SAP TM - Charge Management

May 15, 2018 | Author: Hwei Seng | Category: Invoice, Cargo, Shipping Service, Technology, Business
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This document explain the charge management in SAP TM...

Description

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 SAP TM TCM is extremely flexible (however, flexibility requires also some complexity)  Example: enable to consider “weather” or any other customer specific attribute as an influencing factor for the

calculation

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Transportation charge calculation (TCC) is the component within TM which is responsible for determin ing the expected cost for a given transportation scenario. The cost calculation request can come from the following  business objects: Order entry including Quotation Transportation Planning Shipment processing Invoicing

Based on the request the T CC determines and returns the calculated charges in th e form of DO TransportationCharges. During the calculation process, as a first step the TCC determines the Freight Agreement to get information about the contract between th e transport service provider (TSP) and a customer or supplier. Based  on the determined freight agreement the calculation sheets (pr ocedure) are determin ed using the logistics input  parameters (like weight, distance, mode of transport etc.). The charge calculation then evaluates the calculation sheets to determine the final cost by a pplying agreed rules of calculation (e.g. break-weight, bulkiness. exclusions etc.), Profitability calculation component essentially offers services using which profit allocation between various parties can be performed. The key focus of this design is the remodelling of the charge calculation component of the TM 7.0. From a

functional perspective, all th e functional requirements that were supported by TM 7.0 would be supported by th e TM 8.0 charge calculation component. This would comprise of: Charge calculation services for order, invoicing and planning including integration with ERP. This would 

comprise of calculation of the charges based on the calculation sheets including rate tables, conditions and  returning the charge calculation results in the form of the DO TransportationCharges and services to aggregate these charges for ERP integration purposes. 6 Profitability calculation services (estimated an d actual) for the Transportation Request. This would involve

 As to the Tran sportation Charge Processing Request, there is additional information in the append ix.  The node structure of the BO Freight Invoice Request includes a lot of information of the assigned shipment

request/ order (shipment item, stages, resources, activities), according to the EDIFACT IFTFCC message. In addition to IFTCC, an invoice request can contain several freight requests/ orders.  The message which is sent to ERP for billing and invoice verification is modeled based on the BO Freight

Invoice Request, as its information could be th e basis for e.g. the accounting and account assignmen t in ERP.  The former terms Billing (debit) and Settlement (credit) where renamed due to the SAP wide harmonization

(PIC-Process). “Customer Freight Invoice Request” r epresents Billing (debit) (Forwarding Settlement Document) “Supplier Freight Invoice Request” r epresents Settlement (credit) (Freight Settlement Document)

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 Freight Agreement determination: 

Usage code (customer / service provider)



Contractor (Sales Org or Purchasing Org) – ensures proper organizational unit is able to use the rate



Contracting Party – defines for which business partn er (customer / service provider) the agreement is valid 



Additional preconditions may be defined 

 Flexible definition of additional preconditions  Forward navigation for all objects

 OrgView for Charge calculation: this would be a new business object proposed in TM8.0 which captures th e

oragnizational aspects r elevant for the charg e calculation.

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 Examples of rates and calculation methods: Weight / Volume rates Break weight calculation Volumetric rate calculation (Bulkiness factors) Distance rates Freight all kind / Commodity rates Various origin / destination point classifications such a s point-to-point, point-to-zip, point-to-state, zip-to-

zip and state-to-state Rates based on Equipment (container type / s ize) or packaging class Minimum, Maximum rates Handling charges  Terminal handling, cross docking costs, loading / unloading , empty han dling, document handling, AMS

filing, Canal Due, security surchar ge, etc. Surcharges  Bunker adjustment, Currency adjustment, Congestion, Demurrage, Night time deliveries, Notification

charge, Hazardous surchar ge, Waiting time, Feeder Costs, low tide surcha rge, port congestion, etc. Toll calculation Taxes Discounts

 Rates can have up to nine scales.

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 Rates can be exported to XML file and changed. They can then be uploading back in to TM.

Mass u load of rates should be ossible in future TM releases.

PLEASE NOTE THAT THE USE OF TEMPLATES ARE OPTIONAL AND THE MASTER DATA CREATION / UPDATION WOULD BE POSSIBLE WITHOUT TEMPLATES AS WELL !!

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 Different options are possible. Calculate for truck tran sport 1 Truck Fee (FCL

scenario) does not consider if truck is full or not. For this si tuation the beste resolution base is Root. Calculation base could be distance.  LTL charge for each pallet on the truck. Charge the number of quare meters, number 

of pallets/distance (rate)

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In the calculation engine, first the Freight Agreement (FA) is determined that is valid. Information can be added, like Notes, Attachments and Services. Also several details are available, but per FA a validity period is man datory! In a FA a Calculation Sheet (TCCS) is assigned, the content of the TCCS is visible in the l ower part of the screen.  Note: not visible in this screenshot.

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 The Transportation Charge Calculation Sheet can consist of more than one line. It can be either a Charge

Element and or anoth er TCCS. In this example there are two Charge Elements.  The Calculation Resolution Base, calculation base code are shown.

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 You can define that the rate will not be calculated automatically. It will be available for manual input.  You even can created your own rat e determination rule.  Instead of referencering a rate table, you can also just set a fixed amount for the rate, e.g. 100 EUR 

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 This Rate consists of 2 scales.  In the rate table th e following parameters are available: 

Validity period (you can add a validity line and maintain the rates without release it)



Life Cycle Status



Currency

Rounding Profile  t is also possible to upload your rates via an excel file. 

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 Several parameters defines the behavior a scale:  Scale Base  Scale Type  UoM  Scale Values

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 The process example is regarding a ‘standard ’ German tarif used in transportation. From location to location

costs (haus-haus-entgelte). Dimensions are distance and weight in the example.  Spediteur Sammelgut Verkehr means Carrier Load Traffic

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 In TCM it is also possible to ad d additional costs. In the example ‘Sammelgut’ there a re costs described for 

additional work (Nebengebuhren) like , we gonna show this as well.

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 The first step is to define the scales. In this slide the scale for distance is shown, the scale base, type an d UoM

are mandatory fields. In the calculation type you can choose between Absolute and Relative. You also create a scale for Weight.

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 In the Rate table the scales Weight and Distance are combined. The result is the costs in the table in the same

structure as in the ‘Sammelgut’ table.  You can download and upload the rates via the excel integration, but of course you are free to add it manually yourself  

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 The first step is to define the scales.

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 Additional costs can be added to a TCCS. In this case the Advice Fee is an addit ional cost that doesn’t have a

scale and rate table, nevertheless this is now always charged in via a TCCS.

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 The Freight Agreement is connected to a TCCS and as you can see the costs (Freight charge an d the Advice

Fee) used in the TCCS assigned are visible in th e FA.

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