Daria Vaughan CELTA full-time Assignment 1: Language Related Task 1. She needn’t have got up so early. a). Analysis of Meaning. She got up early. It wasn’t necessary. She could have stayed in bed longer. b). Context. Sarah is having a date tomorrow and is very excited about it. The next day she woke up early to catch the train at 10 o’clock. However, she had forgotten that her date is at 4 o’clock in the afternoon. Ask – Did she get up too early? Yes It wasn’t necessary for Sarah to get up so early. As a result she had to browse in shops for several hours. c). Checking meaning. Did she get up early? Yes Was it necessary? No d). Form. Subject + need not (needn’t) + have + verb 3 (Past Participle) e). Phonology You’d need to help students with the stress on the first syllable in ‘needn’t’ /niːdənt/ and its linking to weak form of ‘have’ /niːdəntəv/. 2. I’ve been waiting for two hours. a). Analysis of Meaning. I came here 2 hours ago. I started waiting. I am still waiting here. b). Context. Show SS picture 1 of a man standing with a clock above his head. The time is 10 a.m. Ask - What is he doing? Waiting. - What’s the time? 9 a.m.
Show SS picture 2 of the same man still standing, but the clock now says 11 a.m. and he looks unhappy while looking at his watch. Ask - What is he doing? He’s still waiting. What’s the time now? 11 a.m. How long did I wait? 2 hours c). Checking Meaning. Was he waiting 2 hours ago? Yes Is he still waiting now? Yes Is he happy? Most likely not d). Form Subject + have/ has + been + verb + ing e). Phonology You’d need to help SS pronouncing weak /i/ in ‘been’, contraction of ‘I’ and ‘have’ – I’ve /aiəv/, waiting - /weitiŋ/, hours /aʊəz/. 3. I’m meeting her next Friday. a). Analysis of Meaning. I have a plan to meet her. We meet on Friday. Friday is in the future. b). Context. Show SS a picture with a diary on it. Friday is circled and there is a sign: ‘Meet with Susan’. Ask – Has she got any plans? Yes – When? Friday – What plans? Meet Susan c). Check Meaning. Are we talking about past, present or future? Future Did they plan to meet in advance? Yes When are they going to meet? Friday Is it in his/her diary? Yes d). Form Subject + to be (am, is are) + verb + ing e). Phonology
You’d need to help the students with contraction of ‘I’ and ‘am’ – I’m /aiəm/. Also the weak form of ‘her’ and its linking with ‘meeting’ (sounds like /mi:tiŋə/).
4. I told her off. a). Analysis of Meaning. She did something wrong. I was not happy about it. I spoke angrily to her because what she did was wrong and not acceptable. b). Context. Show SS picture of Samantha secretly getting into her parents’ car and looking around so no one can see her. It’s dark outside. Ask – Does she want anyone to know that she is going to take the car? No – Did she ask for permission? Probably not – How do we know? Because she is looking around Show SS next picture of her driving into a tree. Ask – What happened? She crashed into the tree. Snow SS picture of Samantha’s parents looking very angry next to the badly scratched car in the morning. Ask – Did her parents find out? Yes Next picture Samantha’s parents are screaming at her. She looks very sad and guilty. c). Checking meaning. Did she do something wrong? Yes Did her parents find it out? Yes Were they angry? Yes Were her actions acceptable? No Did they tell her about it? Yes Did they speak angrily about it? Yes d). Form . to tell smb off (subject+ tell+object+off) e). Phonology. You’d need to help students with the weak form ‘her’ /ə/ and also the linking between ‘told’ and ‘her’ sounds like /təʊldə/.
5). That dress really suits you. a). Analysis of Meaning. She tries on a dress. It fits and looks very good. b). Context. Show SS a picture of a girl trying on a dress. It looks too big. Ask – Does it look good? No –Why? It’s too big Snow SS another picture of the same girl trying on another dress. This one fits perfect. Ask – Does this one look good? Yes c). Checking of Meaning. Does the dress fit? Yes Does it look good? Yes d). Form to suit smb (subject+suit+object) e). Phonology You’d need to help SS with the stress on ‘really’ and the weak ‘you’ and the linking between ‘suits’ and ‘you’ (sounds like /sutsju/).
Books used: R. Murphy ‘English Grammar in Use’ R. Murphy ‘Essential Grammar in Use’ M. Swan ‘Practical English Usage’