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What we love to do we find time to do! Tuan Nguyen Anh

Hanoi Mathematical Society Hanoi Open Mathematical Olympiad 2008 Junior Section Sunday, 30 March 2008

08h45 - 11h45

Important: Answer all 10 questions. Enter your answers on the answer sheet provided. No calcultoes are allowed. Q1. How many integers from 1 to 2008 have the sum of their digits divisible by 5? Q2. How many integers belong to (a;2008a), where a (a > 0) is given. Q3. Find the coefficient of x in the expansion of (1 + x)(1 - 2x)(1 + 3x)(1 - 4x)…(1 - 2008x). Q4. Find all pairs (m;n) of positive integers such that m 2 n 2 3(m n) . Q5. Suppose x, y, z, t are real numbers such that x y z t 1

y z t x 1

z t x y 1

. Prove that x 2 y2 z 2 t 2 1 .

t x y z 1

Q6. Let P(x) be a polynomial such that P(x 2 1) x 4 3x 2 3 . Find P(x 2 1) ? Q7. The figure ABCDE is a convex pentagon. Find the sum DAC EBD ACE BDA CEB? Q8. The sides of a rhombus have length a and the area is S. What is the length of the shorter diagonal? Q9. Let be given a right-angled triangle ABC with A 900 , AB = c, CA = b. Let E CA and F AB such that AEF ABC and AFE ACB . Denote by P BC and Q BC such that EP BC and FQ BC . Determine EP + EF + PQ? Q10. Let a,b,c 1;3 and satisfy the following conditions max a;b;c 2 , a + b + c = 5. 1

What is the smallest possible value of a 2 b2 c2 ?

What we love to do we find time to do! Tuan Nguyen Anh

Hanoi Mathematical Society Hanoi Open Mathematical Olympiad 2008 Senior Section Sunday, 30 March 2008

08h45 - 11h45

Important: Answer all 10 questions. Enter your answers on the answer sheet provided. No calcultoes are allowed. Q1. How many integers are there in b;2008b , where b ( b > 0) is given. Q2. Find all pairs (m;n) of positive integers such that m 2 2n 2 3(m 2n) . Q3. Show that the equation x 2 8z 3 2y2 , has no solutions of positive integers x, y and z. Q4. Prove that there exists an infinite number of relatively prime pairs (m;n) of positive integers such that the equation x 3 nx mn 0 , has three distintcinteger roots. P(x) amin P(x) b a , Q5. Find all polynomials P(x) of degree 1 such that amax x b x b a,b R where a < b. Q6. Let a,b,c 1;3 and satisfy the following conditions max a;b;c 2 , a + b + c = 5. What is the smallest possible value of a 2 b2 c2 ? Q7. Fin all triples (a, b, c) of consecutive odd positive integers such that a < b < c and a 2 b2 c2 is a four digit number with all digit equal. Q8. Consider a covex quadrilateral ABCD. Let O be the intersection of AC and BD; M, N be the centroid of AOB and COD and P, Q be orthocenter of BOC and DOA , respectively. Prove that MN PQ . 2

Q9. Consider a triangle ABC. For every point M BC we difine N CA and P AB such that APMN is a parallelogram. Let O be the intersection of BN and CP. Find M BC such that OMP OMN .

What we love to do we find time to do! Tuan Nguyen Anh Q10. Let be given a right-angled triangle ABC with A 900 , AB = c, CA = b. Let E CA and F AB such that AEF ABC and AFE ACB . Denote by P BC and Q BC such that EP BC and FQ BC . Determine EP + EF + PQ?

(Sưu tầm và giới thiệu)

3

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Hanoi Mathematical Society Hanoi Open Mathematical Olympiad 2008 Junior Section Sunday, 30 March 2008

08h45 - 11h45

Important: Answer all 10 questions. Enter your answers on the answer sheet provided. No calcultoes are allowed. Q1. How many integers from 1 to 2008 have the sum of their digits divisible by 5? Q2. How many integers belong to (a;2008a), where a (a > 0) is given. Q3. Find the coefficient of x in the expansion of (1 + x)(1 - 2x)(1 + 3x)(1 - 4x)…(1 - 2008x). Q4. Find all pairs (m;n) of positive integers such that m 2 n 2 3(m n) . Q5. Suppose x, y, z, t are real numbers such that x y z t 1

y z t x 1

z t x y 1

. Prove that x 2 y2 z 2 t 2 1 .

t x y z 1

Q6. Let P(x) be a polynomial such that P(x 2 1) x 4 3x 2 3 . Find P(x 2 1) ? Q7. The figure ABCDE is a convex pentagon. Find the sum DAC EBD ACE BDA CEB? Q8. The sides of a rhombus have length a and the area is S. What is the length of the shorter diagonal? Q9. Let be given a right-angled triangle ABC with A 900 , AB = c, CA = b. Let E CA and F AB such that AEF ABC and AFE ACB . Denote by P BC and Q BC such that EP BC and FQ BC . Determine EP + EF + PQ? Q10. Let a,b,c 1;3 and satisfy the following conditions max a;b;c 2 , a + b + c = 5. 1

What is the smallest possible value of a 2 b2 c2 ?

What we love to do we find time to do! Tuan Nguyen Anh

Hanoi Mathematical Society Hanoi Open Mathematical Olympiad 2008 Senior Section Sunday, 30 March 2008

08h45 - 11h45

Important: Answer all 10 questions. Enter your answers on the answer sheet provided. No calcultoes are allowed. Q1. How many integers are there in b;2008b , where b ( b > 0) is given. Q2. Find all pairs (m;n) of positive integers such that m 2 2n 2 3(m 2n) . Q3. Show that the equation x 2 8z 3 2y2 , has no solutions of positive integers x, y and z. Q4. Prove that there exists an infinite number of relatively prime pairs (m;n) of positive integers such that the equation x 3 nx mn 0 , has three distintcinteger roots. P(x) amin P(x) b a , Q5. Find all polynomials P(x) of degree 1 such that amax x b x b a,b R where a < b. Q6. Let a,b,c 1;3 and satisfy the following conditions max a;b;c 2 , a + b + c = 5. What is the smallest possible value of a 2 b2 c2 ? Q7. Fin all triples (a, b, c) of consecutive odd positive integers such that a < b < c and a 2 b2 c2 is a four digit number with all digit equal. Q8. Consider a covex quadrilateral ABCD. Let O be the intersection of AC and BD; M, N be the centroid of AOB and COD and P, Q be orthocenter of BOC and DOA , respectively. Prove that MN PQ . 2

Q9. Consider a triangle ABC. For every point M BC we difine N CA and P AB such that APMN is a parallelogram. Let O be the intersection of BN and CP. Find M BC such that OMP OMN .

What we love to do we find time to do! Tuan Nguyen Anh Q10. Let be given a right-angled triangle ABC with A 900 , AB = c, CA = b. Let E CA and F AB such that AEF ABC and AFE ACB . Denote by P BC and Q BC such that EP BC and FQ BC . Determine EP + EF + PQ?

(Sưu tầm và giới thiệu)

3

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