December 8, 2017 | Author: Milling and Grain magazine | Category: Antimicrobial Resistance, Antibiotics, Apprenticeship, Pharmaceutical Drug, Agriculture
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June 2016


In this issue:


FEED ADDITIVES • Grain hydration • Commodities - Funds fail to buck the markets • Separating dust - applied fluid dynamics • FEED 2.0 - more than just a nutrition delivery system • IGC Grains Conference

Event preview

Volume 127

Issue 6

Preserves kernel quality Low maintenance High efficiency Self-cleaning option for reduced emissions

Chief Commercial Mixed Flow Dryer

“I have been in the grain business my whole life and was totally amazed with how many bee’s wings (red dogs) there are in corn. With this system you can actually watch the amount taken out.” -Doug Kavanagh, Operations Manager Glacial Plains Cooperative Murdock, MN

*Patent Pending

Our team of experienced Dealers and Staff will help you determine the system that will suit your needs. Chief Agri/Industrial has a full line of grain storage, conditioning, handling, and drying products that can be engineered to fit your site. At Chief we not only engineer quality products, We Engineer Relationships.


Handling & Support Structure



Black Sea, Russia

OVER 50 YEARS OF ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS™ Sukup Manufacturing Co. continues to Engineer Solutions® to meet the challenges of the grain industry. As the world’s fastest-growing bin company we offer commercial bins with clear span roofs and holding capacities up to 1.5 million bushels. We also have a complete line of drying, storage, and material handling products, as well as steel buildings - all engineered to revolutionize grain processing and storage, making it easier, more efficient, and more profitable.

Sukup Manufacturing Co. [email protected] Sheffield, Iowa USA 50475 641-892-4222

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Pneumatic or Mechanical Ship Loaders & Unloaders Port Equipment - Turnkey Projects

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JUNE 2016

COVER IMAGE: More than 25 years ago, Delacon coined the term phytogenics for plant-based feed additives and pioneered this category - see more on page 38

Perendale Publishers Ltd 7 St George’s Terrace St James’ Square, Cheltenham, Glos, GL50 3PT, United Kingdom Tel: +44 1242 267700 Publisher Roger Gilbert [email protected] International Marketing Team Darren Parris Tel: +44 1242 267707 [email protected] Tom Blacker Tel: +44 1242 267700 [email protected] Mark Cornwell Tel: +1 913 6422992 [email protected] Latin America Marketing Team Iván Marquetti Tel: +54 2352 427376 [email protected] India Marketing Team Ritu Kala Tel: +91 93 15 883669 [email protected] Nigeria Marketing Team Nathan Nwosu Tel: +234 805 7781077 [email protected] Editorial Team Eloise Hillier-Richardson [email protected] Peter Parker [email protected]

70 - Golfetto Sangati comany profile

Malachi Stone [email protected] Andrew Wilkinson andr[email protected] International Editors Professor Dr M Hikmet Boyacıog ˘ lu [email protected] Dr Roberto Luis Bernardi [email protected] Professor Wenbin Wu [email protected] Design Manager James Taylor [email protected] Circulation & Events Tuti Tan [email protected] Antoine Tanguy [email protected] Australia Correspondent Roy Palmer [email protected] ©Copyright 2016 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. More information can be found at Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish ‘The International Milling Directory’ and ‘The Global Miller’ news service

Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine was rebranded to Milling and Grain in 2015

Expansion into China, North Africa and beyond




4 6-32





FEATURES 38 Phytogenic Feed Additives

42 We can expect more from new generation NSP enzymes 46 Separating dust 50 FEED 2.0


108 People news from the global milling industry

50 Australian spray dried porcine plasma offers solutions to nutritionist and pig producers 56 Grain hydration

60 Milling innovations


82 Event listings, reviews and previews


64 New Farm Africa project to help boost grain trade across East Africa 66 Richardson doubles capacity at Vancouver Port Terminal


35 Troubleshooting pneumatic conveying system problems


8 Mildred Cookson 18 Tom Blacker 20 Christophe Pelletier 26 Chris Jackson

2 GUEST EDITOR Martin Schlauri

74 MARKETS John Buckley

106 INTERVIEW David Wernsing



Transfering skills to reach operational milling excellence! Africa and the Middle East are markets in constant development. Along with the population growth, metropolitanisation is taking place as well. The result is a rapidly increasing demand for basic foods, which in turn allows the foodprocessing sector to grow. Companies, particularly those that process grain, are ready to invest in new capacities. However, the lack of trained personnel for operation and maintenance is frequently a limitation. The opening of the African Milling School (AMS) at the beginning of 2015 was a milestone. It is Buhler’s contribution to the development of the grain processing industry in Africa and the Middle East, which is so vital in people’s lives. Our mission is to transfer skills to reach operational milling excellence! The African Milling School offers comprehensive and intensive training to professionals in the industry with a well-balanced training syllabus on theoretical and practical training. The target is to offer vocational training for the next generation of millers and to expand on the knowledge base of experienced millers. The aim is to ensure millers come to understand the technology and equipment used to process grain into high value finished products. The school addresses the need for milling professionals in the whole of Africa and the Middle East. This year, a new class of 26 apprentice millers from 8 nations comprising East African countries but as well from far countries such as Egypt, Oman, Nigeria, The Gambia and South Africa have taken up the Apprenticeship Program. There are great talents working hard and committed to milling. The facilities of the African Milling School with the classroom, laboratory and the school mill have proven to be aligned with the demands for operating a modern vocational school. Our apprentice program for millers is a two-year

dual milling vocational program. This means that the apprentices come in for residential training three times a year for four weeks at a time. They then go back to their work places to apply what they have learnt at the AMS. After going through the first year’s program, apprentices will be admitted into the second year and continue their learning program. The six modules follow the process of the wheat processing value chain from grain intake, storage, cleaning, wheat and maize milling, finished product handling and quality control. This gives the apprentices a good understanding of the process and the value chain. The successful trainees will be graduated to Millers. After going through this miller’s apprenticeship program and with a further two years of work experience, we offer an advanced training. This training is foreseen for head millers or supervisors who can manage a mill. The program is designed to give the participants more knowledge on production management and quality control as well as bringing in the aspect of preventive maintenance of a mill. Short courses in mechanical and electrical maintenance as well as bakery and feed technology empower employees of the grain processing industry to take the best care of the equipment for reliability, efficiency and durability of the plants. The kind of flour demand in each market follows the eating habits. Whereas in the Sub Saharan Africa maize meal called ugali or mielie-pap, bread and pastries are staple food, in West Africa and the MENA region the consumption of pasta and noodles are steadily increasing. The syllabus of the African Milling School takes care of such different demands and teaches the technology to process wheat and maize in a high valuable finished product. Highly skilled millers and maintenance staff will ensure that plants are operating and maintained at high levels leading to plant efficiency and longevity. Martin Schlauri Principal of African Milling School, Nairobi, Kenya

Meet the Milling and Grain team The team are travelling across the globe to industry events.

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ISSN No: 2058-5101

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Ending Hunger and Malnutrition in Africa

The Pan-African Parliament (PAP) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) have acknowledged the need to respect, protect and fulfill the fundamental human right to food and optimal nutrition in Africa. During extensive deliberations at the Second Ordinary Session of the Fourth Parliament, the Parliamentarians agreed to establish a PanAfrican Parliamentary Alliance for Food and Nutrition Security. See the full story on page 16


Transfering skills to reach operational milling excellence!

AFRICA STATS 43.6 percent of Africa’s land area dedicated to agriculture in 2011, compared to a global average of 37.4.

Source: FAO

Africa and the Middle East are markets in constant development. Along with the population growth, metropolitanisation is taking place as well. The result is a rapidly increasing demand for basic foods, which in turn allows the food-processing sector to grow. See the full story on page 2

20.3 Mean percentage of the agricultural land in Africa that is arable. The world average is 28.6; in Europe and Asia-pacific it is over 75 percent. 54.2 percentage of Africa’s population which is agricultural. Globally, it is 31.7 percent. 45 Percentage of Latin America and the Caribbean’s GDP accounted for by exports of beef and poultry, making the region the world’s leading exporter 4 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain




The hydration of grains is a critical process in the manufacture of Maheu, a grain-based drink widely consumed across Africa. Heating and mixing is a key aspect of the hydration process but an area where to date we have seen minimal change from the status quo. Steam jacketed vessels and agitation are the de facto method for heating products but manufacturers are turning to Steam Infusion advanced heating and mixing as a break from the traditional to process faster with quality benefits. See the full story on page 56

Boosting grain trade across East Africa

Farm Africa has received a new £3 million grant from the UK Government, through the FoodTrade East and Southern Africa trade enhancement and promotion programme. See the full story on page 64

Walk The Italian Way

The things we produce today were utopias yesterday. Ourwe task is to give shape to new ideasyesterday. The things produce today were utopias andtask innovate whatshape once was magic. Our is to give to new ideas and innovate what once was magic.


JUN 16


Campden BRI receives UKAS accreditation for ergot mycotoxin testing method


ampden BRI is pleased to announce that it has received UKAS accreditation for its ergot mycotoxin testing method. Ergot alkaloids are mycotoxins which mainly affect cereals including wheat, rye, barley and oats and can cause issues via long-term dietary exposure. Campden BRI is one of the few companies currently providing this testing service in the UK. The company has developed a sensitive mass spectrometry based method to detect the six major ergot alkaloids defined by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (ergometrine, ergotamine, ergosine, ergocristine, ergocryptine and ergocornine) and their corresponding epimers at levels as low as 1µg/kg. The new accreditation provides reassurance that Campden BRI’s ergot testing service is impartial and competent, and meets internationally agreed standards. Julian South, Head of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Campden BRI comments: “Here at Campden BRI, we have been carrying out ergot testing for several years to help manufacturers working with cereals and grains maintain the quality and safety of their products. EFSA has proposed that in 2017 maximum levels will be set for alkaloids in unprocessed grain. Our UKAS accredited method will help our clients ensure their products meet the legal requirements.” Campden BRI has received UKAS accreditation for 94 tests. A list can be downloaded at

6 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Spring gives way to summer. A thick blanket of green covers the trees lining the streets of Cheltenham. Parent birds work incessantly, fluttering back and forth in a constant attempt to fill the ever-hungry bellies of their growing brood. Likewise, the team here at Perendale Publishers are busily pecking around, endeavouring to collect the latest and most relevant news and features to keep you fed with the juiciest morsels and the most up-to-date developments in the world of grain and feed milling. This month’s regional focus is on Africa - a huge, incredibly diverse continent suffering from a terrible paradox. According to the FAO, over half the population are farmers (the global average is less than a third), and the region’s land use reflects this: nearly half is dedicated to agriculture. This is the highest percentage of any region on earth. Yet Africa is also the region with the highest percentage of undernourished people. Within Africa, Niger is the regional leader for arable area per capita, yet also the leader for underweight infants. All of this sadly underlines the simple truism that it’s not necessarily a question of how much land a farmer has, but rather whether he has the means to use it to its full potential. On page 16 you can read about how the Pan-African Parliament and the FAO are attempting to speed up progress on malnutrition and related issues. On page 64 you will learn about Farm Africa’s project to give the East African grain trade a much-needed boost. Flip back to page two for this edition’s Guest Editorial spot, which discusses the important role of Bühler and the African Milling School in Kenya. Page 56 talks about a faster version of an essential process in the manufacture of Maheu, a grain-based drink widely consumed across the continent. Even the US Grains Council puts in an appearance, promoting the use of distiller’s dried grain with solubles in aquafeed in Egypt (p85). As usual, Christophe Pelletier’s column (p20) does not disappoint. Drawing on his own experience, he explains exactly why governments who talk about sustainability need to put their money where their mouth is, dig deep and provide subsidies to help producers and consumers with sustainable alternatives. Of course, he says, it’s not only down to governments: the onus is also on us, the consumers, to let go of our beloved sense of entitlement. Chris Jackson talks about striking a balance between farming and nature, with an emphasis on adapting to the changing climate. In our interview this month, David Wernsing shares his thoughts on his recent appointment as General Manager of Union Iron and shares his philosophy on what makes an industry leader.



British and Irish Flour Mills

No3 Messrs James Comerford & Sons’ New Roller Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK As with my previous articles, I have chosen accounts from The Miller or Milling describing successful mills from the early days of roller flour milling. Both these Victorian publications are held at the Mills Archive, along with the American Northwestern Miller. All three journals have some significant gaps, so we would welcome any offers of material as we move to create the World’s first roller flourmill library and archive. Comerford’s roller mills at Rathdrum in Ireland featured in a detailed illustrated article in the 7 June 1886 issue of The Miller. At that time, exactly 130 years ago, the mills, which were situated in the beautiful valley of the Avoca, belonged to the Comerford family. The mill described had just been built on the foundations of the previous mill. Its predecessor, while having a steadily growing trade, met the same fate that had overtaken so many other flour mills, with a disastrous fire a year earlier on 20th June 1885. At the time of the fire, the mill had eleven pairs of millstones with 18 silk reels with purifiers and one set of rolls. It was believed that the middlings were floured in part by the help of smooth rollers, but the breaking of the wheat was left to the stones; and for all intents and purposes the mill, whose products were certainly held in very high esteem, was a millstone mill. Rebuilding after the fire The new mill, a four-storied structure, was built of stone; facings of red brick agreeably tempered the effect of which. The mill had an inside measurement of 57 by 36 feet and was fitted out with a full five sack per hour roller plant by Mr J Harrison Carter of 82 Mark Lane, London and of all the rolls were of Harrison Carter’s latest design at that time, that is to say, furnished with four rolls and driven by gear drive. The cog wheels by which the rolls were put in motion

worked in oil-tight casings. Another feature in the mill was a specially designed conveyor, which was underneath each reel, and centrifugal, this apparatus was fitted with an ingenious cut-off which was patented in 1880. The wheat cleaning department was in a separate fireproof department adjoining the mill, and was connected to the top or fourth floor by double iron doors. The cleaning process was carried out by passing the wheat through a Howes & Ewell zigzag separator which was placed on the top floor, eight Van Gelder’s cockle, oat and barley cylinders on the third floor, a Eureka horizontal smutter on the second floor and a Eureka horizontal brush on the first floor. By this arrangement of machinery, only one pair of elevators were required to elevate the wheat again to the top floor from where is passed into the mill itself. The main drive for the mill machinery was on the ground floor. The drive consisted of a spur wheel 11 foot in diameter fixed on the Star wheel shaft, the shaft turned at 18 revolutions per minute. The spur wheel drove a pinion 4 feet 6 inches in diameter, which set the main shaft in motion by means of a bevel gear. The pinion shaft turned at 47 rpm and the main shaft 125 rpm. On the main shaft were fixed various pulleys from which the roller mills on the floor above were put into motion. A pulley, 72 inches in diameter drove the wheat cleaning machinery and another of 4 feet 6 inches drove the flour dressing machinery by means of a 12 inch belt. On this floor were four scalpers for separating the particles of wheat from the semolina, middlings and flour and the various elevator bottoms, which were arranged in a straight longitudinal line. The first floor or grinding floor had eight sets of Carter’s roller mills placed in two rows, which served for the reduction of the wheat on the system of six breaks, and for flouring of the middlings. The first break was done on a four-grooved chilled iron roll, the second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth breaks and tailing was done on three of Carter’s four-grooved chilled iron roller mills. The flouring of the semolina and middlings was carried out by A Carter’s middlings purifier, available in four sizes

Comerford Mill in 1924 (advert in Milling)

8 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

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Cross Section of the mill in 1886 showing the 20 foot diameter waterwheel

Longitudinal Section of the mill in 1886

Plan of second and third floors

four Carter four-roller mills. Over each line of roller mills was an exhaust trunk to which the exhaust spouts from the roller mills was connected. The second floor had one gravity purifier with five sets of legs, four of Carter’s single sieve purifiers, a suction fan

Plan of ground floor

The most dramatic external feature of the mill was the large waterwheel which provided the motive power for the mill. It was a high breast-shot waterwheel 20 feet in diameter and 12 feet wide. It had ventilated buckets and a 26 inch shroud. The fall was around 12 feet and the wheel could produce 80 horsepower.

The water for the mill came from a mountain torrent Messrs Comerford were proud of the mill weir, which had been constructed under their own direction. The water for the mill came from a mountain torrent, which at the end of a severe winter, when masses of snow would suddenly melt under the April sun, would pour a swollen volume of water into the valley, Before the new weir was built flooding around the mill was a frequent event. The new Carter’s advertisement featuring Comerford’s dust collector and Carter's Rollermills weir, a semi-lune was built of concrete with exhausting from the rolls, and a Penney grader which had massive stone walls and had a curved apron to break the a fan attached at the top of the machine to take out light force of the fall. material that may have remained in the wheat. This grader These articles only give a brief glimpse of the several was placed directly over the first break roll. million records held by the Mills Archive Trust. If you The third or top floor housed the dressing machines, would like to know more please email me at [email protected] namely six Carter’s centrifugals and eight long silk reels. . These were put in motion by means of a 12 inch belt which connected the shafting on this floor to the shafting on the A Carter’s second floor. 15 of the 19 elevator heads were also here semolina purifier, along with four wheat bins each capable of holding ten to available in twelve tons of wheat. The bins were of solid construction four sizes and were built and installed by the millwright, Mr Peter Murphy of Wexford. On this floor there was also the Carter dust collector, which had no textile material used in its construction, and which featured prominently in a Carter’s advertisement in August that year. Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 9

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Kemin launches Lysoforte® Liquid and revolutionises application of bio-surfactants


emin has launched Lysoforte® Liquid, a bio-surfactant, which revolutionises the application process by directly dosing the bio-surfactant into the oil and fat application line. Lysoforte® Liquid standardises the natural variation in the energy value of oils and fats and improves the digestion and absorption of nutrients in feed, making Lysoforte® Liquid one of the most cost-effective bio-surfactants on the market. The product has been launched in Europe, Middle East, India and in a number of markets in Asia. The product will launch in additional countries upon registration. Lysoforte® Liquid is a naturally derived liquid bio-surfactant that is added directly into the oil or fat line during feed production. Mixing the bio-surfactant with the oil and fats early enhances its efficacy and helps standardise the energy value of the oil, in combination with the well-known effects of Lysoforte® on nutrient digestion and absorption. “This is a situation where we took something that was working well and made it even better,” explained Dr

Monika Bieber, Lead Global Platform Manager. “Traditionally bio-surfactants are added as a dry product to the mixer with other feed raw materials. Their benefits to improve various steps in lipid digestion, such as emulsification, hydrolysis and nutrient absorption are well known. Consequently, the addition of a bio-surfactant leads to a better utilisation of the energy from feed raw materials, resulting in improved feed conversion ratios, lower production costs and improved profitability.” Like many raw materials, lipids come from a wide variety of sources and are prone to large variations in their nutritional value. In recent years, Kemin laboratories have been analysing numerous oil and fat samples using the Lipid Evaluation Test, which provides nutritionists with accurate lipid profiles, and characterises the apparent metabolisable energy (AME) values and oxidative status. The analyses performed by Kemin scientists have reported up to

30-percent variation in AME values for a single oil type. Trials have demonstrated that applying the liquid bio-surfactant reduces the natural variability of oils and fats. As proven through the Lipid Evaluation Test, Lysoforte® Liquid increases feed formulation accuracy and, in turn, increases feed cost savings. An application system is made available to assist customers with the application of Lysoforte® Liquid. This state-of-the-art system was created by a team of engineers who worked to make applying the liquid product directly into the oil and fat line easy and convenient at the feed mill. Over the last years, the benefits of bio-surfactants to enhance lipid digestion have become well accepted in the feed industry. With the launch of Lysoforte® Liquid, Kemin demonstrates its leadership in the lipid nutrition area and its commitment to bring novel solutions to the feed industry to support its customers by improving and optimising lipid nutrition and increasing profitability.

He was a great friend Niphond Wongtrangan, 1945-2016


t is with sadness that we report the passing of Niphond Wongtrangan, Honorary President of the Thai Rice Mills Association and advisor to Thailand’s Deputy Prime Minister. Mr Wongtrangan died peacefully at 1:50am on Wednesday, May 4 at Phyathai 1 Hospital, Bangkok. He was 71. He had been undergoing treatment for kidney disease as an in-patient since April 11. Previously, he had been in and out of hospital on a regular basis with complications due to secondary infections. The hand-bathing ceremony was conducted on Wednesday by family and friends. Cremation took place on Monday, May 9 at 5:00pm. Born on June 26, 1945, Niphond Wongtrangan went on to complete a Bachelor of Law from Thammasat University, Thailand, and the Institute of Legal Education, Thai Bar Association. Posts held during his career included Director of the Thai Rice Mills Association, Director of Marketing for the

10 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Organisation for Farmers, Director of Crop Research and Manager of Singha Brewery Limited. He had been Executive Director for the Farmers Fund and the Rubber Estate Organisation in addition to serving as Honorary Consultant for Future Farmers Organisation Thailand, under Royal Patronage of HRH Prince Sirindhom. He was on the advisory board of the PHTIC PERDO, the Postharvest Technology Centre for Thailand. He served as Director of Chiang Rai Rajabhat University and Honorary President of the Thai Rice Mills Association with expertise in grains and agricultural products. He was also advisor to Deputy Prime Minister Trairong Suwankhiri, who was exploring sales of rice to African and Middle Eastern markets. Mr Wongtrangan was also a supporter of Milling and Grain, speaking at our GRAPAS Conference in 2012 and again in 2014. More important, he was a great friend. We would like to express our deepest condolences to his family, friends and colleagues.

Milling News




4-6 NOVEMBER 2016



Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 11

Milling News

Review on Antimicrobial Resistance: Tackling drug-resistant infections globally


ollowing 19 months of consultation with a grand total of eight interim papers, a report on how to tackle Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) “in a global way” has just recently been published. Chaired by Lord Jim O’Neill and commissioned by both the UK Government and Wellcome Trust, the review proposes a blueprint designed to tackle the ever-apparent issue of antimicrobial resistance. The key notion of the report is that drug companies should foot the bill for the development of new antibiotics and that patients should not be able to get them without a test to ensure they are actually needed. However, there is also a keen focus on the overuse of antibiotics in agriculture and aquaculture too.

Tackling one of the most pressing problems in the world today Two years ago, Lord Jim O’Neill was handed the responsibility of finding answers to one of the most pressing problems in the world today by British Prime Minister David Cameron. “One million people have died while we have been doing this review,” said Lord O’Neill, who became a minister while completing the report. Without action, he said, “The global financial cost would be the loss of 10 million lives a year by 2050 and £69tn ($100tn) a year.” The main issue identified by the report was that many antibiotics that were once thought to have put an end to infectious disease are no longer working because the pathogens have developed a resistance to them. For example, antibiotics were once thought to have eradicated the threat of Tuberculosis. However, multi-drug resistant forms are now believed to be “exacting a death toll around the globe.” O’Neill said that stopping the over-use of antibiotics – also fed in vast quantities to animals for growth promotion as well as to treat disease, especially in the United States – may be even more important than creating new incentives for the development of new drugs by pharmaceutical companies. That said, companies already involved in antibiotic research have come out in support of the report. Speaking to the Guardian recently, Sir Andrew Witty, GlaxoSmithKline’s chief executive, called the report helpful and added: “Governments, industry and other relevant groups must now work together to develop these ideas into practical steps that encourage and reward further research and ensure a supply of effective new antibiotics 12 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

for future generations.”

Antibiotics are required in agriculture

But is antibiotic use really necessary in agriculture? Well according to the review the answer to this question is yes, there are circumstances where antibiotics are required in agriculture and aquaculture, such as when, “animal welfare and food security” are at risk. However, much of their global use is not currently for treatment of sick animals, but rather to either prevent infections or simply as a catalyst for animal growth. Lord O’Neill’s report states that, “The quantity of antibiotics used in livestock is vast.” Citing the US as an example, it then goes on to describe how many of the antibiotics defined as medically important for humans by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), over 70 percent (by weight) are sold for use in animals, meaning that the antibiotics used in the treatment of animals could be filtering through to the consumer; creating a greater tolerance in individuals ands rendering the antibiotics futile. The report also added that many countries also use more antibiotics in agriculture than in humans, but they “do not even hold or publish” any relevant information. According to the report, the majority of scientists “see this as a threat to human health, given that wide-scale use of antibiotics encourages the development of resistance, which can spread to a humans and animals alike.” Lord O’Neil’s review proposed three steps to remedy the current situation: Firstly, the imposition of 10-year targets to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in agriculture, introduced in 2018 with milestones to support progress consistent with countries’ economic development. For this to succeed, governments must support and speed up current efforts, including those of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and others, to measure antibiotic use and farming practices. Secondly, restrictions on certain types of highly critical antibiotics should be imposed. Too many antibiotics that are now last-line drugs for humans are being used in agriculture; action should be taken on this urgently by an international panel. Thirdly, we must improve transparency from food producers on the antibiotics used to raise the meat that we eat, to enable consumers to make more informed purchase decisions. Source:

Milling News

Unibio signs its first commercial licence agreement


fter years of development of its U-Loop technology, Unibio is ready to take a giant step forward. Unibio has signed its first licence agreement with a commercial client. A full-size commercial plant having multiple U-Loop fermentors is planned for construction and commissioning in 2017. The aim of the agreement is to expand this capacity in the following years. Unibio has received an attractive upfront payment and is further incentivised by an attractive revenue stream in the years to come following successful commissioning of the plant. A revenue stream expectedly counted in millions of dollars over the next ten years. The aim is to supply the European and Russian markets with Unibio’s premium protein product UniProtein®. The megatrends are very clear. The world needs sustainable solutions to the food challenge of the century.

How can we feed a growing world population when agricultural land per capital is decreasing? And how can we do it in a sustainable way without destroying the planet? Part of the solution lies with Unibio. Converting methane to food, using a cheap and abundant resource as natural gas, is key to solving this challenge – basically what Unibio does is to integrate the energy and food systems to address this challenge. Henrik Busch-Larsen, the CEO of Unibio, says: “We recently had a ground-breaking ceremony in Kalundborg, Denmark, where we are constructing a demonstration and production plant, and we are of course very excited to announce the construction of a large commercial plant already”. Unibio inaugurated its pilot plant located at the Chemical Engineering department of the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) in

October last year, where the Danish minister of Energy, Climate and Utilities, Lars Chr Lilleholt, was a key-note speaker. Shortly after, the company won the Ernst & Young competition Entrepreneur of the Year within the Life Sciences category. The new partner, participating in the event, sees the collaboration with DTU as a very strong asset. In general Denmark holds great expertise within fermentation technology, and DTU works in close cooperation with large Danish companies within the fermentation industry, such as eg Novozymes and Novo Nordisk. Henrik Busch-Larsen, the CEO of Unibio, continues: “We see the collaboration with this new partner as a natural step forward in the development of the company and technology and thus welcome our new partner into the Unibio family. We look forward to the construction of the plant and to bringing our premium protein product UniProtein® to the market. The coming months are going to be very exciting for the company”.

Excellent firms don’t believe in excellence - only in constant improvement and constant change. —Tom Peters Is it time to shift production to a more favorable continuous process? You can get higher levels of thermal energy than ever thought possible – for a more gentle cooking process compared to high-shear cook. With Wenger’s Thermal Twin Screw Extruder, products high in corn or rice content are processed without the stickiness typically encountered in conventional extrusion systems. The Thermal Twin design allows ingredients to be fully cooked without damage to the starch or protein matrix.

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Ending Hunger and Malnutrition in Africa The African August House to set up a Pan-African Parliamentary Alliance for Food and Nutrition Security


he Pan-African Parliament (PAP) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) have acknowledged the need to respect, protect and fulfill the fundamental human right to food and optimal nutrition in Africa. During extensive deliberations at the Second Ordinary Session of the Fourth Parliament, the Parliamentarians agreed to establish a Pan-African Parliamentary Alliance for Food and Nutrition Security. Speaking at the Africa Parliament, Chimimba David Phiri, FAO Subregional Coordinator for Southern Africa, expressed the Organisation’s appreciation to the PanAfrican Parliament for its commitment to advance the Food and Nutrition Security agenda in Africa. “Notwithstanding the progress made in recent years, over 58 million children under the age of five are stunted, and all 54 African countries are confronted with overweight and obesity. These rising levels of overweight and obesity are linked to poor dietary habits and lifestyle, resulting in non-communicable diseases”, said David Phiri. “There are also high levels of deficiencies in essential vitamins and minerals reported. When all segments of our populations should be healthy and actively contributing to economic development, African governments are spending huge sums of money on health,” he added. The Session emphasised the need for Governments, Parliamentarians, Private Sector, Civil Society and other stakeholders to work under a unified umbrella of harmonised legislative frameworks and instruments backed by political will and joint strategic actions. As a follow-up to the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN-2) framework for action and the CAADP Nutrition Initiative under the Malabo Declaration, FAO is working with African countries to create nutrition-sensitive food systems anchored on their national agriculture and food security investment plans.

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Many of the more than 100 parliamentarians present for the deliberations spoke of the existing challenges and opportunities. They re-echoed Africa’s commitment to food and nutrition security, demonstrated through the endorsement and ratification of several international and continental agreements and frameworks of action on food and nutrition security. Recognising their role as custodians of political commitments, the Parliamentarians have agreed to work with FAO to ensure food and nutrition security for all in the Continent. The President of the Pan-African Parliament, Hon. Roger Nkodo Dang in his closing remarks, emphasised the important role of food and nutrition security to Africa’s

development and invited FAO to continue its engagement with the PAP in the subsequent Ordinary Session later in the year. The PAP supported the creation of the Pan-African Parliamentary Alliance for Food and Nutrition Security and expressed its desire to work closely with FAO. FAO reassured the Parliamentarians of the Organisation’s technical support, including the capacity development of the parliamentarians and sharing the extensive experience gained in Latin America and the Caribbean, to advance the launching and efficient functioning of the African Alliance. The Pan-African Parliament (PAP) is an African Union organ that ensures the full participation of African peoples in the development and economic integration of the continent.

NOAH welcomes protection of antibiotics for animals and people


oday’s publication of ‘Tackling Drug Resistant Infections Globally: Final Report and Recommendations’, by Lord Jim O’Neill, is a global landmark in the fight to keep antibiotics effective for both animals and people, says the National Office of Animal Health (NOAH), which represents the UK animal medicines sector. NOAH Chief Executive Dawn Howard says: “We endorse the proposal for incentives to develop innovative new treatments and better diagnostics: these must include the veterinary sector, so that animal medicines are available to treat the diseases that vets and farmers encounter. Improving the availability and uptake of vaccines, which is also proposed, can reduce the need for antibiotics. Veterinary surgeons need access to a range of medicines, including antibiotics, in order to treat the conditions and species under their care and support the high standards of animal welfare our society expects. “The Report’s call for improved surveillance will build on work already being undertaken within the different livestock sectors, for example in the UK poultry and pig sectors. Targets to reduce antibiotic use must be based on an understanding of why and where antibiotics are currently used, and we welcome the Report’s suggestion that careful consideration must be given to how any target setting will be done. Once the facts have been established,

Milling News resources can then be focussed on areas where change is most needed to reduce any unnecessary use. “It is important to remember that in the UK – and indeed throughout the EU, veterinary antibiotics are only available on veterinary prescription and have been banned as growth promoters since 2006,” she adds. The Report recommends restrictions on certain antibiotics for veterinary use. “NOAH believes that any such decisions must be based on independent regulatory officials’ expert opinions and must follow the agreed regulatory process – such as the recent EMA (European Medicines Agency) re-evaluation of the veterinary use of colistin,” Dawn Howard says. “Any changes need to be given a realistic timeframe in order that animal welfare is not compromised – something the report itself acknowledges,” she adds. “We also fully support the Report’s call for a global public awareness campaign of this ‘One Health’ issue involving both human and animal health to improve understanding and compliance. This is a global report for a global problem, with practical recommendations and calls to action, both on the international stage and here in the UK.” Dawn Howard concludes: “The UK animal medicines sector looks forward to its role in implementing the Report’s recommendations by being part of the collaboration between UK government and industry, to develop practical proposals so that antibiotics remain effective to protect the health of people and animals into the future.” Read the report at

Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 17

Milling News

[ Museum Story No. 5 ]


Population and economic growth Tom Blacker, International Milling and Grain Directory

Dominican Republik, Effie Business Corp. Hermanos San Pedro de Macoris

The sun. From time immemorial man has regarded it as a regular, life-giving source and a cosmic power. And it comes into direct contact with cereal crops. For the strength radiated by the sun enters the corn and is stored in it. Grain, like the celestial body, is part of the basis of our human existence. Grain was the beginning With its collection of over 3,000 flour sacks from 130 countries around the globe, the FlourWorld Museum in Wittenburg, near Hamburg (Germany), is unique in the world of grain. It is an initiative and cultural project of Mühlenchemie and a token of thanks to all millers. The museum shows the history of flour and its significance for mankind: FLOUR IS LIFE. Every new sack with an interesting motif is welcome in the Sackotheque and will find a permanent home there.

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We have witnessed a continually growing demand for the International Milling Directory in recent months, validating the IMD as a requisite for the milling industry. On recent visits I have made with colleagues here in my home country of the UK, we have experienced a great deal of positive feedback from prominent industry figures. We are looking to distribute at a number of upcoming shows here in the UK, namely the Cereals exhibition and the International Grains Council (IGC) conference. however, a great deal of activities and events are taking place internationally too, where we also hope to have presence. As our regional focus for Africa is this month, I should mention that later this year in October the IAOMMEA conference will meet in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and the International Milling and Grain Directory will be distributed there. Sixteen new registrations in the past four weeks has meant a busier than normal expansion in the directory as we move forward. Companies from China, USA, Ukraine, Canada, as well as updates to Universal Industries from the USA and Vibrafloor from France which have also bolstered our activity. It a pleasure to welcome and update companies this regularly. Again as this issue has a focus on African milling industries, it is good to note that there are 41 individual registered member companies with us from the African continent. I hope this continues to rise for the benefit of population and economic growth on the continent. This issue of Milling and Grain has some great content on Africa, including a meeting with Claudio Zavatta, CEO of Golfetto Sangati who, it is a pleasure to say, hold both a Directory membership and advertise with us. The benefits of additional advertising online and in print are manifold. The directory is by and for the industry, where you can find continuous updates to company pages and to our events pages – in fact we have just updated the website with a more comprehensive Google Map. I hope you continue to gain the maximum benefits from our services to the industry from the International Milling Directory. Contact me for any suggestions and enquiries today. I look forward to AND GRAIN your contact!

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The Pelletier Column

Changing economics to overcome future challenges

by Christophe Pelletier For a change, this month’s column will be about a personal story that in some way is an illustration of what is necessary to foster sustainable practices. The parallel is obvious with some of the global challenges that the world is currently facing and will continue to face in the future. Late last year, I moved away from Vancouver to the Okanagan Valley Region some 300 miles east from Vancouver. There, I bought a property with a decent yard where I will have a garden and with a small vineyard. For eight months of the year, the area looks and feels quite similar to the Mediterranean. Precipitations are not abundant with an annual quantity of only 337 mm. Clearly, water is scarce and needs to be preserved, even though an extensive system of lakes fed by mountain snow ensures an adequate supply of water. The region is quite agricultural with many orchards and vineyards, all thanks to irrigation. There are also many lawns in the area and the estimate is that about 25 percent of the water consumed in the region is just to keep the lawns green.

The comparison between cost and benefit The point of my story is that the comparison between cost and benefit would deter most people to consider buying rain barrels. It just does not make financial sense, if money is what matters. I always say that money talks and what it says here is to forget about being sustainable. One of my neighbours also considered installing solar panels on the roof of their house. After comparing the price of the panels plus installation and maintenance with the electricity savings, they discovered that it would last twice the life of the panels to break even. In terms of money, solar panels are a different kettle of fish than my five rain barrels. I can understand they decided to not pursue the solar option. The economics of water and energy savings that I just described can be extrapolated to the much larger picture. All through the food and agriculture value chains, many changes for more sustainable systems face the same kind of dilemma. What makes sense from an environmental point of view often does not make sense financially in the current economic environment. Demanding a more sustainable production system is quite legitimate and sensible, but the conditions must also be there to make it happen. The numbers have to add up for farmers and businesses to make the switch. As usual, money is of the essence and it can come from different sides.

The economics of sustainability My plan is to install barrels to collect the water from rain and snow and use it for the yard. This is where the economics do not go in parallel with all the talk from politicians about sustainability. Around the house I would need five rain barrels in total. The lowest and best retail price I can find is of about Can$80 for a 200 litre barrel. To set up my water collection system, it will cost me Can$400 to provide me with a one cubic metre storage capacity. In comparison, the price for a cubic meter that the municipality charges for water is Can$0.30 per cubic meter. In the most ideal situation, that is if I were able to collect all the rain and snow through my five barrels, I would at most collect about 30 cubic metres per year. In money, it comes down to a saving of roughly Can$10 per year. To break even, I’d better hope that the barrels will last 40 years, which they might, but considering my current age, there is a fair chance I may have moved to a much smaller underground dwelling by then. Of course, my example is about quite a small investment and if the return is lousy, it will not change my life. At least, the barrels will help me save water.

Subsidies must be set up properly and be effective First, the purchase price and the cost of operation of alternatives have to come down and be competitive; either suppliers are able to drop their prices or offer more efficient systems. Governments can also help through subsidies to ease the pain, but of course the must be set up properly and be effective. Second, the customers, which in a fair value chain, would be eventually the consumers, have to pay for extra cost of the better production systems, simply because our consumption societies with their sense of entitlement have to understand that there is no such thing as a free lunch. Such a realisation also means that producers also understand that mass production that only deplete resources do not fit in the long-term picture and that value will have to replace volume.

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Christophe Pelletier is a food and agriculture strategist and futurist from Canada. He works internationally. He has published two books on feeding the world’s growing population. His blog is called “The Food Futurist”.

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E: [email protected] Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 21 17/12/2015


Milling News

Nutreco reports higher results and good progress on sustainability


n 2015 Nutreco reported higher financial results with net revenues of €5.7 billion (2014: €5.3 billion) and an operating result of €282 million (2014: €236 million). Results improved in all of Nutreco’s segments: Animal Nutrition, Aquafeed and Nutreco Iberia. Nutreco made steady progress against its sustainability objectives. It further strengthened its supply chain through supplier audits, and embedded sustainability key performance indicators into its business reporting model. The 2015 annual review was drafted according to the fourth generation of the Global Reporting Initiative guidelines. “2015 was in many ways a special year for Nutreco. The financial results were very good across all of our businesses. This confirms that we are increasingly successful in translating our R&D and innovation capabilities into sustainable nutritional solutions valued by our customers. With the acquisition of US-based trace mineral producer Micronutrients we realised the thirdlargest acquisition in our history, making Nutreco the category leader in a specific feed additive segment,” said Knut Nesse, CEO of Nutreco. “In June we organised our 8th AgriVision conference in the Netherlands, with close to 400 participants from over

40 countries. But perhaps the most visible event was the delisting of Nutreco from the Amsterdam stock exchange as a result of the take-over by SHV. We opened a new chapter for Nutreco as a private company, while continuing our ‘Driving sustainable growth’ strategy with the full support of our new shareholder.”


The good financial performance in all of Nutreco’s three segments was mainly the result of a more favourable product mix and the contribution of Nutreco’s acquisitions in Brazil, as well as positive currency effects. Animal Nutrition, primarily trading under the Trouw Nutrition company brand, performed well despite difficult market circumstances in the global swine and dairy sectors. The increased focus on global products improved the performance of the Selko feed additives brand. In Aquafeed, trading under the Skretting company brand, the salmon feed business performed strongly in 2015, and maintained its position as global market leader, although there is still overcapacity in the main Norwegian market. In shrimp feed, Ecuador reported strong organic growth. Nutreco’s Iberian business performed well on the back of a recovering Spanish economy. Nanta, a producer of compound feed, reported growing volumes to third-parties, while Sada, which specialises in poultry meat, benefited from good performance during the high (summer) season.


In 2015 Nutreco further strengthened the sustainability of their supply chain by auditing a total of 42 suppliers. All new direct suppliers signed-off their commitment to comply with Nutreco’s Supplier Code of Conduct. Good progress was achieved in strengthening and embedding into the quarterly reporting cycle measuring, monitoring and controls around sustainability key performance indicators, such as CO2, water, waste, energy use and lost time incidents. In order to ensure that Nutreco’s sustainability vision 2020 is realised and sustainability targets are achieved, the internal Nuterra Standard was developed with 115 compliance criteria for all of Nutreco’s operating companies. This tool assists local managers on identifying where their operations are situated with respect to Nutreco’s Vision 2020 targets and where they can focus their sustainability activities to ensure reaching the company’s sustainability goals by year 2020.


The 2015 review is Nutreco’s first annual review that has been drafted according to the fourth generation of the Sustainability Reporting Guidelines, as developed by the Global Reporting Initiative. This confirms Nutreco´s continued commitment to reporting and transparency as a private company. The full 2015 Annual Review is available online via 22 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain


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COMPANY UPDATES Striking the fragile balance between farming and nature by Chris Jackson, Export Manager UK TAG As we face a late spring, having had a very wet and prolonged winter, we in the UK are constantly reminded of the fragility of farming and nature. The absence of frost and snow this winter will have created its own set of problems, as slugs and other crop pests will have survived ready to damage crops, creating yet another challenge for our farmers, who worldwide have to innovatively adapt to the challenges of their local climate and nature; to ensure that their livestock and crops are able to get to their markets in conditions fit for use. Not only in this century do we have to adapt to nature but now we also have international market forces often driven by the political necessities of sovereign governments. Since farming became the norm for human food production rather than hunting, many thousands of years ago, fewer and fewer people are being required to feed the urban communities; who are getting bigger across our planet and more and more divorced from the realities of food production. Producing food efficiently with regard to the environment This sets the challenges for the remaining farmers too produce food efficiently, with regard to the environment and sustainable production. From the perspective of practical farming led by genetic development of both crops and livestock to increase outputs and drive down the cost of production farmers are meeting the challenges. With crops developed to be grown in temperate and tropical conditions along with for instance rice that can be grown needing much lower water requirements the innovations from our scientists are being taken up and multiplied in to the commercial world. Innovation was one of the major themes at this years UK Pig and Poultry Fair where the organisers also were innovative in highlighting the new products and developments of which more than 60 were highlighted ranging from renewable energy sources through farrowing house technologies, feed for baby pigs and animal health products This event is specifically aimed at pig and 26 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

poultry farmers but lots of the technologies are readily adaptable to other areas of livestock farming and crop production. For this particular event the Royal Agricultural Society of England carried out a survey as to why farmers attend this exhibition and from my privileged worldwide perspective their findings apply to most exhibitions. Farmers look to these events to see the latest technologies and to network with their peers to gain industry knowledge, enabling them to improve their own business and stay competitive in markets that are now price driven. At these industry events they can talk with commercial companies and to representatives of research facilities Universities and Government bodies, giving them opportunities that are not otherwise easily available to them. In addition for the exhibitors they are given a platform to demonstrate their companies expertise to a wide and at this event a worldwide audience. The world’s largest pig producing country The next opportunity that I will have to report on an exhibition takes me from the UK where certainly our pig industry is relatively small but extremely efficient and welfare-friendly, to the world’s largest pig producing country China. But where again the same principals will apply demonstrating to a farming audience how to improve their business. By the time of reading we will have left China but I hope that I will have met some of our readers there. My main focus throughout my career has been on livestock production but we must not loose sight of the fact that the whole farming industry is inter dependent, the livestock producers need crops that must be efficiently turned into nutritious and palatable feeds hence needing feed mills that are able to deliver consistent high quality products developed to maximise the full genetic potential of the livestock industry that they serve. After China, we will be at Indo Livestock with Perendale Publishers. Held this year in Jakarta, they will be running seminars demonstrating the need for high quality feeds to improve livestock production along with Aquaculture. @AgrictecExports

The Swedish company BoMill AB have received their first commercial orders of their grain sorting technique, TriQ, to its domestic market. The customer is Slätte Gård, one of Sweden’s largest organic cereal farms. The TriQ technology can be used to sort durum wheat, soft wheat and malting barley for Fusarium, protein and vitreousness, with a speed of 25000 kernels per second. This makes the TriQ very profitable for grain handling and milling businesses. Karin Wehlin, CEO, says “We see this as an important breakthrough into our market. Our patented technique, sorting each individual kernel by looking at its chemical structure and composition shows an advantage compared to the existing solutions available on the market today.” In order to meet global market demand BoMill has also strengthened its organisation in technical support.

Satake Europe Ltd is pleased to announce the establishment of Satake Cote d-Ivoire in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. The office will be managed by Kassem Namehwho will carry out his duties as Office Representative in the region. Satake Cote d-Ivoire intends to promote Satake rice milling, flour milling and colour sorting technologies in the local West and North African market.


July 2015 | 63

Milling News

Grain groups caution APHIS against ill-advised revisions to biotech regulations


ive national grain-based organisations have cautioned the US Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) not to make premature and ill-advised changes to its biotech regulations that could result in increased domestic and international market disruptions for grain and grain products. The statement, authored by the National Grain and Feed Association, was in response to APHIS’s notice announcing its intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement concerning potential revisions to its so-called Part 340 biotech regulations. Under these regulations, APHIS makes science-based determinations of whether biotech-enhanced traits pose a plant pest or noxious weed risk. The North American Export Grain Association, Corn Refiners Association, North American Millers Association and National Oilseed Processors Association joined the NGFA in stating that the outcome of any revision to APHIS’s biotech regulations should be either acceptable to - or comparable and compatible with regulatory approaches used by - competent government authorities in important US markets so as to minimise or prevent the risk of market and trade disruptions.

Regulatory coherence and compatibility in the global market

“To create a truly workable biotech regulatory framework for the future, APHIS must take the necessary time and make the necessary effort to address the challenge of achieving regulatory coherence and compatibility in the global market,” the organisations stated. “We believe that any changes to US biotech regulatory processes - including Part 340 - should be considered only after advance, robust and thorough discussions with competent government authorities in countries that represent important US export markets, during which alignment in regulatory approaches is achieved to the maximum extent possible....This is even more 28 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

important currently, given ongoing and potentially productive discussions occurring between the private sector and various foreign governments on whether and how to address the regulatory treatment of important new breeding technologies,” such as geneediting techniques. To date, the groups said, there is no indication that adequate consultations or buy-in from foreign governments has occurred to date. The statement also cited the need for APHIS to develop a clearly defined, specific regulatory process for biotech-enhanced agricultural products that have unique functional characteristics (eg, output traits) that may adversely affect the functionality and/or compositional and nutritional integrity of the product and downstream users if the trait becomes present in the commingled, fungible supply chain at levels exceeding certain thresholds. The organisations also faulted APHIS for seemingly divorcing the review of its regulations that determine whether a biotech trait poses a plant pest or noxious weed risk from the Obama administration’s ongoing comprehensive review of the so-called Coordinated Framework for biotechnology that involves other federal agencies like the Food and Drug Administration and Environmental Protection Agency, which have oversight of other aspects of pre-market reviews of biotechenhanced products. Further, consistent with previous NGFA and NAEGA statements to APHIS, the joint statement also urged APHIS to consider the concept of “conditional deregulation” in instances where scientific risk assessment has found a given biotechenhanced trait does not present a plant pest or noxious weed risk, but the trait has not been approved in important US export markets or has a functionally different output trait. Under this concept, APHIS would continue to provide permit-controlled oversight over prudent stewardship and risk-responsibility plans put in place by biotech owners/providers to minimise the potential for traits that could pose market disruptions from

becoming commingled in the fungible commodity supply stream. The groups noted that the “conditional deregulation” concept is consistent with USDA’s obligation to consider the potential economic impacts on US agriculture of commercialisation of biotechenhanced traits. It also would contribute to preserving the efficiencies and cost-competitiveness of the fungible, commingled US and global grain and oilseed supply, in which commodities from various regions of the world can be sourced in a timely and efficient manner in response to customer demand without concern over regulatory status, thereby enhancing food security. The 11-page statement can be accessed at

Milling News

NGFA, NAEGA submit recommendations to GIPSA on implementing changes to US Grain Standards Act


he National Grain and Feed Association (NGFA) and the North American Export Grain Association (NAEGA) recently submitted a detailed, joint statement urging the US Department of Agriculture’s Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration’s (GIPSA) to make several changes to its proposed rule to implement reforms made by Congress last year to the US Grain Standards Act (USGSA). “The reforms made to GIPSA’s operations as part of the Reauthorisation Act are designed to restore much-needed continuity, predictability and ongoing improvement of the important official inspection and weighing services provided by GIPSA’s Federal Grain

Inspection Service (FGIS),” said NGFA President Randy Gordon and NAEGA President and Chief Executive Officer Gary Martin. “Several of the amendments made to the USGSA by Congress under the Reauthorisation Act are the most significant changes to the statute in nearly 20 years. US competitiveness in global markets, as well as stakeholders ranging from farmers to end-users, benefit when FGIS and the State agencies to which it delegates official inspection authority at export port locations provide state-of-the-art, market-responsive official inspection and weighing, and do so in a reliable, uninterrupted, consistent and costeffective manner.” With some notable exceptions, NGFA and NAEGA generally

supported the proposed changes. However, the grain groups urged the following significant changes to the GIPSA proposal: • Modify the proposed definition of “emergency” in the rulemaking to recognise that the law requires USDA to issue waivers from official inspection and weighing certificates under circumstances other than emergencies, provided the buyer and seller agree and the waiver does not impair the objectives of the USGSA. Further, the groups objected to GIPSA’s proposal to limit the definition of “emergency” to “conditions outside the control” of GIPSA or its delegated state agencies - a potentially giant loophole that Congress did not authorise in the law; • Reduce official inspection and weighing fees charged at both domestic and export facilities, since the quantity of funds in FGIS’s operating reserve currently exceeds reasonable levels; and • Add new language to require that facilities operating at export port locations be notified at the same time as the secretary of agriculture if a delegated state agency utilises the new USGSA provision to provide 72 hours’ advance notice to USDA that it intends to discontinue providing official inspection service. A separate letter to GIPSA signed by 15 national organisations and state and regional associations affiliated with NGFA supporting the joint NGFA-NAEGA comments states that the fundamental reforms of GIPSA’s operations are part of the industry’s principal objective to ensure that the kind of disruptions in export shipments resulting from the intermittent withdrawal of official services by the state of Washington that occurred during 2013-14 at the Port of Vancouver, Washington State, never recur. View the NGFA and NAEGA’s full comments at and the letter supporting the comments from the affiliates and national agribusiness groups at Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 29

Milling News

USDA offers new loans for portable farm storage and handling equipment Portable equipment can help producers, including small-scale and local farmers, get products to market quickly


he US Department of Agriculture (USDA) will provide a new financing option to help farmers purchase portable storage and handling equipment. Farm Service Agency (FSA) Administrator Val Dolcini and Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) Administrator Elanor Starmer have announced changes to the Farm Storage Facility Loan (FSFL) program. The loans, which now include a smaller microloan option with lower down payments, are designed to help producers, including new, small and mid-sized producers, grow their businesses and markets. “As more communities reconnect with agriculture, consumer demand is increasing for food produced locally or regionally,” said Mr Dolcini. “Portable handling and storage equipment is vital to helping farmers get their products to market more quickly and better maintain product quality, bringing them greater returns. That’s why we’ve added this type of equipment as a new category for our Farm Storage Facility Loan program.” The program also offers a new ‘microloan’ option, which allows applicants seeking less than US$50,000 to qualify for a reduced down payment of five percent and no requirement to provide three years of production history. Farms and ranches of all sizes are eligible. The microloan option is expected to be of particular benefit to smaller farms and ranches, and specialty crop producers who may not have access to commercial storage or on-farm storage after harvest. These producers can invest in equipment like conveyers, scales or refrigeration

Nutriad appoints Area Managers China


ultinational feed additive producer Nutriad has appointed Eric Han and Hans Bai as Area Managers for the Northern and Central Region in China. As the company aims to further grow its market share in China, the best talents are invited to be part of the expansion of the Nutriad China team. BK Chew, APAC Director Nutriad, commented that “Asia Pacific is a focus region in Nutriad’s strategic growth plans and China is the main growth engine within APAC. The appointment of Eric Han and Hans Bai as Area Managers will enable increased support to our existing

30 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

units and trucks that can store commodities before delivering them to markets. Producers do not need to demonstrate the lack of commercial credit availability to apply. “Growing high-value crops for local and regional markets is a common entry point for new farmers,” said Ms Starmer. “Since they often rent land and have to transport perishable commodities, a loan that can cover mobile coolers or even refrigerated trucks fills an important gap. These producers in turn supply the growing number of food hubs, farmers markets or stores and restaurants interested in sourcing local food.” Earlier this year, FSA significantly expanded the list of commodities eligible for Farm Storage Facility Loan. Eligible commodities now include aquaculture; floriculture; fruits (including nuts) and vegetables; corn, grain sorghum, rice, oilseeds, oats, wheat, triticale, spelt, buckwheat, lentils, chickpeas, dry peas, sugar, peanuts, barley, rye, hay, honey, hops, maple sap, unprocessed meat and poultry, eggs, milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and renewable biomass. FSFL microloans can also be used to finance wash and pack equipment used post-harvest, before a commodity is placed in cold storage. The latest announcement will further advance the efforts of the USDA’s Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food initiative, which coordinates the Department’s work to develop local and regional food systems. The USDA is committed to helping farmers, ranchers, and businesses access the growing market for local and regional foods, which was valued at US$12 billion in 2014 according to industry estimates. Under the current Administration, the USDA has invested more than US$1 billion in more than 40,000 local and regional food businesses and infrastructure projects. More information on how USDA investments are connecting producers with consumers and expanding rural economic opportunities is available in Chapter IV of USDA Results on Medium.

customers and partners and promote further growth.” Eric Han joins Nutriad with extensive experience in the feed additive business and brings an excellent understanding of the industry and customer needs. Hans Bai has a long track record with multinational feed companies and combines both technical and commercial skills. Said Eric Han, “I look forward to joining the Nutriad Asia team. Nutriad has a reputation for innovative products and its attractive portfolio allows us to offer real solutions to our customers”. Hans Bai added, “Nutriad’s on-going investments in China, to drive aggressive

growth, makes joining Nutriad an exciting next step in my career.” Nutriad, headquartered in Belgium, provides feed additives and services to over 80 countries worldwide through a network of own offices and distributors, supported by 4 application laboratories and 5 manufacturing facilities located on 3 continents. Hans Bai

Eric Han

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Evonik to showcase new products and technologies


vonik will unveil innovative solutions at the Vitafoods trade show in Geneva, Switzerland. The company is the first to offer glycine in gamma form – a product which does not cake, is easy to store and is free of additives. Evonik will also present a new technology that enables the formulation of nutritional supplements with a longer gastric retention time for increased bioavailability. Both innovative solutions underline Evonik’s commitment to provide customers in this space with differentiated solutions. Previously, Evonik manufactured glycine in its alpha form, as is conventional in the industry. However, while this method of production is relatively straightforward, it is difficult to store the resulting glycine for extended periods. Glycine is the smallest and simplest of all amino acids and it can transform into the gamma form relatively quickly and independently, leading to caking. This can make glycine processing extremely difficult and cost-intensive. Evonik has patented a process to manufacture glycine in its stable gamma form without adding any ingredients. The product will soon be available to customers in a highly pure form for use in pharmaceutical and food-industry applications. “This innovation will alleviate many of the logistical and manufacturing-related challenges our customers face,” comments Thomas Hermann, Head of the Pharma and Food Ingredients Product Line. Formulation experts at Evonik have also developed ‘floating capsules’ – ideal for nutritional supplement

ingredients that only achieve maximum effectiveness if retained in the stomach for an extended period. Evonik has combined EUDRAGUARD® control with a gas-generating agent to design capsules that remain buoyant and gradually release the ingredients over a period of up to four hours inside the stomach. This gives the human body more time to absorb the active substances. Ludger Eilers, Director of the Food Segment at Evonik Health Care explains, “This system is particularly suited for substances, which have a very limited absorption window in the stomach or proximal small intestine.” One example is anthocyanins, known for their antioxidant properties and health-enhancing characteristics. Research shows that their bioavailability can be increased by higher residence time in the stomach. This innovative floating capsule technology – named EUDRATEC™ GRS – can also be used to ensure effective administration of other polyphenols or green tea extracts. Customers can obtain a license to use the solution, which will be presented at Vitafoods during a poster session. Vitafoods attendees can visit the Evonik booth (L78) to find out more about these innovations as well as the REXIVA® range of amino acids and the EUDRAGUARD® family of functional polymers designed for use in nutritional supplements. Evonik will also be showcasing a berry extract derived from wild Scandinavian blueberries and blackcurrants grown in New Zealand. This product has particularly high, stable anthocyanin content. The extract will be sold via the MEDOX® brand in Scandinavia, and is marketed as Healthberry™ 865 for functional food and drink applications.

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The Wolfson Centre for Bulk Solids Handling Technology is hosting a 3 day course designed for process engineers who need advice on: • operational difficulties experienced with their pneumatic conveying systems, • methods of improving its performance • design techniques • minimising dust explosions • amongst other equally important topics.

Troubleshooting pneumatic conveying system problems Day 3 is an optional practical session in the on-site laboratories, where a demonstration of the test rigs will be made available. If you are a plant designer, plant manager or work in maintenance, this course will improve your ability to deal with the design and troubleshooting of plants. You’ll also benefit if you are from operational staff or senior management through a better understanding of what can go wrong and how to make your plant as efficient and trouble-free as possible. The course is ideal for those new to materials handling, those who require an update on the subject, or those who need a working knowledge of a wide variety of materials handling technologies.

This course is held twice a year at the Medway campus in Kent, or can be brought to your company for a larger number of delegates. It can also be held as an ‘In Company’ course at a time to suit yourself. More information Email: [email protected] Tel: +44 2083 318 646

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To enrol or find out more, contact: nabim 21 Arlington Street London SW1A 1RN UK Tel: +44 (0)20 7493 2521 Fax: +44 (0)20 7493 6785 email: [email protected] Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 35

GAC and GDU feeders The mechanical design and shape of a feeder influences mainly the capability and reliability to handle difficult products like icing sugar, calcium hydroxide, fibres or flakes.

PRODUCT FOCUS JUNE 2016 In every edition of Milling and Grain, we take a look at the products that will be saving you time and money in the milling process.

This includes aspects which orient on the physical behaviour of powders. To mitigate the phenomenon of bridging, feeders from the GAC and GDU series offer an over dimensioned entry section. Various types of agitators or homogenisers or even vibrated hoppers or ultrasonic induced energy are used for homogenising the bulk material in the feeder hopper and to introduce the particles into the feeding auger or helix in a constant way. These are some of the basic conditions for an accurate and repeatable volumetric feeding. It is logic, that a precise volumetric metering makes a gravimetric one even better

Bulk-Out® half-frame bulk bag dischargers Flexicon’s new series of Bulk-Out® half-frame bulk bag dischargers features low-cost frames of variable heights and offsets to fit restricted areas previously utilised for dumping of smaller containers such as sacks, pails, drums, boxes and bins. The low profile dischargers are engineered to straddle downstream blenders, feeders, tanks or other equipment in areas with limited headroom, restricted floor space and/ or obstacles that would preclude the use of conventional discharger frames. Lacking an upper frame, the discharger provides overhead space for suspending of bulk bags using a forklift or plant hoist. It can also be configured to support new or existing bulk bag lifting frames that can be connected to bags at floor level and then forklifted onto the half frame within centimetres of the ceiling.

AS SEEN AT: VICTAM Asia 2016 see comments from the team at Van Aaarsen in part 2 of our Victam review on page 101

Starpack® bagging machines

Rotor Protection System

Bag filling has been taken to a new level with the Starpack® range of bagging machines.

Rota Val’s Rotor Protection System RotaSafe™ is designed to instantly detect any contact between the rotor and valve housing while at the same time it sends a signal to the panel to isolate power to the drive motor. The patented RotaSafe™ system will primarily be of interest to manufacturers where product contamination due to metal to metal contact is a significant issue.

The Starpack® pedigree is well known around the world and Concetti are pleased to announce the very latest ultra highspeed machine, capable of handling up to 1600 bags/hr with 25-50 Kg bags and a choice of closure systems. Handling wovenPP, paper and plastic bags the robust design incorporates Concetti’s automatic format change to combine speed with flexibility allowing different bag formats to be handled and changed at the touch of a button. A large capacity two-position motorised bag magazine offers users long runs and excellent productivity. The unit is particularly aimed at Starpack®’s traditional industries such as feed and petfood and also fertiliser, salt, seeds where strength and durability are paramount. Concetti can provide machines and complete lines to meet all customer needs, combining strength and flexibility. 36 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

There can be many reasons for contact between the rotor and valve housing including excessive loads on the rotor, product build-up causing rotor shift, ingress of ‘tramp’ material in the working clearances, bearing failure or lack of maintenance. By installing a Rotor Protection System it will prevent valve material shedding into and therefore contaminating the product being handled, it protects the valve components from serious damage and prevents valve start-up if assembled incorrectly.



Van Aarsen new generation of pellet mill

Van Aarsen has produced a new generation of pellet mill with motor operated roller adjustment and active roller slip control. These functionalities provide optimised operation and the opportunity to experiment with roller distance and steam addition for recipes to boost feed quality and production efficiency.

Optimising your pelleting process

The key to an efficient pelleting process is determining the optimal compromise between energy consumption and pellet quality, while producing the desired quantity. Many factors influence the pelleting process, from the recipe to conditioning parameters and pellet mill settings.

Easily choose the desired roller distance to the die

The robustly designed motor-operated roller adjustment enables the operator to easily choose the desired roller distance to the die, even when the pellet mill is in full operation. Together with intelligent software, this system offers recipe controlled pellet mill operation.

Save on maintenance

Another benefit is the increase in life of the die and rollers - up to 30 percent. By linking the operation of the dosing screw to the roller distance, the rollers will retract when the pellet mill is not producing. Furthermore, the system is equipped with a die cleaning mode, enabling the operator to clean the die after a batch. This will also provide a quick start-up of the pellet mill

after a standstill, because the product doesn’t get the opportunity to cake onto the die.

A trouble free pelleting process

The active roller slip control is another intelligent system designed to optimise the pellet mill’s production rate. This system detects roller slip and activates the system to automatically resolve the slip if desired, reducing to nil the downtime of the pellet mill due to roller slip. It also offers the opportunity to experiment with roller distance and steam addition for recipes to boost feed quality and production efficiency. You can rely on this system when exploring settings for optimum production.

Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 37







by Ester Vinyeta, Species Leader Swine, and Jan Dirk van der Klis, Head of products and innovation/ Species Leader Poultry, Delacon Biotechnik GmbH, Austria


hen it comes to feed additives (e.g. plant extracts, enzymes, proand prebiotics, organic acids and many more), the livestock industry is inundated with numerous options, not only promoting performance of the animals and improving profitability, but also improving the quality of feed and of animal-derived products. In this context, phytogenic (=plant derived) feed additives are foreseen to have a promising future in animal nutrition due to their broad range of efficacies, and to their effects on sustainability and safety. Increasing upcoming resistance of bacteria, arising from continuously supplemented sub-therapeutic levels of antibiotic growth promoters in livestock feeding caused the European Union to ultimately impose a ban on the use of antibiotics in animal nutrition in 2006, which other countries worldwide will follow suite. By the end of 2016, a ban on antibiotic growth promoters will also become effective in the US. Consequently, alternative feed additives are receiving increased attention among scientists, nutritionists, feed manufacturers and farmers.

Phytogenics – proven for centuries

The use of plants and their compounds has a long history in human nutrition and medicine, being used as flavors, food preservatives and medicinal plants. Phytogenic feed additives (PFAs) comprise a wide range of plants, like herbs, spices and plant-derived essential oils (hydro-distilled extracts of volatile plant compounds, mainly hydrocarbons, containing most of the 38 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

active substances of the plant) and oleoresins (extracts based on non-aqueous solvents). The chemical composition of PFAs underlies a certain variation due to their ingredients and other influencing factors like climate, location, harvest, stage and storage conditions, explaining the differences in efficacy between PFAs that are available on the market so far. However, it should be realised that not all PFAs available on the market are based on all-natural plant ingredients, but might also contain synthetic nature-identical components.

The ‘scientific gold standard’ in the feed industry

Phytogenics show a wider range of activities in animal nutrition than synthetic substances. This advantage is based on the synergistic effects of all agents within plants. This natural synergy, grouped with sustainability and safety, is what makes phytogenics a top solution platform in animal nutrition. Fully based on phytogenic components and not on naturedidentical, single active ingredients, up to date, only one such plant-derived feed additive has received the zootechnical registration by the European Union, Fresta® F. This is seen as the scientific ‘gold standard’ in the feed industry, because in the course of strict approval processes, not only the safety but also the performance enhancing effects as “natural growth promoter” of the product have been officially confirmed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). PFAs show a wide range of potential benefits, all targeting the enhancement of performance of livestock. The following gives an overview of certain proven benefits:

Sensorial stimulation and palatability

Many essential oils, aromatic herbs and spices have been

F proven to enhance sensorial properties of piglet diets and are used to improve the palatability of piglet feed in order to increase feed intake after weaning.

Increased enzymatic activity in the intestinal tract

Numerous herbs and spices are shown to increase pancreatic enzyme production and bile secretion in the intestinal tract. For instance, curcumin, piperin, ginger and capsaicin clearly stimulate pancreatic enzyme production, whereas fenugreek, mustard, cumin and coriander stimulate bile production. Increased enzyme production improves the rate of digestion of the feed and thus, improving its nutritional value.

Improved nutrient utilisation

Figure 1: Owing to this wide range of active ingredients, phytogenics offer much more than flavoring properties. The effects are many, mostly targeting the enhancement of livestock performance.

Apart from a better nutrient digestibility, data from piglets and broiler trials indicate an improved nutrient utilisation (higher body weight gain at similar feed intake in piglets or a similar body weight gain at reduced feed intake in broilers). However, these effects can vary due to type and origin of the essential oils or herbs and the inclusion level in the feed.

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Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 39

F More than 25 years ago, Delacon coined the term phytogenics for plant-based feed additives and pioneered this category

Delacon invests ten percent of the annual revenues in research and development of phytogenic additives and looks forward to the joint research with PMI Nutritional Additives.

From single plants to a feed additive, extensive research, standardization and full traceability are Delacon’s key for highest quality

Antioxidant effects

Especially aromatic plants from the plant family Labiatae (e.g. rosemary, thyme, oregano and sage) have been extensively studied for their antioxidant activity. This activity is not only related to the phenolic compounds which have free-radicals scavenging properties but also non-phenolic compounds may show considerable antioxidant activity by enhancing gene expression of antioxidant enzymes. These antioxidant effects are protecting the organism at cell and tissue level, especially during stressful conditions like weaning, reallocation, feed changes, poor ventilation and heat stress conditions. Moreover, positive effects of dietary supplementation with oregano, rosemary and sage on shelf life of pork and poultry meat as well as on eggs have been reported.

Antibacterial effects

According to some studies, extracts of herbs and spices exert clear antibacterial activity against foodborne pathogens. However, minimum dietary inclusion levels to be able to rely on these antibacterial effects in pigs and poultry are generally too high to be economically feasible. Nevertheless, levels needed to inhibit the expression of virulence factors by pathogenic bacteria (quorum sensing inhibition) are far lower and have been shown to be a promising field of application.

Effects in intestinal mucosa

Several studies indicated positive effects on the intestinal morphology in pigs and poultry, reporting increased villus: crypt 40 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

ratios after feeding a PFA based on thymol and cinnemaldehyde in weaned piglets. Increased trans-epithelial electric resistance of duodenal mucosa of broiler was observed when broilers were fed thymol supplemented diets. Moreover, pungent substances like black pepper, chilli and garlic improve blood flow, which might reduce the adverse impact of ischemia of the gastro-intestinal tract on intestinal integrity, as it was shown in piglets during heat stress.

Effects in reproductive performance

Feeding PFAs to lactating sows increases their feed intake and litter weight at weaning. Above, live born litter size and weight can be improved by feeding PFAs to sows during gestation period. Lower annual sow mortality, lower culling rate during lactation, increased farrowing rate, increased number of live-born piglets per litter and decreased stillbirth are additional benefits reported.

The success of plants is no accident

Increased pressure in terms of food safety, raising concerns about animal health and environmental protection, rising feed costs, increasing antibiotic resistance, strong global tendencies to reduce antibiotic growth promoters – these factors explain why phytogenics are seen among the top solution platforms in animal nutrition for the near future. Due to their content of an infinite variety of active ingredients, phytogenic substances represent one of the most interesting and important classes of current and future feed additives. References are available upon request


We can expect more from new generation NSP enzymes


by Caroline Marandon, Enzyme Product Manager EAME, Adisseo

hanks to an extensive research program achieved by its experts in bioengineering and monogastric nutrition, Adisseo found a solution to get more from NSP enzymes. With Rovabio® Advance, the first “Feedase”, the total digestibility of feed vegetable fraction is improved by 3 percent whatever the type of diet. This article is the opportunity to come back to the mode of action of NSP enzymes and explain why we can expect more nutrients, especially from corn, thanks to innovation. When NSP enzymes were introduced to poultry feed about 20 years ago, the main objective was to reduce digesta viscosity induced by winter cereals. By degrading non-starch polysaccharides, NSP enzymes could also save a significant amount of energy, so the reformulation approach began with

significant feed cost savings. So for the last 15 years, the link between NSP enzymes and energy cost savings is well established in the mindset of nutritionists. Today we know that NSP enzymes could do more, in terms of digestibility enhancement, beyond the only energy criteria. Current products, especially multi-enzymes can already increase the digestibility of amino acids but there are still biological limiting factor that make nutritionists quite conservative when it comes to amino acid reformulation with NSP enzymes. And yet, the challenge of tomorrow is the supply of amino-acids. Now the new generation of NSP enzymes is available: The newly launched NSP enzyme from Adisseo, Rovabio® Advance, allows to extract more from the feed again!

Increasing digestibility of feed by removing the cage effect of NSPs

We always talk about NSPs in grains without knowing exactly

Figure 1: The by-products of NSP degradation then may have some positive effect on the lower gut, but on the first stage, the priority is to open the cells and get the maximum of what is inside

42 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

F where they are, yet, this information may change the way we look at NSP enzymes. A single grain is a composition of millions of vegetable cells aggregated together. Inside each cell are all valuable nutrients that the animal needs: starch, lipids, proteins. Monogastric animals are well equipped to digest those nutrients as they naturally produce endogeneous enzymes like amylase, lipase, and protease. Figure 2: Schematic biochemical structure of AX The problem is that those valuable nutrients are protected by the cell wall. This wall represents a physical barrier which prevents endogenous enzymes to act. This barrier is made the xylose residues (Figure 2). of NSPs. This is those NSPs that we target when using exogenous The residues can even be composed of ferulic acid or other NSP enzymes, which monogastric animals do not produce. The chains, like (feruloylated) arabinofuranose, xylose, galactose by-products of NSP degradation then may have some positive and α-glucuronic acid. The ratio of arabinose to xylose and the effect on the lower gut, but on the first stage, the priority is to content of no-, mono- and di-substituted xylose are variables open the cells and get the maximum of what is inside (figure 1). from the variety and the tissue of the kernel. Corn contains more substituted heteroxylans (80%) than wheat (70%) and has an even higher rate of glucuronic acid (8.3% vs. 2.6% dry matter). The complex world of NSPs Rice has the most substituted soluble AX with a ratio reaching The most common cereals used to feed poultry and swine are 0.98. It has an impact on the efficacy of exogenous enzymes, and, corn and wheat grains. NSP are β(α) polymers located mainly yet, cutting the bonds will improve digestibility even though a in the cell walls of the endosperm but also in the bran. Bran is high level of substitution limits any viscous issue. The higher primarily made of cellulose and complex xylans, both of which is the level of substitution of arabinoxylans the less efficient is include a large amount of lignin. Regarding the endosperm of the the action of xylanases, leading to bad performances of xylanase kernel, arabinoxylans (AX) and β-glucans stand for the major product over corn based diets. In other words, the arabinoxylans part of cell walls. Arabinoxylans have a β-(1,4)-linked xylose in corn are so “hairy” that the xylanases cannot get through. backbone with residues at the C(O)2 and/or C(O)3 positions of

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F Based on this fact, many nutritionist may have decided to not use any NSP enzyme on corn diets.

Figure 3: Performances tests confirming the potential of Rovabio® Advance to save 3 perecnt AME and 3 percent dAA

Arabinofuranosidases: the key to unlock highly subtituted NSPs

Because of their complex structure, AX require several enzymes to be degraded. The main chain is hydrolyzed by endo-xylanases, for sure. However, as explained above, the substitutions hinder their activity. Moreover, most of the endo-1,4-β-xylanases require a long chain of unsubstituted xyloses on the backbone in order to be effective. Endo-1,4-βxylanases have various molecular sizes and different specificities to xylan-like substrates, which makes the process even more complex that only one xylanase cannot cover. Talaromyces versatilis is a fungus that produces various endoxylanases with different molecular sizes and different optimum pH and selectivity or affinity to insoluble or soluble substrates. α-LArabinofuranosidases (Abf) are also produced by this fungus. They can separate arabinose residues from the main chain and provide new possible sites for xylanase to act. As they belong to different families, they can hydrolyze residues from mono- or di-substituted xyloses in both oligo and polysaccharides. The main asset of ABF is also more efficient at a lower pH than the optimum level of endoxylanases. In this way, they act in the upper level of the digestive tract (stomach), and the backbone can be degraded in the rest of the digestive tract by endoxylanases. In simple words, the arabinofuranosidases do the cleaning-up and provide free space for the xylanases to act later on.

Unprecedented efficacy on corn and wheat

Adisseo experts knew from long time experience that a large diversity of NSP enzymes was required to degrade a high and variable diversity of NSPs. While keeping that in mind, we had to find the key to unlock NSPs of corn: the arabinofuranosidases. For wheat diets, the main benefit is on homogeneity of performances; indeed the diversity of enzymatic acitivities is again wider, therefore the risk to be blocked by xylanase inhibitors is reduced. It is now possible to achieve the same performance of enzymes on wheat and corn diets. Rovabio® Advance releases more nutrient for absorption and thus more energy and amino acids for animal growth. This innovation is perceived as a revolution as, so far, no enzyme solution was offered to have an equal return on investment from enzymes when switching from wheat to corn or when including some corn in a wheat diet. Robust testing across a variety of diets shows that Rovabio® Advance, provides a 3 percent improvement of feed digestibility, leading to an increase of 3 percent of apparent metabolisable energy (AME) and 3 percent of digestible amino acids. Trials confirm a consistent improvement of AME in wheat-based diets as in corn-based diets (+ 90 Kcal/kg), representing more than 3 percent of AME in feed, whatever the energy level of the control diet. Furthermore, Rovabio® Advance improves the digestibility of amino acid as proved by trials measuring the performance and carcass parameters of birds in Cern, the Adisseo Center of Expertise and Research in Nutrition (France). Trials based on 44 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

reformulated diets for broilers with a reduction nutrient level compared to control diets confirm that digestible amino acid (dAA) and crude protein content can be reduced by 3 percent to 4 percent ensuring the same performances (FCR and BWG) compared with a positive control diet.(Fig 3). Other trials also demonstrate the efficacy of Rovabio® Advance in improving the digestibility of other nutrients of interest as P and Ca by 3 percent. That is why Adisseo’ experts present Rovabio® Advance as a « Feedase », improving the availability of all nutrients of the feed.

Unique benefits of Rovabio® Advance

Rovabio® Advance is now authorized in EU for broilers and turkeys and is available in different forms (powder at 50 g/t or 500 g/t of feed or liquid at 100 to 200 ml/t) to fit various feed mills application constrains. “Rovabio® Advance is a major innovation from Adisseo R&D teams, leading to a reduction of costs and reduction of nutrient losses” said Franck Chmitelin, Adisseo Vice-President Global sales and Marketing Director. With a potential to replace 3 percent of the AME, 3 percent of digestible amino acids and 3 percent of crude protein in feed, Adisseo offers the possibility to decrease the feed cost by EU€12 per ton of feed treated with Rovabio® Advance. In a feedmill producing 100,000 t of broiler or turkey feed per year, Rovabio® Advance generates an extra margin of at least EU€30,000 per year compared to other available NSP enzymes on the market.




Applied fluid dynamics and OCRIM aspiration endline machines

An OCRIM – FMB study aiming the optimisation of dust recovery in the aspiration and transport lines

mill, as well as most of the production plants, is a set of machines connected to each other and crossed by a continuous (or not) product flow rate; one of its main characteristics is that product flow between the machines can also occur by means of pneumatic transport systems. The design of this “locomotive” apparatus isn’t simple at all: - The right airflow rate for handling the amount of product you want in the various branches of the plant must be guaranteed - Flows have to be not too high in order to limit the suction of “good” product by the fan - Energy consumption and operating costs should be evaluated. In recent years OCRIM activities in R&D, in collaboration with its partner company F.M.B. Eng.In.E., part of the University of Parma, have been strongly addressed toward the optimisation of suction systems and pneumatic transport. In fact, their efficiency directly depends on the proper functioning of the entire milling system. This article will explore what has been done, and what is being done, regarding some of the key components of the suction system and pneumatic transport.

Filtration elements.

When we speak about filtration, we have to consider the separation of air-to-solid phase in general. The separation is generally achieved by means of cyclone separators that exploit the density difference between solid and gaseous phases obtaining the separation, thanks to the combination of both centrifugal and gravitational force. By means of a specific design, cyclones are able to achieve high separation efficiency even with low energy consumption. The sedimentation rate of suspended particles may be, in fact, greatly increased if centrifugal forces are used in addition to gravitational ones. Through extensive use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) a detailed understanding of the phenomenon has been achieved and an optimisation of the cyclone geometry, taking into account all possible operating conditions, has then been possible. Despite the very high efficiencies that have been achieved 46 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Figure 1: Preliminary study of fluid dynamics over an OCRIM cyclone

thanks to advanced design and simulative approach, it is not possible prevent a fraction of product from being sucked by the fan. This product percentage has to be recovered for two main reasons: - So that the plant performance does not decrease - To ensure dust emissions levels into the atmosphere are in compliance with the regulations Such recovery is possible thanks to filters, usually of the “bag” type. An increase in cyclones efficiency positively effects mill productivity; it reduces the amount of product that remains in suspension in the air stream, as well as the operating conditions of the bag filter, it reduces the dust content in the suction pipe, allowing the bag filter to work in less “prohibitive” conditions, ensuring a longer life of the bags and keeping filter cleaner for longer time. For these reasons, it can also be stated that an increase in cyclones efficiency has a positive effect also on bag filter operating conditions, indirectly improving efficiency. These results can be further improved by an advanced design step on the bag filters; this step, currently ongoing, is carried out by means of both computational fluid dynamics and experimental tests. The main goal of this additional step is to significantly increase the intrinsic performance of the bag filter in order to:

F - Further increase bag useful life - Reduce the filter size even maintaining the same filtering surface - Contain pressure losses and, consequently, the energy consumption of the entire plant. To achieve these objectives the research will be focused on three different aspects: 1. Optimisation of filtration material 2. Investigation on the maximisation of the filtering surface; 3. Optimisation of filter design parameters. Research, as well as that conducted for cyclones, proceeds through a close synergy between experimental and simulative activities. This is possible thanks to close cooperation with FMB Eng.In.E, a branch of the University of Parma. FMB Eng.In.E. . FMB is, for OCRIM, an integrated research platform that combines in-depth theoretical knowledge in the field of simulation, modeling and virtualisation of industrial processes, with the advantages associated with the academic world, which are, for example, the availability of high-level know-how, laboratories and advanced equipment. An important investment has been made in order to install at the Department of Industrial Engineering of the University of Parma a pilot plant able to experiment and test different components of a suction system. The plant consists of a series of pipes, a bag filter and a fan, and offers the possibility to connect all the components that have to be tested (pneumatic conveying sections, cyclones, aspirated machines, etc.). This system is very important in order to collect all the data necessary to interpret and validate the results of fluid dynamic simulations. Validation is an essential step in the

development process as it allows us to improve the reliability of the simulation tool that can then be used, subsequently, to test different design configurations without performing, every time, an experimental test. The combined use of fluid dynamics simulation and experimentation allows us to obtain robust and reliable results with lower cost for experimentation, design and prototyping compared to a traditional experimental approach.

Figure 2: OCRIM Test bed at the University of Parma for the study of fluid dynamics AARSEN5039

Feed mills of the future are here today

What does the future hold for feed mill technology? The future is more efficiency, while increasing feed quality. The future is higher production and lower energy consumption. The future is fully automated lines producing lower costs per ton. The future is smart engineering concepts using state-of-the-art technology. The future is here today, with smart feed mills from Van Aarsen.

2015-11-18, Grain & Feed Milling Adv.indd 1

Milling and Grain - June 2016 18-11-15 | 47


F Optimisation of filtration material

Put simply, the purpose of the filter material is to hold dust and let flow air, opposing the least possible resistance to the flowing of the same (low pressure losses). Research is therefore directed towards materials with the same cutoff dimension (minimum size of particles retained) but with an higher air permeability than material currently used. Laboratory tests and, in parallel, simulations allowed the identification of some materials able to ensure the same filtering capability but with a significant reductions in both energy consumption and filtering surface required. These advantages can be translated into an improvement in energy efficiency of the plant and in a reduction of the number of bags and, consequently, of the filter size.

CFD Modeling of different filtering materials

Investigation on the maximisation of the filtering surface

In addition to research on filtration material, an investigation on the geometry of the filter element, in order to maximise the useful surface and then reduce the number of necessary bags, is being conducted.

Figure 4: Preliminary simulation of fluid dynamics over sections inside the filter

48 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Optimisation of filter design parameters

Different solutions and configurations, with the aim of limiting the abrasive effects and particles impact on filter elements, can be evaluated by means of simulation and experimental tests. By changing the geometry, it is possible to distribute the flow more uniformly inside the filter, in order to avoid the presence of excessively stressed elements. The optimal geometry is that which maximises two separation effects inside the machine: the cyclonic effect, which is able to remove the fraction of larger dust, and the filtration effect, which is able to retain the finer particles that “escape” from the cyclonic effect. The cyclonic effect inside the filter also has a protective action against the sleeves for two reasons: - It removes that fraction of heavier powders that have a higher abrasive effect - It allows the air / powder mixture to dissipate much of its energy before its “impact” with bags, thus ensuring a longer life of the filter elements. Thanks to fluid dynamics simulation it is possible to “virtually evaluate” different filter configurations, in terms of both the number and arrangement of the bags in order to identify the configuration that allows to minimise the impact velocity of the air/powder mixture against filter elements. Fluid dynamics simulation in fact, unlike a classical experimental approach, allows us to obtain a complete picture of what happens inside the filter, this means that, moment by moment, the flow distribution inside the filter, and consequently the values of pressure and air velocity at all points of the fluid domain can be known. This is a big advantage with respect to an experimental approach, which only provides data at those points in which measuring tools are positioned. Simulation therefore, allows us to obtain a global evaluation of the performance of each configuration, it allows us to test more configurations with respect to a traditional approach, and thus allows us to find, more accurately and more quickly, the optimal configuration of the system. Thanks to the detailed study of the air flows achievable by means of fluid dynamics simulation, for example, it was possible to define the optimum height of the flat bottom, in the case of a filter with sweeper, in order to minimise its impacts on the cyclonic effect ensuring, also in this case, a longer life of the filter elements.



An overview of swine feed advancements and how they solve problems for today’s producer and the larger global protein crisis by, Brooke Humphrey, Global Swine Technology Director, Cargill Animal Nutrition, Elk River, Minneapolis


or many years, farmers have used a wide range of breeding and nutrition strategies to raise the finest production animals possible. Experimentation with ration formulation, feed efficiency and selective breeding has improved animal health and production quality to unprecedented levels. But along with these strides have come unexpected challenges. While it is true that the global protein deficit is a concern for the production industry, modern farmers struggle on a day-today basis to balance three important dimensions of production: economic profitability, operational management and animal welfare. The feed industry needs to come up with solutions that address the daily needs of today’s producer while taking small steps toward meeting global demand. Recent pig nutrition research from Cargill Animal Nutrition (CAN) demonstrates how providing the right feed at the right time to sows and piglets can ensure producer profitability through animal livability. In turn, the cumulative effect of higher livability in the short-term will potentially have a positive impact on global supply.


In addition to industry strides in nutrition, producers are seeking an improved ability to feed the modern sow as genetic suppliers continue to aim for sows that produce larger litters. With the increase in litter size comes a decrease in piglet birth weight and an increase in nutrient demand. Piglets with a lower birth weight are also less vital and more susceptible to malnutrition and disease. Consequently, the sow must spread its nutrients across more piglets that need better-thanaverage nutrition to survive. More than ever, producers are feeling the pressure to improve livability due to lower birth weights and larger litters. To increase livability, nutrients must first be delivered to the sow. In 2012, Cargill studied around 1,300 sows across four farms in France. The research demonstrated that adding a mixture of antioxidants to a lactating sow’s feed made it possible to increase the quality of colostrum, a type of milk containing antibodies to protect newborns against disease. In essence, the sow’s increased immunity is transferred to its piglets, resulting in higher livability up to the weaning stage. But it’s not just feeding the sow that matters. After weaning, piglets have a critical window before reaching a bodyweight of 25 kg. During that time, optimal nutrition is important, especially for those with a low birth weight. On the neonatal side, that means using milk replacers (liquid products) and creep feed (dry products) as a nutritional supplement to sow milk. By introducing feed in addition to the sow’s milk, piglets not only learn feeding behaviors that help them increase intake after weaning they also receive the digestive support needed to improve feed intake and digestive challenges that are common post-weaning. CAN’s research led to the development of a nutritional supplement that, when combined with the critical window for feed intake, caused increased average weaning weight by 0.5 kg. This improvement is carried over the nursery and growfinishing periods, multiplying the weight advantage by 2.5 and 4 times, respectively. This supplement system has been installed in more than 350,000 sows across several thousand farms, helping reduce piglet mortality rates by an average of 3 percent in the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium. Correct delivery in the neonatal phase is especially important 50 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

F in locations like Europe that do not allow antibiotics or restrict the use of heavy metals. Zinc and copper, cheap additives that have a tremendous benefit to gut function, are restricted there, which increases animal susceptibility to diarrhea and other disease. It is especially important for producers in these regions to find alternate solutions, such as a CAN-researched additive that lowers incidents of diarrhea and improves gain during the weaning transition.


Going beyond a feed form delivery strategy, research at CAN has confirmed that the way in which nutrients are packaged to the animal also have an important effect on performance. Increasing energy intake is most critical in young pigs given the impact of this nutrient on the development of the digestive system. Piglets need to eat as much as possible during their critical intake window, and fat, when packaged correctly, is a key nutrient that helps them do so. Most animals, including humans, have a part of the small intestine called the ileum, which measures nutrients flowing through the digestive tract. When the ileum senses fat in the digestive tract, it sends a hormonal signal to the brain to slow down intake. For humans, this “ileal brake” is a good thing— consuming full fat foods may discourage overeating. But to encourage energy intake in piglets, however, CAN is researching “bound fat,” lipid energy found in foods that haven’t gone through the mechanical process of stripping oil. The ileum can’t sense bound fat, and therefore, doesn’t hit the brake. By feeding pigs ingredients with bound fat instead of unbound or liquid oil to the feed, farmers can see as much as a 6-percent improvement in intake in the nursery phase. While research on bound fat and nutrient delivery is truly at the forefront of feed research, the prospects for the other areas of research on practice management are exciting. The intricacies of animal delivery and digestion are just one part of improving economics, operations and animal welfare, meeting the needs of today’s producer. By taking small steps toward a short-term goal, even little piglets can contribute to feeding the future population of the world.

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Australian spray dried porcine plasma offers solutions to nutritionist and pig producers by, Dr Megan V Edwards, Animal Nutrition Consultant, ACE Livestock Consulting Pty Ltd, [email protected]


pray dried plasma proteins are a relatively new feed ingredient available to Australian farmers. Sonac Australia (Darling Ingredients) is the only company in Australia currently producing spray dried plasma proteins from a range of species including pigs, cattle and sheep for domestic and export markets. The introduction of spray dried porcine plasma to the pig feed industry in Australia has been a huge nutritional and welfare advantage to the pig industry. Local research trials conducting across Australia in a range of settings (research & commercial) have delivered consistent improvements in performance and health. At generous inclusion rates (3-5%) spray dried porcine plasma when offered in well-balanced piglet diets can significantly enhance feed intake and aid in maintaining gut function, integrity and development (Edwards et al., 2012; Hernandez et al., 2010). Digestive development in the immature pig is substrate driven so nutritional strategies, which enhance and maintain feed intake, benefit the newly weaned pig by limiting the negative consequences associated with commercial weaning practices. Interestingly, the benefits provide by plasma equally benefit light and heavy pigs (Hernandez et al., 2010), as well as equally benefiting the progeny of gilts and sows (Edwards et al 2010). Benefits reported from the use of spray dried plasma in Australian pigs include; improved weight gain, improved feed intake, improved feed conversion, improve protein metabolism, improved immunity, reduced mortality and reduced cost of production. A summary of the published studies using Australian produced spray dried porcine plasma is shown below in Table 1. To extract the full value out of spray dried porcine plasma in the diets of young pigs it is important that plasma is carefully formulated into balanced piglet diets. This includes formulating to all 10 essential amino acids and also ensuring the balance of the branch amino acids (valine, isoleucine and leucine) is appropriate to maximise feed intake. Some animal proteins including blood products have an excess of leucine relative to isoleucine. Blood products can be used generously in pig diets when the formulation ensures the balance between leucine and iso-leucine is met and that valine is not limiting (Kerr et al., 2004). With L-Isoleucine and L-valine now available in the feed industry nutritionist can use animal proteins and especially blood products generously with confidence. Sodium is another important nutrient to monitor when Table 1. Summary of published weaner trials done using Australian spray dried porcine plasma. Author


Pig details

Inclusion rate

Performance response

Brewster et al., 2015

12 days

26 day old 8.9kg

Edwards et al., 2012

7 days

28 day old 5.0% SDPP ↑50% ADG Medicated ↑20% ADFI 400ppm CTC gilt progeny 6.68kg 400ppm tilmicosin 28 day old 5.0% SDPP ↑35% ADG ↑10% ADFI sow progeny 8.07kg

Hernandez et al., 2010

7 days

21 day old 5.0% SDPP ↑112% ADG Non-medicated ↑42% ADFI light weaners ↓ 27% PUN 4.9kg

2.5% SDPP ↑12.2% ADG Non-medicated

21 day old 5.0% SDPP ↑78% ADG ↑33% ADFI heavy weaners ↓27% PUN 6.9kg

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F formulating piglet diets which contain animal proteins. Diets need to be formulated to an appropriate sodium level (0.200.50% sodium) as well as being formulated with an appropriate electrolyte balance (160-240 MeQ/kg). These balances can generally be achieved by using a combination of salt (sodium chloride) and sodium bicarbonate. Spray dried plasma products are relatively high in sodium (2.8-3.4%) compared to other protein meals, so it is important that the formulation considers sodium as a nutrient and appropriate minimum and maximum limits are applied. The optimal level of inclusion of spray dried porcine plasma will depend on a range of production factors including; weaning age, weaning weight, nursery facility quality, health status and climate. To benefit from the improved feed intake obtained from the use of spray dried porcine plasma it is recommended that the first diet post-weaning contain at least 4 percent spray dried porcine plasma. It is also recommended, where possible, to use a two phase step down program when using plasma. For example, if your first diet contains 5 percent spray dried porcine plasma it is preferable to have 2.0-2.5 percent

spray dried porcine plasma in the second diet post-weaning to avoid any growth check associated with the withdrawal of plasma from the diet. Where possible it is best to use spray dried porcine plasma in non-medicated feeds. If medication is required it is best if it can be administered via the drinking water. Some medications appear to suppress the appetite stimulating mechanisms associated with the use of spray dried porcine plasma. The combined cost of both

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plasma and medication and any suppress of appetite stimulation can negatively affect the economics of using such products. There does not appear to be any other feed ingredients that have an antagonist relationship with plasma. This is important as spray dried porcine plasma can be used as an effective delivery method to enhance the intake of other functional feed ingredients (e.g. nucleotides, beta-glucans, glutamine, probiotics etc) in the pig. The value of spray dried porcine plasma in the diets of weaner pigs needs to be assessed rather than the cost of the spray dried porcine plasma. New research suggests that the inclusion of spray dried porcine plasma in the diets of young pigs which are being vaccinated, can enhance the whole of life immunity and performance (Pujols et al., 2016). Advantages in nursery exit weights and numbers will only be capitalised on if good nutrition, housing and management are maintained throughout the life of the pig. The use of spray dried porcine plasma should not be viewed as a silver bullet and can not make up for shortfalls in poor nutrition, hygiene, health, management and housing. The use of spray dried porcine plasma also offers nutritionist an increased level of insurance as they move away from the use of in-feed antibiotics and therapeutic levels of zinc oxide (e.g. 2200ppm of Zn or 3kg/T of ZnO). Whilst the exact mode of action is not well understood the inclusion of spray dried porcine plasma appears to offer temporary immune protection, limiting the risk of post-weaning diarrohea and enhance the protein metabolism of the pig. This insurance also allows nutritionists to optimise formulations to effectively support the function of the digestive system and the piglets own ability to maintain a low gastric pH. The removal of feed ingredients like zinc oxide which have high acid binding capacities from the diet of newly weaned pig also delivers secondary benefits including the enhanced activity of acidifiers and pH sensitive enzymes including phytase. When applied well spray dried porcine plasma is appreciated by pig producers and their staff as they can visibly see the improvements in feed intake and appearance of the pigs. One Australian piggery manager made the comment that ‘it is a welfare issue not to feed plasma to pigs’. As the need for good nutrition evolves together with the challenges and opportunities out industry faces, there is a valid and important place for function feed ingredients, including spray dried porcine plasma in the diets of young pigs. The new research by Prof. Paul Iji out of the University of New England also suggests there are valid reasons (nutritional and economical) to include spray dried animal proteins in the diets of young poultry also (Beski et al., 2015).

Leiber brewers’ yeast products for: Improve bioavailability of nutrients & active ingredients Stimulation and support for the body‘s natural defences Binding and inactivation of pollutants & mycotoxins

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oduktanzeige Bierhefe 90 x 270 Rind Milling and Grain Türkisch 04/16.indd 1

09.05.16 10:54


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by Jake Norman, OAL

he hydration of grains is a critical process in the manufacture of Maheu, a grain-based drink widely consumed across Africa. Heating and mixing is a key aspect of the hydration process but an area where to date we have seen minimal change from the status quo. Steam jacketed vessels and agitation are the de facto method for heating products but manufacturers are turning to Steam Infusion advanced heating and mixing as a break from the traditional to process faster with quality benefits. One manufacturer profiting from using OAL Steam Infusion to hydrate maize flour is Dairy Gold, an African Maheu beverage producer based in Zambia. Having sold their business to SABMiller in 2008, Dairy Gold had a good understanding of traditional processing technologies and were in search of new technologies to provide a competitive advantage for their new venture. Re-entering the market they believed there was a big opportunity to reduce operating costs dramatically and improve product quality.

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What is Maheu?

Maheu is a traditional African non-alcoholic beverage made from maize meal, sorgum, sugar, milk solids and fermented with lactic acid. Traditionally homemade, the drink has become a major commercial success displacing sparkling beverages sales due to the nutritious nature of the product. “At this point our company was seriously considering reentering the market but needed to do this with a product and process which was superior to our competitors as well as being cost effective in this very demanding marketplace.” Winani Chowa, Process Development Director, Dairy Gold Ltd.

The Steam Infusion difference

Following their search, Dairy Gold chose OAL Steam Infusion after testing proved the cutting edge Vaction™ technology used in Steam Infusion improved product quality and significantly reduced the system footprint and processing times of maize and other grains. Traditional manufacturing systems are highly labour intensive and suffer from slow processing and production inconsistencies.

F Operators often mix ingredients with paddles in vessels ranging in size from 100L to 1,000L with minimal levels of automation on the line. OAL designed, built and commissioned their new start of the art hydration system in Zambia. Using patented Vaction™ technology, the Steam Infusion system can hydrate maize flour up to concentrations of 12%, at a rate of 15,000 litres an hour using only one 5,000 litre vessel. The maize slurry produced is then fermented at 60 degrees Celsius for 2 hours before continuously passing through 2 Steam Infusion Vaction™ units to heat the final product to 90 degrees before filling.

The Vaction Technology

Steam Infusion is a form of direct steam injection whereby culinary grade steam is directly introduced into a liquid product, with or without particulates. Steam Infusion utilises Vaction™ units on lances located within the vessel to introduce steam into the product. Steam is accelerated within the unit using a unique nozzle design that accelerates the steam to Mach 3 (three times the speed of sound). As this steam comes into contact with the product it creates a large dispersion zone and partial vacuum due to the Venturi effect. The steam then condenses and flows out as a uniform product. The partial vacuum means the unit acts like a pump, so product is pushed out of the unit and replaced with product to be heated. More than one unit can be implemented within a vessel to increase the possible heat transfer rate. Vaction™ units can also be mounted in the line of the pipework for powder entrainment, recirculation and continuous processing. For products with particulates, for instance meat cooks, the Vaction™ unit has a 45mm uninhibited bore so particulates can pass straight through the unit. The Steam Infusion Vaction™ unit has been researched under a £1million government funded Innovate UK project to clearly define the operating envelope and product improvement opportunities offered by the technology. “We are producing a superior Maheu product as well as a wide variety of other ambient drinks,

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Milling and Grain half page horizontal 190 x 132 plus 3mm bleed.indd 1

Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 5711:01:22 29/03/2016


which are also being exported to many other African countries.” Winani Chowa, Process Development Director, Dairy Gold Ltd.

Flexible Manufacturing

Due to consumers changing preferences products that are both smooth and gritty need to be manufactured on the same kit. By altering the steam flow rate through the Vaction™ unit, the level of shear can be increased and decreased allowing manufacturers to change the characteristics of the final product. The installed system is simpler with fewer stages compared to traditional methods. Previously a maize slurry was premixed by hand before heating in a vessel with a steam jacket or a steam coil. The new Steam Infusion system instantly hydrates maize flour on a single recirculation system. Dairy Gold have also benefited from energy savings. Unlike a traditional steam jacket, OAL Steam Infusion is a near perfect heating process with 95% of the steam energy transferred to the product. An area for which the technology has been recognised by both the Guardian Newspaper and Shell Springboard as a clean technology. Zero Burn on Contamination The partial vacuum and short residence time within the Vaction™ unit prevents the exposure of ingredients to excess temperatures in turn preventing product in contact with the kettle surface being burnt and affecting finished product flavour and visual quality. Traditionally easy to burn dairy based products taste fresher and are visually clearer.

What’s culinary steam?

Culinary steam is filtered to be suitable for applications where the steam comes into direct contact with the food product being produced. Culinary steam is generally produced by filtering plant steam through a 5 micron filter to remove 95% of all particles larger than 2 microns than can potentially contaminate the final product.

Elevated temperatures

The Innovate UK research project into Steam Infusion is being conducted at the National Centre for Food 58 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Manufacturing part of the University of Lincoln. At the centre there are various configurations of ways to use the Vaction unit; In-tank, In-line and single pass multi in-line. On the single pass multi in-line grain and cereal slurries can be heated from 10 to 135 degrees C in a single pass. The test centre is available for customers to try out the technology, at steam-infusion/

What’s next?

OAL have seen high levels of interest in Steam Infusion for the hydration of grains and customers are able to visit the National Centre for Food Manufacturing in Holbeach, UK to test the technology. OAL have been working with the University of Lincoln to develop APRIL, a robotic chef that allows users to scale up how chefs prepare restaurant food using flexible robotic cells. APRIL links proven state of the art cooking, including Steam Infusion, and materials handling technologies with automated robotic ingredient loading. A full-scale demonstration system is installed at the University’s National Centre for Food Manufacturing.

About the author

Jake Norman started working at OAL after graduating from the University of Bristol with a degree in Economics & Management. Having previously work ed for Deloitte in both Audit and Consultancy streams, he reco gnised that he could make the biggest impact in an innovativ e SME. Passionate about improving food, Jake has been heavily involved with OAL’s two £1million UK government funded Innovate UK projects seeking to impr ove the cooking (OAL Steam Infusion) and cooling of food products (cryogenic cooling). Jake has spoken about bring disruptive change and robotics in the food industry at various high profi le food technology events including the “South African Association of Food Science and Technologists Congress” Pack Expo, USA and Gulfood, Dubai


Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 59



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atest E R & F Turner touch screen technology display, introduced as standard across its leading 600 breakfast mills At the cutting edge of Great British milling engineering for almost two centuries, Christy Turner has had another busy year in the research & development department. With a history of innovation and fine British engineering the company has introduced a raft of technological advances to its leading flaking and hammer mills, including advanced ‘Touch Screen Technology’ to its leading 600 breakfast mill, ‘Mining -Strength Materials’ to its range of Christy & Norris and Miracle Mill hammers and the creation of a new flaking mill - a conversion of its 600 breakfast mill re-engineered specifically for the animal feed market. A consolidation of highly respected British brands E R & F Turner, Christy & Norris and Miracle Mills, Christy Turner Ltd supplies high quality robust and reliable flaking mills, hammer mills, pulverizers, and associated plant for the breakfast cereal, animal feed, biomass, waste recycling, minerals, chemicals and pharmaceuticals industries around the world. Building upon manufacturing skills and expertise since E R & F Turner started production in 1837, while making the most of modern technological advances, Christy Turner continue to produce machines of choice for manufacturers around the globe. The company’s commitment to innovation and quality has helped it maintain a foothold in a highly competitive international industry, together with its esteemed reputation - built on over 175 years of sound British engineering. E R & F Turner’s flaking mills are possibly the most famous export of the Christy Turner brand family. Over 90 percent of the machines used by UK cereal giant Weetabix at Burton Latimer & Corby sites are E R & F Turner mills - many already offering up decades of service - validating the company’s ‘Built to Last’ reputation.

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Christy Turner’s first major project during the last year was the development of an advanced ‘Touch Screen Technology’ system for its leading 600 breakfast cereal flaking mill. Managing Director Chris Jones said: “Creating machines which are ‘simpler and more hygienic’ are constant themes for our development team. “The introduction of ‘Touch Screen Technology’ to our leading 600 breakfast mill has taken almost a year to develop and implement, including extensive market research on the look and feel to achieve the most intuitive system, using references from across a wide range of industries. “Our original dashboard was a series of lights and buttons with separate panels to control the mill, feeder and cooling system and a high level of training was required to operate the mill and its associated equipment. Supervisor control involved keyed access. On the new touch screen panel, one panel controls absolutely everything and operation can be learnt in minutes.

Original E R & F Turner 600 Breakfast Flaking Mill control panel

“It was very important for us to create a completely intuitive system, which mimics mobile phones and tablets with regards to ease of use. The time and effort in getting the icons and sequencing spot on was worth it, as the feedback has been fantastic. Our machines are exported around the globe so any measures we can introduce which help overcome language barriers are essential.” He added: “The screen is designed to guide the operator through the process using simple colour coding, green for working and red for fault. Certain options, while visible, are greyed out until the machine is ready for each stage, for example the feed cannot be started until the rolls are turning. The sequencing and images provided by the touch screen have turned the panel into a very simple visual instruction prompt which literally trouble shoots and prevents issues arising like, for instance, certain parts of the system being turned on in the wrong order.”

F New Touch Screen E R & F Turner 600 Breakfast Flaking Mill control panel

The new panel uses internationally recognised symbols, rather than text, allowing for multilingual control and the three levels of access for operator, supervisor and maintenance are accessed via passwords, replacing the need for keys. The compact touch screen is also much easier to clean, adding to improved hygiene. The icons were created with Christy Turner’s own engineering design software which generate simplified isometric renderings of the key components of the system. The technology now comes as standard on E R & F Turner 600 breakfast mills. Chris added: “We are really proud of this highly technological addition to our most popular flaking mill and the success of this project, which is in keeping with the company’s historic reputation for innovation.” Meanwhile, on the hammer mill front, mining strength materials have been introduced to the company’s Christy & Norris hammer range which is increasing hammer service life by up to 30%. As OEM suppliers for Christy & Norris & Miracle Mill hammer mills, grinders & pulverizers, Christy Turner are constantly working to improve the wear parts across these machines. During the last year the research team have been particularly focused on improving the wear characteristics of its hammers, sometimes referred to as ‘beaters’, by introducing new materials & profiles. By reviewing new materials & grades proven in the mining industry Christy Turner have been able to offer the best combination of wear resistance and impact strength. Working in partnership with internationally recognised wearpart experts SSAB, manufacturers of Hardox wear plate, Christy Turner have created a line of superior quality hammers with

market-leading longevity. Chris explained: “Hardox has a combination of hardness, impact toughness & yield strength that make it an ideal material for heavy duty hammer mills. The result is even some of our previous wear-optimised hammers can have service life increased by around 30 percent.” The service life of hammers is an important consideration for businesses, that need to factor in the cost of replacing worn hammers, including parts and labour, plus the time it takes to change them, which leaves busy production machines out of action. Inferior quality hammers can also affect the quality and consistency of output and result in increased energy consumption - which is generally the highest running cost of any business.



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Before upgrade

After upgrade

And last, but by no means least, Christy Turner’s third major project during the last year was the creation of a new E R & F Turner flaking mill, specifically engineered for the animal feed market and based on the company’s leading breakfast cereal mill design.

E R & F Turner’s latest 600 Flaking Mill - reengineered specifically for the animal feed market

While the breakfast cereal market is dominated by the need to create tasty and aesthetic flakes that meet both the discerning human palate and eye, the animal feed market has very different requirements. It was this key difference which inspired E R & F Turner’s latest 600 Flaking Mill for the animal feed market. The simplified design enables animal feed producers to install a premium, high capacity flaking mill at a highly competitive price. Chris explained: “The redevelopment of our 600 flaking mill provides real benefits to animal feed producers seeking a high capacity machine. Many manufacturers know and trust the E R & F Turner brand and the after care that comes with it and are attracted to the benefits of our high capacity 600 flaking mill, but animal feed producers simply do not require breakfast cereal style flakes for animal feed, or the prices that come with machines designed to deliver this level of uniformity. “Breakfast cereal capacity is limited by flake quality, as the human consumer does not want compound flakes (doubles) or

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excessive fines in their cereal packet. Flakes also need to be similar in thickness to ensure, when they are toasted, the colours are uniform. However, in the animal feed market, the demands are very different. A higher capacity can be achieved, with fluted rolls to assist feed rates, as the eye of the consumer is not as discerning. A thicker flake is also desirable and helps satiation in the animals.” The mill retains all the necessary features of the proven E R & F Turner breakfast cereal mill - which is already used extensively across the breakfast cereal industry -but is simplified, where possible, to meet the target price range and specific requirements of the animal feed industry. It also offers a more hygienic flaking process and newly restructured pricing tariff, enabling the purchase of a premium brand at various price breaks, dependent on the manufacturer’s needs. The latest 600 animal feed flaking mill - which was launched at Victam 2015 - is designed to handle steam flaked, micronised and extruded grains, maize, wheat, barley, beans, peas and soya. It takes the proven chassis, bearing housings and roll design of the 600 breakfast mill, but incorporates some key benefits exclusively for the animal feed market. E R & F Turner’s 460 and 550 mills are already widely used across the animal feed sector. Sales of the latest 600 animal mill are already coming in with the first due to be installed at Kettering horse feed specialists Dodson & Horrell in the Summer. The 600 animal feed mill also features more open architecture, something which is becoming increasingly desirable in the industry, as it allows for ease of cleaning. Christy Turner are considering rolling this feature out across more mills in its range in the future. Chris added: “We are proud to have introduced such a wide variety of technological advances in the space of a year and will continue to innovate in the milling sector, in line with our company’s tradition of cutting edge, high-quality British engineering. “ Christy Turner still manufacture its machines on site in Ipswich, where E R & F Turner began its historic journey in 1837.



New Farm Africa project to help boost grain trade across East Africa


arm Africa has received a new £3 million grant from the UK Government, through the FoodTrade East and Southern Africa trade enhancement and promotion programme. The grant will support 70,000 smallholder grain farmers in Tanzania and Uganda to gain access to regional export markets. The farmers will be linked to buyers in East Africa using an innovative online trading platform, G-Soko, and other market interventions. While Tanzania and Uganda produce a surplus of staple foods, Kenya only grows enough maize to feed itself one year in every five. Until recently, high tariffs on trade within East Africa meant that it was cheaper for Kenya to import crops from outside Africa. Recent policy developments have helped reduce the barriers to regional trade. The promotion of trade within East Africa is a significant step towards strengthening food security, and creates opportunities for smallholder farmers in these countries to access new markets. Small holders grow around 80-90 percent of the staple crops consumed in East Africa, but many face difficulties accessing markets. Bigger businesses aren’t interested in purchasing

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produce from individual farmers growing small amounts. Smallscale farmers are also disadvantaged by the relatively high cost of inputs such as improved seeds and fertilisers and many have nowhere to store their produce so are unable to wait for a better market price for their crops. To help farmers capitalise on these opportunities, Farm Africa and consortium partners VECO East Africa and Rural Urban Development Initiatives will help Tanzanian and Ugandan smallholders to store their surpluses of rice, maize and beans. These grains will be stored in local aggregation centres, which are linked to certified warehouses that will sell their produce to buyers across the region, leveraging the benefits of the G-Soko platform. The G-Soko platform provides smallholder farmers with a structured trade function, enabling them to trade their produce transparently, earning them better livelihoods. The platform also unlocks access to finance, by allowing farmers to use warehouse receipts as collateral for loans. Warehouses and traders are also able to manage their inventory and plan ahead. The certified warehouses will be moisture-controlled to reduce the incidence of fungal infections that are common when grain isn’t properly dried, and that can lead to whole harvests being condemned. Farm Africa and its partners will address these challenges

F by enabling smallholder farming cooperatives to sell their grain collectively, and build strong ongoing links with private sector grain traders. These links will not only help farmers to earn a better wage, but having better access to buyers will incentivise them to grow higher and better quality yields. Farm Africa’s support to farmers to improve post-harvest practices, access post-harvest technology and improve storage practices and facilities will increase the amount of produce available for sale, help ensure produce meets the required standards and enable farmers to sell outside peak harvest season, contributing towards increased volumes traded and higher prices received by farmers.

Less chance of wastage

Marc Van Uytvanck, Team Leader of FoodTrade East and Southern Africa said, “This project not only helps farmers to find the best contracts and sell their crops at higher-value markets, but also reduces post-harvest losses and stimulates higher production and improved quality of grains and beans. Storing grain and beans in properly managed, certified warehouses means that there will be a lot less chance of wastage, it will provide farmers with secure markets for their grain and beans, and ultimately result in more and higher quality staple foods being traded across the region, strengthening food security and bringing higher incomes to all involved in the value chain.” Steve Ball, country director for Farm Africa Tanzania, says: “By incentivising farmers to grow bigger surpluses and making regional trade easy and affordable, this project will help lift tens of thousands of grain farmers in Tanzania and Uganda out of poverty as well as taking eastern Africa a step closer to agricultural selfsufficiency.”

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Storage project


Richardson doubles capacity at Vancouver Port Terminal and sets shipping records

ichardson International Limited has nearly doubled the storage and receiving capacity of its export terminal in North Vancouver following the successful completion of a US$140-million expansion project. Richardson added an 80,000-metric-tonne concrete grain storage annex to its terminal, increasing storage capacity to 178,000 metric tonnes. The terminal now has the ability to handle in excess of six million tonnes each year to meet growing demand for Canadian grains and oilseeds. Richardson also upgraded and enhanced its rail yard and receiving system to handle and process railcars more efficiently. Building the new grain storage annex was no easy feat. Not only was it challenging to construct the new annex on a narrow strip of land along the North Vancouver waterfront, Richardson’s terminal remained in full operation while construction took place. “For us to complete this project on time and on budget, not only continuing daily operations but exceeding expectations by setting new shipping and receiving records, is an outstanding accomplishment,” says Darwin Sobkow, Executive Vice-President, Agribusiness Operations and Processing. “Our Vancouver project has been a tremendous success story from start to finish and that speaks volumes about the commitment and dedication of our team.” Despite ongoing construction, which began in September 2013 and concluded earlier this year, Richardson managed to set both rail and shipping records at its busy port terminal. While the facility typically ships about three million tonnes of grain each year, it set a new handling record in 2015, shipping 5.2 million tonnes. Richardson shipped 551,000 tonnes of grain in April 2016 alone, beating the previous record of 489,000 tonnes. That same month, the Vancouver terminal received 5,400 rail cars - 200 more than it has ever received in the same time period. “Our Vancouver expansion was a significant investment in our business to ensure we have the appropriate capacity on the West Coast,” says Curt Vossen, President and CEO of Richardson International. “As Canada’s leading agribusiness, we have positioned ourselves globally to efficiently move Canadian grains and oilseeds to emerging markets in Asia-Pacific and other areas, further enhancing our ability to serve our farm customers at home and international buyers around the world.” Richardson International is proud to be truly invested in Canadian agriculture. Recognised as a global leader in agriculture and food processing, Richardson is a worldwide handler and merchandiser of all major Canadian-grown grains and oilseeds and a verticallyintegrated processor and manufacturer of oats and canola-based products. 66 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Storage News



Storage News

Significant investment increases capacity as Port of Tilbury expands grain terminal Port of Tilbury announced on April 01, 2016 plans for a major storage expansion at the port’s Grain Terminal as part of the port’s growth strategy. The investment will see storage capacity increase to accommodate up to an additional 16,000 metric tonnes of both import and export wheat at the Thames based port. The grain terminal at Tilbury is one of the UK’s largest, handling over 1.4million tonnes annually of combinable crops for both the export and UK markets. The grain terminal has a current storage capacity of 120,000 tonnes and works with key customers including Frontier, Allied Mills and ADM. This multimillion pound investment will see a new flat storage facility built adjacent to the existing grain terminal and will utilise the mill gallery conveyor system with overhead conveyors feeding the new storage unit automatically. Construction work will begin in April with an expected completion date of the third quarter of 2017. Commenting on the partnership, Peter Ward, Senior Asset Manager at The Port of Tilbury said: “This is a significant investment in the Grain Terminal for our customers. As volumes increase in both the grain import and export markets, it’s essential that we have the storage facilities to handle this additional volume. This multimillion pound investment will ensure that the terminal remains the key strategic facility in the South East of the UK for the grain import and export markets.” As part of the port’s growth strategy, they recently announced the acquisition of 152 acres of land and deep water jetty facilities at the former site of the Tilbury Power Station. Forth Ports intends to use this land to extend current operations with the creation of a new port, to grow to meet the needs of their customers and market demands.

68 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain [email protected]

Symaga obtains ATEX Certification

We have developed a brand new accessory on the roof: Polyamide bolt-nut system

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Industry profile




Expansion into China, North Africa and beyond

by Andrew Wilkinson, Milling and Grain

olfetto Sangati was born from the blending of the unique skillsets of different leaders in the milling engineering and cereal handling industries. Based in the heart of Veneto, one of the most industrially developed areas of northern Italy, and boasting an ever expanding workforce that has now swelled to over 200 employees who oversee the building of projects right from the initial design stages; right up to the delivery of the final product. Golfetto Sangati develops, builds and installs turnkey plants of durum and wheat mills, maize mills, animal feed plants, rice mills, ship loading and unloading systems, storage for raw materials and finished products. In the past, the Italians have mainly focussed on the European markets. However, following a recent successful expansion into China, Milling and Grain magazine met their CEO, Mr Claudio Zavatta to ask him how he felt the Chinese venture was progressing, how the company plan to increase their global influence and any issues that he believed were vital to ensuring that Golfetto Sangati continues to consolidate their position as a global manufacturing superpower.

Eastward progression

“This past year has been immensely profitable,” said Mr Zavatta, with turnover currently up ten percent on 2014, with much of this success owing much to a growing presence in the Chinese market; which in the past year alone has increased by as much as 50 percent. How has this happened? Well, Golfetto Sangati now boast their 70 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

very own completely separate, independent Chinese company that features entirely unique engineering, manufacturing and sales departments. The Chinese venture means that the company’s structure now dictates that all components manufactured in China are only sold in China, South Africa and India, with the Italian based facility serving all other foreign markets. However, the focus at the Chinese plant is still set very firmly on both quality and the employment of their ‘best practice’ philosophy. The Chinese workforce are also trained by Italian staff who impart their vast knowledge on all matters concerning engineering, technology, software tutoring and workshop supervision to their Chinese counterparts, and Mr Zavatta visits himself every three months to ensure that the Golfetto Sangati passion for excellence and attention to detail are maintained at all stages of the manufacturing process.

Maintaining global influence

Although Italy is still their main market and therefore their number one priority, some of the company’s focus has recently switched to establishing a foothold in North Africa. Mr Zavatta takes great satisfaction from the fact that they now have a presence in the Algerian market; the appointment of a locally born individual with well over twenty years’ milling experience in France and an in-depth knowledge of local cultural matters is seen as being absolutely crucial to the company’s success in North Africa. Golfetto Sangati passionately believe that their increased capacity in Algeria will also have a positive influence on their market share in the neighbouring countries of Morocco and Tunisia; they also hope in the future to make waves further afield in countries such as Egypt and Iran - with the latter highlighted as having “great potential,” with some fantastic opportunities now

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The Complexity of Balancing Sanitary Drying and Efficiency

that UN sanctions have been lifted. As well as in the Middle East, the Italians also have plans to expand into several South American countries too, with the UK and Ireland also being firmly in their sights.

The importance of investing in young people

In addition to their desire to increase their global market share, Golfetto Sangati also place a very high value on investment in the future generation of milling industry employees. However, Mr Zavatta’s plans extend far beyond just training millers. In order to be able to staff the milling industry of tomorrow, he believes that training in areas such as marketing and sales are also key to the entire industry’s future success, as many of the connections between industry employees are forged through relationships that develop over time. It certainly would seem that the aim of this policy is to ensure that by investing in the younger generation, this will ensure that future inter-generational passing of the milling industry baton will be as seamless and organic as is possible.

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Long term strategy

Planning for the future appeared to be a common theme in everything Mr Zavatta discussed with us. As well as broader goals of international expansion and investment in the next generation, he also outlined more detailed plans such as their intention to employ 3-4 more engineers in 2016. In the much longer term, Mr Zavatta also discussed his ambition for their own milling school, very much like the Pavan school which offers a variety of 5 day courses on how to mill a variety of pastas and snacks, but with the addition of courses that focus on milling tech tuition, pre-extrusion and drying tech. With such plans for growth and expansion, and with one eye trained firmly on the future of milling, it is certainly very evident that Mr Zavatta has many great plans in place that will ensure that he leaves in very positive legacy, and in doing so, guarantee that Golfetto Sangati is one company that is a force to be reckoned with for many generations to come.

Contact a dryer specialist today at 785-284-2153 or visit us online at

P.O. Box 8 100 Airport Road Sabetha, KS 66534, USA Phone: 785-284-2153 Fax: 785-284-3143 [email protected]

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Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 711/7/16

2:11 PM



Smart Elbow® installation at Miller Brewing


Smart Elbow® installation at Miller Brewing brought in US$30,000 under budget

t Miller Brewing Company’s Fort Worth, TX, facility, staff engineer Roy Marin was faced with an interesting problem two years ago – a problem that was solved by using the patented HammerTek Smart Elbow® deflection elbow. The Smart Elbow® deflection elbow provides change of direction in pneumatic and slurry conveying systems without the wear, plugging, product degradation or contamination problems which characterise sweep elbows and plugged-tee equipped systems––and does so in far less space. At the very beginning of the brewing process, grain is unloaded from rail cars and sent to storage silos. The automatic diverter that switched the unload line from one silo to another (depending on whether corn or barley was being stored or if a silo was already filled) had been consistently a source of maintenance and housekeeping problems. Miller decided to replace the diverter unit with a new piping panel. And here the interesting problem developed: How to accomplish the intended installation in the physical space available? There simply wasn’t enough room for a piping manifold using 1.25 m radius sweep elbows, twelve of them, in the preferred location at the base of the silos. In the process of researching a solution to this engineering challenge, Marin became intrigued by the possibility of using Smart Elbow® deflection elbows. It became clear from the information Marin acquired that they could be an ideal solution. Not only would they meet the tight space requirement, but they would also minimise damage to the hulls of the barley passing through them. Reduced product degradation was an important consideration, as the hulls have a filtration function in the brewing process. The new piping panel was designed accordingly. It incorporates twelve 15-cm Smart Elbow® deflection elbows and requires a floor area about 2 m wide by 1.5 m deep. From the panel, a vertical rack, containing twelve 15-cm pipes in two parallel ranks of six each, rises 29 metres to the top of the silos. There, another dozen Smart Elbow® deflection elbows send the conveyed grain to the appropriate silos for storage. Only three support braces were necessary. The centre support functions primarily as a lateral brace because it is not necessary as a load bearer. In addition to making the panel installation possible in the desired location’s limited space, using Smart Elbow® deflection elbows has 72 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

provided Miller’s Fort Worth operation with additional benefits. These 29-metre pipes were assembled on the ground and then stepped into their racks, greatly reducing costly crane time. The total installation was completed several days early. It also came in approximately US$30,000 under budget projections (the price of the elbows included), primarily due to savings in design and installation time. According to Marin and his fellow engineer at Fort Worth, Mickey Brownlow, designing the project was easier because only three supports were needed over the entire length of the rack, and the top elbows could simply be rotated on their flanges to reach different silo locations. Installation was easier and faster because the pipes could be fabricated and flanges attached on the ground. The completed pipe could then be stepped into the rack as an assembly, saving a substantial amount of expensive crane time. In the two years since installation, there has not been a single problem with any of the HammerTek Smart Elbow® deflection elbows. In fact, the spare elbow that was purchased for the panel installation was recently used to replace a conventional sweep h The Smart Elbow® design features a spherical chamber that protrudes partially beyond the desired 90º or 45º pathway, which causes a ball of material suspended in air to rotate, gently deflecting incoming material around the bend without impacting the elbow wall or generating heat––despite the short-radius design.n

elbow that continually wore through in the unload line that feeds the new panel. The Smart Elbow® deflection elbow is available in a variety of materials and a wide range of pipe and tube sizes. The short-radius design of the Smart Elbow® deflection elbows saves space. They may also be rotated on their flanges for greater design flexibility and installation ease. These 29-metre pipes were assembled on the ground and then stepped into their racks, greatly reducing costly crane time. The Smart Elbow® design features a spherical chamber that protrudes partially beyond the desired 90º or 45º pathway, which causes a ball of material suspended in air to rotate, gently deflecting incoming material around the bend without impacting the elbow wall or generating heat––despite the short-radius design.

MARKETS OUTLOOK Funds fail to buck the markets

by John Buckley

Like maize, soyabeans – the main cost-driver for the meal markets - have also experienced some tightening up of their old crop supply balance this month. The main factor has been flooding in Argentina just as the crop nears or reaches harvest, leading to predictions of crop losses of three to five million tonnes.

Grain & feed markets have been volatile in the past month, futures prices initially rising sharply on ‘outside’ buying, then dropping back again under the weight of more bearish supply news - with the notable exception of soya. The ‘outside’ influences were speculative funds looking for fresh investment opportunities amid disappointment with returns from stock markets. Their revived interest in raw materials was also encouraged by signs that the global economy might finally be working through the worst of the recession as crude oil rallied further off its recent 12-year lows and other ‘industrials’ like metals also saw a mini-revival. Grain and oilseed markets joined the fray when the funds, long used to selling grain futures short (i.e. betting on further price falls) decided they might have overdone that strategy and embarked on a large covering buying spree. Weather fuelled uncertainty in the Americas In the US maize market, the funds even went net long (backing price rises) as some crop weather events suggested supply might significantly underperform forecasts. The funds had already been ‘long’ soyabean futures for a while, despite the huge surpluses overhanging this market. Fundamental support for maize was linked mainly to hot dry weather in Brazil, threatening to lop several million tonnes off the country’s second or Safrinha corn crop. Some analysts said this could reduce export availability by as much as 5million to 10million tonnes. Until this month, the USDA had been forecasting Brazil’s corn exports would rise in the 2015/16 season (which ends August 31) by about 15.5million tonnes, to a new record 37.5million. That would effectively replace this season’s reduced maize crops in Ukraine, Europe and South Africa as well as taking some market share away from the top supplier, the USA. Incessant rain was meanwhile plaguing the Argentine soyabean harvest, threatening to reduce a near record 59million tonne crop by 3million to 5million tonnes and possibly spoiling quality of some of the rest. In North America, traders were also starting to get edgy about spells of rain interrupting US sowing of 2016 maize and soyabean crops. Maize planting had actually got off to a flying start – and is slightly ahead of the long-term average – 60-70 percent done as we go to press. But with rain still causing problems in some key areas, there remains a risk of sowing falling behind and maybe not meeting the higher acreage forecast by the USDA for this year. Soyabeans have more time to get sown in the optimum window so could actually end up benefitting from any spare acreage abandoned by maize planters. If rains do linger on, this could become a more significant factor supporting maize prices and perhaps weighing down on soya. The combined effect of the American weather stories and fund buying was to push up the bellwether Chicago maize futures market in late April to a nine-month high of over $4/bushel (about $158/tonne) - almost 16 percent over its early April low. Since then, however, the price has come all the way back down to the US$3.60’s.

74 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

That’s despite a firming up in prices asked by the ‘Black Sea’ maize exporters responding to the region’s strong export sales, last year’s smaller-than-expected Ukrainian crop and a firming Russian rouble. However, a strong counter-balance to all this is Argentina expecting another larger-than-usual corn crop in the wake of a freer trade regime adopted by its recently-elected new government. Reconsidering this season’s overall global grain surplus The price reversal also seems to have partly reflected a reconsideration of this season’s overall global surplus of the grain. For a third year running, world maize stocks are expected to equal about 21 percent of annual consumption needs. That compares with just an average for the previous three seasons. The coming season’s global maize crop is also expected by bodies including the US Department of Agriculture, the International Grains Council and the UN Food & Agriculture Organisation to be another large one. The IGC has recently raised its forecast to from 993million to 998million tonnes – 25million more than last year’s. Although consumption is seen to be rising too, stocks are still expected to increase yet more, to around 208million tonnes. The first USDA take on the 2016/17 is being released just as we go to press, offering a similarly bearish view of supply. It sees new season’s global maize output rising by 42million tonnes to 1.011billion on the back of larger crops in countries including the US itself (+21million tonnes), Argentina (+7million), the EU (+6.2million), South Africa (+6.5 million) and India (+2 million).

The main odd man out is China, where cutbacks in government subsidies are seen slashing output by about 6.6 million tonnes. Interestingly, USDA sees world maize consumption almost exactly keeping pace with the expansion in supply, rising by 43 million tonnes as feed users respond to what are still low prices in historical (let alone inflation-weighted) terms and taking the opportunity to expand livestock, herds. The biggest gains in maize use are expected to take place in the US (+9.2 million) and China (+9.5

Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 75

million), the rest spread over most of the regular maize consuming countries. None of this is really that supportive of higher maize prices going forward. The CBOT futures market’s forward prices suggest that by the spring of 2017, corn will be worth about 6% more than it is now but this is really little more than a ‘carrying’ premium to pay for storage. Futures aren’t always right but it’s interesting to note that if we look back to May 2015, they were pointing to maize at about $4 per bushel a year hence – close to the recent high mentioned above. While maize and soyabean fund buyers have recently been able to justify some ‘risk premium’ on prices from weather upsets, wheat’s inclusion in the fund purchasing spree has seemed less logical, more case of this market ‘going along for the ride while the investor mood lasts. At one point recently, the CBOT wheat futures front month did get as high as US$5.10/bu (about US$187/tonne) which was its best since early November last year. Subsequently it has come back down to the US$4.40s ($186/t). The European milling wheat futures contract achieved more modest gains, the last current crop month firming up to €157 before sliding back recently to about €147/ tonne, where it expired this month. EU milling futures market The first position quoted on the EU milling futures market now is new-crop September which has been trading in the low €160’s/ tonne. Going forward, the price rises to about €178 by September 2017 and €183 for the 2018 crop. So futures point to milling wheat being about 11 percent more expensive next autumn and 14 percent up the year after that (i.e about 20 percent over the recently-expired old crop price). While 2018 price forecasts, for crops not even sown yet, are highly speculative, the case for some wheat price premium going forward might be made on a couple of factors. One is that the EU will probably reap a smaller crop this year (but not that much smaller than last year’s record one). The other is the need to get the price up from the current ‘red-line’ level to one at which farmers can afford to grow the crop. Looking at the broader global supply context for wheat, new crop (2016/17) production is currently forecast by both the UN Food & Agriculture Organisation and the IGC about 4million tonnes higher than last month at about 717million tonnes – about 2.2 percent down on the year. The IGC sees consumption down from 719 to 715million tonnes but the FAO has it more or less unchanged, food use rising slightly to offset a small drop in feed consumption. Overall, this still leaves wheat stocks at a burdensome 218m tonnes according to the IGC or 195million in the FAO data. The latter is down by about 8million tonnes on the year which is not really enough of a fall to turn this market around. The newly minted USDA forecasts for wheat are even less supportive, envisaging a mere one percent fall in world production in 2016/17, or about seven million tonnes from last year’s record 734million (which was also raised by about 3million tonnes from USDA’s April estimate). Declines in 2016/17 wheat output are seen mainly in Europe (-3.5m tonnes), Turkey (-2 million), Ukraine (-3.2 million), the US (-1.4 million) and smaller producers (a combined 5.5m tonnes). These are partly offset by gains in countries including Argentina (+3.2 million) and Russia (+2 million).

76 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

The impact of a smaller global wheat in 2016/17 is diluted by the USDA’s forecast that world consumption will fall too, by 4.4 million tonnes to 712 million, led by EU (-2 million) and China (-1.5 million). In both cases this is attributable to a switch to maize feeding (the EU using more of its expected larger 2016 maize crop and China using more of its huge maize surplus stocks). USDA’s bottom line for wheat supplies next season, then, is even larger surplus, ending stocks carried into 2017/18 rising from this year’s record 243million tonnes to a new peak of 258million. That mammoth number is mitigated somewhat by the fact that 45% of it will be held in China where it is considered more or less’offmarket.’ Nonetheless this is a burdensome world total, much of which will be concentrated in exporter countries. The EU for one is seen carrying out stocks in July 2017 close to the 19million tonnes with which it finishes 2015/16 next month. We have to go back 11 years to find a larger figure (24m). Even larger surplus wheat stocks are likely to be held in the USA – a staggering 28m tonnes versus an average 19m over recent years. Large stocks provide a substantial cushion against any unforeseen crop weather problems going forward and, as in the maize market, offer no real incentive for consumers to stock up or ‘outside’ speculators to invest in wheat. It should also be noted that wheat markets have not had the weather support that maize and soyabeans have enjoyed in the period under review. Currently, all the weather auspices are good for Europe, Russia and the USA where crops should come close to, match or maybe even exceed predicted levels.

actually falling by 1.6percent. EU maize imports that ballooned last season to compensate for a disappointing domestic crop, should sink back if this year’s forecast better harvest materialises. Even if that is offset by more imports into drought-hit southern Africa, the USDA still sees world maize trade staying flat at 133m next season. China remains a key factor to watch in the maize and soya markets. In recent months, it gave the trade a jolt when it decided to abandon years of expensive support for domestic maize production and start drawing down some of the huge stocks it accumulated in the process. The influence of Chinese soya production At over 100million tonnes, these currently equated to half the world stock total and half Chinese annual consumption, so these will take some time to reduce. In the long run smaller Chinese maize crops might lead to higher dependence on imports. That has already with soyabeans, Chinese production of which stalled years ago, making it the largest global importer of the oilseed. (Interestingly Chinese soya crops might start to recover in futureif they takeup land freed by cutbacks in maize sowings). In the near/medium term though, this shift in policy by the world’s second largest maize producer will probably mean steep reduced demand for foreign maize and products (chiefly dried distillers’ grains). It may also bring to an end the sales bonanza that US sorghum and EU barley exporters have enjoyed to Chinese feed users in the last couple of years. The loss of the Chinese market may have consequences for value of these commodities and possibly their future sowing plans. Less demand for DDGs, the main by-product of the US ethanol industry (which uses over 40 percent of US maize production) may also affect the green fuel’s profit margins.

There are a few exceptions Ukraine had a poor start to winter sowing plagued by drought, yet seems to be improving after a mild winter and recent good rains. India’s crop was hit by drought earlier and rain on the harvest but, thanks to its large carryover stocks, its imports are not expected to raise enough to materially affect global prices. Canada’s stocks have been drawn down to unusually low levels over two years of smaller crops and relatively strong exports - but its 2016 outlook is currently for marginally higher production. Australia’s crop has meanwhile remained large enough to maintain its usual export role while Argentina – which left the ‘Big Five’ wheat exporters’ club in recent years, is making a significant comeback. World trade also has an important role in cereal price making and here too the outlook for consumers is fairly encouraging. For 2016/17 at least, there are currently no surges foreseen in world wheat or maize import demand big enough to spark price rises. In recent weeks the general level of import tender interest has been routine at best for both wheat and maize. Wheat may pick up a bit more North African business after recent dryness in Morocco and some other parts of the MENA region but Iran is seen taking less and the USDA sees world total imports 78 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

The tightening up soyabean crop supply balance Like maize, soyabeans – the main cost-driver for the meal markets - have also experienced some tightening up of their old crop supply balance this month. The main factor has been flooding in Argentina just as the crop nears or reaches harvest, leading to predictions of crop losses of three to five million tonnes. The USDA’s latest take on this is probably a bit conservative, lopping off only 2.5million tonnes from its April forecast. However, along with one million coming off Brazil’s and 1.4million off India’s harvest, it leaves world output 4.3million tonnes lower than last month. World soya crush on the other hand has gone up by 1.75million tonnes leaving ending stocks tighter than expected. The problems in Argentina have also diverted more soyabean import demand to the USA, supporting higher crush too and resulting in end-season stocks, there being cut by 1.6million tonnes – more than the markets expected. The USDA’s first forecast for next season suggests the world soyabean crop will resume its long term uptrend with larger South American and Indian crops (both +4.3million tonnes), only partly offset by a predicted 3.5million tonne fall in this year’s US harvest. More bullishly though, the USDA sees demand expanding by more than supply, leading to a six million tonne drawdown in global soyabean stocks. At 68million tonnes (by September 2017) these would be 10million tonnes or 12 percent below this season’s starting level. Within that total, the US stock is still expected to be relatively large at some 8m tonnes but one third less than the

the biggest growth factor in meal demand will be China (+4m). News this month that China’s March soyabean imports had soared 33% on the year to a new record 7.07m tonnes seem to support this bullish outlook for its longer term demand.

12million - plus it is expected to carry into the new season this September (now also reduced to 10.9million). However, it’s possible USDA is under-rating this year’s US production potential – especially if planted area expands on raindelayed maize land beyond the official 82.2million acres (some say it could add one to two million acres) – or fine weather (after all that rain) builds higher yields than the USDA’s forcast ‘trendline’ 46.7 bu/acre. Although third largest soyabean exporter, Argentina is the main soya meal exporter, supplying the world with twice as much meal as Brazil and three times the US total. The European Union, in turn, is the world’s largest importer of soya meal, expected to take in about 21.7m tonnes next season or about one third of global exports of the commodity. The USDA expects world soya meal production to expand by about 7.5m tonnes in 2016/17 compared with 12m this season. As usual

Fund buying has helped to boost soyabean prices CBOT soyabean futures in May traded 23 percent over their March lows and well over US$10/bushel, quite a feat given that this market was expected to be weighed down with surplus to as low as US$7 last autumn. Fund buying has helped boost prices but the shortfall in Argentine output and the sustained strong demand from China have played their part too. Among the other major oilmeals fed in the industrialised world, rapemeal production will decline with smaller world crop with declines expected in Europe, the CIS countries, Canada and China. Sunflower meal supply might edge up slightly with larger crops in the EU, Russia, Ukraine and Argentina this year - but not by enough too much impact the broader price trend. The US futures price for soya meal has risen by about one third in recent months. As the leading oilmeal (over 70 percent of the global total) it will continue to lead a firm trend across the protein sector in the months ahead, especially if the US gets one of its summer weather scares. The retreating El Nino climate cycle now underway is often linked to drier, hotter US summers that could be adverse for soya yields. That may be one reason why the funds have so consistently backed this market amid what is still a relatively large global stockpile of the commodity.


Norwood and Company

EXPAND With four generations of experience in the grain, feed, flour milling and wood industries our family would be more than happy to help you design, build, repair or expand any new or existing grain facilities We also offer a large variety of new and used grain equipment to help meet your needs norwood_hp.indd 1 80 | June

2016 - Milling and Grain

REPAIR Contact us on: Fred Norwood, President; Tel: +1 405 834 2043 Brandon Norwood, Vice President; Tel: +1 785 822 4109 10/02/2015 17:30

Industry events 2016

n 14 June 2016

IGC Grains Conference 2016 Jumeirah Carlton Tower Hotel On Cadogan Place Knightsbridge London SW1X 9PY, UK

n 15-16 June 2016

Cereals Chrishall Grange, Nr Duxford, Cambridgeshire, UK

n 27-29 July 2016

Indo Livestock Jakarta Convention Center

n 13-16 September 2016

SPACE 2016 Parc-Expo Of Rennes Airport La Haie Gautrais 35170 Bruz France

n 08-11 October 2016

International Baking Industry Exposition Las Vegas Convention Center, Las Vegas, NV, USA

n 24-27 October 2016

IAOM MEA Millennium Hall, Airport Road, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

n 04-06 November 2016

CICFOGRAIN2016, CICFOFEED2016, CGOF2016 No. 50, GanJiang South Road, Honggutan New District, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China

n 09-10 November 2016

JTIC Paris Event Center 20 Avenue De La Porte De La Villette 75019 Paris - France

n 15-18 November 2016 EuroTier Messe Hannover, Germany

n 13-14 December 2016

Biomass Handling, Feeding and Storage Kent, UK

Contract Packaging Association continues partnership with IPACK-IMA


he Contract Packaging Association announces a continued partnership with IPACK-IMA, one of the largest global exhibitions for processing, packaging, converting and logistics. CPA began working with IPACK-IMA at the Pack Expo International in 2014. In 2015, CPA sent a delegation to the IPACK-IMA exhibition to investigate synergies and opportunities for both organisations to expand their global exposure. CPA plans to attend the next exhibition - hosted every three years in Milan, Italy - taking place May 29 through June 1, 2018. “These strategic opportunities [like working with IPACK-IMA] allow Italian manufacturers to tap into the entrepreneurial drive of CPA members with the joint vision of global synergy,” CPA Executive Director John Mazelin said. According to CPA Member Communications Director Nikki Johnson, this partnership provides a tactical opportunity to supply resources on a scalable range, from local entry to nationwide coverage. “The Contract Packaging Association represents an increasingly important sector in the packaging industry,” says Riccardo Cavanna, President, Ipack Ima srl. “We are especially pleased with the partnership of this American association to be continued on the occasion of IPACK-IMA 2018, a strategic platform for their members for high-level technological update and new business development.” CPA is the national, not-for-profit trade organisation for the contract packaging industry. CPA was formed in July 1992, for contract packaging firms and those businesses related to them in order to promote the growth and welfare of member firms. Members are comprised of the nation’s leading contract packagers as well as suppliers to the industry, performing all packaging functions: from the glamorous to the hazardous and the simplest to the most complex. CPA members offer these packaging services to an extremely wide variety of consumer goods companies and brand owners.

THE EVENT REGISTER Get comprehensive event information with our events register Visit for more information

82 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

WELL DONE One of Canada’s leading millers with more than 34 years in flour industry, selected Alapala for its turn-key flour mill project in Quebec.

The mill with 200T/24 hrs capacity was completed in 5 months and came into operation in the 1st quarter of 2016.

Industry events Registration now open for GEAPS Inspire 2016 July leadership symposium focuses on communications skills and generations in the workplace Registration is now open for GEAPS Inspire 2016, a leadership symposium for progressive grain professionals. The conference will be held July 19-20 at the Mall of America Parkview Conference Centre. Admission is free for GEAPS members and US$249 for nonmembers. The conference starts with speaker Mark Hourigan on Tuesday afternoon at 1 p.m., followed by a social networking event at 5:30 p.m. Wednesday will begin with breakfast and GEAPS Annual Meeting at 7:30 a.m., followed by speaker Sarah Sladek at 9 a.m. and a golf outing at 1:30 p.m. Due to limited space, Inspire 2016 is limited to 150 participants.

Social networking events

Inspire 2016 will feature a pair of social networking options: bowling, billiards and arcade games at Sky Deck Sports Grille & Lanes at the Mall of America Tuesday evening and a golf scramble Wednesday afternoon at The Wilds Golf Club to raise funds for GEAPS Foundation. The Mall of America and Sky Deck social event are family-friendly activities. Registration for the Sky Deck party is US$55 for adults, and US$25 for kids 18 and under. Registration includes games, heavy appetisers and drink tickets. Discounted wristbands for Nickelodeon Universe are also available, for more information email Betsy Polis, or call +1 763 999 4300. Golf is US$160 per person, and requires a separate registration form. Each golf registration includes a US$50 donation to the GEAPS Foundation. Rental clubs are available upon request.


GEAPS has reserved discounted guest rooms at the Radisson Blu

XXVII FEFAC Congress in Antalya: ‘Social acceptance of livestock & feed production in the EU’ On 21-22 April 2016, the FEFAC XXVII Congress took place in Antalya, with the conference title ‘Social acceptance of livestock & feed production in the EU’. At the Congress, the guests received a warm welcome from FEFAC President, Mr Ruud Tijssens, and TURKIYEMBIR President, Mr Ülkür Karakuş. The participants discussed the compound feed industry’s contribution to the circular economy, the measuring of the environmental footprint of feed production and the responsible sourcing of raw materials; whilst attempting to establish a means by which the way could be paved for increased societal acceptance of modern sustainable feed and livestock production systems. In the first session, speakers from DG SANTE and EFSA shared their outlook

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Speakers Mike Hourigan ‘Communication: It’s not part of it it’s all of it!’ The biggest time waster is miscommunication. In many work environments it seems like the biggest problems emerge from the simplest communication mistakes. Up to 75 percent of your day is spent communicating and good communication skills are part of everything. Learn how to deal with some of the most difficult communication problems encountered every day. Sarah Sladek, XYZ University ‘Generations @ work’ Organisations today find themselves managing radically different generations. Engaging younger generations has emerged as a major challenge. Learn how to foster a culture of collaboration, acceptance and productivity. Measure and bridge talent gaps and inspire each generation for greater success. Hotel. Rooms start at US$179, and are available from three days before the symposium through three days after. Reserve your room online, or call +1 952 881 5258 and mention you are with the Grain Elevator and Processing Society.

Sponsorship opportunities

GEAPS invites companies to share their brand with the progressive grain industry professionals in attendance by sponsoring Inspire 2016. Opportunities range from providing coffee or snacks, an event souvenir or an exclusive title sponsor. Sponsorships are also available for the golf tournament. For more information on the sponsorship program, contact Brittany Labatt at [email protected] or on +1 763 999 4300.

on creating a “win-win” situation both for European Consumers and operators in the EU feed and food chain, paving the way for increased societal acceptance of modern sustainable feed and livestock production systems, based on the Circular economy approach, taking on board latest risk assessments at global and EU level on alternative feed ingredients. FEFAC experts, national regulators and key food chain partners also discussed their views and respective expectations and demands with regards to the role of feed production in the circular economy. The discussions on all themes supported the view that the feed industry can provide solutions to livestock production with direct benefit for consumers and citizens, thereby stimulating increased societal acceptance of EU’s livestock and feed sector. In a video statement, European Commissioner for Health & Food Safety, Vytenis Andriukaitis, highlighted the contribution of animal feed manufacturers

to the circular economy and food waste reduction by using resources no longer suitable for human consumption in animal feed. The participants agreed with Commissioner Andriukaitis that it is of vital importance to assure feed safety and animal health when using unconventional feed ingredients in order to maintain consumer confidence. At the Congress it was highlighted that the current political attention for circular economy and resource-efficiency provides an excellent opportunity for the feed industry to showcase its contributions to reducing environmental impacts. A key achievement in demonstrating the results of this approach is the development of pre-competitive measurement tools for environmental performance, such as the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF). In the Feed PEF Pilot the category rules for feed production are currently being drafted and expected to be assessed and approved by DG ENVI in 2016.

USGC launches aqua DDGS promotion program in Egypt


S Grains Council (USGC) staff and consultants conducted a program in Egypt recently to promote distiller’s dried grain with solubles (DDGS) in aqua rations. This program was done in conjunction with Mirasco, a USGC member company that has a large client base within the Egyptian aquaculture Hesham Hassanein, USGC industry. regional director for the “Egypt has the most active Middle East and the largest aquaculture industry in the region,” said Hesham Hassanein, USGC regional director for the Middle East and Africa. “But this growing sector only has limited knowledge of the technical and economic advantages of using corn coproducts in fish feeds.” To assess this industry’s potential to utilise US DDGS in their feed formulations, this week’s mission included site visits to large and growing fish farms. “During the site visits, we saw that average aqua production in Egypt was 2 to 4 tons per acre,” Mr Hassanein said. “However there is the potential for these farms to increase output to 8 to 12 tons per acre with improved management. This means there is a great growth potential that could increase demand for coarse grains and coproducts.” The mission wrapped up with a seminar that was attended by 75 executives from the aquaculture sector. “During the seminar, we gave an overview of the advantages of using US DDGS in aqua rations and discussed the success the Council has seen in Vietnam with our catfish feeding trials,” Mr Hassanein said. “While Egyptian aquaculture is mainly focused on the tilapia species, the information from the catfish trial was useful to those attending our program also.” In addition, the group explored the possibility of launching a similar type of feeding trial in Egypt. “We were also successful in reaching a preliminary agreement with an international aquaculture research institute in Egypt,” Mr Hassanein said. “They have agreed to conduct feed trials using higher inclusion rates of DDGS with support from Mirasco, which will provide the needed DDGS, free of charge, to carry out the trials.” The Council will continue its ongoing promotion of US DDGS to the Egyptian aqua sector through one-on-one meetings, presentations and seminars. Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 85

Industry events - Preview

CHANGING DYNAMICS: THE NEW TRADING ENVIRONMENT The IGC Grains Conference is only four weeks away, with peer-to-peer interaction, strategy planning for the year ahead, and a chance to make some great business leads - it is time to book your ticket! In its 25th year, this one of a kind event will be held on the 14 June 2016 at The Jumeirah Carlton Hotel, London, with a Welcome Reception at the Institute of Directors on 13 June 2016. With increases in world grains and oilseeds production outpacing gains in demand, global stocks have spiked to near 30-year peaks, pressuring export prices to multi-year lows. In addition to the new supply and demand realities, activity is also being shaped by fluctuations in external markets, including currencies, as well as climate change and latest trade policy developments. For insights into these key issues and much more, join delegates from across the globe at the 25th IGC Grains Conference in London, which will bring traders and policymakers together at a truly international forum – all of our presentations are interpreted simultaneously in six different languages. As well as presentations from some of the industry’s leading figures, the Conference provides unrivalled opportunities to network and build relationships with other agri-business professionals. So join us to hear the latest in the industry, network, and create lasting relationships. Our provisional programme is split into three sessions, with an additional section of Special Presentations on ‘The impact of external factors on production and trade’ by Dr. Corey Cherr, Head of Agriculture and Weather Research and Forecasts, Lanworth at Thomson Reuters, USA, and Dr. Rory Deverell, Senior Commodity Risk Manager, INTL-FCStone, Ireland. Some of the issues to be assessed include, the current market situation, prospects for supply and demand, and the latest developments in trade and logistics, climate change and its possible consequences for global production and trade in grains, rice and oilseeds, the impact of currency volatility in the global grains economy, evolving trade policy, including implications for major importers and exporters of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).

What makes Sweet® grain handling systems the best choice for you?

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Provisional Programme

Session one between 09:10 – 10:40 will cover ‘Supply and demand outlook’, with talks from Dr. Robert Johansson, Chief Economist, USDA, Mr. Jens Schaps, Director for Agricultural Markets, Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Commission, EU, Mr. Li Xigui, Division Director, Analysis and Forecast Department, China National Grain & Oils Information Center (CNGOIC), China, followed by refreshments and a chance to network before the Special Presentations. Session two after lunch covers ‘Recent trade policy developments, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)’. Between the hours of 13:30 and 15:00 you can hear talks from Mr. Gary Martin, President, International Grain Trade Coalition (IGTC), Ms. Fran Freeman, First Assistant Secretary, Agricultural Policy Division, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Australia, • Mr. Masanori Hayashi, Senior Researcher, Waseda University, Japan and • Mr. Jesus Silveyra, Under-Secretary of Agricultural Markets, Ministry of Agroindustry, Argentina. Lastly, Session three between 15:20 - 17:00 covers ‘Trade and logistics’. Speakers include, Mr. Ali Ghanbari, Deputy Agricultural Minister, Chairman and CEO, The Government Trading Corporation (GTC), Iran, Mr. Arkady Zlochevskiy, President, Russian Grain Union, Mr. Günhan Ulusoy, Chairman, Turkish Flour Industrialists’ Federation (TFIF), Turkey and Mr. Alan Tracy, President, U.S. Wheat Associates With a number of sponsors and exhibitors, including CIS Inspections, International Grain Trade Coalition (IGTC), Glencore, SGS Group, AHDB, Control Union, Vigan, Intertek and IQube, this is a major opportunity to educate the market on new products, gain valuable leads and close business deals. To book your space and to enquire about our attractive sponsorship packages please go to We look forward to seeing you there!

Industry events - Preview

Commitment to Excellence SUPERIOR CRAFTSMANSHIP



Made in the USA

Industry events THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CEREALS Innovation and improvement celebrated at 15th International Cereal and Bread Congress by, Prof. Dr. M. Hikmet Boyacioglu, International Editor, Milling and Grain Magazine The 15th ICBC, held on 18-21 April 2016, attracted a large number of great researchers from various significant institutions, despite the recent unfortunate incidents in Turkey and in Europe. There were 440 participants from around 50 countries, addressing researchers, policy makers, regulatory bodies, industries, SMEs, students and professionals. The congress, organised by ICC - International Association for Cereal Science and Technology – alongside ICC’s national representation in Turkey, Hacettepe University and endorsed by the major international research institutions CIMMYT, ICARDA and IRRI, was an excellent opportunity for networking, getting up-to-date information and establishing international collaboration, The ICC was originally founded in 1955 on the occasion of the 3rd International Bread Congress in Hamburg, Germany as “International Association for Cereal Chemistry” (ICC). Its original objective was the development of internationally approved and accepted standard testing procedures for cereals and flour. Today the ICC is one of the foremost international organisations in our field dedicated to international cooperation, the dissemination of knowledge, and the improvement in safety and quality of cereal-based foods

The 15th ICBC

Around 150 oral presentations were made in 34 sessions and more than 200 poster presentations covered the main scientific topics of the conference, which were as follows; Cereals and cereal product quality evaluation/quality management, Cereal processing technologies, Bread and other cereal foods, Nutrition and health, Food safety and security, Research on genetics, breeding and agronomy to enhance, Global cereal production and quality, Storage and packaging, Food legumes, and sugar, chocolate and confectionery products. In the Opening Ceremony, Dr. Ahmet Ünal gave an opening speech on “The Significance of Cereals through the Ages in Anatolia: An Archaeological, Paleaobotanical and Historical Overview”. The plenary session’s talks were given by HansJoachim Braun from CIMMYT - 100 years of Global Wheat Food Security: From Norman Borlaug to 2050, Peter R. Shewry of Rothamsted Research, UK - Challenges for Improving Wheat Grain Quality and Jan Delcour, KU Leuven University, Belgium - Our Daily Bread: An Exciting and Socially Relevant Research Object.

The ICC Awards

During 15th ICBC 2016, the ICC awards were announced. Clyde H. Bailey Medal - the most prestigious ICC Award, for outstanding achievements in the service of cereal science and technology, granted once per four years, was given to Prof. Dr. Peter R. Shewry, Distinguished Research Fellow at Rothamsted Research and Professor of Plants and Health at the University of Reading, United Kingdom, for his outstanding research on wheat and other cereal grains, ranging from grain structure and functionality to molecular genetics. Fellowship of the ICC Academy - for those who have made significant contributions to cereal science and the aims and objectives of the ICC was given to Prof. Dr. Elke Arendt, University College of Cork, Ireland for her outstanding activities in cereal related food and health research, notably in the area of gluten free foods and beverages and Dr. Matthew Morell, International Rice Research Institute, Philippines for his outstanding activities in cereal biochemistry and genetics research and research management Harald Perten Prize - for outstanding achievements in science, research, teaching or transmission of knowledge, which serve cereal sciences and technology - primarily recognising practical applications in the areas of starch, gluten and enzymes, was given to Prof. Dr. Hamit Koksel, Hacettepe University, Turkey. Professor Koksel’s research covered areas of gluten, starch and enzymes in his long ambitious list of scientific papers and appearances. Being an active professor in Turkey and worldwide has also lead to extensive transmission of knowledge. ICC announced that the 16th International Cereal and Bread Congress will be co-organised by the Lincoln University in spring 2020 in Christchurch, New Zealand.

More information

ICC is the pre-eminent international association in the field of cereal science and technology, committed to international cooperation through the dissemination of knowledge, conducting research, and developing standard methods that contribute to advance innovation, improve food quality, food safety and food security for the health and well-being of all people.

Industry events - Review

UK Pig and Poultry Fair 2016 - 10th May 2016 Enhancing feed performance through sustainability, innovation and cooperation by Andrew Wilkinson

Innovations and marginal gains to drive performance on farm The forums at the 2016 UK Pig and Poultry Fair focussed mainly on “innovations and marginal gains to drive performance on farm.” Featuring industry experts who shared their vast expertise and gave advice on the key areas that directly affect everyone in our industry from consumers to animal feed producers; even right back to the livestock farmers themselves.

Outlook for Poultry and eggs

Introduced by Gary Ford, Chief Poultry Advisor for the NFU, 140 people attended the ‘Outlook for Poultry and Eggs’ forum at this year’s UK Pig and Poultry Fair. Aimed specifically a those who are “planning ahead for their business,” the talk offered those in attendance the opportunity to “get the lowdown from industry experts on their predictions for the challenges and opportunities ahead for poultry meat and eggs.” Following Mr Ford’s initial introduction, the first of the forum’s speakers took to the stage.

Chris Hall – Chicken Business Director, Cargill Meats

The first of the two speakers was Chris Hall from Herefordshire based Cargill Meats. Having joined Cargill in 1993, Mr Hall is now the director for their fresh chicken business, which produces chicken products from its vertically integrated UK facilities into the retail, food service and industrial sectors. According to Mr Hall, the last twelve months have constituted a “positive year,” which has seen “significant deflation at kilo level but good volume of growth, which is fantastic for the sector.” The prime example of this growth being in the duck sector, which has expanded by as much as “45 percent.” The increased confidence and growth serve as evidence that there is currently a lot of faith in the UK’s poultry industry, according to Mr Hall, adding that he believes that this owes much to “standards of excellence” such as the Red Tractor symbol. As well as deflation, another of the challenges that the livestock industry currently faces is that of the pathogen Campylobacter. According to Mr Hall, the industry has worked together to combat it and some progress has been made. However, Mr Hall concluded by stating that we can’t beat the problems that our industry is currently facing “unless we work together – we have to get organised.”

Tom Willings – Director of Agriculture, Noble Foods

The second and final of the two speakers at this particular seminar was Tom Willings, who has been director of Agriculture for the UK’s biggest egg business since 2010. At Noble, Mr Willings leads projects on behalf of Noble and their customers, “whilst seeking to create resilient, responsible supply chains as well as differentiate their products in the marketplace.” In his address, Mr Willings began by setting out his intention to use his time on stage to “bridge the gap between perception and reality,” citing his opinion that the, “current situation in the industry sees lots of our colleagues currently spinning plates.” Mr willings then went on to discuss the main challenges that he believes the industry must overcome which included Britain’s possible exit from the European Union, microbial issues such as campylobacter and price wars. Although much of the blame for price wars that force the unit costs down, Mr Willings did state that it is his belief that “retailers specifications are driving progress” and this in turn strengthens the British Market position, thus negating the need for foreign imports. However, the main problem that the UK markets currently face is a “supply and demand imbalance,” which has led to an alarming rate of deflation. Citing Nielsen’s latest figures, Mr Willings stated that the value of the British market has decreased by £494million since 2012. That said, one consequence of this situation is that the lower unit prices are in fact driving volume, which is fantastic news for producers of animal feed, but terrible news for farmers. At least wheat prices aren’t rising, but one day they will and this “will be caused by oversupply,” added Mr Willings. So what could be done to make the situation more favourable to farmers? Well according to the man from Noble, the only method of realising a price increase would require that the supply levels be vastly reduced, or as Mr Willings put it; “the tap is turned off,” Another issue that he identified was that although the current scale of investment should see beneficial growth, the current poor unit price performance could be deterring potential investors, as “innovation needs investment and investment needs confidence” added Mr Willings. Noble’s Director of Agricuture then concluded his address by stating that, “Over-supply and disease are the two overriding concerns, however, ours is an industry where you can flex the supply side quite easily,” adding that, “The right way forward has to be decided on sound consumer research.” 90 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Driving innovation in supply, nutrition and performance As the day’s forums reached their halfway point at midday, the second forum that Milling and Grain magazine attended titled, “Driving innovation in Supply, Nutrition and performance,” began. As in the previous talk that we attended, the billing consisted of two speakers, who were offering those in attendance the opportunity to, “hear how in today’s global market we can drive innovation and work together to improve performance and margins on farm.”

Hugh Burton, Senior Raw Materials Manager, ABN

The first of the two speakers to take the stand was Hugh Burton, who is ABN’s current Raw Materials Manager. Having worked in feed formulation since the early nineties, Mr Burton joined ABN in 1995. His duties currently include the management of ABN’s raw material planning team and the Procurement, Costings and Administration team. Mr Burton is also responsible for ABN’s soya purchasing policy and coordinating soya purchasing activity across AB Connect. He also represents AB AGRI at the FEFAC Animal Feed Compounders Committee and Round Table for Responsible Soy (RTRS). The two topics that Mr Burton discussed were responsible sourcing schemes and industry innovations; whilst also stressing the need for collaboration and cooperation between rival companies. Citing the Round Table for Responsible Soy, Mr Burton described the three types of responsible sourcing certificates. The first and most basic type of certification is the Book and Claim approach is very different from other well-known chain of custody (COC), whereas systems such as Mass Balance and Identity Preserved, which are slightly more costly that book and claim but provide a much more though level of traceability. Many UK supermarkets are aiming to be 100 percent sustainable palm oil by 2020, which Mr Burton argued was evidence that the, “Whole process has been very positive in commencing supply chain engagement, and has created a continuous improvement situation. Move the industry forward in bitesize chunks.” However, Mr Burton also argued that the new guidelines will have a positive knock-on effect, and with the advent of vastly improved traceability, “Producers may need to think about where ingredients within their feed are coming from, as it could influence their retailer demand.” He concluded his address by stating that he firmly believes that in the future, “Responsible sourcing could be critical to securing a contract, or it could even result in a premium for their product.”

Adekunle Adebiyi, Poultry Nutritionist, ABN

Following Mr Burton’s address, the next speaker was ABN’s Poutry Nutitionist, Adekunle Adebiyi. Mr Adebiyi began his career with ABN in 2014 following the completion of a PHD in poultry at the Scottish Agricultural College. His role at ABN involves a wide variety of activities relating to the progression of poultry nutrition, as well as assisting with science research and technical development. During his address, Mr Adebiyi discussed the current trends and ideas around the significance of working together to drive innovation and performance in the poultry sector. Mr Adebiyi began by looking at a series of schemes and assessed their relative importance. He based their importance on the levels of protein contained in the feed as “we have all the energy we want.” He also thoroughly examined the effect of soyabean on environment, such as the levels of deforestation currently taking place in order to satisfy demand, but argued that this “key for production of meat, pig

and poultry.” Mr Adebiyi described his “Ideal feed nutrition situation,” as being feed that is of “good quality, low input, high protein,” adding that the key to good soya lies in “separating desirables from the undesirables.” Much of this, according to Mr Adebiyi, owes much to the fact that we are now “Increasingly seeing the use of a diverse range of sources to produce animal feed protein.” However, he added also added that it is possible to increase “derived value” using “locally available products,” which should then be less subject to “price volatility.” Another benefit of removing unwanted factions, according to Mr Adebiyi, is that in doing so “you improve intestinal health of the animals,” adding that this is “especially crucial for young piglets and chicks that we use highly digestible raw materials.” Mr Adebiyi stipulated however that this practice is “becoming more and more important,” and it was now essential that we “provide the right nutrition with less anti-nutrients.” One such method of improving nutrition, according to Mr Adebiyi, is by way of a process that he referred to as phytase superdosing. This process, which is still very much at the testing stage, has so far been proven to “improve raw material utilisation.” In fact, during his discussion of the process, the young animals exposed to the treatment enjoyed a two point on average improvement in FCR live weight gain. Mr Adebiyi also stated that the aforementioned two point improvement is such that the “value increase in livestock will more than pay for the initial treatment.” When concluding his address, Mr Adebiyi , like his industry colleagues before him, reinforced that he believed that our industry is currently facing a lot of challenges, and these are all problems that we as an industry need to work together to combat effectively. These challenges, that include the control and eventual eradication of pathogens such as campylobacter and salmonella, can only be effectively tackled if the industry works together and shares their collective knowledge and wisdom

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Jennifer Maurin XTRACT Product Manager, Pancosma Jennifer Maurin is the product manager for the plant extract range of products called XTRACT for Pancosma, a Swiss company based in Geneva. A their very first UK Pig & Poultry Fair. In September of 2015 we received approval from the EU commission and the FSA for one of our plant extract products called XTRACT Evolution B, which is now approved as being a sole technical additive for broilers. Which act on feed efificiency, body weight, and quality.

What do you think of this show? Do you come here regularly?

This is our first time at the UK Pig & Poultry Fair. Since we got our product registration, it is a very unique event in the life of a company and so we wanted to celebrate that with this booth today. So far we have met a lot of people and made new connections that we hadn’t met before, and as it is only the beginning of the show, it has been very nice.

Is this the only show that you attend for the UK market?

For the UK we have no specific fairs or expositions, we used to participate in congresses more than fairs. Nothing specific in my mind for the UK, but of course we will be at Eurotier in Germany which still covers the region of Europe, but nothing else in the UK specifically. 92 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

John Fish UK and Ireland Manager, Vitfoss John Fish, the country manager for the UK and Ireland for Vitfoss, who are an International pre-mix manufacturer; manufacturing pre-mixes, vitamins and minerals for Poultry, Swine and Cattle. At this year’s UK Pig & Poultry Fairshow they were promoting some of our pre-mixes as well as a product called Stalosan. Vitfoss also used the show as an opportunity to introduce the First Feeder® system to English and Irish pig producers.

What do you think of this show? Do you come here regularly?

We have been here for the last eight years, the show is every two years, so we have been here for the last four shows.This is the premiere event, or major event for pig and poultry industry that we are involved in. It works very well for us, it is generally very well attended, as you can see it is quite busy today.

Is this the only show that you attend for the UK market?

For the Pig and Poultry sectors, yes. We are also active in the ruminants sector. We go to three major expositions each year, every year for those. But for the pig and poultry sector, this is the main one.

Industry events - Review



by Roger Gilbert, Publisher MAG and International Aquafeed

t was an honour to be invited by HSH Prince Albert ll of Monaco to moderate the session on aquaculture at this year’s Monaco Blue Initiative (MBI) held in Sao Paulo, Brazil on April 3-4, 2016. MBI is a platform for communication and an exchange between representatives from various sectors from scientific, entrepreneurial, political decision-makers to civil society to analyze and put forward possible synergies between the protection of marine ecosystems and socio-economic development. The theme of this year’s edition of the MBI was “Sustainable aquaculture at the heart of a blue economy”. The event took place in the Palácio dos Bandeirantes (Bandeirantes Palace), which is home to São Paulo’s Governor G. Alckmin and holds a large and famous collection of art.


The meeting, opened jointly by the Governor and Prince Albert ll in the presence of government authorities, business entrepreneurs and delegates to MBI, was the 7th Edition of the MBI and it is getting an enviable position where discussion about topics of relevance – such as aquaculture - and their sustainable development is linked to preservation of the seas and oceans. Whilst Monaco is a small principality with an enviable quality of life it has a strong connection and knowledge of the oceans through Prince Albert l. The Prince developed studies and research with a select group of scientists which saw the beginning of the Monaco Oceanographic Institute, a recognised world reference library on oceanography. Since Prince Albert ll’s accession as Sovereign in the Principality he has shown great interest about the environment and the protection of the oceans and seas. New challenges have raised the importance to establish a sustainable production system. Aquaculture is opening new doors and becoming an innovative source to extract more production suitable for human consumption with strong emphasis on 94 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

nutrition but also for energy, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, etc. This edition also covered the ‘circular economy’ in aquaculture, questions about sustainability while retaining the ability to feed local populations and, not forgetting, the role of Marine Protected Areas in marine ecosystems which are exposed to climate change. Brazil with about 3.5m km2 of water under its jurisdiction and a massive 4500 miles of coastline has opportunity but currently has low production coupled with low consumption of seafood. There are over 200 million people in Brazil and their seafood consumption is less than half of world average.

The Circular Economy

There were five session in total. I moderated Session 2: ‘No waste, no pollution, more value - Aquaculture in the circular economy’ with panelists: Jean-Pascal Bergé of IDmer, Lorient, France; Thierry Chopin of the Canadian IMTA Network; Raphaëla Le Gouvello from AMURE in Brest, France and Janaina Kimpara, a researcher and technical coordinator of the Brazilian Agriculture Research Corporation - Embrapa MidNorth.

For 25 years, Jean-Pascal Bergé has been involved in the development of sustainable process for converting marine resources into products. He is focused on bio-refinery approaches for maximising value, while reducing wastage. From academy to industry he has been involved in projects worldwide while promoting circular economy and industrial ecology principle. “We must consider wastes as resources which solves the problem of wastes while preserving the resources,” he said in summary. Dr Chopin’s research focuses on the eco-physiology, biochemistry and cultivation of seaweeds of commercial value and the development of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture systems for environmental sustainability, economic stability and increased societal acceptability. He concluded his brief presentation by saying it is time for: 1. The ‘Turquoise Revolution’ or a ‘greener’ Blue Revolution 2. The application of aqua-nomic principles in the management of our aquatic fields - just like agronomy on land 3. Regulatory changes, flexible and enabling the implementation of innovative aquaculture practices 4. The proper valuation of the ecosystem services provided by extractive species 5. The implementation of nutrient trading credits Dr Raphaëla le Gouvello, is currently involved with sustainability issues in aquaculture within the IUCN - the International Union for Conservation of Nature, helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. He is also now involved with the Research Marine Economy Laboratory AMURE, at the University of Brittany, where he is working on a thesis about ‘Circular Economy applied to the ocean and coastal activities and territories’. “Within the concept of ‘circular economy’ and all the opportunities it may offer, aquaculture has to open to other sea- and land-based activities and explore other kinds potential synergies, for example, with marine renewal energies and multiple-use platforms of fisheries aquaculture players,” he said. Janaina Kimpara has assessed sustainability and works with integrated agri-aquaculture projects to ensure food security. EMBRAPA has charged her Mid-North Research and Development Facility to develop sustainable aquaculture. The mission to reduce poverty, ensure food security and achieve environmental conservation. “Brazil has increased its awareness of integrated farming and

circular economy advantages - both economic and ecological – which enables building an aquaculture-agriculture bridge in reality. “In Brazil, public authorities and the private sector are key actors to moving society towards efficient production systems in terms of use of natural and social resources. Both should be committed to impact society´s needs for food and other good’s while respecting biodiversity and ecosystem conservation,” she says. In conclusion I informed MBI delegates that as of today, the animal feed industry produces globally just short of one billions tonnes of scientifically-formulated compound feeds annually. Aquculture has grown rapidly and is accounting for an ever increasing slice of this cake, but it’s consumption is predominately in Asia which accounts for between 85 percent of all fish farmed. Aquaculture passed marine caught fishing in volume in 2015 and projections suggest it will more than double between now and 2050 while wild caught seafood will plateau in output over that period. The compound growth rate of aquaculture is over eight percent per annum and well ahead of any other food protein source in production terms. All developing countries need to produce a minimum of 133.6kg/per of formulated feed per head of population to alleviate food shortage and aquaculture feeds will pay an increasing role in achieving this target whether aquaculture systems are freshwater or marine based. Only half the 130-plus countries surveyed in 2015 provide more than this per capita figure for their populations.

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Industry events - Review

“Everything that this innovative think tank has achieved over the last seven years, we owe to the commitment and talent of its participants – in other words to your talent and commitment. Each one of you has provided valuable input to this work, enabling it to reach the quality it is today” - says HSH Prince Albert ll, Monaco in closing the one-day conference in Sao Paulo


HSH Prince Albert ll, Monaco in closing the 7th Monaco Blue Initiative in Sao Paulo, Brazil

“The key challenge of the Monaco Blue Initiative: to focus on the intelligence and motivation of various individuals and unite them so that together we can take more effective action.” - HSH Prince Albert ll, Monaco The principle of the Monaco Blue Initiative, which from year to year focuses frequently on recurring topics, is in this respect particularly enlightening. It enables us to see how certain solutions, which only a few years ago were still experimental, today have reached an extremely encouraging level of maturity. The issues we discussed today are in this respect emblematic of a world that is changing and which, despite our legitimate impatience, is learning to turn finally to the sea in a responsible way. Although we are delighted with the progress made in aquaculture and the greater consideration given to maritime issues in the face of climate change, we also know that the situation of the oceans is often worrying and sometimes tragic. The question is therefore to know what we should do to speed up the change, and how to promote it. By making a connection between global issues and consumer practices, by addressing environmental issues whilst offering solutions with regard to nutrition, energy and health, the economic level can now be at the heart of ocean protection. It is thanks to responsible and ambitious aquaculture that tomorrow we will be able to offer an effective alternative to so many practices that are destroying our seas year after year. It is by mobilizing producers around tangible and positive objectives that we will manage to do so. But above all it is by offering real benefits to both consumers and the local populations that we will make the change happen. However there is often a gap between conviction and action. Most often this gap is due to the economic reality. 96 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Today, it is essential that we implement the conditions that will enable us to overcome any obstacles and promote the development of sustainable growth. Especially as far as aquaculture is concerned, but also marine protected areas, as we have discussed, and the energy transition, the role of the public authorities should be to foster models which will enable burgeoning initiatives to be fully deployed. In brief, their role should be to introduce a sustainability challenge consistent with commercial trade so that producers and consumers alike benefit. As the success stories presented to us have demonstrated, it is by introducing this notion of sustainability, through incentives or regulations, through the invention of innovative mechanisms and by promoting this sustainability economically speaking, that we will be able to create the conditions for genuine change. To achieve such change however, it is necessary to build on good practice, grass roots needs, in order to guarantee the longevity of the mechanisms concerned. Our meeting today is for me an initial way of uniting these points of view. But we must go even further. This is the sense of the actions I implement as Head of State and through my Foundation, to promote the renewal of economic instruments to foster sustainable development. To conclude today’s meeting, I would like to encourage you to continue the discussions between disciplines and approaches which have made the MBI successful. Let us therefore trust our ability, that of scientists, environmental players, political and business leaders and let us mobilise them through dialogue, experimentation and will!

Clextral Patrice Breillot, Asia Pacific Marketing Manager


From humble beginnings in a car park in Bangkok, VICTAM Asia has blossomed into “Asia’s international showcase for the feed and grain industry” expanding by 600 percent over the last 25 years. This year, the 25th Anniversary of VICTAM Asia, this pattern was unchanging, as the show grew by 11 percent on 2014, and could boast a visitor increase of 5 percent – with the show organisers avowing that this proves “that quality counts!” With such impressive statistics we took to the fold to find out from the exhibitors what they were showcasing, how well their business was expanding into the ever-growing Asian market, and crucially their feelings on the success of this year’s show.

Bentall Rowlands Kevin Broom, Technical Director, Bentall Rowlands

What is Bentall Rowlands here showcasing at VICTAM Asia 2016? Basically bulk storage silos, hoppers, and ancillary equipment such as handling conveyors elevators, basically anything that goes with a grain storage system. How have you found VICTAM Asia this year? It’s been very good, very busy. I think we’ve had some very good enquiries. VICTAM Europe is huge and you get a lot of people on the stand, just coming to have a look, whereas here I think we are getting people who are actually interested, so there is a more specific client base.

Schmiedewerke Gröditz Dominik Butter, Division Manager and head of sales

What are you here promoting at VICTAM? We are here promoting our special product Seamless rolled rings. The pallet dye industry forms one part of our product range, and in that we are more or less the market leader with a market share of 80 percent. That is what we are here promoting, hoping to find some more customers to expand our client base. Have you seen much expansion into the Asian market? Yes, we see that there is a quite a big development during the last 10 – 15 years. All of our European companies are now opening up small factories in Asia - China Taiwan for exampleand we are going to follow them, especially with this product. So finally, what have you thought of VICTAM 2016? We are happy, we have made a lot of new contacts. Of course, we have to rethink every year about whether we will return, because at the end of the day it is a matter of cost. We do not have any fixed sales contracts that we have finalised here yet, but we see it in the way that we have to be here to say hello to our customers and potential clients, that’s why I guess it is good to be here.

98 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Biomin Edward Manchester, Regional Director for Biomin in South Asia.

What products are you here showcasing at VICTAM? Basically we are here showcasing our entire portfolio of products, which is mycotoxin risk management, and also the gut health products which are products like probiotics and phytogenics. Your stand is extremely busy, how are you finding VICTAM Asia this year? We have been unbelievably busy today, it started yesterday morning and its been like this since basically 10 o’clock in the morning until 6 o’clock in the evening its been complete packed out, non stop! Yesterday we had people from India, from Vietnam, we've had Japanese delegates come through as well. It’s not just a local Thai event, there’s a big international delegation, with also quite a lot of customers from Myanmar. So we have representation from Biomin from our guys in India, in the Philippines, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. So, overall successful then? Very successful, in fact even this morning we had about 70 Vietnamese delegates came on the booth so we were packed out! It has really been a fantastic event.

What are you here promoting at VICTAM? We are promoting our twinscrew extrusion systems for aqua-feed and pet food The great advantages of TSE (mixing ability, very accurate process control, flexibility to process a very wide range of raw materials), enable to process optimum recipes as far as proteins, carbohydrates and fat are concerned, while using optimized raw material sourcing regarding nutritional values and cost, and to obtain aqua-feed from 0.5mm up to 30 mm in diameter. Our new Evolum + range of TSE include features that provide 30% to 40% capacity increase, optimized hygienic design and enhanced process control. What has been your experience of VICTAM Asia 2016? Very interesting as we have had many focused enquiries which are consistent with the technology Clextral provide. How important is the AsianPacific market to Clextral? The Asian-Pacific market is very important to Clextral as Aquaculture is continually growing and the requirements for twin screw extrusion for the production of the “high end” pet food market and specially the pet treats are also increasing. We also supply numerous TSE systems for human food applications. How important is VICTAM? For the feed industries Clextral is supplying, VICTAM Asia and VICTAM Europe are the two most important events. There is an increased demand for twin screw extrusion systems and Clextral provide the consistent quality and flexibility the industry needs.

Yemmak Selçuk Erdem Marketing Manager at Yemmak

Balaguer Rolls

What have you thought about VICTAM Asia 2016? It is the biggest show in the world for feed milling and grain handling and storage. This is now our second time at VICTAM Asia, we are new! Have you enjoyed your experience this year? Yes we have, because all the big players are here, it has been a success.

Stif Charles Le Goff, Sales Manager

Have you enjoyed VICTAM then? Yes! Before the show actually we held a seminar with the company KPI and we have just begun a partnership with them and so they had some people from their company on our booth and they have helped attract many many customers So have you seen lots of expansion into the Asian market, or do you think you’ll see more now that you have partnered with KPI? Actually we already know the Asian market because we have our own subsidiary in Indonesia, an office in Singapore, and we have a factory in China as well. So what we try to do here in Asia, especially in Thailand, is find a good re-saler or partner, as we have succeeded to do with KPI, to continue to be able to sell our products worldwide, as we have done for the past 25 years.


David Balaguer from Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A

Ge Pro Franz-Peter Rebafka Ge Pro Chief Technical Officer (CTO)

What are you here promoting at VICTAM? Ge Pro is celebrating its 10 year Anniversary this year, and VICTAM Asia is hosted in the country where it all began for us, Thailand. We now have a firm base in Indonesia and the Philippines, wirh a hope to expand further into Cambodia and Myanmar, taking full advantage of the existing customer structure in these markets. We want to show our intention to be committed to the Asian area, we feel that our 10 years here underlines this commitment, we’re not going to bring in any radical changes, but simply continue with our solid business projection. The change in the law of exporting proteins – no longer having bilateral laws – may or may not be an advantage. It means increased expansion opportunities as we can now export to India. Japan and Taiwan markets still have concerns about BSE and recognise all European animal proteins as a threat What has been your experience of VICTAM Asia 2016? VICTAM is always a success, and it is getting bigger and bigger each year. There is more technology than ingredients but there is still a good amount of ingredients exhibitors.

What products are you promoting at VICTAM Asia? We manufacture rolls, bending rolls for food processing machines What has been your experience of VICTAM Asia 2016? There are a lot of exhibitors, a lot of machines and equipment around but not a lot of clients - not enough clients and visitors.

Anders Malm, Vice President of Marketing, Tornum

Why are you here showcasing at VICTAM? Actually because we think this is an interesting market and we have been here for more than 10 years now and it continues growing, and that is why it’s interesting for us. What have you thought about VICTAM Asia 2016? It has been good as always; we have had quite a lot of customers coming through.

Dol Sensors Palle Jørgensen, Business Unit Manager, Dol Sensors

What is Dol Sensors here promoting at VICTAM this year? Well, the big change for Dol Sensors is that we are now acting as an independent business unit, we were formally part of Scoff the leading supplier of climate systems for poultry and pork production, but Dol Sensors has now been separated. We wanted to enhance our focus on the sensors for the aquaculture market, a large focus being feed sensors, which we are showcasing here at VICTAM Have you had a successful show here at VICTAM? Very much so, I’m fairly new to the business, I have a sales person here in Asia who is responsible for the Asian Market, so I was not quite sure what to expect but it has been very very successful. We have made a lot of very good contacts even, without being too optimistic, with some good business potential. It has been a very good show, absolutely. Other than Asia, which countries are you focusing on? We are a Global operation, we are most active in the Northern Hemisphere, so North America, including Mexico, Europe, we are starting to move more into the Middle East but not so much in Africa, and then let’s say more Northern Asia, so Thailand, China, India, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia. Obviously with Thailand and China as our main drivers. Obviously we see potential in Australia and New Zealand, as we do South America but it’s so far away from Denmark! So we’re trying to expand when we see increasing success. Besides VICTAM, what other exhibitions are Dol Sensors participating in? Well there’s a few, we have just recently been at VIV in Abu Dhabi, we were in Atlanta in January, but VICTAM is really good because a lot of our main products are going into the feed industry, as an event it fits very well with our company. Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 99


SCE Sonac Geert Van de Velden, Sales Manager, Sonac

What is it that Sonac is here promoting at FIAAP/ VICTAM/GRAPAS Asia 2016? At VICTAM or FIAAP, the feed part of the show, we are basically showcasing our animal proteins for all species - chickens, pigs and fish feed. We do minerals for these species too, then we have what we call the specialty products with more added value or with a certain functionality, like our plasma proteins or hydrolised proteins, which we are here to promote also. That is why we organised our seminar yesterday (30th March) to teach and educate our customers and distributors in the Asian region How did you feel your conference went? I was happy with the result, we booked a room for 50 people and it was almost completely full so we were happy with that. Sonac, under Darling, is a very large company with many different specialties, what is your main focus for the Asian market? For me it is feed and pet food, but let’s say for example our food division is very big in gelatin, we have a big gelatin market in China. Asia is extremely important for us as there are so many people living here. From the top of my head I couldn’t say for the whole company how the sales are split geographically but it is inevitable that Asia is and important region for all parts of our business. I think only our Biofuels are not yet present in the Asian market. How do you feel VICTAM Asia 2016 went for Sonac? On the whole we are satisfied, we always participate both here and in Cologne and even though it is mostly an equipment show, there aren’t as many ingredient exhibitors, we still have a good chance as there are still nutritionists who attend the show, and attend the seminars and walk around, most of them prefer to go to ingredient suppliers rather than to people who supply equipment -so we get a lot of people coming by who are interested and asking questions, so we are satisfied. 100 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Koen Verbrugge, Area Sales Manager for Eastern Europe and Asia

What is SCE promoting at VICTAM 2016? Our main focus is, of course, square bins and we are in fact integrating them in flour mills, feed mills, rice mills, and coffee plants. In many of these industries, specifically feed mills and coffee plants, you have high turnover of the raw material, which means our bins are a more viable option compared to steel silos - as our square silos are used day in day out, and that is something we are very good at, reliable long lasting silos in overall structure. Have you seen a lot of expansion into the Asian Market? Feed milling is a bit slow now but flour milling and rice milling is a booming business What have you thought about VICTAM this year? It is quite ok! Of course, it is not our first VICTAM so many people we are seeing for a second or third time. So, we’re kind of building up these relationships. It’s also not the type of product a person needs every year - they need it every once in five or ten years, so it’s at that moment they, of course, have to think about us. So, for that reason it is important for us to be here present at this show.

Mevlüt Oral General Manager of Oryem Feed Milling Company

What is Oryem here promoting at VICTAM this year? We are here to promote our machines, like our feed milling machines, because of course this exhibition is mostly about feed milling. We have been attending this show for the last two years Have you seen a lot of expansion into the Asian market? We currently don’t have a lot of experience with the Asian market. We have moved as far east as Bangladesh, but we are keen to enter this market, as there is a big market building here especially Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, those countries, we’ll see! How have you found VICTAM this year, you said it was your second one? Last time was much better than this time. There are fewer visitors this year than two years ago It’s normal I think, I have been going to all the exhibitions around the world and now the world is getting smaller, and nobody has the money right now, or at least they don’t want to spend it. Two weeks ago we were in Dubai and it was a disaster, nothing was there. This one was a little bit better but not like two years ago. There are fewer Turkish, Russian and Arabic people here this year. I think the world economy is the reason for it.

Van Aarsen Maril van Kempen, Marketing and Communications Manager

Sigur Timur Yesnazarov, Head of Sales, Sigur

What are you here showcasing at VICTAM? We would firstly like to thank the organisers, this is the first time we are attending an exhibition like this in South East Asia, before we were introduced in the Western Market, but not in Asia. We are here promoting our Grain Separator. Have you had a successful show? Yes, we’ve had a lot of people here coming around the machine. There were a lot of famers and we really like working with farmers, to see the end client and to see what kind of result they get after using the machine. Also, there are a lot of professors coming here who are interested in the machine and would like to take more time to study it.

Scafco Daniel Wambeke, Vice President of Scafco Grain Systems Company.

What is Scafco here promoting at VICTAM2016? We’re designers, manufacturers and suppliers of grain storage systems world wide. We manufacture corrugated galvanized steel silos, bucket elevators and chain conveyors. So what have you thought about VICTAM 2016? Well its better than last time I was here, it if of course much bigger and there have been more visitors, but we got some quality potential customers.

Insta-pro Carl Arnold, Vice President of Sales and Marketing at InstaPro

Foss Lorne Viegaard, Global Market Specialist for Grain, Milling and Oil

What is Foss here promoting at VICTAM? We are promoting an online system which can scan for moisture and protein in raw materials and feeds and grain, and it will help you optimise your production. We also have a solution for the laboratory or the factory where you can analyse flour for ash, ash is not so easy to analyse quickly but with this instrument we can do it very accurately and it is for the benefit of flour millers, it’s quite a new product from FOSS

What is Van Aarsen promoting here at VICTAM? We are in fact introducing our next generation pellet mill, our CU Dynamic Pellet Mill, to the Asian market. This pellet mill was first launched in Europe last year in June, and today (March 31) we sold our first two pellet mills here in Asia, so that was a small success of the trade show as well. We have noticed that this pellet mill has been received quite well. The nice thing about it is, often when you start a development you take the old machine and you make adjustments or additions to it, but this has been developed in a different way. Quite a young guy from the company who is now about 29 years old started about four years ago with developing the pellet mill - this was his first project. We first trained him in the process, helping him understand what the expectations are for a good pellet to process and from that knowledge he tried to have a completely open mind thinking ‘how would a pellet mill function’ and what kind of design do you need? From the outside it still looks quite similar but internally it has changed, it has new technologies and new materials and that’s why we call it a next generation – we started from scratch essentially and threw out old ideas. The pellet mill is available in different options, we have a basic version, which does more or less the same as the old version but has much better materials in it, less vibration sensitive, there is easy to clean coating, but the main improvement is when you get the Dynamic version. The Dynamic version gives you the opportunity to use the pellet mill to its limits, both in quality and capacity. There are two functionalities that make that possible it is the motor operated roller adjustment and the active roller slip control, which means when there is slip it resolves it immediately, so you wont have any blockages due to slip. We sat down with our customers and we noticed that these type of blockages are common in a feed mill. So now with the CU Dynamic Pellet Mill you can easily gain back one or two hours in a day – so you get not only better quality but better capacity of feed.

What products are you showcasing at VICTAM? We are featuring our medium sheer extruder, it’s our MS3000 for making fish feed. That’s our main one, we have a whole equipment line including extruders and oil presses but this market is specifically looking at aquatic type feeds.

Are you seeing a lot of expansion in to the Asian market? The Asian market is one of the markets where we are more successful and we still see quite a lot of growth. The last few years we’ve seen quite a lot from Vietnam, the Philippines is still a very important market and you see each year can change. I know that Indonesia hasn’t been so easy in the last few years but we have seen an improvement in that market now. What we’ve noticed throughout the show is that we have had a lot of customers from Bangladesh - so we see that there is a higher interest there. Each country is developing in its own unique way and that is what makes it interesting especially at a trade show here in Asia.]

How have you found FIAARP/VICTAM/ GRAPAS Asia 2016? It’s been great the traffic through the booth has been very strong. The first day I wasn’t here but my colleagues said it was extremely busy, and then today we’ve had follow up visits form those people who are very seriously interested. So far so good!

Have you had a successful VICTAM? Yes we are quite happy. We had the most visits, and what we noticed today [on the last day of the show] some new customers who had visited us previously on the first or second day, have come back, and sat down a little bit longer to go into a little bit more detail and that’s worthwhile as well. Generally though VICTAM is an important trade show for us because it is so focussed on the feed business and many other trade shows we attend have thousands of visitors but only a small percentage are feed millers or people who invest in feed mills but here you can be assured that almost everybody who is walking around is in the business. Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 101

Elevator & Conveyor Components 4B Braime +44 113 246 1800 Lambton Conveyor

To be included into the Market Place, please contact Tom Blacker +44 1242 267700 - [email protected]


+1 519 627 8228 Sweet Manufacturing Company

Colour sorters R-Biopharm

Bühler AG

+44 141 945 2924

+41 71 955 11 11

Romer Labs +43 2272 6153310

Amino acids Evonik Nutrition & Care GmbH +49 618 1596785

Bag closing

+1 937 325 1511

Enzymes AB Vista


+44 1672 517 650

+81 82 420 8560


Computer software

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Adifo NV +32 50 303 211

Equipment for sale

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ExtruTech Inc

Fischbein SA

+44 1257 231011

+1 785 284 2153

+32 2 555 11 70

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Cetec Industrie

+44 1483 726081

+33 5 53 02 85 00

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Bin dischargers

Coolers & driers Consergra s.l +34 938 772207 FrigorTec GmbH

Extruders Almex +31 575 572666 Andritz +45 72 160300

+49 7520 91482-0

Insta-Pro International


+1 515 254 1260

+33 2 37 97 66 11

Geelen Counterflow

+31 475 592315

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+1 785-284-2133

+33 2 41 56 50 14

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Bulk storage

+86 514 87848880

Bentall Rowlands

Suncue Company Ltd

+44 1724 282828

[email protected]

Chief Industries UK Ltd +44 1621 868944

Feed nutrition Berg + Schmidt GmbH & Co. KG +49 40 2840390

+46 512 29100


+1 519 627 8228

Wenger Manufacturing

+1 785-284-2133

+32 51723128

+90 266 733 85 50

Tornum AB

Lambton Conveyor

Silo Construction Engineers

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines

Elevator buckets

+43 2782 8030 Delacon +43 732 6405310



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+33 2 41 72 16 80

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Sweet Manufacturing Company

Evonik Nutrition & Care GmbH

TSC Silos

+1 937 325 1511

+49 618 1596785

+31 543 473979

Tapco Inc



+1 314 739 9191

+1 450 799 2000

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Kemin Industries Inc

+31 71 4023701

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Yemtar Feed Mill Machines


+90 266 733 85 50

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Certification GMP+ International +31703074120

Sibelco Europe + 44 1270 752 700

102 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

Feed milling Nawrocki Pelleting Technology +48 52 303 40 20

Laboratory equipment

NIR systems NIR Online

Bastak +90 312 395 67 87

+49 6227 732668


Thermo Fisher Scientific


+49 203 7788 0

+1 9786 421132

+31 79 593 22 21

CHOPIN Technologies



+33 14 1475045

Cetec Industrie

+31 26 47 90 699

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Doescher & Doescher GmbH

Van Aarsen International

+49 4087976770


+31 475 579 444

+39 0372 496826 Yemtar Feed Mill Machines


Mondi Group

+90 3123952986

+90 266 733 85 50


+43 1 79013 4917 Peter Marsh Group

+44 1483 468900


+44 151 9221971 Rank Hovis +44 1494 428000

Grain handling systems Cargotec Sweden Bulk Handling +46 42 85802 Cimbria A/S +45 96 17 90 00

Level measurement


+886 2226 96789

+39 0372 496826

+34 973 21 60 40

Neuero Industrietechnik +49 5422 95030

+32 67 89 50 41

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Loading/un-loading equipment


FineTek Co., Ltd

Vigan Engineering


+33 5 53 02 85 00

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Cetec Industrie

+1 402 434 9102

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BinMaster Level Controls

Sweet Manufacturing Company

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines

Pelleting aids Borregaard LignoTech +47 69 11 80 00

Mill design & installation

Pellet Press


IMAS - Milleral

+90 212 465 60 40

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Bühler AG

Pest control

+41 71 955 11 11

Detia Degesch GmbH

+49 6201 708 401

Bühler AG

Golfetto Sangati

+41 71 955 11 11

+39 0422 476 700

Rentokil Pest Control

+44 0800 917 1987

Dinnissen BV

Gazel Degirmen Makinalari

+31 77 467 3555

+90 364 2549630

Pipe systems JACOB Söhne +49 571 9558 0

Genc Degirmen +90 444 0894 IMAS - Milleral +90 332 2390141 Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444 Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 85 50

IMAS - Milleral +90 332 2390141 Nawrocki Pelleting Technology +48 52 303 40 20 Oryem +90 332 239 1314 Satake +81 82 420 8560

Process control DSL Systems Ltd +44 115 9813700 Nawrocki Pelleting Technology +48 52 303 40 20 Suffolk Automation +44 1473 829188

Zheng Chang +86 21 64188282

Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 103




International Aquafeed

Bentall Rowlands

+44 1242 267706

+44 1724 282828

International Milling Directory +44 1242 267703 Milling and Grain +44 1242 267707


+1 913 338 3377 IFF

Chief Industries UK Ltd

+495307 92220

+44 1621 868944

Kansas State University

Lambton Conveyor

+1 785 532 6161

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nabim +44 2074 932521


Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A.

+90 382 266 2245

+34 965564075


+39 0372 4011

Obial Leonhard Breitenbach

+90 382 2662120

+49 271 3758 0 O&J Højtryk +45 7514 2255

Roller mills

+1 785 825 7177

+32 51723128

[email protected]

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Rota Val Ltd +44 1249 651138

Vibratory equipment


IMAS - Milleral

+45 75685311

+90 332 2390141


Silo Construction Engineers

Silos Cordoba Alapala




Handling +44 1476 566301



+34 91 726 43 04


+90 332 2391016

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Tornum AB

Ugur Makina

+46 512 29100

+90 (364) 235 00 26

Roll fluting Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A.

+39 0372 496826

Agromatic +41 55 2562100

Rembe +49 2961 740 50



+1 204 233 7133

Temperature monitoring

Safety equipment

Weighing equipment


+34 965564075

Parkerfarm Weighing Systems +44 1246 456729

Yeast products

Leiber GmbH

Dol Sensors

+49 5461 93030

+45 721 755 55 Filip GmbH +49 5241 29330 Genc Degirmen +90 444 0894

Training Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

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Milling and Grain - June 2016 | 105

the interview

David Wernsing

David Wernsing was appointed to General Manager of Union Iron in late February of this year, but his career in the industry started more than 25 years ago. In the early 1990s, Mr Wernsing started with GSI in their grain dryer division. After some time on the plant floor and in production management, he moved to the engineering department as a technician and eventually became a product manager. In the late 1990s he moved to GSI’s international sales division. Following a short break for academic study, Mr Wernsing then went to Brock as strategic accounts manager and soon after accepted an offer to be sales manager at Union Iron. AGI had just acquired Union Iron. He then spent a few years at Union Iron and then accepted a position with AGI as director of international sales. In 2015, he became director of North American sales for our newly formed commercial division. In early 2016 Mr Wernsing was asked to be general manager at Union Iron. Mr Wernsing is firmly of the belief that he currently possesses sufficient “understanding of Union Iron’s people, products and customers to build and support an effective team that will manage this business successfully.”

What are the unique qualities that you believe have made Union Iron such a successful brand, and how do you intend to ensure that this reputation is carried forward into the future? Union Iron has a solid reputation as a manufacturer of heavy-duty, grain handling equipment with a conservative approach to design and application. I intend to ensure this reputation is carried forward by concentrating on the customer experience at every step of the transaction: from initial contact to after-sales support. In short, we will leave our customers satisfied with their decision to partner with Union Iron.

What is it like to work as such a key component in such a vast network of co-operating companies as AGI, and what are the pros and cons of working in such a large family of companies?

There are really no negatives working in a network that has so many experienced, talented and creative people. Each division, department and individual at AGI brings a unique perspective to the opportunities and obstacles we face in our business. No doubt there are challenges, especially challenges created by cultural differences, but these differences can also become strengths when recognised and leveraged.

How do you maintain yours and your team’s daily motivation and inspiration despite obstacles, pushback or setbacks?

Everyone at Union Iron, and this is true across the entire AGI organisation, seeks to be the best at what they do. That’s the common theme across all functions of our business: to be the best. I’m not referring to being the best we can be…I’m referring to being the best in the world at what we do. That is an important distinction.

What are the most useful resources that you would recommend to someone looking to gain a better perspective into becoming a better industry leader? You must know your customer and you must know yourself. Have a deep understanding of what your customer needs and an even deeper understanding of whether you have what it takes to provide it.

Although I appreciate that only a relatively small amount of time has passed since your appointment, do you currently

106 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

have any concerns in regards to the current state of the industry? What do you see as being the current trends or even, what currently poses the biggest challenge? There are always concerns. I’m concerned about the current political environment in the U.S. and the uncertainty an election year brings. I’m concerned that low commodity prices may affect the appetite for continued capital investment. I’m concerned about regional instability around the Black Sea. I’m always concerned about weather events.

Looking forward, which elements of your own wealth of experience do you believe will influence your ethos and decision making most throughout the duration of your time as GM of Union Iron?

From a purely philosophical perspective, I have learned to value hard work, to strive to gain deep understanding and to persevere. Success requires all three things.

Do you have any plans or goals for the immediate future of Union Iron that you would be willing to share with our readership? Which changes do you plan to implement and do you foresee any issues with doing so?

Change at Union Iron is constant. We recently introduced a new coating system, we call it Plus-Coat, which proved to be superior to hot-dipped galvanising in third party tests. We are preparing to manufacture AGI’s commercial bin sweep. We are expanding and improving our structural steel product line.

What are you doing daily to ensure the growth and development of Union Iron?

We’re focused on being the best; we’re focused on results and we’re focused on the customer experience. If we can stay focused we will continue to grow and perform.

What are the most pressing challenges that you face in your role at Union Iron today? Whether it is generating sales, managing projects or designing new products it takes talented and motivated people. So, the biggest challenge is figuring out how to put the right people in the right positions. We then have to make sure they have a crystal clear understanding of the company’s goals and that they are driven with incentives that align their interests with the company’s interests.


Corbion Caravan promotes Jesse Stinson to Manager, Sweet Bakery Goods


uccess is sweet, as Jesse Stinson can tell you. Based on her talents as a team leader and senior scientist at Corbion Caravan’s Bakery Ingredient Innovation Centre, Jesse has been named the new Application Manager of the Sweet Bakery Goods team.

The team is part of a foundational service at Corbion Caravan: The company has provided research and development, technical support, and innovative products to bakers for more than 100 years.

Jesse Stinson

“There’s always something new to learn and discover in baking,” says Jesse.

“This role will give me the opportunity to work with a great team, push the boundaries, and find new ways to help our customers succeed.”

Jesse Stinson has worked at Corbion Caravan for more than eight years. Her areas of expertise include ingredient functionality, enzyme technology, industrial bread formulation, mould inhibition in bakery systems, texture analysis, and project management.

Ardent Mills names VP of Research, Quality and Technical Solutions Team


rdent Mills, the premier flour milling and ingredient company, announces that Kent Juliot will join the Ardent Mills team as Vice President of the Research, Quality and Technical Solutions and member of the senior leadership team.

“We are pleased to announce that Kent has accepted the role as Vice President of the Research, Quality and Technical Solutions team at Ardent Mills,” states Dan Dye, CEO.

Kent Juliot

“Kent is a proven leader in the food industry with an extensive background in food production and customer technical interactions. He also brings to Ardent Mills a strong track record in the flour milling business, along with relationships that span the FDA, USDA and in the international arena.”

Bill Stoufer, COO adds, “Kent was selected for this role based on his long track record of success in the food industry, his broad range of food safety and quality experience and his passion for developing high-performing organisations, leaders and teams.”

He comes with nearly 11 years of progressive leadership experience at ConAgra Foods where he was responsible for food safety, quality and sanitation for 58 ConAgra Foods and co-manufacturing processing facilities. He also led the supplier quality department, managing over 10,000 ingredients and packaging supplies. Prior to his experience at ConAgra Foods, Kent held leadership posts in quality and plant management over a 20-year span with the Kellogg Company.

Kent will be relocating to the Denver area and will be reporting directly to Bill Stoufer, COO, beginning his new role here on April 25, 2016.

Monica McGurk to lead strategy and new ventures for Tyson Foods


n executive with more than two decades of strategic and organisational experience has been selected to manage corporate strategy and new business opportunities for Tyson Foods, Inc, the company reported today.

Monica McGurk has been named senior vice president of strategy and new ventures and will manage the company’s strategic planning and growth efforts. She will report to Tyson Foods President and CEO Donnie Smith.

Monica McGurk

“Monica is a great fit for our company,” said Mr Smith.

“She comes to us as the result of a long career of proven performance in strategic roles, and we believe her extensive experience will help us continue to grow as a value-added food company.”

Ms McGurk most recently worked for the Coca-Cola Company, where she was senior vice president of strategy, decision support and e-commerce for the company’s North American Group. Prior to Coca-Cola, she spent 19 years at McKinsey & Company, one of the world’s top management consulting firms, where she focused on consumer and retail sectors, founded McKinsey’s consumer innovation practice, and led its consumer organisation practice. She holds a Master of Business Administration degree from Stanford University. Long-time Tyson Foods’ senior leader Hal Carper will help McGurk transition to her new role. He’ll also continue to develop the operational support necessary to execute the company’s growth strategy. 108 | June 2016 - Milling and Grain

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