LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) GenEd Combined 171Pages 4mb
English / Math / Science / Filipino / Social Science...
COMPETENCIES 1. ENGLISH 1 – STUDY AND THINKING SKILLS 1.1 Use English language correctly and appropriately. 1.2 Comprehend written text. 2. ENGLISH 2 – WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINE 2.1 Use accurate, meaningful and appropriate language in written discourse. 3. ENGLISH 3 – SPEECH AND ORAL COMMUNICATION 3.1 Use accurate, meaningful and appropriate language in oral discourse. 4. LITERATURE 1 – PHILIPPINE LITERATURE 4.1 Apply knowledge gained from local literary pieces 4.2 Manifest comprehension to extract elements in major literary genres 4.3 Relate insights to given situation 5. LITERATURE 2 – MASTER WORKS OF THE WORLD 5.1 interpret passages from master works of the world
6% 3% 3% 5% 5% 5% 3% 4% 1% 2% 2% 2% 2%
NOTES Subject-verb agreement The rules of the subject-verb agreement are used to properly determine whether the singular or plural form should be use in a sentence. 1) An intervening phrase or clause between subject and verb does not change the number of the subject. Margarita, together with her brothers, likes to party. The gentlemen who attended the meeting are very punctual. 2) Singular indefinite pronouns take singular verbs. Plural indefinite pronouns take plural verbs. Each student in this school does not pay for his tuition. Many students perform well in surprise quizzes. 3) Compound subjects joined by and are always plural. Miguel and Monica spend their free time at the gym Chona and Fernan set aside a small percentage of their income for their children’s educational plan. 4) With a compound subjects joined by or/nor, the verb agrees with the subject nearer to it. Either alice or her badminton buddies are bringing the deserts. Neither the students nor the teacher recognizes the strange markings. 5) Inverted subjects must agree with the verb. There are 15 students in my class. How is Maria handling a news of her grandfather’s death.. 6) Collective nouns (group, jury, crowd, team, etc.) are always singular. The jury decides that you are guilty of the crime. The jury have been arguing for 5 days regarding the case.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 7) Titles of single entities (books, organizations, countries, etc.) are always singular. The grapes of wrath by john Steinbeck takes quite some time to read. The Philippines strengthens its diplomatic ties with ASEAN nation. 8) Plural form subjects with a singular meaning take with a singular verb. (E.g. news, measles, mumps, physics). Plural form subjects with a plural meaning take a plural verb. (E.g. scissors, trousers). Measles is a contagious disease that spread among school children. Scissors are used to cut the props for the stage play. 9)
With subject and subjective verb complement of different number, the verb always agree with the subject. My favourite topic is short stories by Edgar Allan Poe. Short stories by Edgar Allan Poe are my favourite topic.
10) With one of those ______ who, use a plural verb. With the only one of those ______ who, use a singular verb. Pocholo is one of those people who like to watch DVDs. Patricia is the only one of those people who likes to read novels. 11) With the number of _____, use a singular verb. With a number of ______ use a plural verb. The number of students who fail the exam increases at an alarming rate. A number of students continue to fail the exam. 12) With every ______ and many a _____, use a singular verb. Every driver knows his away around Makati. Many a Filipino dreams of winning the lottery
NOTES LITERARY DEVICES Proper interpretation and understanding of literature requires familiarity with literary devices, idioms and figure of speech. Literary devices are also called literary techniques, literary methods or literary motifs. This pertains to identifiable rules of thumb, conventions or structures employed in literature and storytelling. Some common literary devices are presented in the table below.
Concise statement that contains a cleverly stated subjective truth or observation.
Insertion of an apparently irrelevant object early in a narrative for a purpose only revealed later
The narrative ends unresolved, to draw the audience back to a future episode for the resolution
Forcing the reader to recognize common things in an unfamiliar or strange way, to enhance perception of the familiar
Representing an object or character with abundant descriptive
Detail, or mimetically rendering gestures and dialogue to make a scene more visual and imaginatively present to an audience
A sudden revelation or an insight-usually with a symbolic role in the narrative
General term for altering time sequences, taking characters back to the beginning of the tale, for instance
Also called prolepsis, an interjected scene t5hat temporarily jumps the narrative forward in time
Foreshadowing Juxtaposition paradox Parody Poetic License
Stream of consciousness
Symbolism Ticking Clock
Hinting an events to occur later Using two themes, characters, phrases, words, or situatuaions together for comparison, contrast, or rhetoric A phrase that describes an idea composed of concepts that conflict Ridicule by overstated imitation, usually humorous Distortion of facts, alteration of the conventions of grammar or language, or rewording of pre-existing text made by a writer to improve a piece of art Technique where the author writes down their thoughts as fast as they come, typically to create an interior monologue characterized by leaps in syntax and punctuation that trace a character’s fragmentary thoughts and sensory feelings Applied use in symbols: iconic presentations that carry particular conventional meaning Threat of impending disaster-often used in thrillers scenario where salvation and escape are essential elements
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
Idioms are expressions, words, or phrases that have figurative meaning. They are comprehended in regard to a common use of that expression that is separate from the literal meaning or definition of the words of which it is made up of. Some common idioms are presented in the column below.
Lend a hand
In hot water
Put a lid on it
Lose your shirt
To lose all of or most of your money
To fail to keep in contact/communication
Get the ball rolling
Once in a blue moon
Once in a while, occasionally
Blow one’s own horn
When a person boasts about how great he/she is
Hit the books
To study, prepare for class
A face with no expression
A dime dozen
Very common, easy to find
Curiosity killed the cat
It’s not good to be too curious
The cat’s out of the bag
The secret is not a secret anymore
It’s raining cats and dogs
It’s raining hard
A penny for your thoughts
Friendly way to say “what are you thinking about?”
Money has power/influence
Born with a silver spoon
Figures of speech are moods of expression in which words are used out of their literal meaning or out of their ordinary use in order to add beauty or emotional intensity. They transfer the writer’s sense impressions by comparing or identifying one thing with another that has a meaning familiar to the reader. Figure of speech
The repetition of an initial consonant word.
Breaking off discourse to address some absent person or thing, some abstract quality, an inanimate object, or a no existing character.
Identity or simi9larity of the sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.
The substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit.
An extravagant statement; the use if exaggerate terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect.
Onomatopoeia Oxymoron Personification Rhetorical question
The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning. An implied comparison between two unlike things that actually have something important in common. One word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. Use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side. Inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities. Question posed for its persuasive effect without the expectation of a reply. A stated comparison (usually form with “like” or “as”) between two fundamentally dissimilar things that certain qualities in common. A part is use to represent the whole (for example, ABCs for alphabet) or the whole for a part (“England Won the World Cup in 1996”)
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) ENGLISH 1 – STUDY AND THINKING SKILLS 1.1 use English language correctly an appropriately
PRACTICE TEST: choose the letter that corresponds to the best answer. For numbers 1-10, select he letter of the pronoun which best completes each sentence. 1. Despite his parents’ complaints, she decided to live by ____ in Manila. A. her C. oneself B. herself D. himself 2. If you happen to see Adolfo this Friday, please give ____ my warmest regards. A. her C. it B. herself D. Them 3. I can never understand_____ when Rita speaks Spanish with ____. A. her, me C. their B. him, me D. him her 4. Cheaters should be ashamed of ____. A. himself B. him
C. themselves D. them
5. Nene was worried about the children, so she told ____ husband not to accept the job. A. his C. their B. her D. my 6. Anna and I met a friend of ____ at Robinson’s yesterday. A. ours C. ourselves B. us D. them 7. I can’t find ____ ballpen. Can I use ____, Tristan? A. my, yours C. your, yours B. mine, yours D. yours, mine 8. I hurt ____ when I was slicing the onions. A. me C. you B. myself D. My 9. This condominium is too expensive for ____. You know we can’t pay such a high monthly payment. A. us C. them B. we D. We 10. Each plan has ____ merits. A. It B. Its
C. it’s D. Their
For numbers 11-15, select the most appropriate words to complete its sentence. 11. Igor’s nipa hut was destroyed ____ by typhoon Peping. A. altogether C. altogether B. all together D. at all
12. The buttered wife is seeking ____ separation from her husband. A. judiciary C. judicious B. morale D. jurisdical 13. The ____ of the story is not to count your eggs until they are hatched. A. moral C. moralism B. morale D. morality 14. The ancient people made a _____ that the end of the world is near. A. Prophecy C. prophet B. Prophesy D. prophetic 15. ____ wiring is the cause of the sudden blackout. A. lose C. losing B. lost D. loose For numbers 16-20, select the word which means the SAME as the underlined word in each sentence. 16. Your findings are impertinent to the results of this investigation. A. malicious C. important B. violent D. irrelevant 17. Several elements must be transmuted to see the real implications of this event. A. surpassed C. changed B. estimated D. summed 18. You should be ashamed of yourself for having such carnal desires. A. Spiritual C. worldly B. Bold D. guilty 19. The president showed great aplomb while dealing with the reporters. A. agitation C. composure B. nervousness D. perturbation 20. Thank you for your candor, Mr. Secretary. A. honesty B. frankness
C. shyness D. courage
For numbers 21-30, select the most appropriate form of the verb to complete the sentence. Be guided by rule subject-verb agreement. 21. The price of this sneakers ____ reasonable. A. Is B. are
C. seem D. aren’t
22. Bread and butter ____ our daily food. A. is B. are
C. were D. am
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 23. The famous singer and composer ____ arrived. A. have C. will B. has D. is 24. Collecting stamps ____ one of his favorite pastimes. A. are C. has B. were D. is 25. Neither his father nor his sister ____ mahjong. A. play B. was
C. are play D. are plays
26. Neither parent ____ fond of playing cards. A. is B. are
C. am D. were
27. Some of my friends ____ here. A. are B. was
C. will D. were
28. Many a man ____ to be rich and famous. A. desire B. desires
C. is desiring D. desiring
29. The pair of scissors ____ on the table. A. was left B. were left
C. was leaving D. is leaving
30. Mathematics ____ the most difficult subject in the board exam. A. remain C. remaining B. remains D. has remain
For numbers 31-35, select the best preposition to complete each sentence. 31. Joan lives ____ Santillan road. A. in B. on
C. at D. to
32. Maggie will be ready to leave ____ about thirty minutes. A. in C. on B. at D. where 33. Mince he met his new girlfriend, Mico never seems to be ____ home. A. on C. in B. at D. towards 34. Jeremy responded to his mother’s demands ____throwing a tantrum. A. with C. from B. by D. through
35. I think Carmen spent the entire afternoon ____ the phone. A. on C. at B. in D. with
For numbers 36-40, choose the letter of the correct answer. 36. The nearest post office is on ___________________. A. Twenty-second street C. Twenty Second Street B. Twenty second Street D. Twenty-second Street 37. Have you ever been to my ___________________? A. Brothers-in-law’s repair shop, Gus’s Garage B. Brother-in-laws repair shop, Gus’ Garage C. Brother’s-in-law repair shop, Gus’ Garage D. Brother-in-law repair shop, Gus’s Garage 38. Please the chapter __________________________. A. Filing your Income Tax Returns. B. Filing Your Income Tax Returns. C. “Filing your Income Tax Returns.” D. “Filing Your Income Tax Returns.” 39. New students at the shop should bring ________________________. A. Hammers wrenches and screwdrivers. B. Hammers, wrenches, and screwdrivers. C. Hammers, wrenches and screwdrivers. D. Hammers wrenches, and screwdrivers. 40. Mrs. Navarro said that ____________________________________. A. “The Chemistry II exam will be next wednesday.” B. the Chemistry II will be next Wednesday. C. the chemistry II exam will be next Wednbesday. D. “The chemistry II exam will be next Wednesday 41. The test was hard for Paul and _____. A. me B. I
C. myself D. himself
42. The flower smells _______. A. sweetly B. sweet
C. sweeter D. himself
43. The suggestion of the employees _____ appropriate. A. seems C. is B. seem D. is very 44. He is the ______ of the two brothers. A. most tall B. tallest
C. very tall D. taller
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 45. After ______ all day, she finally see the lake. A. walking C. having walked B. had walked D. have walked
46. We had the ______ news when he came. A. latest C. very last B. last D. last of all 47. I _______ gone with you. A. have B. should
C. had D. am
48. I ________ walked two kilometers by the time you catch up with me. A. have C. will have B. would have D. had 49. If I _____ President, I would live in Malacañang. A. Was C. should be B. Am D. were 50. The means of transportation _______ dramatically since the end of the 20th century. A. Have changed C. will change B. Has changed D. will have changed 51. If I _____ the same problems you had as a child, I might not have succeeded in life as well as you have. A. Should C. have B. Had D. would have 52. If I could speak English well, I ______ next year studying in the states. A. Has spend C. would spend B. Would have spent D. will spent 53. We should work for the total ban _______ of pesticides. A. With ` C. on the use B. On using D. by the use 54. The Rizal Day celebration reminds us about Heroes worth ______. A. Appreciating C. reading about B. Emulating D. studying
1.2 Comprehend Written Text TEXT A Read the selection below. Select the letter of the best answer to questions #55-59. Medical knowledge in ancient Egypt had an excellent reputation, and rulers of other empires would ask the Egyptian pharaoh to send them their best physician to treat their love ones. Egyptians have some knowledge of human anatomy, even though they never dissected the body. For example, in the classic mummification process, they knew how to insert a long hooked implement through a nostril, breaking the thin bone of the brain case and remove the brain. Egyptian physicians also were aware of the importance of the pulse and of the connection between pulse and heart. They develop their theory of “channels” that carried air, water and blood to the body by observing the River Nile. If the Nile became blocked, crops became unhealthy. They applied this theory to the body – if a person is unwell, they would use laxatives to unlock the channels. 55. What is the main idea of this selection? A. B. C. D.
Ancient Egyptian physicians Medical knowledge in ancient Egypt The Nile river in Egyptian medical knowledge Infection in ancient Egypt
56. What would happen if the Nile River was blocked? A. Egyptians would have problems washing their clothes. B. Fermentation and molds became problem. C. The diet of Egyptian would drastically change. D. Crops would wither and die. 57. Why did Egyptians practiced brain removal? A. To aid in mummification B. To unblocked “channels” in the body C. To purge the body of infection D. To free the dead of the burdens of the human mind 58. Which of the following is an evidence that Egyptians were masters of human anatomy even if they did not perform dissection of human bodies? A. They have detailed drawing of the anatomy of the human body. B. They knew how to remove brains during mummification. C. Egyptians physicians prescribed laxatives to cleanse the body of infections. D. They correlated the human body with the behavior of the Nile River. 59. Who did the Egyptians plead to when their loved ones had grave illness? A. Best Egyptian physician B. Prime Minister C. Moses D. PharaoH
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
TEXT B Read the selection below. Select the letter of the best answer to question # 60-64. Orville and Wilbur Wright built their own wind tunnel to test airfoils and measure how to lift a flying machine into the sky. They were the first to discover that a long, narrow wing shift is ideal for flight. They figured out how to move the vehicle freely, not just across land but up and down on a cushion of air. They built the movable part of the tail to control the pitch of their craft as it nosed up and down. They fashioned a pair of twin rudders in back to control its tendency to swerve off course. They devised a pulley system that warped the shape of the wings in midflight flight to turn the plain and to stop it from rolling from side-to-side. They used the data from windtunnel experiments to design the first effective airplane propellers. When they discovered that a light-weight gas powered engine did not exist, they design and built their own. 60. What is the main idea of the text? A. Wright brothers and the first airplane B. How the Wright brothers thought C. Wright brothers’ knowledge D. The genius of the Wright brothers 61. What does pitch mean in the context of this rate? A. plunge forward C. deviation from the horizontal B. move abruptly D. throw or toss horizontally 62. What are airfoils? A. the surfaces of an airplane B. the force of air on an airplane
C. blades that turn D. parts that react against the air
63. A major problem that the article mentions is an airplane’s tendency to _______. A. be unsteady C. lack power B. be too heavy D. break part 64. Which of this terms best describes the best shape for an airplane? A. Long, curved C. Short, narrow B. Long, narrow D. Long, circular TEXT C Read the text carefully then choose the correct answer for questions #65-67. Many factors play a role in determining a students’ learning style. Among those most often cited in the research literature in learning style are Environmental, Emotional, Sociological, Physiological, Psychological factors. Environmental factors include students’ reactions to research stimuli as sound, light, temperature and room design. Emotional factors include motivation, persistence, responsibility, and structure. Some students are motivated intrinsically; they undertake and complete tasks because they see in value of doing so. Sociological factors include whether or not students are social learners-preferring to work in pairs or in groups-or whether they are independent learners-preferring to work alone. Physiological factors include student’s preferences for food or drink, what time of day they learn best, and their mobility needs. Physiological factors include identifying student’s perceptual strengths like learning modalities such as they are visual, auditory, tactile, or kinesthetic learners.
65. What factor is involved in learning situation when students prefer indirect lighting than bright? A. Physiological C. Psychological B. Emotional D. Environmental 66. When students are observed to be non-conforming and doing the unexpected what factor is involved? A. Psychological C. Sociological B. Physiological D. Emotional 67. Some students learn best by seeing, hearing, and doing. When they perform a task well on what they have read, what is their perceptual strength? A. Tactile C. Auditory B. Visual D. Kinesthetic TEXT D Read the text then answer questions #68-69. Measures of learning outcomes have a special significance as indicators of quality in education, as a basis for setting targets for improvement, and in monitoring progress towards educational goals. From the point of view of classroom teachers, systematically-collected information on student learning can be useful both for classroom decision making and for wider reporting purposes. All teachers, especially beginning teachers, are capable of benefiting from the reliable information about what is being expected of, and achieved by students of a given age. When teachers have access to explicit frame of reference in the form of achievement targets at particular grade levels, and receive feedback on how their classes are performing in comparison with students in other schools, they have a powerful basis for structuring and evaluating individual and classroom learning. 68. What I the importance of measuring learning outcomes? A. As factor for planning future programs and projects B. As the reference for the implementation of programs and projects C. As the basis of defining the vision, mission, and objectives set D. As basis for setting targets for improvement and monitoring progress of goals set 69. How may a teacher use the information on learning outcomes? A. Reporting to the parents and redesigning instructional plan B. Restructuring the classroom environment C. Redesigning the classroom environment D. Making classroom decision and for reporting to stakeholders
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
TEXT E Read the text then answer questions #70-73. An international education initiative, known as global competence, was first noted in 1988 in a report published by the Council on International Education Exchange. Higher education institutions were enjoined to send students in exchange programs to universities abroad where Americans are not the majority population and where English is not a dominant language. Educational scholars have proposed definitions for the term global competence and postulates regarding the required knowledge, skills, attitudes, and experience necessary to become globally competitive. Cross-cultural awareness and interaction, familiarity with an environment, intercultural facility, effective two-way communication, interconnectedness of people and systems, acceptance of people and of their different cultural values, and attitudes are integral components of global competence
70. Which publish a pioneer report on the concept of global competence? A. Council on International Scholars Exchange B. Council on International Educators C. Council on International Educationists D. Council on International Education exchange 71. Are all overseas Filipino Workers globally competitive? A. Yes C. No, partially B. No D. Yes, partially 72. What are the integral concepts/components of global competence? A. Communication knowledge skills, experiences and cultural awareness B. Two-way communication, intercultural facility, cross cultural awareness and systems C. Cultural values, interconnectedness with people, cultural awareness and systems D. Acceptance of peoples’ values, attitudes, language, culture and environment. 73. Which country pioneered in conducting research on global competence? A. United Arab Emirates C. United Kingdom B. United States of America D. United Republic TEXT F Read the text then answer the questions # 74-79 Water The most important source of sediment is Earth and Rock material carried to the sea by the rivers and streams; the same materials may also have been transported by the glaciers and winds. Other sources are volcanic ash and lava, shells and skeletons, of organisms, chemicals precipitates formed in seawater, and particles from outer space. Water is the most unusual substance because it exists on the surface on the Earth in its three physical states: ice, water, and water vapor. There are other substances that might exist in solid and liquid or gaseous state at temperatures normally found at the Earth’s surface, but there are no other substances which occur in all three states. Water is odorless, tasteless, and colorless. It is the only substance known to exist in a natural state as a solid, liquid, or gas on the surface of the Earth. It is a universal solvent. Water does not
corrode, rust, burn, or separates to its components easily. It is chemically indestructible. It can corrode almost in metal and erode in the most solid rock. A unique property of water is that it expands and floats in water when frozen or in the solid state. Water has freezing point of 0 degree Celsius and a boiling point of 100 degree Celsius. Water has the capacity for absorbing great quantities of heat with relatively little increase in temperature. When distilled, water is a poor conductor of electricity but when salt is added, it is a good conductor of electricity. Sunlight is the source of energy for temperature change, evaporation, and currents for water movement through the atmosphere. Sunlight controls the rate of photosynthesis for all marine plants, which are directly or indirectly the source of foods for all marine animals. Migration, breeding, and other behaviors of marine animals are affected by light. Water as the ocean or sea, is blue because of the molecular scattering of the sunlight. Blue light, being of short wavelength, is scattered more effectively than light of longer wavelengths. Variations in color may be caused by particles suspended in the water, water depth, cloud cover, temperature and other variable factors. Heavy concentrations of dissolved materials cause a yellowish hue, while algae cause the water to look green. Heavy of plant and animal materials will cause the water to brown. 74. Which of the topics best organizes the information in the text? A. Properties of seawater, photosynthesis oceans and seas B. Water as substance water and plants C. State of water as a vapor, ice, solid D. Properties of water, its physical states, effects of the sun in water 75. According to the passage, what is the most unique property of water? A. Water is a poor conductor of electricity. B. Water is odorless, tasteless, and colorless. C. Water exists on the surface of the Earth in three physical states. D. Water is chemically indestructible. 76. Which of the following beast defines the word distilled as it used in the last sentence of the third paragraph? A. Dehydrated soil C. Free of electrical energy B. Free of salt content D. Containing wine 77. The writer’s main purpose of this selection is to ______. A. Define the properties of water B. Explain the colors of water C. Examine the effects of the sun on water D. Describe the physical states of liquids 78. Which of the following statements summarizes best the text? A. Water is too unpredictable for most scientists. B. Water may be used to serve many different functions. C. Water should not be consumed in its most natural state. D. Water may be found in most other liquids in this planet. 79. What is the unique property of soil? A. It is odorless and colorless. B. It expands in solid state. C. It is chemically indestructible. D. It can absorb great quantities of heat.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
TEXT G Read the text then answer questions # 80-84. Building an institution, not just one individual is involved. An institution is perceived in terms of the people who infuse it with life and ideas. In fact, an institution is the product of an evolutionary process, shaped and transformed in complex and subtle ways by the collaboration of several minds working under a common vision. Those who are very much involved in building an institution, like true founding fathers, understand too well the pains of birth. They create a foundation not so much for themselves but for the generations who will follow them. It takes a tremendous amount of dedication, patience and energy to build an institution. It is bigger than any person or group of individuals. Like an edifice, it is created by brick by brick, day after day. Persons come and go. But the institution, for the sake of the greater good, must remain.
80. The writer’s main purpose of the text is to ______. A. Underscore the lifespan of an institution B. Emphasize that an institution is a product of a commo0n vision C. Lay the foundation of as structure D. Perpetuate an institution 81. That an institution is the product of an evolutionary process means it is the result of ___________. A. Instant change C. abrupt decision B. revolutionary process D. serious study
82. What is the reason for the institution to remain and not to be fade? A. For the sake of the donors B. For the sake of the founders C. For the sake of the greater good and benefits D. For the sake of progress 83. What institution is referred to in the passage/text? A. Industrial B. Educational
C. Entrepreneurial D. Political
84. Which statement best expresses the effort involved in building an institution? A. It takes a tremendous amount of dedication, patience and energy to build an institution. B. It is created brick by brick, day by day. C. It is not created not so much for themselves but for the generations who will follow them. D. It is perceive in terms of the people who infuse it with life and ideals.
Read the statement and answers questions # 85-87. 85. “You can’t make children grow faster by pushing them, just as you can’t make flowers bloom faster by pulling them.” What message does the statement have for teachers? A. Just look at the flowers when you are tempted to hurry up the development of a child. B. Games will help develop children naturally. C. Avoid comparing a child with other children. D. Provide children with developmentally appropriate practices. 86. What is/are the best ways to a child’s development according to the statement? I. Meet the child where the child is. II. Allow the child develop according to his/her pace III. Compare a child to another to motivate her/him to “hurry up” to catch up with other children’s development A. I and III B. I, II and III
C. I and II D. II and II
87. Which statement is in support to the given text? A. Each child is unique and vastly different from one another. B. We can’t make the child learn an abstract concept by pulling them along to complete the right text. C. It is the early childhood educator who has the responsibility of creating the learning environment that will intrigue stimulate the whole child. D. A teacher’s moment-by-moment actions and interactions by children are the most powerful determinant of learning outcomes and development. Situation –read the short paragraph and answers # 88-90. Too much reliance on concrete experience may actually obstruct the process of meaningful generalization. The best will be striking a balance between concrete and abstract, direct participation and symbolic expression for the learning that will continue throughout life. 88. Which idea is NOT expressed by the paragraph? A. Direct and symbolic experiences are important for lifelong learning. B. Concrete and abstract experiences are necessary for lifelong experiences C. Do away with concrete experience because it is a stumbling block to the development of generalization skill. D. There is such a thing in learning that lasts for life. 89. The content of the paragraph is intended for teachers regarding ___________________. A. the use of educational technology in the classroom. B. symbols and their meanings C. developing a skills of drawing a generalization D. the importance of lifelong education 90. Striking the balance between the concrete and the abstract, the direct and the symbolic follows the principle of ______. A. “both-and” C. “neither-nor” B. “either-or” D. “and-or”
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
Situation – Read the paragraph and answer questions # 91-93. School-based management (SBM) is in line with the spirit of decentralization. It aims to: 1) empower the school heads to lead their teachers, students and the member of the society in a continuous school improvement process leading to higher learning outcomes and improved health and nutrition status of students; 2) bring resources within the control of the schools to support the delivery if the educational services in the spirit of transparency; 3) strengthen school partnerships with the communities, local government units to encourage them to invest time, money and other resources in providing a better school of learning environment; and 4) institutionalize participatory and data-based school improvement process.
91. In SBM, who is empowered to lead the school and the community for improvement? A. School head C. Teachers B. Supervisor D. Parent leaders 92. Which word/phrase does NOT go with school-based management? A. Transparency C. Authoritarian leadership B. Partnership D. Continuous improvement 93. What kind of an improvement process is in keeping with SBM? I. Data-driven II. Continuous III. Participatory A. I, II and III C. I and II B. II and III D. I and III 94. “It is only with the heart that one can see rightly”. This line means_________________. A. B. C. D.
important things are invisible to the heart only the heart can see the beautiful in life the heart is always correct of everything the heart is visible if one is kind
95. Our favorite song goes: No man is an island, no man stands alone. Earth man’s joy is joy to me Each man’s grief is my own. What does this song express? A. Solitude B. Independence
C. Brotherhood D. Individualize
96. What does the expression “love begets love” mean? A. Love is offered, not waiting for love in return. B. If you offer love, you will be loved in return. C. Don’t expect love, though you love others. D. Love not freely expected from everyone.
2.1 Use accurate, meaningful and appropriate language in written discourse For numbers 97-100, read the selection below. For each numbered blank, select the word or group of words that best completes the sentence. Select your answer from the options provided. Fingerprinting  a significant role in the investigative work ever since the late nineteenth century, when Sir Francis Galton, a British Anthropologist, determined that  identical fingerprints. Building on the research of Galton, Juan Vucetich of Argentina and Sir Edward R. Henry of Great Britain  fingerprint classification systems during the 1980s. Fingerprints are one of the  of identification because a person‘s fingerprints are unlikely to change during  lifetime.
97. The best verb for  is? A. has played Because a personB. played
C. plays D. had played
98-A. The best phrase for  is? A. no two people never have B. two people don’t have
C. no two people don’t have D. no two people have
98-B. The best phrase for  is? A. introduced his B.introduce their
C. had introduced their D. have introduce their
99. The best phrase for  is? A. more useful types B. less useful types
C. most useful types D. useful types
100. The best pronoun for  is? A. his or her B. his
C. there D. their
For numbers 101-107, read the complaint letter below. Pay close attention to the numbered items. Choose the answers shows the correct capitalization, punctuation, and spelling of the numbered parts.
2665 Pateros Street Sta. Cruz, Manila 100 
January 15 2011 Mail-order Sales Manager Direct Electronics, Inc. 214-C Roxas Boulevard Malate, Manila 1004
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
Dear Sales Manager, The modem that I ordered from your company arrived today in  _______. The package was  ________, ________ not to have been sealed properly. In addition, I have not received the computer game that I also ordered. Please send me a new  ______ broken modem is enclosed. Thank you! Sincerely yours, Benny Villar
The proper form for  is _______________. A. January 15, 2011 C. January 15th 2011 B. January, 15 2011 D. 15 January, 2011
The proper form for  is _______________. A. Dear sales manager; C. Dear Sales Manager: B. dear sales manager: D. My dear Sales Manager:
The proper form for A. pieces B. piece’s
 is _______________. C. piece. D. pcs.
The proper form for  is _______________. A. open and appeared C. appeared B. appeared open D. open-appeared
The proper form for  is ________________. A. modem, the C. modem; the B. modem; the D. modem. The
For numbers 106-110, select the most appropriate form of the adjective for each sentence. 106. Those are probably the A. least fancy B. fanciest
blankets in the store. C. most fanciest D. most fancy
107. Lolo Jorge is really man. A. an old sweet B. a sweet, old 108. The Mustang used to be A. a fine German B. a German, fine
C. a sweet old D. a sweety oldy sportscar. C. a fine, German D. fine German
109. Everyone was home for the holidays. What could make for A. a merry C. a merrier B. the merriest D. a merriest 110. Magdalena and Marilyn grew up in A. a comfortable, little B. a little, comfortable
Christmas than that?
house in Tacloban City. C. a comfortable little D. comfortable a little
For # 111-115, select the choice which corresponds to the proper usage of adverbs. 111. In which sentence is the wrodl well used correctly? A. The airplane trip was not well. B. The time they had in Florida was well. C. Aecee and Ekee are a well team. D. Julia and Elenita work well together. 112. In which sentence is the word good used correctly? A. Melissa ran good to the car. B. Melissa planned good for her wedding. C. The chocolate cake tasted good. D. Melissa danced good with the groom. 113. In which sentence does the adverb tell how the action is done? A. Chrisitne wrapped the present carefully. B. Then Christine came home to wrap the present. C. Christine went to the store yesterday. D. Christine ate ice cream after she was done. 114. Today we practiced A. hardest B. harder
than we did last Friday. C. more hard D. most hard
115. The kitten play with each other happily. Which word in the sentence is an adverb? A. kittens C. play B. each D. happily For # 116-125, select the sentence that clearly and effectively states the idead and has no structural error. 116.
A. Teaching is my career first. B. Teaching is my first choice as a career.
C. Teaching is my ambition D. Teaching is my ambition as a career.
A. I lacked the ways and means for my room and board so I depended on my parents for money and support in college. B. I depended on my parents for financial support in college. C. I lacked the ways and means to support myself in college so my parents provided me financial support. D. I depended on the means for board and lodging on my parents for financial support.
A. I visited the Teacher’s Camp in Baguio during my vacation. B. I had the occasion to visit the Teacher’s Camp when I was vacationing in Baguio. C. In my vacation, I visited the Teacher’s Camp in Baguio. D. I had the occasion to visit the Teacher’s Camp while I was on vacation in Baguio.
A. The job fair is filled with talented highly motivated and well educated young people. B. The job fair is flooded with talented, highly motivated, and well-educated young people. C. The job fair is crowded with talented, highly motivated, and well-educated young people. D. The job fair entertains only talented, highly motivated, and well-educated young people.
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A. The examinees need pencils, a calculator and a ball pen. B. The examinees need double pencils simply a calculator and a ball pen. C. The examinees need two pencils a simple calculator, and a ball pen. D. The examinees need two sharpened pencils, calculator and a ball pen.
A. The weather service expects temperatures not to rise. B. The weather service expects temperatures to rise. C. The weather service expects temperatures not to increase. D. The weather service expects temperatures to not increase.
122. The Teacher instructed the pupils, A. “Open your books to page 8” B. “Open your books on page 8”
C. “Open your books to page 8” D. “Open your books page 8”
A. I learned the distance of the sun from the earth was 90 million miles. B. I learned that the sun was 90 million miles from the earth. C. I learned that the sun is 90 million miles from the earth D. I learned that the earth and the sun are 90 million miles apart.
A. the interest at a loan company is higher than a bank. B. The interest of loan Company is higher than with a bank. C. the interest of a loan company is higher than in a bank. D. The interest at a loan company is higher than at a bank.
A. The teacher explain that the Mean Percentage Score (MPS) in English of high school students was much lower than it had been in previous years. B. The teacher explained that the Mean Percentage Score (MPS) of high school students in English was much lower than the previous years. C. The teachers explained that the Mean Percentage Score (MPS) of high school students in English was much lower than it has been in previous years. D. The teacher explained that the Mean Percentage Score (MPS) of high school students in English was lowest than the previous years.
For # 126-135, which passage is expressed effectively and has no structural error? 126.
A. Kind words can be short and easy to speak, but their echoes are truly endless. B. Kind words can be easily said, but their meanings are real endless. C. Kind words easily spoken but their echoes are reverberate. D. Kind words are brief and easy but their meanings are really endless. A. you make a living by what you get, but you make a life by what you give. B. you make a living by working, but you make a life by what you do. C. you make a living by earning, but you make life by doing the beat. D. you make a living by getting your wage, but you make life by living. A. The only way to make sense out of change is to plunge with it, and join the dance. B. The only way to cope with change is to get involved and join the dance. C. The only way to understand change is to participate actively in the dance movement. D. The only way to dance with change is to understand and move with it dancing.
A. Good teachers possess a capacity for connectedness, not in the methods but in their hearts – a place where intellect, emotion, spirit, and will converge in the human self. B. Good teachers possess a capacity for cooperation; not in the methods but in their hearts where they knowledge, spirit, and emotion converge. C. Good teachers are capable to promote interrelationship among learners, parents, school heads, and community. D. Good teachers habe the capacity to develop interpersonal relationship among the factors in the learning environment.
A. Luciano Pavarotti was one of the great natural operatic talents of 20th century. He boasted a bright, ringing tone with high notes that could sound effortless clarity, and there was a sensual beauty to his singing that penetrated the heart. B. Luciano Pavarotti was one of the great opera singers of the 20th century. He had a bright, ringing voice with high notes and there was beauty in his songs appearing to the heart. C. Luciano Pavarotti was talented as a great operatic singer. He had a clear, effortleaa voice and sang with high notes appealing to the heart. D. Luciano Pavarotti was a natural operatic singer and talent. He had a singing voci with a high notes which appealed to the heart.
A. The students could not understand pronoun reference handout, which annoyed them. B. The students, because they could not understand handout on pronoun reference, were annoyed. C. The students were annoyed because they could not understand the pronoun reference handout. D. The students got annoyed because the pronounce reference handout could not be understand.
A. The fans thought the best player to be him. B. The fans thought the best player to be himself. C. the fans thought the best player to be he. D. The fans thought the best player to be his.
A. I would not want to be he/she. B. I would not want to be himself/herself. C. I would not want to be themselves. D. I would not want to be theirselves.
A. Having called the other students and ourselves, the secretary went home. B. Having called the other students and we, the secretary. C. Having called the other students and they, the secretary went home. D. Having called the other students and us, the secretary went home.
A. A strange car keep blinking the lights us as he followed closely. B. A strange car followed closely, and he kept blinking his lights at us. C. A strange car followed us closely, and its driver keeps blinking his lights. D. A strange car, blinking the lights at us, followed closely.
For # 136 – 141, select the letter corresponding to the correct answer. 136. _______ are activities which a heart patient must forego. A. Heavy smoking and overeating C. To smoke heavily and overeating B. Smoking heavy to overeat D. Smoking heavy and to overeat 137. In the small town of Tubao, _____ to the green hills and plains. A. One can quickly walk C. where one can quickly walk, B. Where one can quickly walk D. one can, quickly
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138. One method of ending discrimination in business and industry is ________. A. to demand that employers must meet quotas B. to demand to be met by employers C. that employers be demanded to meet quotas D. that of demanding employees to meet quotas 139. Which word or phrase is nearest in meaning to italicized word? He has been very feeble since his illness? A. Unwell C. Foolish B. Thin D. Weak 140. Which word or phrase is nearest in meaning to be italicized word? Jose was contemptuous of the effects of the efforts of his rival to show greater ability. A. Appreciative C. Scornful B. Angry D. Deep in thought 141. Which word or phrase is nearest in meaning to be italicized word? Considering that nothing had been organized, confusion seemed in evitable. A. Unnatural C. Evident B. Unlikely D. Certain
For # 142 -145, select the correct word/phrase. 142. It’s now two hours past his schedule; the facilitator may not come anymore, but we’ll still ready in case he ________. A. does C. May B. will come D. Is coming 143. Your sister is paying for your tuition fee, ________? A. aren’t C. Is she B. isn’t it D. Why 144. These towels are _______ to use to dry the dishes. A. very wet C. Too wet B. so wet D. Very dry 145. ______ not making the most ______ opportunities. A. You’re – your C. You – your B. You’re – you’re D. You’re – you 3.1 Use accurate, meaningful and appropriate language in oral discourse For # 146-147, which is the correct option? 146. His ____ reasons for resigning were his _____ of right and wrong. A. principal – principle C. principles – principle B. principle – principal D. principals – principles 147. The book tells us about the disease and how it ______ the patient and what ______ it has on the patient’s family. A. affects – affect C. affects – effect A. effects – affect D. effect – effects
For # 148-157, choose the sentence that expresses the thought clearly and that has no error in structure/spelling. 148.
A. The farmer did plow, plant harvest his corn in second time. B. The farmer plowed, has planted and has harvested his corn in second time. C. The farmer has plowed, planted and harvested his corn in second time. D. The farmer plowed, planted, and harvested his corn in second time.
A. Because repairs were being made on potholes for a kilometer, traffic was stalled for a kilometer. B. Traffic was stalled for a kilometer. Because repairs were being made on potholes. C. Traffic was stalled for a kilometer because repairs were being made on potholes. D. Because repairs were being made on potholes for a kilometer, traffic was stalled.
A. While taking a shower, the doorbell rang. B. While I was taking a shower, the doorbell rang. C. While taking a shower, someone rang the doorbell. D. While I was showering, the doorbell rang.
A. Everyone agreed that she had either the voice or /nor the skill to be a speaker. B. Everyone agreed that she had either the voice nor the skill to be a speaker. C. Everyone agreed that she had neither the voice or the skill to be a speaker. D. Everyone agreed that she had neither the voice nor the skill to be a speaker.
A. It is a privelege to be a member of the prestigious organization. B. It is a priviledge to be a member of the prestigious organization. C. It is a privilege to be a member of the prestigious organization. D. It is a privilege to be a member of the prestigos organization.
A. One of the examinees were not registered. B. One of the examinees was not registered. C. One of the examinees were not in the registry list. D. One of the examinees have not been in the registry list.
A. You are a professional teacher, isn’t it B. You are a professional teacher, aren’t you? C. You are a professional teacher, ain’t you D. You are a professional teacher, weren’t you.
A. The criterion was finalized for judging the candidate. B. The criteria for judging the candidate has been finalized C. The criteria has been finalized for judging the candidate. D. The criteria for judging the candidates have been finalized.
A. A many gases are invisible and they have no odor and taste. B. Many gases are invisible, odorless, and have no taste. C. Many gases are invisible, odorless, and they have no taste. D. Many gases are invisible, odorless, and tasteless.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
A. The teacher education institutions, as well as the Department of Education, collaborates in teacher education and training. B. The teacher education institutions, as well as the Department of Education and training. C. The teacher education institutions, as well as the Department of Education, coordinates in teacher education and training. D. The teacher education institutions as well as the Department of Education, coordinates in teacher and training.
Choose the correct option. 158. He is an ______ member of the community. A immanent C. eminent B .imminent D. eminent 159. Which of the correct sequence of the sentence in the text below? (1) It cannot guarantee financial security. (2) These are the moments I teach for. (3) Teaching may not be a lucrative position. (4) Sometimes it means disappointments, heartaches and pains. (5) But touching the hearts of people and opening the minds of children can give you joy and contentment which money could not buy. A. 2, 3, 1, 4, 5 C. 3, 1, 4, 5, 2 B.1, 2, 4, 3, 5 D. 3, 2, 5, 4, 1 160. Which is the correct sequence of the sentence in the text below? (1)The image of a good teacher is one who is constantly reflecting about how best to help different types of learners learn. (2) The National Competency-based Teacher Standards (NCBTS) defines a new paradigm of teaching where the teacher is viewed as the knowledge professional who is responsible for facilitating learning. (3) Good teaching is defined in terms of these practices that help students learn better. (4) Competency – based means that the standards or criteria for characterizing good teaching are defined in terms of what the teacher is competent to do. (5) The NCBTS can be used as self-assessment tool for professional development. A. 2, 4, 3, 1, 5 B. 1, 2, 4, 5, 3
C. 3, 4, 5, 1, 2 D. 4, 1, 3, 5, 2
161. Choose the correct answer. A. The number of students in Boracay increases every year. B. The number of students in Boracay increase every year. C. The number of students in Boracay have increase every year. D. The number of students in Boracay are increasing every year. 162. Susan _____ in bed so long that she missed her class. A. lays C. lied B. lay D. laid 163. Everyone is wondering _____ her successor will be. A. whom C. who B. whose D. who’ll 164. Both Randy and _____ plan to go. A. my C. myself B. me D. I
165. Choose the correct answer. A. Albert himself told me it was true. B. Albert, himself, told me it was true. C. Albert told me it was true himself. D. Albert told me himself it was true. 166. The spider isn’t an insect, _____? A. does it C. is it B. isn’t it D.’no 167. The daughter sings sweetly as the mother _______. A. is C. does B. can D. do 168. She _____ the laundry every other day. A. is doing C. will do B. does D. is going to do 169. Wise people can ______ with frustrations. A. cope in C. cope B cope up D. cope on 170. Which sounds like “when”? A. Pin B. Whine
C. While D. Pet
171. They visited _____ children where _____ are pursuing post-baccalaureate degrees. A. their-there C. their-they’re B. there-their D. there-they’re 172. “Blessed are ____ sorrowing for _____ shall be comforted”. A. you-they C. they-they B. the-they D. the you 173. in his despair, Judas ______ himself. A. hang C. hunged B. hung D. hanged 174. “_______, _______ have to make do with what we have if we have to accomplish something”. A. We’ll – well C. We’ll – well B. Well – we’ll D. Will – will 175. The words “accentric, anesthesia, atypical” begin with the prefix “a” which means ______. A. not or without B. with
C. feeling D. common
176. The words “inappropriate, illegal, irresponsible and unaware” have prefixes which are classified as ________. A. Neutral C. negative B. Positive D. common 177. A good writer supports his generalizations with _______ examples. A. unfamiliar C. abstract B. convenient D. concrete
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
178. Students _______ near the registrar’s office to ask for their schedule. A. crowd C. stay idling B. congregate D. disperse 179. She will retire soon because she _______ working hard so long. A. has been C. have been B. had been D. was 180. “He is the black sheep in the family.” Which figure of speech is used? A. Synonym C. Metaphor B. Simile D. Hyperbole 181. The hostages are free. They paid their way. What does this statement tell us. A. They escape after paying B. After paying ransom they were released C. They negotiated peacefully. D. They were freed without ransom. 182. October 10 is a “red letter day” for the Chinese. Classify the quoted expression. A. Idiom C. Metaphor B. Simile D. synonyms 183. Space age _______ on October 21, 1975 when Sputnik was launched by the Soviet Union. A .commenced C. ended B. cited D. flourished 184. The slow traffic ______ me. A. aggravates B. irritates
C. worsens D. maddens
185. He was as helpless as a child. Classify this statement. A. Simile C. Synonym B. Idioms D. Metaphor 186. The statement, “She is a rose” is an example of _________. A. Idiom C. Simile B. Metaphor D. Hyperbole 187. Because the moon rotates on its axis as the same time as it ____________ around the earth, we see the same side always. A. revolve C. has been revolving B. is revolving D. revolves 188. Children who have been exposed to TV suffer from unusually short __________. A. learning C. concentration B. understanding D. attention span 189. People who are too _________ are liable to be deceived by unscrupulous individuals. A. demanding C. cynical B. credulous D. wary
190. News travels as fast as the wind. This statement is a/an ________. A. Simile C. Idiom B. Metaphor D. Synonym 191. She wrote a “first-rate” report. What does it say about the report? A. Ordinary C. Mediocre B. Excellent D. Run-of-the-mill 192. “A man is known by the company he keeps”. This is an example of a __________. A. report C. poem B. rule D. proverb 193. His apocalyptic view seemed to doom the human race. This is to be taken as ________. A. apathetic C. prophetic B. lethargic D. spiritless 194. Our guest of honor was a loquacious speaker. This means ___________. A. reserved C. reticent B. verbose D. spiritless 195. Except for the profanity, I like the story. What is the story about? A. Shamelessness C. Worldliness B. Kinds words D. Obscenities 196. She has a penchant for red accessories. This indicates ___________. A. strong aversion C. fondness B. Kind words D. avoidance 197. Stop shilly-shallying and make up your mind. This serves as warning not to _________. A. go ahead C. decide B. hesitate D. continue 198. “I prefer a government run like hell by Filipinos rather than one run by foreigners”. Who said this famous statement? A. Manuel L. Quezon C. Apolinario Mabini B. Jose Rizal D. Emilio Aguinaldo 199. Who said “The Filipino is worth dying for”? A. Benigno Aquino Jr. C. Andres Bonofacio B. Jose Rizal D. Carlos P. Garcia 3. ENGLISH 3 – Speech an Oral Communication 3.1 Use accurate, meaningful and appropriate language in oral discourse
200. “She is the vision of feminine pulchritude”. This stands for _______. A. homeliness C. plain B. loveliness D. simple 201. The statue was erected in ________ to war heroes. A. protection C. irreverence B. defense D. homage
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
202. She was a “Phantom of Delight” connotes that the woman is __________. A. real C. an illusion B. lovely D. virtuo 203. The line, “ under the bludgeoning of chance, My head is blo0ody but unbowed” depicts the person’s ________. A. determination C. confidence B. courage D. optimism 4. LITERATURE 1 – Philippine literature 4.1 Apply knowledge gained from local literary pieces PRACTICE TEST: choose the letter that corresponds to the best answer. Read the excerpt below. Select the letter that corresponds to the best answer to questions # 204-208. Exerpt from Like the Molave Not you alone , Rizal. O souls And spirits of the martyred brave, arised! Arise and scour the land! Shed once again Your willing blood! Infuse the vibrant red Into your thin anemic veins; until We pick up your Promethean tools and, strong, Out of depthless matrix of your of your faith In us, and on the silent cliffs of freedom, We carved for all time your marmoreal dream! Until our people, seeing, are become Like the Molave, firm, resilent, staunch, Rising on the hillside, unafraid, Strong in its own fibre, yes, like the Molave! - Rafael Zulueta Da Acosta 204. Which of the following best describes the form of literature employed in the excerpt? A. Poem C. Sonnet B. Essay D. Cinquain 205. What literary device is employed in the underlined portion of the excerpt? A. Chekhov’s gun C. poetic justice B. Aphorism D. Poetic license 206. Which of the following describes the figure of speech utilized in the last line of the excerpt? A. Metaphor C. hyperbole B. Personification D. simile 207. What figure of speech is employed when the author states, “O souls and spirits of the martyred brave, arise!”? A. Metaphor C. Onomatopoeia B. Apostrophe D. Metonymy
208. Which of the following best describes the true meaning that the author wants to convey in this literary piece? A. Filipinos should learn from the lessons of Rizal. B. Filipinos should pray to God I terms of trial and tribulations. C. Filipinos have forgotten the true meaning of bravery. D. Filipinos should stop illegal logging and plant more Molave trees. Read the poem below. Select the letter that corresponds to the best answer to questions # 209-213. Trees I think that I shall never see A poem lovely as a tree A tree whose hungry mouth is rest Against the sweet earth’s flowing breast; A tree that looks at God all day, And lifts her leafy arms to pray; A tree that may in summer wear A nest of robins in her hair; Upon whose bosom snow has lain; Who intimately lives with rain. Poems are made by fools like me, But only God can make a tree - Joyce Kilmer
209. What is the predominant figure of speech employed by the author of this poem? A. Simile C. Personification B. Metaphor D. Hyperbole 210. Which literary device is exemplified by this poem? A. Defamiliarization C. Stream of consciousness B. Dramatic visualization D. Parody 211. What part of a tree does the underlined portion of the poem pertain to? A. Roots C. Leaves B .Stems D. Fruits 213. What is the subliminal message of the author of this poem? A. Trees are the best creations among all of God’s creation. B. Trees are the most religious and the most prayerful among God’s creation C. Man should highly regard the dedication and devotion of trees D. To inscribe of the minds of man the importance of trees 214. Archimedes shouted “Eureka”! What did we take this to mean? A. Wonderful C. Mystery B. Enjoyment D. Discovery 215. Shakespeare once said “My honor is my life, both grow as one, take honor from me and my life is gone.” What is the correct interpretation of this? A. His life is determined by his honor. B. He values honor as much as his life. C. He prefers honor instead of life. D. He values life before honor.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 4.2 Manifest comprehension to extract elements in major literary genres Read the excerpt below. Select the letter that corresponds to the best answer to questions # 216-220. Excerpt from I am looking for a Filipino Is it so hard to believe that we can remain Filipinos and still march onward, ever onward to our national destiny? Are our minds so narrow, is our intelligence is so limited that we cannot realize this truth? Can we not see that we can adopt foreign ways and yet retain the enduring, the admirable qualities that can make the Filipino great? Have we been so westernized that we find the Filipino way alien to our mode of living? The Filipino way is our legacy. It is found in the determination and fortitude, the determination that made it possible for our brothers in the mountains to build breath-taking rice terraces. It is found in our courage that sustained us at Mactan, at Tirad pass,in bataan. It is found in our simplicity and modesty, in the beauty of Angelus at twilight, and in the sincerity of our devotion to our god and our country. These qualities are still in us – in all of us. They are still in our minds and in our hearts. We can still dig them out if we would only forget about our obsessions with brown Americanism. We can still dig out if we would only dig hard enough. I am looking for a Filipino. I cannot find him among those who shout self-righteously about nationalism and nationalization. I cannot see him among those who preach about Filipinism but whose preachings are empty and meaningless. Will may search be long and vain? It will be. I am afraid unless we make in time. It will never and unless we realize the sacredness of our heritage, unless we see the richness and the beauty, the glory and the wonder, the promise and the fulfillment of the Filipino vision. -
Professor Felix Bautista
216. This narrative mentions about the bravery of Filipinos in battles of the past. Which among the following is a site of a historic battle NOT mentioned in this poem? A. Cebu C. Cordillera B. Bataan D. Isabela 217. According to the author, which value have the Filipino people at present lost? A. Utang na loob C. Honesty B. Nationalism D. Hospitality 218. What trait among Filipinos of the present is exemplified by the underlined portion of the excerpt? A. Ignorance C. Hypocrisy B. Sacrilege D. Moral absolutism 219. What is the predominant figure of speech utilized by the author of this literary piece? A. Poetic justice C. Onotomatopoeia B. Rhetorical question D. Hyperbole
220. Which of the following literary endeavors is this piece most suited? A. Dramatic monologue C. Extemporaneous speech B. Declamation D. Debate 4.3 relate insights to given situations
Read the excerpt below. Select the letter that corresponds to the best answer to questions # 221-225. Boys: In our veins, pulses blood with traces of Chinese and Spanish and American, but it does not stop being a Filipino, because of this. Girls: Our culture is tinged with foreign influences, but it has become rich thereby. All:
This mingling, in fact could speed us on the road, to national greatness. Look at America, it is a great country, and yet it is the melting pot of Italian, and German, British, an French, or Irish and Swedish.
Filipinism after all, is in the heart.
If that heart beats faster, because the Philippines making progress, If it fills, with its compassion because its people suffering, then it belongs to a true Filipino, And if it throbs, with pride in our past, if it pulses with awareness of the present, if it beats with a faith in the future, then we could ask, for nothing more, all other things are unimportant.
Boys: I have an American first name. Girls: And I have a Chinese last name. All:
And I am proud, very, very proud, because underneath these names beats a Filipino heart.
221. Which of the following could be a possible name of the person speaking in this piece? A. Pedro Sandoval C. China Anderson B. Chona Shih D. Pamela Go 222. Which country is regarded as a great country in this literary piece? A. Philippines C. Germany B. America D. Pamela Go 223. Which among the following countries does NOT have a significant contribution to the Filipino bloodline? A. Chinese C. American B. Spanish D. Japanese 224. For which of the following literary endeavors is this piece most suited? A. Oration C. Stage play B. Dramatic monologue D. Speech choir
225. Which among the following is most suitable as a title for this literary piece? A. Where The Filipino Heart Should be B. What True Filipinism Means C. The Multicultural Heritage Of Filipinos D. The Anatomy of a Filipino
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
226. “Run from everything that gives you the evil thought….. but stay close to anything that makes you want to do right.” It is about defeating __________. A. wrong decisions C. temptation B. righteousness D. faith 227. Thomas Carlyle said “The man without a purpose is like a ship without a rudder-awaif……” It could be interpreted as ___________. A. there should be sufficient energy in one’s life. B. one’s life doesn’t need to be controlled. C. direction can never come into one’s life. D. there should be a strong driving force in one’s life. 228. The Bible tells us, “There is a right time and a right way to do everything.” A. Plan well what you say and do. B. You can determine your own time. C. Your time is yours and nobody else. D. Say and do things anytime. 229. Our commitments can develop us or they can destroy us, but either way, they will define us. Choose the line below that has the same meaning. A. Our lives are shaped by what we are committed to. B. Our commitments need not be planned way ahead. C. We must make full commitment to worldly goals. D. Half-hearted commitment is what we need today. 230. What season is it, with the line, “He ruffles every lily-pond? Where blossoms kiss and parts”. A. Spring C. Autumn B. Winter D. Summer 231. The line from the Korean, “Woe to every backbiter,” talks of __________. A. anguish for those who defend unrighteousness B. misery to those who talk ill of others C. punishment to those who say good things D. sorrow for those who oppose other’s opinion 232. “The lord is my shepherd; I shall not want…….” Is an expression of one’s ___________. A. love for self C. blind ignorance B. poverty D. total submission to God 5. Literature 2- Master works of the world 5.1 Interpret passages from master works of the world Read the excerpt below. Select the letter that corresponds to the best answer to questions # 233-237. Excerpt from the Cask of Amontillado The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge. You, who so well know the nature of my soul, will not suppose, however, that gave utterance to a threat. At length I would be avenged; this was a point definitely, settled –but the very definitiveness with which it was resolve precluded the idea of risks. I must not only punish but punish with impunity. A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself felt us such to hi who has done the wrong.
It must be understood that neither the word nor deed had I given Fortunato cause to doubt my good will. I continued, as was my wont, to smile in his face, and he did not perceive that my smile now was at the thought of his immolation. He had a weak point – this Fortunato – although in other regards he was a man to be respected and even feared. He prided himself in of his connoisseurship in wine. Few Italians have the true virtuoso spirit. For the most part their enthusiasm is adopted to suit the time and opportunity, to practise impostures upon the British and Australian millionaires. In painting in gemmary, Fortunato, like his countrymen, was a quack, but in the matter of old wines he was sincere. In this respect I did not differ from him materially; --I was skillful in the Italian vintages myself, and bought largely whenever I could. -
Edgar Allan Poe
233. For which of the following statements best describes the theme of this literary piece? A. Good never triumph over evil. B. The ends must justify the means. C. Getting even only counts if you get away with it. D. Revenge drives human beings to great lengths. 234. From which viewpoint is this story conveyed? A. From the murderer’s C. from a third party B. From the victim’s D. From an unknown narrator’s 235. Why did narrator use to bait Fortunato into his plan for retribution? A. Expensive European jewelry C. Millions of British and Australian money B. Rare Italian vintage drugs D. A pipe of a rare old wine 236. What did the author mean with “A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong.?” A. Might makes right. The ends must justify the means. B. If you rectify something, you should not get in trouble for doing so. C. We should learn to forgive and forget and not be concerned about revenge. D. Performing acts of revenge can justify a wrongful act. 237. What is the figure of speech used in this selection? A. Metonymy C. Oxymoron B. Irony D synecdoche Read the excerpt below. Select the letter that corresponds to the best answer to questions # 238-232. Excerpt from the divine comedy And lo! Almost where the ascent began, A panther light and swift exceedingly Which with a spotted skin was covered o’er? And never moved she from before my face, Nay, rather did impede so much my way, That many times I to return had turned. The time was the beginning of morning, And up the sun was mounting with those stars That with him were, what time the Love Divine
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) At first in motion set those beauteous things; So were to me occasion of good hope, The variegated skin of that wild beast, The hour of time, and the delicious season; But not so much, that did not give me fear A lion’s aspect, which appeared to me. - Dante Alighieri
238. What do you think is the main character of this literary piece? A. Dante C. Panther B. Virgil D. She-wolf 239. Which of the following wild beasts blocked the main character’s ascent to the top of the hill? A. Leopard C. Lion B. Panther D. She-wolf 240. Where in the world did the events of this excerpt probably take place? A. Heaven C. Hell B. Purgatory D. Earth 241. What is the main characters predicament in this selection? A. Wild beasts are going to eat him. B. he cannot find his loved ones. C. He is running out of time. D. He does not know where to go. 242. What is the allegorical meaning of “The Divine Comedy”? A. Good people go to heaven while evil people go to hell. B. Man’s soul must undergo a long journey towards God. C. God sees the truth but waits before helping man. D. Heaven, hell and purgatory do not exist. Read the text below then answer questions # 243-248. The Brook First time I passed by the brook , it filled my eye. The second time, it was a tiny snake. The next few times, I only heard a cry. Behind me and I was afraid for my own snake. - G. Bruce Bunao 243. The first line tells us that the brook _________. A. has gotten into the speaker’s eyes C. has much water B. has delighted the speaker D. has less water 244. The second line tells us that the brook _________. A. has a tiny snake C. has much water B. is dangerous D. has almost no water 245. The third line tells us that the brook _________. A. has no more water C. has less water B. glides on D. cries in pain
246. What figure of speech is present in the second line? A. Simile C. Personification B. Metaphor D. Apostrophe 247. What figure of speech is present in the third line? A. Metaphor C. Personification B. Simile D. Apostrophe 248. Which among these ideas may best fit in “The Brook”? A. Love the Brook C. Conserve your money B. Take care of our waters D. Kill the snake in the brook 249. In Psalm 23 otherwise a Psalm of David, which meaning is closest to the line, “He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadth me beside the still waters” A. He will be provided peace and prosperity. B. He will be given riches and mercy. C. He will be known throughout the land. D. He will always obey his master for his glory. 250. The lion from the Koran, “Woe to every backbiter, defamer” talks of _______. A. anguish for those who defend unrighteousness B. misery who talk ill of others C. punishment for those who give unsolicited advice D. sorrow for those who oppose the opinion of their fellow 251. Herodotus, a Greek historian wrote: “All Egypt is the gift of Nile.” He talks of ________? A. geography, the Nile gives abundance to Egypt B. then Nile is the capital of Egypt geography C. the Nile gives abundant water to Egypt D. Egypt and Nile are one and the same 252. Shakespeare once said: but love is blind and lovers cannot see; the pretty follies that they themselves commit. What do the underlined words mean? A. Beautiful thoughts C. Careless act B. Amazing facts D. nonsense words 253. What figure of speech is used in the line “I wondered lonely as a cloud…” A. Alliteration C. Simile B. Personification D. Metaphor
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
ANSWER KEY ENGLISH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52
B B A C B A A B A B A B A A D D C C C B A A B D A A A B A B B A B B A D D D B B A B B D C A B C D B B C
54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 98 99 100 101 102 103 104
B B D A B D A C D A B D D B D A D B B B D C B A B B D D C B A D C B C A A A C A B C B A -A D -B B C A A C A A
105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156
D B C A C C D C A B D B B B D A C A C A A C A B A A C C A D C A A A D C D A D B A A C D C C D C B B D D
157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208
C C C A A B C D A C C B C D C B D B A C D B A C B A A B A D B D B A B D C B D C B A A B D B B A D D B C
209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253
C B A D A D B D B C B B D B D D D C D A A C B D D A B B A B C D B B B A B B B A B A C C
COMPETENCIES 1. FILIPINO 1 – KOMUNIKASYON SA AKADEMIKONG FILIPINO 1.1 Nagagamit nang may lalong mataas na antas ng kasanayan at kahusayan ang Filipino sa akademikong larangan
2. FILIPINO 2 – PAGBASA AT PAGSULAT TUNGO SA PANANALIKSIK 2.1 Nababasa nang may wastong pag-unawa ang mga teksto sa iba’t ibang disiplina 5%
3. FILIPINO 3 – MASINING NA PAMAMAHAYAG 3.1 Nagagamit nang mau husay ang Filipino sa pagbuo ng isang sulating pananaliksik 3.2 Nagagamit ang angkop na repertwal (repertoire) ng wika sa pagpapahayag ng kaalaman, karanasan at saloobin
4% 2% 2%
NOTES PASAWIKAIN ang pananalita kung ito’y nagpapahayag ng kahulugang iba, di-tuwiran o higit sa karaniwang kahulugan ng bawat salita. Narito ang ilang mga halimbawa: Pasawikain agaw-buhay balat-sibuyas bugtong na anak utak-biya taingang-kawali di-mahulugang-karayom di-maliparang-uwak kumapit sa patalim nagbuhat ng sariling bangko namamangka sa dalawang ilog kumukulo ang dugo namuti ang mata tulog-mantika sumakabilang buhay PRACTICE TEST:
Kahulugan naghihingalo o malapit nang mamatay maramdamin, medaling magtampo nag-iisang anak bobo nagbingi-bingihan masikip na masikip napakalawak mapasubo sa mahigpit na sitwasyon mayabang pagigigng salawahan o dalawang kasintahan galit na galit nainip sa paghhihintay mahirap gisingin namatay
Subukin ang iyong pagkakaunawa sa mga kompetensya. Piliin ang titik ng tamang sagot.
FILIPNO 1 KOMUNIKASYON SA AKADEMIKONG FILIPINO 1.1. Nagagamit nang may lalong mataas na antas ng kasanayan at kahusayan ang Filipino sa akademikong larangan.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
Para sabilang 1-5, Piliin ang titik ng pinaka-angkop na bigkas ng salita para sa bawat pangungusap. 1. Sa Noche Buena, kami ay maghahanda ng _______ at keso de bola. A. hamón C. homán B. hámon D. hóman 2. Hinipan ng pulis ang kanyang _________. A. píto C. pítu-pito B. pitó D. píto-pito 3. Si Heneral Gregorio Del Pillar ay nagapi sa _______ Tirad. A. Pasóng C. Pásong B. Pasòng D. Pasông 4. Kapag lumaki na ang mga tanim mo, ilipit mo na sila sa malaking _____. A. pasó C. pásong B. pasò D. pasô 5. Naku ! tumutulo na naman ang mga _________ ng NAWASA. A. tubó C. tubô B. túbo D. tubò 6. Magkano ang ________ mo sa lotto kahapon? A. tayá C. tayà B. tayâ D. táya 7. Nanligaw ang makisig na _________ sa marikit na dalagita. A. bináta C. binatà B. binatá D. binatâ 8. Ano ang ________ wika sa Cordillera? A. katutubòng C. Katutubóng B. katutubông d. Katutúbong 9. Pinatawad na kita dahil wala ka namang _______. A. salâ C. Salá B. salà D. Sála 10. Kailangang _________ ang mga nakatira sa paanan ng bulkang Bulusan. A. ilíkas C. Ilikás B. ilìkas D. Ilikâs Para sa bilang 11-20, piliin ang titik ng pinaka-angkop na salita para sa bawat pangungusap. 11. Pinandirihan ni Mico ang aso niyang ______. A. ma-galis C. magalis B. mag-alis D. galis-aso 12. Hag laki ko, gusto gusto kong maging ________ ng Pilipinas. A. pang-ulo C. panggulo B. pangulo D. pa-ngulo
13. Hanapin mo ako sa ________ ng mga sasakyan. A. pag-abangan C. bantayan B. hintayin D. abangan 14. Gagawin mo lang yan ________ mo ako mahal. A. kung di C. kungdi B. kundi D. kun di 15. _______ ka na sa ilog. Nangigninig ka na. A. Lumusong C. Umahon B. Sumuong D. Humango 16. Kinakailangang _______ ang damit sa Huwebes. A. may-ari C. yariin B. mayari D. magyari 17. limang oras na pero hindi ko par in ________ ang nawawalang aklat. A. mahanap C. hanapin B. makita D. kitain 18. Nag-aaral ako ________ mabuti upang makakuha ako ng iskolarship. A. nang C. mas B. ng D. lalong 19. __________ natin ng mapa si Kenny para hindi sya maligaw. A. Iwan C. Iwanan B. Mag-iwan D. Pag-iwan 20. Tandaan mo na lahat ng paghihirap ni Luis ay ____ sa iyong magandang kinabukasan. A. tungkol C. sanhi B. upang D. ukol Para sa bilang 21-30, Piliin ang titik ng pinaka-angkop na bigkas ng salita para sa bawat pangungusap. 21. _______ mo kay Luisito na may pasalubong ako sa kanya. A. Sabihin C. Pakisabi B. Sabihan D. Pakisabihan 22. Huwag mong _______ ng kalat ang kama ko. A. ipatong C. patungan B. magpatong D. pagpatungan 23. Ang pagdadasal at pananlig ay ________ sa tao at mapalapit siya sa Diyos. A. nakakatulong C. nakakatulungan B. nakatutulong D. mag-tulungan 24. Nawawala ang alahas na __________ mo sa akin. A. pinatago C. ipinapatago B. pinagtago B. ipinatago
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 25. ________ ni Penelope ang kanyang damit nang hindi niya sinasadya. A. Nasira C. Masira B. sinira D. Sinisira 26. _________ na ng magaling na barbero ang buhok ni felix. A. Gugupitin C. Maggugupit B. Gugupitin D. Hahagupitin 27. Marumi ang baso. Huwag mong ________ yan! A. inumin C. uminom B. inuman D. pag-inuman
28. ________ mo sana kay Ronald kung kailan siya uuwi ng Pilipinas. A. Ipagtanong C. Tinanong B. Ipagtatanong D. Itinanong 29. Kailan nga ba _______ si Mayor dahil sa pangungurakot ? A. kinulong C. ikinulong B. kinukulong D. ikinulong 30. ________ namin ang inyong pagdating dito sa Villa Escudero. A. IKinakagalak C. Gagalakin B. Ikinagagalak D. ikinukulog Para sa bilang 31-34, Piliin ang titik ng pinaka-angkop sa puwang ng pangungusap. 31. Pinag-aaralan ng mabuti ng bawat abugado ang ________ ng 1987. A. batas pambansa C. batas-militar B. saligang-batas D. saklawang-batas 32. Ang paniniwala sa Diyos ay susi upang matamo natin ang _______. A. kadakilaan C. kaligtasan B. salvasyon D. kabutihan 33. Tapos na ang klase kapag tumunog na ang _______. A. agunyas C. kampana B. batingting D. kampanilya 34. Upang hindi madala ng agos ang barko, ibinaba ng mga mandaragat ang________. A. pang-angkla C. angkora B. salung-alon D.timpulan. 35. Ang aklat ni Dr. Tinsley Harrison ang ___________ sa pag-aaral na medisina. A. saligan C. batayan B. sandigan D. pundasyon 36. Winasak ng ________Katrina ang maraming bahay sa new Orleans. A. bagyong. C. buhawi B. sagwan D. ipu-ipo
37. Ang pagbibigay ng diploma ay nasa huling bahagi ng__________. A. programa C. palabas B. palatuntunan D. bilada 38. Inaabangan ng mga tao ang_________ sa simbahan. A. agunyas C. kalampag B.batingting D. kolambeng 39. Patapos na ang taon. Kailangan ko nang kumunsulta sa aking _________. A. kalihim C. tagatuos B. ingat-yaman D. bukkiper 40. Mahigpit na ipinagbabawal ang pagmamanipula sa mga _______ ng MERALCO. A. metro C. kuntador B. mekanismo D. makina 41. Dalawang oras na kaming naghintay. __________________________. A. Kumitid ang noo. C. Namuti ang aming mata. B. Kumati ang kamay. D. Kumulo ang dugo. Para sa bilang 42-50, Piliin ang titik ng pinaka-angkop na pasawikaing panghalili sa mga salitang may salungguhit. 42. MAhimbing ang tulog ni Miguel kaya hindi niya napansin na limilindol. A. Tulog-mantika C. Tulo-away B. Taingang-kawali D. Utak-biya 43. Humihingi ako ng tawad. May mga sinabi akong di nararapat. A. Nabilog ang ulo C. Nagdilim ang paningin B. Matalas ang dila D. Nadulas ang dila 44. Nawala ang lahat kay Ryan nang mamatay ang kanyang mga magulang. A. Pinagtampuhan ng langit at lupa C. Naglubid ng buhangin B. Pinagtakluban ng langit at lupa D. Namangka sa dalawang ilog 45. Malimit magsinungaling ang mga batang hindi pinalaki ng tama. A. Nagdilang kuneho C. Nagbuhat ng sariling bangko B. Naglubid ng buhangin D. Namuti ang uwak 46. Galit na galit ako sa taong nagnakaw ng aking tanghalian. A. mabigat ang dugo C. Matalas ang ulo B. Mkitid ang noo D. Kumukulo ang dugo 47. Madaling lokohin si Anna. A. Makitid ang noo B. Utak-biya
C. Matuwid at paniwalain D. Nagmurang-kamatis
48. Punong-puno ng tao ang Dallas Stadium kung saan ginawa ang laban ni Manny Pacquio. A. Di mahulugang karayom C. Di makabasag pinggan B. Di mahapayang gating D. Di maliparang uwak
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 49. Sa wakas, nagpakasal na si Crisostomo kay Leonora. A. Namangka sa dalawang ilog C. Nagpalapad ng papel B. Nagmahabang dula D. Nagsampay-bakod 50. Kapag naniwala ka kay Greg, para ka na ring umasa sa wala. A. Pumuti anguwak C. Tumaga sa tubig B. Umitim ang tagak D. kumindat sa dilim 51. Ang salin sa blangko para sa blank ay halimbawa ng pagtutumbas na _______. A. Panghiram sa Espanyol at pagbaybay sa Filipino B. Kung ano ang bigkas siyang sulat C. Paggamit ng leksikong Filipino D. panghihiram ng salitang katutubo 52. ‘‘Mahal kita, mahal kita hindi ‘to bola/ Ngumiti ka man lang sana ako’y nasa langit na‘‘. Ang salitang pampanitkang ginamit sa linya ng kanta nangangahulugang ________. A. napakasaya C. sinisinta B. pakikipagkaibigan D. laruan 53. “Heto na, heto na, /wahh! doo bidoo bidoo, bidoo, bidoo”. Alin ang naboung salita o tunog sa linya na nabou ayon sa toeryang pooh-pooh ? A. wahh C. Na B. Heto D. Doo bidoo 54. ‘‘pinutol mo/ dagkung kahoy/ dahil dito/ gumulong ang mga bato/ ania na, ania na, aniana…’’ Ang linya ng awit ay nagpapatunay ng ____________. A. diglossic na kalagayan ng wika C. code-switching B. paggamit ng lalawiganing antas D. intelektwalisasyon 55. ‘‘Ang babae huwag mong tingnang isang bagayna libangan lamangkundi isang katuwang at karamay sa mga kahirapan nitong kabuhayan‘‘. (E. Jacinto) Ang tungkulin ng wika sa linya ay _______. A. pangheuristiko C. panrgulatori B. pang-interaksyonal D. pang-instrumental 56. Pen pen de sarapen/ de cuchillo de almasen/ haw haw de carabao batuten’’. pinatutunayan ng linya ang paglaganap ng wika dahil sa __________. A. heaograpiya C. pakikipagkalakalan B. pananakop D. modernisasyon
“… Kung kinakailangan ang lakas upang maigupo ang isang mapaniil na pamahalaan o ang isang harihariang pinuno, wika ang tambuling tagapukaw sa mga anak ng lahi. Patay ang isang tao kapag walang kaluluwa. Mahigit pa sa patay ang isang bayan kapag walang iisang wika.“ (Rufino Alejandro) 57. Alin sa mga sumusunod na malalim ang salitang ginamit sa talata ang may kasalungat na pares ? A. Tagapukaw – tagagising C. Maigupo – matalo B. Tambuli – trumpita D. Mapaniil – mapagkandali 58. May mga sasakyan sa Pilipinas na kababasahan ng ganito, “Katas ng Saudi” o kayo katas, ako utang ’’. Anong katangian ng wika ang tinutukoy dito ? A. Arbitraryo C. Nagbabago B. May sistema D. Ginagamit
59. Alin ang may wastong baybay ? A. Iba’t-iba B. Paru-paro
C. Gamugamo D. kurokuro
60. Alin ang wastong paraan ng pagsulat ng dayuhang salitang inuunlapian? A. nag-ba-ballet C. magtext B. rugby-han D. mag-shampoo 61. Alin sa m sumusunod ang salitang Pambansa ? A. Mapagkumbaba C. Pinoy B. kamusta D. Nagdadalantao 62. "Katulad ng wika ang isang samahan. Sa matabang lupa kusang lalago ito kung may sapat na tubig at liwanag." Ang pahayag na ito ni Tengonciang ay umaayon sa __________. A. puristang paniniwala C.Taglish B. intelektwalisasyon D. dekolonisasyon
63. Alin ang naganap na pagbabagong morpoponemiko sa salitang Tagalog ? A. Metatesi C. Pag-aangkop B. Asimilasyon D. Pagpapalit 64. Ano ang salitang ugat sa Kanluran ? A. Kalan B. Kanlong
C. Lunan D. Lunod
65. Ano ang tuntunin natin ngayon na susundin sa pagtutumbas sa Filipinong rice terraces ? A. Gamitin ang katutubong katumbas. B. Tumbasan sa Espanyol at baybayin sa Filipino. C. hiramin nang ganap. D. Kung ano ang bigkas siyang sulat. 66. Ilang ponema ang bumubou sa salitang gusali? A. 6 C. 5 B. 7 D. 4 67. Kung sa pakikinig ang may layuning malibang ay mauuri bilang apresyatib, mauuri naman sa pagbasa bilang ___________. A. ekstensibo C. papel B. intensibo D. makahulugan 68. kung ang encoder ay sa decoder, ang manunulat kung sa gayon ay sa ________. A. mambabasa C. papel B. Tagahatid D. panulat 69. Ang pagkautal ay matawag na ________ na sagabal sa salita. A. semantiko B. pisyolohikal 70. Tukuyin ang sugnay na makag-iisa. A. Kung magkakasundo tayo B. Ako naman
C. pisikal D. saykolohikal
C. Ang magiging tagasunod D. Ikaw ang mamumuno
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) Filipino 2 Pagbasa at Pagsulat tungo sa Pananaliksik 2.1
Nababasa nang may wastong pag-unawang mga teksto sa iba’t-ibang disiplina
Para sa bilang 71-75, basahin ang seleksyon. Piliin ang titik ng tamang sagot sa mga katanungang sumusunod Sa mga magulang, ang edukasyon ay isang obligasyon sa mga anak bilang paghahanda sa isang magandang buhay, lalo na sa mga panahong ang mga magulang ay wala na. Ang edukasyon para sa mga kabataan ay isang karapatang dapat ipagkaloobng kanilang mga magulang tungo sa isang magandang kinabukasan. Samantala, para naman sa mga guro, ang isang edukasyon ay isang larangang dapat bigyan ng ibayong pagpapahalaga at pagtingin lalo na ng pamahalaan at mga magulang sapagkat ditto nakasalalayang magandang kinabukasan ng mga kabataan at mamayan ng bayan. 71. Anong uri ng pamamahayag ang ipinamalas sa seleksyon? A. Paglalahad C. Pangangatwiran B. Pagsasalaysay D. Paglalarawan 72. Alin sa sumusunod na pananaw ukol sa edukasyon ang HINDI ipinakita sa seleksyon? A. Edukasyon bilang obligasyon B. Edukasyon bilang karapatan C. Edukasyon bilang serbisyo sa bayan D. Edukasyon bilang isang larangan 73. Paano binigyang katuturan ng may-akda ang paksa? A. Pagbibigay ng halimbawa B. Paghahambing at pagtatambis C. Pagslungat D. Pag-uulit 74. Ayon sa seleksyon, alin sa sumusunod ang kahalagahan ng pagkakaroon ng mabuting edukasyon? A. Upang matumbasan ang halagang ginastos ng magulang pambayad ng tuition B. Upang makamit ang isang magandang kinabukasan C. Upang makabou ng mas maraming propesyonal na mangingibang-bansa D. Upang matamo ang natatagong talent ng indibidwal 75. Ayon sa seleksyon, ano ang pinakamagandang maipapamana ng isang magulang sa kanyang anak? A. Wastong edukasyon C. Limang milyong piso B. Mabuting asal D. Pagpapahalaga sa kapwa at sa bayan Para sa bilang 76-80, basahin ang seleksyon. Piliin ang titik ng tamang sagot sa mga katanungang sumusunod. Naglipan ang mga mamayanang mahirap sa lungsod. Umaatungal at nagdarasal sa mga panginoon na sana’y palayain mula sa kuko ng pagdarahop. Isang kagyat ng alinlangan sa buhay – isang kahig isang tuka – simbolo ng isang pagkamaralita. Wala akong magawa kundi itistis sa mga salita ang nakikitang anyo n gaming buhay. Kapalaran o sandigan ng pagasa? Kung basal naman ang aking tinig sapagka’t birhe akong nagnulila upang lumaya. Subali’t ang sagot ay kung ang pawis ko’y kapalit ng hinaing at sigaw ng pagdurusa. Saan nga ba tutungo ang buhay kung sa tagpi-tagping dampa naroon ang ulam na toyu at idinidildil sa asin upang bigyang-lasa ang kaning isinusubo? Wala akong karapatang magsalita. Ang tinig ko ay paos. Ngunit ang ungol ko’y pumaimbulog sa langit at sa libingan ng mga buhay doon ko dinaranas ang misteryo ng buhay.
76. Anong uri ng pamamahayag ang ipinamalas sa seleksyon? A. Paglalahad C. Pagsasalaysay B. Paglalarawan D. Pangangatwiran 77. Anong uri ng tayutay ang ipinahiwatig ng naka-salungguhit na pangungusap? A. Tanong pagtutulad C. Pagtatawag B. Pagwawangis D. Tanong retorikal 78. Ano ang ibig sabihin ng, “isang kahig, isang tuka”? A. Matinging pagdarahop C. Lubhang karukhaan B. Mariwasang pamumuhay D. Pamumuhay tulad ng mga manok 79. Ano ang ibig sabihin ng, “basal angaking tinig”? A. Busilak C. Malakas B. Hindi marinig D. Maytakip ang bibig 80. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang angkop na pamagat ng seleksyon? A. Misteryo ng buhay C. Sigaw ng kahirapan B. Buhay lansangan D. Pag-asan g maralita Para sa bilang 81-85, basahin ang seleksyon. Piliin ang titik ng tamang sagot sa mga katanungang sumusunod. Alam mo, noong nasa restawran kami at kumakain, pinagmasdan ko siyang mabuti. Lalo siyang gumaganda habang tinitigan. Pino ang kanyang kilos; kitang-kita ito habang kumakain. Maya-maya, may nakita akong kakaibang kilos sa kanya. Nag-iba ang ekspresyon ng kanyang mukha. Parang nahihirapan ngunit pilit pa rin siyang ngumingiti na parang may itinatagong kung ano at pasulyap-aulyapsa kanyang inumin. Nahalata ko na lamang na nahihirapan siyang lumunok dahil nabulunan. Nilapitan ko siya at binatukan, sabay abot sa softdrinks at winikaan kong, “MAGPAPAKATOTOO KA, SISTER!“ 81. Anong uri ng pamamahayag ang ipinamalas sa seleksyon? A. Paglalahad C. pagsasalaysay B. Paglalarawan D. Pangangatwiran 82. Saan naganapang mga pangyayari sa seleksyon ? A. Simbahan C. Kusina B. Opisina D. Restawran 83. Anong emosyon ng pangunahing tauhan sa pagsisimula ng seleksyon? A. Pagkabighani C. Pagkainis B. Pag-ibig D. Pagkakatotoo 84. Sa pagtatapos ng seleksyon, ano ang napagtanto ng pangunahing tauhan tungkol sa babaeng kanyang napapanood? A. Totoosa sarili ng babae C. Maganang kumain ang babae B. Ubod ng hinhin ang babae D. Mayaman ang babae 85. Bakit nag-iba ang ekspresyon sa mukha ng babae sa seleksyon? A. Pangit ang lasa ng kanyang kinakain. B. Siya ay nabulunan at hindi makalunok.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) C. Masakit ang kanyang tiyan. D. Nahalata niyng pinapanood siya ng pangunahing tauhan.
Para sa bilang 86-89, basahin ang seleksyon. Piliin ang titik ng tamang sagot sa mga katanungang sumusunod. Sa panahon ngayon, may mga taong nalulukuban ng makahayop na damdaminat nakagagama ng kasamaan sa kapwa. Isa na rito ang panghahalay ng ama ng sarili niyang anak dahil sa matindingpagnanasa sa kamunduhan at kawalan ng katinoan sa pag-iisip. Ang mga ganitong uri ng tao ay mawala sa lipunan. 86. Anong uri ng pamamahayag ang ipinamalas sa seleksyon? A. Paglalahad C. Pagsasalaysay B. Paglalarawan D. Pangangatwiran 87. Paano binigyang-katuturan ng may-akda ang paksa ng seleksyon? A. Paghahambing at pagtatambis B. Paglalarawan C. Paghahalimbawa D. Pagkilalasa anhi at bunga 88. Ano ang parusa para sa kreming nabanggit sa seleksyon ? A. Pagkakataon C. Pagkulong sa mental Hospital B. Lethal injection D. Pagkakakulong ng habang buhay 89. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang tumutukoy sa kreming nabanggit sa seleksyon ? A. Concubinage C. Acts of lasciviousness B. Incest D. Marital rape Para sa bilang 90-94, basahin ang seleksyon. Piliin ang titik ng tamang sagot sa mga katanungang sumusunod PARAAN NG PAGLULUTO 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8)
Pagsamahin sa kaserola ang manok, suka, isang kutsara ng bawang, laurel, toyo, asin at paminta. Pakuluin, pagkatapos ay hinaan ang apoy at lutuin hanggang lumambot. Kapag natuyuan ay magdagdag ng tubig. Kapag malambot na ang manok ay alisin na ito sa sarsa. Sa isang kawali, igisa ang natitirang bawang. Idagdag ang itinabing manok at lutuin hanggang matusta. Ibuhos ang sarsa o pinaglutuan ng manok, pakuluin. Maari ding dagdagan ng ½ kutsarang asukal para bawasanang asim ng suka.
90. Anung uri ng pamamahayag ang ipinamalas sa seleksyon? A. Paglalahad C.Pagsasalaysay B. Paglalarawan D. Pangangatuwiran 91. Paano binigyang -katuturan ng may-akda ang paksa ng seleksyon ? A. Paghahambing at pagtatambis B. Paghahalimbawa C. Pagbibigay patnubay D. Pagkilala sa sanhi at bunga
92. Bakit kailangang hinaan ang apoy pagkatapos pakuluan ang manok? A. Upang kumapit ang lasa ng tuyo B. Upang maalis ang lasa ng manok C. Upang lumambot ang manok D. Upang maging tuyo ang manok 93. Ano ang karagdagang pakinabang ng paglalagay ng suka sa pagkaing iniluluto? A. Bilang pampaalat B. Bilang pantanggal ng lansa C. Upang maghiwalay ang mantika at toyo D. Upang hindi ma-panis ang iniluluto 94. Ano ang pagkaing iniluluto ng may- akda? A. Adobong manok B. Kalderetang manok C. Nilagang manok D. Pocherong manok Basahin ang seleksyon at sagutin ang # 95-97. Ang tunay na pag-ibig ay walang ibinubungakung hindi tunay na ligaya at kaginhawaan. Kalian pa ma’t sapin-sapin ang dusang pinapasan ng bayani, at ang kanyang biuhay ay nalipos ng karukhaan at lungkot, ang dahilan ay sapagkat hindi ang tunay na pag-ibig ang naghahari kunng hindiang taksil na pita sa yama’t bulaang karangalan. 95. Ang paghihirap ng bayan ay sanhi ng ________. A. pagkamakasarili C. kawalang malay B. kahinaan ng bayani D. digmaan 96. alin ang bunga batay sa talata ? A. Hindi tunay na karangalan B. Hindi tunay na ligaya
C. Totoong karangalan D. Totoong kalungkutan
97. Kung gagamitan ng paghihibla sa mga konsepto sa talata, alin ang pinakagitna? A. Pag-ibig C. Kaginhawaan B. Ligaya D. Kabayanihan 98. Ano ang kahulugan ng pangungusap na ito? Ilista mo na lamang sa tubig ang aking utang. A. Kalimutan na ang utang C. Tubig ang listahan B. Magbabayad din ng utang D. Nasa tubig ang utang 99. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang pangungusap na may paksa? 1. May pasok bha bukas? C. Nagbabasa sila sa aklatan. 2. Kay ganda ng paglubog ng araw. D. Mainit ngayon 100. Sa taas ng bilihin ngayon kahit kahig ka nang kahig ay wala pa ring maiipon. Ano ang ibig sabihin nito? A. Hanap ng hanap C. Gastos ng gastos B. Tago ng tago D. Trabaho ng trabaho
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 101. Ang pahayagan ay hindi dapat maglathala ng anumang uri ng pagbibintangna makakasira sa reputasyon na di muna nagbibigay ng pagkakataon sa nasasakdal na marnig ang kanyang panig. Ito ay? A. walang kinikilingan C. makatarungan pakikitungo B. kalayaan ng pagpapahayag D. Maaasahan mo ako 102. “You can count on me,” Ang pinakmalapit na salin nito ay ________? A. bilangin mo kami C. Ibilang mo ako B. bilangin mo ako D. Maaasahan mo ako 103. Anong uri ng tayutay ang pahayag na ito? “Ang kabutihan mo sa buhay ang magiging hakbang sa pag-unlad” A. Pagwawangis C. Pagtutulad B. Pagpapalit-tawag D. Personipikasyon 104. “Malalim ang bulsa,” ng kanyang nanay. Ang ibig sabihin nito ay ________. A. walang pera C. mapagbigay B. mapera D. kuripot 105. Siya ay may kutsarang pilak ng ipinanganak. Ito ay nangangahulugang ______. A. tahimik C. mayaman B. masalita D. mahirap 106. Alin ang pinakamalapit na salin ng "you are the apple of my eye." A. Ikaw ay kasing ganda ng mansanas. B. Ikaw ay maganda sa paningin. C. Ibibili kita ng mansanas. D. Ikaw ang paborito ko. 107. “Pare-pareho kayo. Wala akong mapagpipilian,” wika ng isang gurong puno ng galit sa mga lalaking mag-aaral. A. Walang gana sa pagtuturo. B. Nawalan ng tiwala sa mga lalaki. C. Walang pagtingin sa mga lalaki. D. Hindi pare-pareho ang mga lalaki 108. Ang pagtama sa lotto ay parang isang “Suntok sa buwan” Ano ang kahulugan nito? A. Maaari C. Impossible B. Pangarap D. Maaabot 109. “Panahon na upang magdilat ng mata at makisangkot sa usapin.” Itoy nagpapahiwatig na _____. A. kalimutan ang usapin C. idilat ang mga mata B. magising sa katotohanan D. umiwas sa usapin 110. Ang lumalakad ng mabilis, kung matinik ay malalim“. ano ang ibig sabihin nito? A. Mag-isip na mabuti sa paglalakad. B. Mag-isip ng malalim kung paglalakad. C. Ang nagmamadali ay madalas nagkakamali. D. Ang naglalakad ng mabilis ay hindi makapag-isip. 111. Mahusay “maglubid ng buhangin“ ang taong gipit. Ano ang ibig sabihin? A. Magyabang C. Magpaikot-ikot B. Magsinungaling D. Magtali
112. Huwag “pagbuhatan ng kamay“ ang batang walang kalaban-laban. Ano ang ibig sabihin? A. Itali ang kamay C. Pagbuhatan ng mabigat B. pagtrabahuin D. Saktan 113. Iyon lamang nakakaranas ng mga lihim na kalungkutan ang maaaring makakilalang lihim na kaligayahan. ang mga pahayag na ito ay nagsasaad ng __________. A. paghihikahos sa buhay C. kapangitan ng buhay B. kalungkutan sa buhay D. kagandahan ng buhay 114. Mahusay magtago ng lihim ang mga taong “mabigat ang bibig.” Ano ang ibig sabihin nito? A. Hindi madaldal C. Malaki ang bibig B. Mahiayain D. Tahimik 115. “Kung ang sa langit ay nabubuhay ang sa lupa ay namamatay ano’t kinatatakutan ang oras ng kamatayan.” Anong damdamin ang ipinapahayag nito? A. Maging matapang C. Mapagbigay b. Maging mapagpasensiya D. Matatag sa buhay FILIPINO 3 – MASINING NA PAGPAPAHAYAG 3.1 3.2
Nagagamit ng may husay ang Filipino sa pagbou ng isang sulating pananaliksik Nagagamit ang angkop na repertwal (repertoire) ng wika sa pagpapahayag ng kaalaman, karanasan at saloobin
119. Alin ang pinakamalakas ang dating na pahayag kapag kabataan ang nag-uusap saisang kwento? A. Ang ganda ng kanyang kasuotan! B. Astig talaga ang ayos niya! C. Katulad niya ang isang Bathala! D. Ang porma niya talaga. 120. Alin dito ang pinakawastong salin sa pangungusap na: “I am sure he didn’t say that.” A. Ang tiyak ko’y hindi niya sinabi iyon. B. Ako ay tiyak na hindi niya sinabi iyon. C. Ako ay nakatitiyak na na iyon ay hindi niya sinabi. D. Natitiyak kong hindi niya sinabi iyon. 121. Alin sa sumusunod ang waston pagkakasulat ng bibliograpiya? A. Antonio, Lila F., et al. (1975-76) retorikang pangkolehiyo. Quezon City: Unibersidad ng Pilipinas B. Retorikang pangkolehiyo. Antonio, Lila F., et al. Quezon City: Unibersidad ng Pilipinas C. Unibersidad ng Pilipinas, Antonio, Lila F. et al, Retorikang pangkolehiyo, Quezon City, (197576) D. Quezon City: Unibersidad ng Pilipinas, 1975-76, Retorikang pangkolehiyo, Antonio, Lila F., et al 122. Ano ang salin ng “Bring home the bacon”? A. Mag-uwi ng bacon. C. Bumili ng panalo. B. Mag-uwi ng panalo. D. Dalhin ang bacon.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
ANSWER KEY: FILIPINO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
A A C D B B D A D A C B D A C B B A C D A C B D A A B D C B B C C D D A A A C C C A D B B
46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
D C A B D A A A B C A D A C D A A C C A B A A B D A C D B A B D C A C C D A C B A D D B A
91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122
B C D A A A A A C D D D A D C D B B B C B D D A A B A A B D A B
MATHEMATICS 1 – FUNDAMENTALS OF MATH 1.1 Use of four fundamental operations in problem solving involving: 1.1. Operations with whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and integers 1.2 Prime, composite, denominate numbers 1.3 Prime factorization 1.4 LCM, GCF 1.5 Divisibility rules 1.6 Ratio and proportion 1.7 Percentage, Base and Rate 1.8 Measurement and units of measure 1.8.1 Perimeter 1.8.2 Area 1.8.3 Volume 1.8.4 Capacity 1.8.5Weight 1.9 Convertunits in the matrix system 1% MATHEMATICS 2 – PLANE GEOMETRY 2.1 Show mastery of basic terms and concepts in plane trigonometry 2.1.1 lines and curves, perpendicular and parallel lines 2.1.2 angles, angle property 2.1.3 special triangles and quadrilaterals 2.1.4 polygons 2.2 Solve problems involving basic terms and concepts in plane trigonometry MATHEMATICS 3 – ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA 3.1 Show mastery of basic terms and concepts in Elementary Algebra 3.1.1 Algebraic expression 3.1.2 Polynomials 3.1.3 Linear equations 3.1.4 Linear inequalities 3.2 Solve problems, evaluate and manipulate symbolic and numerical problems in elementary algebra by applying fundamental rules, principles and processes MATHEMATICS 4 – STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY 4.1 Show mastery and knowledge of basic terms and concepts in statistics and probability 4.1.1 Counting techniques 4.1.2 Probability of an event 4.1.3 Measures of central tendency 4.1.4 Measures of variability 4.2 Solve, evaluate, manipulate symbolic and numerical problems in statistics and probability by applying fundamental rules
2% 5% 3%
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
NOTES Read, analyze and reflect on these NOTES. 1. When evaluating mathematical expressions, always be guided by the order of operations: a. Simplify all operations inside parenthesis. b. Simplify all exponents c. Perform all multiplications and divisions, working from left to right. d. Perform all additions and subtractions, working from left to right. Remember the mnemonic P-E-M-D-A-S ( Parenthesis-Exponents- Multiplications/DivisionsSubtractions-Additions). 2. Numbers may be classified as prime, composite and natural denominate: a. A prime numbers is a positive numberwhich may only divided by 1or itself. b. A composite number is a positive number which has a positive divisor other 1 or itself. All even numbers are composite exceptthe number 2. c. A natural number like 0 or 1 is neither prime nor composite. d. A denominate number is a number with an attached unit of measurement. 3. Prime factorization is the process of finding which prime numbers tou need to multiply together to get the original number. There are 2 methods of Prime factorization. a. In the factor tree method, we use a pictorial method of finding factors, where the number to be factorized is placed at the top and all its factors branch out one by one till we get all prime factors, just like a tree.
3 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 24 b. In the continuous divivision method, we rperform repeated divisionsusing prime factors as divisor until the last dividend becomes 1. 2 2 2 3
24 12 6 3 1
4. The least common multiple (LCM) is the smalles multiple that 2 numbers have in common. The greatest common factor (GCF) is the larges multiple that can exactly divide 2 numbers. To obtain the LCM or the GCF, prform prime factorization of the 2 numbers and compare their prime factors. a. For LCM, after you list down the 2 factors, mark similar prime factors as one pair. After you have done so, multiply together the pairedand unpaired prime factors.
24 = 2
36 = 2
LCM = ⏟ 2x2x3
b. For GCF, after you list down the prime factors, mark similar prime factors as one pair. After you have done so, multiply together the paired prime factors ONLY.
24 = 2
36 = 2
GCF = ⏟ 2x2x3
x = 12
1. Please be guided by the divisibility rules. Divisor 2 3 4 5 6
Divisibility condition The last digit is even (0, 2, 4, 6, or 8). Sum of the digits is clearly divisible by 3. The last two digits are divisible by 4. Thelast digit is 0 or 5. It is divisible by 2 or by 3. by 3 and the last digit is even, hence the Subtracttwo times the last digit from the rest. The result should be divisible by 7 The last three digits are divisible by 8. Ad four times the hundreds digit to twice the tens digit to the ones digit. The result should be divisible by 8. Sum of the digits is divisible by 9. The last digit 0.
Examples 1294: 4 is even. 405 => 4 + 0 + 5 = 9 40832: 32 is divisible by 4. 495: the last digit is 5. 1,458: 1 + 4 + 5 + 8 = 18, so it is divisible number is divided by 6. 483: 48 – (3 × 2) = 42: 42 is divisible by 7. 34152: 152 is divisible by 8. 34152: (4 × 1) + (2 × 5) + 2 = 16 2,880: 2 + 8 + 8 + 0 = 18 130: the las digit is 0.
2. Recall the concepts of ratio and proportion. a. A ratio is an expression of the relative size of two quantities; it is usually expressed as the quotient of one number divided by the other. The ratio of 1 to 2 is written as 1:2 or 1/2. b. A proportion is a statement of equality between two ratios. The ratio of 1:2 to 3:6 forms of the proportion 1:2 = 3:6 or ½ = 3/6. 3. Recall the concept of percentage, base and rate. a. The percentage is the fraction of the original number that is obtained by multiplying the rate and the base. In problems, it is the number that comes before the word is. b. The base is the number or quantity which represents the original number. It also represents the total. It is obtained by dividing the percentage by the rate. In problems, , it is the number that comes after the word of. c. The rate is the number represents the percent. It is obtained by dividing the percentage by the base. In problems, is the number that is attached to the word percent or to a % sign. d. To facilitate recall of the formulate for percentage, base and rate, draw a PBR triangle.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
4. Measurment is the oprocess or result of determining the magnitude of a quantity. a. Perimeter is the total distance around any 2 dimensional shape. The formulae for for perimeter as follows: i. perimeter of triangle = a + b + c, whare a, b and c represens the lengths of the three sides of the triangle
c ii. perimeter of a rectangle = 2l = 2w, where l and w represens the length and the width respectively
w l iii. perimeter of a square = 4s, where s represents the length of one side of a square
iv. perimeter of circle = 2 r, where represents the constant equal to 3.1416 and r represents the radius of the circle r
b. Area iWs the total amount of space that a 2 dimensional object occupies. It is measuresd in square units (ie, square meters, square centimeters). i. area of a triangle = ½ × b × h, where b represents the base and h represents the perpendicular height.
ii. area of a rectangle = 1 × w, where l and w represens the length and the width respectively
w l iii. area of a square = s², where s represents the length of one side of a square
iv. area of a circle = πr², where π represents the constant equal to 3.1416 and r represents the radius of a circle r
v. area of an isosceles trapezoid = x (b1 + b2) x h, where b1 and b2 represent the length of the 2 parallel bases and h is the perpendicular height b1 h b2 c. volume is the total amount of space occupied by a three dimensional object. It is measured in cubic units (ie, cubic meters, cubic centimeters). i. volume of a cube = s3, where s is length of 1 side of the cube.
ii. volume of a rectangular prism = 1 × w × h, where l is the length, w is the width and h is the height. h l
iii. volume of a cylinder = πr2h, where π represents the constant equal to 3.1416, r represents the radius of the circular base and h represents the height of the cylinder. r h
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) iv. volume of a cone = (1/3) x πr2h, where π represents the constant equal to 3.1416, r represents the radius of the circular base and h represents the height of the cone
v. volume of a pyramid = (1/3) x B x h, where B is the area of the base and h is the height
vi. volume of sphere = (4/3) x represents the radius
r , where π represents the constant equal to 3.1416, r
d. Capacity is the total amount of fluid that a 3-dimensional container can hold. It is used hand in hand with volume and is calculated using the same formulae. e. Weight is a measure of the amount of gravitational pull exerted on a mass. Beyond the realm of physics, weight and mass are used interchangeably. Conventional units include kilograms and pounds. 5. The standard system of measurement in the present day is the metric or SI system. The alternative system used in European countries is the English system. a. Convertion of units in the SI system requires awareness of various key prefixes signifying powers of ten.
Name Symbol Factoer
deca Da 101
hecto H 102
kilo k 103
SI Prefixes for Multiples mega giga tera M G T 106 109 1012
Name Symbol Factor
deci d 10-1
centi C 10-2
milli m 10-3
SI Prefixes for Fractions micro nano pico μ n p 10-6 10-9 10-12
peta P 1015
exa E 1018
zetta Z 1021
yotta Y 1024
femto f 10-15
atto a 10-18
zepto z 10-21
yocto y 10-24
Dimensional analysis is done to determine equivalent SI units using different prefixes. For example, to convert 8 kilometers into centimeters. 8 km (
10𝑚3 ) 1 𝑘𝑚
(11𝑐𝑚 ) = 8 x 103-(-2)cm = 8 × 105 cm 𝑘𝑚
b. Conversion of units from English system to the SI system requires memorization of convertion factors. 1 kilogram 2.54 centimeters 12 inches 1 meter 3 feet 1 mile 1 kilometer
= = = = = = =
2.2 pounds 1(lbs) 1 inch 1 foot 3.28 feet 1 yard 5,280 feet 0.62 mile
6. Recall the following concepts in plane trigonometry. a. A line is a series of points that extends in two opposite directions without end. Two points are needed to define a line. It has no fixed length or width. It is considered infinitely long. i. The point of intersection is the point where two lines meet or come together. ii. Perpendicular lines from right angles to the point of their intersection. They will never intersect with each other. b. A curve line is a line that representsa mathematical equation. IT may two-dimensional or threedimensional. c. An angle is the figure formed by two rays sharing a common endpoint, called the vertexof the angle. Angles are measured in degrees (0). i. A right angle is an angle whose measure is exactly 90 degrees. ii. An acute angle is an angle whose measure is lees than 90 degrees. iii. An obtuse angle is an angle whose measure is more than 90 degrees but less than 180 degrees. iv. A straight angle is an angle whose measure is is exactly 180 degrees. v. A reflex angle is an angle whose measure is more than 180 degrees but less than 360 degrees. vi. Two angles are complementary if their sum is 90 degrees. vii. Two angles are supplementary if their sum is 180 degrees. d. A triangle is a plane geometric figure with three verticesand three sides. The sum of three internal angles of a triangle is always equal to 180 degrees. i. Triangles may be classified on the length of sides: 1. An equilateral triangle has three sides of equal length. It is also called equiangular triangles because all three angles measure exactly 60 degrees. 2. An isosceles triangle has two sides of equal length. the two angles opposite the two equal sides are also equal in measure. 3. A scalene triangle has three sides of unequal length. All three angles are also of unequal measure. ii. Triangles may also be classified based on the measure of internal angles: 1. A right triangle has exactly one right angle among its internal angles. 2. An acute triangle is composed of three acute internal angles. 3. An obtuse triangle has exactly one obtuse angle among its internal angles. ii. Special triangles have properties that aloow us to compute algebraically the lengths of their corresponding sides. 1. The dimension of the right triangle follow the Pythagorean theorem. c a b
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) a. The side opposite the right angle is called the hypotenuse (c). b. The two other sides are called the legs (a, b). c. For any right triangle, a2 +b2 = c2. For a 45-45-90 right triangle: 450 𝑎√2
a. The length of the hypotenuse is equal to the length of one the legs multiplied by √2. 3. For a 30-60-90 right triangle: a. The length of the hypotenuse is two time the length of the shorter leg. b. The length of the longer leg is equal to the length of the shorter leg multiplied by √3.
4. For equilateral triangle:
a. The height is defined by the following formula: height = a2
The area is defined by the following formula: area = a2
5. Heron’s theorem may be used to calculate the area of any triangle given the length of the three sides. a. First, calculate the semiperimeter: s=
b. Use the semiperimeter to calculate the area using Heron’s theorem: area = √𝑠 (𝑠 − 𝑎)(𝑠 − 𝑐)
c. A quadrilateral is a plane geometric figure with exactly four sides and four vertices. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is exactly 360o. i. A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides. 1. The opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal in measure. 2. The adjacent angles of a parallelogram are supplementary. 3. The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other. ii. A rectangle is aquadrilateral with four right internal angles. 1. The diagonals are equal in length and bisect each other. 2. The length of each diagonal is equal to √𝑙 2 + 𝑤 2 iii. A square is a quadrilateralwith four equal sides and four right internal angles. 1. The diagonals of a square bisect each other and meet at 90 degrees. 2. The diagonals of a square bisect its angles. 3. The diagonals of a square are perpendicular. iv. A rhombus is a quadrilateral with four equal sides. 1. Oppositeangles of a rhombus are equal sides. 2. The two diagonals of a rhombus are perpendicular. d. A polygon is a plane geometric figure bounded by a closed path or circuit, composed of a finite sequence of straight line segments. i. The segments are called its sides, and the points where two edges meet are the polygon’s vertices. ii. Polygons are named based on the number of sides: # of sides 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Name of polygon Triangle Quadrilateral Pentagon Hexagon Heptagon Octagon Nonagon Decagon Undecagon
# of sides 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Name of polygon Dodecagon Triskaidecagon Tetradecagon Pentadecagon Hexadecagon Heptadecagon Octadecagon Nonadecagon Icosagon
iii. A regular polygon has equal length of all sides and equal measure of all interior angles. iv. The sum of all the interior angle of a regular polygon is equal to (n – 2) × 180. v. The measure of eac interior angle of a regular polygon is equal to (n−2 x 180 𝑛
7. Recall the following basic concepts in Elementary algebra: a. An algebraic expression is a mathematical expression made up of the signs and symbols of algebra. These symbols include the Arabic numerals, literal numbers, the signs of operation, and so forth. b. The components of algebraic expression are called terms. Based on the number of terms, special designation is given to algebraic expressions: i. An expression containing only one term (ie, 2x) is called a monomial. ii. A binomial contains two terms (ie, 2x + 1). iii. A trinomial consist of three terms (ie, 2x2 + 3x + 4). iv. Any expressions containing two or more terms may also be called by the general name, polynomial.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 8. A ppolynomial expression is a monomial or a sum of monomials. a. The degree of a polynomial expression with one variable is the value of the largest exponent of the variable that appears in any term. For example, the degree of the binomial x2 + 4 is 2. b. A functional relationship between quantities that can be described by an equation where y equals a polynomial expression of x is a polynomial function. i. A linear function is a polynomial function with a degree equal to 1 (ie, y = 5x + 3). 1. The graph of a linear function is a straight line. ii. A Quadratic function is a polynomial function with a degree equal to 2 (ie, y = 5x2 + 3x + 3). 1. The graph of a quadratic function is a parabola. iii. A cubic function is a polynomial function with a degree equal to 3 (ie, y = 5x3 + 3x2 + x + 3). 1. The graph of a cubic function is a curve. 9. Recall the principles in evaluation of polynomial expressions. a. Group like terms using cummutative and associative properties. b. Combine like terms using distributive property. c. Simplifying powers can also help you multiply monomials. i. multiplying powers with like bases: am x an = am+n. ii. Raising apower to a power: (am)n = amn. iii. Raising a product to a power: (ab)n = an x bn. iv. Zero power: ao = 1. v. Negative power a-n =
vi. Dividing powers with like bases:
vii. Raising a quotient to a power: ( ) =
10. Factoring a polynonmial means writing it as a product of 2 or more monomials. a. Common monomial factor: i. Consider the trinomial 2x3 – 10x2 + 6x. The common monomial factor is 2x. So using the distributive property in reverse, we factor this expression as: 2x (x2 + 5x + 3). b. Grouping: i. Consider x3 – x2 + x – 1 = 0. x3 – x2 + x – 1 =0 3 2 (x – x ) + (x – 1) =0 x2 (x- 1) + (x – 1) =0 (x – 1) (x2 +1) =0 c. square of a binomial (perfect square trinomial): i. (a +b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2. ii. (a +b)2 = a2 - 2ab + b2. d. Difference of two squares: ii. (a = b) (a – b) = a2 - b2. e. Completing the square: i. Consider x2 + 6x + 5 = 0. (x2 + 6x + 5 + 4) – 4 (x2 + 6x + 9) – 4 (X + 3)2 – 4 (x + 3 + 2) (x + 3 + 2) (x + 1) (x + 5)
=0 =0 =0 =0 =0
f. Sum of two cubes: i. (a+b)3 = (a + b) (a2 _ a + b2). g. Difference of two cubes: i. (a - b)3 = (a - b) (a2 + ab + b2) 15. A linear equation is an algebraic equation in which each term is either a constant or a product of a constant and (the first power of) a single variable. These may be expressed in the following forms: a. Standard form: Ax + By + C = 0, where, i. the x-intercept is (-C/A, 0). ii. the y-intercept is (0, -C/B). iii. the slope of a line is –A/B. b. Slope intercept form: y = mx + b, where, m is the slope and (0, b) is the y-intercept. y2-y1 𝑦 −𝑥
c. Two point form: y-y1 = 𝑦2 − 𝑥1 (x-x1) where, where (x1, y1) and (x2, y2)are two different poits on 2
the line. d. Point slope form: y – y1 = m (x – x1), where m is the slope of the line and (x1, y1) is any point on the line. 𝑥
e. Intercept form: 𝑎 + 𝑏 = 1, where (a, 0) is the x-intercept and (0, b) is the y-intercept. 16. A linear inequality is an inequality which involves a linear function. The solution to a linear inequality is obtained by shading the corresponding half-space in the Cartesian plane after graphing the expression as a linear equation. 17. Recall the various counting techniques: a. Fundamental Principle of Counting: In a sequence of events, the total possible number of ways all events can performed is the product of the possible number of ways each individual event can be perform. b. Factorial: n! = (n – 1) (n - 2) … (3) (2) (1); for example, 5! = 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. c. Permutation: A permutation is an arrangement of objects without repetation where order is important. A permutation of n objects, arranged in groups of size r, without repetition, and order 𝑛! being important is: nPr = (𝑛−𝑟)! d. Combination: A combination is an arranement of objects without repetation where order is not important. A combination of n objects, arrangedin groups of size r, without repetation, and order 𝑛! not being important is: nCr = (𝑛−𝑟)! 𝑟!
18. Probability is a measure of certainty or uncertainty that an event will happen. It arranges from 0 to 1. a. The probability of an impossible event (an event that wil never occur) is 0. b. The probability of an certain event (an event that will surely happen) is 1. c. The probability (P) of an event (E) is expressed mathematically as: (𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑤𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑠) P(E) = (𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑠𝑖𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑜𝑐𝑚𝑒𝑠)
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 19. Measures of central tendency are numerical descriptive measures which indicate or locate the center of distribution or data set. a. The mean of a set of values or measurements in the sum of all the measurements divided by the number of measurements in the set. b. The meadian is the middle value of a given set of measurements, provided that the values or measurements are arranged in an array. An array is an arrangement of values in increasing or decreasing values. c. The mode is the value occurs most frequently in a set of measurements or values. d. Measures of variability are measures of the average distance of each observation from the center of distribution. They measure homogeneity or heterogeity of a particular group. a. The range is the difference between the highest and the lowest values. This is the simpliest and most unreliable measure of variability since it uses only two values in the distribution. b. the mean obsolute deviation is the average of summation of the absolute deviation of each observation from the mean. The formula for the mean absolute deviataion is: ∑ 𝑥−𝑥̅
mean absolute deviation = 𝑛 where, x is a value or score from the raw data, 𝑥̅ is the mean and n is the total number of cases. c. Variance (s2) is the average of the squared deviation from the mean . The formula for ∑(𝑥 −𝑥̅ ) 2
finding the variance is shown below: s2 = 𝑛 where, x is a value or score from the raw data, 𝑥̅ is the mean and n is the total number of cases. d. The standard deviation is the square root of the average deviation from the mean. It is mathematically equal to the square root of the variance. ∑(𝑥 −𝑥̅ ) 2
where, x is a value or score from the raw data, x is the mean and n is the total number of cases.
PRACTICE TEST: Test your mastery of competencies. Choose the letter that correspond to the best answer. I Math 1-Fundamentals of math 1. Use of four fundamental operations in problem solving involving: 1.1 Operation with whole numbers, decimals, Fractions, and integers 1.2 Prime, composite, denominate numbers 1.3 Prime factorization 1.4 LCM, GCM 1.5 Divisibilty rules 1. Evalute the following expression: 5 + 3 (42 + 7) – 7 (2 + 32 x 8)0 A. 0 C. 72 B. 152 D. -444
2. Evaluate the following mathematical expression: A. 16 B. 24
3+4 (5−2 x 6)+12 (2+4)+1 1+(3 x 6)−
C. 36 D. 12
3. Which among the following is NOT a prime number? A. 31 C. 51 B. 41 D. 61 4. How many prime numbersare there between 1 and 100? A. 23 C. 25 B. 24 D. 26 5. What is the largest prime number less than 100? A. 91 C. 95 B. 93 D. 97 6. What are the prime factors of 128? A. 1 x 2 x 8 B. 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2
C. 2 x 2 x 2 x 4 x 4 D.2 x 3 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2
7. What are the prime factors of 153? A. 3 x 3 17 B. 3 x 3 x 7 x 9
C. 153 x 1 D. 3 x 7 x 13
8. What are the prime factors of 273? A. 3 x 3 x 7 x 7 B. 3 x 17 x 11
C. 3 x 6 x 9 x 11 D. 3 x 7 x 13
9. What is the least common multiple of 24 and 80? A. 360 C. 240 B. 80 D. 480
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
10. One trip around a running track is 440 yards. One jogger can complete one lap in 8 minutes, the other can complete it in 6 minutes. How long will it take for both joggers to arrive at their starting point together if they start at the same time and maintain their jogging pace? A. 12 minutes C. 36 minutes B. 24 minutes D. 48 minutes 11. Josefa is making bead necklaces. She has 90 green beeds and 180 blue beads. What is the greatest number of identical necklaces she can make if she wants to use all of this beads? A. 12 C. 16 B. 15 D. 18 12. Lisa bought a big bag of candy at a warehouse store. There are 102 pieces of candy in a bag. Lisa needs to divide the candy up into smaller bags. She wants to put the same number of pices in each small bag. How many small bags could lacey use? A. 17 C.19 B. 18 D. 20 13. A dish company needs to ship an order of 117 glass bowls. The company will put the bowl into several boxes. Each box contains the same number of bowls. How many boxes could the company use for the order? A. 11 C. 13 B. 12 D. 17 14. The number, 212115273999132, is NOT divisible by which of the following factors? A. 2 C. 4 B. 3 d. 8 15. When 2,000 pounds of paper are recycled, 17 trees are saved. How many trees are saved if 5,000 pounds of paper is recycled? A. 41 C. 45 B. 42.5 D. 63 16. A recipe calls for 2 eggs for every 5 cups of flour. A local chief will use 35 cups of flour, how many eggs must be have? A. 12 C. 14 B. 13 D. 16 17. Five out of every seven households have cable TV. If 42,000 households in a certain city hyave a TV, how many do not have cable TV? A. 12,000 C. 30,000 B. 21,000 D. 32,000 18. Our school has 8 male teachers who comprise 25% of all our teachers. How many teachers do we have? A. 24 C. 32 B. 28 D. 40 19. Miss Santiago’s class has 20 boys and 15 girls in her English class. What percent of the students are girls? A. 28% C. 44% B. 43% D. 50%
20. Jerome answered 80% of the 50 items correctly in math test. How many items did he answer correctly? A. 40 C. 45 B. 44 D. 50 21. A business man had incurred the following expenses in his trips to the Visayanislands: P5100.00, P4600.00, P3800.00, and P3200.00. What was his total for his trip? A. P16000 C. P17000 B. 16700 D. P17500 22. Ms. Tonelada weighed 60 kg. She lost 4 kg on her first week of exercise, gained 2 kg on her second week, lost 6kg on her 3rd week and and remained her weight on 4th week. What was her weight on the 4th week? A. 52 kg C. 68 kg B. 58 kg D. 72 kg 23. A group of young people from four countries gathered together for an international conference: 40 from Manila, 60 from Japan, 35 from Thailand and 45 from Singapore. The participants will form discussiongroups with equal number of members from each country in each group. What is the greatest number of discussion groups that can be formed? A. 5 C. 20 B. 15 D. 25 24. During summer, a lady visits Baguio 6 days, and his best friend every 4 days. If they visited Baguio last April 11, what does the earliest date did both of them visit Baguio again A. April 21 C. May 5 B. April 23 D. May 11 25. A recipe calls a ¾ of sugar. How much sugar should be used if only ½ of the quantities given in the recipe is to be prepared? A.
26. In a bundle of new 100 bils, The bills are consecutively numbered RTC3432260 to RTC3432280. How much is the total amount of the bills? A. 3200 C. 3400 B. 3300 D. 3500 27. The sum of three consecutive integers is 96. What are the integers? A. 31, 32, 33 C. 30, 32, 34 B. 32, 33, 34 D. 33, 34, 35 28. A farmer can plow
of a hectare in 1 hr. At this rate, in how many hours will 5 farmers plow the same
fields? A. B.
5 10 3
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
29. If the exchange rate of the US dollars to pesos is $1 = Php47.90 what is the value of Php1 in American cents? A. 02 C. 2 B. 479 D. 4.79 30. In a card game, a player got the following scores: 35, -60, -40, 80, -100, 25, -25. Whatis his final score? A. -115 C. 85 B. -85 D. 115 31. The first 5 numbers in a sequence are 2, 3, 5, 8, and 12. What is the 7th number in the sequence? A. 15 C. 23 B. 19 D. 25 32. A teacher wants to group his pupils into groups of 3 or 5 or 6. However, if she found out that if she do that there will always be 1 pupil left. What is the least possible number of pupils in the class? A. 81 C. 21 b. 31 d. 11 33. Twelve pesos more than twice Mico’s allowance is at most 600 pesos. What is her maximum allowance? A. 300 pesos C. 588 pesos B. 634 pesos D. 294 pesos 34. What integer should be added to 11 to get the sum of at least 37? A. At least 15 C. At least 26 B. At least 25 D. At least 32 35. What are the largest two consecutive odd integers whose sum is at most 60? A. 25, 27 C. 29, 31 B. 27, 29 D. 31, 33 36. Two numbers are in ratio of 3:4. If there sum is 84, what is the smallest number? A. 24 C. 48 B. 36 D. 54 37. The numerator of a fraction is 3 less than the denominator. If the numerator and denominator are each increased by 1, the value of the fraction becomes ¾. What is the original fraction? A. 7/12 C. 8/11 B. 8/12 D. 6/13 38. Mr. Lucido deposited 225 pesos in the bank. If his deposit consisted of 29 bills, consisting of 5 peso and 10 peso bills, how many 10 peso bills did he deposit? A. 13 C. 15 B. 14 D. 16 39. Brenda has saved 300 coins, consisting of 25 centavo and 10 centavo coins.if the total value of her savingsis 4 pesos, how many 10 centavocoins did she save? A. 100 C. 300 B. 200 D. 400
40. Julia can finish a project in 10 hours while Elenita can do the same project in 8 hours. How will it take them to finish the project together? A. 3.44 hours C. 4.44 hours B.4.00 hours D. 18 hours 41. If a liter of chemical X is 95% pure, how many liters of water must be added to make a 50% solution? A. 0.80% L C. 0.94% L B. 0.90 L D. 0.09 L 42. Arthur has blended coffee worth 95 pesos per kilogram with coffee worth 115 pesos per kilogram to make 50 kilograms of coffee that will be sold at 107 pesos per kilogram. How many kilograms of each kind did he blend? A. 20 kilos of 95/kg and 30 kilos of 115kg B. 30 kilos of 95/kg and 30 kilos of 115kg C. 30 kilos of 95/kg and 50 kilos of 115kg D. 60 kilos of 95/kg and 30 kilos of 115kg 43. A Victory liner bus traveling at a rate 70 km/h leaves the station after a freight truck has left and overtakes it in 5 hours. At what ratewas the freight truck traveling? A. 20km/h C. 40km/h B. 30 km/h D. 50 km/h 44. Don Antonio invested part of 30,000 pesos at 5% interest and the remaining interest at 6% interest at BPI. If his investment yields annual income of 1,620 pesos, how much did he invest at 6% interest? A. 12,000 pesos C. 16,000 pesos B. 14, 000 pesos D. 18,000 pesos 45. The units digit of a two-digit number exceeds the tens digit by 2. Find the number if it 4 times the sum of its digits. A. 24 C. 48 B. 42 D. 82 46. Using t6he integers 4, 7, 9, 8 and 5, how many two digit numberscan be formed if repletion is NOT allowed. A. 20 C. 25 B. 23 D. 28 47. In how many ways can 5 boys be seated in a row of 5 seats? A. 72 C. 102 B. 9 D. 120 48. In how many ways can a term of 10 basketball players be chosen from 12 players? A. 62 C. 66 B. 64 D. 72 MATH 1-1.6
Ratio and proportion
49. If a picture frame is 27 cm long and 18 cm wide, what is the ratio of its length to its width? A. 3:2 C. 3:5 B. 2:3 D.5:3
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
50. Five bananas weigh as much as 3 star apples. Inthis rate, how many star apples will weigh as much as 45 bananas? A. 27 C. 33 B. 30 D. 36 51. It takes 20 men to build a building for 60 days. Assuming that all men work at this rate, how many men will be needed to build the same building in 15 days? A. 5 C. 100 B. 80 D. 120 52. The ratio of the numbers of carabaos, goats and cows in a farm is 5:1:2. If there are 48 animals of these kinds in his backyard, how many of them are goats? A. 2 C. 6 B. 4 D. 8 53. The ratio of the numbers of red, green and blue balls in a box is 2:5:6. How many green marbles are there if there are 52 marbles in all? A. 4 C. 20 B. 8 D. 24 54. In a university, the ration of the female professors to the male professors 8:5. If there are 75 male professors, how many are female professors? A. 120 C. 225 B. 180 D. 375/8 55. A meter stick is cut into 2 at the 25 cm mark. What is the ratio of the smaller piece to the larger pice? A. 1:3 C.3:4 B. 2:5 D. 4:5 MATH 1-1.7 Percentage, Base and Rate 56. In asurvey to determine the reaction of people about having a new GSIS card, 80% of the 2,400 people voted in favor of the new card. How many of the voters did not vote for the new card? A. 1920 C. 800 B. 1600 D. 480 57. Lulu spends 15% of her monthly income for house rental, 10% for electric bill and 25% for food and other miscellaneous expenses, she still has P6,000 left. How much does she earn every month? A. P15,000.00 C. P9,000.00 B. P12,000.00 D. P8,000.00 58. If 500 or 25% of a graduating class are girls, how many are graduating? A. 2,000 C. 10,000 B. 5,000 D. 20,000 59. At 25% discount, Ms. Barat paid P150.75 for a bag. What was the original price of the bag? A. P37.69 C. P201.00 B. P150.75 D. P603.00
60. A man accepts a position at P14,250 basic salary with an agreement that he will receive a 2% increase every year for 3 years. What will his salary be at the end of 3 years? A. P14,950.00 C. P15,122.21 B. P15,105.00 D. P16,500.00 61. A man invested Php 100000. He put part of it in a bank at 5% interest. On the other hand, he invested the remainder in bonds with a 9% yearly return. How much did he put in a bank if his yearly income from the two investments was Php 7,400? A. Php40,000.00 C. Php60,000.00 B. Php50,000.00 D. Php 70,000.00 MATH 1-1.8
Measurement and units of measure
62. Max is planning to take a leisurely stroll around their rectangular patio, which measures 27.7 m long and 21.5 m wide. Howfar does Max have to walk? A. 96.4 m C. 98.4 m B. 120.4 m D. 88.4 m 63. Which among the following has the largest perimeter? A. Square pizza with perimeter of 80 cm B. Circular pizza with radius of 13 cm C. Rectangular pizza with dimension 10 cm x 14 cm D. Circular pizza with radius 8.5 cm 64. You own a small rectangular box measuring 3 cm x 2 cm. If the dimensions of this box are increased by 10%, what is the area of resulting box? A. 6.26 cm2 C. 7.12 cm2 2 B. 6.22 cm D. 7.26 cm2 65. What is the area of the rhombus whose diagonals measures10 m and 12 m respectively? A. 120 m2 C. 60 m2 2 B. 100 m D. 360 m2 66. Find the volume of a toy ball whose radius is 2 cm. A. 33. 49 cm3 C. 51.76 cm3 B. 48.56 cm3 D. 50.24 cm3 67. A tin can has a radius of 6 cm and a height of 20 cm. What is the volumeof milk that this container can hold? A. 3, 00cm3 C. 1,689 cm3 B. 2,261 cm3 D. 2,200 cm3 68. The total surface area of a cubic box is 600 cm2. What is the length one side of this box? A. 6 cm C. 9 cm B. 8 cm D. 10 cm 69. After a stone is dropped into a cylindrical container filled with 100 cm3 of water, the water rises and the new reading is 106.5 cm3. What is the volume of the stone? A. 6.5 cm3 C. 60.5 cm3 B. 60.65 cm3 D. 10.65 cm3
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
70. Which of the following length is the longest? A. 555 cm B. 5.5 m
C. .005 km D. 5555 mm
71. One-fifth of the width and one-fourth of the length of a rectangular cardboardis cut off. What part of the original cardboard is the area of the remained piece? A. 30% of the original area C. 50% of the original area B. 40% of the original area D. 60% of the original area 72. If the area of a triangle is 1 sq unit and its height is unit, what is the length of its base? A. 1 unit C. 3 units B. 2 units D. 4 units 73. What is the radius of a circle whose area is 25 cm2? A. 25 cm C. 5 cm B. 25 cm D. 5 cm 74. Refer to the figure. Given: m 2 = 55o and m 3 = 80. What is m 4? 3
A. 90o B. 105o
C. 115o D. 135o
75. Mrs. Dina Ta Tandadivided her lot among her 4 children. The first got 3 1
ha, the second 3 ha, the
third 34 ha and the fourth 35 ha. How big is Ms. Tanda’s lot? 5 A. 1214 ha B. 13 ha
D. 14 ha
76. An elevator can carry a maximm load of 605 kg. How many passengers of weight50.5 kg each can the elevator hold? A. 12 C. 11 B. 11.9 D. 10 77. A room is 30 ft. long, 25 ft wide and 14 ft high. If 42 ballons are inside the room, how many cubic feet of space does this allow for each balloon? A. 25 C. 250 B. 69 D. 690 78. What is the volume of air in an atmospheric balloon with a diameter of 24 cm? A. 144 cm3 C. 570 cm3 3 B. 240 cm D.2304 cm3 \
79. A photograph measuring 7 ½ cm by 5 cm is enlarged so that the longer side is 24 cm. What is the length (in cm) of the shorter side? A. 36 C. 6 B. 16 D. 1.6 80. How many cm are there in 2 m and 550 mm? A. 75 B. 255
C. 2055 D. 2550
81. How much liquid containing 6% boric acid should be mixed with 2 quarts of a liquid that is 15% boric acid in order to obtain a solution that is 12% boric acid? A. 1 quart C. 3 quarts B. 2 quarts D. 5 quarts 82. A defective ruler was found found 11.5 in long. Using this ruler, Samuel was found to be 4 ft tall. What is Samul’s actual height? A. 4 ft 2 in C. 3 ft 11.5 in B. 4 ft 4 in D. 3 ft 10 in MATH 1-1.9
Convert units in the metric system
83. How many grams are there in 1 petagram? A.5 B.5,000
C.1015 D.5 x 1015
84. If an apple weighs about 170grams, about how many apples are in 3.5 kilogram bags of apple? A. 20 C. 22 B. 21 D. 23 85. A new supercomputer measures 462 lbs in weight. How much does it weigh in grams? A. 21 g C. 21,000 g B. 2,100 g D. 210,000 g 86. How many liters are there in 353 quarts? A. 353 L B. 334 L
C. 326 L D. 324 L
87. Paul and his son participated in a marathon. Paul traveled 3 km 50 m while his son ran 502 m 36 cm. What is the total distance that the father and tandem covered? A. 3,760 m C. 3,552 m B. 5,452 m D. 3550 m 88. A slow moving snail traveled 4,800 mm. How far did it travel in kilometers? A. 0.0048 km C. 0.48 km B. 4.8 km D. 0.048 km 89. For the fruit punch, 3050mL of fruit juice is needed. How much fruit juice is needed in dekaliters? A. 0.305 daL C. 5.03 daL B. 3.05 daL D. 0.053 daL 90. The measure of an angle is 25 more than its supplement. What is the measure of the larger angle? A. 102.5 degrees C. 90 degrees B. 77.5 degrees D. 110 degrees
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
2. PLANE GEOMETRY 2.1 Show mastery of basic terms and concepts in Plane Geometry 2.2 Solve problems involving basic terms and concepts in Plane Geometry 91. If the measure of angle is twice the measure of its complement, what is the measure of the angle? A. 30 degrees C. 90 degrees B. 60 degrees D. 120 degrees 92. Which among the following statements is ALWAYS TRUE? A. The supplement of an angle is acute. B. The supplement of an angle is obtuse. C. The supplement of any acute angle is acute. D. Two supplementary angles are congruent. 93. Which among the following statements is ALWAYS TRUE? A. Two adjacent right angles are supplementary. B. Complements of congruent angles are congruent. C. Two intersecting lines form two pairs of vertical angles. D. Angles that form a linear pair are complementary. 94. What is the measure of an angle if the measure of its supplements is 39 degrees more than twice the measure of its complement? A. 29 degrees C. 49 degrees B. 39 degrees D. 59 degrees 95. Consider the triangle illustrated below. Find the measure of angle x. 3x - 5
3x – 15
5x + 5
A. 57 degrees B. 47 degrees
C. 55 degrees D. 22 degrees
96. Consider the triangle illustrated below. Find the value of x.
A. 55 B. 35
C. 60 D. 25
97. Two angles of a triangle measure 4 cm and 7 cm. What is the range of values for the possible lengths of the third side? A. 4 < x < 7 C. 7 < x < 11 B. 3 < x < 11 D. 11 < x < 15 98. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Arectangle is a square. B. A parallelogram is a trapezoid. C. A rhombus is a rectangle. D. A square is a rhombus.
99. Consider the quadrilateral below. Find the value of x.
A. 22 B. 56
C. 112 D. 54
If the sum of the interior angles of a regular polygon is 1980 degrees, how many sides does it have? A. 11 C. 13 B. 12 D. 14
What is the sum of the measures of the interior angles of an icosagon? A. 3100 C. 3240 B. 3140 D. 2850
What is the measure of an interior angle of a dodecagon? A. 120 degrees C. 140 degrees B. 130 degrees D. 150 degrees
How many unique diagonals can be drawn in the pentagon? A. 5 C. 7 B. 6 D. 10
Nine unique diagonals can be drawn in a regular polygon.How many sides does it have?? A.9 C.7 B.8 D.6
A triangle has a perimeter of 50.If 2 of its sides are equal and the third side is 5 more than the equal sides , What is the length of the third side? A. 5 C. 15 B. 10 D. 20
A rectangle is4times as long as it is wide. If the length is increased by 4 inches and the width is decreased by by 1 inche, the area will be 60 square inches. What were the dimensions of the original rectangle? A. 2 x 32 C. 3 x 14 B. 4 x 16 D 5 x 12
In a quadrilateral two angles are equal. The third angle is equal to the sum of the two equal angles. The fourth angle is 60o lees than twice the sum of the other three angles. Find the measures of the angles in the quadrilateral. A. 25o, 35o, 90o and 220o C. 35o, 35o, 70o and 220o o o o B. 25 , 45o, 70 and 70 D. 35o, 35o, 70o and 210o
If one side of a square is doubled in length and the adjacent side is decreased by two centimeters, the area of the resulting rectangle is 96 square centimeters larger than that of the original square. Find the dimensions of the rectangle. A. 17 x 24 C. 10 X 24 B. 24 x 24 D. 6 x 16
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
The smallest angle of a triangle is two-third the size of the middle angle, and the middle angleis three-sevenths of the largest angle. Find all three angle measures. A. 30o, 60o, 90o C. 35o, 45o, 110o o o o B. 45 , 45 , 90 D. 30o, 445o, 105o
If the height of a triangle is 5 inches less than the length of its base, and if the area of the triangle is 52 square inches, find the base and the height. A. Base = 13, height = 8 C.Base = 11, height = 7 B. Base = 12, height = 9 D. Base = 13, height = 4
A wood frame for pouring concrete has an interior perimeter of 14 meters. Its length is 1 meter greater than its width. The frame is to be braced with twelve-gauge steel croos wires. Assuming an extra half meter of wire is used at either end of a cross-wire for anchoring, what length of wire should be cut for its brace? A. 6 m C. 8 m B. 7 m D. 12 m
Find the largest possible rectangular area you can enclose, assuming you have 128 meters of fencing. A. 256 m2 C. 1024 m2 B. 512 m2 D. 2048 m2
In a photograph, Bianca is 9 cm tall and his brother Tristan is 10 cm tall. Bianca’s actual height is 153 cm. What is Tristan’s actual height? A. 148 cm C. 168 cm B. 156 cm D. 170 cm
The measures of the angles of a triangle are in a ratio of 2:3:4. Find the measure of the middle angle. A. 30o C. 60o o B. 40 D. 80o
The graph shows the number of socks, belts, handkerchiefs, neckties sold by a store in one week.
Number of items
0 Items Sold by Store
The names of the items are missing on the graph. Socks were the most often sold, and fewer neckties than any other item were sold. More belts than handkerchiefs were sold. How many belts were sold? A. 80 C. 120 B. 90 D. 140
116. An empty box weighs 1.3 kilos. A Math book weighs 1.5 kilos. Which expression gives the weight of the box when filled with the y Math books? A. 1.3y + 1.5 C. 1.3 + 1.5y B. 1.5y - 1.3 D. 1.3y + 1.5y
Solve problems involving basic terms and concepts in plane geometry
117. A builbing 25 m tall casts a shadow 10 m long. How long is the shadow of a 5-foot girl beside the buiding? A. 2 ft C. 10 ft B. 2.5 ft D. 250 ft
118. What is the maximum number of books, each 1.4 cm thick that can be put vertically in a shelf which is 64 cm long? A. 44 C. 46 B. 45 D. 64 ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA 3.1 Show astery of basic terms and concepts in 3.1.1 Polynomials 3.1.2 Linear equation 3.1.3Linear inequalities 3.2 Solve, evaluate, and manipulate symbolic and numerical problems in eelementary algebra by applying fundamental rules, principles and processes 119.
Factor completely the expression: a2x – 5by – 5a2y + b2x. A. (a2 + b2)(x – 5y) C. (a + b)(a – b)(x – 5y) 2 2 B. (a + b )(x + 4y + 3) D. (a2 + b2)(x2 – 5y2)
Which among the following is NOT a perfect square trinomial? A. x2 + 8x + 16 C. 49x2 + 70x + 36 2 B. 9x + 12x + 4 D. x2 + 6x + 9
Factor completely the expression: 27a3 – 54a2b + 36ab2 – 8b3. A. (3a – 3b)3 C. (4a – 3b)3 3 B. (a – 3b) D. (3a – 2b)3
What is the greatest monomial factor of the expression: -13abc – 39bc +26ab? A. 3b B. -13b
Which factoring technique will best help you to factor the expression: x2 + 6x – 7 = 0? A. Difference of two cubes B. Common monomial factor
C. 13abc D. 26b
C. Grouping D. Completing the square
Find the general equation of the line which passes through the points: (2, -1) and (-3, 5). A. 6x + 5y – 7 = 0 B. 5x – 6y – 7 = 7
C. 6x + 7y – 5 = 0 D. 6x + 6x – 5 = 0
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 123.
What is the equation of the line with x-intercept of 4 and y-intercept of 3? A. 3x + 4y = -12 C. 6x – 8y = 12 B.3x – 4y = 12 D. 4x – 3y = 12
Find the equation of the line with a slope of 4 and passing through the point (-5, 3). A. x – 4y = -23 C. 4x – y = -23 B. 4x - 4y = 23 D. x – y = -4
Find the slope of the line describe by the following table of values: x -2 0 2 4 y -7 -4 -1 2 A.1.50 C. 2.50 B. 0.66 D. 3.50
What is the equation of the line whose slope is -2 and whose y-intercept is 3? A. 2x + 3y = 6 C. 2x +2y = 4 B. x + 2y = 3 D. 2x + y = 3
The length of rectangle is 18 cm. What are the possible widths that will give a perimeter less than 150 cm? A. 3 < width < 54 C. 18 < width < 36 B. 0 < width < 57 D. 12 < width < 57
What is the simplest form of the expression? A. -2x + 4y – 17 B. 2x + 4y + 17
If x = 1 and y = -2, what is the value of the expression A. − 15
B. 2 132.
C. 2x + 4y – 17 D. 2x + 4y
C. − D.
7 2 17 4
If -3x < 6, which of the following statement is TRUE? A. x < - 2 C. x > 2 B. x < 2 D. x > -2
4. STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY 4.1 Show mastery and knowledge of basic terms and concepts in statistics and probability 4.2 Solve, evaluate, and manipulate symbolic and numerical problems in statistics and probability by applying fundamental rules, principles and processes. 133.
If a die is rolled, what is the probability of getting a number divisable by 2? A. 1/6 C.1/4 B.1⁄2 D. 1/3
Which among the measures of central tendency is NOT influenced by outliers? A. mean C. median B. weightend mean D. mode
Monica obtained the following results from her mathematics exams: 80, 82, 83, 91. What score must she get on the next exam so that her average score is 85? A. 92 C. 89 B. 93 D. 8
In the Filipino test, eight students obtained the following scors: 10, 15, 12, 18, 16, 24, 12, 14. What is the median score? A.14 C. 15 B. 14.5 D. 15
The following table summarizes the scores of Section A on the recent periodic test in social studies. What is the median score interval? Score 16-23 24-31 32-39 40-47 48-45 56-62
Frequency 2 4 6 12 10 8
A. 24-31 B. 32-39
C. 40-47 D. 48-55
The following measurements were obtained from the caliper: 20, 15, 20, 14, 18, 15, 6. What is the mode? A. 15 C. 14 B. 20 D. 15 and 20
The following are Joselito’s grades for the 3rd quarter. Find his general weighted average. Subject Math English Science Filipino HEKASI A. 87.08 B. 89.50
Units 3 2 3 2 2
Grade 89 84 90 86 84 C. 86.36 D. 87.45
For the numbers 96-100, consider the following situation.The grades in math of the students in section B are as follows: 70, 95, 60, 80, 100. 140.
What is the mean absolute deviation of their group? A. 11.7 C. 14.6 B. 13.2 D. 15.9
What is the population variance of their group? A. 224 C. 264 B. 250 D. 280
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 142.
What is the population standard deviation of their group? A. 16.73 C. 1.58 B. 1.41 D. 14.97
What is the range of their group? A. 60-95 B. 70-100
C. 60-100 D. 80-95
What can you infer from the measures of variability obtained from this population? A.The population is very homogeneous. B. The measures are very unstable. C. The grades are very scattered. D.The range of scores is a very reliable measure of variability.
What measure of central tendency can best describe the size of t-shirts commonly used by teen-agers A. mean C. mode B. median D. both A and C
The following aree the results of the recent achievement test in mathematics of four divisions. Division I II III IV Which division performed best? A. I B. II
Mean 34 34 23 20
Standard deviation 4.5 3.0 1.0 2.0
C. III D. IV
What is the probability of getting a multiple of 3 when a die is tossed? A. 1/6 C. 1/3 B. 1/4 D. 1/2
In how many ways can a 5 basketball players be choosen from a group of 9 players? A. 126 C. 15,120 B. 212 D. 362,880
ANSWER KEY: MATHEMATICS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53
B A C C D B A D C B D A C D B C C C B A B A A B D B A A A B C B D C C B C D B C B A D A A A D C A A B C C
54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 105
A A D B A C C A C B D C A B D A D D C D D D C C D B B A D C A D B C A A A B C D B A D B D B C C D A D D B
106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148
B C C D A A C D C C C A B A C D B D A C A D B C C D B C C B C D A B A C C C C B C A
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) SCIENCE
COMPETENCIES: BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE (GENERAL BOILOGY) PHYSICAL SCIENCE (EARTH SCIENCE) 1. Identify scientific traits and attitudes exhibited in varius situation 2. Use scientific inquiry to investigate materials, events and phenomena in the natutal world (designing experiments, collecting, organizing, analizing and interpreting data, making conclusions and communicating results) 3. Use scientific knowledge to explain natural phenomena and protect earth’s resources 4. Analyze advantages and disadvantages of different solutions to particular problems 5. Analyze the impact of technology on living and non living things
5% 4% 3%
PRACTICE TEST: Test your mastery of the competencies. Choose the letter that corresponds to the best answer. 1. Identify scientific traits and attitudes exhibited in various situations Read the text below then answer items 1 – 3. The students were arguing about the results of their experiment.following were their commnts: Student A : “Our conclusion is wrong. It is the opposite of what we learned in the lecture.” Students B and C: That’s what came out. After we designed the experiment and observed for two weeks we should not change the result. Student D: Maybe, it’s good to find out why our findings differ from what was given in the lecture. Why not repeat the same experiment? 1. Which trait of a scientist does Student A seem NOT have? A. Open-mindedness C. Blind obedience B. Truthfulness D. Ojectivity 2. Student B and C display which trait of a scientist? A. Odjectivity C. Truthfulness B. Authoritativeness D. Critical attitude 3. Why can Student D be said to have the bearing of a scientist. A. He/She can relate to people. C. He/She has a critical mind. B. He/She is objective. D. He/She is open-minded. 4. Marco is always interested in asking questions. He is also very eager to find the answers to his questions. What scientific attitude is he displaying? A. Curiosity C. Absence of prejudice B. Rationality D. Wonder
5. Monica respects the ideas of her colleagues even if they are very much contrary to her own beliefs. What important scientific altitude is seen in her actions? A. Honesty C. Open-mindedness B. Absence of prejudice D. Acceptance 6. Carlito weighs evidences dutifully before making any conclusions or decisions. He dissects the information individually before coming to a final conclusion. What scientific attitude is he displaying? A. Carefulness C. Precision B. Rationality D. Accuracy 7. While performing an experiment, Mico expresses his opinions and tries new ideas even at the risk of failure or criticism. What scientific trait is displayed in this situation? A. Curiosity C. Diligence B. Risk-taking D. Absence of ambiguity 8. Paul admits that he is not free from committing errors. He recognizes that there may be better ideas and reliazes that there are individuals whom he may have to consult to arrive at correct observations and conclusions. What scientific trait is he displaying? A. Open-mindedness C. Rationality B. Objectivity D. Humility 9. While performing research for a pharmaceutical company, Melanie gave a truthful report of observations. She did not withhold important information just to please herself or her company. What scientific attitude did she display? A. Absence of bias C. Intellectual honesty B. Faith in God D. Critical mindness 10. Chona actively participates in a task and also dutifully performs tasks assigned to her. What scientific attitude is displayed in this situation? A. Camaraderie C. Being a team playe B. Responsibility D. Unity 11. Fernan always seeks to think outside the box. He always aims to generate new and original ideas. What scientific attitude is he displaying? A. Inventiveness C. Indiffernce B. Nobility D. Absence of prejudice 12. Adolfo does not allow his fellings and biases of influence his recording, of observations, interpretation of data, and formulation of conclusions.What scientific attitudes reflected in his action? A. Absence of bias B. Concern for the environment
C. Rationality D.Objectivity
13. Dennis bases suggestions and conclusions on evidences. When in doubt, he questions the veracity of a statement in relation to the evidences presented. What scientific attitude is seen in his actions? A. firm set of beliefs C.Critical-mindedness B. Absence of bias D. Intellectual honesty 14. Jose believes that everything that happens in this world has cause or reason. What scientific attitude is seen in his actions? A. Curiosity C. Honesty B. Firm set of beliefs D. Critical mindedness
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 15. Pepita believes that God is the ultimate source of all scientific wisdom. She also upholds that it is through God’s grace the she is able to discover the mysteries of God’s creations. What scientific attitude is seen in his actions? A. Faith in god C. Honesty B. Fatalisim D. Concern 16. Alice does not allow her judgment to be influence by her likes or dislikes. What scientific attitude is seen in her actions? A. Prejudice C. Honesty B Crritical thinking D. Absence of bias 17. Miguel only creates inventions that respect and help conserve natural resources. He is advocate against pollution and illegal logging. What scientific attitude is seen in his actions? A. Concern for the invironment C. Belief in evolution B. Love of nature D. Conservatism 18. Nicaulus Copernicus Believed That the church was wrong about the Sun revolving around the Earth. Advancing his theory that the Earth revolved around the Sun eventually cost him his life. What scientific attitude is seen in his actions? A. Egotism C. Revolutionary B. Selflessness D. Positivism 2. Use scienticfic inquiry to investigate materials 19. If two variables X and Y are directly related, which of these is NOT true? A. As X increases, Y also increases. B. A high Y is associated with a high X. C. When X increases, Y increases. D. When X is low, Y also is low.
Situation: Read the following then answer questions # 20-22. Beda wants to find out if different types of wood soak up the same amount of water when wet. She plans to do the following: I. Weigh a dry block each type of wood. II. Put each block into a container full of water. III. Leave the wood in the water. IV. Take the wood out, dry the outside of each block and reweigh. V. Calculate the amount of water soaked up. 20. To be a fair test, what variables should she control? I. Size of each block II Time left in water III. Type of wood IV. Amount of water A. I and III C. I and II B. III and IV D. II and IV
21. In this experiment, what is the dependent variable? A. Type of wood used C. Time left in water
B. The amount of water soaked up 22. What is the independent variable? A. Type of wood used B. Dry weigh of each block
D. Dry weigh of each block
C. Amount of water soaked up D. Time left in water
Read the following, then answer questions # 23-27. The class was asked to design an experiment to test the effect of detergent on fish. One group came up with this experimental design. For detergent they got Tide, Surf, and Champion. For fish, Tilapia, Fingerling, goldfish and baby janitor fish contained in different sizes and shapes of battles. To the tilapia fingerling, they put 1 tbsp of Tide. To the goldfish, they put 1 tbsp of surf and to the baby janitor fish, 1 tsbp of champion. 23. What is the control group? A. The tilapia with 1 tbsp of Tide B. The baby janitor fish with 1 tsbp of champion C. The goldfish with 1 tbsp os surf D Cannot be determined 24. What is the experimental group? A. Cannot be determined B. The baby janitor fish with 1 tsbp of champion C. The goldfish with 1 tbsp os surf D. The tilapia with 1 tbsp of Tide 25. What is the dependent variable? A. The brand of detergent B. The effect of detergent on fish C. The amount of detergent D. The amount of water 26. Is there any defect of the experimental design? A. None, it is a simple yet perfect design. B. Yes, not only one but several. C. Yes, there is, but was remedied by the fact that 3 kinds of detergent were used. D. Yes, there is but was compensated by the use of not ony one type of fish but 3. 27. If you were to improve the experimental design what should you do? I. Just focus on one independent variable at a time, e.g. brand of detergent II. Make use of the same type of fish. III. Increase the number of fish and reduce the number of detergent brand involved. A. I and II C. I and III B. II only D. I only 28. Printed on the label of the bottle of cough medicine is the following instructions: “Store away from light, below 30 degrees C.” What can you infer about the cough medicine? A. It should be hidden away from children. B. It should be stored at the refrigerator. C. It is in the dark, light-proof bottle. D. It is affected by heat and light.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 29. It is commonly observed that the most respondents to survey questionnaire checklists just check answers without really reading them. What conclusion can be derived from the common observation? A. Data gathered by way of questionnaire checklists are not very reliable. B. Respondents need to be convinced of the importance of tre research data. C. Researchers resort to questionnaire checklists for data-gathering because it is the easiest method. D. Good survey questionnaires are not easy to make. 30.
Teacher M showed the class the pottd plants placed on the window sill. She asked them to observe the direction of their growth. The pupils observed that the plants tended to grow outward. Then teacher asked the class this question: “Why do you think they tended to grow outward?” What was teacher M engaging to do? A. Formulate hypothesis B. Draw conclusion
C. Design an experiment D. Observe
31. The existence of extraterrestal life may never be proben, but this idea will become more scientifically acceptable over time if_____________. A. hyphotheses are made related to the idea B. no one disputes this idea in a scientific forum C. alternative hyphotheses are proposed and confirmed D. increasing scientific evidence supportd the idea 32. Which comes ahead in the scientific method-observation or defining the problem? A. Observation so that you can come up with a scientific problem. B. Defining a problem so that your observation becomes focused. C. No defined answer. What you observe makes you think of a problem and a problem makes you observe. D. They happen at the same time. Both are steps of the scientific method. 33. You like to know how many of your pupils have mothers and/ mothers who are presently employed as OCWs. What is/are the most rialable way to gather data? I. Intrview the pupils. II. Give questionnaire checklist to selected pupils. III. Study the grades of the pupils because those performing poorly usually have parents who work as OCWs. A. I only C. II only B. I and II D. I, II and III 34. Which of the following has the smallest mass when measured in an equal arm balance? A. 1/8 sheet of pad paper C. 1/4 sheet of pad paper B. 1/3 sheet of pad paper D. 1/2 sheet of pad paper 35. In computing data, Student F computes up to the second decimal place. As a researcher or scientist, what trait/s do/es Student F posses? I. Accuracy III. Objectivity II. Critical-mindedness IV. Truthfulness A. I and IV C. I and II B. II and III D. III and IV
36. Which does not belong? A. Conclusion B. Surmise
C. Hyphothesis D. Conjecture
For numbers 37 – 41, refer to the scientific case described below. Choose the best answer to the questions that follow. Nancy wanted to find out if virgin coconut oil can be used as a preservative for peanuts. She placed 10 peanuts each in 2 glasses. In one glass, she added enough virgin coconut oil to cover the peanuts completely. She did not put any liquid on the other glass. She then kept the two glasses on a shelf and observed them for two weeks. 37. Which among the following statements is the best problem statement in Nancy’s expirement? A. Is virgin coconut oil useful as a preservative for peanuts? B. How many peanuts can be preserved using virgin coconut oil? C. How long can virgin coconut oil act as a preservstive? 38. Which among the following is NOT a controlled variable in this experiment? A. Number of peanuts C. Amount of virgin coconut oil B. Type of glass used D. Two week observation period 39. Which among the following is an observation that may be derived from this experiment? I. Only four peanuts dried up in the glass without virgin coconut oil because of room temperature. II. Six peanut did not dry up in the glass with virgin coconut oil. III. The duration of two weeks for this experiment is too long. IV. Peanuts did not wither in virgin coconut oil beause of the presence of stearic acid. A. I only C. II and IV B. I and II D. IV 40. How many manipulated variables are present in this experiment? A. one C. Three B. Two D. Four 41. What is suitable null hypothesis for this experiment? A. If virgin coconut oil is used, peanuts will be well-preserved. B. Virgin coconut oil is equally effective as commercial nuts preservatives. C. The threshold for preservatives effect is 10peanuts only. D. Virgin coconut oil Has no significant preservative effect on peanuts. 3. Use scientific knowledge to explain natural phenomena and protects earth’s recources 42. During periods of increased global temperaturs, which of the following is likely to occur? A. An increase in atmospheric CO2 B. A decrease in atmospheric CO2 C. A decrease in in earthquakes D. A increase in in earthquakes
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 43. Why is the Philippines much hotter than Canada? The Philippines ________. A. receives sun rays closer to vertical position B. has more vegetation to absorb sunlight C. has days with more hours of light D. has a denser population than Canada 44. Geothermal energy, an energy resource in the country, is based on what phenomenon? A. Earth’s internal energy heats its surface more than the sun does. B. There are concentrations of heat in some places of Earth’s crust. C. Heat energy from the sun penetrates deep into the earth. D. human activity is the largest source energy on earth. 45. Which of these effects generally occurs as a result of warm air mass and a cooler air mass converging at earth’s surface? A. Stormy weather patterns develop. C. Winds die down B. The sky becomes clear D. Cloud formation decreases 46. Why do fisherfolks catch more fish during the new moon than during the full moon? A. Fishes are more active during the new moon because the salt content of water is just right. B. Fished look for mates during the new moon. C. Fishes go near the surface during the new moon because the water is warmer. D. Fishes attached to the light from the fishing boat which fisherman makes use of during the new moon. 47. Bagoong smells because ______________. A.air and volatile particles from bagoong mix and get spoiled further B. that is the natural scent of bagoong C.molecules from bagoong spread in air D.it uses spoiled fish ingredients 48. Every morning when the sun shines through the glass jalousie of Maria’s window, she sees a rainbow on her wall. Which could explain this? A.The glass jalousies break up the beam of sunlight into the colors of the rainbow. B. The glass jalousies cast colored shadows. C. In the morning, sunlight shines on the wall painted with rainbow colors. D. There are water droplets on the glass that act like a prism 49. Which of the following is TRUE about light and seeing? A. light hits an object, bounces, and then enters the eyes. B.Light goes out from eyes, hits an object, and then returns to the eyes. C. Light rays coming from an object meets light coming from a light source, and then enters the eyes. D. Light enters the eyes enabling people to see objects. 50. Why do leaves with green color look green in the sunlight? A. The blue and yellow bounces off from the leaves. B. They absorb the blue and yellow object and yellow light. C. They absorb the green light. D. they reflect green light.
51. Why does the level of water in a beaker rise after a stone is placed in it? A. The stone takes the place occupied by water. B.The stone has more mass than water. C. The water weighs less than the stone. 52. Why do people feel their ears pop or crack when they are up in the air? A. There are less air particles. C. Air is cooler. B. There are more air particles. D. Air is cleaner. 53. Which of the following activities help reduce water pollution? A. Cleaning of soap instead of detergent. B. Treating wastewater before it is discharged. C. Throwing only liquid wastes. D. Using organic fertilizers in farms. 54. The manager of textile factory considers it too expensive to treat liquid wastes so he suggested digging a hole near the factory where the wastes can be stored is this environmentally safe? A. No, the liquid can be recycled. B. No, the liquid wastes will seep to the groundwater. C. Yes, the liquid will pass to the layers of soil and becomes clean. D. Yes, the liquid can be recycled. 55. Why are nights cooler when the sky is clear than when it is overcast? A. Rain falls when water vapor condenses above freezing point. B. Cooler air holds less vapor. C. The sun is hidden during the night. D. There is no cloud cover to prevent heat from escaping. 56. Water covers about 75% of the Earth’s surface and yet some people still do not have enough water to drink. Why? I.Most of world’s water is salty. II. Most of our bodies of water are polluted by chemicals. III. Most freshwater are frozen in ice caps. A. I and II C. II and III B. I, II and III D. I and II 57. Children born with a deficiency of thyroxin _________ if deficiency is not checked. A. lose their hair C. grow too rapidly B. have weak bones D.become mentally retarded 58. The correct way of eating fruits is when eaten ____________. A. with an empty stomach C. before sleeping at night B. after meals D. during snacks 59. An eclipse of the sun throws the shadow of the _______. A. moon on the earth C. earth on the sun B. moon on the sun D. earth on the moon
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 60. The following are effects of global warming EXCEPT ___________. A. thinning of the ozone layer B. extreme weather events C. changes in the aiming of seasonal patterns in ecosystem D. expansion of tropical diseases. 61. John experienced a lack of growth hormone (GH) as a child. Now that John is an adult, it is likely that he _________. A. has cognitive and emotional problems as a result of his hormone deficiency B. has normal adult body proportions, but an extremely short stature C. is of normal height, but has child-like body proportions D. has develop a physique similar to that typically seen in females 62. Which among the following represents the smallest unit of life? A. Embryo C. Cell B. Organelle D. Atom 63. Which of the following statements about living things is FALSE? A. All living things use energy to function. B. All living things are composed of cells. C. All living things have a nervous system. D. All living things are capable of reproduction. 64. Which of the following best describes a group of cells that work together to perform a function? A. Tissue C. Organ B. Organ system D. Organism 65. Which among the following are duplicated during the process of mitosis? A. Centromeres C. Chloroplasts B. Chromosomes D. Centrosomes 66. Plants create their own food by absorbing and processing sunlight. The ability to produce one’s own food source is a metabolic process known as ___________. A. Heterotrophy C. Homotrophy B. Autotrophy D. Ditrophy 67. Fungi absorb the nutrients from dead organisms. In an ecosystem what roles do they play? A. Producers C. Saprophytes B. Carnivore D. Epiphytes 68. Which among the following cell organelles does NOT participate in cellular division? A. Ribosomes C. Mitotic spindle B. Chromosomes D. Cytoplasm 69. Which of the following is an example of a symbiotic relationship? A. Wolves working together to hunt in a pack B. Plants growing in the same rolling meadow C. Humans and their pets living in the same home D. Weeds clinging to the roots of trees in your backyard
70. Which of the following is NOT an example of a naturall-occurring sugar? A. Sucrose C. Glucose B. Mitose D. Galactose 71. Which of the following is a proper example of natural selection? A. Human beings continue to get taller because of thousands of years of proper nutrition. B. A community of lady bugs begins having offspring with darker shells, in order to hide from their predators. C. Albino rodents die off quickly in a community, being more vulnerable to certain pancreatic diseases. D. Seagulls begin to eat so many fish so that only those with dark blue scale color survive. 72. What is the main difference between prokaryotes and the eukaryotes? A. The eukaryote has a nucleus, but the prokaryote does not have. B. The prokaryote has a nucleus, but the eukaryote does not have. C. The eukaryote is always larger than the prokaryote. D. The eukaryote is the only type of cell than is capable of photosynthesis. 73. Which of the following statements is TRUE about parasites and their relationships with their hosts? A. The parasite and the host enjoy a mutual relationship, where both organisms benefit. B. The parasite enjoys the benefits of a relationship in which the host is harmed or killed. C. The host enjoys the benefits of a relationship in which the parasite is harmed or killed. D. Neither the parasites nor host is really harmed in their symbiotic relationship. 74. Vascular tissue that transports water and leaves connects directly to which of the following? A. Meristems in the root tip C. Root hairs in the epidermis B. Pistils in the flower D. Xylem in the stem 75. One immediate cause of a decrease in the rate of photosynthesis is the reduction in the availability of which of the following substances? A. Carbon Dioxide C. Hydrogen B. Carbon monoxide D. Oxygen 76. Which type of digestion occurs in the mouth when an individual chews a piece of bread? A. Mechanical digestion only B. Chemical digestion only C. Both mechanical chemical digestion D. Neither mechanical nor chemical digestion 77. Which among the following gases is green in color? A. krypton C. Radon B. Neon D. chlorine 78. What does a pH below 7 indicate? A. Presence of ions B. Purity of the sample
C. Alkalinity D. Acidity
79. Which of the following best describe the amount of energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom? A. Activation energy C. Ionization energy B. Free energy D. Lattice energy
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 80. Which of the following has the most pollar bond? A. N2 C. F2 B. HF d. HCI 81. A molecule or an ion is classified as a lewis base if it has of the following properties? A. Donates a proton to water C. Has a resonance structure B. Accepts a pair of electrons D. Accepts a proton from water 82. Which among the following elements can be drawn into thin wires and hammered intop thin sheets? A. Ag C. Cu B. Na D. Sn 83. Alchemists in ancient Egypt tested gold for purity by remelting it and heating it. if the gold became whiter, it contained ___________. A. copper C. silver B. lead D. tin 84. Salts of water of the following metals are added to fireworks to make them brilliant red? A. Copper C. Potassium B. Barium D. Strontium 85. What inter molecular forces do geckos and other lizards use to stick to walls and ceilings? A. Van der waals forces C. Hydrogen bonding B. Static ionic attractions D. dipole-dipole attractions 86. If no more solute can be dissolve in a solvent at a given temperature, then that solution is called ________. A. saturated C. saturable B. unstable d. dispersed 87. A horizontal row of elements on the periodic table is known as a(n) ________. A. group or family C. size B. atomic number D. period or series 88. According to the modern periodic law, the chemical property of the elements are periodic functions of their ___________? A. atomic weight C. atomic number B. isotopic weight D. atomic mass 89. The amount of substance having 6.02 x 1023 of any kind of chemical unit is called a(n) _____. A. mass number C. formula B. mole D. atomic weight 90. Breaking up solid speeds dissolving in a liquid by _________. A. raising the temperature C. increasing surface area B. decreasing the pressure D. slowing hydration 91. Fats do not dissolve in water because fats ___________. A. are polar and wateris nonpolar C. are nonpolar and water is polar B. and water are both nonpolar D. and water are both polar
92. What is the location on the Earth’s surface that is directly above the place where an earthquakes originates? A. focus C. Hypocenter B. Epicenter D. Fault 93. If there are several earthquakes in a row, what is the name of these earthquakes? A. Tertiary shock C. Mainshock B. Foreshock D. Aftershock 94. What is the partially molten layer of the earth called? A. Asthenosphere C. Hydrosphere B. Biosphere D. Lithosphere 95. What part of earth is thought to be composed of iron and nickel? A. Hydrosphere C. Lithosphere B. Asthenosphere D. Core 96. What is the numerical value for the hardest mineral on the Mohs hardness scale? A. 10 C. 20 B. 11 D. 100 97. Which among the following properties is a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched? A. Streak C. Luster B. Specific gravity D. Hardness 98. Rock fragments thrown into the air during a volcanic eruption are called ________. A. Tephra C. Granite B. Extrusive D. Lava 99. What is a pyroclastic flow? A. When lava comes out of the volcanic vent B. A mixture of volcanic gas, ash, and other tephra C. Poisonous gas of a volcano D. Lava that is harden into a batholiths 100.
What type of clouds produce thunderstorm? A. Cirrus C. Cumulus B. cumulonimbus D. Stratus
What is an example of natural air pollution? A. Smoke from forest fires B. Carbon monoxide from engine exhaust C. Dust from desertification D. Acid precipitation
How is oxygen released into the Earth’s atmosphere? A. Burning forests C. Burning fossil fuels B. Photosynthetic plants D. Volcanic eruptions
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 103.
Which is TRUE of the earth throughout geologic time? A. Always colder than the present C. Only warmer than the present B. Warmer and colder than the present D. A steady temperature
Where are most asteroids located? A. Orbiting all planets B. Outside of plotu’s orbit
C. Between Earth and Venus D. Between Mars and Jupiter
Before metamorphism, marble was what type of rock? A. Schist C. Silstone B. Rock salt D. Limestone
What type of lens is a magnifying glass? A. Convex B. Concave
C. Plane-concave D. Plane glass
What is the name of the point where light rays from infinity converge after passing through a lens? A. Parabola C. Focus B. Center D. Infinity
Which of the following is NOT a good heat insulator? A. Wood C. Feathers B. Wool D. Iron
Bending of light rays when they enter a different medium is known as ________. A. reflection C. convection B. refraction D. radiation
When a spring is released, its potential energy is converted to ________ energy. A. magnetic C. light B. mlectrical D. kinetic
A car is travelling in a circle with a constant speed. Which statement is TRUE? A. The car has a constant velocity but changing acceleration. B. The car has a changing velocity but constant acceleration. C. The car has a changing velocity but changingacceleration. D. The car has a constant velocity but constant acceleration.
A rock is dropped out of the window of a moving car. At the same time a ball is dropped from rest from the same height. Neglecting air resistance, which will reach the ground first? A. Rock will hit the ground first. C. Both will hit t the same time. B. Ball will hit the ground first. D. Neither will hit the ground.
A boy and a girl riding on a merry-go-round which is turning at a constant rate. The boy is near the outer rim and the girl is closer to the centre of rotation. Hoe do magnitudes of their accelerations compare? A. The girl’s acceleration is greater. B. The boy’s acceleration is greater. C. The boy and the girl both have zero acceleration. D. They both the same non-zero magnitude acceleration.
A piece of mud flies off the rim of a bicycle wheel. In what direction will it be going immediately after leaving the wheel? A. On a line directly away from the center of the wheel. B. On a line at at a tangent to the edge of the wheel. C. On a curved path moving around the wheel. D. On a straight line directed somewhere between the center and the edge.
A golf ball is fired at a bowling ball initially at rest and bounces back elastically. Compared to the bowling ball, the golf ball after the collision has __________. A. lower magnitude momentum and less kinetic energy. B. lower magnitude momentum but more kinetic energy. C. greater magnitude momentum but less kinetic energy. D. greater magnitude momentum but more kinetic energy.
A boy and a girl riding on a merry-go-round that is turning. The boy is twice as far as the girlfrom the merry go round’s center. If the boy and the girlare of equal mass, which statement is true about the boy’s moment of inertia with respect to the axis of rotation? A. It is four times the girl’s. B. It is twice the girl’s. C. It is the same for both. D. The boy has a greater moment of inertia but it is hard to determine how much more than the girl’s it is.
Some children are riding on the outside edge of a merry-go-round. At the same time, the children all move towards the center of the merry-go-round. When they do this, which among the following happens? A. The angular momentum of the system stays constant. B. The moment of inertia of the system stays constant. C. The angular velocity of the system stays constant. D. The merry-go-round slows down.
A convex mirror has a focal length f. An opbject is placed between f and 2f from the mirror. The image form is _______. A. vrtual and enlarged C. real and enlarged B. virtual and reduced in size D. real and reduced in size
Rays that pass through a lens very close to the principle axis are more sharly focused than those that are very far from the axis. This spherical aberration helps us understand which of the following phenomena? A. We become more far-sighted as we become older. B. We become more near-sighted as we become older. C. We can only see in the black and white in dim light. D. It is easier to read in bright light than it is in dim light.
If you lower a frequency of a wave in a string you will ___________. A. shorten its period C. increase its wavelength B. lower its speed D. lower its amptitude
Which is the method that uses organisms to clean up toxic waste? A. Bioremediation C. Deforestation B. Carrying capacity D. Monoculture
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 122.
The process of restoring mined land to its original contours and vegetation is called __________. A. bioremediation C. reclamation B. recycling D. reforestation
Which is NOT an effect of increase urbanization? A. Increase of flooding C. Decrease of wetlands B. Increasing volume of solid waste. D. Preservation of antural habitats
Why are ecosystems with high biodiversity more stable than those with fewer species? A. They have a higher carrying capacity. B. They have a higher number of species. C. They recover from negative events more quickly. D. They have a higher groth rate.
What combine with atmospheric moisture to create acid precipitation? A. Carbon dioxide and sulfur oxide B. sulfur oxide and nitrogen oxide C. Carbon dioxide and ozone D. nitrogen oxides and methane
Which one CORRECTLY explains global warming? A. An increase in the concentration in ozone B. A decrease in the amount of deforestation C. A decrease in Earth’s average surface temperature D. An increase in Earth’s average surface temperature
Which is an example of a way to improve efficiency in transportation? I. se of fuel-efficient, hybrid, or electric cars II. Carpooling III. Use of public transportation A. I, II and III C. II and III B. I and II D. I and III
What is the production of two usable forms of energy at the same time from the same process? A. Sustainable energy C. Conservation B. Energy efficiency D. Cogeneration
How is biogas produced? A. Conversion of plant and animal waste in a digester B. By mixing methane and oxygen C. Using fertilizer in a digester container D. Conversion of anaerobic bacteria to carbon dioxide gas
What is the process in which a heavy nucleus divides to form smaller nuclei, one or two nucleus, and a large amount of energy? A. Radioactive decay C. Nuclear fission B. Nuclear reaction D. Nuclear fussion
Iodine is the mineral found in seafood and iodized salt. Which gland in the human body needs iodine for the regulation of growth? A. Pancreas C. Kidneys B. Pituitary Gland D. Thyroid gland
Scurvey is caused by the lack of _______. A. Vitamin B C. Vitamin C B. Vitamin E D. Vitramin A
Which of the following parts of the digestive system is CORRECTLY paired with its function? A. Esophagus – Digests carbohydrates C. Small intestine – absorbs water B. Stomach – digests fats D. Liver – produces bile
A food label on a cereal box gives you the following information: a serving size equals one cup and there are 110 Calories per serving. You measure the amount of cereal you plan to eat and find that it measures 1 1/2 cups. How many calories will you consume? A. 110 Calories C. 220 Calories B. 165 Calories D. 1,100 Calories
Which blood type is universal donor? A. Type AB B. Type A
C. Type O D. Type
What is the largest organ in the human body? A. Skin C. Heart B. Liver D. Fish
Osteoporosis is a disease that results in weak bones. What food s would you need to eat to help prevent tyhis disease? A. Vegetables C. Root crops B. Dairy products D. Fish
What do you call the device used to measure the blood pressure of a person? A. Seismograph C. Stethoscope B. Thermometer D. Sphygmomanometer
The process that most living organisms perform to obtain energyfrom suger and oxygen is called __________. A. breathing C. digestion B. respiration D. glycolysis
Breathing is controlled by the part of the brain called __________. A. cerebrum C. medulla oblongata B. pons D. spinal cord
Why do seasons occur on Earth? A. The sun rotates on its axis. B. Earth revolves on its axis
C. Earth’s axis tlted. D. Earth rotates on its axis.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 142.
Which part of the flower develops into fruits? A. Ovule C. Petal `B. Ovary D. Anther
Trace the energy transformation when a flashlight is on. A. chemical light electrical B. electrical chemical light C. chemical electrical light D. electrical light chemical
Which of the following is unit of structure in all living things? A. Tissue C. Cell B. Organ D. Musle
Which is the correct sequenceof the stages of mitosis A.Telophase, Anaphase, Metaphase, Prophase B. Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Prophase C. Anaphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Telophase D. Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
The propulsion of jets and rockets is based on newton’s law of __________. A. Acceleration C. Inertia B. Interaction D. Gravitation
Why are shadows formed? A. Light travels through opague objects. B. Light is reflected. C. Light is refracted. D. Light travels in a straight line.
What produces tremendous energy from the sun? A. Nuclear disintegration C. Nuclear Fusion B. Nuclear fission D. Nuclear decomposition
Which has a higher specific heat? A. Sand B. Water
C. Soil D. wood
Sounds travel fastest in __________. A. gas B. liquid
C. solid D. air
Which explains the absence of weather on the moon? A. Moon rotates on itrs axis fast . C. Moon’s gravity is high. B. Moon revolves very fast. D. Moon has no atmosphere.
Which law states that heat flows from the bodies at high temperature to one at low temperature? A. Thermodynamics C. Transformantion of renergy B. Energy change D. Retention of energy
Which atomic particle determines the isotope of an element? A. Positron C. Electron B. Proton D. Neutron
Who proposed the theory of evolution that is based on natural selection? A. Watson C. Lamarck B. Darwin D. Mendel
What gas is released during photosynthesis? A. Carbon dioxide C. Nitrogen B. Oxygen D. Hydrogen
Which instrument is used to detect earthquake intensity? A. Anenometer C. Seismograph B. Barograph D. Clinometer
Which of the following radioactive emissions are arranged in the order of increasing penetrating power? A. Alpha, Gamma, Alpha C. Gamma, Beta, Alpha B. Alpha, Beta, Gamma D. Beta, Gamma, Alpha
When light falls on a soap bubbles, the band of seven colors seen is due to _________. A. Difraction C. Scaattering B. Reflection D. Interference
Why can mirrors form clear images? A. Light is regularly refracted. B. Light is irregularly refracted. C. The angle of incidence is equal to angle of reflection. D. The angle of reflection is equal to the angle of refraction.
Why do we see the sun rising the east? A. Earth rotates from west to east. C. Earth rotates from east to west B. Earth revolves from east to west. D. Earth’s axis is tilted.
A community of living organisms interacting with their nonliving environment constitutes a/an __________. A. population C. species B. ecosystem D. biosphere
Choose a possible food chain. A. Corn rat cat B. Corn man cat
C. Rice D. Rice
In the energy pyramid which is the ighest point? A. Second order produces C. Firat order consumers B. Produces D. Third order consumers
Which of the following pairs demonstrates symbiosis? A. Man and lice C. Chick and corn plant B. Monkey and banana D. Butterfly and bean flower
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 165.
The zigzag to Baguio represents which kind of simple machine? A. Lever C. Wedge B. Wheel and axle D. Inclined plane
Why does mercury in the thermometer rise when in contact with hot water? A. Heat increases number of molecules. B. Heat makes molecules become bigger and farther apart. C. Heat makes molecules move faster and farther apart. D. Heat makes the molecules move slower.
Which blood type is a universal donor? A. A C. AB B. O D. B
Which nerve transmit message receive to the center of hearing of the brain? A. Sensory C. Olfactory B. Optic D. Auditory
Whcich affects theair sacs of the lungs and is common among cigarette smokers? A.Asthma C. Emphysema B. Tuberculosis D. Tracheal disorder
What tyoe of joint is responsible for bending our arms and legs? A. Hinge C. Ball and socket B. Pivot D. Sliding
Which protein found in plasma is responsible for blood clotting? A. Globulin C. Serum B. Albumin D. Fibrinogen
Which part of the brain is responsible for memory and intelligence? A. Cerebellum D. Medulla B. Cerebrum C. Thalamus
The Philippines belong to a biome called _________. A. decidous forest C. tropical rainforest B. taiga D. grassland
The factors that significantly contribute to an increase in human population are __________________. A. immigration and natality C. immigration and mortality B. emigration and natality D. emigration and mortality
What is the common cause of the temporary wilting of plants at noon? A. Increased condensation C. Rapid transpiration B. Rapid respiration D. Increased oxidation
How can we identify a dicot leaf from a monocot leaf? A. A dicot leaf has a smooth surface. C. A dicot leaf has parallel venation. B. A dicot leaf has netted venation. D. A dicot leaf has a wide margin.
When the stems of vines grow around poles of fences, what kind of response is exhibited? A.Geotropism C. HYdrotopism B. Thigmotropism D. phototropism
Which of the following is the greatest contributor to our “greenhouse effect”? A. Increase of Oxygen C. Increase of herbivores B. Leaching of the soil D. Cutting forest trees
Why does a tree slowly die when its bark all around it is removed? A. The cambium is injured. B. The phloem vessels are cut. C. The tree cannot manufacture food. D. Its protective layer is cut.
Which is the growing vegetables and low plants in a nutrient-packed, aerated solution with no soil at all? A. Vegetative cultivation C. Hydroponics B. Natural farming D. Aerial cultivation
When you carry a heavy load with one arm, you tend to hold your freehand away from your body in order to ____________. A. change the weight of your body and load B. change the mass of your body C. be ready to grab something in case you fall D. change the center of gravityof your body and load
Why are door knobs placed at the edge of a door rather than in the center? A. To increase the lever arm B. To increase the force on the door C. To help give momentum to the door D. Closer to the edge of the doorway
Why is a dam built wider at the bottom than at the top? A. To withstand the greater pressure at the bottom B. To balance the pressure at the top C. It holds up the dam better than at the center. D. It anchors the dam better.
Archemedes’ principle states that an object is buoyed up by a force that is equal to the _____________________. A. volume of the fluid B. weight of the fluid displaced C. mass of the fluid displaced D. mass of the object
When an ice cubein a glass of water melts, the water level _____________. A. falss C. rises and spills B. remains the same D. varies
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 186.
Two pots of the same size are filled with boiling water. One pot is colored white and the other is black. In which pot will water cool faster? A. Will cool at the same rate C. In black pot B. In white pot D. In both pots
You inherited tallness from your father. Pysical trait are transmitted from parents to offspring through __________. A. gametes C. alleles B. chromosomes D. genes
The handle of a spoon is dippedin a cup of hot water becomes warm. what is the method of hot transfer? A. Condensation C. convention B. Radiation D. Conduction
The force required an object at a constant speed in free space is equal to ____________. A. the weight of the object C. zero B. the mass of the object d. the force required to stop it
Two people pull on a rope in a tug-of-war, each pull with a 400 N force. What is the tension of the rope? A. 800 N C. 400 N B. 600 N D. 200 N
Why does a pressure cooker cook food faster? I. Water boils faster. II. It raises the boiling point of water. III. It raises the cooking temperature of food. IV. It is tightly closed. A. II and III B. I, II and IV
C. I, II and III D. II and IV
You noticed that big industries have tower-like tall stacks. What is the structure for? A. To control emission of hazardous gases B. To induce rain and air pressure C. To get enough air from the atmosphere D. To make the interior cool
Stems burn are more damaging than burns caused by boiling water because steam _____________. A. has a higher temperature than boiling water B. has more energy pe kilogram than boiling water C. is vapor of water molecules during boiling D. occupies more spaces that water during boiling
The removal of broken pieces of rocks from the parent rock by the action of wind or water is termed ____________. A. erosion C. weathering B. deposition D. silting
The voltage across a transformer primary coil that has 100 turns is 10 V. What is the voltage across the secondary coil which has 20 V turns? A. 100 V C. 2 V B. 10 V D. 20 V
Trace the conversion of energy that occurs when plants manufacture food. A. Radiant energy to chemical energy B. Radiant energy to kinetic energy C. Mechanical energy to potential energy D. Light energy to kinetic energy
Riders in a bus are pushed forward during a sudden stop. Which law of motion provides an explanation? A. Law of Inertia C. Law of Universal Gravitation B. Law of Interaction D. Hook’ Law
What type of eclipse occurs when the moon is directly between the sun and the earth? A. Partial Lunar C. Stellar B. Lunar D. Solar
In our daily weather forecast, the region where two tropical wing systems converge, characterized by showers and widespread thunderstorm is called? A. warm and cold fronts C. Stellar B. Intertropical convergent zone D. local disturbance zone
While travelling at a night, you lost direction. Which star would you look for and in what constellation? I. Polaris III. Ursa Minor II. Rigel IV. Ursa Major A. I and IV C. II and III B. I and III D. II and IV
At present, a patient figth cancer by surgery or by drug treatment called _____________. A. irradiation C. chemotherapy B. viral treatment D. immune therapy
The U.S. was able to produce a test-tube baby through a process called __________. A. gne pairing C. protoplast fusion B. internal fertilization D. in vitro fertilization
Patients suffering from malfunction of the kidney are now assisted by a machine that serves as artificial kidney called _____________. A. hemoscope C. hemodializer B. pacemaker D. homeostatic machine
The sun appears more reddish at sunset than at noon. Which of the following phenomena is responsible for this effect? A. Dispersion C. Scattering B. Reflection D. Interference
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 205.
Why do we hear thunder some seconds after seeing lightning? A. Light travels faster than sound. C. Sound is released later actually B. Sounds travel at 1,331 m/s. D. Light appears brighter in the sky.
4. Analyze advantages and disadvantages of different solutions to particular problems 206.
Which is/are (an) advantage/s of the coming of Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)? I. Improved resistance of plants to disease, pests and herbicides II. Increase maturation time of fruits III. Enhanced taste and quality A. II and III C. I and II B. I and III D. I only
Which is disadvantage of Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)? A. Potential human health impact like allergens B. Reduce maturation time C. Fast food production D. High cost of GMO food items
In the desire of governments to control population growth, which one is highly promoted? A.The use of natural birth control methods C.Early marriage B.The use of artificial birth control methods D. “Balik probinsya program
How many the establishment of housing subdivisions to address housing problem contribute to decreased food production A. Men get occupied with construction and leave their farms untilled. B. Ariable lands are reduced for these are converted into housing subdivisions. C. Housing divisions become overcrowded. D. People who flocked to the center where most subdivisions are located have no skills.
The use of plastic bags, disposable cups, plates, spoons, diapers, etc. makes life more convenient. However, as a result what problems has/have come about? I. Heaps on solid garbage II. Floods III. Epidemic A. I and IV C.I, II and III B. II and III D. I and II
The use of pesticides may increase crop yield but __________. I. contributes to air pollution II. cause water pollution III. brings about pest resistance A. I, II and III C. I and II B. II and III D. II and III
5. Analyze the impact of technology on living and non-living things. 212.
A nuclear power plant may solve perennial brown outs but may bring about problems like _________. I. thermal pollution II. water pollution III. release of pollution A. I only C. I and II B. II and III D. I and III
Endangered species are species which are threatened due to _________. A.habitat destruction C.mutation B. extinction of the species D. domestication
If we experience greenhouse effect, we shall have________. I. warmer climate II. increase in level of CO2 in the atmosphere III. cooler climate IV. increase in the level of O2 in the atmosphere A.I C. III and IV B. I and II D. II
One consequence of global warming is coastal flooding because of the ___ which is in turn caused by _______________________. A. el niño phenomenon - Changed precipitation pattern B. melting of the ice caps – the rising of the sea level C. rising of the sea level - melting of the ice caps D. La niña phenomenon - Changed precipitation pattern
The contributory factors to acid rain are the use of ___________. A. fossil fuels C. nuclear energy B. pesticides D. refrigerants
The thinning down of the ozone layer is believed to cause ____________. A. Heat stroke C. ulcer B. baldness D. skin cancer
For numbers 218-222, refer to the vignette that follows. Choose the letter of the best answer from the choices that follow. At Malaya Farms, a swarm of locusts and insects has been infesting the rice fields. This has forced some local farmers to stop the Farming process until a solution has been done. Meanwhile, in the adjacent barrio, an outbreak of malaria is ongoing. With all this insect-borne problems happening in his locale, the mayor has decided to initiate a pesticide intervention to solve his town’s problems. Considering their town budget, the city council is contemplating on the use of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) to eradicate the insects plaguing their municipality.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 218.
Which among the following is an expected effect of DDT on the insects plaguing the town? A. DDT will act as a contact poison on the swarming insects. B. DDT will increase fertility of the soil so that plants can grow. C. DDT will cause the insects to develop cancer and die. D. DDT will make the insects infertile and prevent their multiplication.
Which among the following is an expected effect of DDT on the natural ecosystem of the town? A. DDT has no effect on natural wildlife. B. DDT will cause increased fertility among chickens. C. DDT is a productive toxicant causing ecosystem disruption. D. DDT will cause pronounced carcinogenicity amog the farmers.
Which among the following are expected effects of DDT on the health of the people living in the town? I. Severe kidney damage II. Diabetes mellitus III. Breast cancer A. I, II and III C. III only B. I and II D. I only
Which alternatives to pesticides may be suggested to eradicate the insects causing malaria in this region? A. Cultivation of snails B. Eradicating insect breeding pools C. Use of insecticide-treated bednets D. Vaccination against malaria
Which alternatives to DDT may be suggested to control the swarm of insects ravaging the rice fields? A. Cultivation of frogs C. Relocation of rice plantation sites B. Fumigation D. Use of malathion or palathion
For numbers 223-227, refer to the vignette that follows. Choose the letter of the best answer from the choices that follow. The town of Pulang Bato is experiencing a surge in population growth. Epidemiologic has revealed that the rate of teenage pregnancies in their locality is increasing at an alarming rate. City health officials have expressed concern over this matter. They intend to launch a safe sex campaign advocating the use of artificial methods of contraception like condoms and pills. The local church is vehemently opposing this move by the city government, advocating only the use of natural contraception like the rhythm method. 223.
Which among the following methods of contraception has the least success rate? A. Birth control pills B. Condoms C. Rhythm method D. Intrauterine device
Base on cost-benefit analysis, which of the following methods of populationcontrol would be most appropriate if the town only had limited funds? A. Oral contraceptive pills B. Barrier contraception C. Intrauterine device D. Injectable contraceptives
Which intervention should be advocate to address the problem among teenagers? A. Forums on safe sex and population education in school B. Conducting a population education seminar for the parents C. Offering abortion to interested parties D. Accepting that there is no way to control teenage pregnancies
Which among the following is an expected long term complication on women’s health in the town if safe sex practices are not initiated? A. Incresedincidence of ectopic pregnancies B. Incresedincidence of suicide among females C. Incresedincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension D. Incresedincidence of cervical cancer
Which among the following is the only method of contraception that has 100% success rate? A. Injectable contraceptives B. Withdrawal method C. Abstinence D. Daily oral contrseptive pills
For numbers 228-232, refer to the vignette that follows. Choose the letter of the best answer from the choices that follow. The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant based in MOrong, Bataan, Philippines. It was commissioned by President Ferdinand Marcus and building commence in 1976. The plant’s construction was completed in 1984. When Marcos was overthrown and replaced by Corazon Aquino, the powerplant project was crapped. A major concern is that the nuclear plant is located in an area where aerthquakes are likely to occur. To this day, th Bataan Power Plant has remained unused. I+UP until April 2007, the Philippine government had to pay 155,000 dollars every day to pay for the loan that funded the power plant’s construction. 228.
The following are known advantages of the use of nuclear power EXCEPT _____________. A. decreased release of greenhouse gases B. increased reliance on fossil fuels C. astronomical amounts of energy generation D. decreased cost of energy expenditure
Which among the following represents the single most important deterrent for the use of nuclear power? A. Disposal of radioactive wastes B. Possibility of radioactive elements C. Time frame needed for formalities, planning and buildingof a new nuclear plant
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 230.
Nuclear power relies on which of the following chemical reactions? A. Nuclear fusion C. chemiosomosis B. Binary fusion D. Nuclear fission
Which among the following world events sparked international debate against nuclear power? A. Chernobyl accident C. Haiti incident B. Minamata accident D. Ormoc tragedy Which among the following is the single most important effect of radiation exposure on human health? A. Hypertension C. Heart disease B. Cancer D. Skin, muscle and bone problems
For numbers 233-237, refer to the scientific case described below. Choose the best answer to the questions that follow. Wast disposal is a huge challenge for the urban municipally of Metropolis. it’s expensive and time consuming to collect millons of tons of trash every year, and there are risks to the invironment no matter how waste disposal is done. The city government is presently determining which method of waste disposal is best suited for their municipality. 233.
Which among the following is NOT a suitable option for wate disposal in this city? A. Vaporization C. Incineration B. Landfills D. Recycling
The following are possible adverse effects of the use of sanitary landfills, EXCEPT ________. A. pollution of local government B. fatal accidents (scavengers buried under waste piles) C. decrease amount of disease vectors D. dust, odor and noise pollution
Which is the single most important deterrent on the use of incinerators for garbage disposal? A. Heavy metal toxicity B. Dioxin and furan emission C. Highly toxic ashes flying around incinerator site D. Cost of operation
The following are solid waste products which can be recycled, EXCEPT ___________. A. leftover food C. beverage cans B. pet bottles D. pvc materials
At the level of people’s homes, which among the following interventions can best help in solid waste management? A. Backyard burning of trash B. Composting C. Four o’clock habit D. Trash sorting prior to disposal
ANSWER KEY SCIENCE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52
A C C A C B B D C B A D C B A D A B A C B A D A B B A D A A D C A A A A A C B A D A A B A D C A A D A A
53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104
B B D B D A A D B C C A B B C A D B D A B D A C D D C B D C C D A A D C B C C B C A D A D A B B A B B D
105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156
D A C D B D C C B B D A A B D C A C D C B D D D A B D C D B C A B D B C C B C C D B D C B C D A D B B C
157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208
B D C A B A D D D C B B D A D B C A C B B A B C D A A B B C D D C C A A B A C A A D B B C D C C A B A B
209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237
B D A D A B C A D A C A B C C B A D C B A D A B A C B A D
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
COMPETIENCES 1. PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT NEW CONSTITUTION WITH HUMAN RIGHTS 1.1 Demonstrate understanding of the various forms of government from the barangay to the present system 1.2 Explain the nature and provisions of the present Constitution, its advantages and disadvantages over the others in the past and its fuction as fundamental low of the state 2. PHILIPPINE HISTORY 2.1 Trace the history of the Philippines from pre-colonial to contemporary periods 2.2 Draw the implications of the historical evolution of the Philippines to its present socio-political condition 3. ECONOMICS, TAXATION, LAND REFORM AND COOPERATIVE 3.1 Manifest understanding of the Philippines economic condition with respect to taxation, land reform and cooperative as well as to the growth of its Gross national product 3.2 Apply the fundamental economic principles to the current economic condition of the Philippines 4. SOCIETY AND CULTURE WITH FAMILY PLANNING 4.1 Apply basic concepts, theories and perspectives which relate to society, culture and family planning in life 4.2 Recognize cultural elements that are distinctly Filipino 5. RIZAL AND OTHER HEROES 5.1 Analyze how Rizal’s life and works have contributed to the country’s development 5.2 Evaluate the contribution of other Philippine heroes and heroines to the development of the country 6. PHILOSOPHY 6.1 Analyze the nature of the Filipino, the Filipino society and the emerging Filipino philosophy 6.2 Manifest a critical and analytical attitude toward specific issues and problems in daily life
2% 4% 2% 2% 3% 2%
1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1%
7. ART APPRECIATION/ HUMANITIES 7.1 Demonstrate understanding of the totality of human experience by formulating a human perspective that integrates all areas of knowledge 7.2 Manifest appreciation of art as a result of an integrative and wholistic view of life
2% 1% 1%
8. PSYCHOLOGY 8.1 Apply the basic concepts and theories of human behavior
PRACTICE TEST: Test your mastery of the competencies. Choose the letter that corresponds to the best answer. 1. PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT NEW CONSTITUTION WITH HUMAN RIGHTS 1.1 Demonstrate understanding of the various forms of government from barangay to the present system 1. Which statement is TRUE of the pre-Spanish Filipino government? A.The datu exercised all powers of government. B. Laws were formulated by a law making body elected by the datu. C. Laws were formulated by a law making body elected by the community. D. There was a court created by the datu to hear complaints. 2. What characteristic/s of government is istablished by the 1987 Constitution? I. Presidential system of government with three branches II. Parliamentary system of government III. The three branches of government are separate and independent of one another. IV. The three branches of government have a check and balance over one another. A. I only B. II only C. II, III, and IV D. I, III, and IV 3. If four present government is a democracy, where does power reside? A. IN the Filipino People B. In congress C. In the President D. In the Supreme Court 4. In President’s Quezon time, the coutry had the Philippine Commonwealth. What is TRUE about Philippine Commonwealth? A. were fully independent B. were partially independent C. were granted total freedom to course their destiny only in matters of education D. were citizensof the United States 5. In the decade of 70s, one clamor of the activists who steged street demonstration on the streets was “Down with the oligarchs!” What did they accuse the governmentof as suggested by the underlined word? A. a rule of the few rich C. anti-poor B. a form of dictatorship D. elitist 6. With the Batasang Pambansa performing legislative and executive powers in the Marcos regime, which form of government implemented? A. Parliamentary C. Monarchial B. Dictatorial D. Presidential 7. What form of government is characterized by the separation of powers? A. Parliamentary C. Aristocracy B. Presidential D. Monarchial
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 8. To which type of political system do we belong? A. Colonialism C. Democracy B. Totalitarianism D. Capitalism 9. In which form of government does power and authority reside in a few persons who govern for their own interest? A. Oligarchy C. Democracy B. Monarchy D. Parliamentary 10. Which of the following represents the smallest subunit of government in the Philippines at present> A. Purok C. Sitio B. Barangay D. Zone 11. The Pilippine Government is divided into three branches: Exacutive, Legislative and judiciary. Wich among the following best describes this division of the legislative body of the country? A.Tricameralism C. Emancipation of state B. Separation of powers D. Division of labor 12. The Pilippine Legislature is divided into two major bodies, the Senate and the House of Representative. Which among the following best describes this division of the legislative body of the country? A. Bipartisanism C. Unicameralism B. Co-legislative power D. Bicameralism 13. Which type of governance is characterized by a union of partially self-government states or regions united by a central government? A. Federalism C. Democracy B. Socialism D. Totalitarianism 14. In England, Queen Elizabeth acts as head of state. This country has a parliament and a Prime Minister. Which among the following best describes the form of government in this country? A. Absolute monarchy C. Oligarchy B. Constitutional monarchy D. Aristocracy 15. In which form of governmentare all citizens treated as equals on certain dimensions such as religion, politics, economics, social status and culture? A. Totalitarianism C. Socialism B. Democracy D. Egalitarianism 1.2
Explain the nature and provisions of the present Constitution, its advantages and disadvantages over the others and the past and its functionas fundamental law of the state
16. What human right is violated when one opens a letter without permission from the addressee? A. Right to privacy of communication and correspondence B. Right to read the letter C. Right to open the envelope without permission D. Right to private affairs
17. When an individual is imprisoned without proper investigation what right is violated? A. Right to process of law C. Right to process paper B. Right to secure persons D. Right to protection 18. What law was passed by Philippine Congress in 1995 which affirms the total integration of persons with disabilities into the mainstream of society? A. Republic act No. 7277 C. Republic act No. 7722 B. Republic act No. 7784 D. Republic act No. 7776 19. Which is the best definition of inclusive education endorsed by DepEd? A. It is a flexible and individualized support system for children and youth with special education needs B. It is a mandate to include all children and youth in community activities. C. It is a system to support children and youth in exclusive schools. D. It is a special support for children and youth who cannot attend school. Read the text below then answer item # 20.
Inclusion is a basic right of every Filipino child with special needs to education, rehabilitation, sup services, work training and employment opportunities, community participation and independent living. 20. To prepare teachers to handle inclusive education what specialization is offered in teacher educational institution? A. Special Education C. Kindergarten courses B. Special Course D. Pre school education Read the text below then answer items 21-22
Article XIV Section of the 1987 Philippine Constitution mandates that the “State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make s educational accessible to all. 21. Which of the gaols of EFA 2015 aims to achieve the above mentioned constitutional mandate? A. Universal completion of full cycle of basic eduation schooling with satisfactory achievement levels by all at every grade or year B. Universal completion of primary education with satisfactory achievement levels at every grade level C. Universal completion of secondary education with satisfactory achievement levels at every grade level D. Universal elimination of drop outs and repetition by all at every grade or year including satisfactory achievement levels 22. What is the best indicator of “quality education” as invoked in the constitution? A. Generation of reliable measurements on dropout rate B. Generation of reliable measurements on cohort survival rate C. Generation of reliable measurements of educational outcomes D. Generation of reliable measurements on participation rate
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 23. An individual has the right to file writ of amparo before the investigation of an administrative cased against him/her. What fundamental right is invoked by the individual? A. Rigth to lif, liberty and security B. Right to due process C. Right to be defended by a public attorney. D. right to self-defence 24. What is the writ of habeas data? A. Right to information privacy B. Right to accumulate data
C. Right to transmit data D. Right to search private information
25. The code of ethics of Professional Teachers provides that a teacher has the right and duty to determine the academic marks and the promotion of learners. What the obligation of the teacher in relation to the aforementioned right is as mandated in the Education Act of 1982? A. Refrain from making deductions in students’ scholastic rating for acts not of poor scholarship B. Refrain from discriminating high and low achievers in the classes he/she handles. C. Refrain from inflecting corporal punishment and make it a basic for deductions in scholastic ratings. D. Refrain from segrating the fast and slow learners for convenience in rating them. 26. When a teacher is charged with an administrative case commited in the lawful discharge of professional duties, what right may the teacher invoke for her defense? A. Right to receive compensation in the duration of the case B. Right to be given the due process of law C. Right to be defended by the organization of teachers to which he/she is a member D. Right to be provided with free legal service by the appropriate office 27. What is the teacher’s accountability in the achievement of quality education? A. Be accountabl for the grading performance of learners B. Be accountable for the effective attainment of specified learning objectives and outcomes C. Be accountable for reporting the performance of learners to parents D. Be accountable for reporting the performance of learners to the school head and stakeholders. 28. Which is the overriding aim of the constitutional mandate on social justice? A. To bridge the gap between the rich and the poor B. To protect the squatter in the possession of the premises occupied by him because he is poor C. To authorize the taking of what is in excess of one’s personal needs and the giving it to another D. To work for social equality 29. Which principle states that no man in this country is above the law and that law must be obeyed by all and applied to everyone – rich or poor, lowly or powerful – without fear or favor? A. Rule or law C. Separation of church and State B. Rule of the majority D. Social justice
30. In connection with government transactions involving public interest, which policy is adopted in the Constitution to assure the public of accountability and transparency? A. Full public disclosure B. Balanced healthful ecology C. Private enterprises and incentives to needed investments D. Rural development and agrarian reform 31. Filpino citezens have the power to participate in the establishment or administration of government such as right to vote and be voted upon as an exercise of ________________. A. political rights C. social rights B. civil rights D. economic rights 32. Can the accused waive his right to remain silent and to have competent and independent councel? A. NO, except in writing andin the present of the councel. B. Yes, if there is no counsel offering his service. C. No, it cannot be waived. D. Yes, if he voluntarily does so. 33. Which is right violated wiretapping A. Freedom of expression B. The right to private property C. The right to privacy of communication D. The right to information on matters of public concern 34. Which act is deprivation of life without due process? A. Killingin self-defense C. Imposition of the death penalty B. Salvaging D. Death resulting from illness. 35. Is land grabbing an act of deprivation of property without due process? A. Yes. C. Yes, if the land grabber is rich. B. No. D. No, if the land grabber is landless. 36. Can you be arrested without warrant of arrest? A. No, if you are a minor. B. No, if you are more than 60 years old. C. Yes, if you were reported to have committed a crime. D. Yes, if you are in the act of committing a crime. 37. Can religious instruction be taught to schools? I. Yes, if given free. II. Yes, if given outside class hours. III. Yes, only to those children whose parents give their consent in writing. A. I and III C. I, II, and III B. II and III D. III only 38. Can an accused avail of free legal assistance? A. No, there is no such thing as free lunch. B. Yes, provided he is classified as poor litigant by the court. C. Yes, if the act committed is a minor offense. D. No, if the offense is grave.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 39. My right is another man’s duty. Which one CORRECTLY illustrates this? A. My right to my private property requires my neighbor’s duty not to trespass the same. B. I have freedom of speech but see to it that I speak only what is true. C. Suffrage is both a right and a duty. D. I exercise my right in such a way that it does not violateanother person’s right. 40. Every right has abuilt-in duty. Which of the following illustrates CORRECTLY? A. I have the right to vote, and it is the duty of the COMELEC to allow me to vote. B. My right to privacy requires my neighbor to respect it. C. I have the right to sell you my cellphone but it is your duty to pay for it. D. I have the right to my car but I must see to it that I obey traffic rules. 41. Can a person be imprisoned for debt? A. No, if he can’t he pay the interst of his debt. B. Yes, if he has no property with which to pay his debt. C. No. D. Yes, if he stubbornly refuses to pay. 42. What does “presumption of innocence” mean in so far as human right is concerned? A. A suspect is considered guilty until proven otherwise. B. A suspect has the right to remain silent. C. A suspect has the right to a legal counsel. D. A suspect remains innocent until proven guilty. 43. No person may be elected as a President of the Philippines unless he? She a ___________. A. natural born citizen B. resident for Philippines for atleast 2 years C. At least 21 years old D. professional 44. Who does the canvassing of votes for President and Vice President in every election? A. Comelec and Chief Justice C. Supreme Court and Congress B. Senate and Congress D. Joint committee of Congress 45. All appropriations, revenue or tariff bills shall originate exclusively from the ____________. A. Senate C. House of Representatives B. Sangguniang Panlalawigan D. Department of budget 46. Which department has the authority to make laws and to alter them when needed? A. Executive C. Judicial B. Legislative D. Administrative 47. A bill becomes a law even if not signed by the President after _______ days. A. 60 C. 20 B. 40 D. 30 48. Which refers to the act of the President to stay the execution of a convict? A. Commutation C. Pardon B. Amnesty D. Reprieve
49. Who has the power to declare the existence of a state of war? A. Chief Justice C. Senate President B. Electoral Tribunal D. Congress 50. A losing senatorial candidate may file a protest against the winner. What body will assume jurisdiction over the case? A. Supreme Court C. COMELEC B. Electoral Tribunal D. Regional Trial Court 51. How is the crime of rape classified? A. Heinous B. Homicide
C. Slander D. Malicious Mischief
52. All Filipino citizens have the right to vote and to be voted upon as a governmental official. What is the constitutional right called? A. Passive right to vote C. Suffrage B. Political franchise D. Electoral right 53. Any individual has the right to question why he is being arrested, and to summon his accusers to court so that due process may be performed. This right is embodied in which of the following? A. Reclusion perpetua C. Prison mayor B. Res ipsa loquitur D. Habeas corpus 54. Which among the following represents political process involved in amending or revising the Philippine constitution to adapt the present Philippine situation? A. Constitutional conversion C. Charter change B. Citizens’ assembly D. Constitutional correction 2. PHILIPPINE HISTORY 2.1 2.2
Trace the history of the Philippines from pre-colonial to contemporary periods. Draw the implications of the historical evolution of the Philippines to its present socio-political condition.
55. Which is TRUE of the historical development of the Philippines? A. It has never been an independent nation. B. It ahs been an independent nation ever since. C. It has evolved from a colony to a fully ndependent nation. D. It has not achieved full independence from the very beginning. 56. Which problem is common from the Presidency os Marcos, Aquino, Ramos, Estrada, MacapagalArroyo and Benigno Aquino III. A. Social Justice C. Poor governance B. Peace and security D. Moral degeneration 57. Basically, the Philippine agrarian problem is a question of ____________. A. land distribution C. graft and corruption B. nepotism and corruption D. environmental degration
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 58. Every elected PResident of the Philippines delivers SONA. What does SONA mean? A. Speech of the Nation Assembly B. Speech of the Nation Address C. State of the Nation Address D. State of the Nation Advocacy 59. Rizal founded the La Liga Filipina ______________. I. unite the whole country. II fight violence and in justice III. revolt against the Spaniards A. I and III C. I and II B. II only D. IIand III 60. Which is TRUE of the Philippines? A. It was colonized by Spai, Portugal, Anerica, and Japan. B. It has been part of the world’s economy since the Spanish colonial rule. C. It is one of the least populated countries in the world. D. It has teo autonomous regions – ARMM and NCR. 61. Which is TRUE of the Philippines? A. It has been colonized by two European colonial powers. B. It has never been united as nation. C. There have been attempts to change its government to a parliamentary form. D. It is the only Christian country in Asia. 62. As a result of EDSA 1, The Philippines ________. A. became known worldwide for its People Power Revolution B. changed its form of government to parliamentary C. saw the impeachment of Joseph Estrada as president D. intensified its participation in international affairs 63. Which is true of a former President Corazon Aquino? I. The first female president of the Philippines. II. The first female president in Asia. III. Described as the “icon of Democracy”. A. I, II and III C. I and III B. I an II D. I only 64. A year ago “Cha-cha” and “con ass” were popular words oin the Philippines. With which the words “Cha-cha” and “con ass” associated? A. Imposition of martial law B. Return to a dictatorial form of government C. Amendment of the present Constitution D. Division between Senate and Huose of Representatived 65. The Philippine revolts against Spain, the Philippine-American war, the Muslim rebellion, the NPA, the MILF and Abu sayyaf movement point to the reality of ________ in the Philippines. A. multi-ethnicity C. poor quality of education B. poverty D. insurgency
66. Which of the following was the first to happen? A. Aguinaldo was captured. B. Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence. C. Guerilla warfare against the US was initiated. D. The Philippines was ceded to the US by the treaty of Paris. 67. With whom is the “Strong Republic” associated? A. Fidel V. Ramos C. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo B. Joseph Estrada D. Corazon Aquino 68. Which of th four pillars of education for the 21st century is crucial in the light of conflicts between Isreal and Palestine? A. Learning to do C. Learning to live together B. Learning to be D. Learning to know 69. Who is the General who said “I shall return” A monument in his honor stands in corridor by the bay. A. William H. Taft C. John Dewey B. Douglas Mcarthur D. Schurmann 70. In 1565 Legaspi concluded a blood compact with the chief os Bohol. Who is referred to? A. Raja Sulayman C. Lakandula B. Sikatuna D. Rajah Tupas 71. The Japanese successful invasion was climaxed by the surrender of joint Filipino-American forces on May 6, 1942. Where did theis happen? A.Bataan C. Capas B. Corridor D. Manila 72. The Phlilippines objectad to the advisory of travels to Mindanao by the Australian government. What should the government do? A. Declare war against the country C. Recall the Nationals B. Fiule diplomatic protest D. Arrest their nationals 73. Foreign investors are discouraged in doing business in our country. To what condition/s to this be attributed? I. Deteriorating peace and order II. High teriffs III. Poor technology III. Poor standards A. I and II C. II only B. I, II and III D. IV only 74. Who is the President who is known for his “Filipino First Policy” and Austerity program? A. Diosdado Macapagal C. Manuel Roxas B. Carlos P. Garcia D. Ramon Magsaysay 75. Pre-colonial trade in the Philippines was prosperous. What system did they usefor their business transaction? A. Money C. Credit B.Barter D. Banking
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 76. After Negritos, What was the second group of people who migrated by sea to the Philippines? A. Indonesians C. Indians B. Arabs D. Malays 77. Forsign influences are evident on most aspects of Filipino culture including Philippine languages. From which Asian languge do these words come: alam, hukom, salamt? A. Malayo-Polenesian C. Arabic B. Sanskrit D. Mandarin 78. What is considere the earliest form of writing in the Philippines? A. Abakada C. Alibat B. Roman alphabet D. Balitaw 79. Who was the American president who proclaimed the Benevolent Assimilation policy during the American colonial years of the Philippines? A. William Mckinley C. Woodrow Wilson B. Franklin Roosevelt D. Theodore Roosevelt 80. Who first introduce the Islamic religion in the Philippines? A. Rajah Baguinda C. Mukdum B. Idi Amin D. Abu Bakr 81. The following are among th five ships involved Ferdinand Magellan’s Voyage EXCEPT ____________. A. Conception C. Trinidad B. Cartagena D. Victoria 82. Who was among the last Filipino Generals who fought the Americans and established the so-called “Tagalog Republic”? A. Gregorio Del Pillar C. Macario Sakay B. Miguel Malvar D. Manuel Tinio 83. In the Philippine history, who was known as “the Great Dissenter” A. Camilo Osias C. Claro M. Recto B. Manuel Roxas D. Eulogio Rodriguez 84. During the Spanish era, who was the revolutionary leader who waged a long war against the government because it did not allow proper burial for his brother? A. Macario Sakay C. Diego Silang B. Andres Bonifacio D. Francisco Dagohoy 85. The late president Ferdinand Marcos placed the Phillippines under Martial Law through which of the following laws? A. Article 6 Section 14 of the 1973 Constitution B. R.A. 274 C. Prclamation 1081 D. Kautusang Tagapagpaganap blg. 25 S. 1974
86. What building was the only one left intact after the distraction of Intramurus during the battle of Manila? A. Manila Post Office C. Manila Cathedral B. San Agustin Church D. Quiapo Church 87. What was the first book published in the Philippines? A. Del Superior Govierno C. Pasion Mahal B. Doctrina Cristina D. Barlaame Josphat 3. ECONOMICS, TAXATION, LAND REFORM AND COOPERATIVE 3.1 Manifest understanding of the Philippine economic condition with respect to taxation, land reform and cooperative as well as to the growth of its Gross Nation Product 3.1 Apply the fundamental economic principles to the current economic condition of the Philippines PRACTICE TEST: Choose the letter that corresponds to the best answer. 88. The world of nations is suffering from recession and so nations are experiencing th following EXCEPT ____________. A. people are loosing their jobs B. businesses are raking bigger profits C. there is a drop in total spending D. production is slowing down 89. When one company controls the supply of sugar, which term applies? A. Monopoly C. Economic stability B. Inflation D. Law of supply and demand 90. Tomatoes are off season and so price of tomatoes is up. Which law/principle economics explains it? A.Substitution effect C. Principle of marginal utility B. Law of cause and effect D. Law of supply and demand 91. Which explains GNP? A. The total value in pesos of goods and services produced during the year B. The total value in pesos of goods produced during the year C. The total value in pesos of services produced during the year D. The total value in pesos of goods and services produced for 2 quarters 92. How can the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program bring about social equityand economic prosperity in the country? I. By distributing the agricultural lands to landless farmers free of change II. By transferring the ownership of land to farmers for a value III. By helping the affected land owners to use their land comprehension in viable business activities IV. By providing support services to farmer-benefeciaries A. II, III, and IV C. I, II, and III C. I, II, and IV D. I, III, and IV
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 93. While in the capitalist system, “to the strongest goes the spoil”, what happens in the cooperative system? A. All benefits are shared to the members proportionate to the shared capitals. B. Goods are distributed among the members but benefiting mostly the policy-making body. C. Goods are distributed among the members. D. Goods are distributed among the members but elected and appointed officials get more to compensate their services. 94. The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform and cooperatives are meant to ___________. A. eradicate poverty in the country B. bridge the gap between the rich and the poor C. to make all citizens equal D. to improve on the country’s literacy rate 95. When parents decide to send their children to private school and pay their tuition fee instead of sending them to the public school, they don’t get their share in the benefit derived from the taxes they pay. This is a case of ________________. A. social justice C. double taxation B. double jeopardy D. social inequity 96. Which one CORECTLY applies to Philippine foreign trade? A. Philippine expenditure exports and earning from imports fluctuate. B. The Philippine spends less on imports than it earns from exports. C. The Philippine expenditure on imports is balanced with its earnings from exports. D. The Philippine spends more on imports than it earns from exports. 97. The ultimate objective of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform is to _________. A. ensure the cultivation of all idle lands B. abolish share tenancy in favor of lease tenancy C. distribute arable lands to the landless D. establish owner–cultivated farms 98. What is TRUE of a progressive syste m of taxation? A. The rate of tax increases as the income tax basse or income bracket increases. B. the tax is equal regardless of class and place. C. The rate of tax decreases as the income tax base decreases. D. The rate of tax increases as the income tax base decreases. 99. I rent out of P 10,000 per month my only building and a lot to the Jesus is Lord group which uses it excluysively for religious purposes. I am exempt from payment of _________. A. property tax C. income tax B. professional tax D. community tax 100.
You are a member of a cooperative which operates taxis tricycle buses. Of which type of cooperative are you a member of? A. Service cooperative C. Marketing cooperative B. Multipurpose cooperative D. Producers cooperative
You have a property of P500, 000. The tax is 1% he pays P5000. If his property is worth P1, 000,000 he pays P10, 000. Which does this illustrate? A. Progressive taxation C. Equity in taxation B. Uniformity of taxation D. Equality in taxation
Which in an unlawful act of escapingfrom payments of taxes? A. evasion C. Exemption B. avoidance D. Shifting
Which is required of cooperative members for the operation of their cooperative? A. Share capital C. Net surplus B. Interest on share capital D. Patronage refund
The primary purpose of taxation is to _______. A. Raise revenue for the support of government B. reduce inequlities in wealth and incomes C. sortify the government against invaders D. make the country leading industrialized country in the world
Which is/are essential for the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program to truly succeed? I. Granting the benefeciaries the right to sell the piece of land awarded to them II. Change of heart the landlords and lawmakers III. Education of the benefeciaries A. II and III C. II only B. I, II and III D. III only
Which is/are TRUE of cooperatives and the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform? I. Intended to eliminate poverty in Philippine society II. Mean to alleviate poverty III. Are programs for people empowerment A. II and III C. II only B. III only D. I and III
Which assumption underlies the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program? A. People are more productive if they own what they cultivate. B. Our country has very very few landed people and very many landless. C. The wealth of the country is concentrated in the lands of a few. D. There is so much poverty in the country because of overpopulation.
What does “capital” in economics refer to? A. Investments and loss computed B. Outcome of a business transaction C. Money/ machines invested to transact business D. profit and labor spent for the business
What result when the government spends more than what it collects in the form of taxes? A. Excessive allotment C. Fiscal deficit B. Fixcal overspending D. erroneous appropriations
What is the type of cooperative which promote thrift among members and creates funds in order to be able to grant loans? A. Service C. Consumers B. Producers D. credit
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 111.
One of the major functions of taxes is to finance real govenrmnet expenditures. This function can simply be stated as to ____________. A. promote development C. raise rvenues B. secure price stability D. raise national security
Which term refers to the measures undertaken by the government which would remove anything that hinders the entry of foreign products, services and capital between countries? A.Liberalization C. Privatization B. Globalization D. Internationalization
What do we call the sum of money collected for our use of a road, bridge and highwy? A. Tax C. Penalty B. Assessment D. Toll
Which term refers to duties payable on goods, whether imported or exported? A. Assessment C. Subsidiary B. Tariff D. Revenue
Which term refers to the social aspects of sex or to socially defined roles expectations that are associated with sex? A. Social differentiation C. Gender B. Social class D. Cultural context
Among the developing Asian nations, which of the following is widely promoted to be the better solution to poverty and unemployment? A. Privatization C. Industrialization B. Urbanization D. Importation
Stagflation occurs when the economy experiences __________________. A. rising prices and rising output B. rising prices and falling output C. fallig prices and falling output D. fallig prices and rising output
Which among the following is an example of a transfer payment? A. Profit C. Unemployment benefit B. Rent D. Government purchases
Which among the following best describes a recession? A. A fall in real GNP over two consecutive time periods B. An increased in real GNP from one period to the next C. Nominal GNP declines from one period to the next D. No change I real GNP from one period to the next
Gross Domestic Product is the sum of the market value of the ______________________. A. Intermediate goods C. manufacture goods B. final goods and services D. inferior goods and services
Which of the following statements is TRUE about a market economy? A. With a large enough computer, central planners could give production more efficiently than markets. B. Market participantsact as if guided by an invisible hand to produce outcomes that maximize social welfare. C. The strength of a market system is that it tends to distribute resources evenly across consumers. D. Taxes help prices communicate costs and benefits to producers and consumers.
In a free-market economy the allocation of resources is determined by _________. A. votes taken by consumers C. Consumer preferences B. central planning authority D. the level of profits of firms
Trade-offs are required because wants are unlimited and resources are ___________. A. economical C. scarce B. unlimited D. marginal
Raising taxes and increasing welfare payments ____________. A. reduce market power B. prove that there is such a thing as a free lunch C. improve efficiency at the expense of equity D. improve equityat the expnse of efficiency
The burden of a tax falls more heavily on the sellers in a market when ____________. A. both supply and demand are elastic. B. both supply and demand are inelastic C. demand is inelastic and supply is elastic D. demand is elastic and supply is inelastic
4. SCOCIETY AND CULTURE WITH FAMIKY PLANNING 4.1 Apply basic concepts, theories and perspectives which relate to society, culture and family planning in life 4.2 Recognize cultural elements that are distinctly Filipino. PRACITCE TEST: Choose the letter that corresponds to the best answer. 126.
Which situation is the BEST example of a culture shock? A. A native from New Zealandis so afraid of the big crowd in malls and along the roads during rush hours that he remarked “so many people!” B. The Hippies’ rejected “The Establishment” in the 1960s and sported long hair. C. The Canadians use folks while the Filipinos use spoon and fork and sometimes their hands on eating. D. The Aetas don’t like sardines but like sweet potatoes.
Under which group do the Sunday churchgoers in a cathedral fall? A. Secondary group C. Tertiary group B. Primary group D. Elementary group
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 128.
Which does one portray when he thinks that what is foreign is best and that what is local is inferior? A. Xenocentrism C. Ethnocentricm B. Relativism D. favoritism
Upon which is based the claim that there is no single universal standard to be used to judge any culture-based? A. cultural relativism C. Cultural diversity B. Culture shock D. Ethical relativism
You will be in good hands when your host is a Filipino because one outstanding trait of Filipinos is __________. A. hospitality C. industry B. thrift D. cleanliness
The Philippine is dominantly a Christian country in the Orient, yet according to survey it is on the top 5 as the most corrupt in Asia. what this point to in Philippine Society? A. Lack of cultural integration C. Prevalence of ethnocentrism B. Presence of cultural differences D. Prevalence of xenocentrism
You have to take extra care when you critiquethe work of a Filipino. Your negative comment may be mistaken to be an attack against his/her person. Upon which Filipino trait is this advice based? A. Extreme personalism C. “Sakop” mentality B. Adaptibility D. “Bayanihan” spirit
The expression promdi connotes _________. A. ethnocentrism C. favoritism B. tenocentrism D. racial desriminition
Children learn to how to open a coconut and other common chores in a coconut farm. In this instance culture is transmitted by ___________. A. immersion C. enculturation B. assimilation D. acculturation
When a person shows the ability to understand and appreciate the similarities and differences in the costumes, values and beliefs of one’s culture, he/she is said to _______. A. possess multicultural literacy C. possess global awareness B. sosciocultural aware D. possess social literacy
Which of the following statements accurately reflects a strong “school culture”? A. Has definite organizational core values B. Has a network of communications C. Has a informal rules of behavior D. Has high standards of performance
What are considered major goals of multicultural education? I. Catering to diversity of learners II. Considering social class and ethnic groups III. Providing equal opportunities to education IV. Helping individuals and groups survive despite differences in culture and beliefs
A. I, II, III, and IV B. I, II, and IV
C. II and III D. III and IV
World history recoerded that art became emotional and dramatic during the renaissance. What popular painting is part of the “idyllic golde age” of Art? A. Mona Lisa by Da Vinci B. Last Suffer by Tintoretto C. Saint Teresa by Bernini D. The calling of St. Mathew by Caravaggio
The cultural heritage os Southeast Asia has been designated by UNESCO as __________. A. World Heritage Site C. World Cultural Heritage B. World Tourist spots D. World International Center
Teachers should be encouraged to teah folk knowledge because ____________. A. it is crucial in facing the basics of daily living. B. it is included in National Achievement Test. C. it is a mandate of Dep Ed. D. it is in keeping with curriculum change.
What does a professional code of ethics prescribe for all? A. Moral standards and ethical behavior B. Rules and regulations in practicing the profession C. Strict implementation of laws of the land D. Civic- mindedness and social consciousness
“Man is to be hailed as a social being.” What does this line mean? A. He necessarily attends social events B. He must introduce himself in social gatherings. C. He does not live only for himself. D. He does not need other people.
Which is at the base of a triangle that shapes us into what we are? A. Environmnet C. Training B. Heredity D. School attended
How do you describe a typical social structure which describes a pattern through which relationships at work are ordered? A. Technological C. Capitalistic B. Communistic D. Bureaucratic
A society cannot exist without a government. Which word is synonymous with government. A. Domination C. Retraint B. Authority D. Check-and-balance
What does a “nuclear family” consist of? A. Granfathers and grandmothers B. Father, mother, sons and daughters C. Sons, daughters and cousins D. Sons, daughters and in-laws
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 147.
What is the principal means through which culture is transmitted from generation to generation? A. Community action C. Family B. Church D. Language
Material culture refers to the tangible and concrete objects produce by man. Which are example of material culture? A. Stone walls of Tasadays C. Sinulog celebrations B. Ceremonies of ivtans D. Moriones festival
Which human need is considered basic? A. Pleasure C. Wealth B. Security D. Order
Which among the following represents a detrimental aspect of Philippine Culture Society? A. Palabra de honor C. Amor propio B. Delicadeza D. Ningas cogon
Which among the following pertains to the passionate Filipino dance that makes use of a fan or handkerchief to illustrate a couple in romance? A. Itik-itik C. El Bimbo B. Pandango D. Carinosa
Which of the following best describes the concept of society? A. A political entity B. The same as culture or antion C. Limited by geographical boundaries D. Organized interaction of people sharing land and culture
The primary biological limitation of natural family planning is that it is __________. A. expansive and very reliable B. only suitable for females with regular period C. cannot satisfy people’s urges D. Goes against the teets of the Catholic Church
Which of the following types of societies came first during societal evolution? A. Horticultural C. Agricultural B. Industrial D. Mass
In a sociological sense, earning a 1.0 Grae Weighted Average (GWA) makes you a deviant because ___________________. A. you only could have gotten that GWA by cheating B. a GWA of 1.0 is not the norm C. it alienates you from your peer group D. it improves your status
What is the underlying theory of the belief that the DepEd and other stakeholders should exert deliberate efforts to construct a satisfying cuture for education? A. Cultural revitsalization Theory C. Anarchestic theory B. Utopian theory D. Revival theory
What committee was founded in 1978 promote effective cooperation and enhance solidarity among the peoples of ASEAN? A. Committee on Culture and Information B. Committee on Regional Cooperation C. Committee on Cultural heritage
Teachers should be encourage to teach folk knowledge because ____________. A. it is a mandate of DepEd. B. it is concludedin national Achievement Test. C. it is crucial in facing the the basics of daily living. D. it is in keeping of curriculum change.
5. RIZAL AND OTHER HEROES 5.1 Analzye how Rizal’s life and works have contributed to the counry’s development. 5.2 Evaluate the contribution of other Philippine heroes and heroines to the development of the country. PRACTICE TEST: Choose the letter that corresponds to the best answer. 159.
If one agrees with Rizal on the best way to redeem our country, what would he do? A. Work for quality education for all. B. Campaign for more foreign investors. C. Attract tourists to come to the country.
Based on his work “Sa Aking Mga Kababat”, would Rizal Favor the use of mother tongue in the early grades? A. Yes. C. He did not express it clearly. B. No. D. Yes, but mixed with English.
How did Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere contribute to the development of his countrymen? A. It awakened them to the oppressive rule of Spain. B. It exposed to them the scandals of the friars. C. It tught them to love their local language. D. It pictured for them the ideal Filipina.
If they were to come back to life, who among the following would be the most vocal to speak against the country’s foreign policy of close association with America? A. Claro M. Recto, Leon Ma. Guerrero B. Claro M. Recto, Jose P. Laurel C. Leon Ma. Guerrero, jr., Jose P. Laurel D. Jose P. Laurel, Elpidio Quirino
Why was Melchora Aquino arrested and exile to Guam? Because she _____________. A. supplied the katipuneros with food and clothing B. fought side by side with Katipuneros] C. openly disagreed with the encomenderos 1. published an article against Spaniards
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 164.
To stimulate nation’s economy and increase employment, former President Diosdado Macapagal __________. A. abolished government repressive control B. borrowed money from the World Bank C. standardized the salaries of government employees D. gave incentives to whome cottage industries
In his “la Indolencia Del Filipino”, Rizal’s thinking was the rich natural resources of the Philippines and the favorable climate were not a blessing after all the Filipino. Which explains this? The rich natural resources and the favorable climate of the country __________. A. encouraged the “get-by” mentality B. led to disunity C. made the Filipino complete against one another D. enable the Filipinos to earn college degrees
“There are no tyrants where there are no slaves.” Which logically explains this? I. If the Filipinos were treated as slaves by the Spaniards it was because they lowed themselves tyo be treaed as such. II. It was equally the fault of the Filipnos Why the Spaniards treated them as slaves. III. The Spaniards were tyrants and so they treated the Filipnios as slaves. A. I and II C. III B. I D. II
In what sense is the Filipino likened to a bamboo? A. He is Flexible. C. He is ambitious. B. He is sturday. D. He is versatile.
The Filipino’s indomitable spirit is shown in his ________. A. ability to survive C. freindlessness B. utang-na loob D. self-reliance
On which Filipino trait does not Gawad kalinga build on? A. Bayanihan spirit C. Adaptability B. Joy and Humor D. Extreme personalism
Out of used illustration boards, students came up with cute and functional bagsfor school children. Which Filipino trait is exhibited? A. Creativity C. Pagkabayani B. Adaptability D. Family-orientedness
To which trait are the organization and success of cooperatives in the country attributed? A. Pagsasamahan C. Pakikisama B. Creativity D. Adaptability
Noli Me Tanghere was Jose Rizal’s first novel. Experts consider this work historically significant because it was instrumental in establishing which of the following? A. National identity C. Inciting the seeds of revolution B. fight against graft and corruption D. Love for education
Which among the following is NOT a Filipino quality emphasized in the Noli Me Tanghere of Dr. Jose Rizal? A. Devotion of a Filipina C. Common sense of Filipinos B. Deep sense of gratitude D. Inmate subversiveness
In Rizal’s time which among the following were pressing issues in Philippine society that were presented in the El Filibusterismo? I. Education reform II. Superstition masquerading as religion III. Abuses of friars A. II and III C.I and II B. I II and III D. I and II
Which among the following is the main theme of the El Filibusterismo? A. Ideal means of achieving social reform B. Rizal’s hope for a revolution C. Curing the social cancer D. Abuses and indecency of friars
Apolinario Mabini was known as the “sublime paralytic.” Which among the following represents his most significant contribution to the development of the Filipino nation? A. Peaceful social reform C. Revolutionarism B. Resilience D. freemasonry
Marcelo H. Del pilar demonstrated a militant and progressive outlook derived from the classic Enlightenment tradition of the French philosophesand the scientific empiricism of the Europian bourgeoisie. Which of the following represents the tenets of his ideology? I.Truth II. Fairness III. Impartialy A. II and III C. I and II B. I, II and III D. I and II
6. PHILOSOPY 6.2 Manifest a critical and analytical attitude toward specific issues and problems in daily life PRACTICE TEST: Choose the letter that corresponds to the best answer. 178.
Read the following then answer the question : “Your honor, ho can the persecution dare try to send this poor, defenseless child to jail for the murder of his father and mother? Have a heart! The boy is an orphan. In his argument valid? A. No, this is a fallacy, an appeal to pity.” B. No, this is a faulty reasoning. C. Yes, nobody can disagree. D. No, this violates the rules of logic.
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 179.
“All the laws are the product of legislative activity.” “Newton discovered several products of legislative activity.” In this argument logical? A.No, the error is due to the equivocal use of the world “law” B. Yes, they are logical. C. No, unless “laws” in the first premise is changed with “some laws”. D. Patially logical.
Let’s assume that universities will be required tro offer education programs at the graduate rather than at the undergraduate level. Based on this information, how should you respond? A. Improbable C. Disagree B. Agree D. Neutral
One reason why the NCEE was abolished was because it was anti-poor.Which explanation logically supports this reasoning? A. Most of those who did not pass the NCEE were graduates of deprived schools. B. It’s good that the NCEE was abolished because that would mean only those fit for college would go to college. C. The NCEE served as a measured to counteract the “diploma mill” mentality of the Filipinos. D. College education liberates the poor from the bondage of poverty.
Which philosophical premise does NOT support scientific inquiry? A. Reality is objective. B. Group awareness is an integral part of knowledge. C. Human perceptual systems correctly perceive reality. D. Rational explanations exist for real- world phenomena.
7. ART APPRECIATIION/HUMANITIES 7.1 Demonstrate understanding of the totality of human experience by formulating a human perspective that integrates all areas of knowledge 7.2 Manifest appreciation of arts as a result of an integrative and holistic view of life
The expressionist painters at the turn of the century tried to depict state of mind rather than to make a realistic copy of some object. In other worlds, expressionist paintings _______. A.give the felling rather than the appearance of things B. resemble camera snapshots C. are all about people D. are all done in oils.
Those who have a deep appreciation of the beautiful tend to _______ the good and the beautiful. A.preserve C. spoil B.discard D. hide
Art and music are necessary ingredients to a child’s education. Which statement/s supports the idea of this sentence? I.Music and art intensify a child’s imagination II. Music teachers discipline, taem work, math and poetry through rhythem. III. Painting helps a kinesthetic learner express abstract concepts in concreate forms. A. I, II, III C. I and II B. III only D. I only
Art and music are essential ingredients to a child’s education, yet ironically both subjects are the first disciplines to be eliminated when budget is inadequate. In an effort to streamline school budget and teach only the basics, we usually reduce curriculum to a lifeless routine of issues that lack colors, shapes, sounds and rhythm. What does the paragraph confirm? I. The importance of the arts in the education to children II. The meaninglessness of the school curriculum III.The insignificance of the arts in the school curriculum A. I C. II B. III D. I and II
Is it mortal to suppress workers’ rights to form unions in times of national emergency and why? I. No. Suppression of rights will always be a violation of human rights. II. Yes. The nation’s security takes precedence over the rights of any private association. III. Yes. Public safety must be thought of before private gain. A. II and III C. I B. II D. III
Intimes of war, soldiers must be ready to give up their lives indefense of the nation. Which normative relationship applies in this case? A. Greater urgency – saving the living before burying the dead B. Wide social order – the family before the individual C. More common good - public safety before private gain D. Higher law – inalienable rights vs. alienable
Your classmate had been sick and so had been absent from class. To help him pass, you allow him to copy your answer. Was allowing him to copy your answer morally justified? A. Yes. The end justifies the means. B. No. The end does not justify the means. C. It depends on how sincere you were. D. It depends on how much assistance to your classmate.
A wife who loves her husband dearly becomes so jealous that in a moment of savage rage, kills him. Is the wife morally responsible and why? A. No, Antecedent passion may completely destroy freedom and consequently moral responsibility. B. Yes, She killed her husband simply because of jealousy. C. It depends on the mental health of the wife. D. It depends on the cause of the wife’s jealousy
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 191.
You failed the LET twice. You heard of someone processing fake professional teachers’ license for failed LET examinees for a fee of P50, 000. You approached her and get a fake license for a fee. Are you morally responsible? A. No, while I know it is wrong, it is my only way to redeem myself. B. Yes, but my desperate need for a license will lessen my moral responsibility. C. No, I’m not the only one doing it. D. Yes, I acted with full knowledge and consent.
Who has a greater responsibility and why? The lazy master teacher who doesnot teach well or the beginning teacher who is grouping whileshe teaches and so does not teach well either. A. The master teacher, who is older and more experienced. B. The master teacher, who is expected to have more knowledge and freedom. C. Cannot be determined; age and experience do not necessarily make one more knowledgeable and free. D. Both are morally responsible; theyu are both professional teachers.
I happen among to have unknowingly received counterfeit money from someone. At the earliest opportunity. I pass it on to someone who is not aware. Am I morally responsible? A. No, you are only passing on to another the burden that you unknowingly received. B. No, the counterfeit money did not originally come for you. C. Yes, your act is a perfect voluntary one. D. Yes, you commit another wrong.
Can children who have not reached the age of reason and have acquired foul language be held responsible? A. No, the bad habit has been contracted involuntarily and unintentionally. B. Yes, while they have not reached the age of reason, they already have a sense of what is good and bad. C. Yes, from their parents they have come to know that it is bad habit. D. We cannot say yes or no; we don’t know what is inside the children’s mind and heart.
A boy scout leaps into the sea to save a companion in danger of being drowned, though he may lose his life. Is he morally justified to risk his life? A. No. B. It depends on whether the Boy Scout can swim or not. C. Yes. D. No, if the boy being drowned did it to commit suicide.
Which oe goes with this principle: “The end does not justify the means”. A. An objective evil act can never become good inspite of the good motive. B. An objectively good act may become morally evil because of a bad motive. C. An indifferent act may become morally good or evil depending on the motive. D. Both are morally responsible: They are both professional teachers.
I get P5, 000 from the funds raised during Valentine’s Day without the knowledge of the committee and donate it to the foundation serving a group of handicap. Is my act of getting P5, 000 from the funds justify? A. Yes, the means justify the end. B. Yes, the end justifies the means. C. No, the end does not justify the means. D. Yes, if you intend to tell the committee afterwards.
While illustrates the principle: “Circumstances may change a good or an different act into a punishable one”. A. You, the teacher, insulting a student is worse than a student belittling the classmate. B. To steal money from a poor classmate is worse than to steal from a rich classmate. C. Slapping someone at a moment of rage is not as worse as slapping someone for thrill. D. You sleep seated on a chair at the back while you make your class copy notes from the board.
I don’t like to read the bulletin board, for I suspect the deadline for grades is posted there. Which type of ignorance do I possess? A. Affected ignorance C. Invincuble ignorance B. Vincible ignorance D. Crass ignorance
I pretend not to be able to play several musical instruments. I may get tied as an instrumentalist of the church choir. Which type of ignorance do I have? A. Invincuble ignorance C. Affected ignorance B. Supine ignorance D. Vincible ignorance
Which illustrate/s this principle: “Antecedent passion may completely destroy freedom and consequently moral responsibility.” A. A teacher harbors a grudge against a colleague and builds himself up to a state of frenzy and strikes his colleague. B. A man broods over an insult received from an enemy, goes drinking and finally attacks his enemy. C. A person in danger of being drowned goes into panic and holds on to a companion who also drowns. D. B and C
When can we say that a person has values? A. Lives a life of integrity, sincerity and commitment B. Enjoys life of leisure and pleasure C. Works towards self-aggrandizement D. Lives a life of merriment in the company of others
What does the term “chiaroscuro” refer to? A. An exaggerately dark background and light foreground creating the effect of space. B. Exaggerated shadows making colours more intense. C. A dark-shaded pigment created from a mixture of water and egg yolk. D. A style of brush work which creates shading.
What is the purpose of an underpainting? A. It prevents the paint from seeping through the canvas. B. It helps the date painting. C. To create a rough sketch directly on the work surface. D. It avoids over painting.
What is a glaze? A. Paint diluted with water B. A color diluted with white
C. Paint diluted with olive oil D. Paint diluted with linseed oil
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS) 206.
What a student can do differs from what he will do. What does this prove? A. Motivation and ability always go together, B. Students of today are hardly motivated. C. Ability is the opposite of motivation. D. Motivation differs from ability.
You are often called: “Pverty is not a haindrance to success”. What does this imply? A. The “promdi” student does not succeed because of his/her origin. B. What a person becomes in life is a product of his/her environment. C. A person is totally conditioned by his/her environment. D. It is other people that hinder people succeed.
Pedro easily carried the television by himself when his neighbor’s house was on fire. But when the fire was over, he could not bring it back to the house alone. This is on account of the hormone __________. A. pancreatic C. adrenalin B. insulin D. ptyalin
Stimulation is good for the brain. Which action is a logical application for this? A. Train your child to obey orders blindly. B. Retire early so youy will be spared of the challenge of work. C. Avoid giving challenging tasks to teenagers for they easily discouraged. D. Give top children toys that they can manipulate.
A biology teacher asked each one in the class to introduce himself/herself using biological concepts. Foru students introduced themselves as follows: I have XX chromosomes I have XY chromosomes I have so much testosterone in my blood stream. I have much estrogen circulating within me. What is true of the four students? A. Two are girls. C. Two are effeminate B. Two are “tomboys”. D. The four have identity problems.
A biology teacher describe herself biologically: “My estrogen level is decreasing and I have sign of osteoporosis.” What is the TRUE of the biology teacher? A. She is a spinster. B. She is in her latwe adolescence. C. She is in her post-menopausal period. D. she is a chain smoker.
Which statement on human intelligence is CORRECT? A. It consists of multiple intelligences. B. It is reliably measured by a verbal test. C. It is verbal ability and abstract reasoning. D. It is fixed at birth.
Which idea contradictsthe concept of free will? A. Evolutionary theory C. Memetics B. Creationism D. Biological determinism
A behavioural psychologist would probably say that ____________. A. introspection is a useful way to study mental processes. B. the mind is most important when analyzing behaviour. C. we act based on rewards and punishments received. D. the unconscious stimulates our behavior.
Which among the following are qualities of an authoritarian parent? A. High level of both control and warmth. B. High level of control, and a low level of warmth. C. low level of both control control and warmth. D. low level of control, and a high level of warmth.
An individual who can find minute differences between small objects possesses which of the following? A. A good long-term memory C. A low difference threshold B. A high difference threshold D. A good short-term memory
The method of classical conditioning begins with ______________. A. the conditioned stimulus and response B. the unconditioned stimulus and conditioned response C. the unconditioned stimulus and response
LET Comprehensive Reviewer Based on NCBTS and Table of Specifications (TOS)
ANSWER KEY SOCIAL SCIENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52
A D A B A A B C A B B D A B D A A A A A A C A A A D B A A A A A C B A D A B A D C D A D C B D D D B A C
53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104
D C C B A C C B C A A C D D C C B B B B A B B A C C A C B C C D C B B B A D A A C B C D B A A A A A A A
105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156
A A A C C D C A D B C C B C A B B C D D D A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C B D B B D A B D D D B A B A
157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208
A C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A D B A B B A A A A B A A A A A C B A D B C A C A C D A C C A A C D D B C
209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217
D A C A D C B C C
MATHEMATICS Choose the letter of the correct answer. 1. A business man had incurred the following expenses in his trips to the Visayan Islands: P5100.00, P4600.00, and P3200.00. What was his total expense for the trip? A. P16000 C. 17000 B. P16700 D. 17500
2. Ms. Tonelada weighed 60 kg. She lost 4 kg on her first week of exercise, gained 2 kg on her second week, lost 6 kg on the 3rd week and remained her weight during the fourth week. What was her weight on the 4th week? A. 52 kg C. 68 kg B. 58 kg D. 72 kg
3. A group of young people from four countries gathered together for an international conference: 40 from Manila, 60 from Japan, 35 from Thailand and 45 from Singapore. The participants will form discussion group with equal number of members from each country in each group. What is the greatest number of discussion groups that can be formed? A. 5 C. 20 B. 15 D. 25
4. During summer, a lady visits Baguio every 6 days, and his best friend every days. If they visited Baguio last April 11, what was the earliest date did both of them visits Baguio again? A. April 21 C. May 5 B. April 23 D. May 11
5. In a survey to determine the reaction of people about having a new GSIS card, 80% of the 2,400 people voted in favor of the new card. How many of the votes did not vote for the new card? A. 1920 C. 800 B. 1600 D. 480
6. Lulu spends 15% of her monthly income for house rental, 10% for electric bill and 25% for food and other miscellaneous expenses, after paying all these expenses, she still has P6,000 left. How much does she earn every month? A. P15,000.00 C. 9,000.00 B. P12,000.00 D. 8,000.00
7. If 500 or 25% of a graduating class are girls, how many are graduating? A. 2,000 C. 10,000 B. 5,000 D. 20,000 8.
A man sleeps 6 hours a day. What is the ratio of the time he is asleep to the time he is awake? A. 1:6 C. 1:3 B. 1:4 D.1:2 1
9. A recipe calls for ¾ cup of sugar. How much sugar should be used if only ½ of the quantities given in the recipe is to be prepared? A. ¾ C. 1/2 B. 2/3 D. 3/8
10. If a picture frame is 27 cm long and 18 cm wide, what is the ratio of its length to its width? A. 3:2 C. 3:5 B. 2:3 D. 5:3
11. Five bananas weigh as much as 3 star apples. In this rate, how many star apples will weigh as much as 45 bananas? A. 27 C. 33 B. 30 D. 36
12. It takes 20 men to build a building for 60 days. Assuming that all men work at this rate, how many men will be needed to build the same building in 15 days? A. 5 C. 100 B. 80 D. 120
13. The ratio of the number of carabaos, goats and cows in a farm is 5:1:2. If there are 48 animals of these kinds in his backyard, how many of them are goats? A. 2 C. 6 B. 4 D. 8
14. A defective ruler was found to be 11.5 in long. Using this ruler, Samuel was found to be 4 ft tall. What is Samuel’s actual height? A. 4 ft 2 in C. 3 ft 11.5 in B. 4 ft 4 in D. 3 ft 10 in 15. Which of the following lengths is the longest? A. 555 cm B. 5.5 m
C. .005 km D. 5555 mm
16. One-fifth of the width and one-fourth of the length of a rectangular cardboard is cut off. What part of the original cardboard is the area of the remaining piece? A. 30% of the original area C. 50% of the original area B. 40% of the original area D. 60% of the original area
17. If the area of a triangle is 1 sq unit and its height is unit, what is the length of its base? A. 1 unit C. 3 units B. 2 units D. 4 units
18. What is the radius of a circle whose area is 25 cm2? A. 25 cm C. 5 cm B. 25 cm D. 5 cm 2
19. Refer to the figure given: m 2 = 55 degree and m 3 = 80 degree. What is m 4?
A. 95 degree B. 105 degree
C. 115 degree D. 135 degree
20. The sum of three consecutive integers is 96. What are the integers? A. 31, 32, 33 C. 30, 32, 34 B. 32, 33, 34 D. 33, 34, 35
21. What is the simplest form of the expression? A. -2x + 4y - 17 C. 2x + 4y - 17 B. 2x + 4y + 17 D. 2x + 4y
22. If x = 1 and y = 2, what is the value of the expression 9 2 15 − 2
7 2 17 − 4
23. At 25% discount, Ms. Barat paid P150.75 for a bag. What was the original price of the bag? A. P37.69 C. 201.00 B. P150.75 D. 603.00 24. An elevator can carry a maximum load of 605 kg. How many passengers of weight 50.5 kg each can the elevator hold? A. 12 C. 11 B. 11.9 D. 10 25. The ratio of the number of red, green and blue balls in a box is 2:5”6. How many green marbles are there if there are 52 marbles in all? A. 4 C. 20 B. 8 D. 24
MATHEMATICS 1 2
26. Mrs. Dinah Tah Tanda divided her lot among her 4 children. The first got 3 ha, the second 3 1 4
ha, the third 3 ha and the fourth 3 ha. How big is Mrs. Tanda’s lot? 5
A. 12 ha 14 B. 13 ha
C. 13 ha 60 D. 14 ha
27. A room is 30 ft long, 25 ft wide and 14 ft high. If 42 balloons are inside the room. How many cubic feet of space does this allow for each balloon? A. 25 C. 250 B. 69 D. 690
28. What is the volume of air in an atmospheric balloon with a diameter of 24 cm? A. 144 cm3 C. 570 cm3 B. 240 cm3 D. 2304 cm3
29. A photograph measuring 7 1⁄2 cm by 5 cm is enlarged so that the longer side is 24 cm. What is the length (in cm) of the shorter side? A. 36 C. 6 B. 16 D. 1.6
30. A man accepts a position at P14,250 basic salary with an agreement that he will receive a 2% increase every year for 3 years. What will his salary be at the end of 3 years? A. P14,950.00 C. P15,122.21 B. P15,105.00 D. P16,500.00
31. In a university, the ratio of female professors to the male professors is 8:5. If there are 75 male professors, how many are female professors? A. 120 C. 225 B. 180 D. 375/8
32. A farmer can plow same field? A. B.
of a hectare in 1 hr. At this rate, in how many hours will 5 farmers plow the
33. A building 25 m tall casts a shadow 10 m long. How long is the shadow of a 5-fot girl standing beside the building? A. 2 ft C. 10 ft B. 2.5 ft D. 250 ft
34. What is the maximum number of books, each 1.4 cm thick that can be put vertically in a shelf which is 64 cm long? A. 44 C. 46 B. 45 D. 64
35. If the exchange rate of US dollars to pesos is $1 = Php47.90. What is the value of Php1 in American cents? A. 02 C. 2 B. 479 D. 4.79
36. In a bundle of new 100 bills, the bills are consecutively numbered RTC3432260 to RTC343228. How much is the total amount of the bills? A. 3200 C. 3400 B. 3300 D. 3500
37. In a card game, a player got the following scores: 35, -60, -40, 80. -100, 25. -25. What is his final score? A. -115 C. 85 B. -85 D. 115
38. A meter stick was cut into 2 at the 25 cm mark. What is the ratio of the a smaller piece to the larger piece? A. 1:3 C. 3:4 B. 2:5 D. 4:5
39. How many cm are there in 2 m and 550 mm? A. 75 C. 2055 B. 255 D. 2550 40. The first 5 numbers in a sequence are 2,3,5,8 and 12. What is the 7 th number in the sequence? A. 15 C. 23 B. 19 D. 25
41. A teacher wants to group her pupils into groups of 3 or 5 or 6. However, she found out that if she do that there will always be 1 pupil left. What is the least possible number of pupils in the class? A. 81 C. 21 B. 31 D. 11
42. What measure of central tendency can best describe the size of t-shirts commonly used by teenagers? A. Mean C. Mode B. Median D. Both A and C
43. The following are the results of the recent achievement test in Mathematics of the four divisions. Division I II III IV
Mean 34 34 23 20
Standard deviation 4.5 3.0 1.0 2.0
Which division performed best? A. I B. II
C. III D. IV
44. An empty box weighs 1.3 kilos. A Math book weighs 1.5 kilos. Which expression gives the weight of the box when filled with y Math books? A. 1.3y + 1.5 C. 1.3 +1.5 y B. 1.5y +1.3 D. 1.3y +1.5y
45. A man invested Php100,000. He put part of it in a bank at 5% interest. On the other hand, he invested the remainder on bonds with a 9% yearly return. How much did he put in the bank if his yearly income from the two investments was Php7,400? A. Php40,000.00 C. Php60,000.00 B. Php50,000.00 D.Php70,000.00
46. How much liquid containing 6% boric acid should to be mixed with 2 quarts of a liquid that is 15% boric acid in order to obtain a solution that is 12% boric acid? A. 1 quart C. 3 quarts B. 2 quarts D. 5 quarts
47. A man, 32 years old, has a son 8 years of age. In how many years will the man be twice as old as his son? A. 16 years C. 32 years B. 24 years D. 48 years
48. What is the probability of getting a multiple of 3 when a die is tossed? A. 1/6 C. 1/3 B. ¼ D. 1//2 49. In how many ways can 5 basketball players be chosen from a group of 9 players? A. 126 C. 15,120 B. 212 D. 362,880
50. The graph shows the number of socks, belts, Handkerchiefs and neckties sold by a store in one week.
Number of items
Items Sold by Store
The names of the items are missing from the graph. Socks were the item most often sold, and fewer neckties than any other item were sold. More belts than handkerchiefs were sold. How many belts were sold? A. 80 B. 90
C. 120 D. 140
SCIENCE 1. Why do you seasons occur on Earth? A. The sun rotates on its axis. B. Earth revolves on its axis. C. Earth’s axis is tilted. D. Earth rotates on its axis.
2. Which part of the flower develops into fruits? A. Ovule B. Ovary C. Petal D. Anther
3. Trace the energy transformation when a flashlight is on. A. chemical light electrical B. electrical chemical light C. chemical electrical light D. electrical light chemical
4. Which of the following is the unit of structure all living thing? A. Tissue B. Organ C. Cell D. Muscle
5. Which is the correct sequence of the stages of mitosis? A. Telophase, Anaphase, Metaphase, Prophase B. Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Prophase C. Anaphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Telophase D. Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase 6. The Propulsion of jets and rockets is based on Newton’s Law of ________. A. Acceleration B. Interaction C. Inertia D. Gravitation
7. Why are shadows formed? A. Light travels through opaque objects. B. Light is reflected. C. Light is refracted. D. Light travels in a straight line.
8. What produces the tremendous energy of the sun? A. Nuclear disintegration B. Nuclear fission C. Nuclear fusion D. Nuclear decomposition
9. Which has a higher specific heat? A. Sand B. Water C. Soil D. Wood
10. Sound travels fastest in ________. A. Gas B. Liquid C. Solid D. Air
11. Which explain the absence of weather on the moon? A. Moon rotates on its axis fast. B. Moon revolves very fast. C. Moon’s gravity is high. D. Moon has no atmosphere.
12. Which law states that heat flows from bodies at high temperature to one at low temperature? A. Thermodynamics B. Energy change C. Transformation of Energy D. Retention of Energy
13. Which atomic particle determines the isotope of an element? A. Positron B. Proton C. Electron D. Neutron 14. Who proposed the theory of evolution that is based on natural selection? A. Watson B. Darwin C. Lamarck D. Mendel 15. What gas is released during photosynthesis? A. Carbon Dioxide B. Oxygen C. Nitrogen 9
D. Hydrogen 16. Which instrument is used to detect earthquake intensity? A. Anemometer B. Barograph C. Seismograph D. Clinometer
17. Which of the following radioactive emissions are arranged in the order of increasing penetrating power? A. Alpha, Gamma, Alpha B. Alpha, Beta, Gamma C. Gamma, Beta, Alpha D. Beta, Gamma, Alpha
18. When light falls on soap bubbles, the band of seven colors seen is due to A. Diffraction B. Reflection C. Scattering D. Interference
19. Why can mirrors form clear images? A. Light is regularly refracted. B. Light is irregularly reflected. C. The angle of incidence is equal to angle of reflection. D. The angle of reflection is equal to the angle of refraction.
20. Why do we see the sun rising in the east? A. Earth rotates from west to east. B. Earth revolves from east to west. C. Earth rotates from east to west. D. Earth’s axis is tilted.
21. A community of living organisms interacting with their nonliving environment constitutes a/an. A. Population B. Ecosystem C. Species D. Biosphere
22. Choose a possible food chain. A. Corn rat B. Corn man C. Rise rat D. Rice eat
cat cat man rat
23. In the energy pyramid which is at the highest point? A. Second order producers B. Producers C. First order consumers D. Third order consumers
24. Which of the following pairs demonstrates symbiosis? A. Man and lice B. Monkey and banana C. Chick and corn plant D. Butterfly and bean flower
25. The zigzag road to Baguio represents which kind of simple machine? A. Lever B. Wheel and axle C. Wedge D. Inclined Plane
26. Why does mercury in a thermometer rise when in contact with hot water? A. Heat increases the number of molecules. B. Heat makes molecules become bigger and farther apart. C. Heat makes molecules move faster and farther apart. D. Heat makes the molecules move slower.
27. Which blood type is a universal donor? A. A B. O C. AB D. B
28. Which nerve transmits the message received to the center of hearing in the brain? A. Sensory B. Optic C. Olfactory D. Auditory 29. Which disease affects the air sacs of the lungs and is common among cigarette smokers? A. Asthma B. Tuberculosis C. Emphysema D. Tracheal disorder 30. What type of joint is responsible for bending our arms and legs? A. Hinge B. Pivot C. Ball and socket 11
D. Sliding 31. Which protein found in the plasma is responsible for blood clotting? A. Globulin B. Albumin C. Serum D. Fibrinogen
32. Which pat of the brain is responsible for memory and intelligence? A. Cerebellum B. Cerebrum C. Medulla D. Thalamus
33. The Philippines belong to a type of biome called _______. A. deciduous forest B. taiga C. tropical rainforest D. grassland
34. The factors that significantly contribute to an increase in human population are ________. A. immigration and natality B. emigration and natality C. immigration and mortality D. emigration and mortality
35. What is the common cause of the temporary wilting of plants at noon? A. Increased condensation B. Rapid respiration C. Rapid transpiration D. Increased oxidation
36. How can we identify a dicot leaf from a monocot leaf? A. A dicot leaf has a smooth surface B. A dicot leaf has netted venation. C. A dicot leaf has parallel venation. D. A dicot leaf has a wide margin.
37. When the stems of vines grow around poles of fences, what kind of response is exhibited? A. Geotropism B. Thigmotropism C. Hydrotropism D. Phototropism
38. Which of the following is the greatest contributor to our “greenhouse effect”? A. Increase of Oxygen B. Leaching of the soil C. Increase of herbivores D. Cutting forest trees
39. Why does a tree slowly die when its bark all around it is removed? A. The cambium is injured. B. The phloem vessels are cut. C. The tree cannot manufacture food. D. Its protective layer is cut.
40. Which of the method of growing vegetables and low plants in a nutrient-packed, aerated solution with no soil at all? A. Vegetative cultivation B. Natural farming C. Hydroponics D. Aerial cultivation
41. When you carry a heavy load with one arm, you tend to hold your free hand away from your body in order to A. Change the weight of your body and load B. Change the mass of your body C. Be ready to grab something in case you fall D. Change the center of gravity of your body and load
42. Why are door knobs placed at the edge of a door rather than in the center? A. To increase the lever arm B. To increase the force on the door C. To help give more momentum to the door D. Closer to the edge of the doorway
43. Why is the dam built wider at the bottom than at the top? A. To withstand the greater pressure at the bottom B. To balance the pressure at the top C. It holds up the dam better than at the center D. It anchors the dam better 44. Archimedes’ principle states that an object is buoyed up by a force that is equal to the ___________. A. volume of the fluid B. weight of the fluid displaced C. mass of the fluid displaced D. mass of the object
45. When an ice cube in a glass of water melts, the water level ___________. A. falls B. remains the same C. rises D. varies
46. Two pots of the same size are filled with boiling water. One pot is colored white and the other is black. In which pot will water cool faster? A. Will cool at the same rate B. In white pot C. In black pot D. In both pots
47. You inherited tallness from your father. Physical traits are transmitted from parents to offsprings through ____________. A. gametes B. chromosomes C. alleles D. genes
48. The handle of a spoon dipped in a cup of hot water becomes warm. What is the method of hest transfer? A. Condensation B. Radiation C. Convention D. Conduction
49. The force required to maintain an object at a constant speed in free space is equal to ____________. A. weight of the object B. mass of the object C. zero D. force required to stop
50. Two people pull on a rope in a tug- of- war, each pull with a 400 N force. What is the tension of the rope? A. 800 N B. 0 C. 400 N D. 200 N
51. Why does a pressure cooker cook food faster? I. Water boils faster. II. It raises the boiling point of water. III. It raises the cooking temperature of food. IV. It is tightly closed. A. B. C. D.
II and III I, II and IV I, II and III II and IV
52. You noticed that big industries have tower – like tall stacks. What is the structure for? A. To control emission of hazardous gases B. To induce rain and air pressure C. To get enough air from the atmosphere D. To make the interior cool 53. Steam burns are more damaging than burns caused by boiling water because steam ________. A. Has a higher temperature than boiling water B. Has more energy per kilogram than boiling water C. Is vapor of water molecules during boiling D. Occupy more spaces that water during boiling 54. The removal of broken pieces of rocks from the parent rock by the action of wind of water is termed ___________. A. Erosion B. Deposition C. Weathering D. Silting 55. The voltage across a transformer primarily coil that has 100 turns is 10 V. What is the voltage across the secondary coil which has 20 V turns? A. 100 V B. 10 V C. 2 V D. 20V
56. Trace the conversion of energy that occurs when plants manufacture food. A. Radiant energy to chemical energy B. Radiant energy to kinetic energy C. Mechanical energy to potential energy D. Light energy to kinetic energy
57. Riders in a bus are pushed forward during a sudden stop. Which law of motion provides an explanation? A. Law of Inertia B. Law of Interaction C. Law of Universal Gravitation D. Hooke’s Law 15
58. What type of eclipses occurs when the moon is directly between the sun and the earth? A. Partial Lunar B. Lunar C. Stellar D. Solar
59. In our daily weather forecast, the region where two tropical wind system converge, characterized by showers and widespread thunderstorm is called ______. A. Warm and cold fronts B. Intertropical convergent zone C. Tradewinds D. Local disturbance
60. While travelling at night, you lost direction. Which star should you look for and in what constellation? I. Polaris II. Rigel III. Ursa Minor IV. Ursa Major A. B. C. D.
I and IV II and III II and III II and IV
61. At present, a patient fights cancer either by surgery or by drug treatment called A. Irradiation B. Viral treatment C. Chemotherapy D. Immune therapy
62. The U.S was able to produce a test-tube baby through a process called A. Gene pairing B. Internal fertilization C. Protoplast fusion D. In vitro fertilization
63. Patients suffering from malfunction of the kidney are now assisted by a machine that serves as artificial kidney called ______. A. Hemoscope B. Pacemaker C. Hemodializer D. Homeostatic machine
64. The sun appears more reddish at sunset than at noon. Which of the following phenomena is responsible for this effect? A. Dispersion B. Reflection C. Scattering D. Interference
65. Why do we hear thunder some seconds after seeing lightning? A. Light travels faster than sound. B. Sound travels at 1,331 m/s. C. Sound is released later actually. D. Light appears brighter in the sky.
1. What does a professional code of ethics prescribe for all? A. Moral standards and ethical behavior. B. Rules and regulations in practicing the profession C. Strict implementation of laws of the land D. Civic-mindedness and social consciousness 2. “Man is to be hailed as a social being.” What does this line mean? A. He necessarily attends social events. B. He must introduce himself in social gatherings. C. He does not live only for himself. D. He does not need other people
3. At the base of a triangle that shapes us into what we are, is one of the following. Which one? A. Environment B. Heredity C. Training D. School attended 4. What does “presumption of innocence” mean in so far as human rights is concerned? A. A suspect is considered guilty until proven otherwise. B. A suspect has the right to remain silent. C. A suspect has the right to legal counsel. D. A suspect remains innocent until proven guilty.
5. No person may be elected as President of the Philippines unless he/she is a ______. A. natural born citizen B. residents for at least 2 year C. at least 21 years old D. professional
6. What do we call a typical social structure which describe a pattern through which relationships at work are ordered? A. Technological B. Communistic C. Capitalistic D. Bureaucratic
7. A society cannot exist without a government. Which word is synonymous with government? A. Domination B. Authority C. Restraint D. Check-and-balance
8. What does a “nuclear family” consist of? A. Grandfathers, and grandmothers B. Father, mother, sons and daughters C. Sons, daughters and cousins D. Sons, daughters and in-laws 9. What does “capital” in economic refer to? A. Investment and loss computed B. Outcome of a business transaction C. Money/ machines invested to transact business D. Profit and labor spent for the business 10. Which of the four pillars of education for the 21 st century is crucial in the light of conflicts between Israel and Palestine? A. Learning to do B. Learning to be C. Learning to live together D. Learning to know
11. Which is the most important element of a state? A. People B. Government C. Territory D. Sovereignty
12. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, what are the three fundamentals human rights? A. Life, liberty and Self-development B. Life, liberty and Security C. Life, dignity and security D. Life, dignity and self-development 13. What form of government is characterized by the separation of power?\ A. Parliamentary B. Presidentially C. Aristocracy D. Monarchical 14. Who does the canvassing of votes for Presidents and Vice President in every election? A. Comelec and Chief Justice B. Senate and Congress C. Supreme Court and Congress D. Joint committee of Congress
15. All appropriations, revenue or tariff bills shall originate exclusively from the A. Senate B. Sangguniang Panlalawigan C. House of Representatives D. Department of Budget
16. What occurs when the government spends more than what it collects in the form of taxes? A. Excessive allotment B. Fiscal overspending C. Fiscal deficit D. Erroneous appropriations
17. Which department has the authority to make laws and to alter them when needed? A. Executive B. Legislative C. Judicial D. Administrative
18. When can we say that a person has values? A. Lives a life of integrity, sincerity and commitment B. Enjoys life of leisure and pleasure C. Works towards self-aggrandizement D. Lives a life of joy in the company of others
19. What is the type of cooperative which promotes thrift among members and creates funds in order to be able to grant loans? A. Service B. Producers C. Consumers D. Credit
20. One of the major functions of taxes is to finance real government expenditures. This function can simply be stated as . A. To promote development B. To ensure price stability C. To raise revenues D. Raise national security 21. Who is the general who said, “I shall return”? A monument in his honor stands in Corregidor by the bay. A. William H. Taft B. Douglas McArthur C. John Dewey D. Schurmann
22. A bill becomes a law even if not signed by the Presidents. A. 60 B. 40 C. 20 D. 30
23. Which refers to the act of the President to stay the execution of a convict? A. Commutation B. Amnesty C. Pardon D. Reprieve 24. Who has the power to declare the existence of a state of war? A. Chief Justice B. President C. Senate Presidents D. Congress 25. A loosing senatorial candidate may file a protest against the winner. What body will assume jurisdiction over the case?\ A. Supreme Court B. Electoral Tribunal C. Comelec D. Regional Trial Court 26. Which was the main vision of the DECS when it formulated Values Education Program? A. A productive society B. A globally competitive nation C. A just and humane society D. An industrialized nation 27. In 1565 Legaspi concluded a blood compact with the chief of Bohol. Who is referred to? A. Raja Sulayman B. Sikatuna C. Lakandula D. Rajah Tupas 28. How is the crime of rape classified? A. Heinous B. Homicide C. Slander D. Malicious Mischief 29. When is the United Nations Day celebrated? A. March 17 B. October 21 C. September 21 D. October 24 21
30. Which landmark located in New York City was attached by terrorists on September 11, 2001? A. Sears Tower B. Empire State Buliding C. Rockefeler Center D. World Trade Center 31. The Japanese successful invasion was climaxed by the surrender of the joint Filipino – American forces on May 6, 1942. Where did it happen? A. Bataan B. Corregidor C. Capas D. Manila
32. The Philippines objected to the advisory on travels to Mindanao by the Australian Government. What should the government do? A. Declare war against the country B. File diplomatic protest C. Recall all nationals D. Arrest their nationals
33. Foreign investors are discouraged in doing business with our country. What condition is being blamed for this? A. Deteriorating peace and order B. Poor technology C. High tariffs D. Poor standards
34. Which term refers the measures undertaken by the government which would remove anything that hinders the entry of foreign products, services and capital between countries? A. Liberalization B. Globalization C. Privatization D. Internationalization
35. Which is one of the World Heritage Sites of our country? A. Intramuros Walled City B. Palawan Underground River C. Banawe Rice Terraces D. Batanes Stone Houses 36. What do we call the sum of money collected for our use for a road, bridge and highway? A. Tax B. Assessment C. Penalty D. Toll
37. Which term refers to duties payable on goods, whether imported or exported? A. Assessment B. Tariff C. Subsidiary D. Revenue
38. What is the principal means through which culture is transmitted from generation to generation? A. Community action B. Education C. Family D. Language
39. When people are experiencing problems which may be considered global in perspective, what set of values must they possess in order to cope successfully? A. Personal authority, independence, vision B. Security, survival, self-restraints C. Intimacy, independence, security D. Work ethics, positive vision and self-acceptance
40. Material culture refers to the tangible and concrete objects produced by man. Which is a material culture? A. Stone walls of Tasadays B. Ceremonies of Ivatans C. Sinulog celebrations D. Moriones festival
41. Which human need is considered basic? A. Pleasure B. Security C. Wealth D. Order
42. Which factors determine population growth? A. Industry, investments and societal demands B. Birth rate, death rate and migration trends C. Mortality, birth control and economic growth D. Laws, government and civic responsibility
43. Which term to the social aspects of sex or to socially defined roles and expectations that are associated with sex? A. Social differentiations B. Social class C. Gender D. Cultural context
44. To which type of political system do we belong? A. Colonialism B. Totalitarianism C. Democracy D. Capitalism
45. In which form of government does power or authority resides in a few persons who govern for their own interest? A. Oligarchy B. Monarchy C. Democracy D. Parliamentary
46. Which is the biggest and most populated island of the Philippine Archipelago? A. Mindanao B. Luzon C. Cebu D. Leyte
47. In what part of the globe can we trace the International Date Line? A. North pole B. Atlantic ocean C. Pacific ocean D. South pole
48. Which of the following countries is not part of ASEAN (Southeast Asian Nations)? A. Singapore B. Thailand C. Malaysia D. Taiwan
49. What is the present population of the Philippines? A. 83 m B. 73 m C. 60 m D. 90 m
50. Which cities are three leading financial centers of the world? A. Hongkong, Paris, Rome B. London, New York, Tokyo C. Beijing, Sydney, Seoul D. Singapore, Berlin, Moscow
51. Among the development Asian nations, which of the following is widely promoted to be better solutions to poverty and unemployment? A. Privatization B. Urbanization C. Industrialization D. Importation 52. Which is the oldest university in the Philippines which was founded by the Dominicans in 1611? A. Ateneo de Manila B. University of the Philippines C. University of Santo Thomas D. San Juan de Letran 53. Who is the President who is known for his “Filipino First Policy” and Austerity Program? A. Diosdado Macapagal B. Carlos P. Garcia C. Manuel Roxas D. Ramon Magsaysay
54. Which city suffered from the first atomic bomb on August 6, 1945? A. Hiroshima B. Chernobyl C. Moscow D. Nagasaki
55. Pre-colonial trade in the Philippine was prosperous. What system did they use for their business transactions? A. Money B. Barter C. Credit D. Banking
56. Which tools were made of during the Lower Paleolithic period? A. Stones B. Bronze C. Iron D. Ceramics
ENGLISH 1. He ran for the bus and A. had jump B. jump
on. C. jumps D. jumped
2. The test was hard for Paul and A. me B. I
3. The flower smells A. sweetly B. sweet
. C. myself D. himself
. C. sweeter D. more sweet
4. The suggestions of the employees _______ appropriate. A. seems C. is B. seem D. is very
5. He is the A. most tall B. tallest
of the two brothers. C. very tall D. taller
6. After all day, she finally saw the lake. A. walking C. having walked B. had walked D. have walked
7. Be sure to fill A. over B. on
the forms correctly. C. with D. in
8. We had the A. latest B. last
news when he came. C. very last D. last of all
gone with you. A. have B. would have
C. had D. am
walked two kilometers by the time you catch up with me. A. have C. will have B. would have D. had
11. If I A. was B. am
President, I would live in Malacañang. C. should be D. were
12. The means of transportation ________ dramatically since the end of the 20 th century. A. have changed C. will change B. has changed D. will have changed
13. If I ________ the same problems you had as a child, I might not have succeeded in life as well as you have. A. should C. have B. had D. would have
14. If I could speak English well, I _____ next year studying in the States. A. has spend C. would spend B. Would have spent D. will spent
15. I live in a house ______ of the road. A. in the side B. beside
C. at the side D. by the side
16. The boy likes to slide _____ the banisher. A. beside C. along B. by D. down
17. It is cooler _______ part of the garden. A. in the shaded C. render the shade B. in the shady D. on the shady
18. I cannot sleep ____ I am surrounded with books. A. if C. when B. unless D. except
19. The hawk glided ____ the mountain. A. in B. into
C. toward D. by
20. We should work for the total ban ______ of pesticides. A. with C. on the use B. on ` D. by the use
21. The Rizal Day celebration reminds us about heroes worth _______. A. appreciating C. reading about B. emulating D. studying 22. Mary’s eyes blurred because she ______ at the computer for five straight hours. A. was C. have been sitting B. had been sitting D. would have been
23. A good writer supports his generalizations with _____ examples. A. unfamiliar C. abstract B. convenient D. concrete 24. Student’s ____ near the registrar’s office to ask for their schedule. A. crowd C. stay idling B. congregate D. disperse
25. She will retire soon because she ____ working hard so long. A. has been C. have been B. had been D. was 26. “He is the black sheep in the family.” Which figure of speech is used? A. synonym C. metaphor B. simile D. hyperbole
27. The hostages are free. They paid their way. What does this statement tell us. A. They escaped after paying B. After paying ransom they were released. C. They negotiated peacefully. D. They were freed without ransom. 28. October 10 is a “red letter day” for the Chinese. Classify this expression. A. Idiom C. Metaphor B. Simile D. Synonyms
29. Space age ____ on October 21, 1957 when Sputnik was launched by the Soviet Union. A. commenced C. ended B. cited D. flourished
30. When he completed the assignment, he it was well done. A. realize C. worsens B. had realized D. maddens
31. The slow traffic _____ me. A. aggravates B. irritates
C. worsens D. maddens
32. He was as helpless as a child. Classify this statement. A. Simile C. Synonym B. Idioms D. Metaphor 33. The statement, “She is a rose” is an example of a _____. A. Idiom C. Simile B. Metaphor D. Hyperbole
34. Because the moon rotates on its axis at the same time as it _______ around the earth, we see the same side always. A. revolve C. has been revolving B. is revolving D. revolves
35. Children who have been exposed too much to TV suffer from unusually short _______. A. learning C. concentration B. understanding D. attention span
36. People who are too ______ are liable to be deceived by unscrupulous individuals. A. demanding C. cynical B. credulous D. wary
37. News travels as fast as the wind. This statement is a/an ________. A. simile C. idiom B. metaphor D. synonym 38. She wrote a “first rate” report. What does it say about the report? A. Ordinary C. Mediocre B. Excellent D. Run-of-the-mill 39. “A man is known by the company he keeps.” This is an example of a ______. A. report C. poem B. rule D. proverb
40. His apocalyptic views seemed to doom the human race. This is to be taken as _____. A. apathetic C. prophetic B. lethargic D. spiritless
41. Our guest of honor was a loquacious speaker. This means ________. A. reserved C. reticent B. verbose D. spiritless
42. Except for the profanity, I liked the story. What is the story about? A. Shamelessness C. Worldliness B. Kinds words D. Obscenities
43. She has a penchant for red accessories. This indicates ________. A. strong aversion C. fondness B. dislike D. avoidance
44. Stop shilly- shallying and make up your mind. This serves as warning not to _______. A. go ahead C. decide B. hesitate D. continue
45. My grandma had some lucid moments before she died. This means _______. A. confused C. clear thinking B. ambiguous D. sad
46. The speech was full of gobbledygook. What does this mean? A. Jargon C. Ideas B. Sense D. Facts 47. “She is a vision of feminine pulchritude.” This stands for ________. A. homeliness C. plain B. loveliness D. simple
48. The statue was erected in _______ to war heroes. A. protection C. irreverence B. defense D. Homage 49. She was a “Phantom of Delight” connotes that the woman is _______ A. real C. an illusion B. lovely D. virtuo 50. The line, “Under the bludgeoning of chance, My head is bloody but unbowed” depicts the person’s _________. A. determination C. confidence B. courage D. optimism 51. Who is the author of “Without seeing the Dawn”? A. Maximo Ramos C. Paz M. Benitez B. Magdalena Jalandoni D. Stevan Javellana 30
52. Which among these is Nick Joaquin’s pen name? A. Douglas Quijano C. Mang Niko B. Quijano de Manila D. Santa Claus 53. “It is only with the heart that one can see rightly.” This line means _______. A. important things are invisible to the heart B. only the heart can see the beautiful things in life C. the heart is always correct about everything D. The heart is visible if one is kind. 54. “I prefer a government run like hell by Filipinos rather than one run by foreigners.” Who said this famous statement? A. Manuel L. Quezon C. Apolinario Mabini B. Jose Rizal D. Emilio Aguinaldo
55. Our favorite song goes, No man is an island, No man stands alone, Each man’s joy is joy to me Each man’s grief is my own, What does this song express? A. Solitude B. Independence
C. Brotherhood D. Individualization
56. ”My loyalty to my party ends where my loyalty to my country begin,” Who said this famous quotation? A. Manuel L. Quezon B. B. Manuel Roxas
C. Carlos P. Romulo D. Ferdinand E. Marcos
57. What does the expression “love begets love” mean? A. Love is offered, not waiting for love in return. B. If you offer love, you will be loved in return. C. Don’t expect love, though your love others. D. Love is not freely expected from everyone. 58. Who said The Filipino is worth dying for?” A. Benigno Aquino Sr. B. Jose Rizal
C.. Andres Bonifacio D. Carlos P. Garcia
59. The famous line goes, “A thing of beauty is a ______ forever.” A. joy C. vision B. dream D. good 31
LITERATURE 60. Archimedes shouted “Eurika!” What did we take this to mean? A. Wonderful C. Mystery B. Enjoyment D. Discovery 61. “I die just when the dawn breaks to herald the day.” This is a famous quote from A. Andres Bonifacio C. Benigno Aquino B. Jose P. Rizal D. Manuel L. Quezon 62. Shakespeare once said. “My honor is my life, both grow as one, take honor from me and my life is gone,” What is the correct interpretation for this? A. His life is determined by his honor B. He values honor as much as his life C. He prefers honor instead of life D. He values life before honor 63. “Run from anything that gives you the evil thought...... but stay close to anything that makes you want to do right.” It is about defeating ______. A. wrong decisions C. temptation B. righteousness D. faith 64. Thomas Carlyle said “The man without a purpose is like a ship without a rudder-a waif.....”It could be interpreted as ________. A. there should be sufficient energy in one’s life. B. one’s life doesn’t need to be controlled. C. direction can never come into one’s life’ D. there should be a strong driving force in one’s life. 65. The bible tells us, “There is a right time and a right way to do everything.” A. Plan well your words and deeds. B. You can determine your own time. C. Your time is yours and nobody else. D. Say and do things anytime.
66. Our commitments can develop us or they can destroy us, but either way, they will define us. Choose the line below that has the same meaning. A. Our lives are shaped by what we are committed to. B. Our commitments need to be planed way ahead. C. We must make full commitment is what we need today. D. Half-heated commitment is what we need today.
67. Who wrote about the ill fated love affair of Jose Rizal and Leonor Rivera? A. Francisco B. Icasiano C. Arturo R. Rotor B. Nick Joaquin D. Zoilo Galang 32
68. What is known as a body of poetry, which originated from among the common people of England? A. Ode C. Lyric Poems B. Ballad D. Elegy
69. What is a distinguishing characteristic of a sonnet? A. 31-syllable poem C. 16-line lyric B. 14-line lyric D. 17-syllable poem 70. “If eyes were made for seeing, then ______ is its own excuse for being.” A. beauty C. friendship B. love D. joy 71. What season is it, with the line, “He ruffles every lily-pond? Where blossoms kiss and part.” A. Spring C. Autumn B. Winter D. Summer 72. The line from the Koran. “Woe to every backbiter,” talks of _______. A. anguish for those who defend unrighteousness B. misery for those who talks ill of others C. punishment for those who say good things D. sorrow for those who oppose other’s opinion 73. “The Lord is my Shepherd; I shall not want......” is an expression of one’s A. love for self C. blind ignorance B. poverty D. total submission to God
74. Who is considered the most outstanding among Filipino Playwrights in English? A. Wilfredo Ma. Guerrero C. Severino Montano B. Carlos P. Romulo D. Leon Ma. Guerrero