Ownersmanual Astrea-prima en 07122014-1714
owner manual honda dream c100 japan...
Astrea. n n M /1
This booklet is your guide to the basic operation and maintenance of your new Honda motorcycle. Please take the time to read it carefully. As with any fine machine, proper care and maintenance are essential for trouble free operation and optimum performance. Your authorized Honda dealer will be glad to provide further information or assistance and is equipped to handle your future service needs. Thank you for selecting a Honda. We wish you many miles of continued riding pleasure in the years ahead.
ALL INFORMATION, ILLUSTRATIONS, DIRECTIONS AND SPECIFICATIONS INCLUDED IN THIS PUBLICATION ARE BASED ON THE LATEST PRODUCT INFORMATION AVAILABLE AT THE TIME OF APPROVAL FOR PRINTING. P.T. FEDERAL MOTOR RESERVES THF RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE AND WITHOUT INCURRING ANY OBLIGATION WHATEVER. NO PART OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT WRIT TEN PERMISSION.
CONTENTS Introducing Your Astrea Prima — Parts Location ............. ............... — Parts Function ............................. — Speedometer ............................... — Ignition key/Steering lock .......... — Seat Lock .................................... — Items located under the s e a t----— Fuel gauge/Fuel valve ............... — Rear shockabsorber ................... Pre-ride Inspection ................................... Starting the Engine — Preparation................................... — Cold Engine Starting Procedure — Warm Engine Starting Procedure — Flooded Engine ........................... Riding Motorcycle — Motorcycle S a fe ty ..................... — Shifting Pattern of G e a rs .......... — Gear Changing Procedure ........ — Running-In ................................. Maintenance — Maintenance Schedule.............. — Engine Oil ................................... — Spark Plug ................................. — Air C leaner................................. — Fuel Strainer and Fuel Line — Carburetor ................................. — Drive Chain ............................... — Front Brake .............................. — Rear Brake ............................... — Stoplight Switch ..................... — Headlight Aim ......................... — Battery ..................................... — Fuse Replace ........................... — Front Wheel Rem oval............. — Rear Wheel Removal .......... — Clutch ....................................... — Valve Clearance....................... — Tires ........................................ — Tool K i t ..................................... Specification ........................................
4 6 9 10 11 12 13 15 16 20 20
PROTECTIVE APPAREL 1. Most motorcycle accident fatalities are due to head injuries: ALWAYS wear a helmet. You should also wear a face shield or goggles as well as boots, gloves and protective clothing. 2. The exhaust system becomes very hot during operation, and it remains hot after operation. Never touch any part of the hot exhaust system. Wear clothing that fully covers your legs. 3. Do not wear loose clothing which could catch on the control levers, kickstarter, footpegs or wheels.
MODIFICATIONS ^ W A R N IN G M odification o f the motorcycle, or removal o f original equipment may render the vehicle unsafe o r illegal. Obey a ll federal, state and local equipment regu lations.
LOADING AND ACCESSORIES WARNING *
A m otorcycle is sensitive to changes in w eight distribution. Im proper loading o f cargo and m ounting o f accessories can im pair the m otorcycle's stability and performance. To prevent an accident, use extreme care when m ounting acces sories and riding w ith cargo.
1. Keep cargo and accessory weight low and close to the center of the motor cycle. Load weight equally on both sides to minimize imbalance. As weight is located farther from the motorcycle's center of gravity, handling is pro portionally affected. 2. All cargo and accessories must be secure for stable handling. Re-check secu rity frequently. 3. Do not attach large or heavy items to the handlebars, front forks, or fender. Unstable handling or slow steering response may result.
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M otorcycle riding requires special efforts on your p a rt to ensure your safety. Know these requirements before you ride.
SAFE RIDING RULES 1. Always make a pre-ride inspection before you start the engine. You may prevent an accident or equipment damage. 2. Many accidents involve inexperienced riders. Most states require a special motorcycle riding test or license. Make sure you are qualified before you ride. NEVER lend your motorcycle to an inexperienced rider. 3. Many automobile/motorcycle accidents happen because the automobile driver does not "see" the motorcyclist. Make yourself conspicuous to help avoid the accident that wasn't your fault: • Wear bright or reflective clothing. • Don't ride in another motorist's "blind spot." • Don't ride on the roadway shoulder. 4. Obey all national and local laws and regulations. • Excessive speed is a factor in many accidents. Obey the speed limits, and NEVER travel faster than conditions warrant. • Signal before you make a turn or lane change. Your size and maneuver ability can surprise other motorists. 5. Don't let other motorists surprise you. Use extra caution at intersections, parking lot entrances and exits, and drive-ways. 6. Keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footpegs while riding. 7. The luggage rack is primarily for light weight items. Make sure cargo is secure and will not shift while riding. See Loading and Accessories.
INTRODUCING YOUR ASTREA PRIMA
INTRODUCING YOUR ASTREA PRIMA PARTS FUNCTION HEADLIGHT SW ITCH
POSITION: OFF (•)
Position light, instrument illumination light, and rear light on
Headlight, position light, instrument illumi nation light and rear light on
should be in "H L " position
INTRODUCING YOUR ASTREA PRIMA TURN SIGNAL SW ITCH
Asfrea, ■SPRJVI/1 SPEEDOMETER
TOP GEAR INDICATOR
Top gear indicator
Lights when the transmission is the top or fourth gear
Economical speed indicator
Indicates speeds with better fuel con sumption when riding in top gear
Shows accumulated kilometers.
INTRODUCING YOUR ASTREA PRIMA IGNITION KEY
POSITION: ON The engine can be started. Key cannot be removed. POSITION: OFF The engine cannot started. Key can be moved.
POSITION: LOCK The steering is locked. The engine cannot be started. Key can removed.
1 .1 SEAT LOCK TO OPEN
INTRODUCING YOUR ASTREA PRIMA
— — —
ITEM S LOCATED UNDER THE SEAT
1. HELMET HOLDER
2. TOOLS BOX
W A R N IN G : The helmet holder is designed for use while parking. Do not operate the mo torcycle with a helmet attached to the holder.
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3. FUEL TA NK CAP
WARNING: Do not overfill the tank (there should be no fuel in the filler neck). After refueling, make sure the fuel tank cap is closed securely.
FUEL GAUGE The fuel gauge shows how much fuel is in the tank. F (FULL): Fuel tank ca pacity is about 4 liters. W hen the gauge needle first points to "E" (red zone), there is about 0.8 liter left. Refill the tank as soon as possible.
INTRODUCING YOUR ASTREA PRIMA FUEL VALVE
POSITION: OFF Fuel cannot flow from the tank to the carburetor. Turn the valve off whenever the motorcycle is not in use.
POSITION: ON Fuel will flow from the main fuel supply to the carburetor.
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Each rear shockabsorber has two adjustment positions for different load or riding conditions. Adjusment position must be the same for right and left shockabsorber.
Heavy load condition
Driver Driver + Light load weight
Driver + Passenger Driver + Heavy load weight
HEAVY LOAD CONDITION
Inspect your motorcycle every day before you start the engine. The items listed here will only take a few minutes, and in the long run they can save time, expense and possibly your life.
Drive chain — check condition and slack
Lights and horn: Check that headlight, tail/stoplight, turn signals, indicators and horn function properly.
Adjust and lubricate if necessary.
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Correct any discrepancy before you ride. Contact your authorized Honda Dealer for assistance if you cannot correct the problem.
STARTING THE ENGINE PREPARATION
COLD ENGINE STARTING PROCEDURE
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Immediately after engine starts move choke lever to midway position.
Warm up the engine by opening and closing the throttle slightly.
WARNING: Never open the throttle fully when starting engine. Never run the engine in a closed area. The exhaust contains poi sonous carbon monoxide gas.
Warm up the engine until engine RPM is smooth and move the choke lever all the way to fully open.
STARTING THE ENGINE
W A R M ENGINE STARTING PROCEDURE
Open the throttle grip slightly approximately 1/8 turn.
FLOODED ENGINE If the engine fails to start after repeated attempts, it may be flooded with excess fuel. To clear a flooded engine, turn the ignition switch off and push the choke lever down to fully open. Open the throttle fully and crank the engine several times with kickstarter. Turn ignition switch "o n " and try again starting engine without choke.
BUTTOCKS: Put your buttocks on the middle of the driver side in the seat. Do not bend to either side or move forward or backward.
FOOTPEG: Put both your feet on the footpegs
SHIFTING PATTERN OF GEARS
RIDING THE MOTORCYCLE
RELEASING THE GEAR CHANGE PEDAL Midway during the gear change pedal movement there is a position where the clutch is fully released. By lightly pressing the gear change pedal to wards this position, the effect is similar to pressing the clutch handle lever on a conventionally clutched motorcycle, and the clutch will be released. Also, by releasing the gear change pedal from this position, the effect will be similar to releasing a conventional clutch handle lever.
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■ clutch is engaged : clutch is released
Therefore, every time after changing gears, slowly release the gear change pedal so shifting will be done smoothly.
----GEAR CHANGING PROCEDURE
Close the throttle
Depress front of the gearshift pedal
Gradually increase engine speed by opening the throttle
SHIFTING DOW N
Close the throttle
Depress rear of the gearshift pedal
RIDING THE MOTORCYCLE
ROTARY SYSTEM T R A N S M IS S IO N
The rotary system transmission enables shifting gears directly fronr 4th gear to neutral and vice versa if the m otorcycle is at t standstill. This feature cannot operate if the motorcycle is moving
RUNNING-IN During the first 1000 km. Do not operate the motorcycle at more than 80% of the maximum speed in any gear. Avoid full throttle operation and do not operate for a long time at one speed. Rocommended
upeeds during running in.
GEAR 1 St 2 nd 3 th 4 th
Speed (K M /H ) 0 15 25 30
-2 0 - 35 - 45 - 60
MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Perform the Pre-ride Inspection at each scheduled maintenance period. I : Inspect and Clean, Adjust, Lubricate or Replace, if necessary. C: Clean. R: Replace. A: Adjust. L: Lubricate.
W H IC H E V E R COMES
F IR S T
IT E M .
F U E L L IN E S
F U E L S T R A IN E R
T H R O T T L E O P E R A T IO N
O D O M E T E R (N O T E 2 )
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VA LVE CLEARANCE
E N G IN E O IL
E N G IN E O IL F IL T E R S C R E E N
M O NTH
BRAKE SHOE W EAR
3 0 -3 1
l ,L E V E R Y 5 0 0 k m
D R IV E C H A IN BATTERY
REPLACE EVERY 2 0 0 0 km
C A R B U R E T O R ID L E S P E E D
S P A R K PLUG •
CARBURETOR CHOKE A IR C L E A N E R
3 6 -3 7
3 6 -3 7
B R A K E L I G H T S W IT C H
H E A D L IG H T A IM
S ID E S T A N D
Astrea. PRJVI/1. FREQUENCY
W H IC H E V E R COMES
O D O M E T E R (N O T E 2)
F IR S T
/ / / / i /# / / 1 M
IT E M •
S U S P E N S IO N
N U TS, BO LTS, FASTENERS
4 0 -4 1
W H E E L S /S P O K E S
S T E E R IN G H E A D B E A R IN G
SHOULD BE SERVICED BY AN AUTHORIZED HONDA DEALER, UNLESS THE OWNER HAS PROPER TOOLS AND SERVICE DATA AND IS MECHA NICALLY QUALIFIED. REFER TO THE OFFICIAL HONDA SHOP MANUAL. ■ IN THE INTEREST OF SAFETY, WE RECOMMEND THESE ITEMS BE SER VICED ONLY BY AN AUTHORIZED HONDA DEALER. JOTE: (1) Service more frequently when riding in dusty areas. (2) For higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval es tablished here.
MAINTENANCE ENGINE OIL Engine Oil Recommendation USE PREMIUM QUALITY 4-STROKE ENGINE OIL. Use only high detergent, premium quality motor oil certified to meet or exceed US automobile manufacturers' requirements for Service Classification SE or SF. Motor oils intended for Service SE or SF will show this designation on the container. The use of special oil additives is unnecessary and will only increase operating expenses.
Engine oil is a major factor affecting the performance and service life o f the engine. Non-detergent, vegetable, o r castor based racing oils, are n o t recom mended. I
Recommended Oil Viscosity: SAE 20W-40 or SAE 20W-50 Other viscosities shown in the chart below may be used when the average temperature in your riding area is within the indicated range.
Engine Oil Level Check Check engine oil level each day before operating the motorcycle. The oil filler cap (1) is on the right crankcase cover and contains a dipstick for measuring oil level. Oil level must be maintained between the upper (2) and lower (3) level marks on the dipstick. 1. With the motorcycle standing upright on level ground, remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and wipe it clean. 2. Reinsert the dipstick without screwing it in and check the oil level.
i II required, add the specified oil up to the upper level mark. Do not overfill. 4 Replace the filler cap/dipstick, and check for oil leaks.
CAUTION: Running the engine w ith insufficient o il can cause serious engine damage.
(1) Oil filler cap/dipstick (2) Upper level mark (3) Lower level mark
I NGINE OIL CHANGE 11 mine oil quality is the chief factor affecting engine service life. Change the engine oil when specified by the Maintenance Schedule. NOTE: Change engine oil with the engine warm and the motorcycle on its center stand or held upright to assure complete and rapid draining. I To drain the oil, remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and drain plug (1). After the oil has completely drained, make sure that the sealing washer is in good condition and reinstall the drain plug. i Fill the crankcase through the oil filler opening with approximately 0.8 I of the recommended grade oil. 4 Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick. I) Start the engine and allow it to idle for a few minutes. tl Stop the engine. / Make sure that the oil level is at the upper level mark with the motorcycle in an upright position, and that there are no oil leaks. —*• FRONT (1)
MAINTENANCE SPARK PLUG Recommended plugs: Standard: NGK: C7HSA, ND: U22FS-U For most riding conditions this spark plug heat range number is satisfactory. However, if the motorcycle is going to be operated for extended periods at high speeds or near maximum power in hot climates, the spark plug should be changed to a colder heat range number. 1. Clean any dirt from around the spark plug base. 2. Disconnect the spark plug cap and remove the spark plug with the wrench provided in the tool bag. 3. Visually inspect the spark plug electrodes for wear. The center electrode should have square edges and the side electrode should not be eroded. Dis card the spark plug if there is apparent wear or if the insulator is cracked or chipped.4. Make sure that the spark plug gap (1) is 0 .6 -0 .7 mm using a wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is necessary, bend the side electrode (2) carefully. Make sure the plug washer is in good condition. 5. With the plug washer attached, thread the spark plug in by hand to prevent cross-threading. 6. Tighten a new spark plug 1/2 turn with a spark plug wrench to compress the washer. If you are reusing a plug, it should only take 1 /8 —1/4 turn after the plug seats.
(1) Spark plug gap (2) Side electrode
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AIR CLEANER Ihe air cleaner should be serviced at regular intervals. When riding in dusty until*, more frequent service may be necessary. I I urn the steering handle all the way to the right. I Loosen the connecting tube band screw (1). I Remove the air cleaner cover (2). I Pull out the air cleaner element case together with the air cleaner element (3) and fire screen (4). ■ Wash the element in non-flammable or high flash point solvent and let it dry. Soak the element in gear oil (SAEij'80—90) and squeeze out excess, n Install the removed parts in the reverse order of removal.
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Screw Air cleaner cover Air cleaner element Fire screen
net strainer and fuel line I he fuel strainer is incorporated in the fuel valve and fuel line leading to the mlniretor. Accumulations of dirt in the strainer will restrict the flow of fuel and heiufore, the fuel strainer should be serviced periodically. I Turn the fuel valve to the off position. ’ Remove the fuel cup (1), O-Ring (2), filter screen (3) and fuel strainer (4), iliuining the gasoline into a suitable container, i Wash the cup, filter screen and fuel strainer in clean non-flammable or high (lash point solvent. I Reinstall the screen, aligning the index marks on the fuel, valve body and tiller screen. Install a new O-ring into fuel valve body. Reinstall the fuel cup, making sure the new O-ring is in place, reinstall the fuel strainer into the fuel line. Hand tighten the fuel cup then torque to 0.3—0.5 kg-m. \ Chock the fuel line for deterioration, damage or leakage. Replace if necessary.
1) 2) (3) (4) ( (
Fuel cup O-ring Filter screen Fuel strainer
CARBURETOR Idle speed NOTE * Do not attempt to compensate for faults in other systems by adjusting idle speed. See your authorized Honda dealer for regularly scheduled carburetor adjustments. * The engine must be warm for accurate idle adjustment. Ten minutes of stop and-go riding is sufficient. 1. Warm up the engine and rest the motorcycle by the main stand. 2. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop screw (1). IDLE SPEED: 1,400 +_ 100 rpm.
(1) Throttle stop screw (A) Increase rpm (B) Decrease rpm
DRIVE CHAIN The service life of the drive chain is dependent upon proper lubrication and adjustment. Poor maintenance can cause premature wear or damage to the drive chain and sprockets. The drive chain should be checked and lubricated as part of the Pre-ride Inspection. Under severe usage, or when the motorcycle is ridden in unusually dusty areas, more frequent maintenance will be necessary.
Inspection: • Turn the engine off, place the motorcycle on its center stand and shift the transmission into neutral. • Remove the inspection hole cap (1) on the lower chain case. • Drive chain slack should be adjusted to allow approximately 10—20 mm ver tical movement by hand.
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(1) Inspection hole cap (2) Drive chain
Moll the motorcycle and check drive chain slack as the wheel rotates. Drive chain k should remain constant as the wheel rotates. If the chain is slack in one •hn lion and taut in another, some links are kinked and binding. Binding can lnH|iiently be eliminated by lubrication.
A djustm ent: In adjust the drive chain: I Remove the cotter pin (1) and loosen the rear axle nut (2). Loosen the sprocket carrier nut (3). Turn the adjusting nut (4) on both the right and left chain adjusters (6) to increase or decrease chain slack. Align the chain adjuster index marks (5) with corresponding scale (7) graduations on both sides of the swing arm. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Cotter pin Rear axle nut Sprocket carrier nut Adjusting nut Adjuster index mark Chain adjuster Scale
NOTE: * If drive chain slack is excessive when the rear axle is moved to the furthest limit of adjustment, the drive chain is worn and must be replaced. I lighten the sprocket carrier nut and rear axle nut. Secure the axle nut with a new cotter pin. lorque for sprocket carrier nut: 3.5 — 4.5 kg-m. 4 I Ighten the adjusting nuts. lorque for rear axle nut: 4.0 — 5.0 kg-m. h Uncheck drive chain slack. o llnar brake pedal free play is affected when repositioning the rear wheel to ndjust drive chain slack. Check rear brake pedal free play and adjust as necesrniiy.
< AUTION: Mwrtys replace used coder pins w ith new ones.
MAINTENANCE Lubrication 1. Turn the engine off, place the motorcycle on its center stand and shift the transmission into neutral. 2. Lubricate the drive chain by applying a liberal amount of engine oil or chain lubricant.
Front Brake Adjustment: 1. Measure the distance the front brake lever (1) moves before the brake starts to take hold. Free play should be 10—20 mm at the tip of the brake lever. 2. Make free play adjustments by turning the adjusting nut (2) at the front brake arm (3). Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting nut is seated on the brake arm pin (4) after making final free play adjustment. 3. Apply the brake several times and check for free wheel rotation when re leased. NOTE: * If proper adjustment cannot be obtained by this method, see your authorized Honda dealer.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (A) (B)
Front brake lever Adjusting nut Front brake arm Brake arm pin Increase play Decrease play
Astrea, Haar Brake Adjustment: I Place the motorcycle on its side stand. ' Measure the distance the rear brake pedal (1) moves before the brake starts lo take hold. Free play should be 20—30 mm. i II adjustment is necessary, turn the rear brake adjusting nut (2). -I Apply the brake several times and check for free wheel rotation when reImated. NOTE: Make sure that the cut-out on the adjusting nut is seated on the brake arm pin after the final adjustment has been made.
(1) (2) (A) (B)
Rear brake pedal Adjusting nut Increase play Decrease play
Wear Indicator: Wl.nn the brake is applied, an arrow (3), attached to the brake arm (4) moves toward a reference mark (2) on the brake panel (1). H Hut arrow aligns with the reference mark on full application o f the brake the i'inkn shoes must be replaced.
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Brake panel Reference mark Arrow Brake arm
MAINTENANCE STOPLIGHT SWITCH: (1) Stoplight switch (2) Adjusting nut
The stoplight switch (1) must be adjusted so that the stoplight will come on when a rear brake is applied. Rear brake free by play should be adjusted before performing the stoplight switch adjustment. The procedure for adjusting the stoplight switch is as follows: Turn the ignition switch to the "O N " position. Turn the adjusting nut (2) to position the stoplight switch at a point where the stoplight will come on slightly before the brake pedal is depressed to the limit of its free play. Turn the adjusting nut in direction (A) to advance switch timing or in direction (B) to retard switch timing.
HEAD LIGHT AIM Head light aim can be adjusted by turning adjustment screw (1).
(1) Adjustment screw
BATTERY If the motorcycle is operated with insufficient battery electrolyte, sulfation an< battery plate damage will occur. If rapid loss of electrolyte is experienced, or if your battery seems to be weak causing slow starting or other electrical problems, see your authorized Hondi dealer.
Iln ttn ry iile c tro ly te :
llm battery (1) is behind the right side cover. Check the battery electrolyte. The holyte level must be maintained between the upper (2) and lower (3) level nwiik.. on the side of the battery. It the electrolyte level is low, remove the bolt i d >md mmove the bracket (5) for access to the battery. Remove the battery filler 'D* Carefully add distilled water to the upper level mark using a small plastic funnel.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Battery Upper level mark Lower level mark Bolt Bracket
C A U T IO N :
Whon checking battery electrolyte level o r adding distilled water, make sure ilw hmnther tube is connected to the battery breather outlet. NO 111 • i