Detailed Lesson Plan for Senior High Demo

April 15, 2018 | Author: EvernickEdquilaMakabenta | Category: Bios, Booting, Personal Computers, Operating System, Installation (Computer Programs)
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detailed lesson plan...


Detailed Lesson Plan in ICT I.

Content and Materials: How to Reformat a Computer using Windows 7 Operating System Materials: PowerPoint presentation, projector, laptop and chalk


Learning objectives: 1. Discuss in class how to reformat a computer using a Windows 7 Operating System. 2. Identify what are the things that needs to be considered before reformatting a computer. 3. To develop the student’s decision making skills by challenging the student’s thinking skills on why there is a need to reformat a computer by initiation.


Learning Plan: Teacher’s activity

Student’s activity

A. Motivation Good Morning class!

Good Morning Ma’am

Before we proceed to our lesson for this day, I would like to ask... what comes in to your mind when you see the word “ Virus” and “Reformat”

Students answered “Computer”

The teacher writes the word Virus and Reformat on the board. Very Good!! That is correct. Who owns a computer here in their home? Great! And I believe everyone here has used computers doing assignments and reports for your school projects and also for leisure like Facebook, YouTube etc., right?

Some students raised their hands All Students answered Yes Ma’am

All student answered Yes Ma’am

Have you experienced any trouble sometimes like when the computer is not responding or it’s like working on its own. Can someone share their experience and tell how the problem was resolved?

Thank you for sharing your experience. I have one more question for you. How much did it cost you to have your computer reformatted?

Student 1 answered: One time our computer just won’t open an application and in which there are multiple screens that keeps on popping up and we can’t properly use the computer. We need to have a computer technician to check on it for us and we are told that our computer needs to be reformatted in order to fix the issue and then after it was reformatted the problem got fixed and we are able to use our computer after that. Student 1 answered: Around 500 pesos

Yes that’s how much it usually cost to do it. Thank you so much B. Firming up: Proper discussion Now our lesson for today will greatly help you when you encountered problems such as this in the future. I will teach you how to reformat a computer using a Windows 7 Operating System Starts the power point presentation “How to Reformat a Computer using Windows 7 Operating System Formatting a computer involves erasing all of the data on the computer's hard drive, and then reinstalling the operating system

Students listens and taking down notes

Student 2 asked: Ma’am what are the things that are needed when we reformat a computer.

so that the computer is restored to factory defaults. That’s a good question. First you will need a storage device where you can store data since you need to make sure that you have a good backup of all your important files since when you reformat a computer it will reset/delete all the videos, data files and programs that you have. Meaning it will go back to its default state. And we don’t want that to happen. So better make sure you have a very good backup of your data files or documents, videos, pictures and music. Remember “programs can’t be backed up; they will need to be reinstalled Writes on the board “Programs can’t be backed up; they will need to be reinstalled. Things that are needed before reformatting a computer

Student Student Drive Student Student

1 answered: Flash Drive 2 answered: External 3 answered: DVD 4 answered: CD

1. Storage Device Class can you give me examples of storage devices that you can use to store data? Writes on the board a. Flash Drive b. External Hard Drives c. CD d. DVD

Students thinking and are silent

Anymore suggestions? Okay, thank you class you are all correct and I would like to add another Writes on the board

Student 3 answered: Yes ma’am I’m using icloud for my iphone in which whenever I sync my iphone with my computer it

e. Cloud Class are you familiar with Cloud?

automatically backs up or save my pictures. All students answered Yes ma’am

That is correct! And it also have a feature when you have it enabled it can back up your data whenever you are connected to the internet. Amazing right? Technology nowadays is really amazing. Usually cloud is free but you can also purchase it if you need a much bigger storage for your data Writes on the Board 2. Window 7 Operating System including the product key or a recovery disk You can actually use other Windows Operating like for example the current one in the market is Windows 10 but we will focus on Window 7 since it’s the most used operating system today. Product keys are included in the package it consist of 25 characters and will be asked later during the installation process. A recovery disk may be included in your computer package when you bought it .This includes the drivers for your computer hardware including the free Operating System 3. External DVD or CD ROM (optional) Will only be used if the computer or laptop that you will

Student 1 raised her hand: Ma’am Can we use a flash drive instead?

reformat has no available CD ROM and that is if you are using a CD installer for the Operating System. To site a very good example is a Netbook and a computer tablet like Asus Transformer. Students say in unison: Piracy Yes you can. If you are able to purchase a license from Windows there is an available downloadable installer that you can download from their website. Now you might ask and I believe most of you are aware that there are some sites like torrent websites that offers it free of charge and you can actually be given a way to crack the code and be given a product key that you can use but that is not good and that is called what?

All Students ma’am



It’s punishable by law and there is a downside to this free software. Most of it has back door viruses and now only that when you use a non-legitimate license when Windows updates it (it is done automatically unless you have it disabled)it will be able to recognize that you are not using a licensed software and most of the application that you have will not work and it’s bad so don’t be a pirate okay? Very good next… 4. Computer/Laptop/Netbook/Co mputer Tablet that needs to be reformatted

Student 5: When your computer is affected by a virus

Right? The most important thing above all.

Student 6: Application that is not working

So we have all that we need. Now class a disclaimer. Not all

computer issues can be resolved by reformatting. There are a lot things that you need to check out first before considering reformatting a computer because sometimes it might be something to do with the computer hardware or software itself that needs to be check like you just might need some updates or install the drivers. Can you give me some good example of computer issues that can be resolved by reformatting a computer? Very good! Yes, that is correct. Any other answers? Yes that is correct but sometimes it might just need some updates or you can do a quick uninstall and reinstall of the application that is not working but if the problem persist consult the doctor. Kidding aside yes you go right in and reformat the computer.

Student 3 answered: Yes Ma’am I remember my father experienced having a blue screen window when he was using his computer He did a research and he was able to find an article that says that he can do a system restore and use the backup data save from his computer prior to the date when he have the problem.

Yes specific problems like virus infiltration, annoying application that won’t work definitely reformatting will do the job but when all else fails after you have tried reformatting a computer you might really need to reconsider buying a new one. Though have you experienced when you use your computer and you get a blue screen Student 1: Ma’am what is BIOS? What did you father do in order to resolve it?

Yes, definitely that is the best thing he can do before he can resort to reformatting his computer. Mostly this happens if there was some changes made like new installed application and new updates that affects the operating system coming from Microsoft. Though what about a black screen? Do you think 100 percent it will solve the problem if you reformat the computer? Raise your hands if you agree. Moves on to the next slide while discussing To sum it up Reasons why you might need to format a computer: 

You have built a computer and you must format the hard drive so you can put an operating system on it. You have replaced your main hard drive and the new one needs to be formatted.

Your computer has a black screen on startup. Sometimes formatting can wipe a problem away.

You have a software problem that is too detailed to fix.

You have a major virus that you cannot get rid of. Please make sure to take down notes for your copy because we might have a quiz later on if we are able to finish the lesson. I’ll be writing down the important information so you will be guided

to what might appear in the quiz. And this will be really helpful .By the end of the lesson you will be equipped with the knowledge you can perform or do reformat pc by the end of this lesson and earn money. Right? Writes on the board Step 1 BACK UP YOUR DATA So that’s the first step in How to Reformat your computer. I have prepared a slide show for you class. It includes pictures which you will encounter during installation so you can get familiar to it. Turn on the projector and start playing the slide show created using PowerPoint Let’s move on to the next step Writes on the board Step 2 SET YOUR BIOS TO BOOT FROM CD OR FLASH DRIVE BIOS is…. BIOS (basic input/output system) is the program a personal computer's microprocessor uses to get the computer system started after you turn it on. It also manages data flow between the computer's operating system and attached devices such as the hard disk, video adapter, keyboard, mouse and printer.

The BIOS (/ˈbaɪ.ɒs/, an acronym for Basic

Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is a type of firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (poweron startup) on IBM PC compatible computers, and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.[1] The BIOS firmware is built into personal computers (PCs), and it is the first software they run when powered on. The name itself originates from the Basic Input/Output System used in the CP/M operating system in 1975.[2] [3] Originally proprietary to the IBM PC, the BIOS has been reverse engineered by companies looking to create compatible systems and the interface of that original system serves as a de facto standard. The fundamental purposes of the BIOS in modern PCs are to initialize and test the system hardware components, and to load a boot loader or an operating system from a mass memory device. The BIOS additionally provides an abstraction layer for the hardware, i.e., a consistent way for application programs and operating systems to interact with the keyboard, display, and other input/output (I/O) devices. Variations in the system hardware are hidden by the BIOS from programs that use BIOS services instead of directly accessing the hardware. MS-DOS (PC DOS), which was the dominant PC operating system from the early 1980s until the mid-1990s, relied on BIOS services for disk, keyboard, and text display functions. MS Windows NT, Linux, and other protected mode operating systems in general ignore the abstraction layer provided by the BIOS and do not use it after loading, instead accessing the hardware components directly.

In order to access the BIOS you will need to restart the computer and enter the setup screen when the manufacturer logo appears. The key to do this will be displayed and it varies by

Some student raised their hands

Student 3 answered: F12?

Student 4 raised his/her hand Student 4 answered: F10 Ma’am

Students raised their hands Student 5 reads: Once in the BIOS Menu, Select the Boot Menu. Change the order of devices so that your computer boots from CD before booting from the hard drive. Save your changes and exit. Your computer will restart.

manufacturer. Can someone guess some of the most common keys that are used to access the BIOS Menu? Yes Student 3… Very Good! Yes that is correct… anyone who has some other answer? Yes Student 4… Very Good ! Click the mouse to move next slide and writes on the board while discussing The most common keys are -F2 -F10 -F12 -DEL Now once clicked it will direct you to the BIOS Menu. Once in the BIOS Menu, Select the Boot Menu. Can somebody read the next paragraph? Select Student 5

Thank you Student 5. Yes this very important, you will need to set it up that way it will read first the data that the CD drive has because currently your C Drive is set to boot whenever you turn on your pc which has the operating system. But if you are installing from a flash drive, then you will need to set the BIOS to boot from Removable Storage.

Now once done let’s move on to Step 3 Switch slide Step 3 BEGIN SETUP If the CD has been inserted and the BIOS is set correctly, you will see a message telling you to “Press a key on the keyboard” and set up process for Windows 7 will launch. Your system may automatically launch the setup program without asking you to press any key Next… Moves on next slide Step 4 WATCH THE WINDOWS FILES LOAD After completion, the Windows 7 logo will appear. No files have been altered on your computer yet. The data will be deleted in later steps. Step 5 CHOOSE YOUR PREFERENCES You will be prompted to confirm your Language, Time & Currency format, and Keyboard or input method. Select the appropriate options for you and click Next. You can select English (Republic of the Philippines) but most of the time we use English (United States). Step 6

CLICK INSTALL NOW Do not click Repair Computer, even if you are repairing a computer by reinstalling Windows. Once clicked, Setup will begin loading the files it needs to continue. Step 7 READ AND ACCEPT THE TERM In order to advance, you must indicate that you have read and agree to Microsoft’s terms of use. Be sure to read through it so that you know your rights and limitations as a user. Step 8 CHOOSE CUSTOM INSTALL This will allow you to perform a clean installation. Formatting the computer means wiping it of all the data that is on it, so you will be performing a clean installation, so that you will be given the option to erase the disk. Step 9 DELETE THE PARTITION A window will open asking where you would like to install Windows. In order to perform a clean install, you need to delete the old partition and start with a clean slate. Click “Drive options (advanced).” This will give you the ability to delete and create partitions. Select the partition of your existing operating system and click the Delete button. If your hard drive has multiple partitions, be sure to delete the correct one. Any data on a deleted partition is lost for good. Confirm the deletion process.

Step 10 SELECT THE UNALLOCATED SPACE AND CLICK NEXT There is no need to create a partition before you install windows 7, this is done automatically But if you would like to create another partition you can set it up by…

Step 11 WAIT WHILE WINDOWS INSTALLS FILES The percentage next to Expanding Windows files will steadily increase. This part of the process can take up to 30 minutes. Windows will automatically restart your computer when finished. Setup will launch again, and a message will tell you that Setup is updating registry settings. Setup will then configure your computer’s services. This happens every time you start Windows, but will happen in the background next time. A window will open letting you know that Windows is completing the installation. Your computer will restart again when this is complete. Setup will now load drivers and check video settings. This part does not require any input from you. Step 12 ENTER YOUR USER NAME AND COMPUTER NAME Your username will be used to log in to the computer and personalize your account. Your

computer name is the name that your computer will display on the network. You can add more users later through the Windows 7 control panel. Windows will ask you for a password. This is optional but highly recommended, especially if the computer will be accessible by users other than yourself. If you’d rather not have a password, leave the fields blank and click Next. Step 13 ENTER YOUR PRODUCT KEY This is the 25-character key that came with your copy of Windows. Check the “Automatically activate Windows when I’m online” to have Windows automatically verify your key the next time it is connected to the internet. Step 14 SELECT YOUR WINDOWS UPDATE OPTION To make sure that your copy of Windows runs securely and stably, it is highly recommended that you choose one of the first two options. The first option will install all updates automatically, the second option will prompt you when important updates are available. Step 15 SELECT YOUR DATE AND TIME These should be correct already as they are linked to your BIOS, but you can change them now if they

are not. Check the box if your area observes Daylight Savings. Step 16 SELECT NETWORK PREFERENCES If your computer is connected to a network, you will be given an option to identify that network. Most users will select Home or Work network. If your computer is being used in a public place, select Public network. Mobile broadband users should always select Public network. Windows will now attempt to connect your computer to the network. This process is completely automated Step 17 Explore your desktop. After one final loading screen, your new Windows 7 desktop will appear. Installation is now complete. C. Integration / Transfer: With these steps done your computer is now back to its default state. You may need to update some drivers and download some application you might have previously and transfer your files you have recently saved or backed up prior to reformatting your computer. You will now be able to reformat computers and save a lot by doing it yourself but more importantly this is an added skill that you can use to generate income. Technology nowadays is really fast

phased but with the power of the internet you can update and gain more knowledge. You can try searching other websites in case you would like to more about how you can reformat other computers like an Macintosh or a Mac since the setting are very different from a Windows Operating System but Mac users are rare and mostly unlike the Windows operating System which is widely used in the industry even at home. Though Macintosh Operating System Installation/Reformat is way much easier than a Windows Operating System. Mac has a recovery system like Lenovo Computers. Next meeting we will have an activity and do hands on training and apply what we have learned today. Be sure to read and have your copy available so you have a guide. You can also copy my file or have these papers photocopied. These includes the images so you have a better picture of what is expected during the installation process Activity: To refresh your memories before we have your quiz let’s do have a game. Please count from one to four starting from the front row to the right and then go to your corresponding group. The first group to finish arranging and has the most correct steps will be the winner. Hands out cut-outs that includes

the steps/procedure to each group Post it at your designated area on the board Writes on the board Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Are you ready class? Do you have any questions before we start? Okay at the count of three you can start..1…2..3 Go! Arrange the procedures in order Assignment: Search the web on “How to create a partition for Windows 7.Include step by step procedure with images and url address. Use a long bond paper. No need to use a folder. Write your name at the bottom of the page. Use 0.50 margin on each side to maximize space.


Evaluation: A. Identification 1. BIOS stands for ___________. 2. __________ a computer involves erasing all of the data on the computer's hard drive, and then reinstalling the operating system so that the computer is restored to factory defaults. 3. Netbook and __________ are examples of computers that doesn’t have cd or dvd rom drives. 4. __________ consists of 25 characters which are needed during installation. 5. __________ are easier to reformat compared to a Windows Operating System.

6. 7. 8. 9.

__________ can’t be backed up; they will need to be reinstalled. First step on how to reformat a computer. __________ is punishable by law. __________ a model of data storage in which the digital data is stored in logical pools, the physical storage spans multiple servers (and often locations), and the physical environment is typically owned and managed by a hosting company. 10.A _________ may be included in your computer package when you bought it this usually include all the drivers for your computer hardware including the free Operating system B. Enumeration 11-14 Storage Devices 14-18 Common Keys 19-20 Things need to be save before reformatting the computer


Assignment: Search the web on “How to create a partition for Windows 7.Include step by step procedure with images and url address. Use a long bond paper. No need to use a folder. Write your name at the bottom of the page. Use 0.50 margin on each side to maximize space.

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