Jefferson vs Jackson Chart Answers

August 9, 2017 | Author: Jeffrey Tsou | Category: Thomas Jefferson, Democracy, Public Sphere, Political Theories, Government
Share Embed Donate

Short Description

Compare and contrast presidencies of Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson...


Jeffersonian & Jacksonian Democracy Comparison Questions

Jeffersonian Democracy

Jacksonian Democracy

Political To what extent was universal white manhood suffrage achieved? Which citizens were considered eligible for office holding?

Believed property requirement was a test of character that man of initiative should be able to meet

Property requirements for voting had been eliminated

Believed the educated elite should rule, although he proposed education for all to prepare poorer individuals for public office

Believed all men were qualified to hold office and that political positions should be rotated

How were candidates for president chosen?

Candidates were chosen by caucuses of political leaders

Nominating conventions were introduced during Jackson’s time

Economic In what way did Jackson expand the concepts of the “chosen class”? How did each man view industrialization?

Yeoman farmer as the “chosen class”

Jackson included planters, farmers, laborers, and mechanics in “chosen class”

Originally feared the consequences of industrialization

Accepted industry as essential to American economy

How did the Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge decision affect the access to corporate charters prevalent in Jefferson’s time? What was each man’s attitude toward the Bank of the United States? Social What was each man’s attitude toward slavery? What was each man’s attitude toward equality for women & American Indians How did each man view education?

In J’s time corporate charters were granted to favorites of state legislators & often implied monopoly rights to a business

Roger Taney, Jackson’s appointee as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, ruled in Charles River Bridge decision that corporate charters should be available to all who chose to risk starting a business Jackson saw Bank as a monopoly of the rich

How did each hope to remove obstacles to upward social mobility?

Religious To what extent was separation of church and state accomplished in each period?

Both disapproved – originally at least, disagreed with a loose interpretation of the elastic clause Owned slaves, saw slavery as an evil that time would eradicate

Owned slaves, but seemed little interested in abolition

Neither man saw women or American Indians as equals

Had a particularly negative attitude toward Native Americans

An educated man himself, believed education was necessary for office-holding and for preparing citizens for participation in a democracy Education & ambition were keys to success; however, he was never able to build support for his proposed system of public education

Had little education & believed education was relatively unimportant

Most state constitutions had eliminated established churches after the Revolution;

Ended the Bank & with it, control over credit, CRB decision opened opportunities for individuals to get corporate charters & thus rise on both economic and social ladders. Jackson, a self-made man, believed his economic progress had accounted for his own upward social mobility & others could follow his example Massachusetts, the last state to maintain an established church, ended the practice in 1834

War of 1812 Dates



James Madison


Impressment of sailors Freedom of the seas threatened. U.S. hoped to gain Canada from England War Hawks’ Pressure

Important Military Events

England burned Washington Plattsburg battle Battle of the Thames Siege of Baltimore New Orleans




No resolution of original disputes No territory gained for either side


War promoted American nationalism and patriotism Crushed Indian resistance in South and West Federalist Party died Industrialization began in New England Era of Good Feelings began

You should be able to: • Explain Jefferson’s “Revolution of 1800” and discuss his goals as president • Explain the causes of the War of 1812 • Understand the outcomes of the War of 1812 and the development of American nationalism • Describe the development of the American national economy • Explain how the decisions of the Marshall Court reinforced nationalism • Describe and explain the growth of the “new Democracy” that occurred in the wake of the War of 1812 • Discuss the ways in which the “rise of the common man” led to the development of mass politics • Describe the “winners and loser” (including Native Americans) in the Jacksonian age

View more...


Copyright ©2017 KUPDF Inc.