Evolution of Flags

February 10, 2019 | Author: mamelaniesecurata | Category: Philippines, Armed Conflict, Unrest
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araling panlipunan...




This flag was first used at the Cry of Pugadlawin Pu gadlawin which took place on August 23, 1986. Seven days later, the same emblem was used in the Battle of Pinaglabanan in San Juan del Monte.


Had several versions of the flag used by different chapters during its secret meetings.


The flag used by Marciano Llanera in San S an Isisdro, Nueva Ecija was sometimes called "Bungo ng Llanera". (Llanera's skull). According to stories Llanera derived his design from Katipunan i nitiation rite using black hat, white triangle and letters Z, Ll, B.


First used on July 11, 1985 and stood witness to many battles. Also called the Bandila ng Magtagumpay. (Victorious Flag).


The first among the Katipunan flags to use three colors: red, blue, and black. According to del Pilar the design was patterned after the Cuban flag, then in revolt against Spanish.


This was Emilio Aguinaldo's flag up to the time the Pack of Biyak na Bato was signed. The Katipuneros of Cavite used this flag.


During his exile in Hongkong, Emilio Aguinaldo requested Marcela Agoncillo to sew this flag. She was assisted by her daughter Lorenza and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad in the task. This flag was first hoisted during the proclamation of Philippine Independence at Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1964. Its last public displaw was the death of Emilio Aguinaldo in 1964.


Manuel Luis Quezon issued Executive Order on March 25, 1936 to set the standard size and colors.


The first among the Katipunan flags to use three colors: red, blue, and black. According to del Pilar the design was patterned after the Cuban flag, then in revolt against Spanish.


This was Emilio Aguinaldo's flag up to the time the Pack of Biyak na Bato was signed. The Katipuneros of Cavite used this flag.


During his exile in Hongkong, Emilio Aguinaldo requested Marcela Agoncillo to sew this flag. She was assisted by her daughter Lorenza and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad in the task. This flag was first hoisted during the proclamation of Philippine Independence at Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1964. Its last public displaw was the death of Emilio Aguinaldo in 1964.


Manuel Luis Quezon issued Executive Order on March 25, 1936 to set the standard size and colors.

NATIONAL MOTTO "Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan, at Makabansa " ("For God, People, Nature, and Country") PHILIPPINES' NATIONAL FLAG

The national flag of the Philippines the  Philippines (Tagalog: Pambansang Watawat ng Pilipinas ) is a horizontal flag bicolor with equal bands of  royal blue and scarlet red, and with a white equilateral triangle at the hoist; in the center of the triangle is a golden yellow sun with eight primary rays, each containing three individual rays, which represent the country's provinces; and at each vertex of the triangle is a five-pointed golden yellow star, each of which, represent the country's 3 main islands, Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. This flag can indicate a state of war if it is displayed with the red side on top. NATIONAL ANTHEM OF THE PHILIPPINES-

LUPANG HINIRANG Composed by Julian Felipe on June 12, 1898 Bayang magiliw, perlas ng silanganan.  Alab ng puso, puso, sa dibdib dibdib mo'y buhay. Lupang hinirang, duyan ka ng magiting Sa manlulupig, di ka pasisiil. Sa dagat at bundok, sa simoy at sa langit mong bughaw, may dilag ang tula at awit sa paglayang minamahal.  Ang kislap kislap ng watawat watawat mo'y tagumpay na nagniningning.  Ang bituin at araw niya kailan pa may di magdidilim. Lupa ng araw, ng lualhati't pagsinta,

buhay ay langit sa piling mo.  Aming ligaya na pag may mang-aapi, ang mamatay ng dahil sa iyo NATIONAL HERO DR. JOSE P. RIZAL

José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonzo Realonda (June 19, 1861  – December 30, 1896, Bagumbayan), NATIONAL COSTUMES




Cariñosa (Spanish pronunciation: [ka i osa], meaning the loving or affectionate one) is a Philippine dance of  Hispanic origin from the Maria Clara suite of Philippine folk dances, where the fan or handkerchief plays an instrumental role as it places the couple in romance scenario. NATIONAL MARTIAL ART AND SPORT


Eskrima (also known as Arnis and in the West sometimes as Kali) is the umbrella term for the traditional martial arts of the Philippines, which emphasize weapon-based fighting with sticks, knives and other  bladed weapons, and various improvised weapons.


Sipa (lit. kick  or to kick ) is the Philippines' traditional native sport which predates Spanish rule. The game is related to Sepak Takraw. Similar games include Footbag net, Footvolley, Bossaball and Jianzi.



The carabao (Filipino: kalabaw; Malay: kerbau) or Bubalus bubalis carabanesis  is a domesticated subspecies of the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) NATIONAL FLOWER


 J asminum sambac is a species of  jasmine native The flowers are also used for perfumes and for making tea. It is known as the Arabian jasmine  in English. It is the national flower of the Philippines, where it is known as Sampaguita. It is also one of the three national flowers of  Indonesia. NATIONAL BIRD


The Philippine Eagle  (Pithecophaga jefferyi ), also knownas the Monkey-eating Eagle, is an eagle of the family Accipitridae. NATIONAL LEAF  ANAHAW

Livistona rotundifolia is a round-leaf fountain palm found in Southeast Asia . It is a member of the genus Livistona. It is also called Footstool palm (English) and Anáhaw (Filipino). It is the unofficial national leaf of the Philippines.


Pterocarpus  is a pantropical genus of trees in the family Fabaceae, most of which yield valuable timber traded as padauk (or padouk); other common names are mukwa or narra. The scientific name is Latinized Ancient Greek and means "wing fruit", referring to the unusual shape of the seed pods in this genus. NATIONAL FISH


Milkfish have a generally symmetrical and streamlined appearance, with a sizable forked caudal fin. They can grow to 1.70 m (5 ft 7 in) but are most often about 1 metre (39 in) in length. They have no teeth and generally feed on algae and invertebrates.



The mango is a fleshy stone fruit belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. The mango is native to India from where it spread all over the world. It is also the most cultivated fruit of the tropical world. While other Mangifera species (e.g. horse mango, M. foetida ) are also grown on a more localized basis, Mangifera indica – the common mango or Indian mango  – is the only mango tree commonly cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions, and its fruit is distributed essentially worldwide.

Philippine National Heroes

Dr. Jose P. Rizal (1861-1896) T he Philippines' national hero. Born in Calamba, Laguna, on June 19, 1861. Published his masterpiece Noli Me Tangere in Berlin(Germany) in 1887 and his second novel El Filibusterismo in Ghent(Belgium) in 1891. His two novels stirred the conscience of his people. He contributed various literary works to La Solidaridad . For his leadership in the reform movement and for his incendiary novels, Rizal was arrested and later killed by musketry in Bagumbayan, Manila, on December 30, 1896. His execution was the last straw for other Filipinos who called for a bloody revolution against Spain.

Andres Bonifacio (1863-1897) He founded the secret society, Katipunan, on July 7, 1892, to fight Spain. He was also president of the Tagalog republic from August 24, 1896 to May 10, 1897. Born in Tondo, Manila, on November 30, 1863. He grew up in the slums and never knew the benefits of a prosperous life. He married Gregoria de Jesus in 1892. He was killed on May 10, 1897, near Mount Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.

General Gregorio del Pilar (1875-1899) Hero of Tirad Pass. Born on November 14, 1875, in Bulacan, Bulacan. Died on December 2, 1899, in the battle of Tirad Pass, to enable Aguinaldo to escape from the Americans. One of the youngest and bravest generals ever produced by the Philippines.

General Emilio Aguinaldo (1899-1964) He officially proclaimed the Philippine independence in Malolos, Bulacan, on January 23, 1899, with him as the first

president. It was the first republic in Asia. Born in Kawit, Cavite, on March 22, 1869. Died at the Veterans Memorial Hospital, Quezon City, on February 6, 1964.

Apolinario Mabini (1864-1903) Sublime paralytic and the brain of the revolution. Born in Talaga, Tanauan, Batangas, on June 22, 1864. He joined La Liga Filipina in 1892 and Aguinaldo's revolutionary government from June 1898 to May 1899. He was captured by the American forces in December 1899 and deported to Guam in January 1901. He died in Manila on May 13, 1903.

Father Mariano Gomez (1799-1872)

GOMBURZA T hree intellectuals who

crusaded for Father Jose Burgos reform. Father Jose Burgos Killed (1837-1872) by garrote in Bagumbayan, Manila on February 17, 1872, for allegedly

instigating the Cavite mutiny.

Father Jacinto Zamora (1835-1872)

Emilio Jacinto (1875-1899)

Brain of the Katipunan. Born in Trozo,

Manila, on December 15, 1875. He joined the Katipunan in 1894 and became Bonifacio's trusted friend and advicer. He wrote the Kartilya ng Katipunan, theprimer of the Katipunan which embodied the teachings of the organization. He founded and edited the Katipunan newspaper; Kalayaan, whose first issue came out in January 1896. Died on April 16, 1899. He was one of the heroic figures in the Phillipine history.

General Antonio Luna (1866-1899) T he greates general of the revolution. Younger brother of juan Luna, the famous painter. Editor o La Independencia, whose first issue came out on September 3, 1898. Born in Binon, Manila, on October 29, 1866. He was one of the propagandists in Spain who were working for piliticalreforms in the Philippines. He contributed articles to La Solidaridad. He assassinated in Cabanatuan City, on June 5, 2899.

Melchora Aquino (1812-1919) B etter known as Tandang Sora. Born in Banlat, Kalookan City, on January 6, 1812. She helped the Katipuneros under the leadership of Andres Bonifacio by providing them food, shelter, and other material goods. She is recognized as the Grand Woman of the revolution and the Mother of Balintawak. She died on March 12, 1919.

Graciano Lopez-Jaena (1856-1896) F ounder and first editor of the newspaper La Solidaridad , which became the vehicle of expression for Filipino propaganda in Spain. Together wtih Jose

Rizal and Marcelo H. Del Pilar, he undertook propaganda campaigns in Spain. Born in Jaro, Iloilo, on December 18, 1856. He died on January 20, 1896, in Barcelona, Spain.

Panday Pira

(1483-1576) F irst Filipino cannon-maker. He forged the cannons which Rajah Sulayman used in defending the Muslim Kingdom of Manila against the Spanish invaders. Born in one of the islands in Southern Philippines in 1483. He died in 1576.

Mariano Ponce (1863-1918) Researcher, historian, bibliographer, propagandist, diplomat, physician, folklorist, and an outstanding reformist. Born in Baliwag, Bulacan, on March 23, 1863. While in Spain, he joined the propaganda movement and became one of the initiators of La Solidaridad , later becoming its managing editor. Died in HongKong on May 23, 1918.

Gregoria de Jesus (1875-1943) One of the brave and patriotic women who played a heroic role in the Philippine revolution. Born in Kalookan City, on May

9, 1875. Wife of Andres Bonifacio and Lakambini of the Katipunan. She actually fought alongside her husband during the revolution, aside from being the custodian of the Katipunan documents. She organized the Katipunan's Women Chapter. She died on March 15, 1943.

Fernando Ma. Guerrero (1873-1890) Musician, journalist, politician, and lawyer. Considered the greatest lyric poet in Spanish. Born in Ermita, Manila, on May 30, 1873. When the revolution broke out, General Antonio Luna invited him to join the editorial staff of La Independencia, the organ of the revolution. Thus, he fought for the Filipino cause with his pen. Died in Manila June 12, 1929.

Felipe Agoncillo (1859-1941) Outstanding diplomat of the Philippine revolution. Born in Taal, Batangas, on May 26, 1859. Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo appointed him as Minister Plenipotentiary to the peace conference in Washington and Paris. Died on September 29, 1941, at the Manila Doctor's Hospital.

Juan Luna (1857-1899)  A genius of the brush and a patriot of the highest order. Creator of the world-famous painting, SPOLARIUM, which was awarded the gold medal in the Exposicion Nacional de Bellas Artes in Madrid in 1884. It is also known as the greatest painting of all times.

Born in Badoc, Ilocos, Norte, on October 23, 1857. He was closely associated with the Reform Movement, together with Rizal, Lopez-Jaena, Ponce, etc. He died in Hongkong on December 7, 1899.

Rafael Palma

(1874-1939) Orator, statesman, scholar, educator, and writer. Born in Tondo, Manila, on October 24, 1874. He was involved in the propaganda campaign against the Spaniards. He cofounded with Gen. Antonio Luna the revolutionary newspaper, La Independencia. Later, he also founded El Nuevo Dia, Cebu's first daily. Died in Manila on May 24, 1939.

Marcelo H. Del Pilar (1850-1896) Political analyst of the Filipino colony in Spain. Born in Kupang, Bulacan, Bulacan, on August 30, 1850. In 1882, he founded the nationalistic newspaper, Diariong Tagalog. In December 1889, he became the editor of La Solidaridad  and became the moving spirit behind the propaganda movement. Died on July 4, 1896.

Pedro Paterno (1858-1911) Statesman, poet, writer, and peacemaker.

Born in Manila on February 27, 1858. He was the negotiator/mediator of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. He helped prepare the Malolos constitution. Died on April 26, 1911.

Leona Florentino (1849-1884) F irst poetess of the Philippines. Born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, on April 19, 1849. Her poems were given international recognition at the Exposicion in Madrid in 1887 and in Paris in 1889. Died on October 4, 1884.

Isabelo delos Reyes (1864-1938) Last of the propagandists. Gifted son of Leona Florentino, first poetess of the Philippines. Born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, on July 7, 1864. He aroused the hostility of the friars and government officials when he openly criticized the evils of the Spanish rule and he advocated reforms. He was the founder of the first Philippine labor union, as well as the first independent Filipino Catholic church. Died on October 9, 1938.

Artemio Ricarte (1866-1945) T he unconquerable hero of the revolution. Born in Batac, Ilocos Norte, on October 20, 1866. Known as Viborra, he was a gentle public school teacher who became a dashing revolutionary general. Died in the

 jungles of Sierra Madre on July 31, 1945.

Jose Palma

(1876-1903) Poet and soldier. Born in Tondo, Manila, on June 3, 1876. Younger brother of Dr. Rafael Palma. He was a staff member of La Independencia. He wrote Filipinas, a patriotic poem in Spanish, which became the lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem. Died in Manila, on February 12, 1903.

Rajah Lakandola ( -1575) One of the most illustrious ancient Filipinos. Chief of Tondo, when Legazpi came to Manila in 1571. He became a Christian and took the name of Carlos, after the king of Spain. He made the blood compact with Goiti. He fought alongside the Spaniards against the Chinese pirate, Limahong. Died in 1575.

Rajah Soliman ( -1571) T he last rajah of Manila, noted for his daring and bravery. Nephew of Rajah Lakandola. Of all of the early rulers of Manila, he was feared most by the Spaniards. He was killed on June 3, 1571, in the Battle of Bangkusay.

Leonor Rivera (1867-1893) C ousin and fiancee of Jose Rizal. She was the Maria Clara in Rizal's Noli Me Tangere.

Marcela Mariño Agoncillo (1859-1946) Maker of the first Philippine flag. Born in Taal, Batangas, on June 24, 1859. Married to Felipe Agoncillo. She labored to make the Filipino flag in Hong Kong with the help of Delfina Herbosa de Natividad, a niece of Rizal. Died on May 30, 1946 in Taal, Batangas.

Galicano Apacible One of the founders of La Solidaridad .

Jose Ma. Panganiban (1863-1890)  Avenger of Filipino honor. Born in Mambulao, Camarines Norte, on February 1, 1863. A good friend and co-worker of Rizal. He was Bicolandia's greatest

contribution to the historic campaign for reforms, more popularly called the Propaganda Movement. He wrote articles for La Solidaridad, under the pen names Jomapa and J.M.P. Died in Barcelona, Spain, on August 19, 1890.

Diego Silang

(1730-1763) He led the revolt of the Ilocanos in opposition to the tribute and abuses of the Spanish officials. Born in Aringay, La Union, on December 16, 1730. The revolt started in Vigan, Ilocos Sur. He was killed by Miguel Vicos, a Spanish mestizo who bore grievances against Diego Silang.

Maria Josefa Gabriela Silang  After the death of Diego Silang on May 28, 1763, the fight was carried on by his wife, MARIA JOSEFA GABRIELA SILANG, and his uncle, Nicolas Cariño. She too lost her life for freedom's sake on September 30, 1763.

Lapu-Lapu (c. 16  century) C hief of Mactan who led the first successful Filipino armed resistance against Spanish aggression. He fought and killed Magellan in a battle in Mactan, on April 27, 1521. th

Francisco Baltazar (1788-1862) More popularly known as Balagtas, he is considered the prince of Tagalog poets. Born in Panginay, Bigaa, Bulacan, on April 2, 1788. He wrote Florante at Laura, a masterpiece of local versification, upholding moral and social values; it served as the basic foundation of the Philippine literature. Died in Orion, Bataan, on February 20, 1862.

Epifanio delos Santos

(1871-1928) Lawyer, journalist, historian, philosopher, bibliographer, biographer, painter, poet, musician, literary critic, antique collector, and librarian. Born in Malabon, Rizal, on April 7, 1871. Died on April 28, 1928, in Manila.

Francisco Dagohoy (c. Mid-18th century) H e led the longest revolt in Bohol against the Spaniards. The immediate cause of the revolt was the refusal of a Jesuit priest to give a Christian burial to Dagohoy's brother. The Spaniards needed 85 years before they were able to suppress the rebellion. It was only in 1829 that they finally succeeded in bringing to end the revolt started by Dagohoy.

Teresa Magbanua (1871-1947) T he first woman in Panay to fight in the Philippine revolution. Known as the Visayan Joan of Arc. Born in Pototan, Iloilo, on November 4, 1871. Died in  August 1947.

Trinidad Tecson (1848-1928) M other of Biak-na-Bato. Born in San Miguel, Bulacan, on November 18, 1848. Even though women-members of the Katipunan were exempted from the pact, she participated inSanduguan(blood compact). She fought fearlessly in 12 bloody battles of the revolution in Bulacan, including the

famous Battle of Biak-na-Bato. Later, she became known as The Mother of the Philippine Red Cross . Died on June 28, 1928.

Agueda Esteban K atipunan member who later married  Artemio Ricarte. She commuted from Cavite to Manila to buy saltpeter, lead, and copper which where used to make ammunitions. She also carried secret messages about the planned offensives against the Spanish posts.

Julian Felipe (1861-1941) C omposer of the Philippine National

 Anthem. Born in Cavite City on January 28, 1861. A dedicated music teacher and composer, he was appointed by  Aguinaldo as Director of the National Band of the Philippine Republic. Died in Manila on October 2, 1941.

Marina Dizon (1875-1950) Daughter of a Katipunan leader in Cavite, who was one of the Trece Martirez, executed by the Spanish officials in 1896. Born in Trozo, Manila, on July 18, 1875. She joined the Katipunan in July 1893, one of the first women to have done so. She also kept important documents of the Katipunan. Died on October 25, 1950.

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