OData Complete Reference

August 26, 2017 | Author: shlim_81 | Category: Representational State Transfer, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, Ibm Db2, Metadata, Ibm System I
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Descripción: OData Complete Reference...

Description

OData in a Nutshell August 2011

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Objectives

At the end of this module, you will be able to: Ÿ  Understand the OData Standard and how it works. Ÿ  Understand how OData uses the Atom Protocol. Ÿ  Understand how to pass input parameters to OData Services.

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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Gateway Core Technology

What is the Open Data Protocol?

OData with SAP Annotations

REST

Metadata Repository

Service Adaptation

Service Adaptation

Supportability Monitoring Security

Based on industry standards

-  HTTP, XML, Atom REST-based architecture

OData for SAP OData

-  Based on the HTTP protocol Atom is a combination of two standards

Atom

-  Atom Syndication Protocol and Atom

XML

Publishing Protocol

-  XML Based

HTTP

OData – http://www.odata.org

-  Defines Data Types, Service Metadata, Service Runtime

“ODBC for the Web”

-  Allows for Entity Relationships and Dynamic Navigation ©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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REST – Representational State Transfer

REST is a set of architectural principals that can be used to define Web Services. First introduced by Roy Fielding in his doctorial dissertation in the year 2000. HTTP protocol is an example of a system that implements the principles of REST. Ÿ  Uses HTTP verbs to communicate what action to take. Verbs map to CRUD methods:

HTTP Verb

CRUD Method

POST

Create

GET

Read

PUT

Update

DELETE

Delete

Ÿ  URL is used to define the resource that is being acted upon. –  Example: http://servername:http_port/sap/customer/12345 Customer entity ©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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Atom

Atom is the combination of two standards: Atom Syndication Format and Atom Publishing Protocol Atom standards were originally created for publishing and subscribing to web based content (news reports, blogs, etc.). Atom Syndication Format Ÿ  Defines the format for document feeds. Ÿ  In OData, the documents are the data being acted upon (Business Objects, etc).

Atom Publishing Protocol Ÿ  Defines how to read and maintain documents. Ÿ  Atom uses GET, POST, PUT, DELETE HTTP verbs as described the REST architecture.

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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ODBC for the Web

OData can be used to access table like structures much the same way ODBC does. Entity Data Model (EDM) used to describe OData Services. EDM modeling tools available to model OData Services: Each entity can support Create, Read, Update, and Delete (CRUD) operations Can navigate relationships Complex Types supported

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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OData Metadata

OData defines a Metadata format based on the Entity Data Model in XML (edmx). To access a service’s metadata document use the $metadata command:

The returned document is the service’s edmx metadata + SAP Metadata (S-Data):

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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Atom in OData Details

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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Atom in OData Details Continued…

Atom Feed Defined

Atom Content – the business object data

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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Atom in OData Details Continued…

Atom Feed Defined

Atom links – where to get more information about the entity

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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OData for SAP– Extra Metadata

OData for SAP is extra metadata that can be found in the service’s metadata document To access a service’s metadata document use the $metadata alias:

The returned document is the service’s edmx metadata + SAP Metadata (S-Data):

OData for SAP contains: labels, annotations, etc. Extra metadata that can be accessed via SAP proxy generators. ©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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OData Operations – RetrieveEntitySet (QUERY)

OData defines a RetrieveEntitySet request to search for entities in an entity set. It returns a list of matching entities. Use HTTP GET verb to retrieve a feed of entities from an entity set. The URL only contains the name of the entity set and any needed query string parameters: http://usphlrig15.phl.sap.corp:8001/sap/iw/rest/odata/sap/BANKGEBOODATA/BankCollection

Query string parameters defined by OData: Ÿ  $filter – user for passing input parameters, example: $filter=airlineid EQ ‘US’ –  Other operators supported, GT, LT, AND, OR, etc. Learn more on OData website.

Ÿ  $top – used for getting the top X results, example: $top=5 – returns the first 5 results Ÿ  $skip – used to skip ahead X number of entities in the returned list, example: $skip=5, skips the first 5 results in the list. –  Often combined with $top to page thru a list, example: $top=5&$skip=5 – returns the second 5 results in the list.

Ÿ  Many others defined by OData. Note: not all supported by Gateway. ©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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OData Operations – RetrieveEntity (READ)

The RetrieveEntity operation returns the details of a specific entity. Use HTTP GET verb to execute the RetrieveEntity operation. The URL of the RetrieveEntity operation is just the RetrieveEntitySet operation URL with the addition of the key properties

Note: Each Entity returned by the RetrieveEntitySet operation will contain an HREF link to the RetrieveEntity operation for that entity:

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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OData Operations – InsertEntity (CREATE)

The InsertEntity operation creates an entity. Use HTTP POST verb to execute the InsertEntity operation. The URL used to execute the InsertEntity operation is the exact same used for executing the RetrieveEntitySet operation. The Request Header most include the attribute x-requested-with:

The Body of the request must contain the Atom Entry that represents the business entity to be created:

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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OData Operations – InsertEntity Continued

The InsertEntity operation creates an entity. Successful execution of the operation returns HTTP 201 status code along with the location of the newly created entity will be returned. Successful Response Header:

Successful Response Body:

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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OData Operations – UpdateEntity (UPDATE)

The UpdateEntity operation updates an entity. Use HTTP PUT verb to execute the UpdateEntity operation. The URL used to execute the UpdateEntity operation is the exact same used for executing the RetrieveEntity operation. The Request Header most include the attribute x-requested-with:

The Body of the request must contain the Atom Entry that represents the business entity to be updated:

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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OData Operations – UpdateEntity Continued

The UpdateEntity request changes an entity. If the update is successful, the server responds with: Successful Response Header – 204 HTTP Response Code:

As the response code text above signifies, no data is returned in the Response Body:

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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Summary

You should now be able to Ÿ  Understand the OData Standard and how it works. Ÿ  Understand how OData uses the Atom Protocol. Ÿ  Understand how to pass input parameters to OData Services.

©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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© 2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved

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©  2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

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