Camera Shots, Angles and Movements QFL: How do camera angles and movement affect the viewer’s reading of the image?
Starter: Complete the shots you already know on the worksheet.
Camera Angles A director chooses from a variety of different camera angles (e.g. close up, medium shot) and camera movements (e.g. pan, zoom) when creating the storyboard for a film. The way each scene is shot gives meaning to the scene. It effects the viewer’s understanding and response. The main types of shot are:
Fill in the blanks As we go through the camera shots, angles and movements, complete the sheet with the correct terminology and in your own words give reasons why a director might use that shot or angle.
Establishing Shot Also called a master shot, this shot shows the location, setting or landscape of a scene. It is often the first shot, establishing the geography for the viewer.
Long Shot This type of shot presents the action’s setting, with some of the characters. A mood, situation or sense of drama may be presented with this shot.
Medium Shot This shot is usually from the waist up and focuses more attention on characters and their emotions. This shot allows other characters or objects to be in view.
Close Up A close up shot gives a character or object meaning. If the close up is of a face, then it usually shows emotion. Only one character or object is usually in a close up. An Extreme Close Up (ECU) shows even more detail.
Point of view shot This is a widely used shot which shows the action through the eyes of a character.
Camera movements Pan – where the camera moves around a fixed spot. Track – where the camera moves as if on a track following an object or person. Zoom – where the camera moves into a close up, often used to focus attention on a relevant detail or emphasise a character’s reaction.
Low angle shots Used to show power or importance…
High angle shots Used to show fear, intimidation and diminished status…
Can you identify these camera shots and angles?
Storyboarding In this storyboard can you identify the shots and comment on why they are shown in this order?
Create your own three shot storyboard to tell a story.
What effect is achieved here?
Why shoot from this angle?
Why use an extreme close up?
The Simpsons When you watch this clip identify the: types of camera angles used. l order of the shots. l effect of the camera angles on the viewer’s understanding of the story. l
Consider which shots the director has chosen and for what reason… http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=NX_23r7vYak
Homework ¡ How
does the opening of xXx establish Zander as a rebellious hero?
You will use the notes you make in this lesson to write an essay response to the above question.
xXx ¡ Create
a grid on your page (with big boxes). While we are watching the film, make notes on each area.
Media language (including camera techniques and sound)
Narrative (such as character types or binary opposites)
Audience (how TA is established and appeal generated)