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Bagongon, Christian K. Edpalina, Connie Ryan S.
Educ 50.1 Educational Research Dr.Amphie Dinagsao
I. The Problem A. Introduction Reading is an attempt to absorb the thought of the author and know what the author is conveying (Leedy 1956). Studying is the interpretation of reading materials. Study habits and skills are particularly important for college students, whose needs include time management, note taking, Internet skill, the elimination of distractions, and assigning a high priority to study. Fielden (2004) states that good study habits help the student in critical reflection in skills outcomes such as selecting, analyzing, critiquing, and synthesizing. Nneji (2002) states that study habits are learning tendencies that enable students work privately. Azikiwe (1998) describes study habits as the way and manner a student plans his or her private reading outside lecture hours in order to master a particular subject or topic. Study habits help students master their areas of specialization. The objective of this study is to examine the study habits of undergraduate students in Xavier University, looking at duration, place of study, materials used for study, and their main motivators. This study will help to establish whether undergraduate students are on par with their peers in other countries in the acquisition of intellectual skills.
B. Conceptual Framework
Time Management Learning Skills Study Skills
C. Statement of the Problem What are the common factors affecting study habits among XU students? D. Hypothesis These factors do not affect the study habits among XU students. E. Significance of the Study The proposed research will determine the common factors affecting study habits among XU students. The result of this study will make the XU-community be aware of the common study habits among the students. The researchers expect that through this study, the Xavier University will develop strategic solutions regarding study habits if we found out that most of the students have poor study habits. F. Scope and Limitations The scopes of this research are the students here in Xavier University of any year level and course. The limitations of this research are only those students that are currently enrolled at XU and is having the prescribe study load for a given semester. Only those undergraduate students are allowed to participate in the research.
G. Definition of Terms Constitutive Definition: •
Factors- one that actively contributes to an accomplishments,
Develop- to bring out the capabilities or possibilities of
Study Habits- manner which you consistently use to study for school or college or
results, or process
even for the next day lesson. •
Students- describe as one who directs zeal at a subject. Student is used for anyone who is learning.
Operational Definition: •
Factors- these refers to anything that contributes to the study habits
Develop- refers to fast or gradual changes in a range of time
Study Habits- refers to the ways of studying on a particular subject
XU Students- referring to all officially enrolled students of Xavier University
II. Review of Related Literature and Studies Most studies and literatures on study habits would point that the factors affecting study habits are learning skills, personality, time-management, parental involvement, intelligence, study skills, achievement, caste and region.
Study habits may be taken for granted, particularly in developing countries. Professors in the developing countries should attempt to “equip graduates with high level of analytical skills, the capacity for critical reasoning, self-reflection and conceptual grasp and ability to learn autonomously and exercise flexibility of mind” (Simmons 2003). Study habits are actually improving because of the advent and wide use of the Internet, hypertext, and multimedia resources (Liu, 2005). Karim and Hassan (2006) also note the exponential growth digital information, which changes the way students perceive study are reading and in how printed materials are used to facilitate study. Liu (2005) and Ramirez (2003) report that students print material from the Internet in order to study and read later on. Igun (2005) also found that Nigerians study from materials downloaded from the Internet.
III. The Methodology A. The Research Design The research method is a survey because we would just give our respondents the questionnaire for them to fill out the needed data. It is appropriate because our research is not a behavioural research that would need observation on the respondents B. Samplings C. Respondents
D. Data Gathering E. Scoring Method
F. Statistical Instruments Use Questionnaire: You Are: Male Female What year are you in college? 1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year 5th year Don’t know How would you describe your grades on average? A AB BC D Don’t know How far in advance do you start studying for finals? One month Two weeks One week Days before The night before What time of day do you do the most studying? Morning (6 a.m. to noon) Afternoon (noon to 6 p.m.) Evening (6 p.m. to 9 p.m.) Night (9 p.m. to 12 a.m.)
Late night (12 a.m. to 6 a.m.) On average, how many hours do you study for finals? 20-24 hours 15-19 hours 10-14 hours 5-9 hours 1-4 hours What is your favorite way to study? Repeating points out loud Writing index/flash cards, then using them Writing outlines Highlighting text Studying in a group Going to review sessions Other, please describe: Where is your favorite place to study? Dorm room Bedroom Dorm common room/lounge Library Coffee shop Outdoors Parents’ home Campus pub/bar Student union Other, please describe: Do you do any of the following while studying? Drink caffeinated drinks? Yes No If yes, then why? Relieves stress and tension Increases focus and concentration Combats boredom Chew gum? Yes No If yes, then why? Relieves stress and tension
Increases focus and concentration Combats boredom Eat snacks? Yes No If yes, then why? Relieves stress and tension Increases focus and concentration Combats boredom What is your favorite music to study to? Alternative Blues Classical Country Dance Electronic Folk Hip Hop/Rap Jazz Pop R&B/Soul Rock None What is your favorite study break? Exercise Watching TV/movies Surfing the Internet Napping Socializing Socializing Playing video games Praying/meditating Other, please describe: Do you feel increased stress or anxiety leading up to exam time? Yes No Do you have a good luck charm or ritual you perform before exams? Yes No