# Chapter 2

September 9, 2017 | Author: Lleiram Bulotano Bolanio | Category: Debits And Credits, Expense, Balance Sheet, Bookkeeping, Equity (Finance)

#### Description

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Learning Objectives 1. Define and identify the basic elements of accounting-assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity. 2. Determine the net income through operation 3. Define and identify revenue, expense, net income, and net loss 4. Define and know the components of financial statements 5. Prepare properly classified financial statements Types of Financial Statements 1. Balance Sheet- shows the financial condition/position of a business as of a given period. It consists of the Assets, Liabilities, and Capital. 2. Income Statement- shows the result of operations for a given period. It consists of the Revenue, Cost, and Expenses. 3. Owner’s Equity Statement- shows the changes in the Capital or Owner’s Equity as a result of additional investment or withdrawals by the owner, plus or minus the net income or net loss for the year. 4. Cash Flow Statement- summarizes the cash receipts and cash disbursements for the accounting period ( to be fully discussed in higher accounting). Typical Account Titles Used Balance Sheet Assets- these are economic resources owned by the business expected for future gain. They are property and rights of value owned by the business. Liabilities- these include debts, obligations to pay, and claims of the creditors on the assets of the business. Owner’s Equity or Capital- this includes the interest of the owners on the business; claims of the owners on the assets of the business; and the investment of the owner plus or minus the results of operations. Owner’s equity or capital comes from two main sources- investment of owner’s and earnings of the business. The Fundamental Accounting Equation Assets= Liabilities + Owner’s Equity Illustration: 1. Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity P? = P 40,000 + P 60,000 Answer: P 100,000

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Simply add liabilities of P 40,000 and owner’s equity of P 60,000 to get assets of P 100,000. 2. Assets = Liabilities +Owner’s Equity P 150,000 = P? + P 70,000 Answer: P 80,000 Simply deduct owner’s equity of P70,000 from the assets of P150,000 to get liabilities of P80,000. 3. Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity P200,000 = P 110,000 + P? Answer: P90,000 Simply deduct liabilities of P110,000 from the assets of P200,000 to get owner’s equity P90,000. DEBITS AND CREDITS- THE DOUBLE-ENTRY SYSTEM Accounting is based on a double-entry system which means that the dual effects of a business transaction is recorded. A debit side entry must have a corresponding credit side entry. For every transaction, there must be one or more accounts debited and one or more accounts credited. Each transaction affects at least two accounts. The total debits for a transaction must always equal the total credits. An account is debited when an amount is entered on the left side of the account and credited when an amount is entered on the right side. The abbreviations for debit and credit are Dr. and Cr., respectively. The account type determines how increases or decreases in it are recorded. Increases in assets are recorded as debits (on the left side of the account) while decreases in assets are recorded as credits (on the right side). Conversely, increase in liabilities and owner’s equity are recorded by credits and decreases are entered as debits. The rules of debit and credit for income and expense accounts are based on the relationship of theses accounts to owner’s equity. Income increase owner’s equity and expense decreases owner’s equity. Hence, increase in income are recorded as credits and decreases as debits. Increases in expenses are recorded as debits and decreases as credits. These are the rules of debit and credit.

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

The following summarizes the rules: Balance Sheet Accounts Assets Debit (+) Increases

Liabilities and Owner’s Equity

Credit (-) Decreases

Debit (-) Decreases

Credit (+) Increases

Income Statement Accounts Debit for decreases in owner’s equity Expenses Debit (+) Increases

Credit (-) Decreases

Credit for increases in owner’s equity Income Debit (-) Decreases

Credit (+) Increases

TYPES AND EFFECTS OF TRANSACTIONS 1. Increase in Assets = Increase in Liabilities a) Purchase of equipment on account Dr Machinery and Equipment xxxx Cr Accounts Payable xxxx b) Advance payment received for services to be rendered next year Dr Cash xxxx Cr Unearned Income xxxx 2. Increase in Assets = Increase in Owner’s Equity a) Cash contribution of an owner or of a partner Dr Cash xxxx Cr A, Capital b) Property contribution an owner or of a partner Dr Property and Equipment xxxx Cr A, Capital 3. Increase in one Asset = Decrease in another Asset a) Cash purchase of company equipment Dr Property and Equipment xxxx Cr Cash

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xxxx

xxxx

xxxx

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

4. Decrease in Assets = Decrease in Liabilities a) Payment of accounts payable Dr Accounts Payable Cr Cash 5. Decrease in Assets = Decrease in Owner’s Equity a) Capital drawings Dr A, Capital Cr Cash

xxxx xxxx

xxxx xxxx

6. Increase in Liabilities = Decrease in Owner’s Equity a) Dividends payable Dr Retained Earnings xxxx Cr Dividends Payable

xxxx

7. Increase in Owner’s Equity = Decrease in Liabilities a) Capitalization of dividends payable Dr Dividends Payable xxxx Cr A, Capital

xxxx

8. Increase in one Liability = Decrease in another Liability a) From long term liability to short term liability (reclassification based on due dates of liabilities) 9. Increase in one Owner’s Equity = Decrease in another Owner’s Equity b) Capitalization of net income Dr Net Income xxxx Cr A, Capital xxxx

Assets Classification of Assets 1. Current Assets Improvements to International Accounting Standards 1 (December 2003) classifies assets as current assets when it is: a) Expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the entity’s normal operating cycle; b) Held primarily for the purpose of being traded; c) Expected to be realized within twelve months of the balance sheet date; or d) Cash or a cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the balance sheet date.

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Equipment includes typewriter, air-conditioner, calculator, filing cabinet, computer, electric fan, trucks, cars used by the business in its office, store or factory. Specific account titles may be used such as Office Equipment, Store Equipment, Delivery Equipment, Transportation Equipment, Machinery and Equipment. Furniture and Fixtures includes tables, chairs, carpets, curtains, lamp and lighting fixtures, and wall decors. Specific account titles maybe used such as Office Furniture and Fixtures and Store Furniture and Fixtures. Accumulated Depreciation is a contra-asset account representing expired cost of plant, property and equipment as a result of usage and passage of time. This is deducted from the cost of the related asset account. Intangible Assets are identifiable, non-monetary assets without physical substance held for use in the production or supply of goods or services, for rental to others, or for administrative purposes. These include goodwill, patents, copyrights, licenses, franchises, trademarks, brand names, secret processes, subscription lists and non-competition agreements.

Liabilities Improvements to International Accounting Standards (December 2003) classifies a liability as current liability when it is: a) Expected to be settle in the entity’s normal operating cycle; b) Held primarily for the purpose of being traded; c) Due to be settle within twelve months after the balance sheet date; or the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the balance sheet date. Classification of Current Liabilities Accounts Payable includes debts arising from purchase of an asset or acquisition of services on account. Notes Payable includes debts arising from purchase of an asset or acquisition of services on account evidenced by a promissory note. Loan Payable is a liability to pay the bank or other financing institution arising from funds borrowed by the business from these institutions. Utilities Payable is an obligation to pay utility companies for services received from them. Examples of this are telephone services to PLDT, electricity to Meralco, and water services to Maynilad.

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

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Laundry Services by a laundry shop Medical Services by a doctor Dental Services by a dentist

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Sales revenues earned as a result of sale of merchandise; for example, sale of building materials by a construction supplies firm. Cost of Sales the cost incurred to purchase or to produce the products sold to customers during the period; also called cost of good sold. Salaries or Wages Expense includes all payments made to employees or workers for rendering services to the company. Examples are salaries or wages, 13th month pay, cost of living allowances, and other related benefits given to them. Utilities Expense is an expense related to the use of electricity, fuel, water, and telecommunications facilities. Supplies Expense covers office supplies used by the business in the conduct of its daily operations. Insurance Expense is the expired portion of premiums paid on insurance coverage such as premiums paid for health or life insurance, motor vehicles or other properties. Depreciation Expense is the annual portion of the cost of a tangible asset such as buildings, machineries, and equipment charged as expense for the year. Uncollectible Account Expense/Doubtful Accounts Expense/Bad Debts Expense means the amount of receivables charged as expense for the period because they are estimated to be doubtful of collection. Interest Expense is the amount of money charged to the borrower for the use of borrowed funds.

Forms of Balance Sheet 1. Account Form follows the accounting equation where assets are listed on the lefthand column of the report with the liabilities and owner’s equity listed on the righthand column. 2. Report Form shows in one straight column the assets, followed by the liabilities and owner’s equity. Classification Items in the balance sheet are classified, with assets and liabilities separated into two or more categories. Subclassification is as follows: 1. Assets are subclassified as current assets and non-current assets.

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

2. Liabilities are either current liabilities or non-current liabilities. Current assets are classified and presented according to liquidity with the most liquid first followed by those with lesser liquidity. Since cash is the most liquid, it is always listed first followed by other current assets according to their proximity to cash. Liabilities are classified and presented based on their maturity. Obligations presently due for payment are listed first. Examples of the four statement, namely 1) Balance Sheet (Report Form); 2) Balance Sheet (Account Form); 3) Income Statement; and 4) Statement of Owner’s Equity

REPORT FORM BALANCE SHEET ABC Fresh Laundry Services Balance Sheet December 31, 2010

Current Assets

Assets

Cash Accounts Receivable Supplies Prepaid Insurance Total Current Assets Non-Current Assets Plan, Property, and Equipment Land Equipment Less: Accumulated Depreciation Total Non-Current Assets Total Assets

P450,000 31,000 27,000 37,000 P545,000

P200,000 P560,000 67,000

493,000 693,000 P1,238,000

Liabilities Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Notes Payable Unearned Laundry Revenue Total Current Liabilities

P75,000 190,000 39,000 P304,000 Owner’s Equity

A, Capital Total Liabilities and Capital

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934,000 P1,238,000

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

ACCOUNT FORM BALANCE SHEET

ABC Fresh Laundry Services Balance Sheet December 31, 2010

Assets Current Assets Cash Accounts Receivable Supplies Prepaid Insurance Total Current Assets Non-Current Assets Plant, Property, and Equipment Land Equipment P560,000 Less: Accumulated 67,000 Depreciation Total Non-Current Assets Total Assets

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Liabilities Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Notes payable Unearned Laundry Revenue

P450,000 31,000 27,000 37,000 P545,000

Total Current Liabilities

P 75,000 190,000 39,000 P304,000

Owner’s Equity P200,000 A, Capital

934,000

493,000 693,000 P1,238,000

Total Liabilities and Capital

_______ P1,238,000

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

ABC Fresh Laundry Services Income Statement For Year Ended December 31, 2010

Service Revenue Less: Operating Expenses Salaries Expense

P312,000 P125,000

Depreciation Expense Supplies Expense Rent Expense Insurance Expense Total Operating Expenses Net Income

13,000 10,000 7,000 2,000 157,000 P155,000

ABC Fresh Laundry Services Statement of Owner’s Equity For Year Ended December 31, 2010 A, Capital Add: Additional Investment Net Income Total Less: Drawings Total Owner’s Equity

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P759,000 P50,000 155,000

205,000 P964,000 30,000 P934,000

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 1 Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank A. B. C. D. E. F.

Balance Sheet Income Statement Owner’s Equity Statement Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity

________1. Shows the results of operations for a given period ________2. Economic resources owned by the business expected for future gain ________3. Shows the financial condition/position of a business as of a given period ________4. Interest of the owners on the business ________5. Shows the changes in the Capital or Owner’s Equity as a result of additional investment, withdrawals, net income or net loss for the year. ________6. Debts, obligations to pay, claims of the creditors on the assets of the business

Exercise 2 Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank. A. B. C. D.

Cash Cash Equivalents Marketable Securities Accounts Receivable

E. Notes Receivable F. Inventories G. Prepaid Expenses

________1. Promissory note issued by the client for goods received. ________2. Items that will be used in the operations of the business that have been paid in advance. ________3. Stocks purchased by the business to be held for a short time ________4. Unsold goods at the end of the accounting period. ________5. Amount collectible from customer to whom sales have been made or services have been rendered on account or credit. ________6. Includes coins, currencies, checks, and bank deposits ________7. Shot-term investments readily convertible to known amounts of cash subject to an insignificant risk to changes in value

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 3 Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank. A. Land B. Building

C. Equipment E. Furniture and Fixtures

F. Accumulated Depreciation G. Intangible Assets

________1. Contra-asset account representing expired cost of plant, property, and equipment as a result of usage and passage of time ________2. Lot used by the business on which a building can be constructed ________3. Non-monetary assets without physical substance held for use in the production or supply of goods, for rental to others, or for administrative purposes e.g., goodwill, patents, copyrights ________4.tables, chairs, curtains, lighting fixtures, and wall decors ________5. Edifice, structure used to house the office, store or factory ________6. Typewriter, air-conditioner, calculator, filing cabinet, computer, electric fan, trucks, cars used in business

Exercise 4 Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank A. Accounts Payable B. Notes Payable C. Loan Payable

D. Utilities Payable E. Unearned Revenues F. Accrued Liabilities

G. Interest Expense

________1. Debts arising from purchase of an asset on account evidenced by a promissory note ________2. An obligation to pay utility companies for services received from them ________3. Amounts owed to others for expenses already incurred but not yet paid ________4. Liability arising from amount of money borrowed by the business ________5. Debts arising from acquisition of services on account ________6. Obligations of the business arising from advance payments received before services are provided to the customer

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 5 Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank A. Mortgage Payable B. Bonds Payable

C. Drawing D. Income Summary

________1. Temporary account used at the end of the accounting period to close income and expense accounts ________2. Certificate of indebtedness under the seal of a corporation ________3. Long-term debt of the business with security or collateral in the form of real properties ________4. Represents the withdrawals made by the owner of the business either in cash or other assets

Exercise 6 Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank A. Service Income B. Salaries Expense C. Utilities Expense

D. Rent Expenses E. Supplies Expense F. Insurance Expense

________1. Amount paid for the used of space, equipment or other rentals ________2. Amount of supplies used in the conduct of daily business ________3. Revenues earned by performing services for a customer ________4. Expired portion of premiums paid on insurance coverage ________5. Payments made to employees for rendering services to the company ________6. Expenses related to the use of electricity, fuel, water, and telecommunications facilities

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BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 7 Find the missing amounts. ASSETS

LIABILITIES

OWNER’S EQUITY

A. P4,902,400

P__________

P2,153,800

B. _________

9,656,000

987,200

C. 1,141,000

646,000

_________

D. 8,200,000

___________

3,250,000

E. 25,000,000

14,600,000

_________

LIABILITIES

OWNER’S EQUITY

A. P___________

P 3,932,100

P5,100,000

B. ____________

2,246,000

1,777,200

Exercise 8 Find the missing amounts. ASSETS

C. 1,141,000

__________

D. 6,500,000

3,250,000

E. 10,000,000

__________

646,000 _________ 4,900,000

Exercise 9 For each of the following, write I if it is an income statement item and B if it is a balance sheet item. _______1. Interest Expense _______2. Interest Receivable _______3. Mortgage Payable _______4. Interest Income _______5. Miscellaneous Expense _______6. Drawing Account _______7. Supplies Expense _______8. Supplies

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_______9. Equipment _______10. Building _______11. Salaries Expense _______12. Accounts Payable _______13. Prepaid Rent _______14. Insurance Expense _______15. Cash

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 10 Below are the classifications commonly found on a classified balance sheet. On the blank provided before each number, write the classification to where it belongs. A. B. C. D. E. F.

Current Assets Plant, Property and Equipment Current Liabilities Non-Current Liabilities Owner’s Equity Not a Balance Sheet Item

________1. Land ________2. Rent Expense ________3. L, Capital ________4. Accounts Receivable ________5. Unearned Rent ________6. Supplies Used ________7. Supplies on Hand ________8. Prepaid Insurance

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_______9. Accounts Payable _______10. Notes Payable _______11. Mortgage Payable _______12. Taxes Payable _______13. Truck _______14. Equipment _______15. Commissions Earned

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 11 Presented below are the income statement accounts for Willie’s Auto Repair Shop for the year ended December 31, 2010. Prepare a Single Step Income Statement for Willie’s Auto Repair Shop for year ended December 31, 2010 by completing the Income Statement. Supplies Expense Bad Debts Expense Taxes & Licenses Depreciation Expense Insurance Expense Salaries Expense Utilities Expense Rent Expense Repair Income

P

400 4,900 7,250 9,750 10,000 45,000 46,750 55,000 275,000

Willie’s Auto Repair Shop Income Statement For Year Ended December 31, 2010

Repair Income Less: Operating Expenses Rent expense Utilities expense Salaries expense Insurance expense Depreciation expense Taxes & Licenses Bad Debts expense Supplies expense Total Operating Expenses Net Income

P P

400 __________ P 95,950

Exercise 12 Presented below are the income statement accounts for Carl’s Psychiatric Clinic. Prepare a Single Step Income Statement for Carl’s Psychiatric Clinic for year ended December 31, 2010 by completing the income statement. Insurance Expense Salaries Expense Utilities Expense

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P

20,000 90,000 92,000

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Rent Expense Professional Fees Supplies Expense Bad Debts Expense Taxes & Licenses Depreciation Expense

110,000 600,000 800 9,800 15,000 18,500

Carl’s Psychiatric Clinic Income Statement For Year Ended December 31, 2010

Professional Fees Less: Operating Expenses Rent Expense Utilities Expense Salaries Expense Insurance Expense Depreciation Expense Taxes & Licenses Bad Debts Expense Supplies Expense Total Operating Expenses Net Income

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P P110,000 92,000 20,000

9,800 800 ________

356,100 P________

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION Exercise 13 Presented below are the balance sheet accounts of Galvez Consultancy Firm. Prepare a report form balance sheet for the year December 31, 2010 by completing the balance sheet. Land Building Furniture & Fixtures Accumulated Depreciation- Building Allowance for Bad Debts Cash Supplies Accounts Receivable Galvez, Capital Accounts Payable Loans Payable Utilities Payable Prepaid Insurance

P

68,000 350,000 4,500 50,000 6,000 101,000 700 46,500 469,200 5,000 50,000 500 10,000

Galvez Consultancy Firm Balance Sheet December 31, 2010 Assets Current Assets Cash Accounts Receivable Less: Allowance for Bad Debts Supplies Prepaid Insurance Total Current Assets Non-Current Assets Plant, Property and Equipment Land Equipment Less: Accumulated Depreciation Furniture & Fixtures Total Non-Current Assets Total Assets

P P 46,500 6,000 700 10,000 P

P P350,000 50,000

300,000 4,500 _________ P 524,700

Liabilities Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Loans Payable Utilities Payable Total Current Liabilities

P 500 P 55,500 Owner’s Equity

Galvez, Capital Total Liabilities and Capital

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469,200 P524,700

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 14 Presented below are the balance sheet accounts of Forever Bridal Consultancy. Prepare an account form balance sheet for the year December 31, 2010 by completing the balance sheet. Supplies Equipment Building Furniture & Fixtures Accumulated Depreciation-Building Cash

P 1,000 20,000 384,000 4,500

Notes Receivable F, Capital Accounts Payable Loan Payable Notes Payable Prepaid Rent

50,000 111,500

P 35,000 421,000 5,000 39,000 45,000 4,000

Forever Bridal Consultancy Balance Sheet December 31, 2010 Assets Current Assets Cash Notes Receivable Supplies Prepaid Rent Total Current Assets Non-Current Assets Plant, Property and Equipment Building Less: Accumulated Depreciation Equipment Furniture & Fixtures Total Non-Current Assets Total Assets

P

4,000 P

P 50,000

P 334,000 4,500 358,500 P 510,000

Liabilities Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Notes Payable Loan Payable Total Current Liabilities

P 5,000 39,000 P 89,000 Owner’s Equity

F, Capital Total Liabilities and Capital

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________ P 510,000

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 15 From the information given from the records of Gracia’s Consultancy Services, prepare a statement of owner’s equity for year ended December 31, 2010. G, Capital G, Drawing

P400,000 40,000

The company generated a P150,000 net income. Gracia made an additional investment of P80,000.

Exercise 16 Using the same information from exercise 13, except that, instead of a net income, the company incurred a net loss of P 55,000. Complete the statement of owner’s equity of Gracias Consultancy Services. Gracias Consultancy Services Statement of Owner’s Equity For Year Ended December 31, 2010 G, Capital Add: Additional Investment Net Income Total Less: Drawings Total Owner’s Equity

P P 150,000

___________ P630,000 ___________ P590,000___

Gracias Consultancy Services Statement of Owner’s Equity For Year Ended December 31, 2010 G, Capital Add: Additional Investment Total Less: Drawings Net Loss Total Owner’s Equity

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P400,000 80,000 P 40,000 ________

__95,000 P_________

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Exercise 17- Comprehensive Problem Presented is the trial balance of Niko Ong Art Gallery. From the information given, prepare the following by completing the incomplete statements: 1. Income Statement

2. Balance Sheet

3. Statement of Owner’s Equity

Niko Ong Art Gallery Trial Balance Dec. 31, 2010 Cash Accounts Receivable Art Supplies Prepaid Rent Prepaid Insurance Transportation Equipment Office Equipment Accounts Payable Notes Payable Utilities Payable Unearned Painting Revenue Ong, Capital Ong, Drawing Painting Revenue Salaries Expense Utilities Expense Total

P 840,500 50,000 12,000 30,000 18,000 300,000 50,000 P 37,000 200,000 900 250,000 500,000 30,000 350,000 2,500 4,900 P1,337,900

_________ P1,337,900

Niko’s Ong Art Gallery Income Statement For Year Ended December 31, 2010 Painting Revenue Less: Operating Expense Utilities Expense Salaries Expense Total Operating Expenses Net Income

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P P __2,500 __________ P 342,600__

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

Niko Ong Art Gallery Balance Sheet December 31, 2010 Assets Current Assets Cash Accounts Receivable Art Supplies Prepaid Rent Prepaid Insurance Total Current Assets Non-Current Assets Plant, Property, and Equipment Transportation Equipment Office Equipment Total Non-Current Assets Total Assets

P 840,500

18,000 P

P 50,000 350,000 P 1,300,500 Liabilities

Current Liabilities Accounts Payable Notes Payable Utilities Payable Unearned Painting Revenue Total Current Liabilities

P 37,000

250,000 P Owner’s Equity

Ong, Capital Total Liabilities and Capital

_812,600 P________

Niko Ong Art Gallery Statement of Owner’s Equity For Year Ended December 31, 2010 Ong, Capital Add: Net Income Total Less: Drawings Total Owner’s Equity

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P _342,600 P 842,600 ________ P_______

BOOKKEEPING NC III FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL ACCOUNTING EQUATION

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