Microbiology Mnemonics

August 10, 2017 | Author: Arshad Aziz | Category: Streptococcus, Virus, Pneumonia, Bacteria, Sense (Molecular Biology)
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Well, I tried to gather up the few ones I could find and here they are in the compiled form. Hope it will assist you to some extent in digesting all these stinky microbes....  (This document is open to corrections. There were a few nasty ones that I modified into somewhat ethical ones, so you don't have to say that they're different from whats on the internet...) Microbiology Mnemonics Compiled by: Arshad Aziz (Intel) Khyber Medical College, Peshawar 3rd Year M.B,B.S (Batch 2014)

Dimorphic Fungi Have HSBC Bank Histoplasmosis, Sporothrix Blastomycosisi Cryptomycosis PARASITES: Trichomaniasis: Features 5 F's: Flagella Frothy discharge Fishy odor (sometimes) Fornication (STD) Flagyl (metronidazole) Rx This is for parasites EAT EGGS - this means those parasite swhich enter our body by means of ingestion of eggs Enterobius vermicularis, Ascaris, Trichuris SAN SKIN-Strongyloides,Ancylostoma,Necatorenter the body by penetrating the skin TrichiMelLa-M-Meat L-larva, so,larva form enters via meat The 2 antifungal flu , flucanazole and flucytosine , can easily flu (flow ) in the CSF and the urine!! Heart block by I will block my heart from Dirty Cheap Looking Trouble making Losers D-DIPHTHERIA C-CHAGAS L-LEGIONELLA T-TYPHIOD L-LYME DISEASE

Clue high fever slow pulse BACTERIA Facultative Intracellular Organisms “yes frank may brush sally list's legs” yersinia franciscella mycobacterium tb brucella salmonella listeria legionella OR "FaT BoY LoST in MaiL" -Francisella Tularensis - Brucella - Yersinia - Legionella - Salmonella Typhi - Mycobacterium – Listeria Mnemonic for cysteine requirement for growth: “St. Francis was a brother and Pastor for Legendary Cysteine Chapel” Francisella Brucella Pasturella Legionella Urease positive organisms PUNCH: Proteus (leads to alkaline urine) Ureaplasma (renal calculi) Nocardia Cryptoccocus (the fungus) Helicobacter pylori Streptococcus pyogenes: virulence factors SMASHED: Streptolysins M protein Anti-C5a peptidase Streptokinase Hyaluronidase Exotoxin DNAses Psedomonas aeruginosa: features AERUGINOSA: Aerobic Exotoxin A Rod/ Resistance UTIs, burns, injuries Green-blue dressings Iron-containing lesions

Negative gram Odor of grapes Slime capsule sometimes (in CF pt) Adherin pili Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases caused NIPPLES: Necrotising fasciitis and myositis Impetigo Pharyngitis Pneumonia Lymphangitis Erysipelas and cellulitis Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TSS Toxoplasma gondii: manifestations "My Cat Eats Mice": Mononucleosis-like illness Chorioretinits/ Congenital infection Encephalitis Myocarditis Staphylococcus aureus: diseases caused SOFT PAINS: Skin infections Osteomyelitis Food poisoning Toxic shock syndrome Pneumonia Acute endocarditis Infective arthritis Necrotizing fasciitis Sepsis Endotoxin features ENDOTOXIN: Endothelial cells/ Edema Negative (gram- bacteria) DIC/ Death Outer membrane TNF O-antigen X-tremely heat stable IL-1 Nitric oxide/ Neutrophil chemotaxis FASLE POSITIVE VDRL “SLAP HIM”: S: SLE L: Leprosy A: Acute febrile illness P: Pregnancy

H: Hepatitis I: Infectious mononucleosis M: Malaria for cholera, COINS C-CATALASE POSITIVE O-OXIDASE POSITIVE I-INDOLE POSITIVE N-NITRATE S-SUCROSE FERMENTER Organisms that Produce granulomas (Persistent Antigens) “Bruce Ly's Beryliant trap for my cat was Listed in the History of France as a sarcastic Acting blast” Brucellosis Lynphogranuloma venerum Berylliosis Treponema pallidum Mycobacterium Cat Scratch Fever Listeria Histoplasma Francisella Sarcoidosis Actinomyces Blastomyces Infections that cross the placenta A baby’s input from the other side of the placenta “The cyte of policox being rubbed on her peice with HIV and syphilis is really tocxic” Cytomegalovirus Polio Coxsacki B Rubella Herpese II in Primary infection HIV Syphilis Toxoplasmosis The Zoonotic Bacteria “Be sure Cattle Carry Light Bacteria Fast” Brucella, Salmonella enteridis, Coxiella Burnetti, Chlamydia psittaci, Listeria monocytogenes, Brucella, Francisella tularensis ENCAPSULATED ORGANISMS-

Some Killers Have Pretty Nice Capsules. Strep pneumoniae Klepsiella Hemophilus influenza Pseudomonas aeruginosa Cryptococcus neoformans(fungus) Organisms Acting Via cAMP cAMP Cholera. Anthrax. M-altered m sideways=E. Coli Pertussis “Bad Bacterial Killers Have Some Pretty Nasty External Carbohydrate Capsules”Bacillus / Bacteroides / Kleb / Hemophilius / strepts / pseudomonas / Neisseria M. / E. coli / Clostridium / Cryptococcus Aerobic or Facultative Anarobic Rods “Bacteria likes chocolate M&N”: bacillus listeria corynebacterium mycobacterium nocardia Gram Positive Rods “Bring chopped chicken legs after mid night”. bacillus, clostridium, coryn bact , listeria, actinomysis, mycobac, nocardia NAKED UNENCAPSULATED VIRUSES. “American Pornstars Perform CPR” Adenovirus, Papovirus, Parvovirus (DNA, the first 3) Calcivirus, Picornavirus, Reovirus (RNA, the last 3) Rod Gram Negative = Yersinia = ella has Haemophilus and Enterics Yersinia, all the ella-ending, Haemophilus and Enterics Obligate aerobes = air nocorda to bacillus tuberculosis P. aerruginosa, Nocordia, Bacillus, M. Tuberculosis Obligate anaerobes = Bacteroids Actively Clollect O2 = Actinomyces, Bacteroides, Clostridium Intracellular bugs = Ricko Chyli Rickettsia, Chlamydia

Facultative Intracellular bugs = Yes, My legion list for Sale = Brucellas, France and Nigeria Yersinia, Mycobacterium, Legionella, Listeria, Salmonella, Brucella, Francisella, Neisseria Bacterial virulence factors Ig A protease = (encapsulated )Pneumoniae, Influenza and Meningitis Strept Pneumoniae, Haem. Influenza, Neiss. Meningitidis Exotoxins with protein synthesis inhibitors: Shigella, the Pseudo-mona eats Corn with E. Coli Shigella, P. aeuroginosa, Corynebacterium, E. Coli A very good one: 1) Trypansoma Cruzi - Chagas disease symptoms and cause: "Tom Cruise is a huge ass (megacolon), who is pretty hard to swallow (megaesophagus), but he has a big heart (dilated cardiomyopathy) and he knows how to kiss red lips" (transmitted by Reduvid bug, aka kissing bug). 2) With TrypanSOMA gambiense & rhodesiense I visualise tripping over a sleeping SOMAlian (African sleeping sickness) with a big sore bite on his leg (painful Tsetse fly bite). VACCINES: RIP A Rest In Pace Always (For killed viruses in vaccination) Rabies Influenza Polio A Hepatitis Live Viral Vaccines “VeneZuelan Mosquitoes Rub their Small Yellow Antenas(Adeno) against Polish mums” Varicella-Zoster Measles Rubella Small Pox Yellow Fever Adenoviruses Polio (Sabin) Mumps Vaccines with immunoglobulins “Venezuelan babies imagine Hep A&B are measles and rabies” Varicella-Zoster Hep A Hep B Measles Rabies

associate imagine with immunoglobulins VIRUSES DNA viruses HHAPPPy Herpesviridae Hepadnaviridae Adenovirus Papova Poxviridae Parvovirus DNA naked virus PAP smear you need to be naked Papova Adenovirus Parvovirus All DNA viruses have a double strand DNA, except Parvovirus RNA VIRUSES When and why do you get naked? The answer also works for the RNA viruses.. “The RNA viruses get naked when they want to REPLICATE!!” REovirus PLIcavirus CAlicivirus Astrovirus RNA viruses: negative stranded "Always Bring Polymerase Or Fail Replication": Arena Bunya Paramyxo Orthomyxo Filo Rhabdo All RNA viruses have linear RNA except BAD ones: Bunya , Arena and Delta Positive sense RNA viruses “Pick on retrovirus and it will fly you to grave from your coronation like a cauliflower”

Picornavirus Retrovirus Flavivirus Togavirus Coronavirus Calicivirus Negative Sense RNA viruses “To fill the Arena, Rabits make bunnys and Paramyx make Orthomyx” Filovirus Arenavirus Rhabdovirus Bunnyavirus Paramyxovirus Orthomyxovirus Good Luck on Exams!!! D:\Mainframe\Academics\Biological Sciences\Medical Studies\2nd Professional\Creative\Microbiology Mnemeonics.docx

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