Let Reviewer Asian Studies - Copy
reviewer for LET...
Pangasinan State University
LINGAYEN CAMPUS Lingayen, Pangasinan
LET REVIEWER Asian Studies June 23, 2013 Analyze the following statements and encircle the letter of the best answer. 1. Which of the following statements about the spiritual beliefs and practices of preIslamic Arabs is not true? A. There was a central shrine, the Ka'aba, in Mecca. B. Spirits were believed to inhabit objects of the natural world. C. Most people were polytheistic. D. A strong priestly class controlled access to the patron gods. E. Faith was communal and involved all members of a tribe. 2. Mao's Great Leap Forward: A. collectivized farmland into large communes. B. created village size collectives. C. proved to be wonderful success. D. copied the New Economic Policy of Lenin. E. attempted to redistribute farmland. 3. Sikhism was an attempt to: A. accommodate Buddhism and Islam. B. drive Muslims out of northern India. C. integrate the best of Islam and Hinduism. D. purge Hinduism of any vestiges of Islam. E. revitalize the declining Buddhist movement. 4. The Old Babylonian law code was based on an "eye for an eye" justice. This severity was necessary in part due to: A. society stratification. B. the absence of ethical/moral code in religious doctrine. C. numerous medical malpractice cases. D. foreign culture infiltration. 5. Why did the ideas in the Upanishads influence only a small number of people? A. there were too many other influential breakaway religions B. the ideas were centered on unimportant deities C. ideas were too complex for the masses to understand D. the masses were satisfied with the traditional ways 6. During the Ming dynasty, how did one become a member of the bureaucracy? A. emperor appointment B. examinations C. by purchasing office D. hereditary 7. What have Hindus learned from the philosophical poem, Bhagavad-Gita? A. theory and practice of government in Mauryan Empire B. will of gods C. hardships of a hero D. morality 8. After the twelfth century, what caused Buddhism to completely vanish from the land of its birth? A. absorption into Hinduism B. Christian proselytizing by the Apostle Thomas Page | 1
C. massacre by Mahmud the "Image Breaker" D. destruction of Buddhist establishments by Muslim invaders 9. Which of the following was not a cause of the Chinese Revolution? A. Qing administration's decision to take power from provincial governments B. increasing influence of foreigners C. frustration of rural peasants D. diffusion of Western reform ideas by educated Chinese E. embarassing defeat in Sino-Japanese War 10. Dowager Empress Cixi: A. has a name I can readily pronounce B. nephew's concubine who ruled in his place C. encouraged implementation of Western reform ideals D. eventually arrested Emperor after considering Hundred Days Reform E. increased territorial holdings of China 11. The Chinese Revolution of 1911 was followed by: A. years of chaos and the gradual secession of provinces B. decades of stability enforced by a democratic regime C. the establishment in 1927 of a Republican parliament D. the return of power to the Qing emperor in 1912 E. the decreasing power of warlords in outlying provinces 12. Sun Yat-sen: A. initiated the revolt in 1911 by leading a military insurgency B. was frustrated that he had not achieved the title of father of Modern China C. advocated the principles of nationalis, democracy and the People's Livelihood D. refused to employ military strategies to gain power E. died before seeing the revolution succeed 13. The Chinese Republic of 1912: A. was run by the Communist Party - Kuomintang B. represented the first time in China a politician had come to power by the will of the people C. ended in a Civil War as Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong united to assume power D. succeeded without assistance from the Soviets E. implemented the American Constitution for 87 years 14. During the Tokugawa Shogunate: A. power resided with the emperor B. the samurai fought with the haiyatsu for dominance C. the Tokugawa clan centralized government D. social mobility became increasingly possible E. Japan involved itself with world trade 15. The Meiji Restoration A. was implemented from above by the government B. was successful due to the dominance of the merchant class C. came without Western encouragement D. abolished payments to samurai E. created formal law code and elected parliament known as the Diet 16. Which of the following was not a characteristic of British rule of India? A. all castes exposed to British education B. spread of Christianity C. building of roads and canals D. raw materials flowed out of India and manufactured goods flowed back in E. rate of urbanization increased
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17. Which of the following does not accurately reflect European influence in Southeast Asia? A. France created the colonies of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos B. Indonesia was controlled by the Dutch East India Company C. Bristish influenced Malaya and the island Singapore D. the Philippines was ruled for most of the 19th century by Spain E. part of Indonesia was controlled by Portugal 18. Thailand was one of the few Asian regions to remain free of colonial rule because: A. the King of Siam had an affair with a beautiful teacher from England B. both England and France essentially agreed to keep the region as a buffer zone between their empires C. Thailand industrialized making it a formidable military foe D. natural resources of region not desired by Europe E. rapid spread of malaria made region inhospitable 19. Which best explains the British East India Company's ability to govern India: A. size of corporation B. ability to work with local rulers and manipulate regional divisions C. Indian desire to be ruled by outsiders D. centralized authority ruled from London E. British hesitancy to put down insurrections that might harm regional power 20. Napoleon referred to China as a "sleeping dragon" because: A. it would be a formidable foe once its resources and population were utilized efficiently B. its military devestated surrounding regions C. he was defeated by Chinese soldiers in Egypt in 1797 D. calling it an awake dragon would sound kind of awkward E. the nation had an unfair trade balance with Europe because no European nation wanted Chinese goods 21. Which of the following was not a reason China was unable to push back European influence? A. expensive cost of securing borders drained treasury B. population growth was not being matched by food harvests C. corrupt government officials D. Europe hadn't traded with China for over three hundred years E. string of incompetent leaders 22. Which of the following is not a reason the Manchu Emperor of China outlawed the Opium Trade in 1839? A. decrease in productivity resulting from addiction B. unfair trade balance C. decline in Chinese values D. fear of ever increasing influence of the West E. workers too effective because opium heightens the senses and makes a human able to work for 27 hours straight without a break 23. Which of the following was not a reflection of Japan's rapid industrialization? A. ability to beat Russia in Russo-Japanese War B. ability to fend off economic threat of Europe C. ability to beat China in Sino-Japanese War D. ability to beat Vietnam in Indochina-Japanese War E. Japan becomes first non-Western nation in centuries to create new empire 24. Economically, what enabled Japan to become a colonial power after 1894? A. Agricultural advances increased the population and forced Japan to look for new land. B. Japanese trade wars against the United States removed regional competition for colonies. C. Industrialization allowed Japan to expend resources on military and colonial expansion. Page | 3
D. The Japanese were forced to acquire colonies in Asia when European trade was banned. 25. Mohandas Gandhi used his philosophy of nonviolent noncooperation in an effort to: A. form a Marxist government in India. B. convince his fellow Indians to support the Allies in World War II. C. persuade Pakistanis to separate from India. D. achieve India’s independence from Great Britain. 26. The Arab oil embargo against the United States in 1973 was initiated because of U.S. support for: A. Egypt in the Suez Crisis. B. Iraq in its conflict with Iran. C. Israel in the Yom Kippur War. D. Greece in its conflict with Turkey. 27.
Technological innovations Production of nuclear power Religious and ethnic conflict Existence of vast oil reserves
During the twentieth century, which factors from this list have made the Middle East significant to the rest of the world? A. 1 and 2 B. 3 and 4 C. 1 and 3 D. 2 and 4 28. In India and Pakistan, feelings of nationalism are intertwined with religious conflict between: A. Buddhists and Hindus. B. Christians and Muslims. C. Taoists and Buddhists. D. Muslims and Hindus. 29. Identify the important original contribution of the Hebrew culture to the civilizations in the Middle East and Mediterranean during the Classical Period. A. Monotheism B. Written legal code C. Phonetic alphabet D. Priest caste 30. In addition to Judaism, identify the two cultures that most influenced the development of early Christianity. A. Sumerian and Egyptian B. Greek and Roman C. Egyptian and Greek D. Sumerian and Roman 31. What civilization was initially responsible for the unification of the Middle East, Asia Minor (modern Turkey), and the Iranian plateau? A. Rome B. Egypt C. Ottoman D. Persian 32. What statement accurately compares the government of the Han dynasty with that of the Roman Republic? A. Power in the Han dynasty was concentrated in a centralized bureaucracy dominated by Confucian scholars while power in the Roman Republic was shared among the major landowning families of Rome. B. Power in the Han dynasty rested solely with the emperor while in Rome all citizens were able to express their opinions and influence government. Page | 4
C. Power in the Han dynasty was concentrated in a centralized bureaucracy dominated by Confucian scholars while in the Roman Republic all citizens shared power in governmental decisions. D. Power in the Han dynasty rested in the hands of the military generals and their successors, who had helped defeat the previous Qin dynasty, while power in the Roman Republic rested in the hands of legion commanders and provincial governors. 33. What statement defines the dynastic cycle? A. Chinese governments ruled based on the power of a single family. B. While at first militarily powerful, as a dynasty came to depend more on Confucian scholars than generals, it became weaker militarily and would eventually fall to foreign invasion. C. Chinese government depended upon economic growth to sustain power, and as the economy declined, based on cycles, so too did the dynasties. D. Initially a Chinese government enjoyed prosperity and economic growth, but over time corruption, internal disasters, and external invasions all eroded a dynasty’s power. 34. Identify the major trade network between Asia and Europe. A. Trans- Saharan caravans B. The Silk Road C. Indian Ocean sea- lanes D. Mediterranean sea- lanes 35. “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘Let my people go, that they may hold a feast to me in the wilderness.’” — Moses’s words to Pharaoh as recounted in the Bible, Exodus 5:1 Identify which of the following religions that would NOT accept the statement above as part of their religious heritage. A. Roman Catholicism B. Islam C. Eastern Orthodox D. Zoroastrianism 36. Though often not officially interested in foreign trade, what example below indicates the involvement of the Chinese government in internal trade? A. The Great Wall of China B. The opening of the civil service exam to all backgrounds C. The construction of the Grand Canal D. The use of tax money for flood control 37. Which of the following is a correct analysis of the impact of the early Mongol Empire on trade? A. The Mongols looted caravans to the point that the Silk Road no longer facilitated trade across Asia. B. The Mongols patrolled trade routes and protected caravans in their empire, leading to a boom in trade along the Silk Road. C. Merchants sought other routes, especially through Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, to avoid the Mongol tribesmen. D. Merchants were forced to turn to other professions as the Mongols refused to allow other peoples to move through their empire. 38. He [Kublai Khan] makes them take of the bark of a certain tree. What they take is a certain fine white skin which lies between the wood of the tree and the thick outer bark, and this they make into something resembling sheets of paper, but black. When these sheets have been prepared they are cut up into pieces of different sizes. The smallest of these sizes is worth a half tornesel; the next, a little larger, one tornesel; one, a little larger still, is worth half a silver groat of Venice; another a whole groat; others yet two groats, five groats, and ten groats…and on every piece a variety of officials, whose duty it is, have to write their names, and to put their seals. And when all is prepared duly, the chief officer deputed by the Khan Page | 5
smears the seal entrusted to him with vermilion, and impresses it on the paper, so that the form of the seal remains printed upon it in red; the money is then authentic. Anyone forging it would be punished with death. And the Khan causes every year to be made such a vast quantity of this money, which costs him nothing, that it must equal in amount all the treasure in the world. — From The Travels of Marco Polo What statement best evaluates Marco Polo’s discussion of paper money from the perspective of a modern economist? A. Absolute authority allowed for the printing of unlimited amounts of currency without inflation. B. Marco Polo failed to understand how the khan collects wealth in order to print the currency without rampant inflation. C. Due to lack of foreign trade, the printing of currency by the khan does not increase inflation because no foreign wealth enters the Chinese economy. D. As long as a national government— the khan in this case— is trusted by its people, the government can print currency without fear of inflation. 39. The spread of Islam into India and Southeast Asia was facilitated by: A. the military conquest of the caliphate. B. the introduction of Sufi mysticism. C. the lack of native belief systems. D. the Mongol conquest. 40. In 1900, European, American, and Japanese troops landed in China to put down a rebellion initiated by the Society of the Righteous Harmonious Fist, called Boxers by Westerners, because: A. even though the Westerners did not favor the Qing dynasty, they did not want it replaced by a stronger Chinese government. B. of treaty obligations the Western governments and Japan had negotiated with the weak Qing dynasty. C. the Boxers’ goal was the expulsion of foreigners and their influence from China. D. the rebellion provided an excuse to permanently station Western troops in China based on a series of previous treaty agreements. 41. The first woman prime minister of a Muslim country. A. Hasina Wajed B. Benazir Bhutto C. Khaleda Zia Gandhi
42. The daughter of the dictatorial president of South Korea who was elected in December 2012 as country’s first woman president. A. Chang Sang B. Ban Ki-moon C. Park Geun Hye D. Roh Moo Hyun 43. The Arab Spring ousted which president of a country in Arabian Peninsula. A. Yemen B. Syria C. Oman D. Saudi Arabia 44. The world’s only theocratic state which is found in Asia. A. Iran B. Iraq C. North Korea D. Malaysia 45. Yingluck Shinawatra is currently the only woman head of government in Southeast Asia. She is the prime minister of what country? A. Myanmar B. Thailand C. Cambodia D. Vietnam Prepared by:
RENATO ESPINOZA SALCEDO, Ph.D. Reviewer Page | 6
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