Practical Guide to IDoc Development for SAP

April 3, 2017 | Author: Vikash Vijay | Category: N/A
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Sabine Maisel

Practical Guide to IDoc Development for SAP ®

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Contents at a Glance 1

Introduction  ................................................................. 15

2

Generating IDocs   ........................................................ 29

3

Test Tools  . .................................................................... 51

4

Changes to IDocs   ........................................................ 67

5

Confirmations  . ............................................................. 187

6

Serializing IDocs   . ........................................................ 193

7

Administration  ............................................................. 211

8 IDocs in Conjunction with SAP NetWeaver Process Integration  ...................................................... 243

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Contents Preface  ......................................................................................... 11

1 Introduction  .................................................................. 15 1.1 1.2

1.3 1.4

What Is ALE?  ................................................................. BAPIs and IDocs — An Introduction  .............................. 1.2.1 BAPIs  ................................................................ 1.2.2 IDocs  ................................................................ Differentiation of ALE and EDI  ....................................... Summary  .......................................................................

15 18 18 19 25 27

2 Generating IDocs   ......................................................... 29 2.1

Standard Methods for the IDoc Generation  ................... 2.1.1 Shared Master Data Tool  ................................... 2.1.2 Message Control  ............................................... 2.1.3 Special Functions  .............................................. 2.2 Use of Logical Systems in the Message Control  .............. 2.3 Summary  .......................................................................

29 29 43 46 49 50

3 Test Tools  ...................................................................... 51 3.1 Individual IDocs  . ........................................................... 3.2 Testing Processing of Multiple IDocs   ............................. 3.2.1 Message Control  ............................................... 3.2.2 Sending Ready-for-Dispatch IDocs  .................... 3.2.3 Files  .................................................................. 3.3 Processing Status Files  ................................................... 3.4 Summary  .......................................................................

52 57 57 58 59 61 66

4 Changes to IDocs   . ....................................................... 67 4.1

Customizing  . ................................................................. 67 4.1.1 Filtering Using Filter Objects  ............................. 67

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4.2

4.3 4.4

4.5

4.1.2 Custom Filter Objects  . ...................................... 4.1.3 Filtering Segments  . ........................................... 4.1.4 Reducing IDocs Through Views  ......................... 4.1.5 Rules  . ............................................................... 4.1.6 Version Conversion  ........................................... 4.1.7 Special Conversions in SAP ERP Financials  . ....... Adapting Existing IDoc Types  ......................................... 4.2.1 Different Exit Types on the Basis of the Material Master Example  .................................. 4.2.2 General Exits  ..................................................... 4.2.3 Custom Segments  . ............................................ 4.2.4 Special Requirements for Master Data  ............... Custom Function Modules for File Generation in File Ports  ................................................................... Custom IDocs   ............................................................... 4.4.1 Creating Custom IDoc Types and Message Types  .................................................. 4.4.2 Generating an IDoc  ........................................... 4.4.3 Updating an IDoc  .............................................. 4.4.4 Generating IDoc Function Modules  ................... 4.4.5 Error Workflow for Custom IDocs  . .................... 4.4.6 Useful Function Modules  .................................. Summary  .......................................................................

73 76 77 80 84 85 89 90 119 122 134 138 141 143 153 161 172 175 184 186

5 Confirmations  ............................................................... 187 5.1 “ALEAUD” IDocs  ........................................................... 187 5.2 “STATUS” IDocs  ............................................................. 190 5.3 Summary  ....................................................................... 192

6 Serializing IDocs   .......................................................... 193 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5

8

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Serialization Using Groups  ............................................. Serialization Using Timestamps  ...................................... Serialization Using Business Objects  . ............................. Serialization Using qRFC  ................................................ Summary  .......................................................................

193 198 200 205 209

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7 Administration  .............................................................. 211 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6

IDoc Links  ..................................................................... Regular Jobs  .................................................................. Transaction Code Overview  . .......................................... Archiving  ....................................................................... Status Conversion  .......................................................... Summary  .......................................................................

211 216 217 224 230 242

8 IDocs in Conjunction with SAP NetWeaver Process Integration  . ..................................................... 243 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6

Conversion of Logical Systems to Business Systems  ........ Conversion of IDoc Partner Roles  . ................................. Header Mapping  . .......................................................... Handling the Control Record in SAP NetWeaver PI  ........ Updating IDocs Directly in SAP NetWeaver PI  ............... Summary  .......................................................................

243 244 245 246 248 248

The Author  ................................................................................... 249 Index.............................................................................................. 251

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S a b in e M a i s e l

Practical Guide to IDoc Development for SAP'

Galileo Press

Preface

ID o c s r e p r e s e n t a s t a n d a r d i n t e r f a c e to SAP s y s t e m s . T h e y a r e a l w a y s a sy n c h ro n o u s, so th e sy stem sh o u ld b e d e sig n e d fo r ch a n g in g a n d creat­ in g d a t a in t h e d a t a b a s e . T h e e r r o r h a n d l i n g , w h i c h c a n b e c a r r i e d o u t w i t h a t i m e d e l a y in a s y n c h r o n o u s c o m m u n i c a t i o n , is a l w a y s h a n d l e d w h e r e t h e e r r o r o c c u r s — in c o n t r a s t t o t h e n o r m a l RFC c o m m u n i c a t i o n w h e r e t h e e r r o r is a l w a y s n o t i f i e d to t h e s e n d e r . A l t h o u g h m o r e r e c e n t SAP r e le a s e s a ls o h a v e o t h e r n o n - S A P - p r o p r i e t a r y c o m m u n i c a t i o n o p t i o n s (s u c h as SOAP, HTTP, a n d p r o x i e s ) , t h e i m p o r ­ t a n c e o f ID o c s is u n d i m i n i s h e d : T h i s is b e c a u s e o f t h e h i g h n u m b e r in w h i c h t h e y a r e a v a ila b le , a s w e ll as t h e m u l t i t u d e o f s o f t w a r e s o l u t i o n s t h a t w o r k w i t h SAP a n d a l r e a d y s u p p o r t t h i s f o r m a t . ID o c s a s s t a n d a r d i n t e r f a c e s t o SAP s y s t e m s a r e u s e d b o t h f o r EDI s c e n a r i o s b e t w e e n d i f ­ f e r e n t e n t e r p r i s e s a n d f o r ALE s c e n a r i o s w i t h i n e n t e r p r i s e s . L ike all s t a n d a r d i n t e r f a c e s , t h e ID o c s r e f e r to t h e p a r t o f t h e SAP s y s t e m t h a t is d e l i v e r e d b y SAP. In m o s t b u s i n e s s e s , h o w e v e r , i t's n e c e s s a r y to b r e a k a d a p t a t i o n s t h a t w e r e m a d e i n t h e b u s i n e s s p a r t o f t h e SAP s y s t e m d o w n t o t h e i n t e r f a c e s . T h i s t a s k is c a r r i e d o u t b y A B A P d e v e l o p e r s . This b o o k is p a r t i c u l a r l y i n t e n d e d f o r t h e m , a n d t h e ta s k s r e l a t i n g to t h e s e a d a p t a t i o n s a r e d i s c u s s e d in d e t a i l . T h e s y s t e m a d m i n i s t r a t o r s u s u a l l y h a n d le th e c o m m u n ic a tio n se ttin g s so th e se s ettin g s a r e o n ly m e n tio n e d i f th e y are d irec tly re la te d to th e d e v e lo p m e n t w o rk .

C o n te n t of T h is B o o k T h is b o o k d e s c r i b e s t h i n g s in t h e s e q u e n c e in w h i c h t h e y a p p e a r . It s ta rts w i t h t h e c r e a t i o n o f I D o c s a n d c o n c l u d e s w i t h t h e r e g u l a r ta s k s . T h e a d a p ta tio n o f ID ocs to c u s to m e r r e q u ir e m e n ts sta rts w ith th e lo w e s t e f fo rt, t h a t is, t h e o p t i o n s o f C u s t o m i z i n g , a n d p r o c e e d s s t e p b y s t e p to

11

Preface

t h e ta s k t h a t r e q u i r e s t h e h i g h e s t e f f o r t : t h e c o m p l e t e c u s t o m p r o g r a m ­ m i n g o f ID ocs. C h a p t e r 1, In tr o d u c tio n , d i f f e r e n t i a t e s ALE a n d E D I a n d d e s c r i b e s t h e b a s i c p r i n c i p l e s o f ID o c s . C h a p t e r 2 , G enerating ID ocs, o u t l i n e s t h e d i f ­ f e r e n t o p t i o n s f o r g e n e r a t i n g ID o c s . C h a p t e r 3, Test Tools, d i s c u s s e s h o w y o u c a n t e s t ID o c s f o r t h e d a t a e x c h a n g e e v e n w i t h o u t t h e c o m m u n i c a ­ tio n p a rtn e r. A f t e r t h e g e n e r a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d I D o c s h a s b e e n f u l l y o u t l i n e d , th is c h a p t e r d e t a i l s t h e c u s t o m e r a d a p t a t i o n s . H e re , I D o c s a r e c o n n e c t e d to t h e d i f f e r e n t e n h a n c e m e n t t e c h n o l o g i e s o f SAP. S o m e o p t i o n s o f ID o c m a n i p u l a t i o n a l r e a d y a r i s e i n C u s to m i z i n g , w h i l e o t h e r s r e q u i r e c u s t o m d e v e l o p m e n t s o r t h e e n h a n c e m e n t o f t h e s t a n d a r d ID o c f u n c t i o n m o d ­ u l e s . T h e r e a r e a ls o s p e c ia l d e v e l o p m e n t o b j e c t s t h a t a r e o n l y u s e d in c o m b i n a t i o n w i t h ID o c s . So C h a p t e r 4 , C hanges to ID ocs, d e s c r i b e s p a r ­ tic u l a r l y w i t h r e g a r d t o ID o c s h o w y o u m u s t h a n d l e e n h a n c e m e n t s a n d w h a t y o u n e e d t o c o n s i d e r . T h e fo c u s is o n t h e e n h a n c e m e n t t e c h n o l o ­ g ie s r e l e v a n t f o r ID o c s . T h o s e e n h a n c e m e n t s t h a t a r e u s e d f o r all IDoc t y p e s a r c d i s c u s s e d in d e t a i l . T h is c h a p t e r a l s o d e s c r i b e s t h e s p e c if ic fe a­ t u r e s in t h e c o n t e x t o f e n h a n c e m e n t s o r c u s t o m - d e v e l o p e d ID o c s, s u c h as th e w o rk flo w co n n e ctio n . C h a p t e r 5, C o n firm a tio n s, t h e n d i s c u s s e s t h e liv e o p e r a t i o n a n d s h o w s h o w y o u can learn fro m y o u r c o m m u n ic a tio n p a r tn e rs w h a t h a p p e n e d to t h e ID o c d e s p i t e t h e a s y n c h r o n o u s p r o c e d u r e . C h a p t e r 6, Seria lizin g ID ocs, o u t l i n e s t h e d i f f e r e n t o p t i o n s t o k e e p a s p e c if ic s e q u e n c e f o r p r o ­ c e s s in g ID o c s , a s w e l l a s t h e a v a il a b il i t y o f t h e s e o p t i o n s . C h a p t e r 7, A d m in is tr a tio n , d e s c r i b e s n e c e s s a r y r e g u l a r ta s k s in d e t a i l . F in a lly , in C h a p t e r 8, ID ocs in C o n ju n ctio n w ith S A P N e tW e a v e r Process In te g ra tio n , t h o s e w h o w o r k w i t h SAP N e t W e a v e r PI ( f o r m e r l y SAP N e t W e a v e r XI) l e a r n h o w t h e y c a n i m p l e m e n t ta s k s t h a t a r e o n l y r e q u i r e d in t h e c o n t e x t o f ID o c s , s p e c if ic a lly in t h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h SAP N e t W e a v e r PI.

12

Preface

A c k n o w le d g m e n ts A b o v e all, I w o u l d lik e t o l h a n k m y h u s b a n d M a n f r e d . T h i s b o o k c o n ­ s u m e d a l o t o f o u r tim e , a n d w i t h o u t h i s s u p p o r t a n d all t h e w o r k h e did, I w o u l d n ' t h a v e b e e n a b l e t o w r i t e it. I w o u l d a l s o lik e to t h a n k M a i k e L u b b e r s , S te f a n P r o k s c h , a n d M e g D u n k e r l e y o f G a li l e o P re s s — w i t h o u t t h e i r e n c o u r a g e m e n t a n d s u p ­ p o r t , I m i g h t h a v e b e e n a b l e to fi n i s h t h i s b o o k , b u t i t w o u l d d e f in i t e l y have c o n ta in e d m a n y errors.

S a b in e M aisel

13

T his c h a p te r in tro d u c e s th e in te r fa c e ty p e s u se d b y S A P in A L E scen a rio s. Y o u 'll le a r n a b o u t th e c h a r a c te r istic s o f th e d iffe r e n t te c h n iq u e s a n d w h y d iffe r e n t a rea s n e e d d iffe r e n t in te r fa c e typ es. Y o u ’l l a lso re v ie w te r m in o lo g y u s e d th r o u g h o u t th e book.

1

Introduction

Y o u 'r e c e r t a i n l y f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e t o p i c o f e l e c t r o n i c d a t a e x c h a n g e b e tw e e n d iffe re n t e n te r p ris e s . B ut e v e n w ith in e n te r p ris e s , in d iv id u a l p r o c e s s s t e p s c a n ’t b e c a r r i e d o u t o n t h e s a m e m a c h i n e ( o r in t h e s a m e d a t a b a s e ) u s i n g t h e s a m e s o f t w a r e . SAP m e e t s t h i s r e q u i r e m e n t b y p r o ­ v i d i n g s t a n d a r d i n t e r f a c e s f o r l o c a t i o n s w h e r e t h i s k i n d o f s e p a r a t i o n is c o m m o n . S ta n d a r d in terfa ces a p p l y s p e c if ic n o r m s to a c tu a l d a t a t r a n s f e r to p r o v i d e y o u w i t h a c e r t a i n r e l e a s e s e c u rity .

1.1

W h a t Is A L E ?

A n e x a m p le o f h o w y o u ca n s tru c tu re th e c o m m u n ic a tio n acco rd in g

S t r u c t u r in g

to p r o c e s s s t e p s is t h e s e p a r a t i o n o f h u m a n r e s o u r c e m a n a g e m e n t a n d

c o m m u n ic a t io n

a c c o u n t i n g , w h i c h y o u c a n fin d in m a n y c o m p a n i e s . All d a t a g e n e r a t e d in H R — o n b u s i n e s s t r i p s , f o r e x a m p l e — t h a t a ls o n e e d s to b e t r a n s f e r r e d to a c c o u n t i n g c a n b e p o s t e d in t h e SA P s y s t e m b o t h l o c a lly o r r e m o t e ly . B e c a u s e o f th is , i t is a t t h e s o l e d i s c r e t i o n o f a c o m p a n y w h e t h e r t o u s e o n e o r s e v e r a l s y s t e m s . SA P r e f e r s to t h i s s e p a r a t i o n o f p r o c e s s e s w i t h i n a n e n t e r p r i s e a s A p p lic a tio n L in k E n a b lin g (ALE); p r o c e s s e s t h a t c o n t a i n t h e r e l e v a n t i n t e r f a c e s a r e c a lle d A L E business processes o r A L E scenarios. A n i n t e r f a c e g e n e r a l l y a l l o w s y o u to s e n d d a t a f r o m a c e r t a i n p o i n t w i t h i n t h e p r o c e s s ( o u t b o u n d i n t e r f a c e ) o r to r e c e i v e d a t a a t a sp ec ific p o in t ( in b o u n d in terfa ce). A p re re q u is ite fo r th e u sefu l e m p l o y m e n t o f

15

I n te r fa c e s

1

In tro d u ctio n

a n i n t e r f a c e is t h a t b o t h a t e c h n i c a l a n d s e m a n t i c d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h a t i n t e r f a c e a r c a v a ila b le . T e c h n ic a l

T h e technical description s p e c if ie s w h i c h d a t a is s u p p l i e d o r e x p e c t e d in

d e s c r ip t io n

w h i c h f o r m a t a n d i n w h i c h s e q u e n c e . T h is d e s c r i p t i o n is r e q u i r e d to u n p a c k th e data.

S e m a n tic

T h e se m a n tic d escrip tio n c o n t a i n s all o f t h e r e q u i r e d b u s i n e s s i n f o r m a ­

d e s c r ip t io n

t i o n c o n c e r n i n g t h e u s e o f t h e i n t e r f a c e , f o r i n s t a n c e , w h e t h e r t h e d a ta is r e a d - o n l y o r c a n b e e d i t e d . T h i s d e s c r i p t i o n is r e q u i r e d to i n t e r p r e t t h e i n c o m i n g d a ta . Technical and Sem antic Descriptions o f an Interface Consider an interface th a t w e all use very often in o u r daily life: transferring senten c es by tele p h o n e . Here, th e sem antic description co rresp o n d s to the kn ow led g e t h a t t h e last s e n te n c e is usually a farewell; t h e technical descrip­ tion, o n t h e o th e r h and, co rresp o n d s t o t h e kn ow led g e of h o w t o structure a farewell n o te in English.

R e m o te F u n c tio n

O f c o u r s e , in a d d i t i o n t o t h e d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e p h y s i c a l t r a n s f e r o f d a ta

C a ll

is n e c e s s a i y a s w e l l v ia a p r o t o c o l . SAP s u p p o r t s its o w n RFC p r o t o c o l (R em ote F unction Call) in all re le a s e s , w h e r e a s n e w e r r e le a s e s a ls o s u p p o r t HTTP (H y p e rte x t T ransfer Protocol) a n d S O A P ( w h i c h o r i g i n a l l y s t o o d f o r S im p le O bject Access Protocol). B e c a u s e ALE b u s i n e s s p r o c e s s e s r e p r e s e n t a s l i g h tl y o l d e r t e c h n o l o g y , t h e y u s e o n l y s t a n d a r d i n t e r f a c e s b a s e d o n RFC a n d d o n ' t s u p p o r t t h e n e w p r o x y i n t e r f a c e s y e t , w h i c h a r c b a s e d o n SOAP. Protocol o f an Interface

P ro to c o l

Let's g e t back to o u r te le p h o n e analogy: The p h o n e line basically allows you to transfer d a ta via fax o r language. However, before you d o th a t, you must agree w ith your p artn er o n which of t h e t w o o p tio n s you w a n t to use. This corresponds t o selecting t h e protocol, t h a t is. t h e transfer type.

W h e n d e sig n in g an interface, y o u h a v e th e fo llo w in g o p tio n s: S y n c h ro n o u s

► S y n c h ro n o u s in te rfa c e s

c o m m u n ic a t io n

S y n c h r o n o u s i n t e r f a c e s c o n s i s t o f a req u est a n d a response. D u r i n g th is p r o c e s s , t h e c o n n e c t i o n b e t w e e n t h e s y s t e m s is k e p t a liv e . C o n sc -

16

W h a t Is A L E

|

q u e n t l y , s y n c h r o n o u s i n t e r f a c e s i m m e d i a t e l y p r o v i d e a re s u lt. This m e a n s th a t y o u — th e u s e r o f th is ty p e o f in te rfa c e — c a n w a it fo r th e r e s p o n s e . T h e a d v a n t a g e o f a s y n c h r o n o u s i n t e r f a c e is t h a t y o u r e c e i v e a d i r e c t c o n f i r m a t i o n a s t o w h e t h e r y o u r o r d e r w a s p r o c e s s e d o r n o t. I t 's y o u r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y t o t r i g g e r t h e e x e c u t i o n o f t h e t a s k . T h e d i s a d ­ v a n t a g e o f t h i s t y p e o f i n t e r f a c e is t h a t y o u c a n ’t c o n t i n u e to w o r k until th e o th e r sy ste m pro cesses th e re q u e s t o r w h e n th e o th e r system i s n ' t a v a il a b le . In a d d i t i o n to t h a t , l o n g r u n t i m e s c a n r e q u i r e y o u to re p e a t th e s a m e o p e ra tio n if y o u th in k a n e r ro r h as occurred. Example: Synchronous Interface Y o u w a n t t o b u y a b o o k a b o u t A L E a n d I D o c s a n d c a ll y o u r lo c a l b o o k s h o p t o o b t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n o n a v a ila b le b o o k s a n d t h e r e s p e c t iv e p r i c e s . I t d e p e n d s o n t h e r e s p o n s e y o u g e t w h e t h e r y o u ’ l l a c t u a l l y m a k e t h e p u r c h a s e o r n o t . If a t e c h n i c a l f a i l u r e t e r m i n a t e s t h e p h o n e c a ll p r e m a t u r e ly , y o u ’ l l c a ll b a c k o n ly i f y o u h a v e n ' t r e c e iv e d a n y r e s p o n s e y e t .

► A sy n c h ro n o u s in te rfa c e s

A s y n c h ro n o u s

A sy n c h ro n o u s interfaces se n d th e re q u ire d d ata to th e o th e r system

c o m m u n ic a t io n

in v o lv e d a n d d o n 't receiv e an im m e d ia te re s p o n se . T h is m e a n s th at o n l y a r e q u e s t is s e n t . As a p r e r e q u i s i t e , n o r e s p o n s e is n e e d e d f o r this process. C o n se q u e n tly , y o u c a n c o n tin u e w o rk in g irre sp ectiv e o f th e o t h e r sy stem . H o w e v er, b ec au se y o u w o n 't receiv e a n im m e d ia te r e s u lt , in a n a s y n c h r o n o u s c o m m u n i c a t i o n p r o c e s s , i t m u s t b e e n s u r e d w i t h o u t y o u r i n t e r f e r e n c e t h a t t h e r e q u e s t a r r i v e s in t h e o t h e r s y s t e m — a n d o n l y o n c e . T h e fact t h a t a n a c ti o n is c a r r i e d o u t o n l y o n c e is r e f e r r e d to a s transaction security. Example: Transaction Security Y o u w a n t t o b u y m y b o o k a n d s e n d a fa x c o n ta in in g t h e p u rc h a s e o r d e r d a ta t o t h e b o o k s h o p . T h e b o o k s e l le r d o e s n ' t r e s p o n d t o y o u r f a x . H o w e v e r , t h e t r a n s m is s io n r e p o r t o f y o u r f a x m a c h in e t e l l s y o u t h a t t h e b o o k s h o p h a s r e ­ c e iv e d t h e p u r c h a s e o r d e r e x a c t ly o n c e .

ALE s c e n a r i o s c a n c o n s i s t o f a n y n u m b e r o f s y n c h r o n o u s a n d a s y n c h r o ­

I n te r f a c e s in A L E

n o u s i n t e r f a c e s . SAP u s e s s y n c h r o n o u s i n t e r f a c e s e v e r y t i m e d a t a fr o m

s c e n a rio s

t h e d a t a b a s e is s u p p o s e d to b e d i s p l a y e d ; a s y n c h r o n o u s i n t e r f a c e s , in t u r n , a r e u s e d e v e i y t i m e y o u w a n t to c r e a t e o r c h a n g e d a t a i n t h e d a ta -

17

1 .1

1

|

In tro d u ctio n

b a s e . I n t h e l a t t e r c a s e , t h e t r a n s a c t i o n s e c u r i t y is p a r t i c u l a r l y i m p o r t a n t to m a in ta in d a ta b a s e co n sisten cy .

1.2 B A P is

B A P Is an d ID o c s — A n In tro d u ctio n

T h e m e d i u m f o r s y n c h r o n o u s i n t e r f a c e s i n ALE s c e n a r i o s is t h e B u si­ ness A p p lic a tio n P ro g ra m m in g In te rfa c e (BAPI). T h e t e r m A p p lic a tio n Pro­ g r a m m in g In te rfa c e (API) is g e n e r a l l y u s e d in t h e IT e n v i r o n m e n t . SAP e x t e n d e d it b y t h e a d d i t i o n " B u s in e s s " to i n d i c a t e t h a t t h e p r o c e s s n o t o n l y i n v o l v e s a p u r e l y t e c h n i c a l d a t a t r a n s f e r , b u t a s t e p w i t h i n a b u s i­ n e s s p r o c e s s . In t h i s c o n t e x t , t h e i n d i v i d u a l s t e p s t h a t m a k e u p t h e p r o ­ ce ss c a n o c c u r in d i f f e r e n t s y s t e m s .

ID o c s

A s y n c h r o n o u s i n t e r f a c e s in ALE s c e n a r i o s a r c i m p l e m e n t e d u s i n g In te r­ m e d ia te D o c u m en ts (ID o cs). I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e b u s i n e s s d o c u m e n t s t h a t a r e c r e a t e d in t h e d i f f e r e n t s y s t e m s i n v o l v e d , a s y n c h r o n o u s p r o c e s s e s a l s o g e n e r a t e a d a t a d o c u m e n t t h a t e n s u r e s t r a n s a c t i o n s e c u r i ty . B e c a u s e t h i s d o c u m e n t i s n 't p a r t o f t h e a c tu a l b u s i n e s s p r o c e s s b u t is r a t h e r an in te rm e d ia te d o c u m e n t, it h a s b e e n a ssig n ed th e c o r re s p o n d in g n am e. T h e f o l l o w i n g s e c t i o n s p r o v i d e a b r i e f i n t r o d u c t i o n t o t h e t o p i c o f BAPIs a n d ID o c s . You'll l e a r n h o w t h e s e d i f f e r e n t m e t h o d s w o r k a n d w h y t w o d i f f e r e n t t y p e s o f i n t e r f a c e e x i s t w i t h i n ALE s c e n a r i o s .

1.2.1

B A P is

A BAPI is a r e m o t e - e n a b l e d f u n c t i o n m o d u l e , t h a t is, a m o d u l e t h a t c a n b e e x e c u t e d b y a n o t h e r p r o g r a m . In t h i s c o n t e x t , it i s n 't i m p o r t a n t w h e t h e r t h a t p r o g r a m calls t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e lo c a lly o r f r o m w i t h i n a d i f f e r e n t s y s t e m . BAPis d i f f e r f r o m r e g u l a r RFC -enabled f u n c tio n m odules (R FM ) i n t h e f o l l o w i n g a s p e c ts : bapi

r e q u ir e m e n t s

► A s a m e t h o d , a BAPI is p a r t o f a b u s i n e s s o b j e c t t y p e f r o m t h e Business O bject R ep o sito ry (BOR). F o r all r e l e v a n t o b j e c t s i n t h e SAP s y s t e m , S AP p r o v i d e s a c o r r e s p o n d i n g e l e m e n t i n t h e BOR. I n t h e BOR, y o u c a n fin d i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g w h i c h t a b l e s p e r t a i n t o a n o b j e c t a n d w h a t y o u c a n d o w i t h t h e m . It's a ls o t h e b a sis f o r t h e b u sin ess w o rk­ f l o w . S o , i t m a k e s m u c h s e n s e t o a ls o s t o r e in t h e B O R i n f o r m a t i o n

18

B A P Is a n d ID o c s — A n In tro d u ctio n

a b o u t w h i c h p r o c e s s s t e p s in ALE s c e n a r i o s y o u c a n c a r r y o u t w i t h th e r e s p e c t i v e o b je c ts . ► B APIs a r e r e l e a s e d , h a v e a f r o z e n s i g n a t u r e , a n d t h u s p r o v i d e re le a s e s e c u rity . ► T h e y ty p ically u se an u p d a te te c h n iq u e fo r p o stin g s in s te a d o f p o stin g d ire c tly . M o r e o v e r , t h e y d o n ' t c o n t a i n a n y

C o m m it

or

Rol l back

state­

m e n t s . (T h e fe w , m o s t l y v e r y o l d e x c e p t i o n s a r e s p e c ific a lly d o c u ­ m e n t e d b y SAP.) ► T h e a c tu a l p o s t i n g p r o c e s s is t r i g g e r e d b y t h e s p e c ia l T IO N . C O M M IT

BAPl o r is u n d o n e v ia

B A P I_ T R A N S A C -

B A P I_ T R A N $ A C T IO N _ R O L L B A C K .

► BAPIs u s u a l l y d o n ’t d i s p l a y t h e r e s u l t s b e c a u s e i t's u n l i k e l y t h a t t h e c a ll e r h a s a G U I (graphical u se r in terfa ce) a v a il a b le . BAPIs t h a t w e r e s p e c ific a lly d e v e l o p e d f o r a n S A P /S A P c o m m u n i c a t i o n a r e a n e x c e p ­ t i o n t o t h a t . H o w e v e r , t h e s e BAPIs a r e n 't r e l e v a n t f o r i n t e r f a c e s to e x te rn a l sy stem s. L ike all r e m o t e - e n a b l e d f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s , B APIs c a n g e n e r a l l y b e ca lle d

C a llin g B A P Is

u s i n g a syn ch ro n o u s RFC (sRFC) o r a tra n sa c tio n a l RFC (tRFC). T h e t r a n s ­

v ia RFC

a c t i o n a l c a ll is a s y n c h r o n o u s a n d m a k e s s u r e t h a t t h e call is e x e c u t e d ex actly o n c e . H o w e v e r, n o te th a t b o th th e s y n c h r o n o u s a n d th e tran sa c­ ti o n a l call n o t i f y o n l y t h e c a llin g s y s t e m in c a s e o f p o t e n t i a l e r r o r s , e v e n i f t h a t s y s t e m c a n ’t r e m o v e t h e e r r o r . T h a t 's w h y BAPIs a r e g e n e r a l l y u s e d o n l y f o r s y n c h r o n o u s calls in ALE s c e n a r i o s . I n a s y n c h r o n o u s cases, e r r o r s s h o u l d p r e f e r a b l y b e r e p o r t e d d i r e c t l y t o t h e re c e iv e r , p r o v i d e d t h e s e e r r o r s a r e b u s i n e s s - r e l a t e d . BAPIs a r e n ' t i n t e n d e d f o r t h i s p u r p o s e . T h e f o l l o w i n g s e c t i o n d e s c r i b e s h o w t h e s e p a r a t i o n b y e r r o r t y p e s is i m p l e m e n t e d b y m e a n s o f ID o c s.

1 .2 .2

ID O C S

SAP d e v e l o p e d ID o c s s p e c if ic a lly t o e n a b l e t h e a s y n c h r o n o u s m e s s a g e e x c h a n g e b e t w e e n m u l t i p l e SAP a n d / o r n o n - S A P s y s t e m s . T h e a d v a n ­ ta g e s o v e r a n o r m a l , a s y n c h r o n o u s l y (t r a n s a c t i o n a l l y ) c a lle d R FM i n c l u d e a n i m p r o v e d e r r o r - h a n d l i n g p r o c e s s a s w e l l a s a s p e c if ic m o n i t o r i n g l a y e r m a d e a v a il a b le t o I D o c s . B e c a u s e e r r o r p r o c e s s i n g v i a ID o c s a ffec ts t h e s t r u c t u r e o f ID o c i n t e r f a c e s , w e ’ll l o o k a t i t first in t h e f o l l o w i n g s e c ti o n s .

19

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1 .2

1

In tro d u ctio n

E rro r H a n d lin g w it h ID ocs You c a n g e n e r a l l y d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n t w o d i f f e r e n t t y p e s o f e r r o r : E r r o r ty p e s

► T ech n ical e r r o r s T e c h n ic a l e r r o r s o b v i a t e t h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h t h e p a r t n e r s y s t e m . T h e y o c c u r , f o r e x a m p l e , i f t h e p a r t n e r s y s t e m i s n ’t a v a il a b le , t h e d a t a b a s e in t h a t s y s t e m c a n ' t a c c e p t a n y a d d i t i o n a l r e q u e s t s , o r t h e s p e c if ie d p a s s w o r d is i n c o r r e c t . ► B u sin e ss-re la te d e rro rs B u s in e s s - r e la te d e r r o r s o c c u r i f t h e p a r t n e r s y s t e m g e n e r a l l y r e s p o n d s t o r e q u e s t s b u t c a n ' t p r o c e s s y o u r s p e c if ic r e q u e s t . M i s s i n g a u t h o r i z a ­ t i o n s , m i s s i n g C u s t o m i z i n g , o r t h e lik e c a n c a u s e t h i s t y p e o f e r r o r . I n t h e c o n t e x t o f RFCs, t h i s d i s t i n c t i o n i s n ’t m a d e . I n a RFC, t h e u s e r d irec tly receiv es a n e r r o r m e ssa g e a n d m u s t m a k e s u r e th a t th e re q u est w ill b e r e p e a t e d a t a l a t e r p o i n t in t i m e . B e c a u s e calls c o n t a i n i n g e r r o r s c a n 't b e r e p e a t e d a u t o m a t i c a l l y a n d d o n ' t h a v e t o b e lo g g e d , t h e d i s t i n c ­ tio n b e tw e e n e rro r ty p es w o u ld n 't m a k e sen se h ere. In tR FC s, e a c h call t h a t c o n t a i n s a n e r r o r is w r i t t e n t o a t a b l e in t h e s e n d ­ in g s y s t e m a n d c a n b e r e s t a r t e d u s i n g a s p e c if ic t r a n s a c t i o n . I n t h i s case, it d o e s m a k e s e n s e t o d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n t h e t y p e s o f e r r o r . I n t h a t case, t e c h n ic a l e r r o r s w o u l d b e lo g g e d in t h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m , a n d t h e call w o u l d b e r e p e a t e d , i f n e c e s s a i y , w h i l e b u s i n e s s - r e l a t e d e r r o r s w o u l d be l o g g e d a n d p r o c e s s e d in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m . T h is o p t i o n t o d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n d i f f e r e n t t y p e s o f e r r o r s is a s p e c if ic f e a t u r e o f ID o c s a n d i s n ’t p r o v i d e d b y RFCs t h e i r self. In a d d i t i o n , y o u c a n a ls o c h a n g e t h e c o n ­ t e n t s o f I D o c s r e t r o a c t i v e l y in c a s e o f e r r o r s , w h i c h i s n ’t p o s s i b l e e i t h e r w i t h s t a n d a r d RFCs.

E rro rs in s e n d in g

To d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n t e c h n i c a l e r r o r s a n d b u s i n e s s - r e l a t e d e r r o r s , t h e

a n d r e c e iv in g

p r o c e s s i n g o f t h e r e s p e c t i v e p r o c e s s e s m u s t b e d i v i d e d i n t o t w o s t e p s as

s y s te m s

w e ll . T h e first s t e p is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r p u r e l y t r a n s f e r r i n g t h e r e q u e s t to t h e d a t a b a s e o f t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m . T h is s t e p d o e s n ’t d e p e n d o n t h e t y p e o f d a t a t h a t is t r a n s f e r r e d . F o r e x a m p l e , i t d o e s n ’t m a k e a n y d i f f e r ­ e n c e w h e t h e r y o u w a n t t o c r e a t e m a t e r i a l s o r c a n c e l a s a le s o r d e r . To c a r t y o u t t h e t r a n s f e r in t h e s a m e m a n n e r f o r all k i n d s o f d a t a , y o u u s e a n e u t r a l f o r m a t : t h e ID o c f o r m a t .

20

B A P Is a n d ID o c s — A n In tro d u ctio n

|

1 .2

T h e s e c o n d s t e p is c a r r i e d o u t lo c a lly in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m a n d i n v o lv e s p o s tin g t h e re le v a n t d o c u m e n t . T h is s t e p c a n v a ry d e p e n d in g o n th e bu sin ess o b ject to b e processed.

Technical D e s c rip tio n o f th e ID o c F o rm a t A n ID o c c o n s i s t s o f a h ea d e r record, a n y n u m b e r o f lin e s o f a p p l i c a t i o n

I D o c a s a n e u tr a l

d a t a (a p p lic a tio n records), a n d a n y n u m b e r o f s ta tu s records p e r IDoc.

fo rm a t

► H eader

H e a d e r re c o rd /

T h e h e a d e r c o n t a i n s g e n e r a l i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t w h i c h d a t a is s u p ­

c o n t r o l re c o rd

p o s e d to b e t r a n s f e r r e d , w h o is t h e s e n d e r , a n d w h o is t h e re c e iv e r. T h is m e a n s t h a t t h e r e c e i v e r c a n l e a r n f r o m t h e h e a d e r r e c o r d w h i c h d a t a h a s b e e n r e c e i v e d a n d — b a s e d o n t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n — d e c id e h o w to p ro c e ss th is data. ► D a ta re co rd s

D a t a re c o r d s

T h e d a t a r e c o r d s c o n t a i n b u s i n e s s - r e l a t e d i n f o r m a t i o n . To m a k e s u r e t h e t e c h n i c a l f o r m a t is i n d e p e n d e n t o f t h e b u s i n e s s o b j e c t a n d c a n a ls o b e u n d e r s t o o d b y n o n - S A P s y s t e m s , t h e c o n t e n t o f e a c h d a t a r e c o r d is s t o r e d a s a s t r i n g o f 1 0 0 0 c h a r a c t e r s . T h is c h a r a c t e r s t r i n g is p r e c e d e d b y a c o n t r o l a r e a c o n t a i n i n g i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t h o w to i n t e r ­ p re t th e

1000 c h a r a c te r s .

► S ta tu s re c o rd s

S ta tu s re c o r d s

S ta tu s r e c o r d s c o n t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t t h e p r e v i o u s s t a t u s e s o f t h e ID o c , s u c h a s " s u c c e s s f u ll y c r e a t e d " o r " s u c c e s s f u lly p o s t e d . " S ta tu s r e c o r d s a r e n ' t t r a n s f e r r e d ; t h a t is, b o t h t h e s e n d e r a n d r e c e i v e r k e e p t h e i r o w n s t a t u s re c o r d s . F ro m a tech n ical p o in t o f v iew , th e s e th re e ty p es o f re co rd h a v e th e s a m e s t r u c t u r e . C o n s e q u e n t l y , t h e s t r u c t u r e d o e s n ' t p r o v i d e a n y c l u e a s to w h ic h k in d o f b u sin e s s -re la te d in fo rm a tio n y o u 'r e d ea lin g w ith . F ig u r e 1.1 c o n t a i n s a t h e o r e t i c a l i l l u s t r a t i o n o f h o w t h e d i f f e r e n t ty p e s o f re c o rd s c a n b e u sed . N o te th a t y o u c a n u se an u n lim ite d n u m b e r o f d a t a r e c o r d s a n d s t a t u s r e c o r d s . T h is is d e s c r i b e d in g r e a t e r d e t a i l in t h e f o l l o w i n g s e c ti o n .

21

1

In tro d u ctio n

C o n t r o l R e c o rd

ID o c N u m b e r S e n d e r a n d R e c e iv e r M e s s a g e T y p e a n d I D o c Typ e E x te r n a l S tr u c tu r e

D a ta R e c o rd s C o n tr o l S e c tio n w it h

A p p lic a t io n D a ta

ID o c N u m b e r

S e g m e n t T y p e e tc .

M a t e r i a l N u m b e r , D a t e e t c . a s C h a r a c te r S trin g (L e n g th : 1 0 0 0 )

S ta tu s R e c o rd s

ID o c N u m b e r S ta tu s In fo r m a t io n (e .g .. 5 3 : P o s t e d S u ccessfu lly )

F ig u r e 1.1

S tr u c tu r e o f a n ID o c

To p r o c e s s i h e IDoc, t h e r e c e i v e r n e e d s m eta in fo rm a tio n , t h a t is, i n f o r m a ­ t i o n c o n c c m i n g t h e m a n n e r in w h i c h t h e d a t a is s u p p o s e d to b e p ro c e s s e d . T h e m e t a i n f o r m a t i o n t h a t d e s c r i b e s a n ID o c c o n s i s t s o f t h r e e parts: M e ssa g e ty p e



M essag e ty p e T h e m e s s a g e t y p e p r o v i d e s a s e m a n t i c d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e d a t a to be p ro c essed . F o r e x a m p le , m e ssag e ty p e

M ATM A S

i n d i c a t e s t h a t m a t e r ia l

m a s t e r d a t a is s u p p o s e d t o b e e x c h a n g e d . T h e m e s s a g e t y p e is also r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e w a y a m e s s a g e w ill b e p r o c e s s e d . W h e n y o u c r e ­ a t e o r c h a n g e a s ales o r d e r , f o r e x a m p l e , t h e a c tu a l i n f o r m a t i o n is i d e n t i c a l , b u t t h e p r o c e s s i n g is d i f f e r e n t , w h i c h is w h y t h e c r e a t i o n o f t h e o r d e r is a s s i g n e d t h e OROCHG

O R D ER S

m e ssa g e ty p e , w h ile m e ssa g e type

is a s s i g n e d t o t h e c h a n g e a c tiv ity . T h e n a m e s o f m e s s a g e t y p e s

a r e b a s e d o n t h e n a m e s o f t h e U N /E D IF A C T s t a n d a r d ( U n ited N a tio n s E lectronic D a ta In terc h a n g e f o r A d m in istra tio n , C om m erce a n d T ransport), b u t a p a r t f r o m t h e n a m e s , t h e r e a r e n o o t h e r s i m il a r it i e s b e t w e e n t h e I D o c a n d E D IFA C T f o r m a t s . ID o c ty p e



ID o c ty p e T h e ID o c t y p e r e p r e s e n t s t h e t e c h n i c a l d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e d a t a . It tells y o u w h i c h fie ld s o f w h i c h b u s i n e s s o b j e c t s a r e s u p p o s e d t o b e filled

22

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w i t h w h i c h v a l u e s . T h i s m e a n s t h a t t h e ID o c t y p e d e s c r i b e s h o w to i n t e r p r e t t h e 1 0 0 0 c h a r a c t e r s in t h e d a t a re c o rd . ► S eg m en t ty p e

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i n f o r m a t i o n is s t o r e d a s to w h i c h ID o c t y p e c a n h a v e w h i c h s e g m e n t s , h o w o f t e n , a n d in w h i c h s e q u e n c e . You c a n e x p o r t t h i s d a t a t o e x t e r n a l s y s t e m s to a v o i d h a v i n g t o m a i n ­ t a i n a ll s t r u c t u r e s m a n u a l l y . SAP s u p p o r t s t h e t r a n s f e r o f d a t a v i a t r a n s ­ p o r t ID o c s , C files, D TD (D o c u m e n t Type D escription), o r H T M L (H y p ertext M a r k u p L anguage). I f y o u w a n t to u s e t r a n s p o r t ID o c s , y o u m u s t e n s u r e t h a t y o u r p a r t n e r c a n g e n e r a l l y r e c e i v e ID o c s f r o m y o u , w h i c h m e a n s t h a t y o u r SAP s y s t e m m u s t k n o w t h e p a r t n e r as a logical s y s t e m . T h e ID o c , w h i c h e x i s t s a s a s e t o f d a t a r e c o r d s , is t h e n t r a n s f e r r e d f r o m t h e s e n d e r to t h e re c e iv e r . T h e m o s t c o m m o n l y u s e d t y p e o f t r a n s f e r is t h e tR FC . T h e t r a n s f e r is c a r r i e d o u t in s u c h a w a y t h a t t h e s e n d i n g s y s ­ t e m calls t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e ID0C_INB0UND_ASYNCHR0N0US in t h e re c e iv ­ in g s y s te m . T h is fu n c tio n m o d u le receiv es th e d a ta a n d p o s ts th e h e a d e r a n d d a t a r e c o r d s to t h e a s s o c i a t e d d a t a b a s e t a b l e s EDIOC a n d EDID4, a n d t h e s t a t u s o f t h e ID o c t o ED I OS. A f t e r t h a t h a s b e e n d o n e , t h e t e c h n ic a l p a r t is f i n i s h e d . I f p r o b l e m s o c c u r d u r i n g t h i s p r o c e s s , t h e s e n d e r w ill b e n o t i f i e d a n d m u s t r e s e n d t h e d a t a a t a l a t e r p o i n t in tim e . O t h e r t y p e s o f t r a n s f e r , s u c h a s f i l e (fla t file), X M L (file i n X M L f o r m a t ) ,

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o r H TTP c a n a ls o b e u s e d b e c a u s e o f t h e s e p a r a t i o n o f d a t a t r a n s f e r a n d d a t a p r o c e s s i n g . F ig u r e 1 .2 s h o w s t h e first p a r t o f a s m a ll m a t e r i a l m a s t e r I D o c a s a file, o p e n e d in N o t e p a d .

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You c a n s p e c i f y t h e t y p e o f t r a n s f e r t o b e u s e d f o r t r a n s f e r r i n g ID o c s to t h e p a r t n e r s y s t e m v i a t h e o u tb o u n d p a r tn e r p rojile (T r a n s a c tio n W E 2 0 ) . A f t e r t h e ID o c h a s a r r i v e d in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m , t h e b u s i n e s s - r e l a t e d p o s t i n g p r o c e s s b e g i n s . T y pically , t h i s is a ls o c a r r i e d o u t b y m e a n s o f a fu n c tio n m o d u le. T h e in b o u n d p a r tn e r p ro jile (a lso T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 ) s p e c if ie s t h e p r o c e s s co d e to b e u sed . F o r each p o ssib le c o m b in a tio n o f s e n d e r a n d m essage t y p e , y o u c a n d e f i n e w h i c h f u n c t i o n m o d u l e w ill b e u s e d . SAP p r o v i d e s all n e c e s s a i y f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s f o r a ll ALE s c e n a r i o s a v a il a b le . N o t e t h a t y o u c a n c u s t o m i z e t h e s e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s o r e v e n r e p la c e t h e m w i t h y o u r o w n . C h a p t e r 4 , C h a n g e s t o ID o c s , p r o v i d e s m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r ­ m a t i o n o n this. IDoc tracking

I f a n e r r o r o c c u r s d u r i n g t h e b u s i n e s s - r e l a t e d p o s t i n g , t h e e r r o r w ill be d o c u m e n t e d in t h e s u b s e q u e n t s t a t u s r e c o r d o f t h e ID oc, a n d y o u can r e s ta r t t h e p o s t i n g p r o c e s s later. SAP p r o v i d e s a s e p a r a t e t r a n s a c t i o n fo r p o s i n g a n I D o c a f t e r a p r o c e s s i n g e r r o r : T ra n s a c tio n B D 8 7 . This t r a n s a c tio n can r e s e n d ID ocs t h a t c o n t a i n e d e r r o r s in t h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m d u r i n g th e first a t t e m p t a n d c a n r e -p ro c e s s e r r o n e o u s ID o c s in t h e re c e iv in g s y s t e m , i f n e c e s s a iy . A f t e r t h e r e p r o c e s s , e v e r y t h i n g is f i n i s h e d . T h e p o s t i n g o f th e ID o c c r e a te s t h e b u s in e s s D o c u m e n t , o r c h a n g e s it. T h is is o n l y d o n e o n c e . O n c e it is s u c c e s s fu lly c r e a t e d o r c h a n g e d , t h e B u s in e s s D o c u m e n t is n o t t o u c h e d a g a in . I f b o t h s y s t e m s a r e SAP s y s t e m s , y o u c a n e v e n u s e t h e IDoc tra ckin g f u n c ti o n f r o m w i t h i n t h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m to o b t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e c u r r e n t s t a t u s o f t h e r e s p e c t i v e ID o c in t h e re c e iv in g s y s t e m . You can s t a r t ID o c t ra c k in g fr o m w i t h i n t h e I D o c m o n i t o r (T ra n s a c tio n B D 8 7). T h is f u n c ti o n u s e s t h e f u n c ti o n m o d u l e I D0C_DATE_T IME_GET v i a sRFC to re ad t h e I D o c n u m b e r a n d its s t a t u s in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m . BAPIs and IDocs in ALE Scenarios D u e t o t h e t r a n s a c t i o n s e c u r it y e n a b l e d b y t h e u p d a t i n g o f e r r o n e o u s c o n ­ n e c t io n s a n d b e c a u s e o f t a r g e t - o r i e n t e d e r r o r - h a n d l i n g p r o c e d u r e s , t h e A L E i n t e g r a t i o n s c e n a r io s p r o v i d e d b y S A P a lw a y s u s e B A P Is f o r s y n c h r o n o u s , r e ­ q u e s t i n g a c c e s s , a n d I D o c s f o r a s y n c h r o n o u s , c h a n g i n g a c c e s s . I f i t ' s p o s s ib le t o t r a n s f e r d a t a in b o t h w a y s , t h a t is , s y n c h r o n o u s ly a n d a s y n c h r o n o u s ly ( e . g ., in a f i r s t , s y n c h r o n o u s t e s t r u n , a n d t h e n t h e a c t u a l p o s t i n g a s y n c h r o n o u s ly ) , b o t h a B A P I a n d a m a tc h in g ID o c a re n e e d e d . T h e ID o c t h e r e fo r e c a n b e c re ­ a t e d v ia T r a n s a c t io n B D B G , w h i c h is a ls o a v a ila b le t o c u s t o m e r s .

24

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T h e c o n c e p t o f ALE c o m p r i s e s c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h i n a n e n t e r p r i s e . H o w e v e r , w i t h i n a n e n t e r p r i s e , d i f f e r e n t p r o c e s s e s a r e c a r r i e d o u t in p h y s i c a l l y d i f f e r e n t IT s y s t e m s , w h i c h m e a n s t h a t i n d i v i d u a l p r o c e s s step s ca n in v o lv e d iffe re n t sy stem s. A s y o u 'v e alre a d y learn ed , th ese s t e p s c a n b e c a r r i e d o u t in a s y n c h r o n o u s p r o c e s s v ia BAPIs as w e ll a s in a n a s y n c h r o n o u s p r o c e s s i n v o l v i n g ID ocs. I n t h i s c o n t e x t , t h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n i t s e l f is c a r r i e d o u t b e t w e e n t h e lo g i­

L o g ic a l s y s te m

cal s y s t e m s (LSs). E ac h LS r e p r e s e n t s a c o m b i n a t i o n o f h a r d w a r e a n d s o f t w a r e in s t a l le d o n t h a t s y s t e m . In a n SA P s y s t e m , a c l i e n t c o r r e s p o n d s to a LS. T h e LS is a s s i g n e d t o t h e c l i e n t a n d p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n a s to w h e t h e r a d o c u m e n t w a s c r e a t e d o n t h a t SAP c l i e n t o r w h e t h e r i t w a s a d o p te d b y m e a n s o f c o n so lid atio n processes (th e m ajo rity o f d o c u m e n ts c o n t a i n t h e o r i g i n a l s y s t e m in a sp ec ific field in t h e d a t a b a s e ) . T h e a s s i g n ­ m e n t o f t h e LS is p a r t o f t h e p o s t - i n s t a l l a t i o n p r o c e d u r e s . A s y s t e m m u s t k n o w its o w n s y s t e m n a m e a s w e ll a s t h e n a m e s o f all LSs it c o m m u n i ­ c a te s w i t h . T h e LSs m u s t b e u n i q u e a c r o s s t h e e n t i r e e n t e r p r i s e ( a c t u a l l y a c r o s s th e

U n iq u e n e s s o f

e n t i r e r a n g e o f c o m m u n i c a t i o n ) . M o r e o v e r , t h e LSs f o r n o n -S A P s y s t e m s

lo g ic a l s y s te m s

w i t h w h i c h a c o m m u n i c a t i o n is e s t a b l i s h e d m u s t a l s o b e k n o w n . You c a n a s s i g n t h e LS f o r y o u r o w n c l i e n t a s w e ll a s m a k e s y s t e m s k n o w n w i t h w h i c h m e s s a g e s w ill b e e x c h a n g e d v ia A L E - C u s to m iz in g , w h i c h can b e r e a c h e d u s i n g T r a n s a c t i o n SALE. F ig u r e 1 .3 s h o w s t h e C u s to m i z i n g f u n c t i o n s , D e f i n e Logical S y s t e m a n d A s s ig n L og ical S y s t e m to C lie n t. T r a n s a c t i o n B D 5 4 e n a b l e s y o u to a s s ig n n a m e s t o LSs. In a d d i t i o n to th e n a m e f o r t h e LS, y o u s h o u l d a l s o e n t e r a b r i e f d e s c r i p t i o n .

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In c o n t r a s t to ALE a s a m e a n s o f e n t e r p r i s e - i n t e r n a l c o m m u n i c a t i o n , EDI (Electronic D a ta In terch a n g e) c o m p r i s e s t h e t r a n s f e r o f d a t a b e t w e e n d i f ­ f e r e n t e n t e r p r i s e s , f o r e x a m p l e , b e t w e e n c u s t o m e r s a n d s u p p l i e r s . Each c o m p a n y h a s its o w n p r o c e s s flo w s . H o w e v e r , a t c e r t a i n p o i n t s w i t h i n a p r o c e s s , t h e p a r t n e r m u s t b e i n f o r m e d . To p r e v e n t t h e p a r t n e r f r o m h a v ­ in g to e n t e r s p e c if ic i n f o r m a t i o n m a n u a l l y i n t o t h e s y s t e m , t h e r e l e v a n t i n f o r m a t i o n m u s t b e t r a n s m i t t e d to t h e p a r t n e r e le c tro n ic a lly . EDI is a l w a y s a n a s y n c h r o n o u s p r o c e s s . W i t h r e g a r d t o SA P s y s t e m s , th is m e a n s t h a t ID o c s a r c a ls o u s e d f o r EDI c o m m u n i c a t i o n . H o w e v e r , n o t e t h a t EDI c o m m u n i c a t i o n is a l w a y s c a r r i e d o u t w i t h o u t t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n m o d e l a n d LSs. W i t h i n t h e s y s t e m , t h e r e l e v a n t s e n d e r s a n d r e c e iv e r s o f m e s s a g e s a r e a ls o r e f e r r e d t o as p a r tn e r s ’, c u s t o m e r s a n d s u p p l i e r s a re o n e e x a m p le h e re . N o te th a t th e y m u s t b e m a in ta in e d as c u s to m e rs a n d s u p p l i e r s in t h e SA P s y s t e m . N o n e w , ID o c -s p e c ific m a s t e r d a t a is n e e d e d in t h i s c o n t e x t .

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O R D ER S

rep resen ts a p u rch ase ord er; ac co rd in g to th e

A N SI s t a n d a r d , t h e s a m e m e s s a g e is c a lle d 8 5 0 . W i t h r e g a r d t o m e s s a g e t y p e s , SAP h a s b a s e d its n a m i n g c o n v e n t i o n s o n t h e E D IFA C T s t a n d a r d ; h o w e v e r, th e s tru c tu re o f th e m essag e s d iffe rs su b s ta n tia lly fro m that s t a n d a r d . ( C h a p t e r 2, G e n e r a t i n g ID o c s, d e s c r i b e s t h e s t r u c t u r e o f ID ocs in g r e a t e r d e t a i l . ) In SAP s y s t e m s , ID o c s a r e u s e d f o r a s y n c h r o n o u s d a ta t r a n s f e r s b o t h in E D I a n d ALE p r o c e s s e s , w h i c h is w h y t h e p r o c e d u r e s d e s c rib e d in th e c o u rs e o f th is b o o k c a n alw ay s b e a p p lie d to b o th w ays o f co m m u n icatio n . T h e f o l l o w i n g c h a p t e r s w i l l f o c u s e n t i r e l y o n u s i n g ID o c s . A s f a r a s t h e u s e o f BAPIs is c o n c e r n e d , i t's s i m i l a r to u s i n g f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s . C o n ­ s e q u e n tl y , d e v e l o p e r s w h o a r e f a m i l i a r w i t h f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s c a n c a r i y o u t all d e v e l o p m e n t ta s k s r e l a t e d t o BAPIs w i t h o u t a p r o b l e m . ID ocs, o n t h e o t h e r h a n d , c o n t a i n s o m e s p e c if ic f e a t u r e s t h a t a r e n ’t u s u a l l y d e s c r i b e d in d e v e l o p e r m a n u a l s . T h e s e s p e c if ic f e a t u r e s a r e d e s c r i b e d in th is b o o k .

1.4

S u m m a ry

I n t h i s c h a p t e r , w e d i s c u s s e d t h e r e a s o n s f o r u s i n g i n t e r f a c e s in g e n e r a l , as w e l l a s t h e t y p e s o f i n t e r f a c e s p r o v i d e d f r o m SAP. You l e a r n e d t h a t C u s t o m i z i n g a n d p r o g r a m m i n g w i t h ID o c s is v e i y i m p o r t a n t . I n t h e n e x t c h a p t e r , w e ’ll t a k e a d e e p e r l o o k a t ID o c s , b y s t a r t i n g a t t h e v e i y b e g i n n i n g - t h e d i f f e r e n t p o s s i b il i t i e s t o c r e a t e ID o c s f o r s e n d i n g t h e m t o o u r LSs o r p a r t n e r s .

27

|

1 .4

I n th e s e n d in g s y s te m , i t 's necessa ry to g e n e r a te ID ocs so t h a t th e y c a n b e s e n t to th e rec eivin g s y s te m . H o w th is is d o n e d e p e n d s on th e ty p e o f d a ta a n d th e a p p lic a tio n . T his c h a p te r describes th e d iffe r e n t g e n e r a tio n o p tio n s a n d th e ir use.

2

Generating IDocs

SAP h a s p r o v i d e d t o o l s f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n o f I D o c s in all l o c a t i o n s w h e r e t h e y a r e u s e d i n ALE s c e n a r i o s o r c lassic ED I, a n d t h e y c a n u s u a l l y be a c tiv a te d u s in g th e C u sto m iz in g s e ttin g s . H o w e v e r, th e re a r e d iffe re n t m e t h o d s o f ID o c g e n e r a t i o n d e p e n d i n g o n t h e t y p e o f d a t a a n d t h e l o c a ­ t i o n w h e r e t h e ID o c w ill b e g e n e r a t e d . T h i s c h a p t e r p r e s e n t s t h e m o s t c o m m o n m e t h o d s o f ID o c g e n e r a t i o n . U s u a lly t h e ID o c a d m i n i s t r a t o r — n o t t h e d e v e l o p e r — i m p l e m e n t s t h e s e t t i n g s r e q u i r e d f o r c r e a t i n g th e p a r t n e r p ro f ile s , f o r i n s t a n c e , s o t h e y a r e o u t l i n e d o n l y b riefly, a n d m o r e i m p o r t a n c e is a t t a c h e d t o t h e f u n c t i o n a l p r o c e s s flow.

2.1

S ta n d a rd M e th o d s fo r th e ID o c

G e n e ra tio n

Initially, y o u m u s t d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n t h e g e n e r a t i o n o f m a s t e r d a t a a n d th e g e n e ra tio n o f tran sa c tio n d ata b ec au se th e re are d iffe re n t re q u ire ­ m e n ts o n th e g e n e ra tio n process o r the g e n e ra tio n fre q u e n c y d e p e n d in g o n t h e t y p e o f d a t a . A s p e c ia l t o o l is a v a il a b le to g e n e r a t e m a s t e r d a t a , c a ll e d t h e S h a r e d M a s te r D a ta Tool (S M D ). T r a n s a c t i o n d a t a I D o c s a re g e n e r a t e d v ia t h e a l r e a d y - e x i s t i n g m e s s a g e c o n t r o l . T h e r e a r e a ls o s o m e s p e c ia l f u n c t i o n s f o r I D o c s t h a t a r c d i r e c t l y g e n e r a t e d in a p r o c e s s .

2.1.1

Shared M a ste r D a ta Tool

T h e S M D is a s p e c ia l t o o l f o r s e n d i n g m a s t e r d a t a v i a ID o c . M a s t e r d a t a

M a s te r d a ta

is c h a r a c t e r i z e d b y a r e la t iv e ly l o n g r e t e n t i o n p e r i o d in t h e s y s t e m d u r i n g

in t h e I D o c

29

2

|

G e n e ra tin g ID o cs

w h i c h t h e d a t a is c h a n g e d rarely. M a s t e r d a t a u s u a l l y c o n s i s t s o f m u l t i p l e v i e w s t h a t a r e n o t u s e d all t h e t i m e . You c a n o m i t v i e w s , i n c l u d i n g t h o s e t h a t c o n t a i n m a n d a t o r y field s, b e c a u s e t h e c h e c k o f w h e t h e r all m a n d a t o i y fields a r e p o p u l a t e d is o n l y c a r r i e d o u t i f t h e v i e w is a c tu a l ly u s e d . T h is e n a b l e s y o u to s e l e c t f r o m t h e w e a l t h o f i n f o r m a t i o n t h a t is o f f e r e d f o r a s p e c if ic o b j e c t a n d u s e e x a c t l y t h e d a t a t h a t is a c t u a l l y r e q u i r e d w ith in y o u r en terp rise. To d i s t r i b u t e d a t a u s i n g I D o c s , a n a u t o m a t e d p r o c e s s is d e s i r a b l e t h a t re s p o n d s to t h e c reatio n a n d m o d ificatio n o f m a s te r d a ta w ith o u t re q u ir­ i n g f u r t h e r u s e r i n t e r v e n t i o n s . A ls o , e m p t y v i e w s a r e n o t s u p p o s e d to be transferred. A u t o m a t io n a n d

T h e S M D tak es th e s e r e q u ir e m e n ts in to a c c o u n t. T h e tec h n ic a l im p le ­

c o n t r o l v ia v ie w s

m e n t a t i o n o f a u t o m a t i o n a n d c o n t r o l v ia v i e w s e n t a i l s t h a t a lre a d y -e x is tin g p ro c e d u re s ca n b e u se d fo r b o th fu n c tio n s. F o r a u to m a tio n , y o u r e v e r t to r e c o r d i n g c h a n g e s , w h i c h is i m p l e m e n t e d b y d e f a u l t ; f o r c o n ­ t r o l v ia v i e w s , y o u u s e t h e o p t i o n ( w h i c h o r i g i n a t e d f r o m b a t c h i n p u t p r o c e s s i n g ) to c o n t r o l i r r e l e v a n t fields u s i n g a

N0_DATA

c h a r a c te r . T h e n ,

t h e ID o c s a r e r e g u la r l y g e n e r a t e d v ia b a c k g r o u n d j o b s . A d d i t i o n a l ly , f o r a l m o s t all o b j e c t s , y o u a ls o h a v e t h e o p t i o n to e x p lic itly g e n e r a t e ID o c s o r t o r e q u e s t ID o c s . You c a n u s e t h i s o p t i o n i f w a i t i n g f o r p e r i o d i c a l l y s c h e d u l e d j o b s is i m p o s s i b l e .

R e co rd in g C hanges C h a n g e p o in t e r

F o r c o n s i s t e n c y r e a s o n s , c h a n g e s to t h e m a s t e r d a t a a r e u p d a t e d i n d e ­ p e n d e n t l y o f t h e u s e o f ALE in SAP s y s t e m s . F o r e a c h i n d i v i d u a l d a t a e l e m e n t o f t h e t a b l e s c o n c e r n e d , SA P h a s s t i p u l a t e d w h e t h e r a c h a n g e s h o u l d b e lo g g e d o r n o t . F ig u r e 2.1 s h o w s t h e

C

h a n g e

D

o c u m e n t

Fl a

g

,

w h i c h is a c ti v a te d in t h i s c a s e a s a n e x a m p l e o f B ISM T ( O ld M a te r ia l N u m ­ ber) f r o m t h e W r i t i n g t h e h is t o r y in t h e a p p lic a t io n

M ARA

ta b le

.

F o r u p d a t i n g t h e c h a n g e s , y o u a l w a y s call t h e

C H A N G E D O C U M E N T .O P E N

func­

tio n m o d u le , w h ic h p re p a re s th e w ritin g o f th e c h a n g e h isto ry . T h en , all c h a n g e s to b e w r i t t e n a r e c o l l e c t e d , a n d t h e p r o c e s s is c o n c l u d e d u sin g th e

30

C H A N G E D O C U M E N T .C L O S E

f u n c t i o n m o d u l e . B e c a u s e ID o c s a re

S tand ard M e th o d s fo r th e I D o c G e n e ra tio n

|

2 .1

s u p p o s e d t o b e g e n e r a t e d w h e r e v e r c h a n g e s a r e u p d a t e d b y d e f a u l t , th e CH A N G ED O C U M EN T_C LO SE

f u n c t i o n m o d u l e h a s a n ALE s h a r e in a d d i t i o n

to its s t a n d a r d f u n c t i o n . T h i s e n a b l e s y o u to g e n e r a t e ch a n g e p o in te rs f o r ALE f o r t h e d e s i r e d m e s s a g e t y p e s . In all U n i c o d e - e n a b l e d r e le a s e s , th i s is d o n e u s i n g t h e

C H A N G E _ P O IN T E R S _ C R E A T E _ L O N G

in o l d r e le a s e s , t h i s is d o n e u s i n g t h e

fu n c tio n m o d u le;

C H A N G E _ P O IN T E R S _ C R E A T E

fu n c tio n

m o d u le.

D ic tio n a ry: D isp la y Data Elem ent

ssiMMMiMMfisisMSMTsiasHi Data ele m e n t

BISH T

Short Description

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Search H elp Nam e Param eters

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Defau lt C o m p o n en t N a m e

Figure 2.1

OLD_HM_HO

C h a ra c te r is tic s o f D a ta E le m e n ts

You a ls o h a v e t h e

C H A N G E _ P O IN T E R S _ C R E A T E _ D IR E C T

f u n c t i o n m o d u l e as

a s e c o n d o p t i o n t o g e n e r a t e c h a n g e p o i n t e r s . T h i s f u n c t i o n m o d u l e is c a lle d b y a p p l i c a t i o n s t h a t a r e n o t c o n n e c t e d t o t h e p r e v i o u s l y d e s c r i b e d change m a n a g e m e n t fo r d o cu m en ts. In b o t h ca s e s , c h a n g e p o i n t e r s a r e o n l y w r i t t e n i f y o u u s e t h e S M D f o r p e r f o r m a n c e r e a s o n s . I n t h e ALE C u s t o m i z i n g , y o u c a n s p e c i f y w h e t h e r th i s is t h e c a s e a n d f o r w h i c h m a s t e r d a t a y o u r e q u i r e c h a n g e p o i n t e r s . T h e r e is a s e p a r a t e T r a n s a c t i o n c o d e SALE f o r t h e ALE C u s t o m i z i n g t h a t ta k e s y o u d i r e c t l y to t h e c o r r e c t p o s i t i o n in t h e m e n u t r e e . F ig u r e 2 .2 s h o w s t h e m e n u p a t h i n C u s t o m i z i n g in w h i c h y o u m a k e t h e n e c e s s a r y se ttin g s .

31

G e n e r a t in g c h a n g e p o in t e r s d ir e c t ly

2

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G e n e ra tin g I D ocs

S tru c tu r e

___________________________________________________________________________

^.Interface P

B a s ic S e ttin g s

P

C o m m u n ic a tio n

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M o d e llin g a n d Im p le m e n t in g B u s in e s s P r o c e s s e s

P

G lo b a l O rg a n iz a tio n a l U n its

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C o n fig u r e P r e d e fin e d A L E B u s in e s s P r o c e s s e s

M a in ta in D is tn b u tio n M o d e l a n d D is trib u te V ie w s

________ ^

M a s t e r D a t a D is tn b u tio n ^

R e p lic a t io n o f M o d ifie d D a ta B

( £ > A c tiv a te C h a n g e P o in t e r s - G e n e r a lly

_____________________________A c tiv a te C h a n g e P o in t e r s fo r M e s s a g e T y p e s ______________

F ig u r e 2 .2

A c t iv a t in g C h a n g e P o in te r s f o r t h e S M D

A c t iv a t in g c h a n g e

In itia lly , y o u a c t i v a t e t h e g e n e r a t i o n o f c h a n g e p o i n t e r s g e n e r a l l y . As

p o in t e r s

a r e s u lt, t h e s h a r e o f t h e CHANGEDOCUNENT_CLOSE f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t h a t h a s n o t b e e n u s e d u p t o n o w a n d t h a t is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e S M D is r u n t h r o u g h . T h is m u s t b e s e t o n c e o n l y f o r all m a s t e r d a t a . F ig u r e 2 .3 s h o w s t h e a p p r o p r i a t e fu n c tio n a lity .

A c tiv a te C h a n g e P o in te rs G e n e ra lly

Activation s i a t u s / p ] C h a n g e p o in te rs activated - g e n e ra l^

F ig u r e 2 .3

A c t iv a t e C h a n g e P o in te rs G e n e ra lly

A c t iv a t in g c h a n g e

I f t h e c h a n g e p o i n t e r s a r e a c tiv a te d g e n e ra lly , y o u c a n s p e c if y i n a s e c o n d

p o in t e r s f o r o b je c t

s te p fo r w h ic h m essag e ty p e y o u re q u ire th e g e n e ra tio n o f ch a n g e p o in t­ ers . T h is is d o n e in t h e s e c o n d m e n u s u b i t e m (A c tiv a te C h a n g e P o in te rs f o r M e s s a g e T y p es) a n d h a s b e e n i m p l e m e n t e d f o r t h e m e s s a g e ty p e s , M ATMAS

for

and

M ATCOR

M ATMAS_W M S

and

m a t m a s .G

(s e e F ig u r e 2 . 4 ) . N o c h a n g e p o i n t e r s a r e w r i t t e n DS,

w h i c h h a v e n o t b e e n a c tiv a te d .

In t h i s c o n t e x t , it’s i m p o r t a n t t h a t a c h a n g e p o i n t e r i s n ' t w r i t t e n f o r ea c h c h a n g e d field b e c a u s e t h e r e a r e field s w h o s e v a l u e s a r e n o t s ig n if i­ c a n t f o r t h e d o w n s t r e a m s y s t e m . By m e a n s o f T r a n s a c t i o n B D 5 2 , SAP p r o v i d e s fields f o r e a c h m e s s a g e t y p e c o n n e c t e d to t h e S M D , w h i c h are r e l e v a n t f o r c h a n g e s f r o m SA P's p o i n t o f v iew . F o r t h e m a t e r ia l m a s te r , t h e DM AKT-SPRAS field is i m p o r t a n t , f o r e x a m p l e . I n t h e tr a n s a c tio n , y o u e n t e r t h e field s t h a t a r e u s e d w i t h i n y o u r e n t e r p r i s e . I f y o u ' v e m a d e

32

S tand ard M e th o d s fo r th e ID o c G e n e ra tio n

|

c h a n g e s t o t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g m a s t e r d a t a t a b l e s v ia t h e SAP e n h a n c e ­ m e n t c o n c e p t a n d u s e c u s t o m e r - s p e c i f i c field s, y o u c a n a l s o s e t t h e c u s ­ t o m e r - s p e c i f i c fie ld s h e r e . R e fe r t o C h a p t e r 4 , C h a n g e s to ID o c s , to l e a r n h o w to p r o v i d e t h e s e fields.

C h a n g e V ie w "A c tiv a te C h a n g e p o in te rs f o r M e s s a g e T y p e " : ^

N e w E r f r .e s |

S |

Activate C h a n g e p o in te rs for M e s s a g e Type M essgType

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F ig u r e 2 .4

1

A c t iv a t e C h a n g e Po n te rs f o r M e s s a g e T yp e

C h a n g e V ie w "C h a n g e d o c u m e n t ite m s f o r m e ssa g e ty p e " : O ve rvie w ^

N e w Entries

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F ig u r e 2 .5

C h a n g e -R e le v a n t F ie ld s in T ra n s a c tio n B D 52

F ig u r e 2 . 5 s h o w s a s e c t i o n o f t h e field s f o r t h e

M ATMAS

m essag e type,

w h i c h a r e p r o v i d e d b y SAP a s c h a n g e - r e l e v a n t . T h e m e s s a g e t y p e is d i r e c t ly r e f e r e n c e d to fields a n d ta b le s o f t h e m a t e r ia l m a s t e r e x c e p t f o r t h e KEY field . T h is field i s n ’t p a r t o f t h e r e s p e c t i v e t a b l e b u t a s s u m e s a v e i y i m p o r t a n t , a d d i t i o n a l c o n t r o l ro le : It e n s u r e s t h a t t h e c r e a t i o n o f a

33

C h a n g e - r e le v a n t f ie ld s

2 .1

2

|

G e n e ra tin g ID o cs

ta b le e n t r y c a n b e s e n t v i a ID o c . I f t h e KEY field is s p e c if ie d in T ra n s a c ­ t i o n B D 5 2 , a c h a n g e p o i n t e r is w r i t t e n d u r i n g t h e c r e a t i o n o f t h e c o r r e ­ s p o n d i n g o b j e c t , f o r e x a m p l e , d u r i n g t h e in itia l c r e a t i o n o f t h e m a t e r ia l f o r t h e M A R A -K EY d u m m y field o r d u r i n g t h e c r e a t i o n o f a t e x t in a n e w l a n g u a g e f o r t h e M AKT-KEY d u m m y field. I m a g i n e t h a t t h e k e y v a l u e o f t h e ta b le c o n c e r n e d is c h a n g e d f r o m " e m p t y " to t h e n e w v a l u e . A s a re s u lt, all fie ld s o f t h i s t a b l e a r e t r a n s f e r r e d . A s s ig n in g c h a n g e ­

A d d i t i o n a l ly , f o r e a c h o f t h e c h a n g e - r e l e v a n t field s, y o u m u s t s p e c if y to

r e le v a n t fie ld s

w h i c h fie ld in w h i c h s e g m e n t o f t h e I D o c t y p e it b e l o n g s . T h i s is d o n e in T r a n s a c t i o n B D 6 6 , w h i c h is s h o w n i n F ig u r e 2 . 6 . T h e DMAKT-SPRAS s a m p l e fie ld f r o m T r a n s a c t i o n B D 5 2 b e l o n g s t o t h e E1MAKTM I D o c s e g ­ m e n t a n d t o t h e field t h a t is a ls o c a lle d "SPRAS." F o r y o u r o w n fields, y o u m u s t s p e c if y t h i s u s i n g t h e N e w E n t r i e s b u t t o n .

C h a n g e V ie w "S e g m e n t F ie ld - C h a n g e D o c u m e n t F ie ld ” : O v e rv ie w *

N e w E n tn e s

MATMAS

M e s s a g e Type

S e g m e n t F ie ld - C h a n g e D o c u m e n t Field S e g m e n t type

F ie ld N a m e

1MAKTM

O bject MATERIAL

Table N a m e

: ie id N a m e

j

DNAKT

key

m

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MAKTX

MATERIAL

DMAKT

MAKTX

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1MAKTM

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MATERIAL

DMAKT

SPRAS

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MATERIAL

MARA

KEY AENAM

1MARAM 1MARAM

AENAM

MATERIAL

MARA

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MATERIAL

MARA

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MATERIAL

MARA

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MATERIAL

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MATERIAL

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1MARAM

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MATERIAL

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F ig u r e 2 .6

A s s ig n m e n t o f I D o c F ie ld s t o C h a n g e - R e le v a n t F ie ld s

E v a lu a t in g c h a n g e

T h e c h a n g e p o i n t e r s a r e t h e n e v a l u a t e d . It j u s t d e p e n d s o n t h e o b j e c t

p o in t e r s

c o n c e r n e d w h i c h f u n c t i o n m o d u l e is u s e d h e r e . W h e n y o u call T ra n s a c ­ tio n BD60, y o u can v ie w th e s e f u n c tio n m o d u le s a n d re p la c e th e m w ith y o u r o w n f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s i f y o u w a n t to m a k e s o m a n y c h a n g e s t o t h e

34

S tand ard M e th o d s fo r th e ID o c G e n e ra tio n

|

s t a n d a r d f u n c t i o n a l i t y t h a t y o u d o n ’t w a n t to e n h a n c e o r m o d i f y t h e SAP o r i g i n a l . F ig u re 2 . 7 s h o w s a n o t h e r e x a m p l e o f t h e m a t e r i a l m a s t e r d a ta . T h e r e , t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t h a t u s e s c h a n g e p o i n t e r s t o g e n e r a t e ID o cs is c a ll e d

M ASTER I DO C_CREATE_SM D_M ATM AS.

C h a n g e V ie w " A d d it io n a l D a ta f o r M e s s a g e T y p e " : O v e r v ie w ^

Q

N e w E n tr .e s

A d d itio n a l D a t a fo r M e s s a g e T y p e M essgType

-

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T a b le

hathas

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HA STE R ID O C _C R E A TE _SM D _H A TM A S

HARA

nA TH A SJM S

|MATHAS

N A STE RIDO C_C RE ATE _SM D_M A TM A S

URA

F ig u r e 2 .7

The

R e fm s g .

E j

F u n c tio n M o d u le s t o E v a lu a te C h a n g e P o in te r s

R B D M I DOC

r e p o r t , w h i c h m u s t b e s c h e d u l e d a t r e g u l a r i n t e r v a ls , m u s t

t h e n u se th e s e f u n c tio n m o d u le s to g e n e r a te ID ocs fro m t h e c h a n g e

" R B D M ID O C ” b a c k g ro u n d jo b

p o i n t e r s a n d u p d a t e w h i c h c h a n g e p o i n t e r s h a v e b e e n p r o c e s s e d . As a t r a n s f e r v a l u e , y o u c a n s p e c i f y f o r w h i c h m e s s a g e t y p e y o u w a n t to i m p le m e n t th e ev a lu a tio n . F or th is p u rp o s e , y o u sp ec ify th e a p p r o p ria te ty p e (here: R B D M I DOC

m atm aS)

in t h e M e s s a g e T y p e field in t h e in itia l s c r e e n o f t h e

r e p o r t . T h i s is i l l u s t r a t e d in F ig u r e 2 .8 .

C r e a tin g ID o c T y p e f r o m C h a n g e P o in te r s

M e s s a g e ty p e

F ig u r e 2 .8

MATMAS|

E>

I n it ia l S c re e n o f t h e " R B D M I D O C " R e p o rt

F o r s e n d in g ID ocs u sin g th e S M D a n d fo r c h a n g e p o in te rs , th e a p p lica­

C h a n g e s in th e

t i o n a n d t h e ALE c o m m u n i c a t i o n l a y e r i n t e r a c t closely. F ig u re 2 . 9 s c h e ­

SMD

m a t i c a l l y s h o w s t h e p r o c e s s f l o w o f ID o c g e n e r a t i o n . T h e e n t i r e p ro c e s s o f w r i t i n g c h a n g e p o i n t e r s t a k e s p la c e in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n ; t h e e v a l u a t i o n o f th e c h a n g e p o in te r a n d th e g e n e ra tio n o f ID ocs are carried o u t b y th e ALE c o m m u n i c a t i o n lay er.

35

2 .1

2

|

G e n e ra tin g ID o cs

A p p lic a tio n

1.

W r it e n o r m a l h is to r y

2.

C h e c k i f c h a n g e p o in t e r s a r e g e n e r a lly s u p p o s e d t o b e w r i t t e n

3.

C h e c k i f c h a n g e p o in te r s a r e s u p p o s e d t o b e w r i t t e n f o r th e o b je c t in q u e s tio n

4.

W r i t e c h a n g e p o in te r s

R B D M ID O C

A p p lic a t io n D ocum ent

C hange

1.

R e a d c h a n g e p o in te r s

2.

W r it e ID o c

3.

M a r k c h a n g e p o i n t e r s as

P o in t e r s

p ro c e s s e d

Change Docum ent

F ig u r e 2 .9

ID o c G e n e r a t io n U s in g t h e S M D

N o t e t h a t w h e n y o u s e n d ID o c s v ia c h a n g e p o i n t e r s , y o u o n l y s e n d t h o s e v i e w s in w h i c h c h a n g e s h a v e a c tu a l ly b e e n m a d e . I f a n e w v i e w h a s b e e n c r e a t e d , all its fie ld s a r e t r a n s f e r r e d ; i f a v i e w h a s b e e n c h a n g e d , o n l y t h e c h a n g e d fie ld s a r e t r a n s f e r r e d to i n c r e a s e p e r f o r m a n c e . C h a p t e r 4, C h a n g e s t o ID o c s , u s e s t h e e x a m p l e o f t h e m a t e r i a l m a s t e r t o d e s c r i b e h o w y o u c a n c h a n g e th is d e fa u lt b e h a v io r u s in g a m i n o r m o d ificatio n . You c a n f i n d t h e c h a n g e p o i n t e r s in t h e in g s t a t u s r e c o r d s in t h e

BDCPS

BD C P

tab le a n d th e c o r re s p o n d ­

t a b l e . As o f SAP N e t W e a v e r A p p l i c a t i o n

S e r v e r 6 . 2 0 (SAP N e t W e a v e r AS), p r o c e s s i n g w i t h h i g h e r p e r f o r m a n c e is p o s s i b l e v ia a s h a r e d t a b l e c a lle d

BDC P2.

H o w e v er, th is n e w p ro c e d u re

i s n 't s u p p o r t e d f o r all m e s s a g e t y p e s . W h e t h e r i t's a p p l i c a b l e f o r y o u r m e s s a g e t y p e is i n d i c a t e d in t h e d e ta il v i e w o f T r a n s a c t i o n B D 6 0 . A s o f R e le a se 7 . 1 , o n l y t h e n e w p r o c e s s i n g u s i n g T a b le

8DCP2

is a v a il a b le f o r

all m e s s a g e ty p e s . D i s t r i b u t i o n lo c k

F o r t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n v i a t h e S M D , y o u m u s t c o n s i d e r s o m e sp e c ific s f o r s o m e m a s t e r d a t a . You c a n s e t a d i s t r i b u t i o n lo c k f o r t h e m a t e r i a l m a s ­ t e r to g e n e r a l l y p r e v e n t t h e s e n d i n g o f a m a t e r i a l . F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , y o u

36

S tand ard M e th o d s fo r th e ID o c G e n e ra tio n

m u s t m a k e a s h o r t d e t o u r . In t h e d e s i g n d a t a o f t h e m a t e r ia l in t h e

|

2 .1

m a ra

ta b l e , t h e r e is a c r o s s - p l a n t m a t e r i a l s t a t u s (M A R A -M S T A E field ). T h is s t a t u s r e f e r s t o a n e x i s t i n g e n t r y in t h e

T14l

ta b le . H e r e , y o u c a n as s ig n

a d d i t i o n a l p r o p e r t i e s f o r e a c h s t a t u s v a l u e . I f t h e DLOC K field p r o v i d e d h e r e is s e l e c t e d , t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n lo c k is set. F o r co n tracts

(B L A O R D

m e s s a g e t y p e ) , o n l y r e le a s e d c o n t r a c t s a r e t r a n s ­

ferred u sin g th e SMD.

R e d u c in g M e ssa ge s T h e s e c o n d r e q u i r e m e n t o n t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f m a s t e r d a t a a r is e s fr o m t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n o f all m a s t e r d a t a t o i n d i v i d u a l v i e w s a n d t h e o p t i o n to d e f in e , in C u s t o m i z i n g , w h i c h fie ld s o f a v i e w a r e a c t u a l l y s u p p o s e d to b e u s e d . T h i s is s c a la b l e f o r t h e ID o c t r a n s f e r b y u s i n g t h e r e d u c e d m e s ­ s a g e ty p e s . A r e d u c e d m e s s a g e t y p e a l w a y s r e la t e s t o a n e x i s t i n g m e s s a g e t y p e b u t

R e d u ce d m essage

t r a n s f e r s le ss d a t a . T h e r e d u c t i o n i s n ' t p o s s i b l e f o r a ll m e s s a g e t y p e s ;

ty p e

s o t h e d e v e l o p e r o f t h e m e s s a g e t y p e m u s t e x p l i c i t l y d e f i n e it a s r e d u c ­ ib le . All v i e w s a n d fie ld s t h a t m u s t b e t r a n s f e r r e d a s a m i n i m u m a rc p r e d e f i n e d h e r e ; all o t h e r v i e w s a n d fie ld s c a n b e s e l e c t e d a d d i t i o n a l l y i f r e q u i r e d . T r a n s a c t i o n B D 6 0 in t h e d e t a i l v i e w f o r a m e s s a g e t y p e is t h e t r a n s a c t i o n f o r d e f i n i n g a m e s s a g e t y p e as r e d u c i b l e . B y c a llin g T r a n s a c ­ ti o n B D 6 5 , y o u d e f i n e t h e m a n d a t o i y fields. F o r e a c h d e l i v e r e d m e s s a g e t y p e , SAP s p e c if ic s w h e t h e r i t ’s r e d u c i b l e . B e c a u s e t h i s i n v o l v e s f u n c t i o n s in t h e g e n e r a t i o n a n d u p d a t e m o d u l e fo r t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g ID o c , c u s t o m e r s c a n ' t s i m p l y s e t t h e m e s s a g e t y p e to r e d u c i b l e r e tr o a c t i v e l y . T h e m a n d a t o r y fie ld s t h a t SAP p r o v i d e s w i t h T r a n s a c t i o n B D 6 5 c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e C u s t o m i z i n g t h a t SA P p r o v i d e s f o r t r a n s a c t i o n s t h a t a r e u s e d to m a i n t a i n m a s t e r d a t a , f o r i n s t a n c e , T r a n s ­ a c t i o n M AT1 f o r m a i n t a i n i n g t h e m a t e r ia l m a s t e r . I f y o u m a k e c h a n g e s to t h e m a n d a t o r y fie ld s in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n 's C u s t o m i z i n g , y o u a ls o a d a p t t h e m in T r a n s a c t i o n B D 6 5 s o t h a t c u s t o m - d e v e l o p e d m a n d a t o i y fields a r e a ls o m a n d a t o r y f o r r e d u c i n g in t h e ID o c. F ig u r e 2 . 1 0 s h o w s a s e c t i o n o f th e d ata fo r th e

M ATM AS

m e s s a g e ty p e .

37

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C h a n g e V ie w " A d d itio n a l D a ta f o r M e s s a g e T y p e " : D e ta ils

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W h e n y o u s p e c if y t h e n a m e o f t h e n e w r e d u c e d m e s s a g e t y p e (see F ig u re 2 .1 2 ), y o u m u st c o n s id e r th e n a m in g ru les for y o u r o w n o b jec ts

R e d u c tio n s te p s

(th e

n a m e m u st start w ith Y o r Z o r y o u r o w n nam espace).

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■ o o L o g ic a l aessage ty p e I n t e r n a l le n g t h 000006 E x te r n a l le n g t h 000006 O ff s e t 000063 D a ta t y p e CHAR D a ta e le a e n t E01J1ES1P3 » o o nessa ge ty p e I n t e r n a l le n g t h 000030 E x te r n a l le n g t h 000030 O ff s e t 000069 D a ta t y p e CHAR D a ta e le a e n t E0IJ1ES1YP

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F ig u r e 2.16

42

■ o o O b je c t v a lu e ( e i t h o l d le n g t h o f 40) I n te r n a l le n g t h 000040 E x te r n a l le n g t h 000040 D a ta t y p e CHAR D a ta e le a e n t F08JV01D ■ o 0 ABAP: ID : l/ E ( in c lu d e / e x c lu d e v a lu e * ) I n t e r n a l le n g t h 000001 E x te r n a l le n g t h 000001 D a ta t y p e CHAR D a ta e le a e n t TVARV_SISN ■ o o ABAP: S e le c t io n o p t io n (E 0 /B T /C P /.. . ) I n te r n a l le n g t h 000002 E x te r n a l le n g t h 000002 D a ta t y p e CHAR D a ta e le a e n t TVARV.OPTI ■ o o C h a ra c te r f i e l d o f le n g t h 40 I n t e r n a l le n g t h 000040 E x te r n a l le n g t h 000040 D a ta t y p e CHAR D a ta e le a e n t CHAR40 ■ o o C h a ra c te r f i e l d o f le n g t h 40 I n t e r n a l le n g t h 000040 E x te r n a l le n g t h 000040 D a ta t y p e CHAR D a ta e le a o n t CHAR40

'A L E R E Q 0 1 " I D o c T yp e

O f f s e t 000063

O f f s e t 000103

O f f s e t 000104

O f f s e t 000106

O f f s e t 000146

S tand ard M e th o d s fo r th e ID o c G e n e ra tio n

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t y p e t h a t is e x p e c t e d a s t h e r e s p o n s e , t h e s h o r t a n d t h e l o n g n a m e

" M A T F E T ” ID o c

( b e f o r e o r a f t e r R e le a s e 4 .0 ), a n d t h e k e y s o f e l e m e n t s t h a t a r e s u p p o s e d to b e s e n t a s a r e s p o n s e . F ig u r e 2 . 1 7 s h o w s a t h e ZSM1 m a t e r i a l . F o r t h e

M ATM A S

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ID o c t h a t r e q u e s t

ID oc, b o t h t h e l o n g a n d t h e s h o r t n a m e

is " M A T M A S " b e c a u s e t h i s is a v e r y o l d m e s s a g e ty p e .

4E STYP

L o g ic a l m e s s a g e ty p e

M ATM AS

M ESTYP40

M e s s a g e Type

M ATM AS

SEGNUM

Segm ent Num ber

000002

SEGNAM

Segm ent Nam e

E1ALE01

O B JVA LU E

O b je c t v a l u e (w ith o ld le n g t h

M ATNR

S IG N

A B A P ID : l/E ( in c lu d e /e x c lu d e

1

O P T IO N

A8AP

EO

LO W

C h a r a c t e r f i e l d o f le n g t h 4 0

F ig u r e 2.17

S e le c t i o n o p t io n ( E O /B T /

ZSM1

M A T F E T ID o c

B e c a u s e m a s t e r d a t a is u s u a l l y e x c h a n g e d b e t w e e n d i f f e r e n t s y s t e m s o f t h e s a m e e n t e r p r i s e , lo g ic a l s y s t e m s a r c u s e d as p a r t n e r s lik e t h e y a r e u s e d in ALE.

2.1.2

M essage Control

T h e m e s s a g e c o n t r o l is a s t a n d a r d f u n c t i o n o f SAP, w h i c h t r i g g e r s a d a t a t r a n s f e r f o r all t r a n s a c t i o n d a t a t h a t is s u p p o s e d t o b e r e c e i v e d b y o t h e r e n t e r p r i s e s , t o o . T h is c a n b e d o n e u s i n g a p r i n t e r , fax, o r a n ID o c . F o r p r o c e s s i n g u s i n g ID o c s , y o u c a n u s e tra n sm issio n m e d iu m 6 f o r p r o c e s s i n g u s i n g p a r t n e r f u n c t i o n s , a n d y o u c a n u s e tra n sm issio n m e d iu m A f o r p r o ­ c e s s in g u s i n g lo g ic a l s y s t e m s . All t h e r e q u i r e d s e t t i n g s f o r t h e m e s s a g e c o n t r o l a r e in T r a n s a c t i o n NACE. You u s e t h e co n d itio n te c h n iq u e t o s p e c i f y w h e n y o u g e n e r a t e w h i c h m e s s a g e s in w h i c h w a y . T h e k e y f o r t h e c o n d i t i o n s is c o m p o s e d o f th e a p p l i c a t i o n y o u ' r e in (e .g ., “EF" f o r p u r c h a s i n g ) , t h e o u t p u t t y p e y o u w a n t t o g e n e r a t e (e.g., " N E U " f o r a p u r c h a s e o r d e r ) , a n d t h e p a r t n e r r o le e v e r y t h i n g w ill b e s e n t t o (e .g ., p a r t n e r " v e n d o r " in its r o l e a s g o o d s v endor).

43

M e s s a g e c o n tro l

2 .1

2

|

G e n e ra tin g I D ocs

” E D I_ P R O C E S S IN G " f u n c t io n

I n m essa g e d e te r m in a tio n , t h e a c tu a l m e s s a g e is g e n e r a t e d u s i n g t h e RSNASTOO

rep o rt. T he

E D I_ P R 0 C E S S I NG

f u n c t i o n t h a t is u s e d h e r e t r a n s f e r s

t h e m e s s a g e as a n EDI m e s s a g e u s i n g t h e ID o c ; it b e l o n g s to t r a n s m i s s i o n m e d i u m 6 . D e p e n d i n g o n t h e s y s t e m s e t t i n g , y o u c a n call t h e

RSNASTOO

re p o r t d ire c tly u p o n sa v in g th e d o c u m e n t o r a t re g u la r in te rv a ls as a batch jo b . In m essage co n tro l, a n E D I c o m m u n i c a t i o n is u s u a l l y a s s u m e d s o t h a t y o u w o r k w i t h p a r t n e r s a n d n o t w i t h lo g ic a l s y s t e m s . O u tb o u n d p a rtn e r

T h e i n f o r m a t i o n o n h o w a n ID o c is s e n t to t h e r e c e i v e r (e.g., v ia RFC o r

p r o f ile

file) a n d w h e t h e r a n E D I s u b s y s t e m is s u p p o s e d t o b e u s e d i f n e c e ss a ry , is s e t in t h e o u tb o u n d p a r tn e r profile in T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 b o t h f o r t h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h p a r t n e r s a n d f o r t h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n w i t h logical system s.

P ro c e s s c o d e

H e re , y o u a l s o s p e c if y w h i c h ID o c t y p e is s u p p o s e d t o b e u s e d . I f y o u w o r k w i t h t h e m e s s a g e c o n t r o l , in t h e o u t b o u n d p a r t n e r p ro f ile u n d e r t h e M e s s a g e C o n t r o l ta b , y o u s p e c i f y w h i c h p r o c e s s c o d e ( a n d w h i c h u n d e r l y i n g f u n c t i o n m o d u l e ) w ill b e u s e d to p o p u l a t e t h e I D o c d a t a . You c a n f i n d t h e v a l i d p r o c e s s c o d e s f o r t h e r e s p e c t i v e o u t p u t t y p e in T r a n s a c ­ t i o n W E 4 1 (F ig u re 2 .1 8 ) .

Pr&cOiS (000 ^

HE 10

ORDERS PurcM S * (Xdor

□ OulDound process code Q L O flic a l message

Assignm ent to logical message ORDERS

Purchase o rd e r/ order

types • Message code C A lc o d e s

• Message «unc*or> :C M fc in c *> n s

F ig u r e 2.18

A s s ig n m e n t o f t h e P ro c e s s C o d e t o t h e M e s s a g e T yp e

M essa g e codes

You c a n a ls o s p e c i f y t h e o p t i o n a l m essage codes a n d m essa g e fu n c tio n s ,

a n d m essage

w h i c h y o u k n o w f r o m t h e p a r t n e r p ro f ile s , t o b e a b l e to u s e d i f f e r e n t

f u n c t io n s

p r o c e s s c o d e s f o r u p d a t i n g t h e ID o c s . M e s s a g e c o d e s a n d f u n c t i o n s a re

44

S tand ard M e th o d s fo r th e ID o c G e n e ra tio n

|

f r e e l y s e l e c t a b l e , a n d y o u d o n ' t n e e d t o a d h e r e to n a m i n g r u l e s . H o w ­ e v e r, t h i s a ls o m e a n s t h a t n o i n p u t h e l p is p r o v i d e d in T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 , s o y o u m u s t e n s u r e t h e c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g o f t h e n a m e s y o u r s e l f . In t h e d etails o f th e s a m p le p ro c e ss c o d e fo r th e

O R D ER S

g e n e r a t i o n , w h i c h is

s h o w n i n F ig u r e 2 . 1 9 , y o u c a n v i e w t h e lin k t o t h e a s s o c i a t e d f u n c t i o n m o d u le.

Structure :

Q

OutDound p ro c e s s c o de CD Log ical m e s s a g e

P ro c ess code

HE10

Description

O R D E R S P u rchase order

Function m odule

1PQC QUTPUI TOPERS

O ption A L E -S ervcelinb.procg • P ro c e s s in g w ith A L E s e rv ic e P ro c e s s in g W o A L E service P ro c e s s in g w . trig g e r (in b o u n d )

V e rs io n o f function m odule • P ro c e s s in g w ith fu n c tio n m o d u le v e rs io n 3.0 P ro c e s s in g w ith fu n c tio n m o d u le v e rs io n 2.2

F ig u r e 2.19

A s s ig n m e n t o f t h e P ro c e s s C o d e t o t h e F u n c tio n M o d u le

U n d e r O p t i o n A L E - S e r v ic e /I n b . P ro c g , y o u c a n s e l e c t w h e t h e r t h e ALE

A L E s e rv ic e s

s e r v ic e s a r e s u p p o s e d to b e u s e d o r n o t . T h e ALE s e r v i c e s r e p r e s e n t o p t i o n s o f ID o c m a n i p u l a t i o n u s i n g filters a n d ru le s . C h a p t e r 4, S e c tio n 4 . 1 , C u s t o m i z i n g , d i s c u s s e s t h e ALE s e r v ic e s t o p i c in m o r e d e ta il. B e c a u s e y o u o f t e n r e q u i r e a lo t o f p a r t n e r p r o f ile s — e s p e c i a l l y i f y o u w o rk w ith p a rtn e rs -

y o u h a v e t h e o p t i o n to c r e a t e t e m p l a t e s to s a v e

s o m e t i m e . T h e p a r t n e r p r o f il e f r o m T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 c a n b e c r e a t e d fro m th is te m p la te , so y o u d o n 't n e e d to c re a te it m an u ally . T ran sactio n W E 2 4 is t h e t r a n s a c t i o n f o r t h e t e m p l a t e in t h e o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g (see F ig u r e 2 . 2 0 ) . T r a n s a c t i o n VVE27 is t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g t r a n s a c t i o n f o r t h e in b o u n d p ro cessin g .

45

D e f a u lt v a lu e s

2 .1

2

|

G e n e ra tin g ID o cs

C h a n g e V ie w " P ro p o s a l f o r o u tb o u n d p a r tn e r p r o file s " : D e ta ils *2 ?

N e w Entries

^

s

i

a

P a rln Typ e

LI

Direction

l]

M e s s a g e Type

0RDCH6

a

a

Vendor

P a rtn e r Role

M e s s a g e co d e M e s s a g e function -----------0

1=1

C o lle c t ID o c s

□ S ta rt su b system

R e c e iv e r port

SUBSYSTEM

B a sic type

DELF0R01

P o rt fur ein E D I-S u b s y s te m v ia D a teisch n ittste lle

D e livery scheduleAJIT sch ed u le

E xtension V ie w

R e c ip ie n t type

0

O rg an iza tio n al unit

R e c ip ie n t

50010120

E D I D e p a rtm e n t

A pplication

EF

H C h a n g e m essage

O utp ut type

NEU

P r o c e s s co d e (out)

ME11

M e s s a g e control p a ra m e te r

F ig u r e 2 .2 0

2.1.3

O R D C H G : P u rc h a s e o rd e r c h a n g e

D e f a u lt V a lu e s f o r O u t b o u n d P a rtn e r P ro file s

Special Functions

W a re h o u s e

I n s o m e ca s e s , a s p e c if ic b u s i n e s s p r o c e s s c a n b e i m p l e m e n t e d c o m ­

m anagem ent

p l e t e l y lo c a lly o n a n SAP s y s t e m o r d i s t r i b u t e d a c r o s s m u l t i p l e SAP o r

e x a m p le

n o n -S A P s y s t e m s . ID o c s a r e o n l y g e n e r a t e d w h e n p r o c e s s e s a r e d i s t r i b ­ u te d across m u ltip le sy stem s, a n d th e g e n e ra tio n can b e a c tiv a te d v ia th e C u sto m izin g fu n c tio n s o f th e re sp ectiv e a p p lic a tio n . W a re h o u s e m a n a g e ­ m e n t is a n e x a m p l e o f t h i s d i r e c t ID o c g e n e r a t i o n . T h e d e f a u l t s e t t i n g o f w a r e h o u s e m a n a g e m e n t a s s u m e s t h a t y o u r w a r e h o u s e is m a n a g e d b y y o u r SA P s y s t e m . I f t h i s i s n ’t t h e c a s e , y o u c a n a c t i v a t e t h e c o n n e c t i o n o f y o u r w a r e h o u s e s y s t e m v ia ALE in C u s t o m i z i n g . T h i s c o n n e c t i o n c a u s e s a

WMTORD

ID o c to b e g e n e r a t e d d i r e c t l y w h e n y o u c r e a t e a w a r e h o u s e

t r a n s p o r t r e q u e s t to n o t i f y t h e e x t e r n a l w a r e h o u s e o f w h a t is s u p p o s e d

46

S tand ard M e th o d s fo r th e ID o c G e n e ra tio n

|

t o b e t r a n s p o r t e d . H o w e v e r , t h e s e s p e c ia l c a s e s c a n ’t b e d e s c r i b e d in g e n e r a l b u t i n s t e a d m u s t b e n a m e d a n d s e t u p in c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h t h e i n d i v i d u a l e n d - u s e r . B e c a u s e all t r a n s a c t i o n s t h a t a r e r e q u i r e d f o r s u c h a s p e c ia l c a s e a r e m o d u l e - s p e c i f i c , t h e y a r e n o t d i s c u s s e d f u r t h e r h e r e , b u t j u s t b e a w a r e t h a t s u c h s p e c ia l c a s e s e x ist. W i t h i n t h e s c o p e o f ALE s c e n a r i o s , t h e r e c a n a l s o b e c a s e s in w h i c h

ID o c - BAPI

s a m p l e p o s t i n g s a r e i m p l e m e n t e d s y n c h r o n o u s l y v ia BAPI, a n d t h e ac tu a l

in te r fa c e

p o s t i n g s a r e i m p l e m e n t e d a s y n c h r o n o u s l y v ia ID o c . T h e n , t h e BAPI is c r e a t e d o n t h e d e v e l o p m e n t s i d e , a n d t h e a p p r o p r i a t e ID o c is g e n e r a t e d u s i n g T r a n s a c t i o n B D B G . You c a n a ls o u s e t h i s t r a n s a c t i o n i f SAP d o e s n ' t p r o v i d e a n ID o c f o r a BAPI a n d y o u still r e q u i r e i t f o r a d i s t r i b u t i o n s c e ­ n a r i o t h a t i s n 't p r o v i d e d f o r b y SAP. A g a in in t h i s c a s e , y o u m u s t o b s e r v e th e n a m in g ru le s fo r c u s to m e r o bjects. F ig u r e 2 . 2 1 s h o w s a n I D o c g e n e r a t e d b y SA P i n t h e SA P n a m e s p a c e . In t h e ID o c I n t e r f a c e ta b , y o u c a n v i e w t h e n a m e s f o r t h e m e s s a g e ty p e a n d t h e ID o c t y p e ; in t h e ALE O u t b o u n d P ro c e s s i n g ta b , y o u c a n v i e w t h e f u n c t i o n g r o u p in w h i c h t h e ID o c m o d u l e s a r e l o c a t e d a s w e ll as t h e n a m e o f t h e m o d u l e t h a t g e n e r a t e s t h e ID o c ; a n d in t h e ALE I n b o u n d P r o c e s s i n g ta b , y o u c a n v i e w t h e n a m e o f t h e m o d u l e t h a t e x t r a c t s th e I D o c in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m a n d t r i g g e r s t h e u p d a t e . T h e p r o c e s s o f g e n e r a t i n g a n I D o c f r o m a BAPI is a s fo llo w s :

B A P I p r o c e s s in g

1. T h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m w a n t s t o call t h e BAPI a n d c h e c k s w h e t h e r t h i s is s u p p o s e d to b e c a r r i e d o u t l o c a lly o r r e m o t e ly . 2 . I f t h e call is r e m o t e a n d is s u p p o s e d t o b e c a r r i e d o u t tr a n s a c t i o n a l ly , t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t h a t is g e n e r a t e d in T r a n s a c t i o n BD B G is ca lle d in th e s e n d in g sy stem . T his fu n c tio n m o d u le tran sfers th e tra n s fe r p a r a m e t e r s o f t h e BAPI t o t h e I D o c f o r m a t . 3. A f t e r y o u ’v e m a d e t h e s e t t i n g s in t h e c u s t o m e r d i s t r i b u t i o n m o d e l a n d in T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 , t h i s g e n e r a t e d I D o c is t r a n s f e r r e d t o t h e re ceiv in g system . 4 . In th e receiv in g sy ste m , th e c a lle d u s i n g t h e BAPP

BAPI

B A P I _ I D0 C _ I N P U T 1

process c o d e o r

f u n c t i o n m o d u l e is

B A P I _ I D 0 C _ IN P U T P

u sin g the

p ro cess c o d e ; th is d e p e n d s o n w h e t h e r o n e o r m o re d a ta reco rd s

a r e r e c e i v e d s i m u l t a n e o u s l y . T h e s e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s call t h e i n b o u n d f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t h a t is g e n e r a t e d in T r a n s a c t i o n B DBG, w h i c h e x t r a c t s

47

2 .1

2

|

G e n e ra tin g ID o cs

( h e ID o c a n d u s e s t h e t r a n s f e r r e d d a t a t o call t h e o r i g i n a l BAPI th a t c a r r i e s o u t t h e a c tu a l u p d a t e . G e n e ra te A L E In te rfa c e f o r B A P I

#

9

q o C heck interface

6? D is p la y interface

ObiecVlnterface Type

BUS6006

Method

POST

4 ^ D is p la y available interfaces

Category -Enter Interface Par

M e s s a g e Type

ACC_EHP10YEE_PAY

ID oc type

ACC_EMPL0YEE_PAY02

Package

ACID_IF

A L E Outbound Processing Function Module Function group

AIE_ACC_EHP10YEE_PAY_P0ST ACAS 0

Data FiRenng Allowed

A L E Inbound P roc e s sin g /

F ig u r e 2.21

Function Module

ID 0C _t HPUT_ACC_EHP10YEE_PAY

Funcbon group

ACC4 0

Cali in u p d a te Task

0

Packet P roc e s s in g Allow ed

I D o c I n te r f a c e t o a B A P I

A s y n c h ro n o u s

B e c a u s e b o t h c a s e s r e p r e s e n t a n ALE s c e n a r i o , y o u m a i n t a i n t h e c u s ­

B A P Is

t o m e r d i s t r i b u t i o n m o d e l f o r BAPIs a n d I D o c s . F o r t h e BAPIs, y o u e n t e r the m e th o d s th a t m u s t b e p ro c e sse d b o th s y n c h ro n o u sly a n d asynchron o u s l y v i a ID o c s . A d d i t i o n a l ly , y o u r e q u i r e p a r t n e r p r o f ile s f o r t h e t r a n s ­ a c ti o n a l c a s e a s u s u a l . I f y o u h a v e t h e s e p a r t n e r p r o f ile s g e n e r a t e d f r o m t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n m o d e l , t h e s y s t e m a u t o m a t i c a l l y k n o w s f o r w h i c h BAPIs t h e r e a r c m e s s a g e t y p e s a n d t h u s f o r w h i c h it r e q u i r e s a p a r t n e r p ro file .

D e t e r m in in g th e

U s e T r a n s a c t i o n B D 9 7 to m a i n t a i n t h e d e s t i n a t i o n f o r t h e s y n c h r o n o u s

t a r g e t s y s te m f o r

BAPI call i n a r e m o t e s y s t e m . T h i s c a n b e d o n e b o t h g e n e r a l l y f o r all

s y n c h r o n o u s B A P Is

m e t h o d c a lls a n d o n l y f o r s p e c ia l BAPIs a n d f o r d i a l o g calls. You n e e d t h e d i a l o g calls i f y o u w a n t to w o r k w i t h t h e I D o c t r a c i n g in T r a n s a c ­ t i o n B D 8 7 . T h e d i s t i n c t i o n w i t h r e g a r d to d i a l o g s is m a d e f o r s e c u r i ty reasons.

48

U se o f Lo gical System s in th e M e ssag e C o n tro l

|

B e c a u s c a d i a l o g u s e r m u s t b e u s e d in t h e RFC d e s t i n a t i o n , t h i s u s e r s h o u ld h a v e o n ly a fe w a u th o riz atio n s. F ig u r e 2 . 2 2 s h o w s a n e x a m p l e f o r e a c h o f t h e t h r e e cases.

A s s i g n R F C D e s t i n a t i o n s f o r S y n c h r o n o u s M e t h o d C a lls

&

9 ^ & □

Standaid BAPi destination

Q

Standard dialog destnabo n

Q

Special m em od destination

1090 * 0 0 c l i e n t 800 -AHRCLNT000 -AHRCLNT003 -AHRCLHT006 -AHRCLNT026 -A 1 I_ 0 0 _ 8 0 0 "AIN1 -A1N2 -A IN _ 8 0 0 -AIN_8O0NBI -AIRCLNT000 -ALRCLHT006 -ALRCLNT062 -AP0CLNT100 AP0CLNI8JP

AHR (HR s y s te m ) c l i e n t 000 AHR (HR s y s te m ) C l ie n t 003 AHR CATTS c l i e n t 006 AHR C A IIS C l i e n t 026 A M S y s t e * c l i e n t 800 AutO ID Node 1 A u to ID Node 2 A u to ID Node 2 .1 c l i e n t 800 A u to ID Node c l i e n t 800 NB I ALR C l i e n t 000 ( ) a i r n a n d t 006 ALR fla n d a n t 062 APOCLNTIOO APOCLNT8O0

— Gj S ta n d a rd RFC d e s t in a t i o n f o r BAPI c a l l s AP0CLNI800

••• /

S ta n d a rd RFC d e s t in a t i o n f o r d i a lo g c a l l s AIEHAHU 3

l e s t ALE c o m u M c a t io n * i t h

n a n u g is t ie s

RFC d e s t in a t i o n s f o r s p e c ia l « e th o d c a l l s

L -O

A c c tn g E « p ly e e P a y b l* s c n e c k A c c o u n tin g

C heck V e ndor A c c t A s $ ig n « e n t f o r HR P o s tin g (0 A 6 : LOAD PAYABLE)

I----------BACKEND

F ig u r e 2 .2 2

C u s t o m iz in g f o r S y n c h r o n o u s B A P I C a lls in A L E S c e n a rio s

T h e s t a n d a r d d e s t i n a t i o n f o r BAPI calls f o r t h e t e m is

APO C LN TSO O ,

and th e

BACKEND

APO C LN TSO O

lo g ic a l s y s ­

t h e d e s t i n a t i o n f o r t h e d i a l o g calls is c a lle d

d e s t i n a t i o n is u s e d f o r t h e

ALEM ANU,

A c c tn g E m p ly e e P a y b le s . C h e c k

m e t h o d o n ly.

2.2

U se of Lo g ica l S y ste m s in the M e ss a g e C o n tro l

T r a n s a c t i o n d a t a m a y b e e x c h a n g e d w i t h i n ALE s c e n a r i o s . F o r e x a m p l e ,

"A L E _

th is c o u ld b e th e s c e n a rio o f ce n tral sa le s /d e c e n tra liz e d s h ip p in g . H ere,

P R O C E S S IN G ’

p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , d e l i v e r ie s , a n d i n v o i c e s a r e e x c h a n g e d b e t w e e n p l a n t s

subroutme

o f t h e s a m e e n t e r p r i s e . F o r t h i s c a s e , i n m e s s a g e c o n t r o l , y o u s i m p l y use t h e c u s t o m e r o r v e n d o r a s t h e p a r t n e r . I n s t e a d o f " 6 " f o r t h e E D I pro -

49

2 .2

2

|

G e n e ra tin g I D ocs

c e s s in g , h o w e v e r , y o u e n t e r "A" f o r t h e ALE p r o c e s s i n g a s t h e t r a n s m i s ­ s i o n m e d i u m f o r t h e f o u n d m e s s a g e . As a r e s u lt , t h e s y s t e m n o l o n g e r uses th e IN G

E D I_ P R O C E S S IN G

s u b ro u tin e a n d in ste a d uses the

ALE _P R O C ES S-

su b ro u tin e.

M e s s a g e c o n tro l

You t h e n m a i n t a i n a c u s t o m e r d i s t r i b u t i o n m o d e l as u s u a l a n d u s e a

a n d ALE

logical s y s t e m as t h e s e n d e r a n d a lo g ic a l s y s t e m as t h e r e c e i v e r o f t h e m essag e . A fte r th e m e ssa g e c o n tro l w ith in th e ap p lic a tio n , th e tra n s m is ­ s i o n m e d i u m A r e a d s t h e c u s t o m e r d i s t r i b u t i o n m o d e l a n d r e p la c e s t h e p a r t n e r f o u n d i n t h e m e s s a g e c o n t r o l w i t h t h e lo g ic a l s y s t e m f o u n d in t h e m o d e l . F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , y o u n e e d t h e a s s i g n m e n t o f o u t p u t t y p e s to m e s s a g e t y p e s . T h e y a r e a v a il a b le in t h e p r o c e s s c o d e s in t h e o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g in T r a n s a c t i o n W E 4 1 a n d in t h e s e t t i n g s t h a t y o u m a d e f o r t h e m e s s a g e c o n t r o l in t h e o u t b o u n d p a r t n e r p r o f il e in T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 .

U n iq u e n e s s o f th e a s s ig n m e n t

T h e d a t a f r o m T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 is e v a l u a t e d i n t h e

A L E .P R O C E S S IN G

s u b r o u t i n e . B e c a u s e t h e s u b s e q u e n t r e c e i v e r i s n 't y e t d e t e r m i n e d in th is f ir s t s t e p , t h e s y s t e m s e a r c h e s u s i n g t h e “L og ical S y s t e m " p a r t n e r t y p e a n d t h e o u t p u t t y p e o n ly . I f m o r e t h a n o n e e n t r y is f o u n d in T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 , fo r ex a m p le , NEU -

ZSM OR D

NEU

-

ORDERS,

w h ic h w o u ld be th e sta n d a rd , a n d

fo r a s e lf-p ro g ra m m e d m essag e ty p e,

A L E _ P R O C E S S IN G

can­

cels w i t h a n e r r o r . You e s t a b l i s h t h e r e q u i r e d u n i q u e n e s s b y u s i n g y o u r o w n o u t p u t t y p e s f o r y o u r o w n m e s s a g e ty p e s . T h e s e a r c h v ia t h e "Logical S y s te m " p a r t n e r t y p e a n d t h e p a r t n e r t y p e r e s u lt s in t h e b e n e f i t o f a r e d u c e d n u m b e r o f p a r t n e r p ro f ile s . T h e n y o u c a n j u s t h a v e a p a r t n e r p r o f il e f o r t h e logical s y s t e m i n s t e a d o f a p a r t n e r p ro f ile f o r e a c h v e n d o r o r c u s t o m e r .

2.3

S u m m a ry

I n t h i s c h a p t e r , w e ' v e t a k e n a c l o s e r l o o k a t t h e c r e a t i o n o f ID o c s . Y ou ’v e l e a r n e d w h i c h m e t h o d s f o r c r e a t i o n e x i s t a n d h o w t h e y a r e r e l a t e d to t h e d i f f e r e n t n e e d s o f d i f f e r e n t p r o c e s s e s o r d a t a t y p e s . T h e d e c i s i o n as t o w h i c h o n e s h o u l d b e u s e d is m a d e b y SAP. N o w l e t ’s t a k e i t a s t e p f u r t h e r r e g a r d i n g o u r w o r k w i t h I D o c s . T h e n e x t c h a p t e r w i l l t e a c h y o u h o w to t e s t t h e c r e a t i o n a n d t h e p o s t i n g o f ID ocs.

50

" A n y th in g t h a t ca n g o w r o n g w ill g o w ro n g ." (M u r p h y 's L aw ) To e n s u re t h a t a s little a s p o ss ib le g o e s w r o n g in y o u r p ro d u c tio n sy ste m , S A P p r o v id e s a v a r ie ty o f te s t tools, each o f w h ic h are d esc rib e d in th is ch a p ter.

3

Test Tools

A b u s i n e s s p r o c e s s t h a t s p a n s s e v e r a l s y s t e m s c a n ' t b e fu lly t e s t e d a n d

T e s tin g w i t h o u t a

a c c e p t e d u n l e s s all o f t h e p a r t n e r s t e s t t h e p r o c e s s . H o w e v e r , b a s i c s e t ­

p a rtn e r

tin g s u s u a l l y u n d e r g o a p r e l i m i n a r y te s t, w i t h o u t a n y i n v o l v e m e n t b y y o u r p a rtn e r. D u rin g th e d e fin itio n p h a se , it m a y also b e n e c e s s a ry fo r y o u to d e t e r m i n e e x a c t l y w h i c h f ie ld s a r e c o n t a i n e d in a n ID o c , a n d o f t h e s e field s, w h i c h a r e n e e d e d f o r a p a r t i c u l a r s c e n a r i o . F o r t h i s b a s ic te s t, SAP h a s d e l i v e r e d a t e s t e n v i r o n m e n t i n w h i c h s y s t e m s c a n g e n e r a t e a n d p o s t ID o c s w i t h o u t h a v i n g a s u i t a b l e SAP s y s t e m g r o u p . T h e s e ID o c s c a n t h e n b e u s e d a s s a m p l e ID o c s o r t e m p l a t e s f o r t h e p a r t n e r . You c a n m a n u a l l y c r e a t e ID o c s a n d p o s t t h e m to y o u r o w n SAP s y s t e m ,

In b o u n d a n d

as w e l l a s m a k e I D o c s a v a il a b le f o r o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g . All o f t h e te s t

o u tb o u n d

t o o l s a r e s t o r e d u n d e r t h e a r e a m e n u in T r a n s a c t i o n W E D I . F ig u r e 3.1 s h o w s t h e s e v e n t e s t t r a n s a c t i o n s p r o v i d e d th e re .

S A P E a s y A c c e s s I D o c a n d E D I B a s is I

| lA

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7- Process Status File

W E12 - Inbound procg o f moOifled ou® file

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F ig u re 3.1

Test T ra n sa ctio n s in the A re a M e n u o f Transactio n W E D I

51

p r o c e s s in g

3

|

T e s t T o o ls

P ari o f t h e s e t r a n s a c t i o n s is a ls o a v a il a b le in t h e m e n u s o f t h o s e a p p l i c a ­ t i o n s t h a t f r e q u e n t l y w o r k w i t h ID o c s . H o w e v e r , t h i s c h a p t e r w ill p r i ­ m arily focus o n using in d iv id u a l tran sa ctio n s, ra th e r th a n s h o w in g th e m in a s p e c if ic m o d u l e . N o t e t h a t m o s t v a l u e s e n t e r e d f o r t e s t p u r p o s e s a re c a s e -s e n s itiv e .

3.1 T r a n s a c tio n W E 19

In d iv id u a l ID o cs

T r a n s a c t i o n W E I 9 is t h e t e s t t o o l f o r i n d i v i d u a l ID o c s . You c a n c h o o s e w h e t h e r y o u w a n t t o u s e a f i n i s h e d ID o c a s a t e m p l a t e o r w h e t h e r y o u w a n t to c r e a t e a c o m p l e t e l y n e w I D o c b a s e d o n a m e s s a g e t y p e o r IDoc t y p e . You c a n a l s o u s e a n e x i s t i n g file. In t h i s c a s e , h o w e v e r , y o u m u s t u s e a flat file b e c a u s e X M L files a r e n ’t s u p p o r t e d .

I D o c t e m p la t e

T r a n s a c t i o n W E I 9 is p a r t i c u l a r l y h e l p f u l i f it's n o t y e t c l e a r w h i c h ID o c f ie ld s m u s t b e filled a n d w h i c h v a l u e s m u s t b e s p e c i f i e d . You c a n r u n t h r o u g h s e v e r a l v a r i a n t s u n t i l y o u ' v e d e t e r m i n e d t h e field i n f o r m a t i o n r e l e v a n t f o r y o u r s e t o f ta s k s . F ig u r e 3 .2 p r o v i d e s a n o v e r v i e w o f t h e in i­ tial s c r e e n a s w e l l as t h e s e l e c t i o n o p t i o n s a v a il a b le in t h i s t r a n s a c t i o n .

T e s t to o l f o r ID o c p ro c e s s in g

si T e m p la te fo i t e s t / Existing ID oc O BasicTyp w ith E n h a n c e m e n t O V i a m e s s a g e type O File a s tem p la te O w f o tem p la te

F ig u r e 3 .2

M a n u a l te s t ID o c

T e s t T o o l f o r I n d iv id u a l ID o c s

A f t e r y o u ' v e c a lle d a n ID o c , y o u c a n s t r u c t u r e it s o t h a t i t fulfills y o u r t e s t r e q u i r e m e n t s . E ac h s e g m e n t c a n b e e d i t e d s e p a r a t e l y . W h i l e y o u ’re in e d i t m o d e , y o u a l s o c a n c l e a r l y s e e w h i c h fie ld y o u ’re w o r k i n g in w i t h ­ o u t h a v i n g t o c o u n t t h e field s. You c a n a ls o a d d m o r e s e g m e n t s . I f y o u ’re

52

I n d iv id u a l ID o c s

|

3 .1

usin g th e te m p la te o p tio n , th e sy ste m checks s o m e (u n fo rtu n a te ly , n o t all) o f t h e r e q u i r e d p r o p e r t i e s o f t h e ID o c t y p e o r m e s s a g e t y p e t h a t y o u ' v e s e l e c t e d . All o f t h e v a r i a n t s a r e c h e c k e d t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r m a n d a t o i y s e g m e n t s a r e m i s s i n g o r w h e t h e r t h e s e g m e n t in u s e e x i s t s in t h e s e g m e n t d e f i n i t i o n in t h e SAP s y s t e m . F ig u r e 3 .3 s h o w s t h e s e g m e n t s o f a n e x a m p l e ID o c in T r a n s a c t i o n W E 1 9 .

E0I0C

8000000000000768745700 03

1SALES

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1

010 HUHBEft

— E1HAKTH ---------E l MARCH --------E l HARM ---------E l HARM --------E1HYKEH ---------E l HIAMU

F ig u r e 3 .3

OOSESatnnes 0e«o (la te r i s i 0053000* OOSCT 6 1 OOSPCEt 1 005360001 X 000009000 000 0050S UIXJ1

EH 0 0 HO 00 0 800 0 .0 80 0 000 0 080 0 ooo 0 000 0 080 0 ooo 0.080 0.80B 0 800

0 000 0 080 0 000

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0.808 0 800 0 OOO

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V ie w o f a n I D o c in T ra n s a c tio n W E 19

You c a n n o w e d i t b o t h t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d a n d t h e d a t a r e c o r d s a n d , f o r

E d it in g th e

e x a m p l e , s e n d a n ID o c to a r e c e i v e r o t h e r t h a n t h e o r i g i n a l r e c e iv e r . As

c o n t r o l re c o rd

y o u c a n s e e in F ig u r e 3 . 4 , o n l y t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t fie ld s in t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d a r e d i s p l a y e d in itially . H o w e v e r , i f y o u a ls o w a n t to v i e w o r e d i t t h e o t h e r field s, s i m p l y c h o o s e A ll F ields.

171 R e c e iv e r

Sender

P o rt

P o rt

P a rtn e r N o

P a rtn e r N o

P a ri T ype

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P a rtn e r R o le

P a rtn e r R o le

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T e s t F la g

F ig u re 3 .4

E d itin g th e C o n tro l R ecord

53

3

|

T e s t T o o ls

Test flag

T h e te s t f a g p l a y s a s p e c ia l ro le i f y o u a c tu a l ly s e n d te s t ID o c s t o o t h e r s y s t e m s . F o r e v e i y s i n g l e p a r t n e r p ro f ile w i t h i n i n b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g in SAP s y s t e m s , y o u c a n d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r t h e T est Flag w ill a p p l y t o real o r t e s t I D o c s . I f y o u s e t t h e T est Flag, y o u c a n r e c e i v e t h e ID oc, s a v e i t to t h e d a t a b a s e , a n d v i e w its c o n t e n t s in T r a n s a c t i o n B D 8 7 , b u t y o u c a n ' t p o s t it. O t h e r s y s t e m s t h a t e x c h a n g e ID o c s o r EDI m e s s a g e s u s u a l l y h a v e s i m i l a r b u i l t- in s e c u r i t y m e c h a n i s m s f o r t e s t p u r p o s e s . E ac h t i m e y o u d o u b l e - c l i c k a d a t a r e c o r d , y o u g e t a lis t o f all p o s s i b le f ie ld s f o r t h i s s e g m e n t . You a ls o c a n s c r o ll d o w n t h r o u g h t h e e n t i r e d a ta r e c o r d (s e e F ig u r e 3 .5 ). I f y o u ’re n o t w o r k i n g w i t h a t e m p l a t e , y o u e n t e r t h e fie ld c o n t e n t s t h a t y o u r e q u i r e h e r e . I f y o u ' r e w o r k i n g w i t h a t e m ­ p la te , t h e v a l u e s o f t h e t e m p l a t e ID o c a r e p r e fille d , a n d y o u c a n c h a n g e th e m as req u ired .

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F ig u r e 3 .5

E d itin g a D a ta R e c o rd

Processing the

N o w t h a t y o u ’v e c r e a t e d y o u r c o m p l e t e I D o c , i t c a n b e p r o c e s s e d . In

test IDoc

o t h e r w o rd s , it c a n b e te s t e d w ith th e re le v a n t s ta n d a r d s e ttin g s fo r in b o u n d a n d o u tb o u n d p rocessing. F o r in b o u n d p rocessing, ad d itio n al t e s t o p t i o n s a r e a v a ila b le , e i t h e r d i r e c t l y b y e n t e r i n g a f u n c t i o n m o d u l e o r i n d i r e c t l y b y u s i n g a file ( w e 'l l d e s c r i b e t h i s in g r e a t e r d e t a i l later). F ig u re 3 . 6 s h o w s s ta n d a r d in b o u n d processing. All o f t h e d a t a is o b t a i n e d f r o m a p a r t n e r p ro file , a n d i t c a n ’t b e c h a n g e d . I f n o p a r t n e r p ro f ile is f o u n d , y o u c a n c r e a t e a n ID o c , b u t y o u c a n ’t p o s t it.

54

I n d iv id u a l ID o c s

|

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P a fw 'e r 'p r o f i) ^

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M e s s a g e V a ria n t M s g F u n c tio n

P r o c e s s in g D e ta ils P ro c e s s code F u n c tio n n a m e

ID 0 C JN P U T J1 A T M A S 0 1

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F ig u r e 3 . 6

T e s tin g S ta n d a r d In b o u n d P ro c e s s in g

W h e n y o u u s e t h e T est U s i n g a F u n c t i o n M o d u l e o p t i o n , i t ’s p o s s i b l e to

T e s t u s in g a

d i r e c t l y s p e c if y a f u n c t i o n m o d u l e f o r ID o c p r o c e s s i n g (s e e F ig u r e 3.7 ).

f u n c t io n m o d u le

T h e t e s t I D o c is t h e n p r o c e s s e d w i t h t h i s f u n c t i o n m o d u l e , ir r e s p e c t i v e o f w h e t h e r o r n o t a s u i t a b l e p a r t n e r p ro f ile e x is ts . T h i s e n a b l e s t e s t i n g t o b e c o m p l e t e d p r i o r to t h e fin a l s e t t i n g s , w h i c h a r e s o m e t i m e s i m p l e m e n t e d b y o t h e r s . You c a n a ls o t e s t y o u r o w n d e v e l o p m e n t s h e r e a n d n a v i g a t e d irec tly to d e b u g g in g , i f necessary. If th e re are sev eral p ro c e ss co d e s a n d s e v e r a l f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s f o r t h e s a m e m e s s a g e t y p e , y o u c a n a ls o r u n t h r o u g h all o f t h e m h e r e . You c a n t h e n u s e t h e r e s u lt s to d e t e r m i n e th e m o st re le v a n t p ro c ess c o d e fo r y o u r p u rp o se s.

S ’ T e s t in b o u n d ID o c u s in g a fu n c tio n m o d u le F u n c tio n M o d u le □

[lD 0 C _IN P U T _M A T H A S 01

□ g )

C a ll in d e b u g g in g m o d e C a ll tra n s a c tio n p r o c e s s in g / ® In B a c k g ro u n d O In fo re g ro u n d O In fo re g ro u n d a lte r e r ro r



X

F ig u re 3 .7

E x ten d ed Test in In b o u n d Processing

55

3 .1

3

|

T e s t T o o ls

T e s t I D o c a s a file

T h e tw o s c e n a rio s d e s c rib e d p re v io u sly — a te s t u s in g th e s ta n d a r d set­ tin g s o r a t e s t u s i n g a f u n c t i o n m o d u l e — w o r k d i r e c t l y in t h e SAP s y s ­ t e m . F r e q u e n tl y , h o w e v e r , y o u a ls o h a v e to i m p o r t p a r t n e r files i n t o y o u r b u s i n e s s p r o c e s s e s . To p r e v e n t e r r o r s f r o m o c c u r r i n g , y o u r p a r t n e r w ill m o s t lik e ly a p p r e c i a t e a sa m p le f i l e w h o s e s t r u c t u r e c a n b e u s e d d u r i n g l i v e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n . B y u s i n g a file to t e s t i n b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g , y o u c a n w r i t e s u c h a file w i t h s e v e r a l ID o c s a n d t h e n p r o c e s s i t d ire c tly .

T e s t in g in b o u n d

W r i t i n g a file w i t h a r e p e a t f a c t o r in a p p e n d m o d e c a n a ls o b e u s e d a s t h e

p ro c e s s in g

basis fo r m ass tests fo r p e r fo rm a n c e a n a ly sis p u rp o s e s . C o n se q u e n tly , ID o c s a r e g e n e r a t e d f r o m y o u r d a t a as o f t e n a s p e r m i t t e d b y t h e r e p e a t f a c t o r a n d t h e n p l a c e d in a l a r g e s h a r e d file. To u s e t h i s f u n c t i o n , y o u m u s t e n t e r a v a l i d file p o r t f o r w h i c h y o u c a n a c t i v a t e o r d e a c t i v a t e U n i ­ c o d e (s e e F ig u r e 3 .8 ). H o w e v e r , y o u m u s t s p e c if y t h e file p a t h y o u r s e l f b e c a u s e it c a n ' t b e o b t a i n e d f r o m t h e p o r t i n f o r m a t i o n .

[*] /

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N o m a tte r w h ic h o f th e s e th re e test m e th o d s y o u u se to create an

t h e t e s t ID o c

i n b o u n d ID oc, t h e ID o c is s t o r e d w i t h a n a d d i t i o n a l s t a t u s r e c o r d t h a t a lw a y s i n d i c a t e s t h a t t h i s ID o c w a s n o t r e a l l y c r e a t e d b u t r a t h e r c r e a t e d u s i n g t e s t T r a n s a c t i o n W E 1 9 . H o w e v e r , t h e re a l c h a n g e s a r e w r i t t e n to

56

T e stin g P ro ce ssin g o f M u ltip le ID o c s

|

3 -2

( h e d a t a b a s e , s o y o u m u s t c a r e f u ll y c o n s i d e r w h e t h e r y o u w a n t t o p e r ­ m i t t h e u s e o f t h i s t e s t t r a n s a c t i o n in a p r o d u c t i o n s y s t e m . F ig u r e 3 . 1 4 in S e c tio n 3 . 3 , P ro c e s s i n g S ta t u s Files, s h o w s t h e s t a t u s v a l u e s o f a n ID o c c r e a t e d u s i n g t e s t T r a n s a c t i o n W E I 9 . I n o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g , t h e te s t s t a t u s v a l u e is 4 2 : IDoc w a s created b y te s t tra n sa ctio n . W h e n t e s t i n g o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g , y o u c a n a ls o s e n d s e v e r a l ID o c s a t

T e s tin g o u t b o u n d

o nce. H o w e v e r, y o u d o n 't h a v e th e p re v io u sly m e n tio n e d ad d itio n a l

p r o c e s s in g

o p t i o n s o f d e b u g g i n g o r w o r k i n g w i t h o u t s u i t a b l e p a r t n e r p r o f ile s h e r e . You c a n o n l y u s e s t a n d a r d o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g . As y o u c a n s e e in F ig u re 3 . 9 , all o f t h e i n f o r m a t i o n y o u r e q u i r e ( a p a r t f r o m t h e r e p e a t fa c to r) is o b t a i n e d f r o m t h e p a r t n e r p ro f ile s . T h e s e s e t t i n g s a r e t h e n u s e d t o s e n d a n ID o c t o a p a r tn e r .

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3.2

1

T e s tin g S ta n d a rd O u t b o u n d P ro c e s s in g

T e stin g P ro ce ssin g o f M u lt ip le ID o cs

O n l y o n e I D o c w a s c r e a t e d w h e n w e u s e d t h e te s t m e t h o d s d e s c r i b e d in t h e p r e v i o u s s e c t i o n . H o w e v e r , y o u a l s o h a v e t h e o p t i o n o f c r e a t i n g m u l t i p l e ID o c s a t o n c e . W e ’ll n o w d e s c r i b e t h i s o p t i o n in d e ta il.

3.2.1

M essage Control

I f m e s s a g e c o n t r o l is u s e d to g e n e r a t e ID o c s, t h e a p p l i c a t i o n f r e q u e n t l y

T e s t tr a n s a c t io n

c o n f ig u r e s t h e p a r a m e t e r s e t t i n g s t h e r e . T h e a c tu a l ID o c s a r e first g e n ­

W E 15 a n d re p o rt

e r a t e d u s i n g a s c h e d u l e d r e p o r t ( a n d n o t a s s o o n a s t h e d o c u m e n t is

57

"R S N A S T O O "

3

|

T e s t T o o ls

p o s t e d ) . F r e q u e n tl y , t h i s p r o c e s s c a n ’t b e a d a p t e d f o r te s t p u r p o s e s , a n d , as a r e s u lt , y o u m u s t m a n u a l l y s t a r t t h e r e l e v a n t r e p o r t e a c h t i m e y o u w a n t to t e s t a n ID o c . To m a k e life a little e a s i e r f o r y o u , T r a n s a c t i o n W E I 5 is a v a il a b le f o r g e n e r a t i n g I D o c s f r o m m e s s a g e c o n t r o l re c o r d s . T h is t r a n s a c t i o n d i r e c t l y r e f e r e n c e s t h e r e p o r t

RSNASTOO,

a n d i t ’s l i s t e d in

y o u r E D I o v e r v i e w m e n u W E D I . F ig u r e 3 . 1 0 s h o w s a p u r c h a s i n g e x a m ­ p l e t h a t u s e s t h e s t a n d a r d m e s s a g e t y p e d e l i v e r e d b y SAP.

S e le c tio n P r o g r a m f o r I s s u in g O u tp u t ;© -& n S e le c t io n p a r a m e t e r O u tp u t a p p lic a tio n

to

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T e s t T ra n s a c tio n f o r M e s s a g e C o n tr o l

T h e m a i n d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n t h i s t e s t t r a n s a c t i o n a n d all o t h e r t e s t t r a n s ­ a c t i o n s is t h a t a n ID o c t h a t w a s a c t u a l l y g e n e r a t e d b y a n a p p l i c a t i o n is s e n t e a rlie r th a n p la n n e d , in s te a d o f w a itin g fo r th e s y s te m to ex ecu te the re p o rt

R SN ASTO O

b y d efau lt. A n e w ID oc i s n 't g e n e ra te d (th e original

j o b s c h e d u l e d l a t e r d o e s n ’t g e n e r a t e t h i s I D o c a g a in ) . I n s t a t u s m o n i t o r ­ ing, y o u c a n ’t s e e h o w t h i s ID o c w a s g e n e r a t e d b e c a u s e i t s i m p l y s ta rts as n o r m a l w i t h s t a t u s 0 1 : ID oc generated.

3.2.2

Sending R e ad y-fo r-D isp atch IDocs

A d v a n c e d d is p a t c h

T r a n s a c t i o n W E I 4 is t h e o n l y t r a n s a c t i o n t h a t c a n b e u s e d to a n t i c i p a t e

o f f in is h e d ID o c s

a j o b t h a t is o t h e r w i s e s c h e d u l e d o n a r e g u l a r b a s is . H e r e , r e a d y - f o r d i s p a t c h ID o c s ( s t a t u s 3 0 ) a r e d i s p a t c h e d b e f o r e t h e r e g u l a r “d a t e , " i f

58

T e stin g P ro ce ssin g o f M u ltip le ID o c s

|

y o u d o n ’t w a n t t o w a i t u n t i l t h e n . H o w e v e r , y o u c a n a ls o s e t t h e t e s t flag h e r e , s o t h a t y o u r p a r t n e r k n o w s t h a t h e s h o u l d n o t p r o c e s s t h e ID oc. F ig u r e 3 .1 1 s h o w s h o w y o u c a n u s e T r a n s a c t i o n W E 1 4 to s p e c i f y w h i c h ID o c s y o u w a n t to c r e a te . S im ilarly , t h i s t r a n s a c t i o n d o e s n ' t g e n e r a t e a n e w ID o c . C o n s e q u e n t l y ,

S ta n d a r d r e p o r t

in T r a n s a c t i o n B D 8 7 ( I D o c M o n i t o r ) , y o u c a n ’t i d e n t i f y a d i f f e r e n c e to

"R S E O U T O O "

th e ID ocs th a t a r e d is p a tc h e d re g u la rly v ia a b a c k g ro u n d j o b b ec au se T r a n s a c t i o n W E I 4 a l s o p r o v i d e s s p e c i a l a c c e s s to t h e s t a n d a r d r e p o r t RSEO UTO O .

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Q ueue N am e S e n d c o m p le te ly 1? P o tt o f R e c e iv e r P a rtn e r T y p e o f R e c e iv e r P a rtn e r F u n c tio n o f R e c e iv e r P a rtn e r N u m b e r o f R e c e iv e r

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M a x im u m N u m b e r o f ID o c s

F ig u r e 3.11

3.2.3

S e le c tio n o f ID o c s t o Be S e n t

Files

In a d d i t i o n to t e s t i n g i n d i v i d u a l I D o c s , y o u c a n a l s o p r o c e s s c o m p l e t e files w i t h ID o c d a t a . You c a n c r e a t e t h e s e files o r t h e y c a n b e t r a n s f e r r e d f r o m a p a r t n e r . H e r e , w e 'l l a s s u m e t h a t all o f t h e d a t a in t h e p a r t n e r file is

59

3 -2

3

|

T e s t T o o ls

c o r r e c t a n d s i m p l y n e e d s to b e i m p o r t e d . T h i s is d o n e u s i n g T r a n s a c t i o n W E I 6 . O n c e a g a in , y o u o n l y h a v e to e n t e r t h e file n a m e , file p a t h , a n d p o r t , a s w e ll a s s e t t h e U n i c o d e flag o n t h e i n p u t s c r e e n . E d it in g th e

I n t h e c a s e o f files t h a t y o u c r e a t e y o u r s e l f , y o u c a n e i t h e r c r e a t e a file

c o n tro l re c o rd

in a n e d i t o r , w h i c h is a v e r y l a b o r i o u s ta s k , o r y o u c a n u s e a t e s t to o l in o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g t o c r e a t e a file t h a t w ill c o n t a i n t h e d a t a y o u r e q u i r e . I n t h e l a t t e r s c e n a r i o , h o w e v e r , y o u r lo g ic a l s y s t e m is s p e c if ie d a s t h e s e n d e r ( a n d n o t t h e r e c e i v e r ) in t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d . T h e r e f o r e , t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d c a n ' t b e u s e d f o r y o u r p u r p o s e s . SAP p r o v i d e s T ra n s a c tio n W E I 2 h e r e , w h i c h y o u c a n u s e to o b t a i n t h e b u s i n e s s d a t a f r o m t h e file s p e c if ie d a s w e ll a s m a n u a l l y e n t e r t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d d a t a . T h e r e s u lt i n g file is t h e n t e m p o r a r i l y s t o r e d a g a in .

C h a n g in g th e

You c a n , f o r e x a m p l e , m a k e t h i s file a v a il a b le t o a p a r t n e r a s a t e m p l a t e .

sender

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to o v e r r i d e t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d (s e c F ig u r e 3 .1 3 ) . I D o c s g e n e r a t e d u s i n g

r e c e iv e r

T r a n s a c t i o n W F .12 a l s o o b t a i n t h e v a l u e 74: In b o u n d ID oc f r o m te st tra n s­ a ctio n a s t h e i r f ir s t s t a t u s , s o t h a t i t's a l w a y s c le a r t h a t t h e y a r e f o r te s t p u r p o s e s on ly .

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You n o w k n o w all o f t h e o p t i o n s a v a il a b le f o r g e n e r a t i n g ID o c s f r o m test t r a n s a c t i o n s . In t h e n e x t s e c t i o n , w e 'l l t u r n o u r a t t e n t i o n t o s t a t u s files, w h ic h also h a v e s o m e g o o d te st o p tio n s.

3 .3

P ro ce ssin g S ta tu s File s

I D o c p r o c e s s i n g is a l w a y s a n a s y n c h r o n o u s p r o c e s s , w h i c h m e a n s t h a t , i f n o f u r t h e r a c t i o n is t a k e n , y o u d o n ' t r e c e i v e a n y i n f o r m a t i o n

61

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3 .3

3

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a b o u t w h e t h e r o r n o t t h e p a r t n e r h a s s u c c e s s f u l l y p r o c e s s e d y o u r ID o c. H o w e v e r , b e c a u s e t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is f r e q u e n t l y r e q u i r e d , t h e r e a r c v a r i ­ o u s w a y s in w h i c h y o u r p a r t n e r c a n m a k e t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n a v a il a b le to you. " s ta tu s " and "S Y S T A T 0 1 "

O n e o f t h e s e o p t i o n s , w h i c h is f r e q u e n t l y u s e d b y EDI s u b s y s t e m s , in v o lv es re s e n d in g an ID oc w ith m essag e ty p e S Y S TA T01

STATUS

a n d ID o c t y p e

a l o n g w i t h a n ID o c s t a t u s file. N o r m a ll y , t h e s e n d e r d o e s n ’t

k n o w i f t h e r e c e i v e r w a s a b l e t o s u c c e s s f u l l y p r o c e s s its ID o c . H o w e v e r , t h e r e c e i v e r c a n u s e a s t a t u s file o r s t a t u s ID o c t o m a k e t h i s i n f o r m a t i o n a v a il a b le t o t h e s e n d e r . T h e s t a t u s ID o c w ill b e d e s c r i b e d in g r e a t e r d eta il in C h a p t e r 5 , S e c t i o n 5 . 2 , STATUS ID o c s . T e s tin g c o n c e r n s t h e s t a t u s file only. F ig u r e 3 . 1 4 s h o w s t h e s t a t u s v a l u e s o f a n ID o c t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n d i s ­ p a t c h e d . T h i s ID o c w ill b e o u r s t a r t i n g p o i n t f o r t e s t i n g s t a t u s files. T h e s t a t u s v a l u e s 0 1 : ID oc g en e ra te d , 3 0 : ID oc re a d y f o r d isp a tch (A L E service), a n d 0 3 : D a ta p a ssed to p o r t O K a r e t h e s t a t u s v a l u e s t h a t a n ID o c m u s t r e c e i v e a t le a s t o n c e s o t h a t i t c a n b e d i s p a t c h e d s u c c e s s fu lly . In a d d i ­ t i o n , s t a t u s 4 2 s p e c if ic s t h a t t h e t e s t t r a n s a c t i o n h a s s u c c e s s f u l l y c r e a t e d t h e ID o c . B e c a u s e ID o c s c a n a l s o b e v i e w e d b y a u d i t i n g a u t h o r i t i e s , i f r e q u i r e d , i t m u s t b e c l e a r t h a t a n ID o c is e i t h e r " re a l" o r h a s b e e n c r e ­ a t e d f o r t e s t p u r p o s e s . SAP u s e s s t a t u s v a l u e 4 2 t o ta k e t h i s s i t u a t i o n i n t o acco u n t.

ID o c d is p la y _______________________

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w h e n c r e a t i n g a s t a t u s file, f o r e x a m p l e , 0 5 : E rror D u r in g T ranslation (s e e F ig u r e 3 . 1 5 ) . You c a n e d i t t h e s e s t a t u s v a l u e s a n d a d d n e w v a l u e s , i f req u ired .

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In a d d i t i o n , f o r all ru le s , y o u c a n d e f i n e t h e b e h a v i o r i f fie ld s c a n ' t be a s s i g n e d . You c a n c i t h e r c o p y a c o n s t a n t o r a s e n d e r field o r a l t e r n a t i v e l y trig g er an erro r. A s s ig n in g t h e rule

You d e c i d e w h e t h e r a r u l e is a c tu a l ly u s e d v i a T r a n s a c t i o n B D 5 5 , w h i c h e n a b l e s y o u t o a s s ig n t h e r u l e to a p a r t n e r . F ig u re 4 . 2 0 s h o w s h o w y o u d e f i n e f o r e a c h c o m b i n a t i o n o f s e n d e r a n d r e c e i v e r i f a r u l e is u s e d a n d w h i c h r u l e is u s e d . T h e u s e o f c o n v e r s i o n r u le s is a ls o a n ALE s e r v ic e .

M e ssag e Type

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R estrictions fo r SAP ERP HCM Y o u c a n 't u se c o n v e rs io n ru le s in S A P ERP H C M . T h is d e p e n d s o n t h e c o m ­ m o n p ro c e s s in g m e t h o d f o r in fo ty p e s h e re . B e c a u s e t h e a c tu a l v a lu e s c a n 't be a d d re s s e d d ir e c tly b u t o n ly v ia in fo ty p e s f o r s e c u rity re a so n s, t h e m e c h a n is m s u s e d in t h e c o n v e rs io n ru le s d o n ’ t ta k e e ffe c t b e c a u s e t h e p r o p e r in fo ty p e s a r e n ’t k n o w n a t e x e c u t i o n .

4.1.6

Version Conversion

C o n v e rs io n to

ID o c s a r e a l s o s u p p o s e d t o e x c h a n g e i n f o r m a t i o n b e t w e e n t w o s y s t e m s

o ld e r s e g m e n t

w i t h d i f f e r e n t r e l e a s e v e r s i o n s . To a d a p t t h e ID o c s a c c o r d i n g l y , y o u c a n

v e rsio n s

u s e t h e version conversion o p t i o n (s e e a l s o S e c t i o n 4 .2 .2 , G e n e r a l Exits). F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , y o u c a n e n t e r a n ID o c t y p e o f a n o l d e r r e l e a s e in t h e p a r t n e r o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g , w h i c h r e m o v e s all s e g m e n t s t h a t d i d n ' t e x i s t i n t h e r e s p e c t i v e r e le a s e . You c a n a ls o s p e c if y a n o l d e r r e l e a s e v e r ­ s i o n w i t h i n a se g m e n t version a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y e n s u r e t h a t t h e s y s t e m g e n e r a t e s t h e i n d i v i d u a l s e g m e n t s b a s e d o n t h i s r e le a s e . B y d e f a u l t , n o s p e c if ic a t i o n is m a d e in t h e s e g m e n t v e r s i o n ; s o t h e s y s t e m g e n e r a t e s t h e m o s t r e c e n t r e l e a s e v e r s i o n o f t h e i n d i v i d u a l s e g m e n t s f o r o l d e r IDoc ty p e s . T h e v e r s i o n c o n v e r s i o n is a ls o a n ALE se r v ic e .

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Changes and ALE Services In t h e c o n t e x t o f th e I D o c f u n c t i o n

m o d u le C u s to m iz in g , y o u le a rn e d th a t

y o u ca n d e fin e f o r e v e ry fu n c tio n m o d u le w h e t h e r A L E s e rv ic e s a re a v a ila b le o r n o t. F ro m t h e p re v io u s ly d e s c rib e d c h a n g e o p tio n s , t h e f o llo w in g a re ALE se rvice s: ► F ilte r in g b y f ilt e r o b je c ts ( o u t b o u n d o n ly ) ► S e g m e n t filte rin g ► F ie ld c o n v e r s io n u s in g ru le s ► V e rs io n c o n v e rs io n You

c o n fig u re th e

v e rs io n c o n v e r s io n in t h e

p a r t n e r p r o file , a n d a ll o t h e r

o p t i o n s a r e s e t v i a C u s t o m i z i n g . F i l t e r i n g b y f i l t e r o b j e c t s is p o s s i b l e i n t h e s e n d in g s y s te m ( o u t b o u n d ) o n ly ; a ll o t h e r o p t io n s a re a ls o a v a ila b le o n th e re c e iv e r s id e ( in b o u n d ) . Y o u r s e ttin g s a re o n ly u s e d , h o w e v e r, if t h e c o rre ­ s p o n d in g fu n c tio n

m o d u le

s u p p o r ts A L E s e rv ic e s ( w h ic h f o r t u n a t e ly h o ld s

tru e fo r m o s t o f th e m ).

4.1.7

Special C o nversions in SAP ERP Financials

F in a n c ia l A c c o u n t i n g i n c l u d e s c o m p a n y c o d e s a n d b u s i n e s s a r e a s , w h i c h

Global

c o v e r s p e c if ic c o n t r o l l i n g f u n c t i o n s . It's p a r t i c u l a r l y c ritic a l t h a t d a t a is

organizational

d e liv e re d to th e a p p r o p ria te area w h e n b e in g tra n sfe rre d . O ften , th e v a r i o u s s y s t e m s u s e t h e s a m e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n i t s (e .g ., t h e S A P -p rov i d e d c o m p a n y c o d e , 0001) w i t h a d i f f e r e n t m e a n i n g . F o r t h e r e s u l t i n g c o n v e r s i o n s t h a t a r e f r e q u e n t l y r e q u i r e d , SAP h a s d e v e l o p e d a sp ec ific a p p r o a c h : cross-system co m p a n y codes o r cross-system business areas. You can a c c e s s t h e s e s e t t i n g s v i a t h e ALE C u s t o m i z i n g o n l y b u t n o t v ia a n y t r a n s ­ a c t i o n c o d e . F ig u r e 4 .2 1 s h o w s t h i s u s i n g T r a n s a c t i o n SALE in SAP ERP.

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e n a b l e s y o u to c o n f i g u r e c r o s s - s y s te m c o m p a n y c o d e s a n d c r o s s - s y s te m b u s i n e s s a r e a s . F ig u r e 4 . 2 2 d i s p l a y s t h e s t e p s t h a t y o u n e e d t o p e r f o r m f o r c r e a t i n g a c r o s s - s y s te m c o m p a n y c o d e : c r e a t i n g c r o s s - s y s t e m u n i q u e c o m p a n y c o d e s , a s s i g n i n g a c r o s s - s y s t e m c o m p a n y c o d e to t h e c h a r t o f a c c o u n t s , a n d a s s i g n i n g t h e lo cal c o m p a n y c o d e t o t h e c r o s s - s y s te m c o m ­ p a n y code.

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com pany code

c a n c o n t a i n six c h a r a c t e r s a n d c a n b e l o n g e r t h a n t h e n o r m a l c o m p a n y c o d e ( f o u r c h a r a c t e r s ) s o t h a t a d d i n g t h e p r e f i x "GL" f o r “g lo b a l'' m a k e s se n s e h e re . T h e re are n o ru les for n a m e s o f g lo b al c o m p a n y codes, h o w ­ e v e r . F ig u re 4 . 2 3 s h o w s a n e x a m p l e f o r t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e n a m e o f a g l o b a l c o m p a n y c o d e . I t c o n s i s t s o f t h e p re fix "GL," t h e l e t t e r "Z," t h e c o d e “S M ," a n d t h e d i g i t “1.” T h e fin a n c ia l d e p a r t m e n t o f y o u r e n t e r ­ p r i s e is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r p u b l i s h i n g t h e r e q u i r e d i n f o r m a t i o n o n c h a r t s o f a c c o u n t s , c o m p a n y c o d e s , a n d g l o b a l c o m p a n y c o d e s t h a t m a y h a v e to b e u s e d . You s h o u l d n o t m a k e t h i s d e c i s i o n y o u r s e l f b e c a u s e i t c a n affect o p e r a t i o n s t h a t a r e r e l e v a n t t o t h e fin a n c ia l s t a t e m e n t .

N e w E n trie s : O v e rv ie w o f A d d e d E n trie s

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Figure 4.23

Creating a Global C o m p a n y C ode

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o f a c c o u n t s in t h e s e n d i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m s m u s t c o r r e s p o n d w i t h r e g a r d to t h e i r a c c o u n t s . In t h e e x a m p l e , t h e t a r g e t c h a r t o f a c c o u n t , INT, h a s b e e n a s s i g n e d to t h e g l o b a l c o m p a n y c o d e , GLZSM1 ( s e e F ig ure 4 .2 4 ) .

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N o w , y o u a s s i g n t h i s g l o b a l c o m p a n y c o d e t o o n e o f t h e lo cal c o m p a n y

Assigning the

c o d e s in y o u r c l i e n t . T h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m t h e n g e n e r a t e s t h e g l o b a l c o m -

Slobal company

p a n y c o d e e v e i y w h e r e in t h e ID o c w h e r e t h e a s s i g n e d lo cal c o m p a n y c o d e w o u l d b e s p e c if ie d ; t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m , in t u r n , r e p l a c e s e a c h g l o b a l c o m p a n y c o d e in t h e ID o c w i t h t h e a s s i g n e d lo cal c o m p a n y c o d e . B ecause this re p la c e m e n t m u s t w o rk o n b o th sid es, each g lo b al ob ject m u s t b e a s s i g n e d t o e x a c t l y o n e lo cal o b j e c t o n l y . In t h e e x a m p l e in F ig u r e 4 . 2 5 , t h e g l o b a l c o m p a n y c o d e , GLZSM1, w o u l d c o n s e q u e n t l y be a s s i g n e d to t h e CPFO c o m p a n y c o d e o f C o m p a n y Good Food.

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3

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Figure 4.25

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m e n u p a t h i n T r a n s a c t i o n SALE to c o n ­

fig u re c r o s s - s y s te m b u s i n e s s a r e a s . F ig u r e 4 . 2 6 s h o w s t h e t w o s t e p s t h a t y o u n e e d t o p e r f o r m f o r t h i s p u r p o s e . As w i t h t h e c o m p a n y c o d e , th e first s t e p is t o s p e c i f y t h e n a m e o f t h e c r o s s - s y s t e m b u s i n e s s a r e a . T h e n y o u m u s t a s s i g n it to t h e b u s i n e s s a r e a in t h e c lie n t.

87

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D is p la y IMG E x is t in g B C S e lS ~ | | - .

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Figure 4.26

C r o s s - S y s t e n B u s in e s s A re a

Configuring Cross-System Business Areas

Creating the

In c o n tra s t to th e c ro ss-sy ste m c o m p a n y co d e , th e n a m e o f th e cro ss­

cross-system

s y s t e m b u s i n e s s a r e a c o n s i s t s o n l y o f f o u r c h a r a c t e r s ( h e r e : GLZS, s e e

business area

F ig u re 4 . 2 7 ) . I n t h i s c a s e , t o o , o n l y t h e c r o s s - c o m m u n i c a t i o n u n i q u e n e s s is critic a l, a n d n o n a m i n g r u l e s a p p ly .

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Figure 4.27

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S I

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A f t e r w a r d , y o u m u s t a s s i g n t h e c r o s s - s y s t e m b u s i n e s s a r e a to a local b u s i n e s s a r e a . I n o u r e x a m p l e , t h e c r o s s - s y s te m b u s i n e s s a r e a , GLZS, is a s s i g n e d to t h e lo cal b u s i n e s s a r e a , 0001 (s e e F ig u r e 4 . 2 8 ) . H e r e , to o, e v e i y g l o b a l o b j e c t m u s t b e a s s i g n e d to e x a c t l y o n e lo cal o b j e c t .

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T h e se ttin g s d e s c rib e d p re v io u sly fo rm th e p re re q u is ite fo r c o n v e rtin g g l o b a l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n i t s . T h e a c tu a l e x e c u t i o n , h o w e v e r , d e p e n d s o n th e co m m u n icatio n p artn e rs a n d o n th e m essage ty p es used. F o r e x a m ­ p l e , y o u c a n o n l y u s e t h e lo cal c o m p a n y c o d e i f y o u s e n d d a t a t o y o u r o w n w a re h o u s e , a n d y o u can o n ly u se th e g lobal c o m p a n y c o d e i f y o u s e n d d a t a to a FI (F in a n c ia l A c c o u n t i n g ) c o n s o l i d a t i o n s y s t e m .

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Adapting through

v i d e d b y SAP a n d t h e n u s e s t h e m a t e r i a l m a s t e r a s a n e x a m p l e b e c a u s e i t

programming

c o n t a i n s a l o t o f e x i t s . Y ou'll a ls o l e a r n m o r e a b o u t t h e s p e c if ic e x its t h a t a p p l y t o all ID o c s . T h e s e c t i o n c o n c l u d e s b y d e s c r i b i n g I D o c - i n d e p e n d e n t e n h a n c e m e n t s o f I D o c t y p e s , w h i c h is i n t e r e s t i n g b e c a u s e i m p l e ­ m e n t i n g c h a n g e s to t h e s e n d o r u p d a t e p r o c e s s f o r ID o c s u s u a l l y also i n v o l v e s a r e q u i r e m e n t f o r s p e c if ic fields.

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SAP d i s t i n g u i s h e s b e t w e e n d i f f e r e n t t y p e s o f s y s t e m a d a p t a t i o n . C u s t o m ­ iz in g a n d p e r s o n a l i z a t i o n a r e c u s t o m e r - s p e c i f i c o r u s e r - s p e c i f i c a d j u s t ­ m e n t s . F o r e x a m p l e , y o u d e f i n e in C u s t o m i z i n g h o w m a n y a n d w h i c h p l a n t s y o u u s e in y o u r SAP s y s t e m a s w e ll a s t h e i r p r o p e r t i e s . T h e p e r s o n ­ a l i z a ti o n a d j u s t m e n t c o m p r i s e s s p e c if ic a t i o n s o n t h e d e f a u l t p r i n t e r a n d t h e like. S u c h s y s t e m a d j u s t m e n t s d o n ' t i n v o l v e p r o g r a m m i n g w o r k . Exits

H o w e v e r , y o u c a n a l s o c h a n g e t h e SAP c o d e , w h i c h e n a b l e s y o u to c h a n g e s e t t i n g s d i r e c t l y in t h e o r i g i n a l SAP p r o g r a m . T h e s e m o d ifica tio n s c a n l e a d to m a j o r p r o b l e m s i n t h e c a s e o f r e l e a s e c h a n g e s , s o t h e y a re f r o w n e d u p o n a n d m u s t b e m a d e k n o w n t o SAP v i a t h e O n l i n e S erv ic e S y s te m . M a n y e n t e r p r i s e s d o n ’t a l l o w f o r m o d i f i c a t i o n s a t all f o r t h e s e reasons.

Properties of exits

To a v o i d t h e m o d i f i c a t i o n p r o b l e m , SAP p r o v i d e s e x i t s in p la c e s t h a t a re s u p p o s e d t o b e u s e d w i t h c h a n g e s c o m p a r e d to t h e s t a n d a r d . F o r s u c h a n e x it, SAP is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r a c t u a l l y p r o v i d i n g a n e x i t in a s t a n d a r d SAP p r o g r a m b y d e f i n i n g w h e t h e r a n e n h a n c e m e n t in t h e p r o g r a m e x is ts a n d w h e r e i t ’s c a lle d . SA P a ls o d e t e r m i n e s w h i c h d a t a is p r o v i d e d f o r t h e c u s t o m e r w i t h i n t h e e x i t a n d w h e t h e r t h e c u s t o m e r is a l l o w e d to c h a n g e a n d w r i t e b a c k c e r t a i n d a ta . T h e s e c o n d s t e p is i m p l e m e n t e d o n t h e c u s t o m e r s i d e . H e re , t h e exits t h a t w e r e d e l i v e r e d e m p t y c a n b e filled w i t h y o u r o w n c o d e . SAP p r o ­ v i d e s d i f f e r e n t t y p e s o f exits:

Exit types

► C u s to m e r e x its C u s t o m e r e x its h a v e b e e n p r o v i d e d s i n c e R e le a s e 3 . 0 . T h e y c a n be u s e d o n l y o n c e , a r e u s e d c r o s s - c lie n t, a n d a r e d e l i v e r e d b y SAP in a n e n h a n c e m e n t a n d i m p l e m e n t e d a n d a c t i v a t e d b y c u s t o m e r s in a n e n h a n c e m e n t p r o j e c t . A f t e r a c h a n g e o f re le a s e , t h e y h a v e to b e r e a c ­ ti v a t e d . ► B u sin e ss tra n s a c tio n e ven ts B u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n e v e n t s (BTE) h a v e b e e n d e l i v e r e d s i n c e R elea se 4 . 0 . O rig in a lly , t h e y w e r e j u s t u s e d in FI; n o w , m a n y o t h e r a p p l i c a ­ t i o n s a ls o c o n t a i n BTEs in t h e s t a n d a r d SAP p r o g r a m s . You c a n u s e

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BTEs c lie n t-sp e cifically . A d i s t i n c t i o n is m a d e b e t w e e n t w o t y p e s o f BTEs: P u b lis h & S u b s c rib e in te rfa c e s P u b l i s h & S u b s c r i b e o r P /S

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c o m p o n e n t s o t h e r t h a n t h o s e in w h i c h y o u r p r o c e s s is c u r r e n t l y e x e c u t e d t h a t a p a r t i c u l a r p r o c e s s h a s b e e n c a r r i e d o u t in t h e SAP sy ste m a n d tran sfer d a ta to th ese c o m p o n e n ts . A re tu rn tra n sp o rt o f d a t a i s n 't p r o v i d e d fo r . P /S i n t e r f a c e s c a n t h e r e f o r e h a v e s e v e ra l a c tiv e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n s a t t h e s a m e t i m e . Process in te rfa c e s P ro c e s s i n t e r f a c e s r e p l a c e s t a n d a r d p r o c e s s e s . D a t a is t r a n s f e r r e d to a n d r e t u r n e d f r o m t h e p r o c e s s m o d u l e t h a t is e x e c u t e d i n s t e a d o f t h e s t a n d a r d . P ro c e s s i n t e r f a c e s c a n o n l y h a v e o n e a c ti v e i m p l e ­ m en tatio n . ► B A d ls (B u s in e s s A d d -In s ) B A dls h a v e b e e n p r o v i d e d s i n c e R e le a se 4 . 6 in t h e c o m m o n v a r ia n t; t h e y h a v e a ls o b e e n d e l i v e r e d in a n e w v e r s i o n b o u n d to en h a n cem en ts s i n c e SAP N e t W e a v e r 7 . 0 . B A d ls a r c o b j e c t - o r i e n t e d e n h a n c e m e n t s . SA P p r o v i d e s a B A dl i n t e r f a c e , a n d t h e c u s t o m e r g e n e r a t e s t h e c o r r e ­ s p o n d i n g i m p l e m e n t a t i o n . T h e SAP d e v e l o p e r w h o d e l i v e r s t h e BAdl c a n d e c i d e i f i t c a n b e u s e d m u l t i p l e t i m e s a n d i f i t w i l l b e filterd ep e n d en t. ► E n h a n c e m e n ts E n h a n c e m e n t s a r e t h e n e w c o n c e p t t h a t h a s b e e n r e c e n t l y a d d e d to SA P N e t W e a v e r 7 . 0 . You c a n w o r k w i t h e x p l i c i t e n h a n c e m e n t s , w h i c h a r e p r o v i d e d b y SA P t h r o u g h e n h a n c e m e n t s p o ts; h o w e v e r , im p li c i t e n h a n c e m e n t s a r e a ls o a v a il a b le , w h i c h c a n b e i m p l e m e n t e d a t s p e ­ cific l o c a t i o n s o f e v e r y p r o g r a m t h a t d o e s n ' t d i r e c t l y b e l o n g to t h e SA P Basis w i t h o u t a n y i n t e r f e r e n c e o f t h e SAP d e v e l o p e r . T r a n s a c t i o n S E 8 4 (s e e F ig u r e 4 . 3 0 ) p r o v i d e s a n o v e r v i e w o f e x i s t i n g e x its

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C o n s id e rin g th e d etails, th e d if f e r e n t e n h a n c e m e n t te c h n o lo g ie s this c h a p te r in tro d u c e s re q u ire d iffe re n t a p p ro a c h e s fo r g e n e ra tin g y o u r o w n c o d e , s o t h e s e t e c h n o l o g i e s a r e d e s c r i b e d in g r e a t e r d e ta il u s i n g th e m a t e r i a l m a s t e r a s a n e x a m p l e . T h e d e s c r i p t i o n s o n l y r e f e r to t h e e x i t t y p e s t h a t y o u c a n a c t u a l l y u s e in ID o c s . W h e r e s c r e e n a n d m e n u exits a r e p o s s i b l e , n o d e s c r i p t i o n is p r o v i d e d b e c a u s e ID o c s n e v e r w o r k w i t h m en u s o r dynpros.

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T h i s s e c t i o n a ls o d o e s n ' t i n c l u d e c o d e . C o d e r a t h e r d e p e n d s o n w h e t h e r y o u w a n t t o s e n d o r r e c e i v e ID o c s a n d n o t o n t h e t y p e o f t h e e x it. T h e c o d e is d i s c u s s e d s e p a r a t e l y f r o m t h e d e s c r i b e d p r o p e r t i e s o f t h e v a r io u s e x its in S e c tio n s 4 . 2 . 2 , G e n e r a l E x its, a n d 4 . 2 . 3 , C u s t o m S e g m e n t s .

C u s to m e r E xits SAP c r e a t e s c u s t o m e r e x i t s i n T r a n s a c t i o n S M O D ; t h a t is, y o u c a n u s e th i s t r a n s a c t i o n to o b t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n o n w h i c h c u s t o m e r e x its a r e a v a il­ ab le . H e re , s e v e r a l e x its c a n b e c o m b i n e d in o n e e n h a n c e m e n t . I n t h e ID o c a r e a , t h e e x i t s f o r g e n e r a t i n g ID o c s in o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g a n d f o r u p d a t i n g t h e s a m e m e s s a g e t y p e s in i n b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g o f t e n b e l o n g to th e sam e e n h a n c e m e n t. T h e SAP p r o g r a m calls a c u s t o m e r e x i t u s i n g t h e TION ‘ n n n ’

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P ackage A p p lic a tio n C o m p o n e n t

Adoiionai selections S fm o d o le e n ts

E S c re e n a re a s

C om ponent n am e

0 M e n u E n tn e s E X IT S a p l h v o i

002

C r e a t e d by C re a te d on L ast c h a n g e d by C h a n g e d on

M a n m u m N o o f H its

Figure 4.34

Finding t h e E n h a n c e m e n t

S A P E n h a n c e m e n ts in E n h a n c e m e n t P r o je c t Z S M V

a

g

a

U

Enhancem ent

C o m p o n e n ts

Enhancem ent

Text

M 6V000O 1

M a te ria l M a s te r (In d u s try ): A L E D is trib u tio n

Figure 4.35

MGV00001

Assigning t h e E n h a n c e m e n t

is a n e n h a n c e m e n t t h a t a l r e a d y c o n t a i n s t w o f u n c t i o n e x its .

You c a n a l s o i m p l e m e n t o n l y o n e o f t h e m i f y o u d o n ' t n e e d t h e o t h e r . T h e c r o s s e d - o u t c irc le s in F i g u r e 4 . 3 6 i n d i c a t e t h a t t h e e n h a n c e m e n t h a s n ' t b e e n a c t i v a t e d y e t . T h e e m p t y c o l u m n in f r o n t o f t h e t w o exits s h o w s t h a t t h e y a ls o h a v e n ’t b e e n i m p l e m e n t e d y e t . The

EX I T _ S A P L M V 0 1 _ 0 0 2

e x i t n o w c o m p r i s e s t h e c o m p l e t e s i g n a t u r e , as

y o u c a n s e c i n F ig u r e 4 . 3 7 . N e a r l y a ll i m p o r t p a r a m e t e r s a r e o p t i o n a l , w h i c h is w h y o n l y v e r y f e w w e r e d i s p l a y e d d u r i n g t h e call.

96

A d a p tin g E x istin g ID o c T yp e s

|

4-2

D is p la y ZSM En h an cem en t ass ig n m en ts

P r o je c t

D

ZSM

Enhancem ent

Iip l

1

Exp

F u n c t io n e x i t

Enhancem en t

S a b in e s IO o c Enhancem en ts

H 6V00001 M a t e r i a l

M a s te r

(In d u s tr y ):

ALE D i s t r i b u t i o n

EXIT_SAPLM V01_002 EX IT_SA PLM V02_002

C o m p o n e n ts o f th e E nhancem ent

F ig u r e 4 .3 6

F u n c tio n B u ild e r: D isp la y EXIT_SAPLM V01_002 a

I 3 9 llk s ] 3 g ia [

Function m o d u le

EXIT_SAPLMVO1_O0 2

Attributes

r m

Q

Im port

m

i a

E ip o rt

C h anging

Active T a b le s

Exceptions

a

FUNCTION EXIT_SAPLHV01_0O2 ■ • • • L o k a le S c h n it t s t e ll e IMPORTING VALUE(HESSAGE.TYPE) LIK E EDMSG-HS6TYP EDIDD-SE6NAH VALUE(SE6HENT_NAnE) LIK E VALUE (F_MARA) LIK E HARA STRUCTURE HARA HAKT STRUCTURE HAKT VALUE(FJ1AKT) LIK E VALUE (F MARC) LIK E MARC STRUCTURE MARC VALUE(F_HAR0) LIK E MARD STRUCTURE HARD VALUE(F_MFHM) LIK E MFHfl STRUCTURE MFHH VALUE (FJ1P G 0) LIK E MP6D STRUCTURE MPGD VA LUE (FJ1P0P) LIK E HPOP STRUCTURE "POP VALUE(F_HPRW) LIK E MPRW STRUCTURE HPRW VA LUE (FJ1VE 6) LIK E MVEG STRUCTURE HVEG VALUE(FJ1VEU) LIK E MVEU STRUCTURE h veu VALUE(FJ1KAL) LIK E MKAL STRUCTURE HKAL HARM VALUE(F_MARM) LIK E STRUCTURE HARM VALUE(FJ1EAN) LIK E MEAN STRUCTURE MEAN VALUE(F_MBE«) LIK E MBEW STRUCTURE M8EW VALUE(FJ1LGN) LIK E MLGN STRUCTURE HLGN VALUE(F_HVKE) LIK E MVKE STRUCTURE HVKE VALUE(F.M LAN) LIK E ULAN STRUCTURE HLAN VALUE (F HLGT) LIK E MLGT STRUCTURE HL6T EXPORTIN6 VALUE(IOOC_CIMTYPE) LIK E ED ID C -C IH T Y P TABLES IDOC.DATA STRUCTURE EDIDD ft •

OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL

INCLUDE ZXM6VU03

tuntiinr.niui-------F ig u r e 4 .3 7

C o n t e n t o f t h e S A P E x it s

T h e e x i t b e l o n g s t o t h e SAP s y s t e m a n d is l o c a t e d i n t h e SAP n a m e s p a c e .

C u s to m e r in c lu d e s

In a d d i t i o n , t h e c o n t e n t o f t h e e x i t m o d u l e c o n s i s t s o f o n l y o n e i n c l u d e

in t h e e x it

(ZXMGVU03). T h is i n c lu d e , in t u r n , is lo c a t e d in t h e c u s t o m e r n a m e s p a c e a n d d o e s n ' t e x i s t in t h e SAP s y s t e m u n t i l t h e e x i t h a s b e e n i m p l e m e n t e d .

97

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

C re a tin g th e

If y o u d o u b le-c lic k o n (h e in c lu d e n a m e , y o u c a n c r e a te th e in clu d e

in c lu d e

v i a f o r w a r d n a v i g a t i o n , a s s h o w n in t h e C r e a t e O b j e c t d i a l o g in F ig u re 4 .3 8 .

F u n c tio n B u ild e r^ D is p la y E X IT _ S A P L M V 01 _ 0 02 w ra iiw io iH iiiiiig iF P iH g iis iia n iiiiB iin F u n ctio n m o d u le A ttributes

EX IT_S A P LM V O 1_O 02 Im p o rt

Export

^

iiB i

Active

C h a n g in g

T a b le s

E xceptions

urce code

i i innsai i iai FUNCTION E X IT SAPLMV01 0 0 2 . " L o k a le S c h n it t s t e lle : IMPORTING VALUE (HESSAGE_TYPE) VALUE(SEGMENT NAME)

L IK E L IK E

EDMSG-MSGTYP EPIDD-SE6NAM

're

0

/

In c lu d e Z X M G V U 0 3 d o e s n o t e x is t C r e a te O b jec t’

Yes

II

« M l. . VALUk VALUE (FJ1E A N ) VALUE(FJ1BEW ) V A LU E (F _H L6 N ) V A LUE (F_HV KE) VALUE (F J1L A N ) V A L U E (F MLGT)

NO

IX

Cancel

I

■ L IK E L IK E L IK E L IK E L IK E L IK E

MEAN MBEW HLSN HVKE MLAN HLBT

STRUCTURE STRUCTURE STRUCTURE STRUCTURE STRUCTURE STRUCTURE

I MEAN MBEW HL6N HVKE MLAN ML6T

IIV * OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL OPTIONAL

EXP0RT1N6 E D ID C -C IM T Y P V A L U E (I0 0 C _ C IH T Y P E ) L IK E TABLES E 0 I0 D ID0C _DA TA STRUCTURE

INCLUDE ZXMGVU03.

ENDFUNCTION

F ig u r e 4 .3 8

C r e a tin g a n In c lu d e in t h e C u s to m e r N a m esp a ce

T h e s y s t e m t h e n p r o v i d e s t h e e m p t y i n c l u d e (s e e F ig u r e 4 . 3 9 ) i n w h i c h y o u can in s e rt y o u r o w n c o d e . M a k e s u re y o u s a v e y o u r e n trie s alread y w h e n e d itin g th e in c lu d e . I f y o u a c tiv a te th e in c lu d e w i t h o u t h av in g s a v e d y o u r e n trie s a n d a n e r ro r occurs, y o u m ay h a v e to e n te r th e code all o v e r a g a in .

98

A d a p tin g E x istin g ID o c T yp e s

|

A B A P E d ito r: C h a n g e In c lu d e ZX M G V U 03 ■© £■- • @ * In c lu d e

„•

n i a s i

Z1HGVU83

P a tte rn

P retfr Pu nter

Inactive (R e v is e d )

liw n 'B la l ZX M G V U 03

F ig u r e 4 .3 9

I n c l u d e t o B e F ille d

You m a y w a n t t o g r o u p y o u r c o d e f o r g r e a t e r cla rity . T h is c a n b e d o n e b y c r e a t i n g a d d i t i o n a l i n c l u d e s . T h e i n c l u d e s t h e n b e g i n w i t h "Z"; t h a t is, t h e y a r e l o c a t e d in t h e c u s t o m e r n a m e s p a c e b u t still b e l o n g to t h e SAP e x i t f u n c t i o n g r o u p t h a t a l w a y s b e g i n s w i t h "X.” SA P p r o p o s e s ZXMGVF01 f o r its n a m e (s e e F ig u r e 4 .4 0 ).

A B A P E d ito r: C h a n g e In c lu d e ZX M G V U 03 M

l^ l I

IfrllttlB IIIl I P

inclu de

I

1

H T H B I fiS 1

ZXH6VU03

8 1 P a ttern | | Pretty Printer

Inactive (R e v is e d )

FILL.Z1M AR A

S u broutine

IN C L U D E Selection ZXKGVF01

Ne*

In c lu d e

3 3

F ig u r e 4 4 0

C u s to m e r In c lu d e

Business T ra n sa ctio n Events B u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n e v e n t s (BTEs) a r e a ls o h a n d l e d v i a f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s b u t i n a d i f f e r e n t w a y t h a n c u s t o m e r e x i t s . F o r BTEs, SAP calls i n t h e d eliv ered c o d in g a fu n c tio n m o d u le u sin g th e P E R F O R M_ X X X X X X X X _ E ’

c o m m a n d ; here,

CALL F U N C T I O N

XXXXXXXX

*0 P E N _ F I _

is t h e ev en t ID .

99

G ro u p in g code

4-2

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

Determining b te s

You c a n s e a r c h f o r

0PEN_F

I * in t h e d e s i r e d c o d e t o f in d t h e e x i s t i n g BTEs

(sec F ig u r e 4 .4 1 ) . T h e s p e c i f i c a t i o n s in t h e r i g h t fie ld i n d i c a t e i f a BTE e x ists, w h e r e i t's c a lle d , a n d w h i c h s i g n a t u r e it p r o v i d e s . T h e BTE f o u n d h e r e h a s ID

MGV00100,

is c a ll e d o n l y o n c e , a n d p r o v i d e s all ID o c d a t a

to g e th e r w ith th e c o n tro l record.

G lobal S e arch in P ro g ra m s o n iF ira

a n

a

P ro g ra » /E n h a n c e a e n t

m m xm ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- P t ------------------------

□ LHV91UG6

2099

c a ll

fu n c tio n

ta b le s id o c _ d a ta

•O P E N J M .P E R F O R M J IG V O O IO O .E 1 = t _ id o c _ d a t a

c h a n g in g id o c _ h e a d e r = f _ id o c _ h e a d e r e x c e p t io n s

=1.

o th e rs

Figure 4 4 1

finding BTEs

Sample function

In T ra n s a c tio n B F01, y o u can fin d th e s a m p le f u n c tio n m o d u le s th a t

module

b e l o n g t o P/S i n te r f a c e s . T r a n s a c t i o n B F0 5 s p e c if ie s t h e s a m p l e f u n c t i o n m o d u le s th a t b e lo n g to p ro c ess in terfaces. T he s a m p le fu n c tio n m o d ­ u le th a t b elo n g s to th e

MGV00100

BTE is t h e

SAMPLE_INTERFACE_MGV00100

f u n c t i o n m o d u l e (s e e F ig u r e 4 .4 2 ) . A lw a y s c h e c k b o t h BTE ty p e s i f y o u d o n 't k n o w w h ic h ty p e th e d e v e lo p e r used.

Change View "L ib ra ry o f th e Publish& S ubscribe B usiness Transaction ffifgflfNew Entries Event



|Te»t

module for BTEs

C

SA flP lE JN T E R F A C E J ievO O lO O

0

H6VO02O0 MATMAS : Inboun d P rocessing fo r ALE Distribn Unit

SA HP LEJN TER FAC EJ16V00200

El

Figure 4.42

Creating your own

S a m p le Function M odule

H6VO01O0 MATMAS : O utbound processing fo r ALE Distribn Unit

Event with Sample Function Module in Transaction BF01

T h e s a m p l e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e c o n t a i n s t h e s i g n a t u r e e x a c tly in a f o r m a t ex p ected by th e

0PEN_FI_PERF0RM

A B A P s t a t e m e n t o f t h e c a llin g p r o g r a m

s o t h a t y o u c a n u s e it a s a t e m p l a t e . C o p y th is f u n c t i o n m o d u l e to y o u r o w n n am esp a ce, a n d in se rt th e d esire d c o d e (in d ica te d b y * s ta rts

10 0

here

in F ig u r e 4 .4 3 ).

My o w n c o d e

A d a p tin g Ex istin g ID o c T yp e s

|

4 .2

F u n c tio n B u ild e r: C h a n g e Z _ E V E N T _ M G V 0 0 1 0 0

F I R I W R I B I f S l I P lf f l H F f r l I B S m n iP l I M W I Function m o d u le

Z _E V E N T _ H 6 V 0 0 1 0 0

A ttributes

Im p o rt

_ u

l m

Export

s o

II Pre«rPrinie7

Active

C h a n g in g

T a b le s

Exceptions

m m

FUNCTION Z_E VEN T_H 6VO 010 0 . •"L o c a l In te rfa c e TABLES ID O C .D A T A STRUCTURE EOIDD CHANGING REFERENCE( IDOC_HEADER) L IK E EXCEPTIONS

E01DC STRUCTURE

ED ID C

ERROR

E v en t r ls s e n by th e

ALE o u tb o u n d p r o c e s s f o r

HATHAS.

I t a l lo » s t o n o d if y t h e ld o c 's c o n tr o l h e a d e r t h e id o c d a ta a s » e l l a s s e r i a l i z a t i o n i n f o r m a t i o n c r e a t e d b y t h e s t a n d a r d SAP o u tb o u n d p ro c e s s . R a i s i n g t h e EXCEPTION ERROR w i l l s u b m i t t e d t o t h e ALE l a y e r .

p re v e n t th e

BE CAREFUL W ITH ANY CHANGES TO ID O C .C O N TR O L. ALE-SCENARIO

IDOC f r o *

IT

b e in g

HAY EFFECT YOUR WHOLE

■ My o « n c o d e s t a r t s h e r e ENDFUNCTION.

C o p y o f t h e S a m p le M o d u l e

F ig u r e 4 - 4 3

To a c t u a l l y e x e c u t e t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g f u n c t i o n m o d u l e , y o u h a v e t o a c ti v a te it. H o w e v e r , t h i s is d o n e i n a c o m p l e t e l y d i f f e r e n t w a y t h a n fo r c u s t o m e r e x i t s . T h e t r a n s a c t i o n f o r m a n a g i n g BTEs is T r a n s a c t i o n FIBF. F ir s t o f all, y o u h a v e t o c r e a t e a c u s t o m e r m a n a g e m e n t o b j e c t b y f o l l o w ­ in g th e

Se

t t in g s

• Pr

o d u c ts

• ...

o f a

c u sto m e r

m e n u p a t h (s e e F ig u re

4 .4 4 ).

asm Events

E d it

G o to

S e ttin g s

SAP B u s in e s s I

F ig u r e 4 . 4 4

E n viro n m en t

S y ste m

H e lp

*

. . . o f a partn er

P /S M o d u le s



... o f a cu s to m e r

P r o c e s s M o d u le s

*

»

M e n u Path f o r t h e C u s to m e r P ro d u c t

10 1

C u sto m e r p ro d u ct

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

T h e e n t r i e s f o r t h e p r o d u c t m a i n l y c o n s i s t o f t h e n a m e (s e e F ig u r e 4 .4 5 ) . B e c a u s e SAP d e l i v e r s p r o d u c t s f o r p a r t i c u l a r ta s k s , a n d SAP p a r t n e r s u s e t h e s e BTEs in s o m e p r o d u c t s , y o u s h o u l d b e c a r e f u l w h e n a s s i g n i n g t h e nam es. A c tiv a tin g the

T h e last fie ld , w i t h "A" a s t h e h e a d i n g , p l a y s a p a r t i c u l a r l y critical role

c u s to m e r p ro d u c t

b e c a u s e it ’s t h e a c ti v a ti o n c o l u m n . T h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g c h e c k b o x in d ic a te s

f o r each c lie n t

w h e t h e r t h e p r o d u c t in t h e c u r r e n t c l i e n t is a c ti v e (BTEs c a n b e a c ti v a te d c l i e n t - i n d e p e n d e n t l y ) s o t h a t t h e r e s p e c t i v e BTEs c a n b e e x e c u t e d .

C h a n g e V ie w " C u s to m e r P ro d u c ts " : O v e rv ie w y

N e w E n trie s

lj? S

P ro d u ct

[Text

ZSH1

ID o c s

F ig u re 4 -4 5

i

. i

l l

E R F C des tin atio n

A 0

C re a tin g a C u s to m e r P ro d u ct

T h e RFC D e s t i n a t i o n field r e m a i n s e m p t y i f y o u r e m a i n in t h e s a m e s y s ­ t e m t h a t e x e c u t e s t h e c a llin g p r o g r a m . I f y o u e n t e r a v a l i d d e s t i n a t i o n f r o m T r a n s a c t i o n S M 5 9 in t h i s field, t h e e v e n t s t h a t a r c a s s i g n e d t o th is p r o d u c t a r e e x e c u t e d o n t h e s y s t e m t h a t b e l o n g s to t h i s d e s t i n a t i o n . A s s ig n in g an e v e n t to th e p ro d u c t

You a s s i g n y o u r e v e n t s to t h e p r o d u c t ( c o m b i n e d a c c o r d i n g t o w h e t h e r all o r n o n e o f t h e s e e v e n t s a r e a c tiv e ) v i a t h e or

Process

M

o d u le s

Se

t t in g s

• P /S M

o d u le s

m e n u p a t h . F i g u r e 4 . 4 6 d i s p l a y s a ll r e q u i r e d

s p e c if ic a t i o n s .

C h a n g e V ie w "P u b lis h & S u b s c r ib e B T E : C u s to m e r E n h a n c e m e n ts ": N e w Entries

Event

IP roduct

H6VOO10OZSM1

jctr |Appl

f u n c t io n M odule

n

|Z_EVENT_HG V00100

id id

n F ig u re

4.46

A s s ig n in g Events t o P ro d u cts

D e p en d in g o n th e e n v iro n m e n t, y o u can use th e en trie s m a d e fo r count i y (C tr) a n d a p p l i c a t i o n (A p p l.) a s t h e filte r c r it e r i a ; f o r ID o c s , h o w e v e r , t h e s e r e s t r i c t i o n s d o n ’t h a v e a n y e ffec t, s o t h e fie ld s r e m a i n e m p t y .

10 2

A d a p tin g E x istin g ID o c T yp e s

|

C lassic B A dls C lassic B A d ls a r e h a n d l e d v i a a h a n d l e r class. T h e n a m e o f th i s c lass is CL.EXITHANDLER,

a n d its c lass m e t h o d ,

GET.INSTANCE,

is c a lle d o n c e f o r

e a c h B A d l. I f y o u w a n t t o k n o w i n a p r o g r a m i f y o u c a n u s e a BAdI, s e a r c h f o r "C L .E X IT H A N D L E R ." You c a n fin d t h e r e q u e s t e d BAdI in t h e EX I T_NAME

e x p o r t v a r ia b l e . A c o r r e s p o n d i n g i n s t a n c e v a r i a b l e c a lle d

LF_

EXIT is s p e c if ie d h e r e (s e e F ig u r e 4 .4 7 ).

G lo b a l S e a rc h in P r o g r a m s

*W .

S

a

*

F

2674 2080

□invotuee

F ig u r e 4 - 4 7

1 1- D-

CLASS Cl.EXITHANOlER DEFINITION 10A0 CALL REIMOD cl_exUhanoet_1nstance EXPORTING EXIT_NANE ■ 'B*t>t_NATI1AS_AlE_CR‘ INPORTIN6 ACT_1NP_EX1STIK6 i IF_EXII_AKT CHANGING tnstance = IF.EXIT

I d e n t i f y i n g a C la s sic B A d I

T h e n a m e o f th e in s ta n c e v a ria b le n o w e n a b le s y o u to d e te r m in e w h ic h

C a llin g t h e BAdI

m e t h o d s o f t h e BAdI a r e c a ll e d a n d w h e r e t h e y a r e c a lle d . H e re a s w e ll, SAP d e f i n e s w h i c h d a t a is t r a n s f e r r e d , w h i c h m e a n s t h e

CHANGE_MATMAS

m e t h o d is c a ll e d o n c e , t r a n s f e r s all ID o c d a t a a n d t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d , a n d b o t h c a n b e c h a n g e d . F ig u r e 4 . 4 8 s h o w s t h e c o d e p r o v i d e d b y SAP f o r c a llin g t h e c la ssic BAdI. B A d ls h a v e to b e d e l i v e r e d b y SAP, s o SAP c r e a t e s t h e B AdI a n d t h e

C re a tin g a BAdI

m e t h o d s w i t h y o u r s i g n a t u r e a n d calls t h e m in t h e SAP p r o g r a m . C o n s e ­

im p le m e n ta tio n

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sca le s ic o n , w h i c h y o u c a n s e e in F ig u r e 4 . 8 0 , s h o w n ea rlie r. F ig u r e 4 . 8 2 s h o w s w h a t is c h e c k e d a n d h o w t h i s is d i s p l a y e d in t h e c a se o f s u c c e s s . I f a n e r r o r o c c u r r e d , y o u c a n c o r r e c t i t u s i n g t h i s log. A f t e r h a v i n g c o m p l e t e d t h e e n h a n c e m e n t , y o u n e e d t o fill t h e s e g m e n t s a n d t h e n a m e o f t h e e n h a n c e m e n t in t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d i f y o u s e n d th e I D o c a n d r e a d t h e r e s p e c t i v e s e g m e n t s i f y o u u p d a t e t h e ID o c.

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A s s ig n in g t h e In b o u n d F u n c tio n M o d u l e fo r th e E n h a n c e m e n t

T h e p r o g r a m m i n g w o r k c o n s i s t s o f t w o p a r t s . First, y o u m u s t e n s u r e in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n t h a t t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g u p d a t e m o d u l e s a ls o t r a n s f e r th e c u s t o m e r - s p e c i f i c fie ld s to t h e d a t a b a s e . U s u a lly , y o u ' r e n o t r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h i s p a r t o f t h e d e v e l o p m e n t w o r k , a n d i t ’s t o o m o d u l e - s p e c i f i c to b e e x p l a i n e d in d e ta il h e r e . T h e s e c o n d p a r t o f t h e p r o g r a m m i n g w o r k is to e n s u r e t h a t t h e d a t a t h a t h a s b e e n a d d i t i o n a l l y t r a n s f e r r e d in t h e ID o c is r e a d a n d t r a n s f e r r e d to t h e t r a n s f e r p a r a m e t e r s o f t h e u p d a t e m o d u l e , w h ich m u st b e d o n e b y y o u . A g a in , t h e m a t e r i a l m a s t e r is u s e d a s a n e x a m p l e h e r e . L is tin g 4 . 4 s h o w s

U s in g d a t a fro m

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T h e t r a n s f e r s t r u c t u r e is d e l i v e r e d b y SA P s o t h a t i t a l r e a d y i n c l u d e s p o t e n t i a l a p p e n d s to t h e

MARA

t a b l e a u t o m a t i c a l l y . T h i s is u s u a l l y t h e

case. If n o t, y o u ca n also a d d a n a p p e n d to th e tra n s fe r s tru c tu re that c o n t a i n s t h e s a m e fie ld s a s y o u r a p p e n d t o t h e d a t a ta b le .

W h e n d o ALE se rvices run ?

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s e ttin g s in C u s to m iz in g . T h e m a n ip u la tio n s , h o w e v e r, a re im p le m e n t e d a fte r y o u r ID o c has b e e n g e n e r a te d . Y o u r e x its , in c o n tr a s t, a re e x e c u te d w h i l e th e I D o c is g e n e r a t e d . T h i s m e a n s t h a t p o s s i b l e f i l t e r i n g p r o c e s s e s o r r u l e s m a y n o t b e d e p l o y e d w h e n y o u r e x i t is e x e c u t e d . Y o u s h o u l d c o n s i d e r t h i s f o r t h e im p le m e n ta tio n . F or e x a m p le , if y o u o n ly w a n t t o p ro ce ss a p la n t s e g m e n t fo r a s p e c ific p a rtn e r, y o u m u s t a s s u m e t h a t y o u r e x it

w o r k s w h i l e a ll p la n t s e g ­

m e n ts a re s till in c lu d e d . C o n s e q u e n tly , y o u m u s t m a k e s u re t h a t y o u r ch a n g e s a re m a d e t o t h e c o rr e c t p la n t s e g m e n t.

4 .2 .4

S p e c ia l R e q u ir e m e n ts f o r M a s t e r D a ta

You a l r e a d y k n o w t h a t t h e S M D p r o v i d e s s p e c i a l f u n c t i o n s f o r m a s t e r d a t a . S o m e t i m e s , h o w e v e r , t h e a v a ila b le s p e c ia l f u n c t i o n s a r e n 't w a n t e d . T he fo llo w in g sec tio n s d escrib e h o w y o u can m o d ify th em .

S e n d in g A ll D a ta A fte r C hanges W h e n u s i n g S h a r e d M a s t e r D a t a T o o ls a n d t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g c h a n g e p o i n t e r s , SAP a s s u m e s t h a t I D o c s s h o u l d b e k e p t a s s m a l l a s p o s s i b le f o r p e r f o r m a n c e r e a s o n s . T h i s a ls o u s u a l l y c o r r e s p o n d s t o re a lity . But s o m e tim e s y o u c o llab o rate w ith p a rtn e rs w h o can o n ly p rocess co m p lete d a t a r e c o r d s . To still b e a b l e to u s e c h a n g e p o i n t e r s , y o u c a n i m p l e m e n t m in o r m o d ificatio n s fo r m a te ria l m asters.

134

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s t a t u s o f a v a l u e “w i t h d i s t r i b u t i o n lo c k " h a s b e e n c h a n g e d to a v a lu e " w i t h o u t d i s t r i b u t i o n lo c k ." F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , t h e

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L is tin g 4 .5

T h is c o d e m u s t b e a d d e d b e fo re th e s y s te m f u r th e r p ro c esses th e d ata. B ecause th e m o d u le m ay c h a n g e , y o u s h o u ld se a rc h for the fo llo w in g co m m en t: D E S C R IB E C HE CK

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135

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C h an g e s to ID o c s

o r i g i n a l m o d u l e f o r e a c h r e l e a s e c h a n g e a n d r e p r o d u c e t h e m in y o u r f u n c t i o n m o d u l e i f r e q u i r e d . A l t e r n a t iv e ly , y o u c a n c o p y t h e SAP m o d u l e a fte r th e re le ase c h a n g e a n d in te g ra te y o u r m o d ificatio n s. U n fo rtu n ately , a n a p p r o p r i a t e e x i t i s n 't y e t a v a ila b le a t t h e l o c a t i o n w h e r e t h e m o d i f i c a ­ tio n n e e d s to b e im p le m e n te d .

R educed ID o cs in C o m b in a tio n w it h C u s to m S eg m e n ts I f y o u ’v e a d d e d c u s t o m s e g m e n t s to t h e m a s t e r d a t a ID ocs, y o u m a y w a n t to w o rk w ith red u ctio n s — fo r reasons o f p e rfo rm a n c e o r b ecau se y o u r p a r t n e r d o e s n ’t w a n t to re ceiv e p a r ti c u la r d a ta . B e c a u s e y o u r e n h a n c e m e n t is a n ID o c ty p e b u t y o u r r e d u c t i o n a m e s s a g e ty p e , y o u c a n ' t s i m p ly use o n e o f t h e m a s t h e b a sis f o r t h e o t h e r o n e . I n s t e a d , y o u h a v e to g e n e r a t e a r e d u c e d ID o c t h a t d o e s n ' t k n o w y o u r c u s to m e r- s p e c ific s e g m e n t s a n d in w h i c h y o u c a n d e l e t e e v e r y t h i n g f r o m t h e s t a n d a r d v e r s io n t h a t y o u d o n ' t w a n t to s e n d . I n a d d i t i o n , y o u m u s t a ls o g e n e r a t e a n e n h a n c e m e n t t y p e th at c o n ta in s y o u r a d d itio n a l se g m e n ts w ith o u t k n o w in g th e red u ctio n . E n h a n c in g a n d

W h e n c re a tin g th e r e d u c e d m e ssa g e ty p e, T ra n sactio n W E 8 2 a u to m a ti­

re d u c in g

c a lly g e n e r a t e s a n e n t r y in w h i c h t h e b a s i c t y p e is a s s i g n e d t o t h e n e w l y c r e a t e d r e d u c e d m e s s a g e t y p e . T h i s is d o n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y w h e n y o u s a v e t h e r e d u c e d m e s s a g e t y p e s o t h a t y o u c a n u s e i t i m m e d i a t e l y . To n o w u s e t h e c o m b in a tio n fro m y o u r re d u c tio n a n d y o u r e n h a n c e m e n t, c o p y th e b a s i c t y p e , a n d i n s e r t t h e e n h a n c e m e n t in t h e c o p i e d e n t r y . F ig u r e 4 . 8 6 s h o w s th is fo r th e

Z SM 1

r e d u c t i o n (s e e C h a p t e r 2, S e c t i o n 2 . 1 . 1 , S h a r e d

M a s t e r D a ta Tool) a n d t h e

ZSMMARA

e n h a n c e m e n t f r o m t h i s s e c ti o n .

C h a n g e V ie w " O u tp u t T y p e s a n d A s s ig n m e n t to ID o c T y p e s ":

Output T n m ano A ssignm ent to IDoc Types

ZSH1

HATHAS05

ZStlMARA

64«

E

0

F ig u re 4 -8 6

A s s ig n in g t h e E n h a n c e m e n t t o t h e R e d u c e d M e s s a g e T ype

A p p ro p ria te

In t h e p a r t n e r p ro file , t h e e n h a n c e m e n t is c o m b i n e d w i t h t h e b a s i c ty p e ,

p a rtn e r p ro file

a n d t h e s t a n d a r d m o d u l e c a r r i e s o u t t h e r e d u c t i o n w h i l e y o u r e x i t fills t h e c u s t o m e r - s p e c i f i c field s. F ig u re 4 . 8 7 d i s p l a y s t h e a p p r o p r i a t e p a r t n e r p ro f ile in t h e o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g f o r t h e r e d u c e d m e s s a g e t y p e ,

ZSM 1,

w i t h " M A T M A S 0 5 " s p e c if ie d in t h e B asic T y p e fie ld a n d “Z S M M A R A "

13 6

A d a p tin g Ex istin g ID o c T yp e s

in t h e E x t e n s i o n field. T h e i n b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g m u s t t a k e w h a t it g ets; h o w e v e r, e n h a n c e m e n ts a n d re d u c tio n s m u s t a lso be k n o w n there.

P a r tn e r p r o file s : O u tb o u n d p a r a m e te r s

P a rtn e r N o

SA LES

S a le s s y s t e m (c lie n t 8 1 0 )

P a rtn T y p e

LS

L o g ic a l s y s t e m

P a r t n e r R o le

jg

M e ssag e Type

Z S fli

S a b i n e s R e d u c e d M a t e r ia l

M e ssag e code M e s s a g e fu n c t io n



M e s s a g e C o n tro l

R e c e iv e r p o rt

T e st

p o s t p r o c e s s in g

T ra n s a c tio n a l R FC

SA L E S

P e r m itt e d A g e n t

T e le

L S S a le s

jo o

P a c k S iz e □ Q u e u e P ro c o ssm g O u tp u t M o d e / " O T r a n s f e r ID o c im m e d

O u tp u t M o d e

4

© C o lle c t ID o cs

ID O C T y p e

B a s i c ty p e

H A TW AS05

E n h a n c e m e n t D i s t r i b u t io n o f S

E rte n sio n

z s h h a r a

S a b i n e s E n h a n c e d M a te n a i

V ie w E

C a n c e l P ro c e s s in g

S e g r e l e a s e i n ID o c w o

F ig u re 4 .8 7



S e g m e n t A f ip i. R e !

P a r t n e r P r o f ile w i t h R e d u c t i o n a n d E n h a n c e m e n t

To t e s t t h e s e s e t t i n g s , g e n e r a t e y o u r ID o c ( s e e F ig u r e 4 .8 8 ) .

IDoc display V



IDOC 0000000000768770 □

^



D a ta r e c o r d s

03

O utbox

CCM

B a s i c ty p e

H A in « S 0 5

E x te n s io n

ZSniMRA

O E1HARA1

S egm ent 000003

M e s s a g e ty p e

ZSnt

O

e im a k t u

S e g m e n t 000004

P a rtn e r N o

SALES



E t MAKTM

S egm ent 000005

S ta tu s re c o rd s

^

Q 03 0 D

T o ta l n u m b e r 0 0 0 0 0 5

Z1M »R»



^

1

C u rre n t s t a t u s

segmem 0 0 0 0 0 2



^

D ire c tio n

Control Rec

Data passed to port OK IDoc sent lo

SALES

IDoc read* for dispatch (ALE service)

Content o*selected segment

Receiver fo u n d . No H e r * . No conversion .Version

D Ot

F ig u re 4 88

LS

P o rt

SAP system or external program

30 Q

P a r t n T ype

lOoc generated

n r r — -----------ZZSH FElO l

HEH01

E

ZZSHFELD2

•EM02

0

S am p le ID o c

137

4-2

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

4 .3

C u sto m F u n ctio n M o d u le s fo r File G e n e ra tio n in F ile Ports

F o r file p o r t s , y o u n e e d to s p e c if y t o w h i c h file t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g ID o c is s u p p o s e d t o b e w r i t t e n i f t h i s p o r t is u s e d . You d o t h i s in T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 1 , t h e p o r t m a n a g e m e n t (s e e F ig u re 4 .8 9 ) . H e r e , y o u c a n a l w a y s w r i t e t h e ID o c t o a d e f i n i t e file b y s p e c i f y i n g t h e n a m e o f t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g file in t h e O u t b o u n d File field in t h e t a b w i t h t h e s a m e n a m e .

C r e a tin g a file p o r t

g if ] I I 0 P£ Q i v

C D Ports

P c ft

2S H 1 _ 0 » T E I

D e s c rip tio n

S a b i n e s F ile P ort

I 1 d l T ra n s a c tio n a l R F C

__ 7 e E U P E x P P o rt K a s s e n s im u la tlo n

SMFILE SUBSYSTEM

S a b i n e s T e s t p o d fo r F ile s P o rttU f e n E D I -S u b s y s te m v ia O a ie is c h n m s te ile

TICKETS

P o rlfu fV erk a u fsh ilfsm ffiel

v is io n

~7~

S y s te m Sctnr>g

O B o c rec hpes SAP Release 2 0/2 1

p ] Unicode formal

O C o c recftpes SAP Release 3.013 1

□ Continue despite comerslon err or

® lOoc record t»pes SAP Release

OCPt-C

*>

O u t b o u n d Tripper

C D ABAP.PI

Replacement ctiar

i n b o u n d file

S ta tu s m e

I1 O X M L F I I * □

O Logical directory

X M L HTTP

A c cess T est

® p f c r t * a l director*

Oirectory

Function module Descnpoon

E) Satnnes cr»-n Function Module

Outbound file

BBI F ig u re 4 .8 9

F ile P o r t w i t h C u s t o m F u n c t i o n M o d u l e

M o d u l e f o r file

M o r e f r e q u e n t l y , h o w e v e r , file n a m e s a re s u p p o s e d t o b e a s s i g n e d d y n a m ­

n a m e s in file p o rts

ically. I n t h e s e ca s e s , u s e a f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t h a t c o m p r i s e s t h e n a m e o f t h e file f r o m t h e ID o c d a t a , f o r e x a m p l e , f r o m t h e ID o c n u m b e r , t h e c u r ­ re n t tim e , o r s im ila r in fo rm a tio n . T h is way, y o u a v o id t h a t th e sy stem o v e r w r i t e s a n e x i s t i n g file, a n d y o u c a n a ls o f i n d t h e d a t a m o r e easily. F ig u r e 4 . 8 9 s h o w s t h e u s e o f a n a d d i t i o n a l f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t h a t is c r e ­ a ted w ith in the c u s to m e r n a m e s p a c e

(Z _ S M _ P A T H _ C R E A T E _ D A T E _ T IM E ).

M a in te n a n c e

It i s n 't s u ffic ie n t t o s i m p l y i m p l e m e n t t h e r e q u i r e d f u n c t i o n m o d u l e . To

t r a n s a c t io n f o r file

h a v e t h e s y s t e m d i s p l a y it in t h e s e l e c t io n list in t h e file p o r t , y o u m u s t

fu n c tio n m o d u le s

a d d i t i o n a l l y r e g i s t e r it f o r t h e file p o r t s a n d le t t h e s y s t e m k n o w w h e t h e r

13 8

C u sto m Fu n ctio n M o d u le s fo r F ile G e n e ra tio n in F ile P o rts

it u s e s logical o r p h y s ic a l p a t h s . In T r a n s a c t i o n W E 5 5 , y o u i m p l e m e n t th is a s s i g n m e n t b y a d d i n g a n e w e n t i y (see F ig u r e 4 . 9 0 ) . F u n c t i o n m o d u l e s m a r k e d w i t h "L" u s e logical p a t h s ; all o t h e r m o d u l e s u s e p h y s ic a l p a th s .

C h a n g e V ie w "ID o c : F u n c tio n M o d u le s f o r F ile N a m e s": O v e rv ie w ^

E x p a n d < -» C o ll a p s e

j

N e w E n trie i

2

0

D e lim it

Q

v a r ia b le U s t

£}

F o rm

ID o c : F u n c tio n M o d u le s ( o r F ile N a m e s ^ a m e o f fu n c tio n m o d u le

>aTh

>X PATH CREATE

ile n a m e d e t e r m in a t io n fo r th e D X W o r k b e n c h

M t f f l MOUERT -

A s c r ip tio n

3)

. o g i c a l d ire c to ry , file n a m e in f o r m a t T c lie n t d o c n u r r t E

E P I- L P A IH CREATE .USERHAHE

. o g i c a l d i r e c t o r y , f i l e n a m e i n S Y -U N A M E f o r m a t

E D I PATH CREATE C L IE N T DOCNUM

D ir e c t o r y * f i l e n a m e i n f o r m a t T _ C l i e n t _ D o c n u m

E P I PATH CREATE f»ATE TIME

D ir e c t o r y * f i l e n a m e i n f o r m a t T _ C C Y Y M M D D _ H H M M :

E P I PATH CREATE LENGTH LE 8

D ir e c t o r y • f i l e n a m e i n f o r m a t N T H H M M S S T

E P I PATH CREATE "ESTYP

D ir e c t o r y • - m e s s a g e t * p e » _ « l a s t 8 c h a r a c t e r s o f D O

E D I PATH CREATE POS U N IX DOS

D ir e c t o r y * f i l e n a m e ( n a m e l a s t 8 c h a r a c t e r s o f O O C f

E D I PATH CREATE R E T A IL .STORE

D ir e c t o r y * f i l e n a m e i n f o r m a t T _ S t o r e _ « D O C N U M 1 6

H L-P -4TH CREATE USERKM E

D ir e c t o r y • t i l e n a m e i n f o r m a t S Y -U N A M E

;p l

D ir e c t o r y * f i l e n a m e i n f o r m a t T _ S Y -U N A M E _ C C Y Y M I>

path

CREATE USER n a m e pT th

-

M

3 E M -P A E x p o r t F i l e N a m e s

EAP 6EJ. Q U .If.U l p 1LEH&HE

S a b i n e s o w n F u n c tio n M o d u le

[-

E < ] [► ][

F ig u re 4 . 9 0

F u n c t i o n M o d u l e s f o r File N a m e s

T h e s i g n a t u r e o f a f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t h a t w o r k s w i t h logical p a t h s loo k s

S i g n a t u r e for

lik e t h e o n e s h o w n i n L is tin g 4 .6 .

log ical p a t h s

* “ *"L o ca l

in te rfa c e : IM P O R T IN G

* ••

*••

V A LU E (D A T A T Y P E )

L IK E

E D IP O -A C T R IG

V A L U E (D IR E C T O R Y )

L IK E

E D IP O -O U T P U T D IR

V A L U E (F IL E N A M E )

L IK E

E D IP O -O U T P U T F IL E

VA LU E(C O N TR O L)

L IK E

E D ID C

L IK E

E D I_ P A T H -P T H N A M

STRUCTURE

E D I DC

E X P O R T IN G VA LU E (P A T H N A M E ) E X C E P T IO N S LOG I C A L _ P A T H _ E RROR

L is tin g 4 .6

S i g n a t u r e o f a F u n c t i o n M o d u l e U s i n g L o g ic a l P a t h s

139

|

4-3

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

T r a n s a c t i o n FILE

F u r t h e r m o r e , y o u m u s t a ls o d e t e r m i n e t h e p h y s ic a l p a t h , w h i c h h a s b e e n a s s i g n e d in C u s t o m i z i n g in T r a n s a c t i o n FILE. F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , SA P p r o ­ v i d e s a s p e c if ic f u n c t i o n m o d u l e . T h e f o l l o w i n g s a m p l e c o d e (L istin g 4 .7 ) i n d i c a t e s its u se. DATA:

L O G IC A L .P A T H

LO G IC A L _ P A T H CALL

F U N C T IO N

-

L IK E

F IL E P A T H -P A T H IN T E R N .

D IR E C T O R Y .

' F IL E _ G E T _ N A M E _ U S IN G _ P A T H '

E X P O R T IN G *

C L IE N T

- S Y -M A N D T

L O G IC A L _ P A T H

=

L O G IC A L _ P A T H

*

O P E R A T IN G _S Y S T E M

- S Y -O P S Y S

*

PARAMETERS

= ‘

*

P A R A M E T E R .?

- *

USE_BUFFER

= ‘

F IL E _ N A M E

- S Y -U N AM E

U S E _ P R E S E N T A T IO N _S E R V E R

= *

IM P O R T IN G F IL E _ N A M E _ W IT H _ P A T H

=

PA TH NAME

E X C E P T IO N S P A T H _ N 0 T _ F 0 UND

- 1

M IS S IN G _ P A R A M E T E R

=

O P E R A T I N G _ S Y S T E M _ N 0 T _ F 0 UND -

L is tin g 4 .7

2 3

F IL E _ S Y S T E M _ N O T _F O U N D

= 4

OTHERS

= 5

.

S A P F u n c t i o n M o d u l e T h a t D e t e r m i n e s t h e P h y s ic a l F ile N a m e f o r a

L o g ic a l F ile N a m e

S ig n a tu r e for physical p a th s

I f y o u g e n e r a t e a f u n c ti o n m o d u l e t h a t w o r k s w i t h p h y sic a l p a t h s r ig h t fro m t h e b e g i n n i n g , y o u m u s t u s e t h e fo llo w in g s i g n a t u r e (see Listing 4.8 ).

* ” * ” Local *"

in te r fa c e : IM P O R T IN G

* ”

VALUE( DATATYPE)

L IK E

E D IP 0 -A C T R IG

* "

V A L U E (D IR E C T O R Y )

L IK E

E D IP O -O U T P U T D IR

* "

V A L U E (F IL E N A M E )

L IK E

E D IP O -O U T P U T F IL E

VA LU E(C O N TR O L)

L IK E

E D IO C

L IK E

E D IP A T H -P T H N A M

STRUCTURE

E X P O R T IN G V A LU E(PATH N A M E )

L is tin g 4 .8

14 0

S i g n a t u r e o f a F u n c t i o n M o d u l e U s i n g P h y s ic a l File P a t h s

E D I DC

C u sto m ID o c s

4 .4

C u sto m ID o cs

T h e p r e r e q u i s i t e f o r u s i n g c u s t o m ID o c s a r e c u s t o m t a b l e s f r o m w h i c h d a t a is r e t r i e v e d f o r s e n d i n g t h e ID o c s a n d s t o r e d in i n b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g . As a n e x a m p l e , t h e d e s c r i p t i o n s in t h e f o l l o w i n g s e c t i o n s u s e a s i m p le ca se w i t h o n l y a f e w fie ld s , w h i c h n e v e r t h e l e s s c o v e r s all a s p e c t s t h a t a re r e l e v a n t t o ID ocs. T h i s e x a m p l e u s e s a h ea d e r ta b le a n d a n ite m ta b le. T h e i t e m t a b l e c o n ­

D a ta fo r the

t a i n s s e v e r a l i d e n t i c a l fie ld s t h a t t h e ID o c p r o c e s s e s u s i n g a q u a l i f y i n g

c u s to m ID o c

s e g m e n t . D u e to t h e d iffic u lt r e u s a b ility , SA P d o e s n ' t r e c o m m e n d t h e u s e o f q u a lif ie r s . I n t h e s t a n d a r d v e r s i o n , h o w e v e r , q u i t e a lo t o f q u a lifie r s still e x is t s o t h a t y o u m a y n o t b e a b l e to a v o i d u s i n g t h e m . F ig u r e 4 . 9 1 d i s p l a y s t h e s t r u c t u r e o f a h e a d e r t a b l e . A n i n t e r f a c e p r o j e c t

H e a d e r ta b le

u s u a l l y a l r e a d y i n c l u d e s t h e s e t a b l e s s o t h a t y o u c a n u s e t h e m in y o u r ID o c . To i l lu s t r a te t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n ID o c a n d d a t a r e c o r d , t h e a p p l i c a t i o n t a b l e s w e r e c r e a t e d a s w e ll a n d n o t c o n s i d e r e d a s e x is tin g .

Dictionary: Maintain Table fg

Rj

£0

I

T ra n s p T a b le

ZSHH

S h o rt D e scrip tio n

( s m H eader

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0

0

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D a ta T y

HAND!

C IN T

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n

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CHAR





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fH A P





0 □

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F ig u re 4.91

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S rc h H e lp Key mm

CL 0 1

T e c h n ic a l S e ttin g s

In d e x e s .

A p pend Structure

| Active

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11 P re d e fin e d T ype |

Length D e c im

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3 30

0 P a rtia l key o» SAP object

| {

40

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iaio M 1aenn u^narauerrC ie L glh ui-— i1fut

S a m p l e H e a d e r Tab le

T he ite m tab le th a t b e lo n g s to th e h e a d e r ta b le c o n ta in s a n ite m n u m b e r as a n a d d i t i o n a l k e y field, t h r e e s i m i l a r fie ld s f o r t h e q u a l i f i c a ti o n , a n d a q u a n t i t y field w i t h a u n i t o f m e a s u r e m e n t f o r a s p e c ia l i m p l e m e n t a t i o n f o r s o m e u n i t s o f m e a s u r e m e n t . F ig u r e 4 . 9 2 d i s p l a y s t h e d e f i n i t i o n o f t h e i t e m ta b le in T r a n s a c t i o n SE11.

14 1

Ite m ta b le

|

4 -4

4

|

C h an g e s to I D ocs

D ic tio n a ry : M a in ta in T a b le C8

I 4&

;

< *

T ra n s p Table

ZSHP

S h o rt D escription

SM Position

A ltnbutes

A

a

Q jl

3 ^ !9

Entry help/check

E B B |K e y [in iii

Srch H e p

|p a ta elem ent

lPala Ty-

E B JMHOT 0. B * E Y FEID 0 E

1ANDT

KET1 J&NR

PELDA EIL&S



0 Client key o f SAP object

1e m n u m b e r o f the S O docum ent

CHAR

6

CHAR

6

0 C h a ra c te rfie ld o n e n g th 6

CHAR

6

0 C h a ra c te r fie ld o f le n g th 8

t5

JD

jHEKfilS

OUAN

1E1NA

□ '"E1NA -C- n

UNIT



30

NUtlC

,CH»B6

T^

Predefined

Length |D ecim [SM ort D escription

CHAR

1EN6E

F ig u re 4 .9 2

A p pend Stiucture

CurrencyfO uantity Fields

C IN T

□ □ CUM □ □ ia*£i

F£LP&

In d e ie s

A c tf*

D e l w r y and Maintenance

Field

Technical Settings

3;

0 Character fie ld o f le n g th 6

3 Quantity field, 15 characters

0 u n it o f m easure

S a m p l e I t e m T a b le

Q u a n t i t y fie ld s

F o r t h e M e n g e fie ld , y o u n e e d to s p e c i f y w h i c h r e f e r e n c e u n i t o f m e a ­

in t h e D a ta

s u r e is s u p p o s e d to b e u s e d . F ig u r e 4 . 9 3 d i s p l a y s it i n t h e R e f e r e n c e Table

D ic tio n a ry

a n d R e f e r e n c e F ie ld c o l u m n s .

D ic tio n a r y : M a in ta in T a b le Id

. - 5-

«a

0-0 :

*

Transp Table

zsup

S nort Description

$M Position

a

4

11

J ii [Ifl

Technical SetDngs

Fields

Fn'ryhPlp/rhcfk 1 / 8

Search Help ] _ Field

|D ata elem ent

iD ataT y [Reference table

HANOI

HANDT

C IN I

KEY.FELO

CHAR

POSNR ELDA -

hunc

(CWAR6 ___________

1

CHAR6

CHAR

ELDC

CHARS

CHAR

HEN815

QUAN

KE1NA

UNIT

EINA

F ig u re 4 .9 3

|R e f field

IShoct Description Client Partial keyotS A P obiect

■[ 1

ELDB

IIENGE

in p u t h e lp

POSNR

1

Append Structure

Active

Attributes

EY1

lnde»es

1— ........1. ■■■1■ ... ■!

nem num ber o f the SD document

1■ ■----- Character fie ld o f length 6 Character fie ld o f length 6

ZSHP

HE1NA

Quantity field. 15 characters Unit o f measure

R e f e r e n c e U n i t o f M e a s u r e i n t h e I t e m T a b le

You s h o u l d p r o v i d e a n i n p u t h e l p o r c h e c k t a b l e w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e (see F ig u re 4 . 9 4 ) . In t h e

Z SMP

s a m p le table, th e in p u t h e lp s are e n a b le d for

t h e KEY1 fie ld , w h i c h s h o u l d r e f e r t o t h e h e a d e r ta b le , a n d f o r t h e u n i t o f m e a s u r e field (M E IN A ), w h i c h is c o p i e d f r o m C u s t o m i z i n g . In a d d i-

14 2

C u sto m ID o c s

|

t i o n , SAP d e l i v e r s a c h e c k t a b l e f o r t h e c l i e n t ( M A N D T field). T h i s ta b le is u s e d h e r e .

D ic tio n a ry : M a in ta in T a b le &

*9

0

«*r

T ra n s p T a b le

Z S "P

S h o d D e s c rip tio n

SM P o s itio n

A ttrib u te s

v fK

A

'|g

* £ [ S o a r c h H e lp

1 /

D a ta e l e m e n t

D a ta T y

HANDT

HANDT

vlN T



SELECT

*

IN T O

FROM z s m p C O R R E S PO N D IN G

WHERE LOOP

E 1 ZSMP

AT

keyl

=

it_ z s m p

F IE L D S

o b jk e y -k e y l IN T O

OF

wa_zsm p

M O V E -C O R R E S P O N D IN G w a . z s m p L i s t i n g 4.14

TABLE

it_ z s m p

. . TO w a . z l z s m p

G e n e ra tin g th e Ite m S e g m e n t -

.

A p p lic a tio n D ata

T h i s is t h e f ir s t field w i t h d i g its t h a t a r e s u p p o s e d t o b e t r a n s f e r r e d as a lp h a n u m e ric ch a rac te rs. A C O NDE NSE

Condense

w a _ z lz s m p -m e n g e

is e x e c u t e d :

.

A ls o a field e x i s t s t h a t is s u p p o s e d t o b e s e n t in t h e ISO c o d e a n d n o t in

C o n v e rtin g u n its of

t h e SAP u n i t (s e e L is tin g 4 . 1 5 ) . It's t h e u n i t o f m e a s u r e . T h e SA P f u n c ­

m easurem ent

ti o n m o d u l e f o r t h e c o n v e r s i o n d i r e c t i o n f r o m SAP u n i t t o ISO c o d e is U N I T _ O F _ M E A S U R E _ S A P _ T O _ I SO. CALL

F U N C T IO N

‘ U N IT _ O F _ M E A S U R E _ S A P _ T O _ IS O ’

EX PO R T IN G sap_code

=

w a _ z lz s m p -m e in a

=

w a _ z lz s m p -m e in a

n o t_ fo u n d

=

01

n o _ is o _ c o d e

-

02

IM P O R T IN G is o _ c o d e E X C E P TIO N S

CLEAR

t_ id o c _ d a ta

.

.

t_ id o c _ d a ta - s e g n a m

-

‘ Z1ZSM P'

t_ id o c _ d a ta -s d a ta

=

w a _ z lz s m p

L i s t i n g 4 .1 5

. .

D e t e r m i n i n g t h e ISO U n its o f M e a s u r e

H e re , t h e r e d u c t i o n is m i s s i n g , w h i c h is a l r e a d y c o n t a i n e d in t h e c o d e f o r t h e h e a d e r s e g m e n t in L is tin g 4 . 1 3 . T h e a p p e n d i m m e d i a t e l y fo llo w s : APPEND

t_ id o c _ d a ta .

In a d d i t i o n , a n o p t i o n a l q u a l i f y i n g s e g m e n t is p r o v i d e d t h a t is d e r i v e d

Q u a lify in g

f r o m t h e s a m e d a t a r e c o r d (see L is tin g 4 . 1 6 ) . T h e s y s t e m c h e c k s t h e t h r e e

segment

p o s s i b l e c a se s , FELDA, FELDB, o r FELDC, a n d g e n e r a t e s t h e s e g m e n t s i f t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g d a t a is a v a ila b le .

157

4

|

C h an g e s to I D ocs

IF

NOT w a _ z s m p - f e l d a

IS

INITIAL

wa_zlzsm q-qual

-

w a_zlzsm q-feld

= wa_zsm p-felda

CLEAR

‘A ’

.

.

t_idoc_data.

t_idoc_data-segnam

= 'Z1ZSMQ'

t_ id o c_ d a ta -sdata

-

APPEND ENDIF IF

t_idoc_data

.

wa_zlzsmq

. IS

INITIAL

wa_zlzsm q-qual

= *C*

w a_zlzsm q-feld

-

CLEAR t _ id o c _ d a t a

.

.

w a_zsm p-feldc -

t_idoc_data-sdata

= wa_zlzsmq

APPEND ENDIF

.

.

t_idoc_data-segnam t_idoc_data

'Z1ZSMQ'

. .

.

.

NOT w a _ z s m p - f e l d b wa_zlzsm q-qual t_idoc_data

IS -

w a_zlzsm q-feld CLEAR

INITIAL

*B'

= wa_zsm p-feldb = *Z1ZSMQ* -

t_idoc_data

ENDIF

.

ENDLOOP

.

.

.

t_idoc_data-sdata APPEND

.

.

t_idoc_data-segnam

L i s t i n g 4 .1 6

.

.

NOT w a _ z s m p - f e l d c

IF

.

.

wa_zlzsmq

.

.

G e n e ra tin g th e O p t io n a l Q u a lify in g S egm ents

C o n tro l reco rd —

N e x t, y o u n e e d y o u r c o n t r o l r e c o r d ; h o w e v e r , t h e r e a r e o n l y a f e w fields

r e q u ir e d fie ld s

t h a t y o u n e e d t o fill in y o u r s e l f . In o u r e x a m p l e (s e e L is tin g 4 . 1 7 ) , t h e s e m a n d a t o i y f ie ld s a r c filled f o r s e n d e r i n f o r m a t i o n , r e c e i v e r i n f o r m a ­ tio n , a n d p o s s i b l y r e q u i r e d s e r i a l i z a t i o n i n f o r m a t i o n . T h e s y s t e m a u t o ­ m a t i c a l l y s p e c if ie s t h e t i m e s t a m p , t h e c r e a t i n g o r m o d i f y i n g p e r s o n , a n d t h e like. * Design CLEAR

control

record.

f_idoc_header

f_ i doc_header-mestyp

. = ‘ ZSMNACH'

f_idoc_header-idoctp

= 'ZSMTYPOr

f_1doc_header-sndpfc

= sndpfc

.

f_idoc_header-sndprn

-

sndprn

.

f_1doc_header-sndprt

= sndprt

.

15 8

. .

C u sto m ID o c s

f_idoc_header-rcvpfc

= rcvpfc -

rcvprn

.

f_idoc_header-rcvprt

= rcvprt

.

f_idoc_header-serial

-

L i s t i n g 4 .1 7

.

F i l l i n g t h e M a n d a t o r y F ie l d s i n t h e C o n t r o l R e c o r d

T h e s y s t e m t r a n s f e r s t h e fin a lly c o m p l e t e m a s t e r ID o c to t h e c o m m u n i ­

T ra n sfe r t o th e

c a t i o n l a y e r ( s e e L is tin g 4 . 1 8 ) . D u r i n g t h i s p r o c e s s , t h e h i e r a r c h y f o r th e

c o m m u n ic a tio n la y e r

i n d i v i d u a l s e g m e n t s is s e t u p a c c o r d i n g t o t h e ID o c t y p e d e f i n i t i o n . * Transfer CALL

4 -4

.

f_idoc_header-rcvprn

space

|

IDoc

FUNCTION

to

com m unication

layer

'MASTER_IDOC_DISTRIBUTE'

EXPORTING m aster_idoc_control

-

f_idoc_header

TABLES com m unication_idoc_control

- t_idoc_com m _control

m aster_idoc_data

= t_idoc_data

EXCEPTIONS error_in_idoc_control

= 01

error_w riting_idoc_status

= 02

error_in_idoc_data

- 03

sending_logical_system _unknown DESCRIBE

TABLE

= 04

.

t_idoc_com m _control

LINES c o m m _ c o n tro l_ lin e s . created_com m _idocs

- com m _control_lines

te _ id o c _ c o n tro l[]

= t_idoc_com m _control[]

ENDFUNCTION L i s t i n g 4 .1 8

. .

.

S e n d in g t h e G e n e ra te d ID o c s

N o t e t h a t, f o r b e t t e r r e a d a b ility , t h i s c o d e d o e s n ’t i n c l u d e s o m e r e c u r r i n g asp e cts w ith w h ic h d e v e lo p e r s a r e u su ally fam iliar. F o r e x a m p le , y o u m a y w a n t to u s e m o r e v a r ia b l e s w h e r e h a r d c o d e w a s u s e d in t h i s e x a m ­ p le . T h i s e x a m p l e a l s o d o e s n ' t c h e c k i f t h e s e g m e n t s a r e filled b e f o r e th e y are a p p e n d e d , w h ic h y o u s h o u ld alw ays do. Y o u’v e n o w c r e a t e d t h e d a t a r e c o r d s f o r y o u r t a b le s . T h e q u i c k v i e w in

C o m p le te cu s to m

F ig u r e 4 . 1 0 9 d i s p l a y s t h e d a t a o b j e c t t h a t is s u p p o s e d to b e s e n t a s an

ID o c

ex a m p le here.

15 9

4

|

C h an g e s to I D ocs

M

a b i n e s O b jec t List Partial le v C h a r

|F E L D 1 |F E L D 2

4711

F E L D ! FEL:>2

|471 4 711

10 0 0 0 1 O F E L Q A | F E L 0 8

|FE L D C

0 0 0 0 2 0 FE LDA 1 F E L D 91 F E L D C l

10

PC

PC I

ICO

°C

PC

Data Object to Be Sent

F ig u re 4 1 0 9

individual display

Item | R e serve | R e serve Reserve t Quantity| U o m ; U o m |

2 S M H -F E L 0 2 Partial keyi

4711

T r a n s a c t i o n B D 8 7 lists t h e ID o c t h a t h a s b e e n g e n e r a t e d f r o m t h e d a ta o b j e c t ( s e e F ig u re 4 . 1 1 0 ) .

ID o c d is p la y ^



Q “

I

T e c h n ic a l s h o rt in fo 7

C o n tro l R e c

C D D a ta reco rd s

T o ta l n u m b e r. 0

^

D irectio n

1

C u rr e n t status

03

B a s ic type

ZSMTYP01

D

Z1ZSM H

S e g m en t 00000

^

D z iz s M P

S e g m en t 00000

E x te n s io n

^

P

i

ID o c 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 9 6



O utb ox CCO

0

Z1ZSM Q A

S e g m en t 00000

M e s s a g e type

ZSMNACH

D

Z1ZSM O C

S e g m en t 00000

P a rtn e r No.

PRODUCTION

D

Z1ZSM Q 0

S e g m en t 00000

P a rtn .T y p e

LS

P o rt

A 000000003

Z1ZSM P

S e g m en t 00000



Z1ZSM O A

S e g m en t 00000



Z1ZSM O C

S e g m en t 00000

D

Z1ZSM Q B

S e g m en t 00000

C o n te n t o f s e le c te d s e g m e n t

C i S ta tu s re c o rd s F id n a m e

F id cont

POSNR

D 00010

1EN6E^ 1 E IN A

F i g u r e 4.110

Control record

PCE

Sample IDoc in Transaction BD87

T h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d (s e e F i g u r e 4 . 1 1 1 ) i n d i c a t e s t h a t y o u r ID o c t y p e (h e re : S a b i n e s IDoc Type) a n d y o u r m e s s a g e t y p e ( h e r e : ZSMNACH) w e r e a c tu a lly used.

E D lD C

| Control R e co rd

D IR E C T

D irection

1 : O utbound

DOCREL

R e le a s e

700

O UTM OD

O u to u tM o d e

2

STATUS

Status

3 0 ID oc reactyfor disp atch (ALE service)

DOCTYP

B a sic Type

3 0 S a b in e s ID oc Typ

CIM TYP

Enhancem ent

30:

M ESTYP

M e s s a g e Type

ZSMNACH

F ig u re 4 .111

16 0

S e ctio n Taken from th e C o n tro l Record

C u sto m ID o c s

T h e d a t a o f t h e i n d i v i d u a l s e g m e n t s n o w a ls o c le a rly s h o w s t h e c o n v e r ­ s i o n o f t h e d a t a f r o m “PC," as t h e i n t e r n a l u n i t o f m e a s u r e p ie c e , t o "PCE" as t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g ISO u n i t o f m e a s u r e in t h e M E I N A field (s e e F ig u re 4 . 1 1 2 ) . T h e lis t a d d i t i o n a l l y i n c l u d e s t h e q u a l i f y i n g s e g m e n t , Z1ZSMQ, w h ic h h as b e e n created as an exam p le.

T ec h n ic a l N a m e

D e scrip tion

v a lu e

SEONUM

Segm ent Num ber

000001

SEGNAM

Segm ent Nam e

Z1ZSM H

KEY1

P a rtia l key o f SA P oblect

471 1

FE LD 1

C h a ra c te r field o f len g th 40

FE LD 1

FELD2

C h a ra c te r F ie ld L en g th = 10

FELD2

SEGNUM

Segm ent Num ber

000002

SEGNAM

Segm ent Nam e

Z1ZSM P

POSNR

Ite m n u m b e r o f th e S D do c u m en t

000010

M ENGE

1 7 -C h a r F ield

1 0 000

M E IN A

U n it o f m e a s u re

PCE

SEGNUM

Segm ent Num ber

000003

SEGNAM

Segm ent Nam e

Z1ZSM Q

QUAL

ZSMQUAL

A

FELD

C h a ra c te r field o f len g th 6

FELDA

SEGNUM

Segm ent Num ber

000004

9GONAM

Segm ent Nam e

Z1ZSM 0

GUAL

ZSMQUAL

C : B e lo n g s to F E L D C

: ELD

C h a ra c te r field o f len g th 6

FELDC

SEGNUM

Segm ent Num ber

000005

C -J -L

ZSMQUAL

B

FELD

C h a ra c te r field o f len g th 6

FELDB

B e lo n g s to F E L D A

B e lo n g s to F E L D B

SEGNUM

Segm ent Num ber

000006

SEGNAM

Segm ent Nam e

Z1ZSM P

POSNR

Ite m n u m b e r o f th e S D do c u m en t

000020

M ENGE

1 7 -C h a r F ield

1 0 0 .0 0 0

M E IN A

U n it o f m e a s u re

PCE

SEGNUM

Segm ent Num ber

000007

SEGNAM

Segm ent Nam e

Z1ZSM Q

GUAL

ZSMQUAL

A

=E L D

C h a ra c te r field o f len g th 6

FE LDA 1

3EG N JV

Segm ent Num ber

: 0 1 0 os

SEGNAM

Segm ent Nam e

Z1ZSM Q

C-U.-l

ZSM Q UA L

C

FELD

C h a ra c te r field o f len g th 6

'E L D C 1

F i g u r e 4.112

4 .4 .3

B e lo n g s to FE LDA

B e lo n g s 10 F E L D C

D a ta R ecords

U p d a t in g a n ID o c

T h e i n b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g is n o w s u p p o s e d t o p r o c e s s t h e m e s s a g e a n d ID o c ty p e s . F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , y o u n e e d t h e a p p r o p r i a t e f u n c ti o n m o d u l e again.

16 1

|

4 -4

4

|

C h an g e s to I D ocs

T h e s a m p l e m o d u l e o n l y c o n t a i n s t h e d a t a t h a t is n e c e s s a r y f o r I D o c p r o ­ c e s s i n g . U s u a l l y , t h e s y s t e m is s u p p o s e d t o e v a l u a t e a l l r e t u r n c o d e s , c h e c k th e u s e r a u th o r iz a tio n s , a n d s e t lo c k e n trie s . F u r th e rm o re , th e e x a m p le uses o n ly o n e ID o c p e r c a ll (th e o r e tic a lly , m u l t i p l e

ID o c s a r e fe a s ib le ) a n d n o n e

o f t h e A L E s e r v i c e s is d e p l o y e d . C o m p r e h e n s i v e c h e c k s f o r t h e c o m p l e t e n e s s a n d c o r r e c tn e s s o f t h e d a t a a r e m is s in g as w e l l . B e c a u s e th e s e c h e c k s are a p p lic a tio n - s p e c ific , y o u m u s t c o n s u lt t h e p e rs o n r e s p o n s ib le f o r t h e m o d u le a n d in te g ra te t h e m y o u rs e lf. Y o u c a n o b t a in th e v a ria b le s t h a t r e c u r in th is s a m p le m o d u le b y m a k in g th e f o llo w in g e n tr y in t h e T O P in c lu d e o f y o u r f u n c t io n g ro u p : in c lu d e

m b d c o n w f.

"R e p o rt

c o n ta in in g

th e

ALE

c o n s ta n ts .

A m o n g o t h e r t h in g s , t h e m b d c o n w f in c l u d e c o n t a i n s t h e c o n s t a n t s t h a t are l i s t e d i n T a b l e 4 . 2 a n d u s e d l a t e r . T h i s is m e r e l y a s u b s e t o f t h e v a r i a b l e s f r o m m b d c o n w f.

F ix e d v a l u e s i n t h e SAP in c lu d e

V a ria b le

F ix e d V a lu e

C_W F_RESULT_ERROR

99999

C _ W F _ R E S U L T _ D E L E T E _ ID O C

99998

C _ W F _ R E S U L T _ W I_ C O M P L E T E

99997

C_W F_RESULT_OK

0

C _ W F _R E S U L T _ R E T R Y _ ID O C

1

C _ W F _ R E S U L T _ C O N T IN U E _ ID O C

2

C _ ID O C _ S T A T U S _ O K

53

C _ ID O C _ S T A T U S _ E R R O R

51

T a b le 4.2

in b o u n d fu n c tio n m o d u le : S ig n a tu re

W h ile

F ix e d V a l u e s f r o m t h e “ m b d c o n w f I n c l u d e

th e fu n c tio n

o u tb o u n d

\

m o d u le s a re n ’ t s u b je c t to fu r t h e r re s tric tio n s in th e

p ro c e s s in g , in b o u n d

fu n c tio n m o d u le s m u s t h a v e a u n ifo r m

s ig n a tu r e b e c a u s e t h e y a re a u t o m a t ic a lly c a lle d b y th e A L E c o m m u n ic a ­ tio n

la y e r. F ig u r e 4 .1 1 3 s h o w s th e n e c e s s a ry p a r a m e te r s a n d

th e ir ty p ­

in g . P a ra m e te rs o f th e T a b l es ty p e a rc n o lo n g e r c o m m o n in m o r e re c e n t

16 2

C u sto m ID o c s

|

4 -4

r e le a s e s ; h o w e v e r , h e r e t h e y h a v e to b e u s e d t o m e e t t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e ALE c o m m u n i c a t i o n lay er. I f r e q u i r e d , y o u c a n c o p y o n e o f th e e x i s t i n g ID o c i n b o u n d f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s .

FUNGI ION Z_IOOC_INPUT_ZSHNACH • • • • L o c a l In te r f a c e : ■• IMPORTING V A LUE (INP UT.HE THO D) L IK E BDVFAP_PAR-INPUTHETHD VALUE(HASS_PROCESSIN$) L IK E BDWFAP.PAR-flASS.PROC VA LU E (N O .APPLICA TIO N L 0 6 ) L IK E SV-DATAR OPTIONAL VALUE(MASSSAVEINFOS) L IK E HASSSAVINF STRUCTURE MASSSAVINF OPTIONAL •EXPORTING VALUE(YORKFLOW_RESULT) L IK E BDWF_PARAM-RESULT VA LU E (A P P LIC A TI0N JV A R IA 8LE ) L IK E 8DWF_PARAH-APPL_VAR VALUE( IN_UPDATE_TASK) L IK E BDWFAP_PAR- UPDATETASK VALUE(CALL_TRANSACTION_OONE) L IK E BD¥FAP_PAR-CALLTRANS '■ TABLES IDOC.CONTRL STRUCTURE EOIDC IDOC_DATA STRUCTURE E 0 I0 D IOOC.STATUS STRUCTURE BDIDOCSTAT RETURN_VARIABLES STRUCTURE BDWFRETVAR S E R IA L IZ A T IO N INFO STRUCTURE B D I.S E R EXCEPTIONS k)RONG_FUNCTION_CALLEO — ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

F i g u r e 4-113

S ig n a tu re o f an I n b o u n d F u n c tio n M o d u l e

To n o t u s e r e s o u r c e s u n n e c e s s a r i l y , y o u m u s t first c h e c k i f t h e f u n c ti o n

C h e c k in g th e

m o d u l e c o r r e s p o n d s t o t h e ID o c t h a t is s u p p o s e d to b e p r o c e s s e d . F o r

v a lid ity o f th e

t h i s p u r p o s e , y o u c a n c h e c k t h e m e s s a g e t y p e i f t h e m e s s a g e t y p e s a re n o n - r e d u c i b l e (s e e L is tin g 4 .1 9 ) . IF

idoc_contrl-m estyp

‘ Z S M N A C H ’

RAISE w r o n g _ fu n c t io n _ c a lle d ENDIF

.

.

L i s t i n g 4 .1 9

C h e c k in g t h e M e s s a g e Type

F o r r e d u c i b l e ID o c s , a d i f f e r e n t m e s s a g e t y p e c a n b e u s e d s o t h a t y o u h a v e to c h e c k t h e ID o c ty p e (s ) t h a t a r e p e r m i t t e d f o r t h e r e d u c i b l e m e s ­ s a g e t y p e i n t h i s c a s e (s e e L is tin g 4 .2 0 ). IF

idoc_contrl-idoctp

' Z S M T Y P O r

RAISE w r o n g _ fu n c t io n _ c a lle d

.

.

ENDIF. L is tin g 4 .2 0

C h e c k in g th e ID o c Type

16 3

fu n c tio n m o d u le s

4

|

C h an g e s to I D ocs

T h is is f o l l o w e d b y t h e v a r i a b l e d e f i n i t i o n s (s e e L isting 4 .2 1 ) . DATA:

subrc

* Structure DATA:

LIKE

for

wa_zsmh

* Variables DATA:

.

header

data

TYPE zsmh

for

the

it_zsm p

L i s t i n g 4-21

sy-subrc

the

.

items

TYPE

T A B L E OF z s m p

.

D e c la r a tio n o f t h e R e q u ire d V a ria b le s

S ta rtin g the

T h en , th e s y s te m read s th e ID oc a n d c o p ies th e d a ta to tra n s fe r th e stru c ­

s u b ro u tin e

t u r e s (s e e L istin g 4 .2 2 ) . I n t h i s e x a m p l e , t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e c a n p r o c e s s o n e I D o c o n ly , s o t h e t r a n s f e r r e d t a b l e , w h i c h c o n t a i n s m e r e l y o n e d a ta r e c o r d , is a l w a y s r e a d u s i n g I n d e x 1 . I f y o u w a n t t o u s e a m a s s - c o m p a t ib lc m o d u l e , t h e p r o c e s s i n g t a k e s p l a c e in a lo o p . READ T A B L E PERFORM

idoc_contrl

INDEX

1 .

idoc_process_zsm nach

idoc_status USING

TABLES

idoc_data

it_zsm p

idoc_contrl

CHANGING s u b r c L i s t i n g 4.22

wa_zsmh

.

R e a d in g th e C o n tr o l Record

T h e c o n t e n t o f t h e f o r m is s t r u c t u r e d a s il lu s t r a te d i n L istin g 4 . 2 3 . To p ro v id e an e x a m p le th a t c o n sid e rs th e n e w tech n o lo g ies fo r th e tab le dec­ la ra tio n , w h i c h a r e a v a ila b le a s o f R e le a se 4 . 0 , t h e ta b le ty p e is i n c l u d e d here. T ra n s fe rrin g th e ID o c d a ta

FORM

idoc_process_zsm nach

TABLES

t_idoc_data

STRUCTURE e d id d

t_idoc_status i t_zsmp

structure

STRUCTURE

bdidocstat

zsmp

USING f _ i d o c _ c o n t r l

STRUCTURE e d i d c

CHANGING

sy-subrc

subrc

V a ria b le s f o r th e

wa_zsmh

a p p lic a tio n d a ta

* Structure DATA:

like

zsmh. for

keyl

* Variables

LIKE the

TYPE for

header

the

wa_zsmp TYPE zsmp

DATA:

posi

DATA:

tabix

16 4

TYPE

.

items

DATA:

TYPE

data

zsmh-keyl .

zsmp-posnr sy-tabix

. .

C u sto m I D o cs

*

*

D a ta

fo r

th e

ID o c

w a _ z lz s m h

TYPEz lz s m h .

DATA:

w a _ z lz s m p

TYPEz l z s m p .

DATA:

w a _ z lz s m q

TYPEz lz s m q .

LOOP

AT

CASE

ID o c

R e trie v in g d a ta

t_ id o c _ d a ta

‘ Z 1 ZSMH*

CLEAR

s e g m e n ts

d a ta WHERE d o c n u m

t_ id o c _ d a ta - s e g n a m

WHEN

-

keyl

=

. =

t_ id o c _ d a ta -s d a ta

w a _ zsm h -ke yl

' Z1 ZSMP‘

CLEAR

posi

w a _ z lz s m p

. TO w a _ z s m h

.

.

. .

-

t_ id o c _ d a ta -s d a ta

M O V E -C O R R E S P O N D IN G w a . z l z s m p w a _ zsm p -ke yl L i s t i n g 4 .23

.

.

M O V E -C O R R E S P O N D IN G w a _ z l z s m h

WHEN

f_ id o c _ c o n trl-d o c n u m

fr o m th e ID o c

.

key 1

w a _ z lz s m h

4 -4

V a ria b le s f o r t h e

s e g m e n ts :

DATA:

T ra n s fe r

|

=

keyl

. TO w a _ z s m p

.

.

T ra n s fe rrin g t h e U s e r D a ta f r o m t h e ID o c S e g m e nts

I n t h i s e a s e , t h e u n i t o f m e a s u r e is a ls o c o n v e r t e d , t h i s t i m e f r o m t h e ISO c o d e t o t h e SAP u n i t . Im p o r tin g p a r a m e te r u n iq u e, w h i c h i s n 't e v a l u a t e d h e r e , is r e t u r n e d to X i f e x a c t l y o n e a p p r o p r i a t e v a l u e h a s b e e n f o u n d

C o n v e rtin g the u n it o f m easure fr o m IS O t o SAP

( s e e L is tin g 4 .2 4 ). CALL

F U N C T IO N

‘ U N IT _ O F _ M E A S U R E _ IS 0 _ T 0_ S A P ’

E X P O R T IN G is o _ c o d e

-

w a _ z s m p -m e in a

-

w a _ z s m p -m e in a

IM P O R T IN G SAP_C0DE *

U N IQ U E E X C E P T IO N S N O T .F O U N D

=

OTHERS

=

APPEND w a _ z s m p posi L is tin g 4 .2 4

1 2

.

TO

it_ z s m p

.

=

w a _ zsm p -p o sn r

.

C o n v e rtin g fr o m IS O U n its o f M e a s u r e t o I n te rn a l U n its o f M e a s u r e

T h i s is f o l l o w e d b y t h e e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e n e x t s e g m e n t , t h e q u a l i f i e d s e g ­

Q u a lifie d s e g m e n t

m e n t (s e e L is tin g 4 .2 5 ) .

in in b o u n d p ro c e s s in g

16 5

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

- Z 1 ZSMQ-

WHEN

w a _ z lz s m q READ T A B L E

.

-

t_ id o c _ d a ta - s d a ta

it.z s m p

posnr

-

posi

ta b ix

=

s y - ta b ix

W IT H

IN T O

w a _ z lz s m q -q u a l

WHEN

‘ A*

-B ’

*C *

EN DLO O P ENDFORM

.

=

w a _ z lz s m q -fe ld

.

=

w a _ z lz s m q -fe ld

.

=

w a _ z lz s m q -fe ld

.

. it_ z s m p

CLEAR w a _ z s m p E N D C ASE

.

.

w a _ z s m p -fe ld c

M O D IFY

keyl

.

w a _ z s m p -fe ld b

EN D C ASE

=

.

w a _ z s m p -fe ld a

WHEN

wa_zsm p

.

keyl

.

CASE

WHEN

KEY

FROM w a _ z s m p

IN D E X

ta b ix

.

.

.

.

.

“ ID O C _P R O C E S S _Z S M N A C H

Listing 4.25 Processing of the Qualifying Segment, "Z1ZSAAQ" If th e d a ta c o n ta in s e rro rs , fo r e x a m p le , i f m a n d a to r y s e g m e n ts a r e m iss­ in g o r d a t a n e e d s t o b e c h e c k e d a g a i n s t C u s t o m i z i n g a n d d o e s n ’t m a t c h , m o d ify

t o t r i g g e r a n e r r o r i n t h e c a llin g m o d u l e .

s u b rc

Posting using the

A f t e r w a r d , i f t h e r e t u r n v a l u e is c o r r e c t , t h e s y s t e m t r a n s f e r s t h e d a t a

application module

t0 t |i e a c l u a ] u p d a t e m o d u l e , w h i c h is a l w a y s c a lle d in t h e u p d a t e m o d e (see L is tin g 4 . 2 6 ) . T h e ALE c o m m u n i c a t i o n l a y e r t h e n t r ig g e r s t h e mi t

W o rk

a n d e n s u r e s th a t th e ID oc statu s a n d th e ap p lic a tio n o b je c t are

u p d a te d o r d is c a rd e d sim u ltan e o u sly . *

E v e rth in g IF

s u b rc CALL

ok =

0

so

fa r?

Then

post

.

F U N C T IO N

* Z_ZSM _CREATE’

E X P O R T IN G header

=

wa_zsm h

p o s is

-

it_ z s m p

E X C E P TIO N S OTHERS

L is t in g 4 .2 6

16 6

Com-

-

1

.

C a llin g th e U p d a te AAodule o f th e A p p lic a tio n

C u sto m ID o c s

|

4 -4

N o w , t h e s y s t e m e v a l u a t e s t h e r e t u r n c o d e o f t h e u p d a t e m o d u l e a n d s e ts t h e s t a t u s v a l u e o f t h e ID o c a c c o r d i n g l y ( s e e L is tin g 4 . 2 7 ) . T h e e r r o r a n d s u c c e s s m e s s a g e s o f t h i s e x a m p l e a r e r a t h e r b a s ic , o f c o u r s e . You s h o u l d u s e a n i c e m e s s a g e c lass a n d a l s o t r a n s f e r t h e

and

t_ id o c _ s ta tu s -m s g id

v a l u e s , w h i c h a r e i n d i c a t e d b y a s te r is k s , a s c r e a t e d

t_ id o c _ s ta tu s -m s g n o

in y o u r m e s s a g e class. IF

sy-su b rc s u b rc

*

E rro r?

-

Then

U S IN G sy

copy

*

O k?

to

s ta tu s

S e ttin g the

te x t

e rro r sta tu s

s t a t u s _ f i1l_ s y _ e rr o r id o c _ s ta tu s

id o c .d a ta

'E r r o r ’

ELSE

.

.

PERFORM TABLES

0



1

*M y

m o d u le ’

.

.

Then

success

S e ttin g the

s ta tu s

id o c _ s ta tu s -d o c n u m

=

id o c _ c o n trl-d o c n u m

id o c _ s ta tu s -s ta tu s

-

c _ id o c _ s ta tu s _ o k

id o c _ s ta tu s -m s g ty

=

‘ S’

.

.

*

t_ id o c _ s ta tu s * m s g id -

y o u r_ m s g id .

*

t_ id o c _ s ta tu s -m s g n o =

m s g n o _ s u c c e s s . " G 1o b a l

id o c _ s ta tu s -m s g v l APPEND E N D IF E N D IF *

F ill

.

-

id o c .s ta tu s “ i f

sy-su b rc

success sta tu s

.

‘o k ’

"G lo b a lv a r ia b le . v a ria b le .

.

.

0

.

. th e

L is tin g 4 .2 7

ALE

e x p o rt

p a ra m e te rs

C h e c k in g t h e S tatus o f t h e ID o c U p d a te a n d M e s s a g e A s s ig n m e n t

If successful, y o u m u s t n o w e n s u r e — i f a c o n n e c tio n to th e w o rk flo w is g i v e n — t h a t a n e v e n t u a l l y e x i s t i n g e r r o r w o r k f l o w is c a n c e l e d ; i f an e r r o r o c c u r s , t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g w o r k f l o w n e e d s t o b e t r i g g e r e d . T h is is d o n e b y t h e ALE c o m m u n i c a t i o n lay er, w h i c h u s e s t h e v a l u e s t h a t a re t r a n s f e r r e d h e r e (s e e L is tin g 4 . 2 8 ) a n d t h e C u s t o m i z i n g s e t t i n g s t h a t a re d e s c r i b e d in S e c t i o n 4 . 4 . 5 , E r r o r W o r k f l o w f o r C u s t o m ID ocs. CLEAR

in _ u p d a te _ ta s k

.

CLEAR c a l l _ t r a n s a c t i o n _ d o n e IF

s u b rc



0

.

“ E rro r

.

" C a ll

not

used

.

o c c u rre d

w o rk flo w _ re s u lt

=

r e tu rn _ v a ria b le s -w f_ p a ra m

-

re tu rn _ v a ria b le s -d o c _ n u m b e r APPEND

T ra n s a c tio n

r e tu r n _ v a r ia b le s

c _ w f_ re s u lt_ e rro r

.

c _ w f_ p a r_ e rro r_ id o c s =

id o c _ c o n trl-d o c n u m

. .

.

16 7

W o r k f lo w h a n d lin g

4

|

C h an g e s to I D ocs

ELSE

.

“ IDoc

processed

successfully

w orkflow _result

-

c_w f_result_ok

return_variables-w f_param

=

c_wf_par_processed_idocs

return_variables-doc_num ber APPEND r e t u r n _ v a r i a b l e s

ENDIF

return_variables

idoc_contrl-docnum

.

.

.

return_variables-w f_param APPEND

.

-

c_w f_par_appl_objects

.

.

.

L is tin g 4 .2 8

T ra n s fe rrin g t h e D a ta t o t h e Error W o r k f lo w

You u s u a l l y d o n ' t h a v e to p r o g r a m t h e a c tu a l u p d a t e m o d u l e y o u r s e l f b e c a u se th e a p p lica tio n m u s t alre a d y h a v e d e v e lo p e d s o m e th in g th a t cre­ a t e s t h e s a m e d a t a v ia d ia lo g t r a n s a c t i o n . To e n s u r e t h a t t h e d a t a re s u ltin g f r o m u p d a t i n g a n ID o c a n d t h e d a t a t h a t a u s e r h a s m a n u a l l y c r e a t e d is i d e n tic a l, y o u s h o u l d a l w a y s h a v e b o t h p r o c e d u r e s a c c e s s t h e s a m e f u n c ­ t i o n m o d u l e . H e r e , t h e c h e c k s , lo c k s, a n d a u t h o r i z a t i o n q u e r i e s d e f i n e d b y t h e a p p l i c a t i o n a r e a ls o c o d e d . A s s ig n m e n t to the

I n o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g , y o u o n l y h a v e t o a s s ig n f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s to

p ro c e s s co d e

p ro c e s s c o d e i f y o u u s e o u t p u t d e t e r m i n a t i o n . In i n b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g , this a s s i g n m e n t is a lw a y s r e q u i r e d . F u r t h e r a c tiv itie s t h e r e f o r e i n v o l v e s p e c if y ­ in g t h e c h a ra c te ris tic s o f t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e in T ra n s a c tio n B D 5 1 . F ig ure 4 . 1 1 4 d i s p l a y s t h e s e l e c t io n o f t h e c h a r a c te r is tic s . O p t i o n 2 ( I n d iv id u a l I n p u t w i t h ID o c Lock in Call T r a n s a c tio n ) is r a r e l y s e l e c t e d d u e to p e r f o r ­ m a n c e r e a s o n s . O u r s a m p l e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e u s e s o p t i o n 1, I n d i v i d u a l I n p u t . T h e c o d e e x a m p l e s a l r e a d y i n d i c a t e d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r u s in g M a s s P ro c e s s i n g ( o p t i o n 0). Basically, i t's all a b o u t i n t e g r a t i n g e v e i y t h i n g t h a t h a s b e e n i m p l e m e n t e d o n l y o n c e i n t o a l o o p v ia a c o m p l e t e ta b le .

N e w E n trie s : O v e rv ie w o f A d d e d E n trie s

C h a r a c t e n s t i c s o f in b o u n d F u n c tio n

unctjon module ( nbcund)



IDOC INPUI ZSfK'CH

C & C od t: H o w a r* IDoc package* p r o c t ts t d ? (3) 3 E n tti* s * o ( 2 0 /

^ ■ iw Inpul ly

• •

1

i n d M O u a l in p u t

2

i n d M d u a l i n p u t w ith I D o c l o c k i n C A L L T R A N S A C T I O N

F ig u re 4 .1 1 4

16 8

'

S h w iD c s c n *.

P ro ce ssin g T y p e o f th e AAodule

C u sto m ID o c s

|

4 -4

A f t e r w a r d , y o u a s s ig n t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t o its m e s s a g e t y p e a n d all

A s s ig n m e n t t o th e

p o s s i b l e I D o c t y p e s u s i n g T r a n s a c t i o n W E 5 7 (s e e F ig u r e 4 . 1 1 5 ) . I n t h e

a p p lic a tio n

O b j e c t T y p e field, e n t e r a n o b j e c t t y p e f r o m t h e B u s in e s s O b j e c t R e p o s i ­ t o r y (BOR), f o r e x a m p l e , BUS 1001006 f o r t h e m a t e r i a l . It's t h i s a s s i g n ­ m e n t t h a t e n a b l e s t h e s y s t e m t o w r i t e lin k s b e t w e e n t h e ID o c a n d th e b u s i n e s s o b j e c t t h a t h a s b e e n c r e a t e d a n d d i s p l a y t h e m in T r a n s a c t i o n BD 87. D escrib ing th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f b u sin e s s o b je c t ty p e s fo r ap p lica­ ti o n o b j e c t s is b e y o n d t h e s c o p e o f t h i s b o o k , h o w e v e r .

N e w E n t r i e s : D e t a ils o f A d d e d E n t r i e s

a a FuncSon rrwdjle

ZJ0CCJKPUT_2S»1N«CM

Functon m >o

F Functor rroflule

BMKtn>*

ZS1TTP01

a'

E«iens»on Me s s a g e Type

UlMACH

Me s s a g e vanar* M e s s furxBon CDWlTyp# 100c A s s - ; w ? . t o i i “ t>lo9 M e s s w

'vpe

3

Direction Oostrplon Nime

F i g u r e 4-115

A d d it io n a l C h a ra c te ris tic s o f t h e In b o u n d F u n c tio n M o d u l e

A f t e r a s s i g n i n g t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e , y o u c r e a t e t h e p r o c e s s c o d e in

C re a tin g process

T r a n s a c t i o n W E 4 2 . I n t h e O p t i o n ALE t a b , y o u c a n c h o o s e i f y o u w a n t to

code

w o r k w i t h o r w i t h o u t ALE s e r v ic e s , a n d t h e P r o c e s s i n g T y p e t a b e n a b le s y o u t o s e l e c t t h e p r o c e d u r e f o r t h e p r o c e s s c o d e (s e c F ig u r e 4 . 1 1 6 ) .

N e w E n t r i e s : D e t a ils o f A d d e d E n t r i e s [n ^

C S i t'i D o u r * ) p r o c e s s < 0 ®

P ro ce ss co s*

Z S11

D O S fr ® lo n

P o s t ID o i ZSM N A C H

lO e n b fc a b o n

3

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• Process^ -

w

,w ^

s

.

m c

.

Ptocessif>gwioa l e servtce Processing h e *

Processing b* task

O Processing crtprocess S'

r-n

^

F c * e n o y . a c c e s s T i x k O o o m o d u l e 'o r A i E - F W inbound processing1

F i g u r e 4.1 16

P ro c e s s C o d e i n I n b o u n d P r o c e s s in g

16 9

4

|

C h an g e s to I D ocs

C h a ra c te ris tic s o f

W h e n c re a tin g a n e w p ro cess c o d e , th e s y s te m a u to m a tic a lly nav ig ates

th e m o d u le

y o u to t h e i n p u t s c r e e n f o r a d d i t i o n a l c h a r a c te r i s t ic s i f y o u s e l e c t t h e P ro ­ c e s s in g b y F u n c t i o n M o d u l e o n the #

o p t io n

. L a te r, y o u c a n g o t h e r e b y c lic k in g

ic o n . F ig u re 4 . 1 1 7 s h o w s t h e s e a d d i t i o n a l c h a ra c te ris tic s . H e re ,

y o u a ls o s p e c i f y t h e o b j e c t s a n d e v e n t s f o r h a n d l i n g e r r o r s v ia w o r k f l o w . In o u r e x a m p l e , n o t h i n g is d e f i n e d h e r e , s o e r r o r s c a n c u r r e n t l y o n l y b e p r o c e s s e d v ia T r a n s a c t i o n B D 8 7 . M a x i m u m N u m b e r o f R e p e a t s sp e c ifie s t h e m a x i m u m n u m b e r o f a t t e m p t s f o r s u c c e s s f u l l y p o s t i n g a n ID o c to a n a p p l i c a t i o n . I f t h i s i s n ’t s u c c e s s f u l w i t h i n t h i s n u m b e r o f a t t e m p t s , m a n u a l e r r o r h a n d l i n g is r e q u i r e d .

N e w E n trie s : D e ta ils o f A d d e d E n trie s P r o c e s s code M o d u le (inb ound) Function M odule M a x im u m N u m b e r o f R e p e a ls ID o c p a c k e t / 7 O b je c t Type E n d Event ID oc O b jec t Type S tart Event E n d event S u c c e s s Event

A p p lic a tio n O b je c t O b je c t Type S tart event

F i g u r e 4.117

A s s ig n in g t h e In b o u n d F u n c tio n M o d u le

A s s ig n in g the

Finally, y o u c a n a s s ig n y o u r m e s s a g e t y p e t o a lo g ic a l m e s s a g e i n T r a n s ­

m essage ty p e t o a

a c t i o n W E 4 1 (s e e F ig u r e 4 . 1 1 8 ) , w h i c h c o n c l u d e s y o u r d e v e l o p m e n t

lo g ic a l m essage

w ork.

17 0

C u sto m ID o c s

|

4 -4

N ew E n trie s : D e ta ils o f A d d e d E n trie s

D ia lo g Structure

P ro c e s s c o d e

ZSH1

CD In b o u n d p ro c e s s co d e A s s ig n m e n t to logical m e s s a g e / / r— (•> M e s s a g e type

ZSHNACH

O All types

© M e s s a g e code O A ll co d es

® M e s s a g e function O A ll functio ns

F ig u re 4 1 1 8

A s s ig n in g t h e M e s s a g e Type

A ll y o u n e e d n o w is t h e a p p r o p r i a t e p a r t n e r p r o f il e i n T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0

P a rtn er p ro file w ith

t h a t u s e s y o u r p r o c e s s c o d e t o e n a b l e y o u t o r e c e i v e a n d u p d a t e ID o cs

c u s to m process code

( s e e F ig u r e 4 . 1 1 9 ) .

P artn e r p ro file s: Inbound param eters

P artner No.

PRODUCT I OH

P artn Type

LS

P roductive s y s te m (c lie n t 811 )

P artner Role

g

ZSHNACH

M e ssa g e type

M e ssa g e code

□ Test

M e ssa g e function

P o s tp ro c e s s in g pe rm itte d a g e n t

Process code 0

Telepho ny

E$m

Cancel Processing Alter Syntax Error

P ro c e s s in g By F u n c tio n M odule O Trigger by background program © T r ig g e r Im m ediately

F i g u r e 4.1 19

P a rtn e r P ro file — I n b o u n d Param eters

171

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

S a m p le

IDocs

F ig u r e 4 . 1 2 0 s h o w s s o m e s u c c e s s f u l l y p o s t e d ID o c s w i t h a p r o p e r s u c ­ ce ss m e s s a g e .

Doc Selection IDoc number Slat

|statusTe«t

1Partner No.

|BasicT»pe

Segm e

53 [ZSM NACH

|S: 0 0 0 ok

P R O D U C T IO ZS M TY P0I

9

768801

53

[ZSMNACH

S: 0 0 0 O k

P R O D U C T IO ZSMTYP01

9

76880?

53

[ZSMNACH

IS 0 0 0 ok

P R O D U C T IO ZSMTYP0I

9

768803

53

ZSMNACH

|S: 0 0 0 ok

P R O D U C T IO ZSMTYP0I

9

768804

53

ZSMNACH

S 0 0 0 ok

P R O D U C T IO ZSMTYP0I

9

F ig u re 4 1 2 0

F a u lty ID o c s

|M e s s a g e Type

768800

S u c c e s s f u lly U p d a t e d I D o c s

F ig u r e 4 . 1 2 1 , in t u r n , s h o w s f a u lt y ID o c s . T h e s t a t u s t e x t, h o w e v e r , is s o m e w h a t b asic. You s h o u l d s p e c if y e r r o r s a s d e t a i l e d a s p o s s i b l e to facil­ i t a t e t h e w o r k f o r p e r s o n s w h o m o n i t o r t h e I D o c s i f e r r o r s o ccur.

Doc Selection id o c

num ber Slat [M essage Type

768805

51

Statu sTexl

ZSMNACH

M essages for input and oulbound processing — -

F i g u r e 4.121

4 .4 . 4

| Partner n o PR OD UC TIO N

BasicType ZSMTYP01

S egm e 9

I D o c s w i t h A p p l i c a t i o n Errors

G e n e r a tin g ID o c F u n c t io n M o d u le s

G e n e ra tin g

T h e r e a r e t w o o p t i o n s to h a v e t h e s y s t e m a u t o m a t i c a l l y g e n e r a t e m o d ­

s u ita b le ALE

u l e s f o r c r e a t i n g a n d u p d a t i n g a n ID oc. T h e f ir s t o p t i o n is t o g e n e r a t e

in te rfa c e s

s u i t a b l e ID o c i n t e r f a c e s t o BAPIs. In t h i s p r o c e s s , t h e m e s s a g e t y p e a n d t h e ID o c t y p e a r e g e n e r a t e d . T h e s e c o n d o p t i o n is b a s e d o n a f u n c t i o n m o d u l e . B o th m e t h o d s a r c d e s c r i b e d in t h e f o l l o w i n g s e c ti o n s .

H a v in g t h e S y s t e m G e n e r a t e ID o c A A o d u le s f r o m B A P I Segm ent

T he se g m e n ts are b u ilt fro m im p o rt a n d c h a n g e p a ra m e te rs o f th e sig n a ­

g e n e r a t i o n in

tu r e . (T h e e x p o r t p a r a m e t e r s a r e n ' t r e q u i r e d h e r e b e c a u s e ID o c s n e v e r

T ra n s a c tio n B D B G

r e s u l t in a r e s p o n s e . ) F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , a s m a n y i n d i v i d u a l v a r i a b l e s as p o ssib le b e c o m e a s e g m e n t, stru c tu re s are p ro v id e d w ith a se p a ra te seg ­ m e n t th a t o n ly occurs o n ce , a n d ta b le ty p e s o b ta in a se p a ra te s e g m e n t

17 2

C u sto m ID o c s

|

4 -4

t h a t o c c u r s m u l t i p l e t i m e s . T h e n , a m o d u l e is g e n e r a t e d r e s p e c t i v e l y fo r g e n e r a t i n g a s w e ll a s f o r u p d a t i n g t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g ID o c. T r a n s a c t i o n BD B G g e n e r a t e s t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g ID o c i n t e r f a c e to a BAPI, a n d in F ig u r e 4 . 1 2 2 , y o u c a n v i e w a n ALE i n t e r f a c e t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n d e l i v e r e d b y SAP in t h e F u n c t i o n d is p la y .

G e n e ra te a l e I n te r f a c e f o r b a p i

Kessage ty p e ACC_EnPLOIEE_EXP ACC_E"PLOYEE_EXP a lre a d y e x i s t s IDoc ty p e ACC_E«PL0IEE_EXP02 ACC_E"PL0 YEE_EXP0 2 a lre a d y e x i s t s S e g ie n t E18PACHE84 E1BPACHE04 a lre a d y e x is t s E16PAC6L04 E1BPAC6L04 a lre a d y o x io ts EieP»CTX 6 l E IBPACIIO I a lre a d y e x is t s E18PACCR04 E1BPACCR04 a lre a d y e x is t s E1BPACTR00 E 1 BPACTROO a lre a d y e x is t s E18PACCRP0 E1 BPACCRP0 a lre a d y e x is t s E1BPEXTC E 1 BPEXTC a lre a d y e x i s t s F u n c tio n n o d u le f o r O utbound ALE K i t h O a ta F i l t e r i n g *IE_«CC_E"P10»EE_E XP_P0ST ALE_ACC_EHPIOYEE_EXP_POST a lre a d y e x i s t s F u n c tio n n o d u le f o r Inbound ALE W ith P a c k e t P ro c e s s in g ID 0 C_INPUI_ACC_EnPlOYEE_E XP IDOC_IKPl)I_ACC_EMPLOYEE_EXP a lre a d y e x is t s

F i g u r e 4.122

Display of an Already Existing Interface

T h e u p d a t e v i a a g e n e r a t e d m o d u l e is a l w a y s c a r r i e d o u t w i t h t h e s a m e p r o c e s s c o d e : BAPI f o r i n d i v i d u a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d BAPP f o r m u l t i p r o c e s s ­ i n g . S o, y o u d o n ' t n e e d a c u s t o m p r o c e s s c o d e .

H a v in g th e S ystem G en e ra te ID o c M o d u le s fro m F u n c tio n M o d u le s T h e s e c o n d o p t i o n t o a u t o m a t i c a l l y g e n e r a t e I D o c m o d u l e s is b a s e d o n a

ALE in te rfa c e fo r

f u n c t i o n m o d u l e t h a t h a s n ' t b e e n i m p l e m e n t e d a s a BAPI. M o r e r e s t r i c ­

fu n c tio n m o d u le s

tio n s a p p ly h ere. T he fu n c tio n m o d u le m u s t c o n ta in o n ly o n e im p o rt a n d o n e e x p o r t p a ra m e te r. H ow ever, th e im p o rt p a r a m e te r m a y be a c o m p l e x v a r ia b l e . T h e e x p o r t p a r a m e t e r m u s t b e o f t h e B A P I R E T M t y p e i f

173

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o c s

y o u h a v e a s i m p l e i m p o r t v a r ia b le , a n d i t m u s t b e o f t h e B A P I R E T S t y p e i f y o u h a v e a c o m p l e x t r a n s f e r v a r ia b l e . T r a n s a c t i o n B D F G is r e q u i r e d f o r t h i s p u r p o s e , a n d a l t h o u g h i t i s n ’t a BAPI, t h e r e f e r e n c e to a b u s i ­ n e s s o b j e c t t y p e f r o m t h e B O R is m a n d a t o i y . T h e n y o u c a n s p e c i f y t h e n a m e s , p a c k a g e s , a n d p r o p e r t i e s o f y o u r o b j e c t s u s i n g T r a n s a c t i o n BDFG (see F ig u r e 4 . 1 2 3 ) .

A L E In te r fa c e s f o r F u n c tio n M o d u le

Function Module that Processes Business Object Z.SH1 B usiness Obiect Type

BUS1001 006

a / IDoc interface M essag e Type

Z_sm

IDOC Type

Z.SH181 Z_SM*

Packet

zsni

ALE Outbound Processing Function Module

ZA IE__Shi

Function Group

ale

inbound Processing

Function Module

ZID0C_1NPUT_SH1

Function Group

ZSH1



0

m u p d a te Task



M ass Processing AJlowed

X

F i g u r e 4*123

E n trie s in T ra n sa ctio n BDFG

T h e s y s t e m t h e n u s e s t h e s e s p e c i f i c a t i o n s to g e n e r a t e e v e r y t h i n g t h a t is r e q u i r e d a s i l l u s t r a t e d in F ig u re 4 . 1 2 4 . So i t c a n p a y o f f t o d e v e l o p a f u n c t i o n m o d u l e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e d p r o p e r t i e s a r o u n d t h e a p p l i c a t i o n ’s m o d u le a n d to s p a re th e rest o f th e w o rk .

174

C u sto m ID o c s

|

R e s u lts

^

C l) ALE Interface ^

O

M essage Type Ti Process Codes for Error Processing CodejType ■denote aeon I

H

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TS745Q3411

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0008068

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0008373

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0000020

EDIM|2 ECIM :

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>age Without IDoc

TS C303 0”

- document (outbound vrfo IDoc)

E W 0 I2

0007989

lulDOur

error handling wrthlDoc

EOtP|2

TS 0001307

lutbour

error m essage with IDoc packet

£O IS [3

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C003074

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Process Codes for Status Inbound ::itiri: i t on Description of prccese

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7 S 7 0 0 0 3 ' ?S IDOC OWNSrOpOrtwilhOOC»:>) T«rm«iaang events

O SAPphone

x m M |

Standard events H » .Binding

■ r a

II

I

a

M l

Object Category

lObjectType

BO 808 O b je c t ly p e 3 ZOOCSittuCH ?

Name

[NPUURROROCCIMRED

ZSMNACH Applica#on Error

a|

F ig u re 4131

Binding

Event

S ta rt E v e n t

A w o r k f l o w ta s k r e q u i r e s a b i n d i n g t h a t y o u c a n u s e t o t r a n s f e r t h e d a ta o f t h e o b j e c t to t h e d a t a o f t h e ta s k . T h e s y s t e m c a n c r e a t e t h i s b i n d i n g a u t o m a t i c a l l y . F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , y o u m u s t c lic k o n t h e b i n d i n g v ie w . T h e b i n d i n g o f t h i s e x a m p l e e n s u r e s t h a t t h e w o r k f l o w is p r o v i d e d w i t h i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m t h e ID o c . E v c i y t h i n g is o k a y i f y o u r b i n d i n g a p p e a r s as s h o w n in F ig u r e 4 . 1 3 2 .

l [ ? C har>ai~Bin3ir ; For Task

17

V□

System Fields

JD _A0 hoc_Ob«cts

»j» Ni Hoc Objects ofW orH ow Instar

^ G t

Container © _EVT_OBJECT

J 8 _Macn_Ob)ects



ZSMNACH

© _Wi_Group_ID © _W orklem



0 _EVT_OBJKEY

Event o f a n Object _EVT_OBJKEY

© _Rule_Resu« □ Excepaon

IJ» R esult o f Agent Determination kj W ortfiowEicepdon

o

Agent

© _wi_ObjectJO

»□» C o e fo r Sabine

o _EVT_OBJTYPE

_EVT_CREATOR

Attachments o f Workflow instance

Grouping Characteristic for Workf »j > Slep Inslance

_EVT_RECENSRJC _EVT_RECEfV* R JD _EVT_CREATlON_D Current D a * o f A p p l ication Server _EVT_CR€ATiON_n Current lim e o f Appiicaion Server Result Exception

Finalva lu e o f Mettiod Workflow Eccepoon

MessageType

Message tfp e ( E .i.w . )

MessageNumber Messagevanamei

Message number Message variable 1

D 001

la a a B i

£1

IPIW PJ .p ja ja jp l

a a -

Binding Event •Application Error*-* Task

Task

6EXCEPT10N6

6 _V*_OBJECTJDR

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F ig u re 4 .132

18 0

B in d in g for Start Even t

100

C u sto m ID o c s

T h e s u c c e s s fu l u p d a t e o f t h e ID o c is a l w a y s t h e e n d e v e n t , i r r e s p e c t i v e

|

4 -4

Terminating event

o f w h e t h e r i t c o m e s f r o m t h e e r r o r h a n d l i n g o f T r a n s a c t i o n D B 8 7 o r is c a r r i e d o u t v ia a p r o g r a m t h a t is s c h e d u l e d in t h e b a c k g r o u n d . INPUTFINI SHED is t h e n a m e o f t h e e n d e v e n t , w h i c h is t r i g g e r e d in t h e p r e v i o u s l y c r e a t e d p r o g r a m s f o r p r o c e s s i n g t h e ZSMNACH m e s s a g e t y p e (s e e Listing 4 . 2 8 in S e c t i o n 4 . 4 . 3 , U p d a t i n g a n ID o c ). As y o u c a n s e e in F ig u r e 4 . 1 3 3 , a b i n d i n g is n o t a v a il a b le f o r t h e T e r m i n a t i n g e v e n t .

S ta n d a rd T a s k : C h a n g e

S!*nc ate task

97100179

Nam*

Z S M N A C H In p u t e » ro r

Paetage

ZSM 1

Z S M N A C .t r r o r

*i>plksto Co»nponer4

dBas*.

T il

*L D e fa u lt ru le s

Q

S ta n d a rd e v e rt!

F i g u r e 4.1 33

T e rm in a tin g Event

F in a lly , y o u m u s t s p e c i f y w h o m a y c a r r y o u t t h i s ta s k f r o m t h e e r r o r w o r k f l o w . T h i s d e p e n d s o n h o w y o u r e n t e r p r i s e h a n d l e s w o r k f l o w s in g e n e r a l ; in t h e s t a n d a r d v e r s i o n , t h i s i n v o l v e s a G e n e r a l Task t h a t m a y b e p e r f o r m e d b y a n y e m p l o y e e (s e e F ig u r e 4 . 1 3 4 ) . T h e s e t t i n g s in T r a n s a c ­ t i o n W E 2 0 in t h e i n b o u n d p a r t n e r p ro f ile f o r t h e a g e n t w i t h p o s t p r o c e s s ­ i n g a u t h o r i z a t i o n s d e t e r m i n e t o w h o m t h e w o r k f l o w is a c t u a l l y s e n t .

S ta n d a rd ta s k : M a in ta in A g e n t A s s ig n m e n t

ȣ *

fv ** BJ Oig assignment ® a?

ZSMNACH input error

IS 97100179

E ly

P B -'a s k : ® 0 * n * a ' T a t k ........

O General forwarding allowed O General forwarding not allowed O

r orwar» n g nOutbo» «■ c 9 P e s u b m i s s i o n

P

Private t o w s

Description

I- ( 9 S h a r e d *oldets

P

P le a s e S o t o P ro b le m

O b j e c t s dill a t t a c h m e n t s

. zsywcH-QQttmxm?6eft)5

in ID o c

c j* ' Wders suDscnoeo » 9

T rash

T J S h a re d tra s h

F i g u r e 4 *136

F a u lty ID o cs in t h e In b o x

D is p la y S ta tu s R e c o rd S3

P ro ce ss

M

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4 1 I T ] I m I I ID oc D is p la y

ID o c n u m b e r

0000000000768805

D irectio n

2

S t a t u s _________________ M essage

4 = inboun d [51

A pplication d o c u m e n t n o t p o s te d

M e s s a g e s for in p u t a n d o u tb o u n d pro ce ssin g

S ts d e ta ils

Logging_________________________________

T im e o f log en tiy D a te

0 8 /1 9 /2 0 0 8

T im e

1 1 : 13 : S1

T im e o f d a ta b a s e c h a n g e ~7 D a te

0 8 /1 9 /2 0 0 8

T im e

1 1 :1 3 5 1

F i g u r e 4-137

V iew A fter Assuming the W orkflow Task

A g e n t A s s ig n m e n t

of

E rro r Tasks

Y o u a s s ig n a g e n ts t o e r r o r ta s k s in t h e p a r t n e r p r o f ile s . In i t ia l ly , y o u s e a rc h f o r t h e a c tu a l m e s s a g e in t h e i n d i v i d u a l d is p la y ; i f y o u c a n ’t fin d a n y t h i n g t h e r e , t h e s e tt in g s f o r t h e e n t ir e p a r t n e r a re s c a n n e d , a n d i f y o u c a n 't f i n d a n y t h in g t h e r e e it h e r , t h e e r r o r is s e n t to t h e ID o c

18 3

Agent assignment

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

a d m i n i s t r a t o r . T h e s y s t e m c h e c k s w h e t h e r a s p e c if ic u s e r is d e f i n e d o r b e l o n g s t o t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n i t t h a t is s p e c if ie d t h e r e a n d w h e t h e r t h e u s e r is a l l o w e d t o e x e c u t e t h e ta s k . E v e i y u s e r m a y c a r r y o u t a ta s k o f t h e g e n e ra l ta s k t y p e o r a t a s k t h a t w a s a s s i g n e d to t h e u s e r v i a t h e o r g a ­ n i z a t i o n a l m a n a g e m e n t in SAP ERP H C M . T h e ta s k s a r e e i t h e r s p e c if ie d in t h e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n o r a s s i g n e d d ire c tly . C o o r d i n a t e t h e s e t t i n g s in th e o rg a n iz atio n al m a n a g e m e n t w ith th e e m p lo y e e s re s p o n sib le because t h e s e s e t t i n g s c a n a l s o i n f l u e n c e o t h e r e l e m e n t s in t h e SAP s y s t e m . IDoc administrator

U s e T r a n s a c t i o n O Y EA t o m a i n t a i n t h e ID o c a d m i n i s t r a t o r a n d s o m e o t h e r g e n e r a l s e t t i n g s . H e r e , y o u c a n a ls o e n t e r d e f a u l t s e t t i n g s f o r f r e ­ q u e n t l y r e q u e s t e d a s p e c t s , s u c h as t h e m a x i m u m n u m b e r o f s y n t a x e r r o r s p e r I D o c (s e e F ig u r e 4 . 1 3 8 ) .

G lo b a l P a ra m e te rs f o r ID o c In te rfa c e

B A W .H I-m W IJ M

U s e r Info____________________________________________

ID o c Administrator O ^ e t t Type'

0

Identification



50010120

Organizational unit E D I Department

G eneral ID oc Interface M ax Num ber of Syntax Errors

1

IDoc Inbound Processing using tRFC Server Group fo r ID oc inbound

Outbound IDocs U s ing tR F C ,

I



U s e Last C ode Page Found

IDoc inbound from File/ C l S y n chro nous P roc e s s in g E W arnings for Status Processing C o m m it M e r

Figure

4 .4 . 6

0

D ata Records

4138 Global Settings U s e fu l F u n c t io n A A o d u le s

Som e o f th e n ecessaiy fu n c tio n m o d u le s fo r p ro cessin g c u s to m -p ro ­ g r a m m e d ID o c s h a v e a l r e a d y b e e n i l l u s t r a t e d in t h e p r o g r a m m i n g e x a m -

18 4

C u sto m ID o c s

|

4 -4

p ie s . T a b le 4 . 3 lists t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s a g a i n f o r y o u r r e f e r e n c e . T h is lis t a ls o i n c l u d e s t h o s e c o n v e r s i o n m o d u l e s t h a t a r e n 't c o n t a i n e d in t h e e x a m p l e s .

F u n c tio n M o d u le

F u n c tio n

A L E _ M O D E L _ D E T E R M IN E _ IF _ T O _

C h e c k w h e t h e r a s p e c ific m e s s a g e m a y b e g e n e ra te d

SEND

a c c o rd in g t o th e d is tr ib u tio n m o d e l.

A L E _ S E R IA L _ K E Y 2 C H A N N E L

D e t e r m in e / s e t o b je c t c h a n n e l f o r s e ria liz a tio n .

C L O L C O N V E R S IO N _ P E R F O R M

C o n v e rs io n f r o m in te rn a l t o e x te rn a l fo rm a ts .

C L O I_ P U T _ S IG N _ IN _ F R O N T

P u t m in u s s ig n in f r o n t.

C U R R E N C Y _ A M O U N T _ ID O C _ T O _ S A P

C o n v e rt cu rre n c y a m o u n ts to SAP fo rm a t.

C U R R E N C Y _ A M O U N T _ S A P _ T O _ ID O C

C o n v e rt c u rre n c y a m o u n ts to e x te rn a l fo rm a t.

C U R R E N C Y _ C O D E _ IS O _ T O _ S A P

C o n v e r t c u rr e n c ie s f r o m IS O c o d e t o S A P fo r m a t.

C U R R E N C Y _ C O D E _ S A P _ T O _ IS O

C o n v e r t c u rr e n c ie s f r o m S A P f o r m a t t o IS O c o d e .

ID O C _ D A T E _ T IM E _ G E T

G e t s ta tu s i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m t h e re c e iv e r.

ID O C _ R E D U C T IO N _ F IE L D _ R E D U C E

D e t e r m in e a c tiv e fie ld s in t h e re d u c e d m e s s a g e ty p e .

ID O C _ S E R IA L IZ A T IO N _ C H E C K

C h e c k t im e s t a m p in t h e s e ria liz a tio n fie ld o f t h e ID o c header.

ID O C _ S E R IA L _ P O S T

U p d a te t h e s e ria liz a tio n ta b le .

ID O C _ S T A T U S _ W R IT E _ T O _ D A T A B A S E

C h a n g e I D o c s ta tu s .

L A N G U A G E _ C O D E _ IS O _ T O _ S A P

C o n v e r t la n g u a g e c o d e f r o m IS O c o d e t o S A P f o r m a t .

L A N G U A G E _ C O D E _ S A P _ T O _ IS O

C o n v e r t la n g u a g e c o d e f r o m S A P f o r m a t t o IS O c o d e .

M A S T E R J D O C .D IS T R IB U T E

T r a n s f e r I D o c t o t h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n la y e r .

M M O D E L _ IN T _ V A L ID _ G E T

D e t e r m in e in t h e d is t r ib u t io n m o d e l w h o s e n d s w h ic h m essage to w h o m .

O W N _ L O G IC A L _ S Y S T E M _ G E T

F in d th e c u s to m lo g ic a l s y s te m n a m e .

R F C _ D A T A _ D E T E R M IN E _ F O R _ C H E C K S

D e t e r m in e an RFC d e s t in a t io n o f a p a rtn e r.

U N I T _ 0 F _ M EA S U R E _ l S O _ T 0 _ S A P

C o n v e rt u n it o f m e a s u re f r o m IS O c o d e t o S A P fo r m a t.

U N IT _ O F _ M E A S U R E _ S A P _ T O _ IS O

C o n v e r t u n it o f m e a s u r e f r o m S A P f o r m a t t o IS O c o d e .

T a b le 4 .3

F u n c t i o n M o d u l e s f o r I D o c P r o c e s s in g

18 5

4

|

C h an g e s to ID o cs

4 .5

S u m m a ry

N o w y o u ' v e s e e n all t h e d e v e l o p m e n t ta s k s f o r m a n a g i n g c o m p a n y s p e ­ cialties in ID o c s . W e s t a r t e d w i t h t h e a d a p t i o n o f s t a n d a r d ID o c s w i t h C u s t o m i z i n g tasks, b e c a u s e t h i s is t h e e a s ie s t w a y . T h e n e x t s t e p is t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f c h a n g e s to s t a n d a r d ID o c s w i t h t h e h e l p o f e n h a n c e m e n t t e c h n i q u e s . To d o so , w e r e v i e w e d t h e t e c h n i q u e s a v a il a b le f o r t h e n o n ­ i n t e r a c t i v e ID o c p r o c e s s i n g . At th e e n d w e w e n t th ro u g h th e c o m p le te p rocess o f d e v e lo p in g cus­ t o m e r ID ocs s ta rtin g w ith th e a p p lic a tio n tables a n d e n d in g w ith th e c o m p l e x p r o c e s s o f ID o c e r r o r h a n d l i n g .

18 6

ID o c c o m m u n ic a tio n is e s s e n tia lly a s y n c h ro n o u s — th e s e n d in g s y s te m d o e s n 't receive in fo r m a tio n a b o u t h o w th e ID o c is p r o ­ cessed in th e rec eivin g s y s te m . B u t, t h i s in fo r m a tio n c a n b e tr a n s ­ f e r r e d f r o m th e receiver to th e sender. T his c h a p te r w ill o u tlin e th e v a rio u s o p tio n s a v a ila b le here.

5

Confirmations

I D o c c o m m u n i c a t i o n is f u n d a m e n t a l l y a s y n c h r o n o u s . In o t h e r w o r d s , th e s e n d e r d o e s n 't receiv e a n y in fo rm a tio n a b o u t h o w th e re c e iv e r p r o ­ c e s s e s t h e ID o c . H o w e v e r , i f r e q u i r e d , t h e r e c e i v e r c a n a c ti v e ly s e n d th is i n f o r m a t i o n b a c k to t h e s e n d e r .

5.1

"A LE A U D " I D ocs

ALEAUD ID o c s a r e g e n e r a l l y d e p l o y e d w h e n t w o SAP s y s t e m s a r e in u se. T h i s s c e n a r i o (a s e n d e r s e n d s a n a p p l i c a t i o n ID o c a n d a r e c e i v e r s e n d s b a c k a n ALEAUD ID oc) is k n o w n a s A L E a u d it. In SAP N c t W e a v e r P ro c e s s I n t e g r a t i o n (SAP N e t W e a v e r PI), t h e ID o c a d a p t e r a ls o p r o c e s s e s t h e ALE­ AUD ID o c a s a n a p p lica tio n a ckn o w led g m en t. To u s e a n ALEAUD ID oc, y o u n e e d a s u i t a b l e d i s t r i b u t i o n m o d e l (s e e Fig­

D is trib u tio n m odel

u r e 5 .1 ) t h a t i n s t r u c t s t h e r e c e i v e r o f t h e o r i g i n a l ID o c to s e n d a n ALEAUD

fo r ALE a u d it

I D o c to t h e s e n d e r o f t h e o r i g i n a l ID oc.

*

g g .Z S M I ^

^

^

...

ZSM 1

0 X D O c lie n t 800 0

T90CLN T090

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P R O D U C T IO N

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@

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P R O D U C T IO N

^

0

XD O c lie n t 800

T90CLN T090

^

f a ALEAUD

A L E : C o n firm a tio n s for in b o u n d ID ocs

N o filter set

F i g u r e 5.1

P a rtn er M o d e l f o r th e " A L E A U D " ID oc

187

5

C o n firm a tio n s

I n it ia l s t a tu s va lu e s

The

ID o c c o n f i r m s t h e s t a t u s o f t h e ID o c in t h e t a r g e t s y s t e m .

ALEAUD

F ig u r e 5 .2 s h o w s s o m e p o s s i b l e s t a t u s v a lu e s . F o r e x a m p l e , a n ID o c is a s s i g n e d s t a t u s 5 3 i f i t's p o s t e d su c c e s s fu lly . I n a d d i t i o n , a d e l e t i o n flag c a n b e s e t t o p e r m a n e n t l y e x c l u d e a n ID o c f r o m p r o c e s s i n g ( s t a t u s 68) o r a n ID o c c a n h a v e a n i n t e r m e d i a t e p r o c e s s i n g s t a t u s (e .g ., s t a t u s 64: W a itin g a n d 5 1 : Incorrect processing).

^

1 3 Productive s y s te m (client 811)

P

G $ ID o c s in outb o u n d pro ce ssin g

^

[ £ | ID oc in in b o u n d pro ce ssin g l>

24 13

11

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3

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^

Q E r r o r- n o fu r in e r pro ce ssin g

68

2 2

l>

&

64

4

I1 0

A p p lic a tio n do cu m e n t posted

ID oc re a d y to be tra n s fe rre d to app lica tion

F ig u r e 5.2

ID o c S tatus V a lu e s in R e c e iv in g S ystem

W e 'l l n o w u s e t h e r e p o r t

RDBSTATE

t o s e n d o u r c o n f i r m a t i o n s . T h is r e p o r t

m u s t b e s c h e d u l e d o n a r e g u l a r b a s i s . F ig u r e 5 .3 s h o w s t h e r e q u i r e d e n t r i e s , t h a t is, f o r w h i c h y o u w a n t

ALEAUD

ID o c s to b e g e n e r a t e d , f o r

w h i c h m e s s a g e t y p e , a n d f o r w h i c h p e r io d .

D a le ID o c c h a n g e d

F ig u re 5 .3

“ A L E A U D " ID oc

The

____________________18 8 / 0 1 / 2 8 8 8 |

to_____ [ 0 8 / 0 1 / 2 0 0 9

"R BD S TA TE" R e p o rt

ALEAUD

ID oc co n tain s a h e a d e r s e g m e n t, w h ic h p ro v id e s in fo rm a tio n

a b o u t t h e s e l e c t i o n m a d e b y t h e u s e r . I n o u r e x a m p l e , i t s t a t e s t h a t w e 'l l s e n d c o n firm a tio n s for th e m e ssag e ty p e

ZSMNACH

( s e e F ig u r e 5 .4 ). This

is f o l l o w e d b y o n e s e g m e n t f o r e a c h ID o c in t h e s e l e c t i o n p e r i o d , w h i c h p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n a b o u t t h e s t a t u s o f t h e ID o c in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m a s w e ll a s t h e ID o c n u m b e r i n b o t h s y s t e m s .

18 8

" A L E A U D " ID o c s

SEGNUM

S e g m en t Num ber

SEGNAM

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o c y i i i c i u iNum v u i i ihor uci

nn n n n i

SEGNAM

Se g m en t N am e

E1STATE

DOCNUM

ID oc number

C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 8 J7

STATUS

Status o f IDoc

S3

STACOD

Stalus code

STAPAI

000001

SAP0CC

[P aram eter 1

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STATVP

Type of system error m es s a g e (

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STAPAI JJV O

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P FVfiN WW I I

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SEGNAM

Se g m en t N am e

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DOCNUM

IDoc number

000 00 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 8 0 8

STATUS

Status o f IDoc

68

STACOD

Status code

SA P3CC

STAMOU

Stalus m e s s a g e qualifier

SAP

QTAMMO

oStatue w iu ®

SEGNUM

Se g m en t Num ber

SEGNAM

S e g m en t N am e

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iC C N U M

ID oc number

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F ig u r e 5.4

|

rn a c c a n o ini iim u i mh uo c ir

0k

inn 000005

S a m p le " A L E A U D " ID o c

T h e r e s u lt s h o w n in t h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m c o m p r i s e s t h r e e n e w s t a t u s v a l ­

S t a t u s v a l u e s in

u e s (3 9 , 4 0 , a n d 4 1 ), a s s h o w n i n F ig u r e 5 . 5 . S ta t u s v a l u e 4 0 : A p p lica tio n

s e n d in g syste m

d o c u m e n t n o t created in ta rg e t system is r e d b e c a u s e e v e n i f t h e s e n d e r n o lo n g e r n e e d s to ta k e ac tio n h ere, it s h o u ld b e c le a r th a t th e p a r tn e r d i d n 't p o s t t h e s e ID o c s b u t a s s i g n e d t h e m s t a t u s 68: E rror - no f u r t h e r process­ in g i n s t e a d . T h e f o l l o w i n g t w o s t a t u s v a l u e s a r e g r e e n : 4 7 , w h i c h , in th e se n d in g sy stem , m e a n s th a t th e receiving sy stem successfully pro cessed t h e ID o c ( a n d t h e r e f o r e o b t a i n e d s t a t u s 5 3 ), a n d s t a t u s 3 9 , w h i c h m e a n s t h a t t h i s ID o c is still in a n i n t e r m e d i a t e s t a g e . A ll ID o c s t h a t h a v e a v a l u e o t h e r t h a n 5 3 o r 6 8 in a p a r t n e r s y s t e m a r e a s s i g n e d s t a t u s 3 9 b e c a u s e it's a s s u m e d t h a t t h e p a r t n e r w ill c o n t i n u e t o p r o c e s s all ID o c s t h a t d o n ’t hav e statu s 53 o r 6 8 u n til th e y o b ta in statu s 53 o r 68.

~

@ X D 0 client 800

10

^

10

ID ocs in outbound processing ^

© Application docum ent n o t created in target system l>

^



40

ID oc is m the target sys tem (ALE service)

39

l> f a ZSMNACH ^

□ Application docum ent created in target system

P

F ig u re 5 .5

b

1 1

zsm nach

7 7

41

ZSMNACH

2 2

Status V a lu e s in S e n d in g System A fte r A L E A u d it

18 9

5-1

5

|

C o n firm a tio n s

ID o cs w it h a u d it m essages

I f t h e s t a t u s o f a n ID o c c h a n g e s in a p a r t n e r s y s t e m , a n d i f t h e r e p o r t RBDSTATE

5.2 W hen

is c x c c u t e d a g a in , a n e w e n t i y is s e n t w i t h i n a n

ALEAUD

ID oc.

“STA TU S" ID o cs ALEAUD

ID o c s a r e u s e d to s e n d c o n f i r m a t i o n s , all t h r e e s t a t u s v a l ­

u e s r e s u l t i n t h e s e n d e r n o l o n g e r b e i n g a b l e to p r o c e s s o r r e s e n d t h e ID o c . H e r e , i t ’s g e n e r a l l y a s s u m e d t h a t t h e r e c e i v e r w i l l r e s o l v e a n y e r r o r s t h a t o c c u r . H o w e v e r , i n t h e c a s e o f EDI s u b s y s t e m s , in p a r tic u la r, y o u m a y s e e a d d i t i o n a l s t a t u s v a l u e s i n t h e EDI s u b s y s t e m , o r y o u m a y w a n t t o r e s e n d a n ID o c b e c a u s e a n e r r o r o c c u r r e d in t h e EDI s u b s y s t e m . Y o u 'r e a l r e a d y f a m i l i a r w i t h s t a t u s p r o c e s s i n g f r o m C h a p t e r 3, S e c tio n 3 .3 , P ro c e s s i n g S ta t u s F iles. H e re , a n ID o c is u s e d to c r e a t e a n e w s t a t u s v a l u e f o r t h e o r i g i n a l ID oc. P ro c e ssin g by w o rk flo w task

F ig u r e 5 . 6 s h o w s p r o c e s s c o d e

STA1,

w h i c h is u s e d t o p o s t t h e

STATUS

ID o c. A s y o u c a n s e e , p r o c e s s i n g b y ( w o r k f l o w ) ta s k is s p e c if ie d u n d e r P ro c e s s i n g T y p e i f y o u r s y s t e m h a s n o t c h a n g e d s i n c e it w a s d e l i v e r e d b y SAP. F o r t h i s r e a s o n , y o u s h o u l d o n l y u s e

STATUS

ID o c s i f y o u re a lly n e e d

t h e o t h e r s t a t u s v a l u e . W o r k f l o w p r o c e s s i n g is m o r e p e r f o r m a n c e - i n t e n ­ s iv e t h a n p r o c e s s i n g b y f u n c t i o n m o d u l e . W h e r e p o s s i b l e , y o u s h o u l d w o r k w ith th e

ALEAUD

s c e n a r i o . You s h o u l d a ls o o n l y w o r k w i t h

ID o c s i f y o u w a n t t o p r o c e s s ID o c s a g a in .

19 0

STATUS

'S T A T U S " ID o c s

|

5-2

T h e STATUS I D o c d o e s n ' t t r a n s f e r t h e s t a t u s o f t h e ID o c in t h e r e c e i v ­

“STATUS" m essage

i n g s y s t e m . I n s t e a d , y o u s p e c i f y t h e n e w s t a t u s t h a t y o u w a n t t h e ID o c

typ e

to o b t a i n in t h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m , a l o n g w i t h a s u i t a b l e p i e c e o f t e x t . In o u r e x a m p l e , t h i s t e x t is a l w a y s h a r d - c o d e d i n t h e ID o c. You c a n a ls o r e f e r e n c e a m e s s a g e i n a m e s s a g e class, b u t t h i s m u s t e x i s t i n t h e o r i g i ­ n al s e n d i n g s y s t e m . T h e l a t t e r o p t i o n fa c i l it a t e s t h e u s e o f m o r e u s e r fr ie n d ly , la n g u a g e - s p e c if i c m e s s a g e s . F ig u r e 5 . 7 s h o w s t h e m a i n fie ld s in t h e STATUS ID o c , t h e r e f e r e n c e t o t h e ID o c t h a t is t o r e c e i v e a n e w s t a t u s v a l u e , t h e n e w s t a t u s v a l u e itself, a n d t h e c o m m e n t text.

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T h e n , it g e n e r a t e s t h e classification ID o cs (see F igu re 6.5 ). In b o t h cases, th e c u s t o m e r d i s t r i b u t i o n m o d e l is r e le v a n t f o r d e t e r m i n i n g w h i c h p a r t n e r will re c e iv e t h e ID ocs. F o r e a c h c h a n g e , y o u c a n a ls o c r e a t e s e v e ra l ID ocs fo r v a r io u s d i f f e r e n t p a r tn e r s , i f t h e u s e o f m u l ti p l e re c e iv e rs is p e r m i t t e d .

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t h a t t h e s e ID o c s a r e n o t i n c l u d e d in c o n v e n t i o n a l d i s p a t c h j o b s ( r e p o r t R S E O U T O O ) . T h e v a r ia n t s h e r e m u s t b e s e l e c t e d s o t h a t t h e s e m e s s a g e s are

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To p o s t t h e ID o c s in a u s e f u l m a n n e r , y o u c a n s t a r t p r o c e s s i n g w h e n th e last ID o c in t h i s g r o u p a n d c h a n g e p o i n t e r e v a l u a t i o n h a s a r r i v e d . You, as th e s e n d e r, can u se th e re p o rt R B D S E R 0 3 o r T ran sactio n B D 42 to in stru ct t h e r e c e i v e r t h a t p o s t i n g c a n n o w c o m m e n c e . T h is i n f o r m a t i o n , w h i c h h a s its o w n m e s s a g e t y p e S E R D A T , is t h e n t r a n s f e r r e d to t h e s e n d e r i f y o u h a v e n ’t a l r e a d y u s e d t h e r e p o r t R B D S E R 0 2 t o g e n e r a t e a c o n t r o l m e s s a g e . T h e s e r i a l i z a t i o n i n f o r m a t i o n is t r a n s f e r r e d w i t h i n t h e S E R D A T ID o c. You g e t a l i n e i t e m s e g m e n t f o r e a c h m e s s a g e t y p e in t h e s e r i a l i z a t i o n g r o u p (s e e F ig u r e 6.9 ).

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You c a n a ls o s t a r t p o s t i n g w i t h o u t s e n d i n g a S E R D A T ID o c. To d o th is , u s e t h e r e p o r t R B D S E R 0 4 o r T r a n s a c t i o n B D 4 3 in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m .

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6.2

S e ria liz a tio n U sin g T im e sta m p s

S e r i a l i z a t i o n u s i n g t i m e s t a m p s , a l s o k n o w n a s " s e r i a l i z a t i o n a t ID o c level," e n s u r e s t h a t i f t w o ID o c s q u e u e - j u m p a n d c o n t a i n d i f f e r e n t d a ta f o r t h e s a m e o b j e c t , t h e o l d e r ID o c t h a t q u e u e - j u m p e d c a n n o l o n g e r be p o sted . S e ria liz a tio n w it h

F o r t h i s p u r p o s e , t h e la s t t i m e s t a m p p o s t e d is e n t e r e d f o r e a c h o b j e c t

ta b le “ BDSER"

in t h e t a b l e B D S E R . A n ID o c f o r t h e s a m e o b j e c t c h e c k s its t i m e s t a m p f r o m t h e SERIAL c o n t r o l r e c o r d field a g a i n s t t h e t i m e s t a m p in t h e a b o v e m e n t i o n e d t a b l e BDSER, a n d i t ’s o n l y p o s t e d i f its t i m e s t a m p is later. O t h e r w i s e , t h e ID o c o b t a i n s s t a t u s 5 1 , a n d it c a n b e fla g g e d f o r d e l e t i o n . T h is o n l y c o n c e r n s s e r i a l i z a t i o n in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m . ID o c s c r e a t e d u s i n g t h e g e n e r a t e d BAPI i n t e r f a c e d o n ’t s u p p o r t t h i s f u n c t i o n b e c a u s e th e g e n e ra tio n p ro g ra m d o e s n 't im p le m e n t th e c o r re s p o n d in g fu n c tio n m odules.

C u s to m iz in g fo r

I n T r a n s a c t i o n B D 9 5 , y o u a s s i g n ID o c fie ld s t o c e r t a i n fie ld s in t h e d a t a ­

tim e s ta m p

b a s e ( s e e F ig u r e 4 . 9 i n C h a p t e r 4 , S e c t i o n 4 . 1 . 3 , F i l t e r i n g S e g m e n t s ) .

s e ria liz a tio n

T h e s e f ie ld s a r e a l s o t h e b a s i s f o r d e t e r m i n i n g o b j e c t a s s i g n m e n t f o r t i m e s t a m p s e r ia li z a t io n . T ra n sa c tio n B D 57, s h o w n in F ig u re 6 .1 0 , c o n ta in s th e m e s s a g e ty p es d e l i v e r e d b y SAP, w h i c h s u p p o r t s e r i a l i z a t i o n u s i n g t i m e s t a m p s . T h is t r a n s a c t i o n a l s o s h o w s w h i c h fie ld is i m p o r t a n t f o r t h e s e q u e n c e . O n e e x a m p l e o f s u c h a fie ld is t h e d o c u m e n t n u m b e r E B E l . N in t h e m e s s a g e ty p e ORDCHG.

T i m e s t a m p in ta b le “ BDSER"

T a b le B D S E R (s e e F ig u r e 6 . 1 1 ) c o n t a i n s t h e a s s o c i a t e d e n t r i e s w i t h t h e ID o c s t h a t w e r e p o s t e d f o r a n o b j e c t a s w e ll a s t h e t i m e s t a m p i n d i c a t ­ i n g w h e n p o s t i n g t o o k p la c e . T h e SERIAL fie ld h e r e c o n t a i n s t h e t i m e ­ s t a m p f r o m t h e SERIAL field in t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d f o r t h e last s u c c e s s fu lly p o s t e d ID o c . ID o c s t h a t a r c b a s e d o n t h e s a m e o b j e c t b u t h a v e a n e a r l i e r tim e s ta m p m u s t n o t b e po sted .

19 8

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Function Modules for Serialization SAP d e l i v e r s t w o f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s f o r t i m e s t a m p s e r i a l i z a t i o n : I D 0 C _ S E R I A L I Z A T I O N _ C H E C K fo r c h e ck in g tim e s ta m p s a n d I D O C _ S E R I A L _ P O S T

f o r u p d a t i n g t h e s e r ia li z a t io n ta b le a f t e r a n e w I D o c h a s b e e n s u c c e s s fu lly p o s t e d . I f y o u w a n t to u s e t h i s m e t h o d t o s e r i a l i z e ID o c s , g o to T r a n s a c ­ ti o n B D 5 7 , m a i n t a i n t h e field t o b e u s e d , a n d t h e n u s e t h e e n h a n c e m e n t tech n o lo g y to im p le m e n t th e tw o fu n c tio n m o d u le s in th e in b o u n d fu n c­ tio n m o d u le.

19 9

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S e ria liz a tio n U sin g B u s in e s s O b je c ts

F or seria liz atio n u s in g b u s in e s s o b je c ts, o n e c o m m o n c h a n n e l n u m b e r is a s s i g n e d t o all ID o c s f o r t h e s a m e o b j e c t t y p e . A ch a n n e l n u m b e r is a m essage a ttrib u te g e n e ra te d using th e fu n c tio n m o d u le

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T h is t y p e o f s e r i a l i z a t i o n is s o m e t i m e s a ls o k n o w n a s o b ject ch a n n e l serial­

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iza tio n . H e r e , s e r i a l i z a t i o n o c c u r s a t t h e o b j e c t t y p e le v e l (e .g ., b a s e d o n all B O M ID ocs). T h e b u s i n e s s o b j e c t t y p e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e is I DOCBOMMAT. B e c a u s e SA P d o e s n ' t d e l i v e r a n y o b j e c t c h a n n e l s e r i a l i z a t i o n f o r m a t e ­ rial m a s t e r s , w e ’ll u s e B O M s in o u r e x a m p l e h e r e . F i g u r e 6 . 1 2 s h o w s T r a n s a c t i o n B D 1 0 5 , w h i c h c o n t a i n s all o b j e c t s f o r w h i c h S A P d e l i v e r s s e r i a l i z a t i o n u s i n g b u s i n e s s o b j e c t s . You c a n m a i n t a i n t h i s t a b l e y o u r s e l f , b u t y o u m u s t u s e e x its t o b u i l d t h e a s s o c i a t e d i m p l e m e n t a t i o n i n t o t h e pro cessin g ro u tin es.

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t e r D a t a D i s t r i b u t i o n m e n u o p t i o n e v e n t h o u g h s e r i a l i z a t i o n is w h o l l y in d e p e n d e n t o f th e ty p e o f d ata used a n d has n o th in g to d o w ith th e S h a r e d M a s t e r D a ta t o o l (S M D ). F ig u r e 6 . 1 4 s h o w s a n e x t r a c t f r o m ALE C u s to m i z i n g .

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T h e s e t t i n g s m u s t b e c o n f i g u r e d in t h e s a m e w a y in t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m . I n o u r e x a m p l e , t h e s e n d e r is T90CINT090 (s e e F ig u re 6 .1 6 ) .

C h a n g e V ie w "A L E : O b je c t ty p e s e ria liz a tio n : In b o u n d c o n tr o l" : N e w E n tr .e s

A L E : O b je c t type s e r ia liz a tio n : In b o u n d control S e n d p a n no

Pan v

T90 C L N T 0 9 0

LS

Part

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IDOCBONMAT

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F ig u r e 6 .1 6

S e ttin g s in R e c e iv in g S ystem

Checking the

A f t e r y o u ' v e f i n i s h e d c o n f i g u r i n g t h e s e t t i n g s in b o t h s y s t e m s , y o u

settings

c a n p e r f o r m a c o n s i s t e n c y c h e c k in T r a n s a c t i o n B D 1 0 1 . H e re , y o u s e e w h e t h e r s e r i a l i z a t i o n u s i n g o b j e c t t y p e s is a c t i v a t e d . T h e s t a t u s traffic lig h ts in t h e Local S ta t u s a n d P a r t n e r S ta t u s fie ld s a ls o i n d i c a t e w h e t h e r C u s t o m i z i n g is o k a y a n d c o n s i s t e n t . T h e tra ffic l i g h t in t h e D i f f e r e n c e fie ld t h e n s h o w s w h e t h e r s o m e ID o c s q u e u e - j u m p e d . T h i s is t h e c a s e in o u r e x a m p l e in F ig u r e 6 . 1 7 . I f all o f t h e I D o c s i n b o t h s y s t e m s h a v e b e e n p o s t e d in t h e c o r r e c t s e q u e n c e , t h e v a l u e s in t h e C o u n t e r field s h o u l d a ls o c o r r e s p o n d h e r e . You c a n u s e T r a n s a c t i o n B D 1 0 0 to s p e c if ic a l l y v i e w o n l y t h o s e ID ocs th a t w ill b e p ro c e s s e d u s in g o b je c t c h a n n e l s eria liz atio n . F ig u re 6 .1 8 s h o w s t h e t h r e e ID o c s t h a t h a v e a l r e a d y b e e n d i s p a t c h e d in o u r p a r t i c u ­ la r ex a m p le .

202

S e ria liz a tio n U sin g B u sin ess O b je c ts

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| D S. ;M e s s a g e Type

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I n t h e r e c e i v i n g s y s t e m , i n d i v i d u a l p r o c e s s i n g o f s p e c if ic I D o c s e n s u r e s

W a it sta tu s

t h a t o u r s e c o n d I D o c is p o s t e d first. T h e s y s t e m " n o t i c e s " t h a t i t ’s n o t y e t

fo r ID o cs th a t q u e u e -ju m p

its o w n n u m b e r ’s t u r n in t h e r e l e v a n t c h a n n e l , s o i t c h a n g e s its s t a t u s to w a i t i n g s t a t u s 6 6 ( s e e F ig u r e 6 .1 9 ) . I f t h e f ir s t I D o c a r r i v e s a n d is s u c c e s s ­ fu lly p r o c e s s e d , i t c a n b e r e s c h e d u l e d a n d p r o c e s s e d a g a in .

Z

0

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1

G D I D o c m u s t b e p r o c e s s e d la t e r . 0 0 0 0 0 2 . I D o c n o 0 0 0 0 0 3 r e q u ir e d

F ig u re

6.19

1

W a i t S tatus fo r ID o c T h a t Q u e u e - J u m p e d

O n c e a g a in , t h e SERIAL field in t h e ID o c c o n t r o l r e c o r d d e t e r m i n e s th e

" S e r i a l " f i e l d in

s e q u e n c e h e r e . H o w e v e r , t h i s field d o e s n ’t c o n t a i n a t i m e s t a m p , w h i c h

c o n t r o l record

is u s u a l l y t h e c a s e , b u t r a t h e r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e o b j e c t n a m e , o b j e c t

203

6 .3

6

|

S e ria liz in g ID o c s

c h a n n e l n u m b e r ( o f t h e c h a n n e l u s e d f o r t h e tr a n s f e r ) , a n d t h e t r a n s f e r n u m b e r . T h i s is t h e v a l u e in t h e C o u n t e r field, w h i c h y o u c a n a ls o s e e in t h e I D o c d i s p l a y s c r e e n in T r a n s a c t i o n B D 1 0 0 . F ig u r e 6 . 2 0 s h o w s t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d o f t h e s a m p l e ID o c t h a t q u e u e - j u m p e d a n d h a s t h e c o u n ­ t e r ''3." T h e ID o c s w i t h t h e c o u n t e r " I ” a n d " 2 " h a v e n ' t a r r i v e d y e t , so o u r ID o c h a s b e e n a s s i g n e d s t a t u s

66, w h i c h y o u c a n a ls o s e e h e r e .

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2

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66

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02 0

ID oc is waiting for predecessor IDoc (serialization)

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info about I D o c / 700

SAP R e lea se Output Mode

[D 0C B 0H IU T6278000003

Serialization

Tim e of c r e a t i o n / Date

18 0 8 2008

Tim e

15 11 22

Last database update / 18 0 8 200 8

Date

[1 5 :1 1 :2 2

Tim e

F ig u re

Data channel registry

6 .20

C o n t r o l R e c o r d f o r a S e r ia liz e d I D o c

To g e t a n o v e r v i e w o f t h e s t a t u s e s o f t h e s e r ia li z e d ID o c s , y o u c a n v i e w t ji e

^ £ 4 ch a n n e l reg istry ( i n o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g , y o u d o t h i s in T r a n s ­

a c t i o n B D 10 2 ). T h e r e s u l t is d i s p l a y e d in F ig u r e

6 . 2 1 . T h r e e ID o c s h a v e

a lre a d y b e e n sen t.

C hange V iew "A L E : O u tb o u n d C h a nn e l R e g is try ": O vervie w y

N e w E n tn e s

l . O

l S

B

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R e c e iv p a rtn

LS

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Date

T im e

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V ie w o f R eg istry in S e n d in g System

S e ria liz a tio n U sin g q R F C

|

6 .4

You c a n u s e T r a n s a c t i o n B D 1 0 3 to v i e w t h e s a m e p r o c e s s in t h e re c e iv in g s y s t e m a n d s e e t h a t , s o far, j u s t o n e ID o c h a s a r r i v e d (s e e F ig u r e 6 .2 2 ) . I t 's e x a c t l y t h i s s i t u a t i o n t h a t p r o d u c e s t h i s s t a n d b y p o s i t i o n in ID o c p r o c e s s i n g , in o t h e r w o r d s , d i f f e r e n t v a l u e s i n t h e C o u n t e r field in th e receiv ing a n d s e n d in g sy stem s.

C hange V ie w "A L E : In b o u n d C h a nn e l R e g is try ": O vervie w

HIMM

f f i l N e w Entries ALE: inbound C h a n n e l Registry 0 b ,e d T y p e

jC han n

ID0CB0HHAI [6278

F ig u re

6 .4

6.22

Part ty

S e n d part no. S e n d P a

LS

T90CLNTO9O

(D ate 1 8 .0 8 200 8

T im e

Counter]

1 4 :5 0 :4 6

1

V i e w o f R e g i s t r y i n R e c e i v i n g S y s te m

S e ria liz a tio n U sin g q R F C

S e r i a l i z a ti o n u s i n g q R F C (Q u e u ed RFC), in w h i c h t h e s e q u e n c e o f t h e ID o c s is a ls o r e t a i n e d , h a s o n l y b e e n a v a i l a b l e s i n c e SA P N e t W e a v e r 6 . 4 0 . I n s t e a d o f t h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e ID0C_INB0UND_ASYNCHR0N0US, th e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e ID0C_INB0UND_IN_QUEUE is c a ll e d in t h e t a r g e t s y s t e m . T h i s t y p e o f s e r i a l i z a t i o n is p o s s i b l e f o r all ID o c s . I n SAP N e t W e a v e r PI, it c a n a ls o b e u s e d to i m p l e m e n t t h e Q u a lity o f Service E O I O (E q u a lly O nce In O rder) in t h e ID o c a d a p te r . You c o n f i g u r e s e r i a l i z a t i o n u s i n g qR FC in t h e o u t b o u n d p a r t n e r p ro file

S e ria liz a tio n u s in g

b y s e t t i n g t h e Q u e u e P r o c e s s i n g flag o n t h e O u t b o u n d O p t i o n s t a b p a g e

qRFC

( s e e F ig u r e 6 .2 3 ) . T h is o p e n s a n e w fie ld i n w h i c h y o u s p e c if y h o w y o u w a n t t h e q u e u e n a m e to b e c r e a t e d u s i n g r u le s t h a t r e f e r e n c e a f u n c ti o n m o d u l e . F ig u r e 6 . 2 3 s h o w s t h r e e o f t h e r u l e s d e l i v e r e d b y SA P ( b o t t o m rig h t). T h e r u l e I DOC_QUEUE_SUS_MM r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f a n ID o c o f t h e t y p e ORDERS o r ORDRSP. T h e f u n c t i o n m o d u l e s f o r c r e a t i n g q u e u e n a m e s c a n b e a s s i g n e d a ru le

R u le s f o r q u e u e

n a m e i n T r a n s a c t i o n W E 8 5 . F ig u r e 6 . 2 4 s h o w s t h i s a s s i g n m e n t f o r t h e

names

t h r e e r u le s s h o w n in F ig u r e 6 . 2 3 : CONSTANT:EDIQUEUE, FIRST_16_0F_MESTYP, a n d IDOC_QUEUE_SUS_MM.

205

6

|

S e ria liz in g ID o c s

P artn e r p ro file s: O utbound param eters Wi SALES

Partner NO.___________

S a le s system (d ie m 810 )

_[18]

PartnType

Logical system

Partner Role

g

M essag e Type

"A T M S

M atenal master

M essage code M essage fijnction

□ Test

M essag e Control

Receiver port

0

Transacftonai RFC

r

P a ck Size

P o stprocessing Perm itted Agent

R u le N a m e

Queue Processing Output Mode

Tele

LS Sales

F .L « & U .6 J !0 L S IV P ■ O r R ule N a m e ( 4 )

3 Entries found

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nnO C 3EIEEEl|lH

IDoc Type /

Rule

HATHAS03

Basic tfpe

[CO NSTAN T EDIO UEUE

Extension

FIRST_16_O F_M ESTVP

vie w

IOO C_O UEUE_SUS_M M 0

C a n c e l P r o c e s s i n g A fte r S y n ta x E rro r

F ig u re

6.23

P a r t n e r P r o f i l e w i t h Q u e u e P r o c e s s in g

Change V iew "ID oc: Rules fo r C reating Queue Names fo r qRFC IDoc": N e w Entries J l Q Q r fy H jl

Q

IDoc Ru les for Creating Q u eu e N a m e s for qRFC lOoc _ R ule N am e_________________________ [Function Module______________________ ( 3 ]lDOC_QUEUE_CONST_EDI QUEUE

B |

: IRST_16_0F_HESTYP

M

T f t lM

!00C_0UEUE_NAHE_HESTYP

B

I DOC_QUEUE_SUS_HH

!00C_QUEUE_SUSJ1H

F ig u re

6 .2 4

g E j

G e n e ra tin g Q u e u e N a m es

I f y o u 'r e w o rk in g w ith y o u r o w n fu n c tio n m o d u le s, th e se re q u ire a su it­ a b le m o d u l e s i g n a t u r e (s e e F ig u re 6 .2 5 ) . Q ue ue m o n ito r

F ig u re 6 . 2 6 s h o w s o u r e x a m p l e (a t t h e v e r y b o t t o m ) : T h e q u e u e h a s b e e n g i v e n a fix e d n a m e (SAP_ALE_ED I QUEUE), t h e RFC d e s t i n a t i o n a d d r e s s e d b y t h i s q u e u e is c a lle d SALES, a n d t h e t r a n s a c t i o n t h a t y o u c a n u s e to m o n i t o r t h e o u t b o u n d q u e u e is c a lle d W E O U T Q U E U E .

206

S e ria liz a tio n U sin g q R F C

FU NC TIO N

6 .4

IDQC_QUEUE_NAHE_HESTYP

• • lo k a le S c h n it t s t e lle : IMPORTING REFERENCE(CONTROL) L IK E E D ID C STRUCTURE EXPORTING VALUE(NAM E) TYPE C H A R I6 TABLES DATA STRUCTURE ED ID 4

F ig u re

|

6 .25

EOIOC

S ig n a tu re o f a F u n c tio n M o d u l e f o r C re a tin g Q u e u e s

qRFC M o n ito r (O u tb o u n d Q ueue) N u m b e r o f L U W Entries

Q u eu e

In fo ra a tio n e n 441

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10

1

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FB 4C LN T800

am

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8 0 0 R3AD L E D E L IV 8UU R3AD H A T E R IA Z S M 0 0 8 0 0 R3AD HATERIAZSM 101

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T 3 6 50

1

t3 6 td c 0 0

T 3 6 50

1

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t3 6 td c 0 0 _ T 3 6 _ 5 0

R3AD

MATER1AZSN102

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794

1

8 0 0 R3A D .SA LES D 01001

D TZ_800

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8 0 0 R 3AD_SALESD 01002

D TZ_800

24

8 0 0 R 3AD_SALESD 01033

D TZ_800

48

8 0 0 R3AD SA LESD01174

D TZ 800 D TZ 800

48 24

8UU R3AD SA LESD01460

DTZ_800 D TZ 800

8 0 0 SAP_ALE_EDIQUEUE

SALES

8 0 0 R3AD SA LES D 01175 8 0 0 R3AD_SALESD 01300

F ig u re

6 .26

48 24 3

O u t b o u n d SALES Q u e u e

So, i f y o u h a v e c r e a t e d t h e q u e u e , a n d , f o r e x a m p l e , a n ID o c in t h e

S to p p e d q u e u e in

re ceiv in g s y s te m n o w e n c o u n te r s a n e rro r, s u b s e q u e n t ID ocs ca n no

sta tu s m o n ito r

l o n g e r b e p o s t e d a n d e a c h o b t a i n s t a t u s 7 5 : ID oc is in in b o u n d q u e u e (see F ig u r e 6 .2 7 ).

^

11

[ 2 'D oc in inboun d processing !■

O A p plicatio n d o c u m e n t not posted

51

2

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1

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A p plicatio n d o c u m e n t posted

53

6

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ID o c is in in b o u n d queue

75

1

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ID oc w ith errors added

^

F ig u re 6 .2 7

MATMAS

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CD E A (0 7 5 ) : ID oc received via q R F C

1

ID o c s in Target System

207

6

|

S e ria liz in g ID o c s

T h e e r r o r s c e n a r i o is a ls o s h o w n in t h e i n b o u n d q u e u e , w h i c h is m o n i ­ t o r e d u s i n g T r a n s a c t i o n W E I N B Q U E U E (s e e F ig u re 6 .2 8 ) .

ID o c In b o u n d Q ue u e

in b o u n d ID o c Q u e u e D is p la y

•7 U

(D esc rip tio n

ID o c In b o u n d Q u e u e

^

CD T90C LN T090

Sender

^

Q u eu e



SA P_A LE_M A TM A S

v f e e0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 1 8 1 MATMAS

ID o c N o . IM e s s a g e Type

S ta tu s 51 M e s s a g e s h a v e b e e n is s u e d

F ig u re

C u rre n t S ta tu s w ith C u rre n t M e s s a g e

f a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 1 9 1 MATMAS

ID oc N o . IM e s s a g e Type

f a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 2 0 1 MATMAS

ID oc N o . IM e s s a g e Type

f a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 2 1 | MATMAS

ID oc N o . IM e s s a g e Type

6.28

D is p la y in g ID o c s in a Q u e u e

E r r o r h a n d l i n g in

You c a n p o s t p r o c e s s t h e I D o c h e r e , i d e a l l y in s u c h a w a y t h a t i t c a n be

an in b o u n d queue

p o s t e d su c c e s s fu lly . H o w e v e r , y o u c a n a ls o u s e t h e " tr a s h c a n " ic o n to flag t h e ID o c b l o c k i n g t h e q u e u e f o r d e l e t i o n ( s t a t u s 6 8 ) (s e e F ig u r e 6 .2 9 ).

ID o c In b o u n d Q u e u e : fa B O

a

in b o u n d ID oc Q u e u e D isp lay ~

| D e scrip tion

C H ID oc In b o u n d Q u e u e Sender Q u e u e _______________________________ ID o c N o . IM e s s a g e Type S1atus:51 M e s s a g e s h a v e b e e n is s u e d

C u rre n t S ta tu s w ith C u rre n t M e s s a g e

(Q 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 1 9 | MATMAS

ID o c N o . IM e s s a g e Type

f a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 2 0 | MATMAS

ID o c N o . IM e s s a g e Type

f a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 2 1 I MATMAS

ID o c N o . IM e s s a g e Type

0

D o y o u w a n t to give ID o c '0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 1 8 ' an e rro r statu s?

Ye s

F ig u re 6 .2 9

208

No

D e le tin g ID o c s from a Q u e u e

JJL

C ancel

S u m m a ry

A f t e r y o u ’v e p r o c e s s e d o r r e m o v e d t h e I D o c t h a t c o n t a i n s e r r o r s (see F ig u r e 6 .3 0 ) , y o u c a n r e s t a r t t h e q u e u e . All o t h e r ID o c s a r e n o w p o s t e d (F ig u re 6 .3 1 ).

ID o c In b o u n d Q ue u e tn

fa O 3

-

In b o u n d ID o c Q u e u e D isp lay ^

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ID oc In b o u n d Q u e u e

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(_J T 9 0 C L N T 0 9 0 ^7 U ^

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SAP_AJ_E_MATMAS

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CO > i ID o c w « s e t

7 6 8 7 6 S jp 3

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I DOC 0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 6 1 DOC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 6 2

0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 3 7 6 5 DOC 000

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IS

D O C 0 0 ( 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 3 7 6 ' 1 ie w

T9C C LN T090

LS

D O C 0 0 ( J D 0 0 C < l 0 7 e 3 7 6 8 t . ? ~ S '.W j i

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768773 II?

T 9 0 C U JT 0 9 0

LS

12

T 9 C C L IJT D 9 0

LS

768 7 8 1 *0 3

I9 0 C L N T 0 9 0

LS

M ATMAS

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7 6 8 78?*03

T90C LN T090

s

DOC 0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 7 5

SU U S

S a f e s S # ID o c w w



M ATMAS

D O C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 8 2 N iw S t tfe S IM D O C W M M I

T 9 0 C IM T 3 9 0

L S ______________

M ATMAS

DOC 0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 3 7 8 3

768784 03

T90C LN T090

LS

M »TM »S

DOC 0 0 0 0 0 00000763784

a

N e w S a f e s S * lD o < w a -. New S U fe S D tO K ttM N e w S ' . r t j i * » r ID o c w i t

li

1 9 C C IH T 3 9 0

LS

M ATMAS

DOC 0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 3 7 8 8

7 6 8 7 8 9 '0 3

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LS

M ATMAS

DOC 0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 8 9 N *w S !« J 5

> 6 8 .‘“ J

DOC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 9 0

New New

I j

T 9 C C L N ?i9 0

LS

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T90C L M TQ 90

LS

M ATMAS

DOC 0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 9 1

7 6 9 7 1* ? O

T 9 C < L K -T 3 9 0

LS

V .T U .,:

DOC 0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 9 2 N ew

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DOC 0 0 (0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 8 7 7 1

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* r ,3 r ? i

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M sH



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tel 8 l a f e s t o * ID o c w i i i r t

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ID o c w a s

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R esu lts L ist A fter Status V a lu e C o n v e rsio n

233

R e s u lts lis t

|

7 .5

7

|

A d m in istra tio n

In T r a n s a c t i o n B D 8 7 , i f t h e b a s i c v i e w is o p e n , y o u c a n s e e t h e g e n e r i c e r r o r t e x t w i t h p l a c e h o l d e r s (s e e F ig u r e 7 .1 9 ).

^

45

[ 2 IDoc in inbound processing I 1 O Application docum ent not posted

51

6

!■ 0 : IDOC Witn errors added

56

3

1

□ Application docum ent posted

53

7

^



E r ro r-n o further processing

68

29

^

53 MATMAS ^

29

U ] ZSM(OOO) IDoc Status w a s changed from S to S

29

( D IDoc Slatus w a s changed from M A SE LSA to 68

F ig u re

C o n v e rte d ID o c

7 19

29

M e s s a g e T e x t i n t h e B a s ic L is t

I n t h e i n d i v i d u a l v i e w o f a n ID o c , y o u c a n s e e e x a c t l y w h o m a d e t h e c o n v e r s i o n (s e c F ig u r e 7 .2 0 ) .

IDoc Selection I .......... ■ ■■■■■ IDoc num ber | Stat

M e s s a g e T y p e l StatusText

Partner No

768747

68

MATMAS

IDoc Status w a s changed from MAJSELSA to 68

ZSM2

BasicType________ | Extension MATMAS33

768752

68

MATMAS

IDoc Status w a s changed from MAJSELSA to 68

ZSM2

j MATMAS03

768762

68

MATMAS

IDoc status w a s changed from MAJSELSA to 68

SALES

MATMAS05

ZSMMAPA

768763

68

MATMAS

IDoc Slatus w as changed from MAiSELSAIo 68

SALES

MATMAS05

ZSMMAPA

768761

F ig u re

M e s s a g e c la s s

720

M e s s a g e T ext in t h e ID o c I n d iv id u a l V ie w

F o r t h e e x a m p l e p r o g r a m u s e d h e r e , a m e s s a g e c la s s w i t h t h e m o s t i m p o r t a n t m e s s a g e s h a s t o b e s e t u p . F ig u r e 7 .2 1 s h o w s t h e t e x t u s e d for this p u rp o s e .

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Selected entnes

M essag e c la s s

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^

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3

Long Text

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F l M e s s a g e M essag e short text |

|0 0 0

F ig u re

| l Doc

7.21

|Seif-explanaty 0

M e s s a g e C la ss o f t h e S a m p l e P r o g r a m

L isting 7.1 c o n t a i n s t h e b a s ic c o d e r e q u i r e d f o r t h e e x a m p l e s d e s c r i b e d in t h i s c h a p te r . A g a in , n o t e t h a t o n l y t h e c o d e t h a t is r e l e v a n t t o ID o c s is

234

Status C o n v e rs io n

|

g iv e n h e r e , a n d i h e c o d e s h o u l d n ’t b e u s e d in u n m o d i f i e d f o r m ; a u t h o r i z a ­ ti o n c h e c k s , f o r e x a m p l e , s h o u l d b e a d d e d . A lso, t h e p r o g r a m c o n t a i n s te x t e l e m e n t s t h a t y o u ' l l h a v e to a d d , s u c h as

te x t-b O l

f o r o n e o f t h e b locks

o n t h e s e l e c t io n s c r e e n . W h e r e t h e s e d o n ’t a p p e a r o n t h e s e l e c t io n s creen , t h e y a r e i n d i c a t e d in t h e c o d e in e a c h c a se — f o r e x a m p l e , not

be

‘ ID o c c o u ld

( 0 0 1 ) - a n d s o n o fu r th e r scre en sh o ts are used here.

lo c k e d *

*&.............................................................................................................................................* *8

R e p o rt

Z S M ID O C S T A T U S

* & ..............................................................................................................................................................................................* REPORT

Z S M ID O C S T A T U S

IN C LU D E

< ic o n >

TABLES:

e d id c

.

. .

TABLES: e d id s .

tb d 0 5

.

DA T A

w a _ tb d 5 2

TYPE

tb d 5 2

.

DA T A

wa_edp21

TYPE

edp21

.

DA T A

p a rtn e r

TYPE

e d id c -s n d p rn .

n r l i nes

TYPE

s y -ta b ix

D a ta

a lv

TYPE

REF

TO

c l_ s a lv _ . t a b le

DA T A

1r_ s e le c tio n s

TYPE

REF

TO

c l_ s a lv _ . s e le c t io n s

DA T A

i_ S e le c te d _ ro w s

ty p e

s a lv _ t_ ro w

DA T A

w a _ ro w

ty p e

lin e

D a ta

exc

TYPE

REF

DA T A

msg

TYPE

s tr in g

Types:

B E G IN

OF

o f TO

. . .

.

s a lv _ t_ .ro w c x _ ro o t

.

,

. Type d e fin itio n s

r_ e d id c ,

docnum

L IK E

e d id c -d o c n u m .

s ta tu s

L IK E

e d id c -s ta tu s .

sn d p rn

L IK E

e d id c -s n d p rn .

sn d p rt

L IK E

e d id c -s n d p rt.

s n d p fc

L IK E

e d id c -s n d p fc .

m e s ty p

L IK E

e d id c -m e s ty p .

m escod

L IK E

e d id c -m e s c o d .

m e s fc t

L IK E

e d id c -m e s fc t.

te s t

L IK E

e d id c -te s t.

s ta m id

L IK E

e d id s -s ta m id .

s ta m n o

L IK E

e d id s -s ta m n o ,

s ta tx t

L IK E

e d id s -s ta tx t.

m sg(80) , i con(4 ). b o x(1 ). END OF

r_ e d i dc

.

235

7 .5

7

|

A d m in istra tio n

DATA:

i_ e d id c

ty p e

ta b le

d a ta :

w a _ e d id c

ty p e

r_ e d id c

DATA:

id o c _ s ta tu s

DATA:

c _ e v e n t_ o b je c t_ ty p e _ id o c a p p l

L IK E

.

.

VALUE

O CCURS

0

W IT H

HEADER

L IN E

.

L IK E

’ ID O C A P P L '

.

c _ e v e n t_ e rr_ p ro c e s s _ c o m p le te d L IK E

CONSTANTS: VALUE

r_ e d id c

b d id o c s ta t

s w e ty p e c o u -o b jty p e DATA:

o f

s w e ty p e c o u -e v e n t

VALUE

' ERRORPROCESSCOMPLETD’

c _ w f_ re s u lt_ d e le te _ id o c

L IK E

b d w f_ p a ra m -re s u lt

L IK E

b d w f_ p a ra m -re s u lt

.

•9 9 9 9 8 ’ . c _ w f_ re s u lt_ w i_ c o m p le te VALUE

D a ta :

•9 9 9 9 7 ’

g _ re p id

.

L IK E

s y -re p id ,

g_save( 1)

TYPE

c

g _ v a ria n t

L IK E

d is v a ria n t

VALUE

* A \ .

DATA: $ id o c _ g e s (6 )

TYPE n .

$ id o c _ o k ( 6 )

* S e le c tio n screen stru ctu re

TYPE n .

$ id o c _ fe h le r (

6 ) TYPE

S e le c t

to

ID o c s

S E L E C T IO N -S C R E E N S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

.

m o d ifie d

B E G IN

OF

docnum

S E L E C T IO N -S C R E E N

d a tu m

be

n

S K IP

w ith

p re -s e le c tio n

0 1 W IT H

BLOCK

FRAME

FOR e d i d c - d o c n u m 1

T IT L E

te x t-b O l

.

.

cre d a t

FOR e d i d c - c r e d a t

DEFAULT

c re tim

FOR e d i d c - c r e t i m

DEFAULT

s y -d a tu m

TO

000000’

TO

sy-

.

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :



’ 235959' S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

m e s t y p FOR

e d id c -m e s ty p .

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

m e s c o d FOR

e d id c -m e s c o d .

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

m e s f c t FOR

e d id c -m e s fc t .

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

d i r e c t FOR

e d id c d ire c t .

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

s n d p o r FOR

tb d 0 5 - s n d s y s te m

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

s n d p r t FOR e d i d c - s n d p r t

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

s n d p r n FOR

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

s n d p f c FOR e d i d c - s n d p f c

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

r c v p r t FOR

e d id c -rc v p rt .

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

r c v p r n FOR

e d id c -rc v p rn .

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

r c v p f c FOR

e d id c -rc v p fc .

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

s t a t u s FOR

e d i d c - s t a t u s DEFAULT

S E L E C T IO N -S C R E E N

END O F

S E L E C T IO N -S C R E E N

B E G IN

BLOCK OF

01

BLOCK

s _ s ta m id

FOR e d i d s - s t a m i d ,

s _ s ta m n o

FOR

e d id s -s ta m n o

.

.

.

e d id c -s n d p rn .

S E L E C T -O P T IO N S :

236

.

.

.



68’

.

. 02

W IT H

FRAME

T IT L E

te x t-b 0 2

.

Status C o n v e rsio n

S E L E C T I O N - S C RE E N END S E L E C T IO N -S C R E E N PARAMETERS:

S K IP

n e w s ta t

S T A R T -O F -S E L E C T IO N SELECT:

OF 1

02

.

.

L IK E

e d id c -s ta tu s

-68*

DEFAULT

.

.

docnum

s ta tu s

m e s fc t

te s t

IN T O

BLOCK

|

s n d p rn

c o rre s p o n d in g

fie ld s

WHERE

FROM e d i d c

s n d p rt

s n d p fc

ta b le

of

m e s ty p

D a ta se le c tio n

m escod

i_ e d id c

docnum

IN

docnum

AND

upddat

IN

c re d a t

AND

u p d tim

IN

c re tim

AND

m e s ty p

IN

m e s ty p

AND

m escod

IN

m escod

AND

m e s fc t

IN

m e s fc t

AND

sndpor

IN

sndpor

AND

s n d p rt

IN

sn d p rt

AND

s n d p rn

IN

sn d p rn

AND

s n d p fc

IN

s n d p fc

AND

di re ct

IN

d ir e c t

AND

rcv p rt

IN

d ir e c t

AND

rc v p fc

IN

d ir e c t

AND

rcvp rn

IN

d ir e c t

AND

s ta tu s

IN

s ta tu s

.

PERFORM g e t _ e d i d s E N D -O F -S E L E C T IO N PERFORM

*

Change

a lv

.

.

s ta tu s

* ............................ FORM s t a t u s _ c h a n g e i_ s e le c te d _ r o w s

*

lo o p

a t

rea d

ta b le

. =

L R _ S e l e c t i o n s-> G E T _ S E LE C T E D _ R O W S (

i_ s e le c te d _ r o w s i_ e d id c

ID O C

p ro c e s s in g

CALL

F U N C T IO N

in to

in to

w a _ ro w

w a _ e d id c

C hange sta tu s

)

.

in d e x

w a _ ro w

.

Set lock

* E N O U E U E _E S _E D ID O C E '

E X P O R T IN G m o d e _ e d id c

•E ’

m andt

sy-m a n d t

docnum

w a _ e d id c -d o c n u m

E X C E P T IO N S

1

fo re ig n _ lo c k s y s te m _ fa i1 u re O THERS

=

2

3 .

237

7 .5

7

|

A d m in istra tio n

IF

s y-su b rc



0

CONCATENATE

.

'ID O C '(0 0 3 )

w a _ e d id c -d o c n u m

*ID o c

not

IN T O w a _ e d id c -ic o n ELSE

=

c o u ld

be

w a _ e d id c -m s g ic o n _ fa ilu re

lo c k e d ’

(0 0 1 )

SEPARATED

BY

space

.

.

CLEAR:

id o c _ s ta tu s

REFRESH:

.

id o c _ s ta tu s

MOVE w a _ e d i d c - d o c n u m

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s - d o c n u m

MOVE n e w s t a t

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s -s ta tu s

MOVE

‘S’

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s -m s g ty

.

MOVE

' ZSM’

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s -m s g id

.

MOVE

•0 0 0 ’

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s - m s g n o

.

MOVE

sy-un a m e

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s - m s g v l

.

MOVE n e w s t a t

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s -m s g v 2

.

MOVE

sy-un a m e

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s -u n a m e

.

MOVE

s y - re p id

TO

id o c _ s ta tu s - re p id

.

APPEND CALL

id o c .s ta tu s

F U N C T IO N

.

‘ ID O C _ S T A T U S _ W R IT E _ T O _ D A T A B A S E ’

E X P O R T IN G y ;a _ e d id c -d o c n u m

id o c _ n u m b e r TABLES

id o c _ s ta tu s

i d o c _ s ta tu s E X C E P TIO N S

IF

id o c _ fo r e ig n _ lo c k

1

i d o c _ n o t_ fo u n d

2

i d o c _ s ta tu s _ re c o rd s _ e m p ty

3

id o c _ s ta tu s _ in v a l id

4

d b _ e rro r

5

sy-su b rc

EO 0

CONCATENATE

* I DOC’ < 0 0 3 )

‘ New

s ta tu s

IN T O

w a _ e d id c -m s g

w a _ e d id c -ic o n ELSE

‘ S ta tu s

=

fo r

ID o c *(0 0 2 )

SEPARATED

ic o n _ c h e c k e d

IN T O

* ID O C * < 0 0 3 ) c o n v e rs io n

w a _ e d id c -m s g

w a _ e d id c -ic o n M O D IFY

i_ e d id c

C O N T IN U E

238

se t

w a _ e d id c -d o c n u m

BY

space

.

.

.

CONCATENATE

E N D IF

.

.

.

-

w a _ e d id c -d o c n u m

e rro r*(0 0 4 ) SEPARATED

ic o n _ fa ilu re fro m

w a _ e d id c

BY

space

.

. in d e x

w a _ ro w

.

Status C o n v e rsio n

CASE n e w s ta t WHEN *

IDoc was

*68'

set

* p ro c e ssin g ; * error

|

7 .5

. .

to

a status

th e refore,

that

does not

trig g e r

event

p e rm it

that

fu rther

ends

the

w o rk flo w .

SELECT SINGLE

* FROM e d p 2 1

INTO w a _ e d p 2 1

WHERE s n d p r n = w a _ e d i d c - s n d p r n AND s n d p r t = w a _ e d i d c - s n d p r t AND s n d p f c -

w a _ e d id c-sn d p fc

AND m e s t y p = w a _ e d id c - m e s t y p AND m e s c o d -

w a_ ed id c-m e sco d

AND m e s f c t = w a _ e d i d c - m e s f c t AND t e s t IF

sy-subrc

CONCATENATE

0

-

w a _ e d id c-te st

'ID O C '(003)

w a _ e d id c - docnum

’ f o r ' (005)

'm e s s a g e '(008)

e d id c -sn d p rt 'n o

entry

e d id c -sn d p fc

found

in

INTO w a _ e d id c - m s g ELSE

*

FROM t b d 5 2

WHERE e v c o d e sy-subrc

0

CONCATENATE ’process

-

e d id c-m e sty p

EDP21."(006 ) S E P A R A T E D BY s p a c e

.

INTO w a _ tb d 5 2

w a_edp21-evcode

.

.

' IDOC- (0 0 3 ) w a .e d id c-d o cn u m c o d e '(0 0 9 )

‘ no e n t r y

found

in

INTO w a _ e d id c - m s g ELSE

e d id c -sn d p rn

.

SELECT SINGLE IF

.

.

'fo r'(0 0 5 )

w a_edp21-evcode TBD52.'(0 0 7 )

SEPARATED BY s p a c e

.

.

PERFORM

sta rt_ e v e n t(sa p lb d 2 0 ) w a_tbd52- event_end

USING w a _ e d id c - d o c n u m

S ta rt w o r k flo w s ,

w a_tbd52- i docobj typ

c _ w f_ re s u lt_ d e le te _ id o c

if re q u ire d

.

C O M M I T WORK . PERFORM

sta rt_ e v e n t(sa p lb d 2 0 ) w a_tbd52-event_end

USING w a _ e d id c -d o c n u m

w a _ tb d 5 2 -id o c o b jty p

c _ w f_ re s u lt_ w i_ co m p le te

.

C O M M I T WORK . ENDIF

.

ENDIF

. WHEN

*31'

.

End w o rk flo w

PERFORM e v e n t _ f o r _ t a s k _ e n d _ c r e a t e ( s a p ! b d l 6 ) USING w a _ e d id c-d o c n u m C O M M I T WORK WHEN O T H E R S

.

.

.

239

7

|

A d m in istra tio n

EN D C ASE CALL

.

F U N C T IO N

‘ D E O U E U E _ E S _ E D ID O C E ’

E X P O R T IN G

E N D IF M O D IFY

IF

‘ E’

=

sy-m a n d t

docnum

=

w a _ e d id c -d o c n u m

i_ e d id c

sy-su b rc

fro m

0

in d e x

w a _ ro w

.

.

i_ e d id c

1 TO .

LOOP

i_ e d id c

AT

ADD

1 TO

END LO O P

and

p ro c e s s e d

$ id o c _ e rr o r

.

T R A N S P O R T IN G

NO

WHERE

ic o n _ c h e c k e d

$ id o c _ o k

END LO O P

E N D IF

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S u m m a ry

T h i s c h a p t e r g a v e y o u a n o v e r v i e w o f a d m i n i s t r a t i v e ta s k s t h a t a re r e l a t e d to ID o c s . D e p e n d i n g o n t h e s t r u c t u r e o f y o u r c o m p a n y , s o m e o f th is w o r k m ig h t b e d o n e b y a sp ec ia l d e p a r tm e n t, b u t y o u s h o u ld k n o w w h i c h w o r k h a s t o b e d o n e . W e 'v e a l s o i n c l u d e d s o m e h i n t s f o r d a ily w o r k a n d e r r o r h a n d lin g .

242

T his c h a p te r p r o v id e s so m e tip s o n u s in g S A P N e tW e a v e r Process In te g r a tio n to s e n d o r receive ID ocs.

8

IDocs in Conjunction with SAP NetW eaver Process Integration

C o m m u n i c a t i o n in SAP N e t W e a v e r P r o c e s s I n t e g r a t i o n (SAP N e t W e a v e r PI) u s i n g ID o c s is i m p l e m e n t e d v i a t h e ID o c a d a p t e r . T h e r e q u i r e m e n t in t h e c r e a t i o n o f t h e ID o c a d a p t e r i n SAP N e t W e a v e r PI w a s t h a t n o d iffe ren c e m a y a rise fo r t h e b a c k e n d s y s te m s i f th e y c o m m u n ic a te w ith S AP N e t W e a v e r PI i n s t e a d o f w i t h a n o t h e r b a c k e n d s y s t e m . F o r ID o c d e v e l o p e r s , t h i s m e a n s t h a t a c tu a l ly n o t h i n g n e e d s t o b e d o n e — n ic e , r i g h t ? B u t it's i m p o r t a n t to k n o w w h a t h a p p e n s in SA P N e t W e a v e r PI so th is ru le c a n b e fo llo w ed . A s y o u ' v e l e a r n e d in t h e c o u r s e o f t h i s b o o k , ID o c s w o r k w i t h logical

B u s in e s s s y s te m s

s y s t e m s o r w i t h p a r t n e r r o l e s . In SAP N e t W e a v e r PI, y o u w o r k w i t h

in SAP N e t W e a v e r

b u sin ess sy ste m s th a t a p p ro x im a te ly hav e th e s a m e m e a n in g . O n e d if­

PI

f e r e n c e , h o w e v e r , is t h a t w h i l e p a r t n e r s a n d lo g ic a l s y s t e m s a r e lim i t e d to 1 0 c h a r a c t e r s , b u s i n e s s s y s t e m s c a n h a v e a l e n g t h o f 2 5 6 c h a r a c te r s . I n SAP N e t W e a v e r PI, a c o n v e r s i o n f r o m t h e lo g ic a l s y s t e m t o t h e b u s i ­ n e s s s y s t e m a n d v ic e v e r s a o c c u r s . T h e f o l l o w i n g s e c t i o n s d e s c r i b e th e c o n v e rsio n o p tio n s.

8.1

C o n v e rsio n o f Lo g ical S yste m s to B u sin e ss S yste m s

In t h e S N D P O R field o f t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d o f a n ID oc, SAP s y s t e m s a lw a y s

" S N D P O R " f ie ld in

s e n d t h e c o m b i n a t i o n o f SAP, f o r e x a m p l e , SAPJOO f o r a n SA P s y s ­

SAP syste m s

t e m t h a t is c a ll e d J 0 0 . In t h e M A N D T field, y o u t h e n h a v e t h e c l i e n t f r o m w h i c h t h e ID o c w a s g e n e r a t e d .

243

8

|

ID o c s in C o n ju n c tio n w ith S A P N e tW e a v e r P ro cess In te g ratio n

SLD

In t h e SLD (System L andscape D irectory) o f SAP N e t W e a v e r PI, y o u in itially r e g i s t e r t h e SAP s y s t e m s a s a t e c h n i c a l s y s t e m w i t h t h e i r s y s t e m ID , o r t h e y a r e c r e a t e d m a n u a l l y . All a v a il a b le c l i e n t s a r e k n o w n t h e n , a n d t h e l o g ic a l s y s t e m n a m e f r o m t h e c l i e n t m a n a g e m e n t is a d o p t e d o r m a i n ­ t a i n e d f o r a ll c lie n ts .

R eference t o th e

W h e n y o u cre a te a b u s in e s s s y s te m , y o u t h e n re fe re n c e ex a ctly o n e

lo g ic a l s y s te m

c l i e n t s o t h a t t h e logical s y s t e m n a m e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y d e t e r m i n e d f o r e a c h b u s i n e s s s y s t e m . I f a n I D o c is r e c e i v e d , y o u u s e t h e s y s t e m ID f r o m S N D P O R t o d e t e r m i n e t h e SAP s y s t e m a n d t h e c l i e n t t o d e t e r m i n e t h e b u s i n e s s s y s t e m . T h i s c l i e n t is t h e n u s e d a s t h e s e n d e r f o r f u r t h e r p rocessing . T h e S N D P R N field f o r t h e n a m e o f t h e logical s y s t e m , w h i c h a ls o e x is ts i n t h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m , i s n 't c o n s i d e r e d . I f t h e s e n d i n g s y s t e m i s n ’t a n SAP s y s t e m , t h e v a l u e is r e a d f r o m t h e S N D P O R fie ld , t o o . In t h i s c a s e , a n a m e t h a t m a t c h e s S N D P O R is s e a r c h e d a m o n g t h e logical s y s t e m n a m e s t h a t a r c a s s i g n e d to t h e b u s i n e s s s y s t e m s , a n d t h e n t h e a s s o c i a t e d b u s i ­ n e s s s y s t e m is u s e d . T h i s m e a n s t h a t n o n - S A P p a r t n e r s m u s t p o s s i b l y p r e p a r e y o u r ID ocs d i f f e r e n t l y i f t h e y a r e p r o c e s s e d v ia SAP N e t W e a v e r PI. I f t h e s e n d i n g is d i r e c t l y to a n SAP s y s t e m , t h e S N D P R N field w o u l d b e r e le v a n t . Ideally, y o u r p a r t n e r s e n d s t h e s a m e n a m e in b o t h field s. F o r ID o c s t h a t le a v e SAP N e t W e a v e r PI, t h e S N D P R N field is p o p u l a t e d a c c o r d i n g to t h e p a r t ­ n e r 's re q u ire m e n ts .

8.2

C o n v e rsio n of ID o c P artn e r Roles

P a rtie s in SAP

I f y o u d o n ' t c o m m u n i c a t e w i t h a logical s y s t e m b u t w i t h a p a r t y o u t s i d e

N e t W e a v e r PI

y o u r e n te rp rise, fo r ex a m p le, w ith a c u sto m e r o r a v en d o r, th e s e n d e r a n d r e c e i v e r d a t a in t h e ID o c is a l s o c o n v e r t e d i n t o t h e p a r t i e s o f SAP N e t W e a v e r PI. T h i s is d o n e u s i n g t h e P a rty o b j e c t t h a t is a v a il a b le t h e r e (see F ig u r e 8.1 ).

P a rtn e r c o n v e rs io n

T h e a g e n c y is s p e c i f i e d a s h ttp : //s a p .c o m /x i/X I f o r t h e a c tu a l n a m e in SAP N e t W e a v e r PI. F o r E D I c o n v e r s i o n s i t ’s s p e c i f i e d w i t h t h e v a l u e s " 0 1 6 " a n d " 0 0 9 " a n d can b e se lec ted as su ch . F o r o t h e r v alues, y o u can

244

H e a d e r M a p p in g

|

a s s ig n t h e a g e n c y itself. I f a n ID o c is r e c e i v e d , t h e v a l u e f o r t h e s c h e m e is A L E # < p a r t n e r t y p e > # p a r t n e r r o l e > .

Edit P a rty Party

Status

In Process

Sabine

Description Comm unication Com ponents

as

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Agency *

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F ig u re

8.1

P a r t ie s i n S A P N e t W e a v e r PI

So f o r a lo g ic a l s y s t e m as t h e s e n d e r , "ALEtfLS" is s p e c if ie d in t h e S c h e m e field b e c a u s e n o p a r t n e r r o l e s a r e k n o w n t h e r e , a n d t h e N a m e field i n c l u d e s t h e lo g ic a l s y s t e m n a m e . I f y o u h a v e a v e n d o r in t h e r o l e o f t h e v e n d o r , "A LE#LI#LF" is e n t e r e d in t h e S c h e m e field, a n d t h e SAP v e n d o r n u m b e r f r o m T r a n s a c t i o n W E 2 0 is i n t h e N a m e fie ld . SA P N e t W e a v e r PI t h e n c o n v e r t s i t i n t o t h e SA P N e t W e a v e r P i-sp ecific p a r t n e r n u m b e r , in t h i s c a s e , "SABINE."

8.3

H e a d e r M a p p in g

In t h e o u t b o u n d p r o c e s s i n g , t h e ID o c a d a p t e r r e q u i r e s a c o m m u n i c a t i o n

C o m m u n ic a tio n

c h a n n e l , w h i c h is c a ll e d a receiver co m m u n ica tio n channel. T h e n a m i n g is

channel

f r o m t h e b u s i n e s s s y s t e m p e r s p e c t i v e a n d n o t f r o m t h e SAP N e t W e a v e r PI p e r s p e c t i v e w i t h r e g a r d to t h e d i r e c t i o n s . T h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n c h a n ­ n e l k n o w s h o w i t c a n r e a c h t h e r e c e i v e r o f t h e ID oc. A r e c e i v e r a g r e e ­ m e n t s p e c if ie s w h i c h c o m m u n i c a t i o n c h a n n e l is s u p p o s e d to b e u s e d f o r w h ic h m e ssa g e ty p e. In th e re ceiv er a g re e m e n t, y o u n o w hav e the o p tio n to h a v e th e system

R e ce ive r

p e r f o r m a header m a p p in g . F o r th i s p u r p o s e , a v a l u e f r o m SAP N e t W e a v e r

a g re e m e nt

PI is s p e c if ie d f o r t h e s e n d e r o r r e c e i v e r c o m p o n e n t s o r f o r p a r t n e r o r c o m m u n i c a t i o n c o m p o n e n t s . I n t h i s e x a m p l e (s e e F ig u r e 8 .2 ), t h i s w a s c o n v e r t e d f o r t h e t w o c o m m u n i c a t i o n c o m p o n e n t s . SAP N e t W e a v e r PI

245

8 .3

8

|

ID o c s in C o n ju n c tio n w ith S A P N e tW e a v e r P ro cess In te g ratio n

t h e n s e a r c h e s t h e a p p r o p r i a t e logical s y s t e m i n s t e a d o f t h e a c tu a l s e n d e r o r r e c e i v e r a n d w r i t e s i t t o t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d o f t h e ID oc.

H e a d e r M apping D

S e n d e r C o m m u n ic a tio n Party

0

S e n d e r C o m m u n ic a tio n C o m p o n e n t



R e c e iv e r C o m m u n ic a tio n Party

0

R e c e iv e r C o m m u n ic a tio n C o m p o n e n t

F ig u re

xPath

8.2

O H ntegratio n _S erve r

r > ] [ >

Training

g g

H e a d e r M a p p i n g in t h e R e c e iv e r A g r e e m e n t

W h e n y o u c lick o n A d v a n c e d d u r i n g e d i t i n g , i n s t e a d o f a p r e d e f i n e d s e n d e r f r o m t h e SLD, y o u c a n s p e c i f y a n xP a th t h a t p o i n t s t o a sp ec ific fie ld in t h e p a y l o a d . T h e n , y o u m u s t a ls o s p e c i f y in t h e a s s o c i a t e d c o m ­ m u n i c a t i o n c h a n n e l h o w t h i s fie ld is s u p p o s e d t o b e s e n t . T h e s y n t a x c o r r e s p o n d s to t h e p a r t y d e f i n i t i o n . F ig u r e 8 .3 s h o w s a n e x a m p l e .

' V E d it C o m m u n ic a tio n C h a n n e l C o m m u n ic a tio n C h a n n e l

S ta tu s

In P ro c e s s

d o c .R e c e iv e r

Party C o m m u n ic a tio n C o m p o n e n t

Trainin g

D escrip tion P a ra m e te rs

M o d u le

Sender Agency

ALE

3

Schem a

A L E #LS

ale

5j|

Schem a

A L E #LS

R e c e iv e r Agency

F ig u re

8 .4

8 .3

S u ita b le Id e n tifie r s in t h e x P a th V a ria n t

H a n d lin g th e C o n tro l Record in S A P N e tW e a v e r PI

Control record in

I n SAP N e t W e a v e r PI, y o u c a n p r o c e s s t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d in t h e m a p -

mapping

p i n g y o u r s e l f o r h a v e i t c r e a t e d b y SAP N e t W e a v e r PI. In m a p p i n g , y o u c a n la b e l t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g n o d e a s i r r e l e v a n t f o r m a p p i n g (s e c F ig ure 8.4).

246

H a n d lin g th e C o n tro l R eco rd in S A P N e tW e a v e r PI

|

8 .4

E v e n i f t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g n o d e is a m a n d a t o r y s e g m e n t o r c o n t a i n s

D e a c tiv a tin g nodes

m a n d a t o r y fie ld s , t h e m a p p i n g c a n n o w b e a c t i v a t e d w i t h o u t h a v i n g

in t h e m a p p in g

i m p l e m e n t e d a n a s s i g n m e n t . T h e c r o s s e d - t h r o u g h n o d e is d i s p l a y e d in g r e e n s o t h a t i t ’s a p p a r e n t t h a t e v e r y t h i n g is o k a y h e r e .

Q

ID o c O R D E R S O R D E R S Q 5

tzmi □ Miracs iive Structure

O ccu rren ces

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0 .9 9 9 9 9 9

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B E G IN

► W E 1 E D K I4

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0 99999

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0 .5

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F ig u re

8 .4

Ig n o r in g t h e C o n tr o l R ecord in t h e M a p p i n g

You c a n a ls o m a k e s o m e s e t t i n g s in t h e r e c e i v e r c o m m u n i c a t i o n c h a n n e l

S e ttin g s in

( s e e F ig u r e 8 . 5 ) . F o r e x a m p l e , i f y o u w a n t t o u s e t h e ID o c s e r ia li z a t io n

th e ID o c

v i a qR FC , w h i c h h a s n o t b e e n a v a il a b le u n t i l SA P N e t W e a v e r 6 . 4 0 , y o u c a n s e t t h e Q u e u e P ro c e s s i n g flag. T h e t a r g e t s y s t e m t h e n calls t h e I D0C_ I NB0UND_I N_0UEUE f u n c t i o n m o d u l e i n s t e a d o f t h e IDOC_INBOUND_ASYNCHRONOUS f u n c t i o n m o d u l e .

O

Q u e u e Pro c e s s in g



Apply C o n tro l R e c o rd V a lu e s fro m Payload



T a k e S e n d e r fro m Payload



T a k e R e c e iv e r fro m Payload



R e s to re O rig in al P a rlie s fo r A c kn o w led g m en ts

F ig u re

8 .5

ID o c R e ce ive r C o m m u n ic a t io n C hannel

247

c o m m u n ic a tio n channel

8

|

ID o c s in C o n ju n c tio n w ith S A P N e tW e a v e r P ro cess In te g ratio n

C o n tro l record

You s e t t h e A p p l y C o n t r o l R e c o r d V a lu e s f r o m P a y l o a d flag i f y o u p o p u ­

f r o m p a y lo a d

la te t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d in m a p p i n g y o u r s e l f . I f y o u d o n ' t p o p u l a t e t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d in m a p p i n g a t all (as i n t h e p r e v i o u s e x a m p l e w i t h t h e c r o s s e d - t h r o u g h c o n t r o l r e c o r d ) , t h i s flag m u s t n e v e r b e s e t . H o w e v e r , i f y o u w a n t t o u s e p a r t s o f t h e p a y l o a d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e p a r ty , y o u m u s t s e t t h i s flag, a n d t h e c o n t r o l r e c o r d m u s t b e p o p u l a t e d a c c o r d i n g l y in m ap p in g . In stea d o f a c o n v e rs io n o f th e s e n d e r s a n d receiv ers, y o u c a n ta k e th e m d i r e c t l y f r o m p a y l o a d i f t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g flag s a r c s e t . O f c o u r s e , th is s a v e s t i m e b e c a u s e t h e c o n v e r s i o n o f a n I D o c i n t o X M I. is t i m e - c o n s u m ­ ing. Finally, y o u c a n a ls o r e s t o r e t h e o r i g i n a l p a r ti e s f o r s e n d i n g a c k n o w l ­ e d g m e n t s i n s t e a d o f c o n v e r t i n g t h e m in SAP N e t W e a v e r PI.

8.5

U p d a tin g ID o c s D ire c tly in S A P N e tW e a v e r PI

S A P N e t W e a v e r PI

I f y o u w a n t to s e n d a n ID o c d i r e c t l y to SAP N e t W e a v e r PI a n d i f it's s u p ­

as t h e a c t u a l

p o s e d to b e u p d a t e d in t h e local d a t a b a s e , t h a t is, i f SAP N e t W e a v e r PI is

ID o c re c e iv e r

t h e a c tu a l d a t a r e c e i v e r a n d d o e s n ' t j u s t a s s u m e t h e ty p ic a l m e d i a t o r role, y o u c a n u s e t h e IDXIDOCINB t a b l e . All ID o c s t h a t a r e e n t e r e d in t h i s tab le a r e u p d a t e d b y SAP N e t W e a v e r PI i t s e l f i n s t e a d o f f o r w a r d i n g t h e m . You c a n i n s e r t ID o c s u s i n g t h e IDX_SELECT_IDOCTYP_WITHOUT_IS r e p o r t . You c a n r e m o v e a l r e a d y - e n t e r e d I D o c s u s i n g IDX_DELETE_IDOCTYP_ WITHOUT_IS.

8 .6

S u m m a ry

T his c h a p te r h a s d e s c r ib e d w h a t y o u h a v e to c o n s id e r w h e n y o u u se ID o c s in SAP N e t W e a v e r PI, a n d w h i c h s e t t i n g s f a c ilita te y o u r w o r k . H a v in g ID o c i n t e r f a c e s a l r e a d y in all SAP R e le a se s a s w e ll as t h e s t r u c t u r e o f ID o c s w h e r e c o n t r o l i n f o r m a t i o n is p a r t o f t h e m e s s a g e i t s e l f l e a d to s o m e s p e c ia l ID o c f u n c t i o n a l i t y i n s i d e o f SAP N e t W e a v e r PI.

The Author S a b i n e M a i s e l h a s w o r k e d a s a n SAP c o n s u l t a n t s i n c e 1 9 9 6 , h a v i n g g a i n e d h e r in itia l SAP R /3 e x p e ­ r i e n c e a s a n e m p l o y e e o f a b e t a c u s t o m e r o f SAP. S h e a ls o h o l d s t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s f o r SAP in S w i tz e r ­ la n d a n d G e r m a n y o n all a s p e c t s o f SA P N e t W e a v e r i n t e r f a c e t e c h n o l o g i e s a n d t h e SAP Basis. In a d d i ­ t io n , S a b i n e h a s u n d e r t a k e n d e v e l o p m e n t w o r k f o r t h e A FS (A p p a r e l a n d F o o tw e a r S o lu tio n ) i n d u s t r y s o l u t i o n a n d s u p p o r t w o r k f o r c u s t o m e r p r o je c ts . H e r s p e c i a l i z a t i o n s a r e i n t e r f a c e t e c h n o l o g i e s , SAP N e t W e a v e r PI/XI, ABAP d e v e lo p m e n t, a n d w a re h o u s e m a n a g e m e n t.

249

Index B A P I, 1 8 , 4 7

A

relea se, 19 A B A P L i s t V i e w e r - * A I.V . 1 3 4

B A P IJ D O C J N P U T l, 4 7

A c k n o w le d g m e n t, 187

B A P IJ D O C J N P U T P , 47

Agency, 244

B A P IR E T M , 174

A g e n t a s s ig n m e n t, 1 8 4

BA P IR E TS , 1 7 4

A L E , 15

B A P I_ T R A N S A C T IO N _ C O M M IT , 19

b u s in e s s p ro c e ss, 1 5 ,

18

B A P I_ T R A N S A C T IO N _ R O U .B A C K , 19

c o m m u n ic a tio n la yer, 3 5

BA PP, 4 7

C u s to m iz in g

B a s ic t y p e , 1 2 6

- >

S A L E , 31

sc e n a rio , 1 5 , 1 8

BD10, 40

service, 4 5 , 7 3 , 8 4 , 1 3 4

BD40, 195

A L E 0 0 0 0 1 ,119

BD41, 196

ALEAUD. 187, 230

BD42, 197

A L E in te rfa c e

BD43, 197

f o r B A P I, 1 7 3

BD44, 194

f o r f u n c t i o n m o d u le s, 1 7 4

BD51, 168

A L E _ M O D E L _ D E T E R M IN E _ IF _ TO _

B D 5 2 , 32

S E N D , 155

BD53, 38, 4 0

ALE _P R O C E S S IN G , 50

B D 5 4 , 25

ALEREQ 01, 42

BD55, 84

A L E _S E R IA L_ K E Y 2 C H A N N E L, 2 0 0

BD56, 77

ALV, 231

BD 57, 198, 199

A N S I ASC X 1 2 . 27

BD58, 89

A P I (A p p lic a tio n P ro g ra m m in g

B D 5 9 , 74

In te rfa ce ). 1 8

B D 6 0 , 3 4, 36 , 6 9 , 7 0 , 1 35, 151

A p p lic a tio n , 43

BD64, 2 6 ,4 1 ,6 7

A p p lic a tio n a c k n o w le d g m e n t, 187

BD65, 37

A p p l i c a t i o n L in k E n a b lin g - » A L E , 15

B D 66 , 3 4

A p p lic a t io n re c o rd , 21

B D 68 , 7 2

A r c h iv in g o b jc c t, 2 2 5

B D 7 9 , 81

A s y n c h r o n o u s in t c r f a c c , 17

BD87

a _ t_ c o m p le x _ m a tn r, 1 3 5

BD95, 73, 198

-*

ID o c -M o n ito r, 24

BD 97, 48 B D 1 0 0 ;B D 9 7 a , 2 0 2 , 2 0 4

B

B D l0 1 ;B D 9 7 b , 202

B A d I , 91

B D 1 0 3 ;B D 9 7 d , 20 5

B D 1 0 2 ;B D 9 7 c. 2 0 4

cla ssic, 1 0 3

B D 1 0 4 ;B D 9 7 e , 2 0 0

im p le m e n tin g cla ss, 1 1 3

B D 1 0 5 ;B D 9 7 f, 2 0 0

in te r fa c e , 9 1 , 1 1 3

BDA4, 176

n ew ,

110

BDBG, 24, 47, 173, 174

251

Index

BDCP, 3 6

C M O D , 94

BDCP2, 36

C O M M IT . 92

B D C P _ B E F O R E _ W R IT E , 121

C o m m u n ic a t io n c h a n n e l, 2 4 5

BDCPS, 3 6

C o m p a n y c o d e , c ro s s -s y s te m , 85

BDFG, 174

CONDENSE, 153. 157

BDSF.R, 1 9 8

C o n d it io n t e c h n iq u e . 43

BF01. 100

C o n v e r s io n e x it, 83

BF05. 1 0 0

C O N V F .R S IO N _ F X IT _ A I.P H A _ O U T P U T .

B in d in g . 181

83

BO M M AT, 200

C o n v e rs io n ro u tin e , 83

BOR. 18. 168

C r o s s - s y s t e m b u s i n e s s a re a , 8 5

B re a k p o in t,

110

C ro ss-syste m c o m p a n y co d e , 8 5

BTE, 9 0

C u s to m e r

d is tr i b u ti o n m o d e l, 2 6 , 6 7

BU S 1001006, 168 B u s i n e s s A d d - I n - ♦ B A d l . 91

m a n a g e m e n t o b je c t, 1 0 1

B u sin e ss A p p l i c a t i o n P r o g r a m m i n g

p r o je c t, 9 5

In te rfa c e

-*

s e g m e n t, 1 2 2

B A P I, 1 8

B u sin e ss O b je c t R e p o s it o r y - » B O R , 1 8

C u s to m e r e x it, 9 0 , 93

B u sin e ss o b je c t ty p e . 18 B u s in e s s -re la te d e rr o r ,

20

B u sin e ss s y s te m . 2 4 3

D

B u sin e ss tr a n s a c tio n e v e n t - » BTE, 9 0 B u sin e ss w o r k f l o w , 18

D a ta c h a n n e l re g is try , 2 0 4 D a ta D ic tio n a iy - * D D IC , 124 D a ta reco rd ,

c

21

D a ta Source, 22 8 D a te fie ld , 15 3

C A LI. C U S T O M E R - F U N C T IO N , 9 3

D D IC , 124

C file . 2 3

D e b u g g in g . 55

Change d o c u m e n t, 30

D e c im a l n u m b e r , 153

C H A N G E D O C U M E N T .C L O S E , 30

D e s c rip tio n

C H A N G E D O C U M E N T . O P E N , 30

s e m a n tic ,

C h a n g e p o i n t e r , 31

te c h n ic a l,

a c tiv a te g e n e r a lly , 3 2

16 16

D ia lo g ca ll, 4 8

f o r m e s s a g e ty p e , 3 2

D i s t r i b u t i o n c la s s t y p e , 7 0

f o r r e d u c e d m e s s a g e ty p e s , 4 0

D o c u m e n t n u m ber, 198

C H A N G E _ P O I N T E R S _ C R E A T E , 31

D T D ( D o c u m e n t T ype D e s c rip tio n ), 23

C H A N G E _ P O IN T E R S _ C R E A T E _ L O N G , 31 Channel n u m ber. 200

E

C IM TY P , 9 3 CL02, 72

E D I, 2 6

Class . 71

E D IF A C T . 2 2 . 2 7 . 1 4 4

C la s s ic B A d l , 1 0 3

E D I.P R O C E S S IN G , 44 , 50

C la s s ific a tio n , 6 9 . 72

E D IS , 6 5 , 17 5

C L .E X IT H A N D L E R , 103

E le c tro n ic D a ta In te rc h a n g e - * E D I, 26

252

Index

E n h a n c e m e n t, 91, 95. 1 0 7

G

ch eck, 1 2 9 d y n a m ic , 1 1 8

GDPdU. 224

e x p lic it, 1 0 7

G e n e r a l m e t h o d c a ll, 4 8

im p le m e n t.

108

G e n e ra l ru le , 83

im p le m e n ta tio n , 1 1 1

G e n e ra l task, 1 8 1 , 1 8 4

im p lic it, 1 1 5

G e n era te c o n tr o l re c o rd , 15 8

p a r t n e r p r o file , 1 3 1

G e rm a n P rin c ip le s o n D a ta Access a n d

p o in t , 1 0 7

the E x a m in a tio n o f D ig ita l D o c u m e n ts ,

p r o je c t, 9 0

224

release,

128

G E T 'B A D I, 110

se c tio n , 1 0 7 , 1 0 8

G M P ( G o o d M a n u f a c t u r i n g P r a c t ic e ) ,

s p o t, 9 1 , 1 0 7 , 1 0 8 , 1 1 0

224

s ta tic , 1 1 8 te c h n o lo g y , 6 7 ty p e , 1 2 5 F .O IO ( E q u a l l y O n c e I n O r d e r ) , 2 0 5 E rror

H e ader m a p p in g , 2 4 5

b u sin e s s -r e la te d ,

20

s ta tu s , 1 6 7 te c h n ic a l,

H H e ader record.

21

H e a d e r ta b le , 141

20

H T M L ( H y p e r t e x t M a r k u p Language),

E rro r w o rk flo w , 175, 176

c o n n e c tio n , 1 6 7

23 H T TP (H y p e r te x t T ra n s fe r P ro to c o l), 23

E x it, 9 0 E X IT .S A P L B D 1 1 .0 0 1 , 119 E x te n s ib le M a r k u p L a n g u a g e -» X M L , 23 E x te n s io n , 126

I ID o c , 18

a d a p te r , 2 4 3 a d m in is tr a to r , 1 8 4

F

m o n ito r , 2 4 , 1 6 0 , 1 6 8 r e q u e s t, 41

F etch ID o c , 41

s ta tu s file , 62

F IB F , 101

su p p r e s s , 6 8 , 7 6

F ID C M T , 8 9

tr a c k in g , 2 4

F ile , 2 3

ty p e , 2 2

F IL E , 1 4 0

ID O C A P P L , 176

F ile p o r t . 5 6 . 1 3 8 F ilte r g ro u p ,

ID O C B O M M A T , 2 0 0

68

F ilte r o b je c t, 6 7 ,

ID O C _ D A T E _ T IM E _ G E T , 24

6 8 , 73

ID O C J N B O U N D _ A S Y N C H R O N O U S , 23

F lo a tin g p o in t n u m b e r, 153

ID O C _ IN B O U N D _ IN _ Q U E U E , 205

F u n c tio n m o d u le

ID O C _ I N P U T _ M A T M A S 0 1 , 1 3 3

e v a lu a tio n o f c h a n g e p o in te r s , 3 4

ID O C _ R E D U C T lO N _ F IE L D _ R E D U C E ,

f i l e n a m e g e n e r a tio n , 1 3 8

156

f o r q u eu e nam es, 2 0 6

ID O C R E L , 2 1 1 , 212

te s t, 5 5

ID O C _ S E R IA L IZ A T IO N _ C H E C K , 1 9 9

253

Index

ID O C _ S E R IA L _ P O S T 19 9

m b d c o n w f,

ID X _ D E L E T E _ ID O C T Y P _ W IT H O U T _ IS ,

M essage

16 2

248

code, 4 4

ID X ID O C IN B , 2 4 8

c o n tr o l, 2 9 , 4 3 d e te r m in a tio n , 4 4

ID X _ S E I.E C T _ ID O C T Y P _ W IT H O U T _ IS , 248 Im p o r tin g p a ra m e te r u n iq u e , 165

fu n c tio n , 44 M essage typ e , 2 2 ,1 5 1

red u c ed , 3 7

I n b o u n d in te rfa c e , 15 In fo structu re , 2 2 7

M e ta in fo rm a tio n , 22

In itia l, 153

M e t h o d c a ll, 4 8

IN P U T E R R O R O C C U R R E D , 179

M G V 0 0 0 0 1 , 95

in p u tF in is h e d , 1 7 8 , 181

M G V 0 0 1 0 0 , 100

IN P U T F O R E G R O U N D , 179

M o d ific a tio n , 90

In te rfa c e

M O V E , 81

a sy n c h r o n o u s , 1 7 s y n c h r o n o u s , 16 In te rm e d ia te D o c u m e n t - > ID o c , 18

N

IS O c o d e , 1 4 4 , 1 5 3 I t e m t a b l e , 1 41

NAC E, 43 N a m in g rule, 148

c u s to m e r o b je c t, 4 7

K

o w n o b je c t, 3 9 N e w B A d I, 110

KEY, 3 3

N O _ D A T A character, 3 0

L

o

L in k , 211

0 1 CL. 70

L o g ic a l m essage, 151

O b je c t c h a n n e l s e ria liz a tio n , 2 0 0 , 201

L o g i c a l s y s t e m ( L S ), 2 5

O b je c t Key, 2 1 4 O b je c t services, 2 1 4 OBJTYPE, 212

M

O P E N _ F I_ P E R F O R M _ X X X X X X X X _ E ';O P E N _ F I_ P E R F O R M _

M a n d a t o r y fie ld , 3 7

XXXXXXXX_E, 99

M a n d a to ry s e g m e n t, 1 2 7 , 148

O R D C H G , 22, 198

M a s te r da ta, 29

ORDERS, 22

M A S T E R ID O C _ C R E A T E _ M A T M A S , 93,

O rg a n iz a tio n a l m a n a g e m e n t, 1 8 4

107

O u t b o u n d in te rfa c e , 15

M A S T E R ID O C_CR E A T E _ S M D _

O u tb o u n d p a rtn e r p ro file , 44

M A T M A S , 135

O u tp u t

M A S T E R J D O C _ D IS T R IB U T E , 159 M A T F E T , 2 6 , 41 M ATM AS. 22, 26

254

ty p e , 4 3 O Y E A ,184

Index

R e m o te F u n c t io n C a ll

P

-*

RFC, 1 6

R e q u e s t, 16 P a rtn er, 2 6

R e q u e s t I D o c s , 41

in b o u n d p r o file , 2 4

R e sponse, 16

o u tb o u n d p r o file , 2 4

RFC, 16

p r o file , 4 5 , 7 9

q u e u e d - * qR FC , 2 0 5

ro le, 4 3 , 1 4 5

syn ch ro n o u s

Part y. 2 4 4

- >

tr a n s a c tio n a l

sR F C , 19

- ♦

tR F C , 19

P FTC JN S , 178

R F M (R F C -e n a bled fu n c t io n m o d u le ),

PI - * S A P N e t W e a v e r PI. 1 8 7

18

P o ri m a n a g e m e n t, 138

R O L E ID , 212

Process c o d e , 1 6 8

ROLLBACK, 92

B A P I, 1 7 4

R o o t s e g m e n t, 78 , 79

BAPP, 1 7 4

RSEOUTOO, 5 9 , 1 9 6

P ro c e s s in g la y e r, 6 3

RSNAST00, 4 4 , 58

Process I n t e g r a t io n - » S A P N e t W e a v e r

RSRLDREL, 215

PI, 1 8 7

R u le , 6 7 , 8 0

g e n e ra l, 8 3

P r o c e s s i n t e r f a c e , 91 P ro p o s a l f o r ru le , 81 P ro x y in te rfa c e , 16 P/S i n t e r f a c e , 9 1

s

P u b l i s h & S u b s c r i b e - > P /S i n t e r f a c e , 91 S A L E , 2 5 , 31 S a m p le file . 5 6

Q

S A P _ A I.E _E D IQ U E U E , 2 0 6

qRFC, 205

SAP N e t W e a v e r PI, 2 0 5 , 2 4 3

Q u a lifie r, 1 4 4 , 1 4 5

S A P _ ID O C _ 0 0 1 , 2 2 7

ag en cy, 2 4 4

Q u a l i t y o f S e rv ic e , 2 0 5

h e a d e r m a p p in g , 2 4 5

Queue, 209

p a r tn e r ,

Q u e u e d RF C - ♦ q R F C , 2 0 5

26

p a r ty , 2 4 4 SARA. 225 SA RI. 2 2 8

R

SBWP, 1 8 3 S E 1 1 .124

R B D M I D O C , 35

SE18. 103

R B D S F .R 0 1 , 1 9 4 , 1 9 5

SE19. 1 0 3 . 110

RBDSnR02, 196

SE80, 111

RBDSER03, 1 9 7

S E 84. 91

RBDSER04, 197

Segm ent

RBDSRCLR, 199 RDBSTATE, 188

d e fin itio n , 1 2 4 filte r , 76

R e c e iv e r, 2 6

q u a lify in g , 1 4 5

R e c e iv e r c o m m u n ic a t io n c h a n n e l, 2 4 5 ,

relea se, 1 2 5

247

ty p e , 2 3 , 1 2 4

R e d u c e d m essage ty p e , 37 R e le a s e s e c u r i t y , 1 5 , 1 9

v e rsio n , 8 4 S ender, 2 6

255

Index

T e c h n ic a l s y s te m , 2 4 4

S e n d e r fie ld

c o n v e rt, 8 3

T e m p la te s , 4 5

copy, 8 2

Test

SERDAT. 1 9 7

f l a g , 54

S E R IA L, 1 9 8 , 20 3

f u n c t i o n m o d u le , 5 5 tr a n s a c tio n , 51

S e ria liz a tio n , 193

b u s in e s s o b je c ts, fla g ,

200

T im e , 153

202

T r a n s a c t i o n a l R F C - » tR E C , 1 9

g ro u p , 193, 194

T ra n s a c tio n data. 2 9

t im e s ta m p , 1 9 8

T ra n s a c tio n s e c u rity , 1 7

S h a r e d M a s t e r D a t a T o o l —> S M D , 2 9

T R A N S ID , 212

S ig n a tu re , 1 5 4

T ra n s m is s io n m e d iu m 6 , 4 3 , 44

in b o u n d f u n c t i o n m o d u le ,

162

T ra n s m is s io n m e d iu m A , 4 3 , 5 0

SLD, 244

T r a n s p o r t ID o c , 23

S M 5 9 , 102

tREC, 1 9

S M D , 29 SNDPOR, 243 SNDPRN, 244

u

SOAP, 16 S p e cia l m e t h o d c a ll, 4 8

U N / E D I F A C T - > E D I FACT, 22

sRFC, 1 9

U n ic o d e . 5 6

SR R E LR O I.E S , 211

U N I T _ 0 F _ M E A S U RE J S 0 _ T 0 _ S A P, 1 6 5

S ta n d a rd in b o u n d p ro c e s s in g , 5 4

U N IT _ O F _ M E A S U R E _ S A P _ T O _ IS O , 157

S ta n d a rd in te rfa c e , 15

U p d a te te c h n iq u e , 19

S ta n d a rd o u t b o u n d p ro c e s s in g , 5 7 S ta n d a r d task. 1 7 8 S tatus 4 2 < n o r m a l > , 5 7 S ta lu s 5 3 < n o r m a l> , 1 8 8

V

S tatus 6 6 , 2 0 4

V e rs io n c o n v e rs io n , 84 , 119

S tatus 6 8 < n o r m a l > , 1 8 8

V ie w . 77

S tatus 7 4 < n o r m a l> . 61 STATUS ID o c , 62, 1 9 0 S tatus r e c o rd , 21 Success s ta tu s, 1 6 7 S W 0 1 , 176 S y n c h ro n o u s in te rfa ce , 1 6 S y n c h r o n o u s R F C —> s R F C , 1 9 SY STAT, 6 2 , 2 3 0 S y s t e m L a n d s c a p e D i r e c t o i y —> S L D , 2 4 4 S y s te m n a m e , lo g ic a l, 2 5 S yste m , te c h n ic a l, 2 4 4

w W E 09 . 228 W F .14 , 5 8 W E 16 , 60 W E 17 , 65 W E 1 8 , 63 W E 1 9 , 5 2 , 65 W E 2 0 , 24, 50, 119, 194 W E 21 , 138 W E 24 . 45

T

W E 27 , 45 W E 3 0 , 126, 148

Task, g e n e r a l, 1 8 1 , 1 8 4

W E 31 . 124

T e c h n ic a l e rr o r , 2 0

W E 32 . 78

256

Index

W E 41, 44

W E IN B Q U E U E , 208

W E42, 169

W EN O U N KS, 214

W E 47 , 63. 224

W EOU TQ UEU E. 206

W E 55, 139

W M T O R D , 46

W F .57 , 1 3 3 . 168 W F .60 , 1 5 0 W F . 6 2 , 81

X

W E 8 1 , 151 W E 8 2 , 1 3 6 , 1 51

X M L , 23

W E 8 5 , 205

xP a th . 2 4 6

W E D I , 51

257

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