International School of Information Management University of Mysore
Project Report on Scenario of Cyber crimes in India
Submitted To – Prof. AVR Rao
Dated on 30/10/2010
Submitted By, Names Rajalekshmi C
Roll No 22
Email id [email protected]
Samatha K P Sowmya S
n [email protected] [email protected]
Scenario of Cyber crimes in India Summary: The number of crimes in cyber space is rapidly multiplying in India. It is important for every citizen of India to know about what is happening in cyber world and how to protect ourselves from these crimes. Each time newer, cunningly plotted plans have been induced by the hackers to harm the users of internet to create a chaos in the cyber world. We have to take measures to lessen it in every little way possible to make our country a better place to live in. In the report we are going to mention about revolution of cyber crimes in India, some recent cases and the statistics in Indian scenario.
Introduction: The below picture clearly shows that the cyber crime had emerged in early 1970’s and had very basic cases, because of the advancement of the technology, the cases as increased rapidly and today Indian Cyber crimes are one of the big scandalous crimes which are increasing geometrically in a democratic country like ours – INDIA. According to the research taken by internet crime complaint centre of USA, it was found that our country is ranking 5th position in number of cybercrime cases . It’s not an achievement to tell proudly outside. We should be ashamed of this status and should take necessary actions to reduce the amount of cyber crimes.
 www.slideshare.net Cyber Crime Law Enforcement in India. In the earlier times, crimes were quite easy to detect but after the emergence of criminal activities in the world of cyber space it has become a tedious work to detect such crimes and punish those people who indulge in such malpractices.
 www.slideshare.net Cyber Crime Law Enforcement in India. The reason for increase in the cyber crime is because of following reasons: 1. The people were feared because of the negative publicity. 2.
They were not aware that police had equipped to handle such cyber crime cases.
3. They were feared of further cyber attack. 4. They were not aware of Cyber Laws. 5. They were fear of false arrest concerns.
Types of Cyber Crimes: Cyber Crimes can be broadly classified in to three categories: 1. Crime against Government: Cyber Terrorism and etc.
2. Crime against property: software privacy, copyright violation and etc. 3. Crime against people: Example: Cyber Pornography, Stalking and etc.
Statistical Survey of Cyber Crimes in India: According to National Crime Records Bureau , cyber crimes are punishable under two categories: 1. Offences registered under the IT Act and 2. Offences registered under IPC (Indian Penal Code).
1. 288 cases were registered under IT Act during the year 2008 as compared to 217 cases during the previous year (2007) thereby reporting an increase of 32.7% in 2008 over 2007. 22.6% cases (65 out of 288 cases) were reported from Kerala followed by Karnataka (57), Maharashtra (37), Andhra Pradesh (25) and Tamil Nadu (21). 36.4% (105 cases) of the total 288 cases registered under IT Act 2000 were related to obscene publication / transmission in electronic form, normally known as cyber pornography. 90 persons were arrested for committing such offences during 2008. There were 138 cases of Hacking with Computer System during the year wherein only 56 persons were arrested. Out of the total (138) Hacking cases, the cases relating to Loss / Damage of computer resource/utility under Sec 66(1) of the IT Act were 40.6% (56 cases) whereas the cases related to Hacking under Section 66(2) of IT Act were 59.4% (82 cases). Andhra Pradesh (19), Maharashtra (15) and Kerala (10) registered maximum cases under Sec 66(1) of the IT Act out of total 56 such cases at the National level. Out of the total 82 cases relating to Hacking under Sec. 66(2), most of the cases (54 cases) were reported from Karnataka followed by Kerala (7) and Delhi (5).
2. 176 cases were registered under IPC during the year 2008 as compared to 339 cases during the previous year (2007) thereby reporting decrease of 48.1%. Andhra
Pradesh reported maximum number of such cases (78 out of 176 cases or 44.3%) followed by Punjab 20.4% (36 cases) and Chhattisgarh 10.8% (19 cases). Majority of the crimes out of total 176 cases registered under IPC fall under 2 categories viz. Criminal Breach of Trust or Fraud (79) and Forgery (55). Although such offences fall under the traditional IPC crimes, these cases had the cyber overtones wherein computer, Internet or its enabled services were present in the crime and hence they were categorized as Cyber Crimes under IPC. The Cyber Forgery (55 cases) accounted for 0.08 % out of the 66,579 cases reported under Cheating. The Cyber Frauds (79) accounted for 0.48% of the total Criminal Breach of Trust cases under IPC (16,487). The States such as Andhra Pradesh (105), Punjab (45), and Chhattisgarh (24) have reported higher arrests for Cyber Crimes registered under IPC. The Cyber Forgery cases were the highest in Andhra Pradesh (33) followed by Punjab (7) and Tamil Nadu (4). The cases of Cyber Fraud were highest in Andhra Pradesh (21) followed by Punjab (19) and Gujarat (16).
 CRIME IN INDIA 2008 COMPENDIUM, NATIONAL CRIME RECORDS BUREAU MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS.
Some of the real time scenarios of cyber crime in India: 1. One case was seen in an online social networking community website”ORKUT”. Here a fake profile of a woman was created on Orkut which comprises the name of the lady, her relationship status, her personal information like her residence address, phone number. They mention the correct name with her real photograph and give false information about her, maybe as a woman with “loose character”. Few members of Orkut who find that information would try contacting her causing her lot of mental torture as she will be victim who is being defamed in a society. This sort of a crime comes under Section 67 of Information Technology Act and section 509 of the Indian Penal Code and those who are punishable are the directors of Orkut along with those who create and published fake profiles. 
2. This case was encountered in the year 2008 on March 18 th where a 16 year old science student of class 12 from Ahmedabad was caught for sending a prank email with a subject highlighted as breaking news to a private news channel – It was quoted as follows “Threatening to blow up Andheri Railway station by Dawood Ibrahim gang”. This case was filed in Andheri police station under section 506 of IPC and transferred to the cyber crime investigation cell. During the enquiry, the Police came to a conclusion that the email was sent from a local cyber café and on further investigation they managed to find out that this work was done by a group of college students who revealed that the email was sent by a single person. On 22nd March 2008 the police arrested the boy involved, who upon questioning confessed he did it for fun to just have his prank message flashed on news channel.  3. Bandra-based business man Al – Naseer Zakaria email account was hacked by an unknown person. This person sent mails from Zakaria’s account to his relatives requesting for money claiming that he was stranded in abroad. Zakaria filed a case in Mumbai police station with regard to this where he came to know another similar case like his i.e. the case of adman – turned civic activist Gerson D’Cunha whose email was hacked for appeal of money. His relative felt something fishy about the mails and he replied back to find out the culprit, for that he got a response in which his resident addresses was given as London. The police officer doubted that the accused may be staying temporarily in London to collect the money and flee as soon as he receives it, since the transfer of money between people accounts in western nations is easier
unlike India. In Zakaria’s case, hacking might be due to his reply to an email with Microsoft logo, asking for his personal information such as user name, password and home country, he did not think that this was fake and he gave all the content which resulted in to these problems. Cyber expert Sanjay Pandey revealed one dangerous fact that spam mails have been sent with pictures, one click on such picture will install harmful virus in our computer which has the ability to lock all our files automatically. Such nuisance creators demand you to pay up if you want your file to be unlocked. Several people in India become the prey of such frauds due to very less awareness of internet security.  4 One more interesting scenario of cyber stalking which is the most common kind of cyber crimes in India is the case of Ram Prasad who was an ex working staff in the ISiM office. Malicious mails were sent to few students as well as the other staff randomly and all the mails indicated defamation of the college, slandering the name of our executive director as well. She lodged a complaint to the Cyber Crime Bangalore Police, who on investigation caught him. This was a real example which we witnessed as he was sending mails to our fellow students also. On further enquiry, he confessed that he created multiple false email id’s and sent mails from various cyber café in Mysore giving outrageous details about the institution as he had grudge on the director and ISiM management. This is the case of cyber stalking and the stalker case can be booked under section 509 of the IPC and under section 66A of IT Act 2000, for harming the reputation of a woman. The punishment for such cases according to IT Act is of 3 years/fine. But the case is still going on and the person is released on bail. 
Safety measures: Some of the measures which can be taken to safeguard the country from such crimes are as follows:
1. Maintaining complete security of our credentials. 2. Creating awareness among the Indian citizens especially the states with poor literacy. 3. Avoid trusting strangers and prevent sharing personal information. 4. Precautions should be taken while performing any kind of transactions in the
internet in order to avoid being the target or victim of malicious mails. 5. Do not hesitate to file a complaint to the nearby police when you encounter such crimes or rather be a victim to it. 6. Training the police officers’ to effectively combat cyber crimes.
Conclusion: In our report we have seen some of real time cases of cyber crimes in India. We also studied how cyber crimes are increasing and spreading in different new forms in these years all over the country and also the statistics of these cases as well. It is very dangerous to survive in the country, if this grows in this ratio. The IT Act and IPC should increase the level of punishments to those people who are involving these kinds of criminal activities. Users should be aware of all these acts and the punishments in order to fight against crimes. Victims should not scare to fight; now acts are very user friendly and will help victims in an effective manner.
jehaKucedad.html  www.slideshare.net Cyber Crime Law Enforcement in India.  http://ncrb.nic.in/cii2008/Statistics2008.pdf Crime in INDIA 2008 Statistics, National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs.  Crime in INDIA 2008 Compendium, National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs.  www.asianlaws.org Real world cyber crime cases, this document are an extract from the book Cyber Crime & Digital Evidence – Indian Perspective authored by Rojas Nag pal. This book is available as courseware for the Diploma in Cyber Law and PG
Program in Cyber Law conducted by Asian School of Cyber Laws, cited on 21.10.2010.  http://www.alertindian.com/node/18  http://cybercrime.planetindia.net/got-scam-mail.htm “Received an Email from Someone Stranded Abroad? Think Twice before sending financial Help” By Nitasha Natu, TNN dated on January 07, 2009.  http://www.indiaforensic.com/cyberstalking.htm INDIA FORENSIC, a soft solution to
fraud problems, India.