do. you are worthy to receive these vd(0Q riSv sari nislv, water things, Render into English. TiQ ^ovXarai %syscv ; — 01 — 01 TtalBiQ (pcXovOiv. nOTajuco. STvl — 01 nai^ttv -dTiQivral (ficovai Tov Xv^vov dipui. noifjaai.TcocfjGai. —O —Ei TiarriQ ti}V —Mr] QrjvoQiQ dtl Xsyscv (pcXovticv ^ovkovvac &rjoav s^dvctc, vOvtQov 8s —'O di(OViLV. to drink. Exercises. 361. I. sweet is tccq etcI jcqojtov twv ra /usv OQvi-d'av O'vyarnqa xtXtvti /3ouXov jurjd&v aio^^QOP dya&og, ov diivarac ovbLva xaxcog 6 sxsXtvGs SiOTtorrji tov oIxsttjv —^Hdv icri ^vXa — '0 d§iog sOti ant) oQav TOV — '0 Xa^tiv. ^sv sari ciQTog ylozui dcoQsag — TO 8e 'O tov ihtov — OuStlg Svvarai tov xiXkVbi navrag tv — OuStlg sSvvaro TOV dkoii ocp&aXfiov (it is pleas- Gx'i6ai, iitolrjosv uv. 8if(aiog f'jXiov. /ni-- fjSu (faytlv, fj.kXt irl rj^tov. nottiv. ipnytlv. (was able) aduv rjdiov tcjv Movocjv. vof^og — GREEK OLLENDORFF. II. Render 319 into Greek. — My daughter wishes write speak. — The father directs his son say these words. — God directs (men) do good and honor their parents. — The thief wishes —What does he wish —This golden wedge. —Who able steal purple cloak — Who can throw this ball on the roof? — What does the father direct the servant do? —To light a lamp. Water sweet drink. —Nothing sweeter drink than —The good man worthy receive much gold. —Who more worthy than you receive these —The bad (man) cannot become good. —Who Who letters. wishes to write? —The orators to wish to to to all to to to steal ? steal. to is ? this to {pvvaxo.C) to to is to is wa.ter. to is to is gifts ? is willing to be miserable ? EIGHTY-THIRD LESSON. 362. The Infinitive A vnkq, over., above. hniq Tov, td.v, Mode {continued). Preposition. (Governs the Gen. and Ace.) vneQ 10V. I. (a) over, above (with rest). over for protection (6) (f) over, in relation = on behalf of, for. nearly = lov, but implyTteqi to, ing interest. (a) o ijlwg vnsQ yijg noqsvs- the sun goes above the earth. rai, (6) Xtyiiv vneQ 7(vog, (c) vnsQ roll nqdyjJ,aTog to Xs^m, speak on behalf of any one. speak in relation to the I shall affair. . GREEK OLLENDORFF. 320 II. v77fQ ror, (a) over, (6) beyond, beyond (with motion). measure and nnmber. cliiefly of place, (a) Qinrca vtzfq ttjV ojzta*, (6) vncQ trjv T duvufuv ndvia, I throw over the house. beyond my ability. did all erzoirjffa, (b) vnsQ TK TQidxovra 363. above thirty years. sxri. SvvUfug, sag, power, ability, to hog, sag ovg, the pear. ri Fut. nslevco, Perf. >irAeXsvHa. :]i', was and being wrilten. was bdng iyQaq'Ofiijv, ; thus, written. have been written. had been written. Perf Fut. ytyQaiponai, shall have been wrilten. Rem. Both forms of the Aor. are more frequent same verb in the Pass, than in the Act. Voice. 420. Inflection of the Ind. Pass. Most of the Pass, inflections have already been given thus, Pres. 1 FuL 2 Fut. in the YQuqioi-iai, 1 yoacpdijao/xai, I yijucft'ianiKa, \ Perf Fut. ysyQaipdfiai, J ouai, )], OfisOoi', tsOov, saOov. ofieOu, ssOs, ejai. ovtai. GREEK OLLENDORFF. ov, OfH]r, Imperf. 1 Aor. 2 Aor. STo. Ofxa&ov, eadov, taOijp. ijQa '?x7«f, idtS-i'iy/xijv, »;|o, ijkzo. vno (under) with Pass. 422. riyjxE&ov, r/'j^Oov, in on the part aq'Scog ISfiy^&rjv, intficpOi} TzaQU {vno) rov (iu &c. by. nnQOi rov, from, by. nQOi' 70V, &c. r^yfisOov, ij/^&ov, riyi&riv, / of, by, less common than vno to denote the agent. ) I was bitten by a serpent, he was sent by the lj?.ovg cpo^l]- Govvai xal (pvXu^ovrac. II. Always Render and shun into Greek. —The good (man) fears good man. The hunThe fierce wild beasts terrify ter fears the fierce lion. We shut our houses that we may guard the hunter. against thieves. We shut our doors because we fear the The thief fears us. This young man will terrify thief Pear God and honor the king. He who honthe thief no fear ors evil. evil.—^Nothing will terrify the God things. will —-The never — —The fear. blind (man) fears all good do not even fear death. — Virtue is a source of permanent happiness. NINETY-SEVENTH LESSON. 437. The The Prepositions. Prepositions are constructed as follows Wifh the Cen.four ; With the Dat. /wo; With the Ace. /wo; With the Gen. and kccfour With the Gen. Dat. & Ace. six; ano, avii, £x(f^), nqo. iv,avv.^ ek, avd, {m^ to). xard, vhsq, iaetcc. Uficfl, ini, naqd, nf.qi, nqo?, did, iino. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 364 438. 'Avti over Prep, I. Gen. loith the against = hence, instead of., in return for, for. a king instead of a slave. an eye (in return) for an eye. Baaiksvg avzi Sovlov, ocpdaXfioi; avii ocfQaXfiov, before (of time, place, preference) IIqo, protection = on of, TTji; TJQO rov j^QOVOV, ^Qayi'TfQot, ; before foi for. before the city, noXsoog, 7TQ0 7U behalf before the time, nqo iwv ^tkiia- (to choose) t?ie meaner in pre- ference to the best, TZQO Saanoiav &aiatr, 'y^nd, from to die for (removal, distance) ; our masters. from, as source or occasion. he came from the ano ifji nolsmi, ano 7WC y^Qrjfiarmv, ano Tov noXtaov, tjX&sp 'E>i{i^), after ; out of cause from (of place) = in consequence Tijf; t| £i(>irjf)]i out from (of time) ; = of. out of Ihe house. olxiag, in city. from (by means of) the money. from tlie war. (out of) after peace, war. noXs/j-og, (out of) in consequence of these ix TOVTCov, things. 439. II. 'Ev, in, in Prep, tvith the Dat. the midst of = among. in the region, ysyfov ff vtoig, iv aoi Tzdt'ja tariv. an old man among youths, things are in (dependent on) all thee. GREEK OLLENDORFF. Zvv, with, along with ; T(j5 xprjqiov i'6fii() = viith with the help of. along with the horsemen. to vote (in conformity) with the (svv loi'i iTiTievatr, avv 365 &saOni, law. with the help of the gods we avv T)eoii ovdsvog anogijaoftev, shall 440. III. ^Avd, up, back ; Prep, ava for nothing. loith the Ace. up = over, throughout. up stream. ava. Qoov, oixiiv want to dwell over, to. ogr], throughout the mountains, ava naoav rjfUQav, ara nevzi (distributively), Eig, into for, every day. by fives, five five. one thing itito another, as object ; hence, into, reference to, against; as result, ; with by among. into the city. £ig rijv noXiv, nlovTog tov y.a>iiatov wealth brings the worst among sig the nqcoTOvg uysi, first, igrjOifiov sig nolsfiov, useful ibr war. afxaQTareir sig tiva. to commit error against any one. 'Sig, niixno) 441. IV. ag to (with persons). vfiag, I send to you. \ Prep, with the Gen. and Ace. /jia TOV. dta tov, through ; hence, thing to another). by means of (through one Sia 10V noTafiov, 8ia, 7qg vvxTog, through the river. through the night. 8i ayj'i7.ov nifinco, I send through, ger. by a messen- — GREEK OLLENDORFF. 366 dta tov, on account of. on account of these things. dia ravta, Kara, down. xata in a down from ; TOV, more general —down in respect sense, relating to down from hurl = against; upon, &c. to, the rocks, QiTzro) y.nra rcof rzezgrnv, I Xeyu ho speaUs against me. the praise (bestowed) on the -/.ax (fxriv, 6 aaTO, T^i' nolswg inatvog. state. Kara denotes general contact or relation without rov, intimate connection tension over ; y.ara at, by, rov, according contact at a xa&' 'EXXada, in Greece. Kara by sea. {tdhtacrav, ava rijv OdXaaaav, aar ixiivovt; rovg ^oovovg, Kara rnvrnv rov Xoyov, to ; {lua rov, ex- point.) over (throughout) the sea. at tliose times. according KaO' sviavrov, to tliis statement. according to justice. year by year, annually. Kara by Kara ro di'y.awv, noXsig, Msrd fjLSza thai. /AST {/Jeans, rov, by city. mid), among, with. atnong, with {in connection with). dpO(j(a/iaiv, ovBfv Kzda&ai cities, city /ttz dSuiag, to be among men. to acquire nothing with injus- to be (in connection) with the noblest reputaiion. tice. fisra KaXXiaTi]g do^iji; tlrai. GREEK OLLENDORFF. {fiSTu t^, fisza. with the Poets, anions'.) midst of, poetic) Tov {into the flSTU TaVTCl, fiezu 367 next ; to, after. after this. dioiii,' yjvx>j ^eiorazov. next the gods, the soul to most is divine. 'Ttzsq, over, above. vnsQ tov, over, beyond (with rest) = 071 behalf of, for ; over for protection ; in relation to (with idea of interest in). o &ioi Tov ii).iov tOrjxev vtzsq God placed the sun above the earth. ovAHv vniQ Alyvnxov, }.£y£ip vnio rnOi, J.iystv vniQ rl'ii 'j'Qcicpijs, dwell beyond .^Egypt. speak on behalf of any one. to speak in relation to the into to dictment. vmQ Tov, to conception, motion over or beyond measure, number. ; Qin7ttr VTIfQ zov Soixov, to throvsr vnsQ dvra/ziv to do ii noutv, chiefly, beyond as over the house. any thing beyond one's ability, beyond man (vyhat is human), having been born above five years (more than five vnsQ avOQO^nov, VTzeg nevtE hi] yeyoroig, years old). 442. T. Prep, with Gen. Dat. 'Jfjifi, (ijjrf) aboiit Toi; zov, about, (lit. on both and sides), on account of (not very in prose). ocfiqil z^, about (not Ace. found in Attic prose). common . GREEK OLLENDORFF. 368 UsQi, around about. neqi rov, about, concerning. Liym neql rovTtav, nsQt 7% \ close I speak concerning these things. about ; (with verbs of fearing) foi tunics about the breasts. Xircorsg negi roTg atsQvoig, they feared about, for the place. around, about (in a more general sense) nsql rov, reference ; in to. 01 nsQi [a/^cpt) Tiva, those about any one. 01 nsQi {aficpt) nXttzcova, those about Plato ^ Plato and his school. about those times. to be right minded about, in re- neg] iy.Hvovg rovg '^qovovg, aaxfQorsiv 71£qI tovg &sovg, ference to the gods. the pleasures pertaining to the body. ai negt to acofia rjdovat, 'En upon. on ; motion terminating in I, km rov, rest im ir^g ylqg nBta&ai, to lie on us rest 07i or at. on the earth, our time. = in Im T^, close on ; various relations with the idea of 6elonging and dependence. oiy.ovaiv snt tj -daXaaarj, tjv TjXiog mi dvdfiaig, ^aiQEiv sn ala^Qaig rjdovalg, they dwell on, by, at the sea. the sun was at, near its setting. to rejoice over, at (upon) base pleasures. TlOlltV SIQIJfljV STll tovzoig, to mal?e peace upon these con- ditions. ini. T(j) adsXqiai slvai, 'to be (dependent) on one's brother. GREEK OLLENDORFF. im motion upon (on tor, to) ; to, 369 against ; for. avn^ag Im rov "nnov, ini tag tcov nXovaimp &vQag mounting his horse. to go to the doors of the ini tovg nolsfiiovg atQarsvei, he serves against the enemy, the eye reaches to, over many to TzoUa tni oftjitt, azdSta iiixvHzai.^ rich. stadia, isvai iip vdcoQ, to go for, afler water. naqd, beside, near, naqa STZsiiCfOr] tou, from beside, naiia tov ^naiXiag, from, by (with persons). he came from you. he was sent by the king. rtaga i^ (by the side of)=6y, with, among- (chiefly with persons). naga t^ ^ctniXn, nag vfilv ravzinov, sazT] he stood by the king. to the navy with you, which you have, naga totg evqigovovaiv svBom- fAHV, nag siJ.01, naga tov, to, parisoti with ; be in honor with the right minded, with me,=in my judgment. to toward ; along side of, during ; in com- besides, beyond, in violation of. nag' ffis (laoSog, naga. tov nozafiov, the entrance to me, naga tov noXefiov, naga to. u).la C^a, during the war. in comparison with the other ovK ESn naga tavz alia, there are no other things be- naga. to Bixaiov, beyond, in violation of justice. i] along the river (also near or by). animals. sides these. GREEK OLLENDORFF. 370 before), before, ifi front of (from before), before, on the part side of, for the advantage of. riQog {tiqo, TiQog roll to nqog sanEQag of, on the the wall (before, fronting rei'/^og. ) toward the west. nqog TtUTQog, nqog ^Qrjarov avc vSgog fiijSev tvvoeiv xay.ov, nqog lav riOevai vo- i'/^ovimv Hov, nqog rqi, addition lest before, in on the father's side. it belongs to (is the part of) a good man to think no evil. to enact a law for the advantage of those who possess. front of ; by, at ; besides, in to. by the city. be upon, about one's busi- nqog t^ nolst, nqog zoTg nqdyiiaaw ehai, before, nqog tovTOig, besides, to ness. addition in to these things. nqog tov, to, toward; against ; in regard to, in com- parison with. nqog ttjv yrjv, nqog ^aailsa nolifxeXv, leysiv nqog Tiva, ovBsv rj svysvsia nqog ra they sqivyov yq-q nqog to ndqov to fled to the land, wage war against the king, speak to, before any one. high birth is nothing to in comparison with money, (viewed in relation to), we ought always to deliberate with reference to that which is present. to xqrj- asi ^ovXev- M&OLl, 'Tno, under, vnb VTzn Tijg TOV, under, more yrjg, In^ujv vno d/yia^rig, naixnofiai vno tov nuTqog, commonly /rowi under, by. under the earth. taking from under a carriage. I am sent by my father. GREEK OLLENDOKFF. vTio t^, under, at the foot t^ ovQav^ of, 371 subject to. the things which V7Z0 TCp OQSl, are under heaven. under, at the foot of the moun- ^"yvTiTOg vno §aaiksi iysvsro, ^gypt Ta vTio ovra, tain. fell under, became sub- ject to the king. vno Tov, motion under ; towards under, to the foot of; extension under. go under the earth. isvcci V710 yijv, to vno TO he came under, TEij^og i^X&ev, to the foot of, the wall, vno vvxra, vno TTiv vvxra, toward night, under, during the night. €mk C. iin!i Entm. JULIUS CJESAR'S COTklMENTAHIES GALLIC WAE. With. English Notes, Critical and Explanatory; ALfexicori, 9eograpriical and Historical Indexes, &c. BY REV. Editor of" ArnoWs J. A. SPENCER, Series of Greek One handsome vol, A. M., and Laan Books," 12moj with Map. eic. Price$1.

Ti e press of Messrs. Appletnn is becoming prolific of superior editions of the classics used In schools, and the volume now before us we are disposed lo regard as one of the nost beautifu\ and highly finished among them all, both in its editing and its execution. The classic Latin in vrhich the greatest general and the greatest writer of his a^e recorded his achievements, has leen sadij corriipied in the lapse of centuries, and its restoration to a pure and perfect text is a work requiring nice discrimination and sound learning. The text which Mr. Spencer has adopted is that of Oudendorp, with such variations as were suggested by a careful collation of the leading criiica of Gennany. The notes are as they should be, designed to aid the labors of the student, not to supeisede them. In addition to these, the volume contains a sketch of the life of Cresar, a brief Lexicon of Latin words, a Historical and a Geographical Index, together with a map of the country in which the great Roman conqueror conducted the campaigns he so graphically describes. The volume, as a whole, htwever, appears to be admirably suited to the purpose for which it was designed. Its style of editing and its typographical execuiinn reminds us of Prof. Lincoln's excellent edition of Livy— a work which some months since had already passed to a second im|)ression, and has now been adopted in most of the leading schools and colleges of the country. Providence Journal. " The type is clear and beautiful, and the Latin text, as far as we have examined it, extremtly accnraie, and worthy of the work of the great Roman commander and historian. No one ediiiun He has drawn from Oudendorp, Achainire. Laman-e, hai5 been entirely foUowed.by Mr. Spencer. Oberlin, Schneider, and Giani. His notes are drawn somewha. from the above, and al.'so from Vu.ssius, Davies, Clarke, and Stutgart. These, together with his own corrections and notes, and an excellent lexicon attached, render this volume the most complete and valuable edition oi O'Tsar's

Commentaries yet published.

Albany Spectator.

EXERCISES IN GREEK PROSE COMPOSITTOW. ADAPTED TO THE

FIRST BOOK OF XENOPHON'S ANABASIS. BY JAMES R. BOISE, Professor in Brown University. One volume, 12mo. •,'

Price seventy-five cents.

the cor.-'enience of the learner, an English-Greek Vocabulary, a Catalogue of the Irr» gular Verbs, and an Index to the principal Grammatical Notes have been appended.

For

*• A school-book of the highest order, containing a carefully arranged series of exercisea de rived from the first book of Xenophon's Anabasis, (which is appended entire,) an EngMsh and ^Gretk vocabulary and a list of the principal modifications of irregular verbs. We regard it as

one peculiar excellence of this book, that it presupposes both the diligent scholar and the painj like it also, be taking teacher, in ether hahds it would be not only useless, but unusable. cause, instead of aiming to give the pupil practice in a variety of styles, it places before him but a single model cf Greek composition, and that the very author who combines in the greates: dsgree, purity of lansuage and idiom, with a simplicity that both invites and rewards imitatiou." —Christian Register. "Mr. Boise is Professor of Greek in Brown University, and has prepared these exercises have examined tha as an accompaniment to the First Book of the Anabasis of Xenophon The exercises consist of short sen plai- with some attention, and are struck wlih its utility. tcnces composed of the words used in the text of the Anabasis, and invoivins the same construe :ions;'and the system, if faithfully pursued, must not only lead to familiarity with the author and a natural adoption of his style, but also to great ea^e and fa^iltless excellence in Greek com

We

We

•..ju'iiMM

''

T3-,-ntfifci.tnt

Chiirr.hrfian.

04

— frtrlt

mi

jCnttii.

THE HISTORIES OF

CAIUS CORNELIUS TACITUS. WITH NOTES FOR COLLEGKa BY W. Professor of

TYLER,

S.

Languages

in

Amherst

One volume, 12mo.

College.

^1=00.

The test of this edition follows, for the most part, Orelli's, Zurich, l'^48, which, beirp liaaed ov new and most faithful recension of the Meilicean MS., by his friend Bailer, may justly be Inseveral passajres, howe'er, lidered as marking a new era in 'he history of the text of Tacitus, wliere he has needlessly departed from the MS., I have not Iiesitated to adhere to it in com,3ny with other editors, believing, that not unfrequentiy " the most corrected copies are the less correct." Tho various refa-Jings have been carefully compared throughout, and, if important, are referred tcia the notes. Tlie editions which have been most consulted, whether in the criticism cf the t*xt or in he preparation of the notes, are, besides Urelli's, those of Walther, Halle, 1831 ; Ruperti, Hanover.

on

18-17. * * * * be seen, that there are not nnfrequent references to my edition of the Germania ar.d These are not of such a nature, as to render this incomplete without that, or essentially Still, if both editions are used, it will be found advantageous to read the dependent upon it Germania and Agricola first. The Treatises were written in that order, and in that order they best illustrate the history of the author's mind. The editor has found in his experience as a teacher that students generally read them in that way with more facilitv and pleasure, and he has conBtruciecl tiis notes accordingly. It is hoped, that the notes will be found to contain not only the gramn^attcal, but likewise all the geographical, archiological and historical illnstrations, that are necessary to render the author intelligible. The editor has at least endeavored *o avoid the fault, which Lord Bacon says " is over usual in annotations and commentaries, viz., to blanch the obscure places, and discourse upon the plain." But it has been his constant, not to say hts chief aim, to carry students beyond the dry details of grammar and lexicography, and introduce thera into a familiar acquaintance and lively sympathy with the author and his times, and with thai great empire, of whose degeneracy and decline in itsbeginniiigs he has bequeathed to us so profounf and instructive a history. The Indexes have been prepared with much labor and care^ and, U behoved, will add materially to the value of the work. Extract from Preface.

1S39; ami Uod«rIein, Halle, It wili

Agricola.

ii.

THE GERMANIA AND AGRICOI A OF

CAIUS COENELIUS TACITUS. WITH NOTES FOR COLLEGES. BY W.

S.

Professor of the Greek and Latin

One

TYLER, Languages

very neat volume, 12mo.

in

Amhersf

College.

62J cents.

"Wi

welcomft the book as a lisefnl addition to the classical literature of our coontr}'. It is very Thirteen pages are occupied by a well-wrilten Lift rifjlly and etegantly prepared and printed. f Tacitus, in wi 'ch not merely outward events are narrated, but the character of the histor.un, The notes to each of the tieatises Ijoih aa a man ano a writer, is minutely and faithfully drawn. The body of, the Hrs iiiiroduced by a general critique upon the merits and m-'itter of the work. Points of style and grammatical construuDoits IB drawn up with care, learning, and judgment. have been struck wiih the elegani ticjis, find historical references, are ably illustrated. precision wliich marks these notes: they hit the happy medium between the too much oi some J^ortk American Review. Nranientators, and the lod little of others." ng the numerous cKssical Professors who nave highly commended an! introduced this -.oinme are Fklton of Howard, Lincoln of Brown University, Crosby of Dartmouth, Coluu&it iion, NoitTU of Hamilton IVckarp of Bowdoin. C>wi:n of New- York, CuaMPLi" '^ of Pri,

Wt

Am

Wat*"!

ie.

&c., &.C

32

:

A MANUAL GRECIAN AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES. BY DR.

BOJESEN,

E. F.

of the Greek Language and Literature in the University of Sotol

Profl'ssor

Translated frnm the Germ.'rn.

WITH NOTES AND A COMPLETE SERIES OP aUESTIONS, BY TB«

EDITED,

REV.

THOMAS

K.

ARNOLD,

M. A.

RE'S'ISED

One neat volume, 12mo.

Price $1. The present Manual of Greek and Roman Antiquities is far superior to any taring on njfl topics as yet offered to tlie American nubliLA principal Review of Germany says same : atj he compass of it is, we may confidently aifirm that it is a great improvement on all no longer meet with the wretched old method, in which au'ipreceding word's of the kind. jects essentially distinct are herded toarether. and connected subjects disconnerted. but hav« g simple, systemati". arrangement, by whicti the reaoer easily receives a clear representation >< ^ longer stumble against countless errors in detail, which though long ago Roman life. assailed and extirpated by Niebuhr and others, have found their last place "of refuge in our Manuals. The recent investigations of philologists and jurists have been extensively, but carefull} The conciseness and precision which the author has every when a'ld circumspectly used. prescribed to himself, prevents the superficial observer from perceiving the essential superiority of the book to its predecessors, but whoever subjects it to a cai'elul examination will discover this on every page." Small We We " I fully believe that the pupil will receive from these little works a The Editor says and tolerably complete picture of Grecian and Roman life; what I may call the political portions the account of the national constitutions and their effects appear to me to be of great value and the very moderate extent of each volume admits of its being thoroughly mastered of it? being got up and retained." " A work long need;d in our schools and colleges. The manuals of Rennet, Adam, Potter, and Robmson, with -ib more recent and valuable translation of Eschenburg, were entirely too Polummous. Here la nc '.her too much, nor too little. The arrangement is admirable— every subject is treated of in its proper place. We have the general Geography, a succinct historical Tiew of the general subject the chirography, history, laws, manners, customs, and religion ol eocA Suite, as well I'^the points of union lor all, beautifully arranged. V/e regard the work aa to classical study for youth that we have seen, and sincerely hope that tll.e very best adjun*! leuhers may be bri .^ht to regard it in the same light. The whole is copiously digested inta oppt^pnate questions." jS*. Lit. Gazette. coiTect ; ; From Professor Lincoln^ of Broion University, " I found 03 table after a short absence from home, your edition of Bojeoen's Greek an acknowledgments for it. I am am-eeably surprised to Botnan Antiquities. Pray accept ild C-: exara'Bing it, that within so very narrow a compass for so comprehensive a sucject, the and, indeed, so far as I see, omits noticing no topics esmatter book contai is so much valuable it is fair superior to any thing sential It will be a very useful book in Schools and Colleges, and cheap and accessible to all students, it has the Besides being kind. same --ilat I know of the my my ; great merit of discussing its topics in a consecutive and connected manner." Proftssor Tyler, of Amherst College. " I have never foMUd time till lately to look over Bojcsen's Antiquities, of which you were conri.«e, and SimI enou»h to sendme a copy. I think it an excellent book; learned, accurate, .ompiehi'ii'ling na ci>-picunns well adapted lor u.se in the Acarlemy nr the College, ami " trc.i';.=na ex!eii,le,l iluiii man.v the subioct valu?ble on • naT compass, moix Extract of a : "u letter from i.= 3 HAND BOOK OF MEDIAEVAL GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY, BY WILHEUM PUTZ, PRINCIPAL TUTOR IN THE GYMNASIUM OF DUREN. Translated from the REV. R. Vicar of St. Augustine^ 8, Bristol^ 1 German by PAUL, M. A., B. and late Felloxc volume, 12mo. 75 of Exeter Collegt, OxftnL cts. nSADS OF CONTENTS. I. II. Germany before The Migrations. the Migrations. THF MIDDLE AGES. FfnsT rEuioD.—From the Dissolution of the Western Empire to the Accessiori of the t, anrd all very imperfect. At last, modem Europe begins slowly emerge from the chaos, bat still under forms which the most diligent historian cannot always comprehend. To reduoi such materials to a clear and definite form is a task of no small difficulty, and in which partial success deserves great praise. It is not too much to say that "t has never been so well done within a compass so easily mastered, as in the little volume wh.>.h ia new offered to the puh\ic."-~£!xtr act from American Preface. "This translation of a foreign school-book embraces a succinct and well arranged body ol facts concerning European and Asiatic history and geography during the middle'ages. It ia furnishci with printed questions, and it seems to b*i well adapted to its purpose, in all respects The medlasval period is one of the most interesting in the annals of the world, and a knowledge of its groat men, and of its progress in arts, arms, government and religion, is particularly iniportan', since this period is the basis of our own social polity." Commercial Advertiser. This is an immense amount of research condensed into a modera^elv sized volume, iu a way I' which no one has patience to do but a German scholar. The beauty of the work is its luminous arraiigeunent. It is a guide to the student amidst the intricacy of Mediaaval History, the most difficult period of the world to understand, when the Roman Empire was breakin? up and par^ celling out into smaller kingdoms, and every thing was in a transition state. It was a period o) chaos from which modem Europe was at length to arise. The author has briefly taken up the principal political and social influences whjcl' were acting on society, and shown their bearing I'rom the time previous to the migrations of the Northsrn nations, down through the middle ages to the sixteenth century. The n nes on the crusudej are particularly valuable, and the range of observation embraces not only Euicpe but Ae East, To the student it will be a most valuable Hand-book, savin^him a world of tn)«bl« in huaiiag up autliorities and facts,"- -Rev. Dr. Kip, in Albany State RegisttT. : It is w 4 d^nglislj. MANUAL or ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY AND HISTOEY. BY WILHELM PUTZ, PRINCIPAL TUTOR IN THE GYMNASIUM OP PUREN TraiLslated from the Gei-man. EDITED BY TliE REV. THOMAS K. ARNOLD, .1 V, AUTHOn. OF A SERIES OP "GREEK AND LATIN TEXT-BOOKS." One volume, 12mo.$1.

" At no perioc naa Histoiy presented such strong claims upon the attention of the leamcu, aa tbe present day ; and to no people were its lessons of such value as to those of the Uniied With no past of our own to revert to, the great masses of our better educated are templed *,o overlook a science, which comprehends all others in its grasp. To prepare a lext-bojk, which shall present a full, clear, and accurate view of the ancient world, its geography, its polnical, civil, social, religious state, must be the result only of vast industry and learnm;;. Oui- exnmination of the present volume leads us to believe, that as a text-book on Ancient History, for ColIt bears marks in its methodical leges and Academies, it is the best compend yet published. arrangement, and condensation of materials, of the untiring patience of German scholarship and in its progress through the English and American press, has been adapted for acceptable use in noticeable feature of the book, is its pretty complete list of ' sources ol our best institutions. information' upon the nations which it describes. This will be an invaluable aid to the student in his future course of reading." XX

5-ates.

;

A

'

author of this Manual of Ancient Geography and History,' is Principa' Germany. Hfs book exhibits the advantages o its arrangement, its classification, and lt3 rigid analythe German method The Manual is what it purports to be, 'a clear and definite outline of the history of the sis. principal nations of antiquity,' into which is incorporated a concise geography of each country. The work is a text-£>-:iok to be studied, and not merely read It is to form the groundwork ol subsequent historical investigation,— the materials of which are pointed out, at the proper places, in tlie Manual, in careful references to the works which treat of the subject directly under conThe list of references (especially as regards earlier works) is quite complete, thus sideration. supplying that desideratum in Ancient History and Geography, which has been supplied so fully by 1) J. C. I. Gieseler in Ecclesiastical History. "

Wilhelm

PiitZj the

Tutor {Oberleher)

'

m the Gymnasium of Duren, of treating History, in

;

".

" The nations whose histoiy is considered in the Manual, are in Asia^ the Israelites, th» Indians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians, the Medes, the Persians, the Phosnicians, the States of Asia Minor in Africa^ the Ethiopians, the Egyptians, ihe Carthaginians ; in Europe^ the Greeks, the Macedonians, the Kingdoms which arose out of the Macedonian Monarchy, the Romans. The :

which the history of each is treated, is admirable. To the whole are appended a Chm The pronunciation of prope* Table,' and a well-prepared series of 'Questions.' names is indicated,—an excellent feature. The accents are given with romarkable correctness. The typographical execution of the American edition is most excellent."— S. W.BaptistChronicle. " 7, ike every thing which proceeds from the editorship of that eminent Instructor, T. K. Amoldj this Manual appears to be well suited to m? design with which it was prepared, and will, un '

order in

uoIo» the best mo lei of pure geometrical reasoning, which ever iiu coiv^pjuiP.d som3 of the has the Author and bei';n.se exhibit id Deen, and perh;ip^ e^er wili be iiDtionant principles of the great i.iaster of Geommricians, and more especia.. / has t^iwn 'hai quality lu text bonk a' appticatio-ns a a praclicai : many theory, mere )y 'lis thenreins are not

"We

%

;

tus "Kience nr

less

uncommon

than

n

Is

imoortant."

6

(Iiigligij.

A MANUAL OP ANCIENT AND MODERN HISTORY, COTWPKISING-:cohtaining the Political History, Geographical Position, and Socia Slate of itie Principal Nations of Antiquity, careTulIy tiisrested Irom the Ancient Wi'iters. an of English words and oxr.iessiong, i Jie pronunciaQon accordmg to Walker.

^ms

.

centuation of the German words, first introduced by iJenisiua, and not a little improved by Hili)ert and his coadjutors, has also been adopted, and will be regarded as a most desirable and invaluable aid to the student. Another, and it is hoped not the least, valuable addition to the volume, ai'e the synonyms, which we have generally given in an abridgod and not ,unl'reqiiently in a new form, from Hilpert, whu was the first that offered lo the English student a selection from the rich store of Eberhard, Maas, and Gruber. Neaj-iy all the Dictionaries published in Gei-many having been prepared with spe'."i(J reference to the German student of the Engliah, and being on that account incomplete in the Germ an- English pai't, it was evidently our vocation to reverse the order for this side of the Atlanlic, and to give the utmost possible completeness and perfection to the Ger "^aii pai't. This was the proper sphere of our labor.

Morning Courier and JVeio-York Enquirer. The Applatons have justpubtished a Dictionary of the German Language, containing names of German words, and German translations of English words, by Mr. AuLaR, Piofesbor of Gert^an in the University of the City of New-York. In view of the present at.d rapidly increasing disposition of American students to make themselves familiar with the Language and Literatm-c of Germany, the publication oj this work seems ipecially timely and important. It is in form a large, substantial oclavo volume of 141)0 pages, beautifully printed in cleai* and distinct type, and adapted in everj way to the constant services for which a lexicon is made. The purpose aimed at by thf edit