Food Adulteration

August 12, 2017 | Author: Shivam Garg | Category: Hazard Analysis And Critical Control Points, Foods, Food & Wine, Food And Drink, Agriculture
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Descripción: A project on adulteration in foods...



What is Adulteration? Process by which quality or nature of a given substance is reduced through – †Addition of a foreign / an inferior substance e.g addition of water to milk Removal of a vital element e.g removal of fat from milk

Why Adulteration is done? To get a BIG PROFIT

A vicious cycle- Consumers like to get maximum quantity for as low a price as possible. Sellers meet the needs of buyers by supplying inferior quality

What are the types of Adulterants? Intentional- Willful act to increase profit Unintentinal / Incidental- Due to ignorance & negligence

What is Intentional Adulteration? Addition of water to milk

Addition of dried leaves to tea leaves

Addition of chalk powder

Wrong weighing of foodstuffs

A willful act on part of adulterator intended to increase margin of profit Intentional adulterants are sand, marble chips, stones, mud, chalk powder, water, mineral oil & coal tar Cause harmful effects on human body

Adulterant can be:  Mechanical

 Chemical

Commonly adulterated foods Food Article


Ghee or butter

Vanaspati, mashed potato/ starches Argemone/ mineral/castor oil

Edible oils Sweets, icecream, sherbet Dals Hing

Metanil yellow (a non permitted coal tar dye) Kesari dal, clay, stones, gravels, lead chromate Soap stone (pumice stone) or other earthy matter, starch.

Food Article


Black pepper Turmeric

Dried seeds of papaya fruit, light berries Metanil yellow


Cassia bark


Tamarind / date chicory powder

Chili powder

Brick powder or soap stone, artificial color



Potenitial health hazards  Epidemic dropsy  Cardiac arrest  Cancer  Paralysis  Damage digestive tract  Lathyrism (crippling )  Anemia  Abortion

 Brain damage  Blurred vision & blindness  Hypertension  Muscular twitching

 Acute gastritis Liver & kidney damage

What is Incidental Adulteration? Incidental adulterants are  Pesticides  Residues  Tin from can  Droppings of rodents  Larva in food Metallic contamination like  Arsenic  Lead  Mercury

Contamination usually due to  Ignorance

 Negligence  Lack of proper facilities

Rodents & insects introduce into food a high degree of filth in form of Excreta Bodily secretions Spoilage microorganisms

Packaging of food in unhealthy surroundings

Pesticides: DDT & malathion residues on plant product When ingested is absorbed by small intestine & adhere to fatty tissues of vital organs as thyroid, heart, kidney, liver, mammary glands & testes and damage these organs. They can be transferred from umbilical cord blood & breast milk to growing fetus. This cripples them & inhibits their growth.

Packaging hazards Polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride & allied compounds used to produce flexible packaging material

Sometimes foods like pickles, acid & oil could attack plastic packaging material & create a health hazard

TO SUM UP _________ is the adulterant added to haldi. Rodents add______,_______ and ______ to food stuffs not stored properly. What is food adulteration. Main aim of adulteration is_________. Mention some adulterants added to food stuffs intentionally. Why adulteration is a vicious cycle?

HOME ASSIGNMENT Pesticide residue left in the plant food is an example of_______________. Define adulteration. Name the adulterant added to the following: a) Dal b) Haldi c) Coffee powder d) Hing

Give health hazards of adulteration. What is intentional and unintentional adulteration?


Need for laws and standards  To protect consumers from being cheated Ensuring best food quality Ensuring fair trade practices

Various laws ☻Prevention of Food Adulteration Act

☻Fruit Products Order ☻Meat Products Order ☻Bureau of Indian Standards

☻The Agmark Standard ☻Codex Alimentarius

PFA Prevention of Food Adulteration Act ,1954 Objectives  To ensure that food articles sold to the customers are pure and wholesome.  To prevent fraud or deception & encourages fair trade practices.

FPO Fruit Product Order , 1946 (revised in 1955) Packaging fruits and vegetables of a standard below the minimum prescribed standards is an offence punishable by law. Quality of product, sanitation, personnel, machinery-equipment & work area are taken into consideration.

BIS The Bureau of Indian Standards operates a Certification Mark Scheme {ISI}under the BIS act, 1986 Items requiring compulsory BIS certification:  Food colors & food color preparation  Natural food colors  Food additives  Infant formula  Milk powder  Milk -cereal based weaning foods  Condensed milk

AGMARK Standard Derived from agricultural marketing AGMARK seal ensures quality and purity determined with reference to size, variety, weight, color, moisture & fat content. The act defines quality of cereals, spices, oilseeds, oil, butter, ghee, legumes and eggs

HACCP  Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point A food safety risk management tool that is applied to determine significant hazards pertaining to specific products & processes & to control occurrence of such hazards. HACCP is preventive in approach

World consumers day 15 march

TO SUM UP PFA stands for____________. ______________is a food standard which is preventive in nature. ____________ is the food law for agricultural food stuffs. FPO stands for____________. Give the general objective of food laws and standards.

HOME ASSIGNMENT Worlds consumer as____________.




Expand the following abbreviations: a) FPO b) PFA c) HACCP d) BIS Write a note on: a) Agmark & HACCP

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