LDAC Blue Book 2012

April 17, 2018 | Author: ibleadley | Category: Hypothermia, Reconnaissance, Armed Conflict, Nature
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Descripción: Practice OPORDS. SQD at 25, PLT at 65....

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WARRIOR FORGE 2012

Squad / Patrol STX Training Evaluator Handbook

Table of contents Initial T/E Guidance Standard Policies T/E briefings to cadets MEDEVAC Procedures CRMs and Safety AAR and Evaluation Guides STX and Patrolling Timelines Cadet Counseling Miscellaneous Notes

3 4 6 11 14 15 18 20 21

WF-12 STX/Patrolling ROE Example Green Card with Admin Data

22 23

STX STX STX STX STX STX STX STX STX STX STX STX

opord opord opord opord opord opord opord opord opord opord opord opord

A B C D E F G H I J K L

1/21/41/61 2/29/42/66 3/23/43/63 4/24/44/64 5/25/45/65 6/26/46/66 9/27/49/67 8/28/48/68 9/29/49/69 10/30/50/70 11/31/51/71 12/32/52/72

MTC RECON ATTACK ATTACK AMBUSH MTC ATTACK RECON AMBUSH ATTACK AMBUSH ATTACK

25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47

STX STX STX STX STX STX STX STX

opord opord opord opord opord opord opord opord

M N O P Q R S T

13/33/53/73 14/34/54/74 15/35/55/75 19/38/57/77 17/37/56/76 18/36/58/78 16/39/59/79 20/40/60/80

MTC AMBUSH RECON AMBUSH ATTACK AMBUSH ATTACK RECON

49 51 53 55 57 59 61 63

PTL PTL PTL PTL

orders orders orders orders

RAID AMBUSH AREA RECON CORDON AND SEARCH

65 68 71 74

84/90/96/98 82/85/88/91/94/97 83/86/89/92/95/100 81/87/93/99

Mission variables (DEVELOPMENTAL CHALLENGES) AAR procedures SOI Maneuver Committee (JACKAL TEAM) Handbook

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77 78 79 81-120

INITIAL GUIDANCE FOR ALL TRAINER / EVALUATORS 1. The TE will perform an objective evaluation of Cadets for all 17 leadership dimensions during simulated combat operations in a contemporary operational environment IAW current squad and platoon Infantry doctrine. 2. Trainer Evaluators epitomize the professional warrior. Your actions as a TE will either inspire or degrade trust, confidence, and respect. TE’s are: -

Mentally and physically tough. Masters of Doctrine, Tactics, and Techniques. Mature and tolerant in thought, word, and deed.

3. When evaluating Cadets, be consistent and fair. Leadership performance is evaluated on doctrinal principles. Do not grade on technique or personal feelings, but strictly on the student application of what he has been taught and his ability to lead others. 4. Ground rules for TE’s: - Control the situation. You are ultimately responsible for the effective training, the safety and the accountability of your squad and the OPFOR on your assigned lane. - The standard for evaluation is always, ―what is reasonably expected of an MS3 cadet‖ - Place responsibility on Cadet to demonstrate leadership -

attributes in a tactical environment. Be totally professional. Don’t let Cadet and OPFOR interactions devolve into physicality. Observe the same tactical constraints as the Cadet. Do not compromise the students’ mission. Avoid sarcasm, cadets do not understand it. Be positive; avoid being completely negative with Cadet. Don’t ignore a mistake; always correct it even if it is one on one. On all written requirements (Green Cards and SPOT’s) be as detailed as possible; paint the picture of what happened, good and bad, the evaluations board needs this information.

5. Bottom line – All Cadets whether they earn an E, S, or N, are confident that this is the best military training they have received in their career and the TE’s were 100% professional.

3

STANDARD PROCEDURES INCOMING TE 1. Attend morning Safety Brief given by the Team, 0500hrs at the TTB assembly area. 2. Receive any Special Guidance by your company Chain-of-Command. 3. Inspect and sign for the TE equipment / sensitive items. 4. Ensure you have no less than 2 fully charged batteries for your radio. 5. Once the Cadets are turned over to TE’s get accountability of your patrol. 6. Inspect Cadets ensuring that: a. All sensitive items are accounted for (AT – 4, weapons, claymores, radios, and CLS bag) b. Cadets are dressed appropriately for movement. 7. ID any Cadets that are injured, sick, on medication, or on profile. 8. Issue safety brief to your squad.

OUTGOING TE 1. Conduct a sensitive items check and 100% accountability before releasing Cadets to the TTB. 2. Ensure last missions Cadets are counseled and Green Cards are signed. 3. Completed your final AAR 4. Turn in all green cards to the Co CP.

POLICIES LOST CADET POLICY (CADRE) General. Accountability of students is a primary task of all instructors and leaders in the Tactics Committee. Maintaining accurate accountability and control of students will minimize the possibility of lost students. Land navigation exercises, individual and team movements, and night tactical training are examples of training with increased risk of lost students. For this reason, all instructors must be familiar with the lost student procedures. The Lost Student Procedure is as follows: a. Every exercise will be given an L-hour. L-hour is defined as the designated time that the lost student was separated from the patrol during the mission exercise.

b. L hour activities include: 1) The TE will immediately take a roll call and determine the name and roster number of the missing Cadet(s). 2) Attempt to determine where the Cadet(s) was last seen. 3) Immediately notify Company, who will notify Team and Tactics commander. 4) Conduct a search for the missing Cadet(s). 5) Continue to look for the Cadet(s) and follow the instructions received from the Co leadership

c. L+1 hour activities include: 1) The Team will notify the Tactics S3/XO and update the lost student’s Regiment Commander. 2) The Team will have rovers continue to Patrol all roads and trails. 3) The Company will develop a phased search plan based on the route taken by the Patrol. Phase 1 will incorporate TE’s from the company walking the route from the lost Cadet(s) last known point to his next point. The plan will also include walking routes parallel to 4

that of the lost Cadet(s) and follow any low ground in the vicinity of his route. Phase 2 is a more extensive search that systematically covers all the terrain in the area and works outward. Search criteria: last known or suspected location or route, dividing the terrain into manageable search areas, using known or easily identifiable terrain features/physical structures as boundaries. 4) The Team Commander will initiate a radio alert to the remainder of his unit to report to a designated location at L+2. 5) The Company Commander and 1SG will secure all GE/Motorola radios, flashlights, maps, protractors and extra batteries and bring them to the designated location.

d. L+2 hour activities include: 1) The Team updates the Tactics S3/XO. 2) The Tactics S3/XO will notify the Tactics Chief 3) All members ofwith the LCE company will report tocase a designated location in field uniform (canteens full in student is dehydrated and needs water), flashlight, map, protractor, radio, compass, and cold weather gear as required. 4) The Company Commander will brief the company on the search plan. 5) The Company Commander/1SG will divide the company into search parties, assign them an area, and issue each team a GE/Motorola radio and call sign. Call signs and search areas will be recorded for control. 6) The company will begin searching for the lost student. 7) The Team Commander notifies Tactics XO/S3 TOC that the search has begun.

EQUIPMENT ACCOUNTABILITY 1. Accountability is the responsibility of the Cadets and TE’s. Equipment loss is an indication of poor discipline, teamwork, and supervision. 2. TE’s will conduct a white light search any time the patrol has been stationary for more than 30 minutes (wait until students depart the area). 3. TE’s will report lost equipment (non-sensitive) to the CO CP. If after a reasonable search (30 minutes) the equipment is not found, continue the mission. Co / 1SG will coordinate transportation and direct how long to continue the search after the identified loss. 4. CO/1SG will determine if the lost item is a sensitive or High Dollar item. 5. If the lost item is not deemed sensitive or High Dollar by the CO/1SG, then the TE Walker will issue a Spot report and have the student fill out a lost/ damaged statement. 6. If a sensitive or High Dollar item is lost: a. Immediately b. TE halt the patrol c. Determine when and where the equipment was lost d. Conduct an administrative search of the area e. 30 Minutes f. TE notify CO CP and Team Commander of missing equipment g. Tactics Commander uses driver’s to seal of the roads leading in and out of the squad’s area to prevent people from entering and exiting h. 1 Hour i. CO Commander notifies the Team Commander j. 2 Hours k. CO Commander / 1SG uses other squads in the company to help with the search l. 3 Hours m. Team recalls OPFOR Platoon to search (Tactics CDR Approval) 5

TE TECHNIQUES The following are things all Cadets have been briefed on and you enforce: 1. All Cadets in the proper uniform (gloves, eyepro, knee/elbow pad) with weapon everywhere they go during training. 2. They will be with their Battle Buddy at all times. (Within arm’s reach) 3. Students must go through TE before going to the medics for any reason. 4. Students will not go to the latrine except in designated areas. (Skookums)

DAILY STUDENT BRIEF 1. This brief covers the daily safety requirements that the TE must brief students on. Each day the TE walker will give this briefing to the students upon arrival at TTB. 2. The briefing includes actions to be taken for the following: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l.

Introduction Roll Call Lost Cadet Handling of Weapons, Pyrotechnics and Ammunition Equipment Security and Care Hot Weather Considerations Wildlife, Snakes, Bears, Bees, Poisonous Plants and Insects Bug checks Conduct towards OPFOR Emergency/Special situations (notify TE) Injured TE procedures Patrol Expectations

a. Introduction (Read to Cadets) This briefing is written in narrative format. The Trainer Evaluator reads only the items that are applicable for the particular training day and problem. “Good morning Cadets, I am LTC/MSG/CPT_____, I am your SQD walker for today.

My job is to evaluate, coach , teach, and mentor you on the tactics and leadership aspects of the ______ (mission). This in-brief will explain to you procedures in the event a si tuation arises so you can re act accordingly.”

b. Conduct Roll Call 1. Identify: Previous HWI / CWI / Bee String Allergies / Those on and allergic to medication. 2. Ensure everyone has a Battle Buddy and explain the Buddy System.

c. Lost Cadet Policy / Break in Contact (Read to Cadets) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Stop, Look, and Listen Sound off loudly with patrol designation (Example ―C-1-1‖) If no reply, remain in place. Remove blank adapter and fire 3 evenly spaced shots every 5 minutes until out of ammunition If near a road, move to it. If not, remain where you are Attempt to flag down any military vehicle 6

6.

Do not get in any civilian vehicle, but request them to notify the Lewis McCord MP’s and report your location Build a fire, if necessary. STAY AWAKE. Secure your equipment and weapon If there is a break in contact, utilize the Lost Cadet Policy

7. 8. 9.

d. Handling of Weapons, Pyro and Ammo 1. 2.

Treat your weapon as if it was loaded with live ammo at all times. Do not fire / point weapons at anyone within 5 meters unless aimed at a 45 degree angle away from them The preparation and detonation of any pyrotechnics will be supervised by the TE Pyro will be ignited only in areas free of flammable material Actions if you find Pyro or UXO in the training areas

3. 4. 5.

e. Equipment Security and Care 1. 2. 3.

An indicator of discipline, supervision and teamwork A chain of command responsibility All special equipment, component parts, and weapons will be secured at all times and handled IAW Regt. SOP 4. We will look for all lost equipment 5. We will conduct two equipment checks daily 6. Soldier Creed: ―I will always maintain my arms, equipment, and myself‖ Functional, clean, serviceable, well maintained

f. Hot and Cold Weather Injuries HWI prevention is an individual responsibility. You must follow the instructions of the student chain of command and from the TE’s. Failure to follow HWI SOP will result in a negative Spot report. 1. The student chain of command will be evaluated on actions taken to prevent dehydration and HWI. 2. If you are a previous HWI, you will mark your LCE/FLC with a one and a halfinch strip of red tape around the left shoulder strap. 3. Drink one quart of water per hour. Tell the chain of command or TE’s if you need water. 4. ―Ventilate‖ during movement as needed. 5. Adjust the movement rate as needed. Rotate heavy equipment and work load. 6. Use the buddy system to check for HWI. 7. Notify your TE if you or your Battle Buddy is in danger of becoming a HWI.

HEAT CRAMPS -

Symptoms:

-

First Aid

Painful contraction of the muscles (arms, legs, abdomen, or back) caused by loss of salt through sweating. They are commonly associated with heavy physical exhaustion.

a. b. c. d.

Place the Cadet in the shade. Loosen clothing and give water to drink. Have medic (walking or CP) evaluate patient. If the soldier does not improve within 20 minutes, MEDEVAC.

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HEAT EXHAUSTION -

Symptoms: Occurs as a result of excessive loss of water from the body. The soldier develops heavy labored breathing, profuse sweating, headache, weakness, nausea, and sometimes fainting / loss of consciousness. Heat cramps may also be present. After the victim has rested on the ground for a few minutes, he may regain consciousness and feel somewhat better. The victim’s skin will usually feel cool and moist; he will be sweating profusely and will have a rapid, feeble pause.

-

First Aid a. b. c. d.

Place casualty in the shade and elevate feet. Remove or open clothing. Cool body by sprinkling with water & fanning. Give conscious casualty cool water to sip.

e. MEDEVAC ASAP if soldier does not improve in 20 minutes.

HEAT STROKE -

Symptoms: A breakdown in body temperature control by an excessively high core body temperature. It is a TRUE MEDICAL EMERGENCY. When Heat Stroke is suspected or recognized, immediately take action to secure air / ground medical evacuation. Although severe headache, upset stomach and weakness may characterize it, its onset is frequently sudden with loss of consciousness, convulsions or delirium. The skin will usually feel hot and dry, as sweating may be absent or greatly reduced. However, Heat Stroke can occur even while sweating profusely (if work rate and humidity are high). The single most important treatment is lowering the casualty’s high body temperature as rapidly as possible.

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First Aid: a. Lower his body temperature immediately and evacuate. b. Keep the soldier’s airway open. Extend the neck to straighten the airway (check the mouth for obstruction by the tongue or foreign object). c. Place the soldier in the shade and remove clothing. d. Give fluids if victim is conscious. e. Keep the soldier’s body wet by partially immersing or sprinkling with water and fanning. If available place ice on back, armpits and groin. f. Immediately conduct a Medical Evacuation.

DEHYDRATION -

-

Symptoms: The first indication of dehydration will be the dark yellow color of urine. Other indications are higher temperature, upset stomach, and dizziness. Drinking plenty of water (1 Qt. per hr., not to exceed 12 Qt. per day) can prevent it. It is important to note that the symptoms of severe dehydration are similar to those of hypothermia. First Aid: Move the victim into a shaded area and loosen his clothes so circulation is not restricted. Gradually give him cool liquids to drink (No Caffeine). Evacuate as required.

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HEAT CATEGORIES -

Heat alert categories are based on temperatures from the Wet Bulb Globe Temperature Kit (WBGT). Tactics TOC informs CPs of changes in the heat category. CP’s inform TE’s and Cadet COC. TE’s will evaluate students on their preventive measures.

HYPOTHERMIA -

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An below injury55 ofdegrees the whole bodycondition as a result of extended exposure to air Symptoms: temperatures F. The results when the heat loss exceeds the production of body heat. Wet clothing, sitting on cold surfaces, handling cold objects, contact with liquid fuels at low temperatures, and even breathing extremely cold air can also cause hypothermia. Symptoms may include intensive shivering, feeling of deep cold numbness, muscle tensing, fatigue, poor coordination, disorientation, blueness of skin, slow/weak/irregular-pulse, slurred speech, retreating inward psychologically, dullness, and apathy. In mild hypothermia, shivering is likely and the individual may be mentally dulled (stumbling, staggering), but usually the victim will be oriented. In severe cases, shivering usually stops and physical activity becomes uncoordinated; victims may feel a false sense of warming and remove parts of their clothing which increases the severity of the condition. First Aid: shelter the individual from the wind/weather, insulate from the ground, replace wet clothing with dry, increase the level of exercise if possible and give hot drinks/food. Place in a warm sleeping bag with a companion. MEDEVAC immediately.

g. Wildlife, Snakes, Poisonous Plants and Insects 1. Consider all animals to be rabid and stay away from them. If you are bitten let a TE know. 2. Consider all snakes to be poisonous and stay away from them. If you are bitten, remain calm and point it out to the TE so that he may attempt to kill or identify it. If a TE isn’t available, place a restricting band between the bite and the heart. Ensure all rings and watches are removed from the bitten appendage to prevent further damage from swelling. The rest of the squad will break contact away from the snake. 3. If you are caught messing with a snake, you will be given a negative spot report as a safety violation to yourself and others. 4. There is a lot of poison ivy / oak in the training areas. Be aware of where you stand, lay or sleep. If you become infected, do not scratch the affected area of your body and keep the area and your body as clean as possible. If you become infected notify your TE and seek medical assistance from the Medics during daily sick call. 5. Are there any Cadets who are allergic to insect bites? Have you been issued a bee sting kit? Ask how many Cadets have never been stung before (they may be allergic and not know it) If you are bitten or stung, let me know immediately, if I am not available, administer the antidote IAW the instructions on the bee-sting kit.

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SNAKE/BEE STINGS Snake Bites 1. Keep the student quiet and calm. 2. Request a medical evacuation by air / ground from company TOC / Team. 3. Attempt to identify the snake. If the snake is killed, evacuate the snake with the patient. 4. Administer CPR if required. Bee Sting 1. Observe the student for 30 minutes. 2. If the student has a strong allergic reaction, immediately request a MEDEVAC. 3. ―Bee sting kit‖ should be administered by medic or TE when student has a known allergy to bee stings or begins to show symptoms. 4. Tag the student with time of sting and time of shot or tablet.

h. Bug Checks Check yourself and your Battle Buddy for ticks daily. Ensure you use insect repellent around your waist, exposed skin, and boot tops. Insect bites cause infections, which can cause Cellulitis.

i. Training Rules of Engagement a. Weapons will not be fired directly at another soldier. There is a 10meter restriction (Safety Kill) on firing directly at another soldier. b. Unarmed (hand to hand) combat is strictly forbidden. c. Pyrotechnics (simulators, smokes) will not be thrown within 20 meters of personnel. Pyrotechnics will not be thrown on or near flammable materials. Think "fire safety." d. There will be no "man-handling" of OPFOR soldiers. The Cadet will provide the appropriate instructions and the OPFOR will cooperate. e. Weapons will not be separated from their owner. During EPW search, the EPW's weapon will be removed no more than 1 meter. The weapon will not be thrown. f. During EPW search, the EPW's left breast pocket (over the heart) is the safe pocket and will not be searched. g. EPW sensitive items (radios, notebook, TA-50, etc.) will not be separated from their owner more than 1 meter. h. Advise Cadets to consider all vehicle traffic as friendly unless otherwise specified. i. You carry your supplies for the day and keep all of your trash. The TE’s will not allow the Cadets to cross the LD until the patrol base is free of trash, and green card evaluations will reflect negatively for the assigned PLs, APLs, and SLs if TE’s find trash in the patrol base when it’s time to LD! Only water resupply will be available at each patrol base.

j. Emergencies or Special Situations to Notify TE a. Hunters in the area (They have real bullets), notify TE, go to ground (seek cover), and pull out VS-17 panel. b. Student stung by Bee. c. Possible CWI / HWI d. Forest fires. e. Breaks in contact.

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k. Injured TE Procedures (Read to Cadets) Inform the students of the location of your Radio. “In the event that I become a casualty and am unable to give instructions to you, you will secure my radio and call Tactics to notify him of the situation and our location. Provide any first aid needed for casualty stabilization and follow the instructions of the Tactics NCOIC / OIC. Prepare to link up with the medics or the TE. If it is during periods of limited visibility, go to white light, we will do the same if a student gets seriously injured.”

l. Patrol expectations Example brief to cadets: “This is a new day, learn from any past patrols. I do not know, nor care what your last grades were, show me today, on this patrol, that you can lead and accomplish the mission.” “Treat this mission as a real patrol. It is a real mission; you must accomplish it to standard. The only difference between this mission and a real world mission is that no one is firing live bullets at you.” “Stay positive and work together IOT accomplish the mission” “Be a good supporter of the Cadet chain of command”

MEDEVAC The Team is responsible for synchronizing medical coverage and dispatching MEDEVAC’S with the advice of the Medic on location. TE’s request MEDEVACS through the Company or Team Senior Medic on Command Freq. Ground MEDEVAC will be used unless there is a threat of life, limb, or eye sight. Ground: (unless student is unconsciousness) WPN and Equip stay with student because he may be inserted quickly. (TE’s call) Air: Weapon and Equipment stay with patrol / CP For all MEDEVACS use the following 9-line request.

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9 Line MEDEVAC Request Format Line 1: Location of PZ Line 2: Frequency and Call Sign: Line 3: Number of Patients and Precedence: A-Urgent B-Urgent Surgery C-Priority D-Routine E-Convenience

Line 4: Special Equipment Required . A-None B-Hoist C-Forest/Jungle Penetrator D-Ventilator

Line 5: Number of Patients by type #-Litter #-Ambulatory

Line 6: Number and Type of Wound, Illness Line 7: PZ Marking A-None B-Panels C-Pyrotechnic Signal D-Smoke (state color) E-Other (Explain)

Line 8: Patient Status (Number and type) A-US Military B-US Civilian C-NON-US Military D-NON-US Civilian E-EPW

Line 9: Terrain Description

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Routine Injury (Non-Emergency CASEVAC) ++++ Every effort must be made to keep cadets in the field, safely +++++ STX Lanes: 1. TE’s call your respective Company NCOIC/OIC on your team net. 2. State you have an injured or sick Cadet and need ground transportation. 3. Give lane number and location on the lane. Example-Lane 45 patrol base. 4. The Company NCOIC/OIC will move to your location and pick up the Cadet. 5. TE’s must ensure that no special equipment leaves with the injured Cadet. 6. The Company leadership will transport the Cadet along with their gear and weapon to the Medic’s at their AXP. If not there then transport to the TTB. 7. The medics will determine whether the Cadet stays or leaves the field. 8. Company leadership will take the Cadet to the Mayor’s Cell within the TTB and do a battle handoff. 9. The Regimental LNO is responsible to re-insert the Cadet back into the lanes once they are cleared for training.

PTL STX Lanes: 1. Due to the the ground distance the TTB from Patrol Lanes, are on atto Patrolling. Thethe medic’s will stayMedics under the control of the Super Teams. 2. TE’s will call your respective Company NCOIC/OIC on your team net. 3. State you have an injured or sick Cadet and request the medics to your site. 4. Give lane number and location on the lane (if patrol is moving you will need to move to the nearest road to linkup with the medics. 5. The medics will determine whether the Cadet stays or leaves the field. 6. Same rules as STX lanes, the Cadet will leave the field with all gear and weapon, TE’s will make sure all special equipment stays with the patrol.

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RISK MANAGEMENT Composite Risk Management Worksheets (CRMs) are prepared for all lanes. TE’s will review all appropriate CRMS prior to each cycle. Tactics TOC will prepare the initial Daily Risk Assessment for STX training and it will be briefed by the Company 1SG during the In-walkers brief.

AMMUNITION / PYROTECHNICS Any time an individual is within 10 meters of another person; his weapon will be pointed at a 45-degree angle from the other person. The weapon will not be fired directly at another person. All weapons will be treated as if loaded with live ammunition. All use of pyrotechnics or smoke require TE supervision…NO CADETS WILL HANDLE PYRO!

All Pyro: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Not used in dry areas. Not used at all during Pyro bans. After used check for fires. Unexploded Pyro / nonelectrical misfires will be observed for 30 minutes and should be handled by the person who placed the charge

Artillery and Hand Grenade simulators: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Not thrown at or near students or along their route. Only used by TE’s and Regt TAC NCOs and Officers Thrower must have eyes on location of detonation. Do not throw and walk away Hand grenade simulators will only be used at night to simulate demolitions. After use check for fires. Gloves and eye pro must be worn

VEHICLE SAFETY -

Only licensed drivers are authorized to drive. The WF speed limit 25 MPH on dirt roads. Vehicle interval is no closer than 75 meters except during ambushes. TE’s are responsible for the safe operation of vehicles utilized to transport students and themselves. Maximum number of PAX - per 2 1/2 ton is 18, 5 ton is 20. Post policy requires the use of covered vehicles used for transporting troops (Have a tarp / overhead cover). Center line seating will be used as much as possible for vehicles used in TTB AO. Safety straps will be secured and Cadets will have Kevlar’s on. Ground guides will be used while backing up (don’t use Cadets). All vehicles move under direct control of senior ranking individual. No soldiers or cadre in back of pick-up trucks. All personnel in tactical vehicles will wear a helmet and all tactical vehicles will have a TC.

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Electrical Storms When imminent the TE will: 1. 2. 3.

4. 5.

Ground all equipment. Move students to low ground (Keep observation on equipment). Notify Co CP that you are ceasing radio transmissions until the storm has stopped (Turn off all radios). Ensure you confirm your location with the CP prior to shutting off radio. Avoid all trees and structures when possible. Have students cover themselves with a poncho, remain still close to the ground, DO NOT DROP DOWN TO THE GROUND, and dispersed (15’ between students).

FOREST FIRES -

The TOC disseminates Pyro bans as they occur. Anyone guilty of ignoring a Pyro ban may be found liable for damage of any resulting fire(s). Report all fires (include local time/cause) to the TOC immediately. Ensure personnel safety by moving away from the fire. Request guidance from Co CP and the TOC (continue mission, or prepare to help extinguish fire). For small brush fire, cease tactical play until the fire is extinguished. If the fire is out of control, the students may be required to assist the fire- fighting personnel. If the fire is too large for the students to extinguish the TE will move the students to a safe location and call the Team Commander who will contact Range Control. The squad will be issued a new objective.

***ALWAYS REMEMBER -- TEACH, COACH, MENTOR*** We are setting the standard for tomorrow’s leaders The following paragraphs will outline key times and topics that are beneficial to the conduct of a good AAR. 1. TLP’s or patrol base activities should focus on a. The orders process (Warning Order, Operations Order and Fragmentary Order) b. Troop Leading Procedures (Supervise, Inspect and Rehearse) c. Time Management d. Actions in the Patrol Base 2. Movement should focus on a. Route Selection b. Land Navigation c. Control of Element (Movement techniques) 3.

4.

d. LDA Crossing (if necessary) Actions on Contact a. Return fire, deploy and report b. Develop situation and choose correct action c. Control movement and fires of subordinate elements Actions on the Objective should focus on a. Occupation and Actions in the ORP as applicable 15

5.

6.

b. Actions on the OBJ c. Withdrawal from OBJ if applies d. Consolidate and Reorganize e. Reports f. Dissemination of Information Occupation of Extended Security Halt should focus on a. Control of Element b. Occupation of Extended Security Halt / PB c. Priorities of work Leadership and Individual Skills a. Communication with subordinates b. Military Bearing c. Confidence d. Resilient e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q.

Interpersonal Mental AgilityTact Sound Judgment Innovation Domain Knowledge Physically Fit Leads Others Extends Influence Leads by example Creates a positive environment Prepares self Develops others Gets results

The following is a guide on specific tasks that should be accomplished during a patrolling mission. These are some key points to assist you in evaluating the technical and tactical aspects of the mission.

This is only a tactical guide for you -- this is not an evaluation tool. 1.

RECON a. Leader task organizes into separate reconnaissance (RS Tm 1 and 2, S and O position) and ORP security b. SL issues a 5 point contingency plan before departure c. Conducts PCI of recon element d. All appropriate personnel accompany the SL e. SL maintains commo with the squad / platoon f. SL establishes RP g. SL pinpoints OBJ, then emplaces S&O and confirms his plan h. SL conducts recon (1) Long Range Observation and Surveillance (or) (2) Short range observation and surveillance i. Patrol plans for the use of all available equipment j. Gather necessary PIR to satisfy mission and intent k. Patrol returns undetected to the ORP in the specified time l. SL alland information disseminated properly m. Allinsures personnel equipmentis are accounted for n. Unit departs ORP in a controlled manner o. If compromised, Cadet executes the compromise plan

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2.

AMBUSH a. Leader task organizes into assault, support, security (a fire-team could be assigned 2 tasks) b. SL issues a 5 point contingency plan before departure c. SL establishes the RP d. SL pinpoints the objective e. SL emplaces the S and O position f. SL conducts recon of kill zone, SBF, assault, and left and right security positions g. SL returns to ORP h. Movement to and occupation of the ambush site is undetected i. Surprise is achieved j. SL uses signals or has established control measures k. Controlled movement during assault l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t. u. v. w.

3.

4.

Establishes ACE reports LOA collected Special teams Controlled withdraw from the objective Ambush is established using OACOK Ambush is established NLT time stated in OPORD 100% PIR is gained Patrol returns to the ORP SL ensures all information is disseminated properly All personnel and equipment are accounted Unit departs ORP in a controlled manner If compromised, Cadet executes the compromise plan

Attack a. Leader task organized into support and assault b. SL uses appropriate formations and movement techniques from the OBJ c. SL directs support element into support position from which it can deliver a base-of-fire on OBJ while the assault element advances undetected through the assault position toward the OBJ d. SL initiates the attack with violence of action/lethal fires (to achieve maximum surprise) from the support element to divert enemy’s attention and suppress its fires while the assault element closes with enemy positions; assault element continues to advance toward the OBJ until they can place effective fire on the enemy e. SL directs support by fire (through element leaders)and uses predetermined signals to maintain positive control of elements f. SL signals the shifting, then lifting of fires from the supporting element as the assault element assaults onto the obj with higher volume and accuracy of fires in order to destroy the enemy and equipment. g. After consolidation and reorganization, SL directs special teams to perform searches of the EKIA, EPW and the objective. Then Aid and liter team to perform tactical combat casualty care (treatment) h. SL issues SALUTE, SITREP and begins follow on mission or movement.

Movement to Contact a. Reacts to contact by in accordance with the appropriate battle drill. b. Squad suppresses and fixes the enemy c. d. e. f. g. h.

SL determines directs support by fire SL a course of action for squad attack SL uses predetermined signals to maintain control of elements Assaults through the enemy position ACE reports collected Special teams

17

General Time Lines STX lanes

0455: Meet at TTB 0500: Pickup radio batteries from Supply Team / Company meeting 0515: Link up with cadet squad in TTB / Confirm squad roster / proper uniform / water / eye pro / weapons / ammo (no resupply) 0520: Selected lanes board transportation (busses & tactical vehicles) 0525: Road march to lanes 0530: Transportation departs for lanes 0550: Establish Patrol Base, Brief TE expectations and safety concerns. 0600 / 0800 / 1000 / 1200 / 1400 / 1600: Issue OPORD (DO NOT ISSUE EARLY)

S+5: S+15: S+30: S+35:

SL Issue WARNO SL issue OPORD Rehearsals PCI’s

Police PB before movement (Pack out trash) S+40: Movement / Execution S+90: Mission complete/account for all sensitive items S+100: AAR complete / SL counseling & signature S+115 – S+120: Move to next la ne / Establish PB / ID SL & TL’s / Refit (water/latrine) 1800: move to transportation pickup point (acct for all cadets beforeSelected boardingPB: trans) All other lanes road march back to TTB 1815: Account for all cadets before releasing to Regiment at TTB Move to Company CP with vehicles Turn-in remaining green cards Check with Company OPS on green card status / corrections Company NCOIC will release teams as green cards are accounted for and cleared

18

Patrol STX lanes Day 1 0545: Meet at TTB Change/pickup radio batteries from Supply Receive smoke & pyro issue from Supply Drop off sleeping bag & equipment w/ PB lane # attached in PU bed Team / Company meeting Leave vehicle keys with Company NCOIC 0555: Link up with Regimental TACS & cadet platoon in TTB / Confirm platoon roster / proper uniform / water / eye pro / weapons / ammo (no resupply) 0605: Board busses 0615: Busses depart for Patrol lane drop off points 0630: to AAIssue from Company BP. At OPORD AA, issue Safety Brief & TE expectations 0700 / Road 1100 march / 1500: (DO NOT ISSUE EARLY)

S+5: S+15: S+25: S+60: S+75: S+90:

Issue WARNO PL Backbriefs CO on plan (BB should take no longer than 2 min) PL issue OPORD to SL SL issue OPORD to squad Rehearsals PCI’s

Police AA before movement S+95: Movement / Execution S+210: Mission complete S+220: AAR complete / SL counseling & signature S+220 – S+240: Move to next lane / Establish AA / ID next PL/APL/SL/TL / Refit (water/latrine) 1900: Drop off green card in drop box Move to PB location for evening Regimental TAC radio monitored by cadets throughout evening Regimental TAC stays with cadets in PB T/E’s monitor one company radio during evening Setup one night glow stick on Skookum and one at T/E location Company personnel will drop off sleeping bag/equip / pickup radio batteries / drop off vehicle keys / pickup green cards

Day 2 0500 / 0900 / 1300: Issue Company OPORD (DO NOT ISSUE EARLY) 0500: Company personnel will pick up sleeping bag/equip / drop off radio batteries / provide coffee /

S+5 through S+240:

Same as Day 1

1700: Account for all cadets Move to designated TAA location Regimental TAC assumes control of Platoon at TAA Link up with your vehicles at TAA and move to Team CP Turn-in remaining green card Turn-in dunnage Check with Company OPS on green card status / corrections Company NCOIC will release teams as green cards are accounted for and cleared

19

Counseling 1. Proper counseling is a form of instruction, something that students should benefit from and not dread. Counseling should be presented in a professional manner designed not to belittle or demean the Cadet. At the conclusion of the counseling session, the student should know his mistakes, points of improvement, and strengths. 2. All Cadets in a graded position and Cadets receiving Spot Reports must be counseled prior to the end of that training day. Counseling should be completed prior to the beginning of the next event. 3. Things to do: a. Recognize outstanding performance b. Offer solutions to problems c. Give the Cadet(s) your complete attention d. Have comments thought out in advance e. Be detailed f. Answer questions thoroughly g. Cover all major tasks in the evaluation h. Give the Cadet credit for initiative and allow for innovative approaches i. Ensure the Cadet understands his / her mistakes and strengths j. Tell the cadet what he or she needs to focus on and improve in order to improve their overall performance 4. Things to not do: a. Rush through b. Discourage the Cadets c. Get nit picky or curse d. Degrade the students’ efforts e. Get personal f. Argue with Cadets – tell them about the appeals process g. Say that your solution is the only solution h. Include points that you have doubts about i. Counsel Cadets of the opposite sex in a manner different than any other j. k. l.

cadet Pay special attention to any particular Cadet Participate in intra-squad joking or banter Do not add additional editorial comments

5. Graded position counseling a. Read the summary of events to the cadet from the green card in chronological order starting from receipt of the mission through the AAR. b. list at a minimum of two strengths and weakness based on observed behavior based on leadership dimensions. c. Provide the Cadet with a list of observed leadership dimension ratings (E/S/N) for his graded position and his/her overall assessment (E/S/N).

Spot Reports The following list of actions will be used by TE’s as a guide:

-

-

The two types of ―SPOT‖ reports are: E excellent or N negative Cadets in a graded position cannot receive a Spot Report unless the squad does not have 12 squad members and a Cadet will get an additional opportunity to be assessed as a squad leader after he or she has all ready been assessed formally. TE notifies and counsels Cadets on their conduct when issuing a Spot Report. 20

-

-

TE has Cadet Signs the front of Spot Report after it is filled out. Student’s signature indicates the incident occurred as stated and student acknowledges receipt of the spot. If the student refuses to sign the SPOT, the TE will make a statement to that effect on the rear of the SPOT. The student will receive no disciplinary action or additional counseling for refusing to sign the SPOT. The effect on the student is identical whether or not he signs. The Spot Report must be written as detailed as possible. The Company Commander or 1SG for the day must inspect all Spot Reports prior to the TE leaving for the day. Positive spot reports are a powerful tool to re-enforce positive behavior.

Negative spot report -

-

Committing a safety violation during the conduct of training Failure to support the chain of command Failure to follow administrative instructions given by the TE Exceptionally poor performance in a non-graded position but designated position (compass man, RTO, team leader) Violation of specific instructions by instructors, staff or Cadet leaders Repeated sleeping while in a tactical situation Willfully or repeatedly breaking noise and/or light discipline. Accidental discharge of weapon Insubordination to cadre or Cadet chain-of-command Relieved from a non-graded position for failure to support the chain-ofcommand. Repeated breaks in contact (more than one in a 24-hour period) Weapon not under positive control (either in hand, or within arm’s reach) Sensitive items not under positive control

Positive spot report -

-

Constructing excellent terrain model, sketches, or annexes to the field FRAGO Excellent appearance of weapon / equipment. Exceptional performance in a non-graded leadership position (admin chain of command, team leader, RTO, machine gunner, special teams, compass man) Exceptional motivating factor in unit morale. Showing unusual initiative in an emergency situation

Miscellaneous notes TE’s tie down radios…not an option Squads identified to ride transportation out of or return to TTB, you ride…not an option Lane SP signs on same side of road as Patrol Base, also place white engineer tape around tree Don’t allow Cadets to break out a trash bag at both SXT and PTX, there is no trash pickup Make Cadet Chain of Command responsible for police of Patrol Bases Check Cadet special equipment is tied down Make Cadets figure out distance and direction to OBJ and confirm it with TE SL/PL can bring one recorder to receive OPORD 21

Water cans must be returned to water points (Skookums/roadside) prior to LD, not left in the woods Stay on timeline, all squads should be back at the TTB by 1830 Make sure TE’s understand the ROE if they have 11 Cadet or less squads. They continue doing lanes giving spot reports. No one finishes early At PSTX the PL will issue an order to the SL’s, each SL will then issue a squad order If a Cadet who is in a leadership position goes out with a medical condition, a decision on the ground will have to be made by the TE. If that Cadet went completely through the planning, rehearsals, inspections, and part of the movement the TE should have enough to complete the evaluation. Counsel and have the Cadet sign the evaluation prior to leaving the training area. If the TE feels the Cadet does not have enough for a fair evaluation the Cadet will be recycled into another leadership position when they return Bees nests will be marked with white engineer tape and the company teams will identify them and destroy them TE’s will not allow Cadets to LD early. If a Cadet asks to do so the TE will inform the Cadet to stay with the timeline in the OPORD

WF 12 Rules of Engagement NOTHING IN THE ROE LIMITS YOUR INHERENT AUTHORITY AND OBLIGATION TO TAKE ALL NECESSARY AND APPROPRIATE ACTIONS TO DEFEND YOURSELF, YOUR UNIT, AND OTHER U.S. FORCES.

1.

HOSTILE FORCES: SAPA/Arianan Forces are declared hostile.

HOSTILE ACTORS: engageforce persons who commit hostilethe acts or show2.hostile intent withYou themay minimum necessary to counter hostile act or demonstrated hostile intent and to protect US Forces. Hostile act: Attack or other use of force against US Forces or use of force that directly precludes or impedes the mission/duties of US Forces. Hostile intent: Threat of imminent use of force against US Forces or threat of force to preclude or impede the mission/duties of US Forces. 3. You may use force, up to and including deadly force, against hostile actions: a) In self-defense; b) In defense of your unit, or other US Forces; c) To prevent theft, damage, or destruction of firearms, ammunition, explosives, or property designated by your Commander as vital to national security. Protect other property with less than deadly force. 4. Personnel not in uniform with weapons are considered civilian, but treated with great caution. If personnel with weapons are commingled with hostile forces, they may be engaged without warning. 5. Personnel not in uniform with weapons may be engaged without warning if threatening noncombatants or US forces. 6. Civilian vehicles with crew served weapons are declared hostile and may be engaged without warning. 7. US forces will not endanger noncombatants to engage enemy forces unless in self-defense, defense of unit or US Forces.

22

23

T/E NOTES PAGE

24

STX OPORDs ORDER MTC A –

LANE 1/21/41/61

SITUATION: A. Enemy

B. Friendly Forces

Battalion Scouts have encountered SAPA patrols to our front consisting of 2-4 men armed with small arms and IEDs. In the last 24 hours SAPA elements have conducted ambushes against the Scout LP/Ops in an attempt to disrupt and delay Coalition Intelligence. SAPA morale is high due to resupply of Class I. MPCOA SAPA will fight aggressively in their patrols if they perceive an advantage or provoked. MDCOA SAPA consolidate several patrols into platoon size and prepare an effective defense

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up)____ Company, the main effort, attacks to destroy enemy forces VIC AO GETTYSBURG, ET _________, NLT (S+80) in order to eliminate SAPA threat and preserve coalition lines of communication. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to preserve coalition lines of communication -End state enemy: SAPA ambush elements destroyed in AO Gettysburg friendly: All units staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort one, clears OBJ Antietam to in order to allow main effort freedom of maneuver (b) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort two, clears OBJ Shiloh in order to allow the main eoofrt freedom of maneuver (c) Front Unit: None (d) Rear Unit: None

C. Civil Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT conducts movement to contact to destroy enemy forces VIC OBJ ROUND-TOP, ET _________, NLT (S+80) in order to deny SAPA forces the ability to establish a foothold in AO.

A. Concept

We will conduct our movement to contact using the approach march technique oriented on OBJ ROUND-TOP, moving a platoon wedge formation.

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

(2) Scheme of Fires

(Your) SQD, the main effort, will cross the LD NLT S+45 ___, leading the platoon. ___ squad will move on the left side of the formation and ___ squad will move onappropriate the right side of drill. the formation. execute the battle

Once contact is made we will

The purpose of IDF is to suppress SAPA. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

25

B. Tasks to Man Units

YOUR SQD (1) T: Destroy SAPA forces VIC OBJ ROUND-TOP, ET __________, P: Preserve coalition line of communications ____ SQD (1) T: Destroy SAPA forces VIC OBJ ROUND-TOP P: to facilitate main effort freedom of movement. ____ SQD (1) T: Destroy SAPA forces VIC OBJ ROUND-TOP P: to facilitate main effort freedom of movement

C. Coord

Inst

(1) PIR: Number and type of weapons, Communications Equipment, IED Capabilities. (2) ROE: As per ROE card. (3) Reports: Crossing LD, enemy contact, captured EPWs, ACE after consolidation, and SITREPS/SALUTE as needed. (4) Timeline ________ LD not later than S+45

SUSTAINMENT: a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection points located on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request. COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: Gumbo/Cowboy (4) Running Password: Rainier

Local Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

-

conduct near ambush Spirited fight attempt to break contact Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

TE NOTES: This is an approach march, not a deliberate attack. Cadets should not establish an ORP – they should move tactically to make contact, and conduct battle drill on contact

2 Soldiers, small arms MAGNE/AZ: DISTANCE:

26

ORDER B - RECON

LANE 2/29/42/69

SITUATION: A. Enemy

S2 report indicates the use of a suspected SAPA electronic communication node (CN) operating within our AO. UAV and aerial reconnaissance have been unable to confirm. The Electronic Communication Node is most likely used to gather intelligence on Coalition Aircraft. MPCOA if the Communication node is compromised SAPA Forces will most likely defend the node with 2-3 man force armed with small arms and explosives long enough for the sensitive items to be destroyed. MDCOA SAPA will have LP/OP and roving patrols in order to provide early warning and relocate the CN. Morale and discipline remains high.

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, conducts zone recon in AO CEMETERY RIDGE NLT (S+80) to locate enemy forces to facilitate targeting of C2 nodes. -Intent: Our Co purpose is to facilitate targeting of C2 nodes. -End state enemy: Enemy communication nodes identified and targeted friendly: No compromised units, All units staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts zone recon in AO PEACH ORCHARD NLT (S+80) to locate enemy forces. (b) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts zone recon in AO WHEATFIELD NLT (S+80) to locate enemy forces. (c) Front Unit: None (d) Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT conducts zone recon in AO CEMETERY RIDGE NLT (S+80) to locate enemy electronic communication nodes to facilitate targeting by aerial platforms.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

Two squads depart the AA NLT S+45 in order to conduct separate area recons in order to positively ID SAPA communications nodes

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E:

The PLT will have 2 SQDs conduct an area recon within the AO.(Your) SQD crosses LD at (S+45) to conduct area recon of OBJ HOOD ET __________, ____SQD conducts area recon of OBJ LEE. ____SQD secures the patrol base.

refer to the concept sketch)

(2) Scheme of Fires:

The purpose of IDF is to suppress SAPA.

27

(Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires.

B. Tasks to Man Units

YOUR SQD (1) T: Conduct area recon of OBJ HOOD NLT (S+80) P: To locate enemy communications node to facilitate targeting by aerial assets. ____SQD, T: Conduct area recon of OBJ LEE NLT (S+80) P: To locate enemy communications node to facilitate targeting by aerial assets. ____SQD (T) Secures the patrol base. P:facilitate reconnaissance operations

C.

Coord Inst

(1) PIR: Number of personnel, communications equipment, weapons, key terrain and avenues of approach (2) ROE: As per ROE card. (3) Reports: Crossing LD, enemy contact, SALUTE (4) Timeline ________ LD at S+45 ________ Recon complete S+80 ________ SALUTE report complete S+90

SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection points located at the AA. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: Deer/Mustang (4) Running Password: Reds

Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Provide security for CN - Note how well SQD recons - React to gross negligent tactical movement

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

TE NOTE: Cadets can use any technique to collect PIR (clover leaf, vantage point, etc)

2 Soldiers, small Degrees arms, tent/shelter, cammo net, maps with overlay MAGNE/AZ: DISTANCE: Meters

28

ORDER C - ATTACK

LANE 3/23/43/63

SITUATION: A. Enemy

Previous patrols have confirmed SAPA electronic communication node (CN) operating within our AO. S2 believes this node has key encryption equipment vital to SAPA communications. MPCOA if the Communication node is compromised SAPA Forces will most likely defend the node with 2-3 man force armed with small arms and explosives long enough for the sensitive items to be destroyed. MDCOA SAPA will have LP/OP and roving patrols in order to provide early warning and relocate the CN. Morale and discipline remains high

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, attacks OBJ THOR __________ (S+80) to seize communication node in order to facilitate future operations. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to facilitate future operations. -End state enemy: Enemy position and communication equipment is seized friendly: All units staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, attacks OBJ MONGOOSE (S+80) to destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent detection of main attack. (b) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, attacks (S+80) OBJ SNAKE to destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent detection of main attack. (c) Front Unit: None (d) Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None.

MISSION:

____PLT, the main effort, attacks OBJ THOR VIC __________ (S+80) to seize SAPA communication equipment in order to facilitate intelligence collection operations.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

WE will conduct a platoon attack with 2 blocking positions and an assault element.

(1) Scheme of Maneuver

(Your)SQD, the main effort, seize SAPA communication equipment in order to facilitate intelligence collection operations __ SQD, supporting effort one, emplaces a blocking position to the east of OBJ Thor vic _________. ____ SQD, supporting effort two, emplaces a blocking position to the west of OBJ Thor

(T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

vic _________.

(2) Scheme of Fires:

The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

29

B. Tasks to Man Units

(Your) Squad (1) T: Seize communication equipment on OBJ THOR NLT (S+80) P: in order facilitate intelligence collection operations. ___ SQD (T) Establish blocking position to the east of OBJ Thor, NLT (S+80) P: facilitate main effort’s attack on OBJ Thor. ____SQD (T) Establish blocking position to the west of OBJ Thor, NLT (S+80) P: facilitate main effort’s attack on OBJ Thor

C.

Coord Inst

(1) PIR: (2) ROE:

Communications Equipment on the OBJ As per ROE card.

(3) Reports: Crossing LD, enemy contact, ACE after consolidation, and SITREPS/SALUTE as needed. (4) Timeline ________ LD at H + 45 ________ Seize OBJ Thor NLT S+ 80

SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located at the patrol base. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 3 (3) Challenge and Password: Salsa/Flop (4) Running Password: Rush Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Initiate contact - attempt to break contact when flanking maneuver is used - Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

TE NOTES: OPFOR should Identify a piece of equipment to be the ―commo‖ on the OBJ. -This is a deliberate attack, watch for the SL to have clear fire control between teams.

2 soldiers, hasty fighting position, COMMO Equipment MAGNE/AZ: Degrees DISTANCE: Meters

30

ORDERATTACK D –

LANE 4/24/44/64

SITUATION: A. Enemy

SAPA forces are preparing to conduct sustained operations in our AO. To maintain sustained operations, barricaded caches have been emplaced along enemy dismounted infiltration routes. The caches are manned by 2 to 3 lightly-armed SAPA soldiers who will defend strongly. MPCOA SAPA will emplace LP/OPs in order to provide early warning. MDCOA SAPA has a machine gun to defend

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, attacks OBJ SANTA BARBARA __________ NLT (S+80) to destroy SAPA barricaded caches in order to prevent resupply operations. -Intent: Our CO purpose is prevent resupply operations -End state enemy: Enemy unable to resupply their forces friendly: CO forces in a defensive posture. civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, attacks to secure OBJ SANTA ANA NLT (S+80) in order to prevent detection of main attack. (b) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, attacks to secure OBJ SANTA MONICA NLT(S+80) to prevent detection of main attack. (c) Front Unit: None (d) Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT attacks to clear OBJ COSTA MESA VIC ___________ NLT (S+80) in order to prevent SAPA resupply operations.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

We will conduct a platoon attack with 2 blocking positions and an assault element.

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E:

(Your)SQD, the main effort, seize SAPA communication equipment in order to facilitate intelligence collection operations __ SQD, supporting effort one, emplaces a blocking position to the east of OBJ COSTA MESA vic _________. ____ SQD, supporting effort two, emplaces a blocking position to the west of OBJ COSTA MESA vic _________.

refer to the concept sketch)

(2) Scheme of Fires:

The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

31

____ SQD T: Clear OBJ COSTA MESA P: to prevent SAPA resupply operations. B. Tasks to Man Units

____ SQD T: Block east of OBJ COSTA MESA P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort ____SQD T: Block west of OBJ COSTA MESA P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort. (1) PIR: enemy of more than 3 personnel or with a machine gun than 3 enemy, Communications equipment, IED capabilities.

C.

Coord Inst

(2) Reports: needed.

Crossing LD, enemy contact, ACE after consolidation, and SITREPS as

(3) Timeline: _______ LD at S+45 _______ clear OBJ COSTA MESA NLT S+80

SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located at the patrol base. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 3 (3) Challenge and Password: Super/Trooper (4) Running Password: Presto Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

-

Spirited fight Surprised by the attack Die in place Fixed by squad

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET

TE NOTES: This is a deliberate attack, watch for the SL to have clear fire control between teams.

2 Soldiers, small arms, cache site MAGNE/AZ: Degrees

32

ORDER E - AMBUSH SITUATION: A. Enemy

B. Friendly Forces

LANE 5/25/45/65

BDE S2 has received reports that SAPA dismounted reconnaissance patrols are moving along trails in AO MANCHU attempting to gain intelligence on ADF and CF disposition in AO MANCHU. SAPA patrols consist of 2-3 personnel armed with assault rifles. Patrols may have vehicular assets. SAPA forces have high morale due to recent successes against ADF forces. MPCOA SAPA will be moving along unimproved trail network in our AO using tactical spacing. MDCOA SAPA patrols are moving mounted with a machine gun.

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, conducts area ambush in AO MANCHU NLT ________ (S+80) to destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions -End state enemy: Enemy reconnaissance patrols disrupted friendly: Ambushes infiltrate undetected and complete their missions civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact to destroy SAPA patrols in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. (b) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact destroy SAPA patrols in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. (c)Front Unit: None (d)Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None.

MISSION:

____PLT conducts area ambush NLT (S+80) in AO MANCHU VIC ET_________ NLT ________ (S+80) to destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

The platoon will conduct an area ambush. Two squads will LD NLT S+45 move to their respect OBJs and conduct point ambushes.

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E:

The PLT will infiltrate into the AO with two SQDs moving along a separate routes to conduct point ambushes on enemy patrols.(Your) SQD, the main effort, will cross the LD at (S+45) and move long route Blue to establish a point ambush VIC ET____________. ____SQD, supporting effort one, will cross the LD at (S+45) and move along route Green to establish point ambush VIC ET ____________. ____SQD,

refer to the concept sketch)

supporting effort two, will secure the PB at throughout the linkup mission. Upon of the ambush all squads will consolidate the platoon point VICcompletion ET ____________ (Next Lane SP). (2) Scheme of Fires:

No IDF available .

33

B. Tasks to Man Units

Your SQD: (1) T: NLT (S+80) destroy SAPA forces on OBJ P: in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. ____ SQD (1) T: NLT (S+80) destroy SAPA forces on OBJ P: in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. ____ SQD (1) T: Secure PB. P: To allow the rest of the platoon to conduct point ambushes.

C.

Coord Inst

(1) PIR:

enemy direction of travel, weapons, type of vehicle.

(2) Reports: needed

Depart LD, when ambush is set, ACE after consolidation, SITREPS as

(3) Timeline: ________ LD at S+ 45 ________ Establish Ambush NLT S+ 80 SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located at the patrol base. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL:

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: Slugger/Bunt (4) Running Password: Pitch Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Spirited fight - use tactical formations - react to contact visual or direct fire - Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

2 soldiers, smallDegrees arms MAGNE/AZ: DISTANCE: Meters

34

TE NOTES: watch for effective use of terrain, camouflage and proper distance from the kill zone

ORDER MTC F –

LANE 6/26/46/66

SITUATION: A. Enemy

Recent successful CF air strikes have disrupted SAPA command and control in the BDE AO. SAPA forces are conducting retrograde movements out of the AO to reconsolidate and reorganize in SAPA controlled territory. Teams of 2-4 SAPA personnel are providing rear guard to cover the SAPA retreat. They are armed with assault rifles and RPGs. BN S2 reports that due to low morale some SAPA forces have been surrendering to other BNs in the BDE. MPCOA SAPA will attempt to break contact. MDCOA SAPA will emplace IEDs in order to delay coalition forces advance.

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): _____ Company conducts movement to contact in AO MANCHU NLT ________ (S+45) to interdict retreating SAPA forces in order to prevent them from consolidating for future attacks. -Intent: Our CO purpose is prevent them from consolidating for future attacks -End state enemy: Enemy remains in a disrupted state due to constant pressure friendly: All forces are staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort one, conducts area ambush along trails in AO _________ destroy SAPA rear guard patrols in order to protect the main effort’s movement. (b) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort two, conducts zone recon in AO ________ to locate SAPA rear guard patrols in order to prepare for follow on operations. (c)Front Unit: None (d)Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

EXECUTION: A. Concept

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

(2) Scheme of Fires:

_____ PLT conducts movement to contact in AO MANCHU oriented on OBJ Meade VIC ET ___________ NLT ________ (S+45) destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent them from consolidating for future attacks.

The platoon move to contact using approach march technique in a platoon column.

The PLT will cross the LD in a PLT column, traveling over watch, at _____ (S+45) with (YOUR) SQD in the lead. ___SQD, supporting effort one, will travel 2nd in order of march, ___ SQD, supporting effort two, will travel 3rd in order of march. Once contact is made we will execute the appropriate battle drill.

The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

35

B. Tasks to Man Units

(YOUR) SQD, (1) T: Destroy SAPA forces in VIC OBJ Meade(S+45) P: To prevent SAPA from consolidating for future attacks. ____ SQD (1) T: Follow and support the main effort P: To facilitate the main effort’s freedom of maneuver. ____ SQD (1) T: Follow and support the main effort P: To facilitate the main effort’s freedom of maneuver. (1) PIR: More than 4 personnel on the OBJ, Number and type of weapons, Communications equipment, Vehicular assets.

C.

Coord Inst

SUSTAINMENT:

(2) Reports:

Crossing LD, enemy contact, and ACE/SITREPS/SALUTE as needed.

(3) Timeline ________ LD at S+45 a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader travels with ____ SQD (2nd SQD in OOM). (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: Gator/Rooster (4) Running Password: Duke Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Make contact, then fight for a few minutes. - Finally, break contact

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

2 Soldiers, small arms MAGNE/AZ: degrees DISTANCE: Meters

36

TE NOTES: This is the only lane that can have IED as a developmental challenge. In that case, the enemy will break contact and leave an IED on the OBJ (IAW the enemy MDCOA). Cadets should identify the IED and execute the 5Cs (CONFIRM, CLEAR THE AO, CALL, CORDON, CONTROL) 321.8

ORDER G - ATTACK

LANE 9/27/49/67

SITUATION: A. Enemy

Intelligence reports indicate small enemy elements establishing illegal checkpoints within our area of operations. The CPs are generally manned by 2-4 personnel and may include security patrols. UAVs confirmed the locations of these sites along various avenues of approach and near trails. UAV also detected dismounted patrols of 2-3 personnel in the area. Morale is very high due to influx of additional financial support from foreign allies. MPCOA The enemy will defend their positions. MDCOA area patrols compromise the attack and SAPA conducts a coordinated counter attack

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(2) Higher Unit(one level up): _____ Company attacks OBJ COYOTE __________,(S+80) to destroy enemy communication assets IN ORDER to facilitate coalition forces freedom of movement. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to facilitate Coalition Forces freedom of movement -End state enemy: Enemy checkpoints are destroyed friendly: CF have freedom of movement and are staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(3) Adjacent Units: (a) Right unit: ____ PLT, ____ Company supporting effort one, attacks OBJ JACKAL (S+80) to destroy enemy commo sites to facilitate Main Efforts attack on OBJ ORANGUTAN and allow Coalition freedom of movement. (b) Left Unit: ____ PLT, ____ Company supporting effort two, attacks (S+80) OBJ WOLF to facilitate Main Efforts attack on OBJ ORANGUTAN and allow coalition freedom of movement. C. Civil Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT, main effort, attacks to destroy enemy checkpoints on OBJ ORANGUTAN VIC ET _________, (S+80) to facilitate coalition forces freedom of movement.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

(1)Scheme of Maneuver: (T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

We will conduct a platoon attack with 2 blocking positions and an assault element

(Your)SQD, the main effort, destroy SAPA checkpoint at OBJ ORANGUTAN in order to facilitate coalition forces freedom of movement. __ SQD, supporting effort one, emplaces a blocking position to the east of OBJ ORANGUTAN. ____ SQD, supporting effort two, emplaces a blocking position to the west of OBJ ORANGUTAN.

(2)Scheme of Fires.

The purpose of IDF is to fix SAPA on the OBJ. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

37

B. Task to Man Units

(Your) Squad (1) T: Attack to destroy illegal checkpoint on OBJ ORANGUTAN, NLT (S+80) P: facilitate coalition forces freedom of movement ____ SQD T: Block east of OBJ ORANGUTAN P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort ____SQD T: Block west of OBJ ORANGUTAN P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort. (1) PIR: Checkpoint construction, communications equipment. (2) Reports: Crossing LD, enemy contact, ACE after consolidation, SITREPS/SALUTE as needed.

C.

Coord Inst

(3) Timeline: ________ LD at S+45 ________ Checkpoint vic OBJ ORANGUTAN destroyed NLT S+80

SUSTAINMENT: a. Logistics: (1) Supply: No Resupply available for 24 hrs. Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (2) Transportation: None (3) Services: None (4) Maintenance: None

b. Personnel: (1) EPW collection points located at PB. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of your Commander: Platoon Leader follows (Your) Squad Higher (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) Unit Location: ____ Company CP follows main effort. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 5 (3) Challenge and Password: Metal/Cyclone (4) Running Password: Saphire

Time is now_______, What are Your Questions?

OPFOR TASKS:

- Spirited fight - Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

TE NOTES: This is a deliberate attack, watch for the SL to have clear fire control between teams.

2 soldiers, smallDegrees arms, site/material to portray a checkpoint MAGNE/AZ: DISTANCE: Meters

38

ORDER H - RECON

LANE 8/28/48/68

SITUATION: A. Enemy

BN scouts report observing SAPA forces carrying ammo crates in AO BUTLER. This indicates a potential weapons cache. The suspected cache site is likely to be critical to future SAPA operations and defended by 2-3 SAPA personnel. SAPA defenders are expected to be armed with assault rifles and hand grenades. MPCOA SAPA forces will defend cache sites and attempt to reinforce them if they are attacked. MDCOA SAPA will detonate the cache if compromised

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): _____ Company conducts a zone recon of AO BUTLER NLT ________ (S+45) to locate SAPA caches in order to allow for targeting by CF air asset and ground assaults. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to locate SAPA caches in order to allow for targeting by CF air assets and ground assaults AO -End state enemy: Enemy caches located and targeting for destruction friendly: CF identified all cache sites civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact in AO RAMS destroy SAPA forces in the AO in order to prevent detection of the main effort. (b)Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact in AO HUSKIES to destroy SAPA forces in the AO in order to prevent detection of the main effort. (c)Front Unit: None (d)Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Consideration s

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None.

MISSION:

____PLT, CO main effort, conducts zone recon in AO BUTLER NLT (S+90) to locate enemy cache site to facilitate offensive operations.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

The platoon conduct a zone recon in AO Butler in order to positively ID ammunition cache sites

(1) Scheme of Maneuver

The PLT will conduct simultaneous area recons within AO BUTLER. Both squads will cross the LD NLT ______ (S+45). (YOUR) SQD will move along ROUTE BLUE to conduct area recon of OBJ HOWARD ET __________, ____SQD will move along ROUTE WHITE to conduct an area recon of OBJ MACK.

(T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

(2) Scheme of Fires:

____SQD secures the PB. The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. priority of 60mm fires

B. Tasks to

39

(Your) squad has

Man Units

Your SQD T: Conduct area recon of OBJ HOWARD NLT (S+80) P: to locate enemy cache to facilitate future offensive operations; break contact if compromised and report. ____SQD, (T) Conduct area of OBJ MACK NLT (S+80) P: to locate enemy cache to facilitate future offensive operations; break contact if compromised and report; ____SQD (T) Secures the PB

C.

Coord Inst

(1)

PIR:

(2)

Reports:

Number of personnel, type and quantity of class V at cache site Crossing LD, enemy contact, SALUTE report

(3) Timeline ________ LD at S+45 ________ Recon complete S+80 ________ SALUTE report complete S+90

SUSTAINMENT: a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request. COMMAND & SIGNAL:

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader remains in the PB (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: Stuart/Joy (4) Running Password: Ride Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

Provide security for site Note Recon activities Once the squad is IDed by OPFOR change activity level Engage gross violations of noise and light discipline with yelling at them, if the squad does not immediately break contact maneuver and engage

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

TE Notes: This standard RECON with a specific break contact task if compromised. Cadets can use any technique to collect PIR (clover leaf, vantage point, etc)

2 Soldiers, small degrees arms, ammo crates, etc MAGNE/AZ: DISTANCE: meters

40

ORDER AMBUSH I –

LANE 7/22/47/62

SITUATION: A. Enemy

Patrol Debriefs suggest that enemy dismounted patrols are moving along dismounted infiltration routes in AO MANCHU. SAPA forces are replacement troops due to high attrition rates. These patrols consist of 2 to 3 men armed with light weapons and will resist capture due to high morale. The SAPA fighters are new recruits and freshly trained. MPCOA SAPA will be moving along unimproved trail network in our AO using tactical spacing. MDCOA SAPA patrols are reinforced with a mounted machine gun team.

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit: _____ Company, main effort, conducts multiple ambushes in VIC OBJ LEE NLT (S+45) to destroy enemy forces to facilitate freedom of movement for coalition forces. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to facilitate Coalition Forces freedom of movement -End state enemy: Enemy patrols destroyed friendly: CF have identified and destroyed SAPA patrols and are staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left unit Mission: ____ PLT, ____ Company supporting effort one, conducts an ambush VIC OBJ Grant to destroy enemy forces and protect the flank of the Main effort NLT (S+45). (b) Right Unit Mission: ____ PLT, ____ Company supporting effort one, conducts an ambush VIC OBJ Sherman to destroy enemy forces and protect the flank of the Main effort NLT (S+45).

C. Civil Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces

D. Attach & Detach

none

MISSION:

____PLT, main effort, destroys enemy patrols in OBJ Lee VIC. ET_________ NLT S+80 to facilitate freedom of movement for coalition forces.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

The platoon will conduct an area ambush with two squads conducting separate point ambushes within our AO

(1)Scheme of Maneuver (T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

(2)Scheme of Fires

B. Tasks to Man Units

The PLT will infiltrate into the AO with two SQDs moving along separate routes to conduct point ambushes on enemy mounted patrols.(Your) SQD, plt main effort, will LD at (S+45) and move long route Blue to establish point ambush VIC ET____________. ____SQD will LD at (S+45) and move along route Gray to establish point ambush VIC. ET ____________. ____SQD will secure the PB throughout the mission. The purpose of isfires to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. has priority ofIDF 60mm

Your SQD: (1) T: Destroy enemy dismounted patrols movement

41

(Your) squad

P: Facilitate friendly freedom of

____ SQD (1) T: Destroy enemy dismounted patrols movement

P: Facilitate friendly freedom of

____ SQD (1) T: Secure PB. P: provide security for the platoon.

(1) PIR: C. Coord

Inst

enemy direction of travel, weapons, type of vehicle.

(2) Reports: needed

Depart LD, when ambush is set, ACE after consolidation, SITREPS as

(3) Timeline: ________ LD at S+45 ________ Establish Ambush NLT S+80

SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: EPW collection points located at PLT PB. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request

COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader in PB. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) Higher Unit Location: ____ Company CP in BP LEE. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 3 (3) Challenge and Password: Army/Northern (4) Running Password: Virginia Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Spirited fight - use tactical formations - react to contact visual or direct fire - Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

2 soldiers, small arms, MAGNE/AZ: Degrees DISTANCE: Meters

42

TE NOTES: watch for effective use of terrain, camouflage and proper distance from the kill zone

ORDER J - ATTACK

LANE 10/30/50/70

SITUATION: A. Enemy

BN Intel reports UAV reconnaissance has recorded suspected enemy caches being established along known SAPA dismounted infiltration routes in AO MANCHU. HUMINT reports the caches are defended by 2 to 4 SAPA soldiers carrying assault rifles and a possible medium machine gun. Morale is high due to fulfillment of Arianan promise to pay SAPA Force’s family members who’ve been killed by Coalition Forces. MPCOA SAPA will defend the cache. MDCOA SAPA will have a QRF element with a 20 minute reaction time

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): _____ Company, attacks to seize OBJ VIRGINIA VIC ET________________NLT (S+80) IOT deny enemy forces the ability to sustain combat operations. --Intent: Our CO purpose is to deny enemy forces the ability to sustain combat operations -End state enemy: Enemy on OBJ VIRGINIA destroyed friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a)Right unit Mission: ____ PLT, ____ Company, supporting effort one, attacks to seize OBJ DELAWARE NLT (S+80) in order to prevent detection of main effort. (b)Left Unit Mission: ____ PLT, ____ Company, supporting effort two, remains as company reserve. (c)Rear Unit Mission: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO are adversaries to SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT attacks to destroy enemy forces on OBJ ANGLE VIC. ET_________ NLT (S+80) in order to deny enemy forces the ability to sustain combat operations.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

We will conduct a platoon attack with 2 blocking positions and an assault element

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E:

(Your)SQD, the main effort, destroy SAPA on OBJ ANGLE in order to deny enemy forces the ability to sustain combat operations.

refer to the concept sketch)

(2) Scheme of Fires

__ SQD, supporting effort one, emplaces a blocking position to the east of OBJ ANGLE. ____ SQD, supporting effort two, emplaces a blocking position to the west of OBJ ANGLE. The purpose of IDF is to destroy SAPA on the OBJ. 60mm your fires. OPORD

B. Tasks to Man Units

(YOU) are allocated

(Your) squad has priority of

1 target for planning.

Submit to PL prior to

(Your) Squad (1) T: Attack to destroy SAPA on OBJ ANGLE, NLT (S+80) P: deny enemy forces the ability to sustain combat operations

43

____ SQD T: Block east of OBJ ANGLE P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort ____SQD T: Block west of OBJ ANGLE P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort. C. Coord Inst

(1) PIR: Cache materiel, communications equipment. (2) Reports: Crossing LD, enemy contact, ACE after consolidation, SITREPS/SALUTE as needed. (3) Timeline: _______ LD at S+45 _______ OBJ ANGLE seized NLT S+80

SUSTAINMENT: a. Logistics. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. Top off water in your current positions before moving out. Transport: None Services: None

b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request. COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader travels with (Your) ____Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 3 (3) Challenge and Password: Irish/Brigade (4) Running Password: Holds

Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

Spirited fight, Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

TE NOTES: This is a deliberate attack, watch for the SL to have clear fire control between teams.

2 soldiers, small arms, MAGNE/AZ: Degrees DISTANCE: Meters

44

ORDER K - AMBUSH

LANE 11/31/51/71

SITUATION: A. Enemy

HUMINT reports that SAPA are conducting dismounted patrols along trails and within villages in our AO to gain information on Coalition Forces. SAPA patrols consist of 2-3 personnel armed with assault rifles. Patrols may have vehicular assets. SAPA forces have high morale due to recent successes against ADF forces. MPCOA SAPA will be moving along unimproved trail network in our AO using tactical spacing. MDCOA SAPA patrols are moving mounted with a machine gun

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, conducts area ambushes to destroy enemy forces in AO BULLWINKLE NLT ________ (S+80) in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions -End state enemy: Enemy in AO BULLWINKLE destroyed friendly: CF have are staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort one, conducts area ambush to destroy enemy forces VIC OBJ Rebel NLT (S+80) in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF. (b) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort two, conducts area ambush to destroy enemy forces VIC OBJ YANKEE NLT (S+80) in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF. (c)Front Unit: None (d)Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT conducts an area ambush to destroy enemy patrols NLT (S+80) VIC. ET__________in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

The platoon will conduct an area ambush. Two squads will LD NLT S+45 move to their respect OBJs and conduct point ambushes.

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E:

The PLT will infiltrate into the AO with two SQDs moving along separate routes to conduct point ambushes on enemy patrols.(Your) SQD, the main effort, will cross the LD at (S+45) and move long route Blue to establish a point ambush VIC ET____________. ____SQD, supporting effort one, will cross the LD at (S+45) and

refer to the concept sketch)

move along route establish point VIC ET ____SQD, supporting effortGreen two, to will secure the PB ambush throughout the____________. mission. Upon completion of the ambush all squads will consolidate at the platoon linkup point VIC ET ____________ (Next Lane SP). (2) Scheme of Fires

The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. priority of 60mm fires

45

(Your) squad has

B. Tasks to Man Units

Your SQD: (1) T: NLT (S+80) destroy SAPA forces on OBJ P: in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. ____ SQD (1) T: NLT (S+80) destroy SAPA forces on OBJ P: in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. ____ SQD (1) T: Secure PB. P: To allow the rest of the platoon to conduct point ambushes

C. Coord

Inst

(1) PIR: Enemy direction of travel, number and type of weapons, communications equipment. (2) Reports: needed.

Depart LD, when ambush is set, ACE after consolidation, SITREPS as

(3) Timeline: ________ LD at H + 45 ________ Establish Ambush NLT H + 80 SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader travels with your Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 8 (3) Challenge and Password: Lincoln/Jefferson (4) Running Password: Davis

Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Spirited fight - use tactical formations - react to contact visual or direct fire - Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

2 soldiers, small arms MAGNE/AZ: degrees DISTANCE: meters

46

TE NOTES: watch for effective use of terrain, camouflage and proper distance from the kill zone. Employment of claymore and AT4

ORDER L - ATTACK

LANE 12/32/52/72

SITUATION: A. Enemy

B. Friendly Forces

SAPA forces are preparing to conduct sustained operations in our AO. To maintain sustained operations, barricaded caches have been emplaced along enemy dismounted infiltration routes. The caches are manned by 2 to 3 lightly-armed SAPA soldiers who will defend strongly. MPCOA SAPA will emplace LP/OPs in order to provide early warning. MDCOA SAPA has a machine gun to defend

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, attacks OBJ GIANTS __________ NLT (S+80) to destroy SAPA barricaded caches in order to prevent resupply operations. -Intent: Our CO purpose is prevent resupply operations -End state enemy: Enemy unable to resupply their forces friendly: CO forces in a defensive posture. civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (e) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, attacks to secure OBJ REDSKINS NLT (S+80) in order to prevent detection of main attack. (f) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, attacks to secure OBJ EAGLES NLT(S+80) to prevent detection of main attack. (g) Front Unit: None (h) Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT attacks to clear OBJ COWBOYS VIC ___________ NLT (S+80) in order to prevent SAPA resupply operations.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

We will conduct a platoon attack with 2 blocking positions and an assault element.

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E:

(Your)SQD, the main effort, seize SAPA communication equipment in order to facilitate intelligence collection operations __ SQD, supporting effort one, emplaces a blocking position to the east of OBJ COWBOYS vic _________. ____ SQD, supporting effort two, emplaces a blocking position to the west of OBJ COWBOYS vic _________.

refer to the concept sketch)

(2) Scheme of Fires

The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

B. Task to

47

Man. Units

C. Coord Inst

____ SQD T: Clear OBJ COWBOYS P: to prevent SAPA resupply operations. ____ SQD T: Block east of OBJ COWBOYS P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort ____SQD T: Block west of OBJ COWBOYS P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort. (1) PIR: enemy of more than 3 personnel or with a machine gun than 3 enemy, Communications equipment, IED capabilities. (2) Reports: needed.

Crossing LD, enemy contact, ACE after consolidation, and SITREPS as

(3) Timeline: _______ LD at S+45 _______ clear OBJ COWBOYS NLT S+80 SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located at the patrol base. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL:

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 3 (3) Challenge and Password: hammer / bone (4) Running Password: RANGER Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

-

Spirited fight Surprised by the attack Die in place Fixed by squad

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

TE NOTES: -This is a deliberate attack, watch for the SL to have clear fire control between teams.

2 Soldiers, small arms, cache site MAGNE/AZ: Degrees DISTANCE: Meters

48

ORDER MTCM –

LANE 13/33/53/73

1. SITUATION: A. Enemy

Battalion Scouts have encountered SAPA patrols to our front consisting of 2-4 men armed with small arms and IEDs. In the last 24 hours SAPA elements have conducted ambushes against the Scout LP/Ops in an attempt to disrupt and delay Coalition Intelligence. SAPA morale is high due to resupply of Class I. MPCOA SAPA will fight aggressively in their patrols if they perceive an advantage or provoked. MDCOA SAPA consolidate several patrols into platoon size and prepare an effective defense

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up)____ Company, the main effort, attacks to destroy enemy forces VIC AO CARDINALS, ET _________, NLT (S+80) in order to eliminate SAPA threat and preserve coalition lines of communication. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to preserve coalition lines of communication -End state enemy: SAPA ambush elements destroyed in AO CARDINALS friendly: All units staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (e) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort one, clears OBJ DODGERS to in order to allow main effort freedom of maneuver (f) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort two, clears OBJ BLUE JAYS in order to allow the main eoofrt freedom of maneuver (g) Front Unit: None (h) Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT conducts movement to contact to destroy enemy forces VIC OBJ MARINERS, ET _________, NLT (S+80) in order to deny SAPA forces the ability to establish a foothold in AO.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

We will conduct our movement to contact using the approach march technique oriented on OBJ MARINERS, moving a platoon wedge formation.

(1)Scheme of Maneuver (T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

(Your) SQD, the main effort, will cross the LD NLT S+45 ___, leading the platoon. ___ squad will move on the left side of the formation and ___ squad will move on the right side of the formation. Once contact is made we will execute the appropriate battle drill.

(2)Scheme of Fires

The purpose of IDF is to suppress SAPA. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

B. Task to Maneuver units

YOUR SQD (1) T: Destroy SAPA forces VIC OBJ MARINERS, ET __________, P: Preserve coalition line of communications

49

____ SQD (1) T: Destroy SAPA forces VIC OBJ MARINERS P: to facilitate main effort freedom of movement. ____ SQD (1) T: Destroy SAPA forces VIC OBJ MARINERS P: to facilitate main effort freedom of movement C.

Coord Inst

SUSTAINMENT:

(1) PIR: Number and type of weapons, Communications Equipment, IED Capabilities. (2) ROE: As per ROE card. (3) Reports: Crossing LD, enemy contact, captured EPWs, ACE after consolidation, and SITREPS/SALUTE as needed. (4) Timeline ________ LD not later than S+45

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection points located on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL:

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: Couch/pistol (4) Running Password: TACOMA Local Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

-

conduct near ambush Spirited fight attempt to break contact Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

2 soldiers, MAGNE/AZ: DISTANCE:

TE NOTES: This is an approach march, not a deliberate attack. Cadets should not establish an ORP – they should move tactically to make contact, and conduct battle drill on contact

Degrees Meters

50

ORDER N - POINT AMBUSH SITUATION: A. Enemy

B. Friendly Forces

LANE 14/34/54/74

BDE S2 has received reports that SAPA dismounted reconnaissance patrols are moving along trails in AO STRIKE attempting to gain intelligence on ADF and CF disposition in AO STRIKE. SAPA patrols consist of 2-3 personnel armed with assault rifles. Patrols may have vehicular assets. SAPA forces have high morale due to recent successes against ADF forces. MPCOA SAPA will be moving along unimproved trail network in our AO using tactical spacing. MDCOA SAPA patrols are moving mounted with a machine gun.

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, conducts area ambush in AO STRIKE NLT ________ (S+80) to destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions -End state enemy: Enemy reconnaissance patrols disrupted friendly: Ambushes infiltrate undetected and complete their missions civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (c) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact to destroy SAPA patrols in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. (d) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact destroy SAPA patrols in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. (c)Front Unit: None (d)Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D.

None.

Attach & Detach

MISSION:

____PLT conducts area ambush NLT (S+80) in AO STRIKE VIC ET_________ NLT ________ (S+80) to destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

The platoon will conduct an area ambush. Two squads will LD NLT S+45 move to their respect OBJs and conduct point ambushes.

(1) Scheme of

The PLT will infiltrate into the AO with two SQDs moving along a separate routes to conduct point ambushes on enemy patrols.(Your) SQD, the main effort, will cross the LD at (S+45) and move long route YELLOW to establish a point ambush VIC

(T/E: Maneuver refer to the concept sketch)

(2) Scheme of Fires

ET____________. supporting will the LD at (S+45) and move along route____SQD, PURPLE to establisheffort point one, ambush VICcross ET ____________. ____SQD, supporting effort two, will secure the PB throughout the mission. Upon completion of the ambush all squads will consolidate at the platoon linkup point VIC ET ____________ (Next Lane SP).

No IDF available.

51

B. Tasks to Man Units

Your SQD: (1) T: NLT (S+80) destroy SAPA forces on OBJ P: in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. ____ SQD (1) T: NLT (S+80) destroy SAPA forces on OBJ P: in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. ____ SQD (1) T: Secure PB. P: To allow the rest of the platoon to conduct point ambushes.

C. Coord

Inst

(1) PIR: Ambush set, enemy direction of travel, weapons, number and type of vehicles, ROE violations, any negligent weapon discharge. (2) Reports: Depart LD, when ambush is set, ACE after consolidation, ROE violations, SITREPS as needed, and any negligent discharges

SUSTAINMENT:

(3) Timeline: ________ LD at S+ 45 ________ Establish Ambush NLT S+ 80 a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None

COMMAND & SIGNAL

b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located at the patrol base. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request. a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: Slugger/Bunt (4) Running Password: Pitch Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Spirited fight - use tactical formations - react to contact visual or direct fire - Die in place

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

2 soldiers, small arms, MAGNE/AZ: degrees DISTANCE: meters

52

TE NOTES: watch for effective use of terrain, camouflage and proper distance from the kill zone

ORDER O - RECON

LANE 15/35/55/75

SITUATION: A. Enemy

B. Friendly Forces

BN scouts report observing SAPA forces carrying mortar tubes in AO PELICAN. This indicates a potential weapons cache. The suspected cache site is likely to be critical to future SAPA operations and defended by 2-3 SAPA personnel. SAPA defenders are expected to be armed with assault rifles and hand grenades. MPCOA SAPA forces will defend cache sites and attempt to reinforce them if they are attacked. MDCOA SAPA will detonate the cache if compromised ____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): _____ Company conducts a zone recon of AO PELICAN NLT ________ (S+45) to locate SAPA caches in order to allow for targeting by CF air assets and ground assaults. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to locate SAPA caches in order to allow for targeting by CF air assets and ground assaults AO -End state enemy: Enemy caches located and targeting for destruction friendly: CF identified all cache sites civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (b) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact in AO CROW destroy SAPA forces in the AO in order to prevent detection of the main effort. (b)Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact in AO TOUCAN to destroy SAPA forces in the AO in order to prevent detection of the main effort. (c)Front Unit: None (d)Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None.

MISSION:

____PLT, CO main effort, conducts zone recon in AO PELICAN NLT (S+90) to locate enemy cache site to facilitate offensive operations.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

The platoon conduct a zone recon in AO PELICAN in order to positively ID ammunition cache sites

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

The PLT will conduct simultaneous area recons within AO PELICAN. Both squads will cross the LD NLT ______ (S+45). (YOUR) SQD will move along ROUTE GREEN to conduct area recon of OBJ HUMMINGBIRD ET __________, ____SQD will move along ROUTE BLACK to conduct an area recon of OBJ WREN. ____SQD secures the PB.

(2) Scheme of Fires No IDF available for this operation. B. Tasks to Man Units

Your SQD T: Conduct area recon of OBJ HUMMINGBIRD NLT (S+80) P: to locate enemy cache to facilitate future offensive operations; break contact if compromised and report.

53

____SQD, T: Conduct area recon f OBJ WREN NLT (S+80) P: to locate enemy cache to facilitate future offensive operations; break contact if compromised and report; ____SQD T: Secures the PB P: facilitate the area recons of the other 2 squads. C. Coord Inst

(1)

PIR:

Number of personnel, type and quantity of class V at cache site

(2)

Reports:

Crossing LD, enemy contact, SALUTE report

(3) Timeline ________ LD at S+45 ________ Recon complete S+80 ________ SALUTE report complete S+90

SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL:

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader remains in the PB (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: CUP/TABLE (4) Running Password: DENALI Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

Provide security for site Note Recon activities , Once the squad is IDed by OPFOR change activity level Engage gross violations of noise and light discipline with direct fire, if the squad does not immediately break contact maneuver and engage

TE Notes: This standard RECON with a specific break contact task if compromised. Cadets can use any technique to collect PIR (clover leaf, vantage point, etc)

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS:

2 Soldiers, small outpost, cache materiels

SP AAR ET: ET:

MAGNE/AZ: DISTANCE:

ET ET

Degrees Meters

54

ORDER P - AMBUSH

LANE 19/38/57/77

SITUATION: A. Enemy

B. Friendly Forces

BDE S2 has received reports that SAPA dismounted reconnaissance patrols are moving along trails in AO BUICK attempting to gain intelligence on ADF and CF disposition in AO BUICK. SAPA patrols consist of 2-3 personnel armed with assault rifles. Patrols may have vehicular assets. SAPA forces have high morale due to recent successes against ADF forces. MPCOA SAPA will be moving along unimproved trail network in our AO using tactical spacing. MDCOA SAPA patrols are moving mounted with a machine gun.

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, conducts area ambush in AO BUICK NLT ________ (S+80) to destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions -End state enemy: Enemy reconnaissance patrols disrupted friendly: Ambushes infiltrate undetected and complete their missions civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (e) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact to destroy SAPA patrols in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. (f) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact destroy SAPA patrols in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. (c)Front Unit: None (d)Rear Unit: None

C. Civilian Consideratio ns

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None.

MISSION:

____PLT conducts area ambush NLT (S+80) in AO BUICK VIC ET_________ NLT ________ (S+80) to destroy SAPA forces in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

The platoon will conduct an area ambush. Two squads will LD NLT S+45 move to their respect OBJs and conduct point ambushes.

(1) Scheme of Maneuver

The PLT will infiltrate into the AO with two SQDs moving along a separate routes to conduct point ambushes on enemy patrols.(Your) SQD, the main effort, will cross the LD at (S+45) and move long route CHEVY to establish a point ambush VIC ET____________. ____SQD, supporting effort one, will cross the LD at (S+45) and move along route HONDA to establish point ambush VIC ET ____________. ____SQD, supporting

(T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

effort two,squads will secure the PB throughout the mission. of the ambush all will consolidate at the platoon linkup Upon pointcompletion VIC ET ____________ (Next Lane SP). (2) Scheme of Fires:

No IDF available.

55

B. Tasks to Man Units

Your SQD: (1) T: NLT (S+80) destroy SAPA forces on OBJ P: in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. ____ SQD (1) T: NLT (S+80) destroy SAPA forces on OBJ P: in order to prevent SAPA forces from gaining intelligence on ADF and CF positions. ____ SQD (1) T: Secure PB. P: To facilitae the point ambushes of the rest of the platoon.

C.

Coord Inst

(1) PIR:

enemy direction of travel, weapons, type of vehicle.

(2) Reports: needed

Depart LD, when ambush is set, ACE after consolidation, SITREPS as

(3) Timeline: ________ LD at S+ 45 ________ Establish Ambush NLT S+ 80

SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located at the patrol base. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows 2ND Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: NEST/TRUCK (4) Running Password: BASEBALL Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

AAR ET: AAR ET:

ET

Spirited fight use tactical formations react to contact visual or direct fire Die in place DISTANCE: Meters Meters DISTANCE:

56

TE NOTES: watch for effective use of terrain, camouflage and proper distance from the kill zone

ORDER Q -

ATTACK

LANE 17/37/56/76

SITUATION: A. Enemy

B. Friendly Forces

SAPA forces are preparing to conduct sustained operations in our AO. To maintain sustained operations, caches have been emplaced along enemy dismounted infiltration routes. The caches are manned by 2 to 3 lightly-armed SAPA soldiers who will defend strongly. MPCOA SAPA will emplace LP/OPs in order to provide early warning. MDCOA SAPA has a machine gun to defend

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Company, the main effort, attacks OBJ LAKERS __________ NLT (S+80) to destroy SAPA barricaded caches in order to prevent resupply operations. -Intent: Our CO purpose is prevent resupply operations -End state enemy: Enemy unable to resupply their forces friendly: CO forces in a defensive posture. civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (i) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, attacks to secure OBJ KNICKS NLT (S+80) in order to prevent detection of main attack. (j) Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, attacks to secure OBJ KINGS NLT(S+80) to prevent detection of main attack. (k) Front Unit: None (l) Rear Unit: None

C. Civil Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT attacks to clear OBJ CELTICS VIC ___________ NLT (S+80) in order to prevent SAPA resupply operations.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

We will conduct a platoon attack with 2 blocking positions and an assault element.

(1)Scheme of maneuver (T/E:

(Your)SQD, the main effort, seize SAPA communication equipment in order to facilitate intelligence collection operations __ SQD, supporting effort one, emplaces a blocking position to the east of OBJ CELTICS vic _________. ____ SQD, supporting effort two, emplaces a blocking position to the west of OBJ

refer to the concept sketch)

CELTICS vic _________.

(2)Scheme of Fires

The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

57

B. Task to Man Units

____ SQD T: Clear OBJ CELTICS P: to prevent SAPA resupply operations. ____ SQD T: Block east of OBJ CELTICS P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort ____SQD T: Block west of OBJ CELTICS P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort.

C.

Coord Inst

(1) PIR: enemy of more than 3 personnel or with a machine gun than 3 enemy, Communications equipment, IED capabilities. (2) Reports: needed.

Crossing LD, enemy contact, ACE after consolidation, and SITREPS as

(3) Timeline: _______ LD at S+45 _______ clear OBJ COSTA MESA NLT S+80 SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located at the patrol base. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader follows YOUR Squad. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 3 (3) Challenge and Password: NOTEBOOK / HAMMER (4) Running Password: RANGER Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

-

Spirited fight Surprised by the attack Die in place Fixed by squad

TE NOTES: -This is a deliberate attack, watch for the SL to have clear fire control between teams.

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET

2 soldiers, small arms, defensive fighting position MAGNE/AZ: Degrees

AAR ET:

DISTANCE:

ET

Meters

58

ORDER R - AMBUSH

LANE 18/36/58/78

SITUATION: A. Enemy

Patrol Debriefs suggest that enemy dismounted patrols are moving along dismounted infiltration routes in AO GERTRUDE. SAPA forces are r eplacement troops due to high attrition rates. These patrols consist of 2 to 3 men armed with light weapons and will resist capture due to high morale. The SAPA fighters are new recruits and freshly trained. MPCOA SAPA will be moving along unimproved trail network in our AO using tactical spacing. MDCOA SAPA patrols are reinforced with a mounted machine gun team.

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit: _____ Company, main effort, conducts multiple ambushes in VIC OBJ BETTY NLT (S+45) to destroy enemy forces to facilitate freedom of movement for coalition forces. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to facilitate Coalition Forces freedom of movement -End state enemy: Enemy patrols destroyed friendly: CF have identified and destroyed SAPA patrols and are staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (a) Left unit Mission: ____ PLT, ____ Company supporting effort one, conducts an ambush VIC OBJ WILMA to destroy enemy forces and protect the flank of the Main effort NLT (S+45). (b) Right Unit Mission: ____ PLT, ____ Company supporting effort one, conducts an ambush VIC OBJ MAUDE to destroy enemy forces and protect the flank of the Main effort NLT (S+45).

C. Civil Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces

D. Attach & Detach

none

MISSION

____PLT, main effort, destroys enemy patrols in OBJ BETY VIC. ET_________ NLT S+80 to facilitate freedom of movement for coalition forces.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

The platoon will conduct an area ambush with two squads conducting separate point ambushes within our AO

(1)Scheme of Maneuver (T/E: refer to the concept sketch)

The PLT will infiltrate into the AO with two SQDs moving along separate routes to conduct point ambushes on enemy mounted patrols.(Your) SQD, plt main effort, will LD at (S+45) and move long route GREEN to establish point ambush VIC ET____________. ____SQD will LD at (S+45) and move along route BLACK to establish point ambush VIC. ET ____________. ____SQD will secure the PB throughout the mission.

(2)Scheme of Fires

The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. 60mm fires

B. Tasks to Man Units

Your SQD: (1) T: Destroy enemy dismounted patrols movement 59

(Your) squad has pri

P: Facilitate friendly freedom of

____ SQD (1) T: Destroy enemy dismounted patrols movement

P: Facilitate friendly freedom of

____ SQD (1) T: Secure PB. P: provide security for the platoon. (1) PIR:

C. Coord

Inst

enemy direction of travel, weapons, type of vehicle.

(2) Reports: needed

Depart LD, when ambush is set, ACE after consolidation, SITREPS as

(3) Timeline: ________ LD at S+45 ________ Establish Ambush NLT S+80 a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None

SUSTAINMENT:

b. Personnel (1) Personnel: EPW collection points located at PLT PB. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader in PB. (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) Higher Unit Location: ____ Company CP in BP LEE. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 3 (3) Challenge and Password: SPIDER / TRUCK (4) Running Password: TEXAS

COMMAND & SIGNAL

Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Spirited fight - not surprised - maneuver on the squad

ELO: near or far ambush squad is compromised prior to enemy in the kill zone TLO: attack battle drill. When is it no longer an ambush and a react to contact drill

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET

2 soldiers, small arms, MAGNE/AZ: degrees

AAR ET:

DISTANCE:

ET

meters

60

ORDER S - ATTACK

LANE 16/39/59/79

SITUATION: A. Enemy

B. Friendly Forces

Intelligence reports indicate small enemy elements establishing illegal checkpoints within our area of operations. The CPs are generally manned by 2-4 personnel and may include security patrols. UAVs confirmed the locations of these sites along various avenues of approach and near trails. UAV also detected dismounted patrols of 2-3 personnel in the area. Morale is very high due to influx of additional financial support from foreign allies. MPCOA The enemy will defend their positions. MDCOA area patrols compromise the attack and SAPA conducts a coordinated counter attack ____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(2) Higher Unit(one level up): _____ Company attacks OBJ COKE __________,(S+80) to destroy enemy communication assets IN ORDER to facilitate coalition forces freedom of movement. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to facilitate Coalition Forces freedom of movement -End state enemy: Enemy checkpoints are destroyed friendly: CF have freedom of movement and are staged for follow on operations civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(3) Adjacent Units: (a) Right unit: ____ PLT, ____ Company supporting effort one, attacks OBJ SPRITE (S+80) to destroy enemy commo sites to facilitate Main Efforts attack on OBJ COKE and allow Coalition freedom of movement. (b) Left Unit: ____ PLT, ____ Company supporting effort two, attacks (S+80) OBJ PEPSI to facilitate Main Efforts attack on OBJ COKE and allow coalition freedom of movement. C. Civil Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces

D. Attach & Detach

None

MISSION:

____PLT, main effort, attacks to destroy enemy checkpoints on OBJ COKE VIC ET _________, (S+80) to facilitate coalition forces freedom of movement.

EXECUTION: A. Concept

We will conduct a platoon attack with 2 blocking positions and an assault element

(1)Scheme of Maneuver (T/E:

(Your)SQD, the main effort, destroy SAPA checkpoint at OBJ COKE in order to facilitate coalition forces freedom of movement.

refer to the concept sketch)

__ SQD, supporting effort one, emplaces a blocking position to the east of OBJ COKE. ____ SQD, supporting effort two, emplaces a blocking position to the west of OBJ COKE.

(2)Scheme of Fires.

The purpose of IDF is to prevent SAPA reinforcements on the OBJ. (Your) squad has priority of 60mm fires. (YOU) are allocated 1 target for planning. Submit to PL prior to your OPORD

61

B. Task to Man Units

(Your) Squad (1) T: Attack to destroy illegal checkpoint on OBJ COKE, NLT (S+80) P: facilitate coalition forces freedom of movement ____ SQD T: Block east of OBJ COKE P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort ____SQD T: Block west of OBJ COKE P: Facilitate freedom of maneuver for the PLT main effort.

C.

Coord Inst

(1) PIR: Checkpoint construction, communications equipment. (2) Reports: Crossing LD, enemy contact, ACE after consolidation, SITREPS/SALUTE as needed. (3) Timeline: ________ LD at S+45 ________ Checkpoint vic OBJ ORANGUTAN destroyed NLT S+80

SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics: (1) Supply: No Resupply available for 24 hrs. Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (2) Transportation: None (3) Services: None (4) Maintenance: None

b. Personnel: (1) EPW collection points located at PB. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request COMMAND & CONTROL:

a. Command (1) Location of your Commander: Platoon Leader follows (Your) Squad Higher (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) Unit Location: ____ Company CP follows main effort. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 5 (3) Challenge and Password: DIAMOND / THUNDER (4) Running Password: RANGER

Time is now_______, What are Your Questions?

OPFOR TASKS:

- Spirited fight - Die in place

TE NOTES: This is a deliberate attack, watch for the SL to have clear fire control between teams.

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET

2 soldiers, small arms, site/material to portray a checkpoint MAGNE/AZ: Degrees

AAR ET:

DISTANCE:

ET

Meters

62

ORDER T - RECON

LANE 20/40/60/80

SITUATION: A. Enemy

BN scouts report observing SAPA forces carrying ammo crates in AO BRONCO. This indicates a potential weapons cache. The suspected cache site is likely to be critical to future SAPA operations and defended by 2-3 SAPA personnel. SAPA defenders are expected to be armed with assault rifles and hand grenades. MPCOA SAPA forces will defend cache sites and attempt to reinforce them if they are attacked. MDCOA SAPA will detonate the cache if compromised

B. Friendly Forces

____ Battalion disrupts SAPA operations in AO Warrior to support ADF operations and local governance. End state: enemy: SAPA unable to effect Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood (2) Higher Unit (one level up): _____ Company conducts a zone recon of AO BRONCO NLT ________ (S+45) to locate SAPA caches in order to allow for targeting by CF air assets and ground assaults. -Intent: Our CO purpose is to locate SAPA caches in order to allow for targeting by CF air assets and ground assaults AO -End state enemy: Enemy caches located and targeting for destruction friendly: CF identified all cache sites civilian: No disruption to civilian life or livelihood (3) Adjacent Units: (c) Left Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact in AO GIMLET destroy SAPA forces in the AO in order to prevent detection of the main effort. (b)Right Unit: ____PLT,______Company, supporting effort, conducts movement to contact in AO CACTI to destroy SAPA forces in the AO in order to prevent detection of the main effort. (c)Front Unit: None (d)Rear Unit: None

C. Civil Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

D. Attach & Detach

None.

Mission

____PLT, CO main effort, conducts zone recon in AO BRONCO NLT (S+90) to locate enemy cache site to facilitate offensive operations.

Execution: A. Concept

The platoon conduct a zone recon in AO Butler in order to positively ID ammunition cache sites

(1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E:

The PLT will conduct simultaneous area recons within AO BRONCO. Both squads will cross the LD NLT ______ (S+45). (YOUR) SQD will move along ROUTE GREEN to conduct area recon of OBJ BOBCAT ET __________, ____SQD will move along ROUTE WHITE to conduct an area recon of OBJ WOLFHOUND. ____SQD secures the PB.

refer to the concept sketch)

(2)Scheme of Fires

B. Task to Man Units

No IDF available at this time.

Your SQD T: Conduct area recon of OBJ BOBCAT NLT (S+80) P: to locate enemy cache to facilitate future offensive operations; break contact if compromised and report.

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____SQD, (T) Conduct area of OBJ WOLFHOUND NLT (S+80) P: to locate enemy cache to facilitate future offensive operations; break contact if compromised and report; ____SQD (T) Secures the PB C.

Coord Inst

(1)

PIR:

Number of personnel, type and quantity of class V at cache site

(2)

Reports:

Crossing LD, enemy contact, SALUTE report

(3) Timeline ________ LD at S+45 ________ Recon complete S+80 ________ SALUTE report complete S+90 SUSTAINMENT:

a. Logistics. (1) Supply: NO Re-supply available for 24 hrs. (2) Class I cycle is: MRE-MRE-MRE. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: PLT EPW collection point located on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request.

COMMAND & SIGNAL:

a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Platoon Leader remains in the PB (2) Succession of Command: PL, PSG, ____ (You), ____SL, ____SL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (1) Call Signs: PL=T16, PSG=T17, FO=T15, 1SL=C31, 2SL=C32, 3SL=C33. (2) Number Combination: 7 (3) Challenge and Password: CHAIR / HOTEL (4) Running Password: ALOHA Time is now_______, What are Your Questions.

OPFOR TASKS:

- Provide security for CN - Note how well SQD recons - React to gross negligent tactical movement

OPFOR REQUIREMENTS: SP ET: ET AAR ET: ET

TE NOTE: Cadets can use any technique to collect PIR (clover leaf, vantage point, etc)

2 soldiers, small arms, OE 254, cammo net, maps, overlays MAGNE/AZ: Degrees DISTANCE: Meters

64

PATROLLING OPERATIONS ORDERS

___________________________________________________________ PATROL Lanes 84, 90, 96, and 98

ORDER 1 - RAID 1.

SITUATION:

A. Enemy Intelligence sources have confirmed locations of enemy safe houses within our area of operations. These houses are owned or occupied by locals who are sympathetic to the enemy cause and are known to provide food and shelter to enemy forces operating in the AO. We are attempting to capture _______________________ (name) at OBJ SEMINOLE, _______________________ (name) at OBJ COMANCHE, and _______________________ (name) at OBJ SIOUX. All three are on Battalion’s High Value Target List and are considered extremely dangerous. We expect that they are each traveling with 2-3 man security detail. MPCOA HVIs will evade capture at all costs if captured they will most likely use false names and papers in order to prevent their accurate identification. MDCOA HVIs may be able to stage a counter attack with a QRF element within 20 minutes. B.

Friendly

(1) Higher Unit (two levels up): ____ Brigade secures AO WARRIOR in order to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. -Intent: BDE purpose: to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. Key Tasks: Conduct operations ICW Atropian force priorities; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: AO WARRIOR secure for follow on Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Battalion, the main effort, disrupts SAPA operations in AO WARRIOR in order to support ADF operations and local governance. -Intent: BN purpose: to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. Key Tasks: Conduct CO Sized operations throughout the AO; Securing all HVIs; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: Key Terrain in AO WARRIOR secure for follow on Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(3) Adjacent Units: a. North: None. b. East: C Company conducts a Zone Reconnaissance in conjunction with Atropian Forces NLT ___________, in order to identify enemy infiltration routes to provide information for follow on assaults. c. West: D Company conducts simultaneous ambushes to destroy SAPA forces or supporters in order to prevent reinforcements against C Company operations d. South: None C.

Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces.

2. MISSION: Targets.

_____ Company clears OBJ SEMINOLE, NLT __________ in order to capture High Value

65

3. EXECUTION: Commander’s Intent. CO purpose: to capture High Value Targets. Key Tasks: Isolate OBJ SEMINOLE, rapidly clear OBJ SEMINOLE; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: OBJ SEMINOLE cleared friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

a. Concept of Operations. We will conduct a company raid with 2 platoon sized blocking positions to isolate OBJ SEMINOLE, and a platoon-sized unit in assault. (1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E: refer to the concept sketch). Our company will conduct a Raid on OBJ SEMINOLE to capture designated HVTs and eliminate their influence in the AO. (Your) patrol, the CO main effort, will move along Route Blue to OBJ SEMINOLE. _____ patrol and _____ patrol will establish blocking positions on OBJs COMANCHE and SOUIX, respectively, to facilitate the main effort’s Raid on OBJ SEMINOLE. Decisive to this operation will be establishing a foothold on OBJ SEMINOLE. (2) Scheme of Fires. The purpose of fires is to suppress enemy on OBJ SEMINOLE, (Your) patrol is first in priority for CO 60 MM mortars. IDF must be cleared through the company FSO. (YOU) are allocated 2 targets for planning. Submit to CO prior to your OPORD

c. Tasks to subordinate units. _____ Patrol raids to clear on OBJ SEMINOLE, ET _________________ NLT ________________ in order to capture/kill HVT _____________________; move to ET______________(next lane AA) no later than 20 minutes after OBJ SEMINOLE cleared

_____ Patrol establishes blocking position on OBJ COMANCHE, ET _________________ NLT ________________ in order to facilitate main effort’s raid on OBJ SEMINOLE. _____ Patrol establishes blocking position on OBJ SIOUX, ET _________________ NLT ________________ in order to facilitate main effort’s raid on OBJ SEMINOLE. d. Coordinating Instructions. (1) Patrol leaders within 10 minutes of completion of this order, back-brief me on your mission and concept. (2) Critical Timeline: Begin movement:

________ hours

NLT execution:

________ hours

(3) PIR to higher headquarters: (a) Are suspected HVTs at designated safe houses? (b) Is there evidence of Atropian military advisors? (4) Reporting Requirements: (a) Enemy contact

66

(b) Civilian contact (c) Occupation/location of ORP (d) Confirm SAPA presents (e) Occupation of the Assault position (f) Occupation of follow on patrol base

4. SUSTAINMENT: a. Logistics. (1) Supply: Next resupply is 0500 tomorrow. (2) Class I cycle is: M-M-M. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: EPW collection points located at the AA and on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request. 5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL: a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Company commander and 1SG will initially co-locate with the Company CP and later move with ___ Patrol. (2) Succession of Command: CO Cdr, XO, 1 PL, 2 PL, 3 PL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP at ET 4123 0905 collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (refer to Patrol SOI) (1) Frequency __________________ (2) CO Call Sign __________________; Patrol Call Sign _______________________ (3) Number Combination: 5 (4) Challenge BENGALS / Password LIONS (5) Running Password: COWBOYS

67

PATROLLING OPERATIONS ORDERS PATROL Lanes 82, 85, 88, 91, 94, 97

ORDER 2 - AMBUSH 1.

SITUATION: A. Enemy S2 interrogations of SAPA personnel have revealed a network of trails and supply routes unimpeded by U.S. forces in AO WARRIOR. 3-4 man SAPA teams are providing supplies to SAPA combatants and supporters in our area of operations by foot and vehicle. MPCOA SAPA forces will strongly defend this network of trails. MDCOA SAPA will have a company sized QRF element with a 20 minute reaction time. B.

Friendly

(1) Higher Unit (two levels up): ____ Brigade secures AO WARRIOR in order to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. -Intent: BDE purpose: to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. Key Tasks: Conduct operations ICW Atropian force priorities; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: AO WARRIOR secure for follow on Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Battalion, the main effort, disrupts SAPA operations in AO WARRIOR in order to support ADF operations and local governance. -Intent: BN purpose: to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. Key Tasks: Conduct CO Sized operations throughout the AO; Securing all HVIs; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: Key Terrain in AO WARRIOR secure for follow on Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(3) Adjacent Units: a. North: None. b. East: C Company conducts a Zone Reconnaissance in conjunction with Atropian Forces NLT ___________, in order to identify enemy infiltration routes to provide information for follow on assaults. c. West: D Company conducts simultaneous ambushes to destroy SAPA forces or supporters in order to prevent reinforcements against C Company operations C.

Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces; however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces. by All patrols are advised to avoid contact with civilians in order to avoid possible detection SAPA forces.

2. MISSION: _____ Company destroys enemy forces along MSR WOLVERINE NLT __________ in order to deny enemy freedom of movement and re-supply.

68

3.

EXECUTION:

Commander’s Intent. CO purpose: to deny enemy freedom of movement and re-supply. Key Tasks: conduct undetected infiltrations to ambush sites; minimize civilian interaction; use precision in all direct fire engagements. End state: enemy: SAPA is unable to affectively use infiltration routes into AO WARRIOR, SAPA supply routes are disrupted. friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

a. Concept of Operations. The company will conduct an area ambush with three patrols. Each Patrol will depart the patrol base NLT _____ and conduct a point ambush along MSR WOLVERINE. Upon completing of action on the objective and have gather all necessary PIR, each patrol will withdrawal and move to a PB to prepare for follow-on operations. (2) Scheme of Maneuver. (Your) patrol, the CO main effort, will infiltrate into the AO moving along route Gray to conduct a point ambush to eliminate SAPA patrols VIC ET____________. ____ patrol will move along route Blue to conduct point ambush to the east of MSR Wolverine along dismounted avenue of approach in order to eliminate SAPA patrols. ____ Patrol will move along route White to conduct a point ambush along a dismounted avenue of approach to the West in order to eliminate SAPA patrols. Upon completion of their ambushes, all patrols will link up at the CO patrol base. (2) Scheme of Fires. The purpose of fires is to disrupt enemy reinforcements. (Your) patrol is first in priority for CO 60 MM mortars. (YOU) are allocated 2 targets for planning. Submit to CO prior to your OPORD b. Tasks to subordinate units. (1) _____ Patrol moves along ROUTE Gray to ET ___________________; conducts ambush as Company Main Effort NLT _________ to destroy enemy forces in our area and prevent them from re-supplying other elements. (2) _____ Patrol moves along ROUTE Blue to the East of (Your) patrol’s ambush site; conducts point ambush NLT _________ to destroy enemy forces in our area and prevent them from re-supplying other elements.

(3) _____ Patrol moves along ROUTE White to the West of (Your) patrol’s ambush site; conducts point ambush NLT _________ to destroy enemy forces in our area and prevent them from re-supplying other elements. c. Coordinating instructions.

(1)

(2)

Critical Timeline: Backbrief: Orders complete + 10 minutes. Begin movement: ________ hours NLT execution: ________ hours PIR to higher headquarters: (a) What type and number of communication equipment? (b) Quantity and type of materials/supplies being carried? (c) Any Evidence of Atropian military advisors?

(4)

Reporting Requirements: (a) Enemy contact (b) Civilian contact (c) Occupation/location of ORP

69

(d) Confirm SAPA presents (e) Ambush in position and set (f) Occupation of follow on patrol base (5)

After ambush is completed, move to ET _______________; NLT _____hrs (next PB)

4. SUSTAINMENT: a. Logistics. (1) Supply: Next resupply is 0500 tomorrow. (2) Class I cycle is: M-M-M. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None (6) Miscellaneous: ______ Smoke available b. Personnel (1) Personnel: EPW collection points located at the AA and on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request. 5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL: a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Company commander and 1SG will initially co-locate with the Company CP and later move with ___ Patrol. (2) Succession of Command: CO Cdr, XO, 1 PL, 2 PL, 3 PL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP at ET 4123 0905 collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (refer to Patrol SOI) (1) Frequency __________________ (2) CO Call Sign __________________; Patrol Call Sign _______________________ (3) Number Combination: 7 (4) Challenge MUSTANG / Password COBRA (5) Running Password: CORVETTE

70

PATROLLING OPERATIONS ORDERS

PATROL STX LANES 83, 86, 89, 92, 95, 100

ORDER 3 – AREA RECONNAISSANCE 1.

SITUATION: A. Enemy Local intelligence has revealed that some local leaders have begun to provide support to SAPA forces. SAPA teams of 3-5 men utilizing civilian vans are believed to be working within our area of operations to gather support from the villages. Reports indicate that SAPA forces will attempt to conduct resupply within the next 24 hours. S2 has been unable to pinpoint which villages are currently being influenced. B.

Friendly

(1) Higher Unit (two levels up): ____ Brigade secures AO WARRIOR in order to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. -Intent: BDE purpose: to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. Key Tasks: Conduct operations ICW Atropian force priorities; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: AO WARRIOR secure for follow on Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Battalion, the main effort, disrupts SAPA operations in AO WARRIOR in order to support ADF operations and local governance. -Intent: BN purpose: to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. Key Tasks: Conduct CO Sized operations throughout the AO; Securing all HVIs; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: Key Terrain in AO WARRIOR secure for follow on Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(3) Adjacent Units: a. North: None. b. East: C Company conducts a Zone Reconnaissance in conjunction with Atropian Forces NLT ___________, in order to identify enemy infiltration routes to provide information for follow on assaults. c. West: D Company conducts simultaneous ambushes to destroy SAPA forces or supporters in order to prevent reinforcements against C Company operations

C.

Civilian Considerations

Civilians in AO are generally supportive of ADF and US forces, however, some civilians within the AO support SAPA forces. by All patrols are advised to avoid contact with civilians in order to avoid possible detection SAPA forces.

2. MISSION: _____ Company conducts a zone reconnaissance of AO Warrior NLT ______ in order to confirm templated SAPA command and control nodes for follow on targeting.

71

3.

EXECUTION:

Commander’s Intent. CO purpose: to in order to confirm templated SAPA C2 nodes for follow on targeting. Key Tasks: infiltrate undetected; Avoid decisive engagements; Minimize interaction with civilians; End state: enemy: Templated enemy C2 nodes confirmed friendly: Positions targeted and CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood a. Concept of operations. Platoons will infiltrate the AO and conduct zone reconnaissance with three patrols. Each Patrol will depart the patrol base NLT _____ and conduct an area recon of OBJ CHEVY, FORD, and DODGE. Upon gathering your intelligence each patrol will move to a safe location and disseminate/report information gathered. Upon sending up your reports you will exfil to a PB to prepare for follow-on operations. (1) Scheme of Maneuver. (Your) patrol, CO main effort, will move along ROUTE Blue and conduct an area reconnaissance of OBJ Chevy VIC ET ____________. ____ patrol will move along ROUTE Red and conduct an area reconnaissance of OBJ Ford. ____ patrol will move along ROUTE White and conduct an area reconnaissance of OBJ Dodge. If contact is made with enemy forces, all patrols will avoid becoming decisively engaged. If we gain credible information, intelligence developed will lead to potential future operations in the area. Scheme of Fires. No IDF available. b. Tasks to subordinate units. (1) _____ Patrol conduct area reconnaissance of OBJ Chevy VIC ET ___________________; NLT _________ to verify reports that local civilians are providing support to SAPA forces. (2) _____ Patrol conduct area reconnaissance of OBJ Ford VIC ET ___________________; NLT _________ to verify reports that local civilians are providing support to SAPA forces. (3) _____ Patrol conduct area reconnaissance of OBJ Dodge VIC ET ___________________; NLT _________ to verify reports that local civilians are providing support to SAPA forces. c. Coordinating instructions.

(1)

Critical Timeline: Backbrief: end of order +10 minutes Begin movement: ________ hours NLT execution: ________ hours

(2)

PIR to higher headquarters: (a) Identify SAPA mounted and dismounted avenues of approach into the Objective area? (b) Which template targets are active? (c) Detailed sketch of unmapped trail and road network within 400 meters of the objective area.

(3)

Reporting Requirements: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

Enemy contact Civilian contact Occupation/location of ORP Recon Complete Occupation of patrol base

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(5) After recon is completed, submit initial SALUTE report to CO CP and sketch of OBJ area, then move to ET _______________; NLT _____hrs (next PB).

4. SUSTAINMENT: a. Logistics. (1) Supply: Next resupply is 0500 tomorrow. (2) Class I cycle is: M-M-M. (3) Top off water in your current positions before moving out. (4) Transport: None (5) Services: None b. Personnel (1) Personnel: EPW collection points located at the follow on patrol base. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request. 5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL: a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Company commander and 1SG will initially co-locate with the Company CP and later move with ___ Patrol. (2) Succession of Command: CO Cdr, XO, 1 PL, 2 PL, 3 PL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP at ET 4123 0905 collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (refer to Patrol SOI) (1) Frequency __________________ (2) CO Call Sign __________________; Patrol Call Sign _______________________ (3) Number Combination: 9 (4) Challenge BRONCO / Password CHARGER (5) Running Password: JACKET

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PATROLLING OPERATIONS ORDERS

PATROL STX LANES 81, 87, 93, 99

ORDER 4 – CORDON and SEARCH 1.

SITUATION:

A. Enemy Intelligence sources have indicated SAPA leadership moving through our area of operations. SAPA leaders are receiving support and shelter from locals who are sympathetic to the enemy cause. SAPA cell leader _______________________ (HVT name) has been reported to be seeking refuge in ________________ (village name). _______________ (HVT name) is on the Battalion High Value Target List. We expect that he is traveling with a 2-3 man security detail. MPCOA HVTs will evade capture at all costs if captured they will most likely use false names and papers in order to prevent their accurate identification. MDCOA SAPA may be able to stage a counter attack with a QRF element within 20 minutes. B.

Friendly

(1) Higher Unit (two levels up): ____ Brigade secures AO WARRIOR in order to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. -Intent: BDE purpose: to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. Key Tasks: Conduct operations ICW Atropian force priorities; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: AO WARRIOR secure for follow on Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(2) Higher Unit (one level up): ____ Battalion, the main effort, disrupts SAPA operations in AO WARRIOR in order to support ADF operations and local governance. -Intent: BN purpose: to disrupt SAPA operations and support ADF operations and local governance. Key Tasks: Conduct CO Sized operations throughout the AO; Securing all HVIs; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: Key Terrain in AO WARRIOR secure for follow on Atropian civil support activities friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

(3) Adjacent Units: a. North: None. b. East: C Company conducts a Zone Reconnaissance in conjunction with Atropian Forces NLT ___________, in order to identify enemy infiltration routes to provide information for follow on assaults. c. West: D Company conducts simultaneous ambushes to destroy SAPA forces or supporters in order to prevent reinforcements against C Company operations C. Civilian Considerations Civilians in the AO are known to sympathize with SAPA forces and may be providing shelter. Civilians within the AO are not reported to be hostile, however, mistreatment by Coalition Forces may provoke a hostile response. 2. MISSION: _____ Company clears OBJ THOR (village_________), NLT __________ in order to capture High Value Targets.

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3. EXECUTION: Commander’s Intent. CO purpose: to capture High Value Targets. Key Tasks: Isolate OBJ THOR, Conduct call-out or soft knock, be prepared to escalate level of force in accordance with ROE; Discretion and precision in direct fire engagements; Minimize collateral damage to villages End state: enemy: OBJ THOR cleared friendly: CF are staged for follow on operations civilian: Minimal disruption to civilian life or livelihood

a. Concept of Operations. The company will move into the AO along separate routes undetected. After confirmation that the blocking positions/cordons are in place the main effort will conduct a cordon and search of OBJ THOR, (village name) to capture HVT __________________(HVT name). (1) Scheme of Maneuver (T/E: refer to the concept sketch). Our company will conduct cordon and search of ______________(village name) to capture __________________ (HVT name). (Your) patrol, the CO main effort, will move along Route Blue enroute to ________________ (village name). _____ patrol and _____ patrol will establish inner and outer cordons / blocking positions on OBJs VIKING and GAUL, respectively, to isolate ___________(village name). Decisive to this operation will be establishing an effective cordon to prevent enemy withdrawal. All three objectives must be executed near simultaneously. (2) Scheme of Fires. The purpose of fires is to isolate enemy on OBJ THOR, Priority of fires is to the Outer cordon platoon. (YOU) are allocated 1 targets for planning. Submit to CO prior to your OPORD

b. Tasks to subordinate units. (1) _____ Patrol clear OBJ THOR ________________ (village name) NLT __________ in order to capture ____________(HVT name). (2) _____ Patrol (cordon 1) isolates OBJ THOR from the north, NLT ________________ in order to prevent reinforcements against the main effort. (3) _____ Patrol (cordon 2) isolates OBJ THOR from the south, NLT ________________ in order to prevent reinforcements against the main effort

c. Coordinating Instructions. (1) Patrol leaders within 10 minutes of completion of this order, back-brief me on your mission and concept. (2) Critical Timeline: Begin movement:

________ hours

NLT execution:

________ hours

(3) PIR to higher headquarters: (a) Are suspected HVTs at designated safe houses? (b) Is there evidence of Atropian military advisors? (4) Reporting Requirements:

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(a) Enemy contact (b) Civilian contact (c) Occupation of patrol base (d) Confirm SAPA present (5) After cordon and search is completed, move to ET _______________; NLT _____hrs. (Next PB)

4. SUSTAINMENT: a. Logistics. (1) Supply: Next resupply is 0500 tomorrow. (2) (3) (4) (5)

Class I cycle is: M-M-M. Top off water in your current positions before moving out. Transport: None Services: None

b. Personnel (1) Personnel: EPW collection points located at the AA and on the OBJ. c. Health Systems Support (1) Medical: MEDEVAC available upon request. 5. COMMAND AND CONTROL: a. Command (1) Location of Commander: Company commander and 1SG will initially co-locate with the Company CP and later move with ___ Patrol. (2) Succession of Command: CO Cdr, XO, 1 PL, 2 PL, 3 PL. b. Control (1) ____ Company CP at ET 4123 0905 collocated at BN TTB. c. Signal (refer to Patrol SOI) (1) Frequency __________________ (2) CO Call Sign __________________; Patrol Call Sign _______________________ (3) Number Combination: 5 (4) Challenge Jackie / Password DRAGON (5) Running Password: CHIEF

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MISSION VARIABLES (DEVELOPMENTAL CHALLENGES) SQUAD STX AMBUSH 1. Call from higher – Ambush time (deliberate to hasty) accelerated by 10 minutes (in ORP) 2. Armed or Unarmed Civilians move into kill zone 3. Enemy does not die in ambush, they throw weapons down and surrender or are wounded

SQUAD ATTACK 1. Objective is bigger than a squad can handle. Squad has indirect fire assets, does SL use them? At leaders recon, does SL call for support? 2. Objective does not match mission statement – i.e., US Forces or Atropians on the objective instead of SAPA 3. Assess friendly casualty – 9-line MEDEVAC request 4. Squad receives IDF – How do they react?

RECONNAISSANCE 1. Recon element is compromised – Do they break contact? 2. Recon element is engaged by direct fire - Does the squad engage in order to break contact. 3. SAPA maneuvers on S/O or R/S teams - Does the squad initiate fire in order to disengage and break contact? 4. Meet Atropian soldier enroute – He provides INTEL, do they trust him?

PATROLLING In addition to STX Variables, the following are available in Patrolling: 1. Something (IED, cemetery, sniper, etc.) enroute that forces them to alter their route 2. Indirect fire 3. Assess friendly casualty 4. Call from higher – hit time (deliberate to hasty) accelerated by __ minutes.

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STX/PTL STX AAR SETUP The AAR is the essential developmental event in this the STX process. Although the cadet leader will run his/her AAR, the TE is ultimately responsible to ensure the effectiveness of that AAR. If necessary you are required to take over the AAR in order to ensure leader dimensions are discussed, each person is engaged and development occurs

At ―End of Mission‖ move all patrol elements onto the objective. Conduct sensitive items inventory. Remove Kevlar’s, ground gear, and take seats. After orienting the element on the objective. Tell SL/PL to restate his/her Mission Statement and Concept of the Operation. The OPFOR leader will brief his Mission Statement and Concept of the Operation. He will remain there through the entire AAR and provide feedback where necessary. The Squad/Section will add to the briefing of the Preparation and Execution Phase. The TE will keep the discussion in the correct sequence of events and focus on the collective squad performance. Individual performance and leadership dimensions will be covered during counseling. Stay in charge of the briefing and remain aware of the timeline. Encourage Cadet Self-discovery as you discuss relevant points regarding causes for problems and ways to improve. Emphasize the lessons learned and relate them to THE 17 LEADER DIMENSIONS. Finally, summarize the comments made. Add your assessment of the Mission Accomplishments. The counseling will be conducted separately from the element, after moving to the next mission’s Assembly Area. AVOID the ―3 sustains & 3 improves‖ methodology. This is not effective.

AAR FORMAT

1. TRAINER/ EVALUATOR ORIENTATION 2. FRIENDLY – MISSION STATEMENT AND CONCEPT OF THE OPERATION (SQUAD/SECTION LEADER) 3. ENEMY – MISSION STATEMENT AND CONCEPT OF THE OPERATION (OPFOR) 4. PLANNING AND PREPARATION PHASE (TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES) 5. MOVEMENT/EXECUTION PHASE (LINE OF DEPARTURE THRU CHANGE OF MISSION) 6. ASK ALL SQUAD MEMBERS FOR COMMENTS AND ASK EACH TO COMMENT ON EFFECTIVE AND INEFFECTIVE LEADERS DIMENSIONS OBSERVED 7. ASK CADETS WHAT ETHICAL DELEMA, IF ANY,THEY ENCOUNTERED AND WHAT PROCESS THEY USED TO DECIDE WHAT TO DO: A) IDENTIFY THE ETHICAL PROBLEM, B) IDENTIFY THE KEY ISSUES, C)GENERATE ALTERNATIVES, D) ANALYZE ALTERNATIVES, E) COMPARE ALTERNATIVES, F) MAKE A DECISION G) ASSESS THE RESULTS 8. CONDUCT SEPARATE SQUAD/SECTION LEADER COUNSELING 9. INITIATE MOVEMENT TO NEXT PATROL BASE NOTES: 1. Ensure the leader knows it is change of mission and end of the evaluation. 2. TE’s focus AAR on squad actions. The AAR is not a critique of the leader. 3. TE’s facilitate the communication and learning process; interprets cause and effect; looks for areas needing improvement and sustainment; what happened, why, and how to fix it.

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PATROLLING SIGNAL OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS (SOI) WOLVERINE/GRIZZLY CADET PATROL SECTIONS WILL USE THE FREQUENCY AND CALL SIGNS ALIGNED TO THEIR FIRST LANE OF PATROLLING DAY 1 FOR THE ENTIRE PATROLLING PHASE (ALL 6 MISSIONS).

FREQ

LANE 81 LANE 82 LANE 83 LANE 84 LANE 85 LANE 86 LANE 87 LANE 88 LANE 89 LANE 90 LANE 91 LANE 92 LANE 93 LANE 94 LANE 95 LANE 96 LANE 97 LANE 98 LANE 99 LANE100

30.60 31.10 31.60 30.00 33.50 35.00 35.50 37.30 37.80 39.00 39.50 42.00 42.50 44.00 44.50 45.00 45.70 46.30 47.30 47.80

CALL SIGNS SQD1 A-1-1 B-1-1 C-1-1 D-1-1 E-1-1 F-1-1 G-1-1 H-1-1 I-1-1 J-1-1 K-1-1 L-1-1 M-1-1 N-1-1 O-1-1

SQD2 A-1-2 B-2-2 C-1-2 D-1-2 E-1-2 F-1-2 G-1-2 H-1-2 I-1-2 J-1-2 K-1-2 L-1-2 M-1-2 N-1-2 O-1-2 P-1-2 Q-1-2 R-1-2 S-1-2 T-1-2

P-1-1 Q-1-1 R-1-1 S-1-1 T-1-1

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PL A-1-6 B-1-6 C-1-6 D-1-6 E-1-6 F-1-6 G-1-6 H-1-7 I-1-6 J-1-6 K-1-6 L-1-6 M-1-6 N-1-6 O-1-6 P-1-6 Q-1-6 R-1-6 S-1-6 T-1-6

APL A-1-7 B-1-7 C-1-7 D-1-7 E-1-7 F-1-7 G-1-7 H-1-8 I-1-7 J-1-7 K-1-7 L-1-7 M-1-7 N-1-7 O-1-7 P-1-7 Q-1-7 R-1-7 S-1-7 T-1-7

CO CDR A-6 B-6 C-6 D-6 E-6 F-6 G-6 H-6 I-6 J-6 K-6 L-6 M-6 N-6 O-6 P-6 Q-6 R-6 S-6 T-6

EAGLE/PANTHER CADET PATROL SECTIONS WILL USE THE FREQUENCY AND CALL SIGNS ALIGNED TO THEIR FIRST LANE OF PATROLLING DAY 1 FOR THE ENTIRE PATROLLING PHASE (ALL 6 MISSIONS).

FREQ

LANE 81 LANE 82 LANE 83 LANE 84 LANE 85 LANE 86 LANE 87 LANE 88 LANE 89 LANE 90 LANE 91 LANE 92 LANE 93 LANE 94 LANE 95 LANE 96 LANE 97 LANE 98 LANE 99 LANE 100

30.60 31.10 31.60 30.00 33.50 35.00 35.50 37.30 37.80 39.00 39.50 42.00 42.50 44.00 44.50 45.00 45.70 46.30 47.30 47.80

CALL SIGNS SQD-1

SQD-2

PL

APL

TE/CO CDR

D-1-1 E-1-1 F-1-1 G-1-1 H-1-1 I-1-1 J-1-1 K-1-1 L-1-1 M-1-1 N-1-1 O-1-1 P-1-1 Q-1-1 R-1-1 S-1-1 T-1-1 A-1-1 B-1-1 C-1-1

D-1-2 E-1-2 F-1-2 G-1-2 H-1-2 I-1-2 J-1-2 K-1-2 L-1-2 M-1-2 N-1-2 O-1-2 P-1-2 Q-1-2 R-1-2 S-1-2 T-1-2 A-1-2 B-2-2 C-1-2

D-1-6 E-1-6 F-1-6 G-1-6 H-1-7 I-1-6 J-1-6 K-1-6 L-1-6 M-1-6 N-1-6 O-1-6 P-1-6 Q-1-6 R-1-6 S-1-6 T-1-6 A-1-6 B-1-6 C-1-6

D-1-7 E-1-7 F-1-7 G-1-7 H-1-8 I-1-7 J-1-7 K-1-7 L-1-7 M-1-7 N-1-7 O-1-7 P-1-7 Q-1-7 R-1-7 S-1-7 T-1-7 A-1-7 B-1-7 C-1-7

D-6 E-6 F-6 G-6 H-6 I-6 J-6 K-6 L-6 M-6 N-6 O-6 P-6 Q-6 R-6 S-6 T-6 A-6 B-6 C-6

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This publication includes extracts from FM 3-21.8, but also references multiple other sources. It provides doctrinal information and TTPs for the tactical operations that Cadets will execute while at Warrior Forge. It should not be considered prescriptive for all situations.

SECTION I – FIRE CONTROL AND DISTRIBUTION ................... 82 SECTION II – REPORTS ........................................ 83 SECTION III - TACTICS ....................................... 84 PART 1 - Unit Leader Responsibilities ..................... 84 PART 2 - Danger Areas ..................................... 85 PART 3 – Battle Drills .................................... 87 PART 4 – Actions at Halts ................................. 92 PART 5 –Rally Points ...................................... 94 PART 6 – Leader’s Recon and ................................... PART 7 – Consolidation Reorganization ................. 96 96 PART 8 - Patrolling ....................................... 97 PART 9 – React to UXO or IED ............................. 113

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SECTION I – FIRE CONTROL AND DISTRIBUTION (WF TACSOP, CH 5, Sect I) 1. Fire control measures Fire control measures are the means by which the company commander or subordinate leaders control direct fires. Helps the unit acquire the enemy, focus fires, distribute the effects, and prevent fratricide.

2. Engagement Techniques – Effects-oriented direct-fire distribution measures. a. Point Fire b. Area Fire c. Volley Fire d. Alternating Fire e. Sequential Fire f. Observed Fire g. Time of Suppression

3. Fire Commands – Oral orders issued by leader to focus and distribute fires as required to achieve desired effects. The elements of a Fire Command include: a. Alert. The leader designates which weapon(s) is to fire by weapon type, Soldier’s position, or Soldier’s name. (Ex: GUIDONS (all subordinate elements), RED (1st Plt only)) b. Weapon or Ammunition (Optional). Identifies weapon or ammunition to be employed. May designate type or number of rounds to limit ammo expenditure. (Ex: JAVELIN, MACHINE GUN) c. Target Description. The leader identifies the target. For multiple targets, he also tells which target to engage first. (Ex: TROOPS IN TRENCH, BUNKER, PCs) d. Orientation. Identifies location or vicinity of target.(Ex: ONE O’CLOCK, LEFT FRONT, ON MY TRACER)

TRP13,

e. Range (Optional). Distance to target. f. Control (Optional). Used to direct desired target effects, distribution methods, or engagement techniques. (Ex: JAVELIN ENGAGE VEHICLE, MACHINE GUNS ENGAGE TROOPS) g. Execution (Time). Specifies when direct fires should be initiated. (Ex: FIRE, AT MY COMMAND, AT YOUR COMMAND, AT PHASE LINE ORANGE) 82

SECTION II – REPORTS (WF TACSOP, CH 5, Sect III)

1. SALUTE (FM 3-21.75 Table 9-1 JAN08) – a. Size b. Activity c. Location d. Unit/Uniform e. Time f. Equipment

2. SITREP - (situation report) given IAW OPORD 3. SPOT REPORTS (FM 3-21.8 Pg 1-17 MAR07) - normally, team leaders give an ACE report (a common spot report) to the squad leader and the squad leaders give them to the platoon sergeant after contact with the enemy a. Ammunition b. Casualty c. Equipment

4. LOGISTICS - team leaders and squad leaders report twice daily up the chain of command

5. SENSITIVE ITEM - status reported by team leaders and squad leaders up the chain of command twice daily

6. PERSONNEL STATUS - team leaders and squad leaders report twice daily. Normally, reports are given at stand-to and before nightfall.

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SECTION III - TACTICS PART 1 - Unit Leader Responsibilities (WF TACSOP, CH 6, Sect I)

1.

Patrol Leader Responsibilities

2. Assistant Patrol Leader Responsibilities

a. Make the plan b. Unit rehearsals

a. Making it happen

c. Final inspections

b. Special team rehearsals

d. Develop the timeline

c. Initial inspection

e. Assault element

e. Enforcing timeline

f. Moves after 1st squad

f. Support element

g. OPORD PARA 2 and 3

g. OPORD PARA 4

h. Mission accomplishment

h. ACE report i. Consolidation and reorganization

i. Salute report j. Actions on the objective

j. ORP activities

k. Leader's Recon

k. Making security roster

l. Designating % security

l. Accountability m. Maintenance n. Patrol base activities o. Stand-to p. Soldier care issues q. Packing list r. Correcting breaks in contact s. Noise and light discipline t. Coordination for movement

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PART 2 - Danger Areas (FM 3-21.8 Pg 3-3, 3-33 thru 3-37 MAR07) (WF TACSOP, CH 6, Sect II)

Danger Area - Any area on the planned route where the terrain exposes the platoon to enemy observation, fire or both. The patrol should avoid danger areas. When the unit must cross a danger area it should do so quickly and carefully. Examples: -OPEN AREAS -ROADS & MAJOR TRAILS -VILLAGES -ENEMY POSITIONS -MINEFIELDS -STREAMS -WIRE OBSTACLES CROSSING DANGER AREAS PROCESS 1) Designate Near and Far Side Rally Points 2) Secure the Near Side 3) Recon and Secure the Far Side 4) Cross the Danger Area PERFORMANCE MEASURES: a. When the lead team signals "danger area" (relayed throughout the platoon), the platoon halts. b. PL moves forward, confirms the danger area, and determines what technique the platoon will use to cross. PSG also moves forward to the PL. c. The PL informs all SLs of the situation & the near-side & far-side rally points. d. PSG directs positioning of the near-side security (usually conducted by the trail squad). These two security teams may follow him forward when the platoon halts and a danger area signal is passed back. e. PL recons the danger area and selects crossing point that provides best cover and concealment. f. Near-side security observes to the flanks and overmatches the crossing. g. When near-side security is in place, PL directs the far-side security team to cross the danger area. h. The far-side security team clears the far side. i. The far-side security team leader establishes an observation post forward of the cleared area. j. Far-side security team signals to the SL that the area is clear. SL relays the message to the PL. k. PL selects the method to cross the danger area. l. Platoon quickly and quietly crosses the danger area. m. Once across the danger area, the main body begins moving slowly on the required azimuth. n. where The near-side security element, controlled PSG, area the platoon crossed. They may attempt by to the cover anycrosses tracks the leftdanger by the platoon. o. The PSG ensures everyone crosses & submits report. p. The PL ensures accountability & resumes movement. 85

Crossing a Linear Danger Area

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PART 3 – Battle Drills 1. REACT TO CONTACT 1) Cadets immediately take up covered positions and return fire in the direction of the enemy. 2) Team/squad leaders locate and engage known or suspected enemy positions with well-aimed fire, and pass information to the squad/platoon leader. 3) Fire team leaders control fires using standard fire commands: a. Alert b. Direction c. Target description d. Range e. Method of fire f. Command to commence fire 4) Cadets maintain contact with team members on their left and right 5) Cadets maintain contact with the team leader and report enemy positions 6) Leaders check status of personnel 7) TM. LDRS maintain contact w/ SQD LDRS and SQD LDRS w/ PL 8) The squad / platoon leader--a. Moves up to the fire team/squad incontact and links up with it's leader. The PL brings the RTO, and MG TM, the nearest SL, The SL of the trail squad moves to the front of his lead fire team.. b. PL/SL determines if the element can maintain position or get out of the engagement area. c. Determines whether or not he can gain suppressive fires with the element in contact. d. Makes an assessment of the situation: i. Size and location of enemy positions/ obstacles. ii. Vulnerable flanks. iii. Covered and concealed routes to enemy flanks. iv. v. vi. vii.

Determines next course of action: assault or break contact. Reports situation to higher. Calls for and adjusts fire. Leaders relay all commands and signals.

2. CONDUCT SQUAD ATTACK 1. Actions on Contact a. Cadets receiving fire take up nearest positions that afford protection from enemy fire [cover] and observation [concealment]. b. The fire team in contact immediately returns heavy volume of suppressive fire in the direction of the enemy. 1. Cadets in the fire team in contact move to positions ( bound or crawl) from which they can fire their weapons, position themselves to ensure that they have observation, fields of fire, cover, and concealment. They continue to fire and report known or suspected enemy positions to the fire team leader. 2. The team leader directs fires using tracers or standard fire commands. 3. The fire team not in contact takes up covered and concealed positions in place and observes to the flanks and rear of the squad. The squad leader reports contact to the platoon leader and moves toward the fire team in contact.

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2. Take Action on Contact The squad leader determines if the fire team in contact can gain fire superiority based on the volume and accuracy of the enemy fires. a. If the answer is yes, the fire team continues to suppress the enemy: 1. The fire team destroys or suppresses enemy crew served weapons first. 2. The fire team places smoke (M203) on the enemy position to obscure it. 3. The fire team leader continues to control fires using tracers and fire commands. Fires must be well aimed and continue at a sustained rate with no lulls. 4. Buddy teams fire their weapons so that both are not reloading weapons at the same time. b. If the answer is no, the squad leader then deploys the fire team not in contact in order to establish a support by fire position. He reports the situation to the platoon leader. Normally, the squad will become the base of fire element for the platoon. The squad continues to suppress the enemy and responds to orders from the platoon leader. (The platoon leader, RTO, FO, machine gun team, the squad leader of the next squad, as well as the other machine gun team and platoon sergeant, are moving forward IAW Battle Drill 1 Platoon Attack).

3. Attack If the fire team in contact can suppress the enemy, the squad leader determines if the fire team not in contact can maneuver. He makes the following assessment: a. Location of the enemy and obstacles. b. Size of the force engaging the squad (# of enemy automatic weapons, vehicles, and the employment of indirect fires are indicators of enemy strength. c. Vulnerable flank. d. Covered and concealed flanking route to the enemy position. e. If the answer is yes, the squad leader maneuvers the fire team in the assault: 1. The squad leader directs the fire team in contact to support the movement of the other fire team. He then leads or directs the assaulting fire team leader to maneuver the fire team along a route that places the fire team in a position to assault the enemy. The assaulting fire team must pick up and maintain fire superiority throughout the assault. Handover of responsibility for direct fires from the supporting fire team to the assaulting fire team is critical. 2. Once in position, the squad leader gives the prearranged signal for the supporting team to lift or shift fires to the opposite flank of the enemy position. 3. The assaulting fire team fights through enemy positions using fire and movement. The supporting fire team must be able to identify the near flank of the assaulting fire team. a. The team leader selects the route that allows him to reach his objective, while providing the best available cover and concealment for his team. The team leader then leads his team, 88

from up front, in a shallow wedge throughout the attack. b. Fire team members conduct individual movement techniques as individuals or buddy teams, while maintaining their relative position in the assault formation. At the end of each move, Cadets take up covered and concealed positions and resume firing. 4. If the answer is no or the assaulting fire team cannot continue to move, the squad leader deploys the assaulting fire team to add its fires against the enemy, reports to the platoon leader and requests instructions the squad continues to suppress and responds to the orders of the platoon leader. 4. Consolidate and Reorganize a. Once the assaulting fire team has seized the enemy position, the squad leader establishes local security; the squad leader must quickly prepare for counter attack. At the conclusion of the assault, the squad is most vulnerable. 1. The squad leader signals for the supporting fire team to move up into a designated position. 2. The squad leader assigns sectors of fire for both fire teams. 3. The squad leader positions key weapons 4. All Cadets take up hasty defensive positions. 5. The squad leader develops an initial fire support plan against an enemy counter attack. 6. The squad leader posts an OP to warn of enemy activity b. The squad performs the following tasks: 1. Reestablish chain of command 2. Redistribute ammunition 3. Man crew served weapons first 4. Redistribute critical equipment i.e.: NVD’s, Radios, etc. 5. Treat casualties and evacuate wounded 6. Fill vacancies in key positions 7. Conduct PW and search 8. Collect and report enemy information and material c. Team leaders provide ACE reports to squad leader d. Squad leader consolidate ACE report and passes to the PSG or PL e. The squad continues the mission after receiving instructions from the platoon leader. The platoon follows the success of the squads flanking attack with the remaining squads as part of the platoon attack. f. The squad leader reports the situation to the platoon leader.

3. BREAK CONTACT

Once the squad has executed the React To Contact Battle Drill and the Squad Leader has assessed the situation by determining the following: 1. Can his Squad move out of the engagement area? 2. Can gain location and maintain suppressive fire? 3. Whathis is Squad the actual of the enemy? 4. What is the size of the enemy force? Is the enemy element too large for his squad to handle? 5. What types of weapons does the enemy have? Does the enemy have crew served weapons? 6. Are there any vulnerable flanks of the enemy’s position? 89

7. Are there covered and concealed routes to the enemy’s flanks?

The SL also has to consider using indirect fires. Some considerations are: - Priority / availability - Type and amount of support (60mm, 81mm, 105mm) - Location of enemy in relation to the squad - Squad's location on map - Danger close, will indirect fires hinder or support the mission Based on his assessment of the situation, the SL determines he must break contact.

Some examples of why the Squad might need to break contact are: 1. They are up against a sniper in an unknown location. 2. The Squad’s mission calls for avoiding contact. 3. The Squad is out numbered or in a vulnerable position. 4. Or the enemy has over-whelming firepower, such as crew served weapons. The Squad Leader orders Break Contact . In this example, the Squad Leader has designated the Lead Fire Team as the initial Support by Fire or Base of Fire Element. He tells the Lead Team Leader that the squad is going to break contact and that his team is the Base of Fire Element . The Lead Team Leader must increase his team’s rate of fire in an attempt to suppress the enemy and gain fire superiority so the Trail Team can maneuver. The Squad Leader will move back to the team not in contact, the Trail Fire Team in this example, and inform the Trail Team Leader that the squad is breaking contact and that the Trail Fire Team is the initial Maneuver Element. Next, the Squad Leader will give a Direction, Distance, and Feature for the maneuver element to move to and establish an Overwatch/SBF position. This can be done by FM, Hand and Arm signals. For example: "4position o' clock, meters, that big verbally, white oak or tree/ large rock" You must set your SBF in100 a location where they will be able to effectively engage the enemy. Their purpose is to suppress the enemy to allow the team in contact to break contact. They CANNOT effectively do this if their fires are masked by friendly elements, or they cannot see the enemy's positions. Additionally if you find yourself in open terrain with minimal cover and concealment the maneuvering element may have to use smoke grenades to mask their movement. Be very careful when you use smoke at this point, if the wind is blowing the wrong direction, the billowing smoke could actually hinder the squad's ability to break contact and increase the chance of fratricide by reducing visibility between friendly elements. The Team Leader not in direct contact with the enemy forces, will move his team into the position that the Squad Leader directed him to. Ideally the Squad Leader will lead his teams into their Overwatch/SBF positions. However the tactical situation may not allow this to happen and the Squad Leader will have to direct the Team Leader where to move his team. Once the Team Leader has moved his team to the position the Squad Leader has designated, the Team Leader will get his team online and assign sectors of fire by either going to each man, using tracers, during periods of limited visibility using the PEQ-2, or any other laser target designating devices they have available. The Team Leader lets the Squad Leader know that his team is set and ready to perform duties as the Overwatch/SBF element; this can be by FM, giving the SL the thumbs up, or by having his team engage the enemy positions and attempt to gain 90

and maintain suppressive fire in order to support the other teams. The Team Leader will continue to direct his team's fires using fire commands, until the Squad Leader gives him further guidance. Once the Overwatch/SBF has been established by the maneuver team, and they are effectively suppressing the enemy's positions, the Squad Leader orders the team in contact, the base-of-fire element, to Break Contact using a signal. Examples of signals are: -Radio -Verbal -Smoke -Hand and Arm Signals -Or any additional prearranged signal issued in their OPORD This base-of-fire element now becomes the maneuver element. The Squad Leader needs to give a distance and direction, with an identifiable feature, for a location for the team in contact to move back to, such as "6 o'clock, 150 meters, pile of logs". Upon the command to Break Contact, the maneuver element will begin to bound back to the position the Squad Leader designated to establish an Overwatch/SBF position. If they have smoke available they will throw it and allow it to billow to mask their movement. As this team Breaks Contact they are not going to just get up and run away, that will simply get them shot in the back. The Team Leader needs to control his team and have them IMT by buddy team using appropriate fire and maneuver techniques to the position the Squad Leader has designated. Once at that location the Team Leader will get his team online and assign sectors of fire, and prepare to perform the duties as the Overwatch/SBF to allow the remainder of the Squad to continue to Break Contact. The Squad Leader will continue this process of bounding his teams away from the enemy until the Squad is: 1. No longer receiving effective fire from the enemy 2. through a higher level of support-by-fire position 3. Passes The squad reaches its assigned location for its next mission. Once the Squad Leader has moved the appropriate distance, the Squad conducts a security halt to consolidate and reorganize.

The Squad Leader will: 1. Establish 360 degree security. Once the entire squad has halted, the Squad Leader will establish a security. This has to be done quickly in preparation for an enemy attack. 2. Gather ACE Reports. Once 360-degree security has been established, the Squad Leader will call for ACE reports. The Team Leader’s will move to each man and physically check each of their men to gather the ACE report information and verify sectors of fire. 3. Re-establish the chain of command / key positions. Based off the ACE report, the Squad Leader will designate personnel to replace any key leaders / personnel who were wounded or killed (Team Leaders, RTO).

4. Re-man key weapons. If a SAW or M203 gunner is down, the Squad Leader will designate rifleman to assume those positions. 91

5. Re-distribute ammunition and mission essential equipment. Team leaders will cross level their own teams, Squad Leader directs the cross leveling between teams. Mission essential equipment is taken from casualties and distributed within the Team, then Squad. BTL prepares an emergency resupply request if necessary. 6. Report the situation to higher. The Squad Leader produces a SALT report and sends it higher along with his ACE report thru the RTO. The RTO also calls in the emergency supply request when finished with the SALT / ACE report. After reporting the situation to higher the SL will continue mission.

PART 4 – Actions at Halts FIRE TEAM WEDGE: SHORT HALT/LONG HALT-GOOD VIS While moving it may be necessary to call a halt. For instance you may want to conduct a map check, cross load heavy equipment or to conduct a water break. Anyone in the patrol can call a halt, but it is normally done by the lead Fire Team Leader or the Squad leader. The only reasons that anyone besides a leader should call a halt is if they see the enemy or signs of the enemy, have lost mission essential equipment, or they are injured. LEAD TL CALLS HALT-GOOD VISIBILTY While moving during the hours of good visibility in the Fire Team wedge, the lead Fire Team Leader may find it necessary to call a halt. If so, he will give the hand and arm signal to halt to his Fire Team. The hand and arm signal to halt is nothing more than using the non-firing hand with the fingers extended and joined, palm facing forward, arm bent at a 90-degree angle, upper arm parallel to the ground. The lead Fire Team Leader moves to the next available position that provides cover and concealment and assume a good short halt posture. A good Short Halt Posture is nothing more than taking a knee behind cover and concealment, with your rucksack on your back, your weapon at the ready, pulling security in your assigned sector of fire. The lead Fire Team Leader will ensure that the rest of his Fire team does the same. When halted the lead Fire Team is responsible for security from the 9 o’clock thru the 12 o’clock to the 3 o’clock position. The Squad Leader will then continue to close the distance between the Headquarters’ element and the lead Fire Team, to a position where the trail Fire Team will be able to achieve interlocking sectors of fire with the lead Fire Team. Once this is done the Squad Leader will give the hand and arm signal to halt, assume a good short halt posture and ensure that the rest of his element does the same. The trail Fire Team Leader will continue moving his team forward until he has achieved interlocking sectors of fire with the lead Fire Team. Once there, the trail Fire Team Leader will issue the hand and arm signal to halt, assume a good short halt posture and ensure that the rest of his Fire Team does the same. Cadets understand that you want interlocking sectors of fire approximately 35 meters out (hand grenade range). The trail Fire Team is responsible for security from the 3 o’clock thru the 6 o’clock to the 9 o’clock. The trail Fire Team leader will ensure that his Grenadier is pulling rear security from the 4 o’clock to the 8 o’clock. 92

Since the lead Fire Team Leader called the halt the Squad Leader will move up to the lead Team Leader’s location to find out why he has called the halt. Enroute the Squad Leader will spot check the lead Fire Team to ensure that they are in the proper short halt posture. Simultaneously the trail Fire Team Leader will ensure that his Grenadier is pulling rear security, and spot-check his men to ensure that they are in a good short halt posture behind available cover and concealment. He will then move forward to the Squad Leader’s last known location, spot-checking the headquarters’ personnel as he moves forward, once at the Squad Leader’s last known location he will wait for further guidance on a knee inside the perimeter. Once the Squad Leader has moved up to the lead Fire Team Leader’s location he will then find out why the lead Team Leader has called the halt. For example he has spotted a potential linear danger area, he wanted his men to cross load equipment or conduct a water break. If the Squad Leader wanted to go ahead and move out at this time he would give the Team Leaders task, conditions, and standards to get their men prepared to move, and they would then continue to move.

SL CALLS HALT-GOOD VISIBILITY While moving in periods of good visibility if the Squad Leader wanted to call a halt he would send the signal to halt either by hand and arm signal or by FM to the lead Fire Team Leader. Once the lead Fire Team Leader received the command to halt, he would find a suitable location and the Squad would halt as previously described. LONG HALT POSTURE-GOOD VISIBILTY / STRONG POINT The Squad Leader will give the team Leaders Task, Conditions, and Standards to strong point the squad and place their personnel into a good long halt posture. Strong pointing the squad is the technique of simply putting personnel in positions of two orThis moretechnique Cadets. Typically this is done at thethe 10,traditional 2, 4, and 8 o’clock locations. has several advantages over halted formation. Among these advantages are: Cadets can keep each other alert, accomplish some limited priorities of work such as drinking water and adjusting gear, and Cadets can pull security for each other while transitioning from the short halt posture to the long halt posture, thus freeing up the Team Leaders. If the squad leader decides to strong point his squad, the best time to accomplish this is before transitioning to the long halt posture. All the squad leader has to do is designate the appropriate clock positions and instruct his team leaders to strong point their men at those positions. While the team leaders are doing this, the squad leader can emplace the machine gun team. Cadets, the Long Halt Posture is nothing more than quietly rotating the rucksack off of your back, placing it frame down on the ground, cat eyes facing toward the center of the perimeter, getting in the prone position behind available cover and concealment, and pulling security in your assigned sector of fire. The Squad Leader will tell the lead Fire Team Leader to move to his closest man or position to the 9 o’clock position and move in a clockwise direction through the 12 o’clock to the 3 o’clock either pulling security in the short halt posture for each man as they get into the long halt posture or directing the strong point positions to go to the long halt posture with one man pulling security for the other. The trail Fire Team Leader will start at his closest man or position to the 3 o’clock and work his way through the 6 o’clock to the 9 o’clock putting his men in the long halt posture in the same manner as previously described for the lead Fire Team Leader. 93

As the Team Leaders place their men in the long halt posture they will assign

them hasty sectors of fire. If strong pointed, each position gets a sector of fire and everyone at that position must know it. During periods of good visibility they will use easily identifiable features such as ―That tree to that rock‖ when assigning their men left and right limits. The Team Leaders must ensure that their men’s sectors of fire interlock with the men to their left and right approximately 35 meters out. As a courtesy the lead Fire Team Leader will check with the far left man in the Trail Fire Team to ensure he has interlocking sectors of fire out to 35 meters in the 3 o’clock position. The Trail Fire Team Leader will do the same with the Lead Fire Team Leader’s far left man to ensure he has good interlocking sectors of fire out to 35 meters from the 9 o’clock position. Additionally, as the Team Leaders put their men into the long halt posture, they will at a minimum, disseminate the following information: 1. Why the Squad has halted 2. They will show their men the Squad’s current location on the map. 3. The distance and direction for the next movement. For example: ―We have halted because this is the security halt prior to the ORP, this is our current location on the map (point to it on the map), and our next movement is 300 meters on a 290-degree azimuth to the ORP‖. Cadets if you notice I have both Team Leaders working on opposite sides of the perimeter at the same time. The reason for this is if the Squad makes contact, the Squad Leader has a better chance of not losing both Team Leaders at the same time on the initial contact. Once the Team Leaders have emplaced their men in the long halt posture they will return to the Squad Leader’s position for further guidance.

PART 5 –Rally Points Rally Points (FM 3-21.8 Pgs 9-6 thru 9-7 MAR07): 1. Selection/Characteristics of Rally Points (leader physically reconnoiters when possible, at least conducts a map reconnaissance): (a) Easy to recognize on the ground (b) Cover and concealment (c) Away from natural lines of drift (d) Defendable for short periods 2. Types of Rally Points (a) Initial Rally Point – inside friendly lines (b) En Route Rally Point – designated based on terrain, vegetation, visibility (c) Objective Rally Point – out of site/sound/small-arms range of objective; remains tentative until objective is pinpointed; normally located along the direction of travel planned for after patrol completes actions on the objective (d) Reentry Rally Point – out of site/sound/small-arms range of friendly unit through which patrol will return; outside of the final protective fires of that friendly unit 94

(e) Near- and Far- Side Rally Points – on either side of a danger area; used by Soldiers if the patrol makes contact while crossing the danger area and control is lost; allows Soldiers to regroup, reestablish the chain of command and continue the mission

Objective Rally Point (FM 3-21.8 Pg 9-6 MAR07) - A point out of sight, sound and small-arms range of the objective area. It is normally located in the direction that the platoon plans to move after completing its actions on the objective. The ORP is tentative until the objective is pinpointed (see Figure). Actions at or from the ORP include— -Issuing a final FRAGO. -Disseminating info from recon if -Making final preparations before -Accounting for Soldiers & equip. -Reestablishing CoC after actions

contact was not made. continuing operations. after actions at the OBJ. at the OBJ.

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PART 6 – Leader’s Recon Leader’s Recon Patrol (FM 3-21.8 Pg 9-23, 28, 29 MAR07) - Reconnoiters the objective just before an attack or prior to sending elements forward to locations where they will support by fire. It confirms the condition of the objective, gives each subordinate leader a clear picture of the terrain where he will move, and identifies any part of the objective he must seize or suppress. The leader’s reconnaissance patrol can consist of the unit commander or representative, the leaders of major subordinate elements, and (sometimes) security personnel and unit guides. It gets back to the main body as quickly as possible. The leader must accomplish three things during this reconnaissance: pin point the objective and establish surveillance (using short term vantage points and longer term observation points to conduct surveillance until the main body moves forward), identify a release point and follow-on linkup point (if required), and confirm the observation plan. The commander issues a five-point contingency (GOTWA):

-G Going - where is leader going? -O Others - what others are going w/ him? -T Time (duration) how long leader gone? -W What do we do if leader fails to return? -A Actions - what actions do the departing reconnaissance element and main body plan to take on contact?

PART 7 – Consolidation and Reorganization Consolidate and Reorganize (FM 3-21.8 Pg 7-10 MAR07; FM 3-21.10 Pg 4-10 JUL06) Consolidate -organizing & strengthening a newly captured position so that it can be defended) Establish Security -360-degree local security. -Use security patrols and observation posts/outposts. -Emplace early warning devices. -Establish and register final protective fires. -Seek out and eliminate all immediate enemy resistance. Automatic weapons (man/position/assign PDFs to Soldiers manning automatic weapons). Establish sectors of fire & direct fire control measures. Entrenchment (ex. digging/building fighting positions). Reorganize - shifting internal resources w/n a degraded unit to increase combat effectiveness Reestablish the chain of command. Man key weapon systems. Maintain communications and reports, including:

-Restore commo w/ any unit temporarily out of commo. -Send SITREP (at least mission accomplishment status). 96

-Identify & request resupply of critical shortages. Resupply and redistribute ammunition & other supplies. Perform special team actions such as:

-Consolidate and evacuate casualties, EPWs, enemy weapons, noncombatants/refugees and damaged equipment (not necessarily in the same location). -Treat and evacuate wounded personnel. -Evacuate friendly KIA. -Treat and process EPWs. -Segregate and safeguard noncombatants/refugees. -Search and mark positions to indicate cleared areas to other friendly forces.

PART 8 - Patrolling (FM 3-21.8 Pg 9-1 thru 9-4 MAR07) (WF TACSOP, CH 6, Sect III)

Patrols are organizations, not missions, sent out by a larger unit to conduct a specific combat, reconnaissance or security mission. Their organization is temporary and specifically matched to the immediate task. Upon completion of that task, the patrol returns to friendly lines (the main body), reports to the commander and describes the events that took place, the status of the patrol’s members and equipment and any observations. THE PRINCIPLES OF PATROLLING. All patrols are governed by five principles.

a. Planning. Quickly make a simple plan and effectively communicate it to the lowest level. A great plan that takes forever to complete and is poorly disseminated isn’t a great plan. Plan and prepare to a realistic standard, and rehearse everything. b. Reconnaissance. Your responsibility as a leader is to confirm what you think you know, and to find out what you don’t. c. Security. Preserve your force as a whole, and your recon assets in particular. Every Soldier and every rifle counts; anyone could be the difference between victory and defeat. d. Control. Clear concept of the operation and commander’s intent, coupled with disciplined communications, to bring every Soldier and weapon you have available to overwhelm your enemy at the decisive point. e. Common Sense. Do what you’re supposed to do, without someone having to tell you, despite your own personal discomfort or fear. 1.

Two Types of Patrols a. Combat (Raid, Ambush, Security) b. Reconnaissance (Area, Route, Zone, Point)

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2. Initial Planning & Coordination/Considerations -Begin with TLP and an estimate of the situation. Identify required actions on the OBJ, backward plan to the departure from friendly lines, then forward to reentry. Consider: a. Changes or updates in the enemy situation. b. Best use of terrain for routes, RPs & patrol bases. c. Light and weather data. d. Changes in the friendly situation. e. Attachment of Soldiers with special skills or equipment. f. Use and location of landing or pickup zones. g. Fire support on the objective and along the route. h. Rehearsals (terrain should be similar to the OBJ). i. Special equipment and ammunition requirements. j. Transportation support. k. Signal plan (call signs, frequencies, code words, pyro). A patrol is organized to perform specific tasks. It must secure itself, navigate accurately, identify and cross danger areas, reconnoiter the patrol objective, conduct detailed searches and deal with casualties and prisoners or detainees. As part of the planning process, the patrol leader identifies those tasks the patrol must perform and decides which of the patrol’s elements will implement them. He should maintain squad and fire team integrity, with squads and fire teams often performing more than one task. 1)

Common Patrol Organization -Headquarters Element (PL, APL, RTO, FO, additional mission required patrol attachments) -Aid and Litter Team(s) -Enemy POW/Detainee Team(s) -Surveillance Team(s) -En Routeand Recorder -Compass Pace Man -Assault Team(s) -Support Team(s) -Breach Team(s) -Search Team(s) 2) Combat Patrols (FM 3-21.8 Pg 9-2 & 9-14 MAR07) -Provide security and harass, destroy or capture enemy troops, equipment or installations. When the commander gives a unit the mission to send out a combat patrol, he intends for the patrol to make contact with the enemy and engage in close combat. Three Types: -Raid -Ambush -Security

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Combat Patrol Structure

A. Raid (FM 3-21.8 Pg 9-7, 9-8, 9-10 MAR07; FM 3-21.10 pg 8-41 JUL06) - A surprise attack against a position or installation for a specific purpose other than seizing/holding terrain. Destroy a position or installation, destroy or capture enemy soldiers or equipment or free prisoners. Retain terrain long enough to accomplish the intent. Always end w/ planned withdrawal off the OBJ & return to main body.

Characteristics -Destruction of key systems or facilities (ex. C2 nodes). -Provide or deny critical information. -Secure hostages or prisoners. -Confuse the enemy or disrupt his plans. -Conducted in enemy controlled territory, often against an enemy of equal or greater strength. Successful Execution -Unexpected time/place, limited visibility, movement over terrain the enemy thinks impassable. -Avoiding detection through movement techniques, skillful camouflage and concealment. -Timing the operation’s phases as closely as possible. -Using all available support (including special weapons) -Focus full combat power at the decisive time and place. -Disengage quickly upon mission completion. -Withdraw along planned routes and include deception. Planning Considerations -Ensure the unit retains the element of surprise. -Extraction/withdrawal plan developed and coordinated to ensure unit's survival executing raid. -Fire support plan complex (depends on raid’s depth). -Requires more detailed intelligence of the objective. 99

PERFORM RAID The patrol initiates the raid NLT the time specified in the order, surprises the enemy, assaults the objective, and accomplishes its assigned mission within the commander’s intent. The patrol does not become decisively engaged en route to the objective. The patrol obtains all available PIR from the raid objective and continues follow-on operations. a. Planning Considerations. A raid is a form of attack, usually small scale, involving a swift entry into hostile territory to secure information, confuse the enemy, or destroy installations followed by a planned withdrawal. Squads do not conduct raids. The sequence of platoon actions for a raid is similar to those for an ambush. Additionally, the assault element of the platoon may have to conduct a breach of an obstacle. It may have additional tasks to perform on the objective such as demolition of fixed facilities. Fundamentals of the raid include-Surprise and speed. Infiltrate undetected and surprise the enemy Coordinated fires. Seal off the objective with well synchronized direct and indirect fires. Violence of action. Overwhelm the enemy with fire and maneuver. Planned withdrawal. Withdraw from the objective in an organized manner, maintaining security. b. Actions on the Objective. 1. The patrol moves to and occupies the ORP IAW the patrol SOP. The patrol prepares for the leader’s recon. 2. The PL, squad leaders, and selected personnel conduct a leader’s recon. a. PL leaves a five-point contingency plan with the PSG. b. PL establishes the RP, pinpoints the objective, contacts the PSG to prep men, weapons, and equipment, c. Emplaces the surveillance team to observe the objective, and verifies and updates intelligence information. d. Upon emplacing the surveillance team, the PL will provide a fivepoint contingency plan. e. Leader’s recon verifies location of and routes to security, support, and assault positions. f.

Security teams are brought forward on the leader's reconnaissance and emplaced before the leader’s recon leaves the RP. g. Leaders conduct the recon without compromising the patrol. h. Leaders normally recon support-by-fire position first, then the assault position. 3. The PL confirms, denies, or modifies his plan and issues instructions to his squad leaders. a. Assigns positions and withdrawal routes to all elements. b. Designates control measures on the objective (element objectives, lanes, limits of advance, target reference points, and assault line). c. Allows SLs time to disseminate information, and confirm that their 100

elements are ready. 4. Security elements occupy designated positions, moving undetected into positions that provide early warning and can seal off the objective from outside support or reinforcement. 5. The support element leader moves the support element to designated positions. The support element leader ensures his element can place well aimed fire on the objective. 6. The PL moves with the assault element into the assault position. The assault position is normally the last covered and concealed position before reaching the objective. As it passes through the assault position the platoon deploys into its assault formation; that is, its squads and fire teams deploy to place the bulk of their firepower to the front as they assault the objective. a. Makes contact with the surveillance team to confirm any enemy activity on the objective. b. Ensures that the assault position is close enough for immediate assault if the assault element is detected early. c. Moves into position undetected, and establish local security and fire-control measures. 7. Element leaders inform the PL when their elements are in position and ready. 8. The PL directs the support element to fire. 9. Upon gaining fire superiority, the PL directs the assault element to move towards the objective. a. Assault element holds fire until engaged, or until ready to penetrate the objective. b. PL signals the support element to lift or shift fires. The support element lifts or shifts fires as directed, shifting fire to the flanks of targets or areas as directed in the FRAGO. 10. The assault element attacks and secures the objective. The assault element may be required to breech a wire obstacle. As the platoon, or its assault element, moves onto the objective, it must increase the volume and accuracy of fires. Squad leaders assign specific targets or objectives for their fire teams. Only when these direct fires keep the enemy suppressed can the rest of the unit maneuver. As the assault element gets closer to the enemy, there is more emphasis on suppression and less on maneuver. Ultimately, all but one fire team may be suppressing to allow that one fire team to break into the enemy position. Throughout the assault, Rangers use proper individual movement techniques, and fire teams retain their basic shallow wedge formation. The platoon does not get "on-line" to sweep across the objective. a. Assault element assaults through the objective to the designated LOA. b. Assault element leaders establish local security along the LOA, and consolidate and reorganize as necessary. They provide ACE reports to the PL and PSG. The platoon establishes security, operates key 101

weapons, provides first aid, and prepares wounded Rangers for MEDEVAC. They redistribute ammunition and supplies, and they relocate selected weapons to alternate positions if leaders believe that the enemy may have pinpointed them during the attack. They adjust other positions for mutual support. The squad and team leader provide ammunition, casualty, and equipment (ACE) reports to the platoon leader. The PL/ PSG reorganizes the patrol based on the contact. (1) On order, special teams accomplish all assigned tasks under the supervision of the PL, who positions himself where he can control the patrol. (2) Special team leaders report to PL when assigned tasks are complete. 11. On order or signal of the PL, the assault element withdraws from the objective. Using prearranged signals, the assault line begins an organized withdrawal from the objective site, maintaining control and security throughout the withdrawal. The assault element bounds back near the srcinal assault line, and begins a single file withdrawal through the APL's choke point. All Rangers must move through the choke point for an accurate count. Once the assault element is a safe distance from the objective and the headcount is confirmed, the platoon can withdraw the support element. If the support elements were a part of the assault line, they withdraw together, and security is signaled to withdraw. Once the support is a safe distance off the objective, they notify the platoon leader, who contacts the security element and signals them to withdraw. All security link thePersonnel release point and notify leader beforeteams moving to up theat ORP. returning to thethe ORPplatoon immediately secure their equipment and establish all-round security. Once the security element returns, the platoon moves out of the objective area as soon as possible, normally in two to three minutes. a. Before withdrawing, the demo team activates demo devices and charges. b. Support element or designated personnel in the assault element maintain local security during the withdrawal. c. Leaders report updated accountability and status (ACE report) to the PL and PSG. 12. Squads withdraw from the objective in the order designated in the FRAGO to the ORP. a. Account for personnel and equipment. b. Disseminate information. ammunition and equipment required. c. 13. TheRedistribute PL reports mission accomplishment to as higher and continues the mission. a. Reports raid assessment to higher. b. Informs higher of any IR/ PIR gathered. 102

B. Deliberate Ambush (FM 3-21.8 Pg 9-3 thru 9-22 MAR07) - Conducted against a specific target at a location chosen based on intelligence. Leaders plan and prepare based on detailed information that allows them to anticipate enemy actions and enemy locations. Detailed information includes: -type and size of target -organization or formation -routes and direction of movement -time the force will reach or pass certain points on its route -weapons and equipment carried. Three Elements: 1) Assault accomplish the mission during actions on the objective. 2) Support suppress or destroy enemy on the objective in support of the assault element. 3) Security assist in isolating the objective by preventing enemy from entering and leaving the objective area as well as by ensuring the patrol’s withdrawal route remains open. 103

Scheme of maneuver: -Troop Leading Procedures -Departure from Friendly Lines -Occupy Rally Points (initial, en route, objective, reentry, near/far side) -Conduct Leader’s Recon -Occupy Site/Position Elements -Conduct Ambush -Report to Higher Headquarters

Platoon Deliberate Ambush Narrative SECURITY HALT FOR THE TENTATIVE ORP Two to four hundred meters from the tentative ORP, the PL will give the hand and arm signal to HALT. Every Cadet will take a knee behind the nearest cover and concealment and pull security. The PL will have his/her patrol conduct SLLS for whatever time he deems necessary to adjust himself and his/her unit to the sight, sounds, and smells of the battlefield. Upon completion of SLLS, the PL will have his/her patrol go into the long halt configuration, and occupy the security halt IAW their SOP. (Sec. Halt should be a cigar shaped with center open to allow key leaders to move). After all Cadets are emplaced and security is established, all squad leaders will come to the center. The PL will now give a 5-point contingency plan covering the leader’s recon for the tentative ORP. The PL will get a brief back and give time hack to disseminate the 5-point contingency plan and prep of men for the leader’s recon. Personnel that will be going on the leader’s recon are: the PL, PL’s RTO, SBF SL and 2 security personnel. It should take no longer than 10 minutes for the leader’s recon to depart the security halt. LEADER’S RECON FOR TENTATIVE ORP The PSG will count out leader’s recon. The PL will move to the tentative ORP. The PSG will now readjust the perimeter as necessary and disseminate the PL’s 5-point contingency plan. He can do this by calling the squad leaders to the center and disseminates the 5-point contingency plan to these key personnel, which in turn can quickly put out this/her information in a timely manner. The PSG will spot check to ensure security is maintained and the 5-point contingency plan was disseminated along the perimeter. Meanwhile, once the PL finds a suitable location for the tentative ORP that meets all or most of the characteristics of an ORP; affords good cover and concealment; defendable for a short period of time, not a likely avenue of approach, no recent signs of enemy activity, easily recognizable day and night, large enough for the entire element, and out of sight, sound and small arms fire from the OBJ he halts his/her element; all Cadets move to the nearest cover and concealment and take a knee in order to conduct SLLS in the manner as previously described. Upon completion of

SLLS the PL will identify the 6 o’clock and emplace 1 security man, and a tentative 12 o'clock . The PL, SL and 1 security man will clear an area large enough for the patrol and stop at the 120 o’clock and emplace the security man and issue them a 5-pointThe PL will depart with his/her RTO and SL and head back to the security halt. En-route, the PL will call the PSG to let him know to get the patrol in the short halt configuration, ready to move. This/her also will cue 104

the PSG to go to the 12’o’clock to count in the leader’s recon. Once counted in the PL will call in his/her key leaders and disseminate any changes in the occupation plan, the azimuth, distance, and terrain feature to the tentative ORP. He will get a brief back and give them a time hack. Once the information has been disseminated, the PL will have the PSG and Medic set up a choke point at the 12 o’clock and signal for the patrol to move out. The SL will lead the patrol out since they already know the route to the tentative ORP.

OCCUPATION OF THE ORP When the patrol reaches the 6 o’clock position the first squad in movement will move from the 6 to the 12 by the way of 9 o’clock in a half moon formation until they reach the 12. The second squad will move from the 6 to the 12 by the way of 3 o’clock in a half moon formation, the MG team will move to the 12 and replace the security man. The 6 o’clock security man will count personnel until relieved by the PSG. The PL will have the patrol conduct SLLS; upon completion of SLLS the PL will direct the patrol to get into the long halt configuration and occupy the ORP. The SL’s will come to the center to receive the PL’s 5-point contingency plan for the leader’s recon of the objective. The PL will then direct the RTO to call in the grid location and for ORP occupied. OCCUPYING THE ORP BY FORCE If the platoon leader is pressed for time, or decides not to take the time to recon the ORP, he can choose to simply halt the platoon and occupy the ORP by force. Once he halts the platoon, he will designate the 12 o’clock and 6 o’clock positions. Once he does that, the lead squad will occupy the ORP from 9 to 3, by way of the 12 o’clock position. The trail squad will occupy the 3 to 9 position by way of the 6 o’clock position. The MG team will move to the 12 o’clock position and set up. The PL will have the patrol conduct SLLS; upon completion of SLLS the PL will direct the patrol to get into the long halt configuration and occupy the The leader’s SL’s willrecon come of to the to receive PL’s 5-point contingency planORP. for the the center objective. The PL the will then direct the RTO to call in the grid location and for ORP occupied. LEADER’S RECON OF THE OBJECTIVE The leader’s recon will consist of the PL, PL RTO, Assault SL, SBF SL, Left and Right Flank Security, and the S&O (Grenadier & Saw from SBF SQD. The PL’s RTO will stay in the ORP in order to maintain communication with higher and the leader’s recon. The PSG and Medic will count out the leader’s recon from the 12’o’clock. The PL will move until he has found a good location for the release point (tentative, established after the OBJ has been pinpointed). The RP must have all the characteristics of a rally point, but must be out of sight and sound from the objective, at minimum out of sight. Upon reaching a suitable location the PL will conduct a halt and conduct SLLS. At the competition of SLLS the PL will issue a five point contingency plan to the L/R flank security covering the time the PL and SL’s are pinpointing the objective and emplacing the S&O. The PL will get a brief back and will issue the time hack. Once the PL has identified the objective, the kill zone and a

tentative limit of advance, he will call back to the ORP to inform the PSG so he can begin prepping men, weapons, and equipment, consolidate the rucksacks IAW with the SOP, and the RTO to call in the report to higher. The PL will emplace the S&O position and issue them a 5 PT contingency plan as well as have the senior man draw a sketch of the objective area. The S&O’s mission is to observe the OBJ at all times and report any changes in the 105

situation to the PL. The S&O should be located near or around the center of the kill zone. The PL will now move back to the release point, which is now established since the objective has been pinpointed. . If time permits, the PL will personally emplace the security teams. If time is lacking, the PL will issue them a 5 PT contingency plan an azimuth, distance, and terrain feature of their security position, he will actually pull out his/her map and show them (8digit grid from FRAGO/OPORD). Specific guidance should include that the security elements conduct commo checks as they are moving to ensure that they don’t go beyond the capabilities of the radio in the woodland environment. If no radios are available, the security elements must be visible to the PL or some signals must be established to provide early warning to the PL that the target is approaching the kill zone. After brief backs are conducted the PL will send out the flank security teams at staggered times. Before the PL starts his/her recon he will check with the S&O to ensure nothing has changed on the objective. The PL will now recon the OBJ with his/her key leaders. (Ensure you discuss movement in and around the OBJ area i.e. high crawl, low crawl, low crouch, not paralleling the OBJ) The first thing the PL will recon is the support position more than likely it will positioned with the S&O. Upon reaching a suitable site the PL and SL will ensure the patrol can ID the OBJ, KILL ZONE, LOA, and CONTROL MEASURES. Then the gun location will be marked, to ensure that the exact location can be found again (you may recon during the day but might occupy during periods of limited visibility). The gun position will be issued a sector of fire by the PL and the SL will record this. The PL will ensure he gets in the prone to see what the gunner will see to ensure the gunner will have clear fields of fire and able to identify their sectors of fire. The PL can back brief the SL on the lift/shift signals IAW the OPORD after he returns to the ORP. When the PL is satisfied, he will then pick up the OBJ sketch from the S&O. Once the PL is satisfied, the leader’s recon will move to recon the assault position. The PL will identify the leader center of the assault give left and right limits. The assault will split the position sector inand half and them giving responsibilities to each team, A Team left and B Team right, assigning sectors to each when they occupy. The PL will ensure the assault squad leader understand that each individual will be able to ID the OBJ, KILLZONE, LOA, and CONTROL MEASURES from their positions, and that sectors of fire interlock to ensure total coverage of the kill zone. Each individual position must have a clear lane forward in order to assault without any obstacle in their way which could lead them to stray, thus eliminating fratricide during the assault. The PL will tentatively ID a position for his/her claymore mine and AT weapons if they are to be employed. The PL will ensure the kill zone is suitable for his/her intent, meaning the road is not cut into the hill thus giving cover to the enemy and the terrain on the far side will facilitate the ambush. In other words it slopes gently or a steep hill so you can put effective fire on the enemy if they try to escape. The PL at no time will step on to the road or objective that he is ambushing on. The assault position will not be closer than 35 meters away (hand grenade range-enemy) unless METT-TC dictates otherwise, and far enough away to allow rapid, aggressive assault of the kill zone. The key leaders can also back brief any signals, rates of fire at this/her time if needed. The PL will also cover rates of fire for automatic weapons and rifles for actions on the OBJ. example; rifles/M-203 will fire semi, burst to alternate down the line so we don’t run out of ammo at the same time. NOTE: Ensure you discuss an example of how long the suppression should be! If 30 seconds of fire kills the enemy then 30 seconds is it! Cadets have historically been firing for minutes thus wasting 106

ammo for no reason. Discuss good fire distribution on the ambush, and discuss indirect fire if applicable. The PL and his/her key leaders will mark down the assault position and the support position on the sketch before leaving the OBJ. As the PL moves from the OBJ he will designate a probable line of deployment (PLD) behind the assault position. That is simply a control measure when moving from your RP in your movement formation and you transition into your battle formation. Then the PL will confirm or deny his/her plan, ―Complete the Plan‖, before departing the RP, he will implement any control measures that he deems necessary. The leaders’ recon will now move through the RP and back to the ORP, en-route the PL will contact the PSG to give him time to get the platoon ready to move.

BACK AT THE ORP The PSG, once he receives the call from the PL that he is en-route back, will get the platoon ready to move in the order of movement, which is support, headquarters, ASLT. For security you may want to put a fire team in front of support, depends on METT-TC. The PSG will be at the 12 o’clock to count in the leaders’ recon. Getting them ready to move is needed if nothing has changed from the srcinal plan and time is of the essence. If the plan has been modified, then the PL will have the PSG keep them in the srcinal configuration of the ORP to disseminate the changes to the plan. The PL and key leaders are counted in and the PL will go to the center and meet with the key leaders. He will disseminate any key information from the leader’s recon ensuring to brief the PSG on the support position and any changes utilizing the OBJ sketch from the S&O. If needed, the PL will have the SL’s make rough copies. The PL will get back briefs and give a time hack in order to disseminate information and time that they will move out. The PL will also give a 5 PT to the ORP security. Implied task for the ORP security is to guide in the element after actions on the OBJ and to set up a choke point to count in the patrol until the PSG links up and gets a battle hand off on the count. for re-occupation.

This allows a continuous flow back into the ORP

OCCUPATION OF THE AMBUSH LINE (SILENCE) Once directed to move out by the PL, the platoon will file thru the PSG’s choke point in the order of movement and move to the RP. Upon arriving at the RP they will conduct SLLS. After SLLS, the PL will call the S&O to make sure nothing has changed on the OBJ, and will also call the left and right security to ensure that they are in position. The platoon cannot move any further until security is in place. Once the PL has confirmed those two items he will direct the SBF SL to occupy the support position. Once the SBF SL gets to the position he will position their personnel and this is done in a controlled manner with the PL’s guidance AND IN THE PRONE. Once the SBF SL has them in place and they are ready to perform their mission he will contact the PL and let him know they are set. Once the PL gets the word that the support is ready, the PL will move the assault forward of the RP until they reach the PLD. The assault elements will now transition from their movement formation to their battle formation. The PL and key leaders will now direct their personnel into their positions. The PL will direct the claymore to be emplaced and inspect its proper location and emplace his/her AT weapons if used. The PL will inspect the assault position to ensure it meets his/her intent. The PL will conduct commo checks and have the RTO call in the report to higher when ambush position is emplaced. The PSG and his/her MEDIC will assist the PL in occupation of the assault elements. All of this will be accomplished using stealth and remaining undetected. 107

INITIATION (VIOLENCE) PL gets SALT report from flank security. The PL will determine if he will initiate depending on size of enemy. If the enemy force is too large the PL will simply not initiate the ambush. If SALT report identifies the approaching force as the appropriate target, the PL waits for the enemy to reach the center of the kill zone. Once the enemy reaches the center of kill zone the PL will initiate with the platoon’s most casualty-producing weapon. He will normally initiate with the claymore, however if it fails he will use his/her M-4 on burst to initiate (if possible never use an open bolt weapon to initiate an ambush). Once the PL initiates the ambush, all weapons systems begin firing at the rate of fire specified in OPORD/FRAGO. Once the PL has determined the enemy has been neutralized he will give the signal or command to cease-fire, ensuring the support element has shifted/ceased fire. The PL will conduct SLLS to ensure no sounds, movement, or fires are coming from the kill zone. If there is any indication that the enemy is still alive in the kill zone anyone can re-initiate fire. Once again the PL will give the signal or command to cease-fire, ensuring support has shifted/ceased fire. At this/her time, in a controlled manner the assault element will reload their weapon systems then assault through the kill zone. On the PL’s order, the assault element will move at the same time by teams mutually supporting each other (by fire if necessary). Teams will use fire and maneuver and maintain their assigned lanes. The objective is crossed by mutually supporting bounds (not online) and cleared as it is crossed. Ensure no one passes a vehicle until it is has been cleared as well as a man with a weapon (throw it away as you are crossing). In order to maintain violence of action, squad leaders and team leaders lead from the front. The PL will locate himself at the near side or where he can best control his/her element. The PSG will also move where he can best assist the PL and control any friendly casualties. CONSOLIDATE (SILENCE) The ASLT Squad Leader will establish the LOA, ensuring 360-degree security for the reconsolidation line, emplace the M-249’s along high-speed avenues of approach, issue sectors of fire, and ensure that personnel are utilizing cover and concealment if available. The PL calls for ACE reports and the PSG supervises to ensure that it is being done, that ammo is being re-distributed, and key weapon systems are being re-manned. Team leaders will move to each one of their men to make this/her happen. SPECIAL TEAMS The PL will call for EPW teams once security has been established and ACE reports are in. EPW teams will report to him for specific guidance. The EPW teams will clear/secure first, then search and consolidate equipment (clear out, search in) and report all PIR to RTO. The PL will call for AID and LITTER teams if necessary and only when the OBJ is cleared and secured. The RTO will record all PIR and give time hacks. The PSG will supervise the special teams during the entire process. The PSG will establish the CCP/choke point at this/her time if needed. The PL, based on the enemy situation will have the PSG package and move any casualties IAW the platoon or unit SOP.

WITHDRAWAL Once the special teams are done the PL will call for DEMO, the PSG and Medic will move to the choke point (if this hasn’t happen already i.e. casualties) and the PSG and Medic will locate the choke point where he can best control movement 108

off the OBJ to maintain accountability. On the command RED the ASSLT Alpha Team will bound back to their srcinal position or nearest covered and concealment and provide over watch. On command WHITE ASSLT Bravo Team will bound across and move in their lanes until they are on line with Alpha Fire Team then move to the choke point and move to the RP and establish security. Once Alpha Team sees Bravo Team move thru the choke point, then they will move thru the choke point follow and assume behind Bravo Team, when they get to the RP they will establish security. Mean while the PL will get the word that demo is set, the PL will give the command BURNING, and they will move to the choke point. When the PL is near the choke point or out of the immediate objective area (so that support can over watch his/her movement) he will give the command BLUE which the support position will either move to the choke point or the RP depending on their location and where they were released from or what was put out in the OPORD/FRAGO. The PL will move his/her RTO and DEMO team thru the choke point and pick up the PSG and Medic and move to the RP. Once at the RP the PL will ensure the flank securities are enroute to the RP. When the flank security teams arrive at the RP and the PSG has accountability of men, weapons, and equipment he will inform the PL. The PL will have the PSG and Medic set up a choke point and have the platoon move to the ORP in a controlled manner maintaining security. When the platoon arrives at the ORP, the two ORP security personnel will be at the 12’o’clock setting up a choke point getting a count and guiding personnel in the ORP. The weapons will occupy first so they establish the apexes. Then all other personnel will move into the ORP in a controlled manner. Once the ORP is re-established, the platoon will once again conduct SLLS. After SLLS, the platoon will recover their rucks in a controlled manner IAW their SOP. After rucks are recovered, the PL will direct the PSG to set up a choke point and direct the platoon to move 1km away or one terrain feature to disseminate information.

C.

Reconnaissance Patrols (FM 3-21.8 Pg 9-24, 25, 27, 28 MAR07) a. Three Fundamentals of Reconnaissance 1) Gain Required Information (the patrol’s decisive action) 2) Avoid Detection (element organization is key) 3) Employ Security Measures (use remaining Soldiers) b. Organizational Teams 1) Security 2) Reconnaissance

c. Organizational Team Structures 1) Recon elements separate from security elements. Used when security element is able to support recon element from one location. Requires recon objective to be clearly defined and the area to be fairly open. 2) Recon elements & security elements combine into R&S teams. Used when the recon objective is not clearly defined or the teams are not mutually supporting and each reconnaissance potentially needs its own security force. Within each R&S team, recon is done by one or two individuals while the rest of the element provides security. Number of Soldiers in an R&S team varies depending on mission. Usually a fire team is required for adequate recon while still providing team security. 109

3) R&S teams established with an additional, separate security element. The separate security element can also act as a reserve or as a quick reaction force. d. Planning Process 1) Determine the reconnaissance objective, an information requirement (IR) that corresponds to the terrain and or enemy in a specific area, route, or zone it may be designated by a control measure such as a named area of interest, checkpoint, objective, route, phase lines or boundaries 2) Determine the observation plan that will enable the patrol to obtain the IR 3) Determine tactical movement necessary to position the patrol to achieve the observation plan e. Types of Reconnaissance Patrols 1) Area: obtain information about a certain location & its area (road junctions, hills, bridges, enemy positions). Location of the OBJ is shown by either grid coordinates or map overlay. Boundary line encircles the area. 2) Zone: obtain information on all the enemy, terrain and routes within a specific zone. Zone defined by boundaries. 3) Route: orients on a road, a narrow axis such as an infiltration lane or a general direction of attack. A platoon conducts a hasty route reconnaissance when there is too little time for a detailed route reconnaissance or when the mission requires less detailed information. Information sought in a hasty route reconnaissance is restricted to the type of route (limited or unlimited), obstacle limitations (maximum weight, height & width) and observed enemy. Area Reconnaissance (FM 3-21.8 Pg 9-29 thru 9-31 MAR07) Conducted to obtain information about a specified location and the area around it Location may be given as a grid or an objective on an overlay Patrol uses surveillance at OPs/vantage points around the objective from which to observe the objective and the surrounding area -Multiple R&S teams allow for better observation of the objective from various locations, but increases the likelihood of enemy detection Patrol leader considers these actions: -PL may include a surveillance team in the recon of the objective from the ORP -PL positions the team while on recon -APL is responsible for security at ORP and positions other security teams as required on enemy avenues of approach in the objective area If required PL positions other surveillance teams about objective. PL may move them on one route, positioning them as they move or may direct them to move along separate routes to assigned locations. After observing objective for a specified time, all elements return to ORP and report their observations to PL and/or recorder. Once all information is collected, it is disseminated.

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D.

Patrol Base

(FM 3-21.10 Pg 5-20 thru 5-23, 8-49, 12-65, 66 JUL06) A patrol base is a position set up when the patrol halts for an extended period in enemy territory (an unprotected place). The unit must take active and passive security measures. Occupation depends need for secrecy, butto should exceed 24 hours and the same location should not on be the occupied twice (returned once not vacated). Purposes -Change of Mission Adjustments -Maintenance -Planning/Issuing Orders -Base for Concurrent/Consecutive Missions -Avoid Detection, Hide -Rest/Eat

Site Selection/Considerations -Covered and concealed location off any avenues of approach that allows 360 degree defense. -Ability to abandoned patrol base quickly into a movement technique and/or alternate site. -Fighting positions can be reinforced & supported. -Team/Squad in reserve to support perimeter. -Mortars located in center - increases coverage.

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Patrol Base Priorities of Work (FM 3-21.10 Pg 5-39 JUL06) - A set method of controlling the preparation and conduct of a defense. Unit TACSOP describes the priority of work including individual duties. The commander changes priorities based on the situation. Everyone must have a priority of work – leaders have a specific priority of work for their duty position. Several tasks are performed at the same time as required. -Post 360 degree security. -Establish the company R&S operation. -Position Javelins/machine guns/Soldiers (sectors of fire). -Position other assets (ex. CP/HQ and mortars). -Designate FPLs and FPFs. -Prepare range cards and sector sketches. -Improve/Prepare fighting positions. -Install wire communications, if applicable. -Emplace obstacles and mines. -Mark TRPs and direct fire-control measures. -Establish sleep and rest plan. -Reconnoiter movements. -Adjust positions and control measures as required. -Continue to improve positions.

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PART 9 – REACT TO UNEXPLODED ORDNANCE/IED (FM 3-21.10 Pgs G-13, G-14 JUL06) (WF TACSOP, CH 5, Sect III) REACT TO UNEXPLODED ORDNANCE

Many areas, especially previous battlefields, might be littered with a wide variety of sensitive and deadly UXO. Soldiers need to follow these precautions on discovering a suspected UXO: 1. Do not move toward the UXO. Some types of ordnance have a magnetic or motion-sensitive fuse. 2. Never approach or pick up UXO even if identification is impossible from a distance. Observe the UXO with binoculars if available. a UXO report higher . Use atby least 100 meters away from 3. Send the ordnance. Someto UXO fusesHQ might beradios set off radio transmissions. a. DTG: Date and time UXO was discovered. b. Reporting Unit or Activity, and UXO Location: Grid coordinates. c. Contact Method: How EOD team can contact the reporting unit. d. Discovering Unit POC: unit frequency or call sign. e. Type of UXO: Dropped, projected, thrown, or placed, and number of items discovered. f. Hazards Caused by UXO: Report the nature of perceived threats such as a possible chemical threat or a limitation of travel over key routes. g. Resources Threatened: Report any equipment, facilities, or other assets threatened by the UXO. h. Impact on Mission: Your current situation and how the UXO affects your status. i. Protective Measures: Describe what you have done to protect personnel and equipment such as marking the area and informing local civilians. 4. Mark the area with mine tape or other obvious material at a distance from the UXO to warn others of the danger. Proper markings will also help EOD personnel find the hazard in response to the UXO report. 5. Evacuate the area while carefully scanning for other hazards. 6. Take protective measures to reduce the hazard to personnel and equipment. Notify local people in the area. REACT TO A POSSIBLE IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE (IED)

(TC 093-89D-01 CTT 093-401-5050 MAY04) Condition: During military operations you encounter a ―Possible Improvised Explosive Device (IED)‖. Standard: Properly establish initial exclusion area, security, and report ―Possible Improvised Explosive Device (IED)‖ to Higher HQ with 100% accuracy. Performance Steps 1. Establish minimum initial exclusion area of 300 meters around ―Possible Improvised Explosive Device (IED)‖. 2. Establish security: a. Search secure area for possible secondary explosive device(s)/hazards, while maintaining security. b. Identify potential enemy force observation/vantage points. c. Seek all available manmade or natural frontal and overhead cover. d. Avoid establishing a ―reaction‖ pattern. 3. Forward information to Higher HQ using standard 9-line UXO Report. 4. Continue mission IAW Higher HQ guidance. 113

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