Choice of Access Points, And Headings for Persons, Corporate Bodies, And Geographic Names
Choice of Access Points, And Headings for Persons, Corporate Bodies, And Geographic Names...
Choice of Access Points and Headings for Persons, Corporate Bodies and Geographic Names
Introduction • Access point – the mechanism that enables a user to discover a target document or other listed item. • Search key
• Types of access points: • Descriptive/bibliographic access points • Subject access points
• Four types of bibliographic access points in a catalog: 1. 2. 3. 4.
Names of persons (e.g. authors, editors, compilers, translators, illustrators) Names of corporate bodies (other than solely as distributor or manufacturer) Titles Names of series
Concepts on the Choice of Access Points 1. Main entry (a.k.a. primary access point) • Author (most cases) • Title • Corporate body
2. Authorship • Personal author – the person chiefly responsible for the creation of the intellectual or artistic content of a work. • Corporate body – an organization or group of persons that is identified by a particular name and that acts, or may act, as an entity. • Examples: associations, institutions, business firms, governments, government agencies, religious bodies
• Conditions of authorship: • • • • •
Works for which a single person or corporate body is responsible Works of unknown or uncertain authorship or by unnamed groups Works of shared responsibility (e.g., two or more authors) Collections and works produced under editorial direction Works of mixed responsibility (e.g., author and editor)
Main entry under Personal Author • Single personal authorship (21.4A) • Shared responsibility 1. 2.
Principal author (21.6B) First named author if responsibility is shared between two or three persons if no principal author is indicated (21.6C)
• Mixed responsibility 1.
Adapter for a paraphrase, rewriting, adaptation for children, or version in a different literary form (21.10)
2. 3. 4. 5.
Writer of the text for a work that consists of a text for which an artist has provided illustrations (21.11A) Artist for a separately published illustration (21.11B) Original author for an edition that has been revised, enlarged, updated, etc., by another person if the original author is still considered responsible for the work (21.12A) Reviser of an edition if the original author is no longer considered to be responsible for the work (21.12B)
Commentator of a work consisting of a text and a commentary by a different person, if the latter is emphasized (21.13B) 7. Author of the text of a work consisting of a text and a commentary by a different person, if the text is emphasized (21.13C) 8. Original author of a translation (21.14A) 9. Biographer-critic of a work by a writer accompanied by (or interwoven with) biographical or critical material, if the latter is emphasized (21.15A) 10. Writer of a work accompanied by (or interwoven with) biographical or critical material by another person who is presented as editor, compiler, etc. (21.15B)
Main entry under Corporate Body (21.1B2) 1.
Works of an administrative nature dealing with the corporate body itself or its internal policies, procedures, and/or operations, its finances, its officers and/or staff, or its resources (e.g., catalogues, inventories, membership directories) Some legal, governmental, and religious works of the following types: a) b) c)
Laws (21.31) Decrees of the chief executive that have the force of the law (21.31) Administrative regulations (21.32)
d) e) f) g) h) i) j)
Constitutions (21.33) Court rules (21.34) Treaties, etc. (21.35) Court decisions (21.36) Legislative hearings Religious laws (e.g. canon law) Liturgical works (21.39)
Works that record the collective thought of the body (e.g., reports of commissions, committees, etc.; official statements of position on external policies)
Works that report the collective activity of a conference (e.g., proceedings, collective papers), of an expedition (e.g., results of exploration, investigation), or of an event (e.g., exhibition, fair, festival) falling within the definition of a corporate body, provided that the conference, expedition, or event is named in the item being cataloged Sound recordings, films, videorecordings, written records, etc. of performances resulting from the collective activity of a performing group as a whole where the responsibility of the group goes beyond that of mere performance, execution, etc.
Cartographic materials emanating from a corporate body other than a body merely responsible for their publication or distribution Official communications from heads of state, heads of government, heads of international bodies, popes, patriarchs, bishops, etc. (21.4D1)
Main entry under Title Works that do not fall into the categories of works that require main entry under a person or corporate body are entered under the title (21.1C). 1. The personal authorship is unknown, uncertain, diffuse (i.e., authorship being shared among four or more persons without indication of principal responsibility), or cannot be determined, and the work does not emanate from a corporate body 2. It is a collection or a work produced under editorial direction that has a collective title
It emanates from a corporate body but does not fall into any of the categories listed under rule 21.1B2 (i.e., entry under corporate body) and is not of personal authorship It is accepted as sacred scripture by a religious group
Added entries (21.29 – 21.30) • Entries, additional to the main entry, by which an item is represented in a catalog • A.K.A. Secondary entries
Added entries under Personal Names • Made for the following: • Collaborators (up to three) • If there are four or more collaborators, added entry is made for the first named only
• • • • •
Writers Editors and compilers (rarely made for a serial publication) Translators (made in certain cases only) Illustrators (made in certain cases only) Persons related to the work in a way other than being responsible for the creation of the content of the work
Added entries under Corporate Bodies • Prominently named in the work unless it functions solely as distributor or manufacturer • If four or more corporate bodies are involved in a particular work, an added entry is made under the first named only
Added entries under Titles • It has not been used as a main entry • The title added entry is so similar as to duplicate the main entry heading or a reference to the main entry heading • Any other title (e.g., cover title, caption title, etc.) that differs significantly from the title proper
Added entries under Series • Make an added entry under the heading for a series for each separately catalogued work in the series if it provides a useful collocation, except if: • The items in the series are related to each other only by common physical characteristics • The numbering suggests that the parts have been numbered primarily for stock control or to benefit from lower postage rates
• If in doubt, make a series added entry
Indentions for the preparation of catalog cards • Paragraph indention: • Main entry under personal name • Main entry under corporate body
• Hanging indention: • Main entry under title
Choice of Name • In general, choose the name by which a person is commonly known (22.1A). • If a person is known by more than one name (other than a pseudonym) choose the name by which the person is clearly most commonly known, if there’s one (22.2A1). • If all the works by one person appear under one pseudonym, choose the pseudonym (22.2B1).
Entry under Surname (22.5) • Mondejar, A. S. • V., Michael • Reyes, Venerando S. • X, Malcom • Macapagal-Arroyo, Gloria • De los Reyes, Benjamin • Aguinaldo, Emmanuel, Jr. • De Vera, Maria Eleonor • Hernandez, Christina Enriquez
Entry under Given Name (22.8) • John, the Baptist • Leonardo, da Vinci • Alexander, the Great • Garbad, the Weak
Entry under Phrase (22.11) • Dr. X • Father Time • Pan Painter
Additions to Names Saints (22.13) • Aquinas, Thomas, Saint • Calungsod, Pedro, Saint • Ruiz, Lorenzo, Saint • Catherine, of Siena, Saint • Joan, of Arc, Saint Spirit (22.14) • Parker, Theodore (Spirit) • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (Spirit)
Under entry of surname (22.15) • Read, Miss • Seuss, Dr. • Gonzales, Ernesto, Mrs. Royalty (22.16A) • Elizabeth II, Queen of England • Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Pope (22.16B) • Francis, Pope • John Paul II, Pope
Additions to Distinguish Identical Names Dates (22.17) • Dela Cruz, Juan, 1964-1993 • Dela Cruz, Juan, 1993 Mar. 2• Dela Cruz, Juan, 1993 Dec. 2Fuller form of name (22.18) • Dela Cruz, Juan M. (Juan Marquez) • Dela Cruz, Juan M. (Juan Manuel) Qualifier (e.g., term of honour, term of address, initials of academic degree) (22.19) • Dela Cruz, Juan, M.A.N. • Dela Cruz, Juan, Atty.
Geographic Names Use the English form of the name of the place if there is one in general use (23.2A1). • Philippines • Austria • Japan • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Headings for Corporate Bodies Enter a corporate body directly under the name by which it is commonly identified, except when the rules provide for entering it under the name of a higher or related body or under the name of a government (24.1A). • University of the Philippines Diliman • Philippine Medical Association • Philippine Librarians Association, Inc.
Use the conventional name of a government, unless the official name is in common use. The conventional name of a government is the geographic name of the area over which the government exercises jurisdiction (24.3E1) • Philippines • Pampanga • Nueva Ecija • Quezon City
Additions and order for name of conferences: Name (Number : Date : Location) • International Conference on Asia-Pacific Library and Information Education and Practice (6th : 2015 Oct. 28-30 : Manila, Philippines) • PLAI Congress (2015 Nov. 24-27 : Plaza del Norte Hotel and Convention Center, Laoag City, Ilocos Norte, Philippines)
Subordinate and Related Bodies entered Subordinately • British Broadcasting Corporation. Engineering Division • International Council on Social Welfare. Canadian Committee • New England College. Class of 2009 • British Library. Collection Development • University of the Philippines Diliman. School of Library and Information Studies • University of the Philippines Diliman. Library
Government Agencies • Philippines. Department of Health • Philippines. Commission on Human Rights • Philippines. Supreme Court • Philippines. Navy • Philippines. Army • Philippines. Congress. House of Representatives • Philippines. President (1992-1998 : Ramos) • Manila. Mayor • Philippines. Embassy (U.S.)
Example of Main entry under personal author (Single authorship) Marieb, Elaine N. Essentials of human anatomy & physiology / Elaine N. Marieb. – 7th ed. – San Francisco, CA : Benjamin Cummings, c2004. xix, 588 p. : ill. ; 27 cm. + 1 laboratory manual + 1 CD-ROM. Includes index. ISBN 981-247-130-8 (Philippine ed.)
1. Human anatomy. 2. Human physiology. I. Title.
Example of Title added entry for main entry under personal author (Single authorship) Essentials of human anatomy & physiology Marieb, Elaine N. Essentials of human anatomy & physiology / Elaine N. Marieb. – 7th ed. – San Francisco, CA : Benjamin Cummings, c2004. xix, 588 p. : ill. ; 27 cm. + 1 laboratory manual + 1 CDROM. Includes index. ISBN 981-247-130-8 (Philippine ed.)
Example of Main entry under personal author (shared responsibility, 3 authors) Pope, Catherine Synthesizing qualitative and quantitative health evidence : a guide to methods / Catherine Pope, Nicholas Mays and Jennie Popay. – Berkshire, England : McGraw-Hill Open University Press, 2007. ix, 210 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. -203) and index. ISBN 978-033521956-8 1. Health – Research – Methodology. 2. Qualitative research. 3. Quantitative research. I. Mays, Nicholas. II. Popay, Jennie. III. Title.
Example of Personal name added entry for Main entry under personal author (Three authors) Mays, Nicholas Pope, Catherine. Synthesizing qualitative and quantitative health evidence : a guide to methods / Catherine Pope, Nicholas Mays and Jennie Popay. – Berkshire, England : McGraw-Hill Open University Press, 2007. ix, 210 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. -203) and index. ISBN 978-033521956-8
Example of Main entry under personal author (mixed responsibility) Buenrostro, Juan C., Jr. More than books : perspectives on the management of information resources and services in libraries / Juan C. Buenrostro, Jr. ; edited by Ernie T. Bhagwani. – Quezon City : Great Books Trading, 2004. viii, 306 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 971-8581-75-5 1. Library administration—Philippines. 2. Reference services (Libraries)—Philippines. I. Bhagwani, Ernie T. II. Title.
Example of Main entry under personal name (mixed responsibility, with series title) Capco, Carmelita M. Biology / Carmelita M. Capco, Gilbert C. Yang ; Melecio C. Deauna, coordinator. – 2nd ed. – Quezon City : Phoenix Pub. House, c1996. xxi, 480 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. – (You and the natural world : science and technology) Includes bibliographical references (p. 467-468) and index. ISBN 971-06-1980-2 1. Biology—Textbooks. I. Yang, Gilbert. II. Deauna, Melecio C. III. Title. IV. Series.
Example of Series title added entry for a main entry under personal name (mixed responsibility) You and the natural world Capco, Carmelita M. Biology / Carmelita M. Capco, Gilbert C. Yang ; Melecio C. Deauna, coordinator. – 2nd ed. – Quezon City : Phoenix Pub. House, c1996. xxi, 480 p. : ill. ; 28 cm. – (You and the natural world : science and technology) Includes bibliographical references (p. 467-468) and index. ISBN 971-06-1980-2
Example of Main entry under corporate body Philippines. Department of Health Philippine national drug formulary [electronic resource] : essential medicines list : volume 1 / National Formulary Committee, National Drug Policy-Pharmaceutical Management Unit 50, Department of Health. – 7th ed. – Manila : Department of Health, 2008. xxix, 273 p. : digital, PDF file. Includes index. Local file name: pndf.pdf. ISBN 978-971-91620-7-0 1. Medicine – Formulae, receipts, prescriptions. I. Title.
Example of Main entry under title (work under editorial direction) Managing knowledge in health services / edited by Andrew Booth, Graham Walton. – London : Library Association Pub., 2000. x, 357 p. ; 24 cm.
Includes bibliographical references (p. -344) and index. ISBN 1-85604-321-5 1. Health services administration. 2. Knowledge management. I. Booth, Andrew. II. Walton, Graham.
Example of Personal name added entry for main entry under title (work under editorial direction) Booth, Andrew Managing knowledge in health services / edited by Andrew Booth, Graham Walton. – London : Library Association Pub., 2000. x, 357 p. ; 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. -344) and index. ISBN 1-85604-321-5
Example of Main entry under title (more than 3 authors with no principal author mentioned) Introduction to computers for healthcare professionals / Irene Joos … [et al.]. – 4th ed. – Sudbury, MA : Jones and Bartlett, c2006. xvii, 440 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. Rev. ed. of: Computers in small bytes. 3rd ed. c2000. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-971-58-4547-2 1. Medicine—Data processing. 2. Nursing—Data processing. 3. Medical informatics. 4. Nursing informatics. 5. Computer literacy. 6. Computers. I. Joos, Irene. II. Computers in small bytes.
References: • Anglo-American cataloging rules (2nd ed., 2002 rev., 2005 update). Accessed via http://access.rdatoolkit.org • Chan, L. M. (2007). Cataloging and classification: An introduction (3rd ed.). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.