FACULT FACULTY Y OF CHEMICAL CHEM ICAL ENGINEERING ENGINEE RING CHE MICAL UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA
FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY TITLE OF EXPERIMENT
CALIBRATION OF BOURDON TUBE PRESSURE GAUGE (EXPERIMENT 5) Name Matr! N"# Gr"$% & Se't" S$%er*"r Date "+ E!%ermet Date "+ S$,m**" Mar-* ",tae. (/)
The objective of this experiment is to perform pressure calibration on a Bourdon tube pressure gage using a dead weight tester.
The pressure intensity at any point in static or moving fluid can be measured using various types of pressure measuring instrument. One of these devices is the Bourdon tube pressure gage. Bourdon-tube pressure gages are most widely used now-a-days because of their reliability, compactness, low cost and ease of use. t consists of a curved tube of elliptical cross-section bent into a circular arc as shown in !ig. 1. "hen pressure is applied to the tube, it tends to straighten out, and the deflection of the end of the tube is communicated through a system of levers to a recording pointer. This gauge is widely used for steam and compressed gases. The pressure indicated is the difference between the system pressure and to the external #ambient$ pressure, and is usually referred to as the gauge pressure
!ig. 1% &chematic of a bourdon-tube pressure gage 's the Bourdon tube pressure gage is used extensively, the stiffness of the internal components change from factory setup and therefore calibration is necessary to give correct pressure readings. (alibration means chec)ing the pressure gage readings against a very accurate device. One of the calibration devices that is available in our lab is the socalled *+ead "eight Tester
This dead weight pressure gauge calibrator consists of a precision machined piston and cylinder assembly mounted on levelling screws. ' Bourdon gauge is supplied for calibration. The weights supplied are added to the upper end of the piston rod which is rotated to minimise friction effects. The gauge is thus subject to )nown pressures which may be compared with the gauge readings and an error curve drawn.
!ill up a cylinder and a connecting hose with water
nsert the piston into the cylinder and remove as much air bubble as possible from cylinder and hose
/oad weights on the piston in an increment of 0. )g so as to cover the Bourdontube pressure range from 2ero to maximum pressure on the scale
4ead the indicated Bourdon-tube pressure gauge reading. 5rior to ta)ing a reading for each weight rotate the piston to minimi2e friction effect on the reading.
'fter the maximum pressure reading is obtained, unload weights from the piston by the same increment and repeat step 3.
Obtain the calibration curve by plotting the True 5ressure against the Bourdon-tube pressure gauge reading.
7ass of the piston % 1 )g (ross sectional area of the piston% 88888888888888 m
7ass of the piston x #9.:1 x 10-$ True 5ressure exerted by piston
; ------------------------------------------------ ) piston$ x #9.:1 x 10-$ True pressure exerted by total mass ; ----------------------------------------------------)