Purifier

April 8, 2019 | Author: Sankash Sood | Category: Bearing (Mechanical), Water, Clutch, Valve, Centrifuge
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Created by Ankur Sharma, Gurudayal Srivastava, Vikram Singh, Sanket Tamhane Tamhane 1. WHAT ARE CENTRIFUGES?  THESE ARE THE DEVICES USED FOR SEP SEPARATING ARATING IMPURITIES FROM FROM FUEL OIL & LUBE LUBE OIL IMPURITIES CAN BE SOLID (ASH,MET (ASH, METAL AL PARTICLE PARTICLE ETC) OR LIQUID (CHEMICALS (CHEMI CALS & WA WATER) •



2. WHAT IS THE PRINCIPLE ON WHICH PURIFIER WORKS? WHEN BOWL/TANK IS ROTATED, CENTRIFUGAL FORCE WILL THROW ANY PARTICLE WITH DENSITY GREATER THAN THE OIL TO THE PERIPHERY OF BOWL. FORCE OF SEPARA SEPARATION TION CAN BE GIVEN BY BY THE STOKE’S FORMULA FORMUL A I.E., F  !/" # D$ ( % ' % )  * ++++++++++++() WHERE D  DIAMETER OF IMPURITY PARTICLE/OIL GLOBULE ( % ' % )  DENSITY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WATER & OIL.  W  ANGULAR VELOCITY OF THE DISC.  R  EFFECTIVE RADIUS/ DISTANCE OF IMPURITY PARTICLE FROM BOWL CENTRE. FOR THIS DIAMETER OF BOWL TO BE INCREASED. BUT THERE IS LIMITATION BECAUSE OF BALANCING PROBLEM. •





3. WHAT IS INTERF I NTERFACE? ACE? WHEN SEPARATION STARTS BY CENTRIFUGAL FORCE, IT FORMS THREE ONES I.E. -. HEAVIER LIQUID/PARTICLE PHASE NEAR PERIPHERY OF BOWL . LIGHT LIQUID/CLEAN OIL PHASE NEAR CENTER OF THE BOWL. & $. MIDDLE NEUTRAL PHASE .THIS GRADUALLY BECOMES LESS & EVENTUALLY FORMS THIN DIVIDING LINE BETWEEN THE TWO ONES .THIS DIVIDING LAYER IS CALLED INTERFACE OR E+LINE.  THE POSITION OF INTERF INTERFACE ACE DECIDES DECIDES THE DEGREE DEGREE OF PURIFICA PURIFICATION  THE OPTIMUM POSITION POSITION OF INTERFACE INTERFACE IS BETWEEN BETWEEN EDGE OF DISC STACK STACK & THE OUT OUT SIDE EDGE OF THE TOP DISC. POSITION OF INTERFACE CAN BE FI#ED BY USING CORRECT SIE OF GRAVITY DISC. •







4. WHAT IS GRAVITY DISC? GRAVITY DISC IS A RING FITTED AT THE TOP OF DISC STACK FROM WHERE WATER (HEAVIER PHASE) IS PASSING OUT. OUTSIDE DIAMETER OF GRAVITY DISC IS FI#ED & INSIDE DIAMETER CAN VARY DEPENDING UPON SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF THE OIL TO BE PURIFIED. FOR THIS PURPOSE DIFFERENT SETS OF GRAVITY DISCS ARE SUPPLIED WITH EVERY CENTRIFUGE. •





 THE SIE OF THE THE DAM RING RING CAN BE SELECTED SELECTED WITH THE FOLLOWING DA DATA.

A) VISCOSITY OF THE OIL. B) SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF THE OIL. C) TEMPERATURE OF THE OIL. D) TEMPERATURE OF WATER. 5. METHODS TO SELECT CORRECT SIZE OF GRAVITY DISC? -. USING THE MONOGRAMS GIVEN IN MANUAL WHICH IS BASED ON OIL DENSITY & SEPARATING TEMP. . BY USING THE FORMULA. $. BY TRIAL & ERROR METHOD. 6. WHAT IS TRIAL  ERROR METHOD? IF THE GRAVITY DISC (INSIDE DIAMETER) IS CORRECT SIE , INTERFACE WILL BE FORMED BETWEEN EDGE OF DISC STACK & OUTSIDE EDGE OF THE TOP MOST DISC . WITH THIS CLEAN OIL OUTLET IS CLEAR OF WATER & WATER DISCHARGE IS CLEAR OF OIL . IF INSIDE DIAMETER IS TOO LARGE, THE INTERFACE WILL BE FORMED OUTSIDE THE TOP DISC EDGE. CLEAN OIL WILL PASS TO THE WASTE THROUGH WATER OUTLET & CLEAN OIL OUTLET WILL BE CLEAR OF WATER. IF INSIDE DIAMETER IS TOO SMALL, THE INTERFACE WILL BE FORMED WITHIN THE DISC STACK & SEPARATING EFFICIENCY WILL REDUCE. WITH THIS CLEAN OIL WILL CONTAIN WATER & THE WATER DISCHARGE WILL BE CLEAR OF OIL. •





!. HOW ARE THE FOLLOWING FACTORS AFFECT INTERFACE?

". HOW AND WHERE SEPARATION OF IMPURITY IS DONE?

#. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE $ETWEEN PURIFIER AND CLARIFIER? PURIFIER  THE LOWER DISC HAS HOLES SEPARATES WATER & HEAVY SOLID IMPURITIES  TWO OUTLETS ON TOP, EACH FOR WATER & OIL  TOP DISC WITH NECK. GRAVITY DISC ON TOP OF DISC STACK. REQUIRE SEALING WATER WHILE STARTING. PROVIDED WITH AUTOMATIC CLEANING ARRANGING. CLARIFIER  THE LOWER DISC HAS NO HOLES. SEPARATES ONLY FINER PARTICLES.  THERE IS ONLY ONE OUTLET ON TOP. DISC WITHOUT NECK  CLARIFIER DISC WITH SMALLER NECK  DOES REQUIRE SEALING WATER.  TO BE CLEANED MANUALLY •



























1%. WHAT IS MANUAL CLEANING AND SELF CLEANING? MANUAL CLEANING IN THIS TO CLEAN THE BOWL AND DISC, THE BOWL PART IS TO BE DISMANTLED, AND THE DISCS ARE TO BE TAKEN OUT.  THESE ARE TO BE CLEANED WITH DIESEL OIL AND PLAIN CLOTH. THE BOWL IS ALSO TO BE CLEANED IN A SIMILAR FASHION.  IN CASE PARTS OF THE BOWL IS CLEANED THOROUGHLY AND THE OTHER PARTS CLEANED POORLY, CAUSE UNBALANCE OF THE BOWL WHICH FURTHER RESULT IN VIBRATION AND DAMAGE TO THE BEARING. ALSO IMPROPER CLEANING RESULTS IN PLUGGING IN SOME PARTS WITH SLUDGE WHICH FURTHER AFFECTS THE PERFORMANCE OF THE BOWL OPERATIONS. SELF CLEANING A SELF CLEANING CENTRIFUGE DOES NOT REQUIRE DISMANTLING. WATER WASH IS GIVEN DURING RUNNING PERIOD ONLY. •



















FOR THIS THE BOWL IS CONSTRUCTED WITH A CONICAL SURFACE AND HYDRAULICALLY OPERATED OPENING AND CLOSING VALVE MECHANISM.  THE SLUDGE DISCHARGE TAKES PLACE THROUGH A NUMBER OF SLOTS IN THE BOWL WALL. DURING NORMAL RUNNING CONDITIONS THESE SLOTS ARE CLOSED BY THE SLIDING BOWL. FOR THIS, SLIDING BOWL IS FORCED UPWARDS AGAINST A SEAL RING BY THE PRESSURE OF THE OPERATING LIQUID CONTAINED IN THE SPACE BELOW IT.  THIS OPERATING LIQUID OUTER BALANCES THE DOWNWARD PRESSURE FROM THE PROCESS LIQUID INSIDE THE BOWL.

11. WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR PURIFIER OVERFLOWING? -. WRONG SELECTION OF GRAVITY DISC, GRAVITY DISC OF BIGGER SIE. . TOO MUCH RATE OF THROUGHPUT $. TOO LOW FUEL OIL TEMP . TOO MUCH SLUDGE INSIDE THE BOWL . LOW SPEED OF BOWL ROTATION ". OIL IS E#CESSIVELY HEATED UP. 0. SEALING RING OF BOWL IS LEAKING 1. OPERATING WATER FAILURE 2. BOWL HAS NOT CLOSED PROPERLY -3.OIL PAIRING DISC ARE WORN OUT --.OPERATING WATER FLOW IS NOT PROPER -.HEIGHT OF BOWL IS NOT PROPERLY AD4USTED -$.CLUTCH PADS ARE WORN OUT OR SLIPPING 12. WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR WATER CARRIED AWAY WITH OIL? -. GRAVITY DISC IS SMALLER. . INTERFACE WILL SHIFT INWARD $. FEED RATE IS TOO HIGH . BOWL DISC IS DIRTY . THROUGHPUT IS TOO HIGH 13. WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR E&CESSIVE VI$RATION? -. S56789 : ;67?:@> 7?;9* & *@>8 [email protected]*9 $. B9?*@>8 [email protected]*9 . W*> 89?* . U>99> 9?*  *@?5 8 [email protected]*9 M:* *6>>@>8 ?: 9*5?7 O>9 =?9 9* [email protected]*9 ([email protected]>859 =?@>8) S6; @5 5995 : [email protected]= V9*:@7 =*@>:?5 =?: ?*9 6:  [email protected]>;9>:

1!. WHY NEED SEALING WATER?  T 9?5 :=9 ?:9* 6:59: & : *99>: :=9 9*J  @5 *; :=9 ?:9* 6:59:. 1". HOW TO AD(UST $OWL HEIGHT? B :6*>@>8 9*:@ :=9 =9? @5 O9> =9?:9*  ? ?59. C597 :=9 F. O =9?:9* :9?; @>/6: ?59. O9> =9?:9* 7*[email protected]> /.

2%. HOW TO CANGE PURIFIER TO CLARIFIER? O9> 6 :=9 6*@9* ?>7 9: :=9 [email protected]>7 [email protected]< ?: :=9 ::;  :=9 [email protected]< :?8 ?:9* @>59: [email protected]>9. 21. WHAT IS PAIRING DISC? I: @ ? :?:@>?* @;9559* ;6>:97 @> ? 9 @ 9*: :=9 *:?:@>8 9>9*8 @>: ? *96*9 =9?7. I: @ 697 : *9;9 @5 ?>7 ?:9* *; 6*@9*. I: * > :*@9:?5 *: :[email protected]> 5?9* & 8 [email protected]:?> [email protected]8 9?*?:@>  @5 *; =9?9* [email protected][email protected] & [email protected] ?*:@7 @>@:@?:9 ? =6: 7> =9> 95 ? 9: ?569. . H9? =?9 9*J+ [email protected] =? ? ;6 :[email protected]> ? J?:. T=9 6:59: *; :=9 :?> @ *9:*@ 67 : [email protected]:@?:9 ?> ?5?*; ?>7 =6: 7> $. B5 >: 9>+ :[email protected] ;? 9 7>9 @> 99*?5 ?, :@7 ?:9*. T=9 ;:* : *@9 6>:@5 655 997 @ *9+9:?[email protected]=97. [email protected] @ 79:9@>8 *95? . W?:9* @> @5+ [email protected] 6>7 > ;79*> 79@8> [email protected]:97 @> :=9 @5 [email protected]7 =6: 7> ". L :*5/9?5 ?:9* *96*9 )W=9*9 :*5 ?:9* @ 6[email protected] @? ? 97 ;?55 =9?79* :?> ? J?: @:
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