making of dishwashing liquid....
Formulation of Dishwashing liquid Formulation: 1L
Water (purified or distilled)
120 g MC-Gel (surfactant) 2.5 ml Colorant 24.6 g Industrial salt 50 ml CD – Amide (surfactant) 10 ml BC – 06 (surfactant) 1.3 ml Antibacterial 1.3 ml Preservative
Procedure: Dissolve half of the Salt in a little amount of water. Mix well and set aside. Mix MC-GEL and Salt in a plastic pail. Continue stirring the mixture until it becomes crystallized and creamy. Add water gradually (purified or distilled) while stirring it slowly in one direction to prevent the mixture from foaming. Add the Colorant, Fragrance, CD-Amide2, BC-06, Antibacterial and Preservative (optional) one at a time. Always stir each time you add another ingredient; and make sure to completely disperse the substance before adding another ingredient to the mixture. Finally add the remaining Salt (dissolved in water) to the mixture while being mixed continuously. Once thickened, leave the mixture for 24 hrs. for clearing time.
Important FACTS about the Raw Materials/Ingredients: Water (purified or distilled) The primary ingredient in all dishwashing liquid is water, typically making up about 7080% of the entire formula. Deionized water or distilled water, which is specially treated to remove various particles and ions, is used in dishwashing liquid. Tap water contains micro-organisms that will cause detergent mixture to biodegrade. MC-Gel Detergents and soaps are made of SURFACTANTs, short for SURFAce-ACtive-ageNT. MC-GEL also known as the main surfactants, are cleansing ingredients in liquid dishwashing. Surfactants are surface active ingredients, meaning they can interact with a surface. The chemical nature of a surfactant allows it to surround and trap oily materials from surfaces. Surfactants are derived from compounds known as fatty acids. Fatty acids are naturally occurring materials which are found in various plant and animal sources. The materials used often to make surfactants used in detergent are extracted from coconut oil, palm kernel oil, soybean oil. Surfactants is used to produced good grease cutting capability and soil suspension, mildness in water of varying degrees of hardness, and high, stable suds level. All surfactants are biodegradable. Colorant and Scent One of the primary factors that influence the purchase of a dishwashing liquid is its color and odor. Fragrance and Colors gives the products its “Aesthetic Personality”. Though present in extremely small amount but they appeal to our sense of sight and smell. Industrial Salt To keep the product homogeneous under varying storage conditions and provide desirable characteristics, salts are added. To some extent, salt is used to adjust the final viscosity of the product. CD-Amide (Bubble Enhancer) In addition to cleansing surfactants, other types of surfactants are added to liquid dishwashing to improve the foaming characteristics of the formulation. These materials, help increase the amount of foam and the size of the bubbles. Like primary detergents, they are also derived from fatty acids and have both water soluble and oil soluble characteristics.
BC-06 (Degreaser) Mild primary surfactant with excellent cleansing & degreasing properties (but non-drying on skin), good wetting effect, foam booster, slight viscosity enhancer, compatible with other surfactants. The cleaning action of both soaps and detergents results from their ability to emulsify or disperse water-insoluble materials (dirt, oil, grease, etc.) and hold them in suspension to water. This ability comes from the molecular structure of soaps and detergents. When a soap or detergent is added to water that contains oil or other water-insoluble materials, the soap or detergent molecules surround the oil droplets. The oil or grease can be “dissolved” in the BC-06. As a result, the oil droplets are dispersed throughout the water (This is referred to as (emulsificatioN ) and can be rinsed away. Antibacterial Antibacterial is an agent that interferes with the growth and reproduction of bacteria. Antibacterial is now most commonly described as agents used to disinfect surfaces and eliminate potentially harmful bacteria. They are found in products such as soaps, detergents, health and skincare products and household cleaners. Preservative (optional) Preservatives are added if needed, in small quantities to help prevent any microbiological growth in the product which could cause color or odor change, poor performance and separation of the ingredients. Since dishwashing liquids are made from water and organic compounds, contamination from bacteria and other microbes is possible. Preservatives are added to prevent such growth. Without this substance, your soap will only last for 3 months or even less.