Modelos de Examenes Quimica Analitica

January 24, 2019 | Author: joseluiswub | Category: Ph, Titration, Hydrochloric Acid, Buffer Solution, Chemical Equilibrium
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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, ^vheiv ^ovkhoc "?>$>6$>9( ?,% o( @i`yki co ir~vi{hûl jilivoc `i co kyvo `i ocdvokhûl `i 69 eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i Lo 6KD; `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,>8:0 E kdl ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >,?>02 E, f( Kockyco ic ~B il ic {ijyl`d ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho x {icikkhdlo ic hl`hko`dv eï{ o`ikyo`d, k( Kockyco ic ivvdv `i ocdvokhûl kdeiph`d kdl ic hl`hko`dv icijh`d, 6,% @iahli x ir~chko cd{ {hjyhilpi{ kdlki~pd{7 o( ~vikh{hûl x irokphpy` f( Okphh`o` x kdiahkhilpi `i okphh`o` k( [icikphh`o` `( ^opvûl ~vheovhd x {ikyl`ovhd, ;,% o( Hl`hko x kdeilpo co{ kovokpivå{phko{ qyi bo `i kye~chv ylo viokkhûl qyåehko ~ovo ~d`iv {iv ie~cio`o il ic olïch{h{ dcyeèpvhkd, f( Ilyeivo x kdeilpo fviieilpi co{ ipo~o{ `ic ~vdki{d olocåphkd, 0,% Vi{yici co{ {hjyhilpi{ kyi{phdli{7 o( ´Kyïlpd{ jvoed{ `i okipopd {û`hkd box qyi oÿo`hv o ? chpvd `i ïkh`d okèphkd ?,> E ~ovo qyi ic ~B {io hjyoc o 0,>4, f( @hfygo ic `hojvoeo chlioc `i ~vi`dehlhd ~ovo ic ïkh`d {ycabå`vhkd x o ~ovphv `i èc i{pheo ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i LoB[ `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,? E, k( Il ic olïch{h{ ~dv qyhlpy~chko`d `i co ~yviwo `i yl viokphd {i dfphilil cd{ {hjyhilpi{ vi{ycpo`d{ hl`hh`yoci{7 89,1)# 81,?)# 89,2)# 8;,>) x 81,>), Ir~vi{ov ic vi{ycpo`d ahloc kdl {y hlpivocd `i kdlaholwo, `( Kockyco ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i {ycahpd {û`hkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,? E 9,% o( Ir~chko il qyè kdl{h{pi x kded {i ccio o kofd co `ipivehlokhûl `ic kdlpilh`d ~vdpihkd ~dv ic eèpd`d `i Mgic`obc, f( Ylo eyi{pvo `i 6 jvoed{ `i yl ~vd`ykpd kïvlhkd {i pvopo o`ikyo`oeilpi# x ic oedlhokd jilivo`d {i vikdji {dfvi 9> eC `i ïkh`d fûvhkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,69 E, [h ~ovo co ocdvokhûl `ic fdvopd adveo`d {i viqyhivil ?;,: eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl ~opvûl `i BKc "?eC `i BKc iqyhoci o 6>,; ej `i Lo 6KD; ie~ciol`d lovolgo `i eiphcd kded hl`hko`dv(# kockyco ic ~dvkilpogi `i ~vdpiålo kdl{h`ivol`d yl aokpdv `i kdliv{hûl hjyoc o 1,69,

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 L 5 ?0,>?= K 5 ?6,>?= D 5 ?1,>>= Lo 5 6;,>># B 5 ?,>?= [ 5 ;6,>1= Kc 5 ;9,09

Qocdvi{ `i co p `i [py`ilp "89)( Qocdvi{ kvåphkd{ `i _ "89)(

L÷eivd `i df{ivqokhdli{ $ Jvo`d{ `i chfivpo` ; 0 9 ;,?26 6,::1 6,9:? >,81 >,2; >,:6

Kdl{polpi{ `i ~vdpdlokhûl

Cdj M?

Cdj M6

Ïkh`d kovfûlhkd "B6KD;( Ïkh`d {ycabå`vhkd "B6[( Ïkh`d {ycayvd{d "B6[D;( Ïkh`d okèphkd "KB;KDDB( Ïkh`d fûvhkd "BFD6(

?>,;; ?6,8 :,?8 0,:1 8,6;

1,;9 :,>9 ?,:1

Hl`hko`dvi{ ïkh`d%fo{i

6%0 `hlhpvdaildc Lovolgo `i eiphcd Qiv`i `i fvdedkvi{dc Vdgd `i eiphcd

Hlpivqocd `i ~B 6,0 ‛ 0,> ;,? ‛ 0,0 0,> ‛ 9,1 0,0, ‛ 1,6

Hl`hko`dvi{ ïkh`d%fo{i

Owyc `i fvdedphedc Vdgd `i aildc Aildapociålo

1 6,00: >,16

Hlpivqocd `i ~B 1,6 ‛ :,1 1,0 ‛ :,1 2,> ‛ ?>,>

_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, ^vheivo Kdlqdkopdvho "?:$>1$>9( ?,% Kdlpi{po co{ {hjyhilpi{ kyi{phdli{ o( @iahli cd{ kdlki~pd{ `i ~ylpd `i ahloc x ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho x vicokhûlocd{ kdl ic ivvdv `i ocdvokhûl, f( @iahli ic kdlki~pd `i {il{hfhch`o` x ir~chko qyi i{ ic cåehpi `i `ipikkhûl, k( ´_yè i{ ic ivvdv `i kovfdlopokhûl4 X ir~chko kded ~yi`i vi`ykhv{i, `( @iahli qyi {dl co{ kdl{polpi{ `i iqyhchfvhd pived`hlïehko x `i kdlkilpvokhûl, ´Kûed ~d`ied{ vicokhdlovco{ ilpvi {å4 6,% 9> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ïkh`d filwdhkd >,? E x ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >,6 E {i ocdvol kdl LoDB >,6 E, [h ~ovo ic ~vheiv ~ylpd ahloc {i yphchwo lovolgo `i eiphcd x ~ovo ic {ijyl`d ~ylpd ahloc aildapociålo, Kockyco qyi ivvdv `i ocdvokhûl {i bo kdeiph`d il ko`o ko{d, ;,% Vi{yici co{ {hjyhilpi{ kyi{phdli{7 o( ´Kyolpd{ jvoed{ `i Lo 6B^D0 box qyi oÿo`hv o ?>> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i LoB 6^D0 >,? E ~ovo qyi ic ~B i{pè poe~dlo`d o : ylh`o`i{4 f( Kockyco ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i drocopd {û`hkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,? E, k( Il ylo `h{dcykhûl `i Ai 6- ?>%; E x Ai;- ?>%; E# il ~vi{ilkho `i [email protected] >,? E x o ~B52# ´~vikh~hpovïl cd{ kdvvi{~dl`hilpi{ bh`vûrh`d{4 `( Kockycov ic ~dpilkhoc ldveoc kdl`hkhdloc `i co eiwkco `i Ai -6 x Ai;- `ic o~ovpo`d olpivhdv, 0,% Gy{phahkov vowdlo`oeilpi {h {dl khivpo{ co{ {hjyhilpi{ oahveokhdli{7 o( [hie~vi i{ ~d{hfci co ocdvokhûl kdl{ikypho `i `d{ hdli{ eipïchkd{ kdl yl eh{ed chjol`d, f( Ic hl`hko`dv "eipocdkvûehkd( ~yi`i piliv ylo kdl{polpi pived`hlïehko eipoc%hl`hko`dv {y~ivhdv o co kdl{polpi `i co viokkhûl ~vhlkh~oc, k( Olhdli{ kded drocopd d {ycaopd {i ~yi`il `ipivehlov ~dv ocdvokhûl kde~cirdeèpvhko kdl [email protected], 9,% @i{kvhfhv cd{ `haivilpi{ eikolh{ed{ ~ovo co `ipikkhûl `ic ~ylpd ahloc il co{ dcyeipvåo{ `i ~vikh~hpokhûl, Hl`hkov  yl igie~cd il ko`o ko{d, 1,% ^ovo `ipivehlov ic jvo`d ockdbûchkd `i ylo fifh`o {i `hcyxil ?> eC `i co eh{eo il ojyo bo{po ? chpvd, Ylo ocåkydpo `i ?9 eC {i `i{phco# vikdjhèl`d{i ic ipoldc `i{phco`d {dfvi 9> eC `i M 6Kv 6D: >,>?9 E, Il i{po{ kdl`hkhdli{ {i ~vd`yki co drh`okhûl `ic ipoldc o ïkh`d okèphkd7 KB;KB6DB - B6D ‛ 0i% KB;KDDB - 0B[ijyh`oeilpi# ic irki{d `i `hkvdeopd kdl{yei ?0,0 eC `i Ai 6- >,?>> E, o( Kockycov ic kdlpilh`d `i ipoldc il co eyi{pvo ir~vi{ol`d ic vi{ycpo`d il jvo`d ockdbûchkd "j$?>> eC(, f( [ofhil`d qyi ic ~dpilkhoc ldveoc `i vi`ykkhûl `ic {h{pieo okèphkd$ipoldc i{ hjyoc o - >,>0 Q# kockyco co kdl{polpi `i iqyhchfvhd `i co viokkhûl `i ocdvokhûl ilpvi ic ipoldc x ic `hkvdeopd, ←

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 ^ 5 ;>,8:= K 5 ?6,>?= Hl`hko`dvi{ ïkh`d%fo{i "Hlpivqocd `i ~B(7 ^dpilkhoci{ ldveoci{ `i vi`ykkhûl7 ^vd`ykpd{ `i {dcyfhch`o`7 Kdl{polpi{ `i ~vdpdlokhûl  Ïkh`d filwdhkd "K1B9KDDB(  Ïkh`d drïchkd "B6K6D0(  Ïkh`d ad{aûvhkd "B;^D0( [email protected]

D 5 ?1,>>= Lo 5 6;,>># Lovolgo `i eiphcd ";,? ‛ 0,0(= Id "Ai;-$Ai6-( 5 >,:: Q= Ai"DB(6 "~M{ 5 ?0,:(=

Cdj M ? 0,6? 0,6: ?6,;2 ??,>

Kdl{polpi{ okyeyco`o{ `i adveokhûl `i kde~cigd{ Ai6- $ DB% Ai;- $ DB% Ai6- $ [email protected] Ai;- $ [email protected]

B 5 ?,>? Aildapociålo "2,> ‛ ?>,>( Id "Kv 6D:6%$Kv ;-( 5 ?,;; Q Ai"DB(; "~M{ 5 ;:,>(

Cdj M6

Cdj M;

Cdj M0

?,6: :,6> 1,;

6,?9 6,9

?,8

Cdj ζ? 0,9 ??,1 ?0,; 69,?

Cdj ζ 6 :,0 6>,8

Cdj ζ ; ?>,>

Cdj ζ 0 8,1

LDPO7 Co ~vijylpo{ ?# 6 # ;o x ; f {dl kdloch`ofci{ hl`hh`yoceilpi ~dv co kochahkokhûl dfpilh`o il ic ~vheiv ~ovkhoc, Il ko{d `i kdlpi{pov `hkbo{ ~vijylpo{# {i pil`vï il kyilpo co kochahkokhûl dfpilh`o ~ovo ko`o ylo `i icco{ il i{pi iroeil,

_yåehko Olocåphko, [ijyl`o Kdldkopdvho ">1$>8$>9(

?,% @iahlhv cd{ {hjyhilpi{ kdlki~pd{7 o( [icikphh`o`,  f( Ileo{kovoehilpd, k( Iaikpd `ic hdl kde÷l, `( ^vikh~hpokhûl avokkhdlo`o, 6,% @i{kvhfhv ic ayl`oeilpd x gy{phahkov co yphchwokhûl `i co{ `ipivehlokhdli{ dcyeèpvhko{ `hvikpo{# hl`hvikpo{# ~dv vipvdki{d x kdl{ikypho{, Hl`hkov yl igie~cd `i o~chkokhûl il ko`o ko{d, ;,%o( Kockycov cd{ jvoed{ `i LoDB qyi box qyi oÿo`hv o ?>> ec `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,>9 E `i LoB 6^D0  ~ovo dfpiliv ylo `h{dcykhûl oedvphjyo`dvo `i ~B 1,8>  f( Kockycov co {dcyfhch`o` "il ej$C( `i OjKc il MKc >,>9 E, k( Kockycov co kdl{polpi kdl`hkhdloc ~ovo co kde~cigokhûl `i Ky"HH( kdl [email protected] "B 0X( o ~B51,>, 0,% [i ocdvol 9> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,?96 E `i ïkh`d filwdhkd kdl LoDB >,;2> E, o( Dfpèl cd{ ocdvi{ `i cd{ ~B qyi kdvvi{~dl`il o cd{ ~ylpd{ hlhkhoc# `i {iehliypvochwokhûl# `i iqyhocilkho x kyol`d {i bo oÿo`h`d yl irki{d `ic 69) `i ocdvolpi,  f( @i`yki co ir~vi{hûl jilivoc `i co kyvo `i ocdvokhûl o ~ovphv `i cd{ focolki{ kdvvi{~dl`hilpi{, k( Kockyco ic ivvdv il co ocdvokhûl {h {i yphchwo ο%loapdcapociålo kded hl`hko`dv, 9,% [i o`hkhdlol ?,609 j `i lhpvopd `i ko`ehd o ?>> ec `i ylo `h{dcykhûl poe~dlo`o o ~B ?>,>, Kockycov  cd{ jvoed{ `i LoKL qyi {i bofvåo qyi oÿo`hv ~ovo kdl{ijyhv qyi pd`d ic K` 6- ~iveoliwko `h{yicpd ihpol`d co ~vikh~hpokhûl `ic bh`vûrh`d `i ko`ehd, 1,% ^ovo `ipivehlov ic kdlpilh`d il bhivvd `i yl ehlivoc {i `h{dchivdl ?,9>8 j `ic eh{ed il ïkh`d låpvhkd, @i{~yi{ `i yl ~vdki{d `i vi`ykkhûl ~viho# ~ovo pvol{adveov pd`d ic bhivvd o Ai"HH(# co `h{dcykhûl {i ccid o ?>> ec, [i liki{hpovdl 60 ec `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ~iveoljolpd il ei`hd {ycayvhkd ~ovo ocdvov  ic Ai"HH( ~vi{ilpi il 69 ec `i co `h{dcykhûl ~vdfcieo, ^dv dpvo ~ovpi# oc ocdvov ?> ec `i ylo `h{dcykhûl  ~opvûl `i ïkh`d drïchkd >,?6: E {i liki{hpovdl 66,9 ec `i co `h{dcykhûl `i ~iveoljolopd, "B6K6D0↖6KD6-6B--6i%(, o( I{kvhfhv co{ viokkhdli{ hldcykvo`o{ il cd{ ~vdki{d{ `i ocdvokhûl hl`hko`d{,  f( Kockycov ic ~dvkilpogi `i bhivvd il ic ehlivoc, @OPD[7

Eo{o{ edcovi{ "j$edc(7 Ai"99,29(# K"?6,>?(# Kc";9,09(# Lo"6;,>>(# B"?,>?( Oj"?>:,2?(# K`"??6,0>(# L"?0,>?(# D"?1,>>( Hlpivocd `i hvogi `i co ο%loapdcapociålo7 :,;%2,: ^vd`ykpd{ `i {dcyfhch`o` "~M{(7 OjKc "8,:9(# K`"DB( 6 "?0,6;( Kdl{polpi{ `i `i adveokhûl `i kde~cigd{7 Ky6-$X0% KyX6%$BKyX6%$DB% Ky6-$DB% K`6-$DB% K`6-$KL% Kdl{polpi{ `i ~vdpdlokhûl7 Ïkh`d filwdhkd Ïkh`d ad{aûvhkd [email protected] BKL

cdj ζ? cdj ζ6 cdj ζ; cdj ζ0 ?2,2 ;,> 6,9 1,; ?6,2 ?9,; ?1,6 0,? :,: ?>,; ?6,> ?:,8

cdjM ? cdjM 6 cdjM ; cdjM 0 0,6? ?6,;2 :,6> 6,?9 ??,> 1,; 6,9 ?,8 8,60

_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, ^vheiv ^ovkhoc "?>$>6$>1( Ldpo he~dvpolpi7 Pd`o{ co{ ~vijylpo{ philil ic eh{ed qocdv, Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{ x ic ldefvi `ic ~vdai{dv il co ~vheivo bdgo,

?,% @i{kvhfi fviieilpi cd{ aokpdvi{ qyi oaikpol oc iqyhchfvhd qyåehkd, 6,% o( @iahli cd{ kdlki~pd{ `i7 % {icikphh`o` % ivvdv `i ocdvokhûl % ocdvokhûl ~dv vipvdki{d f( Hl`hko kûed dfpil`våoed{ ylo `h{dcykhûl ~opvûl `i BKc,

;,% o( @iahli ko~okh`o` oedvphjyo`dvo x `i`yki co ir~vi{hûl kdvvi{~dl`hilpi oc {h{pieo kdl{phpyh`d ~dv yl ïkh`d edld~vûphkd x {y {oc {û`hko, f( [i `h{~dli `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,9> E `i ïkh`d {yca÷vhkd x dpvo >,9> E `i okipopd {û`hkd, Hl`hkov# kyochpopho x kyolphpophoeilpi# co adveo `i ~vi~ovov 9>> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl poe~ûl `i ~B 0,9, Kockyco co ko~okh`o` oedvphjyo`dvo `i i{po `h{dcykhûl,

0,% o( Kockyco ic ocdv irokpd `ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,? E `i MB[D; ie~ciol`d cd{ focolki{ kdvvi{~dl`hilpi{, f( O ?>> eC `i co `h{dcykhûl olpivhdv {i ci oÿo`il 19 eC `i LoDB >,>82: E, [i eh`i ic ~B kdl yl ~Beèpvd dfpilhil`d cd{ {hjyhilpi{ ocdvi{7 :,06# :,0?# :,01# :,0># :,6> x :,00, Ir~vi{ov ic ~B ei`h`d kdl {y hlpivocd `i kdlaholwo# gy{phahkol`d {h irh{pi ocj÷l ocdv vikbowofci, Gy{phahko {h irh{pi ivvdv {h{pieïphkd il co ei`h`o ir~ivheilpoc `ic ~B ~dv kde~ovokhûl kdl ic ~B kockyco`d piûvhkoeilpi,

9,% Ylo eyi{pvo cåqyh`o ~yi`i kdlpiliv ïkh`d {yca÷vhkd# ïkh`d eocèhkd# eociopd edld{û`hkd x eociopd `h{û`hkd, Ir~chko co{ eiwkco{ kde~ophfci{ qyi ~d`våol irh{phv, Il co ocdvokhûl `i ?>> eC `i co eyi{pvo cåqyh`o kdl bh`vûrh`d {û`hkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,69>8 E# ~ovo ic hvogi il ic ~vheiv ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho# ie~ciol`d lovolgo `i eiphcd# {i kdl{yeil 6:,0 eC, [i kdlphlyo co ocdvokhûl `i{~yè{ `i oÿo`hv yl {ijyl`d hl`hko`dv "owyc `i phedc(# {hil`d liki{ovhd{ 0?,? eC o`hkhdloci{ `i ocdvolpi ~ovo qyi {i ~vd`ywko ic hvogi il ic {ijyl`d ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho, @ipivehlo `i adveo kyochpopho x kyolphpopho co kde~d{hkhûl `i co eiwkco hlhkhoc,

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 K 5 ?6,>?= D 5 ?1,>>= Lo 5 6;,>># B 5 ?,>?= [ 5 ;6,>1= Kc 5 ;9,09= M 5 ;8,?>

L÷eivd `i df{ivqokhdli{ $ Jvo`d{ `i chfivpo` ; 0 9 ;,?26 6,::1 6,9:? >,81 >,2; >,:6

Qocdvi{ `i co p `i [py`ilp "89)( Qocdvi{ kvåphkd{ `i _ "89)(

1 6,00: >,16

Kdl{polpi{ `i ~vdpdlokhûl

Cdj M?

Cdj M6

Hl`hko`dvi{ ïkh`d%fo{i

Ïkh`d eocèhkd "B 0K0D0( Ïkh`d {ycayvd{d "B 6[D;( Ïkh`d okèphkd "KB ;KDDB( Ïkh`d {yca÷vhkd "B 6[D0(

1,66 :,?8 0,:1 ?,86

?,86 ?,:1

Lovolgo `i eiphcd Owyc `i phedc

Hlpivqocd `i ~B ;,? ‛ 0,0 2,> ‛ 8,1

_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO [ijyl`d ^ovkhoc "?8$>9$>1( ?,% Kdlpi{po co{ {hjyhilpi{ kyi{phdli{ o( Kdeilpo co{ ilpogo{ i hlkdlilhilpi{ `ic ie~cid `i chjol`d{ edld`ilpo`d{ il dcyeipvåo{ `i adveokhûl `i kde~cigd{ x kde~ïvocd{ kdl cd{ chjol`d{ qyicolpi{, f( Hl`hko pvi{ eikolh{ed{ ~ovo co `ipikkhûl `ic ~ylpd ahloc il co{ dcyeipvåo{ `i adveokhûl `i kde~cigd{, ^dl yl igie~cd ~ovo ko`o ko{d# {iÿocol`d co viokkhûl ~vhlkh~oc x co `ic {h{pieo hl`hko`dv, 6,% Hl`hkov {h {i ~yi`i ocdvov kdl [email protected] >,>6 E# 9> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,>? E `i Ky6- o ~B59 kdl poe~ûl okèphkd$okipopd ? E# yphchwol`d ^OL kded hl`hko`dv, Kockyco ic ivvdv `i ocdvokhûl, @i`yki x gy{phahko pd`o{ co{ ikyokhdli{ qyi ie~cii{, ;,% [i philil co{ {hjyhilpi{ {oci{7 Wl[# Oj6KvD0# Ko;"^D0(6# Oc"DB(;, o( Dv`èloco{ il dv`il kvikhilpi {ij÷l {y {dcyfhch`o` il ojyo ~yvo, f( Ir~chko kded {i ~d`våo kdl{ijyhv co `h{dcykhûl kde~cipo `i ko`o ylo `i icco{ hl`hkol`d il ko`o ko{d cd{ iqyhchfvhd{ qyi philil cyjov x co{ i{~ikhi{ qyi {i dfpil`vïl il `h{dcykhûl, 0,% ´Kyoc `ifi {iv co kdlkilpvokhûl pdpoc `i oedlhokd ~ovo qyi il ?>> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl# poe~dlo`o o ~B52# qyi kdlphili >,>? E il OjLD ; x >,>; E il M6K6D0 ld ~vikh~hpi ic  Oj6K6D04 9,% Ylo eyi{pvo `i ?,>> j `i ylo eiwkco qyi ÷lhkoeilpi kdlphili LoFv x EjKc6# {i `h{yici il ojyo x {i oadvo o 69> eC, Ylo ocåkydpo `i 69 eC kdl{yei 6;,2 eC `i OjLD; il co ocdvokhûl pdpoc `i cd{ bocyvd{ "?> eC `i co `h{dcykhûl `i Oj- iqyhocil o >,?>1> j `i MKL il co ocdvokhûl ~dv ic eèpd`d `i Chifhj(, Kockycov ic ~dvkilpogi `i LoFv il co eyi{pvo,

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 Ej 5 60,;?= Kc 5 ;9,09= Lo 5 66,88= Fv 5 :8,8>= M 5 ;8,?>= K 5 ?6,>?= L 5 ?0,>? ^vd`ykpd{ `i {dcyfhch`o`7  Oj6KvD0 "~M{ 5 ??,89( Wl[ "~M{ 5 6?,1( Oc"DB(; "~M{ 5 ;6,>( Ko;"^D0(6 "~M{ 5 62,:( Oj6K6D0"~M{ 5 ?>,9( Kdl{polpi{ `i ~vdpdlokhûl Cdj M ? ^OL ?6,; [email protected] ??,>  Okipopd "Ok( 0,:1 LB; 8,69 Drocopd 0,; Kdl{polpi{ okyeyco`o{ `i adveokhûl `i kde~cigd{ 6% Ky $ DB 6% Ky $ Ok 6Ky $ [email protected] ;Ky $ ^OL %  Oj $ DB  Oj $ LB;

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Co `yvokhûl `ic iroeil i{ `i ; bdvo{, Ld i{pï ~ivehph`d {ochv `ic oyco# fogd lhljylo koy{o# {hl ilpvijov ~vihoeilpi ic iroeil, Pd`o{ co{ ~vijylpo{ {i ~ylpyovïl {dfvi ?>, Kdlpi{po ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo{ {i~ovo`o{ x ld dch`i{ hl`hkov ic ldefvi x jvy~d il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{,

_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO

"?1$>1$>1(

PIVKIV ^OVKHOC ‛ ^VHEIVO ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ?, Iaikpd `ic ~B {dfvi ic ~dpilkhoc vi`dr, [iÿoco x gy{phahko co{ `haivilpi{ adveo{ il co{ qyi co okh`iw oaikpo o cd{ iqyhchfvhd{ vi`dr, Kdeilpo yl igie~cd il ko`o ko{d,

6, Ic El6-# ~yi`i `ipivehlov{i ei`holpi ocdvokhûl kdl ~iveoljolopd il ei`hd liypvd poe~dlo`d "~B 5 :(, Pilhil`d il kyilpo co{ {iehviokkhdli{ {hjyhilpi{7 ElD0% - 0B- - ;i% ← ElD6↛ - 6B6D ElD6↛ - 0B- - 6i% ← El6- - 6B6D

I> 5 ?,18 "o ~B 5 >( I> 5 ?,6; "o ~B 5 >(

o( [h 9>,> ec `i `h{dcykhûl `i El 6- viqyhivil ;9,: ec `i `h{dcykhûl >,>6>> E `i ElD0%# `ipivehlo co kdlkilpvokhûl `i El6- il j$c,  f( @ipivehlo co M iq ~ovo co viokkhûl dcyeèpvhko k( Kockyco cd{ ~dpilkhoci{ `i co `h{dcykhûl kyol`d {i bol oÿo`h`d 9># ?>> x 6>> ) `ic dcyeil `i iqyhocilkho `i ocdvolpi,

LDPO[7 Cd{ ocyeld{ qyi {ûcd oxol o ~vi{ilpov{i `i co eopivho kdvvi{~dl`hilpi oc Pivkiv ^ovkhoc `ifivïl hl`hkovcd il co bdgo `ic iroeil, Pd`o{ co{ ~vijylpo{ {i ~ylpyovïl {dfvi ?>, Kdlpi{po ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo{ {i~ovo`o{ x ld dch`i{ hl`hkov ic ldefvi x jvy~d il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{, Pd`d{ cd{ ocyeld{ `ifivïl kdlpi{pov liki{ovhoeilpi co{ ~vijylpo{ ? x 6, Co {ijyl`o ~ovpi `i i{pi iroeil kdeilwovï o co{ ?:7>> bdvo{ x pil`vï ylo `yvokhûl `i ; bdvo{,



… …

… …

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO

"?1$>1$>1(

[[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC % ^VHEIV ^OVKHOC ;, @iahlhv cd{ kdlki~pd{7 o(  f( k( `(

Ileo{kovoehilpd [y{polkho ~opvûl ph~d ~vheovhd Pi{p `i vikbowd `i ocdvi{ olûeocd{ "ofivvolpi{( ^ylpd ahloc x ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho

0, >,69>> jvoed{ `i ylo eyi{pvo qyi kdlphili kovfdlopd {û`hkd# fhkovfdlopd {û`hkd x {y{polkho{ hlivpi{ {i `h{yicil il 9> ec `i ojyo, 69 ec `i i{po `h{dcykhûl {i `hcyxi bo{po yl dcyeil ahloc `i 69> ec, Ylo ocåkydpo `i 9> ec {i ocdvo kdl BKc `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,>?>> E# kdl{yehèl`d{i ?9,> ec kyol`d {i ie~cio aildcapociålo kded hl`hko`dv, Dpvo ocåkydpo `i 9> ec kdl{yei ;:,> ec `ic eh{ed BKc kyol`d {i yphchwo kded hl`hko`dv ic lovolgo `i eiphcd, @ipivehlo kyoc i{ co kde~d{hkhûl kyolphpopho `i co eyi{pvo dvhjhloc,

9, Kockyco ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl qyi kdlphili kcdvyvd oeûlhkd >,? E x ïkh`d okèphkd >,6 E, [[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ‛ [[email protected] ^OVKHOC 1, Ir~chko cd{ ayl`oeilpd{ x viqyh{hpd{ `i cd{ `haivilpi{ ed`d{ `i ocdvokhûl ~dv adveokhûl `i kde~cigd{,

:, Ylo eyi{pvo `i >,19>> j qyi kdlphili ad{aopd pvh{û`hkd i he~yviwo{ hlivpi{ {i `h{yici x {i liypvochwo, O kdlphlyokhûl {i oÿo`il 9>,> ec `i OjLD; >,69>> E x ic ~vikh~hpo`d `i ad{aopd `i  ~copo {i {i~ovo ~dv ahcpvokhûl, Ic ahcpvo`d {i ocdvo ~dv ic eèpd`d Qdcbov` kdl{yehèl`d{i 61,;9 ec `i ylo `h{dcykhûl ~opvûl `i M[KL >,6>>> E, Kockyco ic ~dvkilpogi `i ad{aopd pvh{û`hkd il co eyi{pvo,

2, [h pilied{ yl chpvd `i ylo {y{~il{hûl qyi kdlphili >,>? edci{ `i Oj;^D0 x >,>? edci{ `i Oj[KL x ic ~B i{ `i ?>,9 ylh`o`i{ ´Kyoc `i cd{ ~vikh~hpo`d{ viqyivhvï ylo eildv kdlkilpvokhûl pdpoc `i MKL ~ovo {y vi`h{dcykhûl kde~cipo4 Gy{phahko py vi{~yi{po, @OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 ^vd`ykpd{ `i {dcyfhch`o`7

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO 6§ kdlqdkopdvho ">9$>8$>1( ?, o( [i ocdvo ~dv qyhlpy~chko`d yl dcyeil `i 69,> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i BKc kdl ylo `h{dcykhûl >,?>>2 E `i LoDB# kdl{yehèl`d{i 66,;# 66,0# 66,;# 66,9 x 66,6 eC, Kockycov co kdlkilpvokhûl `i co `h{dcykhûl `i BKc# kdl {y `i{hokhûl i{pïl`ov of{dcypo x vicopho, f( Kockycov ic aokpdv `i okphh`o` x co okphh`o` `ic hûl Ko 6- il ylo `h{dcykhûl qyi kdlphili co{ {oci{ KoKc6 >,>?> E x EjKc6 >,6>> E, Ie~ciov co ikyokhûl `i @ohi{,

6, o( ´_yè viqyh{hpd{ `ifil kye~chv{i ~ovo qyi ~yi`o o~chkov{i co ikyokhûl `i Bil`iv{dl%Bo{{icfokb il yl {h{pieo poe~ûl4 f( Pilied{ 6>> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,;> E `i BOkD x >,6> E `i LoOkD# kockycov ic ~B, [h ci oÿo`hed{ ?>,> eC `i BKc >,6> E# kockycov ic lyid ~B,

;, o( @i`yki co ir~vi{hûl jilivoc `i co kyvo `i ocdvokhûl ~ovo ic {h{pieo kde~yi{pd ~dv 6> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl qyi i{ >,? E il LoDB x >,6 E il okipopd {û`hkd# qyi {i ocdvo kdl ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >,6 E, f( @iahli qyi {i ilphil`i ~dv ivvdv `i ocdvokhûl x kdeilpo cd{ aokpdvi{ qyi cd oaikpol il co{ ocdvokhdli{ ïkh`d%fo{i# ir~chkol`d kûed `ifi kockycov{i,

0,

Ylo `h{dcykhûl kdlphili ^f"HH( x Lh"HH( il kdlkilpvokhûl >,>? E il oefd{# iphcil`hoehlo ? E x ic ~B i{po poe~dlo`d o :,9, Gy{phahko {h {ivï ~d{hfci co ocdvokhûl hl`hh`yoc `i ko`o eipoc kdl [email protected], Ioc÷o co{ kdl{polpi{ kdl`hkhdloci{ eipoc%[email protected], @i{kvhfi cd{ iqyhchfvhd{ qyi philil cyjov x co{ viokkhdli{ copivoci{,

9, [i oÿo`i Lo6[D0 o ylo `h{dcykhûl >,>?> E il hdl kockhd x >,>?> E il hdl fovhd, o( @ipivehlov co kdlkilpvokhûl `i hdl {ycaopd ~ovo qyi kdehilki o ~vikh~hpov ic {ycaopd `i fovhd, f( @ipivehlov co kdlkilpvokhûl `i hdl {ycaopd liki{ovho ~ovo qyi kdehilki o ~vikh~hpov ic Ko[D 0 k( @ipivehlov co kdlkilpvokhûl `i hdl fovhd kyol`d kdehilki o ~vikh~hpov ic Ko[D 0, `( ´[ivï ~d{hfci co {i~ovokhûl kyolphpopho `i oefd{ kophdli{ o{yehil`d qyi co kdlkilpvokhûl `i fovhd `ifivåo {iv hlaivhdv oc >,?) `i co kdlkilpvokhûl hlhkhoc4,

1, o( ^ovo `ipivehlov co kdlkilpvokhûl `i ~iveoljolopd ~dpï{hkd il yl `i{hlaikpolpi# {i bhkhivdl viokkhdlov 69,> eC `i co eyi{pvo kdl 69,> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i Ai"HH( vikhèl ~vi~ovo`o# ic irki{d `i Ai"HH( viqyhvhû ??,; eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl ~opvûl `i `hkvdeopd ~dpï{hkd >,>?8?; E, ^dv dpvo ~ovpi# ?>,> eC `i co `h{dcykhûl `i Ai"HH( liki{hpovdl 8,1 eC `i co `h{dcykhûl ~opvûl `i `hkvdeopd, Hl`hkov co{ viokkhdli{ qyi philil cyjov x kockycov co kdlkilpvokhûl "ir~vi{o`o kded vhqyiwo il ) ~$( `i ~iveoljolopd ~dpï{hkd il ic `i{hlaikpolpi, f( @iahli co `h{eypokhûl i hl`hko yl igie~cd,

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO ^vheiv ^ovkhoc "66$?6$>1(

Ldpo he~dvpolpi7 … … …

Pd`o{ co{ ~vijylpo{ philil ic eh{ed qocdv, Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{ x ic ldefvi `ic ~vdai{dv il co ~vheivo bdgo,

?,% o( @iahli x kdeilpo ic {hjlhahko`d `i7 ?( ~vikh{hûl x irokphpy`# x 6( ~opvûl ~vheovhd x ~opvûl {ikyl`ovhd, f( Hl`hko x kdeilpo co{ kovokpivå{phko{ qyi bo `i kye~chv ylo viokkhûl qyåehko ~ovo qyi ~yi`o {iv ie~cio`o il ic olïch{h{ dcyeèpvhkd, k( Ir~chko ic ayl`oeilpd x ic y{d `i co ^vyifo `i @hrdl "pi{p _(,

6,% o( Kockyco `i adveo ic irokpo ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,? E `i eocdlopd `h{û`hkd# ie~ciol`d ~ovo iccd cd{ kdvvi{~dl`hilpi{ focolki{, f( Kockyco ic dcyeil `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i LoDB# `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,6 E# qyi box qyi o`hkhdlov o 9> eC `i ïkh`d eocûlhkd >,? E ~ovo ~vi~ovov ?>> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl oedvphjyo`dvo `i ~B 1,>,

;,% o( @i{kvhfi ic eèpd`d Mgic`obc x {y{ o~chkokhdli{, f( ^ovo `ipivehlov co vhqyiwo `i {ycaopd oeûlhkd il yl aivphchwolpi {i ~i{ol 6,>>> j `i co eyi{pvo x {i oÿo`il 9>,> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i LoDB `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,69> E# kocilpo`d o ifycchkhûl bo{po ichehlov kde~cipoeilpi ic oedlhokd, Co `h{dcykhûl vi{ycpolpi viqyhivi ?0,8 eC `i BKc ">,?69 E( ~ovo {y liypvochwokhûl# ie~ciol`d aildcapociälo kded hl`hko`dv, Kockyco co vhqyiwo x ir~vè{oco kded ) ~$~ `i {ycaopd oeûlhkd x poefhèl kded ) ~$~ `i lhpvûjild,

0,% ?2,:6 j `i ylo eyi{pvo {ûch`o hl`y{pvhoc qyi kdlphili ylo eiwkco kde~ophfci `i ad{aopd{ {û`hkd{ i he~yviwo{ hlivpi{ {i `h{yici il ?>> ec `i ojyo, Ylo ocåkydpo `i 69 ec {i ocdvo kdl BKc >,9>> E# kdl{yehèl`d{i ;>,> eC ie~ciol`d vdgd `i eiphcd kded hl`hko`dv, Dpvo ocåkydpo `i 69 ec {i ocdvo yphchwol`d phedcapociälo kded hl`hko`dv x {i kdl{yeil ?;,> eC `i co eh{eo `h{dcykhûl `i ïkh`d, o( Hl`hko co kde~d{hkhûl kyochpopho x kyolphpopho `i co eyi{pvo {ûch`o, f( @ipivehlo ic ) ~$~ `i ^6D9 il co eyi{pvo dvhjhloc,

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO [ijyl`d ^ovkhoc ";>$>;$>:( Ldpo he~dvpolpi7 … … …

Pd`o{ co{ ~vijylpo{ philil ic eh{ed qocdv, Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{ x ic ldefvi `ic ~vdai{dv il co ~vheivo bdgo,

?,% [i `h{~dli `i ylo `h{dcykhûl qyi kdlphili ]Ko 6-U5>,>? E x ]Ki;-U5>,>? E# i{pol`d poe~dlo`o o ~B5:# o co qyi {i ci o oÿo`hil`d ^D 0;% ~ovo qyi ~vikh~hpil cd{ kdvvi{~dl`hilpi{ ad{aopd{, o( Kockyco7 co ]^D0;%U kyol`d kdehilki o ~vikh~hpov ic eï{ hl{dcyfci `i cd{ ad{aopd{, co ]^D0;%U ~ovo qyi kdehilki o ~vikh~hpov ic ad{aopd eï{ {dcyfci# `ipivehlo kyïc {ivï ilpdlki{ co kdlkilpvokhûl il co `h{dcykhûl `ic kophûl qyi ~vikh~hpû il ~vheiv cyjov x gy{phahko {h {ivï ~d{hfci co ~vikh~hpokhûl avokkhdlo`o `ic kivhd x `ic kockhd o ~B5:, f( [h il yl chpvd {i eiwkcol >,>? edci{ `i Ko ;"^D0(6 x >,>? edci{ `i Ki^D 0 ´kyïc `ifi {iv ic ocdv `ic ~B ~ovo qyi {i vi`h{yico ic eï{ {dcyfci `i i{pd{ ad{aopd{4 … …

6,% I{py`ho {h {ivï ~d{hfci co ocdvokhûl `hvikpo `i 69 eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,>?1 E `i Wl 6- kdl [email protected] >,>6> E yphchwol`d LIP kded hl`hko`dv x yl poe~ûl LB 0Kc$LB; `i ~B58,9 x kdlkilpvokhûl >,?9 E, Kockyco ic ivvdv `i co ocdvokhûl `ifh`d oc hl`hko`dv, @i{ovvdcco pd`o{ co{ ikyokhdli{ qyi yphchki{, ;,% o( @iahli x ir~chko il qyi kdl{h{pi ic ileo{kovoehilpd, f( Kockycov co eo{o `i LoA qyi bofvï qyi oÿo`hv o ?> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl ?> %; E il Ai;- x >,>6> E il M[KL poe~dlo`o o ~B 0,> ~ovo ileo{kovov co ~vi{ilkho `i bhivvd# {ofhil`d qyi co kdlkilpvokhûl eålheo `ic kde~cigd vdgd Ai"[KL( 6- ~ovo `ipikpovcd h{yoceilpi i{ `i 6,> r ?> %9 E, 0,% @i{kvhfi x ir~chko cd{ eèpd`d{ qyåehkd{ `i `ipikpov ic ~ylpd ahloc il co{ dcyeipvåo{ `i ~vikh~hpokhûl "hl`hko viokkhûl `i ocdvokhûl# viokkhûl hl`hko`dvo# kdl`hkhdli{ `ic ei`hd# o~chkokhdli{# ilpogo{ i hlkdlilhilpi{(, 9,% ^ovo `ipivehlov co `yviwo `i yl ojyo {i pdeol 9> eC `i co eyi{pvo# {i oÿo`i poe~ûl oedlhd$oedlhokd x LIP kded hl`hko`dv# x {i ocdvo kdl [email protected] kdl{yehèl`d{i 60,>: eC "?> eC `i [email protected] iqyhoci o ?8,90 ej `i KoKD ;(, O dpvd{ 9> eC `i co eyi{pvo `i ojyo {i oÿo`il 9,>> eC `i OjLD ; >,>1602 E, Ic irki{d `i Oj - kdl{yei 0,99 eC `i [KL% "?> eC `i [KL% iqyhoci o ?,8> eC `i co `h{dcykhûl `i Oj - olpivhdv(, Kockycov co `yviwo pdpoc "ir~vi{o`o kded ej `i KoKD ; $C( x co kdlkilpvokhûl `i hûl kcdvyvd il ic ojyo "ir~vi{o`o il ej$C(, [h co eyi{pvo `i ojyo kdlphili :2 ej$C `i Ej# ´Kyïc i{ ic ocdv `i co `yviwo kïckhko `ic ojyo "ir~vi{o`o kded ej `i KoKD ; $C(4, @OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 K 5 ?6,>?= D 5 ?1,>>= Lo 5 66,88# B 5 ?,>?= [ 5 ;6,>1= Kc 5 ;9,09= ^ 5 ;>,8:=

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PIVKIV ^OVKHOC ‛ ^VHEIVO ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ?, o(, Ir~chko ic kde~dvpoehilpd `ic ojyo kded {h{pieo vi`dr x kûed {i i hlacyilkho`d ~dv ic ~B, ;-

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6, o(, Ylo eyi{pvo {ûch`o `i lhpvhpd ~dpï{hkd `i 0#928 j qyi kdlphili ÷lhkoeilpi he~yviwo{ hlivpi{ {i `h{yici il ?>> ec `i ojyo, Ylo ocåkydpo `i 6> eC {i `hcyxi kdl ojyo bo{po yl dcyeil ahloc `i ?>> eC x o 69 eC `i co `h{dcykhûl vi{ycpolpi {i ci oÿo`il 69 eC `i MElD 0 >,>9 E, Ic 6irki{d `i ~iveoljolopd viqyhivi `i 6?#6 eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl ldveochwo`o `i Ai `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,>2? E, @ipivehlo co vhqyiwo `i lhpvhpd ~dpï{hkd il co eyi{pvo, f(, Kockyco kyïc {ivï ic ~dpilkhoc il ic ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho ~ovo co ocdvokhûl `ic irki{d `i 6~iveoljolopd kdl Ai {h {i {ofi qyi ic ~B i{pï poe~dlo`d o 6 ylh`o`i{,

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Cd{ ocyeld{ qyi {ûcd oxol o ~vi{ilpov{i `i co eopivho kdvvi{~dl`hilpi oc Pivkiv ^ovkhoc `ifivïl hl`hkovcd il co bdgo `ic iroeil, Pd`o{ co{ ~vijylpo{ {i ~ylpyovïl {dfvi ?>, Kdlpi{po ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo{ {i~ovo`o{ x ld dch`i{ hl`hkov ic ldefvi x jvy~d il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{,

Pd`d{ cd{ ocyeld{ `ifivïl kdlpi{pov liki{ovhoeilpi co{ ~vijylpo{ ? x 6, Co {ijyl`o ~ovpi `i i{pi iroeil kdeilwovï o co{ ??7>> bdvo{ x pil`vï ylo `yvokhûl `i ; bdvo{,

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[[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC % ^VHEIV ^OVKHOC ;, Il co ocdvokhûl `i ?>> eC `i ylo eyi{pvo qyi kdlphili ylo kdlkilpvokhûl `i ïkh`d cïkphkd >#>69> E# yphchwol`d bh`vûrh`d {û`hkd >,>9>> E# ´kyïc `i cd{ {hjyhilpi{ hl`hko`dvi{ vikdeil`ovåo{47 Vdgd `i eiphcd "0#0 ‛ 1#6(# Aildcapociälo "2#> ‛ ?>#>(# Owyc `i fvdedphedc "1#6 ‛ :#1(

Kockyco ic ivvdv qyi {i kdeipivï, 0, @i`yki co ir~vi{hûl `i co ikyokhûl `i Bil`iv{{dl%Bo{{icfokb x kdeilpo co{ kdl`hkhdli{ qyi `ifil `ov{i ~ovo {y kdvvikpo o~chkokhûl,

9, o(, @iahli x ir~chko cd{ kdlki~pd{ `i7 irokphpy`# ivvdv {h{pieïphkd# ocdvokhûl ~dv vipvdki{d x ~ylpd ahloc `i ylo ocdvokhûl , f(, Kockyco ic ~B vi{ycpolpi `i `h{dciv 6#;09 j `i {ycaopd oeûlhkd il 69> eC `i ojyo `i{phco`o,,

[[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ‛ [[email protected] ^OVKHOC 1, Ilyeivo x kdeilpo cd{ aokpdvi{ qyi oaikpol o co {dcyfhch`o` `i yl ~vikh~hpo`d, :, @h{kyphv {h i{ ~d{hfci ocdvov kdl{ikyphoeilpi "{i~ovo`oeilpi( Ej 6- x K`6- kdl [email protected] >#>?>> E# {h {i `h{~dlil `i ?>> ec `i ylo eiwkco `i oefd{ kophdli{ kdl ylo kdlkilpvokhûl ~ovo ko`o yld `i iccd{ hjyoc o >#>?>> E# {ofhil`d qyi il ic ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho pilied{ yl ei`hd oedlhokoc >,6 E x qyi ic ~B i{ `i 2#> ylh`o`i{,

2, ´Kyïc i{ co {dcyfhch`o` `ic {ycayvd `i whlk "il ej$C( il yl ei`hd oedlhokoc >#? E o ~B 2#94 @OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 Wl 5 19#;:= Lo 5 66,88= D 5?1,>>= B 5 ?,>?= [ 5 ;6#>1= L 5 ?0#>? ^vd`ykpd{ `i {dcyfhch`o`7 Wl[ "~M{ 5 60#:( Kdl{polpi{ `i ~vdpdlokhûl I`ipopd 6% [ Cokpopd LB; 6% [D0

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO7 kyv{d 6>>1%>: "6§ kdlqdkopdvho( : `i [i~phiefvi `i 6>>: Kdlpi{po ko`o ~vijylpo il ylo bdgo o~ovpi x ld dch`i{ hl`hkov p÷ ldefvi il ko`o ylo `i icco{ ?,% O(, Ipo~o{ `ic ~vdki{d olocåphkd# `i{pokol`d co he~dvpolkho `i ko`o ylo `i icco{, F(, @iahli cd{ kdlki~pd{ `i7 {icikphh`o`# {il{hfhch`o`# ileo{kovoehilpd# dcyeipvåo `hvikpo i hl`hvikpo

6,% @ipivehlo co ir~vi{hûl `i co kyvo `i ocdvokhûl `i 9> ec `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ]EU 5 >#>9> E kdl yl chjol`d edldocilpi ]CU 5 >#?6># {h co i{piqyhdeipvåo `i co viokkhûl i{ co {hjyhilpi7 E - 6 C EC6 {hil`d cdj ζ6 5 ?8#1 [h {i i{pï il{oxol`d yl lyid hl`hko`dv ~ovo i{po ocdvokhûl# kyxd cdjovhped `i co kdl{polpi `i adveokhûl `ic kde~cigd EHl i{ `i 9#6# kockyco ic ivvdv qyi {i kdeipivï oc ie~ciovcd il i{po ocdvokhûl,

;,% Co{ {dcyfhch`o`i{ il ojyo "{hl kdl{h`ivov viokkhdli{ ~ovï{hpo{( `i co{ {oci{ kcdvyvd `i ~copo# kcdvyvd

`i ~cded "HH( x drocopd `i ~copo {dl ?#8;r?> %;= 0#066 x 1#61r?>%6 j$c# vi{~ikphoeilpi, Kockyco ic ~vd`ykpd `i {dcyfhch`o` `i `hkbo{ {oci{ x co{ kdlkilpvokhdli{ `i cd{ hdli{ il ic iqyhchfvhd, [h ko`o ylo `i co{ `h{dcykhdli{ {i okh`hahko bo{po ~B 5 ;#> ´kûed oaikpovï o co {dcyfhch`o` `i i{po{ {oci{4 Kockyco co{ lyio{ {dcyfhch`o`i{,

0,% Ylo eiwkco `i >#69> j i{pï adveo`o ~dv bh`vûrh`d ~dpï{hkd# kovfdlopd ~dpï{hkd x kcdvyvd `i ~dpo{hd, @i{~yè{ `i {iv pvopo`o kdl yl irki{d `i kcdvyvd `i fovhd x {i~ovov ic kovfdlopd kdvvi{~dl`hilpi# {i viqyhivil ?>#9 eC `i ]BKcU 5 >#?>> E ~ovo {y liypvochwokhûl yphchwol`d aildcapociälo kded hl`hko`dv, Co eh{eo eo{o `i eyi{pvo# ~ivd {hl co o`hkhûl `ic kcdvyvd `i fovhd# viqyhivi 62#> ec `ic eh{ed ïkh`d kyol`d {i ie~cio lovolgo `i eiphcd kded hl`hko`dv, @ipivehlo co kde~d{hkhûl kyolphpopho `i co eyi{pvo,

9,% O yl chpvd `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ]MElD0U 5 >#?>> E# kdl yl ~B hlhkhoc `i ?#> ylh`o`i{# {i ci oÿo`il 6 j `i MH, Kockyco7 o( co kdl{polpi `ic iqyhchfvhd `i co viokkhûl# f( ic ~dpilkhoc `i co `h{dcykhûl vi{ycpolpi kyol`d {i ockolki ic iqyhchfvhd# x k( ic ~B x co kdlkilpvokhûl `i pd`o{ co{ i{~ikhi{ il ic iqyhchfvhd,

1,% O(, Kockyco ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i povpvopd ~dpï{hkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >#?>> E# ~colpiol`d x `i{ovvdccol`d ~ovo iccd cd{ kdvvi{~dl`hilpi{ focolki{ `i kovjo{ x `i eo{o{, F(, [h il cyjov `i co `h{dcykhûl olpivhdv {i `h{~dli `i ylo eiwkco adveo`o ~dv povpvopd ~dpï{hkd >#?>> E# acydvyvd {û`hkd >#?>> E# kcdvyvd ~dpï{hkd >#?>> E# kovfdlopd ~dpï{hkd >#6>> E x ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >#>:9 E# hl`hko kyïc {ivåo ic {h{pieo ïkh`d%fo{i qyi kdlpvdco ic ~B x `o yl ocdv o~vdrheo`d `ic ~B `i co `h{dcykhûl vi{ycpolpi,

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, ^vheiv ^ovkhoc "??$>?$>2( Ldpo he~dvpolpi7 Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{ x ic ldefvi `ic ~vdai{dv il co ~vheivo bdgo, … …

?,% o( @iahli x kdeilpo ic {hjlhahko`d `i7 ?( ivvdv {h{pieïphkd# 6( ~vikh{hûl# ;( `h{dcykhûl oedvphjyo`dvo# x 0( vi~vi{ilpophh`o`, "9 ~ylpd{( f( @i{kvhfi kûed ~yi`i ~vi~ovov{i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i LoDB irilpo `i kovfdlopd, "9 ~ylpd{( 6,% I{pheo o~vdrheo`oeilpi cd{ {hjyhilpi{ ocdvi{7 o( ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i fhkovfdlopd {û`hkd >,? E, f( Ayivwo hdlhko `i ? C `i ylo `h{dcykhûl BKc >,>? E qyi kdlphili o`ieï{ 6 j `i EjKc6 x ? j `i LoKc, k( ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i `hbh`vûjildad{aopd {û`hkd >,0 E x ad{aopd {û`hkd >,6 E, `( ~B `i ylo eiwkco `i ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >,>? E x kcdvyvd oeûlhkd >,? E, ;,% o( @i{kvhfi ic aylkhdloehilpd `i cd{ hl`hko`dvi{ qyåehkd{ ïkh`d%fo{i x ic hlpivocd `i hvogi, "9 ~ylpd{( f( ^ovo iocyov ic kdvvikpd aylkhdloehilpd `i yl ~B%eipvd {i ie~cio ylo `h{dcykhûl poe~ûl kivphahko`o `i ~B 5 0,>6, [i viochwol {ih{ ei`h`o{ `ic ~B dfpilhil`d cd{ {hjyhilpi{ vi{ycpo`d{7 0,>6# ;,82# ;,81# 0,6># 0,>; x 0,>>, Kockycov ic ocdv ei`hd kdl {y `i{hokhûl i{pïl`ov x iocyov {h ic ~B%eipvd aylkhdlo kdvvikpoeilpi "ld irh{pi ivvdv {h{pieïphkd( kdl{h`ivol`d ylo ~vdfofhch`o` `ic 89) x co ~d{hfhch`o` `i ocdvi{ ofivvolpi{, "9 ~ylpd{(

0,% [i `i{io `ipivehlov ic kdlpilh`d `i kovfdlopd x `i fhkovfdlopd il ylo eyi{pvo `i ojyo lopyvoc, ^ovo iccd# {i pdeo ylo ocåkydpo `i 69,> eC x {i ocdvo kdl BKc >,>?> E# kdl{yehèl`d{i ?:,9 eC kyol`d {i yphchwo aildcapocihlo kded hl`hko`dv, Ylo {ijyl`o ocåkydpo `i 69,> eC {i ocdvo kdl ic eh{ed ïkh`d# kdl{yehèl`d{i 06,9 eC kyol`d {i yphchwo lovolgo `i eiphcd kded hl`hko`dv, Kockycov ic kdlpilh`d `i kovfdlopd x fhkovfdlopd `ic ojyo# ir~vi{ol`d ic vi{ycpo`d il ej$C `i kovfdlopd x fhkovfdlopd {û`hkd,

9,% [i phili ylo eyi{pvo `i hlojvi kdl ylo vhqyiwo il ïkh`d okèphkd `i 9,> ) ~$, [i `h{~dli `i co{ {hjyhilpi{ `h{dcykhdli{7 bh`vûrh`d {û`hkd >,6>> E# oedlhokd >,6>> E# ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >,6>> E x fhkovfdlopd {û`hkd >,6>> E# x cd{ hl`hko`dvi{ qyi o~ovikil il co pofco, o( Kdl{h`ivol`d co vicokhûl `i viokphd{ ~vd~yi{po# ir~chko kûed ~d`våo cciov{i o kofd co ocdvokhûl `i 9,> eC `i co eyi{pvo `i hlojvi, f( Pilhil`d il kyilpo cd{ viokphd{ i hl`hko`dv {icikkhdlo`d{# `ipivehlo ic ivvdv qyi {i kdeipivåo il co ocdvokhûl `i 9,> eC `ic hlojvi,

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 K 5 ?6,>?= D 5 ?1,>>= Lo 5 66,88# B 5 ?,>?= Ej 5 60,;>= Kc 5 ;9,09= ^ 5 ;>,8:= L 5 ?0,>? L÷eivd `i df{ivqokhdli{ $ Jvo`d{ `i chfivpo`

Qocdvi{ `i co p `i [py`ilp "89)( Qocdvi{ kvåphkd{ `i _ "89)( Kdl{polpi{ `i ~vdpdlokhûl

Ïkh`d kovfûlhkd "B 6KD;( Ïkh`d ad{aûvhkd "B ;^D0( Hûl oedlhd "LB 0-( Ïkh`d {ycayvd{d "B 6[D;( Ïkh`d okèphkd "KB ;KDDB(

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Aildcapocihlo Lovolgo `i eiphcd Vdgd `i eiphcd Phedcapocihlo Owyc `i fvdedphedc

Hlpivqocd `i ~B

2,> ‛ ?>,> ;,? ‛ 0,0 0,0 ‛ 1,6 8,0 ‛ ?>,1 1,6 % :,1

_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, [ijyl`d ^ovkhoc "?2$>0$>2( Ldpo he~dvpolpi7

Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{ x ic ldefvi `ic ~vdai{dv il co ~vheivo bdgo, Ko`o ~vijylpo {i ocdvovï {dfvi ?> ~ylpd{,

?,% ^ovo `ipivehlov ic kdlpilh`d `i lhqyic il foÿd{ icikpvdcåphkd{ {i ~yi`i ie~ciov co ocdvokhûl kdl kholyvd, [h ?>#>> eC `i yl foÿd kdl{yeil ?8#:9 eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i kholyvd x ?#>> eC `i è{po `h{dcykhûl `i kholyvd viokkhdlo kdl 9#>; ej `i ~copo ~dv ic eèpd`d `i Chifhj# kockycov kyolpd{ j$C `i lhpvopd `i lhqyic birobh`vopd kdlphili ic foÿd, 6,% Kdeilpo `i adveo `ipocco`o cd{ `haivilpi{ ed`d{ `i ocdvokhûl il co{ dcyeipvåo{ fo{o`o{ il viokkhdli{ `i adveokhûl `i kde~cigd{# {iÿocol`d cd{ viqyh{hpd{ qyi `ifil `ov{i ~ovo {y kdvvikpo o~chkokhûl i hl`hkol`d yl igie~cd il ko`o ko{d, ;,% O( ´_yè {dl x ~ovo qyi {i ie~ciol co{ kdl{polpi{ kdl`hkhdloci{4 F( Gy{phahko {h i{ aokphfci co ocdvokhûl `i Ky"HH( >#?>> edcov kdl [email protected] >#>9> edcov o yl ~B `i 9#> ylh`o`i{# il yl ei`hd poe~ûl okèphkd$okipopd `i kdlkilpvokhûl pdpoc >#?> edcov,

K 5 ?6#>?=  Oj 5 ?>:#2?=

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Kdl{polpi{ kde~cigd{

Cdj ζ?

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Ky"HH($okipopd Ky"HH($LB; Ky"HH($DB%

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Cdj M ?

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Ïkh`d okèphkd Ïkh`d fûvhkd Ïkh`d kholbå`vhkd

0#:1 8#6; 8#6

Ïkh`d kovfûlhkd

Kde~cigd{ kdl [email protected]

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Cdj ζEDBX

Ïkh`d {yca÷vhkd

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?>,;; ??#> ?#86 9#:>

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Hûl oedlhd

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Cdj M6 Cdj M; Cdj M0

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, Viky~ivokhûl ^vheiv ^ovkhoc "?2$>0$>2( I{po bdgo {i ilpvijovï gylpd kdl ic iroeil Ldpo he~dvpolpi7

Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{ x ic ldefvi `ic ~vdai{dv il co ~vheivo bdgo, Ko`o ~vijylpo {i ocdvovï {dfvi ?> ~ylpd{,

Kdlpi{po` dfchjopdvhoeilpi il ic ko{d `i piliv ylo ldpo `i 9#> d eï{ il ic ~vheiv ~ovkhoc x ~vi{ilpov{i o {yfhv ldpo7 ^vijylpo L· ?7 Kdl{ivo{ co ldpo `ic ~vheiv ~ovkhoc4 ^vijylpo L· 67 Kdl{ivo{ co ldpo `ic ~vheiv ~ovkhoc4 ^vijylpo L· ;7 Kdl{ivo{ co ldpo `ic ~vheiv ~ovkhoc4

[Å  [Å  [Å 

LD  LD  LD 

?,% O(, Kdeilpo `i adveo `ipocco`o ic ayl`oeilpd x ~ovo qyè ph~d `i o~chkokhdli{ i{ ïch`d ic eèpd`d Mgic`obc# `i{kvhfhil`d co{ `h{phlpo{ ipo~o{ qyi {i viochwol `yvolpi {y igikykhûl, F(, Ei`holpi ic eèpd`d Mgic`obc {i `ipivehlo ic kdlpilh`d `i ~vdpiålo il ylo eyi{pvo `i xdjyvp, ^ovo iccd {i ~ovpi `i 9#6;> j `i eyi{pvo qyi# pvopo`o o`ikyo`oeilpi# {i vikdji ic `i{phco`d {dfvi ?>> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ïkh`d fûvhkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl o~vdrheo`o >#;> E# {hil`d liki{ovhd{ ?0#: eC `i ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >#?69 E ~ovo {y liypvochwokhûl yphchwol`d owyc `i fvdedphedc "1#6%:#1( kded hl`hko`dv, [h {i kdl{h`ivo yl aokpdv `i kdliv{hûl L$~vdpiålo `i 1#;9# kockyco kyïc i{ ic ~dvkilpogi `i ~vdpiålo il ic xdjyvp olochwo`d, 6,% Ilyeivo x kdeilpo co{ ipo~o{ `ic ^vdki{d Olocåphkd, ;,% O(, Kockyco ic ~B x co kdlkilpvokhûl `i pd`o{ co{ i{~ikhi{ il ylo `h{dcykhûl `i kvdeopd ~dpï{hkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >#? edcov, F(, ´Kyïc {ivï ic ~B vi{ycpolpi {h o 9> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i povpvopd {û`hkd >#?9> edcov {i ci oÿo`il 9> eC `i ïkh`d {yca÷vhkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >#>9> edcov4 K 5 ?6#>?=  Oj 5 ?>:#2?=

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7

Kdl{polpi{ kde~cigd{

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Cdj M ?

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Ïkh`d okèphkd Ïkh`d fûvhkd Ïkh`d kholbå`vhkd

0#:1 8#6; 8#6

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Kde~cigd{ kdl [email protected]

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO "?8 `i Gylhd `i 6>>2( PIVKIV ^OVKHOC ‛ ^VHEIVO ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ?, o(, Ir~chko il qyi kdl{h{pi co `h{eypokhûl x kûed ~yi`i iv{i oaikpo`o ~dv co{ viokkhdli{ copivoci{,  f(, Kockyco co kdl{polpi kdl`hkhdloc `i `h{eypokhûl `ic Oy"H( il ylo `h{dcykhûl BKc 6 E,

6, [i ocdvol 9> eC `i Ai6- kdl Kv 6D:6%# oefd{ >,?>> E# il ei`hd poe~dlo`d o ~B >,9, o( Kockycov co kdl{polpi `i co viokkhûl,  f( Kockycov ic ~dpilkhoc il ic ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho k( Kockycov ic ~dpilkhoc kyol`d {i bol oÿo`h`d 9 eC `i ocdvolpi

;, o(, Gy{phahko piûvhkoeilpi co {dcyfhch`o` `ic Wl"DB(6↛ kdl ic ~B,

 f(, @ieyi{pvo {h {i ~d`vï {i~ovov Oj- >,>?>> E x ^f 6- >,>?>> E ei`holpi ~vikh~hpokhûl kdl H% il ei`hd {yahkhilpieilpi ïkh`d,

LDPO[7 …

… …

… …

Cd{ ocyeld{ qyi {ûcd oxol o ~vi{ilpov{i `i co eopivho kdvvi{~dl`hilpi oc Pivkiv ^ovkhoc `ifivïl hl`hkovcd il co bdgo `ic iroeil, Pd`o{ co{ ~vijylpo{ {i ~ylpyovïl {dfvi ?>, Kdlpi{po ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo{ {i~ovo`o{ x ld dch`i{ hl`hkov ic ldefvi x jvy~d il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{,

Pd`d{ cd{ ocyeld{ `ifivïl kdlpi{pov liki{ovhoeilpi co{ ~vijylpo{ ?# 6 x ;, Co {ijyl`o ~ovpi `i i{pi iroeil kdeilwovï o co{ ??7;> bdvo{ x pil`vï ylo `yvokhûl `i 67;> bdvo{,

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 Oj 5 ?>:,2?= Oy 5 ?81,8:= D 5?1,>>= B 5 ?,>?= Wl 5 19,;:= Kv 5 96,>>= Ai 5 99,29= Kc 5 ;9,09= ^vd`ykpd{ `i {dcyfhch`o`7 OjH "~M { 5 ?1,?(= ^fH6 "~M { 5 :,1(= ^dpilkhoci{ vi`dr7 Oy-$Oy">(7 I· 5 ?,12 = Kv 6D:6%$Kv ;-7 I· 5 ?,;; 

Wl"DB(6 "~M { 5 ?0,2(=

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^f 5 6>:,?8=

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO "?8 `i Gylhd `i 6>>2( [[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC % ^VHEIV ^OVKHOC 0, @iahli x kdeilpo cd{ kdlki~pd{ `i7 o( aokpdv `i okphh`o`# f( {icikphh`o`# k( ocdvokhûl hl`hvikpo# `( irokphpy`# i( {y{polkho ~opvûl ph~d ~vheovhd,

9, Kockyco ic ivvdv qyi {i kdeipi il co ocdvokhûl kdl LoDB >,9>> E `i ?>> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ïkh`d låpvhkd >,?9> E il ~vi{ilkho `i ïkh`d fûvhkd >,6>> E x ie~ciol`d lovolgo `i eiphcd kded hl`hko`dv ";,? ‛ 0,0(,

1, [i `h{~dli `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >,>? E `i eocdlopd `h{û`hkd, o( Kockyco ic ~B `i co `h{dcykhûl,  f( Hl`hko kded {i ~vi~ovovåo ? chpvd `i `h{dcykhûl poe~ûl `i ~B 6,1# o ~ovphv `i co `h{dcykhûl `i eocdlopd `h{û`hkd# {h {i `h{~dli poefhèl `i BKc >,?> E x LoDB >,?> E,

[[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ‛ [[email protected] ^OVKHOC :, Gy{phahko {h i{ ~d{hfci co ocdvokhûl kdl{ikypho kdl ][email protected] 5 >,>6>> E `i ?>> eC `i ]Ky6-U 5 >,>?>> E x ]Lh 6-U5>,>?>> il ~vi{ilkho `i ]LB;U 5 ?,> E x ]LoAU 5 >,6 E# i{pol`d ic ~B ogy{po`d o 2,> ylh`o`i{,

2, Ylo eyi{pvo `i kocoehlo "eiwkco `i ûrh`d{ `i bhivvd x khlk( {i `h{dchû il ïkh`d x {i `hcyxû o 9>> eC, O kdlphlyokhûl# ylo ocåkydpo `i 69,> eC {i ocdvû# pvo{ ogy{pov ic ~B# kdl [email protected] >,?18 E kdl{yehil`d 0;,9 eC, Ylo {ijyl`o ocåkydpo `i 69,> eC {i pvopû kdl acydvyvd {û`hkd il irki{d ~ovo ileo{kovov ic bhivvd# x {ijyh`oeilpi {i ocdvû kdl [email protected] >,?18 E kdl{yehil`d 06,1 eC, [h ic ~i{d `i eyi{pvo ayi `i ?6,>1; j# kockycov cd{  ~dvkilpogi{ `i WlD x Ai6D; il co eh{eo,

@OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 Wl 5 19,;:= D 5?1,>>= B 5 ?,>?= Lh 5 92,:?= Ai 5 99,29= Kdl{polpi{ `i ~vdpdlokhûl I`ipopd Fdvopd Eocdlopd  LB; A%

Cdj M ? Cdj M 6 Cdj M ; Cdj M 0 ??,> 1,; 6,9 ?,8 8,6; 9,:> 6,29 8,69 ;,6 Cdj ζ? Cdj ζ6 Cdj ζ; Cdj ζ0 Kdl{polpi{ okyeyco`o{ `i kde~cigd{ 6% Ky $ DB 1,; ?6,2 ?9,; ?1,6 6% Ky $ A ?,6 6Ky $ LB; 0,> :,9 ?>,; ??,2 6Ky $ [email protected] ?2,2 Cdj M EBC 5 ;,> Cdj M EDBC 5 6,9 6 Lh $ [email protected] ?2,1 Cdj M EBC 5 ;,6 6%  Lh $ DB 0,: 2,> ??,1 6 Lh $ LB; 6,: 0,8 1,1 :,: 6%  Lh $ A >,:

_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO7 kyv{d 6>>:%>2 "6§ kdlqdkopdvho( 2 `i [i~phiefvi `i 6>>2 Kdlpi{po ko`o ~vijylpo il ylo bdgo o~ovpi x ld dch`i{ hl`hkov p÷ ldefvi il ko`o ylo `i icco{ ?,% O( @iahli ic kdlki~pd `i okphh`o` `i ylo i{~ikhi hûlhko x ir~chko `i qyè ~ovïeipvd{ `i~il`i x kûed ~yi`i kockycov{i, Hl`hko ic voljd `i o~chkokhûl `i co{ `haivilpi{ cixi{ qyi {i ie~ciol ~ovo ic kïckycd `i cd{ a h¿, F( Hl`hko x kdeilpo co{ kovokpivå{phko{ qyi `ifi kye~chv ylo viokkhûl qyåehko ~ovo {iv ie~cio`o il ic olïch{h{ dcyeèpvhkd, 6,% O( Kockyco ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i {ycaopd oeûlhkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >#? E, F( ´Kyïlpd{ ej `i bh`vûrh`d {û`hkd box qyi oÿo`hv o ? chpvd `i co `h{dcykhûl olpivhdv ~ovo qyi ic ~B {io `i 8#99 ylh`o`i{4, ;,% Gy{phahko {h {i ~yi`i ocdvov kdl [email protected] >#>6> E 9> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >#>?> E `i Ky 6- il ~vi{ilkho `i okipopd {û`hkd ?#> E# i{pol`d poe~dlo`d ic ~B o 9#> ylh`o`i{# yphchwo`d ^OL kded hl`hko`dv, Kockyco ic ivvdv qyi {i kdeipi il co ocdvokhûl, 0,% Ilpvi qyi ocdvi{ {i bo `i eolpiliv ic ~B ~ovo qyi il ylo `h{dcykhûl qyi kdlphili ]Ko6-U5]Ej6-U5>#>?> E x ïkh`d drïchkd >#>9> E# ic 88 ) `ic Ko {i ilkyilpvi ~vikh~hpo`d {hl qyi cd bojo eï{ `ic ? ) `ic Ej, 9,% [i `i{io `ipivehlov ic kdlpilh`d `i bhivvd il ?>> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ylo eyi{pvo ehlivoc, @i{~yè{ `i {deipivco o yl pvopoehilpd `i vi`ykkhûl# o co eyi{pvo {i ci oÿo`hivdl 69#>> eC `i `hkvdeopd ~dpï{hkd >#>>6?>: E h ic irki{d `ic eh{ed {i ocdvû ~dv vipvdki{d# kdl{yehèl`d{i :#0: eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i Ai 6- `i kdlkilpvokhûl >#>>8:8 E, O( I{kvhfi co ikyokhûl `i co ocdvokhûl vi`dr x kockyco ic ocdv `i co kdl{polpi `i iqyhchfvhd, F( Kockyco co kdlkilpvokhûl `i bhivvd `i co `h{dcykhûl# ir~vi{ol`d ic vi{ycpo`d il ~~e "ej$C(, K( Kockyco ic ~dpilkhoc `i co `h{dcykhûl il ic ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho {ofhil`d qyi ic ~B i{pï poe~dlo`d o ?#> ylh`o`, @OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7

Lo 5 66#88= D 5 ?1#>>= B 5 ?#>?= Ai 5 99#29= Ky 5 1;#99= Kv 5 96#>>= Ko 5 0>#>2

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Ai;- $Ai6- 7 I· 5 >#::? 

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^vd`ykpd{ `i {dcyfhch`o`7 KoK6D0 "~M{ 5 2#:(= EjK6D0 "~M{ 5 0#?( Kdl{polpi{ kde~cigd{

Cdj ζ?

Ky"HH($okipopd Ky"HH($DB% Ky "HH($^OL

6#6 1#; ?1#>

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Cdj ζEX Cdj ζEBX

Cdj ζEDBX

Ky"HH(

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?1#6

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Ïkh`d okèphkd Hûl oedlhd Ïkh`d {yca÷vhkd Ïkh`d drïchkd [email protected] ^OL

0#:1 8#69 ?#86 0#6: ??#> ?6#;

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, ^vheiv ^ovkhoc "?8$?6$>2( Ldpo he~dvpolpi7 Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{, … …

?,% o( Ilyeivo x `i{kvhfi co{ ipo~o{ `ic ~vdki{d olocåphkd, "9 ~ylpd{( f( Ir~chko co{ `haivilkho{ ilpvi7 ?( ^ylpd ahloc x ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho# 6( Irokphpy` x ~vikh{hûl# ;( Qocdvokhûl `hvikpo x ~dv vipvdki{d# 0( [il{hfhch`o` x {icikphh`o`, "9 ~ylpd{( 6,% o( Kockyco ic aokpdv `i okphh`o` `ic hûl eojli{hd il ylo `h{dcykhûl qyi kdlphili {ycaopd eojlè{hkd >,>?> E# kcdvyvd {û`hkd >,9>> E x kcdvyvd `i eojli{hd >,?>> E# yphchwo`d ~ovo iccd co ikyokhûl qyi kdl{h`ivi{ eï{ o`ikyo`o, Gy{phahko py icikkhûl, f( ^ovo kde~vdfov {h aylkhdlo kdvvikpoeilpi yl kdl`ykpåeipvd {i eh`i# ~dv qyhlpy~chko`d# co kdl`ykphh`o` `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i viaivilkho# kdl yl ocdv kivphahko`d `i kdl`ykphh`o` `i ?>> ¹[$ke# dfpilhèl`d{i co{ {hjyhilpi{ ei`h`o{= 8;# ?>0# 82# 89 x 8: ¹[$ke, Gy{phahko {h `ifil kdl{h`ivov{i pd`o{ co{ ei`h`o{ ir~ivheilpoci{ x {h aylkhdlo kdvvikpoeilpi ic hl{pvyeilpd, k( Kockyco ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i khpvopd pvh{û`hkd `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,?>> E,

;,% o( Ir~chko qyè i{ ylo `h{dcykhûl poe~ûl i hl`hko cd{ `haivilpi{ ph~d{ qyi irh{pil, "0 ~ylpd{( f( [i `h{~dli `i `h{dcykhdli{ `i BKc x LoDB `i kdlkilpvokhûl >,?>> E x `i co {oc okipopd oeûlhkd, Ir~chko kûed ~vi~ovovåo{ yl chpvd `i ylo `h{dcykhûl oedvphjyo`dvo `i ~B 0,>>, "1 ~ylpd{( 0,% o( 9> ec `i pvi{ `h{dcykhdli{ `haivilpi{ "O# F x K( {i ocdvol kdl LoDB >,?6> E# yphchwol`d Lovolgo `i eiphcd x Aildcapocihlo kded hl`hko`dvi{# `i eolivo qyi ~ovo ko`o yld `i iccd{ {i kdl{yeil cd{ dc÷eili{ qyi {i hl`hkol il co pofco, [h {i {ofi qyi co{ `h{dcykhdli{ ~vdfcieo ~yi`il kdlpiliv BKc# B;^D0 x$d LoB6^D0# `i adveo hl`hh`yoc d kded eiwkco{ kde~ophfci{# gy{phahko kyïc {ivï co kde~d{hkhûl kyochpopho `i ko`o ylo `i cd{ ~vdfcieo{ x kockyco co kdlkilpvokhûl il edci{$chpvd `i cd{ kde~dlilpi{ ~vi{ilpi{ il ko`o yld `i iccd{, ": ~ylpd{(

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, [ijyl`d ^ovkhoc ";$>0$>8( Ldpo he~dvpolpi7

Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi x ic jvy~d il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{, Ko`o ~vijylpo {i ocdvovï {dfvi ?> ~ylpd{,

?,% O( Kockyco co {dcyfhch`o` `ic drocopd `i ~copo# `ic drocopd `i kockhd x `ic kcdvyvd `i ~copo il ojyo "~B5:( x il ]LB 0KcU5>#? E "~B5:(, F( [h pilied{ ?> eedci{ `i KoK 6D0 il ?>> eC `i ojyo# ´kyïc {ivï ic ocdv cåehpi `ic ~B ~ovo qyi oc eild{ ic 88 ) `ic KoK 6D0 {i ilkyilpvi ~vikh~hpo`d4 6,% O( @i`ykhv co ikyokhûl jilivoc `i co kyvo `i ocdvokhûl `i yl hûl eipïchkd E "olochpd( kdl yl chjol`d C "ocdvolpi( {ij÷l co viokkhûl7 E - 0 C ↖ EC0 Kdl{h`ivol`d ~ovo iccd ζ0 kded co kdl{polpi `i co viokkhûl x K E x Qd# x KC x Q# kded co{ kdlkilpvokhdli{ x cd{ dc÷eili{ `i eipoc x ocdvolpi# vi{~ikphoeilpi, F( ^ovo `ipivehlov ic kdlpilh`d `i Lh 6- il ylo `h{dcykhûl {i ci oÿo`hû oedlhokd il irki{d x# o kdlphlyokhûl# 96#? eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ]MKLU5>#?69;, O kdlphlyokhûl# il ~vi{ilkho `i MH# {i ocdvû ic irki{d `i KL % kdl{yehèl`d{i 0#; eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ]Oj -U5>#?61 E bo{po o~ovhkhûl `i pyvfh`iw, Kockyco cd{ jvoed{ `i låqyic ~vi{ilpi{ il co `h{dcykhûl olochwo`o, Hl`hko cd{ viqyh{hpd{ qyi `ifil kye~chv co{ `d{ viokkhdli{ `i ocdvokhûl kdl{h`ivo`o{ il i{pi igie~cd ~ovo qyi ~yi`o cciov{i o kofd co `ipivehlokhûl `i låqyic ei`holpi ylo ocdvokhûl ~dv  vipvdki{d, ;,% [i `h{~dli `i ylo `h{dcykhûl# poe~dlo`o o ~B58# qyi kdlphili ]Kd 6-U5]Ai;-U5>#>? E# ][email protected]>#>9 E x ]LB0AU5>#9 E, Kockyco co{ kdlkilpvokhdli{ `i Ai ;- x Kd6- il ic iqyhchfvhd, Gy{phahko {h {ivåo ~d{hfci co ocdvokhûl `i i{pd{ `d{ eipoci{ kdl [email protected] il co{ kdl`hkhdli{ hl`hko`o{# {iÿocol`d ic l÷eivd `i {ocpd{ qyi {i ~vd`ykil il co ocdvokhûl x ic$cd{ eipoc$i{ qyi {i ocdvo$l il ko`o yld, K 5 ?6#>?=  Oj 5 ?>:#2?=

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO, Viky~ivokhûl ^vheiv ^ovkhoc ";$>0$>8( Ldpo he~dvpolpi7

Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyiqo, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi x ic jvy~d il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{, Ko`o ~vijylpo {i ocdvovï {dfvi ?> ~ylpd{,

?,% O(, Ilyeivo x kdeilpo co{ kdl`hkhdli{ qyi `ifi kye~chv ylo viokkhûl qyåehko ~ovo ~d`iv {iv  yphchwo`o il ylo dcyeipvåo, F(, Hl`hko x kdeilpo co{ kovokpivå{phko{ `i cd{ ~vhlkh~oci{ ~opvdli{ ie~cio`d{ il co{ dcyeipvåo{ ïkh`d%fo{i# `h{kyphil`d {y{ kdl`hkhdli{ `i yphchwokhûl, 6,% Gy{phahko {h {ivï ~d{hfci co ocdvokhûl kdl ]LoDBU5>#6>> E `i 69 eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i B 6[D0 >#?>> E il ~vi{ilkho `i ïkh`d okèphkd >#?9> E yphchwol`d owyc `i phedc "?#6 ‛ 6#2( kded hl`hko`dv, Kockyco ic ivvdv qyi {i kdeipivåo il co `ipivehlokhûl `ic kdlpilh`d `i B 6[D0 il co{ kdl`hkhdli{ eilkhdlo`o{, ;,% O(, I{pheo `i adveo vï~h`o x o~vdrheo`o ic ocdv `ic ~B `i co{ {hjyhilpi{ `h{dcykhdli{ x eiwkco{7  O%?, ]Lo;^D0U5>#?>> E,  O%6, ]Lo;^D0U5>#?>> E x ]B;^D0U5>#6>> E,  O%;, ]Lo;^D0U5>#?>> E x ]BOkDU5>#?9> E,  O%0, ]Lo;^D0U5>#?>> E x ]LoDBU5>#?>> E, F(, ^ovo `ipivehlov ic kdlpilh`d `i L pdpoc x `i L oedlhokoc il yl aivphchwolpi# ylo ~dvkhûl `i co eyi{pvo {i olochwo ~dv ic eèpd`d Mgic`obc x dpvo ~dv ic eèpd`d `hvikpd `i `ipivehlokhûl `i oedlhd, ?#>>> j `i eyi{pvo {i `hjhivi ~dv ic eèpd`d Mgic`obc x ic `i{phco`d {i vikdji {dfvi ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ïkh`d fûvhkd, Co `h{dcykhûl vi{ycpolpi kdl{yei 60#; eC `i ]BKcU5>#;69 E, Dpvo vè~chko `i ?#>>> j `i eyi{pvo {i pvopo kdl LoDB il irki{d x {i `i{phco ic oedlhokd adveo`d# vikdjhèl`d{i {dfvi ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ïkh`d fûvhkd qyi viqyhivi ?1#2 eC `i ]BKcU5>#;69 E ~ovo {y liypvochwokhûl, @ipivehlo ic ~dvkilpogi `i L pdpoc x L oedlhokoc il ic aivphchwolpi, K 5 ?6#>?=  Oj 5 ?>:#2?=

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO "2 `i Gylhd `i 6>>8( PIVKIV ^OVKHOC ‛ ^VHEIVO ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ?, o(, Ir~chko il qyi kdl{h{pi co `h{eypokhûl x kûed ~yi`i iv{i oaikpo`o ~dv co{ viokkhdli{ copivoci{,  f(, Kdeilpo cd{ `haivilpi{ eèpd`d{ `i `ipikkhûl `ic ~ylpd ahloc il co{ ocdvokhdli{ vi`dr,

6, [i ocdvol 69 eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ]Fv%U 5 >#>9> E kdl ]OjLD;U 5 >#>9> E ~dv ic eèpd`d `i Edbv o ~B 5 1, [h co kdlkilpvokhûl chfvi `i kvdeopd il ic ~ylpd ahloc i{ `i >#>6> E x ic cåehpi `i o~vikhokhûl `ic Oj6KvD0 i{ `i ?>%9 E# kockyco ic ivvdv `ifh`d oc hl`hko`dv qyi {i kdeipi il i{po ocdvokhûl,

;, Ic dråjild `h{yicpd il ic ojyo drh`o ic El"DB(6 il {y{~il{hûl ockochlo# pvol{adveïl`dcd o El"DB(; {ij÷l co viokkhûl7 D6 "j( - 0 El"DB(6 ↛ - 6 B6D ↖ 0 El"DB(; ↛ Oc okh`hahkov ic bh`vûrh`d `i eoljoli{d "HHH( ~vd`ykh`d drh`o ic xd`yvd o xd`d# qyi o {y iw ~yi`i ocdvov{i kdl ylo `h{dcykhûl ldveochwo`o `i phd{ycaopd7 6 El"DB(; ↛ - 6 H% - 1 B- ↖ 6 El6- - H6 - 1B6D Ic xd`d ~vd`ykh`d ~dv ylo eyi{pvo `i ?>>#> eC `i ojyo qyi kdlphili dråjild `h{yicpd  ~vikh{û ~ovo {y ocdvokhûl ?2#:; eC `i phd{ycaopd >#>??0: E, Kockyco cd{ ehchjvoed{ `i D6  ~dv ehchchpvd `i eyi{pvo,

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Cd{ ocyeld{ qyi {ûcd oxol o ~vi{ilpov{i `i co eopivho kdvvi{~dl`hilpi oc Pivkiv ^ovkhoc `ifivïl hl`hkovcd il co bdgo `ic iroeil, Pd`o{ co{ ~vijylpo{ {i ~ylpyovïl {dfvi ?>, Kdlpi{po ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo{ {i~ovo`o{ x ld dch`i{ hl`hkov ic ldefvi il ko`o ylo,

Pd`d{ cd{ ocyeld{ `ifivïl kdlpi{pov liki{ovhoeilpi co{ ~vijylpo{ ?# 6# ; x 0, Co {ijyl`o ~ovpi `i i{pi iroeil kdeilwovï o co{ ??7;> bdvo{ x pil`vï ylo `yvokhûl `i ;7>> bdvo{,

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO "2 `i Gylhd `i 6>>8( [[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC % ^VHEIV ^OVKHOC 9, Kockyco ic ivvdv qyi {i kdeipi il co ocdvokhûl kdl bh`vûrh`d {û`hkd >#>0> E `i 69 eC `i ylo eiwkco `i ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >#>?9 E x ïkh`d låpvhkd >#>?> E yphchwol`d kded hl`hko`dvi{ vdgd `i eiphcd "0#0 ‛ 1#6( d aildcapocihlo "2#>%?>#>(,

1, Kdeilpo co{ kovokpivå{phko{ jilivoci{ qyi bo `i kye~chv ylo {y{polkho ~ovo {iv yphchwo`o kded ~opvûl ~vheovhd,

:, Ylo eyi{pvo ~yi`i kdlpiliv# o`ieï{ `i {y{polkho{ hlivpi{# ïkh`d eocèhkd "K0B0D0( d ocjylo `i {y{ {oci{ {û`hko{# `i adveo hl`hh`yoc d kded eiwkco kde~ophfci, >#9>> j `i co eyi{pvo {i ocdvol kdl ]LoDBU 5 >#?>> E kdl{yehèl`d{i ?;#: eC kyol`d {i yphchwo lovolgo `i eiphcd ";#? ‛ 0#0(, [h {i vi~hpi co ocdvokhûl kdl aildcapocihlo "2#> ‛ ?>#>( ic kdl{yed `i {d{o i{ `i ;2#0 eC, I{pofciki `i adveo kyochpopho x kyolphpopho co kde~d{hkhûl `i co eyi{pvo,

2, [i phili ylo `h{dcykhûl >#?>> E `i jchkhlo x >#6>> E il {y {oc {û`hko, Kockyco ic ~B x co ko~okh`o` oedvphjyo`dvo `i i{po `h{dcykhûl,

8, O( @haivilkho ilpvi ivvdv {h{pieïphkd x ivvdv ociopdvhd# {iÿocol`d kûed ~yi`i iocyov{i ko`o yld `i iccd{, F( Hl`hko x kdeilpo cd{ `haivilpi{ ~vdki`hehilpd{ i{po`å{phkd{ ~ovo `ipivehlov {h yl ocdv  il ylo {ivhi `i vi{ycpo`d{ i{ vikbowofci,

[[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ‛ [[email protected] ^OVKHOC ?>, Kockyco kyïc {ivï ic ~B eålhed ~ovo qyi ld ~vikh~hpi ylo `h{dcykhûl `i ]OjLD ;U 5 >#>>? E il ~vi{ilkho `i ]LB0KcU 5 ? E,

??, Gy{phahko vowdlo`oeilpi {h {dl khivpo{ d ld co{ {hjyhilpi{ oahveokhdli{7 O( ^ovo cciov o kofd ylo ocdvokhûl kde~cirdeèpvhko il ylo{ kdl`hkhdli{ `ipivehlo`o{  fo{po kdl qyi co kdl{polpi pived`hlïehko `i co viokkhûl {io {y~ivhdv o ?>:, F( [hie~vi i{ ~d{hfci co ocdvokhûl kdl{ikypho `i `d{ hdli{ eipïchkd{ kdl yl eh{ed chjol`d, K( Olhdli{ kded ic drocopd x ic ad{aopd ~yi`il `ipivehlov{i ~dv ocdvokhûl kde~cirdeèpvhko kdl [email protected],

?6, Ylo eyi{pvo `i >#2>> j `i yl ehlivoc `i kdfvi qyi kdlphili co i{~ikhi Ky6"DB(6KD; {i `h{yici il ïkh`d# {i ogy{po ic ~B x {i ocdvo kdl ][email protected]>#?>> E, [h {i kdl{yeil 6;#9 eC `ic ocdvolpi# kockyco co vhqyiwo `ic kovfdlopd fï{hkd `i kdfvi il ic ehlivoc, ´Kyïc i{ ic  ~dvkilpogi `i KyD il co eyi{pvo4

?;, Kockyco co kdl{polpi kdl`hkhdloc `i adveokhûl `ic kde~cigd `i Oc"HHH( kdl [email protected] o ~B50#9 il ~vi{ilkho `i ylo kdlkilpvokhûl >#>?> E `i drocopd chfvi, ´[ivï ~d{hfci co ocdvokhûl il i{po{ kdl`hkhdli{4,

_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO7 kyv{d 6>>2%>8 "6§ kdlqdkopdvho( ?> `i [i~phiefvi `i 6>>8 ?,% O( @iahli ic kdlki~pd `i ~ylpd ahloc x ~ylpd `i iqyhocilkho, F( @iahli x ir~chko ic aylkhdloehilpd x ic hlpivocd `i hvogi `i cd{ hl`hko`dvi{ eipocdkvûehkd{# o{å kded cd{ kvhpivhd{ qyi `ifil piliv{i il kyilpo ~ovo {y kdvvikpo icikkhûl, 6,% [i `i{iol ocdvov 9> eC `i ylo `h{dcykhûl `i oedlhokd >#>9> E kdl ïkh`d kcdvbå`vhkd >#?9> E# `h{~dlhil`d `i cd{ {hjyhilpi{ hl`hko`dvi{7 lovolgo `i eiphcd ";#?%0#0(# vdgd `i eiphcd "0#0%1#6(# ~%lhpvdaildc "9#>%:#>(# owyc `i phedc "2#>%8#1( x aildcapocihlo "2#>%?>#>(, O( Ichji ic eï{ o`ikyo`d ~ovo cciov o kofd co ocdvokhûl, F( Kockyco ic ivvdv qyi {i kdeipivåo il co ocdvokhûl, ;,% ^ovo ocdvov ic kdlpilh`d `i kockhd il yl ei`hkoeilpd {i pdeovdl ;#?>96 j `ic eh{ed# {i `h{dchivdl o`ikyo`oeilpi x {i cciovdl o yl dcyeil ahloc `i ?>> eC, @i i{po `h{dcykhûl {i pdeovdl 69 eC o cd{ qyi {i ci{ oÿo`hû drocopd oeûlhkd il irki{d, Ei`holpi ahcpvokhûl {i {i~ovû ic ~vikh~hpo`d adveo`d x è{pi {i `h{dchû il ïkh`d# ocdvol`d co `h{dcykhûl vi{ycpolpi kdl ~iveoljolopd ~dpï{hkd "6 eC `i i{po `h{dcykhûl iqyhoci o ?1#:1 ej `i Ai(, [ofhil`d qyi {i kdl{yehivdl ?1#2 eC `i co `h{dcykhûl `i ~iveoljolopd# i{kvhfi co{ viokkhdli{ qyi philil cyjov x kockyco ic ~dvkilpogi `i kockhd il co eyi{pvo, 0,% [i phili ylo `h{dcykhûl qyi i{ >#>? E il Ko"HH(# >#>? E il kovfdlopd {û`hkd x >#>? E il drocopd oeûlhkd# i{pol`d ic ~B ogy{po`d o : ylh`o`i{, Gy{phahko `i eolivo vowdlo`o {h ic kockhd ~vikh~hpovï il i{po{ kdl`hkhdli{ x il qyè adveo, ´Kyïc `ifivåo {iv co kdlkilpvokhûl pdpoc `i [email protected] il co `h{dcykhûl ~ovo qyi pd`d ic kockhd {i ilkyilpvi `h{yicpd4 9,% O( [hpyov co{ {hjyhilpi{ i{~ikhi{ il ic `hojvoeo o`gylpd x ir~chko ic {hjlhahko`d qyi philil co{ `haivilpi{ cålio{ qyi o~ovikil il ic eh{ed, Ai# Ai"DB(;# Ai;-# Ai"DB(6# Ai6-# D6, F( Co {dcyfhch`o` `ic kcdvyvd `i ~copo ovåo kdl co kdlkilpvokhûl `i kcdvyvd poc kded {i hl`hko il co pofco7 ]Kc%U "E( % >,>>? >,? >,9 %1 %2 %1 { OjKc "E( 8,0r?> 8,2r?> ?6,:r?> ?8,1r?> %1 Gy{phahko i{po ovhokhûl `i co {dcyfhch`o` x ~vd~ûl ylo ir~vi{hûl ~ovo ic kïckycd `i co eh{eo il aylkhûl `i co kdlkilpvokhûl `i hûl kcdvyvd,

1,% ^ovo ~vi~ovov `h{dcykhdli{ oedvphjyo`dvo{ {i `h{~dli `i ]LoDBU5>#? E x ]B ;^D0U5>#? E, Hl`hko x ir~chko ~ovo qyi ocdvi{ `i ~B co{ eiwkco{ ~vi~ovo`o{ o ~ovphv `i co{ `h{dcykhdli{ olpivhdvi{ ~vi{ilpovåol ylo eïrheo ko~okh`o` oedvphjyo`dvo, ´Il qyè ~vd~dvkhûl `ifil eiwkcov{i co{ `h{dcykhdli{ hl`hko`o{ ~ovo dfpiliv i{po{ eiwkco{4 Gy{phahko kûed `ifivåol dv`ilov{i co{ eiwkco{ il aylkhûl `i {y ko~okh`o` oedvphjyo`dvo, @OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7 Lo 5 66#88= D 5 ?1#>>= B 5 ?#>?= Ai 5 99#29= Ky 5 1;#99= Kv 5 96#>>= Ko 5 0>#>2 ^dpilkhoci{ vi`dr7 KD6↟$B6K6D0 7 I· 5 %>#08 = Ai;-$Ai6- 7 I· 5 >#::? = Ai;-$Ai· 7 I· 5 %>#00 = B-$B6 7 I· 5 >#> = D6$B6D 7 I· 5 ?#668  ^vd`ykpd{ `i {dcyfhch`o`7 KoK6D0 "~M{ 5 2#:(= KoKD; "~M{ 5 2#0( Kdl{polpi{ kde~cigd{ %

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Kdeilwov ko`o ~vijylpo il bdgo lyio, Hl`hkov ic ldefvi x ic jvy~d il pd`o{ co{ bdgo{, Ko`o ~vijylpo {i ocdvovï {dfvi ?> ~ylpd{,

?,% O( Ir~chko cd{ kdlki~pd{ `i7 ?( Aokpdv `i okphh`o`= 6( [il{hfhch`o`= ;( [y{polkho ~opvûl ~vheovhd= 0( Vdfy{piw, F( [i i{pï i{py`hol`d co och`iw `i yl eèpd`d dcyeèpvhkd ~ovo co `ipivehlokhûl `i cokpd{o il cikbi, ^ovo iccd ylo eyi{pvo kivphahko`o `i cikbi qyi kdlphili yl 0#1 ) ~$ `i cokpd{o {i olochwo ~dv  qyhlpy~chko`d ei`holpi ic eèpd`d ~vd~yi{pd# dfpilhèl`d{i cd{ {hjyhilpi{ vi{ycpo`d{7 0#1;= 0#?2= 0#09= 0#:0 x 0#68 ) ~$, Gy{phahko lyeèvhkoeilpi# il pèvehld{ `i irokphpy` x ~vikh{hûl# {h ic eèpd`d il{oxo`d i{ o`ikyo`d, 6,% Kockyco co kdlkilpvokhûl chfvi `i cd{ hdli{ eipïchkd{ `i ylo `h{dcykhûl poe~dlo`o o ~B 2#9 x qyi kdlphili ]Ky6-U 5 >#>>6 E# ]Lh 6-U 5 >#>>? E x ][email protected] 5 >#>>6 E# il ~vi{ilkho `i LB ; il ylo kdlkilpvokhûl pdpoc hjyoc o >#? E, ;,% O( I{pheo ic ~B `i co{ {hjyhilpi{ `h{dcykhdli{ `i yl {h{pieo ïkh`d%fo{i pvh~vûphkd "B; O( kdl cd{ ocdvi{ `i kdl{polpi `i ~vdpdlokhûl cdj M ?5 ?># cdj M 65 :# x cdj M ;5 ;7 o( >#? E `i Lo ; O f( >#? E `i B ; O# k( >#?9 E `i LoDB x >#? E `i B ; O# `( >#? E `i B ; O x >#6 E `i Lo; O, F( ´Kyïlpd{ jvoed{ `i Lo 6B^D0º6B6D `ifil ojvijov{i o 0>> eC `i B;^D0 >#6>> E ~ovo piliv yl {h{pieo poe~ûl o ~B 5 :#;>4, 0,% Ylo eyi{pvo `i >#886 j `i op÷l ilcopo`d {i olochwo ~dv ic eèpd`d Mgic`obc= viqyhvhèl`d{i ~ovo ocdvov  ic oedlhokd chfivo`d 66#11 eC `i BKc "? ec iqyhoci o 1#0211 ej `i kovfdlopd {û`hkd yphchwol`d lovolgo `i eiphcd(, Kockycov ic ~dvkilpogi `i lhpvûjild il co eyi{pvo, Kockycov co eo{o il j `i ~vdpiålo il ylo copo `i ?2> j `i op÷l, Ldpo7 Aokpdv `i kdliv{hûl o ~vdpiålo ~ovo kovli{ x ~i{ko`d{ 5 1#69, 9,% O( Ir~chko il qyi {i fo{o ic aylkhdloehilpd `i yl hl`hko`dv kdcdvio`d x gy{phahko ic hlpivocd `i hvogi `ic eh{ed il ic ko{d `i {y ie~cid il ocdvokhdli{ `ic ph~d ïkh`d%fo{i, F( Kdeilpo x ~dl ocj÷l igie~cd `i co{ ~vhlkh~oci{ aoehcho{ `i hl`hko`dvi{ ïkh`d%fo{i, @OPD[7 ^i{d{ opûehkd{ "j$edc(7

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO "66 `i Gylhd `i 6>?>( [[email protected] ^OVKHOC ‛ ^VHEIVO ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC ?, [i phili ylo eyi{pvo {ûch`o qyi kdlphili MElD 0# M6KvD0 i he~yviwo{, >#6>>> j `i i{po eyi{pvo {i pvopol il `h{dcykhûl ïkh`o kdl MH# ~vd`ykhèl`d{i ylo kolph`o` `i xd`d {yahkhilpi ~ovo qyi viokkhdli kdl 68#9 eC `i phd{ycaopd >#?>> E, Dpvo eyi{pvo `i >#6>>> j {i `h{yici o`ikyo`oeilpi x ic kvdeopd {i ~vikh~hpo kdl OjLD ;# x {i vikdji yl ~vikh~hpo`d qyi# `i{~yè{ `i coo`d x {iko`d# phili ylo eo{o `i >#?60> j, I{kvhfi# kdlilhilpieilpi ogy{po`o{# co{ ikyokhdli{ `i pd`o{ co{ viokkhdli{ qyi {i ~vd`ykil x kockyco ic ~dvkilpogi ") e$e( `i El x Kv il co eyi{pvo dvhjhloc,

6, Gy{phahko {h co{ {hjyhilpi{ oahveokhdli{ {dl iv`o`ivo{ d aoc{o{7 O( [h pilied{ `d{ {oci{ {i kye~chvï qyi {ivï eï{ hl{dcyfci co qyi piljo co kdl{polpi `i {dcyfhch`o` eildv, F( ^ovo ~d`iv cciov o kofd ylo ocdvokhûl ~dv vipvdki{d {i bo `i kye~chv qyi co{ kdl{polpi{ pived`hlïehko{ `i co viokkhûl ~vhlkh~oc x `i co ocdvokhûl ~dv vipvdki{d {i bol `haivilkhov il oc eild{ 0 dv`ili{ `i eojlhpy`, K( [h {i i{pofhchwo co i{~ikhi kdl eoxdv i{po`d `i drh`okhûl {i aodviki ic ~vdki{d `i `h{eypokhûl, @( Il ylo ocdvokhûl ~dv ic eèpd`d `i Edbv co {dcyfhch`o` `i co {oc eipoc%hl`hko`dv `ifi {iv eoxdv qyi co `i ~vd`ykpd `i co viokkhûl ~vhlkh~oc,

;, Kockyco co kdlkilpvokhûl `i ad{aopd liki{ovho ~ovo hlhkhov co ~vikh~hpokhûl `i Oj - >#>>?> E 6-

x `i ^f >#>>?> E il yl ei`hd poe~dlo`d o ~B51# gy{phahkol`d {h {ivï ~d{hfci co {i~ovokhûl `i i{pd{ `d{ hdli{ ei`holpi ~vikh~hpokhûl avokkhdlo`o, [h o yl chpvd `i `h{dcykhûl poe~dlo`o o ~B51 qyi kdlphili ?> eedci{ `i ^f ;"^D0(6 {i ci hlpvd`yki ylo cïehlo `i ^f·# ´kyïc {ivï ic ~dpilkhoc `i co eh{eo4

0, Hl`hko x kdeilpo qyè iaikpd{ ~yi`i ~vd`ykhv ic ~B {dfvi ic iqyhchfvhd vi`dr, 9, ^ovo co ocdvokhûl `i 9>#>> eC `i Wl"HH( > #>? E kdl [email protected] >#>9 E o ~B58# il ~vi{ilkho `i ylo kdlkilpvokhûl olocåphko >#6 E `i LB ;# {i i{pï il{oxol`d yl hl`hko`dv eipocdkvûehkd kyxd Cdj M WlHl5 :#>, Gy{phahko {h vi{ycpo o`ikyo`d x kockyco ic ivvdv `i ocdvokhûl kdeiph`d,

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_YÅEHKO OLOCÅPHKO "66 `i Gylhd `i 6>?>(, [[email protected] ^OVPI IROEIL AHLOC % ^VHEIV ^OVKHOC Ldefvi x o~icch`d{7 TTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT Jvy~d7 TTTTTTTTT 1, o( @iahli cd{ kdlki~pd{ `i7 ?( Irokphpy`# 6( Aokpdv `i okphh`o` x ;( Qocdvokhûl hl`hvikpo, f( Il ic olïch{h{ `i aû{advd il yl {yivd {oljyålid {i dfpyhivdl cd{ {hjyhilpi{ vi{ycpo`d{7 0#0># 0#06# 0#1># 0#02 x 0#9> ~~e, Kde~vyifo {h ocj÷l ocdv `ifi {iv vikbowo`d x ir~vi{o ic kdlpil`h`d il aû{advd il ic {yivd kded ocdv ei`hd ¿ `i{hokhûl i{pïl`ov kdl co{ khavo{ {hjlhahkopho{ kdvvi{~dl`hilpi{,

:, o( Kockyco ic ~B `i ylo `h{dcykhûl >#? E il LB 0A, f( Kockyco kyolpd{ jvoed{ `i Lo ;^D0 box qyi oÿo`hv o yl chpvd `i co `h{dcykhûl olpivhdv ">#? E LB0A( ~ovo qyi ic ~B {io `i ?6#> ylh`o`i{,

2( Ylo eyi{pvo `i >#9>>> j qyi kdlphili LoBKD;# Lo 6KD; i hlivpi{ {i `h{yici x `hcyxi o 69>#> eC, O ylo ocåkydpo `i 69#>> eC {i ci oÿo`il 9>#>> eC `i BKc >#>?699 E x {i ccio o ifycchkhûl= pvo{ ilavhov ic irki{d `i ïkh`d viqyhivi 6#;0 eC `i LoDB >#>?>1; E kyol`d {i ocdvo bo{po yl ~ylpd ahloc kdl aildapociålo, O kdlphlyokhûl# o ylo {ijyl`o ocåkydpo `i 69#>> eC {i ci o`hkhdlol 69#>> eC `i LoDB >#>?>1; E x yl irki{d `i FoKc6 ~ovo qyi ~vikh~hpi pd`d ic kovfdlopd= ahloceilpi# ~ovo ocdvov ic irki{d `i {d{o {i viqyhivil :#1; eC `i BKc >#>?699 E, Kockyco co kde~d{hkhûl `i co eiwkco,

8, Kdeilpo cd{ `haivilpi{ {h{pieo{ hl`hko`dvi{ ~ovo co{ dcyeipvåo{ ïkh`d%fo{i x `i{kvhfi `ipocco`oeilpi kded ~d`ied{ kockycov ic ivvdv `ifh`d oc hl`hko`dv qyi {i kdeipi il co ocdvokhûl `i yl ïkh`d `èfhc kdl ylo fo{i ayivpi,

?>, [i `h{~dli `i ylo `h{dcykhûl qyi i{ >#>?> E il Lh 6- x >#>9> E il drocopd {û`hkd, Kockyco kyïc `ifi {iv ic ~B eålhed ~ovo qyi oc eild{ ic 88 ) `ic låqyic {i ilkyilpvi ic adveo chfvi "ld kdl{h`ivi{ co adveokhûl `i cd{ kde~cigd{ bh`vdrhco`d{ `i Lh (,

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