# IJC JC 2 H2 Maths 2011 Mid Year Exam Questions Paper 2

April 19, 2018 | Author: jimmytanlimlong | Category: Cartesian Coordinate System, Mean, Normal Distribution, Standard Deviation, Mathematical Analysis

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INNOVA JUNIOR COLLEGE JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 1 in preparation for General Certificate of Education Advanced Level Higher 2

CANDIDATE NAME Civics Group

INDEX NUMBER

Mathematics

9740/02

Paper 2 01 July 2011  Additional materials:

Answer Paper Graph paper List of Formulae (MF15) ( MF15)

3 hours

This document consists of 7 printed pages and 1 blank page.

Innova Junior College

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2 Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

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The curve with equation  y = x ( x − a ) , where a  > 0  is transformed by a translation of a units in the positive x-direction, followed by a stretch with scale factor

parallel to the y-

axis, where b  > 1 , followed by a reflection about the x-axis. (i)

Find the equation of the new curve in the form  y = f ( x ) . Sketch the new curve, indicating the coordinates of the points of intersection with the axes.

(ii)

[5]

The volume of the solid of revolution formed when the region bounded by the x2

axis and the curve  y = x ( x − a )  is rotated completely about the x-axis is denoted  by S . The volume of the solid of revolution formed when the region bounded by the x-axis and the curve  y = f ( x )  is rotated completely about the x-axis is denoted  by T . Express T  in terms of S .

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[2]

(

)

Find the roots of the equation  z 3 + 4 − 4 3 i = 0 , expressing each root in the form r eiθ  , where r  > 0  and − π  < θ  ≤ π  .

[4]

Two of the roots are denoted by  z1 and  z2 such that 0 < arg( z1 ) < arg( z2 ) . Show the  points P, Q, and  R  representing  z1 ,  z2  and  z1 + z2 respectively on an Argand diagram

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with origin O. Hence find the exact value of arg(  z1 + z2 ) .

[3]

Describe briefly the geometrical relationship between O, P, R, and Q.

[1]

(i)

(

Given that 1 +  y 2

d  y

) d  x = x + 2 y  and  y = 1  when  x = 0 , find Maclaurin’s series

for  y up to and including the term in  x3 .

(ii)

 

Denote the answer to part (i) by f ( x )  and let g ( x ) =  1 + coefficient of  x 2  in the series expansion of g( x) .

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3  f ( x ) . Find the x 2  [3]

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(a)

Show that the substitution  z = 3 x − y d  y d  x

2

= −2 ( 3 x − y ) − 2  to d  z d  x

Hence d  y d  x

reduces the differential equation

find

the

2

= 5 + 2 z .

particular

[2]

solution

2

= −2 ( 3 x − y ) − 2  given that  y  = −

5 2

of

the

differential

when  x = 0 .

[5]

Sketch the graph of the particular solution for −0.7 ≤  x ≤ 0.2 . (b)

equation

[2]

The population of a community is known to increase at a rate proportional to the size of the population at time t years. When t    0, the population is  A. If the =

population doubles in 6 years, find the number of years it takes for the population to be tripled, giving your answer correct to 1 decimal place.

[7]

Section B: Statistics [60 marks]

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Olympus Junior College has a total student population of 500 with the following  breakdown according to the students’ nationality.

Nationality

Singapore

Malaysia

Thailand

Vietnam

No of Students

350

105

10

35

The principal wishes to select a sample of 40 students to find out their views on the level of cohesiveness between the various nationalities in the college. (i)

He intends to choose a sample by selecting 10 students from each country. Give a reason why the sample formed is not a random sample. [1]

(ii)

Describe how stratified sampling can be used by the principal to obtain a random sample of 40 students. [2]

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6

A random sample of 6 students is taken from those sitting examinations in Mathematics and Social Studies, and their marks, x and y, each out of 100, are given in the table.

Mathematics mark ( x)

52

75

39

90

65

70

Social Studies mark ( y)

45

70

50

72

55

60

(i) (ii) (iii)

Draw the scatter diagram for these values, labelling the axes clearly.

Find the value of the product moment correlation coefficient between x and y. [1] Find the equation of the regression line of (a)

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[2]

y on x,

(b)  x on y.

[2]

An office telephone switchboard handles both internal and external calls which occur at random times. On average, there are 3 internal calls arriving in any ten-minute period and 5 external calls arriving in any thirty-minute period. Internal and external calls occur independently. (i)

Find the probability that exactly one internal call and at least two external calls arrive during a twenty-minute period.

(ii)

Using a suitable approximation, find the probability that there are at least 30 calls arriving during a one-hour period.

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[4]

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Find the number of three-letter code-words that can be formed from the word

(a)

CARTOON .

[3]

A group of eleven people consisting of four married couples and three children

(b)

visits a mini-theatre at Science Centre to watch a show. The layout of the seats in the mini-theatre is shown below.

Screen 1st row 2nd  row 3rd  row

Find the number of possible seating arrangements if

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(i)

all the eleven people do not mind where they sit,

[1]

(ii)

the three children sit in the 2nd  row, and each man sits next to his wife. [2]

At a chess competition, a set of 3 games are played between two players John and Mary. Each game is won by either John or Mary. Past records have shown that: •

The probability of John winning the first game is 0.65.

For each game after the first, the probability of John winning a game is 0.86 if he has won the preceding game.

For each game after the first, the probability of Mary winning a game is 0.72 if she has won the preceding game.

Find the probability that (i) (ii) (iii)

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Mary wins the second game,

[2]

John wins the third game,

[3]

John wins the first game, given that he loses the third game.

[3]

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A budget airline charges for breakfast on its early morning flights. On average 8% of its  passengers on its early morning flights order breakfast. Using suitable approximations, find (i)

the probability that, out of 35 randomly selected passengers on one of its early morning flights, more than 5 order breakfast,

(ii)

[3]

the probability that, out of 130 randomly selected passengers on one of its early morning flights, more than 10 but at most 40 order breakfast.

[4]

The plane has a capacity of 150 passengers and the early morning flights are always fully  booked. Each passenger orders at most one breakfast set. If the airline wishes to be at least 98% certain that the plane will have sufficient breakfast sets for all passengers who order them, find the minimum number of breakfast sets that should be carried on each flight.

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[2]

The head circumference of 3-year-old boys is known to be normally distributed with mean 49.7 cm. A nutritionist claims that boys who have been fed on a special organic diet will have a larger mean head circumference than other boys. A random sample of twelve 3-year-old boys who have been fed on this organic diet is selected, and the head circumference, x cm, of each boy is measured. It is found that

∑ ( x − 50 ) = 5.4 , (i)

∑ ( x − 50 )

2

= 30.58 .

Find unbiased estimates of the population mean and variance.

[3]

(ii)

Carry out a test at the 10% significance level to examine the nutritionist’s claim. [4]

(iii)

Find the least significance level at which this sample would indicate that the nutritionist’s claim is true. [1]

(iv)

Explain, in the context of the question, the meaning of ‘at the 10% significance level’. [1]

(v)

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Explain why the Central Limit Theorem does not apply in this context.

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[1]

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The masses, in grams, of potatoes and tomatoes sold in a market have independent normal distributions with means and standard deviations as shown in the following table.

(i)

Mean

Standard deviation

Potatoes

275

180

Tomatoes

87

20.5

The random variable  X    denotes the mean mass of n  randomly chosen potatoes.

(

)

Find the value of n such that P  X  > 280 = 0.4617 .

[3]

(ii)

Find the probability that sum of the mass of 2 randomly chosen potatoes exceeds five times the mass of a randomly chosen tomato by at least 100 grams. [3]

(iii)

Potatoes cost \$1.50 per kilogram and tomatoes cost \$2 per kilogram. Find the  probability that the total cost of 10 potatoes and 20 tomatoes is less than \$8. [5]

(iv)

A random sample of 12 tomatoes is taken. Find the probability that between 4 and 8 inclusive have a mass of less than 80 grams each. [2]

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