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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES REGIONAL TRIAL COURT NATIONAL CAPITAL JUDICIAL REGION BRANCH 50 QUEZON CITY
PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES Plaint iff,
- versus -
(Copre!ensive Act of $%%$&
CRIMINAL CASE No. Q-10-567! Violation of Section 5, Article II Republic Act No. 9165, "an#erous "ru#s
ROBIN LOPEZ PADILLA" Accused. '--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------'
MOTION TO QUASH INFORMATION
Accuse Robin ). *ailla, b+ counsel, respectfull+ oves for t!e uas!al of t!e Inforation ate $% Au#ust $%1% issue b+ Assistant Cit+ *rosecutor illie . Revillae on t!e follo/in# #roun0
Coentin# on t!e possible abuses t!at are prone to occur in a bu+-bust operation t!e Supree Court !el in t!e case of People vs. Ambih10
!ile bu+-bust operation is a reco#ni2e eans of entrapent for t!e appre!ension of ru# pus!ers, it oes not al/a+s coen itself as t!e ost reliable /a+ to #o 1
$$6 SCRA 34 (199&
after violators of t!e "an#erous "ru#s Act as it is susceptible to istae as /ell as to !arassent, e'tortion an abuse.7
Accuse is no ru# pus!er.
8!e onl+ reason !e is no/ in t!e
custo+ of t!e police is because !e /as ille#all+ arreste for reasons !e still cannot copre!en.
Accuse t!us respectfull+ oves for t!e uas!al of t!e Inforation ate $% Au#ust $%1% issue b+ Assistant Cit+ *rosecutor illie . Revillae, on t!e follo/in# #roun0
THE COURT DID NOT ACQUIRE JURISDICTION OVER THE PERSON OF THE ACCUSED AS THE ARREST WAS IE!A.
In t!e present case, t!e prosecution asserts t!at t!e
/arrantless arrest of t!e accuse Robin ). *ailla /as t!e result of a valil+ conucte bu+-bust operation.
8!e+ lie/ise clai t!at t!e
arrest /as perfore after t!e accuse !a been ul+ infore of !is constitutional ri#!ts.
Contrar+ to t!e clai of t!e appre!enin# police officers
t!at t!e /arrantless arrest /as t!e result of a vali bu+-bust operation, no actual bu+-bust operation i in fact tae place. As state b+ t!e accuse in !is Counter-Affiavit, ebers of t!e *!ilippine "ru# nforceent A#enc+ (*"A& broe into !is !ouse b+ breain# open t!e paloc of !is #ara#e #ate. it!out introucin# t!eselves as *"A officers or presentin# an+ /arrant, 1$-15 operatives of t!e *"A are /it! !i#!-po/ere firears t!en store !is !oe confiscatin#
one+, cellular p!ones an ot!er valuables fro t!e persons of t!e accuse an !is visitors. 8!e *"A ebers t!en proceee to !aul off various ites fro /it!in t!e !oe of t!e accuse.
8!e accuse t!en recounts t!at t!e *"A operatives t!en
escorte !i an !is copanion Ric!ar :. :oe2 to a Re 8o+ota Revo, /!ic! t!en brou#!t t!e to Cap ;arin#al. 8!e accuse an Ric!ar :. :oe2 /ere not infore of t!eir ri#!ts upon t!eir arrest, as /ell as /!at offense t!e+ /ere bein# c!ar#e /it!.
8!e ri#!t of t!e people to be secure a#ainst unreasonable
searc!es an sei2ures is an inviolable ri#!t protecte b+ t!e Constitution$. As suc! no person a+ be valil+ arreste /it!out t!e benefit of a /arrant of arrest, e'cept in t!e specific instances provie b+ la/. An+ /arrantless arrest one outsie t!e specific instances provie b+ la/ are t!us eee to be contrar+ to la/ an ille#al.
8!e la/ as it presentl+ stans, enuerates t!e instances
/!en an /arrant /it!out /arrant is vali in Section 5 of Rule 11 of t!e Rules of Court, to /it0 Se"#io$ %. Arrest without warrant; when lawful. — A peace officer or a private person may, without a warrant, arrest a person: (a) When, in his presence, the person to be arrested has committed, is actually committin, or is attemptin to commit an offense; (b) When an offense has !ust been committed, and he has probable cause to believe based on personal "nowlede of facts or circumstances that the person to be arrested has committed it; and 2
Const. (1987), Art. III section 2
(c) When the person to be arrested is a prisoner who has escaped from a penal establishment or place where he is servin final !udment or is temporarily confined while his case is pendin, or has escaped while bein transferred from one confinement to another.
8!e enueration containe in section 5 of Rule 11 of t!e Rules of Court bein# e'clusive, an+ arrest /it!out /arrant one outsie of t!ose specifie in t!erein are eee ille#al.
8!e accuse Robin ). *ailla coul not !ave been cau#!t
coittin# t!e crie in t!e presence of !is arrestin# officers, as !e i not in fact sell an+ ille#al ru#s. Nor coul t!e *"A clai t!at t!e+ !a personal no/le#e t!at a crie !a been coitte an t!at t!e accuse !a in fact coitte it. 8!is is sipl+ because t!ere /as no crie or vali bu+-bust operation to spea of. Neit!er /as t!e accuse Robin ). *ailla a fu#itive at t!e tie !e /as arreste. None of t!e instances for a vali arrest /it!out /arrant uner t!e Rules of Court /ere present. 8!e arrest /as t!us ille#al an as a conseuence, t!e Court i not acuire all of ustice, ue2on Cit+
NOTICE OF HEARING
:reetin#s0 *lease tae notice t!at t!e fore#oin# Botion /ill be subitte for t!e CourtHs consieration an resolution on %& S'()'*+', %010 ) /0 .*. or as soon t!ereafter as atter an counsel a+ be !ear.
*F ?GRNIS>"0 THE BRANCH CLER$ OF COURT Re#ional 8rial Court National Capital uicial Re#ion ue2on Cit+, Dranc! 1%% THE HONORABLE ASSISTANT CITY PROSECUTOR ffice of the $ity Prosecutor >all of ustice, ue2on Cit+