Labor Code Codal-RBSI

July 31, 2017 | Author: Aireen Villahermosa Pinili | Category: Collective Bargaining, Employment, Apprenticeship, Labour Law, Trade Union
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THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES Pres. Decree No. 442, as amended

1

THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 442, AS AMENDED A DECREE INSTITUTING A LABOR CODE THEREBY REVISING AND CONSOLIDATING LABOR AND SOCIAL LAWS TO AFFORD PROTECTION TO LABOR, PROMOTE EMPLOYMENT AND HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND INSURE INDUSTRIAL PEACE BASED ON SOCIAL JUSTICE.

PRELIMINARY TITLE Chapter I GENERAL PROVISIONS ARTICLE 1. Name of Decree. — This Decree shall be known as the “Labor Code of the Philippines.” ART. 2. Date of Effectivity. — This Code shall take effect six (6) months after its promulgation. ART. 3. Declaration of Basic Policy. — The State shall afford protection to labor, promote full employment, ensure equal work opportunities regardless of 1

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THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES WITH OMNIBUS IMPLEMENTING RULES

sex, race or creed and regulate the relations between workers and employers. The State shall assure the rights of workers to self-organization, collective bargaining, security of tenure, and just and humane conditions of work. ART. 4. Construction in Favor of Labor. — All doubts in the implementation and interpretation of the provisions of this Code, including its implementing rules and regulations, shall be resolved in favor of labor. ART. 5. Rules and Regulations. — The Department of Labor and Employment and other government agencies charged with the administration and enforcement of this Code or any of its parts shall promulgate the necessary implementing rules and regulations. Such rules and regulations shall become effective fteen (15) days after announcement of their adoption in newspapers of general circulation. ART. 6. Applicability. — All rights and benets granted to workers under this Code shall, except as may otherwise be provided herein, apply alike to all workers, whether agricultural or non-agricultural. (As amended by Presidential Decree No. 570-A, November 1, 1974). Chapter II EMANCIPATION OF TENANTS ART. 7. Statement of Objectives. — Inasmuch as the old concept of land ownership by a few has spawned valid and legitimate grievances that gave rise to vio-

THE LABOR CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES Pres. Decree No. 442, as amended

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lent conict and social tension and the redress of such legitimate grievances being one of the fundamental objectives of the New Society, it has become imperative to start reformation with the emancipation of the tiller of the soil from his bondage. ART. 8. Transfer of Lands to Tenant-Workers. — Being a vital part of the labor force, tenant-farmers on private agricultural lands primarily devoted to rice and corn under a system of share crop or lease tenancy whether classied as landed estate or not shall be deemed owner of a portion constituting a family-size farm of ve (5) hectares, if not irrigated and three (3) hectares, if irrigated. In all cases, the landowner may retain an area of not more than seven (7) hectares if such landowner is cultivating such area or will now cultivate it. ART. 9. Determination of Land Value. — For the purpose of determining the cost of the land to be transferred to the tenant-farmer, the value of the land shall be equivalent to two and one-half (2-1/2) times the average harvest of three (3) normal crop years immediately preceding the promulgation of Presidential Decree No. 27 on October 21, 1972. The total cost of the land, including interest at the rate of six percent (6%) per annum, shall be paid by the tenant in fteen (15) years of fteen (15) equal annual amortizations. In case of default, the amortization due shall be paid by the farmers’ cooperative in which the defaulting tenant-farmer is a member, with the cooperative having a right of recourse against him.

CONTENTS I. Labor Code of the Philippines Chapter I General Provisions Article 1. Name of Decree ................................................ Article 2. Date of Effectivity ............................................ Article 3. Declaration of Basic Policy .............................. Article 4. Construction in Favor of Labor ....................... Article 5. Rules and Regulations ..................................... Article 6. Applicability .....................................................

1 1 1 2 2 2

Chapter II Emancipation of Tenants Article 7. Statement of Objectives................................... Article 8. Transfer of Lands to Tenant-Workers ............ Article 9. Determination of Land Value ......................... Article 10. Conditions of Ownership ............................... Article 11. Implementing Agency ....................................

2 3 3 4 4

BOOK ONE Pre-Employment Article 12. Statement of Objectives.................................

iii

4

Title I Recruitment and Placement of Workers Chapter I General Provisions Article 13. Definitions ...................................................... Article 14. Employment Promotion................................. Article 15. Bureau of Employment Services ................... Article 16. Private Recruitment ...................................... Article 17. Overseas Employment Development Board ........................................................................ Article 18. Ban on Direct-Hiring ..................................... Article 19. Office of Emigrant Affairs ............................. Article 20. National Seamen Board ................................ Article 21. Foreign Service Role and Participation ........ Article 22. Mandatory Remittance of Foreign Exchange Earnings .................................................. Article 23. Composition of the Boards ............................ Article 24. Boards to Issue Rules and Collect Fees ........

5 7 7 9 9 10 10 11 12 13 13 15

Chapter II Regulation of Recruitment and Placement of Activities Article 25. Private Sector Participation in the Recruitment and Placement of Workers................. Article 26. Travel Agencies Prohibited to Recruit.......... Article 27. Citizenship Requirement .............................. Article 28. Capitalization................................................. Article 29. Non-Transferability of License or Authority .......................................................... Article 30. Registration Fees ........................................... Article 31. Bonds .............................................................. Article 32. Fees to be Paid by Workers ........................... Article 33. Reports on Employment Status .................... iv

15 15 16 16 16 16 16 17 17

Article 34. Prohibited Practices....................................... Article 35. Suspension and/or Cancellation of License or Authority ............................................

17 19

Chapter III Miscellaneous Provisions Article 36. Regulatory Power .......................................... Article 37. Visitorial Power ............................................. Article 38. Illegal Recruitment ........................................ Article 39. Penalties .........................................................

19 20 20 21

Title II Employment of Non-Resident Aliens Article 40. Employment Permit of NonResident Aliens ........................................................ Article 41. Prohibition Against Transfer of Employment ......................................................... Article 42. Submission of List .........................................

22 23 23

BOOK TWO Human Resources Development Program Title I National Manpower Development Program Chapter I National Policies and Administrative Machinery for Their Implementation Article 43. Statement of Objective .................................. Article 44. Definitions ...................................................... Article 45. National Manpower and Youth Council; Composition ............................................... Article 46. National Manpower Plan .............................. v

24 24 25 25

Article 47. National Manpower Skills Center ................ Article 48. Establishment and Formulation of Skills Standards ................................................... Article 49. Administration of Training Programs .......... Article 50. Industry Boards ............................................. Article 51. Employment Service Training Functions..... Article 52. Incentive Scheme ........................................... Article 53. Council Secretariat ........................................ Article 54. Regional Manpower Development Offices .... Article 55. Consultants and Technical Assistance, Publication and Research .................... Article 56. Rules and Regulations ...................................

26 26 26 27 28 28 28 31 31 31

Title II Training and Employment of Special Workers Chapter I Apprentices Article 57. Statement of Objectives................................. Article 58. Definition of Terms ........................................ Article 59. Qualifications of Apprentice .......................... Article 60. Employment of Apprentices .......................... Article 61. Contents of Apprenticeship Agreements ...... Article 62. Signing of Apprenticeship Agreement .......... Article 63. Venue of Apprenticeship Programs .............. Article 64. Sponsoring of Apprenticeship Program ........ Article 65. Investigation of Violation of Apprenticeship Agreement ...................................... Article 66. Appeal to the Secretary of Labor and Employment ...................................................... Article 67. Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies ...... Article 68. Aptitude Testing of Applicants ..................... Article 69. Responsibility for Theoretical Instruction ... Article 70. Voluntary Organization of Apprenticeship Programs; Exemptions .................. vi

32 32 33 33 33 34 34 35 35 36 36 36 36 37

Article 71. Deductibility of Training Costs ..................... Article 72. Apprentices Without Compensation .............

37 38

Chapter II Learners Article 73. Learners Defined ........................................... Article 74. When Learners May Be Hired ...................... Article 75. Learnership Agreement ................................ Article 76. Learners in Piecework ................................... Article 77. Penalty Clause ...............................................

38 38 38 39 39

Chapter III Handicapped Workers Article 78. Definition........................................................ Article 79. When Employable .......................................... Article 80. Employment Agreement................................ Article 81. Eligibility for Apprenticeship ........................

39 40 40 40

BOOK THREE Conditions of Employment Title I Working Conditions and Rest Periods Chapter I Hours of Work Article 82. Coverage ......................................................... Article 83. Normal Hours of Work .................................. Article 84. Hours Worked ................................................ Article 85. Meal Periods .................................................. Article 86. Night-Shift Differential ................................. Article 87. Overtime Work............................................... Article 88. Undertime Not Offset by Overtime .............. vii

41 42 42 42 43 43 43

Article 89. Emergency Overtime Work ........................... Article 90. Computation of Additional Compensation ...

43 44

Chapter II Weekly Rest Periods Article 91. Right to Weekly Rest Day ............................. Article 92. When Employer May Require Work on a Rest Day .......................................................... Article 93. Compensation for Rest Day, Sunday or Holiday Work .........................................

44 45 46

Chapter III Holidays, Service Incentive Leaves and Service Charges Article 94. Right to Holiday Pay ..................................... Article 95. Right to Service Incentive Leave .................. Article 96. Service Charges .............................................

47 47 48

Title II Wages Chapter I Preliminary Matters Article 97. Definitions ...................................................... Article 98. Application of Title ........................................

48 50

Chapter II Minimum Wage Rates Article 99. Regional Minimum Wages ............................ Article 100. Prohibition Against Elimination or Diminution of Benefits............................................. Article 101. Payment by Results .....................................

viii

50 50 50

Chapter III Payment of Wages Article 102. Forms of Payment ........................................ Article 103. Time of Payment .......................................... Article 104. Place of Payment ......................................... Article 105. Direct Payment of Wages ............................ Article 106. Contractor or Subcontractor ....................... Article 107. Indirect Employer ........................................ Article 108. Posting of Bond ............................................ Article 109. Solidary Liability ......................................... Article 110. Worker Preference in Case of Bankruptcy .......................................................... Article 111. Attorney’s Fees ............................................

51 51 52 52 53 54 54 55 55 55

Chapter IV Prohibitions Regarding Wages Article 112. Non-interference in Disposal of Wages ...... Article 113. Wage Deduction ........................................... Article 114. Deposits for Loss or Damage ....................... Article 115. Limitations ................................................... Article 116. Withholding of Wages and Kickbacks Prohibited ............................................... Article 117. Deduction to Ensure Employment .............. Article 118. Retaliatory Measures .................................. Article 119. False Reporting ............................................

55 56 56 57 57 57 57 57

Chapter V Wage Studies, Wage Agreements and Wage Determination Article 120. Creation of National Wages and Productivity Commission ........................................ Article 121. Powers and Functions of the Commission.. Article 122. Creation of Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Boards .............................. ix

58 58 60

Article 123. Wage Order .................................................. Article 124. Standards/Criteria for Minimum Wage Fixing .......................................................... Article 125. Freedom to Bargain ..................................... Article 126. Prohibition Against Injunction ................... Article 127. Non-Diminution of Benefits ........................

62 63 66 66 66

Chapter VI Administration and Enforcement Article 128. Visitorial and Enforcement Power.............. Article 129. Recovery of Wages, Simple Money Claims and Other Benefits ......................................

67 69

Title III Working Conditions For Special Groups of Employees Chapter I Employment of Women Article 130. Nightwork Prohibition................................. Article 131. Exceptions .................................................... Article 132. Facilities for Women .................................... Article 133. Maternity Leave Benefits ............................ Article 134. Family Planning Services; Incentives for Family Planning ............................... Article 135. Discrimination Prohibited ........................... Article 136. Stipulation Against Marriage ..................... Article 137. Prohibited Acts ............................................ Article 138. Classification of Certain Women Workers ....................................................................

71 71 72 73 74 74 75 76 76

Chapter II Employment of Minors Article 139. Minimum Employable Age .......................... x

76

Article 140. Prohibition Against Child Discrimination .........................................................

77

Chapter III Employment of Househelpers Article 141. Coverage ....................................................... Article 142. Contract of Domestic Service ...................... Article 143. Minimum Wage............................................ Article 144. Minimum Cash Wage .................................. Article 145. Assignment to Non-Household Work ......... Article 146. Opportunity for Education .......................... Article 147. Treatment of Househelpers ......................... Article 148. Board, Lodging and Medical Attendance ... Article 149. Indemnity for Unjust Termination of Services ................................................................. Article 150. Service of Termination Notice..................... Article 151. Employment Certification ........................... Article 152. Employment Record ....................................

77 78 78 79 79 79 79 79 79 80 80 80

Chapter IV Employment of Homeworkers Article 153. Regulation of Industrial Homeworkers ...... Article 154. Regulations of Secretary of Labor............... Article 155. Distribution of Homework ...........................

80 81 81

BOOK FOUR Health, Safety and Social Welfare Benefits Title I Medical, Dental and Occupational Safety Chapter I Medical and Dental Services Article 156. First-Aid Treatment .................................... xi

82

Article 157. Emergency Medical and Dental Services ... Article 158. When Emergency Hospital Not Required .. Article 159. Health Program ........................................... Article 160. Qualifications of Health Personnel ............. Article 161. Assistance of Employer ...............................

82 83 84 84 84

Chapter II Occupational Health and Safety Article 162. Safety and Health Standards...................... Article 163. Research ....................................................... Article 164. Training Programs ...................................... Article 165. Administration of Safety and Health Laws .............................................................

84 85 85 85

Title II Employee’s Compensation and State Insurance Fund Chapter I Policy and Definitions Article 166. Policy .......................................................... Article 167. Definition of Terms ......................................

86 87

Chapter II Coverage and Liability Article 168. Compulsory Coverage .................................. Article 169. Foreign Employment ................................... Article 170. Effective Date of Coverage .......................... Article 171. Registration.................................................. Article 172. Limitation of Liability ................................. Article 173. Extent of Liability ........................................ Article 174. Liability of Third Party/ies .......................... Article 175. Deprivation of the Benefits .........................

xii

92 92 92 93 93 93 93 94

Chapter III Administration Article 176. Employer’s Compensation Commission ..... Article 177. Powers and Duties ....................................... Article 178. Management of Funds ................................. Article 179. Investment of Funds .................................... Article 180. Settlement of Claims ................................... Article 181. Review .......................................................... Article 182. Enforcement of Decisions ............................

94 96 98 98 99 99 99

Chapter IV Contributions Article 183. Employer’s Contributions............................ 100 Article 184. Government Guarantee ............................... 101 Chapter V Medical Benefits Article 185. Medical Services .......................................... Article 186. Liability ........................................................ Article 187. Attending Physician .................................... Article 188. Refusal of Examination or Treatment ........ Article 189. Fees and Other Charges .............................. Article 190. Rehabilitation Services................................

101 101 102 102 102 103

Chapter VI Disability Benefits Article 191. Temporary Total Disability ......................... 103 Article 192. Permanent Total Disability......................... 104 Article 193. Permanent Partial Disability ...................... 105 Chapter VII Death Benefits Article 194. Death .......................................................... 108 xiii

Chapter VIII Provisions Common to Income Benefits Article 195. Relationship and Dependency..................... Article 196. Delinquent Contributions ........................... Article 197. Second Injuries ............................................ Article 198. Assignment of Benefits ................................ Article 199. Earned Benefits ........................................... Article 200. Safety Devices .............................................. Article 201. Prescriptive Period ...................................... Article 202. Erroneous Payment ..................................... Article 203. Prohibition ................................................... Article 204. Exemption from Levy, Tax, etc. ..................

109 109 110 110 110 111 111 111 112 112

Chapter IX Records, Reports and Penal Provisions Article 205. Record of Death or Disability ...................... Article 206. Notice of Sickness, Injury or Death ............ Article 207. Penal Provisions .......................................... Article 208. Applicability ................................................. Article 208-A. Repeal .......................................................

112 113 114 115 115

Title III Medicare Article 209. Medical Care ................................................ 115 Title IV Adult Education Article 210. Adult Education ........................................... 116

xiv

BOOK FIVE Labor Relations Title I Policy and Definitions Chapter I Policy Article 211. Declaration of Policy .................................... 116 Chapter II Definitions Article 212. Definitions .................................................... 117 Title II National Labor Relations Commission Chapter I Creation and Composition Article 213. National Labor Relations Commission ....... Article 214. Headquarters, Branches and Provincial Extension Units ..................................... Article 215. Appointment and Qualifications ................. Article 216. Salaries, Benefits and Other Emoluments .............................................................

121 124 124 126

Chapter II Powers and Duties Article 217. Jurisdiction of the Labor Arbiters and the Commission ................................................ Article 218. Powers of the Commission .......................... Article 219. Ocular Inspection......................................... Article 220. Compulsory Arbitration .............................. xv

126 128 133 133

Article 221. Technical Rules not Binding and Prior Resort to Amicable Settlement ...................... 133 Article 222. Appearances and Fees ................................. 134 Chapter III Appeal Article 223. Appeal .......................................................... 135 Article 224. Execution of Decisions, Orders or Awards ................................................................. 137 Article 225. Contempt Powers of the Secretary of Labor .................................................................. 138 Title III Bureau of Labor Relations Article 226. Bureau of Labor Relations .......................... Article 227. Compromise Agreements ............................ Article 228. Indorsement of Cases to Labor Arbiters..... Article 229. Issuance of Subpoenas ................................. Article 230. Appointment of Bureau Personnel ............. Article 231. Registry of Unions and File of Collective Bargaining Agreements ........................................... Article 232. Prohibition on Certification Election .......... Article 233. Privileged Communication ..........................

138 139 139 139 140 140 141 141

Title IV Labor Organizations Chapter I Registration and Cancellation Article 234. Requirements of Registration ..................... 142 Article 234-A Chartering and Creation of a Local Chapter .................................................................. 143 Article 235. Action on Application .................................. 143

xvi

Article 236. Denial of Registration; Appeal .................... Article 237. Additional Requirements for Federations or National Unions.............................. Article 238. Cancellation of Registration........................ Article 238-A. Effect of a Petition for Cancellation of Registration .......................................................... Article 239. Grounds for Cancellation of Unions Registration ............................................. Article 239-A. Voluntary Cancellation of Registration .......................................................... Article 240. Equity of the Incumbent..............................

144 144 144 144 145 145 146

Chapter II Rights and Conditions of Membership Article 241. Rights and Conditions of Membership in a Labor Organization .......................................... 146 Chapter III Rights of Legitimate Labor Organizations Article 242. Rights of Legitimate Labor Organizations ........................................................... 151 Article 242-A. Reportorial Requirements ....................... 153 Title V Coverage Article 243. Coverage and Employees’ Right to Self-Organization ................................................. 154 Article 244. Rights of Employees in the Public Service .......................................................... 154 Article 245. Ineligibility of Managerial Employees to Join Any Labor Organization; Right of Supervisory Employees ........................................... 154

xvii

Article 245-A. Effect of Inclusion as Members of Employees Outside the Bargaining Unit................ 155 Article 246. Non-Abridgment of Right to SelfOrganization............................................................. 155 Title VI Unfair Labor Practices Chapter I Concept Article 247. Concept of Unfair Labor Practice and Procedure for Prosecution Thereof .................. 155 Chapter II Unfair Labor Practices of Employers Article 248. Unfair Labor Practices of Employers ......... 157 Chapter III Unfair Labor Practices of Labor Organizations Article 249. Unfair Labor Practices of Labor Organizations ........................................................... 159 Title VII Collective Bargaining and Administration of Agreements Article 250. Procedure in Collective Bargaining ............ Article 251. Duty to Bargain Collectively in the Absence of Collective Bargaining Agreements ....... Article 252. Meaning of Duty to Bargain Collectively ... Article 253. Duty to Bargain Collectively When There Exists a Collective Bargaining Agreement ............. Article 253-A. Terms of a Collective Bargaining Agreement ................................................................

xviii

160 161 162 162 162

Article 254. Injunction Prohibited .................................. Article 255. Exclusive Bargaining Representation and Workers’ Participation in Policy and Decision-Making ...................................................... Article 256. Representation Issue in Organized Establishments ...................................... Article 257. Petitions in Unorganized Establishments.. Article 258. When an Employer may File Petition ........ Article 258-A. Employer as Bystander ........................... Article 259. Appeal From Certification Election Orders ........................................................

163

163 164 165 166 166 166

Title VII-A Grievance Machinery and Voluntary Arbitration Article 260. Grievance Machinery and Voluntary Arbitration .............................................. Article 261. Jurisdiction of Voluntary Arbitrators or Panel of Voluntary Arbitrators ........................... Article 262. Jurisdiction Over Other Labor Disputes .... Article 262-A. Procedures ................................................ Article 262-B. Cost of Voluntary Arbitration and Voluntary Arbitrator’s Fee ......................................

167 168 169 169 170

Title VIII Strikes and Lockouts and Foreign Involvement in Trade Union Activities Chapter I Strikes and Lockouts Article 263. Strikes, Picketing and Lockouts ................. Article 264. Prohibited Activities .................................... Article 265. Improved Offer Balloting ............................ Article 266. Requirement for Arrest and Detention ......

xix

171 175 177 177

Chapter II Assistance to Labor Organizations Article 267. Assistance by the Department of Labor ..... 178 Article 268. Assistance by the Institute of Labor and Manpower Studies ................................. 178 Chapter III Foreign Activities Article 269. Prohibition Against Aliens; Exceptions ...... 178 Article 270. Regulation of Foreign Assistance ............... 179 Article 271. Applicability to Farm Tenants and Rural Workers................................................... 180 Chapter IV Penalties for Violation Article 272. Penalties ....................................................... 180 Title IX Special Provisions Article 273. Study of Labor-Management Relations ...... Article 274. Visitorial Power ........................................... Article 275. Tripartism and Tripartite Conferences ...... Article 276. Government Employees............................... Article 277. Miscellaneous Provisions ............................

181 182 183 184 184

BOOK SIX Post-Employment Title I Termination of Employment Article 278. Coverage ....................................................... 188 Article 279. Security of Tenure ....................................... 188 Article 280. Regular and Casual Employment ............... 189 xx

Article 281. Probationary Employment .......................... Article 282. Termination by Employer ........................... Article 283. Closure of Establishment and Reduction of Personnel ............................................ Article 284. Disease as Ground for Termination............ Article 285. Termination by Employee ........................... Article 286. When Employment not Deemed Terminated ...............................................................

189 190 190 191 191 192

Title II Retirement From The Service Article 287. Retirement ................................................... 193 BOOK SEVEN Transitory and Final Provisions Title I Penal Provisions and Liabilities Article 288. Penalties ....................................................... 194 Article 289. Who are Liable When Committed by Other Than Natural Person ............................... 195 Title II Prescription of Offenses and Claims Article 290. Offenses ........................................................ 195 Article 291. Money Claims .............................................. 196 Article 292. Institution of Money Claims ....................... 196 Title III Transitory and Final Provisions Article 293. Application of Law Enacted Prior to this Code............................................................... 197 xxi

Article 294. Secretary of Labor to Initiate Integration of Maternity Leave Benefits ................ Article 295 ....................................................................... Article 296. Termination of the Workmen’s Compensation Program ........................................... Article 297. Continuation of Insurance Policies and Indemnity Bonds ................................. Article 298. Abolition of the Court of Industrial Relations and the National Labor Relations Commission ............................................. Article 299. Disposition of Pending Cases ...................... Article 300. Personnel Whose Services are Terminated ............................................................... Article 301. Separability Provisions ............................... Article 302. Repealing Clause .........................................

197 197 197 198 199 199 200 200 201

II. Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code Preliminary Provisions Section 1. Title ................................................................. 202 Section 2. Meanings of Terms ......................................... 202 Section 3. Construction .................................................... 202 BOOK ONE Pre-Employment Rule I Definition of Terms Section 1. Definition of Terms ......................................... 202 Rule II Employment Promotion Section 1. Powers of the Secretary .................................. 205 Section 2. Free Placement Services ................................ 206 xxii

Section 3. Placement of Workers ..................................... Section 4. Vocational Guidance and Testing .................. Section 5. Occupational Classification of Registered Applicants................................................................. Section 6. Occupational-Industrial Mobility of Workers ................................................................ Section 7. Geographical Movement of Workers.............. Section 8. Job-Clearance and Information System ........ Section 9. Submission of Reports ....................................

206 206 206 207 207 207 207

Rule III Recruitment and Placement Section 1. Private Recruitment ....................................... 208 Section 2. [superseded by the POEA Rules] .................... 208 Rule IV Private Sector Participation in Recruitment and Placement Section 1. Who may Participate in the Private Sector ... 208 Section 2. Citizenship Requirement................................ 209 Rule V up to Rule VI (superseded by the Rules and Regulations Governing Private Recruitment and Placement Agency for Local Employment) Rule VII up to Rule XIII (superseded by the POEA Rules) Rule XIV Employment of Aliens Section 1. Coverage .......................................................... Section 2. Submission of List .......................................... Section 3. Registration of Resident Aliens ..................... Section 4. Employment Permit Required for Entry ....... xxiii

209 210 210 210

Section 5. Requirements for Employment Permit Application ............................................................... Section 6. Issuances of Employment Permit .................. Section 7. Duration of Employment Permit ................... Section 8. Advice to Commission on Immigration and Deportation ....................................................... Section 9. Understudy Training Program ......................

210 211 212 212 212

BOOK TWO (superseded by the TESDA Act of 1994 [Republic Act No. 7796]; Rule VIII on Handicapped Workers was superseded by the Magna Carta for Disabled Persons [Republic Act No. 7277]) Book Three Conditions of Employment Rule I Hours of Work Section 1. General statement on coverage ...................... Section 2. Exemption ....................................................... Section 3. Hours Worked ................................................. Section 4. Principles in Determining Hours Worked ..... Section 5.Waiting Time ................................................... Section 6. Lectures, Meetings, Training Programs ........ Section 7. Meal and Rest Periods .................................... Section 8. Overtime Pay .................................................. Section 9. Premium and Overtime Pay for Holiday and Rest Day Work .................................................. Section 10. Compulsory Overtime Work.........................

213 213 215 216 217 217 217 218 218 219

Rule I-A Hours of Work of Hospital and Clinic Personnel Section 1. General Statement on Coverage .................... 220 xxiv

Section 2. Hospitals or Clinics within the Meaning of this Rule ............................................................... Section 3. Determination of Bed Capacity and Population ......................................................... Section 4. Personnel Covered by this Rule ..................... Section 5. Regular Working Hours ................................. Section 6. Regular Working Days ................................... Section 7. Overtime Work................................................ Section 8. Hours Worked ................................................. Section 9. Additional Compensation ............................... Section 10. Relation to Rule I ..........................................

221 221 222 222 222 223 223 223 223

Rule II Night Shift Differential Section 1. Coverage .......................................................... Section 2. Night Shift Differential .................................. Section 3. Additional Compensation ............................... Section 4. Additional Compensation on Scheduled Rest day/ Special Holiday ........................................ Section 5. Additional Compensation on Regular Holidays ................................................ Section 6. Relation to Agreements ..................................

224 224 224 225 225 225

Rule III Weekly Rest Periods Section 1. General Statement on Coverage .................... Section 2. Business on Sundays/Holidays ...................... Section 3. Weekly Rest Day ............................................. Section 4. Preference of Employee .................................. Section 5. Schedule of Rest Day ...................................... Section 6. When Work on Rest Day Authorized ............. Section 7. Compensation on Rest Day/ Sunday/Holiday ........................................................ Section 8. Paid-off Days ................................................... Section 9. Relation to Agreements .................................. xxv

225 226 226 226 226 227 228 229 229

Rule IV Holidays with Pay Section 1. Coverage .......................................................... Section 2. Status of Employees Paid by the Month ....... Section 3. Holiday Pay ..................................................... Section 4. Compensation for Holiday Work .................... Section 5. Overtime Pay for Holiday Work..................... Section 6. Absences .......................................................... Section 7. Temporary or Periodic Shutdown and Temporary Cessation of Work ......................... Section 8. Holiday Pay of Certain Employees ................ Section 9. Regular Holiday Falling on Rest Days or Sundays .............................................. Section 10. Successive Regular Holidays ........................ Section 11. Relation to Agreements ................................

229 230 230 231 231 232 232 233 233 234 234

Rule V Service Incentive Leave Section 1. Coverage .......................................................... Section 2. Right to Service Incentive Leave ................... Section 3. Definition of Certain Terms ........................... Section 4. Accrual of Benefit............................................ Section 5. Treatment of Benefit....................................... Section 6. Relation to Agreements ..................................

234 235 235 235 235 236

Rule VI Service Charges Section 1. Coverage .......................................................... Section 2. Employees Covered ......................................... Section 3. Distribution of Service Charges ..................... Section 4. Frequency of Distribution .............................. Section 5. Integration of Service Charges ...................... Section 6. Relation to Agreements .................................. Section 7 .......................................................................... xxvi

236 236 237 237 237 237 238

Rule VII Wages Section 1. Minimum Wages ............................................. 238 Section 2. Minimum Wages in Depressed Areas ............ 238 Section 3. Coverage .......................................................... 238 Rule VII-A Wages Section 4. Cash Wage....................................................... Section 5. Facilities .......................................................... Section 6.Value of Facilities ............................................ Section 7. Acceptance of Facilities .................................. Section 8. Payment by Result .......................................... Section 9. Payment by Results in Government Projects ..................................................................

239 240 240 241 241 242

Rule VIII Payment of Wages Section 1. Manner of Wage Payment .............................. Section 2. Payment by Check .......................................... Section 3. Time of Payment ............................................. Section 4. Place of Payment ............................................ Section 5. Direct Payment of Wages ............................... Section 6. Wages of Deceased Employee......................... Section 7. Payment of Wages and other Monetary Claims In Case of Bankruptcy ................................ Section 8. Attorney’s Fees................................................ Section 9. Non-Interference in Disposal of Wages ......... Section 10. Wage Deduction ............................................ Section 11. Deduction for Loss or Damage .....................

xxvii

242 242 243 244 244 245 245 245 246 246 246

Rule VIII-A Contracting and Subcontracting Section 1. Guiding Principles .......................................... Section 2. Coverage .......................................................... Section 3. Trilateral Relationship in Contracting Arrangements .......................................................... Section 4. Definition of Basic Terms ............................... Section 5. Prohibition Against Labor-Only Contracting............................................................... Section 6. Prohibitions ..................................................... Section 7. Existence of an Employer-Employee Relationship ............................................................. Section 8. Rights of Contractual Employees .................. Section 9. Contract Between Contractor or Subcontractor and Contractual Employee ............. Section 10. Effect of Termination of Contractual Employment ............................................................. Section 11. Registration of Contractors or Subcontractors ......................................................... Section 12. Requirements for Registration ..................... Section 13. Filing and Processing of Applications.......... Section 14. Duty to Produce Copy of Contract Between the Principal and the Contractor or Subcontractor....................................................... Section 15. Annual Reporting of Registered Contractors ............................................................... Section 16. Delisting of Contractors or Subcontractors ......................................................... Section 17. Renewal of Registration of Contractors or Subcontractors ..................................................... Section 18. Enforcement of Labor Standards and Working Conditions .......................................... Section 19. Solidary Liability .......................................... Section 20. Supersession .................................................

xxviii

247 248 248 248 249 250 252 252 253 253 254 254 256

256 257 258 258 259 259 260

Rule IX (superseded by the Rules Implementing Republic Act No. 6727 [Wage Rationalization Act]) Rule X Administration and Enforcement Section 1. Visitorial Power .............................................. Section 2. Enforcement Power......................................... Section 3. Enforcement Power on Health and Safety of Workers ................................................................ Section 4. Power to Review .............................................. Section 5. Interference and Injunctions Prohibited ....... Section 6. Payrolls .......................................................... Section 7. Time Records ................................................... Section 8. Entries in the Filing of Time Records............ Section 9. Time Records of Executives............................ Section 10. Records of Workers Paid by Results ............ Section 11. Place of Records ............................................ Section 12. Preservation of Records ................................ Section 13. False Reporting ............................................. Section 14. Working Scholars .......................................... Section 15. Resident Pysicians in Training ....................

260 261 262 262 263 263 264 265 265 265 266 266 266 266 266

Rule XI Adjudictory Powers Section 1. Recovery of Wages, Simple Money Claims and Other Benefits ................................................... Section 2. .......................................................................... Section 3. .......................................................................... Section 4. ..........................................................................

267 268 268 269

Rule XII Employment of Women and Minors Section 1. General Statement on Coverage .................... 269 xxix

Section 2. Employable Age .............................................. Section 3. Eligibility for Employment ............................. Section 4. Status of Women Workers in Certain Work Places .............................................................. Section 5. Night Work of Women Employees ................. Section 6. Agricultural Work ........................................... Section 7. Maternity Leave Benefits ............................... Section 8. Accreditation of Leave Credits ....................... Section 9. Payment of Extended Maternity Leave ......... Section 10. Limitation on Leave Benefits ....................... Section 11. Family Planning Services............................. Section 12. Relation Agreements .................................... Section 13. Prohibited Acts.............................................. Section 14. Facilities for Woman Employees..................

270 270 270 271 272 272 272 273 273 273 274 274 275

Rule XIII Employment of Househelpers Section 1. General Statement on Coverage .................... Section 2. Method of Payment not Determinant ............ Section 3. Children of Househelpers ............................... Section 4. Employment Contract .................................... Section 5. Minimum Monthly Wage................................ Section 6. Equivalent Daily Rate .................................... Section 7. Payment by Results ........................................ Section 8. Minimum Cash Wage ..................................... Section 9. Time and Manner of Payment ....................... Section 10. Assignment to Non-Household Work .......... Section 11. Opportunity for Education ........................... Section 12. Treatment of Househelpers .......................... Section 13. Board, Lodging and Medical Attendance .... Section 14. Indemnity for Unjust Termination of Service .................................................................. Section 15. Employment Certification ............................ Section 16. Funeral Expenses ......................................... Section 17. Disposition of the Househelper’s Body ........

xxx

275 276 276 276 276 277 277 278 278 278 278 278 279 279 279 279 279

Section 18. Employment Records .................................... 280 Section 19. Prohibited Reduction of Pay ......................... 280 Section 20. Relation to Other Laws and Agreements .... 280 Rule XIV Employment of Homeworkers Section 1. General Statement on Coverage .................... Section 2. Definitions ....................................................... Section 3. Self-Organization ............................................ Section 4. Registration of Homeworkers’ Organization............................................................. Section 5. Registration of Employer. Contractor and Subcontractor .................................................... Section 6. Payment for Homework .................................. Section 7. Standard Rates ............................................... Section 8. Deductions ....................................................... Section 9. Conditions for Payment of Work .................... Section 10. Enforcement Power....................................... Section 11. Duties of Employer, Contractor and Subcontractor .................................................... Section 12. Employment of Minors as Homeworkers .... Section 13. Prohibitions for Homework .......................... Section 14. Assistance to Registered Homeworkers’ Organizations, Employers, Contractors and Subcontractors ..................................................

280 281 282 282 283 284 284 285 286 286 287 288 288

288

BOOK FOUR Health, Safety and Welfare Benefits Rule I Medical and Dental Services Section 1. Coverage .......................................................... 289 Section 2. Definition ......................................................... 289 Section 3. Medicines and Facilities ................................. 290 xxxi

Section 4. Emergency Medical and Dental Services ...... Section 5. Emergency Hospital ....................................... Section 6. Training and Qualifications of Medical and Dental Personnel .............................................. Section 7. Opportunity for Training................................ Section 8. Hazardous Work Places.................................. Section 9. Health Program .............................................. Section 10. Medical and Dental Records ........................

290 292 292 294 294 295 295

Rule II Occupational Health and Safety Section 1. General Statement on Coverage .................... Section 2. General Occupational Health and Safety Standards...................................................... Section 3. Occupational Health and Safety Code; Effectivity of Existing Standards ............................ Section 4. Work Condition Not Covered by Standards ............................................................ Section 5. Training of Personnel in Safety and Health................................................................ Section 6. General Duties of Workers ............................. Section 7. Duties of Other Persons ................................. Section 8. Administration and Enforcement .................. Section 9. Research .......................................................... Section 10. Training .........................................................

296 297 297 297 298 299 300 300 300 301

BOOK FIVE Labor Relations Rule I Definition of Terms Section 1. Definition of Terms ......................................... 302

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Rule II Coverage of the Right to Self-Organization Section 1. Policy ............................................................... 312 Section 2. Who may Join Labor Unions and Worker’s Associations .............................................. 312 Rule III Registration of Labor Organizations Section 1. Where to File ................................................... Section 2. Requirements for Application ........................ Section 3. Notice of Change of Name of Labor Organizations; Where to file.................................... Section 4. Requirements for Notice of Change of Name..................................................................... Section 5. Certificate of Registration/Certificate of Creation of Chartered Local for Change of Name ....................................................... Section 6. Report of Affiliation with Federations or National Unions; Where to File .......................... Section 7. Requirements of Affiliation ............................ Section 8. Notice of Merger/Consolidation of Labor Organizations; Where to File ................... Section 9. Requirements of Notice of Merger ................. Section 10. Certificate of Registration ............................ Section 11. Requirements of Notice of Consolidation .... Section 12. Certificate of Registration ............................

313 314 317 317

318 318 318 319 319 319 320 320

Rule IV Provisions Common to the Registration of Labor Organizations and Workers’ Associations Section 1. Attestation Requirements .............................. 321 Section 2. Payment of Registration Fee .......................... 321 Section 3. Accompanying Documents ............................. 321

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Section 4. Action on the Application/Notice ................... Section 5. Denial of Application/Return of Notice .......... Section 6. Form of Denial of Application/Return of Notice; Appeal ...................................................... Section 7. Procedure on Appeal ....................................... Section 8. Effect of Registration ...................................... Section 9. Effect of Change of Name ............................... Section 10. Effect of Merger or Consolidation ................

321 322 322 323 323 323 324

Rule V Reporting Requirements of Labor Unions and Workers’ Associations Section 1. Reporting Requirements ................................ 324 Rule VI Determination of Representation Status Section 1. Policy ............................................................... 326 Section 2. Determination of Representation Status; Modes ........................................................... 326 Rule VII Voluntary Recognition Section 1. When and Where to File ................................. Section 2. Requirements for Voluntary Recognition ...... Section 3. Action on the Notice........................................ Section 4. Effect of Recording of Fact of Voluntary Recognition ...............................................................

326 327 327 328

Rule VIII Certification Election Section 1. Who may File .................................................. 329 Section 2. Where to File ................................................... 329 xxxiv

Section 3. When to File .................................................... Section 4. Form and Contents of Petition ....................... Section 5. Raffle of the Case ............................................ Section 6. Notice of Preliminary Conference .................. Section 7. Forced Intervenor ........................................... Section 8. Motion for Intervention .................................. Section 9. Preliminary Conference; Hearing .................. Section 10. Consent Election; Agreement ....................... Section 11. Number of Hearings; Pleadings ................... Section 12. Failure to Appear Despite Notice ................ Section 13. Order/Decision on the Petition ..................... Section 14. Denial of the Petition; Grounds ................... Section 15. Prohibited Grounds for the Denial/ Suspension of the Petition ....................................... Section 16. Release of Order/Decision within ten (10) days from the Last Hearing....................... Section 17. Appeal .......................................................... Section 18. Where to File Appeal .................................... Section 19. Finality of Order/Decision ............................ Section 20. Period to Reply .............................................. Section 21. Decision of the Secretary .............................. Section 22. Transmittal of Records to the Regional Office ......................................................... Section 23. Effects of Consent Election........................... Section 24. Effects of Early Agreements......................... Section 25. Non-availability of Med-Arbiter ...................

330 331 332 332 333 333 334 334 335 335 335 336 338 338 338 339 339 339 339 340 340 341 341

Rule IX Conduct of Certification Election Section 1. Raffle of the Case ............................................ Section 2. Pre-Election Conference ................................. Section 3. Waiver of Right to be Heard........................... Section 4. Minutes of Pre-Election Conference .............. Section 5. Qualification of Voters; InclusionExclusion ..................................................................

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341 341 342 343 343

Section 6. Posting of Notices ........................................... Section 7. Secrecy and Sanctity of the Ballot ................. Section 8. Preparation of Ballots..................................... Section 9. Marking of Votes ............................................. Section 10. Challenging of Votes ..................................... Section 11. Procedure in the Challenge of Votes ............ Section 12. On-the-Spot Questions ................................. Section 13. Protest; When Perfected ............................... Section 14. Canvassing of Votes ...................................... Section 15. Conduct of Election and Canvass of Votes ..................................................................... Section 16. Certification of Collective Bargaining Agent ..................................................... Section 17. Failure of Election ........................................ Section 18. Effect of Failure of Election.......................... Section 19. Action on the Motion .................................... Section 20. Proclamation and Certification of the Result of the Election ....................................

344 344 344 345 345 345 346 346 347 347 347 348 348 348 348

Rule X Run-Off Elections Section 1. When Proper ................................................... 349 Section 2. Qualification of Voters .................................... 350 Rule XI Inter/Intra-Union Disputes and Other Related Labor Relations Disputes Section 1. Coverage .......................................................... Section 2. Coverage .......................................................... Section 3. Effects of the Filing/Pendency of Inter/Intra-Union and Other Related Labor Relations Disputes ................................................... Section 4. Who May File .................................................. Section 5. Where to File ...................................................

xxxvi

350 352

352 353 353

Section 6. Formal Requirements of the Complaint or Petition ................................................................. Section 7. Raffle of the Case ............................................ Section 8. Notice of Preliminary Conference .................. Section 9. Conduct of Preliminary Conference ............... Section 10. Conduct of Hearing(s) ................................... Section 11. Affirmation of Testimonial Evidence ........... Section 12. Filing of Pleadings ........................................ Section 13. Hearing and Resolution of the Complaint or Petition in the Bureau ......................................... Section 14. Decision ......................................................... Section 15. Release of Decision ....................................... Section 16. Appeal .......................................................... Section 17. Where to File Appeal .................................... Section 18. Finality of Decision ....................................... Section 19. Period of Reply .............................................. Section 20. Decision of the Bureau/ Office of the Secretary ........................................................ Section 21. Finality of Decision of Bureau/ Office of the Secretary ............................................. Section 22. Execution of Decision.................................... Section 23. Transmittal of Records to the Regional Office/Bureau ..........................................................

354 355 355 356 356 357 357 357 357 358 358 358 359 359 359 359 360 360

Rule XII Election of Officers of Labor Unions and Workers’ Associations Section 1. Conduct of Election of Union Officers; Procedure in the Absence of Provisions in the Constitution and By-Laws ............................ Section 2. Dispute Over Conduct of Election of Officers.................................................................. Section 3. Formal Requirement and Proceedings .......... Section 4. Pre-Election Conference and Conduct of Election .................................................................

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360 362 362 363

Section 5. Applicability of the Provisions of the Labor Organization’s Constitution and By-Laws .......................................................... 363 Rule XIII Administration of Trade Union Funds and Actions Arising Therefrom Section 1. Right of Union to Collect Dues and Agency Fees ...................................................... Section 2. Visitorial Power Under Article 274 ............... Section 3. Where to File ................................................... Section 4. Actions Arising from Article 241.................... Section 5. Prescription ..................................................... Section 6. Decision .......................................................... Section 7. Pre-Audit Conference ..................................... Section 8. Issuance of Subpoena ..................................... Section 9. Conduct of Audit Examination ...................... Section 10. Period of Audit .............................................. Section 11. Audit Report .................................................. Section 12. Completion of Audit ...................................... Section 13. Decision After Audit ..................................... Section 14. Appeal .......................................................... Section 15. Period of Inquiry or Examination ................

363 364 364 364 365 365 365 366 366 367 368 368 368 369 369

Rule XIV Cancellation of Registration of Labor Organizations Section 1. Where to File ................................................... Section 2. Who May File .................................................. Section 3. Grounds for Cancellation ............................... Section 4. Action on the Petition .....................................

xxxviii

369 370 370 372

Rule XV Cancellation of Registration of Labor Organizations Due to Non-Compliance with the Reportorial Requirements Section 1. When Proper ................................................... Section 2. Procedure ........................................................ Section 3. Publication of Notice of Cancellation of Registration .......................................................... Section 4. Cancellation of Registration ........................... Section 5. Condition for Administrative Cancellation of Certificate of Registration .............

372 373 373 374 374

Rule XVI Collective Bargaining Section 1. Policy ............................................................... Section 2. Disclosure of Information ............................... Section 3. When Single Enterprise Bargaining Available .................................................................. Section 4. Procedure in Single Enterprise Bargaining ................................................................ Section 5. When Multi-Employer Bargaining Available .................................................................. Section 6. Procedure in Multi-Employer Bargaining ..... Section 7. Posting and Registration of Collective Bargaining Agreement ............................................

374 375 375 375 376 376 378

Rule XVII Registration of Collective Bargaining Agreements Section 1. Where to File ................................................... Section 2. Requirements for Registration ....................... Section 3. Payment of Registration Fee .......................... Section 4. Action on the Application ............................... xxxix

379 379 380 380

Section 5. Denial of Registration; Grounds for Appeal ................................................................. Section 6. Period and Manner of Disposition of Appeal .................................................................. Section 7. Term of Representation Status; Contract Bar Rule .................................................... Section 8. Renegotiation of Collective Bargaining Agreements ..............................................................

380 381 381 382

Rule XVIII Central Registry of Labor Organizations and Collective Bargaining Agreements Section 1. Forms for Registration ................................... 382 Section 2. Transmittal of Records; Central Registry....................................................... 382 Rule XIX Grievance Machinery and Voluntary Arbitration Section 1. Establishment of Grievance Machinery ........ Section 2. Procedure in Handling Grievances ................ Section 3. Submission to Voluntary Arbitration ............ Section 4. Jurisdiction of Voluntary Arbitrator or Panel of Voluntary Arbitrators ........................... Section 5. Powers of Voluntary Arbitrator or Panel of Voluntary Arbitrators .......................................... Section 6. Procedure ........................................................ Section 7. Finality of Award/Decision ............................. Section 8. Execution of Award/Decision ......................... Section 9. Cost of Voluntary Arbitration and Voluntary Arbitrator’s Fee ...................................... Section 10. Maintenance of Case Records by the Board .............................................................

xl

383 384 385 386 387 387 388 388 388 389

Rule XX Labor Education and Research Section 1. Labor Education of Workers and Employees ......................................................... 390 Section 2. Mandatory Conduct of Seminars ................... 390 Section 3. Special Fund for Labor Education and Research .......................................................... 390 Rule XXI Labor-Management and Other Councils Section 1. Creation of Labor-Management and Other Councils ......................................................... 391 Section 2. Selection of Representatives .......................... 392 Rule XXII Conciliation, Strikes and Lockouts Section 1. Condition of Labor-Management Disputes .................................................................. Section 2. Privileged Communication ............................. Section 3. Issuance of Subpoena ..................................... Section 4. Compromise Agreements ............................... Section 5. Grounds for Strike or Lockout ....................... Section 6. Who May Declare a Strike or Lockout ........... Section 7. Notice of Strike or Lockout............................. Section 8. Contents of Notice........................................... Section 9. Action on Notice .............................................. Section 10. Strike or Lockout Vote .................................. Section 11. Declaration of Strike or Lockout .................. Section 12. Improved Offer Balloting ............................. Section 13. Peaceful Picketing ........................................ Section 14. Injunctions .................................................... Section 15. Criminal Prosecution ....................................

xli

392 392 392 392 393 393 394 394 395 395 396 396 397 397 398

Rule XXIII Contempt Section 1. Direct Contempt; Person Guilty of Misbehavior .......................................................... 398 Section 2. Indirect Contempt........................................... 399 Rule XXIV Execution of Decisions, Awards or Orders Section 1. Execution of Decisions, Orders or Awards .... 399 Rule XXV General Provisions Section 1. Incidental Motions will not be Given Due Course ............................................................... Section 2. Non-Intervention of Outsiders in Labor Disputes..................................................... Section 3. When Complaint Deemed Filed ..................... Section 4. Check-Off from Non-Members .......................

400 400 401 401

Rule XXVI Transitory Provisions Section 1. Rules Governing Prior Applications, Petitions, Complaints, Cases................................... 401 Section 2. Equity of the Incumbent................................. 401 BOOK SIX Post-Employment Rule I Termination of Employment and Retirement Section 1. Coverage .......................................................... 402 Section 2. Security of Tenure .......................................... 402 xlii

Section 3. Reinstatement ................................................. Section 4. Reinstatement to Former Position................. Section 5. (a) Regular Employment ................................ Section 6. Probationary Employment ............................. Section 7. Termination of Employment by Employer .... Section 8. Disease as a Ground for Dismissal ................ Section 9. Termination Pay ............................................. Section 10. Basis of Termination Pay ............................. Section 11. Termination of Employment by Employee .......................................................... Section 12. Suspension of Relationship .......................... Section 13. Retirement .................................................... Section 14. Retirement Benefits ......................................

404 404 405 406 407 407 407 408 408 408 409 409

Rule II Retirement Benefits Section 1. General Statement on Coverage .................... Section 2. Exemptions...................................................... Section 3. Retirement Under CBA/Contract .................. Section 4. Optional; Compulsory Retirement ................. Section 5. Retirement Benefits ........................................ Section 6. Exemption from Tax ....................................... Section 7. Penal Provision ............................................... Section 8. Relation to Agreements and Regulations ...... Section 9. Effectivity ........................................................

409 409 411 412 412 414 415 415 415

Rule II-A Retirement Age for Underground Mine Employees Section 1. General Statement on Coverage .................... Section 2. Optional Retirement and Compulsory Retirement................................................................ Section 3. Retirement Under CBA/Contract .................. Section 4. Retirement Benefits ........................................

xliii

415 416 417 418

Section 5. Exemption from Tax ....................................... Section 6. Penal Provision ............................................... Section 7. Relation to Agreements .................................. Section 8. Effectivity ........................................................

419 419 419 420

BOOK SEVEN Prescriptions, Transitory and Final Provisions Rule I Venue of Actions Section 1. Money Claims ................................................. 420 Section 2. Unfair Labor Practices ................................... 420 Section 3. Workmen’s Compensation Claims ................. 420 Rule II Prescription of Actions Section 1. Money Claims ................................................. Section 2. Unfair Labor Practices ................................... Section 3. Workmen’s Compensation Claims ................. Section 4. Claims Accruing Prior to Effectivity of the Code ................................................................ Section 5. Prescription of Action on Union Funds .........

421 421 421 422 422

Rule III Laws Repealed Section 1. Laws Repealed ................................................ 422 Rule IV Date of Effectivity Section 1. Effectivity of These Rules and Regulations... 424

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APPENDICES Appendix 1 — Department Order No. 40-C-05, Series of 2005 .......................................................... 429 Appendix 2 — Department Order No. 40-E-05, Series of 2005 .......................................................... 431 Appendix 3 — Department Order No. 40-F-03, Series of 2008 .......................................................... 434

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