Taguig City Profile
Taguig City Profile...
TAGUIG CITY PROFILE
Country: Region: Districts: Barangays:
14.55°N 121.083°E Philippines National Capital Region 1st and 2nd Districts of Taguig City 28 Incorporated (town) April 25, 1587 Incorporated (city)
December 8, 2004 Mayor Sigfrido R. Tiñga (Lakas-Kampi-CMD/Liberal/KD Vice Mayor George A. Elias (Lakas-Kampi-CMD/KDT) Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area: Elevation: Population: Time zone: Zip code: Area code(s): Motto:
(formerly spelled as Tagig; Filipino: Lungsod ng Taguig)
Lies on the western shore of Laguna de Bay.
•A thriving fishing community along the shores of Laguna de Bay. •An important residential, commercial and industrial center. •C-5 highway and the acquisition of the Fort Bonifacio development. •Paved the way for the cityhood of the municipality.
Bordered by the following cities •Muntinlupa City to the south •Parañaque City to the southwest •Pasay City to the west •Cainta and Taytay on the northeast and •Makati City, Pateros, and Pasig City to the north.
Councilors Total 47.88 km2 (18.5 sq mi) 16.0 m (52 ft) (2007) - Total 613,343 PST (UTC+8) 1630 to 1638 2 Forward Taguig
Bodies of Water: Taguig River a tributary of the Pasig River, cuts through the northern half of the municipality.
Napindan River a tributary of the Pasig River that forms the common border of Taguig with Pasig City.
Taguig City History Before the Spaniards came, Taguig was a part of Kingdom of Tondo ruled by Rajah Soliman. There were also accounts that Chinese settlements were once present in the area as revealed by the recent archeological diggings of various artifacts like glasses, cups, plates and other utensils, which bear Chinese characters. This was believed to have originated from China's Ming dynasty. Taguig was one of the earliest known territories to have been Christianized when the Spaniards succeeded in subjugating mainland Luzon through the Legazpi expedition in 1571. Between the years 1582 and 1583, Taguig was of the encomienda of Tondo headed by an Alcalde Mayor, Captain Vergara. It was in 1587 when Taguig was established as a separate "pueblo" (town) of the then province of Manila. Captain Juan Basi was its Kapitan from 1587 to 1588. According to records, Taguig had nine (9) barrios then namely, Bagumbayan, Bambang, Hagonoy, Palingon, Sta. Ana, Tipas, Tuktukan, Ususan, and Wawa. Records show that Tipas had once petitioned to become an independent town but was denied by the Spanish government.
During that time, Taguig was accessible via the Pasig River, which was connected to two large bodies of water, the Manila Bay and Laguna de Bay. The population then was estimated to be 800 tributes. The town produced more than enough rice for their consumption but had less sugar cane to mill. The men lived through fishing while women wove cotton cloth and "sawali" from bamboo strips. The people of Taguig were known to have resisted both Spanish and American colonial rule. During that early period of Spanish colonition. Don Juan Basi, "Kapitan" of Taguig from 1587 to 1588, attempted to overthrow the Spanish government but failed, being exiled for two years as punishment. When then Katipunan was on its early years, many from Taguig became followers and later joined the uprising. The people of Taguig also joined the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo on August 6, 1898. During the American occupation, they struggled against the forces of General Wheaton under the command of General Pio del Pilar. It was recorded that on February 6, 1889, Filipino forces including Taguig "revolutionarios" dislodged an American position in the hills of Taguig, now a portion of Pateros and Fort Bonifacio. They were defeated eventually by the Americans with superiority in the armaments and training. Taguig finally fell to the contingent of the First Washington Volunteer Infantry led by Col. Wholly.
The defeat of the Filipinos after two years of struggle against the American forces subsequently subjected the Philippines to another system of governance. On August 14, 1898, United States occupied the islands and established a military government with General Wesley Meritt as the First Military Governor. He exercised legislative powers until September 1, 1900.
At the start of American regime, Taguig was proclaimed as an independent municipality with the promulgation of General Order No. 4 on March 29, 1900. The town was subsequently incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal when the Philippine Commission promulgated Act. No. 137 on June 11, 1901. On October 12, 1903, Taguig, Muntinlupa and Pateros were merged by the virtue of Act. No. 942 with Pateros hosting the seat of the municipal government. The merger did not last long as a month later Muntinlupa was segregated from it and made part of Biñan when Act. No. 1008 was enacted on November 25, 1903. However it was returned to Taguig on March 22, 1905 with the promulgation Act. No. 1308. On February 29, 1908, Taguig was again declared an independent municipality through Executive Order No. 20. Eventually, Pateros separated from Taguig and both became independent municipalities of Rizal province on January 1, 1918. It was also during the American Colonial Period that the US government acquired a 25.78 km² property of Taguig for military purposes. This large piece of land which had a TCT dated 1902, was turned into a camp and was then known as Fort McKinley(named after the 25th president of US Pres. William McKinley). When the Japanese occupied the Philippines in 1942, Fort McKinley was taken over by the Japanese Imperial Army. They occupied the military camp until the end of the war in 1945.
After the Philippines gained its political independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, the US surrendered the Republic of the Philippines all right of possession, jurisdiction, supervision and control over the Philippine territory except the used of the military bases. On May 14, 1949, Fort McKinley was turned over to the Philippine government by virtue of the US embassy Note No. 0570. Fort McKinley was made the permanent headquarters of the Philippine Army in 1957 and was subsequently renamed Fort Bonifacio after the Father of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Andres Bonifacio. The town's political subdivision was changed to barangays following the nationwide implementation of the Integrated Reorganization Plan (IRP) in the 1970s when the country was under Martial Law. The IRP has increased its subdivisions into 18 barangays, namely, Bagong Tanyag, Bagumbayan, Bambang, Calzada, Hagonoy, Ibayo-Tipas, LigidTipas, Lower Bicutan, Maharlika, Napindan, Palingon, Signal Village, Sta. Ana, Tuktukan, Upper Bicutan, Ususan, Wawa, and Western Bicutan. Soon to be added to its jurisdiction is Barangay Fort Bonifacio. On November 7, 1975, Taguig was carved out from the province of Rizal to form the National Capital Region through Presidential Decree No. 824. Today, Taguig is still one of the seventeen (17) cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila.
In 1998, a bill was passed in Congress pushing for the cityhood of Taguig. The resulting plebiscite in April showed that the citizens were against cityhood. A recent petition to the Supreme Court sought a recount of the plebiscite and the Supreme Court on February 19, 2004 ordered the Commission on Elections to conduct a recount. The recount showed that the residents did want the municipality of Taguig to become a city (21,105 'yes' and 19,460 'no'). Subsequently, Taguig became a city on December 8, 2004.
The Competition Site
Geography, Location and Area •The city of Taguig is positioned at approximately 14˚ latitude and 120˚ longitude on the southern part of Metro Manila (along the northeastern coast of Laguna de Bay). •It is bounded by Laguna de Bay in the East; •Pateros, Pasig and Taytay in the north; •Makati and Pasay in the west; •Parañaque in the southwest; •and Muntinlupa in the south.
•The city belongs to the Laguna de Bay Basin as defined by Section 2, E. O. 927 (1983) •It has a total area of 4,538.2 hectares ( 45.382 sq. km. ) indicating an average density of 8,403 persons per sq. km. •It covers 18 barangays including some 1,626.2 hectares in what used to be he Fort Bonifacio Military Reservation.
Area in sq. km.
2. Bagong Tanyag
3. Upper Bicutan
4. Lower Bicutan
5. Maharlika Village
6. Western Bicutan
7. Signal Village
13. Sta. Ana
Fort Bonifacio Military Reservation
10. Bambang 11. Ususan
Geology Taguig consists of 2 terrain units; a western undulating section and an eastern alluvial portion, which extends into the Laguna de Bay. The undulating to gently sloping terrain is underlain by a gently dipping sequence of pyroclastic rocks •made up of tuffs, •tuffaceous sandstones •conglomerates belonging to the Guadalupe formation . Taguig has two major geologic formations namely: •Quaternary Alluvial (QA1) which is comprised of detrital deposits mostly silt, sand and gravel •Guadalupe formation (GF) of which the upper member (Diliman Tuff) is thin to medium bedded, fine-grained, vitric tuffs and welded volcanic breccias with subordinate amounts of tuffaceous, fine to medium grained sandstone. •Alat Conglomerate and Diliman Tuff predominantly underlie the terrain where Taguig lies.
Geomorphology There are five main types of soils found in Taguig; Bay Clay Loam • dark brown in color and has fine granules which is friable when dry, but very sticky when wet (found in barangays Ibayo-Tipas and Napindan).
Guadalupe Clay • nearly black in color and coarse in texture. It is granular to coddy when dry, and very fine sticky when wet (found in the barangays of Bambang, Upper and Lower Bicutan, Hagonoy, Ususan and Wawa).
Marikina Clay Loam • brown and friable (found in Barangays Calzada, Sta. Ana and Tuktukan).
Quinqua Fine Sandy Loam • Quinqua fine sandy loam (underlies barangays Bagumbayn and Bagong Tanyag).
Unmodified Soil • (found in Fort Bonifacio and barangays Western Bicutan, Maharlika and Ligid Tipas).
• Extensive portion of Taguig covering the former Military Camp of Fort Bonifacio is composed of undulating low graded tuff. • On the other hand, an area bordered by Pateros, Pasig and Laguna de Bay is made of broad alluvial deposits, • While the smallest southwestern portion towards Muntinlupa is mainly composed of minor alluvial deposits.
Topography, Elevation and Slope
About sixty-five percent of the land in Taguig is level while the rest are rolling to hilly. Surface elevation ranges from 0-10 meters above the mean sea level on the coastal plains and 20-70 meters on the hills.
Level to nearly level
Gently sloping to gently undulating
Undulating to gently rolling
Gently rolling to rolling
Land and Associated Soil Characteristics
As per Metro Manila Land Resource Evaluation Project by BSWM, Taguig has the following land and soil characteristics:
Freshwater Marshes (Alluvial Landscape) •Found on its southwstern lake coast. •The soil is relatively fine loamy (silty clay loam, sandy loam to loamy sand), poorly to very poorly drained and with a general vegetation of grasses, water hyacinths and reeds. •This land system has an average elevation of 4 meters with a water table depth of 60 cm. •It is severely flooded and has a soil classification of Typic Tropaquept.
Broad Alluvial Plain (Alluvial Landscape) •This represents the vast expanse of contiguous, nearly level to gently undulating recent floodplains, levees and backswamp having slope of 0-2% particular among the central barangays of the city. •Taguig soil texture is primarily clay and has effective depth of more than 150 cm. •Average elevation is 11 meters with water table depth of 120 cm. •Soil classification is Aeric Tropaquept.
Minor Alluvial Plain and Isolated Inland Valley (Alluvial Landscape) •Dominant along coastal zones of Laguna Lake. •They are usually seen along the deltas of rivers that drain into the Lake. •The soil is relatively fine loam (silty clay loam, sandy loam to loamy sand), poorly to very poorly drained. •It has average elevation of 25 meters, slightly eroded, but well drained.
Undulating Low Degraded Tuffaceous Plateau (Foothill Landscape) •It is composed of slightly elevated tuffaceous plateau with very shallow soils. •It covers the eastern part of the city including the Fort Bonifacio Military Reservation Area. •Soil is about 10 to 15 cm. deep; very dark grayish brown, silty clay with pale brown partially weathered volcanic tuff usually encountered below 10-20% rolling sideslopes and isolated low hills.
Groundwater Taguig is situated within a groundwater basin containing several connected and interrelated aquifers composed of • Tuffaceous sandstone and conglomerates belonging to the Guadalupe Formation. Its thickness is approximately 1,300 to 1,200 meters.
Almost 2000 wells have been drilled in the aquifers of the Guadalupe Formation for the commercial and residential users some of which go as deep as 300 meters. Based on a feasibilty study for the bulk water supply conducted through MWSS in 1996, locations of well fields within Taguig are indicated in figure 2.8.
Water Quality A water quality monitoring conducted in January 1999 by Seastems, Inc. for the Fort Bonifacio Global City indicated very high coliform levels of 24,000 MPN/100 ml in the two stations observed. The values obtained exceeded the DENR standards of 5,000 MPN/100 ml for class C waters. The high figures is an indication of wastewater intrusion coming from domestic sources discharging sewerage. The table below show the details of the sampling results.
TAGUIG RIVER LENGTH MINIMUM WIDTH AVERAGE WIDTH
CURRENT DEPTH TARGET DEPTH TARGET DREDGING VOLUME ( 15.00 m X 2.7 m X 10,300)
10,300.00 m -
6.00 m 15.00 m
1.8 m 4.5 m 2.7 m 417,150.00 cu. m.
Atmospheric Characteristic From the nearest PAGASA atation at NAIA, climatological data from 1950-1995
The climate of Taguig is classified as Type 1 depending on rainfall pattern.
The PAGASA station recorded an annual rainfall amount of 1,149.2 with a total of 113 rainy days between the years 1961-1995.
It is characterized by two pronounced seasons: rainy season from May to October dry season from January to April Rainfall drops to 10-30 mm/month. In general, Metro Manila is directly influenced by an average of 2 to 3 tropical cyclones per year.
The rainy months of May – October indicated monthly rainy days of 1 – 20 of which the month of July recorded the highest at 20. The highest amount of rainfall for the period 1949-1995 was 427.4 mm recorded in February 1, 1962.
CITY DEVELOPMENT PLANNING OFFICE Gissel B.B./ 08102005 Alerie SPC 2ND Flr., Taguig City Hall, gen. Antonio Luna St., Tuktukan, Taguig City, 1637, Philippines Tel. No. (632) 628-1999 Fax No. (632) 642-3588 (local 205/206 - CDPO ) www.taguig.gov.ph