Toobbox Pocket Survival Guide
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1. Remember the word, “SURVIVAL” 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
S = Size up the situation U = Use all your senses R = Remember where you are V = Vanquish fear and panic I = Improvise V = Value living A = Act like the natives L = Live by your wits
2. Building A Fire 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
You need 3 items: Tinder(Dry/Flammable Material), Kindling(Grass/Bark/Twigs), and Fuel(Wood/Logs/Trees) Take your Tinder and place in small area where you want to ignite fire Take a cotton ball, sanitizing wipe, gun powder, or anything that will ignite on top of the tinder Spark: You can use anything from a battery using wires, flint and steel, matches, knife scrapping against surface which causes spark, Convex lens(Magnifying glass, camera, binoculars) As small fire starts to grow using tinder, add the kindling to build an adequate flame that will burn the fuel
3. Survive At Sea 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Minimize risk and conserve energy is top priority Use life raft/jacket to stay afloat. If none available, grab any floating debris(Plastic containers, logs, anything you can latch onto to help stay afloat) Weigh Options: Only paddle for shore/land if you have an idea of where you’re going. Stay put if you feel safe that someone will be searching for you Protection: Scan wreck for tarps, jackets, wool, waterproof, windproof clothing, etc. You have to shield yourself against the water, wind, sun, and temperature. Dip clothes in water under hot sun to keep cool. Shade yourself at all times and protect your eyes. Grease can be used as a sun-screen. Stay Hydrated: Use the tarp/garbage bag to collect rainwater. Don’t sweat and drink as little as you can per day. Conserve energy at all costs. 32 ounces of seawater is said to be a risk but not life threatening if no fresh water is available. Look out for birds as they are a good sign your close to land. Generally speaking wind blows towards land during the day, and out to sea at night.
4. Survive in The Desert 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Don’t move: Unless you know exactly where you are, where you want to go, or have a map chances are you have a better shot at being rescued if you stay in one place. Two major threats: Exposure (Sun during day. Cold at night) and Dehydration. Wear loose layers to protect against direct sunlight on head, face, and body. Wear a hat and goggles/glasses/scarf to avoid dust storms and debris that can harm your eyes. Dehydration: Ration water at all costs. Determine how much water to drink by the color of your urine. Light colored means your fine. Dark colors means start to drink. Use caution finding water in the desert, as it might not be drinkable. Stay hungry for if you eat a lot, you’re going to get thirsty. Nibble and snack on your food but avoid eating and drinking too much depending on your rations. Find/Build shelter: Daytime temperatures can fry you, while nighttime temperatures can freeze. Find a safe place and build shelter to avoid the elements. Store food/water/materials that you need inside the shelter. Watch out for spiders, snakes, insects, and other animals that might cause you harm. Keep your food sealed to not attract coyotes, wolfs, bobcats, and other animals.
5. Jungle Living 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Germs, disease, parasites, animals, and all else thrive in the jungle. However this fact also means there is plenty to drink, eat, and provide you shelter. Weather can be unpredictable with sudden rains, winds, and storms. Never venture too far from a safe place or your shelter for protection. Water can be hard to find in the jungle. Use all your sense. Listen for waterfall and follow animals to water holes. In a muddy river bank, dig a hole 1 meter from the bank. Clear water will flow into the hole. Palm trees, roots, and vines also provide clean water. Animals are a good source of protein. Plants are also sources of food however some might not be safe to eat. Unless you have knowledge of what to eat, try bamboo, fruits, and palms. Watch out for quicksand. It won’t kill you as the human body is far denser. The worst case is that you will be sucked down just above your waist. It is very hard to get out of quicksand which is why people die of starvation and thirst. Carry a big stick with you as you walk. Try not to kick or fight it, but float. Make small circles with your feet to place the heavy sand underneath, and after a while, you will be able to float/walk out of it.
6. Purify Water 1. 2. 3. 4.
All water collected from the ground or vegetation can be purified by boiling, chlorine, and iodine. Boil dirty water for 10 minutes Place five drops of 2% tincture of iodine in a canteen full of clear water. If it is dirty, place 10 drops. Let canteen stand for 30 minutes before drinking. Standard Clorox bleach will do the trick. Avoid any scented bleach, use regular. Add 2 drops of bleach for every quart of water. 8 drops for every gallon. ½ teaspoon per every 5 gallons. If water is dirty, double the dose. Let sit for 30 minutes before drinking. Water should have a slight bleach odor, if not, add another drop. Wait 15 minutes.
7. Survive in Cold Weather 1.
Apply COLD: 1. i. Clean: Keep clothing clean in order to stay sanitized and for warmth. Dirty clothing may prevent the clothes from breathing and insulation.
2. 3. 4.
2. 3. 4. 5.
ii. Overheating: Avoid overheating at all costs to prevent sweating and exhaustion. iii. Loose Layers: Wear clothing loos to breathe, and layer yourself for better protection. iv. Dry: Keep yourself dry as much as possible. Avoid melting ice or snow and wear water resistant clothing if possible. Hypothermia is a major threat when living in the cold. Stay dry. Most heat is lost through you head. Wear a hat/scarf or whatever you have necessary to stay warmer. Avoid frostbite by covering your ears and fingers. Place your hands under your arm pits or somewhere warm. Build shelter out of way of avalanche chutes. Try to build off the center of a clearing. Build a pit in the ground in order to avoid freezing winds. Allow your shelter to breathe. If you can’t dig. Build a framework first, and then cover with debris. Stay warm. Keep hydrated and snack on food to keep energy levels high.
8. Rules of Three 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
You can survive for three minutes without air. You can survive for three hours without maintaining your core body temperature. You can survive three days without water You can survive for three weeks without food. First priority in any situation is oxygen, shelter, water, and then food.
9. Items To Consider When Doomsday Arrives 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Soap: Stay Clean. Stay Healthy Security: Have a safe room to ride out whatever madness is happening outside. Secure entry/exit doors, install strong locks, making paths difficult, have an alert system. Mobility: Think of this as multiple layers. Know your exact location, then neighborhood, then town. Know where stores are for food and supplies, and also have maps on hand in order to know routes and directions. Be able to move quickly and with a purpose. Fight or Flight: Know your situation. Know how you’re going to react before you have too. Is your location worth fighting for or is fleeing to better ground your best option. Communication: It is much easier to survive with a group than alone. Have ways to communicate with each other, have tools/weapons/responsibilities. Also stimulate each other to fight boredom and the worry that comes along with whatever chaos you now find yourself in.
10. Access Granted If the internet or your ISP ever goes down, here is a way to access key sites in the event of a DNS takedown. Right now open up command prompt by going to your start menu and searching for “cmd”. Type in ping then the website you want access for in the future. Record them and keep them with you in case the worst case scenario happens. Here is a few to get you started: Foxnews.com Dropbox.com Wikipedia.org Reddit.com Google.com Yahoo.com Bing.com Facebook.com Twitter
126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 208-80-152-201 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52
Traba Bonus Round! Ok over the years I’ve collected some survival tips. They have come from many different sources: Bear Grylls, my buddy Andre who went Air Force Survival School and the S.A.S. survival guide. Here are my tips:
Insects are the best food source – EEEEEW! Yeah I know it’s gross. But insects are always available and they are full of protein. Ants, crickets, anything under 1 inch is game from what I hear. You can even roast em to make them a little more palatable. Seawater can be turned into drinkable water – this is huge for those of us that live in Southern California. If our water supply ever gets severed we’re totally screwed. But not to worry! We live next to the biggest ocean on the planet. Here’s how to turn sea water into drinkable water: http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090105063513AAPLVTC. (By the way this question is answered many times over on Yahoo, but I like the 2nd commenters opinion the best. He talks about why distilled water is bad for you and mentions that you should add a little salt back in your distilled water). Hunting can be a huge waste of time and energy. If you are really in dire straits, you need to conserve your energy and water as much as possible. Trying to hunt animals can turn into a huge waste – and you’ll end up more dehydrated, and end up not catching anything. Again, go for insects. Fishing is a great option – but use fishing weirs. A fishing weir is a trap that you can place in shallow water. It will let fish swim in and usually will keep them from swimming out. It’s much easier than actively fishing and allows you to go do other important things. You just come back and spear the fish that have been trapped. It’s like shooting fish in a barrel! Keep an emergency kit in your car. We have a buddy that has a PhD. in emergency preparedness – and he lectures us all the time that not having an emergency kit in your car is one of the biggest mistakes that people make (especially in Los Angeles). He says that if L.A. ever has a big earthquake, we are severely under prepared as a city. We could be without water for 2 weeks! The best thing you can do is create a survival kit that should be placed in your car (as well as an extra one in your home). You should keep about two weeks of fresh water in your car, along with other provisions. Perhaps some food, emergency blankets, pocket knife and flashlight). Here are some kits sold by the Red Cross: http://www.redcrossstore.org/shopper/prodlist.aspx?locationid=1