Pelan Pembangunan Sebangkat

October 4, 2017 | Author: Usno Semporna | Category: Coral Reef, Island, Hotel, Sea, Oceanography
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Location and features The Semporna Islands are situated at the entrance to Darvel Bay, off the east coast of Sabah, Malaysia. The main islands of Bodgaya (796ha) and Boheydulang (313ha) are remnants of an extinct volcano. The crater is now flooded with seawater to form a large lagoon 25m deep. The southern side of the lagoon is open but just below the surface is a long stretch of reef which represents the southern crater rim. To the west of the central islands is an extensive reef with two smaller islands in the form of raised limestone platforms (Sebangkat (51ha) and Selakan (32ha)). This complex is separated from the ‘Bodgaya volcano’ by a 50m deep channel, but is probably part of the same formation, for example the remnants of a subsidiary (lower) volcano. Evidence for this comes from the atoll-like shape of the reef and also the presence of a hill of volcanic rock at the northern end of Selakan. Maiga, Sibuan and Mantabuan are sand cays built from the eroded remains of the surrounding coral reefs. Each has an elevation above sea level of about 1-2m and is situated at the southern end of their respective reef which is generally oval to elongate in shape. Also within the area is a bank reef (Mantabuan) and two patch reefs (Church Reef and Kapikan Reef), which may be submerged reefs originally associated with mounds on the seabed.

Tun Sakaran Marine Park The Tun Sakaran Marine Park encompasses eight islands and is the largest marine park in Sabah . It is only marine protected area in Sabah to include private land and to cater for various types of resource use not permitted in other marine parks. Special provisions were included in the Gazette Notice to ensure that people’s rights were guaranteed. These are as follows: All registered grants or titles in all the islands shall be retained and shall not be acquired by the Government. The native customary rights which exists in all islands involved is recognised and shall not be disturbed. The claimant of the native customary rights may apply for the land in accordance to section 15 and 16 of the Land Ordinance. One representative of heir from each island involved shall be appointed as Trustee of Tun Sakaran Marine Park. Every development made in any islands shall involve the title owner or any legally identified claimant of native customary rights in the island and the development made will not cause their land to be acquired, and Any form of development made either by an individual or joint venture with a developer shall be referred to Sabah Parks for comment and approval so that it is in accordance to the tourism concept of Sabah Parks. The management aims for the Park are to: •protect the environment •safeguard livelihoods •promote sustainable use of natural resources •encourage environmentally-sensitive development •build public awareness about the importance of the Park

Coral reef features •Total extent of reef front (reef rim) is over 100km and the area of reef is 163 km 2 •Fringing reefs encircle each of the 8 islands. Also two patch reefs (Church Reef and Kapikan) and one bank reef (Mantabuan Bank; with its top at 10m depth). •Reefs extend from sea-level to about 20m depth in the west and 50m+ in the east. Coral reef biodiversity and noteworthy species •The site is in a global ‘marine biodiversity hotspot’. Research shows higher species diversity than at any other site in Malaysia . •Total species recorded includes 544 spp of coral reef fish, 255 spp of hard coral, 70 spp soft coral, 140 spp sponge, 265 spp mollusc, 109 spp echinoderms. •Several fish, coral and sponge species have a restricted range and have not been recorded from elsewhere in Sabah . Some are new to science. •Refuge for 7 spp of giant clam (Tridacnidae), including the china clam Hippopusporcellanus (small geographical range and new record for Sabah ). •Green and hawksbill turtles feed and nest in the area.

Size geomorphology, population •35,000 ha, comprising 954 ha of land and 34,046 ha of sea and coral reefs. •8 islands: central group are part of an extinct volcano, now inundated by the sea. •Largest is Bodgaya (795 ha) with 3 peaks between 455 and 360m high. •Outlying islands are low limestone platforms or sand cays. •12 villages; total population 2,061 (1999 census). •Main occupations fishing, cultivation and seaweed farming.

Zoning scheme Zones will be introduced to separate potentially conflicting activities. •A Pelagic Use/Buffer Zone surrounds the islands and there is a General Use Zone in the more populated western part. Both allow for various sustainable use activities. •The Sanctuary Zones are no-take, limited use zones which include the lagoon and outer reefs. •Preservation Zones cover a small percentage of the park and are no-take and no-entry, except for limited monitoring and research.

Activities in the Park Properly managed, sustainable use activities encouraged, including eco-tourism. Alternative livelihoods for fishing communities will be developed, so reducing direct pressure on marine resources. Low impact mariculture and sea ranching of marine invertebrates (e.g. giant clams, abalone, sea cucumbers) is already being developed. Seaweed cultivation will continue in designated areas.

SEMPORNA: Coral reefs are a very important tourism diving product for Malaysia which can be considered a high yielding product, said Tourism Minister, Dato Seri Ng Yen Yen here. "in 2010, Semporna recorded approximately 40,000 visitors, including 40 per cent from China who came to dive, with the tourist revenue for Semporna alone at RM190 million, at an average of RM3 million a week just for the diving in Semporna. She said Malaysia as a whole recorded a revenue of RM64 billion last year from the tourism industry with an average of RM1 billion a week. She said this during the 'Beautiful Malaysia' Largest Coral Painting Ceremony by some 50 divers organised by Astro, the event which entered the Malaysia Book of Records Certificate here, for their efforts in planting 777 coral reefs. "There is about 80 islands in Semporna. This indicates the place of having very high potential in the tourism industry.


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Proposed Development Size Type of Development Additional Facilities To be Included Logistics Activities

: 150 to 200 rooms and villas : Family Resort Theme : Cruising Yacht, Diving Centre, Spa, Gymnasium, Light Aviation and Coral Park : Nearest Airport – Tawau Airport serving flights from Kota Kinabalu,Singapore and Kuala Lumpur : Scuba Diving, Day Cruise, Jungle River Cruise, Watersports and Aerial Sightseeing

Target Development Price Range Rental Returns Lease Period

: Rooms and Villas : RM 700K to RM 1.2 million per unit : 7% nett : 60 years

Hotel Management Branding

: Onyx Hospitality : Amari Hotel & Resort

Target Clients Added Incentives

: Local and International : Malaysia My 2nd Home Program

Development Timeline Construction Period

: 3 -6 months development approval, planning and licensing : 1 year

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