Qualcomm 5g Vision Presentation

March 8, 2018 | Author: Usama Javed | Category: 4 G, Wireless, Mobile Technology, Networks, Mobile Telecommunications
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June 2015

Qualcomm’s 5G vision


Mobile is the largest technology platform in history

~7.5 billion connections, almost as many as people on earth1


Evolving into Internet of Everything: cars, meters, sensors, health devices, etc.

~7.5B connections (~3.7B subs) — GSMA Intelligence, May ’15.

More prevalent than electricity or running water in some regions

At the center of breakthrough experiences like 4K UHD video

Mobile has made a leap every ~10 years

1G Analog voice AMPS, NMT, TACS



Digital voice

Mobile broadband




Faster and better MBB LTE, LTE Advanced


Mobile surpassed fixed-line, then PC Human communication

Era of mobile phones

Primary communication device

Era of Smartphones

Center of new experiences and services

4 Smartphone installed base surpassed PC (desktops, notebooks, premium ultramobiles) in 2013 (Gartner, Mar. ’14), Fixed connections per ITU, mobile per GSMA. MBB per GSMA, Jul. ’14; Fixed connections: BB per WBIS, Oct. ’14

5G to meet significantly expanded connectivity needs Building on the transformation started in 4G

Requires a new connectivity paradigm

Human communication

Also scaling to connect virtually anything, anywhere

Best effort data

Also, new kinds of ultra reliable control & discovery services

Device as end-points

Also new and intelligent ways to connect and interact

Disparate networks

Convergence of access, spectrum types, services


new services

new industries and devices

Empowering new user experiences




Across an extreme variation; from battery powered things, to extreme broadband, to ultra-reliable control

New ways of connecting and interacting— devices no longer end-points—with uniform experiences and more capacity

Unifying platform for all spectrum and services, enabling flexible deployment, subscription and business models

© 2015 Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.


In parallel: driving 4G and 5G to their fullest potential



LTE Advanced

Fully leverage 4G investments Improve cost and energy efficiency Enable a wide range of new services A unified, much more capable platform

5G standardization for 2020 launch First phase of 5G expected to focus on enhanced mobile broadband 3GPP




R17 and beyond

5G Study Items 5G Work Items

5G Work Items

5G evolution

First launch

Full system



Support current and emerging services Massive number of things Connect everything

Smart homes/ buildings/cities

Mobile broadband

New form factors, wearables and sensors

Proximal and aware services Sensing what’s around, autonomous vehicles

New ways of interacting

Health services and emergency response

Critical infrastructure, protection and control

Missioncritical services Failure is not an option

Enhancing the foundation Extreme mobile broadband indoor/outdoor

Remote control, process automation


Scalable across an extreme variation Deep coverage

Strong security Ultra-low energy

Ultra-low complexity

Massive number of things

Ultra-high reliability

Mission critical

Ultra-low latency

Ultra-high density

Extreme capacity

Enhanced broadband Flawless mobility

Extreme broadband

Deep awareness

Scaling up to extreme mobile broadband Virtual reality

Tactile Internet

• 720Mbps+ for multi-viewing angles • < 50ms e2e latency

• 1ms e2e latency from action to feedback, e.g. time from joy-stick action to virtual object movement and haptic feedback

UHD video streaming

3D/UHD telepresence

• Multi-Gbps for uncompressed 4K/8K videos • 120Mbps for compressed 8K video at 120fps

• 100’s of Mbps to multi-Gbps for video calls with lifelike audiovisual contents depending on quality requirements

Ultra-fast media download

Demanding conditions

• Multi-Gbps required for downloading a 4K movie at a drive-in kiosk in seconds

• Ultra-high user density, such as sports venues • High speed mobility e.g. high-speed trains & vehicle infotainment


Scaling down to connect low cost ‘things’ Sample use cases Smart cities/buildings Smart homes Object tracking

Smart energy management Remote sensors/ actuators

Ultra efficient and low cost communications Ultra-high density

Extreme number of low to medium data rate devices per cell

Low power consumption

Multi-years battery life for remote sensors and devices, weeks for wearables

High efficiency

Reduced per-device CapEx and OpEx, reduced system overhead

High flexibility

Effectively provision/manage diverse user, device and subscription types

Long range

Deep indoor coverage, e.g. for sensors located in basements

Strong security

Ensure data security/confidentiality and signaling integrity, resilience to denial of service attack.

Wearables & fitness Security & surveillance


New ultra-reliable, low-latency, mission critical services Energy/Smart Grid

Industrial Automation

• Substation protection & control1 − e2e latency as low as 3ms − Rate of lost command as low as 1e-8

• Process automation2 − e2e latency as low as 5ms − Packet loss rate as low as 1e-4 • Human machine Interface for e.g. tactile Internet and augmented reality2 − e2e latency as low as 1ms


Aviation and Robotics

• Cooperative vehicles and other vehicle safety related functions − e2e latency from 20ms3 and lower

• Unmanned aerial systems command and control - e2e latency from 50ms and lower4 • Robots for remote handling with haptic feedback - e2e latency from 25ms5 and lower

1: IEC61850 and IEC60834. 2. Industry sources. 3. NHTSA, “Vehicle Safety Communications Project Task 3 Final Report”, March 2005. 4. Qualcomm internal research. 5. “Experimental Investigation of Radio Signal Propagation in Scientific Facilities for Telerobotic Applications” Intech intl’ Journal for Adv. Robotics System. 2013, Vol. 10, 364:2013



Devices not just end-points—integral parts of network And multiple enablers for uniform experiences and more capacity


Devices not just end-points—integral parts of network Multi-hop to extend coverage

Device-to-device discovery and communications

Integrated access and backhaul, relays


And multiple enablers for uniform user experiences and more capacity Context and service awareness

Full SelfConfiguration

Truly unplanned deployments

Hyper dense deployments

Beam forming


Coordinated Spatial Techniques Advanced Receivers

Massive Spatial Processing 18

Achieving truly edgeless connectivity with 5G Devices no longer just end-points—with uniform experiences and more capacity


A unified platform

Unified 5G design across spectrum types and bands Building on the OFDM foundation adapted to new extremes

Licensed Spectrum

Shared Licensed Spectrum

Unlicensed Spectrum

Cleared spectrum

Complementary licensing

Multiple technologies




Below 1 GHz: longer range, massive number of things Below 6 GHz: mobile broadband, mission critical Above 6 GHz including mmWave: for both access and backhaul, shorter range

Flexible and scalable network Virtualized network functions


Dynamically distributed based on mobility

Modular core network

Multi access to a single core network


And simultaneous connectivity


Scale from wide area deployments to hotspot nodes

Distributed Architecture Reduced overall cost, reduced backhaul and lower energy

Flexible business models Deployment, subscription, charging

Lower latency Such as control and user plane closer to edge

Edge security Design for less-trusted nodes 22

Simultaneous connectivity to leverage 4G investments Small cell

5G Carrier Aggregation1 5G above 6GHz


5G/4G/3G/Wi-Fi multimode device 5G below 6GHz

5G below 6GHz

4G and Wi-Fi


Simultaneous connectivity across 5G, 4G and Wi-Fi



5G Above 6GHz

to integrated MAC across sub 6 GHz and above 6 GHz

4G 4G or 5G below 6GHz

4G Macro

5G Macro

Scalable from wide area to local area deployments Wide area network

Local area network

Operators MVNOs


Network sharing/hosting

Consumers Neutral host


Flexible business and subscription models

New subscription models

Flexible charging models

• From one subscription that covers all connectivity needs to services with no subscription • Dynamic, simplified provisioning

• Separate access to and use of the network • Sponsored connectivity • Cost based connectivity selection

New operational models, 3rd party access

Context and service awareness

• Dynamic MVNOs and network sharing models • Hosted virtualized network functions to speed up service launch • New deployment models, e.g. truly unplanned

• To differentiate services and empower new experiences • Network could look differently depending on the use • Monetize subscriber and usage knowledge

A unified 5G platform for expanded connectivity needs Unified air interface For all spectrum (licensed, shared, unlicensed) and services, built on the OFDM foundation adapted to 5G

Cost and energy efficiency Flexibly scales for new deployment and business models, and fully leverages 4G and Wi-Fi investments

Edgeless connectivity New ways of connecting and interacting —devices no longer end-points—with uniform experiences and more capacity

New and enhanced services Scalable from battery powered things, to extreme broadband, to new ultra-reliable mission critical control services

5G: not just a new generation, but a new kind of network Scalable


Enabling new services


Connecting new industries and devices

Empowering new user experiences

27 27

Thank you Follow us on: For more information on Qualcomm, visit us at: www.qualcomm.com & www.qualcomm.com/blog © 2015 QUALCOMM Technologies, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Qualcomm is a trademark of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and other countries, used with permission. Other products or brand names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. References in this presentation to “Qualcomm” may mean Qualcomm Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other subsidiaries or business units within the Qualcomm corporate structure, as applicable. Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomm’s licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent portfolio. Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of Qualcomm’s engineering, research and development functions, and substantially all of its product and services businesses, including its semiconductor business, QCT.

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