SOP for Sewing Operator Recruitment and Training

May 14, 2018 | Author: ChodathKulangareth BhagavathiTemple | Category: Sewing Machine, Clothing
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SOP FOR SEWIN G OP ERAT ERAT OR  R EC RU I TM EN T A ND TR AI N NIIN NG I. Procedure for Setting up of Sewing Training Section in factory II. Procedure for Recruitment of Trainee Operators (Tentative) III. Training Syllabus for Trainee Operators

Scientific Approach to “NEED BASED TRAINING” in 2 simple Steps 1. Primary Training: Basic Sewing & Machine Control Training 2. Secondary Training: Adding on Skills to Existing Operators & Improving the Efficiency of Low Performing Operators I. Procedure for Setting up of Sewing Training Section in factory

A. Analysis to be made before setting up of the Training Section 1. The Output capacity of training section needs to be determined before setting up of a training section in the factory. 2. To dete determ rmin inee the the Outp Output ut of the the trai traini ning ng sect sectio ion n foll follow owin ing g fact factor orss need need to be considered: a. Present Operator Strength in the Factory & Grade wise % contributing to the strength.  b. Line wise, Grade wise Operators % available in every line c. % Labour Turnover in the factory & Grade Wise % Split in the total Turn Over  d. % Absenteeism in Factory (Should also be analysed line wise) & Grade wise % Split in the overall Absenteeism

e. Complexity of styles running in the factory & Operation wise Skill Set requirement for the style needs to be analysed. This would tell use what should be the ideal mix of Skill Set that needs to be allocated to the line f. Analysis of most frequently running styles in the factory & Operation wise Skill Set requirement for the style. Needs to be analysed. This would tell use what should be the ideal mix of Skill Set that needs to be allocated to the line g.






Considering the above said factors, the factory IE has to co-ordinate with the training supervisor





B. Planned Strategy: 1. Training Instructors need to be recruited depending on the size of the training section and the trained operator output planned out of the training section. 2. There will be two categories of instructors required in training of the operators. One is training section instructor who will train the trainees within the training section and the other instructor will render ON JOB TRAINING instructor who will train the existing operator or the newly trained operator. II. Procedure for Selection of Trainee Operators (Tentative)

1. Personal interview : Discuss & fill the relevant information in the Trainee Operator Recruitment Slip by HR Department 2. Selection tests:

1. Peg board tests 2. Pin board test 3. Ball &tube test

4. Visual Accuracy test 5. Colour Perception test Objective: Assessment of Basic Skills for making successful Sewing Operators

These tests are very important for assessment of basic Skills such as Manual dexterity (Speed of Hand Movements), Finger Dexterity (Speed of hand movements), and Hand Eye Co-ordination & Sewing tests (Only for experienced operator, these basic skills are very Important for making successful Sewing Operators).

1. PEG BOARD DEXTERITY TESTS: A. Peg Board Dexterity Test A (PBDA):

In this test, we can assess the ability of applicant’s Hand & Arm movements, Two Hand Co-ordination Apparatus Reqd: Peg Board, Metal pegs (120), Stopwatch Grade: 1to 5 (Grade 5(75 sec); Grade 4(76-80 Sec); Grade3 (81- 86Sec); Grade 2(87-90sec) Grade1 (Above 90 sec). Target: 75 seconds  Note: 1 Being Least & 5 Being Highest B. Peg Board Dexterity Test B (PBDB):

In this test we can assess the ability of finger movements, & two hand CoOrdination. Apparatus Reqd: Peg Board, Metal pegs (120) one end painted red, & Stopwatch Grade: 1to5 (Grade 5(82 sec); Grade 4(83-90 Sec); Grade3 (91-100Sec); Grade 2(101-105 sec); Grade1 (Above 105 sec)

Target: 82 seconds  Note: 1 Being Least & 5 Being Highest 3. PIN BOARD TEST (PBT): In these tests, we can tests the ability to do the fine work with the fingers. It tests the ability to make rapid finger movements, neatly, accurately & sensitivity. Apparatus Reqd: Standard Pin board, 135 pins, & Stopwatch, Target: 90 seconds Test: Right Hand & Left Hand  Note: 1 Being Least & 5 Being Highest 4. BALL & TUBE TESTS (BTT): In this test, we can measure the main manual Co-ordination together with the Finger  dexterity Apparatus Reqd: Ball tube Stand & Boxes with one lid, 25 balls & Stopwatch Target: 25 Seconds Test: Right Hand & Left Hand 5. VISUAL ACCURACY TEST (VAT): In this test, we can measure the visual Accuracy & Speed Apparatus Reqd: Visual forms, pencils, & Stopwatch. Target: 48 Seconds

Grade: 1to5 (Grade 5(17-20); Grade 4(13-16); Grade3 (10-12); Grade 2(7-9); Grade1(less than 7))  Note: 1 Being Least & 5 Being Highest 6. COLOUR PERCEPTION TEST (CPT):

This test is conducted to analyze the colour sensitivity of the operator. In this test operators are asked to differentiate and rank different shades of the same colour in Ascending Order. We also can give them some cones of thread of different colours and blocks of same or nearly same colours and asked to match the thread to the block  of colours. After passing of above tests by trainees, then o nly they are eligible for to entering the training department Resources Required:

1. Sewing Machines a. Single Needle Lock Stitch – 10 Nos b. Double Needle Lock Stitch – 1 No c. Over Lock Machine – 3Thd – 1 No d. Over Lock Machine – 5Thd – 1 No e. Flat Lock Machine – 3Thd - 1 No 2. Manpower – Sewing Instructor – 1 Person 3. Continuous Availability of Fabric, Thread & Needle for Sewing Training 4. Cupboard of Documentation – 1 No 5. Soft Board – 4X4 – 1 No 6. While Board – 4X4 – 1 No 7. Duster - 1, White Board Marker – 4, Permanent Marker – 1, Measuring Tape – 5 8. Stop Clock – 2 Nos 9. Peg Boards – 1 No & Metal Pegs – 120 Nos

10.Pin Board – 1 No & Pins – 135 Nos 11.Ball & Tube Stand – 1 No & Marble Balls – 25 Nos

III. Training Syllabus for Trainee Operators STEP 1: Approx Duration: 1 Day Theory:

1. General idea of other departments in the factory. 2. Different types of Sewing Machines 3. Sewing Machine and its parts. 4. Threading sequence for different types of Sewing Machines (S/N,O/L,D/N,F/L,FOA) STEP 2: Approx Duration: 3 Days Practical

1. Treadle movement, Treadle Control PART-I a. Running the machine at high Speed  b. Running the machine at low Speed c. Running the machine at very low speed, d. Needle up & Needle down. e. Full speed & stop at stop points.

f. Roughing exercises.Theory

2. Different kinds of Stitches. 3. Different kinds of Fabric, and its general use. 4. Different kinds of Needles, Threads and their use. 5. Stitches per Inch (SPI) & Stitches per Cms (SPC) and adjustments. STEP 3: Approx Duration: 3 Days Theory

1. Adjusting Sewing conditions - SPI, Thread tension, Presser Foot, Feed dog etc. 2. Needle change, Tension adjustment. 3. Selection of Needle, Thread and SPI for given Fabric. 4. Folders, Attachments and their use. 5. Importance of Daily Machine Cleaning and Preventive Maintenance check-up. Practical

6. Treadle movement, Treadle Control PART-II Fabric Exercises (Single ply) with threaded machine. 1. Straight line (single ply) 2. Square (single ply) 3. Triangle (single ply)

4. Curve. (Single ply) 5. Circle or oval shape (single ply) 6. Zigzag Exercises. STEP 4: Approx Duration: 3 Days Practical

1. Exercises to improve handling & increase M/c time 1. Long burst practice on waste fabric 2. Practice of Run stitch, Edge stitch, pointed stitch, Precision Start & Stop & various other sewing exercises. 3. Two ply attaching by Run stitch, Turn & stitch pointed or edge (kinari). Theory

2. Structure and Principle of Assembly of Cloths. 3. Sewing Defects, Cause and Effect diagram, Trouble shooting. 4. Importance of “Alignment” while stitching and its importance to Quality. 5. Quality Requirement, Quality Control and Reliability. 6. Work place Layout & Principles of Motion economy: •

In this Session we particular train operators on better handling techniques, arranging their work place according to the sequence of motion to reduce handling & increase machine time.

STEP 5: Approx Duration: 2 Days Practical

1. Practical Exercise - To consolidate all the above steps. 2. Common Operations in Garmenting of Different Styles a. Collar operation (collar run stitch, collar top or edge or pointed stitch)  b. Sleeve operations (placket attach by using folder) c. Hemming Operations 3. Quality Exercises Objective: To make more Quality awareness to all trainees by showing & explaining the different types of defects showing in the readymade board. Here we should make  job cards showing correct method (it shows good quality) & wrong method of sewing (it shows defects). STEP 6: Released to Production Line & Follow up

1. Once





been satisfied



performance during training, then he /she can been released into the production line using Trainee Operator Release Slip. 2. While releasing the operator to production line, performance report of  the









recommendation of the instructor & the strength & weakness of the operator is given to IE team for their reference.

3. Newly trained operators have to be constantly monitored by the Training instructor seeking the help of the work analyst & Online training instructor in the line and the industrial engineer of the factory.

FILES FOR DOWNLOAD Click on the links below to download the file Trainee Operator Recruitment, Training Tests & Release Slip Formats Trainee Operator Recruitment Slip Trainee Operator Release Slip Trainee Operator Progress Chart Training Test for Step - 1 Training Test for Step - 2 Training Test for Step - 3 Training Test for Step - 4 Training Test for Step - 5


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• • • • • • •

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