Chess Lessons by Artur Yusupov (gnv64).pdf

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ARTUR YusuPov

Chess Lessons

ARTUR YusuPov

Chess Lessons

Translated and edited by Daniel King

© Chessgate AG

2004

www.chessgate.de

All rights reserved. No part of i:his publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise, without prior permission. First published in 2004 Cover design and layout: Art & Satz Ulrich Dirr, Miinchen Page design and layout : Art.& Satz Ulrich Dirr, Miinchen Typeset with PDFTE)( Managing editor : Ulrich Dirr, Miinchen Preparatory work by Thomas Lemanczyk, Solingen Printed and bound by Druckerei & Verlag Steinmeier, Nordlingen ISBN 3•935748-07-8

v

Contents Preface - VII

8 Zugzwang

1 Back- Rank Combi nations

-

1

Exerc i ses - 3 So l u ti o n s - 11 Sco re tab l e- 14

-

135

Exe rc i se s- 139 S o l u t i o n s - 147 S c o re t a b l e- 152 9 Im proving Piece Position -153

2 Cand idate Moves 15 Exerc i ses- 18 So l u ti o n s - 24 P racti cal exe rc i ses- 29 Score tab l e- 34 -

3 The Wrong-Coloured Bishop -35

Exerc i s es - 45 So l u t i o n s - 52 Score tab l e- 56 4 Exchanging Pieces -57

Exerc i ses - 6o Sol u t i o n s- 69 Sco re tab l e- 74 5 Passed Pawns i n the M iddlegame -75

Trai n i ng m ateri a l- 79

6 Double Attack -95 Exerc i se s - 100 So l u t i o n s- 109 Score table- 113 7 The Process of Elimination -115

Exerci ses - 119 Sol u t i o n s- 123 P racti c a l exerc i se s- 126 Score tab l e- 134

Exerc i se s- 158 S ol u t i o n s- 166 S c o re tab l e- 170 10 Trapping a Piece -171

Exerc i ses - 175 S o l u ti o n s - 183 S c o re t a b l e- 186

Appendix -187 I n d ex o f co m p o s e rs a n d a n alysts- 187 I n d ex of g a m e s- 189 Explanation of symbols - 196

VII

Preface Between 1999 and 2002 I produced and published i n Germany a small series of ten trai ning booklets, each one covering a partic u l ar chess theme. T h i s experi m ental proj ect proved quite popular with German-speaking readers, and others too. Many of my chess colleagues liked this form of i n d ivid ual trai n i ng; and some of them u sed the m aterial in their cl asses too. This favou rable reaction pro m pted the idea of an Engl ish translati o n . Although the booklets were aimed at p l ayers of d ifferi ng abil ities, m o s t wanted the complete set. And that's how these d ifferent themes h ave ended up in one book. You could also look on this d iversity as a strength if a reader, with chess am bitions, wants to test his overall ability. Moreover, for chess trainers this book provides several ready-made lectures, and many usefu l exercises covering d ifferent aspects of the game, al ready sorted in terms of their level of d ifficu l ty. There are th ree themes and tests that fal l under the h ead ing 'tactics' : chapter 1 , back­ ran k com b i n atio n s ; chapter 6, d o u b l e attack; and ch apter 10, trapping a p iece. These chapters are, on the whole, the sim plest, and pl ayers rated below 1500 Elo should probably start with them . Two chapters deal with positional themes: chapter 4 , exchanging pieces ; and chapter 9, improvi ng piece positio n . Two chapters deal with endgame themes: chapter 3, the wrong­ coloured bishop; and chapter 8, zugzwang. These fou r chapters are more challenging and perhaps s u i table for players w ith an Elo above 1500. H owever, p l ayers of any strength cou ld profit from studyi ng them . Two chapters deal w i th the q u estion of calculation: chapter 2, can d i d ate m oves ; and chapter 7, the process of e l i m i n ation . These themes are more su i table for players with an Elo rati ng greater than 1800. Less experienced p l ayers s h o u l d go th rough the examples and try to solve the one and two-star positions. Chapter 5 deals with a strategical theme, passed pawns i n the midd legame, and contains many add i tional examples that could also be u sed by c l u b players as exercises. For more advanced players, i t s h o u l d be e nough to p l ay through these examples carefu l ly on the chessboard . How should an ambitious p l ayer work with this book? I suggest two possi bil ities : a direct approach; and one based on the d ifficu l ty of the exercises. With the d i rect approach, go thro ugh the examples at the start of the chapter, then tackle the exercises. The exercises are m arked with stars accord i ng to their d ifficulty. Accord i ng to you r rati ng, each star gives the fol l owing scori ng and th i n ki ng time: - Below 1500 Elo, 1 point for solvi ng a position i n under 10 m i n utes. - Below 1800 Elo, 1 point and up to 7 m i n u tes. - Above 1800 Elo, 1 point and u p to 5 m i nutes. So, for example, an exercise with three stars should take a player with an Elo of 1650 a maxi m u m 21 m i n utes to solve, and gives h i m 3 points. At the end of each chapter you w i l l find t h e answers, a n d you can see how well you understood t h e theme.

VIII

PREFACE

There are some special exercises i n the chapters o n cal c u lation that you m ust p lay through move by move. Check the i nstr u ctions before you try these exercises. I also suggest an alternative method of a p proaching th i s book - accor d i ng to the d iff i c u l ty of the exercises. Th i s m ethod is suitable for p layers with a n Elo below 1500. I n each cha pter, wor k through the exam ples, then try to solve the positions u p to the second level of diff iculty. When you have fin ished the book, come back and consider positions on level three. If you are comfor table with the res u l ts, ra i se the level aga i n . If you fi nd you aren't yet ready for the next l evel , put the book back on the shelf, d o some other chess wor k, but af ter a couple of months come back and try again ! But i n the end, per haps the most i m por tant th ing i s not to ta ke a l l these poi nts too ser iously. I hope you wil l j u st enjoy the book. F i nal ly, I wou l d l i ke to tha n k several people who hel ped to make this project possi ble: my wife Nad ia for her hard wor k on the German version ; my chess teacher Mar k Dvoretsky; Jurgen Da niel, my p u bl i sher, for encouragi ng the idea of an Engl ish translati o n ; and U l i Dirr for the layout of the book a n d for correcti ng some m istakes i n the or iginal Ger ma n ed ition .

Back-Rank Combinations

1

Recogn ising the early o u tl i nes of mating com b i nations i s a vi tal ski l l . The theme of the weak back-rank is common, so studyi ng ex­ ercises of this kind shou ld pay off. Although these com binations are, on the whole, fa i rly easy, they are sti l l stri king and i m pressive. Certa i n featu res a re typical of th i s type of position: 1 ) the lack of an esca pe square for the cas­ tled ki ng; 2) the wea kness of the back-rank; 3) an open fi l e occupied by heavy pieces they are the mai n players i n these combi­ nations; 4) a passed pawn nea r to promotion.

The attacker isn't afraid of sacrificing ma­ terial to get a dead ly check on the back-rank. Deflection and double attack a re the most i m portant elements in these combinations.

Ossip Bernstein -J ose Capablanca Moscow 1914 • 2 a

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Con d i ti o n s a re perfect for a back-ra n k combination. Capa blanca seizes his chance with a bri l l iant hit. 1



...

Wb6-b2 !

A d o u b l e attack o n q ueen and rook. At the same time the wh ite q ueen i s deflected f ro m protecti ng the i m portant bac k-ra n k a b c d e f g h square d 1 . Natural ly, t h e black q ueen ca n­ Here both ki ngs are i n danger. The pawns not be ca ptu red beca use of mate. I n stead, prevent White's king from leavi ng the back­ it wou l d have been a m istake to play 1 . ... ra nk. Although Black's king has an escape "W b6-b1 + ? 2. "We2-f1 �d8-d1 ?? because of 3. square, it is occupied by the q ueen . In addi­ �c3-c8+ ( Black also has a bac k- ra n k prob­ tion, both back-ra n ks a re insufficiently pro­ lem! ) . tected . White can mate i m med iately with 1 . 2 . gC3-C2 18'd4-d8# , or i n two moves, starting with 1 . Or 2. "We2-e1 18' b2 x c3 ! ( d eflectio n ) 2. a7-a818' + . Black t o play wou l d wi n i m medi­ 18'e1xc3 �d8-d1+ and mate. ately by 1 . . . . Ek1-c8+ or 1 . . . . 18' h7-b1+.

C H A PT E R I BACK-RANK C O M B I N AT I O N S

2

2. ... Wb2-b1 3. We2-f1 Wb2x c2 and Wh ite resigned . Xie J u n - N ana l oseliani Groningen 1997 •

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Th is was one of the m ost d ra matic a n d im portant ga mes of t h e whole tou rnament.

Black's pos ition is tota l ly lost, but the for­ mer World Cha m pion Xiej u n evidently un­ derestimated her opponent's th reats . Sud­ denly the Georgian losel iani got a brea k to wi n the gam e a n d with it last m i n ute q ual­ ifi cation to the can d i dates' fi na l . H owever, she was sl ightly short of ti me and played 37· . . . cs-q ?, m iss ing her big chance. What's so s pecial here ? Looking more deeply i n to the position, you can see that Wh ite's back­ ra n k is only protected by the q ueen, which a lso guards the rook on f1. l os e l ia n i could have played

37· ··· 'Wd4xa4 1! , exploiting the wea kness of the back- rank. Aga i n , White can not accept the q u een sacrifice. H owever, even after 38. � b5-e2 .§ d 1 xf1+ 39 . �e2xf1 Wa4xc2 40. a6-a7 .§b8d8 41 . a7-a8� .§ ds xas 42. Ab7xas cs-q, Black's win wou l d j ust be a matter of time.

EXERCISES



3

Exerdses (sol ut;ons p . 11-13)



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4

CHAPTER I BACK-RANK COMBINATIONS

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EXERCISES

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CHAPTER I BACK-RANK COM BINATIONS

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E 1-13

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EXERCISES

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CHAPTER I BACK�RANK COMBINATIONS

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EXERCISES

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CHAPTER 1 BACK·RANK COMBINATIONS

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SOLU T I O N S

El-I

TO

EI-17

II

Solutio n s 0 E1-1

0 E1-10

Minic - Honfi, Vrnjacka Banja 1966 I. Wa7 ! +- (1. . . . '/:1 x a7 2. l'! x dS+ ; 1. . . . l'! x a7 2. HxdS+ ; 1. . . . '/:1c8 2. l'!xdS+ '/:1xd8 3· l'!xdS+ Yxds 4· g3 + - ; 1. . . . l'!dcS 2. '/:1 x c7 l'! x q 3 bl.dS + ) I-o ·

Djaja - Staudte, 1958 W x e 6 !! -+ (1. . . . l'!ci+ 2. l'!fi l'! x fi + 3· '/:1 x f1 '/:1 x e6 +; 1 . . . . gxf6 ? 2. '/:1 x f6 + 't!;>gs 3· 1:/:16+ = ] 0-I

I•

• • •

0 E1-11 0 E1-2

Fontein - Euwe, Amsterdam 1939 I .E1.cJ! 2. .E1. x ci Wdi + o-I .

• • •



Alekhine - Bernstein, Vilnius 1912 (variation from the game) I .E1. xg7+ tb xg7 2.. Wf7+ �hs 3· Wfs+ .E1. x fs 4· .E1. x f8#. •

0 E1-3

Mikenas - Aronin, Moscow 1957 .E1.ds ! -+ o-I

0 E1-12

Selyavkin - Belousov, 1973 I. CDe4 ! ( 1. h3 ? '/:1e6! ) I-o

Janowski - Burn, Oostende 1907 I. Wxd7 !! (1. l'! x e8+ l'!xeS 2. '/:1 x d7 ? '/:1 x d7 3· l'! x d7 gel+ 4· Gt:lfi GLJe2+ - + ; 1. l'! xd7? l'! x d7 2. '/:1 x d7 '/:1 xd7 3· l'! x d7 l'!e1 + - + ; 1. '/:1xd7!! '/:1 xd7 2. l'!dxd7 +-] I-o

0 E1-5

0 E 1-13

Shirov - Yusupov, Bundesliga 1995/96 (variation from the game) 2.2. Wxfi + ! -+.

I•

I.

. ••

0 E1-4



• • •

Mikenas - Bronstein, Tallinn 1965 .E1. x a3 !! (2. l'! xa3 V:1ei + ; 2. '/:1 x a3 V:1ei + 3· l'! x e1 g x e1#; 2. bxa3 '/:1 x a i + 3· l'!b1 l'!e1 + 4· g xe1 '/:1xe1+ -+] o-I • • •

0 E1-6

Alden - Nilsson, Sweden 1972 • Wc6 !! - + (1. . . . gxf6 2. '/:1xf6#; 1 . . . . bl.d1+ 2 . Hf1) o-I

0 E1-14

0 E1-7

0 E1-15

Rovner - Kamyshev, Moscow 1947 I. Wa7 ! Was ( 1 . . . . l'! xd2 2. '/:1 x c7 bl. x d 1 + 3· Axd1] 2.. Wxa6 ! Wc7 3· Wa7 ! +- I-o

Alekhine - Kohnlein, Dusseldorf 1908 (variation from the game) I. Wxd6 ! cxd6 2.. CDf7+ .E1. x f7 3· .E1.e8+ +

0 E1-8

0 E1-16

Paulsen - Anderssen, Leipzig (m5) 1877 .E1.f2.! +- I-0

Alekhine - Reshevsky, Kemeri 1937 1 .E1. x b8 + ! �xbs 2.. Wxes+ ! I-o [ 2 . . . . fxes l'!fS+ +-)

I.

••

I•

NN - NN, Yugoslavia 1949 I .E1.cs !! o-I •

• • •

.

0 E1-9

Smyslov - Lilienthal, Leningrad/Moscow 1941 Wxd6 ! +- I-o

I.

0 E1-17

Torre - Timman, Hamburg 1982

-.



I2

SOLUTIONS

1. . . . lD(J+ z. �gz [2. exfJ1il' x fi + J. � x fi Ah3+ 4· �gi Eiei#) z. . . . Wxft+! -+ o-1

E I-I8 T O E I-29

tDfs + o-1 0 E1-26

0 E1-18

Reti - Bogoljubow, New York 1924 1. Af?+ �hs z. Aes! 1-o

Lepek- Kohnen, 1962 1. g cz! Wxd4 z. l!c4! Wb6 [2 . . . . �d2 J. Eic8+ Eid8 4· �xd2 +- 1 3· l!cS+ g ds 4· Wbs! +- •-o [ 4· . . . \31d4 S· \31e8+ 1

0 E1-19

Alekhine - Frieman, New York (sim) 1924 1. Axf6 Wxf6 [I . . . . gxf6 2. �h6 �f8 3· Eie8 +-J z. ge8+ tDfs 3· tDh6+! Wxh6 4· g xfS+ �xfs S· Wds# 1-o

0 E1-27

Crouch - Speelman, Hastings 1992 z6. g x d7 :: [26 . .El.b8! Etas 27. Eia1!! \31 xai (27. . . . Eidxb8 28 . .El. x a2 +-) 28. Ei x d8 + !! x ds 29. \3fxai] z6 l!fs z7. l!bz g xes %-% •

.. .

0 E1-20

Alekhine -Johner, Trinidad 1939 1. l!cs! [I. Eic7 g6 2. 1il'd6 \31 x d6 J. exd6 �g7 J 1 l!xcs [I . . . . \3fxd7 2. \3ff8 + ! +-J z. We7! Wxe7 [2. . . . !!g8 J. d8�J 3· dxcSW+ 1-o • •••

0 E1-28

Sliwa - Stoltz, Bucharest, 1953 •· Wxc6! bxc6 z. b7 Wds 3· bsW [3 . .El.ai 6h3, .El.a8J 3· l!dt+ 4· l!xd• W x bs S· eDb7! +­ •-o . ••

0 E1-21

Vidmar - Euwe, Karlsbad 1929 •· l!e8+ Afs [1. . . �h7 2. �dJ+ +- J z. g x fS+ �xfs 3· tDfs+ •-o [J . . . . �g8 4· �f8+ � x f8 s. i!d8#J .

0 E1-22 Capablanca- Fonaroff, New York (casual) 1918 •· tDh6+ �hs z. Wxes!! Wxes 3· � xf7+ 1-o 0 E1-23

Vodopyanov - Kanzyn, 1974 1. . . . \Mgt+!! z. �xg• fH 3· �hi fxe1W o-1 0 E1-24

Shampouw - Silalachi, Indonesia 1971 •· WxeS! W x hs z. eDe7+! eD x e7 3· W x fS+ �xfs 4· g ds# 1-o 0 E1-25

Sokolov - Yusupov, Riga (m3) 1986 19 . . . tiJ xes!! zo. tDxes [20. Eixd8l2Jx6+ -+ J zo Wq! z1. Wez [21. Eixd8 �xc2 22. Eixf8+ �xf8 23. Eib8+ CLJc8 -+ J z1. . . . Wxes u . Ae3 .



...

0 E1-29

Lowcki - Tartakower,Jurata 1937 Black has to try to exploit the weakness of the back-rank by deflecting the white queen from its defence. The best way to achieve this aim is the double attack on queen and rook. •· Wcs+! (I . . . . �b6+ 2. �hi \3ff6 3· h4) z. �hi Wc4! [2 . . . . 1il'e3�� 3· �XeJ .El.fi + 4. \31gi +-J 3· �g• \Md4+ 4· c;;,h 1 We4! Nothing else works : [ 4 . . . . \3fd2� S· .El.xes; 4· . . . \31eJ �� s. \3fxeJ +- ; 4· . . . \31h4� S· !! x es ; 4· . . . \3fd3 S· �gi 1il'd4+ ; 4· . . . \3ff4 S· h4 1 The white queen was well placed on ei. This deflection forces it to leave its best position. S· We• [s. fi x es \31 xes -+ ; s. 1il'di 1;31f4 - + ; s. 1il'g1 1il'e2 -+ 1 'i!fd3! S· A crucial move. The queen has to control the im­ portant fs square. s . . . . 1;31e2 was worse because •••

•••

SOLU T I O N EI-30

of the deflecting sacrifice 6. l"!.f5 ! (Black also has back-rank problems!). 6. �g1 'Afd4+ 7· �hi Wdz! -+ Now the double attack works. You may only award yourself the points if you found this move. 0-I

0 E1-30 Adams - Torre Repetto, New Orleans 1920 In this celebrated example, both sides have back­ rank weaknesses. But White has the possibility of deflecting Black's queen from its main task, the protection of the rook on eS. 1. Wg4! Whs [1. . . . @ds 2. @ xes @ xes (2. . . . l"!. xe2 3· @ x dS+

13

A xds 4· l"!. xe2) 3· .§ xeS+ ] 2.. Wc4!! 'Afd7 (2 . . . . l"!. x c4 3· l"!. xeS+ @ xeS 4· .§. x eS#] 3· Wc7!! Wbs 4· a4!! The key move, and the only one to get points. The immediate 4· 1i:t xb7? would have been a mistake, because of the counter 4· . . . @ xe2! ex­ ploiting the weakened back-rank: 5· El.xe2 El.ci+. 4· . . . Wxa4 [4 . . . . l"!. xe2 5· @ xeS+ ; 4· . . . @ xe2 5· El. xe2] S· i!e4 Now White threatens 6. @ xeS. S· ... Whs Black can no longer play 5· . . . 1i:t x e2! 6. Wxb7! 1-o

CHAPTER

I4

I

BACK-RANK C O M B I N AT I O N S

Score tab l e N�

Points

1

11

2

1

3

N�

Points

1

Your Points

Your Points

N�

Points

2

21

3

12

2

22

3

1

13

2

23

3

4

1

14

2

24

3

5

1

15

2

25

3

6

1

16

2

26

3

7

1

17

2

27

3

8

1

18

3

28

4

9

1

19

3

29

5

10

1

20

3

30

6

total

Points

Playing Strength

less than 5 points

beginner

5-10 points

ELO

800 - 1000

11-20 points

ELO 1000 - 1500

2 1-30 points

ELO 1500 - 1700

31 - 40 points

ELO 1700 - 1900

41 - 54 points

ELO 1900 - 2 100

55 - 58 points

ELO 2 100 - 2 200

59 - 6 3 points

ELO 2 2 0 0 - 2 300

more than 6 3 points

ELO above 2 3 00

69

Your Points

15

2

Candidate Moves

Before we sta rt to ca l c u late, we have to identify the most l i kely poss i b i l i ties: these are the cand idate moves. All ca lculation be­ gins with the selection of can d i date moves. Someti mes we are l i m ited to one si ngle pos­ si bi lity, but more often we can choose be­ tween two or three m oves. I n some rare cases we may fi nd even more a l ternatives than this. Wh i l e a computer wi l l calcu late all possi ble l i nes in a positio n , we d e l i ber­ ately l i m i t our choice to the mai n lines. Th is is our strength , but u nfortu nately it can also turn out to be the ma i n wea kness of human thi n king: if we l i m it o u r choice too m u c h , we can s i m ply m i ss t h e strongest contin ua­ tion. Peter Svi d ler - Eric lob ron Yerevan (ol) 1996 4 •

6o

• •.•

fs 61 . .ab6

(The other poss i b i l ity 61. q, leads to a s i m p l e theoretical d raw: 61 . . . . @g2 62. cs h1� 63. � x h1 @xh1 64. c6 f4 65. q f3 66. c8� f2) The t i m e control had been reached, so E ric cou ld ca l m ly consider the position . Our team captai n , G randmaster Darga, was de­ l i gh ted to see a si m p l e way to d raw. H e glanced at E ric, looking tired af ter the long struggle, and rea l i sed that h e was prepa r­ i ng to resign. Sadly, the ru les of chess don't perm it any prom pting, so our team lost an i m portan t half poi nt. B lack only has two can d i date m oves (or rather, two candidate ideas) : 61 . . . . f4 and advancing the pawn ; or 61 . . . . 'i!?g2 to wi n the rook for the pawn first. Lobron satisfied h i mself that after 61 . . . . f4 ? 62. @cs @g2 63. @d4 f3 64. @e3 f2 65. @e2 the w h i te king returns i n ti m e to stop the passed pawn, and he resigned . The other idea was either not considered by Black, or he rej ected it too ea rly i n h i s ca l c u lations. He cou ld have drawn easily with 61 . . . . @g2 ! 62. @cs h1� 63. � x h1 @xh1 64. @d4 @g2 65. @es 'i!?f3 66. @xfs @e3 67. 'i!tes @dJ. * * *

The selection of candidate moves has a cru­ cial i nf l u ence on the accu racy of calculation, a b c d e f g h and therefore determ i nes the strength of a Th i s ga me was played at a critical mo­ chess p layer. O n e ca n say that ca n d i date ment: the German team faced R u ssia, the m oves a re central to ca l c u lati o n , and the tournament favourites. For the whole ga me search for can di date m oves is the soul of E ri c Lobron had had to defend an a l m ost th i s ca l c u la ti o n . If the strongest conti n ua­ lost position. His stu bbornness finally pa id tion fa l l s i nto the master's m i n d , then i n off : i n the diagram position Black has a sav­ the majori ty of cases f u rther ca lcu lation i s u n necessa ry. ing resou rce. There fol lowed :

C H A PT E R 2 C A N D I DAT E M O V E S

!6

Artur Yusu pov -jesus N ogueiras Montpellier (ct) 1985 5 D a

b

c

d

e

f

15. exf6 gxf6 16. £ xf6 �g8 Or 16 . . . . G[)xf6 17. 18fxf6 �g8 18. G[)xd5 ! .

17. ttlbs l Wxbs

h

8

8

7

7

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

2

17. . . . 18fxd4 18.llJd6#. 18. A x bs ttle6 19. Wb2 cxbs 20. Ah4

Black resigned . * * *

The sea rch for ca ndidate moves is a creative process. There is no s i m ple a lgorith m , but there are some priorities to follow. First, you must consider all forcing moves, namely checks, a b c d e f g h ca ptu res and attacks. Some of these moves Here I fel l i n to deep contem plati o n . I n ca n be d isca rded i m med iately, but others return for the sacrificed pawn I have a great remai n as ca nd idate moves. W i th these re­ lead i n development and a m ighty i n i tiative. ma i n ing moves you have to begi n calcu lat­ 14. �c2 suggests itself , gai n i ng a tempo for i ng. One ca n i magi ne the whole game as f u rther d evelopment, but I fa i led to fi n d a a series of problems. When a na lysing the clear way to gai n the adva n tage. The posi­ can d i date moves and moving the pieces in tion af ter 14 . . . . 18'b6 15. � b1 18fq 16. Af4 you r m i n d , it is advisable to look at the posi­ (16. G[)xds 18fxe5) 16 . . . . lLle6 i s better for tion through your opponent's eyes and to i nclude White, but I got the feel i ng that the starting his possibilities. I t i s also very i m porta n t not to immedi­ position prom ised more. The eva l uation of a position i s l i ke a compass for the c hess ately engrossyour mind in calculation. Af ter you player; it led me bac k - eventua l ly - to the d raw u p you r ca n d i date m oves, carry o u t search for other candidate moves. The right a short a na lysis with a provisiona l assess­ attitude led to success. I fou nd a move that ment of the positi o n . If you fa i l to fi n d a created five th rears ! After clear and attractive conti nuation among the chosen moves , it is advisable to retu rn to 14. Wd4 !1 the starting point and to search for f u rther (threate n i ng 15. G[)xd5, 15. lLl b5 , 15. GLle4, ca n d i dates. Ask yourself occasionally if there 15. �b1 and 15. e6 Axe6 16. 18fxg7) aren't other possibilities. Sometimes it happens that d u ri ng the calculation of va riations you 14. ... f6 m ight spot new i d ea s that change the way you view the i n i tial position. ( if 14 . . . . 18'b6, then 15. e6 ! )

17

Wotawa 1938 6

0 a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

8

8

7

7

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

2

tem p lati o n with these l ines when my tra i n­ er's voice d istracted me: 'What haven't you considered yet? ' I fou n d the sol ution straightaway: 1. t!4ll f•e4 2. �g7 l!hs 3· �g6 l!es 4· �f6 l!e8 S· �f7 with a perpetual attack on the rook. * * *

The p recise, short calculation of the i nitial moves in a position is more important than the ability to calcu late long lines. A m istake in these first moves is more dangerous than a b c d e f h g a m istake i n the tenth m ove of a variatio n . My trainer Mark Dvoretsky gave me th i s The key t o solvi ng a p roblem i s very often study t o solve. I spent a l o n g t i m e looking the discovery of the best conti nuation, but for a resou rce in th is d ifficult endgame, but not its calculation. When going through the without success. N oth i ng good comes of exercises a n d solutions from this booklet 1. g7?, because of 1 . . f!e8. Blocking the you s h o u l d concentrate on the search for h-pawn with the rook is a somewhat better can d i date m oves. Try to find all the candidate approach, but for a study, the l i nes are sim­ moves, first. If these m oves don't help much, ply too complicated and, in the end , aren't go back and ask you rself: what other possibili­ good enough for a d raw. I was i n deep con- ties are there in this position? .

.

18

CHAPTER 2 CAN DIDATE MOVES

� •

Exercises (sol utions p. 24-27)

E 2-1

11

* a

b

c

d

e

f

E2 3

h

a

8 7

rn

*

-

b

c

d

e

8

8

7

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

Evaluate the move 1

E 2-2

.

f

. . .

g

h

b

c

d

a

11 e

f

b

c

d

e

f

e

f

g

h

lbxd3

* a

2

g

E 2-4

h

8

a

8

7

11

*

b

c

d

h

8

8

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

EXERCISES

19

E 2-5

* a

8

.I

b

c

d

11]

E 2-7 a

e

8

ill

* b

c

d

e

f

g

h

8

8

7

7

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

7

3

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

Eva l uate the move 1. Ae4+

E 2-6

II

* a

b

c

d

e

f

g

E 2-8

h

ill

* a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h 8

8 7 6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

Evaluate the move 1

.

f

. . .

g

Ah3

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

CHAPTER 2 CAN DIDATE MOVES

20

E 2-9

[1]

** a

b

c

d

e

f

g

E 2-11

h

[1]

**

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

8

8

8

8

7

7

7

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

E 2-10 a

e

f

e

f

g

h

[1]

** b

c

d

a

b

c

d

b

c

d

E 2-12

h

a

e

f

e

f

g

h

g

h

[1]

**

8

8

8

8

7

7

7

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

EXERCISES

21

E 2-13 a

[1]

** b

c

d

e

f

E 2-15

h

a



*** b

c

d

e

f

h

8

8

8

8

7

7

7

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

Evaluate the move 1 . . . . Wxg2

E 2-14 a

[1]

** b

c

d

e

f

E 2-16

h

a



*** b

c

d

e

h

f

8

8

8

8

7

7

7

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

CHAPTER 2 CANDI DATE MOVES

22

E 2-17 a

[1]

***

b

c

d

e

f

E 2-19

h

g

a

8

8

8

7

7

7

6

6

4

4

4

3

3

3

2

2

a

b

c

E 2-18 a

7

b

c

d

e

f



g

d

e

f

7

a

b

c

d

.�·�-=�,

�-1

-.�..

5

5

5

4

4

4

3

3

�·�-,

3

"'--�� .;;.� 1

2

d

4

c

d

e

f

g

h

f

g

h

****

7 6

c



8

6

b

6

e

�------

a

b

E 2-20

***



e

f

g

h

5

3 2

h

g

h 8

5

5

8

[1]

****

1 �· """"=- or=� -�. ,�--�

2

a

b

c

d

e

EXERCISES

23

E2-21 a

rn

**** b

c

d

e

E 2-22

f

a

8

8

8

7

7

7

6

6

5

5

***** b

c

d

e

rn f 8

6 5

5

4

4

3

3

3

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

24

SOLUTIONS

E 2·I TO E 2-S

Sol utions 0 E2-1

Bogoljubow - Hussong. Karlsruhe 1938/39 1 tbx d3�� A grave error. Black was only expecting the 'auto­ matic' answer 2. \Sfxd3. 2.. Wg4! g6 ( c:J 2. . . . Ag5 3· tt:\h6+ A x h6 4· \Sfxd7 tt:\ xci 5· l'!axci A x CI 6. l'!x CI +-] 3• tbh6+ I-0 • •••

0 E2-2

Yusupov - Salov, Barcelona 1989 1 Ae2.! (1. . . . Abi � 2. Ad3 Axa2�� 3· Ac2 +­ ] 2.. Ad3 (2. Aa4 Abi -+ J 2. A x b3 3· Abt Ae4 -+ o-1 • •••

• •• •

Svidler was obviously only expecting the contin­ uation that followed in the game. Instead 2. f5! Axg2+ 3· 'i!?xg2! + - would have won. What was overlooked by the two players : the second or even the first move� 2.. g gs �� tbfs + and Black finally managed to win the game. 0 E2-7

Silich - Rokhlin, Odessa 1929 1. Ae4+�� The best way to victory was 36. \Sie4+! +-, though 36. l'!xcS AxfJ+ 37· 'i!?h2 Axdi 3S. \Sie4+ l'!hg6 39· fJ +- was also good enough. An un­ pleasant surprise now awaits. 1 Wfs!! -+ Look for your opponent's candidate moves too! 0-1 • •••

0 E2-3

Olland - Wolf, Karlsbad 1907 1. �b2.! [I. l'!h5� l'!ci + 2. \Si x ci \Sf x h 5 +) 1 g d3 2.. Wet [ 2. \Sig4 +-) 2. Ae6 [ 2. . . . 'i!?h7 3· l'!g7+ +-; 2 . . . . Ad7 3· l'!gs+ 'i!?h7 4· l'!hs+ + - ; 2 . . . . \Sfxh4 3· \SicS + 'i!?h7 4· \SigS + 'i!?h6 42. \Sig7#) 3. gg8+ �xg8 4· Wxh6 +- 1-o

• •••

• •••

0 E2-4

Tukmakov - Anand, New Delhi 1986 1 tbd3! (I . . . . e x f2+ 2. \Sf x f2 +) 2.. Wez (2. fxe3 \Siai + 3· 'i!?g2 ctJei + - -+ ; 2. \Sf x d3 \Sf x f2 + 3· 'i!?hi e 2 - + ] 2. W x f2.+ 3 · W x f2. e x f2.+ 4· �f1 �g7 -+ S· Abs �f6 6. es tbxes 7· �xf2. �es o-1 •

•••

• •••

0 E2-5

Anand - Salov, Paris (rapid) 1991 1. Ad2.! ( 1. A x fs 'i!? x fs 2. \Sff3 f6 ±] 1 Wes 2.. gel Wxet 3· Axe1 Ad7 4· Ah6 g fe8 S· W6 1-0 • •• •

0 E2-6

Granda Zuniga - Svidler, Madrid 1998 I Ah3�� •

•••

0 E2-8

Yusupov - Milov, Dresden (zt) 1998 I. Wf) � I. Af6 g6 wasn't any better. But j ust afi:er carry­ ing out my move I found an easy way to get a big advantage: I . .&h6! A x h 2 + (I . . . . tt:\e6 2. \Sig4 f5 3· \Sf x f5 gxh6 4· tt:\f6+ + - ; I . . . . gxh6 2. tt:\f6+ + -) 2. 'i!?hi \Sic6 (2 . . . . Ad6 3· tt:\ xg7 l'!ds 4· \Sih5 ±) 2. A xg7 kq 3· \SffJ tt:\g6 4· Ah6 ± (4. Af6 ±). I. t0g6! 2.. h4 The position has become very complicated. The situation afi:er 2. Af6!� was also unclear : 2. Af6!� Afs!� (2 . . . . gxf6 IS. tt:\xf6+ 'i!?fs 3· \Sfh5 .&e6 4· tt:\ x eS !! xeS 5· f4 c3 6. b3 ±) 3· \Sf x d5 .&g4 oo or 2. \Sf x d5!� A x h2+ 3· 'i!?hi Ag4! 4· .&xg6! hxg6 5· tt:\f4 .& x f4 6. A x f4 t. I realised here that I had probably missed a win and I lost interest in playing on. I offered a draw which my opponent accepted. Afi:er 2 . . . . Ae6 ( l> \Sid7) 3· e4 \Sid7 (or 3· . . . dxe4 4· Axe4 \Sfd7 5· Axb7 Ag4 6. \Sids Ae6 7· •••

SOLU T I O N S

E 2·9

TO

E 2-IS

2S

il.c6 Axds 8. Axd7 �e2 55) 3· es Axes 4· dxes Ag4 S· e6! V!1xe6 6. ctJf4 A x f3 (6 . . . . tt::l x f4 7· Wxf4 f6 8. Axf6 gxf6 g. �aei ;!;) 7· tt::l xe6 �xe6 8. gx fJ h6 chances are balanced. 0 E2-9 Tomczak - Anand, Lugano 1988 I. l!e6 �� Correct was 3S· "l!1h6+ 'i!tg8 36. �e6 (ll 1i1gs, .1"l.f6) and White wins. I Wxe6! -+ o-I •

• • •

0 Ez-1o Anand - Andersson, Monte Carlo (rapid) 1997 Anand finds a surprising way to win a pawn. I. ti:)xd4! A xg2 2.. ti:)fs We6 3· Wgs ti:)e8 Oq . . g6 4· tt::l h 6+. 4· ct>xg2 h6 S· Wg4 ti:)df6 6. Wf) +­ There followed 6 e4 7· dxe4 ti:) x e4 8. l!fdi @h7 9· bxcs bxcs Io. l!ds �8f6 n. A x f6! �xf6 I2. gxcs l!ab8 I3· l!di l!b2. I4. ti:)d4 We7 IS· l!bs and Black resigned. .

.



• • •

d4 6. b6 ct>cs 7· b7 l"l.ar+ 7· 'i!i>b8 = ] S· l!h7+ 8. @c8 @c6 9· b8�+ = • • •

0 E2-13

Tigran Gorgiev, I930 The key to this study is the zugzwang position af­ ter move 6. Both sides have to reach this position with the other to move. I. c6! 1. a4� h6 ! 2. as hs 3· a6 h4 4· a7 h3 S· c6 h2 6. C7 hi1i1# is too fast! I. a3� hs! 2. a4 h4 3· as h3 4· a6 h2 s. a7 hiV=1+ is too slow! I. h6 [I . . . . c;!tq 2. a4 'i!f x c6 3· as 'i!tbs 4· 'i!tb7 ! = ; 1. h s 2 . a4 !) 2.. a3! hs [2. . . . c;!tq 3· a4 'i!fxc6 4· as 'i!tbs S· 'i!tb7! 'i!fxas 6. 'i!fc6 hs 7· 'i!fds and the king reaches the h-pawn.) 3· � h4 4· as h3 S· a6 h2 6. a7 = • • •

• • •

0 E2-14

Smyslov - Lilienthal, Moscow 1938 I. Wa7 � Correct was 1. V!1ds ! .1"l. xb3 (if 1. "l!1 x b3, then 2. ds! +- and d6 ; 1. .1"l.e6 wasn't better because of 2. f4 +- with the threat of ds) 2. 1i1f6+ 'i!tg8 3· e6 and White wins. I Wxb3 � Instead, I . . . . V!1 x d4 � 2 . e6 + - was also poor ; but 1. .1"l. xb3 would have led to equality (2. e6 .1"l.b7). 2.. Wxas ± and Smyslov converted his advantage to victory. • • •

0 E2-11 Richard Reti, I92.2 To win the game, White has to attack the g-pawn with his knight as quickly as possible. I. ti:)e8!! [I. tt::ld s+ 'i!fe6 2. tt::l f4+ 'i!ffs 3· ltJe2 'i!tg4 4· Ad7+ 'i!fh4 S· tt::ld4 'i!fgs = ] I @e6 [ I . . . . lUb3 2 . tt::lg 7 tt::l d4 3 · tt::l h s tt::l fs 4· Ac2 (4. Abs) 4· . . . ctJe3 s. Ae4 + - ; I . . . . tL.lc4 2. tt::lg 7 tt::l d 6 (z. . . . ctJe3 3· tL.lhs tt::l fs 4· Abs 'i!fe6 s . Ad3) 3· il.cz +-] 2. �g7+ ct>es 3· ti:)hs I-o •

• • •

• • •



• • •

• • •

0 E2-15

0 E2-12 Jindrich Fritz, I96S I. Ab7! [I. bs 'i!fe3 2. Ab7 'i!fd4 3· 'i!fxa7 'i!lcs -+] I l!xb7 [1 . . . . 'i!fe3 2. 'i!f x a7 bs 3· 'i!tb6 'i!fd4 4· Ac6 = ; 1. bs 2. 'i!fxa7 =] 2. bs! [ 2. 'i!fxb7� as -+] 2 l!b8 [ 2 . . . . .1"l.d7 = ; 2 . . . . 'i!fe3 �� 3· ci;>xb7 'i!fd4 4· 'i!f x a7 'i!fcs S· 'i!i>a6 0) 3· ct> x a7 gh8 4· @xb6 ct>e3 S· ct>c7 [s. 'i!ta7 �hi 6. b6 •

•••

• • •



• • •

Gaprindashvili - Servaty, Dortmund 1974 I Wxg2.� This move loses. Black should have tried to de­ fend a worse position with I . . . . 'i!f xg7. 2. . Wd4!! [2. AfJ� .1"l.e8+ - + ; 2. A x f8 V!1 x h r + 3· Afi "l=1e4+ = ] 2 Wxhi+ 3 · ct>d2 Wxai •



• • •

• • •

26

SOLUTIONS

[3 . . . . 15'xh2 4· �f3 ! f!.e8 s. E!.hi 15'q 6. Ah8 ! +-] 4· Wf6 ! +and because of 4· . . . 15'xa2 S· Ah6 15'as+ 6. 'i!?di 'i1a4+ 7· 'i!?ci 'i1ai + 8. 'i!?c2 'i1a4 + 9· 'i!?bi Black resigned. 0 E2-16

Yusupov - Adams, Dortmund 1994 I WdJ � I . . . . 1i1fs!! would have saved the game: A) 2. Ag3 'i1e4 3· d6 (3. 'i1f] =) 3· . . . h4! = ; B) 2. Ae3 15'e4 3· �gs 15'xds (or 3· . . . 'i!?g6 4· d6 il,[6 S· Axf6 1i1f4+ 6. 'i!?gi 15'e3+ 7· 'i!?fi 15'd3+ =) 4· Af6 'i1g8 S· A x es 'i!?h8 6. A xg7+ 1i1 xg7 7· 1i1xc4 1i1es+ . 2 . d6 C3 [2 . . . . 'i!?g6 3· d7 Af6 4· Ab6 ± ] 3 · d 7 c 2 4 · Ae3 ! This move was overlooked by Adams. 4· Wxe3 S· Wxc2+ e4 6. Wc7 ! Even simpler than 6 . d8'i1 il,es+ 7· g 3 Axg3+ (7. . . . 15'xg3+ 8. 'i!?hi 15'xh3+ 9· 'i!?gi 15'g3+ 10. 'i!?fi) I I . 'i!?hi 1;3ffJ+ I2. 1i1g2. Black resigned. In sharp positions it is very dangerous to base one's play on general assessments alone. •

•••

•••

0 E2-17 •



f!.f8 + 'i!?h7 I calculated just one line: A) 4· t:l.d8 t:l.f6 and none of the three continua­ tions promises White victory : AI) S· il,d7 A xd7 6. f!. x d7 f!.e6 = ; A2) S· t:l.d7 !? il, x d7 (s . . . . CLlf4 6. e8'i1 f6, a n d a typ i ca l d rawi ng m echa n is m is (This only works with a rook's pawn . I n i n i tiated : the th reat is 'i!?gs, a n d after the all other cases White wins with the help of bishop retreats the king reaches the corner: zugzwang. ) It is i m poss ible to force Black's 3· Ae4 c!>f7 4· Ah7 'i!?f6 = 6'i!?g8 I n th is l i ne, king to l eave the corner. White can only de­ White wou l d wi n if h is ki ng reached the f4 sq uare. l iver stalemate : 1. c!>f6 c!>g8 2. h6 c!>h8 3· c!>f7

=

C H A PT E R 3 T H E W RO N G -COLO U R E D B I S H O P

36

+-

24 a

b

c

d

e

D f

g

8

8

7

7



6 5 3

3

2

2

c

d

e

f

g

I n spite of the si m pl icity of these endga mes, there a re many h idden subtleties. Exercises 1 to 9 w i l l help you to cement, and to deepen, you r u n dersta n d i ng of this highly practical endgame.

5

4

b

1 . Ahs +-

6

4

a

Here White can cut off the black king on the e8-h5 d iagona l :

h

h

II.

The possi bility of tra nsposing i n to the endgame of w rong-col o u red bishop a n d rook's pawn i s often a n i m porta n t d efen­ sive resou rce. Th is is a famous exam ple.

Robert Fischer - M ark Tai manov (2), Vancouver 1971

Candidate 's Match



25 a

b

c

d

e

h

f

As i s well know n, a kn ight has great dif­ fi c u l ties when cou n teri ng a roo k's paw n . Black cou ld have spared himself great trou­ ble had he remembered the position from d iagram 22. After 81 . . . . ltJd3 ! 82. h4 ( 82. 'i!?fs 'i!?d6 ! .xf4 'i!?e7 85. 'i!?gs 'i!?f7 86. 'i!?h6 'i!?g8 = . I nstead there followed

8 7 6 5 4 3 2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

Th i s u n fo rtu nate m ove loses the game, for now Ta i ma n ov does not have ti me to bring the knight back to defend. Other king m oves were better : 81 . . . . 'i!?d6 ! 82. Ae2 ltJd7+ ( 82 . . . . 'i!?ds 83. h4 ltJd7+ 84. 'i!?e7 'i!?es) 83. 'i!?f7 'i!?es 84. h4 ltJf6 = ; or 81 . . . . 'i!?d4 82. Ae6 (82. Ad1 ltJd7+ ) 82 . . . . ltJf3 = .

82. Ac8 c!>f4

37

82 . . . . t!Jf3 83. Ab7+ �f4 84. A x f3 �xf3 85. �g5 +- also loses, as does 82 . . . . tbd3 83. �Js+ .

83. h4 tLif3 84. hs tLigs 8s. Afs tLif3 86. h6 tLigs 87. �g6 Black is i n zugzw ang.

62 . ... ttlb8 1 ( .6 tbc6+ and t!J x b4)

The point is that 63. bs can be answered by 63 . . . . lbc6+ ! 64. bxc6 �xc6 and the game transposes i n to o u r d rawn position from d i agram 22. =

87. . . . tLif3 88. h7 tL!es+ 89. �f6 1-o * * *

63 . . . . tLic6 64. �bs tLI)(b4 6s. �b6

I n the game Portisch - Kavalek, Wh ite u nder­ estimated Black's chances, wh ich were con­ nected, of course, with the wrong-coloured bishop.

Lajos Portisch - Lu bomir Kavalek Montrea/ 1979

Or 65. A x b4+ �q 66. Ad6+ �b7 = .

6s . ... tLid3 1 Threatening tbb2, and the d raw is clear: 66. Ac3 �d7 67. �b7 tbcs+ Yz-¥2. * * *

+-

26

D

Here i s a s i m i lar endgame. We have already seen that B l ack's m a i n h ope l ies in sacrific­ i ng a knight for the g-pawn.

M u rray Chand ler - Zsuzsa Polgar Montrea/ 1979 27

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

D

+a

b

c

d

e

f

a

b

c

d

e

f

h

h

61. A)(as It wou l d h ave been better to p l ay 61. c;t>c4!

61

.

..•

�d6 62. b4??

White could win with either 62. �C4 �c6 63. b4 +- or 62. Ad8 tbb8 63. �C4 tbc6 64. Ab6 +-. Bl ack is n ow able to el i m i nate h i s main enemy, the b-paw n , with a fork.

g

h

so. �fs �g7 51. g4 tLif6 52. gs tLig8 53· �e6 ttlh6 54· g)(h6+??

C H A P T E R 3 T H E W RO N G -COLO U R E D B I S H O P

Such a grave m ista ke has j u st one expla­ nati o n : Chandler expected the a u tomatic recaptu re. In that case the black king wou ld have been cut off from the corner, a n d the win would be easy: 54 . . . . 'i!?xh6 55. 'i!?f6 'i!?h5 56. 'i!?g7 +-. The correct wi n n i ng method was demonstrated by Dvoretsky: 54· h4 lLlg4 55. 'i!?f5 C2Jh6+ 56. 'i!?f4 lLlf7 57· gd5 C2Jh6 58 . h5 'i!?h7 59· ge68 'i!?g7 6o. 'i!?e5 'i!?h8 61. 'i!?f6 'i!?h7 62. 'i!?e7 'i!?g7 63. 'i!?e8 'i!?h7 ( 63 . . . . 'i!?h8 64. g6 'i!?g7 65. 'i!?e7 'i!?h8 66. 'i!?f8 Yusu pov) 64. 'i!?f8 'i!?h8 65. g6 lLlf5 66. h6 C2J x h6 67. g7+ 'i!?h7 68. gf5+ C2J x f5 69. g818'+ .

53· Ag6 ?? ct>xf4 54· Axfs Wh i te expected the bishop to be reca p­ tu red : 54· . . . 'i!?xf5 ? 55· h6 +-. Black d i d not m i ss h i s cha nce :

54· ... ct>xes l 55· h6 ct>f6 6'i!?f7-g8

s6. ct>e2 ct>f7 57· Ah7 ct>f6 1 6'i!?g5

58. Ag8 ct>g6 59· h7 ct>g7 = Y2-Y2 * * *

54· ... ct>h8 1 Of course ! As we know, the n u m ber of pawns on the h-file makes no d i fference.

ss - Ads ct>h7 s6. ct>f7 ct>hs Y2-Yz

Vlad i m ir Raicevic - Albin Planinc Zagreb 1977

a

* * *

The same sad mistake occu rred i n this game too. lev G u tman - Vladas M i kenas Riga 1969 +-

28 a

b

c

d

e

D

f

g

h

8

8

7

7

6

6

fj,

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

+-

29

f

g

h

I nstead of the s i m ple 53· e6 'i!?xf4 54· e7 Ad7 55· h6 +-, White tried to p lay the tech­ nica l ly neat

b

c

d

e

D

f

g

h

8

8

7

7

6

6

5

• 5

4

fj,

4

3

3

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

I n the next exa m ple the p layer with the better position a lso underestimated h is op­ ponent's cha nces. The rooks had to be kept on the board with 61. gh7! +-, fol lowed by E! x h5. The attempt to win the game q u ickly led to an elegant d raw.

61. E!gs?? .El.g3+ I 62. ct> xf4 62. 'i!?f2 'i!?f6 = ; 62. E! x g3 fxg3 = .

62 . ... .El.g4+ I 63. ct>f3

39

63. Et xg4 h xg4 64. 'i!?g5 g3 65. Ae4 �f7 = .

63 . . . . �f6 - Yz-Yz H owever, 63 . . . . Et x h4 64. A x h5 would not have been clever, when Wh i te ca n sti l l try to w i n .

Kenneth Smith - Mario Campos Lopez San A n tonio 1972 30



+ a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

1 . . . . g5 !?, would have given more cha nces, although even in this case White w i l l , after the cold-blooded 2. 'i!?f3 �f5 3. 'i!?gz, be able to hold the game.

2. Et )( b2 A )( b2 3· �f3 ?! I t would have been more precise to play 3· h4! 'i!?e5 4 · g4 'i!?f4 5· 'i!?h3 .6 g5, h5.

3· ··- �fs B lack could have given Wh ite a l i ttle m o re to worry a bout with 3· . . . Ac3 4· h4 Ae1 ! (4 . . . . Ad2 5· g4 Ae1 6. g5+ = ) 5· 'i!?g4 Adz 6 . 'i!?f3 �e5 7· 'i!?e2 Aa5 8. �f3 Now Wh i te forces the position from d iagram 22.

8

8

7

7

6

6

5

5

4· h4 1

4

4

4· g4+ ? 'i!?g5-+ .

3

3



= .

...

Aq S· g4+ �f6 6. gs+ I

6. h5 ? g5. a

1

.

.•.

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

Etb2

As Edmar Med n i s correctly noted , Black shou l d n 't be in a h u rry to exchange rooks.

6 . . . . �fs 7· hs l g)(hs s. �g2 �)(gs ­ Yz-Yz

For i ndependent study you m ight con­ sider exercises 10 to 22. The ma i n theme i n these positions i s the struggle t o reach a position with the wrong-coloured bishop.

C H A P T E R 3 T H E W RO N G -C O L O U R E D B I S H O P

40

Ill. The presence o f more pawns on the defend­ ing side adds com plexity and often cha nges the assessment of the position . As i n the next example.

von Holzhausen 1910 D

31

8 7 6

Th i s fortress i s also i m p regna ble. * * *

H owever, i f White has a nother pawn , the position tu rns aga i nst h i m .

N igel Short - G arry Kasparov Belgrade 1989

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

c

d

e



f

h 8

3

7

7

2

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

2

h

I f the w h i te king reaches a1, the d raw is clear: 1 . . . . 't!?b4 2. 't!?b1 't!?b3 3· 't!?a1 't!?c2 4· b4 a x b3 stalemate.

1 . ... Au l Now i t looks bad for White, but the un­ fortunate positions of Black's bishop a n d king saves h i m .

2. b4 1 + But not 2. b3 ??, because of2 . . . . a3 ! -+ .

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

The w i n n i ng pla n i s easy: Black sta le­ mates the enemy king and forces the b­ pawn to adva nce. After this the a-pawn leaves the edge and Wh ite has just one use­ less move with his rema i n i ng pawn . 93· ... �g2 94· �d1 �f3 95· �d2 �e4 96. �C3 �e3 97· �c2 �e2 98. �c1

O r 98. 't!?c3 Ad3 99· 't!?b3 't!?d2 100. 't!?a3 't!?c2 101. 't!?a2 Aq+ 102. b3 ( 102. 't!?a1 't!?c1 103. b3 Abs 104. 't!?a2 Ad3 -+) 102 . . . . Abs 103. 't!?a1 't!?c1 104. 't!?a2 Ad3 105. 't!?a1 Ab1 and Black wins. 98 . .. Ad3 99· b3 �e1 100. �b2 �d2 101. �a1 �c2 102. �a2 �c1 l .

= .

b

8

1. �c2 l

2 . . . . c;!?x b4 3- 't!?b2

a

4

Without the b-pawn, White would eas­ i ly reach the corner. But in this case, Wh ite has more p roblems, e. g. 1 . 't!?c1 ?? loses to Ad3 -+.

2 . ... axb3+

-+

32

5

41

Under no c i rc u m stances should Black captu re the pawn with his ki ng. For exam­ ple 102 . . . . 'i!?c3 103. 'i!?a1 'i!?>g7 'i!?h4 61. 'i!?>g1 9· 'i!;>f3 'i!;>h1 1o. Ab8 'i!;>g1 11. 'i!;>e3 'i!;>g2 12. 'i!;>d3 'i!;>f3 13. 'i!;>c4 �e4 14. 'i!;>b5 'i!;>d5 15. Ah2 (see d i agram 36)

15 . ... 'i!;>d4 16. 'i!;>xa4 1-0

V i ktor Korchnoi - Anatoly Karpov Baguio 1978 37

8 7 6 5

= a

b

a

b

c

d

c

d

e

f g h

3 2 e

D

8 7 6 5 4 3 2

f g h

Without the b-pawn it wou l d be a clear­ cut d raw. But the second pawn gives Wh ite the ch ance to p l ay for a wi n . Wh i te can try to stale m ate the enemy king and so force the advance ofthe b-pawn .

74· Ae7 'i!;>a7 75· 'i!;>q 'i!;>aS 76. Ad6 'i!;>a7 76 . . . . bs ?? 77· Acs b4 78. a x b4 +-.

77· 'i!;>cs 'i!;>a6 77· . . . �a8 ?? 78. Ab8 bs 79 . �q b4 8o. a x b4 a3 81. bs a2 82. b6 a1� 83. b7#.

78. 'i!;>bs b5 79· Ab4 * * *

It is i n teresting to see how the addition of another pawn changes the d efensive strat­ egy. The next exa m p l e is a good model for playi ng the endgame rook's p awn and knight's pawn versu s roo k's p awn with wrong-coloured bishop.

79 · �q b4 ! 8o. a x b4 (8o. A x b4 �a7 = ) 8o . . . . �bs = .

79· . . . 'i!;>b6 So. 'i!;>cs 'i!;>c6 1 B l ack's king h as to leave the d angerous triangle a6-a8-c8 at once. 8o . . . . �a6 ? 81. �q �a7 82. �c6 A) 82 . . . . a8 85. �b6 +-) 85. Ab6 +-; A3) 83 . . . . �a8 84. �b6 +-;

C H A PT E R 3 T H E W RO N G -COLO U R E D B I S H OP

44

B) 82 . . . . �a6 83. Acs �as 84. Ad4 �a6 ( 84 . . . . b4 85. Ab6+ �a6 86. a >< b4 a3 87. b5#) 85. Ab6 b4 86. ax b4.

81. @d8 < b4 'i!i>b7 103. �e6 �c6 =) 102. @d7 b4 ! = .

94· ... �h6 1

1oo . ... c-hf3 101. Ah2 �

a

I

b

c

d

e

f

g

must not exchange the rooks !

33· �d2 Aq 34· �d6 �h7 35· gs h xgs 36. h xgs Ab4 37. �dd8?1 Sad ly, I now m issed the powerfu l 37. g6+ !! 't!?h6 38. Afs ! , wh ich wou l d h ave de­ cided the battle at once.

37· ... �g6 [ 037· . . . g6 38. �f6 --> ] 38. �f3 �f7 39· �h8 es 40. Ag4 exf4 N evertheless, I succeeded i n weaving m ati ng net. 42 0

8 7 6 5

8 7 6 5 4 3 2

3 2

31 . ... �dd7?1 031 . . . . �h7 32. f4 Aa1 33· gs g6 ± .

32. f4 �C7

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

59

what was, potential ly, the most dangerous of Bl ack's pieces. The game conti nued

fxe3+ 42. �g3 and Black resigned .

44

Vlad i m i r Kram n i k - Alexey Dreev Linares 1997 43 0 a

8 7 6 5 4 3 2

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

I

• .i.. .l. .l .l .i.. � 'iV ... ... ... .t. .l ��

� [jj iL [jj � � 'f!f iL � � � a

b

c

d

� �� e

f

g

8 7 6

0 a

8 7

b

c

d

e

8 7

6

6

5

5

4

4

[jj �

2

3 2

h

H ere Kram n i k p l ayed a m ove that was, to many spectators, incomprehensi b l e :

14. tDd6 !?, and after the forced

14 . ... tDfs he exchanged off the passive bishop, sti l l sitti ng o n its starti ng squ are, for h i s active knight. Why d i d h e l ose a c o u p l e of tem p i to m ake a n exc h ange that looks, a t fi rst glance, quite i l logical ? Kram nik is a wonder­ fu l pl ayer. He doesn't j ust see the present po­ siti o n , he also u n derstands how the game wi l l develop. Let's sup pose that White h ad played i nstead the q u ieter 14. a3 lbf8 15. b4 Ad7 16. lbg3 Ae8 17- 'i:tb3 Ag6. (see next diagram) Comparing both d i agrams we can see that the ' passive' bishop h as become, ar­ guably, B l ack's most active p i ece ! With a wel l -timed exchange, Kram n i k el i m i n ated

h

.. .l .t.

5 4

f

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

3 2 h

15. etJxc8 i!axc8 16. i!e4 'Wf7 17. i!fe1 i!e8 18. b4 a6 19. a4 with a clear advantage to Wh ite. * * *

H ow d o you d evel o p a feel for exchanges ? Fi rst of al l , study the games of grand m as­ ters and try to u n de rstand when and why they exch ange. The most su itable games are of cou rse those a n notated by the players themselves. Analyse you r own games, pay­ i ng parti c u l a r attention to exchanges ; and keep exch a n ges in m i nd d uri ng the game. For i nstan ce, ask you rself whether it's sen­ s i b l e to rem ove a p artic u l ar p a i r of pieces fro m the board . I hope this book p rovides you with enough training material on this theme. Un­ fortun ately there is too little decent material on this s u bject, b u t I can at least recom­ m e n d the c l assic Euwe/ Kramer book 'The M i d d le Game' (Vo l . 6 , chapters 3 and 4, Vol . 1 0 ) . You w i l l fi n d many additional examples in the book ' Positi o n al Pl ay' by Dvoretsky and Yusupov.

C H A P T E R 4 E X C H A N G I N G P I ECES

6o

� •

Exercises (sol utions p. 69-73)

E 4-1

[1]

* a

b

c

d

e

f

g

E 4-3

h

6

* a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h 8

8

8

8

7

7

7

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

2

2

a

b

c

d

E 4-2

e

f

g

b

c

d

a

[1] e

f

g

2

h

* a

6

b

c

d

E 4-4

h

e

f

g

h

6

* a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h 8

8 7

7

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3 2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

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h

61

EXERCISES

E4-5



* a

b

c

d

a

e

[1]

*

E 4-7 b

c

d

e

8

8

7

7

7

7

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3



3

a

b

c

d

E4-6

e

f

g

b

c

d

2

a

• e

f

g

2

h

* a

8

b

c

d

f

g

h



*

E 4-8

h

e

a

b

c

d

e

8

8

8

8

7

7

7

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3 2

a

b

c

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2

2

a

b

c

d

e

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h

C H A P T E R 4 E X C H A N G I N G PI ECES

62

E 4-9

[1]

* a

b

c

d

e

f

g

E 4-11

h

a

8

8

11

*

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

.1.

8

7

7 6

6

5

5

5

4

4

4

.*-

� [jj �

3

3 2

a

b

c

d

E 4-10 a

e

f

g

c

d

a

[1]

*

b

e

f

g

2

h

..i. ·�

b

c



h

a

8

8

8

7

7

7

5 4



d

E 4-12

6

3

e

f

g

h

e

f

g

h

11

**

b

c

d

• .l

4

4

4

3

3

3

· � -*-

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

�� � a

b

c

7

.l

6 5

8

6 5



4 3

� d

e

f

g

h

EXERCISES

63

E4-13 a

8 7

rn

* b

c

d

E 4-15 a

e

I

6

** b

c

d

e

8

8 7

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

a

b

c

e

f

g

h

b

c

d

e

a

rn

****

E4-14 a

d

f

g

a

7

c

d

E 4-16

h 8

b

e

f

g

h

rn

** b

c

d

e

f

g

h

8

8

7

7 6

6 5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

CHAPTER 4 EXCHANGING PIECES

64

E 4-17 a



** b

c

d

E 4-19 a

e

** b

c

d

rn e

f

g

h 8

8

8 7

7

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

2

a

b

c

E 4-18 a

d

e

f

g

h

c

d

a



*** b

6

b

c

d

E 4-20 a

e

e

f

g

h



** b

c

d

e

8

8

7

7

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

8

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

65

EXERCISES

E4-21 a

[1]

** b

c

d

E 4-23

e

a

8

8

7

III

* b

c

d

e

8

8

7

6

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

E4-22 a

e

f

g

h

** b

c

d

a

[1]

b

c

E 4-24 a

e

d

e

f

g

h

[1]

*** b

c

d

e

8

8

7

7

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

7

7

6 5

5 4

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

C H A P T E R 4 E X C H A N G I N G P I ECES

66

*** a

b

c

d

e

8 7 6 5 4

2

a

b

c

E4-26 a

d

e

f

g

h

***

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

11

8

.1.

7

7 6

6

5

5

5

4

4

4

3

3

3

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

c

E 4-28 a

8

b

d

e

f

g

h

11

***

b

c

d

e

8

j. 6

j.

5

fj,

a

4 3

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

67

EXERC I S E S

E4-29 a

n

***

b

c

d

e

f

g

E 4-31

h

a

rn

***

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

8

8 7

7

7

6

6

5

5

4 3 2

..

� a

b

c

d

e

f

g

4

4

3

3

c

d

a

n

**

b

e

f

g

2

h

7

b

c

E 4-32

h

a

8

d

e

f

g

h

g

h

rn

***

b

c

d

e

f

8

8

6

6

7

5

5

4

4

3 2

5

2

E4-30 a

5

4 3

� a

5



4 3

2 b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

C H A P T E R 4 E X C H A N G I N G P I ECES

68

E 4-33 a

rn

***

b

c

d

e

f

g

E 4-35

h

a

8

8

11

**

b

c

d

e

f

g

h 8

8 7

7

6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3 2

2

a

b

c

E 4-34 a

d

e

f

g

h

11

****

b

c

d

e

a

f

g

b

c

E 4-36

h

a

d

e

f

g

h

[l]

*****

b

c

d

e

h

f

8

8

8 7

7 6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

SOLU T I O N S

E4•I

TO

E 4-8

Sol utions 0 E4-1

Botvinnik - Kan, Leningrad 1939 16. CDe4! Wds 17. tDxf6+ (I7. tUxes� 12tb6] 17. . . . Wxf6 18. Ae4 .§.bs 1 9 .§.adl ±. White gains control over the important central square ds. •

32.. 'i!?d3 .§.es! [ 6 E!.as] 33· .§.b:z. eDd7 34· 'i!?d4 .§.as 3S· .§.e:z. 'i!?e6 36 .§.e6+ 'i!?fs 37· .§.e7 eDes 38. ges The threat is 39· f4. Instead 3S. f!. x g7 tLl x f3 + 39· �e3 Z'!.a3+ 40. �e2 tLld4+ 41. �f1 E!. xa2 -+ was bad. continued in the next solution •

0 E4-2

Botvinnik - Chekhover, Leningrad 1938 13. Axf6! ( I 3. tLld2�! ll. xe2 I 4. E!. xe2 e x d4 I S . cxd4 c x d4] 13. . . . W x f6 14. 'We4 Ax6 IS. Ax6 eDe6 16. dxes dxes 17 .§.dl .§.ads 18. l3ds ±. In this game, exchanging enabled Botvin­ nik to carry out the same strategic plan as against Kan: he gained control of the ds square. •

0 E4-3

0 E4-6

(sequel to E4-5) The threat is 39· f4. By exchanging rooks White gains counterplay, as his king can attack the a6 pawn. Smyslov finds a tactical way to exchange the minor pieces! 38 . . . . .§.a3! [ 6 f!.d3 ; 3S . . . . Z'!. xcs� 39· � x es +± ; 3S . . . . f!.a4+ 39· 'i!tc3 f!.a3+ 40. 'i!tb4 Z'!.xfJ 41. a4 gs 42. 'i!tas +±] 39· Axes .§.�+ 40 .§.e4:! (o4o. 'i!te3 fxes 4 1 . Z'!.c2 E!.a3+ 42. �e2 as 43· Z'!.d2 g6 44· !1c2 hs 45· Z'!.b2 f!.c3 -+ 6 46 . . . . 'i!tf4] 40 . . . fxes+ 41. 'i!?ds .§.xa:z. - + (41. . . . f!. x c4 42. �xc4 �f4 -+] 42. .§.g4 gs and White resigned. •

Boleslavsky - Smyslov, Leningrad 1948 I4. . . . Axq! A protected knight in the centre is often stronger than a bishop. IS· bxq 'We7 ( x CJ, es] 16. exds exds 17. e4! (17. iH4� gs! I8. Ag3 (IS. Ae3 121xes) IS . . . . /Lid2 ; 1 7. 12fe3 � 12t x es 18. f3 \S'xc3 -+] 17 Wxes 18. Af4 continued in the next solution •

• • •

0 E4-4

(sequel to E4-3) 18 . . . . 'Wq! 19. exds [ � 19. 12fxc3 tL:lxc3 6CLle2] 19 . . . . Wxf3 :z.o. gx6 ( x f2-f3-h2] :z.o . . . . CDq 2.1. Axe7 eDxds :z.:z.. Ag3 .§.fes + 2.3 .§.fdl .§.es 2.4. l3d:z. h6 ( � 24 . . . . f6 x 7. Rei he] :z.s . .§.el .§.ae8 2.6. Ad6:! (o26. �g2] continued in the next solution





0 E4-7

Smyslov - Tal, Moscow 1969 13. eDh4! Ae6 ( 1 3 . . . . Z'!.ad8 I4. tL:l x fs gxfs 1s. f4 ;!:;] 14. Axe6! bxe6 IS· CD£) f6 (1s. . . . Ag4 16. tLles Axe2 I7. Z'!.ei Qa6 18. tLld7 Z'!.fe8 I9. tUxes Ac8 20. Z'!.adi ±] 16. eDd:z. .§.fds 17. CDe4 e4 18. tDes ± .



o E4-s

(sequel to E4-4) Black exploits his opponent's carelessness and ex­ changes a pair of rooks. His opponent no longer has any counter chances. 2.6. . . . l3ei! + 2.7 .§.xel .§.xei+ :z.S. �g:z. eDb6 2.9. Ag3 l3e6 30. �fi :! (030. Z'!.d6 ! E!.xd6 31. Axd6 f5 J2. f4 �f7 33· 'i!ff3 +) 30 . . . . f6 31. �e:z. 'i!?f] •

0 E4-8

Furman - Smyslov, Rostov-on-Don 1971 :z.o. . . . ttldes! 2.1. ttl x es (21. 12t x d8 E!.fxd8 22. A x g7 � xg7 23. tU x es tU xes 24. f4 CLlc4 25. Z'!.e2 f!.d3 26. 't!?f2 tL:l xb2 +] 2.1. . . . 'Wxd:z. :z.:z.. A x d:z. A x es 2.3 .§.bei Ad4 [ t. tLles] 2.4. Af4 (24. CLle2 tLles 2s. tL:lxd4 cxd4 + 6CLld3, CLlc4] 2.4. . . . eDes :z.s. Axes [2s. CLle2 tLld3 26. tL:lxd4 cxd4 27. 1l.xb8 E!. xb8 28. Afi tL:lxei 29. f!.xe1 Ac2 30. Z'!.e2 f!. xb2 31. Z'!.d2 l'ta2 +] :z.s . . . . Axes :z.6. .§.e:z. e6! 2.7. Afi (27. f4 Ad4+ 2s. 't!?h2 Ac4 t] 2.7. . . . gs! :z.8 .§.d:z. .§.fd8 2.9 .§.xdS+ .§.xds 30. lDbs e4 •





70

SOLU T I O N S

3I. tlJc3 [Jr . .U x c4 l'!c8 -+] 3I . . . . l3.d2 -+ o-I. 0 E4-9

Timman - Die:z; del Corral, Lu:z:ern (ol) 1982 I9. Wg4! ( rg. g4�! l'!ae8] I9· . . . Wxg4 20. hxg4 ± Black has two weaknesses : e4 and h7. At the same time White's pawn on g4 cuts out the enemy knight from the game. 20 Af4 2I. �d2! l3.f6: (021. . . . l'!ae8] 2.2.. Axe4 h6 23. l3.dfi l3.afS 24. l3.6 Axe3+ 2S· � x e3 l3.Sf7 26. l3.fh3 hs I-o. •

• • •

0 E4-10

Kasparov - Vukic, Skara 1980 36. Axf6! gxf6 37. l3.di (37- l'!.dr .El. xdr 38. 'i!;>xdr 'i!;>cs 39· gs fxgs 40. fxgs h x gs 41. h6 +-] I-o. 0 E4-11

Ghinda - Yusupov, Dubai (ol) 1986 IS. . . . Axq I9· bxq as 'What prompted Black to exchange his bishop for the knight� First, the once backward pawn on a6 has turned into a dangerous passed pawn. Second, the remaining bishop is obviously stronger than its white col­ league.' (Mark Dvoretsky) 20. Wd3 :! (o2o. Acr !:::. Aa3] 20 . . . . Wd7 2I. ACI Afs u Wd2 h6 23. Aa3 l3.a6! + 24. l3.fi continued in the next solution .

E4-9 TO E4-I7

0 E4-14

(sequel to E4-13) Here Fischer found a great solution to the prob­ lems of the position, one that has impressed many chess players since. Perhaps Kramnik gained inspiration from this classic game when he made his surprising decision to exchange against Dreev. 22. ttJx d7+!! Why did Fischer exchange his active and cen­ tralised knight for the passive bishop� Above all, he wanted to remove all his opponent's hopes of counterplay. Black wanted to exchange the bishop by playing 22 . . . . ilbs. That could have been pre­ vented by 22. a4, but then 22 . . . . 1!,c6 would follow, threatening to exchange knights with 23. . . . ct:Jd7. 2.2.. . . . l3. x d7 23. l3.ci [ t::. l'!c6] 23 . . . . l3.d6 [ t::. ll:J d7] 24. l3.c7 tlJd7 (24 . . . . He8 2S. ft x e8+ ctJ x e8 26. Ha7 +-] 2s. l3.ez g6 (2s . . . . as 26. bs; 2s . . . . ll:Jb6 � 26. f(.ee7] 26. �f2 hs 27. f4! ±. 0 E4-15

Ra:z;uvaev - Yusupov, URS Cup 1984 Black has to exchange his opponent's active knight. 1 1 . . . . ttJfd7! I2. ttJxd7 ttJxd7 I3· tlJd2 E1.cs =. 0 E4-16

0 E4-12

(sequel to E4-11) 24. . . . l3.g6:! Seriously sloppy. White can ex­ change rooks, and that increases his survival chances. The correct move was 24 . . . . 1!,e4! and then .El.g6 +. 2S· l3.f3! Ae4 26. l3.g3 l3. xg3 27. hxg3 a4 2S. bxa4 bxa4 +.

Yusupov - Wirthensohn, Hamburg 1991 It is very important for White to exchange a pair of rooks. He can then act more effectively against Black's weaknesses on b4 and g7. 26. l3.bs! l3.hb8 27. l3.xb6 l3.xb6 28. gs hxgs 29. hxgs tlJd7 [ 29 . . . . ll:JeS�! 30 . .IThr ll:Jq 3 1 . f(.h7 'i!;>fs 32. l'!h8+ 'i!;>e7 33· 'i!;>cr ll:J xa6 34· JS:a8 ll:Jc7 3S· l'l. x a7 'i!;>d7 36. 'i!;>br +-] 30. E1.hi ±.

0 E4-13

Fischer - Petrosian, Buenos Aires 1971 I6. Acs! l3.feS I7. A xe7 l3. xe7 IS. b4! [ � 18. ct:Jcs as] IS . . . . �fs I g. ttJcs Acs 20. f3! ± l3.ea7 2I. l3.es Ad7 continued in the next solution

0 E4-17

Renet - Yusupov, Dubai (ol) 1986 I6. . . . Axes! I7. dxes tlJe4 + I8. ttJxe4 dxe4 I9· Aa3 cs 20. Ab2 ttJf8 [ 20 . . . . EL:Jbs !� + ] 2I. l3.di Ah, (21. . . . Y x dr] u Wq ttJg6 23. E1.d6 .

SOLUT I O N S

E4-18

E 4-26

TO

7'

Ac6 2.4. �adi continued in the next solution 0 E4-18

(sequel to E4-17) Black wants to exchange all the major pieces with­ out having to open the a1-h8 diagonal. 2.4 C2Jh8 ! [ ,0, iLlf7] zs. �fi C2Jf7 z6. �xd8+ �xd8 2.7. �xd8+ Wxd8 z8. �ei gs 2.9. Wdz? (029. "!ic2 ,0,g4] 2.9 W x dz+ 30. � xdz �h6 +. •

• • •



• • .

1984] IS· a4 a6 [ � 15 . . . . c6 16. dxc6 bxc6 17. iLlf5 ! A x fs 18. e x f5 +-] I6. bxa6 �xa6 I7. as c6 I8. dxc6 �xc6 [ ,0, .1'1c4-d4] I9. �fdi �ec8 ?! (019 . . . . g6] zo. b4 �c4 continued in the next solution 0 E4-23

(sequel to E4-22) zi. tDfs ! Axfs n. exfs ds 2.3. bs [ � 23. Axds 1'1d4 24. "!ia2 iLl x ds 25 . .1'1 x d4 e x d4 26. "!ixds "!ixb4] 2.3 . . . . hs 2.4. a6 bxa6 zs. bxa6 e4 2.6. Afi �cz 2.7. Wd4 ! +-.

0 E4-19

Smyslov - Tal, Bled (ct1), 1959 Wd3 ! �fc8 I6. �fci Wxd3 I7. cxd3 g6?! ( 1 7. . . . iLlcs� 18. iLl xcs d xcs 19. d6 ; 17. . . . �fs !� 18. l'!c3 �e8 19 . .1::l.aCI �ds ;!;] I8. �C3 �xq I9· bxq �c8 zo. c4 ( ,0, 1'1b1 x b7] zo e4 ! ZI. d x e4 �xc4 n. CDdz ±. IS·

.

. • .

0 E4-20

Ragozin - Botvinnik, Leningrad (mS), 1940 Axq+ ! n. b x q d x c4 12.. CDd4 [ � 12. �xc4 iLl x cs 13. "!ibs A xc4 1 4. "!i x cs "!id3 15. 1Llg1 .1'1ad8 - + ; o 12.o-o iLl xcs 13. "!ibs "!ias 14. Ads �xc4 "!i xbs 15. A xbs Jl x a2 + ] Iz [613 . . . . es 14. iLlc6 Jlc6] IJ. Ah6 �e8 [ � 13 . . . . es 14. Jl x fs e x d4 15. cxd4 "!i x fs 16. A xc4 oo] 14.o-o es IS· tD6 (15. iLlb5 a6 16. iLla3 Wh4 -+] ' 5 · . . . tD x cs I6. Wbs b6!? + (16 . . . . "!ia5 '7· �xc4 "!ixbs 18. A x bs Jlxa2 + ] . Io .

• • •



• • •

0 E4-21

Smyslov - Botvinnik, Moscow (wchu) 1957 CDd4! (11. iLld2� !1 xd2 12. �xd2 iLlxe4+ -+ ; I I . Ad4�! iLl xd4 12. iLl x d4 iLl x e4 13. fJ iLl x c3 ] u. CDxe4 u. tDxc6 bxc6 IJ. Axa7 Afs I4. 6 CDd6 IS. a4 ±. n.

. . .

0 E4-22

Yusupov - Hernandez, Thessaloniki (ol) 1984 '3· CDbs ! CDxbs I4. cxbs Ad7 ( o 1 4 . . . . a6 15. bxa6 .1'1 x a6 16. a4 ;!; Razuvaev - Huss, Wien

0 E4-24

Botvinnik - Sorokin, Moscow 1931 White exchanges Black's only active piece, and then continues his attack on the queenside. zo. We3 ! W x e3 zi. fxe3 Ag4 zz. as tDcs [22. . . . iLlbd7 23. h3 A x fJ 24. gxf3 iLlc5 (24. . . . 1'1fds 25. iLlds!) 25. b4 iLle6 26. Jl x e6 fxe6 27. iLla4 ,0, Q\cs] 2.3. �ci A x 6 (23 . . . . 1'1e8 24. h3 Ahs (24 . . . . Ae6 25. Jlxe6 .1'1 xe6 26. 1'1d8+) 25. iLlh4 ! ,0,g4] 2.4. gxf) CDe7 zs. CDds CDc6?! (25 . . . . iLlfxd5 26. Axd5 iLl x d5 27. !1 x d5 ± ] 2.6. tDxf6+ gxf6 2.7. �d7 �ab8 (27. . . . iLl xa5 28 . .1'1cc7] 2.8. �fz ! ( ,0, l'1gi] 2.8 . . . . CD xas 2.9. �cc7 �bc8 30. �Xf7 +-. 0 E4-25

Estrin - Kletsel, corr 1975 I 6. A xb6! Wxb6 I7. Ac4 ± ( x f], d5] I7 . . . . e x f4 I8. A x f7 �f8 I9· Ae6+ �b8 zo. �d3 Was zi. �hdi ± . 0 E4-26

Marshall - Schlechter, Oostende 1907 IS· . . . �ac8 ?! In such positions it is vital to be the first to open the long diagonal. The correct continuation was 15 . . . . iLle5 ! 16. iLl xe5 Jl x e5 '7· iLl xb5 A x b2 18. 1'1c7 "!ies 19 . .1'1 xb7 axb5 20. "!ixb2 "!ic6 21. 1'1e7 l=ifcS! (21. . . . "!id6 =) or 19. 4Jd6 19 . . . . "!ids 20 . .1::l. xb7 "!ixd6 21. "!ixb2 "!ic6 22. Z'l.e7 Wd6 (22. =

72

SOLU T I O N S

. . . f{fcs!? .0. �fs). 16. �e4! �xe4 17. Axe4 fs 18. Ah1 es 19. .!3.fdl ±. 0 E4-27

E 4•27 TO E4-34

0 E4-30

(sequel to E4-29) Black exchanges one bishop and cakes away all his opponent's counter chances. 2.6. . . . �b4! 2.7. a3 �a:z. :z.8. fs �xcr 2.9 .!3.xcJ hs -+. •

Fischer - Keres, Zurich 1959 6o. . . . il.£, � By a timely exchange o f rooks Black could have reached the draw : 6o . . . . Abi+ ! 61. � x f4 f{fs+ 62. 'i!?g4 f{f6 63. f{ x f6 'i!?xf6 = 61. Ac8! [ .0. 1lg4 61. � x f4 � f{hs = ] 61• • • • .!3.g6 [ 6 1 . . . . f{cs 62. Ag4 f{c4+ 63. 'i!?es +-; 61. . . . f{hs 62. f{b6 ! (62. .f{ x hs A x hs 63. � x f4 � x f3 ! = ) ] 6z • .!3.h7 (62. f{xg6 Axg6+ 63. 'i!?xf4 'i!?f6 = ] 62.• • • • �f8 63. Ag4 [ .0. 64. l"!f7 'i!?f7 6s. �hs] 6J • • • • .!3.p (63. . . . l"!xg4� 64. fr x f7+ +-; 63. . . . .f{b6 !� 64. .f{hS+ (64. 'i!? x f4 'i!?gs 6s . .f{h4 .f{b4+ 66. 'i!?g3 'i!?g7) 64 . . . . 'i!?g7 6s. l"!ds .f{b4+ 66. 'i!?es ±] 64 .!3.h6 .!3.g6 Now it's roo late. White gets control over the important gs square. 6s .!3.xg6! Axg6+ 66. �xf4 �P 67. �gs! +-. .

0 E4-31

Smyslov - Reshevsky, Moskau (web) 1948 Smyslov finds an elegant way to emphasise the weakness of d6. :z.s. A xe6! fxe6 2.6. Wh4! Wd7 2.7. Wd8+ W x d8 2.8. A x d8 �d7 :z.g. Ac7 �cs 30. .!3.xd6 +- .!3.c8 (30 . . . . tLl xe4 31 . .f{ x e6 + -] 31. Ab6 �ao4 32. .!3. x e6 �xbz 33· .!3. x es �c4 (n. ... frxCJ 34· .£d4xg7] 34· .!3.e6 �xb6 3S· .!3.xb6 .!3.xq 36 .!3.xb7 .!3.cz 37· h4 .!3.xa:z. 38. �g:z. +-. •







0 E4-28

0 E4-32

Karpov - Spa.ssky, Riga 1975 Karpov chooses a forcing continuation and guar­ antees himself a material advantage. zo. Wxa7! � x f:r. :r.r. Ctl x ds A x ds u Wxe7 � x dr :r.J • .!3.cr .!3.bs :r.4. Wb4 A xg:z. :z.s. �xg:z. �xe3+ :z.6. �gr .!3.e6 2.7. Wf4 .!3.d8 continued in the next solution .

Jimenex-Zerquera - Larsen, Palma de Mallorca, 1967 14. • • • Axes! Larsen discovers that in chis posicion the knight is stronger chan the bishop. 14 . . . . LUxes 15. dxes d4 16. Axe6 fxe6 1 7. cxd4 leads co only a slight advantage for Black. IS· dxes d4! 16. Ah6 .!3.fd8 17. Axe6 fxe6 18. .!3.fer ( 18. �g4� LU xes] r8. . . . .!3-ds 19. Af4 .!3.f8 :z.o. g3 (2o. Ag3 d3 +] :z.o • • • • .!3-fs + . 0 E4-29

Tal - Botvinnik, Moscow (wcht8) 1961 When playing against Tal, exchanging queens was advisable. 18 . . . . Wa6! + (18 . . . . tLlas .0.CUc4 19. �bs+ tLlec6 20. gs (20. l"!bJ !?) 20. . . . h xgs 21. hxgs ctJc4 22. �C1] 19. Wxa6 bxa6 zo. hs �d7 2.1 • .!3-br .!3.b6! u �g3 �as [ .0. tlJc4] 2.3. .!3.xb6 axb6 2.4· r.... �C4 zs. Acr �c6 2.6. .!3.dr continued in the next solution .

0 E4-33

(sequel to E4-32) It is important for White to eliminate any possi­ ble counterplay and to exchange a pair of rooks. :r.8. Wd4! .!3.de8 :z.g. Wd7 Ctlg4 30 .!3-cs �f6 31 . .!3.xe8+ .!3.xe8 32.. Wb7 .!3.e6 33· Wb8+ Ctle8 34· a4 g6 3S· b4 �g7 36. Wb7 hs 37· h3 �f6 38. �g:z. .!3.d6 39· as bxas 40. bxas .!3.e6 41. a6 �c7 42.. a7 .!3.e7 43· Wc6+ �es 44· �6 1-o. •

0 E4-34

Spa.ssky - Karpov, Montreal 1979 Tartakower noted that the main advantage of the two bishops is that you can part with one of them at the right moment. 2.3. . . . A xq! 2.4. b x q .!3.f6! + zs • .!3.fd:z. .!3.eJ!

E 4•3S

SOLU T I O N S

TO

E 4·36

73

[ � 2S- . . . Ax f3 26. gx f3 �ee6 27- 'i!?g2] 2.6. tbgr [26. �xd6 � x d6 27. � x d6 A x f3 28. gxfJ tt::les 29. f4 lLlfJ+ 30. 'i!?g2 � xc3 31. �ds tt::l d4 32. �xes l'!b3 33· �ds �b2+ - + ] z6 �6! 2.7 .l3.xd6 �xd6 2.8 .l3.xd6 �e7 2.9 .l3.d3 .l3.er 30. Aaz [30. Ac2 tt::l es 31. �d2 ctJ x c4 - + ] 30 .l3.CI !­ + [ L"l �c2] 31. tb6 [31. Ab3 tt::le s 32. �e3 'i!?f6 t,.�bi] continued in the next solution •



• • •







0 E4-35

• • •

(sequel to E4-34) A x 6 ! 32.· .l3.xf3 tbes 33· .l3.e3 �f6 34· 31 Ab3 as 0 3S· Aa4 tb x c4 36 .l3.e8 [ � 36. �d3 .l3.xq 37· .l3.c8 tbe3 38. Abs c4 tt:lb2 -+] 36 [o38 . . . . �c2 39· .1lc6 li::l fi + 40. 'i!?g1 ctJxg3 -+ M4] 39· �gr .l3.cz 40. Ac6 C3 41. Af3 gs 42.. •

• • •



.

• . •

0 E4-36 Grigorian - Kupreichik, Riga 1975 If White doesn't do something dramatic, Black might consolidate his position and take complete control of the ds square. Grigorian fights dynam­ ically for the initiative. zr. A6 !! [ L"l 22. Ads �ds 23. Ae7] 2.1 Ax6 zz. gxf3 [ L"l ds] u. . . . 'Mds [22 . . . . �c7 23. �e3 e6 24. ds ! ; 22. . . . �cB 23. ds! � xes 24. d6] 2.3. A xe7 W x 6 2.4. Wgs ! W x a3 �! zs. ds ± Wa4 z6. d6 Wd7 2.7 .13.d3 as zs .13.6 Wc6 2.9 .l3.ee3 a4 30 .l3.d3 'Md7 31 .l3.xf7 !+- a3 [31. . . . 'i!?xf] 32. �ds+ �e6 33· �f3 + +-] 32.. Wds �h8 33· Af6 'Mg4+ 34· .l3.g3 'Me6 3S· Axg7+ xg2 �f6 :!f 24 . . . . � x a1 25. � x a1 �e8 26. �xd8 � x d8 27- cods ! ltJcs 28. ctJe7+ �f8 29 . ctJc6 �c8 30. �a7 ± L �q. 25. �fd1 �xa1 26. �xa1 Wxe7 :!f 26 . . . . �b6 27. �q! ; :!f 26 . . . . �e8 27. �q ! �xq 28. d x q �c8 29. �d1 ! . 27. dxe7 �e8 28. �a7 gs

So

CHAPTER 5 · PASSED PAWNS IN T H E MIDDLEGAME

AC3 [20. Aa3 ?! b5! � ( Makarychev)] 20 Axe] 21 . gxC3 Wd6 22. ge3 l g6 [ 22 . . . . �f8 ?

83

• •••

[o28 . . . . b4!?] 29. �e2

23. 'Mb1 !

/::,.

18f h7; !tb3 (Makarychev)]



55 a

b

c

d

e

A3

57

f

a

8

b

c

d

e

0 f

h

g

8

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

8

6

7

5

6

6

5

5

3

4

4

2

3

3

2

2

h a

�d5? [ o29 . . . . b4 11 30. �d4 [ o3o. �xe7? [o30 . . . . b4] 31 . �x b5 �c3 ± ] 3o qx6 32. �6 1 � x a7 [32 . . . . !tb8 33· !t x f7 !txb2 34· � x q !tc2 35. �d 6 ± ] 33· �xeS �b5 34· �f6+ �1.7 35· �d5 ± . 29

.

b

c

d

e

f

h

g

•.•

• •. .

* * *

23. h4 J h5 24. Wb1 [ t:,. !tb3] 24 Aa6 25. �h2 gds 26. f4 Acs 27. gb3 Af5 28. Wbz gbs 29. Wd4 b5 30. gC3 Ad7 [3o . . . . Wb6 31. 'Me5 ( M akarychev)] 31. Wa7 � 32. gc7 gds 33 · a3 Ae8 .

..•

Artu r Yusupov - Vlad i m i r Tu kmakov Frunze 1979 8



7 6

8 7 6 5 4 3

� �· =

5

6

'-·.._,.

6

1-.-

2

4

f-,-

7

... ,..,..... ...,..__ '""' =-

3

5

1---.-. -'' .-.

8

1 �.

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

34· f5 l gxf5 [34· . . . ftd 7 35· ft x d7 A x d7 ( 35· a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

1 9 . ... as [ 19 . . . . Etcs 20. ft x cs !Mxcs 21. Ah3! Wd8 22. d6 ± ( Makarychev) ; 19 . . . . 'Md7 ] 20.

. . . 18fxd7 36. 18fe3 ± ) 36. f6 ! ± gs ? 37· Ae4! l:l 38. Wa8 18ff8 39· A h7) 35· gC3 1 Ad7? [35· . . . f4 36. 18fd4 ± ; 35- . . . 18ff6) 36. Wd4 fte8 37· Af]

8!

TRA I N I N G MAT E R I A L

59



B1 a

b

c

d

e

f

g

A2 24. �c1 \Ma6 25. E!.q bs 26. Cbd4 [ 26. E1.e8 ! D. lLles +-] 26 . ... \Mb6 [ o26 . . . . l/1d 6 27- tlJ x bs l/1d2 28. E1.f1 lLlb3 ! ] 27. �c8 1 +- Cbb7 [ 27. . . . b4 28. f1.e8 1/1 x d4 29 . f1. x f8+ E1. x f8 30. E1. x f8+ � x f8 31. 'l1cs+ !! +-; 27. . . . g6 28. E1. x d8 1/1xd8 29 . 1;!1x bs + - ; 27. . . . 1;!1xd4 28. E1. x d8 E1. xd8 29. !!e8+ +-] 28. Cbc6 Cbd6

h

8

8

7

7

6

6

5 4 3

3

2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

61

h

37· ... \Mes? [ 037 . . . . !!c8 ! ] 38. \M)(es �)(es A1 39· �C? Ae8 40. d6 �e3 41 . Ads ! c;;,g7 [ 41 . . . . E1.d3 42. d7 +-] 42. d7 A )( d7 43 · �)(d7 �d3 44· Ac6 1 +-.

A3 a

b

c

d

e

5

4

4

3

3

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

2 b

c

d

e

f

g

h

Boris Spassky - Pau l Keres Riga (cq f3) 1965 62

A1

D

8

2

a

g

* * *

7

5

D

f

29. Cb)(d8 11 Cb)(fs 30. Cbc6 1-o.

8

6

e

7

f

6

d

7

D

8

c

8

a

Boris Spassky - Tigran Petros ian Moscow (wchs) 1969

b

8

* * *

6o

A1 a

h

20. \Mf4 ! [ 20 . Wxe2 E1. x c2 21. E1.e7 ! ± ] 20 W)(a2 21 . d6 1 �cd8 22. d7 \Mq 23. 'rl!Jfs h6 [ 23 . . . . l/1c6 24. lLles l/1e6 25. l/1e2]

7

7

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

2

. •• .

a

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C H A P T E R 5· PA S S E D PA W N S I N T H E M I D D L E G A M E

82

24. bxcs ttJxcs 25. ttJxcs d x cs 26. d6 1 "We6 27. i'!d1 Ad7 28. Ag3 fs [ 28 . . . . ttJfs 29. Ag4 ! 1;3fg6 30. i'!f2 ± (30. ttJds ttJ x g3 31. A x d7 ctJ x f1 32. !! x f1 i'!f8 33· ctJe7+ A x e7 34· d x e7 ± ) 630 . . . . Ae6 31 . .Q.xfs .Q. x fs 32. 1;3rds +-] 29. lDbs [29. ttJds Ac6 6Ads] 29 . ... i'!f8 [ � 29 . . . . A x bs 3 0 . c x bs 61;3rc2, Aq ; 2 9 . . . . a6 30. ctJq .Q.xq 31. d x q Aa4 (31 . . . . Ac6 32. 1;3las +-) 32. !!b1 Ac6 ± (32 . . . . 1;3lc6 33· 1;3fds+ +- )] 30. "Wc1 [30. ctJq .Q. x q 31. d x q Ac6 x q ] 3 0. ... Wf6 63

A2 a

8 7

b

c

.. .l .l

d

e

f

g

5

8



6

7

5

4

4

� a

b

c

d

e

f

g

b

c

d

D

f

e

h

g

8

8 7



6 5 4 3 2

a

5



..i..



6

f!J b

� c

4 3

d

f

e

h

g

h

.a

2

A3 a

D

..i..

6

64

3

36. g4 ! Ac6 37· gxfs l2Jxfs 38. Ag4 Ad7 [38 . . . . .Q. x ds 39· c x ds 6 d 7 ; 1;3ff2 +- ( Euwe ) ] 39· W x b7 ! Ae6 [ 639 . . . . ttJ x d 6 40 . f1. x f7! ttJ x b7 41 . !! x d7 +- ( Euwe ) ; 39· . . . ttJ x e3 40. 1;3fxd7! ( 40 . .Q.xd7 + - ) 40 . . . . f1. x d7 41 . A x d7 i'!a8 42. ct:lf6+ +- ( Pol ugaevsky) ] 40. Wb1 l2Jxd6 41. A x e6 Wxe6 42. Axd6 Wxd6 43· Wxe4 i'!b8 44· !!xf7 �xf7 45· Wh7+ �e8 46. i'!f1 "We6 47· h3 ! i'!c8 48. Wg7 Ae7 49· i'!fs Ad6 so. i'!f6 [so . !!f6 1;31es 51. !!f8+ + - ] 1-o.

h

31. CDC] i'!c8 [31 . . . . A x q !? 32. d x q Ac6 33. !!d6 1;Yf7 (33· . . . 1;Ye7 34· !!fd1 t ; 34· !!g6 !? ) 34· !!h6 ___. ] 32. lDds We6 33· "Wb2 Aa4 [33· . . . Ac6 !? 634. Aes (34· !!d2!? t ) ltJe8 35· Ahs (35 · g4 !? t ) 35· . . . ltJ x d 6 36. Ah8 1;3fh6 ! oo (36 . . . . 1;Yd7 ? 37· ltJ b 6 ! a x b 6 38. f1. x d 6 ) ] 34· i'!c1 [34· !!d2!? 6 Aas 35· ltJe7+ ] 34· ... i'!f7 35· Aes Wg6 [35 · . . . ltJe8 ? 36. Ahs ; 035· . . . Ac6 ± 36. g4 !? fxg4 37- f1. x f7 �xf7 38. i'!f1+ --> ]

* * *

Vi ktor Korchnoi - Boris Spassky Belgrade (c{7) 1977 A1 a

b

c

d

D

e

8 7

.......

.._..,

4

!

-·.--.-., 1

3 2

__

� a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

5 4 3

TRA I N I N G MAT E R I A L

20. tbc6 ! Axc6 21. b xc6 .Q.xq [21 . . Wxc6 22. lt:\e4 Wd7 23. ltJ x f6+ gxf6 24. Wd4 ± ; D21 . . . . Wb4 A) 22. lt:\a4 �a6 23. Wd3 ( 23. e4 !?) b5 24. q �c8 25. lt:\c5 �c6 26. lt:\d7 Ac3 ; B) 22. lt:\e2 �ac8 23. lt:\d4 ;!; (23. lt:\f4 �d 6 ) 6 23 . . . . �d 6 24. a3 ! ] 22. gxq gac8 23. Wc2 . .

Yu ri Razuvaev - Artur Yus upov Minsk 1979 •

B1

B3 23 . ... e5 24. C7 gd7 25. gC1 d4 26. gc6 Wd5 27. Wb1 d3 28. V:J x b6 d2 29. gd1 V:Jxa2 66 0 a

b

c

d

e

.1. �·

8 7 6

5 .

8 7

��

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

24. . . . Wc6 25. c5 b>< c5 [ 26. b5 Wf3 27- W x c5 A x h4 ! 28. gx h4 Wg4+ 29. 'i!?f1 �d1+ 30. � x d1 Wxd1+ 31. 'i!?g2 Wg4+ ; 26. Wxc5 We4 ] 26 . ... g6 27. gd1 gxd1+ 28. V;txd1 • 68 a b c d e f g h =

=

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

30. h3 !! [30. Wb7 Wa4 31. Wxc8+ 'i!?h7 32. Wh8+ c;!;> x h8 33· c8W+ 'i!?h7 34· � x d 2 (34· �c2 Wa1 ! -+ ) 34· . . . Wd1+ 35· � x d 1 � x d1#] 30 . ... Wa4 31. gxd2 g x d2 32. Wb7 gdd8 [32 . . . . � x q 33 · � x q WaH 34· 'i!?h2 e4 35· �c8+ 'i!?h7 36. Wxe4+ g6 37- �q+ +-] 33· cxd8W+ gxd8 34 · gq Wa1+ 35· �h2 e4 36. Wxe4 Wf6 37· f4 +- Wf8 38. ga7 V:tc5 39· Wb7 Wq 40. We7 gf8 41 . e4 Wd4 42. f5 h5 43 · gxa5 Wd2 44 · We5 V:tg5 45· �a6 gf7 46. gg6 Wd8 47· f6 h4 48. fxg7 1-0 * * *

8

8 7 6



7

if �

5

6

4

il

3



2

a

b

c

d

e

3 2 f

g

h

28 . ... �f8 29. Wb3 Ae5 30. Wa3 a6 31. Wb4 Aq ! 32. a4 'i!i>e8 33 · Wd4 e5 34· Wc4 �e7 35· Ag5+ 'i!i>f8 36. 'i!i>f1 Ad6 37· Ah6+ �e8 38. Ae3 Aq 39 · �e2 �e7 40. Ag5+ 'i!i>e8 41. g4 hxg4 42 . Wxg4 Aa5 43· Wc4 Y2-Y2 =

* * *

C H A PT E R 5· PASS E D PA W N S I N T H E M I D D L E G A M E

Artur Yus upov - G y ula Sax Linares 1983

82 17. ... !!ac8 18. h3 l ;t [ 180 !!fc1 c4 ! (X) J 18 . ... 'i!?f8 19. �fc1 'i!?e7 [ 19. o o . C4 20° b4 ! 6 a4] 20. a4 ! ( 200 Q:le2 'i!?d 6 210 Q:lf4 gs ! oo ] 20 . ... b4 21. tt::le2 Ads [210 0 0 0 'i!?d 6 220 !!d1+ Ads 23° Q:lf4 !!es 24° Q:l x ds Q:l x ds 2So !!d2 'i!?xc6 260 !! x ds !! x ds 27- !!d1 !!cd8 280 b3 = ] 22. Axds tt::l x ds 23. gxcs 'i!?d6 24. !'k2 �xc6 25. !!d2 'i!?q l 26. !!ad1 [ 260 Q:ld4 !!C4 ] 26. . . . tt::lf6 27. tt::ld4 !!q 28. tt::lb3 !!e7 29. tt::las =

4 3

4 3 2 � 1 � a

b

c

d

e

f

g

Y2-Y2 . * * *

Artur Yusu pov - Zoltan Ri bli Montpellier (ct) 1985

h

10 . ... Ad6 ! [ 100 0 0 0 kg7 110 Ae2 b4 12° Q:la4 Q:l xds 130 Ag3 ± ] 11. Ae2 o-o [ 110 0 0 0 Wq ?! 120 Ag3 ! A x es ? 130 d 6 ± ] 12. o-o ge8

71

A2 b

a

8 .I 7 6 5 4 3

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

d

e

f

g

h

.t. 'iV

8



6 5 4 3

� �

���

b

a

c

0

c

d

e

f

g

h

81 18 . ... tt::ld 6 [ 180 0 0 0 !!b8 !? ; 180 1&'d 6 190 !!c6] 19. 'Md4 l? ;t [ 6 1&'f4 ; 190 Q:ld4 Ad7 20° Q:lc6 Wf6 ] 19 . ... Wb6?! [ 190 0 0 0 1&'f6 t] 20. 1A'f4 l (200 !!c6 1&'xd4 21o Q:\ x d4 !!d8 220 !!q !!d7 ] 20 . . . . Ad7 21. tt::ld 4 !!fe8 [ a21. 0 0 0 !!ae8 ] 22. tt::lc6 tt::lq 0 0 0

13. tt::lc6 tt::l x c6 14. £xd6 Wxd6 [ 140 Q:ld4 !? 1So A x es Q:l x e2+ 1 6 0 Q:l xe2 1&f x ds 170 1&fxds Q:l x ds 18. Q:lc3 Q:l x c3 19. b x c3 t] 15. dxc6 Wxd1 16. Axd1 [ 1 6 0 !!fx d 1 ? b4 - + ] 16. ... Ae6 17. Af3

2

=

=

ss

T RA I N I N G MAT E R I A L

72

A2, A3 a

b

c

d

e

0 f

g

h

8 J. J. • 8 7 . i. • • • 7 6 'ii' tb 5 • � 4 � 3 2 � a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

23. �fe1 ± [ x f7 ] 23 . ... tLlb2 24. Ae4 ! tLlc4 2s. h3 h6 26. Ad3 [ t:.CL\e7] 26 . ... tLlb2?! [26. ... JL x c6 27. d x c6 � x e1 + 28. � x e1 �xc6 ?! 29 . Ae4 �e8 30. Ah7+ +-] 73

0 a

b

c

d

e

(

g

h

Artu r Yus upov - Bachar Kouatly Toluca (izt) 1982 74

61 a

b

c

8 ·� 7 .. 6 5 4 3 a

b

c

d

c

d

e

f

g

h

27. Ab1 ! Axc6 28. d xc6 +- �xe1+ 29. �xe1 Wxc6 30. Ae4 [30. �b4 ! CL\q (30 . . . . �f6 31 . We4 +-) 31. Ae4 +-] 30 . ... �C3 [30 . . . . �c4 31. �d2 �e8 32. Ah7+ 't!?x h7 33· � x e8 +-] 3 1. �C1 CL\d3 32. �xf]+ ! [32. � x c3 ? t2J xf4 33 · �f3 CL\e2+ 34· 'i!?f1 �e8 3S- �e3 CL\d4 36. Ah7+ 'tt>f8 +] 1-o * * *

g

h

0

8

d

e

f

g

h

14. �C2 ;t C4 [ 14 . . . . b4 1S. � x b4 � x a2 16. � X a2 c x b4 1]. Ad2 ± ] 1S· � x bs C3 16. Ae3 Axf3 17. A x f3 �C4 18. !!b3 tLla6?! [ 18 . . . . �a4 19. �fb1 tLld7 20. a3 6 �b4 ± ] 19. �fb1 thcs 20. �b4 �d3 61 a

b

f

6 5 4 3

7S

a

e

b

c

d

0

e

8

8 I. 7 6 5 �� 4 � � 3 . iV ib ib 2 � � �� :g

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

6 5 4 3 2 h

21. Ad1 ! ± �feB [ 21 . . . . �xc2 22. A x c2 � x az 23. A x es � xe2 24. A x q +-] 22. Axes Wxe2 23. Axc2 �xes 24. �b8+ �c8 ( 24 . . . . � x b8 2s. � x b8+ Af8 26. a4 �C4 27- as �d4 28. a6 �d2 29 . a7 � x c2 30. � x f8+ +- (30. g3 + - ) ] 2S. �xc8+ � x eS

C H A P T E R 5· PAS S E D PA W N S IN T H E M I D D L E G A M E

86

83 26. a4 Ae5 27. c;!lf1 f5? 28. exf5 gxf5 29. A)(f5 +- ik5 30. Ac2 c;!lg7 31. l3d1 Af4 32. g3 Ad2 33· l3a1 l3a5 34· c;!le2 h6 35· f4 c;!lf7 36. l3b1 c;!le8 37· l3b5 l3a7 38. l3b6 l3a5 39· Ab3 h5 40. l3h6 1-o.

77



82 a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

e

f

g

h

lit

8

8

5 * * *

4 3

Artu r Yusu pov - Igor Stohl Batumi 1999 •

82 a

b

c

d

e

f

8 ,1. .i.. rif 7 ... ... , --.----.�� ..= 6 4&\

g

h

8

a

b

c

d

17. ... tlJq ! 18. W x b7 W)(b7 19. A )( b7 tDe6 20. l3ad1 ttJxf4 21 . gxf4 Ad4 ! 22. b4 l3xd6 23. b x c5 [ 230 b x cs A x es 24o l3 x d 6 A x d 6 2So Ei:c1 A x f4 260 Ei:c8 = ] Y2-Y2. =

6

5

5

4

4

* * *

Artur Yu su pov - Sergey Dolmatov Leningrad 1977 •

81 a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

13 . ... Wb6 ! 14. d6 Ae6 ( 14. 0 0 0 l3d8 1so tUds �)(d6 160 Ags (160 l3e1 Ae6 170 Ags 55) 160 0 0 0 f6 170 Af4 t ] A2 15. tlJd5 Axd5 [ 1S o 0 0 0 � x d 6 ?? 160 tt:lf6+ ] 16. Wxd5 l3ad8 17. Af4 [ 17° W x b7 � x b7 180 A x b7 l3 x d 6 = ]

8

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

5

5

4

4

3

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

14. ... etJe8 l 15. tlJd2 [ 1So tt:le4!? c3 160 �xa6 c x b2 17. Ei:ab1 + ; o1so b x q tt:ld6 160 tUbs + ] 1 5. ... tlJd6 1 6 . tlJxC4 Af6 + 17. l3fe1 l3e8 18. CDe4 A)(c4 19. b x c4 CD)(e4 20. A)(e4 l3xe4 21. Wxe4 A x b2 22. l3ad1 Ad4 -+. * * *

TRA I N I N G M AT E R I A L

87

Vlad i m i r Kramnik - Artur Yusupov Dortmund 1997 79

A2 a

b

c

d

e

0 f

6 5 4 3 2 1

h



8 7

g

-

r--

a

b

c

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8

8

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7 6

8

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33· Wgs l Wf8 [33· . . . f6 34· We3 ! Wf7 35 · Wa7 +- ( t:.cub6 ?)

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

39· .!3d3 1 [ t:. 13c3] 39· ... �g7 40 . .!3q Wbs 41 . .!3c8 +- [ .0. Wd8-h8# ] 41 . . . . Wxb2 [ 41 . . . . We5+ 42. �h1 Wf4 43· Wd8 +-] 42. Wxd7 [ 42. Wd8 �h6 43· cuc3 ' cuf6 44· Wf8+ +-l 42 . ... .!3>Cf3 43· Wd8 Wes+ 44· g3 1-o. * * *

8o

A1 a

b

c

d

e

0 f

g

h

8

8

Vladimir Kram n i k -John N u n n Manila (of) 1992 82

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b

c

6 5

5



4

a

b

c

d

e

f

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3

2

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6 4 3

h

36. W x b 6 ! !! x b6 37· d7 + - ] 34· We7 +- Wc8 34· . . . Wxe7 35 · d x e7 cuf6 36. lUe4 + - ]

A3 35· .l3d4 ( t:. cue4, Wd7! ; 035. h5 ! +- ; � 35 · �e4 35· . . . !!cn:t ] 35· ... 1"ks 3 6 . CL!e4 .!3fs [36 . . . . .!3c1+ 37· �h2 e5 38. 13b4 �g7 39 · �g5 +-] 37· �h2 hs?l [ 037- . . . Wc6 ± ] 38. f3 Wc6

2

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20. g4 l h6 21. h4 a4 22 . .l3d3 Ab2 l 23. gs h)(gs 24. h )(gs CL!h7 25. f4 ! .!3as ? [ o25 . . . . exf4 26. 13d5 ! lDf8 27. cu x f4 'i!?g7] 26. Eids f6 27. _!3xh7 ! � )( h7 28. gxf6 exf4 29. es �h6 30. CL!xf4 A x es 31 . .!3xes .l3xd7 32. Axd7 .!3xes 33· f7 1-o.

C H A P T E R 5· PAS S E D P A W N S IN T H E M I D D LEGAME

88

Vlad i m i r Kramn i k -j u d i t Polgar Madrid 1993 83

0

A1 a

b

c

d

e

f

g

Vladimir Kramnik - Viswanathan Anand Las Palmas 1996 84

h

A1 a

8

b

c

d

0

e

8

8

7

7 6

6

6

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3 2

2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

1S. d6 1 � x a2 19. �a1 �xa1 20. �xa1 Ae6 [ 20 . . . . a6 21 . lt:Jb6 �b8 22. lt:J x c8 � x c8 23. d7 + - ] 21. tLla5 �eS 22. tLl x b7 �e2 23. �xa7 h6 24. Ae3 � x b2 25. h3 ± �b6 26. �h2 g5 A1 27. �aS+ �h7 2S. �eS �g6 29. Ae4+ [29. � x e6+ fx e6 (29 . . . . lt:J x e 6 ?? 30. £ x b 6 + - ) 3 0 . d 7 Af6 3 1 . d8� £ x d 8 32. lt:J x d8 ± ] 29. ... �f6 30 . g4 �a6 31. Ad3 [31 . Axd4! e x d4 ] A1 [32. Af5 A x f5 33- gxf5 'i!fxf5 34· d7 Af6 35· d8� Axd8 36. f! x d 8 ±] 31 . . . . �e6 32. Ae4 �eS [32 . . . . f!a6 33· A x d4 ! ] 33· �xeS AxeS 34· tLle5 Ae6 35· Ad2 tLlb3 [35· . . . Af8 36. d7 'i!?e7 (36 . . . . Ae7 37- Aa5) 37· Ab4 ! lJ. x d7 38. ct:J x d7+ 'i!fxd7 39. 1J.xf8 + - ] 36. tLl x b3 lJ. x b3 37· d7 �e7 3S. Ae6 Af6 [38 . . . . Ae6 39 . Ab4+ 'i!?d8 40. Aa5+ + - ] 39· Aa5 �d6 40. Ab5 Ae2 [ 40 . . . . 'i!tc5 41 . Ae2] 41 . dS�+ AxdS 42. AxdS f5 43· gxf5 Axf5 44· Af6 �e6 45· Ag7 h5 46. Ae4+ [ 46 . . . . 'i!?d 6 47· Af7 h4 48. Af6 + - ] 1-o. * * *

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

16. d5 ! exd5 [ 16 . . . . �e7 17. d 6 �xd6 (17. . . . 1J. x d 6 18. lt:Jg6 h xg6 1 9 . 1J. x d 6 ± ) 18. lt:Jd3 �e7 19. ct:J x b4 � x b4 20. Ad 6 ± ( Kram n i k); 16 . . . . Ac5 ?! 17. f!d3 Aa6 18. f!d2 Ab4 19. lt:Jc6 f! x c6 20. d x c6 ± ( Kram n i k ) ] 17. exd5 B1 17. . . . Ad6 [ 17- . . . 1J. x d 5 ? 18. f!d3 ± L. l'!c5 19. Ae3 f!b5 20. a4 f!a5 21. lt:Jc4 +- ; 17. . . . lt:Jx ds 18. f!d3 lt:J x f4 19. gxf4 ! ± ; 17. . . . Ac5 18. �d3 Aa6 19. f!d2 ± ] 85

A2 a

b

c

d

0

e

8

8 7 6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3 2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

T RA I N I NG M AT E RI A L

18. lZk6 ! Axc6 [ 18 . . . . Wd7 1 9 . A x d 6 1&fxd6 20. ll:Je7+ + - ] 19. Axd6 [ 1 9 . d x c6 A x f4 20. gxf4 �xd1+ 21 . � x d 1 �q 22. Af3 �fc8 23. l"!d6 o;;.f8 ( Kram n i k ) ] 19 . .. Aa4 l? [ 19 . . . . Wxd6 20. d x c6 1&fxd1+ 21 . � x d1 �q 22. f4 ± (Psakhis) 6Ag2-f3, g3-g4-gs] .

86

A1 a

b

c

d

23. Ah3 ! h6 [ a23 . . . . '6'e2 !? 24. �de1 fs 2s. d6 oo ( Ftacn lk) ] 24. Af5 l [ 24. d6 �c6 ] 24 b5?l [a24 . . . . '6'b7 2s. Ab4 ( 2s. Aa3 �d8 !? 26. �e7 �a6 "¢ ) 2S . . . . �d8 26. �e7 as 27. Ad6 83 27. . . . bs ( Kram n i k) ] 25. Ab4 ± �d8

. •.•

0 A2.

e 8

8 7 6

6

5

5 4 3

3

26. ge7 Wc4 [ 26 . . . . g6 27. Ae6 !? fx e6 28. d x e6 �C4 29. exd7 � x b4 30. �e8+ �f8 31. � x f8 + o;;. x f8 32. �d6 +- ( Kram n i k) ] A1 27. g x d7 l [ 27. �e4 �q D ] 27. ... gxd7 28. Axd7 W x b4 29. d6 Wa4 88

A1 a

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

20.

Axf8 1? 55 [20. � x a4 !? �xd6 21 . 1&fxa7 llJ x ds 22. A x ds (22. �d1 ?? ll:J x e3 23. g x d 6 l"!c1+ ; 22. �d3 �es = ) 22 . . . . Wx dp3. 1Afxb6 ± (Kram n i k ) ] 20 . ... Axd1 21. Ae7 Wq 22. !!xd1 81 22. tl:\d7 [ 22 . . . . �c2 23. �ed3 '6fx a2 24. Axf6 gxf6 2s. d6 as 26. d7 �d8 27. �e1 ± ]

b

c

d

0

e

8

8

7

7

6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3 2

...

87

A1 a

b

c

d

e

0 f

g

h 8

8 7 6

6

5

5

4

4

3

3

2

� a

2

II b

c

d

e

f

g

h

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

30. gd3 [ a30. �e1 ! A ) 30 . . . . �xa2 31. Afs g6 32. d7 + - ; B) 30 . . . . �d4 31. Afs g6 32. d7 o;;.g7 33· Ag4! (33· �e8 �d1 + 34· o;;.g2 '6'ds+ 35· f3 � x a2 + 36. o;;.h 3 +-) 33· . . . fs 34· �d1 + - ; C) 3 0 . . . . �b4 31 . �e8+ o;;. h 7 32. Afs+ g6 33· d7 +- ; D) 30 . . . . o;;. h 7 31. Afs+ g6 32. d7 '6'd4 33· Ag4 + - ] 30 . ... We4 [3o . . . . '6'q 31. J.fs �c1+ 32. o;;.g 2 �c6+ 33· o;;. h 3 �cs 34· g4 +­ ( Kram n i k) ; 30 . . . . '6' x a2 31. Afs '6'as 32. d7 '6'd8 33· �c3 +-] 31. A x b5 We1 + 32. �g2 We4+ 33· �g1 [33· o;;. f1 ! ] 33· ··· '6le1+ 34· �g2 We4+ 35· �f1 ! Wh1+ 36. �e2 We4+

C H A P T E R 5· PASSED PAWNS I N T H E M I DDLEGAME

90

[36 . . . . Wxh2 37· d7 Wh5+ 38. f3 We5+ (38 . . . . Wh2+ (Sto h l ) 39. 'i!i>d1 Wg1 + 40. 'i!i>c2 Wf2+ 41. 'i!i>b3 +-) 39. 'i!i>f1 Wa1+ 40 . 'i!i>g2 Wb2+ 41 . 'i!i>h3 ( Kram n i k ) ] 37· c;;,f1 Wh1+ 38. c;;,e2 We4+ 39· c;;,d 1 ! �g4+ [39 . . . . Wb4 40. d7 Wb1+ 41 . 'i!i>e2 Wxa2+ 42. 'i!i>f3 + - ; 39 · . . . Wh1+ 40. 'i!i>c2 Wa1 (40 . . . . Wxh2 41 . d7 l8fxf2+ 42. 'i!i>b3 +-) 41 . d7 l8f x a2+ 42. 'i!i>d1 Wb1 + 43· 'i!i>e2 +- J 40. f3 �h3 41. d7 [ 41 . d7 Wf1+ 42. 'i!i>c2 We2+ 43· �d2 + - ] 1-o.

Vladimir Kram n i k - Alexei Shirov Tilburg 1997

* * *

Vlad i m i r Kram n i k -J udit Polgar Linares 1997 a

A2, A1

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

0

22. �d4 !1 [ 22 . �h3 ? Wb6+ L.23. 'i!i>h1 l8fxe6! 24. �he3 Wf7] 22. ... �d6 [22 . . . . Q)f5? 23We5 Q) x e3 ? (23 . . . . We7 24. �d3 ± ; 23 . . . . Wb6 24. e7! �fe8 25. Wxd5+ 'i!i>g7 26. We5+ +-) 24. e7 � x f1 + 25. l'! x f1 Wd7 91

A1 a

b

c

d

e

0

f

g

h 8

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

28. �f7 ! �xf7 [28 . . . . Q)f5 29 . � x f5 ! � x f5 (29 . . . . gxf5 30. Wd7 +-) 30. e7+ 'i!i>h7 31. Wd7 +- ; 28 . . . . �ae8 29. �cf1 +- (29 . ilc3 !? ) ] 29. exf7+ c;;,h 7 30. �xes ! A x es 3 1 . �cs Ad6 [31 . . . . ilg7 32. �q + - ] 32. i!q [ L. �d4d7] 32 . ... tbc6 [32 . . . . Q)f5 33. g4 Q)g3+ 34 · 'i!i>g2 Q)e2 35· �e4 �f8 36. AC4 + - 1 33· bs tbes 34· i!d4 +- Af8 3S. i!e4 Ag7 36. Ab4 d2 37· .!'!xes [37· Axd2 �f8 38 . ilb4 � x f7 39· A x f7 Q) x f7 40 . �e7 +-] 37· ... i!d8 38. i!e8 [38. �e8 d1W+ 39· Axd1 � x d 1 + 40. 'i!i>h2] 1-0. * * *

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

26. �f8 + ! � x f8 27. Wh8+ !! 'i!i>f7 28. exf8�+ 'i!i>e6 29. Wff6#; 22 . . . . Wb6 23. Wc5 ! Wxcs 24. b x c5 ;!; ( Kram n i k) ] 23. �cs �f4? [ 23 . . . . Wxc5 2 4 . b x c5 �fc8 ( 2 4 . . . . b 6 !? 25. cxb6 a x b6 26. a3 ;!; ) 25. �b3 �q (25 . . . . b6 26. c x b6 a x b6 27. � x b6 � x a2 28. �b7 'i!i>f8 29.

TRA I N I N G M AT E RI A L

91

�e3 ;!; ; H uzm a n ) 26. E:eb1 b6 (26 . . . . E:b8 27. Aa6) 27- c x b6 axb6 28. a3 ;!; (Winants) l'>Ab5-d7, a4 ( x �b6) ] 24. f!f3 [ 24. Wxe7?? '#f2+ 25. �h1 V:Jxf1+ 26. E: x f1 E: x f1#] 24 Wg5 [ 24 . . . . Wd2 ( H uzm an ) 25. E:e2 Wg5 26. �ef2 ± 6 E:f7] .

92

A4, A2 b

a

c

d

e

•. .

0

f

g

h

8 £ 7 � 6 tj, A �· .. 5 4 [j, 3 : /j, /j, 2 /j, ... .

6 5 4 3 2

b

a

c

d

: �� e

f

g

h

25. f!f7 ! [ 25. E: x f8 + E: x f8 26. V:Jxa7 Wd2 ! 27. '#e3 Wxb4 ] 25 . ... f!xf7 26. exf7+ � xf7 27. '#q ± [ x�f7, x �a7] 27. ... Wh4 [ 27- . . . b6 28. g3 ! ± ( H uzman ) ] 28. E!e3 ! [ x�g8 ] 28 . ... Wxb4? [ o28 . . . . E:f8 29. g3 Wg5 (29 . . . . Wf6 30. Ae2 ! �g8 31. Wxe7 Wf2+ 32. �h1 We1+ 33· 'i9g2 Wf2+ 34· �h3 + - ; 29 . . . . V:J x b4 30. a3 ! +-; Yu su pov) 30. E:e2 ! --> ( Kram n i k ) ; 28. ... b6 29. We5 ! A) 29 . . . . h5 30. We6+ 'i9f8 31. g3 (31 . E:f3+ �e8 32. Ab5+ +-) ; B ) 29 . . . . f!d8 30. E:h3 +- V:J x b4 31. E: x h7+ �e8 32. Ab5+! +-] 29. a3 Wh4 30. W x b7 f!e8 [30 . . . . �f8 31 . Wxa7 �g8 32. E: x e7 d4 33. Ac4+ �h8 34· g3 +- ( Kram n i k ) ; 30 . . . . E:d8 31. Wxa7 d4 32. E:h3 ! We4 33. f! x h7+ +- ( Ftacnik). 31. Wxa7 ± d4 [31 . . . . E:f8 32. g3 (32. E:h3 We1 ) 32 . . . . Wf6 33. Ae2 ± ( H uzm an ) ; 31 . . . . h6 32. Ad3 ± ( Ftacnik)] 32. Aq+ [32. E:f3+ �g7 33- Wd7 E:f8 34· g3 We4 +Z ( Kram n i k ) ] 32 . ... @fS [32 . . . . �g7 33· g3 Wg5 (33· . . . Wf6 34· �e6 Wg5 35· Wxd4+ ±) 34· Wx d4+ ± ] =

93

B2 a

8 7 � 6 5 4 3 [j, 2 a

b

c

d

e

0

f

g

h

8

6 5 • 4 3 [j, /j, 2

b

c

d

e

f

� g

h

33 · g3 ! r x�d4 ; 33· E:f3+ �g7 34· E:f7+ 'i9h6] 33 · Wg4 [33 . . . . Wf6 34· E:e6 Wg7 (34· . . . Wf3 35· W x d4 +-) 35· Wb6 !? + - ( Kram n i k ) ] 34· Ae2 Wc8 35 · Wxd4 +- Wc1+ 3 6 . �g2 [36 . . . . Wc6+ 37. Af3 Wc2+ 38. f!e2 +- ( Kram­ n i k ) ] 1-0. •..

* * *

Vlad i m i r Kram n i k - Friso N ij boer Wijk aan Zee 1998 94

8

A3 a

b

c

d

0

e

f

g

h

8 .i. 7 . 6 5 4 = 1 3 •

6 5 4 3 2 [j, a

-

: b

c

d

e

f

g

h

24. f!f3 ! 1t:/h4 [ 24 . . . . E: x f3 25. Axf3 V:Jh4 26. b5 ! +- ( H uzm an ) ] 25. f!xf4 exf4 26. Af3 +­ We7 [26 . . . . a6 27. a4 Wg5 28. b5 ! ± xc6] 27. E!e1 Ae5 [ 27. . . . E:f8 28. b5 ! ± l 28. Wg6+

C H A PT E R 5 · P A S S E D PAWNS I N T H E M I D D L EGAME

92

Wg7? [28 . . . . �g7 29 . �e4 d5 30 . cxd5 c x d5 31. Wh7+ @fs 32. �g6 !? (32. �f3 ! ± t- Ah5) Ek8 ! � (32 . . . . f3 33· !'!e3 ! fxg2+ 34· 'i!tg1 �d4 35· ll:Jx h6+ + - ) ] 95

A1 a

b

c

d

8

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7

5

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4

d

e

f

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f

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h

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8

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6

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c

7

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6

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8

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82 a

0

8

2

97

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

22 . ... Ad4 l 23. Axd4 cxd4 24. !'!xd4 !'!d7 25. h4 [ 25 . Ac6 !'!c8 ! -+ ; 25. Ag4 f5 26. Af3 !'!f6 -+ ] 25 . ... !'!fd8 26. !'!a4

h

29. e7 l +- 1-o.

26

.

. .•

82 !'!b8 1-+ [ 6 !'!b6-d 6 ] 0-1 .

* * *

* * *

Viswanathan Anand - G arry Kasparov Frankfurt (rapid) 1999

Alexander 8eliavsky - Aleksa Stri kovic Cacak 1996 98

A1 a

8

l![

7 6 5 4 3

b

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

·� fj,

16 . ... Ad7 ! + 17. ll:Jxc6 Axc6 18. Axa6 [ 18. ClJC3 Axc3 1 9 . b x c3 llJ x c3 20. A x a6 llJ x d1 + ] 18. ... Axa4 1 9 . A x b7 Axd1 20. Axe4 Axf3 21. Axf3 Axb2 22. !'!d1

a

d

e

..

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0 f

b

d

h

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lt:J fj, fj, lt:J �

2

a

c

5 4

fj,

3 2

h

17. e5 ! ttJxc4 [ 17- . . . lL:lfx ds 18. llJ x d5 (18. llJ x d 6 :t) 18 . . . . lL:l x d5 19. Ae4 lLlb4 20. llJ x d 6 :t ] 18. Axq dxe5 1 9 . d6 ! Wd8 20. CDd5 e4 21. Wb3 ! [ 21 . lLlq ( Be l i avsky) 21 . . . .

TRA I N I N G M AT E R I A L

93

Ad7 22. lf::\ x a8 �xa8 � ; 21 . d7 ( Beliavsky) 21 . . . . Axd7 22. lf::\ x f6+ £ x f6 23. £ x f6 �xf6 24. Wxd7 E:e7 2S. �ds �d4+ .� J 21 . ... Ae6 99

D

a

s i 7

b

c

d

e

f

g

28. E: x d4 +- ( Beliavsky) ] 24. ... gxf5 25. E!.xf5 e3 26. t[}xf6+ .l:!xf6 [ 26 . . . . A x f6 27. Axe6 £ x e6 28. E: x d8+ E: x d8 29. £ x f6 A x b3 30. A x d8 +-] 27. .l:!fds l +- bs 28. .!:!xd7 We8 29. axbs axbs 30. � x bs e2 31. £xe2 1-0.

h

* * *

8

.l

Garry Kasparov -J osef Pribyl Skara 1980

6 5 4

101

A1 a

b

c

d

D

e 8

3

=-.r;;;--- -J 2

2

.,....._.., =,.-·

7 6

· �..--1 a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

4

22.

d7 ! Axd7 [22 . . . . E:f8 23. lf::\ x f6+ £ x f6 24. Axe6 fx e6 2S. �xe6+ 'i!i>g7 26. f!: x es Axgs 100

A1 a

b

c

d

e

..

..

[j,

7

D

f

vw .l fj,

8

••

7

.i.

5

3

[j,

2 a

b

c

d

e

)!'( � f

g

3 2 a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

h

.l

5

4 [j,

g

5

6

16. d5 l [ 1 6 . E:ed1 fs ! t ] 16 . ... Axq 17. .l:!ed1 exd5 18. exds Ag7 [ 1 8 . . . . tt:\q 19. Ae7 E!.fe8 20. �d7 ± ; 18 . . . . tt::\ b 8 1 9 . �C4 ( 19. �h4 -+ ) 19 . . . . Ag7 20. � x es ± ] 19. d6 f6

4

[j,

3 2

h

27- fxgs ! E: x f1+ 28. c;!;>xf1 �f8+ 29. �f6+

Wxf6+ 30. gxf6+ c;!;>xf6 31. E:e8 +- ( Be l i ­ avsky)] 23 . .l:!cd1 ! .l:!e6 [ 23 . . . . bs 2 4 . ax bs axbs 2S. lf::\ x f6+ Axf6 26. Axf7+ 'i!i>g7 27. £xe8 �xe8 28. Axf6+ c;!;>xf6 29. �e3+ 'i!i>f7 30. �xes +-] 24. fs [ 24. lf::\ x f6 + ! E: x f6 2S . Wxb7 E:b6 26. £ x f7+ ! 'i!i>f8 27. �xd7 Ad4+

a

b

c

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e

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g

h

C H A PT E R 5· P A S S E D P A W N S I N THE M I D D L E G A M E

94

2o. d7 l [ 20. JH4 a5] 20 . ... fxg5 ( 20 . . . . lZJb4 21. ll:fb3+ �h8 22. lZJe5 fx e5 23. d81l:f §axd8 24. § x d8 § x d8 25. A x d8 ± ; 20 . . . . §ad8 21. ll:1C4+ 'i!;>h8 22. lZJe5 ! fx e5 23. A x d8 § x d8 24. '8'e6 ! '8'b8 ( 24 . . . . lOq 25. '8'e7 1l:fb8 26. §b3 e4 27. §d6 Af8 28. ll:ff6 + Ag7 29. ll:ff7 ; 24 . . . . '8'a8 !? (Yusu pov) 25. §b3 lZJb4 26. !!h3 '8'c6 2]. §d6 ± ) 103

A3 a

8

b

..

c

d

e

0 f

g

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104

7 A 6 �A

6

5

5

4

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2 � a

0 a

b

c

d

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f

g

25. §b3 ! C4 26. §h3 lZJc5 27. ll:fxg6 h6 28. §g3 +- ; 20 . . . . �h8 21. '8'C4 (21. Af4) 21. . . . fxg5 - 20 . . . . fx g5] 21. Wc4+ Ci!?h8 22. tDxg5 Af6 D [ � 22 . . . . Ad4 23. § x d4 c x d4 24. ll:fx d4+ �g8 25. l0e6 +-] 23. tDe6 tDq ( 23 . . . . lZJb4 24. '8'f4 '8'b8 !? (Yusu pov) (24. . . . lZJd5 25. Wd 6 ; 24 . . . . §f7 ( Yusu p ov) 25. lZJg5 ± ; 24 . . . . l0c6 25. lZJ x f8 § x f8 26. d81l:f lZJ xd8 2]. § x d8 +-) 25. d81l:f ( 25. ll:ff3 Ad4 26. lZJ x f8 '8f x f8 27. ll:fxf8 + § x f8 28. § x d4

d

e

7 A 'it' � � i. 6 A � 5 A

f

g

h

.1.

6 5



3 h

c

8

4

� b

c x d4 29. !! x b4 !!d8 30. § x d4 'i!;>g7 t t.�f6e6) 25 . . . . ll:fxf4 26. ll:fxf8 + (26. '8fxa8 ll:fxf2+ 2]. �xf2 § x a8 65) 26 . . . . !! x f8 27. lZJ x f4 Ad4 28. COe6 Axf2+ 29. �f1 §e8 30. �x f2 § x e6 31. !!d8+ �g7 32. §d7+ ± ] 24. tDxf8 �xfs 25. gd6 [ 25. Wxc5 '8fxg2+ 26. 't!;>xg2 bxcs 27. §b7 lZJe6 28. §d 6 lZJf4+ 29 . �f1 Ad8 30. § x a7 ± ] 25 . ... Ae7 [ 25 . . . . '8'b8 26. §bd1 '8'd8 27. §c6 ± Ag7 28. h4 0; 25 . . . . Ad8 26. h4 '8'a6 27. ll:fc3+ 'i!;>g8 28. '8'e2 ± t. A x h4 29. � xg6+ + - ]

2 � a

3

� b

c

4

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e

f

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26. d8W II Axd8 (26 . . . . § x d8 27. § x d8+ A x d8 28. Wf7 '8'd5 29 . '8fxd5 lZJ x ds 30. §d1 +-] 27. 'Wq+ Ci!?gs 28. gd7 Af6 29. 'IMC4+ Ci!?hs 30. 'Wf4 Wa6 ? [ 3o . . . . Ag7 31 . ll:f x q '8fx q 32. § x q Ad4 33. §f1 ± ] 31. 'Wh6 1-0.

95

6 Doubl e Attack An attack o n two o r more p i eces with one single m ove i s called a double attack. A d o u ­ ble attack is a n i m portant a n d effective tacti­ cal instru ment. Often a double attack leads im med i ately to m ateri al gai n , as the oppo­ nent fi nds it i m possi ble to d efe n d aga i n st all th reats si m u ltaneously. M o reover, it's very easy to overlook a double attack. Here are two examples from the games of world cham pions.

Fritz Samisch -jose Capablanca Karlsbad 1929 1. d4 tLlf6 2. c4 e6 3· CLlc3 lt.b4 4· a3 Axq+ 5· bxq d6 6. f3 e5 7· e4 tbc6 8. it.e3 b6 9· it.d3 Aa6 ?? 105 0

11. d5 he lost a piece and, unsurprisi ngly, later on the game.

larry Ch ristiansen - Anatoly Karpov Wijk aan Zee 1993 1. d4 tLlf6 2. C4 e6 3· CLlf3 b6 4· a3 Aa6 5· Wc2 Ab7 6. CLlC3 C5 7· e4 cxd4 8. tbxd4 CLlc6 9· tLlxc6 Axc6 10. Af4 tLlh5 11. it.e3 Ad6 ?? 106 0 a

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Capablanca overlooked that after

10. Wa4, attacking two m i nor pieces, the usual 10 . . . . lLlas is i m possible because of the p i n . He played

10 . ... Ab7 and after

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With h i s l ast m ove Karpov devel oped h i s b i s h o p to a squ are where it was u n p ro­ tected. After

12. Wd1 ! , attacki ng the k n i g h t o n h s and t h e bishop o n d6, he h ad to resign i m med i ately. The queen 's double attack took pl ace from long range. The double attack is particul arly effective when the king is one of the attacked pieces. I n the openi ng, the o pen position of the king can sometimes be exploited . The catas-

C H A P T E R 6 DOUBLE ATTACK

g6

trophe i n the next game demonstrates how easily an enemy m i nor piece can be l u red to its doom.

Richard Reti - Alexander Alekh ine Baden-Baden 1925 • 108 a

Oscar Garda Vera - Roberto G rau Rosario 1929 1. d4 tbf6 2. tbf3 cs 3· Af4 cxd4 4·

ttJxd4?? 107

• a

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� �� ��� ����.� � �

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r--..=· .:

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First - a knight fork:

3

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42. ... tbd4

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3 8

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Black's q ueen can give a check along the diagonal from as. There fol l owed

4. ... es l ( a d o u b l e attack o r fork) and Wh i te loses a piece, as after s. A x es he cannot escape the next double attack s . . . . 18fas ! + . With its great power, the q ueen i s , natu­ ral ly, the piece most l i kely to execute a dou­ ble attack, but the others can d o so too.

a

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c

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and Wh ite resigned , because of 43· �f2 ll:l x f3+ 44· � x f3 and there fol l ows another double attack, this ti me by a bishop: 44· . . . Ads.

Levenfish (exercise position ) 109 D a

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Even a king can attack m o re than one enemy piece at the same time.

97

(threate n i ng 2. 'i!i>b7) 1 . ... etJc8+ 2. c;;,b7 with a d raw.

44· 'Wa8+ !

Ferdesi 1501

But not 44· ttJ x f7? because of 44· . . . �d1 + 45· Ag1 �h5+ 46. �h2 �f3+ with perpetual check. =

110

D

44· ··· c;;,g 7 45· £xes+ I A b i s h o p 's d o u ble attack agai nst both q ueen and ki ng.

45· ··· 'Wxes 46. 'Wh8+ ! c;;, x h8 47· ttJxf7+ And finally a kn ight fork.

1-0. * * *

a

b

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d

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I n the next game, we see how wel l the old m asters u sed this tactical weapon .

h

Wh ite m ust contend with two threats : mate on the back-rank and 1 . . . . 'i!i> x c4. But with a com b i n ation, he can even wi n !

Adolf Anderssen - H oward Stau nton London 1851

1. e4 es 2. tlJf3 tlJc6 3· d4 exd4 4· Ac4 Acs S· o-o d6 6. C3 tlJf6 7· cxd4 .£b6 8. tlJq Th is is one of the most famous com b i na­ Ag4 9· Ae3 o-o 10. a3 'We7 11. 'Wd3 .£xf3 tions that featu res d o u b l e attacks. 12. gxf3 'Wd7 13. c;;,g2 tlJhs 14. tlJe2 tlJe7 15. tlJg3 ttJxg3 16. h xg3 ds 17. .£a2 �adS 18. �ad1 c6 19. �h1 tlJg6 20. �hs dxe4 21. fxe4 Tigran Petrosian - Vlad i m i r Si magin Moscow (ms) 1956 'Wg4 22. �dh1 • 112 111 D and Wh ite wins the rook on h4.

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C H A PT E R 6 DOU B L E ATTACK

g8

A powerfu l blow. Wh ite cannot take the roo k because of the kn ight fork. For exam­ ple: 23. Axd4? 'Llf4+ 24. 'i!i>f1 ltJ x d3 25. � x h7 �d1 + 26. 'i!i>g2 'Lle1+ 27. 'i!i>f1 ( o r 27. � x e1 �xd4) 'Llf3+ 28. 'i!i>g2 �x h1+ 29. � x h1 ltJ xd4 and B l ack wi ns.

fish : 25 . . . . 'Llf4+ ! with the fol lowi ng l i nes: A) 26. 'i!i>g1 �d1+ (26 . . . . 'Lle2+ ? 27. �f1 ltJ x c3 28. �h8#) 27- 'i!i>h2 �xd4 28. �xd4 � x d4 29 . �h4 'Lle2 + ; B ) 26. 'i!i>h2 'i!;> x h7 27. gxf4 � x f4 ( 6 �d4, �f3 ) 28. Ab1+ 'i!i>g8 and i n both cases Black has a h uge advantage. 114

0 a

Th i s m ove is even better than 23 . .. . �xe4+ 24. f3 �d3 25. £ x d4 �e2+ 26. 'i!i>h3 (26. 'i!i>g1 �d8 __. ) £ x d4 27. � x d4 �xf3. (see analysis diagram 113) 113 0 a

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• ... ... ...

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( Do u b l e attack aga i n st both Wh i te 's rooks. ) 28. �d1 ! 'Llf4+ 29. 'i!i>h4 'Llg6+ and a repetition of moves.

24. �xh7 l f 24. f3, then 24 . . . . � x h5 ! (24 . . . . 'Llf4+ 25. £ x f4 �e2+ 26. 'i!i>f1 �f2+ 27. 'i!i>e1 � x f3 55 ) 25. � x h5 � x e3 26. �c2 ( o r 26. �C4 'Lle5 27�c2 g6 ) 26 . . . . �feB 55 and B l ack h as m o re than enough com pensatio n for the quee n .

24. ... £d4 25. £xd4 � x d4? But this hit is now a m i stake. Stau n to n overlooks h i s opponent's d o u b l e attack. The correct m ove was suggested by Leven -

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

After this d o u b l e attack o n q ueen and rook, Black loses material and can no longer save the game.

27. ... � x h4 28. gxh4 �xh4 29. �g3 29. �e3 +- wou l d h ave been even better.

29 . ... �hs 30. f4 (30. �e3 !? )

30 . ... �bs 31. b4 �ds 32. £c4 �d2+ 33· e7 l 44· gas

·�

b

3S. c!>d4 g6 39· gfS+ c!>e7 40. gf3 c!>d6 41 . a3 b4 42. axb4 ttJ x b4 43· !US

d

e

f

g

44· gbg ?? ctJc6+ .

44· c!>f6 45· c!>e4 tlJds 46. gfS+ c!>e7 47· gbs c!>f6 4S. c!>d4 c!>fs 49· f3 - Y2-Y2 •••

S mbat Lputian - Artur Yusupov Baden -Baden 1996 • 124

h

tlJxc6 !

a

B l ack has to e l i m i n ate the potentially dangerous pawn o n b4. On the other h a n d , 32 . . . . gc1 ? is poor d u e to 33· q +- ; l i kewise 32 . . . . g x f2 + ?! because of33. 'i!?xf2 liJ x c6 34· ga8+ 'i!?f7 35· a3 ltJes 36. 'i!?e3 ctJq+ 37· 'i!?d4 with the threat of a4.

33· gaS+ c!>f7 34· c!> xf1 ttJ x b4 35. c!>e2 hs 36. c!>e3 c!>f6 37· c!>e4 tlJds ;!; 0 a

8

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�....;-;;.... !

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"..=':.,--· -=-- 1

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4 3 2 a

123

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Once aga i n , I ' m sorry to say that my play u ntil this point h ad been less than convinc­ mg. As the b l ac k knigh t i s p i n ned, I can do noth i ng else but try for a perpetual check. I was short o f ti me and i t was o n ly by using the p rocess of e l i m i n ation that I m a n aged to save the game.

s6. ... Wf4+

a

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The worst is over for Black. With carefu l play I d rew the game without d i fficulty.

The other check, s6 . . . . �C1+ , loses to 57· 'i!?e2 �C2+ 58. 'i!?e3 �C3+ 59· 'i!?f2 �C2+ 60. 'i!?g3 +-.

57· c!>e2 We4+ ss. c!>d1 sB. 'i!?d2 �> 2o. l"l.cdi cu x d4 !!-+ J 16. . . . W x d3 17.

Axd3 bs = 18. ttld:z. h6 19. Ae3 Ad7 :z.o. �b3 ttlb7 2.1. C4 Ih-Ih. 0 E7-16

Anand - Gelfand, Wijk aan Zee 1996 :z.1 fxe6 :: [21. . . . 1i, x e6 � 22. l"l. xe6 fxe6 23. V1 xg6+ �g7 24. 1i,xe6 + l"l.f7 2s. 1i, x f7+ c;;,rs 26. �xf6 + - ; 2 1 . . . . l"l.es ! A) 22. 1"l.ef1 Ah4 ! + ; B ) 22. �6 Ah4 (22. . . . cuh4 23. �g4+ cug6 24. �6) 23. l"l.xf7 �xf7 24. �xf7+ c;;, x f7 2S. ctJc7+ Ae6 26. l"l.xe6 l"l. xe6 27. Axe6+ c;;,e7 2S. tLlxaS c;;, x e6 29. cub6 + ; C ) 22. l"l.fh llxe6 (22 . . . . fxe6 23. �xg6+ Ag7 24. 1"l.f6! �xf6 2s. �xeS+ �fs 26. Axe6+ Axe6 27. l/1xe6+ l/1f7 2S. l/1b6 oo ) 23. A x e6 fxe6 24. V1xg6+ llg7 2s. l"l.f3 l"l.fs + ; D) 22. l"l.e4! 22 . . . . A x e6 23. ll x e6 fxe6 24. �xg6+ llg7 2s. 1"!.6 65] u. g,xe6 ! [22. V1 x g6 + � l/1g7 (22. . . . llg7 +) 23. l"l. x e6 �xg6 24. 1"l.ex f6+ c;;,h 7! 0-+ ; 22. A x e6+ � A x e6 23. 1"l. x e6 l/1g7!-+] u . . . . �g7 ( 22 . . . . A x e6 23. V1xg6+ l/1g7 (23 . . . . Ap 24. Axe6+) 24. Axe6+ c;;,h s (24. . . . l"l.f7 2s. Axf7+ c;;,rs 26. V1 x f6 +-) 2s. l"l.hs+ +-] 2.3. g,xe7+ Axe7 2.4. g,xfs Axfs :z.s. h4! +­ [2s. h4 c;;,h 7 26. hs ctJe7 27. �f3 (27. �f4 Ad7 2S. �f6 Ac6 29. Af, +-) 27. . . . Afs 2S. �xb7 +-] 1-0. •

• • •

C H A P T E R 7 T H E P RO C E S S OF E L I M I N ATION

1 26

Practical exe rc i s e s Try to play the fol lowi ng fou r stud ies l i ke real games. You always h ave Wh ite. For each of the first two positions you h ave half an hou r's t h i n k i ng time, and for each of the second two you h ave an hour. Cover the m oves and the d i agrams that fol low with a sheet of paper. When you have reached a decision, you can look at the correct move, the comments, and the 'opponent's' next move. Each study ru ns in a col u m n . I n the left-hand col u m n you ' l l fi rst fi nd a study by Grigoriev, then Vl ase n ko ; i n the right- h a n d col u m n a study by G u rvic h , then Kozi rev. Focus your attention on the can d i d ate moves, and try to refute poor moves as q u i ckly as possi ble.

Abram G u rvich 1961

N ikolay G rigoriev 1931 130

128

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t[j 7 6 • � 5 ,.. 4 .i_ 3 2

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127

PRACTICAL EXERCISES

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V. Kozirev 1978

V. Vlasenko 1970

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CHAPTER 7 THE PROCESS OF ELIMINATION

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PRACTICAL EXERCISES

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CHAPTER 7 T H E PROCESS OF ELIMINATION

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PRACTICAL E X E RC I S E S

Grigoriev 1931: solution

Gurvich 1961 : solution

Diagram 128 on page 126 I . h4! (2 points)

Diagram 130 on page 126 I . �f4 ! (2 points) tLlg5, 'i!?g3 ; L. I . 'i!,>h4 � ctJf2 ( I 'i!?g7 2 . ctJg5 ctJf2 3· ctJ X h3 )

�f7� g5 2. �f6 (2. 'i!?g7 �b3 3· � x h7 'i!?c4 4· c;;,g6 g4 5· �g5 'i!?d5 6. 'i!?xg4 �e6 =) 2 . . . . g4 3· �g5 'i!?b3 4· 'i!?xg4 'i!?c4 5· �g5 'i!?d5 6. 'i!?h6 'i!?e6 7· 'i!?xh7 'i!?f] =. I . . . . hs 1. 'i!?b3 ( 1 . . . . h6 2. h5 +-) 2. 'i!?f7 �c4 3· 'i!?xg7 c;;,d5 4· f5 -+) 3· 'i!?g7 +-. I . . . . ltlfz 1. 'i!?g7 2. tLlg5 tLlf2 3· 'i!?g3 'it>f6 4· tLlh7+ =. 0 0 0

. • .

Diagram 129 on page 126 z. �fs ! (1 point)

Diagram 131 on page 126 2.. �f3 ! (2 points)

2. �f7 � g5! 3· h x g5 h4 4· g6 h3 5· g7 h2 6. [email protected] [email protected] =. 2.. . . . g6 g5 3· hxg5 h4 4· g6 h3 5· g7 h2 6. [email protected]+ +-. 2

2. 'i!?g3 CLle4+ 3· 'i!?xh3 'i!?g7 - + ; 2. tLlg5+ 'i!?f6 3· tLlh7+ 'i!?g7 - + ; 2. 'i!?e3 �g7 3· tLlg5 tLldi+ -+. z �g7 3· ltlgs �h6 3· 'i!;>f6 4· CLlh7+ =. ... ltlf7+ = .

• • • •

Diagram 132 on page 127 3· �e7 ! +- (1 point) 3· 'i!;>g7 g5 4· h xg5 h4 = . 3 · . . . �b3 4 · �f6 �c4 ; . �xg6 �ds 6. �xh; �e6 7· �g6 +-.

.

0 0 0

• • •

132

CHAPTER

7

T H E P RO C E S S OF E L I M I N ATION

Vlasenko 1970: solution

Kozirev 1978: solution

Diagram 133 on page 127 1 . ti)bz (2 points)

Diagram 134 on page 127 I. �e7 1. '1!7fa �� 'r!=Jf7#.

1. �b7 + � xd3 4· ... eiW S· Adi+ Wxdi



• • •

=.

Diagram 138 on page 128 4· Wbz+ ! (2 points) Diagram 136 on page 128 6. ti)bz+ �b3 7· ti)xdi as 7· . . . '1!7c2 8. d8 ! = 104 .l:!d7+ c;!;le8 105. c;!;lc7 Acz Io6 .l:!dz Ab3 107 .E!.e:z.+ c;!;lf7 Io8. c;!;>d6 Ac4 Io9 .E!.e7+ c;!;>f8 110 .l:!e4 Ab3 III. c;!;>d7 c;!;>f7 112. .l:!f4+ c;!;>g6 113· c;!;>d6 c;!;lgs 114. c;!;les c;!;lg6 115 .E!.f3 c;!;lg7 116 .E!.f6 Ac4 117. c;!;lfs Ab3 118. c;!;lgs Acz '-h-'-h. •

















o ES-25

Leonid Kubbel, I92.7 I. a6 ! e3 2.. a7 ez 3· a8W eiW 4· Wds+ c;!;lb4 5· Wd3 0 Wai [5 . . . . 1c'ifc1 6. Wa3+ 'i!?c4 7· b3+ + - ; 5· . . . �a4 6 . 1c'ifa3#; 5· . . . 1ttf2 6. 1f7 27. I'Lles+ +-] 22. Ac4 1"!xd1+ 23. 1"!xdi �f7 24. e4! [24. Her] 24 Wf4 2s. 1"!e1 Wg4 26. exfs Wxc4 27. fxg6+ �eS [27. . . . 'l!;> xg6 28. f-( x e6+ 'i!;>f7 29 . .§ x c6 +-] 28. g7 ! es 29. Wxhs+ �d7 3o. 1"!d1+ Ad6 3I. Axes CDd4 32.. CDxd4 I-o. •



0 E9-12

Yusupov - Adorjan, Toluca (izt) 1982 I4 CDb8 ! [ L.I'Llc6-b4] Is. 1"!di CDc6 I6. 1"!bi [16. ds� exds 17. exds I'Llb4 h7 28. hs ! +-] zs. Axe7 1"!xe7 2.9. 1"!xfs 1"!xfs 30. Axfs CDf4 [30 . . . . gxh4 31. �xh4 +-] 3I. Wxgs +- 1"!xes p. dxes W x di+ 33· �h2 Wd2 [33- . . . ctJe2 34· �e6+ 'i!;>fs 35· �fs+ 'l!;>e7 36. �f7+ 'i!;>d8 37· �f8 + 'l!;>c7 38. Wc8#] 34· Ae6+ �h7 [34· . . . 'i!;>f8 35· �fs+ 'l!;>e7 36. �f7+ i;>d8 37· �f8+ 'l!;>q 38. �c8#] 3S· Axc4 g6 36. Ae6 ! Black resigned due to : 36. s1e6 �e3 37· �e7+ 'i!;>h6 38. �f8+ 'i!;>h7 39· �g8+ 'i!;>h6 40. �h8#. I-0. •

0 E9-13

Beliavsky - Yusupov, Moscow 1983 20. CDbi ! [ L.l2Jbd2-bJ, x c6 J 20 1"!acS �! [ o 20. . . . .§ec8 21. l':la2 �d6 22. .!hc2 as 23. l2Jbd2 J4 ;!; (Beliavsky)] 2I. 1"!a2 ! [21. I'Llbd2 cs! 22. d x cs El. xcs = ] 2I CDh4 22. CD x h4 W x h4 23. CDd2 ±. •



• • •

• • •

0 E9-14

Baturin - Yusupov, Riga 1984 Ac2 ! [L.�e4] 34. 1"!ei Ae4 3s. 1"!e3 fs 36. 33· Wgs Wf7 37· Wh4 1"!d1+ 3S. �h2 1"!d2 -+ 39· �gi �h7 40. 1"!g3 g6 4I. 1"!gs C3 42. Aei Ac6 43· 1"!g3 Wes 44· �h2 Wxei o-I.

• • •

• • •

0 E9-15

Petrosian - Smyslov, Moscow 1961 IS. Wa4 ! White brings the queen into the attack. IS 1"!fds [18 . . . . g6 19. �e4 ! (19. �g4!�; 19. h4!�)] I9. We4 g6 20. Wg4 hs [20 . . . . 'i!fh7� 21. � xg6+ fxg6 22. � x e6 Hf8 23. Hd7 .§ce8 (23 . . . . El.c7 24. I'Lles +-) 24. I'Llgs+ h x gs 25. �h3+ 'i!fgs 26. �h8+ 'l!;>f7 27. �f6+ •

0 E9-17

Taimanov - Flohr, Leningrad 1948 I6. CDbi ! [ L. ctJc3-bs ; 16. ctJe4� fs 1 7. ctJq f4 ! 18. Axf4 cxd4 19 . .§ xd4 es 20. fre4 fs 21. l"rq l.Lcs (Taimanov)] I6 1"!hg8 [16 . . . . fs 17. g3] I7. g3 cxd4 [017. . . . hs L. r8. h4 fs (Taimanov) ] IS. A x d4 Acs I9. CDq A x d4 zo. 1"!xd4 CDes u . 1"!cdi 1"!xd4 u. 1"!xd4 ± [ L. ctJe4] . •

• • •

. • •

0 E9-18

Jansa - Campora, Bor 1983 I7. CDh4 ! [L.h3-g4 ; x�g4 ; 17. ds cxds rs. Axf6 gxf6 19. c x ds A x a3 oo ; 1 7. I'Lles �fs ;!;) I7• Ahs IS. h3 g s [ 1 8. . . . I'Lld7 19. g4 l.Le7 20. f4

• • •

I6S Axh4 2I. \Sixh4 slg6 22. �aei ± 6ds] I9. �f3 [I9. ds sle7 (I9 . . . . gxh4 20. sl x f6 h xg3 21. Jlxds gxf2+ 22. \Si x h � x ds 23. dxe6 1Lcs 24. e7 Jlxe7 55) 20. dxe6 gxh4 21. Jl x f6 Q x f6 22. e7 Axe7 23. 1dxe7 hxg3 24. fxg3 ldeS ;!;) I9. . . . �d7 zo. h4 Wp zi. hxgs hxgs u. Aq ! [ 6ds; 6 Qas) zz. . . . a4 Z3• ds es Z4• d x c6 h x c6 ZS• h4 f6 z6. �dz �ac8 z7. cs ±. 0 E9-19

Malaniuk - Ivanov, Kostroma 1985 zo. �hi ! [ 6 GLJa3-bs] zo . • . • �e8 ZI. �a3 fs [6f4] zz. hxgs hxgs z3. Wdz Ac6 [23 . . . . \31f6 24. �hs f4 2s. e x f4 g x f4 26. Jlh4 ! ± ] z4. �hs �hs zs. �xhs �xhs z6. o-o-o �g7 z7. �hs �df6 z8. Whz [ 6 d x cs] z8 • • • • a3 z9. Wh3 ! ( 6 30. dx CS dx CS 3 1 . GLJc7 GLJc7 32. \3fb6] Z9• • • • Axhs 30. cxhs ds 3I. dxcs Wxcs [31. . . . bxcs 32 . .i':X xds! +-] 3z. Aes ! +- �g6 33· �hi We7 34· Ad4 We6 3S· c4 ! �c7 36. �ci Wd6 37· cxds �cxds 38. �c6 Wds 39· Ac4 �h7 40. Axds �xds 4I. Wdi ! I-o. 0 E9-20

van der Wiel - Day, Grand Manan 1984 I. Wa4 ! [6\31c6, xc7 :!: 1. c4 lLJf6; :!: I. Ah4 ./':Xes 61Ld7] I • . . • as ( c::::>I . . . . a6] 2.. Wc6 ± Wd7 (2 . . . . 1dd7? 3· .El.xe6 +-] 3· Axds Wxds 4· Wxds [ :!: 4· \Sixq �d7 ! S· \31 x b6 J'l.b7 6. Wxas � xb2 ±] 4· • . • �xds S· Axc7 +-. 0 E9-21

Yusupov - Rasin, Moscow 1976 22 . . . . \31d6?! Instead, Black could have equalised with u . • • • �hs ! z3. � x fi �d7 =, displacing White's bishop from its strong position on f6. 23. 't!? x fi es ? 24. dxes lLJ xes 2S. \Sff4 ./':Xes 26. ldei Wa6+ 27. c4 ! +- I-o. 0 E9-22

Vai:sser - Yusupov, Novosibirsk 1976 I9· . . • �f7 ! Black brings his king to safety. zo.

SOLUTIONS

E 9-19 TO E 9-27

a4 �es zi. Ad3 �ds u. hs .E!.hs z3. Wgz �c7 z4. hxg6 We6 zs. �ez Wxg6 + . 0 E9-23

Taimanov - Yusupov, Moscow 1980 �h4 ! [ 6 GLJe8, �ha6 ---> ] z4• .E!.g3 (24. f4 z3 e4 +] 24• • . • �e8 2S· e4 d4 z6. f4 .E!.ha6 -+ 2.7. fxes .E!.ai z8 • .E!.xf7+ (28. \31f2 .El.Sa2+ 29. 't!?ci \Sia3 + 30. 't!?d2 l=l. x cH ! - + J z8. . . . Wxf, z9. Afs We7 o-I. .

• • •

0 E9-24

Gligoric - Yusupov, Vrbas 1980 zs . . . . Wh4 ! ( 6 GLJe7-fs] z9• .E!.fz �e7 ! 30. a3 Wcs 3I • .E!.dz �fs 32· Wh3 g4 -+ 33· Whs and here, instead of 33· . . . �hs (time trouble), Black could have won after 33· . . . gxf3 34· \31e8 + 't!?C? 3S· '!;3!d8 + 't!?c6 36. �ed1 (36. gxf3 �d4) 36 . . . . fxg2+ 37· �xg2 \Sie7 (37· . . . \Sixes -+) 3S. �d6+ \31xd6! 39· exd6 �fi + 40. �g1 't!?cs#. 0 E9-25

Csom - Yusupov, Luzern (ol) 1982 ZI. �gJ ! ( 6 GLJf3, g4) ZI . . . , gs ( 21. . . . ./':Xf7 22. lLJfJ J'tef8 23. g4 + - ] zz. �f3 .E!.f7 Z3. g4 �h4+ z4. �xh4 gxh4 zs. f) ! .E!.ef8 2.6. Ah4 ! We6 z7. Aei ± ( xh4] . 0 E9-26

Yusupov - Tseshkovsky, Minsk 1982 I3 . . . . �hs ! [ 6 c6, lLJd7] I4. Wh3 [I4. b4 c6 Is. GLJc3 e4 +] I4 . . . . .E!.a7 + IS· e4� [ Is. �d2!?) IS· . . . f4 ! I6. gxf4 Axds I7. cxds exf4 + IS. 6 D Wf6 I9. Adz Wd4+ 20. �hi �d7 o-I. 0 E9-27

Seirawan - Yusupov, Istanbul (ol) 2000 zo . . . . �fs ! [ 6ctJd7-b6-c4] zi. �h3 Wa3 zz. Wei (22. 1Llcs Jlxcs +] u. . . . �d7 23• .E!.cz Was ! Z4· �ei ! �h6 zs. �d3 �c4 + ( x a2, �e) .

SOLUTIONS

E 9-28

TO

E 9-32

0 E9-28

Beliavsky - Yusupov, Dortmund 1998 40 . . . . A6+ ! The bishop is on its way to its ideal square c4, from where it supports the advanced f-pawn. It would have been worse to play 40 . . . . !ld2 41. tLlb1 �d8 42. 'i&c3 + and White still can defend. 4•· xf? [ro . . . . t! x f7 II. tLle6 ! +-] n. etJe6 ! dxe6 [rr. . . . g3] 1-0, •

. . .

0 E1o-18

Yusupov - Zapata, SaintJohn 1988 2.8. ttlaz ! Wbz 2.9. �ez Wa3 30. Ae3 (30. ctJc3 ! would have been simpler : 3 0 . . . . ct:Jhs 3 1 . ct:Jbs Wa1 32. \?if x a1 A x a1 33· g3 +-] 30 . . . . �e8 31. Aci Z!xez 32.. Axa3 �xaz 33· Wbi !� �xa3 34· Wbz tb x ds 3S· W x a3 ttl x f4 36. Afi Ad4+ 37· �hi ttlh; 38. g4 ttlg3+ 39· �gz tb x f1 �! (039 . . . . ii.es ± ] 40. � x fi fxg4 41. hxg4 +­ hs 42.. gxhs gxhs 43· Waz �f7 44· Wgz ttld7 4S· Wxb7 �e7 46. We4+ I-o.

0 E10-23

Botvinnik - Spielmann, Moscow 1935 9· ttla4 ! Wxaz 10. Ac4 ! Ag4 n. ttl6 Ax6 12.. gx6 ( 1 2. gx [J \?ifa3 ( 1 2 . . . . ctJc2+ 13. \?if x c2 + -) IJ. ftc3 +-) 1-0, 0 E 10-24

Mikhail Kliatskin, 192.4 I, C7 ! �XC7 2., axb6+ �Xb8 3• b7 +- I-0. 0 E10-25

0 E10-19

Kasparov - van der Wiel, Brussels 1987 18. ttlbs ! ± (If 18. ctJe2 (with the idea g4, Ac;), rhen 18 . . . . ctJe6.] 18 . . . . ttle6 ( 1 8 . . . . c x b; 19. kcs kfs 20. � x fs + -] 19· A xe6 fxe6 ( 1 9 . . . . cxb; 20. ka2 ± ] zo. ttlxc7 W>c2 s. tL:lcs (s. tL:las tL:la6)

0 E10-31

Yusupov - Suetin, Moscow 1980 2I. tbf6+ ! c;;,h8 2.2.. E:bi (22. tL:lg4 Axh 23. Axh E!. xd1 24 . .t::l. xd1 Ag5 ±] 22 Wc7 23. E:xb7! (23. tL:lg4 � x f3 ± ] 23 Wxb7 24. tbg4 ! +­ [24. tLlg5 �c7 25. tL:lgx h7 ±] 24 tbf5 25. tbh4 We7 26. tb x f5 gxf5 27. tb x h6 Wg5 28. tb x f5 ! [28. tL:l x fs \3! x fs 29. \3! x fs e x fs 30. e6+ 'i!;>g8 31. e7 +-) I-0. •



• • •

• • •



• • •

0 E10-32

Ruban - Dautov, Novosibirsk 1989 I5· g5! I6. tb x e4 dxe4 I7. tbd2 f6 I8. d5 ! fxe5 I9. W xe5 E:e8 (19 . . . . �d7 !? 20. tL:l xe4 g4 + ] 2o. tbxe4 tbc5 (20 . . . . g4 21. d6 � ; 20 . . . . 'tifd7 !? 21. d6 �d8] 2I. tbxc5�! (o21. d6 !? cxd6 22. tL:l x d6 A x d6 23. �xg5 + 'i!;>h8 (23 . . . . �f7 ? 24. E!. x d6 El.e6 2s. 'tiffs+ c;!;>e7 26. 1tixh7+ �xd6 27. !'l.d1+ �es 28. \3!f7 + - ) 24. \3!f6+ 'i!;>g8 2s. 'tifgs+ = ] 2I bxc5 22. E:aCI �! (22. Ae4 'tifd7 23. �fs �d6 24. �e6+ 1tixe6 +] 22 Wd8 23. Ah3 Ac8 + o-I. • • •



• • •



• • •

C H APTER 10 TRAPPING A PIECE

I86

Score tab l e N�

Po i n t s

3

23

3

13

3

24

3

1

14

3

25

4

4

1

15

3

26

4

5

1

16

3

27

4

6

2

17

3

28

4

7

2

18

3

29

4

8

2

19

3

30

4

9

2

20

3

31

5

10

2

21

3

32

5

11

2

22

3

N�

Poi n t s

1

12

2

1

3

N�

Po i n t s

1

You r Poi nts

You r Poi nts

total

Poi nts

Pl ayi n g St rength

l e ss than 5 poi n t s

begi n n e r

5 - 2 0 poi n t s

ELO

800 - 1000

2 1 - 30 po i n t s

E L O 1000 - 1 5 00

31 - 4 5 po i n t s

E L O 1 5 0 0 - 1800

46 - 60 po i n t s

E L O 1800 - 2 100

61 - 7 5 poi n t s

ELO 2 100 - 2 300

76 - 90 poi n t s

ELO above 2 3 00

90

You r Points

A p pendix I n dex of c o m p o s e rs a n d an al y sts Names in italics refer to analysts.

A Adorjdn, Andrds, 167 Afek, Yoch anan , 124, 185 Averbakh, Yuri, 41 , 55 B Beliavsky, Alexander, 92, 93, 167 Bond arenko, Fi l i pp, 27 Breukelen , G ij s van , 52, 53 Bro n , Vl ad i m i r, 112, 123 c

Chero n , And re, 151 D

Darga, Klaus, 15 Del Rio, Ercole, 147 Donev, lvo Hristov, 172 Dreev, Alexey, 70 D u ras, Oldfich, 52 Dvizov, Evgeny, 52 Dvoretsky, Mark, 17, 38 , 70, 115, 150, 169 E Euwe, Machielis, 82 F Ferdesi, 97 Fridste i n , 123 Fri n k, Orri n , 52 Fritz, J i ndfich, 25, 137 Ftdcnfk, Ljubomfr, 89, 91

G Gorgiev, Tigran, 25 Gotsd i ner, G . , 52 G reco, Gioacch i no, 53 G rigoriev, N i kolay Dm itrievich, 123, 126, 150, 151 G u rvich, Abram, 126, 149 H H e rbstma n , Alexander, 52 H i l debrand, Alexander, 148 Holzhausen, Walther von , 40 H orwi tz, Bern h ard , 151 Hubner, Robert, 169 Huzman, Alexander, 91

I l l ustrative example, 147

K Kai la, Osmo, 54 Kaspari an, Genrikh Moiseevich, 112 Kasparov, Garry, 184 Kiss l i ng, G . , 26 Kliatski n , M i kh ai l , 1 84 J osef Kl i ng & Bernhard H orwi tz, 42 Kosek, V. , 54 Kotov, Alexander, 57, 171 Kozi rev, V. , 127 Kramnik, Vladimir, 70, 88-91 Kri khe l i , losif, 52 Ku b bel , Leon i d , 149 , 184 Kuznetsov, Alexander, 27 Kuznetsov, Anatoly Georgievich, 53

188

A P P E N DI X

L Lasker, Emanuel, 110, 135, 136 Levenfish, G rigory, 96, 109 Levenpsh, Grigory, 98 Lewitt, Moritz, 147 M Makagonov, Vladimir Andreevich, 57 Makarychev, Sergey, S o Matous, M ario, 29 Mednis, Edmar, 39, 53 Mees, W. , 54 Megvi n ishvi l i , N . , 54 N Nimzowitsch, Aaron, 79 0

s

Smyslov, Vassi{y, 57 Stohl, Igor, 90 T Taimanov, Mark, 167 Tarrasch, Siegbert, 110 Tartakower, Savie{y, 72 Troitzky, Alexei Alexeyevich, 52 u

U m n ov, G . , 54 u n known , 52 v

Van Vl iet, Louis, 148 Vancura, J osef, 149 Vlasenko, V. , 127

Ojanen, A . , 147

p Petrosian, Tigran, 53 Pogosj ants, Ernest, 29 Polugaevsk.y, Lev, 82 Psakhis, Lev, 89 R Rauzer, Vsevolod, 41 Reti, Richard , 25, 123 Rinck, H en ri , 111, 112, 148, 149

w

Winants, Luc, 91 Wotawa, Alois, 17 y

Yusupov, Artur, 38, 53, 91, 94 z

Zaitsev, Igor, 27, 28 Zhuravlev, Nikolay, 110

!89

I N D E X OF G A M ES

I n dex of g a m e s N u m bers i n b o l d i n d i cate that the fi rst named pl ayer h ad Black.

A Adams, Edward Bradfo rd - Torre Repetto, 13 Adams, Michael - Pi ker, 150 - Yusupov, 26 Adorjan, And ras - Yusu pov, 167 Alden - N i lsson, 11 Alekh ine, Alexander - Bernste i n , 11 - Bogolj u bow, 109 - Friem an, 12 -Jahner, 12 - Keh n l e i n , 11 - Reshevsky, 11 - Ru b i n stei n , 1 83 - Reri , 96 Ambroz, Jan - l n kiov, 155 Anand, Viswanathan - Andersson , 25 - Gelfand , 125 - Karpov, 123 - Kasparov, 92 - Kram n i k, 88 - Salov, 24 - Tomczak, 25 - Tu kmakov, 24 - Yusupov, 147 Anderssen, Adolf- Paulsen, 11 - Stau nton, 97 Andersson , U lf- Anand, 25 - McNab, 147 Antu nes, Anton io - Loek, 109 Arbakov, Valentin - Yusupov, 184 Aro n i n , Lev Solomonovich - M i kenas, 11 Averbakh, Yu ri - Herberg, 110 8

Bagi rov, Vl ad i m i r - Planinc, 124 Balogh - Szi ly, 147 Baram idze, David - Smeets, 147 Bareev, Evgeny - Hel lers, 109

Batu ri n - Yusu pov, 167 Bel i avsky, Alexand e r - Cabri lo, 169 - Chandler, 109 - Ge l ler, 154 - Stri kovic, 92 - Yusu pov, 109, 1 67, 169 Belousov - Selyavki n , 11 Bely, M i klos - Karaklajic, 184 Bernste i n , Ossi p - Alekh i ne, 11 - Capablanca, 1 B i lek, I stvan - S myslov, 183 Bogolj u bow, Efi m - Alekh ine, 109 - H u ssong, 24 - Reri, 12 Boleslavsky, Isaak - Ragozi n , 123 - Smyslov, 69 Bensch, Uwe - Yusu pov, 183 Botvi n n ik, M i kh ai l - Chekhover, 69 - Kan, 69 - Ragozi n , 71 - Smyslov, 71 - Soroki n , 71, 1 09 - Sp i e l m a n n , 184 - Stepanov, 184 - Taimanov, 148, 167 - Tal, 72 B restian, Egan - Yusupov, 135 B ronste i n , D avid - M i kenas, 11 - Pachman, 111 B u rn , Amos -J a n owski , 11 Buts - Fauskas, 174 c

Cabrilo, Goran - Bel i avsky, 169 Cam para, Daniel -J ansa, 167 Campos Lopez, M ario - Smith, 39 Capablanca, J ose - Bernste i n , 1 - Fonaroff, 12 - N i mzowitsch, 148

1 90

- Rubi nste i n , 110 - Samisch, 95 - Steiner, 171 - Wi nter, 172 Chandler, M u rray - Beli avsky, 109 - Polgar, 37 Chekhov, Valery - Peresi p k i n , 183 - Psakhis, 155 - Yusu pov, 169 Chekhover, Vitaly - Botvi n n i k, 69 Christi an sen , Larry - Karpov, 95 Crouch, Col i n - Speel m a n , 12 Csom, I stvan - Karpov, 124 - Kindermann, 109 - Yusupov, 168

D Dautov, Rustem - Ruban, 185 - Sermek, 41 - Yusupov, 26 Day - van der Wiel , 168 Dlez del Corral , j esus - Ti mman, 70 Dj aja, D raguti n - Staudte, 11 Durie, Stefan - Yusupov, 169 Dol m atov, Sergey - Yusu pov, 78, 86 Domes - Fedorov, 110 Dreev, Alexey - Kram n i k, 59 E Eh lvest, J aan - Nogueiras, 109 Ei ngorn, Vereslav - Smyslov, 148 Epish i n , Vlad i m i r - Yusu pov, 125 Estri n , Yakov - Kletsel , 71 Euwe, M achgiel is - Fonte i n , 11 - Vi d m ar, 12 F Fauskas - Buts, 174 Fedorov - Domes, 110 Fejzullah u , Afri m - Yusu pov, 183 Fernandez - Pahtz, 109 Feuer, B. H . - O'Kelly de Galway, 109 Fischer, Robert - Keres, 72

A P PENDIX

- Petrosian, 70, 153, 185 - Reshevsky, 136, 183 - Spassky, 109 - Tai m anov, 36 Flo h r, Salo - Tai manov, 167 Fold i , J6zsef- Lu kacs, 150 Fon aroff, Marc - Capablanca, 12 Fon te i n , George Saito - Euwe, 11 Frieman, A - Alekh i ne, 12 Fu rman, Semen Abramovich - Smyslov, 69

G Gabriel, Ch ristian - M i c h aelsen, 124 Gaidarov - G u tm a n , 183 G al l iamova, Alisa - Xi e j u n , 111 Gapri n d ashvi l i , Non a - Servaty, 25 Garda Vera, Osca r - G rau , 96 Gelfand, Boris - Anand, 125 Geller, Efi m - Beli avsky, 154 G h i nda, M i h ai l - Yusu pov, 70 G l ienke, Manfred - Yusupov, 166 G l igoric, Svetozar - Smyslov, 136 - Yusupov, 168 Gol 'berg - Zhuk, 147 G randa Zun iga, J u l io - Svi d ler, 24 G rau, Roberto - Garda Vera, 96 G rigorian, Karen Ashotovich - Ku p reich i k, 73 G r6szpeter, Atti l a - Ku preichik, 166 G u l ko, Boris - Svesh n i kov, 54 G u revich, M i kh ai l - Razuvaev, 110 Gutm a n , Lev - Gaidarov, 183 - M i kenas, 38 H H e l lers, Ferd i nand - Bareev, 109 Hernandez, Roman - Yusupov, 71 Holzhauer, M athias - Yusupov, 111 H o n fi , Karolyne - M i nic, 11 Herberg, Bengt-Eric - Averbakh, 110 H u bner, Robert - N i kolaidis, 110 H u l ak, Kru noslav - Yusu pov, 166 H uss, Andreas - Razuvaev, (71)

1 91

I N D E X OF G A M E S

H u ssong, H ugo - Bogolj u bow, 24

l n kiov, Ven tzislav - Ambroz, 155 l ose l i a n i , N an a - Xi e J u n , 2 Ivanov, Alexander - M alani uk, 168

J J anowski, D awid M arkelowicz - Burn, 11 Jansa, Vlasti m i l - Campa ra, 1 67 J i menez-Zerq uera, E leazar - Larsen , 72 Johner - Alekh ine, 12 K Kamyshev - Rovner, 11 Kan , I l i a Abramovich - Botvi n n i k, 69 Kanzyn - Vodopyanov, 12 Kapengut, Al bert - Zhu ravlev, 109 Karaklajic, N i kola - Bely, 184 Karpov, Anatoly - Anand, 123 - Ch ristiansen, 95 - Csom, 124 - Korchnoi, 43 - Spassky, 72, 72, 154 - Topalov, 111 Kasi mdzh anov, Rustam - Kasparov, 172 Kasparov, Garry - Anand, 92 - Kasimdzhanov, 172 - Pri byl , 93 - Short, 40 - van der Wiel , 184 - Vlad i m i rov, 174 - Vu kic, 70 - Yusupov, 149 , 166, 183 Kavalek, Lu bom i r - Portisch, 37 Kengis, Edvi n s - Yusu pov, 157 Keres, Pau l - Fischer, 72 - Spassky, 81 Kinde rmann , Stefa n - Csom , 109 Klaren beek, H ans - Yusupov, 183 Kletsel, M - Estri n , 71 Koh nen - Lepek, 12 Koh n l e i n , H - Alekh ine, 11

Konstanti nov - Nezhmetd i nov, 185 Korc h n o i , Vikto r - Karpov, 43 - S passky, 82 Kotov, Alexand e r - N ajdorf, 27 Kotro n i as, Vasi lios - Yusupov, 149 Kou atly, Bachar - Yusupov, 85 Kram n i k, Vlad i m i r - Anand, 88 - D reev, 59 - N ij boer, 91 - N u n n , 87 - Po lgar, 88, 90 - Sh i rov, 90 - Ti mman, 75 - Yusupov, 87 Kupreic h i k, Vi kto r - G rigorian , 73 - G r6szpeter, 166 - Yus u pov, 169 Kuzm i n , Gen n ad i - Timoshchenko, 123 Kuznetsov - Petu khov, 53 l

Larsen , Bent -J i m enez-Zerq uera, 72 - Petrosian , 53 Lasker - N N , 110 Lasker, Emanuel - Rubinstei n , 110 Lau rent - Lund-J ensen, 183 Lepek - Kohnen, 12 Levi n , Alexander - Zej bot, 147 Ligteri nk, Gert - Yusupov, 185 Li l ienth al, Andor - Smyslov, 1 1 , 25 Lobro n , Eric - Svid ler, 15 - van der Wiel , 41 towcki, Moj.iesz - Tartakower, 12 Lputian, Sm bat - Yusu pov, 117 Lu kacs, Peter - Fol d i , 150 Lund-J ensen - Lau rent, 183

M Mai n ka, G rego r - Yusu pov, 157 Malan i u k, Vl ad i m i r - Ivanov, 168 M arshal l , Fran k - Sch lechter, 71 M arti n i , Marco - Yusupov, 166 M atanovic, Aleksandar - Petrosian, 184

A P P E N DI X

192

McNab, Col i n - Andersson , 147 Merger, J ohan nes - Pau lsen, 54 Michaelsen, N i l s - Gabriel, 124 M i kenas, Vlad as - Aro n i n , 11 - Bronstein, 11 - Gutman, 38 M i les, Anthony - Yusu pov, 148 M i l ov, Vad i m - Yusupov, 24 M i n ic, Dragolj u b - H onfi , 11 M itite l u , Gheorghe - Tol u s h , 111 Morovic Fernandez, Ivan - Yusupov, 184 Movsesian, Sergei - Yusu pov, 124

N Najdorf, M iguel - Kotov, 27 Nezh metd i n ov, Rash id - Kon stantinov, 185 N ielsen, Pau l Eri k - Ravi kumar, 124 N ij boer, Friso - Kram n i k, 91 N i kolaidis, loannis - H u bner, 110 N i lsso n , L - Aiden, 11 N i mzowitsch , Aaron - Capabl anca, 148 - Samisch, 79 NN - Lasker, 110 NN - NN, 11, 11 NN - Swiderski , 109 Noguei ras, Jesus - Eh lvest, 109 - Yusu pov, 16 N u n n , J oh n - Kram n i k, 87 0

Olland, Adolf Georg - Wol f, 24 O'Kelly de Galway, Alberic - Feuer, 109

p Pachman, Ludek - Bronste i n , 111 Pahtz, Thomas - Fern andez, 109 Pau lsen , Louis - Anderssen, 11 - Merger, 54 Peresipki n , Vl ad i m i r - Chekhov, 183 Petrosi an , Tigran - Fischer, 70, 153, 185 - Larsen , 53 - M atanovic, 184 - Simagi n , 97

- Smyslov, 167 - Spassky, 81 - Sueti n , 153 Petu khov - Kuznetsov, 53 Petu rsson, Margei r - Yusu pov, 115 Piket, J eroen - Adams, 150 Pi rrot, Dieter - Yusu pov, 147, 184 Planinc, Albi n - Bagi rov, 124 - Raicevic, 38 Polgar, Zsuzsa - Chandler, 37 Polgar, J u d i t - Kram n i k, 88, 90 Ponomariov, Ruslan - Su tovsky, 173 Portisch, Lajos - Kavalek, 37 Pri byl , J osef- Kasparov, 93 Psakhis, Lev - Chekhov, 155 - Yusu pov, 156

R Ragozi n , Viacheslav - Boleslavsky, 123 - Botvi n n i k, 71 Raicevic, Vlad i m i r - Plani nc, 38 Ras i n , J acob - Yusu pov, 168 Ravi kumar, Vaidyanath an - N ielsen, 124 Razuvaev, Yuri - Gu revi ch, 110 - H uss, (71 ) - Vasi u kov, 109 - Yusupov, 70, 83 Ree, H ans - Tim man, 138 Renet, O l ivier - Yusu pov, 70 Reshevsky, Samuel - Alekh i ne, 11 - Fischer, 136, 183 - Smyslov, 72 - Tatai, 53 Reti , Rich ard - Alekh i ne, 96 - Bogolj u bow, 12 Ri b l i , Zoltan - Yusu pov, 84 Rokh l i n , Yakov - S i l i ch , 24 Roman ish i n , Oleg - Yusu pov, 183 Romanovsky, Peter Arsenievich - Stepanov, 109 Rovner, Dmitry Osi povich - Kamyshev, 11 Ruban, Vad i m - Dautov, 185 Rubi nste i n , Aki ba - Alekh ine, 183

I N D E X OF G A M E S

- Capablanca, 110 - Lasker, 110 s

Salov, Valery - Anand, 24 - Yusupov, 24 Samisch, Fritz - Capablanca, 95 - N i mzowitsch, 79 Sax, Gyu l a - Yusupov, 84, 184 Sch lechter, Carl - M arsh al l , 71 Schlosser, P h i l i p p - Yusu pov, 27 Sei rawan, Yasser - Yusu pov, 168 Selyavki n - Belousov, 11 Sermek, Drazen - Dautov, 41 Servaty, Rudolf- Gaprindashvi l i , 25 Shampouw - Si lal ac h i , 12 S h i rov, Alexei - Kram n i k, 90 - Yusu pov, 11, 173 Short, N igel - Kasparov, 40 Si lalach i - Sham pouw, 12 S i l ich, Vladislav - Rokh l i n , 24 S i m agi n , Vlad i m i r - Petrosian, 97 Sl iwa, Bogdan - Stoltz, 12 S l u tzky, Leon i d - Yusupov, 166 Smeets, Jan - Baramidze, 147 Smith, Ken n eth - Campos Lopez, 39 Smyslov, Vassily - Bi lek, 183 - Bolesl avsky, 69 - Botvi n n i k, 71 - Ei ngo rn , 148 - Fu rman, 69 - Gl igoric, 136 - Li l ienthal , 11, 25 - Petrosian , 167 - Reshevsky, 72 - Speelman, 110 - Tal , 69 , 71 - Tolush, 183 Sokolov, And rei - Yusupov, 12, 183 Soroki n , Maxim - Yusu pov, 124 Soroki n , N i kolay - Botvi n n i k, 71 , 109 Spasov, Li u ben - Yusu pov, 166 Spassky, Boris - Fischer, 109

1 93

- Karpov, 72, 72, 154 - Keres, 81 - Korchnoi, 82 - Petrosian, 81 - Ti m m a n , 148 Speel man, J o n athan - Crouch, 12 - Smyslov, 110 Spiel m an n , Rudolf- Botvi n n i k, 184 S p i ridonov, N i ko l a - U h l m an n , 110 Spraggett, Kevi n - Yusu pov, 57 Staudte, Hans H i l mar - Djaja, 11 Stau nto n , H oward - Anderssen, 97 Stei ner, E n d re - Capablanca, 171 Stepanov, G . - Botvi n n i k, 184 - Romanovsky, 109 Sterre n , Pau l van der - Yusu pov, 76 Sto h l , Igo r - Yusupov, 86 Stoltz, Gosta - Sl iwa, 12 Stri kovic, Aleksa - Beli avsky, 92 Stromberg, Pete r - Vedder, 110 Sueti n , Alexey - Petrosian , 153 - Yusu pov, 185 Sutovsky, E m i l - Ponomariov, 173 Sves h n i kov, Evgeny - G u l ko, 54 Svid ler, Peter - G randa Zun iga, 24 - Lobro n , 15 Swiderski, Rudolf- N N , 109 Szi ly - Balogh , 147

T Tai m an ov, M ark - Botvi n n i k, 148, 167 - Fischer, 36 - Fl o h r, 167 - Yusupov, 168 Tal , M i khail - Botvi n n ik, 72 - Smyslov, 69, 71 Tartakower, Savi e l ly - towcki, 12 Tatai , Stefano - Reshevsky, 53 Ti m m an , J an - Dfez del Corral, 70 - Kramnik, 75 - Ree, 138 - Spassky, 148 - To rre, 11

1 94

A P P E N DI X

- Yusu pov, 26, 183 Timoshchen ko, Gennad i - Kuzm i n , 123 Tolush, Alexander - M itite l u , 111 - Smyslov, 183 Tomczak, Rai ner - Anand, 25 Topalov, Vesel i n - Karpov, 111 Torre Repetto, Carlos - Ad ams, 13 Torre, Eugen io - Tim man, 11 - Yusupov, 78 Tseshkovsky, Vitaly - Yusu pov, 168 Tukmakov, Vlad i m i r - Anan d , 24 - Yusu pov, So, 167 u

U h l man n , Wol fgang - Spi ridonov, 110 - Yusupov, 171 v

Vagan ian, Rafael - Yus upov, 166 va·i sser, Anatol i - Yusu pov, 1 68 Vasi u kov, Evgeni - Razuvaev, 109 Vedder, Henk - Stromberg, 110 Vid mar, M i lan - Euwe, 12 Vilela, Jose Lu i s - Yusu pov, 166 Vlad i m i rov, Evgeny - Kasparov, 174 Vodopyanov - Kanzyn , 12 Vooremaa, And res - Yu ksti , 110 Vu kic, M i l an - Kasparov, 70 Vu lfson, Vlad i m i r - Yusu pov, 166 w

Wely, Loek van - Antu nes, 109 Wiei , John van der - Day, 168 - Kasparov, 184 - Lebron, 41 Wi nter, Will iam - Capablanca, 172 Wirthensohn, Hei nz - Yusu pov, 70 Wolf, Heinrich - Oil and , 24

X Xie J u n - Gal liamova, 111 - l oselian i , 2

y

Yuksti - Vooremaa, 110 Yusu pov, Artu r - Adams, 26 - Adorjan, 167 - Anan d , 147 - Arbakov, 184 - Batu rin, 167 - Beliavsky, 109 , 167, 169 - Brestian, 135 - Bonsch, 183 - Chekhov, 169 - Csom , 168 - Dautov, z6 - Du rie, 169 - Dolmatov, 78, 86 - Epish i n , 125 - Fejzu l l ah u , 183 - Gh i nda, 70 - Glienke, 166 - Gl igoric, 168 - Hernandez, 71 - Holzhauer, 111 - H u l ak, 166 - Kasparov, 149, 166, 183 - Kengis, 157 - Kl arenbeek, 183 - Kotronias, 149 - Kouatly, 85 - Kramnik, 87 - Kupreichik, 169 - Ligteri n k, 185 - Lputian, 117 - Mainka, 157 - Marti n i , 166 - M iles, 148 - M i l ov, 24 - Morovic Fern andez, 184 - M ovsesian, 124 - Nogueiras, 16 - Pi rrot, 147, 184 - Psakh is, 156 - Petursson, 115 - Ras i n , 168

195

I N D E X OF G A M E S

- Razuvaev, 7 0 , 83 - Renet, 70 - Ri b l i , 84 - Roman i s h i n , 183 - Salov, 24 - Sax, 84, 184 - Schlosser, 27 - Sei rawan , 168 - Shirov, 11, 173 - Sl u tzky, 166 - Sokolov, 12, 183 - Soroki n , 124 - Spasov, 166 - Spraggett, 57 - Stoh l , 86 - Sueti n , 185 - Tai m anov, 168 - Tim man , 26, 183

- Torre, 78 - Tseshkovsky, 168 - Tu kmakov, 8o, 167 - U hlmann, 171 - Vaganian, 166 - van der Sterren, 76 - Va'i sser, 168 - Vi lela, 166 - Vu lfson , 166 - Wi rthenso h n , 70 - Zapata, 184 z

Zapata, Alonso - Yusupov, 184 Zej bot, I . M . - Levi n , 147 Zh u k - Gol' berg, 147 Zh u ravlev, N i kolay - Kapengut, 109

A P P E N DI X

1 96

Exp l a n ati o n of s y m bo l s white stands sl ightly better white has a clear advantage +white has a decisive advantage 1-0 white won black stands sl ightly better + black h as a clear advantage + -+ black h as a decisive advantage 0-1 b l ack won equal or eq ual chances ¥2-Yz d raw mate # an i n teresti ng move I? a very good m ove I an excellent m ove II a d u bious m ove ?I a mistake ? a blunder ?? with attack t with i n i ti ative with counterplay white to move D black to m ove •

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u nclear with compensation for the m aterial better is with the idea weak poi nt, o r endangered piece development advantage greater board room zugzwang only m ove fi le d i agonal centre kingside q ueenside time ending pair of bishops bishops of opposite colo u r bishops of the same colour passed pawn wh at should white p l ay? what should b l ack p l ay?

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