Hand block printing •It is very slow method •It is done where the labor is cheap •It can’t be produced in large quantity
Designs are carved with wooden or metal blocks in that dye paste is applied and press firmly wherever we need
Batik printing •costly
Designs are made with wax on a fabric which is subsequently immersed in a dye to absorb a colour on the unwaxed portions
The patterns are generally in geometric, floral, bird or animal Two methods •Tjanting •Tjap
Tie dye printing
Dye is resisted by knots that are immersed in the dye bath. The outside of knotted portion is dyed, but the inside is not penetrated if the knot is firmly tied. Partial penetration occurs when the knot is not tight The process can be repeatedly by making additional knots in the fabric
Ikat printing It is a ancient method of fabric coloration by tiedyeing bundles of warp and /or weft yarns prior to weaving is ikat.
The colours usually indigo, red, and brown are placed along the length of the yarns in anticipation of design that is to be woven
Roller printing Roller printing is the machine method of printing designs on cloth by engraving rollers. It turns out colour- designed fabrics in vast quantities at the rate of 1000 to 4000 yards an hour. It is very in expensive process when compare to hand method
Warp printing Warp printing is roller printing applied to warp yarns before they are woven into fabric. Fine white or neutral – coloured filling yarns are generally used for weaving so that the design on the warp will not be obscured
•flat bed screen printing •Rotary screen printing
Flat screen printing machine
Rotary screen printing machine
Stencil printing In stencil printing the design must first cut in cardboard, wood or metal. The stencil may have a fine delicate design or there may be large space through which a great amount of colour can be applied. A stencil design usually limited to application of only one colour and is generally used for narrow widths of fabric.