Supply and Demand

July 9, 2017 | Author: Mark William Almero Geron | Category: Sugarcane, Biofuel, Bioenergy, Biomass, Renewable Fuels
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supply and demand...

Description %20Annual_Manila_Philippines_9-4-2015.pdf

The Philippines is mainly an agricultural country with a land area of 30 million hectares, 47 percent of which is agricultural. The total area devoted to agricultural crops is 13 million hectares distributed among food grains, food crops and non-food crops.Among the crops grown; rice, coconut and sugarcane are major contributors to biomass energy resources.

The most common agricultural wastes in the Philippines are rice husk, rice straw, coconut husk, coconut shell and bagasse. The country has good potential for biomass power plants as one-

third of the country’s agricultural land produces rice, and consequently large volumes of rice straw and hulls are generated. Sugar industry is an integral part of the industrial scenario in Southeast Asia accounting for 7% of sugar production worldwide. Sugar mills in Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam generate 34 million tonnes of bagasse every year. Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand account for 90% of global palm oil production leading to the generation of 27 million tonnes of waste per annum in the form of empty fruit bunches (EFBs), fibers and shells, as well as liquid effluent. With the passing of Biofuels Act of 2006, the sugar industry in the Philippines which is the major source of ethanol and domestic sugar will become a major thriving industry. Around 380,000 hectares of land is devoted to sugarcane cultivation. It is estimated that 1.17 million tonnes of sugarcane trash is recoverable as a biomass resource in the Philippines. In addition, 6.4 million tonnes of surplus bagasse is available from sugar mills. There are 29 operating sugar mills in the country with an average capacity of 6,900 tonnes of cane per day. Majority is located in Negros Island which provides about 46% of the country’s annual sugar production.

Philippine ethanol production utilizes sugarcane and molasses for its feedstock. The Sugar Regulatory Administration (SRA) uses a 65 liter/metric ton (Li/MT) conversion rate in the Ethanol PSD Table with a sugarcane co-product (bagasse) recovery rate of 300 kilos (kg) per ton cane. The country is a major sugarcane producer, which is most abundant bioethanol feedstock in the Philippines. Roughly 420,000 hectares are planted with sugarcane. In 2011, sugarcane production reached a record 2.4 million tons. There are an estimated 29 sugarmills with an aggregate milling capacity of 185,000 tons of cane per day. In addition, the local sugar industry has 14 sugar refineries with a total daily capacity of 8,000 tons. The SRA of the Philippine Department of Agriculture is mandated to secure both the production of sugar and feedstock for ethanol under the Biofuels Act. %20Annual_Manila_Philippines_7-10-2013.pdf

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