Key to Bachillerato 2

July 12, 2017 | Author: María Luisa Merino | Category: Perfect (Grammar), Social Networking Service, Verb, Internet, Human Communication
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Allthe wríllen actívíties in this book should be completed in your own notebook, ond no! in this book. Todas los actividades de carácter escrito propuestas en este libro se deben realizar en un cuaderno aparte, nunco en el propio libro. Toles les octivfiots esaítes proposodes en aquest llibre s'hon de reolüzor en un quodern o port, moi en el propi llibre. lJ}¡p/UhPDR}D//ff/o.zjpj,,p 1'/Pf'tlJU.izt?// ¿/jrpgt7//J-&/t7g-uz//q.f

kuaderno batean aporte bete behar dira, ínoiz ez liburuan. Tódalas actividades de carácter escrito propostos neste libro débense realizar nun coderno aporte, nunca no propio libro.


Ben Wetz



Starter A Present & past tenses ifít&fl(lJi!B!p Pages 8~88



........... A PRESENT SIMPlE & CONTINUOUS, PAST SIMPlE & CONTINUOUS Complete the examples in your notebook with the correct forms of the verbs run, watch and believe. Then answer the questions.

Practice 1

1 What do you do 1~eypp dgjas;¡? Stop it! 2 We've been doing 1 done al! of the exercises. They were difficult 3 We weren't undf!rstanding 1 didn't understand what he was saying. ~-~---=---·

a We're at home now and we ... TV b 1 never ... soap operas on TV

1 1

e d e

She's telling the truth. 1 ••• everything she's saying. ... a marathon in three hours. 1 ... in the Paris marathon when 1 fe! l.

1 once

She's asking questions but nobody,bJg~ 1 is knowing the answers. 5 He's learned 1};¿g_el1.if;;_aa:;j¡;¡g to drive for months but


Which tense is used in each sentence? 2 Which tenses describe activities in progress? 3 Why is the verb in e nota continuous form?

he's still really bad. 6 \fl{_~re doyouget 1are you getting the best food in this town?

B PAST SIMPlE & PAST PERFECT Read the examples and answer the questions in your notebook.

a The rain had stopped befare we left the house. b When we arrived, tne match had already started.


Which action happened first in each sentence? 2 Which verbs are in the past perfect? 3 Why is the past perfect used in the examples?

, l!

1 l've already seen that film three times.


2 3 4 5 6

1 saw it when 1 was about fourteen. 1 didn't understand it then. We've lived in London for six years. We lived in Scotland befare that l've just seen Mark. 1 saw him yesterday too.

A lndicates that an action is finished or indicates exactly when an action occurred. B lndicates that an action might continue or happen again. C Gives news of a recent event


Make one sen'tence from each pair in 1-6 in your notebook. lnclude the blue words and the correct past forms of the verbs.

1 She (get a jÓb). She (leave) school. after 2 l (sj:t}onJh.e_.sQ.tª-1Jfall)asleep, while 3 {¡ (hearithe news. 1 (phone) her. as soon as 4

C PRESENT PERFECT & PAST SIMPlE Match the examples 1-6 with A-C. Which of the sentences include the past simple and which include the present perfect?


Choose the cor-rect options and explain your choices.



look at the dialogue and correct errors in five of the sentences in your notebook.

1 A l've have this camera for years. 2 B Where have you bought it? 3 A My daughter has given it to me a few years ago. 4 B Have you ever used it? 5 A Yes, l've taken photos with it when 1 first had it. 6 B Were they good? 7

D PRESENT PERFECT SIMPlE & CONTINUOUS look at the examples and answer the questions in your notebook.

a We've walked the Camino de Santiago. b We've been walking the Camino de Santiago. Which sentence suggests a result rather than a process? 2 Which sentence suggests that the action might continue?

She (not go) out of the country. She (go) on holiday

\xet,,t'(' \-r~_•\_ Pages 106-107 e~~~ f.¡f The USA has 5% of the world's population but

produces a) 20% b) 40% e) 80% of the world's However, (1) ... and zero waste are the aim of many American communities for the future.



Uf About a) 10% b) 30% e) 90% of all food is thrown away each year. Only a small percentage of this is used for (2) ....

t!J When lreland introduced a tax on plastic bags, (3) ... of bags fell by a) 50% b) 70% e) 90%. People there now tend to (4) ... bags for shopping.

1!1 (5) ... have special barriers, but about a) 20% b) 40% e) 80% of old sites leak, allowing (6) ... waste into the environment. t§J We incinerate a) 1% b) 10% e) 50% of our waste

but, despite controls, the (7) ... still contain chemicals which (8) ... the air.

Uf In the USA alone, approximately a) 10,000 kg b) 1O mil !ion kg e) 1O billion kg of e-waste, su eh as

Listening 3 Read the Key skill and the title of Xavier and Susan's presentation. Which three key questions do you think will be mentioned in the presentation and in which order? Choose from A-F.

Prediction Befare you listen to a text, look at all of the information and questions. This will help you to form an idea about the content of a text befare you listen.


computers and 1Vs, are disposed of every year. Most is incinerated or (9) ... in landfill. t§'1 Only a) 10% b) 20% e) 30% of plastic bottles are

(1 O) .... ID Most plastic isn't (11) ... and it doesn't decompose in landfill sites, so scientists are developing new 'plastic' made from a) corn b) coffee e) concrete.

A How much water do children drink? B What exactly is the problem 7 C Where can you buy bottled water? D What are the solutions to the problem? E What are the causes of the problem? F ls tap water the same in different parts of the world?


c.>) 1.21

listen to the presentation and check your answers to exercise 3. What are Xavier and Susan's suggestions in their conclusion?

5 c.)) 1.21 listen again and complete the notes on the presentation in your notebook.

Pronunciation Stress for emphasis 6 c.)) 1.22 listen to the Key phrases and write down the words which are stressed in your notebook. Then listen again and practise the phrases.

r , ., ff!ri' ).fl,\t~JPtjJ'\lr;al(, 1 ..J ~ '-

Íli .. '



Giving a presentation First of all 1 Firstly ... We're also going to examine 1 loo k at 1 tal k about ... Let's start off by looking at 1 talking about ... He re are so me key issues 1 statistics ... lt might surprise 1 interest yo u to learn that ... So, to recap 1 su m up .. . 1should also mention .. . Thank you for listening.


The- proble-n.ts wi-Ht bo++le-J wa+e-r (~.••. % o+ bo..f-..f-te..J /JJa..f-e..r is SiMpltj nonttat /JJa..f-e..r 1... L "L' ' vu-r 1-r S e..x'pe..nSÍVe.. - bo..f-..f-te..J /JJa..f-e..r can be.. 10,000 (2.) .•.. 1-f-'s /JJas+e..+ut

Manu+ac..f-urinq a bo..f-..f-te.. use..s C3) ... as 1\.luch /JJa..f-e..r as is in ..f-he.. bo..f-..f-te... (t.¡) ••• plas..f-ic bo..f-..f-te..s are.. ..f-hn . ..f-he.. t{SA. o/JJn a/JJatj (5) ... 111. ttJhtj do pe..opie. bulj i..f-? me..u ..f-hink t+'s (b) ••• - 1\ (' 'J use.. m ··· o+ tta..f-ure... Also, pe..opte.. are.. (8) ... anJ bulj i..f- be..cause.. i+'s ('f¡ ....

Speaking 7 • You are going to prepare a two-minute presentation. Follow the instructions. •

Choose a tapie from photos A-D.

Find information about the tapie.

Make notes about these things: • the problems and causes.


"Butj Cl O) ··· · And don 1..f- be.. tazlj!

• the possible solutions. •

Write notes and then practise your presentation. lnclude some of the Key phrases.

Give your presentation to the class.


.. ·.·.·····················································-~ · ~ o e • e • • • • e • • • • • e • e • • • • • e • • e e o • • ........................ ~···· • • • * • o •e •• •e • • •&•e •• • '"*~"**•ee•••-eo"4••s••,.••-**&e•e08


• • • • • • • •w• • • •






~ ~T@)I Writing Formal & informal emails Model texts 1 Read the model texts and answer the questions in your notebook. 1 Who are the two emails to and from? 2

Do you think the person was right to complain?


Why did Ada m order the top?


What does he suggest to Kathy?

2 ~)) 1.23 LISTENING OPTfON listen toa phone call. What excuses does the customer services assistant make to Adam? What does she promise him? 3 Answer the questions in the Text analysis in your notebook.

Email A 1 What does 'Re' mean? 2 Find

three examples of passive forms.

3 Translate the

words and phrases.

Email B



Dear Sir or Madam,

1 Find three examples of ellipsis (sentences which have words missing) in the first paragraph.

1am writing with reference to the above order, which 1placed on your website on 3 February.

2 Find two examples of question tags.

The order was for a size XL black running top. Unfortunately, it was not delivered until four weeks after it was ordered, and when it finally arrived, it was not the correct size or colour.l tbil:'éfore returned the package to you immediatelywith a note. Hm\l[ever, 1have not had any reply from yo u, aesp(téthefattílí~l it is now two weeks sin ce 1returned the goods to your warehouse. 1would be grateful ifyou could either send mean update regarding this order or arrange for a refund to be has now been six weeks sin ce the original order was made and 1would appreciate it ifthe situation could be resolved as soon as possible. llook forward to your reply.

Good to hear from yo u. Thanks for the photos -looks like yo u had a good time in Barcelona, though 1expect you're feeling poor now, aren't you? Were you on holiday with your parents? Hope yo u didn't do too much damage to their 5 credit cards!! Yo u were asking about my brother- he's on great form- hedida triathlon's his birthday next week and 1ordered him a running top but it hasn't come yet, l'm desperately thinking of what present 1could get himany ideas??? 1o

Not much news he re, really.l'm really busy studying for exams. What about you? Yo u got that part-time job in a supermarket, didn't you? How's it going? lt would be good to catch up. When are yo u next in town? Hey, 1know- why don't yo u try to come down for Dom's birthday? lt would be a nice surprise. Anyway, think about it and let me know your plans.

5 Hope all's well. Keep in touch.

3 Translate the g~e~ word.



Writing skills Formal & informal

Speaking Preparing to write

4 FORMAL & INFORMAL STYLE Complete 1-8 in your

8 Make a note of all the questions in email B. Imagine that you received the email. Prepare answers for the questions.

notebook with the words in the box. aims

contractions conversational incomplete passive questions sentences tags

9 ... Take turns to as k and answer your questions from exercise 8.

Formal emails often include these features: •

(1) ... forms (not active)


Set phrases

Complete and grammatical (2) ...

No date or address

Paragraphs with clear (3) ...

No (4) ...

10 Choose one of the tasks and follow the steps in the Writing guide.

Informal emails often include these features: •

So me (5) ... sentences (ellipsis)

Paragraphs which don't always have a clear aim

Direct (6) ...

(7) ... style

Question (8) ...


A You placed an order with an online shop. One item was missing from the delivery and you have been overcharged for other items. You tried to phone customer services but they didn't answer. Write an email describing your experience and asking for a solution. OR

5 QUESTION TAGS Complete 1-4 in your notebook with question tags.



You will write to me, ... ?


You haven't paid yet, ... ?


They didn't order that, ... ?


lt would be great, ... ?

8 Imagine that you received email B on page 40. Write a response giving your news and answering the questions in Adam's email. Write 120-150 words.

Think and plan · Task A:

ELUPSIS Add words to 1-4 to make complete questions in your notebook.

Think about the details and prices of the products which you ordered. Then think about the details of your communication with the company.


Anything happening over there?

Task 8:


Any news?


Seen any good films lately?


Need a hand with your homework?

Read email B again. Have you got any interesting news for Adam? Do you want to change any of your answers from exercise 8?

Write and check 7

KEY PHRASES Complete the Key phrases in your notebook.


'~~ Dear Sir or Madam writing (with reference) to ... 1 (1) ... be grateful if ... 1 would appreciate it if ... 1 loo k forward to (2) ... from you. .1 look forward to your : reply. Best (3) ... , 1 Yours sincerely, 1 Yours (4) ... , 1 am

Hey ... Good to (5) ... from you. You were asking about ... Any news? What about you? (6) ... in touch . Take care.

Write a rough version of your email using notes from · your plan. Then check these points and write a neat version.

TaskA: • Do your paragraphs have clear aims? • Have you asked for a solution? • Have you used a formal style?

Task 8: • Have you used new paragraphs when yo u change the subject? • Have you included question tags and ellipsis? .

Skills Extra Listening Minimalists 1


Look at the photos and discuss the questions.

1 What are the similarities and differences between the photos? 2 How would you feel sleeping in each of these rooms? Why? 3 Which room would you describe as being minimalist? 4 What benefits can we get from living with fewer things?

2 4.)) 1.24 Decide what the key words in questions 1-10 are. Listen to the three extracts about minimalism twice and choose the correct answers. What is true about the first speaker? A He was a shopaholic until his mid-30s. B He's always been a minimalist.


He was bitten by an insect in his mid-30s.

2 When the speaker felt depressed, he would ... A try on all the clothes in his wardrobe.

B go shopping.

e 3

cut the labels off clothes.

What did the speaker's family have in common with Joshua Fields Milburn's family? A They didn't have much money. B They never struggled financially.


His mother was successful but poor.

4 The first thing the first speaker did to become minimalist was ... A sell the majority of his belongings.

B stop worrying about money. stop buying unnecessary things. What kinds of things does the second speaker keep? A Things that are easy to clean. B Things that are of great value to her. e Things to distract her. According to the second speaker, what is the problem with owning 'useless things'? A They encourage us to lie around. B They are hard to control. e They monopolize our time. Which of the following does the second speaker not mention as a benefit of minimalism? A Earning more money. B Being calmer. e Enjoying life more. Who gave the third speaker a book? A Joshua Becker. B A minimalist friend. e A friend who isn't a minimalist. What was his reaction when he received the book? A Positive.







B Negative.

e i

Negative and then positive.

1O The third speaker still uses the internet ...


A to chat on Facebook. B at home and at work. e only at work.

1 Complete all activities in your notebook.

1 Describe what you see in photos A-E. Which aspects of island life do the photos show?

2 Check the meaning of the words in the box and complete 1-8 in your notebook. albatrosses

ancestors beach debris islands lifeline peril



lt's the paradise that modern day Hawaiians' (1) ... discovered. He re, the ocean is people's (2) .... b This is Kamilo Beach, on the big island of Hawaii. Currently it is in the running for* the title 'The dirtiest (3) ... in the world.' e As it exists now, the Hawaiian chain is under dire threat from tonnes and tonnes of marine (4) ... of all descriptions, causing every type of (5) ... harm. d These are plastic items discovered in the corpses of dead (6) ... found on the island. e These tiny (7) ... are offering up a warning for the rest of the world, a warning that can only be ignored at our (8) .... *in the running for: the possible winner of a prize


O Watch the video and check your answers to exercise 2.

4 • Write true or fa/se for sentences 1-5 in your notebook. Then watch the video again and check your answers. 1 2

Hawaiians can control the problem of plastic waste. Some of the marine debris comes from the Pacific Rim, but most comes from the Hawaiian islands themselves.


Half of all the plastic breaks down and doesn't stay in the environment. Only birds and mammals ingest the plastic as it degrades.


5 Albatrosses assume that anything floating on the surface of the ocean is edible.

5 • Imagine that you live in Hawaii and want to make the world aware of the problem featured in the video and its causes. Work in groups and follow the instructions. •

Think of two or three images from the video which you would use in your campaign.

Think of a slogan and a short message about the problem. Think about where and how you would distribute the images and message.

• •

Compare your ideas and choose the best ones.

Skills Extra lessons Vocabulary Society, phrasal verbs, crime & justice Grammar Conditionals, wishes & regrets Speaking Reaching an agreement Listening Multiple choice Writing A discussion essay

Itif'&¿~rc~t@fit Introduction Utopia

Lead in

Vocabulary Society

1 •

2 Read the text and complete it with the words in the boxes in your notebook. What aspects of More's Utopia impress you most and least?

Discuss the questions.

1 What are the best and worst things about your country? 2 Can a government make a better society? How? 3 Are we more or less civilized than we were ín the past? In what ways?

3 Copy and complete the table in your notebook with blue words from exercise 2. Then add suffixes to the words in the box to form new words. capital child educate friend govern innocent king mature victor

adj or noun + -ity


( 1)

noun + -y, -ry, -ary, -ory



noun + -hood



adj, verb or noun + -dom



adj or noun + -ism



noun + -ship



verb + -ion, -tion, -ation



verb + -ment



verb or adj + -ance, -ence



4 ~ Imagine that you can change your society. Make notes about five of the points below in your notebook. Then exchange opinions.

6 ~-)) 1.25 Read the questions. Then listen again and choose the correct answers. For Robín Wiszowaty, what is the main advantage of living in a small community?

Who governs?

A People help and think about each other.

Who votes and when?

8 People are not wasteful.


New laws?

Freedom of speech 7

e There is respect for old people. 2 What do the speakers say about older people in the Maasai tribe?

Communism? 1 Capitalism?

What are fair taxes?

• •

A welfare state? lmproving education 7

Making happier communities?

A They teach people in their community about respect. 8 They help when people disagree.


They have learned the laws.

3 Why did Joseph walk 80 km 7 A He had to go to boarding school. 8 He was on holiday with his family.

e 4

His family had moved and he had to find them.

How did Joseph pay for his flight to the USA?


A He had to sell cows.

5 ~-)) 1.25 Read the information about the radio programme. Then look at 1-8. Which society do you think the sentences refer to? Write North America, Maasai or 8oth for each sentence in your notebook. Then listen and check your answers.


1 2

Life can be hard. Old people are a very important part of society.

3 Wealth makes people wasteful.

8 He won a scholarship. His tribe paid as a group.

5 What point does Joseph make to his students? A They need to work in order to succeed. 8 Life is harder for the Maasai.


People in modern societies are lazy.

7 ~ Discuss the questions. Explain your opinions.


Animals are people's wealth.

1 Would you like to live in a place where nobody is a stranger?


Everyone has easy access to education.


6 7

Families are nomadic. People live happily without mobile phones and laptops. lf you're lazy, you won't get anywhere.


3 4

How would yo u entertain yourself if you didn't have a mobile phone or laptop? Do you think it's true that if we had less, we'd appreciate things more? ls it true that in modern society, if you're lazy you can't succeed?

5 Do you ever wish that life was more simple?


On Talkíng Books tonight: Facíng the Lían - Joseph Lekuton, Maasai Mara warrior, left his tribe in Kenya when he won a scholarship to an American university. And: My Maasaí Lite - Robín Wiszowaty left suburban Ganada to live with a Maasai tri be. Presentar Michael Monsell and the panel compare and discuss the experiences of tti'e two authors.

Reading Alternative lifestyles 1 • ~t>> 1.26 Look at the title of the text. Discuss questions 1-4. Then read the text. Does it give any answers to the questions?

5 Find words or phrases in the text with the following meanings.

1 looked for or tried to obtain (paragraph A) 2 came together or went somewhere in large numbers (paragraph B)

Why do you think that people wanted to live in communes in the 1960s?

2 What rules do you think they had in communes? 3 What do you think were the advantages and disadvantages of living in a commune?


with a powerful and attractive personality (paragraph C)


basic structures built for protection against the weather (paragraph D)

Why might a commune fail?

5 whose ideas are most accepted (paragraph E) something which is very difficult to achieve (paragraph F)

2 Complete the sentences in your own words in your notebook using information from the text. 1 2 3 4



Greed and selfishness ... The music scene and the hippies' values ... The idea of communities sharing resources ...

Vocabulary Phrasal verbs

People worked hard on The Farm, contrary to ...


5 'Farmies' were able to buy extra supplies by ...

Find the words in the box in the text and match them with definitions 1-8 in your notebook. come up against hand over move out put up set off set up share out spring up

3 Choose the correct answers. The hippies thought that mainstream society ...




A was unfair. B encouraged people to share more. e didn't help the homeless enough. People followed Stephen Gaskin beca use ... A they were obliged to. B he led the caravan. e he was an influential character. The writer of the article thinks that ... A hippie communes influenced the current generation. B hippies can change the world. e sustainability is nota hippie ideal.

Read the Key exam task and choose from options A-D in the example questions.

• Decide what type of word you are looking for. Example 1 grew and deve!oped successfully (paragraph A) is:

A a noun. B a verb.


start a journey

2 give something to someone officially 3

divide something between people


leave your home (forever) for a new home

5 6 7

appear or develop quickly be faced with or opposed by something

establish 1 start something

8 build or erect something 7 Complete the sentences in your notebook with the correct forms of the phrasal verbs in exercise 6. 1 You're not being fa ir with those sweets, George .... them ... to me and 1'11 ... them ... properly. 2 1was sad when we ...... financia! problems and we had to ...... of the house in London. 3 My parents had ...... a new business on the coast, and as we ...... on our new adventure, 1 felt excited. 4 New apartment blocks seem to be ...... everywhere at the moment, and it's amazing how quickly the builders ... them ....

an adjective.

Pages 108-109 IJX~~

D an adverb.

• Read through the text and underline possible synonyms which are the corred part of speech. • When you've chosen a synonym, replace it with the word or phrase in the exam task. Check that it makes sense in the text. Example 2 grew and deve!oped successfully is a synonym for:

A rejected. e competed. B blossomed. D sought.

8 •

Discuss the questions and explain your answers.

1 lf yo u had been young in the 60s, would you have been part of the hippie movement?

2 After reading the text, what do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a commune?

3 Are you surprised that The Farm didn't survive as a commune? Page -f-ke- ki-f-cke-t'l at'I.J Jo -f-ke1 waskit'l.q-uf> ~jou le-+'+ it'l -f-ke- Sit1.k? l ve- qo+ +'núJs co,lút'lq rout'I.J -f-kis e-vMit'lq at'I.J i+ looks a +o+al Me-Ss. 1he-Lj 1re- coMit'lq a+ se-ve-t'l. so f>le-ase- Makesure- i-f- 1s Jot'l.e- blj six a+ -f-ke- la-f-e-s+. e~t~.Ma

What is the purpose of the message? A To explain how customers can buy something.


B To apologize for problems with the website. e To offer customers technical help with the website.

Why has Emma left Mike a note? A She's asking him to do her a favour.

B She's telling him to do something.


She's promising to do something for him.

Exam Practice 5 Use of English For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B,

e or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (O). Example: A pay


B make

e (§}Ve)

D have

Thinking of getting a puppy? Getting a puppy is exciting but you need to (O) careful thought to the practica! implications. A dog can live for fifteen years or more, (1) you need to be capable (2) taking care of it for all that time. Dogs are also expensive. As (3) food, you will have to pay for insurance and vets' bilis. Caring for a puppy also takes (4) a huge amount of time. They can require as much attention (5) a

1 A 2 A 3 A 4 A 5 A 6 A 7 A 8 A

but in well on than for in do


therefore of well as out like with of ha ve

e e e e e e e e

small child. Who willlook (6) it when you're at work or at school? lf you are still convinced you want a puppy, think carefully about the type of puppy that you get as this will depend (7) where you live. Do you have enough space for a large or active dog? Ask for advice if you're not sure what type of puppy is best for you. That way, you won't (8) a mistake.

so to for over as after on make


however at with up of of with commit






Exam Practice 5 Listening 4.)) 2.21 1 You hear an announcement in a station. The train to Cardiff will leave ... A from Platform 4.

B from Platform 7.


on time.

2 You hear two people talking about a friend's new boyfriend. The girl says that ...

A James is too talkative. B Alice is too shy. e James wasn't very friendly. 3 You hear part of a news report. Large numbers of people have had to ... A be rescued by boat. B leave their homes. e leave their cars on the road.

4 You hear a message on a telephone answering machine. Suzanne is worried that ... A the thieves will use her credit card. B the thieves can get into her house.


she can't get home.

5 You hear two people talking in a department store. The customer is ...

A making a complaint. B returning some shoes. e trying to buy some shoes. 6 You hear part of a wildlife documentary. The spotted dolphin ...

A loses its spots as an adult. B has no spots when it is born. e turns a lighter colour with age.

7 You hear two people having a telephone conversation. Mandy and Ti m arrange to meet at ...

A Green Park tube station at two o'clock. B Green Park tube station at three o'clock. Piccadilly Circus tube station at two o'clock.


8 You hear a teacher talking about an assignment. Students will fail the assignment if they ... A forget to email it to the teacher.

tB e

only give it in by email. write fewer than 2,500 words.







Exam Practice 5 Speaking 1 . . Ask and answer questions 1-8. 1 What's your name? 2 Tell me something about the area where you live. 3 1 am going to ask you some questions about school. Can you tell me what you enjoy about school? 4 What are you studying towards? 5 What are you interested in doing after you leave school? 6 Now tell me about the last holiday you went on. 7 Are you interested in travelling more? 8


lf you could go anywhere in the world, where would you go?

a . . Read the task below and decide what you want to say. You and a friend have arranged to go shopping together this afternoon but now you can't go. Leave a voicemail message for your friend and: • apologize for cancelling the arrangement; • explain why you can't go shopping; •

suggest something else that you can do together soon.

You now have 20 seconds to think about what you want to say. b . . 4.)) 2.22 Read the task below and decide what yo u want to say. Listen to the message from your friend, who thinks he might have broken his brother's computer. Then leave a voicemail message for your friend. In your message you should: • tell your friend not to worry; • •

ask some questions about what he did to the computer; say what your friend should do.

Now listen to the message.

Exam Practice 5 Writing You have 20 minutes to write an email. Write 80-130 words. You have applied for a photography course atan art college. First, read the email from Andrew Fothergill, the course director. Then write an email to Mr Fothergill, including the three notes you have made. From:

Andrew Fothergill


lntroduction to Digital Photography

Dear Applicant, Thank yo u for applying for a place on our lntroduction to Digital Photography course. To help us select the best candidates, we would like to as k you so me questions. Why did you choose to apply to Oakwood Art College? Saq mhq ... What do yo u enjoy most about photography? {;;/ve de.-1-atls How will you use your photography skills in the future? Talk abot~+ qot~r .f¿¡-/-¿¡re., plans

Kind regards, Andrew Fothergill

Exam Practice 6 Reading You are going to read a newspaper article. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from sentences A-G the one which fits each gap (1-6). There is one sentence which you do not need to use.

The four-day working week Who hasn't longed for a shorter working week? However much we may enjoy our studies or our jobs, Sunday night usually seems to arrive sooner that we'd like. (1) But is the three-day weekend really an unrealistic fantasy? Not according to sorne economists and business leaders, who claim that a four-day working week could offer a solution to many of the problems facing the modern world. In 1930, the economist John Maynard Keynes predicted that by the twentyfirst century, no one would need to work more than fifteen hours a week. (2) This is not, of course, what has happened. As productivity has increased, so have consumers' demands. The gap between the rich and the poor has widened, the pace of lite has quickened and the pressure to produce and consume has become more intense. We live in a world where people seem to be either overworked or unemployed.

While sorne are working fourteen-hour days, others are unable to get their careers started and find their place in the working world. (3) Perhaps the solution is simpler than we suspect: more people working fewer but longer days. Wouldn't everybody benefit? A four-day week might help the planet, too. Think of all the people in full-time employment or study who travel to and from their offices, schools and universities every day, many of them alone in their cars. A four-day week could cut the number of journeys by a fifth. Imagine the impact on air pollution. (4) lf people had time to shop at their local market and cook proper food, perhaps they wouldn't need to live on microwave meals and takeaways. The theoretical arguments may sound convincing, but would it work in practice? The indications are that it might. The US state of Utah introduced the four-day

A lt might even reduce the amount of plastic packaging that we throw away. B Meanwhile, Gambia's government has initiated a fourday week to give people more time for praying and farming. e All are probably damaging their health, relationships and mental wellbeing as stress takes over their lives. D With five days of work for every two days of rest, it seems that work is destined to dominate our lives and true work-life balance to remain an impossible dream.

week for public sector workers in 2008. As 25,000 people stayed at home on Fridays, 900 public buildings closed, saving the state millions of dollars, and three million fewer miles were travelled. (5) When the programme ended in 2011 , it was not because it had failed but simply because Utah had a change of state governor. lf the four-day week is the solution to all the world's ills, why aren't we doing it? lt may just be a matter of time. Similar programmes have already been introduced in the Netherlands, where job-sharing is common. (6) With a growing number of countries across the world experimenting with shorter working weeks, it may be time to question whether nine to five, five days a week, is the best formula after all.

E Workers reported greater wellbeing and almost twothirds claimed that they were more productive. F The programme was a great disappointment to those who had hoped that it might improve workers' wellbeing and save money. G lt seemed logical that as technology enabled us to produce more things more quickly, we would maintain our standard of living by working fewer hours.










Exam Practice 6 Use of English For questions 1-8, read the text below. Use the word given at the end of a line to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (O).

Example: O

re-warJ iYLq

Getting into acting So you want to be an actor? Acting is an exciting and highly (O) profession, but, as everyone knows, it is also incredibly (1) and getting your first acting role can be extremely difficult. Sally Keegan, a teacher at a (2) London drama school, gives her tips on how to succeed. 'Most of all, you need (3),' says Keegan. 'You won't get anywhere unless you are (4) passionate about acting. You need to be able to communicate that passion at every audition and, if you're lucky enough to be offered a part, during every (5). Directors are looking for people who stand out from the rest so you need to be able to think (6) about your role and interpret it in an original way.' Keegan recommends talking to lots of people who work in theatre or in the film industry. 'This will provide (7) information about what acting really involves. lt may seem (8) and in many ways it is, but not all actors are millionaire film stars and it's important to understand the realities of the job.'

reward compete lead enthusiastic genuina

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Exam Practice 6 Listening •U 2.23

Listen to the recording and choose the correct answer (A, B or C).

1 A girl and her mum are talking about a wedding. What does the girl decide to wear?

2 Aman is leaving a phone message for a friend. What time does he want to meet?

3 A tour guide is talking to some visitors. What is not permitted in the castle?

m~ 4


A boy anda girl are discussing their plans for the evening. What is the girl going todo?

5 A computer superstore is advertising a special offer. What is included in the f300 deal?

Exam Practice 6 Speaking 1 ~ You have one minute to give a talk. First read the task, and decide what you want to say. You are going to give a talk to your English class about city transport. Choose two photographs. Tell your class about the advantages and disadvantages of each method of getting around a city.

By car

By underground

On foot

By bike

2 ~ 4.)) 3.02 Yo u will hear six questions. Listen to each question and >. then give your answer.


Exam Practice 6 Writing Choose one question, A or B. A Yo u have 25 minutes to write an essay. Write 100-160 words. You have been discussing the tapie of travel in your English class. Your teacher has asked you to write an essay. The title of the essay is: 'Should Western tourists visit poor countries?' Write your essay. B You have 25 minutes to write a magazine article. Write 100-160 words .

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Exam Practice 7 Reading You are going to read an extract from an autobiography in which a man recalls his first trip to london as a child. For questions 1-6, choose the correct answer (A, B, e or D) according to the text.







My first trip to London was shortly befare my eighth birthday. My grandmother had mentioned that she was going to do sorne Christmas shopping in Regent Street and, as a treat, 1was allowed to go with her. We took an early train from Taunton and arrived with all the commuters in the middle of the morning rush hour. As we descended from the train at Paddington, we were immediately swept into a crowd of businessmen and office workers hurrying along the platform in suits, coats and smart patterned scarves. My grandmother seemed at home straight away. She had adopted the same confident pace and determined expression as the commuters, as though she did this every day. 1trotted along next to her, anxious not to get lost in the sea of umbrellas, briefcases and rolled up newspapers. lt was a cold, bright day in early December and winter sunlight shone down through the station's glass roof onto the platform. On the ground, two pigeons pecked ata sandwich in a brown paper bag. The commuters marched past them, taking no notice, focused only on getting to their destinations. Their expressions







indicated that they knew exactly where they were going and what the day would bring. That morning, as 1began the biggest adventure of my lite so far, 1couldn't have felt less like they did. 1never dreamed that years later, this would become my daily route to work and seem as normal as my lite in rural Somerset was to me then. My grandmother and 1followed the crowd through the ticket barriers, across the central station hall and down so me steps to the Underground. My grandmother took me to one side and lifted me up to loo k at the brightly coloured Underground map on the wall. As llooked at its many colourful intersecting lines and oddly named Tube stations, 1realized how enormous London was. 1experienced the same feeling that 1get when llook at the Underground map now, the feeling that the number of places to explore was virtually infinite. Having lived and worked in the city for nearly 20 years, 1have travelled on all of the Underground's lines countless times. The names of all of its stations are familiar to me and 1know the map like the back of my hand. And yet in spite of this, there must be over a hundred

When they arrive in London, the boy's grandmother ... A warns him not to get lost. B acts as if it is normal for her. e disappears into the crowd. D is frightened by the number of people. 2 The narrator mentions the pigeons to suggest that ... A the commuters aren't looking at their surroundings. B the station is dirty. e the platform is outside. D he feels hungry. 3 Why does the boy feel different from the other passengers? A He can't walk as fast as them. B He doesn't work in an office. 1e He can't predict what will happen that day. D He isn't smartly dressed.








stations where 1have never got off the train and probably never will. Looking back now, 1realize that my first trip on the Underground was the highlight of the day. lt was our visit to Hamley's that 1had been dreaming about for weeks. My parents had told me it was the toy shop of every child's fantasies and it fully lived up to my expectations. But it is the Tube that stands out in my memory, more than Hamley's, or the extravagant Christmas lights in Regent's Street or the burger and milkshake 1had for lunch, thrilling and magical as these things were. 1 recalllooking into the black tunnel, waiting for a sound or a flash to indicate that a train was approaching. 1can still hear those first faint clattering sounds, the train still far away in the distance, which grew gradually louder untillights appeared in the tunnel and the train suddenly roared into the station. Most of all, 1remember that strange mixture of fear, suspense and excitement, which 1never again experienced in the same way but which 1have reflected on frequently in my 20 years as a Tube passenger and will forever associate with London.

'in spite of this' in lines 61-62 refers to the fact that the narrator ... A has only been toa few places in London. B knows the Tube map very well. e has never been to some areas of London.

D had never seen the Tube map befare. 5 What had the boy looked forward to most befare the trip? A Seeing the Christmas lights. B Having fast food for lunch. e Going on the Underground. D Going to a toy shop. 6 What do we learn about the narrator now? A The Tube has always given him the same feeling. B He misses living in London. e He often thinks about his first trip on the Tube. D He finds London frightening.

Exam Practice 7 Use of English For questions 1-8, read the text below and write the word which best fills each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (O).

Example: O o+

Sydney, New South Wales Sydney, the capital city (O) the Australian state of New South Wales, may seem (1) a relatively new city, but it is important to remember that befo re the Europeans arrived, Aboriginal people (2) inhabited the region for many thousands of years. Europeans first arrived in Sydney in 1788. lt had (3) chosen as a penal colony for prisoners because (4) was no room for them in English jails. 20 years later, free settlers arrived to start a new life in New South Wales. The region offered the promise of economic

prosperity, as people discovered that its land was suitable (5) sheep farming. More recently, Sydney has become home to people of many different ethnicities, (6) cultures and cuisines are reflected in the city's diverse restaurants. Sydney is now (7) of the most popular tourist destinations not (8) in Australia but also in the world. Visitors cometo see its landmarks - the opera house and the Sydney Harbour Bridge - and to enjoy its famous beach culture.

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Exam Practice 7 Listening 4.)) 3.03 You will hear a man called Julian Godfrey, an expert in time management, talking about how to stop procrastinating. For questions 1-10, complete the sentences with a word or short phrase from the recording.

PROCRASTINATI NG According to Kelly, it's ( 1) ... that we should start our revision early. Kelly admits that she often looks at (2) ... when she should be working on an essay. Julian says that he procrastinated a lot when he was a (3) .... Julian knew he wasted time but didn't know how to (4) .... According to Julian, we can only changa if we understand the · reasons for (5) .... Yesterday, instead of writing her essay, Kelly bought (6) ... online. Julian suggests that by lunchtime., Kelly could hove made a list of (7) .... Julian says that perfectionist thoughts are usually (8) .... Julian's friend encouraged him to join a (9) .... According to Julian, we become good atthings by (10) ....

Exam Practice 7 Speaking Personal questions 1

111 Answer the questions. 1 How do you like to spend Saturday afternoons? What do you usually do? Why? 2 What's your favourite season? Why? 3 Do you enjoy listening to the radio? Why (not)? Why do you think people stilllisten to the radio?

Photowork 2

111 Compare these photographs. What are the advantages and disadvantages of owning each type of pet?




Exam Practice 7 Writing In your English class you have been talking about farming and food production. Now your English teacher has asked you to write an essay. Write an essay using all the notes and give reasons for your point of view.

'Should people only buy food that is grown and produced in their country?' Notes Write about: 1 the environment 2 the impact on farmers 3 (your own idea)

Exam Practice 8 Reading You are going to read a newspaper report about nutritional information in the UK. For questions 1-10, choose from the paragraphs (A-D). The paragraphs may be used more than once.

Will calorie information encourage healthier eating?

mlf you knew that the chocolate

cake you were ordering contained over 600 calories, would you still want it? Or might you think twice and choose something less fattening instead? That's the question that is currently being debated by health experts in the UK. As part of a government initiative aimed at combating obesity and improving the nation's health, several restaurant and café chains have agreed to print on their menus the number of calories in their products. llJ To help predict whether the initiative will be effective, researchers are looking to New York, where calorie information has been displayed on restaurant menus since 2008. Over 15,000 New York residents were surveyed and 15% reported that they purchased fewer calories as a result. The average reduction in calorie consumption since the measure was introduced was estimated at 106. While it appears to have led some people to reconsider their food choices, its effect has been far from universal, with 85% of the New Yorkers surveyed claiming that they paid

no attention to calorie information. However, the scheme may benefit consumers' health in another way. lt has been suggested that obliging restaurants to make calorie information public might encourage them to reduce the fat and sugar content of their food. With nutritional information out in the open, restaurants have to ensure not only that their food tastes good but also that they do not alienate health- or weightconscious customers. 11 A similar issue currently under discussion in the UK is the nutrition information provided on the front of packaged foods. So-called 'traffic light' labels are increasingly appearing on food products sold by UK retailers, but the scheme is voluntary and is the labelling system is currently only used for around 60% of products. lt uses colour codes to show whether foods contain low, medium or high numbers of calories and levels of fat, salt and sugar. Green indicates healthy levels, orange means that the food should be consumed in moderation, and red signals that it should remain an occasional treat. As with calorie information on

Which paragraph ... 1 says how the initiative might benefit customers' health indirectly? 2 discusses a similar initiative in another country? 3 explains why calorie information is being printed on restaurant menus? 4 indicates whether the writer is for or against the ~.measures?

5 explains how nutritional information is communicated to supermarket shoppers?

restaurant menus, more research is needed befare it is clear whether traffic light labelling encourages consumers to make healthier choices. llJ Opponents of initiatives like calorie information and traffic light labelling are sceptical that they will change people's habits. Some claim that they could even mislead consumers, with negative consequences for health. They point out that it is the overall balance of a person's diet that affects their weight and general health. Furthermore, some products, such as diet soft drinks, can be low in calories, fat, salt and sugar while offering few health benefits. There are, however, reasons to be optimistic about the measures, even if it takes time for them to have a noticeable effect. Even if only a minority of people adopted healthier eating habits, it would surely still be a positive development, given that the UK faces an obesity crisis which is threatening the nation's wellbeing and costing taxpayers more every year.

6 presents reasons why the measures may not improve health? 7 mentions the financia! consequences of the population getting fatter? 8 presents the reader with a hypothetical dilemma? 9 suggests that restaurants may have to change their priorities? 10 acknowledges that low-fat products are not always good for you?

Exam Practice 8 Use of English For questions 1-6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use two to five words, including the word in bold. Here is an example (O). 'Stop talking!' ordered the teacher. (us) The teacher ... talking.

O orJe-re-J us 1-o s+o? We couldn't see the lions as they were too far away. (close) 2

The lions ... for us to see them. lt was a mistake not to drink any water befare 1went running. (should)


1... water befo re 1went running. 1learnt to play the piano from my father. (me)


My father ... play the piano. 'Can 1have another biscuit?' Tom asked his mother. (he) Tom asked his mother ... have another biscuit.


lf 1didn't think it was true, 1wouldn't say it. (unless)

1wouldn't say it ... it was true. 6 We wouldn't play outside very often in the winter. (to) We ... outside very often in the winter.

Exam Practice 8 Listening 4f>) 3.04

You will hear a man and a woman talking about government funding for art projects. Match opinions 1-5 to the people who say them (the woman, the man or both). There is one example (O). You now have 30 seconds to look at the task.

O The new sculpture in the square looks good.

bo·Ht 1 The sculpture complements the surrounding architecture. 2 The money should have been spent on education or healthcare instead. 3 Art helps future generations to understand what a society was like. 4 Not everyone enjoys opera. 5 The government should spend money on certain kinds of arts projects.

Exam Practice 8 Speaking Collaborative task 1 a . . Imagine that the library in your town is trying to encourage more people to use it. Here are sorne ideas that they are thinking about and a question for you to discuss.

Why would these ideas encourage more people to use the library?

Tal k to each other about why these ideas would encourage people to use the library. b . . Now you have about a minute to decide which idea would be best.

Discussion 2 . . Answer the questions. 1 Do you think it would be better to be rich, famous or neither? Why? 2 What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of being famous? 3 Do you think the media should show more respect towards the private lives of famous people? 4 Why do you think people like reading about celebrities in magazines? 5 6

Do you think it would be a good thing ora bad thing to have a famous parent? ls there a famous person that you think is a good role model for younger people? Why?

Exam Practice 8 Writing Write an answer to one of questions 1-3 in this part. Write 140-190 words and use an appropriate style. 1 You see this announcement on an English-language website.

Articles wanted 'Why 1 love the internet' What would you miss the most if you no longer had access to the internet? How does the internet make your life more enjoyable? How does it make it more convenient? Write us an article answering these questions. We will publish the best articles on our website.

Write your article.

2 You have received this email from your English-speaking friend Karen.


l've started a film club and next week we want to watch a film from your country. We'd like to watch a film that's entertaining but that also teaches us something interesting about the culture of your country. Can you recommend a film that you've enjoyed? Can you tell me why you think it would be a good choice for our film club? Thanks, Karen

Write an email replying to Karen. 3 Your local tourist office has asked you to write a report on the best food shops and markets in your town for English-speaking visitors. Write your report.

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