TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
SUBMITTED BY TAWINDER KUMAR CHINORIA SMDRSD INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PATHANKOT. 2008-2010
SUMMITTED TO MAHARISHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY,ROHTAK
PROJECT GUIDE : MISS. REENA SHARMA SMD RSD COLLEGE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PATHANKOT-145001
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I sincerely thanks my guide MISS REENA SHARMA for providing necessary information and valuable guidance which help me in compiling this project in a much better manner . I would like to thank PROF SUBRAMANIUM for being there whenever I need help and provided valuable guidance in this project . I most thankful to HR Manager THAKKAR Sir and Assistant manager S.V.SHETYE of TATA POWER COMPANY Borivali branch for devoting their precious times and shared information about TQM and how it is implement in the organization without which this project would not have complete . I have tried to cover all the aspects of the project and ever care has been taken to make the project faultless . I will be looking for such type of projects in near future and do my best . This project has been complied in simple and lucid language so as to enable every reader easy to understand . I am eagerly waiting for fruitful comments and constructive suggestions are most welcome to improve upon this project . Suggestions , if any , are most welcome . THANK YOU, TAWINDER K CHINORIA .
CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY This is to certify that the project titled Total Quality Managementis an original work of Mr.Tawinder Kumar Chinoria and is being submitted in fulfillment for the award of Master Degree in Business Administration of Maharishi Dayanand University,Rohtak. This report or part of this report has not been used submitted earlier to this University or to any other University/Institution for the fulfillment of requirement of a course of study or published/ presented for any other purpose.
Signature of Student.
Signature of Guide.
INDEX SR.NO 1. 2. 3. 4. i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. viii. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. J. 5. 6.
TOPIC INTRODUCTION OF TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT ROLE OF TQM IMPLEMENTATION OF TQM TATA POWER COMPANY:INTRODUCTION TATA BUSINESS EXCELLENT MODEL ( TBEM ) QUALITY COST REPORT COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH INSPECTION AND TESTING BENEFIT THROUGH TQM TECHNIQUES USED FOR TOTAL QUALITY CONTROL TECHNIQUES BASED ON MALCOLM BALDRIGE REPORT
PAGE NO 1. 2. 3-4. 5-7. 8-9. 10-14. 15. 16. 17-18. 19-66
ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005-2006 :LEADERSHIP STRATEGIC PLANNING CUSTOMER AND MARKET FOCUS MEASUREMENT , ANALYSIS AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT
21-25. 26-27. 28-36. 37-42.
AND INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES FOCUS PROCESS MANAGEMENT BUSINESS RESULT NEW QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ISO 9001: 2000 :QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILTY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT REALISATION PLANNING OF PRODUCT REALISATION PRODUCT REALISATION CUSTOMER RELATED PROCESSES PRODUCT REALISATION DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT PRODUCT REALISATION PURCHASING PRODUCT REALISATION PRODUCT AND SERVICE PROVISION PRODUCT REALISATION CONTROL OF MONITORING AND
43-44. 45-47. 48-66. 67-88. 68-69. 70. 71-72. 73. 74. 75-76. 77-78. 79-82. 83.
MEASURING DEVICES MEASUREMENT , ANALYSIS AND IMPROVEMENT EVALUATION OF TQM CONCLUSION
84-88. 89-90. 91-92.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This project contain the information about the topic “ TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT” . This project introduces Total Quality Management it mainly focus on Malcolm Baldrige Report and ISO 9001:2000 of “ TATA POWER COMPANY” and how it is implement in the organization and what are the strategy taken by them . Total Quality Management is a continuous process of improvement for individuals , groups of people and whole organizations . To improve the process , therefore, people must know what to do , how to do it , have the right method to do it , and be able to measure the improvement of the process and the current level of achievement .
When put into practice, appropriate quality methods can rapidly give rise to quality improvement . Choosing the right methods for development of a TQM process is one of vital roles of management process is complex and the use of some of these methods requires careful consideration and clear understanding . TQM is blend of technologies focus on four concept i.e. defect prevention , continuous improvement , focusing on the customer and a philosophy that quality is not just a responsibility of an organization quality assurances department , but rather it is a responsibility shared by all TQM reserve our fixation on inspecting to defect and focuses on practice that identify potential defects to prevent them from occurring . TQM is still a philosophy emphasizing a continuous search for improvement and implementing actions to convert improvement opportunities to reality . TQM emphasizes knowing our customer both internal and external and focusing on satisfying their needs and expectation . The continuity , stability and growth of a business depends upon its customers. TQM as an sub serves the institution goals . Returns on investments , market expansion , high employee morale and delighted customers are some of the benefits of upgrading through TQM .
INTRODUCTION The word total stand for whole or gross . The term quality stands for degree of excellence and the word management stand for art of doing a particular work . Therefore , TQM is art of doing the whole work in order to achieve a degree of excellence . TQM in the organization by employee involvement or step to be taken by management to implementation TQM :i.)
Clarify the goal and objective of organization .
Decide the philosophy of management . 6
Follow decentralization and delegation of authorities.
Determine the quality standard and make as a rule of the organization .
Involvement the worker in the system of achieving and maintaining the quality concept of kaizen , quality circle are useful in this area .
Teach the worker the concept of house keeping .
Import training to the worker to enhance their skill to maintain quality.
Benefits of TQM :i.)
Ability to be more competitive .
Increased market share .
Cost reduction .
Increased flexibility and responsiveness .
Improved communications .
Less frustration and more satisfaction among the workforce .
THE ROLE OF TQM METHOD Total quality management can be implemented by putting into practice suitable TQM methods . However , adopting the right kind of method is one of the most important jobs of senior management and degree of success obtained will depend on their knowledge and understanding of these methods . TQM methods are unlikely to be useful not used properly . When TQM is implemented in an organization , it invariably starts with a simple procedure: the setting up of teams to solve particular problems. However , total quality management
deals with quality culture , which is all about culture change based on desire to satisfy the customer and eliminate existing problems permanently . Education and training are key factors in total quality management , including the process of learning TQM method . If team start to look at quality management problem without proper training they will lose their way and become disheartened . If the quality problem is not identified accurately and the TQM method selected for solution based only on data analysis , then the problem will not be eliminated forever . In addition , the quality improvement process need to be managed by an effective leader to ensure that proper implementation is achieved . By applying TQM method properly and not fluctuating from one step to another before completion , the quality team will have a much greater chance of completing the task successfully . The basic role of TQM methods in problem-solving for quality improvement is to help to help to meet customer requirements . The methods also help to generate possible root causes and potential solutions, and to use data and information to select the best options for managing quality . To implement total quality management , it will be necessary to apply the method in ever aspect of business life .
IMPLEMENTATION OF TQM Total quality management process and implementation can be divided in three parts as follows :1) Total employee involvement ( TEI ) 2) Just in time ( JIT ) 3) Total quality control ( TQC ) 1.) Total employee involvement :- The basic thinking is the human should not be considered as robot or machine . They should be treated with respect and consideration . 8
An organization has number of people working for a purpose . Every person has important role to play . Organization will be the most effective if all employee work together and harmoniously , to achieve common goal . TEI is achieved in through following methods :a) House keeping :- Only where by the departmental manager who does not follow the principle of housing keeping can be convenience by clicking the photography of it department . Which is organized condition and display on the notice of the organization and once he improve again the photography will the organization department . To show the different which is apparent between the photography . The different will through the light on importance of house keeping in the organization . b) Kaizen :- Kaizen is derived from two word kai & Zen . Kai - mean small , Zen mean improvement i.e. bring small improvement where , when , why how “ A person who bring small improvement in himself is called as Kaizen” c) Quality circle :- “ A group people coming together and having a brainstorm over issues to come out with good conclusion of problem or issues” . Quality circle by name itself we can understand where is circle of quality people having a quality brainstorm and coming out with a quality conclusion .
2.) Just in time :- It is a concept where time management is exercise for the entire process right from procuring the raw material from the vendors till the sale of finished products to the customer . 3.) Total quality control :- Total quality control is applicable to all the functions . Quality at work , service , information , process , divisional units, people , system and company has to be maintain at minimum cost . This process consist of evaluate actual quality performance , compare actual performance to quality goals , act on the differences. 7 QC Tools :i.)
Cause and effect diagram
TATA POWER COMPANY INTRODUCTION Tata power was ranked for its continuous effort to transform the 90 years old power utility through a combination of cost reduction, steady growth and change in attitude into a more consumer-friendly place in a highly regulated environment. Tata power as been selected among the top 13 best managed companies in India by business today. While tata power fundamental have remained committed to quality and pursue of excellence now there is a definite thrust on ensuring power supply at competitive tariff to consumer of all sector
for constant self-evaluation of its plants and performance tata power has adopted the tata business excellence model[T.B.E.M.] under the J.R.D. Quality values award which the tata group has instituted in the memory of MR. J.R.D. TATA incidentally j.b.e.m is modeled on the globally accepted MALCOLM BALDRIDGE national quality award administered by department of commerce u.s.a. Tata values The tata has always been a value driven organization these value continue to direct the groups growth and business. the five core tata value under the way they do their business
are: 1] Integrity: we must conduct our business fairly with honesty and transparency everything we do must stand the test of public scrutiny. 2] understanding: we must be caring show respect compassion and humanity for our collogues and customer around the world and always work for the benefit for the communities we serve. 3] Excellence: we must constantly strive to highest possible standard in our day to day work in quality of good and services we provide. 4] Unity: we must work cohesively with our collogues across the group and our customer and partners around the world to build strong relationship based on tolerance and mutual co-operation. 6] Responsibility:
we must continue to be responsible and sensitive to the
countries communities and the environment we work, always ensuring that what comes from the people goes back to the people many times over. Quality policy of the tata power transmission and distribution division we at transmission and distribution division of the tata power company limited are committed to: 1. provide reliable quality power at most competitive price
2. constantly strive for exceeding customer expectation 3. ensure safe and healthy environment for employees equipment and community 4. we shall comply with requirement and continually improve the effectiveness of quality management system Quality objectives 1. maintain equipment availably higher than 99.75% 2. improve average restorations time to affect customers[C.A.I.D.I.] from 22 minute to 20 minute 3. reduce average duration of interruption per customer per year reliability index from 47 min to 35 min 4. maintain supply voltage within limits[variation of +/- 6%] 5. reduce T & D operation cost by 10% 6. continually upgrade employee skills to adapt the change 7. have concern [minimize inconvenience] for the community during execution of work 8. continually improve system to become an excellent organization The above objective shall be received half year the above target are at all T &D level Departmental quality objectives operation Functional quality objectives
1. Monitoring & controlling of operation Logged value of parameter / logging of corrective measure taken .
2. Ensuring heal thinness of equipment by timely detection of abnormalities
Defect register entries / check list entries
3. Increasing availability of equipment Measure
by normalization during tripping of restore normal in minimum possible time of equipment lines and outage normalization.
of Availability of operational data
5. Ensure reliability and safety correct and safety operation
6. Continual improvement
Accident free operation no wrong operation safety practices Work instruction revisions
TATA BUSINESS EXCELLENCE MODEL [T.B.E.M.] T.B.E.M. purposes 1. To help improve organizational performance and business excellence practices , capabilities result . 2. To facilitate communication and sharing of best practices information among tata organizations of all types .
3. To serve as working tool for understanding and managing performance and for providing guidance for planning and identification of opportunities for learning and improvement .
T.B.E.M. GOALS : 1. Delivery of ever improving value of customers , contributing to market place success 2. Improvement of overall organizational effectiveness capabilities , resulting in enhancing to all other stake other 3. Organizational and personal learning
visions of the quality 1. To be an excellent and efficient organization 2. To be a significant player in the national power sector 3. To participate in adjacent infrastructure business that provide opportunity for the growth 4. To be the best in the tata group mission of the quality Improving the quality of life value 1. Customer driver 2. Result oriented with professional work culture 3. Abide by tata code of conduct 4. Earn trust through fair business practices with all stake holder 5. Growth with environmental protection and enrichment
6. Corporate citizenship
QUALITY COST REPORT SR. NO.
DIAGNOSTING TESTING OF EQUIPMENTS
DIAGNOSTING TESTING OF PROTECTION
DIAGNOSTING TESTING OF SYSTEM PROTECTION
COMMISION OF EQUIPMENT & PROTECTION SCHEMES
TEST INSTRUMENT AVAILABLE
TRIPPING DUE TO HUMAN ERROR
COST OF POOR QUALITY [C.O.P.Q.] REPORT [C.O.P.Q.] company wide capturing format used for T.R.D . [C.O.P.Q.] to be captured under following two major head A. cost of non conformance B. cost of conformance
A. cost of non conformance 1.1] Internal failure cause related cost rework / repairs cost due to internal causes For example -
a ] E.Q.A.G. relay improper co-ordination / relay maloperation b ] Non conformance to operating instructions c ] Non conformance to maintenance work instruction etc . d ] Non conformance due to inadequate specification in power operation by engineering department
1.2 ] External failure cause related cost - rework a ] O.E.M. poor quality / inadequate material , fabrication assembly , design , q.a. / q.c. Causing earlier failure b ] O.E.M. not informing product modifications incorporated . 1.3 ] Appraisal cost Testing / appraisal cost to attend failure / rework - example - O.E.M. engineer services etc B. COST OF CONFORMANCE 2.1 ] Preventive cost - cost incurred to prevent recurrence of failure / fault for that station and other stations for similar equipment . 2.2 ] Appraisal cost - cost incurred to test / appraise for case where failure not occurred
[ C.O.P.Q. ] cost due to interruption / forced outage
Direct cost repair rework Man days to attend occurrence / forced outage / outage description
Man day Cost
110 kv bus fault zone -1 on 12/1/06
Tripping of 11 kv vasant utsav f1 feeder
Tripping of 11 kv vasant utsav f6
OCCURRENCE /FORCED OUTAGE DESCRIPTION
LOAD MW SHUT DOWN
Mwh not Cost/loss supplied rate rs. 2p.u.
110 kv bus fault zone 1 on 12 / 1 / 06
Tripping of 11 kv vasant utsav f1 feeder
Tripping of 11 kv vasant utsav
QUALITY PLANNING AND QUALITY IMPROVEMENT
QUALITY IMPROVEMENT 1. Renew focus on growth in generation capacity
2. Restructuring of business development & project function to new growth opportunities 3. Setting target in A.B.P. which are more stretch than M.E.R.C. requirements
QUALITY PLANNING 1. Centralized control room with remote operation 2. Distribution automation of customer substations 3.
Diversion of nallahs to increase hydro generation
4. Broad band on power line
COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH INSPECTION AND TESTING Vendors / contractor are selected through a well defined selection process with emphasis on quality management process at suppliers end . In cases of branded off the shelf type of items , vendors certified by O.E.M. [ original equipment manufactures 20
] through their vendor authorization programs , all selected . thus doing away with the need to expend resources on certification vendor quality . Vendor rating system has been introduced for tracking the performance of the vendors . cost of poor quality is being tracked analyze rework and defect and to minimize the cost.
BENEFIT THROUGH TATA QUALITY MANAGEMENT
1. Improvement in C.A.I.D.I. 2. Improvement in reliability and quality of supply at customer end
3. Reduction in failure , there by improving reliability 4. Reduction in cost of power to customer 5. Improvement in the availability to the customer , meeting customer expectation 6. Reduction in auxiliary power reduction from 12.66% to 10.98% 7. hunting load customers quires can be taken by T.P.C. there by reducing the dependence on the state grid and making the power withdrawal from K.P.T.C.L. to zero minimum impact of the outage to the customer
TECHNIQUES USED FOR TOTAL QUALITY CONTROL FISH BONE DIAGRAM
ROUTE COST ANALYSIS
METHOD S COMPRESSOR EXCESSIVE RUNNING
MEN A. Moisture from compressor is not regularly drained B. Lack of knowledge about overhaul method
MATERIAL Quality of material should be improved
MACHINES A. Frequent failure’s of control circuits of compressor starting and stopping 1. Failure of pressure switches for starting and stopping 2. Failure of contactors and single phasing of switches . 3. Dripping of setting of pressure switches
B. Frequent leakages from loose pipes used for air inlets of air blast circuit breakers and defective non return valves of air blast circuit breakers
methods A. Existing maint practices not sufficient B. Conditioning monitoring is not adequate
ADVANTAGE OF FISH BONE DIAGRAM 1. Process is define systematically . 2. Simple to understand . 3. Several time ask the question “ why “ till they don’t get the answer 4. Use to find limitation
TECHINQUES BASED ON MALCOLM BALDRIGE REPORT
ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005- 2006
REPORT ON MALCOLM BRIDGE FOLLOWED TATA POWER
LINE OF BUSSINESS
TURNOVER FY05 IN
[RS CRORE] 3674
POWER SYSTEM DIVISION
The baldrige award examine the quality of an organization activities in several category
1. Leadership 25
2. strategic planning 3. customer and market focus 4. measurement analysis and knowledge management & information & knowledge management
5. human resources focus 6. process management 7. business result
1. LEADERSHIP Highlights leaders role in setting and communicating vision , value and focus on customer and accomplishing organization’s objective 26
A. SENIOR LEADERSHIP STAKE HOLDER
Designing and implementation of customer portal
2.customer focus group
Visits of customer groups during major activities at TPC like 500 MW unit overhaul To proactively satisfy
Inclusion of opinion leader
queries related to
reliability during customer meets and building
4.Level of customer contact plans
relations Participation of senior leader in the customer meeting cascade
Supplier meet also at divisional
TCOC ,TPC future plan and other area of common interest
Half yearly supplier survey Formation of complaints & together inputs on their grievances cell and vendor portal survey together inputs on as additional mechanism of
Speedy resolution of complaints
their alias of concern
access and information
Half yearly and yearly
Half yearly result communication
informed about TPC’S future plan
Investor / forums seminars Initiated in fy05 , 2/3 meeting
Image building , support
for growth initiative
1. Continued focus on enhancing and improving the equipment , system and network reliability refuilishment and replace programs leveraging the new technology
Strategic plan for sustenance example generation capacity addition , coal block etc.
3. Focus on developing technical , managerial and leadership competencies 4. Participation by senior leaders in training program - M.D. as acted as faculty on tata group level workshop on project management 5. Participation by senior leaders in training program 6. Regular risk assessment and preparation of risk mitigation plans 7. Knowledge management 8. Environment management and C.S.R.
PERODIC REVIEW OF PROTECTION SCHEMES TO ENSURE CONTINUED EFFECTIVENESS
ADVERSE IMPACT PUBLIC CONCERN
1. Reliability of power
A. Forecast demand growth and
Generation plant availability 1%
address shortage B. Continues improvement in O&M practice to ensure high reliability C. Scheduling of plant / equipment / outages during low loads D. Built in redundancies ,T&D equipment E.
power purchase during shortage
Indices like CAIFI CAIDI SAIFI SAIDI Transmission line availability Loss of scale due to forces outages
2. Load shedding planned and power interruptions to partial consumer under low frequency conditions
A. Segmentation of on consumers based impact on business and
No. of under frequency load
B. Design of graded load shedding scheme for minimizing power
No. of times critical consumer got
interruption to critical consumption
shut down No. of block outs saved / 30
3. Block out [ total interruption of power supply to all consumer ]
A. Islanding scheme to isolate Mumbai
systems block outs
customer from grid disturbances B. Stand by power arrangement with M.S.E.B. C. Periodic review of protection scheme
Time taken to restore supply after a block out .
to ensure continued effectiveness
Strategy development has been rewritten to clearly address the key aspects of strategy developing , including ability to execute the strategic planning . [ In contrast , consumer of tata power continue to enjoy uninterrupted supply of quality power ] STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE STRATEGIC STAKE
HOLDER 1. CUSTOMER
Reliable uninterrupted power supply at competitive rates
1. Low cost generation capacity 2. Peaking power availability 3. Enhancing value to customer
2. INVESTOR AND
1. Growth to capacity addition , entry into adjacent business
Employee growth and development
Growth through capacity addition entry into adjacent business
Challenging work environment
4. SUPPLIER AND PATNER
Growth and prosperity
1. Growth through capacity addition entry into adjacent business
5. community Good corporate citizenship
1. C.S.R. initiative
3. CUSTOMER AND MARKET KNOWLEDGE / FOCUS 33
Focus on customer complaint data and organization process for minimizing customer dissatisfaction and less of repeat business . Customer and market knowledge has an enhanced focus on identifying current and potential customer for both existing and new products and services . TPC’S market development process , is and process in the customer value chain starting with market identification till developing new initiatives . The market department has reviewed and refine to take care of new emerging market as SEBS , traders open access customers and distribution circle .
Segment market and Criteria for market attractiveness and internal customer base
capabilities are clearly defined , growth potential of segment also included in the analysis .
Reduce tariff to direct customer of TPC , new
ht residential tariff .
Targets are taken monthly and reviewed
Customer contact plan, monthly customer
coordination meeting, sharing of complaint, coverage of wider cross section of employees in customer coordination, focus group/ key a/c manager meeting (KAM) , customer value improvement program
Complaint escalation, % of time TPC meets
customer services standards added in bad measures, complaint analysis shared with other division , about 30% of sustains covered under distribution automation to reduce restoration time, new web based system for complaint management for call centre.
SEGEMENT MARKET AND CUSTOMER BASE
Market information and industry trend from MDP1 classify customer and market
Customer detail from MDP5
Analyses competitors market segment tariff comparison
1.List segment 2.Segment characteristics
Analyses geographical area to understand existing distribution network customer density Revised marketing segment
MDP1 Develop market outlook and scenarios
MDP2 Segment marketing and customer
MDP4 Develop business plan
MDP3 Formulate actionable strategies and propose investment
MDP5 New customer acquisition
MDP7 Manage customer a/c
MDP8 Complaint management
MDP6 Implementation and internal logistics
MDP9 Formulate new initiatives
Customer relationship and satisfaction TPC user “ Manage customer account process” to built and strengthen relationship with customer. TPC interacts customer through many form in order to built relationship and to understand changing requirement future plans. TPC use multiple channels to provide access to customer to seeks information, conducts business and lodge complaints. All customer are well informed about contact central control room and fault duty / maintenance engineers. In addition REL and BEST have provide with microwaves communication facilities to contact any of receiving station LD\ CCR . Customer contact requirement and gathered through direct customer interaction by the divisional service staff and feedback received through various post CSS also specifically check for customer preference on various customer contact mechanisms some example of improvement in access mechanisms are provision of additional mobile phone to O&M engineer and web based complaint management system . Effectiveness of the call centre and all other access mechanisms in assessed through the happy call survey and CSS .
ACCESS MECHANISM STATION LICENSES AREA L.D. M.C.R. ENGINEERING DIVISIONAL
AVAILABILITY LANDLINE MOBILE FAX
√ √ √ √
MAIL √ √ √ √
TIME 24 HRS OFFICE HRS OFFICE HRS 24 HRS
√ √ √ √
CENTRE YEL FAULT DUTY
24 HRS 24 HRS
ENGG . DEPT PLANT LEAD
Complaint management process TPC user “Complaint management process” is to ensure prompt and effective resolution of customer complaint. While the call centre is available round the clock , bulk customer prefer to contact , respective CCR nodes , divisional control rooms or duty engineer directly due to long term relationship some customer like railway and licenses lodge written complaint as well as . All complaint whether received directly or through control room are collected at call centre for analysis . In CPP\ IPP all complaint are received by control room . Each control room maintenance a complaint register and complaint are immediately recorded and to concerned authorities to takes prompt and suitable action . The existing software at call centre has been replaced
recent by a web based software which is accessible to all in the customer service response chain , with restricted access . This will enable on –line monitoring of complaint status . The complaint data is reviewed in monthly meeting with departmental heads and suitable to avoid recurrence . customer complaint management process Call centre phone inform field duty engineer
CCR nodes\ control room of receiving station
CR cell (written interact with concerned department) Action by respective department
In case of critical complaint higher level also informed
Attend complaint and inform complaint attended by
D\E and informed call centre If not call centre escalates
If not CRR escalates, if not 2nd
complaint, upto 4 level of
escalation . Complaint attended by D\E
and informed call centre Customer informed and confirm
to be satisfied Call centre updates record and
CR cell updates record and generates
Review report and analyses
Review report and analyses complaint 40
complaint Feedback to all concerned to
Feedback to all concerned to avoid
Review in CCM and action plan prepared
Input to HR
Input to engineering for design review
To EQA for system reliability studies.
Customer satisfaction determination
Customer satisfaction and dissatisfaction survey are conducted , on various attributes of product and services quality . Process use for survey is broadly same for different segment . However questionnaires are designed to reflect difference importance of various attributes with respect to different segment . Survey is designed to capture information on customer satisfaction and dissatisfaction . TPC has this year changed the model from org’s EQ model to Metric model . This model help to find out the satisfying and delighting attributes separately for each customer segment . Customer satisfaction relative to competitors Mumbai Area: CSS cover customer to all major competitors and main utilities i.e; REL, BEST, and MSEB . TPC also conduct win/loss analysis feedback from opinion leaders also help to identify area of improvement findings of these surveys are converted in action plan for implementation benchmarks / comparison of best utilities. Customer satisfaction survey process
Qualitative discover phase (Customer requirement survey)
Attribute wise questionnaires development
Customer interviews 41
Analysis of data
Relative importance of each factor
Satisfaction/ dissatisfaction level of TPC and competition an each factor.
an d de pl oy m en t
pr ep ar ati on
TATA POWER MARKET SEGMENTS A T A P O W E R M A R K E T S E G M E N T S
Relative rating of TPC V/S Competitor on each factor
Distributors (75% of power demand) Long term buyers
Short term buyers
High volume (21% of power demand)
SEBS L I C E N S E E
Public utilities REL
TPTC Captives Industry (TATA STEEL)
Low volume (4% of power demand)
TRADERS (NEW segment)
Low tension / industries, commercial
Lager (Industry commercial users)
Exclusively service by TPC
Service by TPC and others Change over open access. OPINION MAKERS
4. MEASUREMENT , ANALYSIS AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT
It added emphasis on the purpose and use of the result of analyses and review including strategic decision for organization . Information and knowledge management : It is a new area to address on data , Information and knowledge quality in recognition of challenges all organization face in this area . This item also now addresses the availability of data and information in the event of an emergency . Measurement , analysis and review of organizational performance :
performance is tracked through OPMS (ORGANISATION PERFORMANCE MEASURE PROCESS) . The measure for which are derived from strategic objective . Operation data , information is aggregated and made available to senior management through “ Daily operation and statistics report”. ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE MONITORING Sr.no Performance parameters 1.
Rationale behind the
carried out in
reviewed Business area
FY 06 Business
To monitor business area
wise performance for
drill down for better control and timely
operation profit ,
cost of capital. 2.
action plans to achieve competiveness in financial performance To identify dissatisfied and
report in sap,
dissatisfaction Reduce complaint
And complaint index added As KPM.
resolution cycle time and no. of complaint
system Control room logs,
To accelerates capex job
and to strengthen the
governances system and
index , 3SCR
proactive approach for
statutory comp lances .
O&M cost , fuel
cost CRS 4.
assurances . Status /milestone
leadership level ,
efforts on substances and
Expansion activities .
captive coal . Employees
For future leader
To focus organization
MBE assurances TBEM score
Analysis to support performance review and validation of conclusion
Analysis data and information based on KPMS , is carried out using different methods like variance analysis cause effect , waterfall diagram , cost benefits. These analysis are presented during organizational performance review to senior leaders , departmental head as mention in next page table. The developed action plans with result analysis and communicated to relevant division , department , working groups through leadership to enable decision making result of analysis , regulatory charges , new opportunity action plans etc are shared to suppliers and partners during customer / vendor meets and regular interaction for effective performance from them in future transaction . Analysis to support performance review and validation of conclusion
Example of improvement Result
made based on review
nt of strategic
1. fuel Report from Reinforce
With continuous rise in
fuel cost in international
and reduce alternate
market search of
supplier who is
alternative reliable fuel
Able to source
international 2. fuel Report from Reinforce
In view of falling trends
market Fuel made
from local refinery
of fuel for
divs. O&M and strategy
Work on new coal berth Will reduce Reduce cost
of fuel from fuel
started at trombay
e on other
supply Improve in
/ causes of
CAIDI from duration of
in FY05 to
Network modification on
42.47 in FY06 to 42.99 min in FY04 Information and knowledge management Data and information is made available and accessible on need to know basis to various stakeholder .
Data and information availability for stakeholders. TRANSCATION TRANSCATION
Data and information
requirement Customer co-
Complaints, billing ,
Customer portal, call, seminar , customer visit
Order information ,
Meets, SAP. E-MAIL,
telephone , fax Communication, Vendor , portal,
Personal visits, Supplier meets. Employees
Financial result, growth
Quarterly result ,
plans , queries
feedbacks. Web-sites , call
meetings/reviews, Interaction SAP.
Improvements carried out this are pay slips are now available in electronic format with intimation through E-MAIL. 48
5.HUMAN RESOURCE FOCUS The item in this category have an added focus on how work system and employee learning reinforce accomplishment of organization action plans and retention of critical organization knowledge. TPC has undertaken several initiative to promote high performance work culture . Some of include :-
a. Setting goal and expectation . b. Introduce PPM process to identify and groom talent . c. Introduction of scientific tools to assess potential and aptitude at entry level and aptitude at entry level and ascertain job fit. d. Restructured performance reward policy . e. To promote improvement through team activity. f.
Reward and recognition.
WORK SYSTEM:TPC has adopted
following initiative in its work system to promote co-operative ,
empowerment agility and innovation are :Migration towards a team based cultures - Cross functional team are formed at two level i.e. Corporate level to address organizational level problems . These teams are empowered to suggest and drive change in work processes. Innovation is primarily driven through the 3SCR Initiative . Suggestion schemes and small group activities quality circle are other are mean to encourage innovation and team work. Job Rotation- Job Rotation addresses objectives such as leadership development, meeting organizational needs an opportunity to individual to manage their own careers. In meeting these their own careers . In meeting these objectives , job Rotation is linked with the PPM process and an online job posting mechanism has been introduce to encourage people from within to manage their career paths. Work systems to capitalize on diverse ideas:- TPC is an equal opportunity employer and as such the recruitment polices are directed in which organization operates . Suggestion scheme ,CFTS, SGAS, Quality circle , Knowledge sharing session etc. Issues impacting work system are identified during structured meets, feedbacks and focus group discussion . Various training delivery options
Delivery Method Lecture Case studies
Training program All training programme with class room set-up. Finances for senior manager , basic of finance.
Role plays Hands on training
Presentation skills, Develop your own potential. Techniques, Breaker maintenance workshops , OEM training , welding Technique.
Business simulation games , Simulator training , PS awareness,
On the job Project based
MS offices. Control room training , Deputation to outage job. Project management , CFT/SGA on specific project.
learning Distance learning Seminars and
K HUB, Knowledge portal. Nominations to vital seminars and conferences conducted by reputed
conference Outbound training Video session Mentoring Group Discussion
Organizations and institutes . Outbound team building Industrial safety, Base level awareness session. Induction / system for new entrants (Guide for every individual) Team Building ,Develop Management potential.
It has new area to address on operational planning . This area focus on financial planning, resources , as well as process for continuity of operation in case of an emergency. Design of value creation processes Design
of value creation processes translates into expansion , refurbishments ,
modernization and improvement and to O&M process and meeting customer requirement in these areas while designing the value creation processes efficiency and effectiveness factor such as cost cycle times, consideration for new technology.
Inputs from markets, customer, statutory, strategy planning ABP
Translating deliverables in location plans and review then feedback mechanism
Performance measures viz. cycle time , cost v/s target.
Track measures and changing requirements review and feedback mechanisms
Cycle time , Productivity and cost control O&M processes are constantly Monitoring cycle time of various sub processes such as overhaul time, quantity of coal receipt etc. To identity opportunity for improvement. Process/ performance improvement have been achieved through benchmarking . Due to this capital overhaul and startup periods have been steadily reduced and luster capital overhaul period 22 days for 500MW coal fired. This was facilitated by various improvements in outage management and safety compliance. Example Improved productivity use in average coal receipt by critically reviewing and modifying system by the O&M team . Adoptions of condition based maintenance approach as compared to periodic , preventive maintenances work has resulted in optimum resource utilisation and reduced equipment down time . T&D :i) Process of preventive maintain of 22kv Action plan identified Improved preparation before breaker is to taken out for maintenance Reduction in inspection and general cleaning time Considering the system of safety taken Benefits Cycle time reduction from 150 minutes to 120 minutes
ii) Process of replacing and transformer to reduce down time Action plan identified Storage of spare and transformers of these more location in tested communication of status to all. Round the clock accessibility of spares and review of test to minimized time . Standard of transformer and relay setting Benefits Cycle times reduction to 16hrs from 36hrs. iii.) Cycle times to attend HT (high tension/ cable to fault to increase reliability) Action plan identified Increased working hrs Resident cable ENGG at receiving station and material storage at 3 more receiving station. Benefits Target reduction in cycle times from 7 days presently to 3 days.
HYDRO i.) Process of daily performances review Action plan identified Improvement in aggregation and reporting mechanism for daily performance Benefits Better performance on key parameters due to renewed focus and internal competition. ii.) Forced outage Action plan identified Semi annual technical audit of division Benefits Improved availability of the units.
iii.) Unit start up Action plan identified Unit start up time reduced from 330 sec to 125 sec. Benefits Improved response to real time load requirement.
7.BUISNESS RESULT i.) Product and service outcome It has been given a value of 100% to indicate the importance of product and service performance result to customer satisfaction , loyalty , and long term business success. ii.) Leadership and social responsibility result It addresses all governance, senior leadership and social responsibility results. The item places in one location the evidence of accomplishing organization strategy , ethical behavior , fiscal accountability , legal compliance and organization citizenship. 1. Product and service outcome 54
Survey and customer interaction have
highlighted billing and bill payment as concern for customer in Mumbai area.
percentage ( % )
0.5 0 1 year 2002
d.) SAIDI INDEX MINUTES.
System average interruption frequency in frequency
index in average interruption in minutes for customer served during the year has been shown improvement in SAIDI trend. This is achieved through installation of line fault locators, automation of critical networks etc.
40 30 20 10 0 1 year 2003
2. Customer focused results TPC has been conducting annual customer satisfaction survey since the year 2001 through an external agency . TPC has an external agency . TPC has further refined its method by including customer requirement inputs as a part of the CSS . TPC from ORG’S EQ model to metric’s moster model . Results are presented as per the customer segmentation revised in 2005-2006.
a.) CSI ( Customer satisfaction index ) Overall based on ORG’S model. 89.5 89 88.5 88 87.5 87 86.5 86 85.5 85 84.5
b.) CSI- LT
88 87.5 1 year 2003--2004
86 84 1 year 2003-2004
d.) CSI- LT Commercial
92 90 88 86 84 82 80 78 76 74
1 year 2003-2004
It is seen that CSI has improved for the residential , but has reduced for the LT commercial segment . This is also seen by the increase in dissatisfaction for this segment . OPINION
YEAR 03-04 04-05 05-06
CUSTOMER SATISFACTION INDEX TPC REL 89 71 84 75 89 NA
BEST 87 76 NA
CUSTOMER DISSATISFACTION INDEX TPC REL 0405-06 03-04 04-05 05-06 03-04
ind/Commercial Public utility 12 Long term 16
Buyer LT Industrial LT Commercial Residential
6 6 6
4 10 5
9 10 10
11 10 10
44 38 19
5 7 8
10 7 8
17 15 2
6 6 9
(Note:- NA is not available and NAPP is not applicable.)
3.) Human resource result a.) Team engaged in improvement ( CFT’S + SGA + QC ) CFT’S ( Cross functional team )
50 0 1 year 2003
b.) Number of knowledge sharing section 400
200 150 100 50
0 1 year 2003
c.) Employee productivity
No's per employee
7 6 5
4 3 2 1 0 1 year 2005
d.) Training coverage percentage employees receiving training. 92
90 88 86 84 82
80 78 76 1 year 2004
e.) Training effectiveness
81 80 79
77 76 75
1 year 2004
f.) Absenteeism rate 0.28
0 1 year 2002
g.) Training effectiveness segmented
3SGA Team building
72 70 1 Segment
h.) ETD Intervention in strategic area 1800
1200 1000 800 600
OEM Project management
EMBA TBEM Power trading DRUM
0 1 Intervation in strategic area
Team bldg PMS
4.) Organizational Effectiveness Result
a.) Thermal plant availability (%)
98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 90 89 88
1 year 2002
b.) Hydro plant availability (%) 100
80 75 1 year 2002
c.) Generation Due to improved availability , TPC has been able to generate and meet the increasing demand of city of Mumbai and total generation increase by 2.4% over the production . 11500
9500 9000 1 year 2002
9500 9000 1 YEAR 2002
5.) Marketing result i) Market share (Generation) TPC has maintained its leadership position in generation TPC has continue to be leader in the generation in licenses area contributes in volume from power business outsides MA (Mumbai area) ii) Market share (Distribution) Despite down trend in the HT industrial segment, TPC has maintain increasing trend in the business volume through growth in HT and LT Commercial segment business and sales to SEB directly . iii.) Sales to SEB
In order to increase volume of business in licensed area and
maximum utilization of assets , TPC continued to peruse sales to other SEBS directly. a.) Number of customers
Number of customer
1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002
0 1 year
b.) Sales and Revenue (New consumer)
SALES MILLION UNITS(MUS)
2002- 2003 2003-2004
0 1 year
REVENUE IN RS. CRORES
250 201 200 143
0 1 YEAR
C.) Market share generation in MUS
TPC -POWER BUISNESS 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0
1 YEAR 2001
MILLION UNITS (MUS)
TPC-MUMBAI AREA (MA) 12000 10000
8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1 YEAR 2000
d.) MARKET SHARE (MUS SOLD)
MILLION UNITS (MUS)
TPC-power business 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0
12194 12500 12663
1 year 2000
MILLION UNIT (MUS)
TPC-MUMBAI AREA 12000 10000 8000
6000 4000 2000 0 1 YEAR 2000
6.) Financial result TPC has a track record of consistent improving financial performance.
a.) Profit before tax 800 RS IN CRORES
500 400 300 200 100 0 1999
b.) Profit after tax It has shown consistent rise from RS 330 in 1998- 99 RS 551 crores in 2004-2005 CAGR 8.92% ( Compounded Annual Growth )
RS IN CRORES
300 200 100 0 1999
c.) Earning per share TPC has shown a consistent/ steady rise in EPS
RS PER SHARE
15 10 5 0 1999
d.) Fixed asset There is an increase in gross fixed asset in power business from RS 4938 Crores in FY 2002 to RS 5426 in FY05 ( CAGR of 3.19 ) 6000
RS IN CRORES
5800 5600 5305
5400 5200 5000
4800 4600 4400 2001
e.) Income from Power Business This is mainly due to reduction in average realized revenue caused by MERC ( Maharastra electricity regulatory commission) order revising the tariff downward by 9.2% and a lower FAC (Fuel adjustment chares ) resulting due to better
RS IN CRORES
fuel mix. 4230
4500 4000 3500 3000 2500
2000 1500 1000 500 0 2002-2003
7.) Governance and social responsibility result TPC participate in MBE ( Management of Business ethic ) assurances survey conducted by TQMS for obtaining feedback on the company ‘s status on implementation of various ethics policies survey for this year is being carried out. a.) Leadership effectiveness survey LEADERSHIP
LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS SURVEY RESULT 2004 2005
EFFECTIVENESS INDEX HIGHER THE
b.) Results of Investor Survey 71
PERCENTAGE (%) FAVOURABLE RESPONSE 2004 2005
Dissemination of INFO :a.) Through news item in
paper /journal b.) Through annual report c.) Through cross web sites Arrangement and presentation Last AGM (Annual general Meeting) Timeliness , accuracy and
Quality C.) CRS SURVEY RESULT 2004 ( Corporate social responsibility ) Perspective Leadership commitment Manage structure CRS strategy Review mechanism Communication and awareness Training and development
2004 score 84.2% 69.8% 75.6% 71.5% 64.1% 76.7%
d.) CRS survey result 2005 CRS SURVEY REPORT Awareness
CRS environment index Leadership committee Communication Relevance System process and support Personal committee
44% 57% 37% 38% 44% 91%
37% 49% 43% 36% 38% 86%
59% 75% 71% 59% 66% 98%
e.) TPC is pioneer in breeding and distributing medicine show result provided to village. TPC Medicine to
village in lakh (RS) f.) Tree plantation is a major activity in hydro catchments area It may be that TPC has cumulative planted more than 10 MILLION Trees. No. of tree planted. Hydro Jojobera Belgaum
2002 615000 19000 _
2003 654000 5200 3000
2004 72000 1850 4000
ISO - REPORT 9001:2000 (New
2005 924000 1600 3500
2006 990000 1550 2000
system) The Quality manual is the essence of the quality management system and it provides organizational directions in meeting the ISO 9001:2000 requirements , which are utilized to improve overall performance of the organization . The quality manual is approved by the management representation and it is mandatory for all to follow , as applicable .
The quality policy and broad based quality objectives are established and communication to all employees . All efforts are made to see that these are understood and implemented by all. As customer driven organization , it is necessary that the consumer requirement are determined and met with to enhance the consumer satisfaction. We ensured that the applicable statutory and are met with and all efforts are made to go beyond these on our own as a special responsibility. We are confident that all our employees will adopt this standard ISO 9001: 2000 of the quality management system in letter and in sprit for sustainable development. ISO 9001: 2000 IS IMPLEMENT IN THE AREA ARE AS FOLLOW:1.) Quality management system 2.) Management Responsibility 3.) Resource Management 4.) Product realization planning of product realization 5.) Product realization customer related processes 6.) Product realization design and development 7.) Product realization purchasing 8.) Product realization product and service provision 9.) Product realization control of monitoring and measuring devices.
1.) QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
The Organization has:1.) Identified the processes needed for quality management system and their application throughout T,D&S division.
2.) Determined the sequence and interaction of these processes .( Activity flow charts and given in quality management system procedures ). 3.) Developed effective methods for operation and control of these processes . 4.) Ensured the availability of resources and information required to support and monitor these processes . Necessary manpower, infrastructure, transmission and distribution network have been provided . Technical literature to run the processes is available . 5.) Ensured monitoring measuring and analysis of these processes. 6.) Implemented actions necessary to achieve planned results and continual improvement of these processes. Quality management system ISO 9001: 2000
ISO 9001:2000 Quality policy ( Intention of organization ) Quality manual Quality procedures manual Work instruction
( what is being done ) ( Why , how it is being done) ( How in detail )
Format, records ( proof of work done)
Control of documents The organization has established and maintained procedures to control all documents and data that affect the quality of product . It is ensures that all documents are prepared, reviewed and modified for their adequacy, approved and distributed to the persons concerned.
All the software used in organization are controlled with password at appropriate level depending on requirement of the control EXAMPLE :-
SAP systems are operated with unique identify for each division with a
specific password ; e-mail are operated with individual profile and password ; SCADA system is operated with individual login name and password. Regular updating of revised software packages and anti-virus protection is being carried out by it department (support service) Control record The organization has identified and maintained the records required for effective implementation of the quality management system. Details of procedure required for storage , protection , retrieval, retention and disposal of quality records are given in quality procedure manual.
2. MANAGEMENT RESPONBILITY The top management quality objective are smart ( specific , measurable , achievable, realistic and time bound ) . a.) Maintain leadership position in customer satisfaction . b.) Maintain power supply reliability index higher than 99.50%. 76
c.) Achieve average restoration time of 20 minutes to affected customers. d.) Maintain supply voltage within limits ( variation of + - 6% ) e.) Adhere to standard of performance for power supply connections. f.) Control ATC loss below 12% . g.)
Reduce average cost per unit ( T,D& S) by 5%.
h.) Ensure accident free working by adhering to safety policy. i.) Continually upgrade employee skills to adapt to change. j.) Minimize inconvenience to the community during exestuations of work . Review input i.)
Confirmation / follow up of previous management review.
Result of quality management system audit report.
Feedback on customer satisfaction survey customer meet and customer complaints.
Status of corrective actions and preventive actions takes.
Recommendations for improvements from all divisions.
Review of quality objectives.
Review output Discussions and decision are recorded in MOM (Minutes of meeting ) which includes some of the following point :i.)
Improvement of the effectiveness of quality management system and its processes .
Improvement in service to consumer.
Action plan and agenda for next meeting.
3. RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Resources required for implementing and maintaining effective quality management system and enchaining customer satisfaction are identified and provided. EXAMPLE:-
, Material, services , Infrastructure, work environment,
information system , finance etc. 77
a.) Infrastructure The infrastructure required to achieve conformity to product / service requirement , has been determined , provided and maintained. b.) Preventive maintenance This is planned as per the maintenance schedule carried out and records maintained . Spare are maintenance , annual maintenances contracts are entered in to for support equipment. c.) Breakdown maintenance Information regarding is given to the concerned maintenance department. The repair work is carried
and records are maintained . Details of the equipment regarding
manufactures data of purchase and installation , Specification , drawing and major repairs done , are maintained . Breakdown van is available for emergency round the clock. d.) Work space / office Suitable workspace and officers furniture are provided for officers and staff . Adequate computer with necessary software and peripherals have been provided . e.) Computer maintenance ( Hardware and software ) Computer have been provided in departments for data storage , communication , data processing and to speed up work functions. Official software package viz. windows , SAP, Outlook , Novell etc have been load in the computer for various applications. Anti-virus protection have been provided . All the software used in organization controlled with passwords and login names at appropriates levels. Backup facility is provided as centre serve. f.) Transportation Bus transport is provided to employees . Vehicles are provided for various sites activities maintenances and repairs vehicles are carried out regularly. g.) Communication
Telephone to individual and department having intercom and
direct dial facilities are provided . Microwaves, carries, fiber optic telephone communication system have been provided for operation staff and senior officers . Mobile phones have been provide to senior officers and O &M Engineers. Fax machine, Internal memos are used for written communication.
h.) Work environment Management has determined and ensured that adequate provision are available for health and safe working environment . Clean rooms, proper lighting , ventilation and air conditioners are provided to control temperature and humidity . Fire extinguisher and first aids boxes are provided as a safety measures. In order to maintain the temperature, air quality , air conditioners, ventilation have been provided . Proper lighting arrangement at work places have been made . I.) House keeping Cleaning of the station premises is carried out . Material in stores are stocked neatly on the racks. Space provided for them . Files are kept in filing cabinets. drawings are kept in drawings are kept in drawing cabinets . Regular pest control is carried out in the premises. j.) Food Canteen facility has been provided at certain locations given breakfast lunch , snacks , tea , coffee to the employees at subsidized rates. k.) Recreation Rest room is provided to the work force. Games rooms having gymnasium , carom and table tennis facilities are provide . Library facilities are available with technical books and periodicals so as to keep the employee in touch with the latest development. Various sports meets are arranged by TPC for spotting of talent and exceptional sportspersons are encourage to participate in tournament at various level.
PRODUCT REALIZATION PLANNING OF PRODUCT REALISATION
The network infrastructures is planned base on the long term network expansion plans and load . Application forms from the customers according to schemes for providing the schemes for providing power supply to the customer one finalized . The implementation schedule is discussed in the respective divisional co-ordination meeting . The time frame for each schedule is proportioned as per the ISLA ( Internal service level agreement ) with the respective support processes . Job quality in confirmed through third party inspection . i.)
These process are documented and provided to meet the requirement of product realization .
The required verification , validation , monitoring , inspection and testing activities specific to the equipment have been determined and the criteria for acceptance is established by the organization .
The records are maintained to determined to demonstrate that the product meets the requirement.
5. PRODUCT REALISATION CUSTOMER RELATES
PROCESSES Review of requirement related to the product :-
Review of the customer requirement is carried out jointly by engineering department T&D division CDD (Consumer development department ) . T&D division takes appropriate action for the implementation . EXAMPLE:-
Requirement of the customer for reduction in interruption of supply and
voltage fluctuation to them by providing under ground cables in place of overhead line, increase in the capacity of power supply requirement etc. The requirement are communicated to the concerned and contract review records are maintained . Customer communication :CCR , O&M engineers and the call centre are contacted by customer for and any help required . These centre receive complaints and immediately intimate working agencies who are available on telephones and monitor restoration of supply and resolving of complaint. The complaint data is complied and reviewed by concerned division for improvements. Customer feedback is obtained through customer meets , focus group , and customer satisfaction survey . T,D&S division participates in the customer meets , where customer related issues are discussed and feedback is received. Also T,D&S division receives the report on customer satisfaction surveys for necessary action . EXAMPLE:A customer contact plan is prepared, which indicates the frequency of meeting customer by various level of personnel .
6.) PRODUCT REALISATION DESIGN AND
DEVELOPMENT a.) Design and development planning
Planning and control of design and development of product / services are done to determines . i.) Design and development stages . ii.) Review , verification and validation as appropriates to design and development . iii.) Responsibility and authorities for design and development . iv.) The various division have interfaces to ensures clarity of responsibility and effective communication. b.) Design and development inputs i.) Input from customer standard design and engineering guidelines . ii.) The India electricity acts , 2003. iii.) Relevant India standards . iv.) Review of standard design schemes based on new technology , vendor input , site inspection and comments on similar design . v.) Inputs from user departments. vi.) Inputs from other organization and distribution licenses . vii.) Input from customer guidance . c.) Design and development output The outputs of design and development are verified against the corresponding inputs and checked prior to release , to meet requirement of the customer , organizational needs , site constraints, material procurement activity and cost estimate. The outputs of design are in the form of schemes , drawings , material specifications , product acceptances criteria , safety and it ‘s proper application. d.) Design development review At suitable stage, systematic design and development review are carried out to :i.) Evaluate the design outputs meet the requirements as defined in the design input stage. ii.) Identified any problems / deviation and proposed corresponding necessary action. The participants of design process are from CED ( consumer engineering department ) , civil , cable , customer division , EQAS and other as required . The records of the review and require action are maintained by CED. e.) Design and development verification
The design and development verification is carried out by inspection team at the manufacture work to ensures that the output meet the requirements given in defined at the planning stages. Sample approval , inspection and testing are carried out at manufacture premises to ensure that the output as per the design requirements . The test report copies are maintained by CED. f.) Design and development validation To ensure that the result product is capable of meeting required applications ; design and development validation are out by CED , user division and EQAG as specified in planning stages for schemes, drawings and material specifications, validation is carried out in any of the following ways as applicable:i.) Comparing with manufactures test certificates for the equipment . ii.) Conformance with performance with latest amendments under IE ACT rules ( Indian electricity act ) . iii.) Comparing with manufactures test certificates for the equipment . iv.) Comparing with performance / feedback / occurrences report for similar equipment from user department . g.) Control of design and development change Request for changes in design and development , whenever receive from customer development implementing agencies are incorporates after review . The changes made are reviewed , verified and validated . These are approved by CED before implementation.
7 . PRODUCT REALISATION PURCHASING a.) Purchase process i.)
The requirement of the material is determined by concerned division and the
specification are forwarded to CSG ( Corporate sourcing group ) ENGG department 83
through purchase requisition in SAP system . However relates external correspondences is in manual modes . ii.) The purchase process and vendor evaluation procedure for spares and consumable are carried out by CSG . Purchase of items under late contract and purchase of low value items are done by T,D&S division . iii.) Engineering department carried out the purchase process for equipment . v.) Inspection and test are carried out at vendor premises at various stages of production as per the requirement mentioned in the purchase order . vi.) Purchase of services for services common to all divisions , list of approval vendors contractors , and the rates of services are forward by T,D&S , head office for requirements the division concerned carries out tender analysis before placing purchase orders. vii.) The CSG ( Corporate sourcing group ) and engineering department carry out vendor evaluation . The rating for service contracts is carried out by respective T,D&S division . Criteria have been identified for selection , evaluation and re-evaluation of suppliers who are selected on the basis of their ability to meet quality and other requirement . A list of approved suppliers is maintained by concerned external support departments ensure that purchased product conform to requirement specified in related indent. b.) Product Information i.) Specification of spares and consumables to be purchased are given in the purchase requisition to CSG by the T,D&S division . ii.) Requirement are discussed in site engineering co-ordination meeting and comments on technical specifications/ drawings of the equipment to be purchased by engineering department are given by respective T,D&S division . Purchase orders / documents contain data that clearly describe the product / services ordered . It may include where applicable . The type , class, style , grade , or other precise identification , the title , applicable specifications , process requirements , inspection instructions , relevant technical data , requirements for approval / qualification of products , procedures ,process equipment and personnel and QMS ( Quality management system ) . c.) Verification of purchase product i.) All spares and consumables are inspected at stores after receipt by concerned maintenances engineer / stores in charge to ensure that purchase specification are met.
Critical spares are also tested at suppliers works / stores for conformity to specifications product that are not meeting the specifications are rejected . Payments are made to suppliers only after acceptance of product / service . ii.) Inspection and testing of major equipment are carried out at supplier ‘s premises . Dispatch clearance is given by engineering department subsequent to department compliance of inspection report recommendation ( Inspection reports , factor test results ) The equipment is inspected at stores and again tested at sites prior to commissioning .
8. PRODUCT REALISATION PRODUCT AND SERVICES PROVISION a.) Control of production and services provision
i.) IT is ensured that the transmission and distribution of power is planned and carried out under controlled condition by providing alarms , annunciation and automatic isolation under uncontrolled conditions . Suitable equipment are used as per requirements and operated within their limits by continuous monitoring . Alarm system are installed on the equipment for intimation of any abnormality . Protection is provided for safe guarding and automatically isolating the equipment during fault . The voltage current and frequency are monitored and controlled round the clock with the help of suitable devices SCADA , under frequency load , capacity bank for under voltage control , overload protection for currents etc and recorded in log sheet , operation check list etc. ii.) Operation of electrical systems are carried out as per operation manual . iii.) Maintenance and testing of equipment are carried out as per maintenances and testing schedules with references to maintenance manual and EQAG guidelines . iv.) Suitable equipment are used for transmission , distribution and supply of power and providing service to customers .( Transmission lines of required capacity for transmission of power , transformers for achieving suitable voltage level for distribution and cable network of required capacity for distribution upto customers premises/ meters) . v.) Correction and improvements are carried out when any abnormalities are observed or when any customer complaint is received . vi.) Correction actions are taken to avoid recurrences of defect in the equipments . vii.) Prompt service is provided by the concerned O&M staff in case of break down or abnormalities reported by customer ( Restoration of supply , repairs to equipment etc). viii.) Document like quality procedures , work instruction , and formats define the way in which these services are provided . ix.) Inspection / test reports of equipment ordered are obtained to conform to specifications. x.) Review of drawing pertaining to customer sub-station is done . xi.) Monthly report serve as a control processes. b.) Validation of processes for production and service production and services provision 1. Test changing of high voltage and EHV ( Extra high voltage equipment) . 2. EHV cable jointing. i.) Criteria and approval of the processes :-
The validation of services worthiness of high voltage and extra high voltage equipment , is carried out by test charging it at rate voltage and frequency as per approved procedure . The test charging procedure is unique is nature for unique in nature for each HV/ EHV equipment. The test charging of new HV/EHV equipment is done prior to commissioning as per approved test charging procedures from load dispatch department ( system controller ) / division . High voltage test is carried out to confirm the healthiness of the joint . Test charging of the cable is done as per approved testing procedure. ii.) Qualification of the personnel :The personnel implementing the processes are qualified engineers . iii.) Specific Methods:The equipment is test charged by connecting it to the existing network of power supply . iv.) Records :Test charging relay setting and test results. v.) Revalidation:The processes are periodically revalidated by load dispatch and EQAG. C.) Identification and traceability I.) Material / Equipment in stores are stored as follows :i.)
Material received and awaiting inspection / testing is stored in inspection separately.
Usable material is store in bin / racks properly labeled with code numbers details material / equipment are maintained in material of SAP system.
Defectives / rejected material is stored in a separate area identified for such material with proper labels / tags- mentioning details defects.
unserviceable obsolete material in stored in a separate area identified for scrap material details of such material are with stores engineer .
All equipment in service are identified by label and their details are fixed assets inventory in SAP . The location of the equipment is mention in the fixed asset inventory against each equipment for traceability . The name plates on the equipment contain details such as :i.)
Name of equipment
Ratings of equipment
Year of manufacture
Name of manufacture
All control panels in control room are labeled with equipment name and relevant details.
Safety tugging system is adopted to identified the equipment out service or under work various tags as necessary are put on the control switches / equipment to indicates the status of the equipment . ( e.g. :- Release notice is used for equipment out of service , caution order is used to indicate equipment is live but certain work can be carried out ) . The tag contains the details of name of the equipment , handed over by , taken over by , nature of work etc.
“ Danger” sign boards with voltage level are installed wherever required .
Transmission lines are provided with name plates, danger boards ,antic liming devices etc as identification and safety .
Prior to back filling , cables are covered with cement tiles with voltage and ‘ TATA’ name engraved on it . This ensures safe working and easy identification by giving a unique. viii.) Customer record with respect to the specific customer are identified by giving a unique customer number . This files contains all records / drawing for identification and traceability .
d.) Customer property :System exists to identify , verify , protect and safeguard customer property like land , substation building , money deposits etc. Customer ‘s drawings, in our control are preserved in customer files are records . If any customer property is cost , damage or otherwise found unsuitable for use , it is reported to customer and records are maintained by concerned group heads. e.) Preservation of group:-
All equipment in service and in stores are properly identified by code number , name , location , etc . ( The information is available in SAP ) . The material is handled in such a way that the first received material is issued first (FIFO) .
Appropriate means of transport skilled manpower and tool are used for handling equipment . ( e.g. Trailers , pallet wheel tracks , cranes , fork lifts and hoists) .
Equipment received at stores are stored and preserved under controlled condition if required . ( e.g. Hot rooms for spares motors and coils and cold room for gaskets and certain rubber material , temp shed for monsoon protection ) .
Shelf life material are stored separately and they are disposed off after their self life as over . ( For this third party checks of stores inventory are regularly carried out ) .
9. PRODUCT REALISATION CONTROL OF MONTIORING AND MEASURING DEVICES . Purpose :-
This section describes a) The process of monitoring and measuring the parameters of the product. b) The method of calibration / verification of monitoring and measuring devices to ensure product conformity . Activies:i.)
All revenue meters are identified by their unique serial no . They are tested , calibrated and commissioned by EQAG . Indicating meters are only verified by EQAG .
Adjustment and readjustment if required is done by EQAG .
All revenue meters are identified are calibration . Following devices are used for indication :a) voltmeter
for quantity of energy
d) Frequency meter for supply frequency . e) MVAR meter f)
for reactive energy .
Temperature meter for temperature of equipment .
g) Pressure gauge
for pressure .
for voltage and frequency .
All the revenue meter are sealed and protected against tampering . Holograms are provide for the sealing purpose .
Due care is taken during handling , maintenance and storage of devices to protect from them from damage and deterioration.
10. Measurement , Analysis and Improvement The organization has planned and implemented the monitoring , measurement , analysis and improvement of process to ensures conformity of the product and continual improvement of quality management system . The organization has identification the steps where monitoring and measurement and required . 90
e.g. Customer complaints , equipment defects etc . Monitoring and measurement :a.) Customer satisfaction T D &S division is adopting various methods for determining consumer satisfaction . Information related to customer satisfaction is gathered through the following internal and external sources :i.)
Customer requirement survey is carried out once in two year with help of external agency . Segment wise requirements of customer are captured through the survey and action plan is prepared .
Listening and learning methods are development by T,D&S . Based on these inputs , the continual improvement plan are addressed through customer co-ordination meets and then actions are initiated .
Annual customer satisfaction survey is conducted by CRD to / collect and analyses satisfaction / dissatisfaction levels for each segment to customer and those of customer competitors . Implementation plans are drawn out along with the support services .
Customer complaints ( call centre report , customer written complaints ) . The complaints received analyzed by concerned division . The data is used to take corrective and / or preventative action ( Customer complaint handling ) .
Consumer relation department conduct annual
customer for HT , LT and retail customers . This provides the direct interaction between top management and the customers . A verbal and written feedback is obtained from these customers. The evaluation of this data is used to takes correctives and preventives actions . vi.)
Information about competitor and customers is
acquired through opinion leader ( Builders , contractors etc.) . Relevant feedback received required from above mention method continual improvement in product / service by CED this report is circulates to the concerned departments.
b.) Internal Audit :T,D& S division carries out internal audit twice a year . Management representative plan the audit , appoints an internal audit team ensures that the audit is carried out in an impartial internal audit is carried out as per schedules to assess the strength and weakness of quality management system . Audit team is sent to division to carry out the audit . The scope of the audit includes the following :1) Effectives and efficient implementation of processes and resources. 2) Learning and sharing of information to extract opportunities for continual improvement . 3) product performance results and expectation . 4) Previous audit reports / and action taken 5) Level of relationship with all interest parties The audit report contains performance measurement of OMS , list of non - conformities and access for improvement . non - conformities are eliminated by taking necessary corrective and preventive action by respective divisional heads . audit report are maintained by management representative . C ) MONITORING AND MEASUREMENT OF PROCESS :i.)
The quality management system processes are mention by tracking result . the result and measures wherever applicable are defined in the processes .
Key indices monitored regularly are CAIFI , SAIFI ,SAIDI ,reliability index and building integrity index
Processes to meet the quality objective have been established along with there measures for monitoring the data .the data is capture in relevant document . this takes into all scope for improvement , performance expectation , consumer focus ,effectiveness and efficiencies of the weak forces , utilization of resources .
Vendors supplying material / equipments and those providing services are evaluated to use their performance by CSG
Control of parameters of power supply like voltage is carried out by operation engines ( eg . taking in services or cutting out capacitors banks and changing transformer taps for voltage regulation ) .
Monitoring and measuring of product :i.)
Major equipment are tested at manufacture’s work by inspection team and
commissioning . ii.)
The testing is carried out as per applicable is standard / EQAG instruction and result are recorded . Responsible authorities for acceptance of the equipment at various stages are identified .
The parameters of the equipment i.e., voltage , current , power , pressure, temperature are monitored and records are maintained .
The equipment are maintained are periodically tested as per laid down procedures and their records are maintained .
When planned result are not achieved, correction and correctives actions service delivery processed only after approval by relevant authority by the customer and or by third party.
To ensures correct product is delivered , inspection of equipment at manufactures work , electrical inspection by cross functional team are carried out for each customer installation .
It is ensured , by respective divisional head that all mandatory regulations are complied with final delivery of the product .
e.) Control of non-conforming product :i.)
segregated and stored separately with rejected. ii.)
Non-conforming equipment is either rectified by the manufactures at sites or returned to the supplier for rectification / replacement.
Equipment in services that is detected as non-conforming is rectified / repaired and retested engineer during monitoring or routine works and are rectified by them .
Regarding elimination of services non-conformity during a break down in power supply , suitable alternate arrangement is in corporate in the distribution network design .
To eliminate non-conformities on services quality ,TPC has an effectives complaint management system . The MIS is generates at the end of the every month is analyzed and corrective action taken to prevent recurrence of the same .
f.) Analysis data :The data required for demonstrating the suitability , effectiveness and continual improvement of quality management system is determined and gathered in various formats ( quality format / records ) . The analysis of data provides information are about :1) Customer satisfaction :- Yearly this is carried out by the customer relation department and action plan is prepared by division . 2) Conformity of product requirement :- The daily parameters of power supply and equipment are monitored . 3) Characteristics and trends of the processes and products :- Quarterly this scheduled and actual targets of the performances are reviewed every quarter and appropriates action plan is prepared for implementation . 4) Supplier :- Vendor analysis is done by CSG . Data is presented in the form of bar chart , flow chart , graph , histogram etc and analyzed action are initiated based on the analysis . Reference is made to various report likes , daily report , monthly report , call centre report , MIS report , customer contact plan . g.) Improvement :-
Continual Improvement :-
It is achieved by using quality policy ,
objectives , CAPA and taking a feedback from internal / external audit report , finances audit report , consumer complaint analysis , management review , marketing survey from customer through existing relationship mechanisms , suggestion schemes and adopting new technologies . Record are maintained by respective divisional head . ii.)
Corrective actions :- The division takes action to eliminate the cause of non-conformities to prevent recurrences . Reports of product related non-conformity arising out of condition monitoring , consumer complaint or internal audit are handle by maintenance engineer . They investigate the root causes and report system relates major non-conformity arising out of management review and external audits and initiate the corrective action review of the corrective action taken is carried out in divisional meeting .
Preventive action :- The division determines action to eliminate the causes of the potential non-conformity to prevent their occurrences a.)
Analysis of CSS , occurrences , defects are carried out to determine preventives actions maintenance information notes is generated and circulated in system . Other division then implement similar actions to avoid occurrences in their area in relation to the effect of potential causes .
Review of the preventive actions taken are maintained.
EVALAUTION OF TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
With increasing emphasis on the need to enhance productivity and quality of manufacturing units , it is essential to carry out evaluation of the entire quality system from time to time and take corrective measures overcome the deficiencies in the system . 1) Organization :- It consist of ( a.) Constitution of functional departments to look after various responsibilities concerning planning , execution and control such as finance , marketing , personnel , purchase , manufacturing and research and development and ( b.) Constitution of committee to assist in conducting all the operations smoothly , such as cost reduction committee , rejection control committee , production improvement committee , safety committee , quality circles , etc. 2) Finance:- This section consist of major function area like function control and report generation , corporate financial planning , budgets and budgetary controls , pricing , cost accounting and cost control . 3)
Product planning :- It consist of function area such as current and long range planning , plant capability and product compatibility studies , new or expanded facilities planning , product diversification and product range modification .
4) Marketing :-The main functional area to be looked after in marketing are marketing strategy , sales promotion and publicity, product identification and market forecasts, sale management , customer services and technical support , customer feedback analysis and follow-up , load planning , manufacturing engineer . 5)
Material Management :- The major area to be provided are : inventory control and purchase , receiving and warehouse, work-in-process , material handling scrap and rework analysis and shipping .
6) Manufacturing:- This section may consist of following functional areas, each of which must be given due attention for achieving high performance. i.)
arrangement , condition
maintenance of plant and equipment , availability of supplies , such as compressed air , water , fuel oil , power , etc. ii.)
Manufacturing engineering :- Design and manufacture of dies and tools, laying down technology for production , prepare wok standards , material development , process development , process layout planning ,
use of new technology , co-ordination with research and development , management information system and report generation for marketing . iii.)
Production :- Implementation of production schedules and control of delays, control of production operation for maximum efficiency, ensuring high
level of performance
from workers and
maintaining production standards , general house keeping in all production level . iv.)
Quality control :- Defect analysis , trouble shooting and customer analysis , third party inspection co-ordination , calibration and control of gauges , instruments and inspection / testing equipment , maintaining record of inspection and quality assurances , use of statistical analysis for material and process control , planning and method .
Thus , I would like to conclude that Malcolm baldrige report
is help to improve
performance practices and capabilities . To facilities communication and sharing of best practices information among and within organization of all types based upon common understanding of key performances requirements . It serve as a working tool for managing performance , planning , training , and assessment The criteria was to design to help companies enhance their competitiveness through delivery of ever – improving value to customers , resulting in marketplaces success , and improvement of overall company performance and capabilities . Customer judge quality . All product and service characteristics that contribute values to customers and lead to customer satisfaction and preference must be focus of a company management system , value , satisfaction , and preference may be influences by many factors throughout the customer overall purchase , ownership , and service experiences . These factors include the company relationship with customer that help built trust , confidences , and loyalty . These have been identified as leadership , a people focus , a customer focus , and a supplier focus , planning for improvement , process optimization and organizational performance . The organization will also have to approach the markets for new talent as strategically as the customer markets and have to develop the same market strategy development process for both customer markets and talent markets , including a process to develop strategic objectives , action plans, and relates plan for how to attack and to keep talented individual. ISO 9001:2000 :- It involve in making decision about going ahead with ISO certification , and initiating the work by defining the scope for certification example entire company , single location , project setting up project team to take care of the work , defining the responsibilities , assigning authorities , carrying out a detailed analysis of the company ‘s activities and performance . The ISO model for quality system can be applied to design , development , production , installation , serving ,final inspection and testing of any product or services . Duly
accredited certifying agencies are available and these issue ISO certificates after carrying out necessary check and verifications . Thorough preparation and training of people at all level is necessary before applying for the certificate . For assistance in the implementation of the ISO:9000 , designing and adopting suitable documentation and providing training , consultancy services of external agencies specialized in this work can be obtained . Adoption of quality management system and holding quality certification can be extremely useful in procuring new markets and building confidence in the customers about quality of products . Therefore , Total Quality Management is receiving considerable attention . It is receiving increasing significance in modern organization . The intensely competitive global and domestic markets have created enormous pressure on total quality .
BOOKS REFEREDS:1) METHOD OF TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT _
GOPAL K. KANJI
2) QUALITY CONTROL AND TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT _
3) PRODUCTIVE AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT _
SITE VISITED :1) WWW. TATAPOWER .COM COMPANY REPORT ( TATA POWER ) :1) QUALITY COST REPORT 2) TECHNIQUES USED FOR TOTAL QUALITY CONTROL 3) COST ASSOCIATED WITH INSPECTION AND TESTING 4) MALCOLM BALDRIGE REPORT ASSESSMENT YEAR 2005-2006 5) NEW QUALITY MANAGENT SYSTEM ISO 9001-2000 ARTICLE :1.) TATA POWER COMPANY INDUSTRIES VISITED :TATA POWER COMPANY , SAILESH NAGAR , NEAR MAGATHANE BUS DEPOT, BORIVALI (EAST) – 400066 .
ABBREVATION FOR TATA POWER
3SCR - Speedy significant and sustainable cost reduction . ABP - Annual business plan . ABT - Availability based tariff . AOP - Annual operating plan . ARR - Annual revenue requirement . AT&C - Aggregate technical and commercial . ATR - Action taken report . AVR - Automatic voltage regulator . BE - Business excellence . BD - Business development . BDO - Business development officer BI - Business intelligence . MMC - Mumbai municipality corporation . BIS - British institute of standards . BM - Bench mark . BKC - Bandra kurla complex . BPCL - Bharat petroleum corporation Ltd . BPSU - Bhira pumped storage unit . BRC - Business review council . BSC - Balance score card . BT - Business today . BU / SBU - Business unit / strategic business unit . BVQI - Beuro veritas quality institute . CAGR - Compounded annual growth rates . CAIDI - Customer average interruption duration index. CAIFI - Customer average interruption frequency index . CAM - Customer account manager . CAPEX - Capital expenditure . CBIP - Central board of irrigation and power. CBI - Computer based training . CCI - Corporate citizenship index .
CCM - Customer coordination meeting . CCR - Central control room . CDD - Customer development department . CDM - Clean development mechanism authority . CEA - Central electricity authority. CED - Customer engineer department . CEI - Control effectiveness index . CERC- Central electricity regulatory commission . CESC - Calcutta electricity regulator commission . CFT - Cross functional team . CG - Core group . ECM - Engineering co-ordination meeting . ESP - Electro static perception . EQAG - Electrical quality assurances group . EMBA - Executive MBA . ETD - Education , training , and development . ISLA - Internal service level agreement . IPP - Independent power plant . KAM - Key account manager . KM - Knowledge management. KPM - Key performance measures . KRA - Key result area . KSF - Key success factor . KWHR - Kilo watt hr. KHUB - Knowledge hub . OEM - Original equipment manufacture . OPEX - Operational expenditure . PAT - Profit after tax . PBT - Profit before tax . PB - Power business , PPE - Personal projection equipment .
PPM - Personal planning meeting . PSD - Power system division . PTC - Power trading co-operation . PWS - Price warehouse cooperation. QAP - Quality assurances plans . QMS - Quality management system . SAIDI - System average interruption duration index . SAIFI - System average interruption frequency index . SAN - System area network . SBU - Strategic business unit . SCADA - Supervisory control and data acquisition . SCM - Supply chain management . SEB - State electricity board . SEBI - Securities and exchange board of India SED - Strategic electronic division . SERC - State electricity regulator commission . SAP - Software application . SPP - Strategic planning process . SRR - Statutory regulatory requirement . SSSC - Supervisory surveillances of customer . S & BD - Strategy and business development . TCOC - TATA code of conduct . TCE - TATA consulting engineer . TEI - Training effectiveness index. TG - Turbine generator. TIN - Technical information notes . TLP - TATA Leadership practices . TNCI - Training need compliances index . TNI - Training need identification . TPM - Total productive maintenances . TOD - Time of the day .
TPC - TATA POWER COMPANY . TPC - Tones per day . TSS - Total suspended solid TSGM - TATA Strategy management group . VCP - Value creation process . VPN - Virtual private network . VSAT - Very small aperture terminal . WBT - Web based training . WREB - Western region electricity board . WIFI - Wireless fidelity . WRF - Western region forum . XLPE - Cross linked poly ethylene. YEL - Yashmun engineers Ltd.