Download SNI 01-0003-1987...
INDONESIAN NATIONAL STANDARD sNI 01 - 0003 - 1987
665 - 353 - 4
PALM KERNEL OIL
INDONESIAN STANDARDIZATION COUNCIL
Classification .......... I
Quality Requirements .........
5.1. In Drums 5.2. In Bulk
Methods of Test
6.1 6.2 6.3
Determination Free Fatty Acid........
Determination of Impurities content
Determination of Moisture content
sNr 01 - 0003 -
PALM KERNEL OIL
SCOPE This standard specifles the description, classiflcation, quality requirements, rnethods of sarnpling, rnethods of test, label requirements and methods clf packing tor Perlnr Kernel Oil.
DESCRIPTION Palm Kernel Oii shall be the white-yellowish oil obtained by extraction from the fruit kernel of Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
CLASSIFICATION Palrr-r Kernel Oil shall be classified into one grade.
QUALITY REQUIREMENTS Tabel Quality Requirements Specification
Type of test
Free Fatty Acid (as lauric acid),
(weight/weight) I rnpurities content (weight/weight) Moistr-rre content (weight/weight)
max. 0.05 max. 0.45
5.1. In Drums The sample shall be taken at random from the square root of the number of drums in a consignment with a maximum of 30 drums per consignment. The sample shall be taken lrom each drum with sampling tube with valve of 125 cm in length and a diameter of + 2 cm.
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The orifice of the pipe can be closed or opened by a long stemmed plug. By immersing this pipe into the drum, the oil shall be sampled from the upper layer clown to the bortom layer. Samples shall be taken at four cliagonally tppo.ite corners and the four samples are then mixed together and from this mixture I kg shall be taken fbr analysis.
5.2. In Bulk Tl-re sarnple shall be taken as a systematic sampling using the specific eqr'ripments as much as I kg of sample from the outflow tap of the pipe through which the oil flows from the land tank to the ship.
The sampling oificial shall be a person with experience or training and ernployecl by
METHODS OF TEST
6.1 Determination 6.t.I
of Free Fatty Acid
Principle Dissolution of l'r'ee
portion in a rnixed solvent, foilowed by titration of the f.atty acicls present with ethanolic soh,rtion o1'potassiurn hydroxide. a test
Reagents Ethan ol 95o/o (v/v)
NaOH 0.I N, Stiindard volumetric solution Phenolphthalein Indicator solution l7o rn957o (vlv) alcohol
6. I ..3 Appa.,ttrs
126.96.36.199 6. 1.3.3 6. 1.3.4
Erlenmeyer flask 250 ml Water Bath Buretre Measuring glass
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6.1.4 Test Procedure 6.t.4.1 weigh to the nearest 10 mg about 2 - 50 g of the sample into a flask (t.1.4.2 Heat to boiling 50 ml of the ethanol in a second flask.
tempelature of the ethanol is still 70"C neutralize with the KOH 0. I N solution, using 0.5 ml of phenolphthalein Add the solution tiom the second flask into the test portion in the first flask and heat to the boiling point and titrate to the end point with the KOH 0. lN solution. Expression
results Express the results as a percentage by mass of lauric acid using the formula: 2.00 T N
Lauric acid =
T N W
is the volume (mi) of NaOH used for the titration. is the normality of NaOH is the mass (g) of the sample.
6.2 Determination 6.2.1
of Impurities Content
Principle Treatment of a test portion with an excess of n-hexane or light petroleum, then flltration of the solution obtained. Washing of the filter and residue with the same solvent, drying at 103 +2oC. and weighing.
6.2.2 Reagents 188.8.131.52 Petroleum ether or n-Hexane. boiling range 400C to 600C,bromine value less than 1 184.108.40.206 Carbon disulphide, fieshly distilled before use
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sNI 01 - 0003 6.2.3 Apparatus 220.127.116.11 Analytical Balance 6.2.3 .2 F'ilter paper Whatman No. 41 (t.2.3.3 Gooch crucible and fiber glass,
Oven Continues extraction apparatus
6.2.1 Test Procedure 18.104.22.168 weigh about 5 g of sarnple to the-nearest 0.1 g into a flask. 22.214.171.124 Melt the test portion, add 250 ml of petroleum ether, close the flash with the ground glass stopper and shake. Ailow to stand overnight. 126.96.36.199 Decant the solution carefully through an ashless filter paper and dry in the oven at a temperature of 103 + 2"C. 188.8.131.52 Remove trom the oven, close the vessel with its lid, allow to cool in the desiccator and weigh to the nearest 0.001 g.
Expression of resr.rlts The organic impr,rrities content expressed lbrmula
as a percentage
by mass, nsing the
M,, is the mass (g) of the rest portion Mr is the mass (g) of the vessel with its lid and filter paper or of the filter crucible M, is the mass (g) of the vessel with its lid and filter pelper, containing the dry residue or of the fllter crucible and dry residue.
6.3 f)etermination 6.3.
of Moisture Content
Principle Heating a test portion at 103t2'C and cletermining the loss in mass
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Apparatus (t.3 .2.l Metal dish, flatbottomedwith a diameterof 80 rnmto 90 mmanda depth of 40 mm to 50 mm 184.108.40.206 Oven, capable of being maintained at temperature of I 03 + 2"C 220.127.116.11 Desicator, containing an efficient desiccant such as phosphorus pentoxide, silica gel or activated alumina. 6.3.2
6.3.3 Test Procedure Weigh in a tared dish about 10 g of sample to the nearest l0 mg. 18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 Heat the dish containing the test portion for t hour in the oven, maintained at a temperature of 103 + 2"C. Remove the dish, allow it to cool in the desiccator and weigh. 6.3 3.3 126.96.36.199 Repeat the heating and weighing of the test portion under the same condition r-rntil the difference in mass between two succesive weighing does not exceed 2 ^9. 188.8.131.52 Record the mass of the portion and residue on the work sheet
Expression of results The result shall be expressed as a percentage by mass, using the formula (Mo - Mr) 100
is the mass of the test portion (g) is the mass of the residue (g)
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sNI 01 - 0003 _ 1981
LABELLING For each shipment. on the outer surf-ace of each clrum with non f-ading paint shall be written :
Produce in Inclonesia Name of company/Exporter Name of commodity Code ol'ProdLrction Net weighr
Country of destination Other important deciarations
PACKING Palm Kernel oil shall be presented as a liquid, in bulk or packed in a clean and dry drLrm, with a capacity of 200 litres wlth a head space of 5 - I0 percent. Drums for Palm Kernel oil should be made of a material iron sheet plate with tin or galvanized iron sheets or iron sheet coated on the inside with a layer which does not aff-ect the palm Kernel Oil.
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