HSG CASE STUDY...
Intellectual Township An Integration of living and livelihood spaces
Presented by - pooja agarwal fifth year arch. MIT aurangabad feb 2009
Guided by - Ar. Kuldeep Bhatia
Township !!!!! and its History_ Industrial Revolution 1760-1820 is an important epoch in the history of growth of towns and cities.
Facts of Evolution: Suburban sprawl engulfed every town and city. Uncomfortable long journey from living place to work place. Traffic congestion. Vanishing peace of the city Indiscriminate sitting of industries. Rise in squatter settlements, slums. insufficient open spaces. Lack of public amenities.
Development Principles according to great town planners : Town planning is to Establish organic relation ship among “folk, place and work” ---------------------- “Geddesian triad” ---Sir Patrick Geddes (1854-1932)
Development Garden City concept Sir Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928): 1- Dwelling of all class around large court (having public buildings). 2- The shopping center on the edge of town. 3- Employment facilities should be provided by variety of industries. 4- Industries to be on the outskirts of the town. 5- City should have maximum population of 30 to 50 thousand in an area of 1000 acre. 6- City should be surrounded by permanent belt of agricultural land of 3- 5 thousand acre. 7- City should have the advantage of both rural and urban life amenities. 8- To eliminate the private ownership and whole of the Land to be brought under Co-operative basis or held in trust for the community in order to have the control on finance and the profit gained thereby be utilized for uplifting the community itself.
Planning principles by Clarence Stain :
No grid Iron road pattern. Planning not in term of single block but planning of the whole Neighbourly area. “Super block” to be enclosed by main Roads. Limited access of high traffic to and from neighbourhoods. Footpath be safe and segregated from other vehicular traffic. Working area of the house to face the roads. Community park spreading on whole of the area of the Town. Cul-de-sac streets.
Development Le corbusier’s Concept of “City as a living Organism”. Head; Gov. buildings. Heart; City center+ Shopes + Commercial Buildings. Limbs; Industries+ Educational institution. Lungs; Parks+ Green belt + Playfield. Arteries; Roads+ footpaths.
History of Townships in india Town planning in India is as old as its rich culture and Tradition. It is not an New Idea or Science. Indus valley civilization (3000.B.C), Vedic period (400B.C.), Budhist period 320.A.D., Medieval period (Upto 14 century) -jaipur city, Moghul period (1526-1707)A.D. cities like Agra, Delhi, Fatehpusikri, Bijapur, Lucknow. PreIndependencePeriod- New Delhi city,Post Independent period.
Township and New concept of Intellectual Township • “Township” means an integrated development of a contiguous land parcel which contains within itself requisite physical and social infrastructure, with access to off site physical and social infrastructure and fulfils all facilities of a complete Township •“Township character” is related to the “neighborhood character” of residential areas but also includes the character of non-residential areas such as retail/commercial centers, industrial precincts, open space and community facility areas. • Neighborhood character is the interplay of natural, built, social and economic conditions that make one place different from another.”
Intellectual Township • Many sources and surveys have revealed, that knowledge based activities will be the economic drivers in the future. • This includes intellectual industries such as IT Enabled services, or individuals’ livelihood as the intellectual professions. • It also includes emerging technology areas such as Biotech, energy related research, financial services, contract research and host of such other activities.
Intellectual Township • Knowledge based industries require high end commercial and residential built environment along with high quality infrastructure. • Since these sectors are manned by the younger population, availability of good quality health services, educational institutions and modern entertainment facilities will drive such development. • Increasingly it is becoming clearer that these industries are looking for sustainable integrated townships of an economic size capable of supporting businesses and homes, with adequate physical and social infrastructure. Yet, these should be compact enough to enable high quality living environments where it is possible to walk-to-work, walk-to-school and take public transport for other activities. • In the regional context, these townships must be well connected to other urban centers through regional transport infrastructure such as airports, railways, and highways. The townships must also have access to trunk infrastructure such as highquality drinking water and reliable power supply. A Township shall be sustainable with: • Good governance by local self government without political interference. • Money back policy gives freedom to sell & purchase on tagged, true value at any time.
Selection criteria • Existing cities cannot be developed beyond a certain limit as now cities are in scene of narrow streets with heavy traffic without parking space and ever increasing population. • Migration resulting into an unbalance as the developed cities are over crowded, and now development authorities and business sectors taking interest in small cities. • According to a survey report U.P. has been recorded to have maximum no. of out-migrants • Government showing interest by issuing policies for such projects in new developing areas. “Urban Development & Urban Housing has issued policy for promoting knowledge based industries, in integrated Townships…. August, 2007” • Jhansi is also a small developing city, located at central India where both North-South & East-west National Corridors of the country are crossing, Forming a major junction which shall support the excellent transportation and communication network. • It has an advantage of nearness to the metros , Delhi, Bhopal, Agra, Indore, Kanpur, Lucknow. • The City has the potential to become intellectual industrial city where all infrastructure facilities with manpower, economically available.
The Aim To design a sustainable & self manageable Township for the families engaged in intellectual professional livelihoods.
The Objective To Design an ideal infrastructural & recreational amenities with efficient moderate services. To Fulfill the local demands, habits, spirits, tradition & style, of the area. To preserve the aesthetics and individuality of the Township by developing it on its most suited conditions. To promote economic development and healthy environment for all the people living and working here.
At macro level –To Design layout of the whole township which includes zoning, circulation pattern and placement of all blocks. At micro level -To Detail out the major blocks of residential, office area and landscaping area of the layout.
Live case study: 1- Magarpatta City , Pune 2- Golf link, Gurgaon
Literature case study: 1- Mahindra City,
Magarpatta City____Pune Maharashtra has largest economy in the country, 13% of national income Urbanized - 42 % lives in cities High literacy – 77% the population Per Capita income - Rs.15, 484 (3rd in country) Population: 5064700 (2008) Density: 7214/km2 , metro 8th (2008)
Climate: tropical wet & dry Tem: temperatures ranging between 20°C to 28°C. Rainfall: 722 mm Season: summer monsoon, winter Knowledge based industries Home of Research institues, Home for software industries
Location Magarpatta: It is situated on national highway pune-solapur. Major linkages from site Pune station 7 kms Race course 3.5 kms Koregaon park 4.5 kms M.G.roads 5 kms Airport 9 kms
Location of Magarpatta city best suited to give extension to metro city Pune
Magarpatta City Architect: Ar. Prakash Deshmukh Total Land Area: 400 acre Population: 8,000 units residents, Density: 100-115/acre
Project Concept Fast urbanization of pune city and Haphazard spread of city pune in 90’s was major issue. A group 120 families of Farmers came together with an Idea to convert agricultural land into an Innovative Township.
View of one of neighborhood
Design Concept • Planning principles: Design on concept of garden city • present day need: Integration of work place and living place • climate responsive: Rutu chakra concept taken for the landscaping for plants to bloom all the years. View of Phase one, cyber city
Topography: The entire land is agricultural land it is a fertile virgin land with 32 bore wells Land is gently sloping from southwest to northeast with a level difference of 12 m Soil Type: Black cotton soil- good for plantation and landscaping. Land is gently slopping from southwest to northeast.
12m Land profile: Almost rectangular site, site was enclosed by, further extended city road of about 24 mt. Main entry east
Area Distribution, Total Area 400 acre Built up Area 60% of total i.e 240 acre Total open Area 40% i.e 160 acre Four entries to the site from all four direction makes a good connectivity with locality, main entry from east direction
Knowledge based Industries Green/ Recreational Public buildings
Axis is taken radial cum grid pattern whole project divided in 4 phases
1 Main Entry
Residential at periphery , middle ring for cyber city around the green core area to balance the mass building around. Major Public amenities given at phase 1 & 2 near to existing market.
BUILT AREA DISTRIBUTION Built up area 60 % 240 acre
Residential blocks including individual’s open space, 148 acre Cyber city area = 44 acre Public area Include:
= 24 acre
Gymkhana sport complex, Public school building, Primary scool, Destination center, hospital building,
Open area 40 % 160 acre
Recreational area, 24 acre, Excluding Services, 1 acre
OF built up
Built and UnBuit Ratio OPEN AREA DISTRIBUTION Open area 160 acre Central gardens : 25 acre Roads : 17% i.e 27.2 Paved area : 20 % 32 acre 2 acre of garden for each Neighbourhood or block unit i.e total 50 acre.
Total Area = 400 acre Built area = 240 acre Unbuilt area = 160 acre
Residential 61.25% Cyber city 18%
Public area 10%
BUIT UP AREA DISTRIBUTION
Residing people , 40,000 ppl
Work group 40% In city 25%
Out city 15%
Professionals/s Service hops provider 21% 4%
Non-Working 60% A) Children B) Youth
Recreational / institutional.
Frequently visiting areas Roads/ footpaths private/public transport+ office/ commercial spaces+ recreational / walkways in evening .
User’s Occupation • Teacher • Doctors/ medical Proffessionals • Engineers/ technical group • Management group/ Business group • Other Service Provider Group
Population Density not to exceed 30 % acre. Residential units : 8,000 units 40,000 person avg. Commercial : 12 companies+ offices and shops 10,000 persons avg. Density 100-115 person/acre
Floating Population 14 % of residing. •Working in office buildings -----8% •Individual business/ shopes ------- 2% •Service provider-----------------1% •Visitors------- 2%-
Frequently visiting areas Roads/ footpaths by public transport/ private transport / Office areas + shopping area+ utility areas/ cleaning area, + recreational / relative place ie. Over all. Respectively.
User Area circulation W. Entry
Working group Frequently visiting areas Roads/ footpaths private/public transport+ office/ commercial spaces+ recreational / walkways in evening . N. Entry
Children/ youth/ non working Recreational / institutional.
To & from different blocks W. Entry N. Entry
2 km 1.4 km
Villas 5 bhk , 34 acre 23% of residential
Residential Zone Total area: 148 acre
1 BHK homes, 4.3 acre, 2%
11 Type Residential blocks
2 bhk homes 13.6 acre, 9%
3 bhk 59 acre, 40% Mulberry garden 5 bhk
4 bhk, 12 acre, 8.1 %
2 Roystonea 3bhk
Grevillea 3 bhk
Daffodils 3bhk Cosmos 3bhk
City road Jasminium Grevillea
Acacia garden 5bhk Main Entry
Residential Zone Total area: 148 acre 11 Type Residential blocks There are 28 neighborhoods planned in the different phases of the city. And the 11 options of residential buildings, with different specification. 5 no. Hierarchy for affordability,
Laburnum 4 BHK Soft areas are given main importancein whole landscape. Lawn is used in many spaces. Community hall, club house, children play area and 2 play courts are provided. The landscape done in central open space is raised at 2.4 m to give space for parking below. The arrangement of building is done such manner that a central chunk of land will be left for ladscaping 16 buildings+ 11 floors
Majestic commercial center of business excellence. Megacenter gives you complete infrastructural support to run new cutting edge Information Technology Tools. Well spread out space 5.25 lakh sq.ft. Parking space for 800 cars and 1000 2-wheelers. A total of 5 floors of modern Office space, Banking and 24-hr ATM facilities. 8 lifts, 10 no. capacity. 4- Theme cafeterias and restaurants, Food courts Other entertainment spots. Facilities like Full power back up with ample parking ensure that your business never takes on the back seat
Frames, fenestration and building massing gives, modern look
Hero Honda Showroom in Megacenter
Destination point The internal Amenity Center of Magarpatta City Rising 11 floors, area 4 acre including, block land scape. Facility offers space Shops, food courts and leisure activities. There will be Hostel and Office population. Lower ground floor Upper ground floor This is a place where Magarpatta City families would shop and spend time in the evenings Architectural features Large Courts give,, all time comfortable common Massive and modern, the Destination Center holds a huge business promise for you. Its a areas with beautiful landscape inside also. Free standing curve wall and frame works etc. as place where business potential is best described by just one word - extraordinary. the architectural elements give it monumantal look along its huge ness. Hight is risingwith every offset inside from the boundry it maintain the prortion of building.
Public Place Gymkhana complex
The 'Gymkhana' - 25,000 sq.ft. Sports Complex at Magarpatta City With “out-door” sports area: 6 acre.
Basket ball Gymkhana play ground block Swimming pool
viewers reception/ waiting
Basket ball play ground
Basket ball court Play field
Inside sectional sketch showing visual connection from entrance + upper floors to the sports areas
It includes: swimming pool giving beautiful look from entrance and even the upper floors, , 1st floor Pantry and snacks counter in waiting laung+ offices +gym + changing rooms with separate way to the court of pool / shower area, store room and tennice court , bollyball, basket ball court entance seperately, 2nd floor Meditation+ parlous, childrens section.
Public Place Gymkhana complex • 'The Magarpatta City Public School' - an English medium ICSE Board School managed by the well-known Vidya Pratisthan Trust •Area of 4 acre •Play area with swings, sculptures lawn and open central court and classes placed around. •School is given exterior of exposed plaster and brick work the massive building seen to merge with the nature,
Public Place Hospital building Nobal Hospital is at main road pune solapur, It is for 250 beds
Commercial Sector All the IT tower- commercial Zone is planned around the central Open ADITI Garden It is away from the residential and school buildings hence does not cause a disturbance Modern technology has been used –glass cladding, post tensioned slabs thus giving it a competitive look There are 12 buildings with 7 floors each Separate smoking zone are created and smoking is not allowed on the footpaths
In front of the IT building
'Deccan Harvest' - the restaurant in Aditi Gardens
Villas have individual’s pool
Aditi Gardens : deccan Harvest reastaurent+ three small plateform forming informal open activity areas+ open air theater at west- south of the site. For appx.8000 ppl. Individual blocks: have own recreational spaces like:
Play areas, court/ lawns, pools, Common gym includes helth care activities and sports etc. Shopping areas: food plazas reastaurents in destination point and in mega center theam reastaurents and other activities are the good means of entertainment .
Aditi Gardens full of contoures
In appartment buildings integration of recreational spaces
Roads & Transportation
Roads internal 30 ft wide
Lighting at center for 60ft wide else on both the side in scattered manner Lighting fixtures along the side ways
Internal Roads with plantations
Jogging tracks in the Central Garden
Mist Fountain at the main Entrance of Magarpatta City
Parking & transportation Public transportation like taxies or buses are not having any separate track. Each building block are given separate parking area , Most of the parking is in the basements Separated in – out basement parking ramps with slope 1: 10 taken from the entrance point.
Round the clock cenetralized security systems entry by security clearance.
Magarpatta is walled city with fortified gates & guarded entrances. The city is intensively patrolled day & night by security persons. Town level ZED security with walkie-talkie & computer surveilance. Individual watchmen for each complex, Intercom facility in each house
Services Elevated storage tank for cybercity and other recreational areas. Storm water from terraces through the pipes, gets collected underground. Sewage treatment plants are provided one in each neighborhood , The water recharged in the bore well is used for washing & cleaning. All the units have corporation water supply for drinking. For the bunglows and row houses, a separate water tank Electricity & telecommunication:
4 electrical substation are given at four corners of the site. Fiber optic cable laid throughout the complex. 1 acre of land dedicated to telephone exchange by the Magarpatta township.each home provided with internet connection.
Landscape study of Magarpatta City Magarpatta city aims to provide a lush green pollution free environment along with technologies education recreation and better living condition. The environment has been given the utmost priority in magarpatta city with 3200 trees, 20 lakh sqft lawn over 10,000 shrubs and bushes and punes largest mist foundation. There is at first circle is the welcome board and a board giving the directinon to different buildings and thus a newcomer gets well directed Rigth at the entrance is the first signage MAGARPATTA CITY with landscape area enhancing the entrance. In the administration area names of different sectores are bold and are clear of tree or any type of landscape element. Even in IT tower the name of the companies who have their offices in that building is displayed on signage board.
Landscape Elements: Magarpatta city has a good water table there being 32 bore wells which is used by all the building in magarpatta and reused for landscape. Black cotton soil is good for vegetation. existing trees retained or replanted, artificial lake covers ½ acre out of 25 acre. Trees and plantations also for security sound and visual barrier and ide shade and as a boundry Benches for Sittings at corners or side ways of roads paved wide footpaths to encourage pedestrian movement.
Ramps are provided to reach various spaces.
To define parking zone using landscape elements – bays are marked using colored sheet.
Landscape elements trees or plants used for creating canopy don't shed leaves. For recreational areas restaurant- medium plantation water bodies ground covers and trees bordering the court.
For exercise Zone a combination of hard (paved path) and soft (buses , trees) landscape is used to make the environment fresh and lively. Water bodies keep the atmosphere fresh.
Planting scheme 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Arzadirachta indicai- neem used for shade for parking, medicinal tree. Butea monosperma- flame of forset- used for shade for parking. Cipharexylop quadranguralae Jacaranda mimosifolia-neel gulmohor- used for shade, colour of flora Michelia champaca-golden yellow champa- son chafa used because fragrance of the flower. 6. Spathodia companulata- Tulip tree- to create road side avenue colour of flower 7. Tabebuia Argentia Shrubs 1. Eranthemum Nigrum- ebony black magic used in planting bed 2. Hamelia Pattensscarlet bush- fire bush used at the edge of the building. 3. Ixora duffii pink- ixora along the compound wall 4. Tabermaemontana variegated- edge of the building Grass 1. Paspalum lawn –used under the big tree and bigger lawn areas.
Eco friendly practice
Biogas Plant A two tonne capacity Biogas plant is installed. Biodegradable waste goes through a process and the non-polluting biogas which is generated is used to generate power to operate a major percentage of the garden pumps. This saves excessive power requirements equivalent to 118 commercial gas cylinders of 19 kilograms capacity per month, which translates to a power generation of over 270 electrical units per day.
Solar Water-Heating Magarpatta City, largest residential Solar Water-Heating systems in the country. The solar panels have been put in all the residential apartments comprising of about 3500 flats in the Phase-I & II. On completion, the total capacity will be in the region of 7 lakh litres per day which will save power upto 37 KWH per day and in monetary terms Rs.3.9 crore per year.
Eco friendly practice
Rainwater harvesting to canalize water from terraces is planned for over 8 natural wells, over 1.25 acres of an artificial lake body and to recharge ground water levels. Inter-locking paving blocks and cutout grass concrete pavers assist in raising groundwater levels.
Garbage Segregation at Source Eco-friendly practice of segregation of over 400 tonnes of household and commercial garbage, trash and waste per month is done at source of which 280 tonnes of biodegradable waste is used for vermi-culture and bio-compost. Over 120 tonnes non-biodegradable waste is recycled in a way not hazardous to nature, disposed off safely and the re-usable scrap is sold.
Eco friendly practice Vermiculture The nursery has vermi-culture and bio-compost pits, which generate manure from garbage segregated at source at Magarpatta City. The manure composted here provides for nourishing these saplings and shrubs. Organic pesticides like Verticillium and Trichoderma are used extensively. Not only are plants, saplings and organic vegetables sold here, a unique facility of a Plant Library is offered whereby just like a book/ video library.
Eco friendly practice Use of Fly-ash Bricks in construction Fly ash which is an environmental hazardous waste produced by thermal power plants is used as a part replacement of cement and fine aggregates, It is an inert material & saves energy required for production of cement. Usage of fly ash bricks helps in reduction of greenhouse gases, which are depleting the ozone layer. These bricks are better than traditional bricks, like controlling of pollution, cost, breakage, wastages, evenness, finish while manufacturing and more compressive strength. As fly ash bricks are produced mechanically they are economical, good for any type of masonry and absorb very less water. For every tonne of fly ash used in construction, approximately 1 tonne of CO2 emission in environment is reduced. Magarpatta City is set to consume 1,30,000 tonne of fly ash by the time construction is completed here, translating into a huge saving of over the same, i.e. 1,30,000 tonne of carbon emission.
In Magarpatta city new techniques are used successfully, It is a good example of eco friendly, sustainable town ship. Work place Cyber city placed approx. equi. Distant from every part. Connections could have been given more consideration as some of the residential zone become far from the public zone. Following the town planning principle and rules, results in better design and planning. Apartment buildings when clubbed, saves the circulation spaces.
The requirements taken in this example (areas as calculated and described before): Residential 37% of total , (villas 20%, apartments 35%, 5% 1-bhk sets (hostels/ service provider group) of total residential areas) Public, 6% of the total area Hospital Shopping School library Medical store Petrol pump near by required Recreational ,6% of total Restaurants Sports club Parks Service area, 1% of total Knowledge based industries: 11% of total As per economy and trend of locality and like wise industries interested in the proposed intellectual city.
Golf link city………. Ghaziabad Located on the banks of river Hindon (a tributary of river Yamuna) Residential Town ship Designed by RSP architect Area 132 acre Population, 2500 Ghaziabad is developing as the extension of New Delhi, Fast growing industries and MNC’s sectors of the locality is attracting people, Out of the city these residential Townships are very good option for the people working in these sectors.
Area distribution Zoning
Public Services residential
Central lake as focal point, 24 m wide bridge as axis, major two division as per zone facilities. Residential area at center, frontage covered by public area. Recreation area at last.
Ring road 24m wide. Enclosing 18m wide internal roads. s
View of golf link
Zonning , Area Distribution Open area recreational 35%
Built area recreational 21%
Built up area 50%
All area % division Un built up area 50 %
Built & un built ratio
Commercial complex Community centre Police post Hospital Neighborhood shopping International school Primary school 2no.
Residential pocket-p1 EWS Housing Residential pocket -p2 Residential pocket –p5 Villas Residential pocket – p3skyvillas
Central focal point, lake Golf course Club House Golf club Artificial Lakes
Residential zone total Residing 2500 no. Residential zone have been provided with the three options named P1 P2 so on Residential pocket –p5 Villas along the road side next to the golf course 78 no villas in area of 6.4acre Residential pocket –p2 With area 13 acre 7.8 acre court included Built 5.2 acre. 10 apartments (40 ) 19 floor=760 units.
Residential pocket –p3 skyvillas (2acre) 19 floors with Halipad on roof. Built up .25 acre Accommodating, 76 units Residential pocket –p1 Apartments 459 (102) no. apartment buildin g 10 floors 1020 units EWS section, 2 acre which include 0.5 acre central For no. 400 units Pocket 2 have lake 2580 sqm.
Public area Commercial complex, 3.54 acre. Community centre: 0.56 acre Police post Hospital
1.09 acre 1.45 acre.
Neighborhood shopping 0.48 acre International school 3,36 acre Primary school,2 no. of cpl each 0.8 acre.
Hotel and retail market placed just next to commercial complex
Recreational spaces Bridge over the central lake
Boating as one of the sport and recreational activity Floating platforms, are many of the atractive features of the town ship. Central lake is spread over the 1.4 acre area
Club house no. 21 spread over 9 acre area Including all major sport’s indoor out door areas, gym, meditation, swimming pool area. Table tennis, squash, distressing program.
Golf club : 32 acre, builtup- 0.6 acre, lake1.6 acre, trainning court 5 acre
Architectural design Modern look is practiced , using free standing walls use of glass, steel. Frame work, fenestration and building forms are the major parts of building aesthetics.
Landscaping elements Lawns, lakes, plants , palm varieties,
Roads and transportation
Services Sewage disposal territory treatment plant. Fire fighting and fire alarm system
Covered parking spaces in multilevel. Security with CCTV. All apartments privided with three lifts two passengers and one for stretcher 100% stand by power on demand Rain water harvesting,
It is a good example of high rise building township as now there is need of providing good recreation areas so there only 17% is ground cover for residential spaces and more than 50% is open recreational areas.
Literature case study
Chennai capital of Tamilnadu is 4th largest metropolitan city of India. Chennai ecomony has broad industrial base in automobile technology, hardware manufacturing, and healthcare industries. Account 60% of india’s automotive export High literacy – 90% the population Major group having high life expectancy. Population: 7.5 million(4th) 2007) Density:14350/km2 Climate: Tem18-20 mini. 38-42 max. Rainfall: 1300 mm
Spread over 1400 acres, Mahindra World City, New Chennai is located on the Golden Quadrilateral (NH 45) Set amongst hills, natural lakes and a forest reserve. Location of Mahindra city best suited to give extension to metro city Chennai.
Project area : 1400 acres, Area Taken for study 188 acre. Architect : Ar. Hafeez Contractor and HOK (Hellmuth, Obata (Architecture firms) Land scape Architect : Belt Collins Singapore Green piece Bangalore. Mahendra city is an integrated industrial township. A Part of the Whole city, Taken for study is 188 acre only, of its 1400 acre and that part is it self an Integral IT Industry township. Concept of design: Office spaces just a jogging away, schools for kids just a block away or undertaking a shopping experience away from the juggling of the parking spaces. Such a work- home- school- shop experience is all the soul of designing of this town ship. The City offers the world–class facilities for business, retail, leisure, hospitality and residential housing. This township became functional in 24 sep. 2004.
Individual Campuses Companies seeking an individual identity can set up their business in the campus of their own choice. At the same time they can reap the benefits of a planned environment outside their own campuses. Built to Suit (BTS) facilities Custom built facilities on small campuses for companies seeking independence of location and format and customized ready–to–use facilities.
Site analysis: site was full of natural features, lush greenery, tree covers, rocks and the beautiful Chengelpet lake.
The vastness and the existing plantation was the formidable challenge for the landscape designer
Zonning , Area Distribution (IT Block ) in MWC Area for study “one IT sector”
Green belt is given 30% of the usable area. Utility is provide to this sector seperately 18 %
Total Area 188.2 Acre
Zonning , Area Distribution in IT block
Area for study “one sector”
Public Food court
Zonning , Area Distribution in IT block Planning cocept IT Parks 24.70 acre
32% IT sez
Almost rectangular sector, The total area 127 usable excluding the green belt and utility. The axis not dominating, the zones distributed by grid iron pattern
Residential 30.4 acre
16 % Public Public 12acre
Recreational 9 acre
Open area and built up area 60% built up area 76 acre 40 % open including 50 acre garden s roads
Distribution of builtup Areas 60 % built up
Entry plaza, IT block B
B Entry plaza green belt
Site Distribution IT Park area (24 acre ) Building blocks are housed in major four blocks. separate area for canteens and open lawns/ interaction spaces/ courts and park etc. These blocks are having parking at lower ground floors. Designed to ensure the optimal performance of IT & IT Enabled Services companies, Productivity–oriented work environment. CapGemini, Infosys, Mastek, MindTree, Nestronics, Renault Nissan, Tech Mahindra and Wipro are among others having the elegant set ups within the Technopark (IT) SEZ. The total area comprising 1 Million sq. ft. spread over 4 blocks of 250,000 sq. ft. each. There are currently over 6000 persons working in IT sez units.
Residential housing is the major part covering approx area 30 .4 acre housing approx, 1000 units Apartments, Duplexes and independent bungalows facing lake side, surrounded by rolling hills, and reserve park
Public amenities: Along with sports & recreation facilities through a club house within the IT town ship, School building near to the health club area and sports facilities and library etc. are housed at one place .
Public amenities: A commercial centre “The Canopy “ placed on opposite side of the residential units. The commercial centre also Food Court, Banks & ATMs, Entertainment centre, Daily needs stores , Travel desk etc.
Site Distribution Public amenities: School building placed at walkable distance fom the the residential areas and placed near to club house as the facilities for sports etc can be shared together. Hospitality: Hospital is placed out of this IT township which is shared with the other such zones.
Emergency medical services, laboratory services, radiology, pharmacy set up are also seperately places as part of the commercial complex but out of the IT campus Recreational space food plaza with restaurents and bakery shops with open air restaurants facing the lake. Have good connection with IT zone + Villas and appartment houses.
Use of Pergolas giving the spread form and elegant appearance to the building, Frames adding mass to the building and giving form with creating the massing , Use of glass gives modern look as well make the building to blend easily with the land scape around and the existing foliage of the City Combination of Forms with in the buildings plans and elevations as well combination of forms of building with landscaping is well established.
Roads and transportation The main roads connecting the different zones are 120’ wide. Internal roads within the IT zones are 60’ wide And lanes of 30’ wide are provided in the residential areas. Footpaths of 1.5 m wide on both the side of the roads with sitting Palm trees Lighting at center
Land scape concept: When one mentions microenvironment creating a hierachy of spaces, It is with reference to the movement pattern of a visitors. The hardscape blends with the softscape green belt crossing the site are given a natural woodland look with gravel path to encourage the pedestrian to walk through the green belt. Shade trees highlight the primary roads while quick growing natives like casuarinas soften the forest edges. The drains along the roads are treated with creepers along its sides.
Services Each Industry have their own ancillary and support units within the park. Each industries have its own mini zone so any effluent treatment or other forms of waste disposal would be specific to that industry alone. Soft ware , hardware and BPO units have separate Zone with emphasis on clean air dedicated power. And other practices for establishing the eco friendly environment are adopted using the eco friendly construction materials and new techniques. At the corners electrical stations are provided. And the Major service blocks given in utility zone separately given at the last of the IT zone. Petrol pump is given in easy approach from the IT (SEZ zone) is provided for the whole MWC Township.
Conclusion Existing plantation is retained well and integrated with the new requirements. IT industry Township which is the part of the integrated Industrial Township. Advantage of the site located near the lake and the surrounding beauty of hill, have intelligently taken into planning. As the club house, recreation spaces, individual bungalows are on edge side with lake side views. The high rising buildings located to have view of hill series around. Working areas well separated out from the rest area of the IT township along with ancillary units.
Residential units near to the public buildings. Grid iron pattern used for area division. Major division of the areas, taken:
Green belt is given 30% of the usable area. Utility is provide to this sector seperately 18 % , 60% built up area 76 acre 40 % open including gardens roads,
Out of Built up of 60% of total 32% IT sez, 40% Residential 12% Recreational, 16 % Public
Of total 19% 23%
Comparative Analysis Sr.no.
Mahendra IT Zone
Central court garden, canteen and middle rind working area, periphery houses
Diveded in two parts Axial zoning working and residential, public building near to residential, and recreational near to both
Give an extension to Pune congestion and integration of workplace.
Majorly Industrial setup but with the concept to provide residential place near to work place.
Axis and planning pattern
Radial axial and grid pattern
Grid iron pattern
Area distribution major residential 37% Work place 11% Unbuilt 40%
Residential 23 % Working area 19% Unbuit 40%
Court for different areas private court more recreational spaces
40% residential 25 % recreational
Comparative Analysis Sr.no.
Mahendra IT Zone
Hospital, major service plants, recreational, residential + service provider group, library, shopping, health club, office/cyber+ school
Hospital, major service plants, Recreational recreational, requirements are residential and added service provider group, library, shopping, health club, office/cyber with ancillary unit + school+ petrol pump out of the boundaries
Biogas plant, vermi compost, fly ash, solar systems
Natural elements use, heavy plantation, Eco friendly materials solar system+ solid are used. waste management plants.
Comparative Analysis Sr.no.
Mahendra IT Zone
It is a good example of eco friendly and sustainable Township.
It is an example of self Residential with more sufficient IT industry, recreational but a part of importance. intergated industrial Township, many requirements are fullfilled from the MWC
Requirements Public amenities
Commercial complex Community centre Police post Hospital Neighborhood shopping International school Primary school Petrol pump
Club House Lake Boating Helipad. Golf club
Residential Residential, Apartments, with at least two options. Villas EWS
Inferences For Planning of Intellectual Township, major areas are Residential, working places, Public place and recreational spaces. In an intellectual township almost all the residents work in same township.
Layout ( Axis, planning principles ) : Work place should be designed for Maximum no. of residents of the township Office spaces can be provided upto 30% of total area. Density can be taken up to 15 units for 1 acre of the land. Recreational 30% Public areas upto 15 %
For Designing. Residential spaces should be well connected and be separated from the other place of the township. All the spaces should be approximately equi distant from public spaces.
Areas distribution: Public area should be given
Services Transportation separate track for public vehicles Solar panels for street light Use of eco friendly practices: Water harvesting, Natural ventilation in public buildings,
Thank You !