Recreational & Adventure 1

December 7, 2017 | Author: Muiz Abidin | Category: Backpack, Rope, Knot, Tent, Camping
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Assignment , Co-curriculum course...










05 - 30


05 07 10 15 23 31 – 39 31 32 33 34 36 36 36 37 40






: 911107035535


: 13237






: JANUARY 2009




: 156cm


: 62 KG




: +6(O13)4116480


: [email protected]


2.0 INTRODUCTION Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP) aimed to produce well-rounded students, not only in academic but also in co-curriculum. Thus, the Credited Cocurriculum Programme was established by UTP in order to provide students with knowledge and experience to develop and enhance students’ capability and potential besides to give chances for the students to involve in non-academic activities. One of the credited co-curriculum course offered by UTP was Recreational and Adventure I (KAM 1051).

Recreational and Adventure I course offered the students to learn the basic theories and knowledge on the recreational and adventure activities. To obtain these theories and knowledge, five lectures session and a camping activity had been conducted successfully throughout this semester. Each lecture session was conducted by Mr. Ahmad Rosli Din who was the lecturer of this Recreational and Adventure I (KAM 1051) course. Special thanks to him for supplying us a lot of information and knowledges.

Thus, to report of the details and knowledges obtained throughout this course in this semester(January 2011) , I , Muhammad Imran Muiz Bin Abidin had prepared this log book that include the log of leraning & theories and also the log of camping activities & details.


3.0 PART 1 : LOG OF THEORIES & LEARNING 3.1 FIRST LECTURE Date Time Total hour Lecturer Venue Particulars

19th February 2011 9.00 a.m – 11.00 a.m 2 hours Mr. Ahmad Rosli Bin Din LR 7 (Block J) 3.1.1 Ice breaking -

The lecturer introduce himself as Mr. Ahmad Rosli Bin Din The students are asked to stand up and introduce themselves to others.

3.1.2 Introduction to the course -

Mr. Ahmad Rosli gives briefs the students on this course, Recreational & Adventure I (KAM 1051). Students will be evaluated based on students attendance and log book. 5 lecture session will be conducted for this sem. The most important activity of this course is camping activity. Each student must prepare a log book which contain log of learning and log of camping.

3.1.3 Discussion on criteria required for the log book Criteria required for the log of learning. -

Particulars obtained in 5 lecture session. In each lecture session, mention the date, venue, total hour and time. -


Criteria required for the log of camping.

Acknowledgement. Individual biodata must include name, matrix no, height, weight, blood type, semester/year, date of the activity, plan of activity, time duration, campsite map and equipment list. The particulars for the log of camping must include weather,describe beginning of expedition, expedition route, campsite and experience encaountered, observe the flora and fauna, people surrounding, interesting event personal relation and reaction of group members.


3.1.4 Class representative Captain Name :Trinh Tuan Duong Course: Business Information Systems Contact details:014-9441693 E-mail :[email protected] Assistant Captain 1: Name :Hidayatun Nafisah Isa Muddin Course : Information Communication Technology Contact details :013-2514109 E-mail : [email protected] Assistant Captain 2: Name : Siti Hajar A. Hamid Course : Chemical Engineering Contact details : 012-6387190 E-mail : [email protected]

Total time : 120 minutes


3.2 SECOND LECTURE Date Time Total hour Lecturer Venue Particulars

26th February 2011 10.00 a.m – 12.00 a.m/p.m 2 hours Mr. Ahmad Rosli Bin Din LR 7 (Block J) 3.2.1 Group formation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Students are divided into several small group consist of 4 – 6 students. Each group is asked to have a name. My group name is Soley-Soley. The members of the group are : Muhammad Imran Muiz Bin Abidin Muhammad Syafiq Bin Samsuddin (Group leader) Noor Farahin Bt Mohd Morshidi Eza Syahera Bt Zulkurnain Mohd Zulfadhli Bin Abd Wahid Amin Fahim Bin Abu Mansor Muhamad Ezham Syazwan Bin Yaacob

3.2.2 Outdoor point (Basic outdoor recreation) Introduction -

Vision of UTP is to produce well-rounded students, not academically but also in co – curriculum This program names as Recreational & Adventure. It enhances non- academic skills. To gain knowledge. To get long-lasting experience. Definition of the course: -


Activities carried out in the open air and natural environment. Use the nature to expose individuals/group to the practical experiences like feelings & interactions with real natural situation. Practiced as part time activities or hobbies & recreational/ relaxing activities as a learning process & informal education. Main Nature Field -

Land base: Jungle, mountain- activities: camping,



orienteering, biking, climbing, hiking. Water base: sea, lake-activities: scuba, diving, canoeing, jet skiing, sailing, snorkeling, swimming, fishing . Air base: parachuting, gliding, flying . Recreational forms: -

Could be passive or active. Carried out during leisure time. Practiced in right way, it can become an activity that can motivate a person to live creatively, with fun and meaning. Recreation is more individualistic ; it is chosen and enjoyed by an individual Passive recreational form -

Not active and not challenging Does not require physical and mental strength. Example ; picnicking in the weekends, strolling in the evenings. This includes :

i. human base recreation (watching TV) ii. base on hobby (reading, watching, bird watching) iii. Base in culture (kite playing, top spinning, singing) -

To relax the mind. Active recreational form -

Has certain challenges. Requires physical and mental strength. Can produce whatever a passive outdoor recreation can and can also contribute towards active physical build. General involvement in this outdoor recreation is still minimum, even though it gives a lot benefits. Outdoor recreation activist has defined the physical recreation as activities with the following forms :

i. It has many patterns: e.g bowling. ii. These activities can be carried out alone or in groups. iii. Voluntary based involvement. iv. Time: outside of working hours. v . No timetable to do these activities. vi. Filling up leisure time out of working hours.

8 Type Of Active Activities -

Centralized on land : flying fox, camping, hiking, climbing, exploring, orienteering, bungie jumping. Centralized on water : swimming, canoeing, snorkeling, scuba-diving, rafting. Centralized on air : free falling, parachuting, gliding, base jumping. Total time : 120 minutes


3.3 THIRD LECTURE Date Time Total hour Lecturer Venue Particulars

5th March 2011 10.00 a.m – 12.00 a.m/p.m 2 hours Mr. Ahmad Rosli Bin Din LR 7 (Block J) 3.3.1 Knowledge Skills -

I. II. III. IV. V. VI.




One who wishes to participate in any recreational activities need to equip oneself with knowledge on various recreational aspects, and certain related skills required: Map reading Survival First aid Swimming Camping craft Compass usage With the said knowledge and skills, the activity becomes more meaningful and one will become very conscious of one’s environment. The given knowledge is also hoped to build a sense of responsibility, especially towards usage of recreational sources. This is to ensure that these resources are maintained for future generations.

3.3.2 Camping -

Camping is the convenient life in the outdoor environment. It involves food preparation, protection and environmental activities. In the meantime, it is essential to ensure that it is comfortable and safe even with limited equipment and supply. Camping can be done in forests, hills, mountains, beach and so on. How to do it ? -

Camping requires planning and preparation to ensure the activity is comfortable and safe The location should be within the law enforcement and the capacity of the mental, physical and equipment. The weather must be taken into consideration since it is the



main factor contributing to comfort, satisfaction and selfability during the activity. Respect the environment. Camping results -

Gives us fun, satisfaction and new challenges in our lives. Keeping us in close contacts with nature beauty and nature life. Practically fulfills our leisure time. Builds up the spirit of spiritual values and social life. Camping spots -

Camping spot is where the tents are fixed. Tents must be fixed as soon as you reach the camping spot and before you start with other things. Venturing for a camping spot must be done at least two hours before dark. This is to give enough time to venture, fix the tent, cook, bathe and so on. The forests in Malaysia gets dark by 6.00pm. Choosing a camp spot I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX.

Choosing a camping spot is the main thing to be considered. When doing so, these are the things to be observed : Activity type. The spot chosen must be flat and wide. Number of days involved. There is protection from wind like the hills. Number of participants. Water is available or near to water hole. Has an interesting view and environment. Exposed to sunlight to dry wet things. Has connection to the road, tracks or pathways for emergencies or to get stock when run out of stock. Don’ts -

When choosing a camping spot or fixing a tent, avoid places like the following:

I. Too near the water hole, especially the river. This is to avoid



sudden floods caused by rain from the upstream. High grass to avoid danger of fire and crawling animals. Thick bushes that slows movement and have many insects. Damp swamps. Muddy area that will dirty the tent and equipment. On high banks or slopes which are slippery and can collapse. Under big tress or lushes with branches that can break and fall during heavy downpour. Animals pathways to avoid being attacked by wild animals (tribe, wild big animal). Sand because it is difficult to fix tents on sand, if using the A shape tent. Cleanliness of camping spot -

Be clean Anywhere you go, you need to remember one thing, cleanliness. Not only do you need to be clean, the camping spot must be also clean so that the camping activity is pleasant not only to you but also to other people who come later. Safety of Camping Area -

To ensure your camping activity is comfortable and safe, please consider the following:

I. Choose a suitable and safe spot as recommended. II. Make sure your tent is always closed when leaving it. III. Mark dangerous spots like slopes, slippery land stubble, fallen IV. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV.


trees and holes. Use something that can avoid crawling animals. Do not let your things be messy. Do not light a fire or smoke in the tent. Torch lights are allowed. Do not cook near the tent. The distance must be at least 10 feet. Do not litter light stubs around, put off the fire before throwing. If the water hole is too small, don’t bathe or wash in it. If you would like to carry out a water activity, check the place out for safety. Do not make noise at the camping area like laughing too loud or too much of shouting. Do not move around separately. You must be accompanied by at least one person when venturing out of the camping at night or day. Use a torchlight when walking at night.


XVI. Inform somebody before going anywhere. XVII. When moving to leave a certain spot, ensure that:

- All members are accounted for. - Fire is put off. - Spot has been cleared. - Holes have been covered XVIII. During emergencies, avoid from being separated from your group unless you have to XIX. Organize a safety watch(sentry) so you and your friends have enough rest (Take the responsibility seriously so that your friends feel safe while sleeping & don’t make noise to ensure your friends can sleep well) Considerations -

Not all camping spots can fulfill needs as mentioned earlier. thing to be considered are :

I. Type of camping like adventuring on foot, cycling, canoeing

boating, motor vehicle and so on II. Camping period. If camping for just a day or a night, it is not necessary to look for the complete characteristics III. Number of participants- if in small groups, the camping spot is not necessarily wie and water requirement is not big bit it is the other way around if going in big groups IV. The environmental is also an important factor in choosing a spot if it is solely for camping, then you need to find a spit with a beautiful view. To know the physical of the spot is better in order to know the equipment required. Camping ethiques -

The location of our camping activity could be near to public places or property owned by other. Thus :

I. Get prior permission from the concerned property owner for the II. III. IV. V. VI. VII.

camping activity. Do not litter around or leave garbage behind Take caution when using fire. Do not dirty the area when fulfilling nature call by improper disposal. Do not abuse private and public properties. Respect the culture and the rights of the local residents. Avoid sensitive acts that can hurt their feelings.


VIII. Do not destroy nature. Always be conservative.

3.3.3 Discussion -

The camping activity for this semester will be conducted on 9 to 10th of April. The location : Bukit Larut, Taiping, Perak.

Total time : 120 minutes


3.4 FOURTH LECTURE Date Time Total hour Lecturer Venue Particulars

19th March 2011 10.00 a.m – 12.00 a.m/p.m 2 hours Mr. Ahmad Rosli Bin Din LR 7 (Block J) 3.4.1 Backpack Reason : -

Backpack is the first equipment to be considered while planning an outdoor recreation or adventure activity. To enable us to carry all sorts of tools and requirement conveniently Form and Type -

Comes in different forms and types. Some have frames (inside or out) some don’t. Some can be used for a day use and some are for longer periods. Some backpacks are created specifically for mountain climbing Material -


Most backpacks are made of nylon because it’s lighter. Some are made of canvass, tarpaulin, etc. For mountain climbing purpose, backpacks are made of more sophisticated material called the “Cordura” (a type of nylon). Other types of nylon are Taffeta and Ballistics. One day backpack -

Normally sling on the shoulder and has no frame. Overnight backpack -

Suitable for outdoor activities that last 3 days. Framed backpack -

Framed on the outside. Divide the weight can be carried comfortably. Avoid the backpack from touching the back of the carrier so



that air flows freely. Allow to carry more weight. For activities more than 10 days. Weight more than 11kg. There are two framed backpack which are internal framed backpack and external framed backpack External framed backpack used for mountain climbing. Forest in Malaysia mainly consists of creep plants and this will distract your journey to the top. External framed backpack specifications: i. Capacity: 4200 cubic inches ii. Pack weight: 5.0pounds iii. Hip belt fits 66” to 54’’ iv. 2 removable side pocket for added convenience. v. Compression straps vi. Sternum strap with added elastic for more freedom of

movement. vii. Shoulder lift system for less shoulder strain and more

comfort. viii. Load stabilizer straps. ix. Moisture management polyester mesh. x. Water resistant and durable, high density ripstop polyester

and oxford weave with polyurethane coating. xi. Separate access to bottom of pack. xii. Hydration system capability with hydration tube exit port and

internal compartment xiii. Includes two-pre-curved aluminium stays for added support. Characteristics to look when selecting a backpack : -

It should be made of a light but strong material. Strong light and separate frame or framed type. With strong lining and has an adjustable belt. With strong lining and straps shaped according to the shoulders. Separate pockets. Spacious at the bottom. Lastest model comes with a system called the “selfadjustable system. How to pack a backpack -

When preparing : loading your backpack is nearly as the gear you take. A well-loaded backpack improves balance and weight distribution, allow you to carry more gear with less





effort. Your body will appreciate a properly loaded backpack, so use this handy guide whenever you are preparing for any kind of backpacking excursion Assemble all the gear you are planning to bring. Whenever possible, place smaller times inside larger ones if they won’t be needed until you make camp. For example: putting your backpacking food inside your cooking pot will help maximize the space inside your backpack. It will help if you separate your gear into three weight groups: light, medium and heaving. Plan to keep at least one water bottle or canteen in a readily accessible location for when you get thirsty on the tail. Loading your Backpack -






When packing your backpack, be sure to keep the weight evenly distributed from side to side. If one side of your pack is heavier than another, it will significantly inhibit your balance. Start packing your pack from the bottom up, and from the “back” out. The “back” refers to the part of the backpack that will rest against your back (meaning “out” refers to the part of the backpack closer to you when loading). You will want the heaviest items packed in such. Pack your sleeping bag at the bottom of your backpack. Depending on the model of backpack, you may have a compartment specifically for your sleeping bag. If you have an external frame backpack or a pack without a sleeping bad compartment, you may to tie your sleeping bag to the bottom of your backpack. Remember that your lightest items should be the furthest from your back to prevent unnecessary stress and torque on your skeletal structure. Remember to avoid loading anything that may shift into the top part of your pack, as this may cause you to lose your balance. You may want to use extra socks or similar soft goods as filler to keep loose items from shifting. Before setting out, try your pack on to make sure there are no items sticking in to your back. Please note the regulations below: -

All supplies must be loaded into the backpack. Avoid hanging things on the backpack. Things that need to be unloaded first must be on the uppermost of the backpack or in the pockets of the backpack




(like food/water along the way, first aid kit, maps and so on). Arrange the things properly to avoid any bulging or wasted space. Balance the weight so that they are equal on both right and left sides. To avoid things from getting wet, load them into a polythene bag before loading into the backpack. Better if the things are wrapped separately before loading into the main polythene bad. Practice yourself by keeping the things in the same space and arrangement of the backpack. This is so you can easily take your things without having to search for them and this certainly helps during the night or emergencies.

3.4.2 Tents -

Your tent is a important piece of camping equipment, if not the most important. The tent is your home away from home. Tents are protection made of cloth canvass or other material that is mobile. It gives protection against wind and rain. Some tents protect from insects and crawling animals. Tents are offered in cabins, triangle, domes and other geometric shapes. Choose a tent that meets your outdoor recreation needs for protection, comfort, size, weight and features. Points to consider when selecting tents: -




Protection: tents chosen must be able to protect from weather like rain, heat, wind and so on. It should also protect from insects and crawling animals. Comfort: The tent should make a comfortable sleeping area and has space to store things. Waterproof: Make sure the tent you buy is waterproof, but it is not easy to find a really waterproof tent. There are some in market come with waterproof coating, non-cracking rubber and silicon treated. Durability: The tent must be light and durable. Can be used in any environment and does not tear easily when used and is washable with water and does not contain bleaching material. Size: Choose a tent with logical size or according to usage. If it is for two persons, it is not practical to use a six pack tent.


The minimal size suitable to be used for camping is a tent for two people. This is so you have a company when you camp. The biggest size suitable is that fits 4 people. Bigger size than that will cause difficult handling in terms of accommodation, storage of thing, cleanliness. Types of tents -



Divided into three categories: bivouac, ridge and frame Bivouac: In French, it means forced camping which means it is simple. This type of camping is done by the Armed Forces on duty in the forest. This tent is suitable when there is no suitable area to put up a normal tent or when the night weather is so good and beautiful that you want to enjoy gazing at the stars and earth phenomenon in the silence of the night. Ridge: It’s heavier, more expensive and consumes more time to fix. This tent is only suitable for camping, involving vehicles, whereby the camping area is not far from the road. For camping where you need to walk and carry weights to reach a camping area, the Frame Tent and the Bivouac are recommended. Frame: This tent consists of “A shape” , “Dome” , different environment, different weather (wind direction, temperature) and the specifications are as follows:

I. 2 pole free standing tent with dual top windows. II. Perfect for stargazing. III. 2 door design lets you out on either side even with the rain fly IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV.

on. Heavy duty YKK zippers and clips. 2 pockets for personal items. 2 inside loops for hanging gear. Full-coverage rainfly with UV resistant 75D diamond rip stop nylon. 40000 PU waterproof coating. Velcro tabs allow for quick access through the doors. Hooded vents and heat taped seams keep you dry. 21000 Oxford nylon bucket style floor with 4000 PU. Ultra-light 9.5mm air-craft quality aluminum poles for durability and simplest set up. Fiberglass frame/poles for simple set up. Free standing so tent can be to optimal position before staking it down. Double stich and bar tack design webbing for longer life and extra durability

19 Fixing tent -

It is important to know how to fix tents. The skill can be acquired by practice. It can be learned from pictures or from an experienced friend. Do not bring a tent that you have no idea how to fix. To fix a tent, you have to follow the following :

I. Fix a tent on a suitable chosen spot II. Makes sure when fixing the tent, the entrance of the tent does



not face the wind direction. This is to avoid the wind because it can be very cold, especially in the mountains. If fixing a tent on sand or soft land, where the pegs can easily fly off, fixed some woods to the ground to hold the strings of the tent. Some will fly off if exposed to strong wind Clean the camping spot from rubbish, stones, stubble and so on The pegs of the tent must be 90% with the ground when fixing them During downpour, the strings of the tent must be loosen slightly Distance between one tent to the other must not be too near that movement is difficult and spreading is easy in case of fire. The best distance is 4 meters apart Tent cleanliness -

Never leave food opened from the can or container in the tent because this will invite flies, ants and other insects into the tent. Put the food outside or make shelves.


Clean the tent from any rubbish and dry whichever part that is wet or damp. Make sure the sunlight can shine into the tent. Do not leave wet or damp clothing in the tent. Avoid putting any wet clothing on any part of the tent.


3.4.3 Sleeping bag -

Can mean the difference but a fun outing and a miserable one. It is the most important piece of equipment of your camping trip. Sleeping bag is your bed away from home. Campers have many choices in selecting a sleeping bag to meet a wide variety of needs. Sleeping bag styles vary from rectangular to mummy. A rectangular style sleeping bags allows more freedom of movement, while a mummy style sleeping bag will generally keep you warmer in colder




temperatures. Some sleeping bags are designed to benefit from both styles. A sleeping bag is used to warm the body while sleeping at night in high areas. On normal ground, it is also needed sometimes because of cold night air from strong winds and heavy rain. By using a sleeping bag that covers the whole body (except the face) the heat is trapped between the skin and the surface of the bag. The trapped heat keeps the body warm. The heating process Is called insulation. From this statement, it is clear that the sleeping bag does not exude heat but traps heat from coming out. Mummy sleeping Bag, square sleeping bag. Specifications:

I. Insulated with water resistance synthetic-mirco-fibre to keep II.


you warm in most conditions. Unlike most bags it use durable, light-weight water resistant rip-stop nylon shell and liner that compresses great and is extremely soft yet tuff. Full contoured style hoods retain more heat and fit your heat for a comfortable sleep. 2 layer offset quilting prevents cold sports by overlapping insulation and seems. Adjustable insulated draft collar creates an airtight closure around upper body. Overlapping insulated draft tube runs the full length of zipper to eliminate heat loss through zipper. YKK zipper is double stitched for extra strength Free compression sack Length: 94’’ Shoulders: 39’’ Foot: 39” Wight: 8.3 lbs. Pack size 19” X 12” Zip: plastic zip is better because it is light and rust free. In the cold night, if your skin touches a metal zip, you will feel cold. Make sure the zip is functioning. The sleeping bag must be exposed to sunlight every morning and make sure it clean and dry.

3.4.4 Clothing Information -

3 pair of clothes. Hat : your head exudes heat for the whole body +/- 40 percent F.Better to cover your head to protect against rain, heat, hard objects and insects.




T-shirt: loose, long sleeves, cotton for hot, wool for cold, better with more than one pocket. Pants: Long pants, loose gives freedom of movement, thick to protect from thorns, better with two pockets in front and two behinds and if possible with pockets on the sides, cotton material for hot weather and wool material for cold weather, track suits for sleeping Under garments: air absorbent, personal item, bath towel, tooth paste, brush, and soap

3.4.5 How to choose hiking /Trekking foot wear: -

As a beginning backpacker choosing the right footwear may be the most important decision. The shoes or boots you choose must be comfortable, durable and protective, mile after mile.

I. Select the appropriate boots or shoes based on your planned

activity. Mountaineering boots must be much heavier and more substantial than day-hiking boots II. Learn about material used to make your footwear whether you need heavy, water proof material or lighter weight and breathable one III. Consider how boot construction will affect your activity IV. Get your feet measured properly and then try on the boots with the appropriate socks. Take a test walk on a flat surface and then an incline and check for any slippage or discomfort. -


Slippers: To relax the foot and expose to fresh air. Shoes: Thick and flowered soles that give comfort and grip. In Malaysia is suitable for jogging. If walking on slippery stones, get a gripping stand before proceeding don’t hurry. On slippery high slopes, gid sloes of shoes into the ground. Socks: wool is the best material; cotton made is not suitable because it can make foot sore. Total time : 120 minutes


3.5 FIFTH LECTURE Date Time Total hour Lecturer Course Particulars

2nd April 2011 10.00 a.m – 12.00 a.m/p.m 2 hours Mr. Ahmad Rosli Bin Din LR 7 (Block J) 3.5.1 Cooking utensils -

Fire: is essential during camping, it’s important for cooking, heating the body and lightning the camping area. Stove: 3 types of stove for cooking: gas stove, gasoline stove and the stove used by the army. Own stove can be made using firewood. The stove is a group equipment.

Gas stove Suitable for camping by motor vehicle because the gas container is very heavy. It’s not suitable for lightweight camping or on foot even though it is easy and fast to use. The cost is also a bit expensive. Gasoline stove This stove is cheap and light but requires skill. Stove Used by the Army It requires a light material that is made of chemical material called “solid fuel”. It’s suitable to cook on mess tins. Another type- a chemical that is put a tin. To use, just light the material in the tin. Firewood stove Needs wood as the lighting material. Also requires skill to light the fire from wood Follow these rules: I. Distance between the stove is 8-10 feet from the tents II. Make a small fire to maintain the cleanliness and safety III. Do not make a fire under the tress’ IV. Put off the fire of unused stoves and cover the embers. V. Wood or stones used to make the stove must be taken out 3.5.2 Cooking/Eating container -


For a group of 4 ppl, a container for 2.5 liter is required. The container must have a handle for easy handling during cooking. Another method is to use the mess tins. One mess tin can cook for 2 ppl only (if anyone eats less, can cook for 3 ppl).



The mess tin is standard in size. Other than mess tin, plate or bowl must be made plastic because it doesn’t break easily. Make sure you do not bring any glass container/equipment.

3.5.3 Water container - For water container, an aluminum or plastic cup is suitable. - It is better to bring along a bottle set as it contains both. - This set can be carried with the belt or put it in the backpack pocket. The reason for the water bottle is for drinking along the way, no glass container/equipment. 3.5.4 Drinking Water Do not drink inflowing water except after boiling. River water flowing from the forest, upstream in the mountains and far from pollution is safe to drink directly. 3.5.6 Personal String: For individual, 4-5 meters long. The good type is the nylon. Usually this string used for hanging clothes and tight for tent if applicable. 3.5.7Polythene Bag To load things before loading into backpacks and other small or big items to avoid from getting wet 3.5.8 Stationeries For recording purpose during journey 3.5.9 Whistle For individual to give signal, specifically during emergencies 3.5.10 Multi-purpose Knife Is a personal tool 4 cutting, opening cans, etc. Keep in your pants or shirt pockets. Make sure it is not rusty. 3.5.11 “Parang” Can be used individually or in a group. Specifically for cutting and is worn at the waist. The best size is 25cm 3.5.12 Matches Individual tool. Wrap it in a small. 3.5.13 Insects Repellent Substances applied to the skin in order to provide protection against


insects, primarily mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, fleas 3.5.14 First aid kit Every individual needs to carry for personal usage. Put where easy to take. 3.5.15 Torch light Individual tool. When carrying in a bag, batteries should be taken out. 3.5.16 Group tools -


Night light: Group tool. For discussion, The Hurricane Gasoline type is suitable. Gasoline lights can be used too(more expensive). Shovel: Is a group tool for digging holes. Is tied to the backpack vertically and the shard. Navigational Tools. Group tool. Map, compass and distance measurer. (according to activities). Torch light: For bigger groups, bring a bigger torchlight to fix the tent. First Aid kit: For groups, a person expert in the medical field should be in charge and be in last row.

3.5.17 Survival items To use if you get lost far from residential areas. Fine salt, fishing hook and string, matches, candles, mirror, lastic and its rubber string, trap string, needles & thread and medical supplies. 3.5.18 Health & personal hygiene Wash your hands before touching any food or use a clean spoon. Cut your fingernails if long. During camping, use slippers to walk. Do not wear wet clothes. Make sure you take anti-malaria pills before venturing into the forest or remote area. Get enough rest and sleep. Do some light exercise once you’re up in the morning. 3.5.19 Bowel Disposal -For bowel disposal, it is best to dig a hole. ½ meter deep, ½ meter X ½ meter wide (the size of the hole depends on the number of participants) .The wall can be made of cloth or leaves. It is best to cover with some sands after each use. It’s even better to use a chemical in the hole. If camping alone, this is not a problem. You can dig a hole for yourself by 15cm deep. Make sure the hole is covered back when leaving the camping area. Make sure the following are observed strictly.Do not dispose near camping spot.


Make a distance at least 100m away. No dispose near water source, distance 100m away. If near a river, do it at downstream. No waste in water 3.5.20 Garbage Disposal Garbage is the main factor dirtying a camping spot. When planning for camping, plan less food that causes much garbage. Do not dispose garbage like food scraps or food everywhere. This can cause bad smell and invite flies. Dig a hole and dispose the garbage there. The distance between the hole and the tents must be 10 meters away and hole must be cover when camping over. Empty can must be buried or taken back along for proper disposed. Avoid fire, if needed, make it as minimum as possible 3.5.21 Climbing rope Rope: During hiking and climbing, we will face very high slopes and cross-rivers with strong current or face emergencies. To those experienced, all that may not be a problem. For a leader leading a group of inexperienced people, safety procedures are important. It’s not to train you become a rock climber but to introduce basic techniques as a preparation to lead a group of inexperienced people. From the discussion and practice below, the above topic can help you to identify and use the climbing rope. Specific rope: The use of rope is for security to protect the user, either a mountain or hill walker. For mountain climbers, the rope is used for climbing The size of rope is ascertained by diameter, 7mm and below is not recommended because of difficult handling. Make use the rope used has been tested as certified by Union des Association Alpinnisme. When we discuss about monitoring the high slopes, the most important tool is the rope. There are many types of ropes used and can be divided into the following: i. Nylon/Polyamide or perlon ii. Hawser laid iii. Kermantle i.

Nylon Generally, is light and is not water absorbent but it has stretch ability and this rope has a low melting point. It can heat up quickly and break with resistance. This is certainly dangerous if you’re taking a group through high slopes.


Hawser Laid aka manila. Generally in Malysia, it limited to big diameter, difficult used in high slope and water absorbent. Normally, it will become heavy when soaked in water and this makes your journey difficult. This rope is also rough and f your use “Figure of Eight” on this rope that has contacted sand, a big resistance will occur which will destroy the “figure of eight”. iii. Kermantle is the breakthrough rope for climbers. In German “ker” means external and “mantle” means fibre stripe/ This characteristic protects the climber from pressure and knotting. Kermantle also has the abrasion resistance. It’s water resistant, easy to carry. Size 45-50m with diameter 9 or 11 mm a. Dynamic rope b. Static rope a. Dynamic rope: important characteristic of this rope is it has “energy absorption capacity” which gives stretch ability against weight(it falls). b. Static rope: its low stretching coefficient, they are unable to absorb energy and therefore not suitable for abseiling/ rappelling activities. This rope needs to achieve the strength limit as set by the Union International des Association d’’ Alpinisme (U.I.A.A) ii.

3.5.22 Knots I. Bowline II. Clove hitch III. Figure of eight IV. Fisherman knot V. Thumb knot Bowline: use the Bowline for tying to objects, animals, or ppl when reliability is important. The bowline is a good knot to tie to a person in a rescue situation(it would not strangle). Clove hitch: strong, easy to detach anchor knot that can be used at the end or in the middle point of the rope Figure of eight: the most secure and common way to tie into your harness. The knot is the strongest if the working end stays on the inside and no strands are crossed. This can also be tied very easily when making a loop. The figure of eight can be untied with ease after it has held weight.


Double fishermen knot: strong and use knot for creating sling and joining rope Thumb knot: Another name for overhand knot. It’s used in place of a figure of eight knot to prevent the end of a rope or fall unreenving through a bloc, but most seamen advise its use because it can jam. 3.5.23 Food Food selection must be based on these criteria: I. Time II. Nutritious III. Cost/budget IV. Weight V. Suitable -







Food for camping must be fast and easy to prepare but this doesn’t mean that food for camping should not be emphasized on. Food for camping should be like the daily fresh food, nutritious, easy to digest and contains sufficient vitamins and protein. This is essential because a lot more energy is used compared to usual time. Even though many tends to eat less during camping. One suitable thing is to prepare an eating schedule. With this schedule, you can decide the type of food for every meal. This will save time and cost. As mentioned above, whatever food you choose, it must be fast and easy to prepare. However, the food must be good to eat and contain all the nutrition and vitamins needed. Wet food like meat fish and vegetables are nutritious but cannot last long if not refrigerated. An alternative is to bring dry and fast foods. Even though, they are dry and fast to prepare, the nutrition and vitamins are maintained. Food for camping must be easy to carry and can last for certain periods. Currently, lots of fast food like soup, mee, dried vegetables or fruit also available. Meat, squid, fish can be used. You only need to consider the quantity and your ability to eat. You can also prepare at home meat and fish which are good to eat and easy to bring for camping and durable activities.


3.5.24 Food planning A guideline in preparing food for your camping trip: Let’s say you are going for a 3 day camping trip during the weekend. You will go after breakfast and expect to arrive at the camping spot in the evening. You must prepare an evening meal and dinner at the camping spot and so on for the next days. Menu- show in table (breakfast, lunch, tea-time & dinner) This example menu gives a true picture of preparing the required meals, for your camping trip. By preparing this type of menu, you can plan on the food amount to prepare for every meal. This way, you know you eat sufficiently and no food requirement is neglected. With this planning, you know what food is suitable for you. Now ur plan even more accurate, no worry about rice, tea, milk, bread, mee and so on. U must remember that too much food will cause u much burden and wastage. While camping, cook just enough for you. Cooking extra is not only wasting time but energy and money as well. 3.5.35 Food distribution When camping in a group, food distribution is important. Make sure every member or participant has equal share. Every participant must bring complete food, not just one type. This will ensure that you can still maintain balanced diet. Methods of wrapping All types of food, dry or wet must be wrapped properly. Plastic containers can be used but ensure they don’t break or open easily. Another method is to wrap the food in plastic. Even though, it was said that this is not recommended, it doesn’t mean that it cannot be used at all. As u may know, plastic versatile if used correctly make ur camping easy. Im usinhg plastic, u can reduce the use of tin and bottle. Make sure u dispose container properly so as not to pollute the environment. Choosing and wrapping method of food is important to maintain comfort, cleanliness and safety. 3.5.26 Drinks Drinks must be carried in light containers. If possible, do not use glass bottles. Glass is heavy and east to break. If you’re carrying drinks that need to be mixed, use a plastic container. However now many drink mix is in powder form. This type is easy to carry, light and east to prepare while it taste good and contains the nutrition. Types of drink should be easy to carry and prepare and can last long whithout any special equipment. Reduce usage if tin containers, bottles and bicarbonate water.


3.5.27 Achievements Some of the achievements enjoyed by an individual after performing physical recreational activities are below: i. Happiness and fun Through past experiences, one can feel the joy and that these experiences contribute to enriching oneself Satisfaction: after joy and fun, feel satisfied and have the sense of being appreciated by other ii. Balance: One needs something in bt outside pressure and inside needs. If this doesn’t exist, one will feel the stress and internal conflicts. The balance can be achieved by involving in physical recreational activities. iii. Creativity: Modern way of life has limited one’s opportunity to create outdoor activities or recreation enable one’s physical to produce creativity iv. Character building: give and take character, co-operation, kindness responsibilities, v. Learning: can learn a lot of new things and widens one’s thinking abilities vi. Freedom: enables one to feel the freedom which is also valuable personally vii. Contest: participants given opportunities to show their talent either compare to other or compare to one’s own previous abilities viii. Social relationship or leadership: social relationship built and maintained Total time : 120 minutes


4.0 PART 2 : LOG OF CAMPING ACTIVITIES & DETAILS 4.1 INTRODUCTION The major event of this co-curriculum activity is camping which was successfully held on 9th April 2011 to 10th April 2011 at Bukit Larut, Taiping, Perak. This camping was participated by students of Recreational & Adventure I (KAM 1051) semester January 2011. This camping was supervised by our lecturer Mr. Rosli Din supported by our captain (Trinh Tuan Duong) and two cocaptains (Hidayatun Nafisah Isa Muddin and Siti Hajar A. Hamid). They managed to lead the camping successfully. The objective of this camping was to expose the students towards the life of being survival in the forest. Moreover, this camping was conducted for the purpose to enhance and sharpen the skills of the students like setting up the tents, cooking, and working together as a team and also to ensure all the students implemented the knowledges and theories learnt throughout the lecture session. Since 12 small groups consists of 4 to 6 students had been formed, therefore, each of them needs to cooperate with each other in order to survive. Everyone of us needs to do and prepare everything from the beginning till the end. We cannot rely on our lecturer since everything had been taught during the class. Therefore, everyone must be really prepared physically and mentally. Only those who were well prepared will be able to overcome all the obstacles and challenges during the camping. Although this camping only conducted for 2 days, I had learnt a lots of new things and gained new experiences especially. These experiences and knowledges are really valuable.
















: 911107035535


: 13237






: JANUARY 2009






: 156cm


: 62 KG




: +6(O13)4116480


: [email protected]


: 9TH APRIL 2011 – 10TH APRIL 2011


: 30 HOURS





4.4 CAMPING LIST 4.4.1 List of equipment provided No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Equipment Tent Mess Tin Ground sheet Gas cylinder Knife Frying Pan Cooking Pot Stove Big Spoon Water Pot Rice Spoon Cup

Unit 20 30 2 1 3 5 4 3 5 2 4 70

4.4.2 List of menu












9/4/2011 (SATURDAY)

10/4/2011 (SUNDAY)


4.4.3 List of raw materials No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Items Sandwich Bread Jam Rice Maggi Sardine Chicken Curry Cooking oil Sugar, Salt, Sos, Seasoning Tea Vegetables (Carrot, Long Beans, Onion, Garlic,) Fried Rice & Mixed Vegetable paste Eggs Anchovies Flour Chillies

Quantity 13 packs 13 tins 20kg 13 packs 26 tins 13 tins 9 litres Centralized 100 pieces 13 26 packs 70 eggs 300 grams 2 kg 2 packs

4.4.4 List of personal belongings No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Items Clothes Pants Toiletteries set Sports Shoes Mineral Water 1.5 L Backpack Slipper Towel Torch light Food / pack

Unit 4 4 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1


4.5 CAMPSITE LOCATION HISTORY Bukit Larut was founded in 1888 and is Malaysia's oldest hill resort. It rises to a height of 1,035 meters, just 3km (10 mins drive) from Taiping, Perak. It is located in the wettest part of the country, as the hill station experiences the highest rainfall in the country. William Edward Maxwell who was appointed as Assistant Resident of Perak in 1875 worked and lived in the Larut area. Taiping was a beautiful basin, surrounded by lush tropical jungle and lofty hills. The cool, jungle air brought in by the morning breeze prompted Maxwell on a quest for a hill station that sourced this place for hill resort. Hence Bukit Larut was formerly called as 'Maxwell Hill'. The road leading up to the 1,000m high summit, winds through lush shady forest. After the ride up, you will be rewarded with fresh and cool hill top air and a breathtaking view at the Larut Rest house. 4.6 WEATHER 9TH APRIL 2011 Evening Night

: Sunny , cloudy and rainy : Cloudy and rainy

10TH APRIL 2011 Morning Afternoon

: No rain and cloudy : No rain and cloudy

4.7 GROUP Group name Group members 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

: Soley – Soley :-

Muhammad Imran Muiz Bin Abidin Muhammad Syafiq Bin Samsuddin (Group leader) Noor Farahin Bt Mohd Morshidi Eza Syahera Bt Zulkurnain Mohd Zulfadhli Bin Abd Wahid Amin Fahim Bin Abu Mansor Muhamad Ezham Syazwan Bin Yaacob


4.8 CAMPING & JOURNEY REPORT 4.8.1 Day 1 : Saturday Date

9th April 2011

Particulars Time : 9.30 a.m – 10.30 a.m Venue : UTP Bus Parking, In front of V2 -

All students gathered. The captain named as Tony gave some briefing on camping. All students were listening to him. The task were distributed to each group. Group Soley-Soley were asked to take stove at V6 store. All items provided by UTP for camping were collected at V6 store. - Before we departed, the waiver form was fulfilled and submitted by the students. - The students leave the UTP to Bukit Larut, Taiping at 10.00 a.m. - The journey took two hours. Time : 12.30 p.m – 12.00 p.m/a.m Venue : Campsite, Bukit Larut, Taiping - At 12.30 p.m, the two UTP buses arrived at the campsite at Bukit Larut, Taiping. - The weather at this time is still clear and sunny. - While waiting to our instructor to reach the campsite, we took our lunch at the stall nearby the campsite. The foods were cheap and delicious. Most of us ate ‘Laksa Penang’ and fried rice. - At 1.30 p.m, the muslims performed the prayer at the ‘surau’ nearby the campsite. - At 2.00 p.m, we took out all our belongings from the bus and we entered the campsite. All students were very happy and excited to start the camping. - In the campsite, the students were gathered and some briefing was given by our captain, Captain Tony. He divided the students into 2 main groups which were the cleaning group (to clean all the stuffs/equipments provided and to clean the campsite) and the cooking group (to prepare and serve meal for the students). - Mr Amin Fahim from my group was appointed as one of the cleaning group and Miss Farahin and Miss Eza were appointed to be in cooking group. - The rest of students were asked to setup the tents. - Before we started our work, we were having a safety briefing by a guard there who were taking care of that side and asked us to









keep the campsite clean. He also gave some advices to us to gain as many as possible knowledge throughout the camp besides he asked us to continue our hard work in studying. He was so kind as he shared his experience that inspire us to be a good student. Some tents could not be setup due to lack of items provided. Some guys helped the female students to setup their tents. After we finished setting up the tents, the weather turned cloudy and in few minutes, the rain fall down. Luckily the tents were successfully setup before the rain fall down. Then all of the students were having rest except for those who were preparing for our dinner. At 4.00 p.m, our instructor/lecturer Mr. Ahmad Risli Bin Din arrived at the campsite. We did an ice breaking session. We got to know each other better by singing some songs and did some cheers taught by Mr. Muhamad Salman from KBV4C group. After that, Mr. Ahmad Rosli joined us. He brought some ropes and we did some knots. He asked all the students to practiced the 5 knots and showed to him how to do the knots. He also asked us to explain on what is the function of each knots. Actually, the knot had been taught by him during the lecture session. At 6.00 p.m, the cooking team finished cooking and we had dinner together and then we went for self preparation. At 8.00 p.m, after performing the prayer, all the students were attending the briefing session given by our instructor, Mr Ahmad Rosli Bin Din and Mr Tony. They briefed us on the night safari trip at Taiping Zoo and sentry task. For your kind information, my group was asked to wake up for sentry 2.00 a.m to 3.00 a.m. Then, we departed to the Taiping Zoo, visiting the night safari. We walked for 20 minutes to reach the zoo. To enter the zoo, each of us must pay RM 12.00. It was cheap and affordable for one night safari experience. This was my first time visiting the night safari and it was a great experience. At the zoo, we saw some pets and wild animals which were very active at the night. We saw, lions, snakes, crocodiles, arapaima fish (the very big fish), parrots, owls, rabbits and so on. We were asked to exit the zoo before 11.15 p.m. Then we went back to the campsite. We had instant noodle and hot tea for our supper. At 12.00 p.m/a.m, midnight, those who had not finished their knots test were continue to finish the test. While some of the students went for sleeping and some of us went for sentry.


4.8.2 Day 2 : Sunday Date

10th April 2011

Particulars Time : 2.00 a.m – 3.00 a.m Venue :Campsite, Bukit Larut, Taiping - My group Soley –Soley were appointed to guard all the participants at this time. - We did sentry to take care of the safety of the participants. - Luckily and thanks to God, no bad thing happened at this time. All the participants could have enough rest. - Four your kind information, this was my first time being the guard. It was a nice memory to be remembered. - I was so tired. After sentry, I went for sleeping. Time : 4.00 a.m – 12.00 a.m/p.m Venue :Campsite, Bukit Larut, Taiping - At 6.00 a.m, we performed our subuh prayer (for muslims). Then we did some light exercises to energize ourselves. - The cooking team start preparing for breakfast. They made hot tea, sandwich bread with jam and fried rice. - At 7.00 a.m we took our breakfast. - At 8.00 a.m, we gathered and listened to the briefing on jungle trekking given by Mr Ahmad Rosli Bin Din. He also briefed to us to packed all belongings and items provided by UTP before 3.00 p.m since we will leave the campsite at 3.00 p.m. - Then, we went for jungle trekking. Some of us did not go for jungle trekking due to preparing the lunch for all of us. - The slope of the hill was from 500 up to 800. It was so challenging. Some of us were very fast and some of us were very slow. - At 1.00 p.m, jungle trekking was over. While some were preparing for our lunch, some are setting down the tents. They also packed everything. - The rest were cleaning the camp site as ordered by the Mr. Ahmad Rosli earlier. - After that, we were having lunch together. - Then we departed from Bukit Larut, Taiping to UTP. - Everybody was so tired. Most of us fall asleep inside the bus in all the way back to UTP. - Actually we were tired but happy. - The camping were ended.



Picture 5.1 The tents provided by UTP. The left tent was setup by my group (Soley-soley).

Picture 5.2 Some of the participants. On our way to campsite.

Picture 5.3 During jungle trekking. I’m taking picture with the floras behind.


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