Nemo Scanner Guide 7.50

July 11, 2017 | Author: Fakhar Muhammad Hussain Naqvi | Category: Image Scanner, Ip Address, Usb, Electrical Connector, Wi Max
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WWW.ANITE.COM/NEMO

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

Copyright The information contained in this document is confidential and no part of it may be copied or reproduced in any form without the written consent of Anite Network Testing. Additionally, this document is not to be passed to or discussed with third parties without the prior written permission of Anite Network Testing. Anite’s products are subject to continual development and specifications may change. Users of Anite’s products and documentation should exercise their own independent judgement to evaluate the suitability of Anite’s products and documentation for their particular use. Anite does not accept any liability arising from the application or use of the product or this documentation. All reasonable care has been made to ensure that this document is accurate. If you have any comments on this document, or would like details of any Anite products, services or equipment, please contact us through the Anite website. Revision 7.50.00 Last edited March 2015

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CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................. 5 1.1

Enable frequency and pilot scanning for all systems ....................................... 5

2 ANRITSU

....................................................................................................... 6

2.1

Connecting Anritsu scanners ....................................................................... 6

2.2

Starting Anritsu scanners ........................................................................... 10

2.3

Measuring with Anritsu scanners ................................................................. 11

2.3.1

Frequency scanning .......................................................................... 11

2.3.2

TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS .............................................................. 13

2.3.3

Pilot Scrambling Code scanning .......................................................... 19

3 DRT

...................................................................................................... 21

3.1

Connecting the DRT Wimax 4301A+ scanner ................................................ 21

3.2

Changing the IP address for DRT 4301A+ .................................................... 23

3.3

Starting DRT scanners ............................................................................... 27

3.4

Measuring with DRT scanners ..................................................................... 28

3.4.1

Frequency scanning .......................................................................... 28

3.4.2

Pilot scanning ................................................................................... 31

4 PCTEL

...................................................................................................... 34

4.1

Connecting PCTEL LX CDMA/EVDO/GSM/WCDMA scanner .............................. 34

4.2

Connecting PCTEL EX scanners ................................................................... 36

4.3

Connecting the PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA dual-mode scanner ........................... 39

4.4

Connecting the PCTEL IBflex scanner .......................................................... 42

4.5

Connecting the PCTEL MX scanner .............................................................. 46

4.6

PcTel MX configurations and antenna ports .................................................. 48

4.6.1

Example 1........................................................................................ 53

4.6.2

Example 2........................................................................................ 54

4.6.3

Example 3........................................................................................ 54

4.7

Connecting PCTEL PCT scanners ................................................................. 55

4.8

Connecting PCTEL scanners to Nemo Invex chassis ....................................... 58

4.9

Starting PCTEL scanners ............................................................................ 59

4.10 Measuring with PCTEL scanners .................................................................. 65 4.10.1 Frequency scanning – PCTEL GSM scanner ........................................... 65 4.10.2 Frequency scanning – PCTEL GSM/UMTS scanners ................................ 68 4.10.3 Frequency scanning – PCTEL CDMA/EVDO scanners .............................. 69 4.10.4 Frequency scanning – PCTEL TD-SCDMA scanners ................................ 72 4.10.5 Frequency scanning – PCTEL LTE scanners ........................................... 73 4.10.6 TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS .............................................................. 75 Page 3

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

4.10.7 TOP-N Pilot scanning – TD-SCDMA ...................................................... 78 4.10.8 TOP-N Pilot scanning – CDMA/EVDO .................................................... 79 4.10.9 Spectrum scanning ........................................................................... 81 4.10.10 LTE OFDM scanning ........................................................................... 85 4.10.11 Pilot Scrambling Code scanning .......................................................... 88 5 ROHDE & SCHWARZ ......................................................................................... 91 5.1

Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ/TSML scanner .................................. 91

5.2

Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSMW scanner .......................................... 95

5.3

Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSME scanner ........................................... 98

5.4

Connecting Rohde & Schwarz scanners to Nemo Invex chassis ..................... 101

5.4.1

Connecting R&S TSMW to Nemo Invex with an Ethernet cable .............. 102

5.4.2

Connecting R&S TSMW to Nemo Invex with a network switch ............... 104

5.5

Starting Rohde & Schwarz scanners .......................................................... 108

5.6

TSMW manual front-end configuration ....................................................... 110

5.7

Measuring with Rohde & Schwarz scanners ................................................ 111

5.7.1

Frequency scanning ........................................................................ 112

5.7.2

TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS ............................................................ 114

5.7.3

TOP-N Pilot scanning - CDMA/EVDO .................................................. 117

5.7.4

TOP-N Pilot scanning - LTE ............................................................... 118

5.7.5

Spectrum scanning ......................................................................... 121

6 VENTURE

.................................................................................................... 124

6.1

Configuring your PC ................................................................................ 124

6.2

Connecting the MRX3808A/L receiver ........................................................ 127

6.3

Starting Venture MRX scanners ................................................................ 130

6.4

Measuring with Venture MRX scanners ...................................................... 131

6.4.1

Frequency scanning ........................................................................ 131

6.4.2

Pilot scanning ................................................................................. 133

7 TROUBLESHOOTING SCANNERS ....................................................................... 138 8 TECHNICAL SUPPORT ...................................................................................... 139 8.1

User Club............................................................................................... 139

8.2

Nemo Support Portal ............................................................................... 139

8.3

Phone and email support ......................................................................... 140

9 END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT ...................................................................... 141

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NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

1

INTRODUCTION

This document describes the process of connecting and configuring scanners from Anritsu, DRT, PCTEL, and Rohde & Schwarz. Instructions for using the Nemo FSR1 scanner can be found from the Nemo FSR1 user manual.

1.1

Enable frequency and pilot scanning for all systems It is possible to enable/disable frequency and pilot scanning for every system simultaneously through the Nemo Outdoor/Nemo Invex Devices view. Select the option to activate frequency and/or pilot scanning for all the supported systems.

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2

ANRITSU

2.1

Connecting Anritsu scanners 1. Connect the antenna cable to scanner RF Input. If you are measuring with a dual-mode scanner that supports both GSM and WCDMA, use the RF1 input (see picture). RF2 input only supports WCDMA scanning.

2. Connect the battery cable to the battery and to a power source.

3. The Battery led of the scanner should turn green. Page 6

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The following steps apply to Anritsu ML8720B and ML8720C scanners. If you are measuring with the Anritsu ML8740A or Anritsu ML8740B scanner, see step 12.

4. Connect the null modem cable to the scanner COM port that can be found below the power switch.

5. Connect the null modem to one of the PC COM ports 6. Turn the power on in the scanner. The Power led should light up. 7. The scanner should now start, wait until the scanner has started 8. Press the Menu button in the scanner. 9. Use the arrow keys and the Sel button to select Interface and Behavior. 10.Check that the settings are as follows. If not, change them using the arrow keys and the Sel button (note that the selected item will be underlined as soon as you use the arrow buttons to switch to another line). To exit the dialog without saving, press the F4 button (Cancel). To exit the dialog and save the modified settings, press the F5 button (OK).

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COM1 Protocol: Direct



COM1 Baud Rate: 38400 or 57600 or 115200



COM1 Stop Bit(s): 1



COM1 Data Length: 8



COM1 Parity: None



The baud rate 115200 is the fastest option.



Note! Memorize the baud rate. It is needed when starting the device.

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

11.If you are measuring with the Anritsu ML8740A or Anritsu ML8740B scanner, see the following steps. 12.Insert the Anritsu installation CD in your PC. 13.Connect the USB cable to the scanner USB port found in the front panel and to the PC. 14.Switch the scanner on. 15.The New Hardware Wizard will start automatically. Select the No, not this time option and click Next.

16.Select the Install the software automatically option and click Next.

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17.If a warning message appears, click Continue Anyway. The installation will start. Please wait while the New Hardware Wizard installs the software. When the installation is complete, click Finish.

18.To check that the installation was successful, go to Device Manager (Start | Settings | Control Panel | System | Hardware | Device Manager). Expand the Universal Serial Bus controllers item. Area Scanner should be on the list.

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19.Double-click on Area Scanner. Check that the Device Status field displays This device is working properly. Exit the dialog by clicking OK.

2.2

Starting Anritsu scanners 1. Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 2. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 3. Click on Scanner. 4. From the list select: •

For Anritsu ML8720B: Anritsu ML8720B UMTS 2100 and click Next.



For Anritsu ML8720C without the GSM option: Anritsu ML8720C UMTS 2100 and click Next.



For Anritsu ML8720C with the GSM option: Anritsu ML8720C GSM/UMTS and click Next.



For Anritsu ML8740A and Anritsu ML8740B without the GSM option: Anritsu ML8740A/ ML8740B UMTS 2100 and click Next.



For Anritsu ML8740A and Anritsu ML8740B with the GSM option: Anritsu ML8740A/ML8740B GSM/UMTS and click Next.

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5. In the Device Configuration dialog, set the COM Port to the port the scanner is connected to (ML8720B/ML8720C)/select the USB port (e.g., Anritsu USB1). ♦

The next step is not valid for the Anritsu ML8740A and Anritsu ML8740B scanners.

6. Set the baud rate to the one used by the scanner and click OK. Note that the baud rate must be the same that you chose when you were connecting the scanner. The dialog will be closed and the scanner should now be connected to the system. 7. If the dialog did not close, the startup did not succeed. Check the cable connections and the settings and try again. 8. If the Device Status window is not visible, open it from the View menu. A green light should be blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. If the status field displays, Device is not started, check that you are in online mode (click the Work Offline/Online button

).

2.3

Measuring with Anritsu scanners

2.3.1

Frequency scanning 1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. In the Measurement Properties dialog you can select the channels to be scanned: •

If the scanner supports only one carrier, you can select either GSM or UMTS channels to be scanned.



If the scanner supports two carriers, you can select for scanning both GSM and UMTS channels. If you select GSM channels, you can select a maximum of one UMTS channel. If you do not select GSM channels, you can select one or two UMTS channels.

3. On the Frequency scanning, GSM page, click the Select Channels button to select the GSM channels to be scanned. Page 11

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Note that the scanner reports the 32 strongest channels from the selected GSM channels.

Channel style defines the bandwidth of the measured channel. For GSM the options are 200 kHz and 30 kHz narrow. Data mode defines the type of measurement data computed from each sample. Note that the available selection depends on the scanner type. •

RX Level Average: the data reported is the average RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.



RX Level Maximum: the data reported is the maximum RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.



RX Level Minimum: the data reported is the minimum RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.



RX Level Standard Deviation: the data reported is the standard of deviation of the number of samples reported as an integer.



RX Level 10%: the data reported is the 10th percentile RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.



RX Level 50%: the data reported is the 50th percentile RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.

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RX Level 90%: the data reported is the 90th percentile RX level, in dB, of the Number of samples.

Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then reports the result. Sample size defines the number of samples taken from each channel before a measurement result is written to file. Selecting the BSIC decoding option displays BSIC value in a measurement window. BSIC Threshold defines the minimum BSIC level that the scanner reports. BCCH C/I option is available with PCTEL and Rohde&Schwarz GSM scanners only. 4. Click the Start Recording button

2.3.2

to start recording the results in an output file.

TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS Unknown Pilot scanning can be used for scanning unknown pilots or the strongest pilots. The Unknown Pilot Scan will from now on be referred to as TOP-N Pilot Mode/Scanning.



To set pilot scanning settings: 1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties.

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2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Pilot scanning page.



Note that some of the options are enabled/disabled in this dialog according to the selected scanner model.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. For UMTS scanners, the options are Narrow Band (200kHz) and Wide Band (3.84MHz). For Anritsu scanners, only Wide Band is available. Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA. Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then reports the result. Number of fingers defines the maximum number of fingers used for RAKE in measurement. Selective level determines a valid path. Set a value (in dB) to decide a valid path from the noise floor (average value). Rake threshold determines a valid path (in dB). Subtracting the set value from a path with a maximum correlation value gives the lower limit of the valid path. Top-N option enables/disables Top-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report results from N best scrambling codes. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported by scanner in Top-N mode. Page 14

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Delay profile option enables/disables delay profile scanning. The Channel number field provides a list of channels that can be selected for scanning. Finger option enables and disables Finger measurements for the scanner. P-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the P-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code. SIR (signal to interference ratio) defines if the selected scanner will measure the SIR value for each scrambling code. S-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the S-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code. The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Channels dialog where you can select channels for pilot scanning. If you press the arrow, a drop-down menu will appear from where you can select Top-N Search Configuration.



Please note that the Top-N Search Configuration dialog is available for Anritsu UMTS scanners only.

In the Top-N Search Configuration dialog you can limit the search performed by the scanner and consequently speed up the search.

Group specifies the group number for the primary scrambling code in the range of 0 to 63. Cell specifies the cell number for the primary scrambling code in the range of 0 to 7. Secondary code specifies the secondary scrambling code. Limit range should be set from 0 to 0. Channelization code specifies the channelization code. Limit range should be set from 0 to 0. Search method defines how the search is performed. P-CPICH (primary common pilot channel) searches with P-CPICH. SCH performs a three-step search with P-SCH and S-SCH.

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To select pilot parameters: 1. Select the TOP-N Mode option. 2. Set the Number of Scrambling codes value. This defines how many strongest pilots are to be reported by the scanner. The maximum is 32 pilots.



To select channels: 1. In the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning, UMTS page, click the Top-N Configuration button. The Select Channels dialog is opened.

2. The table displays the channel numbers, not the frequencies. ♦

With the Anritsu ML8720B single carrier scanner only one channel can be selected. If you are measuring with the Anritsu ML8720B-03 dual carrier scanner, two channels can be selected.

3. You can remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the Remove button. 4. You can add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and clicking the Add button. 5. Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog.

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To select search parameters: 1. Open the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning, UMTS page. Press down the Top-N Configuration button and select Top-N Search Configuration.

2. The Top-N Search Configuration dialog opens.

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3. Set the Group search range. The group number is the scrambling code divided by 8. For example, SC (scrambling code) 12 = group 1, cell 4. 4. Set the Cell search range. The cell number is the division modulus. For example, SC (scrambling code) 12 = group 1, cell 4. 5. The Secondary Code and the Channelization Code ranges should be set from 0 to 0 for scanning only the P-CPICH. 6. Select the Search Method. SCH means that the P-CPICH are searched using P-SCH and S-SCH. P-CPICH means that the P-CPICH are searched without using P-SCH and S-SCH. ♦

Note that the P-CPICH method is much slower than the SCH method.

7. Click OK to accept the settings and to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 8. Data processing method defines how the scanner will process samples before reporting. 9. PN threshold defines the limit above which Ec/N0 peaks must go if Aggregated data processing method is used. ♦

In pilot scanning mode, the RSSI is always measured for each channel.



In pilot scanning mode the P-CPICH Ec/N0 and RSCP are always measured for each scrambling code.

10.After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 11.A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. 12.Click the Start Recording button

to start recording the results in an output file.

2.3.2.1 Data processing method – Peak vs Aggregate If the multipath components are significantly lower than the peak, their contribution will be negligible and the aggregate will be the same as the peak. However, if one or more multipath components are close to the peak component in power, its power combined with the peak component’s power will be larger than either of them alone. In the case where a multipath component is the same strength as the peak the aggregate will be twice the power, or 3dB higher than the peak. Thus, the aggregate will always be the same as or larger than the peak. As a practical matter, many multipath components are typically present in an urban environment, where there are many surfaces (e.g., buildings) which can reflect the radio signal. By contrast, there may be few or no multipath components in a rural environment. The difference between Aggregate and Peak is variable. Probably the difference will lie in the range of 0 to 4 dB. If the multipath components are small, they will have no contribution and aggregate will be equal to peak (0 dB difference). In the case above where one multipath is equal to the peak, the doubling of power gives +3dB to the aggregate. There might be cases where two components are the same strength as the peak and this would result in an aggregate +4.7dB relative to the peak. Naturally, if another component becomes higher than the “peak”, it becomes the new peak. Aggregation does not happen over time, but over multipath components that are all simultaneously present.

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2.3.3

Pilot Scrambling Code scanning Pilot Scrambling Code Scanning or Known Scrambling Code Scanning can be used to scan known pilots. The Known Scrambling Code Scanning will from now on be referred to as Normal Pilot Mode. 1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. Go to the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning, UMTS page .

3. Clear the TOP-N mode option and click the Select Channels button. The Select Scrambling Codes dialog is opened. 4. Select channels in the Selected channel numbers table by clicking the Select button. ♦

With the Anritsu ML8720B single carrier scanner only one channel can be selected. If you are measuring with the Anritsu ML8720B-03 dual carrier scanner, two channels can be selected.

5. For each selected channel, select scrambling codes. Select a channel and click the Select button below the Selected scrambling codes table. 6. Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 7. When using an Anritsu scanner in Pilot Scanning mode, you can define the measurement period. It defines the time period from which results are gathered and processed before reporting. Page 19

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8. Data processing method defines how the scanner will process samples before reporting. ♦

In Pilot Scanning Mode the RSSI is always measured for each channel.



In Pilot Scanning Mode the P-CPICH Ec/N0 and RSCP are always measured for each scrambling code.

9. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 10.A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. 11.Click the Start Recording button

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to start recording the results in an output file.

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3

DRT

3.1

Connecting the DRT Wimax 4301A+ scanner ♦

Note! The DRT 4301A+ scanner does NOT have an On/OFF switch. The unit is powered by connecting the power cable and powered off by disconnecting the power cable. When connecting cables to the unit, the power cable should be the last one connected and the first one disconnected.

1. Insert one end of the RJ-45 cable in the DATA jack in the scanner, and connect the other end with the PC. 2. Insert the power cable in the connector marked DC IN. 3. Plug the antenna cable in the FR IN B port in your DRT scanner. ♦

Note that you can only select one of the antennas, 2300/2500MHz or the 3500MHz antenna, and connect it with the scanner. You must select between the antennas at this point.

4. Connect the scanner’s GPS antenna cable to the scanner’s GPS port, and place the GPS antenna on a visible spot. 5. Go to Start | Control Panel | Network Connections on your PC. 6. Right-click on Local Area Connection and select Properties. 7. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) | Properties.

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8. In the General tab, select Use the following IP address, and type 192.168.5.1 in the IP address field, and 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet mask field.

9. Click OK and Close to exit the dialogs. 10.Now connect the scanner’s power cable. The scanner is now on. A green light will turn on in the scanner.

11. Start Nemo Outdoor. Go to Measurement | Add New Device | Scanner. Select DRT WIMAX 2300, DRT WIMAX 2500 or DRT WIMAX 3500 depending on which band you choose to measure at the time.

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12.In the Device Configuration dialog, select DRT LAN in the Port drop-down menu.



Note that the Baud rate, Antenna gain and Cable loss fields do not affect the scanner, so they can be left as they are.

13.Click OK to exit the dialog. 14.Go to page 28 for more information on conducting WIMAX measurements with the DRT scanner.

3.2

Changing the IP address for DRT 4301A+ The DRT 4301A+ scanners are delivered from Anite Finland with the preconfigured IP address 192.168.5.2 for use with Nemo Outdoor. If the scanner is used with Nemo Invex, the IP address needs to be changed. The DRT 4301A+ unit works with dynamic (DHCP) and static IP address modes. The default unit mode after coming from the factory is usually DHCP. The IP address must be static (192.168.5.2) for it to be possible to use the DRT 4301A+ scanner with Nemo Outdoor. The DRT device has an internal web server through which the user can make selections concerning the device’s network settings. 1. Connect the unit with a straight RJ45 cable to your local network. Do not use the grey cable that comes with the device. Connect the power cable (4-pin connector) to the DRT unit and wait for the green light to appear which means that the scanner is powered up. This takes approximately 20 seconds. 2. Open a browser on the computer the scanner is connected to and disable the proxy for the browser. Type in the following address: http://drt4301sn0000 (0000 is the serial number of your DRT 4301A+ scanner found at the back of the unit). Wait for 10-20 seconds for the connection to be established.

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3. If the configuration page does not appear, continue to the next step. If the configuration page appears, continue to step 6. 4. Connect the DRT unit to your computer network card with a crossed RJ45 cable (grey cable, comes with the device). Change your computer IP address to 192.168.5.1 and network mask to 255.255.255.0 (look at the picture below). Then reboot the DRT unit by removing and reconnecting the power cable.

5. Open a web browser, disable the proxy for the browser, and type in the following IP address: http://192.168.5.2.

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6. When the Network Configuration page appears, type in the following IP address in the Static IP Address field: 192.168.3.201. This is the IP address used with Nemo Invex. ♦

WARNING! If you mistype the IP address or type in a different IP address and forget it, the only way to reset the unit is to send it back to the factory!

7. Press the Save Changes button. Once the message below is displayed, reboot the unit by removing and reconnecting the power cable.

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8. To check whether the configuration was successful, perform steps 4 and 5 except that change your computer IP address to 192.168.3.1. The Network Configuration page should display the new IP address. Alternatively connect the device to Nemo Invex to see if it works. In the Nemo Invex SW, Device Configuration dialog, select DRT LAN Invex in the Port field.

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3.3

Starting DRT scanners 1. Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 2. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 3. Click on Scanner. 4. From the list select:

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DRT WIMAX 2300, if you want to make measurements with the 2300MHz (WiMAX) band.



DRT WIMAX 2500, if you want to make measurements with the 2500MHz (WiMAX) band.



DRT WIMAX 3500, if you want to make measurements with the 3500MHz (WiMAX) band.

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

5. In the Device Configuration dialog, set the COM Port to DRT LAN.



Note that the no changes need to be made to the Baud rate, Antenna gain, and Cable loss fields. See the next chapter for further instructions on how to make measurements.

3.4

Measuring with DRT scanners

3.4.1

Frequency scanning Frequency scanning can be used to scan band power. It is also useful for checking that the band is deselected and for finding out the center frequency. 1. After the DRT WIMAX scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. You can enable or disable the integrated GPS receiver through the Advanced button. It is also possible to use an external GPS device with the scanner.

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3. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Frequency scanning page.

4. In the Channel Style list box, select the channel bandwidth. The options are Wide Band (5000 kHz) and Wide Band 2 (10000 kHz).

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5. Click the Select Frequencies button to open the Select Frequencies dialog.

6. The table displays the available frequencies. Select and add them in the Selected view by clicking on Add>>. 7. Remove frequencies from the Selected list by selecting a frequency and clicking the Remove button. 8. Add frequencies in the Selected list by selecting a frequency from the Available list and clicking the Add button. 9. Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 10.After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 11.A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. 12.Click the Start Recording button

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to start recording the results in an output file.

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3.4.2

Pilot scanning 1. After the DRT WIMAX scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Pilot scanning page.

Channel style refers to the channel bandwidth. Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. Top-N option enables/disables TOP-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report results from N best preambles. Number of preambles field defines how many preambles are reported by the scanner in TOP-N mode. CINR refers to the Carrier to Interference and Noise ratio value, in dB *100 (e.g., -16.34). It is based on the requested reuse factor. Preamble delay refers to the number of samples between expected arrival time and actual arrival time of preamble with respect to GPS time reference. The values range from 0 to 1023+32. Each sample corresponds to 89.285 nanoseconds. Reuse factor refers to a system design parameter that can be manipulated to achieve the desired balance between the interference and the network coverage. The WiMAX air interface modulating Page 31

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waveform has been divided into three segments (Segment 0, 1 and 2). The allocation of frequency sub-carrier into these three segments is done in such a way that e.g. a downlink signal on segment 0 will not interfere with the downlink signal on segment 1. In a Reuse Factor 1 measurement, contributions from all the three segments are considered in the measured parameters, so that the CINRs are calculated from all the three segments. When Reuse Factor 3 is selected, only the contribution of the desired segment is considered, and the CINRs are calculated only from the same segment. As a broad guideline, measurements performed with Reuse Factor 1 will provide the signal quality of the all the detected preambles relative to each other, whereas the Reuse Factor 3 category of measurements will provide the signal quality of preambles within the same segment. Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value (in chips) for each scanned scrambling code. Delay spread is determined as the difference between the last and first component to break the threshold set in PN Threshold. 3. The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Frequencies dialog where you can select frequencies for scanning. The maximum number of frequencies that can be selected is device specific.

4. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 5. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. Page 32

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6. Click the Start Recording button

to start recording the results in an output file.

3.4.2.1 Data processing method – Peak vs Aggregate If the multipath components are significantly lower than the peak, their contribution will be negligible and the aggregate will be the same as the peak. However, if one or more multipath components are close to the peak component in power, its power combined with the peak component’s power will be larger than either of them alone. In the case where a multipath component is the same strength as the peak the aggregate will be twice the power, or 3dB higher than the peak. Thus, the aggregate will always be the same as or larger than the peak. As a practical matter, many multipath components are typically present in an urban environment, where there are many surfaces (e.g., buildings) which can reflect the radio signal. By contrast, there may be few or no multipath components in a rural environment. The difference between Aggregate and Peak is variable. Probably the difference will lie in the range of 0 to 4 dB. If the multipath components are small, they will have no contribution and aggregate will be equal to peak (0 dB difference). In the case above where one multipath is equal to the peak, the doubling of power gives +3dB to the aggregate. There might be cases where two components are the same strength as the peak and this would result in an aggregate +4.7dB relative to the peak. Naturally, if another component becomes higher than the “peak”, it becomes the new peak. Aggregation does not happen over time, but over multipath components that are all simultaneously present.

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4

PCTEL

4.1

Connecting PCTEL LX CDMA/EVDO/GSM/WCDMA scanner 1. Connect the antenna cable to the scanner RF Input.

2. Connect the scanner GPS antenna cable to the scanner GPS input (above RF Input).

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3. Connect the scanner power cable to the scanner serial port (Data).

4. The scanner cable is split into a serial cable connector and a power cable connector. Connect the serial cable to one of the COM ports in the PC. Connect the scanner power cable to a cigarette lighter in the car. 5. When connecting the scanner power cable, check the Power led: •

If the led is first orange for a while and then turns green, the scanner is working properly and using a baud rate of 38400



If the led blinks orange and black for a while and then turns green, the scanner is working properly and using baud rate of 115200



If the led is red, the scanner is not working properly. Switch the power off and on again. If this occurs after usage, the device may be overheated. Let it cool down for a while.





Note! Memorize the baud rate. It is needed when starting the device.

Connecting an external GPS to PCTEL LX EVDO/GSM/WCDMA scanner ♦

Note that you cannot use both the integrated and an external GPS receiver at the same time.

1. Connect the GPS serial cable to a PC serial port. ♦

If there is only one port in the PC by default, this port should be reserved for the scanner. In this case connect the GPS to the PCMCIA serial port adapter.

2. Connect the GPS power cable to a cigarette lighter.

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4.2

Connecting PCTEL EX scanners 1. To install the device drivers the user must have administrative rights to its PC, and the Take ownership of files or other objects policy has to be enabled for this user on this PC. 2. Copy the folder /SeeGull EX VCP driver_v.2.1.1.0 to your local drive before installing the driver, and run the installation from the hard drive. •

Right click on the folder and select Properties.



Clear the Read-only attributes and click OK.



Select Apply changes to this folder, subfolder and files as below



and click OK.

3. Double-click on the SeeGull EX VCP Device Driver.msi installer file to start the driver installation. 4. Click Next in the SeeGull Welcome window that appears. 5. Select the destination folder for the driver in the Destination Folder window, and Click Next, and click Install. 6. Click Finish in the InstallationShield Wizard Completed window to exit the wizard.

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7. Remove the yellow plastic caps from the antenna, power and GPS connectors in the front panel.

8. Connect the power cable to the Power connector in the front panel. Connect the other end of the cable to a cigarette lighter socket. The SYS indicator in the front panel will light up.

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9. Connect the antenna cables. It does not matter which antenna cable goes to which RF connector.

10.Connect the GPS antenna to the connector marked GPS.

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11.Connect the USB data cable to the USB port in the front panel. Connect the other end of the USB data cable to your PC.

12.Windows will automatically detect the device.

4.3

Connecting the PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA dual-mode scanner 1. Remove the yellow plastic caps from the antenna and GPS connectors in the front panel.

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2. Connect the power cable to the Power and Data connector in the front panel. Connect the other end to a USB port on your computer and to a power source. The green Power indicator in the scanner front panel will light up.

3. Connect the antenna cables. Note that the antenna cables and the connectors in the scanner front panel are color coded. The OP042 cable marked with yellow is connected to the RF1 connector marked with yellow (connector on the left). The OP039 cable marked with blue is connected to the RF2 connector marked with purple (connector in the middle).

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4. Connect the GPS antenna to the connector marked GPS (connector on the right).

5. Windows will have detected the new device and will install the required drivers. Insert the PCTEL installation CD. 6. Select No, not this time in the Welcome dialog. 7. Select Install from a list of specific location and click Next.

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8. Select Include this option in the search and browse to folder D:\EdgeportUSB\Edgeport Vendor Data\driver vx.x. Click Next to start the installation.

9. When the installation is finished, click Finish. Windows will automatically install some additional drivers and report when the device is ready to be used.

4.4

Connecting the PCTEL IBflex scanner 1. To install the device drivers the user must have administrative rights to its PC, and the Take ownership of files or other objects policy has to be enabled for this user on this PC. 2. Browse to folder seegull mx driver\MX winusb driver. For 32-bit operating system run DPInst.exe from “install x86” folder and for 64-bit operating system run DPInst.exe from “install x64” folder. 3. The PCTEL USB Device Installer window will appear. Click Next. 4. If a Windows Security message appears, click Install. 5. Click Finish in the installation completed window.

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6. Connect the power cable to the PWR connector in the back panel. Connect the other end of the cable to a cigarette lighter socket. Turn the switch to On position. The Status indicator in the front panel will light up.

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7. Connect the antenna cables to connectors RF1 and RF2.

8. Connect the GPS antenna to the connector marked GPS.

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9. Connect the COM data cable to the COM port in the front panel. Connect the other end of the COM data cable to your PC.

10.Windows 7 will automatically detect and install the device. 11.Go to Device Manager and select PCTEL Devices. Memorize the port number for the PCTEL IBflex Scanner item, as you will need it later on.

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4.5

Connecting the PCTEL MX scanner 1. To install the device drivers the user must have administrative rights to its PC, and the Take ownership of files or other objects policy has to be enabled for this user on this PC. 2. Browse to folder seegull mx driver\MX winusb driver. For 32-bit operating system run DPInst.exe from “install x86” folder and for 64-bit operating system run DPInst.exe from “install x64” folder. 3. The PCTEL USB Device Installer window will appear. Click Next. 4. If a Windows Security message appears, click Install. 5. Click Finish in the installation completed window. 6. Remove the yellow plastic caps from the antenna, power and GPS connectors in the front panel.

7. Connect the power cable to the PWR connector in the front panel. Connect the other end of the cable to a cigarette lighter socket. Turn the switch to On position. The Status indicator in the front panel will light up.

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8. Connect the antenna cables. The label on the scanner lists the frequencies of the radio modules connected to each specific port, labeled RF1 to RF4. The antenna ports that require antenna connections are identified by their “frequency” on the label. Since each SeeGull MX is configured to minimize the number of ports necessary for use, some ports may be inactive for a particular configuration and are indicated by a blank box.

9. Connect the GPS antenna to the connector marked GPS.

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10.Connect the USB data cable to the USB port in the front panel. Connect the other end of the USB data cable to your PC. Windows will automatically detect and install the device

11.Go to Device Manager and select PCTEL Devices. Memorize the port number for the PCTEL MX Scanner item, as you will need it later on.

4.6

PcTel MX configurations and antenna ports Below is a list of frequencies supported by PCTEL MX scanners. Please note that Nemo Outdoor does not necessarily support all the listed bands.

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Band

Description

0x0001

Reserved

Reserved for future use

0x0082

900/1800 Signal Check

Signal Check device supporting European 900/1800

0x0100

American Cellular

American 800 MHz Cellular, Forward Band

0x0101

Rev. American Cellular

American 800 MHz Cellular, Reverse Band

0x0102

Full American Cellular

American 800 MHz Cellular, Full Band

0x0200

American PCS

American PCS Region (1.93 – 1.99 GHz), Forward

0x0201

Rev. American PCS

American PCS Region (1.85 – 1.91 GHz), Reverse

0x0202

Full American PCS

American PCS Region, Full Band

0x0300

IMT 2000

IMT 2000, Forward Band

0x0301

Rev. IMT 2000

IMT 2000, Reverse Band MHz)(1920-1980

0x0302

Full IMT 2000

IMT 2000, Full Band

0x0400

Korean 1800

Korean 1.8 GHz Region (1.805 – 1.870 GHz)

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

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Band

Description

0x0401

Reserved

Reserved for expansion

0x0402

Reserved

Reserved for expansion

0x0500

Japanese 800 (BC0)

Japanese 800 MHz Region (Band Class 0)

0x0501

Japanese 800 (BC3)

Japanese 800 MHz Region (Band Class 3)

0x0502

Reserved

Reserved for expansion

0x0600

European 900

European 900 MHz Region (925 – 960 MHz), EGSM Forward

0x0601

Rev. European 900

European 900 MHz Reversed Band (880 – 915 MHz)

0x0602

Reserved for expansion

Reserved for expansion

0x0700

1800MHz

1800 MHz Region (1805 – 1880 MHz), DCS Forward

0x0701

Rev. 1800

1800 Reverse Band (1710-1785 MHz)

0x0702

Reserved for expansion

Reserved for expansion

0x0800

450 MHz Band

450 MHz Region, Forward Band

0x0900

800 Extended SMR

800 MHz SMR Band (Extended Frequencies from 866 to 869)

0x0A00

900 SMR

900 MHz SMR Band

0x0B00

AWS 2100

2100 MHz AWS Forward Band (2110-2155 MHz)

0x0B01

Rev. AWS 2100

2100 MHz AWS Reverse Band (1710-1755 MHz)

0x0C00

Chinese 2000

2000 MHz Band

0x0D00

BRS 2500

2.5 GHz BRS Band (Band Class 3)

0x0E01

3400

Band Class 5 sub Band 3.4-3.6GHz

0x1000

US 700 Upper C/D

American Upper 700Mhz Band (C,D Block)

0x1001

Rev. US Upper 700 C/D

American Reverse Upper 700MHz Band (C, D Block)

0x1010

US 700 Upper C

American Upper 700Mhz Band (C Block)

0x1011

Rev US 700 Upper C

American Reverse Upper 700Mhz Band (C Block)

0x1100

US Lower 700 A/B/C

American Lower 700MHz Band (A, B, C Block)

0x1101

Rev. US Lower 700 A/B/C

American Reverse Lower 700MHz Band (A, B, C

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

Band

Description Block)

0x11F8

US Lower 700 B/C

American Lower 700MHz Band (B, C Block) EUTRA Band 17 (734-746MHz)

0x11F9

Rev. US Lower 700 B/C

American Reverse Lower 700MHz Band (B, C Block) EUTRA Band 17 (704-716MHz)

0x1200

Ext IMT-2000

IMT-2000 Extension (2.6GHz) Band (26202690MHz)

0x1201

Rev. Ext IMT-2000

IMT-2000 Extension (2.6GHz) Reverse Band (2500-2570MHz)

0x1300

1500

1500 Band (1475.9-1500.9MHz)

0x1301

Rev. 1500

1500 Reverse Band (1427.9-1452.9MHz)

0x1400

Ext 1500

Extended 1500 Band (1495.9-1510.9MHz)

0x1401

Rev. Ext 1500

Extended 1500 Reverse Band (1447.91462.9MHz)

0x1500

Ext US PCS

US PCS Region (1.93 – 1.995 GHz), Forward

0x1501

Rev. Ext US PCS

US PCS Region (1.85 – 1.915 GHz), Reverse

0x1600

DL 800 EUTRA 6

Downlink EUTRA Band 6 (875-885MHz)

0x1601

UL 800 EUTRA 6

Uplink EUTRA Band 6 (830-840MHz)

0x1700

DL Japan Lower 800

Downlink EUTRA Band 18 (860-875MHz)

0x1701

UL Japan Lower 800

Uplink EUTRA Band 18 (815-830MHz)

0x1800

DL Japan Upper 800

Downlink EUTRA Band 19 (875-890MHz)

0x1801

UL Japan Upper 800

Uplink EUTRA Band 19 (830-845MHz)

0x1900

European R-900

European Railways-900MHz Region (921-925 MHz)

0x1901

Rev. European R-900

European Railways-900MHz Region (876-880 MHz)

0x1A00

DL European 800

Downlink EUTRA Band 20 (791-821 MHz)

0x1A01

UL European 800

Uplink EUTRA Band 20 (832-862 MHz)

0x1B00

DL 1600

Downlink EUTRA Band 24 (1525-1559 MHz) Also Fwd L- Band

0x1B01 Page 50

UL 1600

Uplink EUTRA Band 24 (1626.5-1660.5 MHz)

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

Band

Description Also Rev L- Band

0x1C03

0x1D03

DL / UL Ext IMT-2000 (Center Gap)

Downlink/Uplink Ext IMT-2000 (Center Gap)

DL / UL 2.3 TDD

Downlink/Uplink 2.3 TDD

EUTRA Band 38 (2570-2620 MHz)

EUTRA Band 40 (2300-2400 MHz) 0x1EC3

0x1F03

DL / UL 2.5-2.6 (Lower Half) TDD

Downlink/Uplink 2.5-2.6 (Lower Half) TDD

DL / UL 1.8 TDD

Downlink/Uplink 2.5-2.6 (Lower Half) TDD

EUTRA Band 41 Lower Half (2496-2593 MHz)

EUTRA Band 41 Lower Half (1880-1920 MHz) The PcTel MX can be configured in up to five different ways with MISO only, MIMO only, or a combination of both. Multiple-band antenna ports are used for MISO only and are arranged in rows of two ports. Single-band ports may be used for either MIMO or MISO and are arranged in rows of four ports. In all cases, each band is assigned to a particular antenna port. The antenna connectors on the SeeGull MX are male SMB A (screw-on) type. For MISO radio systems, antenna ports RF1 and RF3 are high band ports supporting up to four bands each in frequency ranges from 1500 MHz to 2600 MHz. Antenna ports RF2 and RF4 are low band ports supporting up to four bands each in frequency ranges from 700 MHz to 1000 MHz.

Figure 1. Antenna ports.

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Figure 2. Antenna ports.

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The label on the SeeGull MX lists the frequencies of the radio modules connected to each specific port, labeled RF1 to RF8. The antenna ports that require antenna connections are identified by their “frequency” on the label. Since each SeeGull MX is configured to minimize the number of ports necessary for use, some ports may be inactive for a particular configuration and are indicated by a blank box.

Figure 3. MX label identifying antenna locations.

4.6.1

Example 1 The SeeGull MX as shown in the figure below is configured for the following bands: 2100 AWS, 1900, 850, and 700 MHz bands on a standard MISO radio system. Either an OP216 (1700 to 2600 MHz) antenna or an OP078H (698 to 2300 MHz) antenna can be connected the RF1 port. The OP078H is recommended in this case to keep all the antenna types. Another OP078H antenna must be connected to port RF4 (700 to 1000 MHz) to service the 700 and 850 MHz bands. Antenna ports RF2 and RF3 are not used in this example and do not require antenna connections.

Figure 4. MISO radio system configured for bands in USA.

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4.6.2

Example 2 The SeeGull MX as shown in the figure below is configured for the following bands: 2600, 2100, 1800, and 900 MHz bands on a standard MISO radio system. An OP216 (1700 to 2600 MHz) antenna must be connected to the RF1 port to handle the 2600 band. Either an OP216 (1700 to 2600 MHz) antenna or an OP078H (698 to 2300 MHz) antenna can be connected to the RF3 port. The OP216 is recommended for out of USA applications to keep all the antenna types the same since higher bands are more prevalent in Europe and Asia. The OP078H antenna must be connected to port RF4 (700 to 1000 MHz) to service the 900 MHz band. Antenna port RF2 is not used in this example and does not require an antenna connection.

Figure 5. MISO radio system configured for the European bands.

4.6.3

Example 3 The SeeGull MX as shown in the figure below is configured for the following bands: 2100 AWS, 1900, 850 MIMO, and 700 MHz bands on MIMO and MISO radio systems. Similar to Example 1, either an OP216 (1700 to 2600 MHz) antenna or an OP078H (698 to 2300 MHz) antenna can be connected to the RF1 port. The OP078H is recommended for bands used in USA for the purpose of having the same antenna type. Since antenna ports RF3–RF6 are MIMO antenna ports, each port requires its own antenna. Since the bands on RF3-RF6 are 850 and 700 MHz, the antenna type required is the OP078H for each port. Note that MISO bands (700 A/B/C in this case) are allowed on the MIMO radio system provided an antenna is supplied for each RF port. Antenna port RF2 is not used in this example and does not require an antenna connection.

Figure 6. MISO/ MIMO radio system configuration Page 54

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4.7

Connecting PCTEL PCT scanners 1. Run the PL2303_Prolific_DriverInstaller_vx.x.exe (x refers to the version number) file on the installation CD to install device drivers. 2. Click Next in the Welcome window that appears. 3. Click Finish to finish the driver installation. 4. Next, remove the yellow plastic caps from the antenna and GPS connectors in the front panel of the PCTEL PCT scanner.

5. Connect the antenna cable in the RF Input connector.

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6. Connect the data cable to the Data connector. Connect the other end of the USB data cable to your PC.

7. Connect the power cable to the Power connector in the front panel. Connect the other end of the cable to a cigarette lighter socket.

8. Windows automatically detects the new hardware.

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9. Go to Start | Control Panel | System | Hardware | Device Manager and select Ports. Memorize the port number for the Prolific USB-to-Serial Comm Port item, as you will need it later on.

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4.8

Connecting PCTEL scanners to Nemo Invex chassis PCTEL scanners are connected to the Nemo Invex chassis (UIC module) with a USB cable. If your PCTEL scanner has a serial cable, you will need a USB serial adapter. The USB cable is connected to the USB-1 or USB-2 port on the UIC module.

PCTEL scanners can be attached on top of the Nemo Invex chassis with a mounting plate.

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4.9

Starting PCTEL scanners ♦

The PCTEL MX scanner must not be added to Nemo Outdoor before the scanner LED turns green. During the scanner start-up process the LED is amber. If the scanner is added to Nemo Outdoor in the middle of the start-up process, it can cause Nemo Outdoor to crash.



Starting the GPS: With the PCTEL LX WCDMA scanner you can use either the GSP receiver integrated into the scanner or an external GPS. See page 63 for instructions on how to enable the integrated GPS receiver. ♦

Note that you cannot use both the integrated and an external GPS receiver at the same time.



Note that with the PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA scanner the Internal GPS receiver should be activated only in UMTS mode.



To be able to make Top-N preamble scanning the scanner receiver must acquire a GPS fix at least 30 seconds before starting the Nemo Outdoor application in online mode. If the existing configuration file includes a PCTEL WiMAX scanner, it is advised to open the configuration file in offline mode. If scanner does not send any results after 30 seconds, it is advised to send a reset command to the scanner via the user interface.

1. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 2. Click on GPS. 3. From the list, select the GPS model that you have connected to the PC and click Next. 4. The GPS Properties dialog is opened. Set the parameters (see the GPS User Manual for instructions). They should be correct by default. Click OK. The view will return to the Nemo Outdoor main window. 5. In the Device Status window a green light should be blinking. This means that the GPS is working properly.



Starting the PCTEL MX/LX/EX/PCT/EXflex/IBflex GSM/WCDMA/1xEVDO/LTE scanner: 1. Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 2. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 3. Click on Scanner. 4. From the list of scanners, select the appropriate handler according to the following table, and click Next.

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Scanner

Handler

PCTEL LX GSM 1800

PCTEL LX GSM 1800

PCTEL LX GSM 1900

PCTEL LX GSM 1900

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

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Scanner

Handler

PCTEL LX GSM 850

PCTEL LX GSM 850

PCTEL LX GSM 850/1900

PCTEL LX GSM 850/1900

PCTEL LX GSM 900

PCTEL LX GSM 900

PCTEL LX GSM 900/1800

PCTEL LX GSM 900/1800

PCTEL LX UMTS 1700/2100

PCTEL LX UMTS 1700/2100

PCTEL LX UMTS 1900

PCTEL LX UMTS 1900

PCTEL LX UMTS 2100

PCTEL LX UMTS 2100

PCTEL LX UMTS 850/1900

PCTEL LX UMTS 850/1900

PCTEL LX UMTS 850

PCTEL LX UMTS 850

PCTEL LX CDMA/EVDO 850

PCTEL LX EVDO 800

PCTEL LX 1xEVDO 450

PCTEL LX EVDO 450

PCTEL LX 1xEVDO 850

PCTEL LX EVDO 800

PCTEL LX 1xEVDO 1900

PCTEL LX EDVO 1900

PCTEL LX 1xEVDO 800/1900

PCTEL LX EDVO 800/1900

PCTEL EX CDMA/EVDO 850/1900

PCTEL EX CDMA2000 850/1900 EVDO 850/1900

PCTEL EX GSM 850/1900 & WCDMA 850/1900

PCTEL EX GSM 850/1900 UMTS 850/1900

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 & WCDMA 850/2100

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 UMTS 850/2100

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 & WCDMA 900/2100

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 UMTS 900/2100

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 & WCDMA 2100

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 UMTS 2100

PCTEL EX GSM 1900 & WCDMA 2100 AWS

PCTEL EX GSM 1900 UMTS AWS

PCTEL EX WIMAX

PCTEL EX WIMAX

PCTEL EX 900/1800 WCDMA/TD-SCDMA 2000

PCTEL EX 900/1800 UMTS TDSCDMA 2000

PCTEL EX WCDMA 2100 AWS&GSM 850/ 1900

PCTEL EX GSM 850/1900 UMTS AWS

PCTEL EX LTE 700ABC

PCTEL EX LTE 700ABC

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

Scanner

Handler

PCTEL EX LTE 700ABC/Upper 700C/AWS

PCTEL EX LTE 700ABC/Upper 700C/AWS

PCTEL EX LTE 700C

PCTEL EX LTE 700C

PCTEL EX LTE 700D

PCTEL EX LTE 700D

PCTEL EX LTE AWS/700BC

PCTEL EX LTE AWS/700BC

PCTEL EX LTE AWS/700C

PCTEL EX LTE AWS/700C

PCTEL EX LTE 800

PCTEL EX LTE 800

PCTEL EX LTE 800/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 800/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 1600

PCTEL EX LTE 1600

PCTEL EX LTE 1800/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 1800/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 2100

PCTEL EX LTE 2100

PCTEL EX LTE 2100/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 2100/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 2600

PCTEL EX LTE 2600

PCTEL EX LTE AWS

PCTEL EX LTE AWS

PCTEL EX Mini series scanners:

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WCDMA 2100

PCTEL EX UMTS 2100

WCDMA 850/1900

PCTEL EX UMTS 850/1900

WCDMA 900/2100

PCTEL EX UMTS 900/2100

WCDMA AWS

PCTEL EX UMTS AWS

PCTEL EXFLEX

PCTEL EXFLEX

PCTEL IBFLEX

PCTEL IBFLEX

PCTEL MX

PCTEL MX

PCTEL PCT GSM 900/1800

PCTEL PCT GSM 900/1800

PCTEL PCT UMTS 2100

PCTEL PCT UMTS 2100

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

5. In the Device Configuration dialog, set the COM Port to the port the scanner is connected to. With MX, EXflex and IBflex scanners, select the PCTEL USB item. 6. Set the baud rate to the one used by the scanner and click OK. The dialog will be closed and the scanner should now be connected to the system. 7. If the dialog did not close, the start-up did not succeed. Check the cable connections and the settings and try again. 8. From the View menu activate Device Status. A check mark will appear next to the command when it is activated. 9. A green light on the PCTEL scanner in the Device Status window should be blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. See chapter Starting Measurement (page Error! Bookmark not defined.) for instructions on making your own scanner configuration.

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Enabling integrated GPS receiver for PCTEL LX WCDMA/PCTEL EX WiMAX scanner 1. After the PCTEL LX scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. In the Measurement Properties dialog click the Advanced button. 3. In the Advanced Properties dialog, select Yes for the Enable Integrated GPS Receiver option and click OK.

4. The integrated GPS receiver is now enabled. ♦

Note that you cannot use both the integrated and an external GPS receiver at the same time.



Note that with the PCTEL LX GSM /WCDMA scanner the Internal GPS receiver should be activated only with UMTS mode.



To be able to make Top-N preamble scanning the scanner receiver must acquire a GPS fix at least 30 seconds before starting the Nemo Outdoor application in online mode. If the existing configuration file includes a PCTEL WiMAX scanner, it is advised to open the configuration file in offline mode. If scanner does not send any results after 30 seconds, it is advised to send a reset command to the scanner via the user interface.

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Starting the PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA dual-mode scanner 1. Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 2. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 3. Click on Scanner. 4. From the list select PCTEL LX GSM 900/1800 and click Next.

5. In the Device Configuration dialog, Port field you should see two consecutive COM ports (e.g., COM 3 and COM 4). Select the COM port with the smaller number and click OK. 6. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. Click on Scanner. 7. From the list select PCTEL LX UMTS 2100 and click Next. 8. In the Device Configuration dialog, Port field you should see two consecutive COM ports (e.g., COM 3 and COM 4). Select the COM port with the bigger number and click OK. 9. A green light should be blinking in the Device Status for both devices. This means that the devices are working properly and scanning using the default settings. If the status field displays, Device is not started, check that you are in online mode (click the Work Offline/Online button ). 10.The GSM and UMTS scanners will appear as separate devices and must be configured individually.



Enabling integrated GPS receiver for PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA dual-mode scanner ♦

Note that with the PCTEL dual-mode scanner the integrated GPS receiver needs to be enabled only for one scanner.

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1. After the PCTEL LX scanners are connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. In the Measurement Properties dialog click the Advanced button. 3. In the Advanced Properties dialog, select Yes in the Enable Integrated GPS Receiver option and click OK.

4. The integrated GPS receiver is now enabled. ♦

Note that you cannot use both the integrated and an external GPS receiver at the same time.



Note that with the PCTEL LX GSM /WCDMA scanner the Internal GPS receiver should be activated only with UMTS mode.

4.10 Measuring with PCTEL scanners 4.10.1 Frequency scanning – PCTEL GSM scanner 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. By clicking the Advanced button, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data.

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3. Go to the Frequency scanning page.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Selecting the BSIC decoding option displays BSIC value in a measurement window. BSIC threshold defines the minimum BSIC level that the scanner reports. Select the BCCH C/I option to activate C/I measurements for the BCCH channel. This option is available with PCTEL GSM scanners only.

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4. By clicking the Select Channels button, you can access the Select Channels dialog.

5. Select one band from the list or all of them. You can also select one band at a time and add the bands you want to scan. If all bands are selected, you have the possibility to select Remove All | ... items from every band. Alternatively, if only one band is selected you can remove only items from the current band through Remove All | ...items from current band. The Available view provides a list of channels that are available for scanning. To add channels to the Selected list, click on a number in the Available list and then click the Add button or simply double-click a channel to add it to the Selected list. To select all available channels for scanning, click the Add All button. An alternative method to select channels is to type the channel numbers in the field at the bottom of the dialog and to click Add. To remove channels from the Selected list, click on the channel you want to remove and then click the Remove button or double-click the channel. To remove all channels, click the Remove All button. You can select several channels simultaneously by holding down the SHIFT key and clicking on the channels you want to add or remove. ♦

Note that Sample size and Data mode are not enabled with PCT GSM frequency scanning

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4.10.2 Frequency scanning – PCTEL GSM/UMTS scanners Frequency scanning can be used to scan band power. It is also useful for checking that the band is deselected and for finding out the center frequency. 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Frequency scanning, UMTS page.

3. In the Channel style field, select the channel bandwidth. The options are narrow band (200 kHz) and wide band (3.84 MHz). ♦

To find out the center frequency used, set the Channel Style to 200 kHz and select all the channels in the frequency region where the carrier should exist; for example, all channels allocated to an operator. The center frequency will stand out in Frequency Scanning mode. The received signal should be above the noise level in order to find out the center frequency.

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4. Click the Select Channels button to open the Select Channels dialog.

5. The table displays the channel numbers, not the frequencies. 6. Remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the Remove button. 7. Add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and clicking the Add button. 8. Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 9. Click OK and OK to close the Measurement Properties dialog and to re-start the scanner with the new settings. 10.A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 11.Click the Start Recording button

to start recording the results in an output file.

4.10.3 Frequency scanning – PCTEL CDMA/EVDO scanners 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. By clicking the Advanced button, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data.

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3. Go to the Frequency scanning page.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. For EVDO scanners, the options are 1250 kHz Normal and 30 kHz Normal. Sample size defines the number of samples taken from each channel before a measurement result is written to file.

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4. By clicking the Select Channels button, you can access the Select Channels dialog.

5. Select one band from the list or all of them. You can also select one band at a time and add the bands you want to scan. If all bands are selected, you have the possibility to select Remove All | ... items from every band. Alternatively, if only one band is selected you can remove only items from the current band through Remove All | ...items from current band. The Available view provides a list of channels that are available for scanning. To add channels to the Selected list, click on a number in the Available list and then click the Add button or simply double-click a channel to add it to the Selected list. To select all available channels for scanning, click the Add All button. An alternative method to select channels is to type the channel numbers in the field at the bottom of the dialog and to click Add. To remove channels from the Selected list, click on the channel you want to remove and then click the Remove button or double-click the channel. To remove all channels, click the Remove All button. You can select several channels simultaneously by holding down the SHIFT key and clicking on the channels you want to add or remove. 6. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 7. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 8. Click the Start Recording button Page 71

to start recording the results in an output file.

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4.10.4 Frequency scanning – PCTEL TD-SCDMA scanners 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. By clicking the Advanced button on the General page, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data. 2. Go to the Frequency scanning, TD-SCDMA page to define TD-SCDMA-specific frequency scanning settings.

Channel style defines the channel bandwidth. The options are device-specific. With Scanner averaging you can configure the scanner to calculate average values for the samples before sending them to Nemo Outdoor. With ratio 1:1 no averaging is performed, with ratio 1:2 the average of two samples is calculated, with ratio 1:4 the average of four samples is calculated, etc. By decreasing the scanner averaging value you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished.

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4.10.5 Frequency scanning – PCTEL LTE scanners 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. By clicking the Advanced button on the General page, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data. 2. Go to the Frequency scanning, LTE page to define LTE-specific frequency scanning settings.

Channel style defines the channel bandwidth. The options are device-specific.

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3. By clicking the Select Channels button, you can access the Select Channels dialog.

4. Select one band from the list or all of them. You can also select one band at a time and add the bands you want to scan. If all bands are selected, you have the possibility to select Remove All | ... items from every band. Alternatively, if only one band is selected you can remove only items from the current band through Remove All | ...items from current band. The Available view provides a list of channels that are available for scanning. To add channels to the Selected list, click on a number in the Available list and then click the Add button or simply double-click a channel to add it to the Selected list. To select all available channels for scanning, click the Add All button. An alternative method to select channels is to type the channel numbers in the field at the bottom of the dialog and to click Add. To remove channels from the Selected list, click on the channel you want to remove and then click the Remove button or double-click the channel. To remove all channels, click the Remove All button. You can select several channels simultaneously by holding down the SHIFT key and clicking on the channels you want to add or remove. 5. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 6. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 7. Click the Start Recording button

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4.10.6 TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS Unknown Pilot scanning can be used for scanning unknown pilots or the strongest pilots. The Unknown Pilot Scan will from now on be referred to as TOP-N Pilot Mode. 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. Go to the Pilot scanning page. ♦

Please note that the contents of this dialog depend on the scanner model used.

CPICH Ec/No threshold defines the minimum level for the CPICH Ec/No. If the values are below the threshold, the pilots are not reported. Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA. With GSM and WCDMA Layer 3 BCCH decoding, user can define the Dwelling time to decode the messages. As defined in 3GPP standard SI, SIB, and MIB messages are broadcasted with different periodicity. If the selected dwelling time is less than the periodicity of the SI, SIB, or MIB message type requested, it will not be decoded. Dwelling time is supported with PCTEL EX, MX and EXflex scanners for GSM and WCDMA. With CX, for WCDMA only. Page 75

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Pilot measurement mode defines the measurement mode for pilot scanning. •

In High speed mode scanning speed is higher but sensitivity is lower. In high speed mode, weak pilots may be undetected.



In High dynamic mode scanning speed is lower but sensitivity is higher.

The available Sampling ratio options are 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 and 1:8. With ratio 1:1 all samples (Pilotscan events) are logged, with ratio 1:2 every second sample is logged, with ratio 1:4 every 4th sample is logged, and with ratio 1:8 every 8th sample is logged. By decreasing the sampling ratio you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished. With Scanner averaging you can configure the scanner to calculate average values for the samples before sending them to Nemo Outdoor. With ratio 1:1 no averaging is performed, with ratio 1:2 the average of two samples is calculated, with ratio 1:4 the average of four samples is calculated, etc. By decreasing the scanner averaging value you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished. Top-N option enables/disables Top-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report results from N best scrambling codes. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported by scanner in Top-N mode. Time of arrival defines if the selected scanner will measure the time of arrival for each scrambling code. The time of arrival value is relative to GPS time and is measured in chips. Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value (in chips) for each scanned scrambling code. Delay spread is determined as the difference between the last and first component to break the threshold set in PN Threshold. P-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the P-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code. SIR (signal to interference ratio) defines if the selected scanner will measure the SIR value for each scrambling code. S-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the S-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code. Timeslot scan option enables or disables timeslot scanning. If enabled, the scanner will scan UMTS timeslots (2560 chips) and report the P-SCH Ec/N0 value per chip. This option is available only with PCTEL LX scanners.



To select channels: 1. In the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning, UMTS page, click the Top-N Configuration button. The Select Channels dialog is opened. ♦

The table displays the channel numbers, not the frequencies. If you know the frequency but not the channel number, the channel number can be calculated by multiplying the frequency in MHz by five. The channel spacing is always 200 kHz.

2. Remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the Remove button. 3. Add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and clicking the Add button. 4. Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog.

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To select pilot parameters:



1. Select the TOP-N Mode option. 2. Set the Number of scrambling codes value. This defines how many strongest pilots are to be reported by the scanner. The maximum is 32 pilots. 3. To improve on the accuracy of radio propagation models, High speed mode makes it possible to acquire more samples (max 32 pilots per channel), while High dynamic mode offers fewer samples (max 16 pilots per channel) with a larger dynamic range.

To set general parameters:



1. Data processing method defines how the scanner will process samples before reporting. 2. PN threshold defines the limit above which Ec/N0 peaks must go if Aggregated data processing method is used.

To select measured values:





In Pilot Scanning Mode the RSSI is always measured for each channel.



In Pilot Scanning Mode the P-CPICH Ec/N0 and RSCP are always measured for each scrambling code.

1. In the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning page: •

Select the P-SCH option to enable P-SCH Ec/N0 and RSCP measurement.



Select the S-SCH option to enable S-SCH Ec/N0 and RSCP measurement.



Select the Time of arrival option to enable time of arrival measurement.



Select the Delay spread option to enable P-CPICH delay spread measurement.



Select the SIR option to enable P-CPICH SIR measurement.



Select the Delay profile option to enable P-CPICH Delay Profile measurement. In TOP-N pilot scanning mode the scrambling code for delay profile measurement cannot be selected.

2. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 3. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 4. Click the Start Recording button

4.10.6.1

to start recording the results in an output file.

Data processing method – Peak vs Aggregate

If the multipath components are significantly lower than the peak, their contribution will be negligible and the aggregate will be the same as the peak. However, if one or more multipath components are close to the peak component in power, its power combined with the peak component’s power will be larger than either of them alone. In the case where a multipath component is the same strength as the peak the aggregate will be twice the power, or 3dB higher than the peak. Thus, the aggregate will always be the same as or larger than the peak. As a practical matter, many multipath components are typically present in an urban environment, where there are many surfaces (e.g., buildings) which can reflect the radio signal. By contrast, there may be few or no multipath components in a rural environment. Page 77

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The difference between Aggregate and Peak is variable. Probably the difference will lie in the range of 0 to 4 dB. If the multipath components are small, they will have no contribution and aggregate will be equal to peak (0 dB difference). In the case above where one multipath is equal to the peak, the doubling of power gives +3dB to the aggregate. There might be cases where two components are the same strength as the peak and this would result in an aggregate +4.7dB relative to the peak. Naturally, if another component becomes higher than the “peak”, it becomes the new peak. Aggregation does not happen over time, but over multipath components that are all simultaneously present.

4.10.7 TOP-N Pilot scanning – TD-SCDMA Unknown Pilot scanning can be used for scanning unknown pilots or the strongest pilots. The Unknown Pilot Scan will from now on be referred to as TOP-N Pilot Mode. 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. By clicking the Advanced button, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data. 3. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to Pilot scanning – TD-SCDMA page.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel.

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Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA. The available Sampling ratio options are 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 and 1:8. With ratio 1:1 all samples (Pilotscan events) are logged, with ratio 1:2 every second sample is logged, with ratio 1:4 every 4th sample is logged, and with ratio 1:8 every 8th sample is logged. By decreasing the sampling ratio you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished. With Scanner averaging you can configure the scanner to calculate average values for the samples before sending them to Nemo Outdoor. With ratio 1:1 no averaging is performed, with ratio 1:2 the average of two samples is calculated, with ratio 1:4 the average of four samples is calculated, etc. By decreasing the scanner averaging value you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished. Top-N option enables/disables Top-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report results from N best scrambling codes. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported by scanner in Top-N mode. Time offset refers to the number of samples between P-SCH Primary Synchronization Signal arrival time with respect to receiver frequency reference that is derived from GPS reference time. SIR (signal to interference ratio) defines if the selected scanner will measure the SIR value for each scrambling code. 4. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 5. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 6. Click the Start Recording button

to start recording the results in an output file.

4.10.8 TOP-N Pilot scanning – CDMA/EVDO Unknown Pilot scanning can be used for scanning unknown pilots or the strongest pilots. The Unknown Pilot Scan will from now on be referred to as TOP-N Pilot Mode. 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. By clicking the Advanced button, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data.

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3. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to Pilot scanning page.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA. Pilot window mode defines the position of the chips that are searched for pilot across in regard to the ideal pilot position (0 chip delay for a given pilot). The available Sampling ratio options are 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 and 1:8. With ratio 1:1 all samples (Pilotscan events) are logged, with ratio 1:2 every second sample is logged, with ratio 1:4 every 4th sample is logged, and with ratio 1:8 every 8th sample is logged. By decreasing the sampling ratio you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished. With Scanner averaging you can configure the scanner to calculate average values for the samples before sending them to Nemo Outdoor. With ratio 1:1 no averaging is performed, with ratio 1:2 the average of two samples is calculated, with ratio 1:4 the average of four samples is calculated, etc. By decreasing the scanner averaging value you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished. Pilot Ec/I0 threshold defines the threshold level for the pilot Ec/I0. If the values are below the threshold, the pilots are not scanned. Pilot increment defines an increment value that the pilot numbers use. If the increment is 4, the valid pilot numbers are 0, 4, 8, etc. The handler uses this configuration value to modify incorrect pilot numbers detected by the scanner, usually off by one which is caused by a multipath signal or a long distance to the BTS.

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Top-N option enables/disables Top-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report results from N best scrambling codes. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported by scanner in Top-N mode. Delay option enables/disables delay profile scanning. Delay is defined as the measured difference between the expected arrival time (GPS time) and the actual arrival time of the maximum peak above the PN threshold. It is reported in chips. 4. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 5. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 6. Click the Start Recording button

to start recording the results in an output file.

4.10.9 Spectrum scanning ♦

Spectrum scanning is enabled on PCTEL EX, MX, EXflex and IBflex scanners only in online mode. Hence, the device needs to be added to Nemo Outdoor in online mode to activate the Spectrum scanning functionality

1. After the PCTEL EX scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties.

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2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Spectrum scanning page.

3. Select the Enable spectrum scanning option, and click Add.

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4. To create new scanning sets, define the scanning frequencies in the Reporting view. Set start and stop frequencies defines the frequency range that will be scanned. Set center frequency and bandwidth defines the frequency range that will be scanned. The Sample count field determines the sample count measured for the given frequency range. 5. The Add to Scanning List menu enables you to decide whether the new scanning set is added to the scanning list, or saved as a predefined set also for later use. 6. The Predefined scanning sets can be used to quickly select the frequency range to be scanned. Select a set from the list, and click on Add to Scanning List.

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With PCTEL EX scanning receivers, the internal frequency range is defined with start frequency, resolution bandwidth (RBW) and number of points. Stop frequency = start frequency + (frequency spacing) * (number of points – 1). All the points need to be within the frequency range of the requested RF Band. Frequency spacing is between the center frequencies and spacing between points is half of the resolution bandwidth. The maximum number of samples (points) is 2560. As seen in the formula above, stop frequency is calculated based on start frequency and number of points. Stop frequency set by the user is only requested value but it is not necessarily used during the measurement.

If the requested frequency range is not supported by the device, Nemo Outdoor automatically adjusts the frequency range for the device, and only frequency ranges supported by the scanning receiver are used to make spectrum analyzer measurements. The number of samples is used only for the frequency range supported by the scanning receiver. Nemo Outdoor does not read the supported frequency range from the scanning receiver. For example, in the picture below the user has set start and stop frequencies as seen within the red area. However, the scanning receiver supports only frequency ranges shown by the green areas. The number of samples is used only for green areas and the correct RBW is selected accordingly.

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7. Click OK to return to the Spectrum scanning page. 8. The added frequency ranges will be added to the Scanning list.

9. To remove items from the scanning list, select one or more, and select Remove All | Remove Selected Items. Alternatively, click on Remove All to remove every item from the list. 10.After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 11.A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 12.Click the Start Recording button

4.10.10

to start recording the results in an output file.

LTE OFDM scanning

OFDM scanning can be used for scanning Reference signal / Sync signals with a PCTEL LTE scanner and Nemo Outdoor. 1. After the PCTEL LTE scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties.

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2. By clicking the Advanced button, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data. 3. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Pilot scanning page.

Cyclic prefix defines the type of signal the scanner is set to measure. With Autodetect selected, the scanner will automatically detect the appropriate signal type. Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA. Sampling ratio option is available for PCTEL EX, MX, EXflex, IBflex scanners only. The available options are 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 and 1:8. With ratio 1:1 all samples (Pilotscan events) are logged, with ratio 1:2 every second sample is logged, with ratio 1:4 every 4th sample is logged, and with ratio 1:8 every 8th sample is logged. By decreasing the sampling ratio you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished. With Scanner averaging you can configure the scanner to calculate average values for the samples before sending them to Nemo Outdoor. With ratio 1:1 no averaging is performed, with ratio 1:2 the average of two samples is calculated, with ratio 1:4 the average of four samples is calculated, etc. By decreasing the scanner averaging value you can decrease the output file size, but the scanning accuracy will be diminished. RSSI threshold determines a valid path (in dB). Subtracting the set value from a path with a maximum correlation value gives the lower limit of the valid path. Top-N option enables/disables Top-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report results from N best cells. Number of cells field indicates the number of best cells you want the scanning to notify you of. Up to 16 sectors are reported with specific cell ID. Page 86

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CINR option activates/deactivates Carrier to Interference and Noise Ratio measuring. Carrier refers to either reference signal power or sync signal power depending on the selected signal type. Time offset refers to the number of samples between P-SCH Primary Synchronization Signal arrival time with respect to receiver frequency reference that is derived from GPS reference time. Select the MIMO scanning option to start recording MIMO parameters. Sync signal refers to the ratio between the synchronization channel, i.e., primary and secondary signal received power and the interference and noise from the same synchronization signal set. Reference signal refers to the ratio between the reference signal received power (RSRP) and the interference and noise from the same reference signal set. When the System information decoding option is selected, L3 messages are written in the log file. The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Channels where you can select channels for pilot scanning. The maximum number of channels that can be selected is device specific. 4. When you select LTE channels, you can also define some channel-specific settings. In the LTE Channel Specific Settings dialog, select the channel from the Selected channels list and define the settings. ♦

Note that the available options are device specific.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Uplink-downlink configuration refers to LTE TDD frame structure.

Tf = 307200 ⋅ Ts = 10 ms consists 153600 ⋅Ts = 5 ms each. Each half-frame consists of five subframes of

Frame structure type 2 is applicable to TDD. Each radio frame of length of two half-frames of length length 30720 ⋅Ts

= 1 ms . The supported uplink-downlink configurations are listed in the table below

where, for each subframe in a radio frame, “D” denotes the subframe is reserved for downlink transmissions, “U” denotes the subframe is reserved for uplink transmissions and “S” denotes a special subframe with the three fields DwPTS, GP and UpPTS. Page 87

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One radio frame, Tf = 307200Ts = 10 ms One half-frame, 153600Ts = 5 ms

One slot, Tslot=15360Ts

30720Ts

Subframe #2

Subframe #0 One subframe, 30720Ts DwPTS

GP

Subframe #3

Subframe #4

Subframe #5

UpPT S

Subframe #7

DwPTS

GP

Subframe #8

Subframe #9

UpPT S

Frame structure type 2 (for 5 ms switch-point periodicity): Uplink-downlink

Downlink-to-Uplink

configuration

Switch-point periodicity

Subframe number

0

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

5 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

S

U

U

U

1

5 ms

D

S

U

U

D

D

S

U

U

D

2

5 ms

D

S

U

D

D

D

S

U

D

D

3

10 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

D

D

D

D

4

10 ms

D

S

U

U

D

D

D

D

D

D

5

10 ms

D

S

U

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

6

5 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

S

U

U

D

5. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 6. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 7. Click the Start Recording button

4.10.11

to start recording the results in an output file.

Pilot Scrambling Code scanning

Known Scrambling Code scanning can be used to scan known pilots. The Known Scrambling Code Scanning will from now on be referred to as Normal Pilot Mode. 1. After the PCTEL LX scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties.

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2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Pilot scanning page.

3. Clear the TOP-N mode option and click the Select Channels button. The Select Scrambling Codes dialog is opened. 4. Select channels in the Selected channel numbers table by clicking the Select button. ♦

With a PCTEL scanner a maximum of 8 channels can be selected in the pilot mode.

5. For each selected channel, select scrambling codes. Select a channel and click the Select button below the Selected scrambling codes table. 6. Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 7. Data processing method defines how the scanner will process samples before reporting. 8. PN threshold defines the limit above which Ec/N0 peaks must go if Aggregated data processing method is used. ♦

In Pilot Scanning Mode the RSSI is always measured for each channel.



In Pilot Scanning Mode the P-CPICH Ec/N0 and RSCP are always measured for each scrambling code.

9. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. Page 89

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10.A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. 11.Click the Start Recording button

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to start recording the results in an output file.

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5

ROHDE & SCHWARZ

5.1

Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ/TSML scanner ♦

Note that your PC must have a FireWire (IEEE1394) port and a 32-bit PC FireWire controller card for you to be able to connect a Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ scanner. Also, the TSML and TSMQ devices might not work correctly when connected directly to the Firewire port of the computer. If connection problems are experienced, it is recommended to use a PCMCIA express adapter card 8Firewire Express card TSPCFW1 (415010-00)).

1. First, install the TSMxDriverInstall.exe file on the installation CD. 2. Click Run to run the installation file.

3. Click Next in the Welcome window that appears.

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4. Next, connect the antenna cable to the RF Input connector in the Rohde & Schwarz scanner.

5. Connect the FireWire cable to one of the IEEE ports and the other end to your PC or a FireWire adapter in the PC.

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6. Next, connect the power cable to the DC IN connector and the other end to a power source.

7. Windows automatically detects the new hardware. Select No, not this time and click Next in the Welcome window that appears. 8. Select Install the software automatically (Recommended), and click Next.

9. Click Finish to finish the installation.

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10.Go to Device Manager from Start | Control Panel | System | Hardware | Device Manager. You should see the Rohde & Schwarz TSMx Devices item, and the applicable Rohde & Schwarz scanner model under it.

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5.2

Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSMW scanner 1. First, connect antenna cables to the RF1 and RF2 input connectors. ♦

Please note that the Rohde & Schwarz TSMW scanner option TSMW-K71 disables the RF2 input from the scanner. In that case, connect the antenna cable to the RF1 input.

2. Next, connect the network cable connector to the LAN connector in the scanner.

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Note that the network port in the computer to which the cable is connected should be at least 1 Gbps.

3. Connect the power cable to the DC IN port in the scanner, and the other end of the cable to a power source. Connect the power cable either to a Mascot power supply, or with the applicable cigarette lighter adapter, to a cigarette lighter socket.

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4. Next, you need to make some changes to your PC’s network card properties. Go to Start | Control Panel | Network Connections, and right-click on Local Area Connection, and select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click on Properties. Select Use the following IP address. You need to type in an IP address within the range of 192.168.0.1 - 192.168.0.255. The default IP address for the scanner is 192.168.0.2, so it should be avoided. Next, type 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet mask field. Click OK and Close to exit the dialogs. 5. In Windows 7, go to Start | Control Panel | Network and Internet | Network and Sharing Center. Select Local Area Connection in the View your active networks list. In the Local Area Connection Status dialog, select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog that opens, select the Networking tab, and Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) in the This connection uses the following items view. Click on Properties. Select Use the following IP address. You need to type in an IP address within the range of 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.255. The default IP address for the scanner is 192.168.0.2, so it should be avoided. Next, type 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet mask field. Click OK and Close to exit the dialogs. 6. The device is now connected to the computer. See Starting Devices below for information on how to connect the scanner with Nemo Outdoor.

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5.3

Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSME scanner ♦

Please check the supported jumbo frames from the network connection properties of your laptop before connecting the scanner.

1. The TSME scanner requires the LAN adapter to be configured for 9k jumbo frame packets. 9k jumbo frame must be supported with the network adapter card of the laptop controlling the TSME scanner. If the laptop does not support 9k jumbo frame, it is recommended to use Expresscards that provide a supplementary Ethernet connection.

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2. Connect the power cable to the DC IN port in the scanner, and the other end of the cable to a power source.

3. Next, connect antenna cable to the RF input connector.

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4. Next, connect the GPS antenna cable to the GPS antenna input connector.

5. Next, connect the network cable connector to the LAN connector in the scanner.



Note that the network port in the computer to which the cable is connected should be at least 1 Gbps.

6. Next, you need to make some changes to your PC’s network card properties. In Windows 7, go to Start | Control Panel | Network and Internet | Network and Sharing Center. Select Local Area Connection in the View your active networks list. In the Local Area Connection Status dialog, select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog that opens, select the Networking tab, and Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) in the This connection uses the following items view. Click on Properties. Select Use the following IP address. You need to type in an IP address within the range of 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.255. The default IP address for the scanner is 192.168.0.2, so it should be avoided. Next, type 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet mask field. Click OK and Close to exit the dialogs. Page 100

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7. The device is now connected to the computer. See Starting Devices below for information on how to connect the scanner with Nemo Outdoor.

5.4

Connecting Rohde & Schwarz scanners to Nemo Invex chassis ♦

Please note that R&S TSMQ and TSML scanners cannot be connected to Nemo Invex. They must be connected to the measurement laptop. You should also connect an external GPS receiver to the laptop in order to log geographical coordinates.

Rohde&Schwarz TSMW scanners can be attached on top of the Nemo Invex chassis with a mounting plate.

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5.4.1

Connecting R&S TSMW to Nemo Invex with an Ethernet cable Rohde & Schwarz TSMW scanner is connected to the Nemo Invex chassis (SI module) with an Ethernet cable.

After you have connected the TSMW scanner to Invex, you will either need to change the IP address of Nemo Invex to match the IP address of the scanner OR to change the IP address of the TSMW scanner.

5.4.1.1 Change the IP address of Nemo Invex ♦

This requires a USB memory key. Create a folder named Nemo Invex on the USB memory key.

1. Create a new file named SetIPAddress.txt. 2. Open the txt file and type the new IP address in the following format Base_IP,Subnet mask,Gateway 3. For example, the default Nemo Invex IP address must be changed from 192.168.3.210 to 192.168.0.3. Type 192.168.0.3,255.555.254.0,192.168.1.1. Save and close the txt file. 4. Connect the USB memory key to the USB-1 port on the UIC 1 module of your Nemo Invex chassis. 5. Wait until red LEDs are blinking and the shut down the chassis. 6. Remove the USB memory key. 7. The new IP address is assigned before the Nemo Measurement server starts up. 8. For other UICs IP address is incremented by one automatically.

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5.4.1.2 Change the IP address of R&S TSMW 1. Connect the TSMW scanner to a laptop and start a browser. 2. Type in the scanner IP address in the address bar. The scanner IP address is by default 192.168.0.2. ♦

Please note that in order to be able to connect to the scanner with your laptop, the first three numbers of the laptop’s IP address need to be the same as in the scanner.

3. Enter the new IP address 192.168.3.202 and click Change IP Settings.

4. Both the old and the new IP address are displayed.

5. Restart the scanner for the changes to take effect.

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5.4.2

Connecting R&S TSMW to Nemo Invex with a network switch Another way to connect Rohde&Schwarz TSMW scanner to the Nemo Invex chassis (SI module) is using a network switch. When a switch is used, there is no need to change the IP address of the Invex chassis. 1. Connect the network switch to the Nemo Invex laptop. Connect the Nemo Invex chassis and the R&S TSMW scanner to the switch with Ethernet cables. 2. In Windows 7, go to Start | Control Panel | Network and Internet | Network and Sharing Center. Select Change adapter settings from the left-hand side panel.

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3. Right-click on Local Area Connection and select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog, double-click the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4).

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4. In the Internet Protocol Version 4 Properties dialog, select Use the following IP address and click on Advanced.

5. In the Advanced TCP/IP Settings dialog, click Add.

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6. First type in an IP address for the Invex chassis within the range of 192.168.3.1 192.168.3.255. Next, type 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet mask field. Click Add. The address is added in the IP addresses field.

7. Now click Add again to add the IP address for the R&S TSMW scanner. Type in an IP address for the scanner within the range of 192.168.0.1 - 192.168.0.255. The default IP address for the scanner is 192.168.0.2, so it should be avoided. Next, type 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet mask field. Click Add. The address is added in the IP addresses field. Click OK and OK.

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5.5

Starting Rohde & Schwarz scanners 1. Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 2. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 3. Click on Scanner. 4. From the list select the applicable R&S scanner, and click Next.

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5. In the Device Configuration dialog, select R&S IEEE1394A in the Port drop-down menu and click OK. With the TSMW scanner, select one of the following: •

R&S LAN = 192.168.0.2



R&S LAN 2 = 192.168.0.3



R&S LAN 3 = 192.168.0.4



R&S LAN 4 = 192.168.0.5



R&S LAN Invex = 192.168.3.211

A green light should be blinking in the Device Status for both devices. This means that the devices are working properly and scanning using the default settings. If the status field displays, Device is not started, check that you are in online mode (click the Work Offline/Online button

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5.6

TSMW manual front-end configuration With the manual RF front-end configuration user can specify a particular RF antenna port to be used for the different scanning tasks, such as frequency scan, pilot scan, spectrum scanning, and system information scan (SI, SIB, MIB). This is useful, for example, if different antennas are used with antenna ports #1 and #2 or when a user wants to manually allocate ports for certain tasks. For spectrum scanning the front-end configuration can be selected by the user per frequency set. This can be done via spectrum scanning settings by choosing the appropriate scanner front-end for each frequency set.

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For pilot scanning, the front-end configuration has been implemented per channel. In addition, automatic option has been added to support handler/scanner-based front-end allocation. With the automatic option handler/scanner allocates and performs tasks with both RF front-ends. When MIMO scanning option is enabled via the LTE channel specific settings, the front-end control is disabled and set to automatic.

5.7

Measuring with Rohde & Schwarz scanners With Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ, TSML and TSMW scanners you can perform GSM frequency scanning, GSM/UMTS scanning, CDMA TOP-N Pilot scanning, EVDO TOP-N Pilot scanning, UMTS TOP-N Pilot scanning, and Spectrum scanning. In addition, it is possible to perform CW scanning measurements with the TSMQ and TSML scanners and LTE measurements with the TSMW scanner. It is possible to perform any of the measurements introduced below separately, any combination of the measurements or all of them simultaneously.

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5.7.1

Frequency scanning 1. After the Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ/TSML scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties.

Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then reports the result. Selecting the BSIC decoding option displays BSIC value in a measurement window. BSIC threshold defines the minimum BSIC level that the scanner reports. Select the BCCH C/I option to activate C/I measurements for the BCCH channel. This option is available with the PCTEL GSM scanner only. Cell information decoding. Mobile network code, mobile country code, location area code, and cell ID information can be decoded from BCCH messages. Note that this is only enabled in online mode and if the option has been purchased with the scanner. When the System information decoding option is selected, L3 messages are written in the log file.

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2. Click the Select Channels button to open the Select Channels dialog.

3. The table displays the channel numbers, not the frequencies. 4. Select one band from the Band list or all of them. You can also select one band at a time and add the bands you want to scan. If all bands are selected, you have the possibility to select Remove All | ... items from every band. Alternatively, if only one band is selected you can remove only items from the current band through Remove All |...items from current band. 5. Remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the Remove button. 6. Add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and clicking the Add button. 7. Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 8. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 9. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. 10.Click the Start Recording button

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to start recording the results in an output file.

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5.7.2

TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS 1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. Go to the Pilot scanning, UMTS page to define UMTS-specific Pilot scanning settings.

CPICH Ec/No threshold defines the minimum level for the CPICH Ec/No. If the values are below the threshold, the pilots are not reported. Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA. Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then reports the result. Pilot measurement mode defines the measurement mode for pilot scanning. •

In High speed mode scanning speed is higher but sensitivity is lower. In high speed mode, weak pilots may be undetected.



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In High dynamic mode scanning speed is lower but sensitivity is higher.

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Scanner front-end defines which front-end is used in scanning. The front-end can be defined for each frequency set separately. With the Automatic option, scanner allocates and performs tasks with both RF front-ends. Scanner demodulation front-end defines the front-end used for demodulation or decoding, such as, cell information decoding, system information decoding, and neighbor list decoding. Available only with TSMW scanners. Top-N option enables/disables Top-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report results from N best scrambling codes. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported by scanner in Top-N mode. ♦

Note that the Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ, TSML-W, TSML-GW and TSMW scanners support only TOP-N mode and High speed and High dynamic pilot measurement modes. In addition, Data processing method and CPICH Ec/N0 threshold are supported general settings, and P-SCH, S-SCH, Time of arrival, Delay spread and SIR are supported of the scanning options.

Time of arrival defines if the selected scanner will measure the time of arrival for each scrambling code. The time of arrival value is relative to GPS time and is measured in chips. Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value (in chips) for each scanned scrambling code. Delay spread is determined as the difference between the last and first component to break the threshold set in PN Threshold. When the Missing neighbor detection option is selected, the missing neighbor information event (NMISS) is written in the log file. You can view the missing neighbor information, for example, in a grid view. When the Neighbor list decoding option is selected, the NLIST (neighbor list) event is written in the log file for both GSM and WCDMA. Delay profile option enables/disables delay profile scanning. The Channel number field provides a list of channels that can be selected for scanning. P-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the P-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code. SIR (signal to interference ratio) defines if the selected scanner will measure the SIR value for each scrambling code. S-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the S-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code. When the System information decoding option is selected, L3 messages are written in the log file. The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Channels dialog where you can select channels for pilot scanning. ♦

Note that with UMTS the maximum number of channels that can be scanned is 32 channels, and the maximum number of pilots per each channel is 32.

3. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 4. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. 5. Click the Start Recording button Page 115

to start recording the results in an output file.

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5.7.2.1 Data processing method – Peak vs Aggregate If the multipath components are significantly lower than the peak, their contribution will be negligible and the aggregate will be the same as the peak. However, if one or more multipath components are close to the peak component in power, its power combined with the peak component’s power will be larger than either of them alone. In the case where a multipath component is the same strength as the peak the aggregate will be twice the power, or 3dB higher than the peak. Thus, the aggregate will always be the same as or larger than the peak. As a practical matter, many multipath components are typically present in an urban environment, where there are many surfaces (e.g., buildings) which can reflect the radio signal. By contrast, there may be few or no multipath components in a rural environment. The difference between Aggregate and Peak is variable. Probably the difference will lie in the range of 0 to 4 dB. If the multipath components are small, they will have no contribution and aggregate will be equal to peak (0 dB difference). In the case above where one multipath is equal to the peak, the doubling of power gives +3dB to the aggregate. There might be cases where two components are the same strength as the peak and this would result in an aggregate +4.7dB relative to the peak. Naturally, if another component becomes higher than the “peak”, it becomes the new peak. Aggregation does not happen over time, but over multipath components that are all simultaneously present.

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5.7.3

TOP-N Pilot scanning - CDMA/EVDO ♦

Note that the EVDO measurements can only be performed in a proper way when a CDMA 2000 channel is measured as well. In this way, the time relationship between the different PN offsets is resolved.

1. After the Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Pilot Scanning, CDMA page.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. Pilot Ec/I0 threshold defines the threshold level for the pilot Ec/I0. If the values are below the threshold, the pilots are not scanned. Pilot increment defines an increment value that the pilot numbers use. If the increment is 4, the valid pilot numbers are 0, 4, 8, etc. The handler uses this configuration value to modify incorrect pilot numbers detected by the scanner, usually off by one which is caused by a multipath signal or a long distance to the BTS. Page 117

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TOP-N mode option enables/disables TOP-N scrambling code scanning. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported by the scanner in TOP-N mode. Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value (in chips) for each scanned scrambling code. Delay spread is determined as the difference between the last and first component to break the threshold set in PN Threshold. Overhead message decoding, when selected, enables the scanner to decode PCH messages. The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Channels dialog where you can select channels for pilot scanning. ♦

Note that the Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ scanner supports max 32 channels.

3. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 4. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. 5. Click the Start Recording button

5.7.4

to start recording the results in an output file.

TOP-N Pilot scanning - LTE 1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. Go to the Pilot scanning, LTE page to define LTE-specific pilot scanning settings.

Cell information decoding option activates/deactivates cell information decoding.

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CINR option activates/deactivates Carrier to Interference and Noise Ratio measuring. Carrier refers to either reference signal power or sync signal power depending on the selected signal type. Time offset refers to the number of samples between P-SCH Primary Synchronization Signal arrival time with respect to receiver frequency reference that is derived from GPS reference time. Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value (in chips) for each scanned scrambling code. Delay spread is determined as the difference between the last and first component to break the threshold set in PN Threshold. Select the MIMO scanning option to start recording MIMO parameters. Please refer to Rohde & Schwarz’s technical note (Technical_Information_TSMW-Z8.pdf) about Multi-Band MIMO and TSMW provided in the Nemo Outdoor product package. Sync signal refers to the ratio between the synchronization channel, i.e., primary and secondary signal received power and the interference and noise from the same synchronization signal set. Reference signal refers to the ratio between the reference signal received power (RSRP) and the interference and noise from the same reference signal set. System information decoding activates/deactivates system information decoding. The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Channels dialog where you can select channels for pilot scanning. When you select LTE channels, you can also define some channel-specific settings. In the LTE Channel Specific Settings dialog, select the channel from the Selected channels list and define the settings. ♦

Note that the available options are device specific.

Channel style allows you to define the channel bandwidth manually (1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, and 20 MHz) or to select Autodetect in which case the scanner selects the bandwidth. With Autodetect selected, the scanner reads the bandwidth information from the Master Information Block (MIB) message and adjusts the BW accordingly. Autodetection can be done only when signal quality is sufficient. If the BW Page 119

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information cannot be decoded, for example, due to poor quality of the signal, the narrow band mode (1.4MHz) is selected automatically. ♦

Note that scanning speed is optimized for the narrowband mode (1.4 MHz). In wideband mode, the scanning speed is about 37% less compared to the narrowband mode.



Note that TSMW firmware version 1.10 or higher is required to select bandwidths above 1.4MHz.

Cyclic prefix defines the type of signal the scanner is set to measure. With Autodetect selected, the scanner will automatically detect the appropriate signal type. Uplink-downlink configuration refers to LTE TDD frame structure. Frame structure type 2 is applicable to TDD. Each radio frame of length

Tf = 307200 ⋅ Ts = 10 ms consists

153600 ⋅Ts = 5 ms each. Each half-frame consists of five subframes of = 1 ms . The supported uplink-downlink configurations are listed in the table below

of two half-frames of length length 30720 ⋅Ts

where, for each subframe in a radio frame, “D” denotes the subframe is reserved for downlink transmissions, “U” denotes the subframe is reserved for uplink transmissions and “S” denotes a special subframe with the three fields DwPTS, GP and UpPTS. One radio frame, Tf = 307200Ts = 10 ms One half-frame, 153600Ts = 5 ms

One slot, Tslot=15360Ts

30720Ts

Subframe #0

Subframe #2

One subframe, 30720Ts DwPTS

GP

Subframe #3

Subframe #4

Subframe #7

Subframe #5

UpPT S

DwPTS

Subframe #8

Subframe #9

UpPT S

GP

Frame structure type 2 (for 5 ms switch-point periodicity): Uplink-downlink

Downlink-to-Uplink

configuration

Switch-point periodicity

0

Subframe number 0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

5 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

S

U

U

U

1

5 ms

D

S

U

U

D

D

S

U

U

D

2

5 ms

D

S

U

D

D

D

S

U

D

D

3

10 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

D

D

D

D

4

10 ms

D

S

U

U

D

D

D

D

D

D

5

10 ms

D

S

U

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

6

5 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

S

U

U

D

Select the MIMO scanning option to start recording MIMO parameters. Select the Narrowband scanning option to enable simultaneous narrowband and wideband scanning. When the option is selected both NB (1.4MHz) and WB (up to 20MHz) scanning results are reported. The OFDMASCAN event is written separately for NB and WB scanning results. WB scanning Page 120

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results are reported also per antenna port. Simultaneous NB and WB scanning gives information about the possible internal and self-created interferences and synchronization issues in narrowband and external interference issues in wideband. 3. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 4. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds. 5. Click the Start Recording button

5.7.5

to start recording the results in an output file.

Spectrum scanning 1. After the Rohde & Schwarz scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | General Properties. 2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Spectrum scanning page.

Selecting the Use preamplifier option in the Measurement Properties – Spectrum scanning dialog can increase the scanner’s measuring sensitivity, hence slightly decreasing background noise.

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3. In the Measurement Properties dialog, select the Enable spectrum scanning option. Click Add.

4. To create new scanning sets, define the scanning frequencies in the Reporting view. Set start and stop frequencies defines the frequency range that will be scanned. Set center frequency and bandwidth defines the frequency range that will be scanned. The Sample count field determines the sample count measured for the given frequency range. Scanner front-end defines which front-end is used in spectrum scanning. The front-end can be defined for each frequency set separately. With the Automatic option, scanner allocates and performs tasks with both RF front-ends. With Rohde & Schwarz scanner receivers, the user can set the start and stop frequency between 80MHz and 3000MHz. Sample counts are divided to the frequency range defined by the user. The TSMx device has a native frequency resolution of 12.8 KHz. It should be noted that the frequency shift cannot be lower than 12.8kHz, which sets the number of sample count max. limit to 5000 samples. In case the selected frequency range and sample count require a frequency shift lower than 12.8kHz, the sample count is automatically decreased. The sweep speed, resolution bandwidth and sampling rate are fixed. The sweep speed is 1 GHz / 0.1 sec, the resolution bandwidth is fixed at 30 kHz. For example, if the start frequency is 80 MHz, and the stop frequency is 100 MHz, the total measured bandwidth is 20 MHz. If the sample count is set to 20, power (RMS) is measured from a 1 MHz bandwidth. With the frequency shift of 12.8 KHz ~ 78 samples are taken from each 1 MHz bandwidth.

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The Add to scanning list menu enables you to decide whether the newly created scanning set is added to the scanning list, or saved as a predefined set also for later use. The Predefined scanning sets can be used to quickly select the frequency range to be scanned. Select a set from the list, and click on Add to scanning list. 5. Click OK to access the Scanning list view. 6. The added frequency ranges will be added to the Scanning list. 7. To remove items from the scanning list, select one or more, and select Remove all | Remove selected items. Alternatively, click on Remove all to remove every item from the list. 8. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 9. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds.

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6

VENTURE

6.1

Configuring your PC Before connecting Venture MRX scanners to your Nemo Outdoor/Invex measurement system, you will need to configure the System Properties on your PC. Please follow the instructions below. 1. Download the Java Development Kit (JDK), from here: http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk7-downloads-1880260.html 2. On the download page, under "Java SE Development Kit 7u75", check "Accept License Agreement". Download the correct JDK package (e.g. for Windows x64) and install it. 3. Take note of the directory where you install the JDK, e.g. "C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_51". 4. Copy the file rxtxSerial.dll to the \jre\bin\ folder of the JDK. For example, C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_51\jre\bin\ 5. Next, you need to set the JAVA_HOME environment variable to point to the JDK installation directory (Windows 7 x64). Right click the Computer item in the Start Menu and select Properties.

6. Click Advanced system settings.

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7. On the Advanced page, click on Environment Variables.

8. Click New under System variables.

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9. Enter the following information: •

Variable name: JAVA_HOME



Variable value: the installation path for the Java Development Kit, e.g. C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_51

10. Under System variables, select Path and click Edit.

11. Move the cursor to the beginning of the variable value and write %JAVA_HOME%\bin;. Click OK and OK.

12. Click Apply and OK in the System Properties dialog. 13. If the changes do not take effect, restart Windows.

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6.2

Connecting the MRX3808A/L receiver This section describes the connections and then provides instructions for connecting the receiver for use.

Figure 1: MRX3808A front panel.

Figure 2: MRX3808L front panel. All of the MRX3808A/L connections and indicators are on the front end of the receiver, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, which are described here: •

RF IN – Connect an RF antenna that is intended for the desired measurement frequencies.



GPS ANT – Connect a GPS antenna if using GPS as primary time-base standard.



USB – Connect to the Nemo Outdoor PC. A locking mechanism is available for USB connections on the MRX3808L.



DC Power – Connect the DC power source for the receiver. A locking mechanism is available for DC power connections on the MRX3808L.



GPS 1PPS – For use when synchronizing multiple MRX receivers. One receiver, typically with GPS lock, would act as the master with its GPS 1PPS set as an output, the other receiver would act as a slave with its GPS 1PPS set as an input.

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STAT – An indication that the receiver has power and if the measurement firmware is loaded. o

A steady green light indicates the receiver has power, but the measurement firmware has not downloaded from the control PC.

o

A flashing green light at about 2 flashes/second indicates the measurement firmware has successfully downloaded from the control PC.



TEMP – An indication of internal over-temperature operating conditions. Ensure the receiver gets adequate airflow to ensure safe operation.Maaliskuu2015Maaliskuu2015



USB Status – A yellow light near the USB connector lights if the cable is connected to an active USB port on the collection/control PC.



Power Cord Shelf – Used to secure the DC power cable connection to prevent the power cord from being bumped off in mobile applications. (Note: only available on the MRX3808A.)

The steps for connecting the MRX3808A/L receiver are very simple as follows:

Figure 3: RF and GPS antenna connections. 1. Connect the RF and GPS antennas as shown in Figure 3. Ensure that the RF antenna frequency range supports the desired frequencies to be tested and ensure that the connectors are properly torqued.

Figure 4: USB cable connection added. Page 128

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2. Connect the USB cable as shown in Figure 4.

Figure 5: DC power connection added. 3. Connect the DC power supply to the receiver as shown in Figure 5. 4. The green STAT light may blink briefly, and after about 10 seconds the light should come back on as steady green. 5. Secure the power cord to the Power Cord Shelf or use a locking connector in mobile applications to prevent the power cord from being bumped off.

Figure 6: USB status light indication when connected to PC. 6. Connect the other end of the USB cable to the Nemo Outdoor PC. 7. The yellow light by the USB port should light as soon as the USB connection is detected if the Nemo Outdoor PC is on as shown in Figure 6.

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6.3

Starting Venture MRX scanners 1. Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 2. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 3. Click on Scanner. 4. From the list of scanners, select the appropriate handler and click Next. 5. In the Device Configuration dialog, set the COM Port to the port the scanner is connected to. 6. Set the baud rate to the one used by the scanner and click OK. The dialog will be closed and the scanner should now be connected to the system. 7. If the dialog did not close, the start-up did not succeed. Check the cable connections and the settings and try again. 8. From the View menu activate Device Status. A check mark will appear next to the command when it is activated. 9. After the measurement firmware has downloaded from the Nemo Outdoor PC to the MRX3808A/L receiver, the green STAT light should start flashing at about 2 flashes/second indicating the firmware has downloaded and is running.

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6.4

Measuring with Venture MRX scanners

6.4.1

Frequency scanning 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | Frequency Scanning Properties. 2. There is a separate page for each supported technology. All options are not available for all technologies.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. ♦

To find out the center frequency used, set the Channel Style to 200 kHz and select all the channels in the frequency region where the carrier should exist; for example, all channels allocated to an operator. The center frequency will stand out in Frequency Scanning mode. The received signal should be above the noise level in order to find out the center frequency.

Selecting the BSIC decoding option displays BSIC value in a measurement window. BSIC threshold defines the minimum BSIC level that the scanner reports.

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3. By clicking the Select Channels button, you can access the Select Channels dialog.

Select the Show channels as frequencies option to view frequencies instead of channel numbers. Add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and clicking the Add button. Remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the Remove button. 4. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 5. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 6. Click the Start Recording button

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to start recording the results in an output file.

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6.4.2

Pilot scanning Pilot scanning can be used for scanning unknown pilots or the strongest pilots. 1. After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | | Pilot Scanning Properties. 2. There is a separate page for each supported technology. All options are not available for all technologies.

Cyclic prefix defines the type of signal the scanner is set to measure. With Autodetect selected, the scanner will automatically detect the appropriate signal type. CPICH Ec/No threshold defines the minimum level for the CPICH Ec/No. If the values are below the threshold, the pilots are not reported. Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA. Pilot window mode defines the position of the chips that are searched for pilot across in regard to the ideal pilot position (0 chip delay for a given pilot).

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Pilot measurement mode defines the measurement mode for pilot scanning. •

In High speed mode scanning speed is higher but sensitivity is lower. In high speed mode, weak pilots may be undetected.



In High dynamic mode scanning speed is lower but sensitivity is higher.

Pilot Ec/I0 threshold defines the threshold level for the pilot Ec/I0. If the values are below the threshold, the pilots are not scanned. RSSI threshold determines a valid path (in dB). Subtracting the set value from a path with a maximum correlation value gives the lower limit of the valid path. Top-N option enables Top-N scrambling code scanning. Scanner will report results from N best scrambling codes. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported by scanner in Top-N mode. With Venture scanners, this option must be always enabled. CINR option activates/deactivates Carrier to Interference and Noise Ratio measuring. Carrier refers to either reference signal power or sync signal power depending on the selected signal type. Time offset refers to the number of samples between P-SCH Primary Synchronization Signal arrival time with respect to receiver frequency reference that is derived from GPS reference time. Sync signal refers to the ratio between the synchronization channel, i.e., primary and secondary signal received power and the interference and noise from the same synchronization signal set. Reference signal refers to the ratio between the reference signal received power (RSRP) and the interference and noise from the same reference signal set. Time of arrival defines if the selected scanner will measure the time of arrival for each scrambling code. The time of arrival value is relative to GPS time and is measured in chips. Delay option enables/disables delay profile scanning. Delay is defined as the measured difference between the expected arrival time (GPS time) and the actual arrival time of the maximum peak above the PN threshold. It is reported in chips. Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value (in chips) for each scanned scrambling code. Delay spread is determined as the difference between the last and first component to break the threshold set in PN Threshold. P-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the P-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code. SIR (signal to interference ratio) defines if the selected scanner will measure the SIR value for each scrambling code. S-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the S-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code.

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3. By clicking the Select Channels button, you can access the Select Channels dialog.

Select the Show channels as frequencies option to view frequencies instead of channel numbers. Add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and clicking the Add button. Remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the Remove button.

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4. When you select LTE channels, you can also define some channel-specific settings. In the LTE Channel Specific Settings dialog, select the channel from the Selected channels list and define the settings. ♦

Note that the available options are device specific.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Uplink-downlink configuration refers to LTE TDD frame structure.

Tf = 307200 ⋅ Ts = 10 ms 153600 ⋅Ts = 5 ms each. Each half-frame consists of five

Frame structure type 2 is applicable to TDD. Each radio frame of length consists of two half-frames of length subframes of length 30720 ⋅Ts

= 1 ms . The supported uplink-downlink configurations are listed in

the table below where, for each subframe in a radio frame, “D” denotes the subframe is reserved for downlink transmissions, “U” denotes the subframe is reserved for uplink transmissions and “S” denotes a special subframe with the three fields DwPTS, GP and UpPTS. One radio frame, Tf = 307200Ts = 10 ms One half-frame, 153600Ts = 5 ms

One slot, Tslot=15360Ts

30720Ts

Subframe #2

Subframe #0 One subframe, 30720Ts DwPTS

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GP

UpPT S

Subframe #3

Subframe #4

Subframe #5

DwPTS

Subframe #7

GP

UpPT S

Subframe #8

Subframe #9

NEMO OUTDOOR SCANNER GUIDE

Frame structure type 2 (for 5 ms switch-point periodicity): Uplink-downlink

Downlink-to-Uplink

configuration

Switch-point periodicity

0

Subframe number 0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

5 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

S

U

U

U

1

5 ms

D

S

U

U

D

D

S

U

U

D

2

5 ms

D

S

U

D

D

D

S

U

D

D

3

10 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

D

D

D

D

4

10 ms

D

S

U

U

D

D

D

D

D

D

5

10 ms

D

S

U

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

6

5 ms

D

S

U

U

U

D

S

U

U

D

4. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the scanning. 5. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. 6. Click the Start Recording button

to start recording the results in an output file.

6.4.2.1 Data processing method – Peak vs Aggregate If the multipath components are significantly lower than the peak, their contribution will be negligible and the aggregate will be the same as the peak. However, if one or more multipath components are close to the peak component in power, its power combined with the peak component’s power will be larger than either of them alone. In the case where a multipath component is the same strength as the peak the aggregate will be twice the power, or 3dB higher than the peak. Thus, the aggregate will always be the same as or larger than the peak. As a practical matter, many multipath components are typically present in an urban environment, where there are many surfaces (e.g., buildings) which can reflect the radio signal. By contrast, there may be few or no multipath components in a rural environment. The difference between Aggregate and Peak is variable. Probably the difference will lie in the range of 0 to 4 dB. If the multipath components are small, they will have no contribution and aggregate will be equal to peak (0 dB difference). In the case above where one multipath is equal to the peak, the doubling of power gives +3dB to the aggregate. There might be cases where two components are the same strength as the peak and this would result in an aggregate +4.7dB relative to the peak. Naturally, if another component becomes higher than the “peak”, it becomes the new peak. Aggregation does not happen over time, but over multipath components that are all simultaneously present.

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7

TROUBLESHOOTING SCANNERS

If a Scanner synchronization failed error message appears in the Output window, the scanner is working properly, but the scanner did not find strong enough a CPICH in a short time period. Nevertheless, the measurement will go on normally. If a Scanner GPS locking failed error message appears in the Output window, the scanner is working properly, but the scanner GPS has no fix or is not connected. The measurement will go on normally, but the scanner accuracy is not as good as it is when the scanner GPS has a fix

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8

TECHNICAL SUPPORT

If you have questions on or beyond this documentation about Nemo tools, please contact our technical support service through Nemo Support Portal at http://nemosupport.anite.com, call us (local phone numbers can be found in chapter Phone and email support) or send us an email at [email protected] Note that for full support you need to have the Maintenance Agreement.

8.1

User Club Nemo User Club offers several new ways to benefit from Nemo products. You can find it from http://nemouserclub.anite.com. Access to the Nemo User Club is restricted to customers with SW maintenance and Technical Support agreements or partner agreements. If you are an existing Anite Finland customer with SW maintenance and Technical Support agreements, but you are without access to the User Club, please complete an on-line registration form. After submitting the requested information, you will receive a personal access key and password by email in a few days time. Once you are registered with our User Club, you will automatically receive e-mails informing you each time a new version of software for your Nemo Product is released. It is fast, easy, and it is available to you seven days a week, 24 hours a day.

8.2

Nemo Support Portal Nemo Support Portal is a web interface for technical support, product-related questions, and RMA requests. It offers a fast and convenient way to reach our technical support team and submit repair, warranty repair, and calibration requests. Customers can open a support ticket, follow the status of existing tickets, and request technical support 24/7/365. Furthermore the Nemo Support Portal includes a Knowledge Base for the most frequent and latest topics on Nemo Products. Submitting a ticket via Nemo Support Portal ensures that our technical specialists have all the necessary information available to solve your support case, resulting in faster response times. Please go to http://nemosupport.anite.com to access the portal and click “Request access” to obtain a password to the system.

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8.3

Phone and email support During the warranty period, the phone support related to potential software errors is free of additional charge. Registered users with a valid Maintenance Agreement are entitled to full support. Nemo Support Portal is the preferred channel for technical support requests, but you can also send us an email. When emailing, please let us know the number of your Software Maintenance and Support Agreement. Please contact us at the following locations (global email address [email protected]): Global Tel.

+358 50 395 7800

Americas Tel.

+1 469 951 9105 +1 469 774 4608 (En español e português)

APAC Tel.

+65 9746 2431

P.R. China Tel.

+86 10 6567 8528

India Tel.

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+91 982 0016372

NEMO WALKER AIR USER MANUAL

9

END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT

IMPORTANT - READ CAREFULLY: This End-User License Agreement ("EULA") is a legal agreement between you (either an individual or a single entity) and Anite Finland Ltd for the Anite Finland Ltd software product(s), in whatever form, identified above ("Software Product" or "Software"). The Software Product includes computer software, the associated media, any printed materials, and any "online" or electronic documentation. By installing, copying or otherwise using the Software Product, you agree to be bound by the terms of this EULA. If you do not agree to the terms of this EULA, Anite Finland Ltd is unwilling to license the Software Product to you. In such event, you may not use or copy the Software Product, and you should promptly return the unused product(s) in their original packaging to the place of purchase within thirty days of the date of original purchase. SOFTWARE PRODUCT LICENSE The Software Product is protected by copyright laws and international copyright treaties, as well as other intellectual property laws and treaties. The Software Product is licensed, not sold. 1. GRANT OF LICENSE. This EULA grants you the following rights: Software. You agree that the Software product is licensed to you to be used with the mobile phone(s) and software protection key designated by Anite Finland Ltd for such use ("Designated Hardware"). You also agree that you shall not have more than one copy of the Software Product in use at a time for any Designated Hardware in which the Software Product is to be used or to be distributed except as expressly provided for in this EULA. You may use one copy of the Software Product in binary code form only on one computer at a time in order to conduct system measurements using the Designated Hardware at various locations to the extent necessary for the permitted operation of the application software but may not duplicate the Software Product. Storage/Network/Single Use. You may also store or install a copy of the Software Product in binary code form only over an internal network, and distribute the Software Product to your other computers over an internal network. However, you must acquire and dedicate a license for the Software Product for each Designated Hardware on which the Software Product is used or to which it is distributed. A license for the Software Product may not be shared or used concurrently on different computers. 2. DESCRIPTION OF OTHER RIGHTS AND LIMITATIONS. Limitations on Reverse Engineering, Decompilation and Disassembly. Removal, emulation, or reverse engineering of all or any part of this product or its protection constitutes an unauthorized modification to the product and is specifically prohibited. Nothing in this license statement permits you to derive the source or assembly code of files provided to you in executable or object formats. Limitations on Modifications, Adaptations and Other Changes. You may not modify, adapt or otherwise make any changes to the Software Product except and only to the extent you are expressly permitted to do so under the applicable mandatory law notwithstanding this limitation or by Anite Finland Ltd's prior written consent. Separation of Components. The Software Product is licensed as a single product. Its component parts may not be separated for use on more than one Designated Hardware and computer as designated above. Page 141

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Not for Resale. This Software Product is “Not for Resale" or "NFR" and your license only permits personal use and you may not sell or otherwise transfer the Software Product for value except as specified below. Rental. You may not rent, lease or lend the Software Product to any person or entity. Software Transfer. You may not otherwise give or permanently transfer any or all of your rights under this EULA without the express prior written consent of Anite Finland Ltd which such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld. Security Mechanisms. Anite Finland and its affiliated companies take all legal steps to eliminate piracy of their software products. In this context, the Software may include a security mechanism that can detect the installation or use of illegal copies of the Software, and collect and transmit data about those illegal copies. Data collected will not include any customer data created with the Software. By using the Software, you consent to such detection and collection of data, as well as its transmission and use if an illegal copy is detected. Anite Finland also reserves the right to use a hardware lock device, license administration software, and/or a license authorization key to control access to the Software. You may not take any steps to avoid or defeat the purpose of any such measures. Use of any Software without any required lock device or authorization key provided by Anite Finland is prohibited. Duration and Termination. This EULA is effective from the day you open the sealed media package or download and continues until termination. You may terminate this EULA at any time. Without prejudice to any other rights, Anite Finland Ltd may terminate this EULA if you fail to comply with the terms and conditions of this EULA. In either event, you must destroy all copies of the Software Product and all associated media, printed materials, updates and component parts and verify to Anite Finland Ltd in writing that such has been done. 3. SUPPORT SERVICES. Anite Finland Ltd may provide you with support services related to the Software Product ("Support Services"). Any supplemental software code provided to you as part of the Support Services shall be considered part of the Software Product and subject to the terms and conditions of this EULA. With respect to technical information you provide to Anite Finland Ltd as part of the Support Services, Anite Finland Ltd may use such information for its business purpose, including for product updates and development. 4. COPYRIGHT AND TRADEMARKS. All title and copyrights in and to the Software Product (including but not limited to any images, photographs, animations, video, audio, music, text and "applets", incorporated into the Software Product), the accompanying printed materials, and any copies of the Software Product, are owned by Anite Finland Ltd or its suppliers. The Software Product is protected by copyright laws and international treaty provisions. You may not copy the printed materials accompanying the Software Product. You may not remove, modify or alter any Anite Finland Ltd copyright or trademark from any part of the Software Product, including but not limited to any such notices contained in the physical and/or electronic media or documentation, in the Anite Finland Ltd Setup Wizard dialogue or 'about' boxes, in any of the runtime resources and/or in any web-presence or web-enabled notices, code or other embodiments originally contained in or dynamically or otherwise created by the Software Product. The Software Product may include following licenses with related copyrights and titles: WinWAP. Copyright © Winwap Technologies Oy. http://www.winwap.com Perceptual Objective Listening Quality Analysis (POLQA) according to ITU-T Recommendation P. 863 included in this product is protected by copyright and by European, US and other International patents and patent applications and is provided under license from OPTICOM Dipl.-Ing. M. Keyhl GmbH, Erlangen, Germany, 2011 – www.opticom.de Page 142

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POLQA® is a registered trademark of OPTICOM GmbH. Used by permission. © 2011 by the POLQA Coalition of OPTICOM GmbH, Germany - SwissQual AG, Switzerland - KPN, The Netherlands - TNO, The Netherlands. www.polqa.info Further statements shall be incorporated to prohibit additional copying of the POLQA software in whole or in part, other than is essential for the proper operation of the POLQA software or for normal security back-up purposes; prevent the End-User from modifying, translating, reverse-engineering or decompiling the POLQA software except to the extent permitted by law; require that the acknowledgement of the rights in the POLQA software shall not be removed from the POLQA software or any installation of it;

Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality (PESQ) measurement technology included in this product is protected by copyright and by European, US and other patents and is provided under license from OPTICOM Dipl.-Ing. M. Keyhl GmbH, Erlangen, Germany, 2008 - www.opticom.de For further information please refer to www.pesq.org Further statements shall be incorporated to prohibit additional copying of the PESQ software in whole or in part, other than is essential for the proper operation of the PESQ software or for normal security back-up purposes; prevent the End-User from modifying, translating, reverse-engineering or decompiling the PESQ software except to the extent permitted by law; require that the acknowledgement of the rights in the PESQ software shall not be removed from the PESQ software or any installation of it;

Evaluation of Talker Quality (ECHO) measurement technology included in this product is protected by copyright and is provided under license from OPTICOM GmbH, Erlangen, Germany, 2011 - www.opticom.de Further statements shall be incorporated to prohibit additional copying of the ECHO software in whole or in part, other than is essential for the proper operation of the ECHO software or for normal security back-up purposes; prevent the End-User from modifying, translating, reverse-engineering or decompiling the ECHO software except to the extent permitted by law; require that the acknowledgement of the rights in the ECHO software shall not be removed from the ECHO software or any installation of it;

Libresample library and libVLC library distributed under LGPL license. For detailed information, see license files located in the software installation directory.

The license management portion of this Licensee Application is based on:

SentinelRMS* © 1989-2006 SafeNet, Inc. All rights reserved

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© 1989-2006 SafeNet, Inc. All rights reserved

Iperf copyright. Copyright (c) 1999-2006, The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. All Rights Reserved. Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software (Iperf) and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimers. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimers in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. Neither the names of the University of Illinois, NCSA, nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this Software without specific prior written permission. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE CONTIBUTORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. 5. DUAL-MEDIA SOFTWARE. You may receive the Software Product in more than one medium. Regardless of the type or size of medium you receive, you may use only that one medium that is appropriate for the systems you use to operate the Software Product. You may not use or install the other medium on any system. You may not loan, rent, lease or otherwise transfer the other medium to another user, except as part of the permanent transfer (as provided above) of the Software Product. 6. CONFIDENTIALITY AND NON-DISCLOSURE. You agree to keep in confidence and not to disclose in any manner or form to any third party nor publish any such data or information related to the Software Product. You agree to protect all information and data provided to you by Anite Finland Ltd related to the Software Product with the same degree of care that you use to protect your own like data and information, but with not less than that due care exercised by a reasonably prudent person under the same or similar circumstances. 7. U.S. GOVERNMENTAL RESTRICTED RIGHTS. The Software Product and documentation are provided with Restricted Rights. Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at DFARS 252.277-7013 or subparagraphs (c)(1) and (2) of the Commercial Computer Software Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52-227-19, as applicable. 8. LIMITED WARRANTY. Anite Finland Ltd warrants that (a) the Software Product will perform substantially in accordance with the accompanying written materials for a period of three (3) months from the date of receipt, and (b) any third party hardware accompanying the Software Products will be free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of one (1) year from the date of receipt. To the extent that implied warranties are disclaimable, they are disclaimed in paragraph 10. Some states/jurisdictions do not allow disclaimers of or limitations on duration of an implied warranty, so the above limitation may not apply to you. Any implied warranties on the Software Product and, as applicable, third party hardware that is not disclaimable are limited to three (3) months and one (1) year respectively.

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9. CUSTOMER REMEDIES. Anite Finland Ltd and its suppliers' entire liability and your exclusive remedy shall be, at Anite Finland Ltd option, either (a) return of the price paid, or (b) repair or replacement of the software or hardware that does not meet the Limited Warranty contained in this EULA and which is returned to Anite Finland Ltd. The Limited Warranty contained herein is void if failure of the software or third party hardware has resulted from accident, abuse, misapplication or events beyond the control of Anite Finland Ltd including, but not limited to Acts of God, acts of nature or acts of war. Any replacement Software Products or hardware will be warranted for the remainder of the original warranty period or thirty (30) days, whichever is longer. Anite Finland Ltd is not responsible for ensuring adequate backup and storage for your data or records. 10. NO OTHER WARRANTIES. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, Anite Finland Ltd disclaims all other warranties, either express or implied, including but not limited to implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement of third-party rights, with regard to the Software Product, the accompanying written materials, and any accompanying hardware. This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may have others which vary from state/jurisdiction to state/jurisdiction. 11. NO LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, in no event shall Anite Finland Ltd or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, special, incidental, consequential, punitive or indirect damages for personal injury, loss of business profits, business interruption, loss of business information, or any other pecuniary loss) arising out of the use of or inability to use this Software Product, even if Anite Finland Ltd has been advised of the possibility of such damages. In any case, Anite Finland Ltd and its suppliers' entire liability under any provision of this EULA shall be limited to the amount actually paid by you for the Software Product and/or third party hardware accompanying the Software Product. The Limitations of Liability contained in this Section apply to claims of every kind, whether based on contract law, tort law or otherwise, even if these limitations have the effect of exculpating a party from responsibility for its negligence, fault or other conduct. Because some states/jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, the above limitation may not apply to you.

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