Electronic Devices and Circuits Lab _ Full Wave Rectifier With and Without Filters - Notes _ Sbo

August 30, 2017 | Author: ECEOCET | Category: Rectifier, Amplifier, Capacitor, Direct Current, Diode
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Full Wave Rectifier With and Without Filters  Home (Default.aspx) /  Notes (notes.aspx) / Electronic Devices and Circuits Lab (topics.aspx?id=8)  Update d on Augus t 16, 2014 11:05 AM


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Aim: To study Full- Wave Rectifier. To find its: 1. Percentage Regulation 2. Ripple Factor 3. Efficiency Components: Name


Diodes 1N4007(Si)


Resistor 1K


Capacitor 1000µF


Equipment: Name




0-20 MHz


Multimeter Transformer Connecting Wires Theory:

1 220V/9V, 50Hz


The conversion of AC into DC is called Rectification. Electronic Devices can convert AC power into DC power with high efficiency. The full-wave rectifier consists of a center-tap transformer, which results in equal voltages above and below the center-tap. During the positive half cycle, a positive voltage appears at the anode of D1 while a negative voltage appears at the anode of D2. Due to this diode D1 is forward biased it results in a current Id1 through the load R. During the negative half cycle, a positive voltage appears at the anode of D2 and hence it is forward biased. Resulting in a current Id2 through the load at the same instant a negative voltage appears at the anode of D1 thus reverse biasing it and hence it doesn’t conduct. Ripple Factor: Ripple factor is defined as the ratio of the effective value of AC components to the average DC value. It is denoted by the symbol ' '.

Rectification Factor: The ratio of output DC power to input Ac power is defined as efficiency. ,

= 81%(if R >> Rf , then Rf can be neglected).

Percentage of Regulation: It is a measure of the variation of AC output voltage as a function of DC output voltage. Percentage of regulation =


VNL = Voltage across load resistance, when minimum current flows through it. VFL = Voltage across load resistance, when maximum current flows through. For an ideal full wave rectifier, the percentage regulation is 0 percent. The percentage of regulation is very small for a practical full wave rectifier. Peak- Inverse – Voltage (PIV): It is the maximum voltage that has to be with stood by a diode when it is reverse biased PIV = 2Vm Advantages of Full wave Rectifier: 1. 2.

is reduced. is improved.

Disadvantages of Full wave Rectifier: 1. Output voltage is half the secondary voltage. 2. Diodes with high PIV rating are used. Manufacturing of the center-tapped transformer is quite expensive and so Full wave rectifier with center-tapped transformer is costly.

Circuit Diagram: Half Wave Rectifier (without filter):

Half Wave Rectifier (with filter):

Procedure: 1. Connect the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram. 2. Connect the primary side of the transformer to AC mains and the secondary side to rectifier input. 3. Using a CRO, measure the AC input voltage of the rectifier, AC and DC voltage at the output of the rectifier. 4. Observe the Waveforms at the secondary windings of transformer and across load resistance. Calculations: 1. Ripple Factor

2. Ripple factor with filter is

3. Percentage Regulation = Expected Waveforms:


Result: Full Wave rectifier characteristics are studied.

Viva Questions: 1. What is filter ? Ans: Electronic filters (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filter_(signal_processing)) are electronic circuits (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_circuit) which perform signal processing (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Signal_processing) functions, specifically to remove unwanted frequency components from the signal. 2. Give some rectifications technologies? Ans: Synchronous rectifier, Vibrator, Motor-generator set , Electrolytic ,Mercury arc, and Argon gas electron tube. 3. What is the efficiency of bridge rectifier? Ans: % 4. PIV center tapped FWR? Ans: 2Vm.

5. In filters capacitor is always connected in parallel, why? Ans: Capacitor allows AC and blocks DC signal.in rectifier for converting AC to DC, capacitor placed in parallel with output, where output is capacitor blocked voltage.If capacitance value increases its capacity also increases which increases efficiency of rectifier.

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