Pathology 1 Examz

November 9, 2017 | Author: Saumu Kumbisaga | Category: Decomposition, Injury, Medicine, Clinical Medicine, Medical Specialties
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1. In suspected homicidal poisoning toxicological examinations should a) Not be carried out unless the body is non decomposed b) Carried out in decomposed bodies c) a and b d) Carried out when there is foul smell of the body. 2. The growth of anaerobic organism after death is due to a) An increase in methane and H2 and loss of O2 in the tissue b) A decrease in M+ concentration and rapid loss of O2 in the tissue c) An increase in M+ concentration and rapid loss of O2 in the tissue d) An increase in M+ concentration and rapid loss of O2 in the tissue especially the intestine e) 3. Bodies buried in coffins tend to decompose a) More quickly than bodies buried directly in the wet soil b) More slowly than bodies buried directly in the wet soil c) If perfumes and decorations are not well applied d) c and c 4. Ant-erosion may stimulate a) Post mortem bruises b) Ant-mortem abrasion c) Tentative wounds d) a and b 5. In wet drowning the presence of weeds, sand and sticks held tightly in the hands presents a) No evidence of life at the frail of immersion b) An evidence of life not the time of immersion c) The person had psychotic disorder before death d) a and b are the most correct 6. In death caused by hemorrhage loss of body heat a) takes ½ hrs after death b) takes immediately prior to death c) takes in the 1st hrs after death d) takes after the development of rigor mortis 7. Irreversible loss of its co-ordinate activity a) Death b) Unascertained c) Cellular death d) Somatic death


8. transplantation is done after the establishment of a) Cellular death b) Death after natural disease c) Somatic death d) Death after motor accident 9. circulation and cession of respiration are sign of: a) Death after excessive hemorrhage b) Cellular death c) Somatic death d) Death 10. Auscultation is a method for defecting a) Respiration b) Only for circulation (heart-function) c) Both respiration and circulation d) Respiration disease e.g. tuberculosis and asthma 11. Changes in the eyes after death can be a) One of the late sign of death b) One of the earl sign of death and can be used in estimating the postmortem interval c) Only for estimating the post-mortem interval d) One of the early signs of death 12. Temperature after death may be high in deaths from a) secondary shock b) hemorrhagic after rupture of the spleen c) Pontine bleeding d) a and c 13. Rigor mortis develops: a) Once the temperature is subnormal b) During secondary muscular flaccidity c) After primary muscular flaccidity d) During and after primary flaccidity 14. factor which influence the onset and duration of rigor mortis a) Irregularity and inequality of the pupils b) The environmental temperature and air movement c) The environmental temperature and secondary muscular flaccidity after death d) The environmental temperature and the degree of muscular activity before death


15. Cadavaric spasm most commonly affects a) the muscles of the fingers and eyes b) the muscles of the hands and forearms c) The muscles of the hands and fingers d) b and c 16. In bodies with extensive burn wounds a) Both rigor mortis and heat stiffening develop b) Only rigor mortis develop c) Only heat stiffening develop d) Neither rigor mortis nor heat stiffening develop 17. In deaths from drowning lividity is marked in a) The face and the back of the chest b) The limbs and the face c) The face, front of the trunk and limbs d) Only the stomach 18. Distribution of lividity depends on a) The length and nutrition of the body after death b) The position of the body after death c) The numbers of bruises and abrasions d) a and c 19. The discoloration produced by cyanotic process only occurs in a) Dead bodies b) Living only c) Living and dead bodies but appear differently d) Living and dead bodies but appear the same 20. The out comes of putrefaction in dead bodies do happen due to a) Presence of faecal material b) Transformation done by proteolysis and other enzymes produced by bacteria c) Presence of gases, liquids and normal flora d) a and c 21. After death the growth of anaerobic organism increases because of a) Marked increase in carbon ions and fluid in the intestine b) Marked decrease in H+ concentration and loss of O2 c) Increase of mercaptans d) a and c


22. One of the medical legal aspect of skull fracture a) Skull fractures may indicate type of weapon b) Death is caused by a skull fracture c) The amount of force causing the fracture can be determined d) Brain damage can not occur without a fracture 23. The rupture of the middle meningeal artery causes hemorrhage a) Between the skull and arachnoid b) Between the skull and dura material c) In the cerebellum and medullar oblongata d) In the subdural space 24. the hemorrhage occurs spontaneously a) Epidural hemorrhage b) Subdural hemorrhage c) Subarachnoid hemorrhage d) Arachnoid hemorrhage 25. Head injuries sustained by people under the influence of alcohol can cause a) Subarachnoid hemorrhage b) Dural hemorrhage c) Substantial subarachnoidal hemorrhage d) Coma 26. Medical legal significance of the bolus death a) Not unexpected sudden death b) An unnatural death c) Measure and weigh the bolus and preserve or photograph it d) b and c 27.Bodies buried in coffins tend to decompose a). More quickely than bodies buried directly in the soil b). More slowly than that directly in the soil c). a and b d). If perfumes and decorations are not applied 28).Inorganic metallic poisons are a).destroyed by decomposition b). not destroyed at all by any condition c). destroyed by decomposition if are in the tissues such as liver d). a and b are correct


Matching questions: Question in column A match the answers in column B A


27. Saponification ………. ….

Rape 34 Asphyxia 31

28. Firmly grasped after death…….. Bruises 35 29. Estimation of the post-mortem interval……. Contact movement phenomena 30. Any thing including the body………. Entomologist 36 31. Mechanism of head injury…………. Impaction in pharyngolarygeal area 32. Without the person’s consent……… Bestiality 33 33. Sexual between man and animal…… Modification of

decomposition 27

34. Restaurant death…………………… Cadaveric spasm 28 35. Involves any part of the body……… 36. Specimen of soil or beneath the body…..

Value of maggot identification 29 Weapons 30 Drowning 32


C.True (T) and False (F) questions: Meningitis is one of the complications of head injuries T A wound is a discontinuity of the epidermis T Presence of weeds or sand tightly in the hands provide valuable evidence of life at the s time of drowning T Always skull fractures cause death F Distant shots may be homicidally or accidentally produced T The existence of several bullet wounds on the body does exclude suicide T


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