Boost! Writing 4 Student's Book

July 10, 2018 | Author: ahalim4u | Category: Crossword, String Instruments, Homeschooling, Guitars, English Language
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Publishedby Pearson Longm,4nAsia ELT 20lF Cornwall House Taikoo Place 979 King'sRoad QuarryBay Hong Kong fax +85228569578 email: [email protected] wr, and Associated Companies throughout the world. @PearsonEducationAsia Limited 2007 All rights reserved;no part of this publication may be reproduced,storedin a retrievalsystem,or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recording,or otherwisewithout the prior written permissionof the Publishers. First published2O0T Producedby PearsonEducationAsia Limited, Hong Kong GCC/01 ISBN-13:978-962-00-5884-4 ISBN-10:962-00-5884-4 Publisher:Simon Campbell ProjectEditor: Howard Cheung Editor: IeffZroback Designers:JunkoFunaki,My.thWong,Angel Chan Illustrator:Balic Choy Audio Production:David Popeand SkyProductions For permission to use copyrighted images, we would like to thank O Mike Theiss/Jim Reed Photography/Corbis (pp. a CTR and 9 TR), @ Brad Loper/Dallas Morning News/Corbis @ (pp.4 CBR and 9 BR), @ Lloyd Cluff/Corbis (pp.5 BCTL and 17TL), O Martyn Goddard/Corbis (pp.5 BCTR and 17 TR), O Marianna Day Massey/ZUMAlCorbis (p.13),CarolWiley @ Dorling Kindersley (p. 30),Alistair Duncan (c) Dorling Kindersley (p. 31 BR),Ariel Skelley/Corbis(p. 33 TR and BL), O StephanieMazelCorbis (p. 33 BR), @ Iumeirah (p. 37 BL), O Stephanie Colasanti/Corbis (p. 37 BR), O Tom Stewart/Corbis (p. 43 TR), @Tim Garcha/zefalCorbis (p. 43 BL), O NASA,ESA,the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AIJIIA)and I. Green (University ofColorado, Boulder (p. 49 TR), O Joe Bator/Corbis (p. 49 BL), O NASA (p. 51), O Joson/zefalCorbis (p. 53 TR), @ GaryW. Carteri Corbis (p. 53 BL), @ DungVo Trung/Politika/Corbis (p. 56), @ Simon Marcus/Corbis (p. 63) and @ Antonio Mo/Gettyimages (p. 66). Courtesy of the Library of Congress(p. 29 TR).

Acknowledgements I would like to dedicatethe Boostlr,r,ritingbooks to two very closecolleagues:Dean Staffordand YannickO'Neill.We have sharedmany experiencesand ideasabout teachingwriting skillsover the years,but your specialistknowledgeand enthusiasm for this aspect of learning and communication have always been an inspiration to me. Thanks mightily! Iason Renshaw The Publisherswould alsolike to thank the following teachersfor their suggestionsand comments on this course:Tara Cameron,RosanneCerello,Nancy Chan, ChangLi Ping,Ioy Chao,JessieChen,JosephineChen,ChiangYing-hsueh,Claire Cho, Cindy Chuang,Linda Chuang,Chueh Shiu-wen,Mark de Boer,Mieko Hayashida,Diana Ho, Lulu Hsu, EuniceIung, Hye Ri Kim, JakeKimball, JosieLai, Carol Lee,ElaineLee,Melody Lee,PeggyLi, EstherLim, Moon Ieong Lim, Iasmin Lin, Martin Lin, Catherine Littlehale Oki, Linda Liu, Tammy Liu, Goldie Luk, Ma Li-ling, Chizuko Matsushita, Geordie McGarty, YasuyoMito, Eunice Izumi Miyashita, Mari Nakamura, Yannick O'Neill, Coco Pan, Hannah Park, Karen Peng,Zanne Schultz, Kaj Schwermer,MiYeon Shin, Giant Shu, Dean Stafford, H1'LrnjuSuh,TanYung-hui, Devon Thagard, Iohn and Charlievan Goch,AnnieWang,Wang Shu-ling,Wu Lien-chun, SabrinaWu,Yeh Shihfen,TomYeh,LauraYoshida,andYunji Yun.

The publisher's policyis to use papermanutactured forests fromsustainable


ritin The Boost! Skills Seriesis the definitive ond comprehensive fourlevel seriesof skillsbooksfor junior EFLleame6.Theseries hos beendevelopedoround qge-qppropriote,cross-curriculor topics thqt developstudents'criticql thinking ond examinotion techniques.It followson integratedskillsopproochwith eochof the skillsbroughttogetherat the end of eochunit. The twelvecoreunitsin Boost! Writing 4 followo cleorqnd tronsporent structureto make teaching ond Ieqming eqsyond tun. The writing skills build ond progressocrossthe four levelsof Boost! Writing ond are co[elqted to the next generotionof tests of English. Youwill find the followingin Boost! Writing 4: a . . .

Age-opproprioteond cross-curriolor topics Modelsof goodwdting os well os exqmplesofbqd writing Writing practicethot builds from sentenceqnd parogroph levelsto full-lenglhpqssqges Activities thot provide on opportunity to creoteo wide voriety of text tFpes(essoys,letters,emqils, etc.)

Unit Topic - Eachunithasanage-appropriate and topic. cross-curricular Studentswill . findthetopicdirectlyrelates to their lives and study. own to learn. a beengaged andmotivated

Writing Skill of thetargeted A verysimpleintroduction unitskillis provided. Studentswill . be introduced to thewriting skillina clearand way. understandable


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Before You Write with Samples ol goodwritingarepresented task. a noticing Studentswill . be introduced to writingmodelsthatthey their ownwriting. canfollowin . discover thewritingskillforthemselves withouttheneedfor longexplanations.

AudioGD TheCDat thebackof thebookprovides plus passages audiosupportfor allreading listening tasks theaudiofor theIntegration


Integration Writing Practice Practice basedarounda writingmodelis followed bymorepersonalized writingpractice. Studentswill . develop theskillsneededfor accurate and effective writingthroughmodel-based practice. . beableto followguidance to writetheirown passages.




Thewritingskillis combined withlistening, reading or speaking tasks. Studentswill a produce writingpassages basedon reading andspeaking/listening inputs. . developlanguage skillsneededforthenext generation of integraied testsof English.

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Review Aftereverytwo coreunits thereis a reviewwhich consolidates the writing skillsalreadystudied. Studentswill

beableto seetheir progress In usrng writingskills. buildon previously taughtskillsto produceaccurate wntrng.





Science and Nature

Writingcauseeffect sentences and-effect PY aboutextreme 5entence5 weather.



Write introductions n rl aooulvrdeo something new gameconsoles.

Ansand introdudion Entertainmentabout



let Me Explain

Culture and People

Writing to explain something

Learning at llome

Culture and People

. Writeanessav wnI|noaDout aDouta newrute p . 2 3 a currenr roDtc ' aryourscnoor.


Writea letterto yourrcacnet

h 10



Listen to the Music

Geography andHistory

Writesentences passrve in thepassive Using p.29 votce voiceabout buildings.

Writeparagraphs aboutdifferent p.33 kindsof music.

l\4ake a crossworo puzzle.


Culture and People

Writing descriptive sentences


Sports and Leisure

Writing an organizing essay rc 5Ummer organize things activities.


People/ Science and Nature

Usingphrases to complete to improve anapplication p.49 yourwriting letterfor a space mission.

Protecting Nature

People/ Science and Nature

lJsingdetails anoexamptes ro supponyour ideas


tr tr



an Complete aDolication letter '', to becomea



@ @


Culture and People

Stutlying Abroad

Culture and People


Extra Writing Sheets

Writingto applyto a SCnOOr

Writean application letterto an international scnoot,

Writing an Writeanessay essay to argue abouttravel. anoptnton


Unit I Writing cause-and-effect sentences Unit 2 Writing anintroduction aboutsomething Unit3 Writing to explain something Unit 4 Writing abouta current topic Unit 5 passive Using voice Unit 6 Using synonyms andpronouns Unit 7 Writing descriptive sentences Unit 8 Writing anessay to organize things Unit9 phrases yourwriting Using to improve Unit 1(' Using details andexamples to suppon yourideas Unil 11 Writing to apply to a school Unit 12 Writing anessay to argue anopinion

ExtremeWeather @l


*h", ."n happenin a big storm?Discuss your answers.


Readthe passage.

Katrina Leaves NewOrleans unoerwater Hurricane Katrinahit the cityof NewOrleans, causingmassive damage. also .l' Thehurricane left a largepartofthe cityflooded. 2 Katrinahadwind speedsof up to 220 per hour,sotherewasa lot ofdamage kilometers to the city. However, the worsteffectof the hurricane was flooding.,S Because ofthe storm,hugeamounts of waterrushedintothe city. Asa resultof this flooding,thousands of peoplelosttheirhomes. --:=




lnswer the questions.


In the filst underlined sentence,whqt "left q lorge pqrt of the city flooded"?


In the secondunderlined sentence,whqt hoppenedbecquse"Kotdno hod wind speedsof up to 220 kilometersper hour"? In the third underlined sentence,whqt phrose links "the storm" ond "huge omounts of woter rushed into the city"?

Writing cause-and-effect sentences youneedto wnitesentences Sometimes that showhowsomething lthecause]rnakesanother youEhoud linkthe c6usew th the effectusing thinghappen[theeffect].Inthlsk nd of sentence, a word o. ptsrasesuchas becauseof so ds a resLr/Lcausear leave.

Completethe paragraphusingthe linkingword and phraseprovided.


leove / becouseof Hurriconesore dqngerous{1)

their incredible Dower.Thev often cquse

huge wqves,which con ddmoge coostql cities.Hurricqnesqlso (2) buildings ond roods ruined. As a result, hurricqnesoften cquseseriousfloods.

comptetethe paragraphusingthe causesprovided.


they form quickly / their incrediblespeed Tornqdoesore o kind of spinning wind thot con move at more thon 400 kilometersper hour. Becouse of (1)

, they con pick up

objectsond cqlly them for mony kilometers.It is hqrd for peopleto prepqrefor tornqdoes qnd moveunpredictqbly.

becouse(2) (f

Completethe paragraphusing the effects provided. some houseswere flooded / mony housesdid not hove electricity Our city wqs hit by q terrible thunderstorm. Lightning struck o power line, so (r) . Also, (2)


becquseof heqvy rdin.

Writea cause.and.effect sentenceabout eachDicture.

roin / coused / flood / cjty

As q result / volcono / peopleleft / villqge

T h e r a i n c a u s e da f l o o d i n l h e c i l

trees / blew over / becquseof / strong winds

tornodo / left / barn / ruined



Listenandwrite exactlywhat you hear. teffible

o I


Remember to uselinking words phrases your and in sentences.

Work with a classmateand write four cause-and-effectsentences, (A tornodo)

(A thunde$torm)

(A flood)

(A huricqne)



n""a you,.entences to the class.

GameConsoles @

*n", oo rou thinkaboutvideogames? your answers. Discuss

Readthe passage.

PloyStotion 3 Sony intrcduced the first Ploystotiongome consolein the mid-1990s.It wqs very populqr qnd sold morc thon 100 million units.

Thenin 2000,SonyreleosedPloystotion2. This model hos olso beenvery populqr due to its excellentgraphicsqnd becouseit cqn plqy DVD5. Sonyhos releosedthe newestmodel in the series,Ploystqtion3. It is 35 times more powerful thon Ploystotion2. The controllen ore qlso much eqsierto usedue to speciolsensors. Sonysqysthqt ployinggomeson Plqystotion3 is like beingin o movie becousethe croDhicsqre soincredible.


Circtethe best introductionfor the passage. SonyComputerEntertoinmentInc. is part of the SonyCorporation. It wos estoblishedin 1993 in Tokyo. SonyPlaystotion2 hos hqd q lot of competition from other consoleslike Microsoft Xbox qnd Nintendo GomeCube. The Sony Plqystotion3 gome consolehos been releosed.It is the lotestmodel in o populqr seriesthqt qlso includesPloystotion1 qnd 2. Ploystotion3 is much fosterthon Ploystotion2, ond it olso hqs o new contrcller ond incredible oroohics.


Writing an introduction about something new youm6ywriteaboutsomethng new.Inthis kindof wfiting,younintroduction Sometimes should showthe rcaderwhythe thingrsimportantor interesting. Todothis,youshouldinclude new andinteresting detailsinyourintroduction.

Cn".t (/) four detailsto makea good introductionfor a gameconsole.


Nintendoenjoyedsuccess with their Nintendo64 gome console,which wosreleosedirr1996. Nintendo'sWii gomeconsoleis now ovoiloble. One of the most populor Nintendo64 gomeswas Super Mario64. It olso hos o brqnd new controller. Comecubehod impressivegrophlcs. In 2001 Nintendoreleosedthe Gomecube. Wii ollowsployersto ploy mony of the Nintendogomesmode in the lost 20 yeors. It is the lotestconsolefrom Nintendo,which qlso modeNintendo64 qnd Gomecube.

Lool.forverbsrnthepresent, \!# tense to helpyouchoosethe detais



Usethe details you selectedin Activity D to write an introduction for the game console.

(lJ, 1

Write an introductionfor eachof the new products, Product: The Super Mogic Wond

Introduction The SuperMqgic Wond is now ovoilqble. It is the lqtestwond frcm Mogic Inc. The Super Mogic Wond hos

Product: The Advonced Come Console

Introduction The AdvqncedGome Consolehos been rcleosed. It is the newestconsolefrcm

Product: The Homework Robot

Introduction The HomeworkRobotis now qvoiloble.


Readthe passagea boy wrote about a video game, Takenotes on his opinions,

Sonic the Hedgehog I recentlygot o Ploystotion 3, qnd I am so hoppyl I hove been Dloyino L Sonicthe Hedgehog. Sonicis q grcot gqme. I like it becquseit is reolly fost qnd hos qmozing grophics.It qlso requiresq lot of skill and hqs o very interestingstory. Finollt I like the foct thqt I cqn ploy three different hedgehogchorocte$-Sonic, Shodowond Silver.

Notes - Plqystqtion3: recent'lygot,5o

hapw - Beenployjng:

- Like it becouse:

- Also:

Listento what a girl saysabout anothervideogame.Takenoteson hel opinions. Notes - Nintendo Wil: - Beenploying: the Leaendof Zelda'.Twiliaht-Princesg

Twiwht Princessl Likeit becouse: Also: - Choroctersi

Work with a classmate.On a separatepieceof paper,wtite a paragraph comparingand contrastingthe games.

Write a cause-and-effectsentenceabout each picture. 1

qs o result / eorthquqke / bddge domoged

snowstorm / so / rood / slippery

huIIicane / left / homes /

student / upset / becquse / exom


Write an introduction for each of the new Droducts. Product: The Advonced Video Phone

Introduction The AdvoncedVideo Phoneis now qvqil0ble.

Product: The Fll/inq Bike

Introduction TheFlyingBikehosbeenreleqsed.

Let Me Explain i)

Why might you need to go to a doctor? D i s c u s ys o u r a n s w e r s .

irl|",^13R e a dt h e e m a i l


m a r k @ f l n kd s k . l


[email protected]

Deor Mork, I'm reolly sorry,but I won't be oble to come ond visit yorLthis weekend.I've br'okenmy orm, so I ccrnnottr-crvcl. I brokeit on Mondoy.It wos roining o iot thot morning, so the streetoutside my housewos reolly slippery-Becousel'd sleptin, I wos in o rush. I lon out onto the rood, sl\)ped ond broke my orm- I hod to 9(Jto the hospitol ond get o cost.The doctortold me to stoy ot home ond rest. I hope I con visit you someother time, os I'm reolly looking forword to seeing you. )oIryr Brion

Answer the questions. 1

Whot is Brion trying to e)rploin? Whot is his reoson? '19

Writing to explainsomething Sometimesyoumayneedto write an emailor a letter to explainsomething.For example, youmayneedto explainwhyyoucannotdo somethingor go somewhere.Makesureto give reasonsto supportyour explanation.


Comnletethe student'semailto her soccercoach. I qm sorry to inform you thot I will not be able to attend your soccercomp next week. I hopeI will be qbleto qttendthe next one. / He told me thqt I wosill qnd should stoy ot home. / He olso soid thqt I will needto rest for qt leqst q week.

DeorCoachSimpson, (1)

I om very ill, ond I needto stqy ot home ond rest. I becomesick q few doysogo, ond I went to the doctoryesterdqy,(2) (3)

As o result I will not be oble to come to your soccercqmp. (4)

I qm still lookingforwordto improving my soccerskills. Yourssincerel, Penny


Followthe stepsto write a letter to your teacher.Explainthat you cannot attendschoolnext week becauseyou are goingon a family trip. Brcinsform.' Bruinstorm ideqs for your letter on a sepqrqtepieceof poper. Thlnk of some detoils for your explanqtion. Planj Useyour ideosto moke q writing plqn. wlite on introduction stoting your reoson, detoils for o body pqrogrqph explqining it fufther qnd q conclusionsoying whot you hope mqy hqppen.

Teacher's name: lntroduction:

Bodyparagraph: Details:

l4lrite:Write your letter on o seporote piece of poper.

Remember to use'Dear...,"and 'Yours yourletter. sincerelr'in



Readthe email your friend Jameswrote about his birthday party.

From:[email protected] Subject: Party Hil It's my birthdaynextSaturday, and l'll be havinga bigpartyat my house. The partywill startat 2 p.m.andwill finishaboutI p.m.We'regoingto watchmovies,playgamesandeat pizza,so it shouldbe a lot of fun. I hopeyou canmakeit. James


*ri," a short emailto Jamesexplainingwhy you cannotgo to his birthdayparty. From: Subjecr:RE:Party


To:[email protected]

Learningat Home {i)

would you preferto go to schoolor to your answers. learnat home?Discuss

Readthe essay. :t----.}

lFJqlnilesah,ofi)ll {rnq Thisweek,mostchildren wentbackto Howevettherearethousands school. of children whodid not.Instead, theywillstudy at home.Thisiscalledhomeschooling. Homeschooling isactually olderthanregular Inthepast,children learned at home school. because schools did notexist.Evenafterschools appeared in thecity,therewerefewschools in the country.Asa result,manychildrenstillhadto studyat home.Somefamouspeople werehomeschooled, including Abraham Lincoln Edison. andThomas Formuchofthe 1900s, homeschooling wasrare.However, in the 1970s, manyparents startedhomeschooling theirchildren.Theychoseto do thisfor severalreasons. Some parentsthoughtthe localschoolswerebad,sotheydecidedto teachtheirchildren themselves. Otherswantedtheirchildren to learnaboutreligion, whichwasnottaught at school. Thesedays,homeschooling isverypopularin Westerncountries. TheUnitedKingdomhas about50,000homeschooled children,andCanadahasaround60,000. TheUnitedStates hasthe highestnumbetwithasmanyas1.1millionhomeschooled children. Considering thesenumbers, homeschooling islikelyto remainpopularforyearsto come.

t(9 I

Follow the instructions. Circlethe two pqrtsof the essoythqt tqlk oboutthe present. Drow o squoreoround the port of the essoythot describesthe history of homeschooling.


Writing about a current topic Sometimesyoumaywrite an essayabouta cuTTent topic.Youcanwdte this kindof essavin the followingway: Introduction .

Background .

Namethe topic

a Providecurrent information to get the feader'sattention


Givebackgroundinfonmation. and/or describethe hlstory of the topic

Conclusion Finishwith current information6nd a prediction aboutthefuture

comntetettre passage. Thesenew computers will be very helpfulfor students./ Theschooldid hovesome computers beforebut not enoughfor everystudentto use. / Our schoolrccentlygot brondnew computels./ Furthermore, only o few computemcouldconnectto the Intemet.

New Computers (1)

Now, everyclqssrcomhqs three computersond there qre more computerlobsoroundthe school. (2)

Mony of thesecompute$ did not work well. (3)

Fortunqtelt the new compute$ oll hqve on Internet connection.Also, there ore now enough compute$ for every student to use. {4)


rollow the stepsto w]ite an essayabout a new rule at your schoolbanning cell phones. Broinsform,' Bminstorm ideosfor your essqyon o sepqrqtepieceof poper' fhink obout whqt your schoolis like ond how the new rule will chonge it. Pian:Useyour ideosto moke q wdting plon. Write qn interestingintroduction, body pqrqgrqphsgiving bockground informotion, ond q conclusionproviding cunent informqtion ond o prcdiction qbout the futurc.

BodyparagraphI (background): Details:

Bodyparagraph2 (background):


l.l/rtfe:Write your essoyon q sepqrqte preceoI poper.

that showcause Tryto usesentences your wrlting. andeffectin

Listento a teachergiving a girl adviceon how to improve her essay. Edit the text basedon what you hear,

Luckylo 6o lo ScAooJ Ihis week,we we will all havelo lake exa-s


school.Exam^teekean be shessful, and nany o{ us do nol ltkegoirg lo school.Howeve.,we should,e.member lAaf * somecAtid,enin lle wodd do nol gel lo go lo scAoolal all. Somecour#ies in 1{,ewor)dare very poor and do nol have enough money

lo buildnany scAoolsor pay leaders. CA;ldren 'n lhese counlnesoflen c;nnor go ro sc/.ool.Someof lhesekidsm,ghIsludy al hone. Olhe*, however,wtllnol re.c;e,ve a! all. Somec|ildren live far away #om scAool in c,ounlnes wilh no pubhc lranspo,lahon. -flese

c)',ildc,annolgo lo :,
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