Piping Mater i

June 23, 2016 | Author: Srywan | Category: Topics, Art & Design
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materi piping...


Di bawah ini adalah contoh dari calculasi terhadap penggunaan trust block dalam suatu system pmipaan yang dipasang di bawah tanah. Dan kebanyakan trust bloc ini dipasangkan ke pipa PVC . Untuk itu , dengan mengambil info dari http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ , kami uraikan perihalnya di bawah ini: TRUST BLOCK

The resulting force on a thrust block or anchor depends on the fluid mass flow and flow velocity and the pressure in the bend.

Resulting force due to Mass flow and Flow Velocity The resulting force in x-direction due to mass flow and flow velocity can be expressed as: Rx = m v (1 - cosβ) (1) = ρ A v2 (1 - cosβ) (1b) = ρ π (d / 2)2 v2 (1 - cosβ) (1c) where Rx = resulting force in x-direction (N) m = mass flow (kg/s) v = flow velocity (m/s) β = turning bend angle (degrees) ρ = fluid density (kg/m3) d = internal pipe or bend diameter (m) π = 3.14... The resulting force in y-direction due to mass flow and flow velocity can be expressed as:

Ry = m v sinβ (2) = ρ A v2 sinβ (2b) = ρ π (d / 2)2 v2 sinβ (2c) Ry = resulting force in y direction (N) The resulting force on the bend due to force in x- and y-direction can be expressed as: R = (Rx2 + Ry2)1/2 (3) where R = resulting force on the bend (N) Example - Resulting force on a bend due to mass flow and flow velocity The resulting force on a 45o bend with • diameter 114 mm = 0.114 m • water with density 1000 kg/m3 • flow velocity 20 m/s can be calculated by as Resulting force in x-direction: Rx = (1000 kg/m3) π ((0.114 m) / 2)2 (20 m/s)2 (1 - cos45) = 1196 (N) Resulting force in y-direction: Ry = (1000 kg/m3) π ((0.114 m) / 2)2 (20 m/s)2 sin45 = 2887 (N) Resulting force on the bend R = ((1196 N)2 + (2887 N)2)1/2 = 3125 (N) Note - if β is 90o the resulting forces in x- and y-directions are the same. Resulting force due to Static Pressure

The pressure and the end surfaces of the bend creates resulting forces in x- and y-directions. The resulting force in x-direction can be expressed as Rpx = p A (1- cos β) (4) = p π (d / 2)2 (1- cos β) (4b) where Rpx = resulting force due to pressure in x-direction (N) p = gauge pressure inside pipe (Pa, N/m2) The resulting force in y-direction can be expressed as Rpy = p π (d / 2)2 sinβ (5) where Rpy = resulting force due to pressure in y-direction (N) The resulting force on the bend due to force in x- and y-direction can be expressed as: Rp = (Rpx2 + Rpy2)1/2 (6) where Rp = resulting force on the bend due to static pressure (N) Example - Resulting force on a bend due to pressure The resulting force on a 45o bend with • diameter 114 mm = 0.114 m • pressure 100 kPa can be calculated by as Resulting force in x-direction: Rx = (100 kPa) π ((0.114 m) / 2)2 (1 - cos45) = 299 (N) Resulting force in y-direction:

Ry = (100 kPa) π ((0.114 m) / 2)2 sin45 = 722 (N) Resulting force on the bend R = ((1196 N)2 + (2887 N)2)1/2 = 781 (N)

Menghitung berat steel pipe If the outside diameter and the wall thickness of a steel pipe is known, the weight per foot can be expressed as: m = 10.68 (do - tw) tw (1) where m = weight per foot (lbs/ft) do = outside diameter (inches) tw = wall thickness (inches) Example - Weight of 4" Schedule 40 Steel Pipe The outside diameter (do) of 4" Schedule 40 Steel Pipe is 4.500 inches. The wall thickness is 0.237 inches. The weight per foot can be calculated using (1) as: m = 10.68 ((4.500 in) - (0.237 in)) (0.237 in) = 10.79 lbs/ft Bila bingung, pelajari sekali lagi dan bisa sudah pandai , ajari saya ........

CHECK LIST OF PIPING DRAWINGS Here I got the information about the piping design check list from my friend that hope can help you, how to check the design of piping arragement that we already drawn. The Point is all the piping drawings shall be follow the P&ID, if not it can be worst.. For the Piping Engineer can be used this check list to your drafter.. Here the List of Checking of the Piping Design Drawings :

1-The isometric matches the P&ID 100% 2-The isometric matches the workshare office layout drawing 3-Model review comments are incorporated 4-Sheet numbers for the line are not duplicated 5-All symbology, numbers and call outs are legible and accurate 6-Relief valve discharge piping to closed systems is free draining to the closed system 7-Pump suction piping is as short and direct as possible and is not pocketed 8-The Engineering data block on isometrics is filled in as required before check 9-Stress requirements are satisfied 10-Spring hangers are properly identified 11-Mark pieces will fit (not skewed or angled) into the shipping container 12-Pipe spans are within the Project guidelines 13-Trimmed elbows are identified 14-Taper-boring requirements are shown 15-Appropriate selection has been made for; support, anchor, guide, shoe, cradle, pick-up, etc. 16-Special Pipe Supports (SPS) and Miscellaneous Pipe Supports (MPS) are shown 17-Pressure test vents and drains are shown 18-Line reduction at pump suction nozzles are minimum from the pump nozzle and are eccentric flat side on top 19-Pump suction lines will have a strainer before the pump nozzle 20-Field welds (FW) and field fit-up welds (FFW) are shown 21-Sheet continuations are shown 22-Sentry-drilling (tell-tale hole) requirements are shown 23-Relief valves discharging to atmosphere will have weep holes in the bottom of the tailpipe thermal relief valve discharge downward does not require a weep hole 24-Control valve manifolds have a valved bleed between the control valve and the upstream or downstream block valve - per Project requirements 25-The downstream block valve at a pressure relief valve shall have the operator orientation range from horizontal to down 26-There will be no branches, reductions, valves, welds or full pentration welds from external attachments to the pipe within the upstream or downstream run of orifice flanges or other instruments with similar design requirements 27-All instruments are tagged 28-All Specialty Item numbers are shown 29-Item code numbers are shown where required on the graphic portion of the isometric 30-Direction of flow is shown 31-All line sizes are shown 32-All out-of-spec items are fully identified 33-All valve handwheels/operators/actuators are shown with special orientations called out 34-Valve handwheel extensions are shown and called out 35-Chain operators and impact hammer operators are shown and called out 36-Special pipe wall thicknesses are indicated 37-All flanges 26" (non-standard) and larger have full descriptions 38-Coldspring, prespring, or any pre-positioning requirements are called out 39-Mark pieces are identified 40-The extent of insulation for personnel protection is is shown 41-Insulation breaks are shown 42-Line class breaks (spec breaks) are shown 43-Equipment nozzles are identified 44-Short radius elbows are called out

45-Insulation on piping inclined greater than piping is supported 46-Reducing elbows are called out 47-Floor/platform/wall/dike penetrations are indicated 48-Control valve manifolds are self-supporting when the break-out spool is removed 49-You know the design difference and cost involved between: Slope, draining system, no pocket - they are not the same thing 50-All annotated/backdrafted items/text/details receive a second look 51-Reducing tees are called out This Check List that already inform below hopefully can help you to get the good design of the piping drawings and can help you to to re route the flowing of how to design of piping drawings. Sources : Friends from Flour Daniel Inc.

PFD & P&ID , THE PARTS OF PIPING DESIGN ENGINEER PFD dan P&ID adalah bagian yang tak terpisahkan dalam terbentuknya suatu piping system karna induk dari semua itu adalh PFD dan P&ID.. Untuk PFD , biasanya yang membuat adalah Process Design Engineer sedangkan untuk P&ID yang membuat adalah Process Engineer tapi yang ikut andil besar adalah Piping Design Engineer dan Control System Design Engineer. Dimana mereka memberikan inputan-tambahan mengenai apa yang dibuat oleh process engineer. Dimana ini uraian ringkas mengenai PFD dan P&ID yang kami ambil dari http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ dan dalam bahasa Inggris. Gunakan goggle terjemahan bilamana kurang paham. The Process Flow Diagram - PFD, a schematic illustration of the system

A Process Flow Diagram - PFD - (or System Flow Diagram - SFD) shows the relationships between the major components in the system. PFD also tabulate process design values for the components in different operating modes, typical minimum, normal and maximum. A PFD does not show minor components, piping systems, piping ratings and designations. A PFD should include: • Process Piping • Major equipment symbols, names and identification numbers • Control, valves and valves that affect operation of the system • Interconnection with other systems • Major bypass and recirculation lines • System ratings and operational values as minimum, normal and maximum flow, temperature and pressure • Composition of fluids System Flow Diagrams should not include:

• pipe class • pipe line numbers • minor bypass lines • isolation and shutoff valves • maintenance vents and drains • relief and safety valve • code class information • seismic class information

P&ID (PIPING & INSTRUMENT DIAGRAM)A Piping and Instrumentation Diagram - P&ID, is a schematic illustration of functional relationship of piping, instrumentation and system equipment components

P&ID shows all of piping including the physical sequence of branches, reducers, valves, equipment, instrumentation and control interlocks. The P&ID are used to operate the process system. A P&ID should include: • Instrumentation and designations • Mechanical equipment with names and numbers • All valves and their identifications • Process piping, sizes and identification • Miscellaneous - vents, drains, special fittings, sampling lines, reducers, increasers and swagers • Permanent start-up and flush lines • Flow directions • Interconnections references • Control inputs and outputs, interlocks • Interfaces for class changes • Seismic category • Quality level • Annunciation inputs • Computer control system input

• Vendor and contractor interfaces • Identification of components and subsystems delivered by others • Intended physical sequence of the equipment This figure depict a very small and simplified P&ID:

A P&ID should not include: • Instrument root valves • control relays • manual switches • equipment rating or capacity • primary instrument tubing and valves • pressure temperature and flow data • elbow, tees and similar standard fittings • extensive explanatory notes Demikianlah dari saya dan semoga bermanfaat buat teman-teman semua.

APA ITU PIPE STRESS ANALYSIS APA ITU PIPE STRESS ANALYSIS Pipe Stress Analysis dalam Bahasa Indonesia adalah analisa tegangan yang terjadi pada pipa akibat dari perubahan temperature/suhu baik itu dari dalam ataupun dari luar pipa tu sendiri. Dari dalam pipa itu sendiri adalah : 1. Fluida 2. Flow 3. Gesekan Sedangkan dari luar pipa adalah : 1. Cuaca baik cuaca panas atau dingin 2. situasi kondisi dmana dia dipasang, apa itu dalam tanah atau diatas tanah. Tapi yang jelas Pipe Stress Analisis berhubungan dengan material yang terkandung pada pipa. yach Pipa PCV, Pipa CS atau Pipa SS atau lainnya tentunya berbeda kemampuannya dlm mereduce stress. Makanya sebelum kita menentukan/ menghitung Pipe Stress Analysys ada bainya kita lihat dulu jenis materials yang terkandung pada suatu pipa. DIsamping dengan pembebanan yang trdapat pada pipa tersebut baik itu dari fluida, berat pipa itu sendiri sistem perpipaan yang diberikan dalam pedoman yang ditetapkan oleh kode yang berlaku dan standar

industri tertentu. Codes and Standards Related to Piping ASME – American Society of Mechanical Engineers: ASME B31.1 Power Piping, includes all piping system for electric generating plants, industrial and institutional plants, central and district heating plants ASME B31.3 – Process Piping, includes piping within the property limits of facilities engaged in the processing or handling of chemical or petroleum or related products ASME B31.4 Liquid Petroleum Transportation Piping, includes piping transporting liquid petroleum in petroleum products between producer’s facilities and delivery and receiving points ASME B31.8 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping, includes gas transmission pipelines, gas compressor stations ASME Section VIII, Divisions 1 and 2 - Pressure vessels API – American Petroleum Industry: API 661 - Air-cooled heat exchangers for general refinery services API 610 - Centrifugal pumps for general refinery services API 611 - General purpose steam turbine for refinery services API 617 - Centrifugal compressors for general refinery services API 618 - Reciprocating compressors for general refinery services API 650 - Welded steel tanks for oil storage NEMA – National Electrical Manufacturers Association SM-23 – Steam Turbines for mechanical drive service Tujuan dari perpipaan fleksibilitas dan analisis stres adalah untuk menjamin keamanan terhadap: • kegagalan material perpipaan atau struktur dari overstress jangkar • kebocoran di sambungan • overloads pada peralatan terhubung BAGAIMANA MENGLASIFIKASIKAN STRESS PADA PIPA : A. Critical Service Piping Systems 1. Pump, turbine, blower, and compressor piping 2. Piping designed for 500 F or greater. 3. Piping designed for 1000 psig or greater. 4. Piping greater than 24 inches diameter. 5. Piping connected to sensitive equipment, such as fired heaters, fin-fan coolers, reactors and boilers. 6. Piping supported or guided from stress-relieved vessel. 7. Jacketed piping. B. Intermediate Service Piping Systems 1. Piping designed for 250 to 499 F. 2. Piping designed for 500 to 999 psig. 3. Piping from 6 in. to 24 in.. diameter.

4. Nonmetallic piping. 5. Vacuum lines. 6. Pipeway and yard piping. C. Mild Service Piping Systems 1. Other piping not indicated in Critical and Intermediate Piping Systems. What are the basic loads considered by the stress engineer? 1. Primary Load (Sustained Load) – Refers to the type of load that remains constant throughout the operating life of a piping system. This includes the dead weight of the pipe, valves, insulation, flanges, snow, other mechanical loads, and the live load represented by the flowing commodity in the pipe. 2. Secondary Load (Thermal Load) – Refers to the type of load that goes through a cycle as the piping system heats up and cools down in its normal course of operation. Loads due to thermal expansion, anchor or structural movements due to wind or seismic, tank or equipment settlement are secondary loads. 3. Occasional Loads – Refers to the type of load caused by wind, seismic, psv discharge, water hammer, and slug flow effects. Pressure waves due to weapons blast effects are also considered occasional in nature.

Itulah sedikit mengenai dasar-dasar stress pada pipa.. nanti ditambah lagi lebih jelas lagi.. Duri, 16-7-2010 atas nama gue.. sumber : 1. gue 2. Fluor Daniel Inc. "Pipe Stress Basic. 1.

INTERFACE PIPING DESIGN ENGINEER Dibawah ini adalah uraian singkat mengenai masing-masing design engineer dan hubungan setiap department terhadap suatu project. Misalnya apa yang dibutuhkan seorang Civil Engineer terhadap Piping Engineer? Apa yang diberikan Piping Engineer terhadap Process Engineer Apa yang dibutuhkan Electrical Engineer terhadap Piping Engineer? Semua akan diuraikan dibawah ini :

1 CIVIL DEPARTMENT 1.1 Information to Civil a. Equipment Installation Height b. Pipe rack/Structure/Tabletop c. Sleeper d. Foundation Installation Height e. Pipe Support f. Drip Funnel Location g. Platforms

h. Pipe Trench i. U/G Pressure Piping j. Embedded Plate k. Plot Plan l. Layout/Arrangement in 3D Model 1.2 Information from Civil a. Design Drawings 2 MECHANICAL DEP’T 2.1 Information to Mechanical a. Equipment Installation Height b. Nozzle Orientation c. Platform & Ladder d. Lug Support e. LC/LG Arrangement f. Nozzle Force & Moment 2.2 Information from Mechanical a. Vendor Catalog b. Mechanical Data Sheet c. Engineering Drawing d. Vendor Drawings 3 INSTRUMENT DEP’T 3.1 Information to Instrument a. Plot Plan b. Layout/Arrangement in 3D Model 3.2 Information from Instrument a. Cable Routing b. Data Sheet, Drawing and Catalog c. In-line Instrument Dimension d. Air Supply Connection e. Design Drawings f. LC/LG Requirement 4 PROCESS DEPARTMENT 4.1 Information to Process a. UFD Draft for Hose Station b. Marked-up UFD c. Hydraulic Sketch 4.2 Information from Process a. Datasheets for Special Components b. Line Index c. P&ID 5 PACKAGE SECTION 5.1 Information to Package a. Plot Plan 5.2 Information from Package a. Special Equipment Vendor Dwg b. Package Equipment Vendor Dwg 6 ELECTRICAL DEP’T 6.1 Information to Electrical a. Plot Plan b. Layout/Arrangement in 3D Model 6.2 Information from Electrical

a. Cable Routing b. Lighting System Typical Drawing c. Design Drawings 7 FIRE PROTECTION 7.1 Information to Fire Protection a. Plot Plan b. Piping Layout 7.2 Information from Fire Protection a. Fire Fighting P&ID b. General Arrangement c. Typical Detail Arrangement d. Fire Equipment Vendor Drawing 1 What is Plot Plan? > Is a drawing which express complete configuration of unit or plant by showing equipment layout & structure planning. > Is one of the most important basic design documents for detail design engineering. 2 What is the “Function of Plot Plan? 2.1 Piping Design 2.2 Civil Engineering 2.3 Electrical Engineering 2.4 Instrument Engineering 2.5 Process/ System Engineering 2.6 Scheduling 2.7 Construction 2.8 Client 3 Functions of Plot Plan: 3.1 Piping Design: > To produce equipment arrangement studies that facilitate the interconnection of above & underground process/ utility piping. > To estimate piping material quantity 3.2 Civil Engineering: > To develop grading & drainage plan, holding ponds, diked areas, foundation & structural design & material estimate. 3.3 Electrical Engineering: > To produce area classification drawings, locate switchgear; substation & motor control center; cable route & material estimate. 3.4 Instrument Engineering: > To locate analyzer houses & cable trays, assist in the location of main control house & material estimate. 3.5 Process/ System Engineering: > To facilitate hydraulic design, line sizing & utility block flow diagram. 3.6 Estimations: > To estimate the overall cost of the plant. 3.7 Construction: > To schedule the erection sequence of all plant equipment, rigging studies for large lift, constructability review, marshaling, & lay down areas throughout the entire construction phase. 3.8 Client:

> To safety, operator & maintenance reviews & develop as-built record of plant arrangement. 4 “Required Document/ Data” for Plot Planning: 4.1 Space of Unit Area 4.2 Process Flow Diagram (PFD) 4.3 Utility Flow Diagram (UFD) 4.4 Proposal Plot Plan (from ITB Document) 4.5 Skeleton drawing of equipment showing dimension & configuration 4.6 Data Sheet of H/E, Tank, etc. 4.7 Applicable Code & Standard (Local & Int’l) 4.8 Applicable Laws & Regulations 4.9 Basic Engineering Design Data (BEDD) 5 Steps of Preparation of plot Plan: 5.1 Preparation of Preliminary Plot Plan > Preliminary equipment layout or arrangement > Preliminary arrangement of structures, building & other facilities 5.2 Study on Preliminary Plot Plan > Study on safety instances > Study on pipe rack width > Study on routing for main piping & cables > Study on construction & maintainability > Study on operation accessibility & operability > Study on underground obstruction 5.3 Completion of Plot Plan > Determination of dimension between equipment, structures and etc. > Modification as a result of piping layout 6 Basic Consideration of Plot Planning: 6.1 General a. Construction & Maintenance b. Access & Ease Operation c. Safety & Prevention of the Spread of Fire d. Economical Design & Future Expansion 6.2 Blocking The plant site shall be formed by block in consideration of hazard attendant to plant operation. a. Process Area b. Storage Area c. Utilities Area d. Administrative & Service Area e. Other Areas such as: > Loading & unloading area > Flare & burnt pit area > Waste water treatment area or effluent treatment area 6.3 Terrain & Weather a. Terrain > Contour > Land Profile > Area Physical Character b. Weather: Climatic condition such as: > Stormy weather > Seasons > Seismic condition 6.4 Prevailing Wind Some equipment/ Facilities shall be laid/ mounted on the following wind direction: a. Windward direction b. Upwind direction 6.5 Classification of Hazard The plant layout shall be determined in consideration of classified hazardous area:

a. Classification of location for Electrical Installation in Petroleum Refineries API-RP-500A b. Area Classification 6.6 Maintenance Space > Sufficient space shall be provided of maintenance of the facilities. 6.7 Future Expansion 1 What is Piping Layout? (Purpose of Piping Layout) To determine the following: a. Equipment Layout b. Construction & Structure (configuration & elevation) c. Equipment (vessel) nozzle orientation, platform, lug & ladder (location & configuration) d. Piping Arrangement (line routing, location of piping component & instrument) e. Electrical/ Instrument cable layout, location local panel, junction boxer lighting, etc. f. Location of buried piping & drip funnels. 2 Related Work for Piping Layout a. Plot Plan Preparation b. Design Info Preparation c. Piping Strength Analysis d. Piping Material Take-off e. Piping Drawing Preparation 3 Data Gathering & Verification a. Collect necessary Documents b. Verify Accuracy 4 Preparation of Basic Piping Layout Plan a. Piping Conceptual Routing b. Equipment Layout c. Civil/Structure Formation d. Valve & Instrument Assembly e. Electrical/Instrument Cable Routing f. Fire Escape Routes/ Maintenance Area 5 Preparation of Breakdown of Piping Layout a. By Facilities b. By Section of Facilities c. By Structure d. By Unit 6 Determination of Area of Priority a. Tight Schedule for Design Info. Issuance b. Some connection with other company (Hook-Up) c. Plot Plan to Fix Early d. Complete Set of Documents e. Having Lines w/ High Temperature: High Pressure (material to be use is high Grade (special) material & Large Size) f. Piping Material to be Ordered Early 7 Preparation of Piping Layout 7.1 Piping Design Input Data (Before layout preparation) a. Plot Plan b. Process Flow Diagram, Piping & Instrument Diagram & Utility Flow Diagram c. Line Index d. Client Standard e. Piping Material Specification (line classes) f. Equipment Skeleton Drawing (Pressure vessel except H/E) g. Piping General Specifications h. Standard Drawing (standard pipe support, max. supporting span, & typical detail i. Existing Job Ref. Vendor Catalog (pump/comp.) j. Instrument Data Sheet Dwg & Catalog k. Data Sheet (H/E) l. Vendor Catalog/ Existing Job Ref.

m. Layout Procedure 7.2 Piping Design Input Data (During layout preparation) 7.2.1 Supplied from instrument department a. Cable Routing (main/ pipe rack/sub pipe rack & sleeper) b. Vendor Drawings c. Tie-in Dimension List d. Air Supply Tapping Point e. Piping/Instrument Split of Work 7.2.2 Supplied from Electrical Department > Cable Routing (main/ pipe rack/sub pipe rack & sleeper) 7.2.3 Supplied from Fire Fighting Section a. P & ID b. General Arrangement c. Typical Detail (Hydrant; monitor) d. Vendor Drawings 7.2.4 Supplied from Package Department a. Package Equipment Vendor Drawing b. Package P & ID 7.2.5 Supplied from Piping Department a. Piping Special Component Vendor Drawing b. LC/LG Arrangement 7.2.6 Supplied from Civil Department > Site Grading Plan 7.3 Piping Design Output Data (During layout preparation) 7.3.1 Supply to Equipment Department a. Equipment Installation Height b. Nozzle Orientation c. Platform & Ladder d. Support Lug e. LG/LC Arrangement f. Nozzle Force & Moment 7.3.2 Supply to Civil/ Structural Department a. Equipment Installation Height b. Pipe Rack c. Structure d. Table Top e. Sleeper f. Pump Foundation g. Pipe Support h. Drip Funnel Location i. Operating Platform (Misc.) j. Pipe Trench k. Embedded Plate l. U/G Pressure Piping Layout m. Spill Wall n. Pit Information o. Pit Support Foundation Location 7.3.3 Supply to Instrument Department a. LG/Visual Direction b. LC Visual Direction c. CV Direction 7.3.4 Supply to Furnace (Optional) a. Platform & Stair or Ladder b. Pipe Support c. Burner Orientation 7.3.5 Supply to Package Equipment (Optional)

> Package Unit Orientation 7.3.6 Supply to Rotary > Rotary Machine Orientation 7.4 Piping Design Output Data (After layout preparation) > Final Piping Layout 8 Checking of Piping Layout When you see the symbols used for identification of piping class designations you need to know the meaning of them. Piping class designations consists of a maximum of four symbols normally. The first indicates flange rating, the second indicates corrosion allowance, the third indicates materials of construction, and the fourth denotes the service. The flange ratings and facings may be Raised Face Flanges,Ring Type Joint Flanges, Lap Joint Flanges,Flat Face Flanges,Non-flange rated systems with rating class150, 300, 600, 900, 1500 or 2500. They may be indicate as A, B, C, D, E, F,….. Corrosion allowance may be 0.00mm, 1.5mm, 3.0mm, 4.5mm, 5.0mm, 6.0mm.They may be indicate as 0,1,2,3,4,5… For examplae piping class A1AA where A ( first symbol) is indicated for Raised Face Flanges - Class 150 1 ( second symbol) is indicated for corrosion allowance 1.5mm A ( third symbol) is indicated for piping marterial ( like Killed Carbon Steel) A ( fourth symbol) is indicated for service ( like Instrument Air ) 2. Define the following Codes and Standards 2.1 ASME 2.2 ANSI 2.3 ASTM 2.4 BS 2.5 API 3. Define the purpose following: 3.1 Process Vent 3.2 Process Drain 3.3 Pressure Gauge 3.4 Sampling Connection 3.5 Sample Cooler 3.6 Thermowell 3.7 Gate Valve 3.8 Globe Valve 3.9 Ball Valve 3.10 Check Valve 3.11 Diaphragm Valve 3.12 Plug Valve 3.13 Butterfly Valve 3.14 Steam Trap 3.15 Drain Trap 3.16 Spring Support 3.17 Spring Hanger HERE ARE LIST OF SOME ABBREVIATIONS MAY BE USED IN PIPING ENGINEERING. THERE MAY BE USE IN OTHER WAYS Piping Technical Questionnaire Part 1 1. Write your answers for definition or describe of following piping related design deliverables or documents listed 1.1 Key Plan 1.2 Plot Plan 1.3 Piping Arrangement or Layout 1.4 Piping Plan Drawing

1.5 Piping Isometric Drawing 1.6 Piping Information 1.7 Pipe Rack 1.8 Pipe Sleeper 1.9 Tie-in List 1.10 BM (Bill of Material) 1.11 BQ (Bill of Quantities) 1.12 Material Take-Off 1.13 Requisition 1.14 Piping Material Specification 1.15 Piping Bulk Materials 1.16 Piping General Specification 1.17 PFD (Process Flow Diagram) 1.18 P&ID (Piping and Instrument Diagram) 1.19 UFD (Utility Flow Diagram) 1.20 Model Review 1.21 Equipment Engineering (Equipment Skeleton) 1.22 Vendor Drawing 1.23 Data Sheet 1.24 Instrument Data Sheet 1.25 Engineering Schedule 1.26 General Project Schedule 1.27 Scope of Project 1.28 Job Code 1.29 Standard Drawing 1.30 Standard Support Drawing 1.31 Special Support Drawing 1.32 Steam Trace Drawing 1.33 Client Specificatione. 1.34 Client Standard Drawing 1.35 Client Existing Drawing 1.36 Demolition Drawing 1.37 Conceptual Layout 1.38 Clarification List 1.39 Deviation List 1.40 Document Master List 1.41 Information List 1.42 Line Index 1.43 Line Numbers 1.44 Line Class 1.45 Installation Level 1.46 NPIC (Notification of P&ID Change) 1.47 NPPC (Notification of Plot Plan Change) 1.48 NPMC (Notification of Piping Material Change) 1.49 Basic Design Data 1.50 Basic Engineering Design Data 1.51 Design Basis 1.52 Detail Engineering Design Data 1.53 Design Pressure 1.54 Design Temperature 1.55 Dimension Table


Berikut ini adalah beberapa hal yang saya ketahui mengenai urutan pengerjaan saat mendesign suatu piping project, tapi ini sepanjang yang saya ketahui. Tapi mungkin ada beberapa teman yang mempunyai cara berbeda dalam pembuatan perencanaan piping design tapi ini lah ala pujangga piping.

Demikianlah beberapa hal mengenai mendesign sebuah piping project, mudah-mudahan anda bisa mengikuti dengan baik..

HOW TO DO THE PIPING PROJECT...??? Berikut ini adalah beberapa hal yang saya ketahui mengenai urutan pengerjaan saat mendesign suatu piping project, tapi ini sepanjang yang saya ketahui. Tapi mungkin ada beberapa teman yang mempunyai cara berbeda dalam pembuatan perencanaan piping design tapi ini lah ala pujangga piping.

Demikianlah beberapa hal mengenai mendesign sebuah piping project, mudah-mudahan anda bisa mengikuti dengan baik..

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