Nstp Module 1 Lesson 1
i do not own this file i just copied it from our nstp class to serve as our class notes:))&...
MODULE 1: Role of youth in nation building Lesson 1: the national service training program: an introduction Lesson 2: good citizenship values Section 13; article II of the 1987 constitution “The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs.” Did you know? As early as 1762 in the University of Santo Tomas, the youth was formally organized and mobilized to be of service to the country. A battalion of young students was organized for military training by Rev. Fr. Domingo Collantes O.P. together with a royal Spanish army sergeant. These young men were trained to fight the british troops invading the country. Having displayed such remarkable courage and spirit versus a far superior army, the king of Spain, Charles III, bestowed on the students the “regalia” title and the seal of loyalty “muy leal.” The university, for its part, was also awarded the “royal cedula.” In the late 90’s the reputation of ROTC has been marred by anomalies with regards to the process of it’s implementation. Increasing reports of hazing, grade-fixing, and other irregularities worried students, parents, and heads of colleges and universities. It was the death of mark Welson Chua, a second year mechanical engineering student from the University of Santo Tomas that unleashed the fury on the irregularities of ROTC.
Known to his friends as baron, the 19 year old Mark Welson Chua was an aspirant to the position of ROTC corp commander. As a class cadet officer, he observed some anomalous practices at the department of military science training DMST of university of Santo Tomas. His idealism moved him to submit his complaint to the university’s administrative officials. While in the process of investigating and consolidating mark’s, together with other witnesses’ written testimonies, prof. zenaida famorca, then director of student welfare and development board under the office for student affairs, one day received a text message that mark was missing. The message said that he was last seen at the Tinoko Park together with the other members of his group called anakbayan in the evening of March 15, 2001. three days after he was reported missing, mark’s body, wrapped in a carpet bound by strips of cloth and packaging tape, was fished out of the pasig river under the Jones bridge. Investigation was immediately conducted by the pnp, nbi and the philippine army. The death of mark made the public angry. It scared the parents of the cadets. It pulled down the marks of the rotc program to its alltime low so much that people called for the abolition of rotc. These events led the legislators to take immediate action. Little did mark know that his action, to divulge the persistent issues on corruption within the ranks of ROTC, would be a catalyst for a much improved service program? It led to the passage of the national service training program law or republic act 9163. Did you know? On the 13th June 2004 during the opening mass of the university, Mark Welson “baron” Chua was given a posthumous award, the san Lorenzo ruiz medal of courage, a medal conferred to students who have shown exceptional and exemplary courage in standing up for the truth and thomasian ideals. What is nstp?
The national service training program, established by virtue of the republic act 9163, is a compulsory 1-year course for all freshmen in the universities and colleges in the country. Article 1, section 3 of the RA 9163 states: “it is a program that aims at enhancing consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethics of service and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three 3 program components. Its various components are specially designed to enhance the youth’s active contribution to the general welfare. Here are the three program components: Rotc- reserve officers training corps” Provides military training in order to motivate, train, organize and mobilize students for national defense preparedness. - The skills being developed among the cadets are military leadership, basic combat; map reading, military intelligence, artillery operations, unconventional warfare, marches and bivouac training. Cwts- civic welfare training service Refers to the activities contributory to the general wlfare and betterment of life for the members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities, especially those devoted to improving health, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and moral of the citizenry. Students participate in several community development activities like shelter-building, tree planting, medical missions and the likes. LTS- literacy training service Trains the student to teach literacy and numeracy skills to school children, out-ofschool youth and other segments of society in need of their services Students hold tutorials and other non-formal education related activities in public schools and underprivileged communities thereby
promoting the importance of education among grade school and high school students, even adults, who were not given the chance to study. All Filipino students are mandated to take nstp. That is why you and your classmates are taking it. Well, why not? After all, everyone is a citizen of this country and everyone should serve the country. NSTP in UST Here at UST, ROTC is offered to all first year students while CWTS and its courses are offered to all second year students. The administration opted to offer all three components to provide the students with more choices based on their interests. It therefore provides several possibilities or choices for you as a student. Considering that the population of the country is composed of relatively young citizens, your choice can be a meaningful experience in the process of nation building. And you know what? After you finish either CWTS or LTS, you will become members of the national service reserve corps. You can be tapped by the state for literacy and civic welfare activities, especially in times of calamities or disasters. On the other hand, those who take up ROTC will be a part of the citizen armed force, a reserve force to be utilized in times of war, rebellion or invasion. They also provide assistance in relief and rescue during disaster or calamities. Interesting, right? By now, you must have realized that the heart of nstp is service.— service to your fellowmen. Would you agree with me if I say that service to others should actually be done with or without legislations? That it should naturally reign in the heart of everyone? However, before you can claim to have helped other people improve the quality of their lives, as the program aims to do, you must begin with yourself as a student, as a son/daughter, as a citizen. As the Filipino diplomat and Pulitzer Prize winner Carlos p. Romulo stated in his book, I walked with heroes:
“The reinvigoration of the national spirit must take place in the grass roots, in every city, town and barrio in the Philippines, and it must start among our own people… to be a worthy citizen of the world one must first prove himself to be a good Filipino.”
D. Work E. Concern for the family and future generations II.
pagkamaka-Tao A. love B. freedom independence and democracy C. peace D. truth E. justice
“life takes new meaning when we give ourselves to others.” LESSON 2 GOOD CITIZEN VALUES What is a good Filipino citizen? III. A good Filipino citizen is one who plays an active and intelligent role as a member of the community. He is one who fulfills his duties and obligations to the government and society. He possesses the traits of respectfulness, courtesy and consideration for parents and elders and for others. He observes punctuality, promptness, and good moral conduct. Coloma, T.M. and Herrera, M.M.
A. unity B. equality C. respect for law and government rule of law D. patriotism conserve and develop our patrimony E. common good IV.
How can you become good citizens? You can become good citizens by living in accordance with the good citizenship values we can derive from the preamble of the 1987 constitution: “we the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God in order to build a just humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under tha rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality and peace, do ordain and promulgate this constitution.” The Filipino values presented in the preamble have been simplified and categorized into the following:
pagkamaka-Kalikasan A. concern for the environment
These are the sixteen values that will help shape and guide our nation towards a better tomorrow and provide the fundamental structure for all the provisions of the constitution. EDSA 1 is the best example where in concrete actions of these Filipino values have been shown and it also proved that we area nation built on values. I.
“isa along katoliko at buong pusong tinatanggap and kamatayan para sa Panginoon, kung ako man ay may sanlibong buhay, lahat ng iyon ay iaalay ko sa Kanya.” -San Lorenzo Ruiz.
pagkamaka-Diyos. A.the good citizenship values of faith in the Almighty God
A. Faith in the Almighty God imploring the aid of Almighty God. B. Respect for life C. Order
This is the basic value to put God in the center of your lives and communicate with Him by means of prayers. You should look to Him as your ultimate source, one with
infinite powers to help you in your work, to enable you to meet your needs and to get you out of trouble and crisis. With this experience, you become fully aware of the things you can accomplish when you live a life of faith. It is ironic, however, that in a country where citizen are innately “maka-Diyos”, there are committed each day, many acts violating the laws of God. How can it be that you ask for God’s help and guidance then go against His wishes? Faith alone By Bro. Andrew Maria, MMHC A devout widow who was known to be living saint was crossing a bridge with her child when an accident happened. Her son fell off the bridge and plunged into the deep water below. At this, some men got ready to jump into the water to save the child. However, the widow forbade them. “do not move,” she told the men.” My faith alone can save the child.” After she had said this, the widow knelt on the bridge and prayed with great faith. In a short while, the child drowned and died. The widow wept. A.
the good citizenship value of respect for life your life and own humanity is a gift from God, created from His own image and likeness which makes you a person of worth and dignity as persons and grow to appreciate each others’ worth by keeping an open mind and charitable attitude so you may be able to appreciate others’ giftedness and special roles in your life and in the society. Your body is God’s temple, it is sacred and by all means you should be responsible for it because any form of violence against it defies the sanctity of life. Our natural human rights protect you from anything that endangers your life and well being. You should also be responsible for upholding the rights of others. You shall not be an advocate of violence or any means that may harm the life and dignity of others.
Life is precious. It is your duty to respect, protect, nurture and preserve the human life from the moment of its conception. Thoughts to ponder: As a student, do I have habits and vices that may lead me to destroy my own body which is considered as God’s temple? Do I treat other people well and give them the worth and dignity due to them as human beings? C. the good citizenship value of order the value of order is doing “first things first.” It is simply doing the right thing at the right time and right place without hesitation. Order entails the discipline of mind emotion and action. We need these so that we can lay a peaceful successful and productive life. Otherwise it will trigger situations of panic unrest confusion havoc and anarchy. You should understand that the value of order is important in your quest to improve yourselves as citizens. You should learn to strive hard in arranging your lies in a certain way that will allow you to sere as inspiration to others by your examples and by a meaningful life guided by the order everyday. Thoughts to ponder: Do I recognize the benefits of living an orderly life? Have I sorted out my priorities in life? The good citizenship value of work.
“GIVE FISH TO A MAN AND HE WILL HAE FOOD FOR A DAY TEACH HIM HOW TO FISH AND HE SHALL HAE FOOD TO EAT THROUGHOUT HIS LIFETIME.” Chinese proverb
Work is a gift and it has become part of your nature and destiny. God has given you talents to use as investments in your work and in return you are
expected to settle for nothing less than excellent results. Hard work quality work and honest work are what makes a citizen a good productive and self-reliant member of the society. It is also important that you have the right values and attitudes toward your work and dealings. You should always remember that no matter how much work you do what counts in the end is not the volume of work but the amount of love you put into your work. Learn to work with love integrity and honest to achieve excellent results. Thoughts to ponder: Am I a committed student who gives my best in school and in other endeavors?
being and unity of my family in the midst of growing threats against it? II. PAGKAMAKA-TAO “Ang tenga kapag pinagdikit korteng puso… extension ng puso ang tenga kaya kapag marunong kang makinig marunong kang magmahal…” -bob ong Love means so much to us simply love is the answer to our many questions during these trying times. It is by love that you care respect, accept, forgive and trust. But why is it that our nation has never moved forward if we all have LOVE within us? A.
Do I use my God-given talents wisely? C. the good citizenship value of concern for the family and future generations Respetuhin natin and ating ina ilaw siya ng tahanan bugyang galang ang ama at ang payo ang susundan at sa magkakapatid kailangan ay magmahalan dapat lang ay pagusapan ang hindi nauunwaan. This value emphasizes that your family is a gift from God and that utmost attention must be focused on the family a sanctuary of life and a core unit of society. You draw inspiration and strength from you family and in return you are expected to do your responsibilities as a member of the family to keep it intact and strong against the forces that tend to destroy its values and sense of unity. A family is worth more than any worldly gain. Be vigilant and possess the resolve to always value your family as your most precious gift next to your life. Be strengthened by love understanding and mutual respect for all members of our family. Thoughts to ponder: What are the most pressing issues my family faces today? Have I developed a strong personal conviction and resolve to value the well
THE GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUE OF LOVE
Maybe not all of us ever learned how to live in love which holds us back to love others. This is what the Almighty God wants you to learn; learn to LOVE. Love entails sacrifice, responsibility and service. Love binds us together as a nation. Love is the key to our national progress. Let it love be in the beginning the middle and the end of our history as a nation. Thoughts to ponder: Am I a loving student, citizen and person? How can I demonstrate the value of love to my family friends and community? How can I be a more loving person to others? What benefits can I possibly reap from being a loving person? B.
the good citizenship value of freedom.
“Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought” - Pope John Paul II You value freedom by giving due recognition and respect to your individuality as persons
with human rights and duties. Freedom is never without the virtue of responsibility. Freedom is the power to act or not to act. God gave out lives, and with that comes the freedom to choose what you want to make with it. The freedom our nation is enjoying now the fruits of love hardship and sacrifices of our ancestors. EDSA I and II are examples of events in our history as a nation that showed how we protected our freedom from tyrant leaders and anarchy. You should practice freedom with a clear understanding of its limits, with a sense of discipline and chastity which will lead you to love your fellowmen understand their plight, and do what is good and right while avoiding what is wrong and evil. Thoughts to ponder: As a student in what ways can I demonstrate my commitment to freedom? C.
C. THE GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUE OF PEACE You value peace by doing well for others and for your country living and working together in harmony and avoiding violence as a way of settling disputes. Peace begins with you. Peace is a Godgiven gift that you must nurture by prayer. This can be attained and sustained when you develop a deep consciousness of your faith in God, concern for your fellowmen loyalty to your country and respect for your environment. “peace means serenity of mind simplicity of heart and tranquility of soul” -st. Augustine You should be a person of peace a builder of harmony among your fellowmen. You should strive hard to foster the value of peace in your personal endeavors. Thought to ponder” What do I need to have peace and be able to shun violence? D.
THE GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUE OF TRUTH
The value of truth is living and loving passionately with honesty and sincerity. Truth is important in our society because it is condition for freedom. It entails transparency honesty integrity sincerity, courage and humility. The truth also demands sacrifices and efforts but it is a worthy cause that highlights your own capacity as a person to do well and live with integrity. You are a person of integrity; let truth strengthen your character by honesty and responsibility. Honesty should be applied in all your roles in life because the truth will set you free and it should always prevail. “there is no truth and no good in lies” Thought to ponder: Am I a truthful person? Do I recognize the importance of the value of truth in my life family work and country? THEE. GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUE OF JUSTICE. You value justice by means of promoting ethical practices that enhance the essence of social justice. It also means the promotion of a healthy and humane working condition, fair and legal labor practices, correct use of power, moving purposefully away from graft, corruption and other evils. Justice is important in our life because it ensures us that our society fosters an atmosphere that respects human dignity, security, and one that allows every person equal opportunity to pursue posterity, development and happiness. Let me share with you a story that will simply show you that justice is giving every man his due. To every man his due There was once a poor farmer who would come to town everyday in order to supply a baker with homemade bibingka. In exchange for five pounds of bread for his family. One day, the bakes decided to weigh the bibingka. He discovered that the bibingka was one pound short. This made the baker
very angry, and he accused the farmer of having cheated him. But the farmer very calmly declared, “you see sir I am poor and I have no weights at home. So I take the five pounds of bread you give me and use it as a standard. in this way I am sure of giving you an equal amount of bibingka. From the story mentioned above reflect on this question: As a citizen, have I done my share in giving my fellow men their basic share of justice by at least treating them with dignity and being mindful of their rights as much as I value my own?” III.
A. the good citizenship value of unity “if a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand, and if a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand” -mark 3:24-25 When you say unity is a good citizenship value, you mean that all we Filipino citizens are expected to be one as a people. It also means that YOU: Want your country to be united always. Are able to think of others as you would of yourselves. Are willing to lend a helping hand to others. Want and are willing to work for what is the best for your countrymen. The story shows that whether in our country or organizations, civic or church, we ought to be united, for the devil like the preying lion, divides and conquers. “a kingdom divided against itself cannot stand.” You should put aside division, and agree to work as one this is not easy to do, but it is something you must do. It is a heroic task. But remember, you, are called to be a hero. This is a time for heroes, B.
the good citizenship value of equality
“There will never be real equality so long as one feels inferior or superior to another” - mahatma ganghi this value means treating one another with equality and utmost dignity, respect for fellow human beings, regardless of religion or cultural orientation, sex, social status, race, etc. all men are created equal and have every right to be treated fairly in the interest of love and justice. As good citizens, you should therefore refrain from making irrational judgments of people; act conscientiously and decisively to protect each person’s right to equality. This is essential in establishing a community of happy, loving, caring and peaceful people. Thoughts to ponder: What does the value of equality mean to me? how important is it to me? Do I treat others with a strong sense of equality? Am I aware of issues that threaten the value of equality in my community/society? How do these issues affect me as a person/citizen? As a concerned citizen, what can I do to ensure that the value of equality is safeguarded and promoted? THE GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUE OF RESPECTY FOR LAW AND GOVERNMENT You should be a law-abiding citizen Regardless of who sits at the helm of the government. Laws and governments are meant to serve our own interests as citizens and not of the interest of the few, especially those who are in positions of power and authority. You should seek ways to know the laws more so that you may be able to follow them with more understanding and also strive hard to appreciate the government and its functions so that you can contribute to the efforts of improving the lives of your country men. You should not allow your values to be compromised by illegal acts and practices. Strive to take a critical stand in making a
decision to follow laws and appreciate the work of government. :Pilipino muna. Tangkilikin ang sariling atin,: -claro m. recto Patriotism means that you should be a good citizen ever vigilant for the welfare of your country. It calls you to be committed to serve the interest of the nation no matter who are seated at the helm of the government. Patriotism is every person’s sense of duty and responsibility: to contribute to development of our country, protecting our integrity, and upholding the rights and dignity of our people. Being proud of our personal and national identity and being responsible voters are some of the concrete examples on how we cultivate the value of patriotism. Thoughts to ponder: As a student. What are some ways in which I can perform simple acts of patriotism? Do I love my country enough that I am inspired to serve her in any way I can? E. THE GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUE OF COMMON GOOD :tumulong ka sa ikabubuti ng iyong kakapwaan at paunlarin mo ang iyong katarungang pangmadla. Di ka nabubuhay ng para sa iyo lamang ni para sa iyong mga anak. Ikaw ay bahagi ng lipunang pinagkakautangan mon g mga tiayk na sagutin.: --- manuel l. quezon The term common good refers to the sum of the total of goods and social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily. The common good consists of three elements: Respect for the person as such—his fundamental and inalienable human rights The social well-being and development of the group itself The peace for the stability and security of a just order.
The basic value of promotion of the common good clearly brings together other basic values and illustrates how the basic values are related and reinforce each other, e.g. : faith in Almighty God, unity, patriotism, work, love, peace and equality. To promote common good is an obligation of every member of society. It is to share what you have to the other members of society who need your help most so that their human dignity will be upheld. In doing this, you should be sincere and willing to be counted in the work of promoting the common good since the government needs all citizens to join in this mission. Now are you ready to do your share in promoting the common good? Have I developed the habit of sharing my blessings with others specially those who are less fortunate? IV. PAGKAMAKA- KALIKASAN A. THE GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUE OF CONCERN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT “kabataan, kalikasan opera s akinabukasan, iwasan ang pagkakamaling ating naranasan, oras nang magtubos, daigdig natin wag sayangin wag hayaang maubos.” --francis magalona :kabataan para sa kinabukasan: This value means launching an efficient and sustainable “clean and green” program nation wide. God made us stewards of His creation. You are aware that your existence and that of generations after you are threatened by the destruction of the environment. In this alarming situation, you should develop a sense of urgency in the way you treat your environment: respect the integrity of creation by means of using all environment resources properly and prudently. It is in every person’s mission of stewardship that he or she be more conscious of his/her actions when he/she relates with the environment. You should treat Mother Nature as your own mother and
masterpiece, giving it great care and appreciating its wonder and beauty. The acts could be as simple as throwing that candy wrapper on the garbage can instead of car or jeepney windows, avoiding the use of plastics, re-using your old clothes instead of buying new ones and the likes. Nature is God’s grace to you that’s why you should take care of it so that you will have clean air to breathe, clean water to drink, clean ocean to launch adventures and above all, a life that’s healthy and a future worthy to be shared to the next generation. These are the values embedded in the preamble of 1987 Philippine Constitution; this module clearly explained the meaning of the values and responsibilities we have to do to be good citizens of the Philippines. Remember, this value is innately given to us by God. We should know how to use it properly taking into consideration not only our welfare, but also that of others for the betterment of our country. “ang kabataan ang magulang ng bukas” Milagros t. Hernandez, tula. You, as the future movers of our country and parents of the future, are called to dedicate yourselves in the service of our nation and motivate others by exemplifying the values of a good Filipino citizen. How do you respond?