Beginner s3

July 17, 2017 | Author: adamos1945 | Category: Korean Language, Grammatical Tense, Grammatical Conjugation, Onomastics, Semiotics
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this the third season of beginner from koreanclass101...

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Beginner Lesson S3 Keep on Counting in Korean

5

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 2 3 4

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Korean Hangul (1)์ง€์ˆ˜ (2)๋™๋ฏผ (3)์ง€์ˆ˜ (4)๋™๋ฏผ (5)์ง€์ˆ˜ (6)๋™๋ฏผ (7)์ง€์ˆ˜

์ž๊ธฐ์•ผ, ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ 100์ผ ๊ธฐ๋…์ผ์ด์ž–์•„. ๋ญ ์—†์–ด? ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๊น€๋ฐฅ ํ•œ ์ค„ ์ค€๋น„ํ–ˆ์–ด. ๊ฒจ์šฐ ๊น€๋ฐฅ ํ•œ ์ค„? ํ•„์š” ์—†์–ด!! ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๊ฝƒ ํ•œ ์†ก์ด? ๊ฒจ์šฐ ๊ฝƒ ํ•œ ์†ก์ด? ๊ทธ... ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์ž๋™์ฐจ ํ•œ ๋Œ€? ๊ฒจ์šฐ ์ž๋™์ฐจ ํ•œ ๋Œ€...?? ์–ด? ์ž๋™์ฐจ? ์ง„์งœ? ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œ, ์ž๊ธฐ์•ผ! ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•ด!

Romanization (1)jisu (2)dongmin (3)jisu (4)dongmin (5)jisu (6)dongmin (7)jisu

2

jagi-ya, oneul uri baek-il ginyeomil-ijana. mwo eopseo? geuraeseo nae-ga gimbap han jul junbihaesseo. gyeou gimbap han jul? piryo eopseo!! geureom kkot han songi? gyeou kkot han songi? geu... geureom jadongcha han dae? gyeou jadongcha han dae...? eo? jadongcha? jinjja? gomawo, jagiya! saranghae!

English (1)Jisu (2)Dongmin (3)Jisu (4)Dongmin (5)Jisu (6)Dongmin (7)Jisu

Honey, today's our 100th day anniversary. Didn't you prepare anything? So I've prepared a roll of gimbap. Only a roll of gimbap? I don't need it!! Then a flower? Only a flower? Then.... Um... a car? Only a c... what? A car? Really? Thank you, honey. I love you!

Alternative Transcript

LC: 279_B_S3L5_102008

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(the dialog in the standard politeness level) (1)์ง€์ˆ˜ (2)๋™๋ฏผ (3)์ง€์ˆ˜ (4)๋™๋ฏผ (5)์ง€์ˆ˜ (6)๋™๋ฏผ (7)์ง€์ˆ˜

๋™๋ฏผ ์”จ, ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ 100์ผ ๊ธฐ๋…์ผ์ด์ž–์•„์š”. ๋ญ ์—†์–ด์š”? ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ์ œ๊ฐ€ ๊น€๋ฐฅ ํ•œ ์ค„ ์ค€๋น„ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ฒจ์šฐ ๊น€๋ฐฅ ํ•œ ์ค„์ด์š”? ํ•„์š” ์—†์–ด์š”!! ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๊ฝƒ ํ•œ ์†ก์ด? ๊ฒจ์šฐ ๊ฝƒ ํ•œ ์†ก์ด์š”? ๊ทธ... ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์ž๋™์ฐจ ํ•œ ๋Œ€? ๊ฒจ์šฐ ์ž๋™์ฐจ ํ•œ ๋Œ€์š”...?? ๋„ค? ์ž๋™์ฐจ์š”? ์ง„์งœ์š”? ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œ์š”, ๋™๋ฏผ ์”จ! ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•ด!

Vocabulary

Hangul ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๊ธฐ๋…์ผ ์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค ๊ฒจ์šฐ ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค ๊ฝƒ ์ž๋™์ฐจ

3

Romanization oneul uri ginyeomil junbihada gyeou piryohada kkot jadongcha

English today we, us, our anniversary, special day to prepare only, merely to need, to be necessary flower car

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ์•ˆ ๋ผ์š”. ๋‚ด์ผ ๋งŒ๋‚ ๋ž˜์š”? ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋ช‡ ์‹œ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ผํ•ด์š”? ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์ง‘์— ๊ฐ€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ 1๋…„ ๊ธฐ๋…์ผ์ด์—์š”. ์ค€๋น„ ๋‹ค ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”? ๊ผญ ํ•„์š”ํ•ด์š”. ํ™”์ดํŠธ๋ฐ์ด์— ๊ฝƒ ์„ ๋ฌผ ๋ฐ›๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด. ์–ด๋–ค ์ž๋™์ฐจ์˜ˆ์š”?

"I can't make it today. How about meeting tomorrow?" "What time are you working until today?" We are going home. It's our 1-year anniversary today. Have you prepared everything? "I need it badly." I want to get flowers for White Day. "What kind of car is it?"

Grammar Points LC: 279_B_S3L5_102008

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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #1 - Counter for Things Aligned in a Row - ์ค„ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------์ค„ (jul) is a word used to count things that are aligned next to each other. ์ค„ originally means a 'rope' or a 'line' but it can also be used as a counter. A noun comes before the number to specify what is aligned in a row, but it can be omitted when you're answering a question. โ–ท Construction (Nouns specifying things aligned in a row) + Number + ์ค„ Ex) โ–ท a roll of gimbap = ๊น€๋ฐฅ ํ•œ ์ค„ (gimbap han jul) โ–ท a row of desks = ์ฑ…์ƒ ํ•œ ์ค„ (chaeksang han jul) โ–ท In This Dialog (2)๋™๋ฏผ: ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๊น€๋ฐฅ ํ•œ ์ค„ ์ค€๋น„ํ–ˆ์–ด. (2)dongmin: geuraeseo nae-ga gimbap han jul junbihaesseo. (2)Dongmin: So I've prepared a roll of gimbap.

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(3)์ง€์ˆ˜: ๊ฒจ์šฐ ๊น€๋ฐฅ ํ•œ ์ค„? (3)jisu: gyeou gimbap han jul? (3)Jisu: Only a roll of gimbap? โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ๊น€๋ฐฅ ํ•œ ์ค„ ํฌ์žฅํ•ด ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. [ํฌ์žฅํ•˜๋‹ค] (gimbap han jul pojanghae juseyo) - Please give me a roll of gimbap to go. 2. ์˜์ž ํ•œ ์ค„ ๋” ๋†“์•„ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. [๋†“๋‹ค] (uija han jul deo noa juseyo) - Please put one more row of chairs. 3. ์ฝ”๋ฉ˜ํŠธ ์„ธ ์ค„ ์จ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. [์“ฐ๋‹ค] (komenteu se jul sseo juseyo) - Please write your comment in three lines. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #2 - Counter for Flowers - ์†ก์ด ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

LC: 279_B_S3L5_102008

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์†ก์ด (songi) is a word used to count flowers. A noun comes before the number to specify what kind of flower it is, but it can be omitted when you're answering a question. โ–ท Construction (Flower) + Number + ์†ก์ด Ex) โ–ท a flower = ๊ฝƒ ํ•œ ์†ก์ด (kkot han songi) โ–ท a rose = ์žฅ๋ฏธ ํ•œ ์†ก์ด (jangmi han songi) โ–ท In This Dialog (4)๋™๋ฏผ: ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๊ฝƒ ํ•œ ์†ก์ด? (4)dongmin: geureom kkot han songi? (4)Dongmin: Then a flower? (5)์ง€์ˆ˜: ๊ฒจ์šฐ ๊ฝƒ ํ•œ ์†ก์ด? (5)jisu: gyeou kkot han songi? (5)Jisu: Only a flower? โ™ฃ More Flower Names โ™ฃ

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Azalea Clover Daisy Dandelion Forget-me-not Lilac Lily Lotus flower Narcissus Rose Sunflower Tulip

์ง„๋‹ฌ๋ž˜ ํ† ๋ผํ’€ ๋ฐ์ด์ง€ ๋ฏผ๋“ค๋ ˆ ๋ฌผ๋ง์ดˆ ๋ผ์ผ๋ฝ ๋ฐฑํ•ฉ ์—ฐ๊ฝƒ ์ˆ˜์„ ํ™” ์žฅ๋ฏธ ํ•ด๋ฐ”๋ผ๊ธฐ ํŠค๋ฆฝ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #3 - Counter for Cars, Planes, Bicycles, Machines, and Punches - ๋Œ€ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๋Œ€ (dae) is a word used to count cars, planes, bicycles, machines, punches and some other

LC: 279_B_S3L5_102008

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2008-10-20

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nouns. A noun comes before the number to specify what is being talked about, but it can be omitted when you're answering a question. โ–ท Construction (Noun) + Number + ๋Œ€ Ex) โ–ท a car = ์ž๋™์ฐจ ํ•œ ๋Œ€ (jadongcha han dae) โ–ท a plane = ๋น„ํ–‰๊ธฐ ํ•œ ๋Œ€ (bihaenggi han dae) โ–ท In This Dialog (6)๋™๋ฏผ: ๊ทธ... ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์ž๋™์ฐจ ํ•œ ๋Œ€? (6)dongmin: geu... geureom jadongcha han dae? (6)Dongmin: Then.... Um... a car? (7)์ง€์ˆ˜: ๊ฒจ์šฐ ์ž๋™์ฐจ ํ•œ ๋Œ€...?? (7)jisu: gyeou jadongcha han dae...? (7)Jisu: Only a c... what? A car? Really?

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โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์ง‘์€ ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ์„ธ ๋Œ€ ์žˆ์–ด. [์žˆ๋‹ค] (uri jib-eun cha-ga se dae isseo) - My family has three cars. 2. ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ ์—ด ๋Œ€ ์ฃผ๋ฌธํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. [์ฃผ๋ฌธํ•˜๋‹ค] (keompyuteo yeol dae jumunhasseoyo) - I ordered ten computers. 3. ์ง€๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์—ด ๋Œ€ ๋งž์„ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. [๋งž๋‹ค] (jineun saram-eun yeol dae majeul geo-ya) - The loser will get hit ten times.

LC: 279_B_S3L5_102008

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2008-10-20

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Beginner Lesson S3 Make your Korean Count!

6

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 3 3 4

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Korean Hangul (1)์ง€์ˆ˜ (2)๋™๋ฏผ (3)์ง€์ˆ˜ (4)๋™๋ฏผ (5)์ง€์ˆ˜ (6)๋™๋ฏผ (7)์ง€์ˆ˜ (8)๋™๋ฏผ

์ž๊ธฐ์•ผ... ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผํ•˜๋ฉด ์ง‘ ํ•œ ์ฑ„ ์‚ฌ์ž. ์–ด? ์–ด... ๋ฌผ๋ก ์ด์ง€! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์Šคํฌ์ธ ์นด ํ•œ ๋Œ€ ์‚ฌ์ž, ์‘? ์Šค... ์Šคํฌ์ธ ์นด? ๊ทธ... ๊ทธ๋ž˜... ์Œ... ๋˜ ์ •์›์—๋Š”... ๋‚˜๋ฌด ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋ฃจ!! ์ •์›?? ๋‚˜๋ฌด?? ์•„! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๊ฑฐ์‹ค ๋ฒฝ ํ•œ ์ชฝ์—๋Š” ํ”ผ์นด์†Œ ํ•œ ์ ! ๋์–ด. ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ ์•ˆ ํ• ๋ž˜.

Romanization

2

(1)jisu (2)dongmin (3)jisu (4)dongmin (5)jisu (6)dongmin (7)jisu (8)dongmin

jagi-ya... uri gyeolhonhamyeon jip han chae saja. eo? eo... mullon-iji! geurigo seupotseuka han dae saja, eung? seu... seupotseuka? geu... geurae... eum... tto jeongwon-eneun... namu han geuru!! jeongwon?? namu?? a! geurigo geosil byeok han jjok-eneun pikaso han jeom! dwaesseo. geunyang gyeolhon an hallae.

English (1)Jisu (2)Dongmin (3)Jisu (4)Dongmin (5)Jisu (6)Dongmin (7)Jisu (8)Dongmin

Honey... when we get married, let's buy a house. Huh? Okay... of course! And let's buy a sports car, okay? A... sports car? Oh... okay... Hmm... and in the garden... a tree! A garden? A tree? Oh! A Picasso on one wall in the living room. Forget it. I just won't get married.

Alternative Transcript LC: 282_B_S3L6_102408

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(the dialog in the standard politeness level) (1)์ง€์ˆ˜ (2)๋™๋ฏผ (3)์ง€์ˆ˜ (4)๋™๋ฏผ (5)์ง€์ˆ˜ (6)๋™๋ฏผ (7)์ง€์ˆ˜ (8)๋™๋ฏผ

3

๋™๋ฏผ ์”จ... ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผํ•˜๋ฉด ์ง‘ ํ•œ ์ฑ„ ์‚ฌ์š”. ๋„ค? ๋„ค... ๋ฌผ๋ก ์ด์ฃ ! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์Šคํฌ์ธ ์นด ํ•œ ๋Œ€ ์‚ฌ์š”, ๋„ค? ์Šค... ์Šคํฌ์ธ ์นด์š”? ๊ทธ... ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”... ์Œ... ๋˜ ์ •์›์—๋Š”... ๋‚˜๋ฌด ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋ฃจ!! ์ •์›์ด์š”?? ๋‚˜๋ฌด์š”?? ์•„! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ ์š”, ๊ฑฐ์‹ค ๋ฒฝ ํ•œ ์ชฝ์—๋Š” ํ”ผ์นด์†Œ ํ•œ ์ ! ๋์–ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ ์•ˆ ํ• ๋ž˜์š”.

Vocabulary

Hangul ๊ฒฐํ˜ผํ•˜๋‹ค ์ง‘ ์‚ฌ๋‹ค ์Šคํฌ์ธ ์นด ์ •์› ๋‚˜๋ฌด ๊ฑฐ์‹ค ๋ฒฝ

Romanization gyeolhonhada jip sada seupocheuka jeongwon namu geosil byeok

English to marry house, home to buy sports car garden tree living room wall

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ๋‹น์‹ ๊ณผ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฉด ์–ธ์ œ ์ง‘์— ๊ฐˆ๋ž˜? ์–ด์ œ ์ด ๊ตฌ๋‘ ์ƒ€์–ด. ์Šคํฌ์ธ ์นด๋Š” ๋ญ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹์•„์š”? ์ •์›์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ์ง‘์„ ์‚ฌ๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด์š”. ๋‚˜๋ฌด๋ฅผ ์‹ฌ์—ˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ฑฐ์‹ค์ด ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์ข์•„์š”. ๋ฒฝ์— ํŽ˜์ธํŠธ๋ฅผ ์น ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”.

"I want to marry you." "Then when will you go home?" "I bought these shoes yesterday." What's good about sports cars? I want to buy a house with a garden. I planted a tree. The living room is too small. I painted the wall.

Grammar Points LC: 282_B_S3L6_102408

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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #1 - Counter for Houses - ์ฑ„ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------์ฑ„ (chae) is a word used to count houses. A noun comes before the number to specify what kind of house it is, but it can be omitted when you're answering a question. โ–ท Construction (House) + Number + ์ฑ„ Ex) an apartment = ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ ํ•œ ์ฑ„ (apateu han chae)

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โ–ท In This Dialog (1)์ง€์ˆ˜: ์ž๊ธฐ์•ผ... ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผํ•˜๋ฉด ์ง‘ ํ•œ ์ฑ„ ์‚ฌ์ž. (1)jisu: jagi-ya... uri gyeolhonhamyeon jip han chae saja. (1)Jisu: Honey... When we get married, let's buy a house. โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ ํ•œ ์ฑ„ ์ค€๋น„ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. [์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค] (apateu han chae junbihaesseoyo) - I've prepared an apartment. 2. ๊ทธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ง‘์ด ๋‘ ์ฑ„๋‚˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. [์žˆ๋‹ค] (geu saram-eun jib-i du chae-na isseoyo) - He has as many as two houses. 3. ์ด ๋งˆ์„์—๋Š” ์ง‘์ด ์—ด ์ฑ„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. [์žˆ๋‹ค] (i maeul-eneun jib-i yeol chae isseoyo) - There are ten houses in this town. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #2 - Counter for Trees - ๊ทธ๋ฃจ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๊ทธ๋ฃจ (geuru) is a word used to count trees. A noun comes before the number to specify what kind of tree it is, but it can be omitted when you're answering a question. โ–ท Construction (Tree) + Number + ๊ทธ๋ฃจ Ex) โ–ท a tree = ๋‚˜๋ฌด ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋ฃจ (namu han geuru) โ–ท a pine tree = ์†Œ๋‚˜๋ฌด ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋ฃจ (sonamu han geuru) โ–ท In This Dialog

LC: 282_B_S3L6_102408

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(5)์ง€์ˆ˜: ์Œ... ๋˜ ์ •์›์—๋Š”... ๋‚˜๋ฌด ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋ฃจ!! (5)jisu: eum... tto jeongwon-eneun... namu han geuru!! (5)Jisu: Well... and in the garden... a tree! โ™ฃ More Tree Names โ™ฃ Pine tree= ์†Œ๋‚˜๋ฌด Bamboo tree = ๋Œ€๋‚˜๋ฌด Apple tree = ์‚ฌ๊ณผ๋‚˜๋ฌด Plum tree = ์ž๋‘๋‚˜๋ฌด Maple tree = ๋‹จํ’๋‚˜๋ฌด Palm tree = ์•ผ์ž๋‚˜๋ฌด Willow tree = ๋ฒ„๋“œ๋‚˜๋ฌด Chestnut tree = ๋ฐค๋‚˜๋ฌด --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #3 - Counter for Sides and Pages- ์ชฝ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------์ชฝ (jjok) is a word used to count sides and pages. A noun comes before the number to specify what is being talked about, but it can be omitted when you're answering a question. โ–ท Construction (Noun) + Number + ์ชฝ

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Ex) โ–ท a page of a book = ์ฑ… ํ•œ ์ชฝ (chaek han jjok) โ–ท a wall = ๋ฒฝ ํ•œ ์ชฝ (byeok han jjok) โ–ท In This Dialog (7)์ง€์ˆ˜: ์•„! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๊ฑฐ์‹ค ๋ฒฝ ํ•œ ์ชฝ์—๋Š” ํ”ผ์นด์†Œ ํ•œ ์ ! (7)jisu: a! geurigo geosil byeok han jjok-eneun pikaso han jeom! (7)Jisu: Oh! A Picasso on one wall in the livingroom. โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ๋ช‡ ์ชฝ ์ฝ์—ˆ์–ด์š”? [์ฝ๋‹ค] (myeot jjok ilgeosseoyo) - How many pages did you read? 2. ์ข…์ด ํ•œ ์ชฝ์—๋งŒ ํ”„๋ฆฐํŠธ ํ•ด ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. [ํ•˜๋‹ค] (jongi han jjok-eman peurinteu hae juseyo) - Please print on one side of the paper only.

LC: 282_B_S3L6_102408

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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #4 - Counter for Paintings - ์  --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------์  (jeom) is a word used to count paintings. A noun comes before the number to specify what is being talked about. โ–ท Construction (Painting) + Number + ์  Ex) โ–ท a painting = ๊ทธ๋ฆผ ํ•œ ์  (geurim han jeom) โ–ท In This Dialog (7)์ง€์ˆ˜: ์•„! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๊ฑฐ์‹ค ๋ฒฝ ํ•œ ์ชฝ์—๋Š” ํ”ผ์นด์†Œ ํ•œ ์ ! (7)jisu: a! geurigo geosil byeok han jjok-eneun pikaso han jeom! (7)Jisu: Oh! A Picasso on one wall in the livingroom.

6

LC: 282_B_S3L6_102408

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2008-10-24

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Beginner Lesson S3 A Marathon of Korean Learning

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Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 3 3 4

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Korean Hangul (1)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (2)ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค (3)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (4)ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค (5)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (6)ํ•™์ƒ (7)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (8)ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค (9)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (10)ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค

์ž, ์˜ค๋Š˜๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค ์—ฐ์Šต์„ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ์•„... ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜, ์‹ซ์–ด์š”. ๋‹ค์Œ ๋‹ฌ์— ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค ๋Œ€ํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ, ์˜ค๋Š˜๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์ค€๋น„ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜... ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์š”! ์‹œ๋„๋Ÿฌ์›Œ์š”! ๊ณต๋ถ€? ์ง€๊ธˆ์€ ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค์ด ์ค‘์š”ํ•ด์š”!! ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜, ์–ด๋””๊นŒ์ง€ ๋›ฐ์–ด์š”? ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—์„œ ๊ณต์›๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ์ž... ์ค€๋น„!! ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜. ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋ฉ€์–ด์š”!! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์—ฐ์Šต์€ ์›”์š”์ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๊ธˆ์š”์ผ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— 5๋ฒˆ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ์•„... ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ ์‹ซ์–ด์š”!!

Romanization

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(1)seonsaengnim ja, oneul-buteo maraton yeonseub-eul hal geo-yeyo. (2)haksaengdeul a... seonsaengnim, sireoyo. (3)seonsaengnim daeum dal-e maraton daehoe-ga isseunikka, oneulbuteo junbihal geo-yeyo. (4)haksaengdeul seonsaengnim... geunyang gongbuhaeyo! (5)seonsaengnim sikkeureowoyo! gongbu? jigeum-eun maraton-i jungyohaeyo!! (6)haksaeng seonsaengnim (7)seonsaengnim yeogi-eseo gongwon-kkaji gal geo-yeyo. ja... junbi!! (8)haksaengdeul seonsaengnim. neomu meoreoyo!! (9)seonsaengnim geurigo yeonseub-eun woryoil-buteo geumyoil-kkaji iljuil-e daseot beon hal geo-yeyo. (10)haksaengdeu a... seonsaengnim sireoyo!! l

English (1)Teacher (2)Students (3)Teacher

LC: 283_B_S3L7_102708

So, from today until the marathon, weโ€™re going to practice. Argh...teacher, we don't want to. We have a marathon competition next month, so weโ€™ll prepare for it from today.

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(4)Students (5)Teacher (6)Student (7)Teacher (8)Students (9)Teacher (10)Students

Teacher, let's just study! Be quiet! Study? Right now the marathon is more important! Teacher, where do we run? From here, weโ€™ll go up to the park. Now...get ready!! Teacher, it's too far away!! And weโ€™ll do the practice five times a week, from Monday to Friday. Argh... we hate you!!

Alternative Transcript (the dialog in the intimate politeness level - the students' parts don't change)

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(1)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (2)ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค (3)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (4)ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค (5)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (6)ํ•™์ƒ (7)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (8)ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค (9)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (10)ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค

์ž, ์˜ค๋Š˜๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค ์—ฐ์Šต์„ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. ์•„... ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜, ์‹ซ์–ด์š”. ๋‹ค์Œ ๋‹ฌ์— ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค ๋Œ€ํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ, ์˜ค๋Š˜๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์ค€๋น„ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜... ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์š”! ์‹œ๋„๋Ÿฌ์›Œ! ๊ณต๋ถ€? ์ง€๊ธˆ์€ ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค์ด ์ค‘์š”ํ•ด!! ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜, ์–ด๋””๊นŒ์ง€ ๋›ฐ์–ด์š”? ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—์„œ ๊ณต์›๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. ์ž... ์ค€๋น„!! ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜. ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋ฉ€์–ด์š”!! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์—ฐ์Šต์€ ์›”์š”์ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๊ธˆ์š”์ผ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— 5๋ฒˆ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. ์•„... ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ ์‹ซ์–ด์š”!!

Hangul ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค ์—ฐ์Šต ๋‹ค์Œ ๋‹ฌ ๋Œ€ํšŒ ์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ์‹œ๋„๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค ์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค ๋›ฐ๋‹ค ๊ณต์›

LC: 283_B_S3L7_102708

Vocabulary Romanization oneul maraton yeonseup daeum dal daehoe junbihada geunyang sikkeureopda jungyohada ttwida gongwon

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English today marathon practice next month contest, competition to prepare just to be noisy, to be loud to be important to run, to jump park

2008-10-27

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๋ฉ€๋‹ค ์›”์š”์ผ ๊ธˆ์š”์ผ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ

meolda woryoil geumyoil iljuil

to be far (away) Monday Friday one week

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ์•ˆ ๋ผ์š”. ๋‚ด์ผ ๋งŒ๋‚ ๋ž˜์š”? ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋ช‡ ์‹œ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ผํ•ด์š”? ์—ฐ์Šตํ•˜๋ฉด ์ €๋„ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? ์ € ๋‹ค์Œ ๋‹ฌ์— ๊ฒฐํ˜ผํ•ด์š”. ๋‚ด์ผ, ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ๋ณด๋“œ ๋Œ€ํšŒ์— ๋‚˜๊ฐ€์š”.

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์ค€๋น„ ๋‹ค ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”? ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ๋‹ค ๋ฒ„๋ ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐ˜์€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์‹œ๋„๋Ÿฌ์›Œ์š”. ๊ฒฝํ—˜์€ ์ •๋ง ์ค‘์š”ํ•ด์š”. ๋น„ ์˜จ๋‹ค. ๋›ฐ์ž! ๊ณต์›์—์„œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋‚ฌ์–ด์š”. ์ €ํฌ ์ง‘์€ ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—์„œ ์ง„์งœ ๋ฉ€์–ด์š”. ์›”์š”์ผ์— ์˜์–ด ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ๋“ค์–ด์š”. ๊ธˆ์š”์ผ์— ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ๊ดœ์ฐฎ์•„์š”? ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— ๋ช‡ ๋ฒˆ ์ˆ  ๋งˆ์…”์š”?

"I can't make it today. How about meeting tomorrow?" "What time are you working until today?" Can I also do it if I practice? I'm getting married next month. Tomorrow, I'm entering a skateboard competition. Have you prepared everything? "Just throw away everything." "My class is too noisy." "Experience is really important." It's raining. Let's run! I met a friend in the park. "My home is so far away from here." I take an English class on Monday. Do you have time on Fridays? How many times a week do you drink?

Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #1 - From - -๋ถ€ํ„ฐ/์—์„œ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๋ถ€ํ„ฐ (buteo) and -์—์„œ (eseo) are words that mean "from", and both can be used for indicating time, range and distance. They are often paired with ๊นŒ์ง€ (kkaji), which means "until" or "up to". Although ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ and ์—์„œ are of the same meaning, ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ is much more commonly used than ์—์„œ. Also, ์—์„œ doesn't sound very natural with some nouns, but there is no set rule for this. โ–ท Construction

LC: 283_B_S3L7_102708

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Noun + ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ/์—์„œ Ex) - ์˜ค๋Š˜ (oneul) - today - ์˜ค๋Š˜ + ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ = ์˜ค๋Š˜๋ถ€ํ„ฐ = from today Ex) - ์—ฌ๊ธฐ (yeogi) - here - ์—ฌ๊ธฐ + ์—์„œ = ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—์„œ = from here โ˜ž remember โ˜œ Note that -์—์„œ can also work as a location particle, expressing the place where an action takes place. โ–ท In This Dialog (1)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ์ž, ์˜ค๋Š˜๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค ์—ฐ์Šต์„ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (1)seonsaengnim: ja, oneul-buteo maraton yeonseub-eul hal geo-yeyo. (1)Teacher: So, from today, we're going to practice for the marathon.

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(3)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ๋‹ค์Œ ๋‹ฌ์— ๋งˆ๋ผํ†ค ๋Œ€ํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ, ์˜ค๋Š˜๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์ค€๋น„ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (3)seonsaengnim: daeum dal-e maraton daehoe-ga isseunikka, oneulbuteo junbihal geo-yeyo. (3)Teacher: We have a marathon competition next month, so we'll prepare for it from today. (7)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—์„œ ๊ณต์›๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ์ž... ์ค€๋น„!! (7)seonsaengnim: yeogi-eseo gongwon-kkaji gal geo-yeyo. ja... junbi!! (7)Teacher: From here, we'll go up to the park. Now... get ready!! (9)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์—ฐ์Šต์€ ์›”์š”์ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๊ธˆ์š”์ผ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— 5๋ฒˆ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (9)seonsaengnim: geurigo yeonseub-eun woryoil-buteo geumyoil-kkaji iljuil-e daseot beon hal geo-yeyo. (9)Teacher: And we'll do the practice five times a week, from Monday to Friday. โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ๋‚ด์ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋‹ด์•  ์•ˆ ํ”ผ์šธ๊ฒŒ์š”. [ํ”ผ์šฐ๋‹ค] (naeil-buteo dambae an piulgeyo) - I won't smoke from tomorrow on. 2. ์ €๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ• ๊ฒŒ์š”. [์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค] (jeo-buteo sijakhalgeyo) - I'll start first. 3. ์–ธ์ œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”? [๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜๋‹ค] (eonje-buteo hangugeo gongbuhaesseoyo?)

LC: 283_B_S3L7_102708

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2008-10-27

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- Since when did you study Korean? 4. ๋‹ค์Œ ์ฃผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์˜ค์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. [์˜ค๋‹ค] (daeum ju-buteo oji maseyo) - Stop coming here, starting next week. 5. ์ปคํ”ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์‹œํ‚ค์ž. [์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค] (keopi-buteo sikija) - Let's start with ordering coffee. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #2 - To, Until, Up To - -๊นŒ์ง€ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๊นŒ์ง€ (kkaji) is a particle that expresses "until", "to", "up to", or sometimes "as much/many as" and "even". It has the nuance of covering a certain range or distance, and it can be applied to time to mean "until." It is often paired with -๋ถ€ํ„ฐ or -์—์„œ. โ–ท Construction Noun + ๊นŒ์ง€ Ex) ์ง€๊ธˆ (jigeum) - now ์ง€๊ธˆ + ๊นŒ์ง€ = ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ = until now

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โ–ท In This Dialog (6)ํ•™์ƒ: ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜, ์–ด๋””๊นŒ์ง€ ๋›ฐ์–ด์š”? (6)haksaeng: seonsaengnim: seonsaengnim, eodikkaji ttwieoyo? (6)Student: Teacher, where do we run? (7)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—์„œ ๊ณต์›๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ์ž... ์ค€๋น„!! (7)seonsaengnim: yeogi-eseo gongwon-kkaji gal geo-yeyo. ja... junbi!! (7)Teacher: From here, we'll go up to the park. Now... get ready!! (9)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์—ฐ์Šต์€ ์›”์š”์ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๊ธˆ์š”์ผ๊นŒ์ง€ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— 5๋ฒˆ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (9)seonsaengnim: geurigo yeonseub-eun woryoil-buteo geumyoil-kkaji iljuil-e daseot beon hal geo-yeyo. (9)Teacher: And we'll do the practice five times a week, from Monday to Friday. โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ํ•˜๋‚˜๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์—ด๊นŒ์ง€ (hana-buteo yeol-kkaji) - One to zero (= every little detail) 2. ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ์—ฌ๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€์˜ˆ์š”. (oneul-eun yeogi-kkaji-yeyo) - Today, it's until here. (= That's it for today.) 3. ์–ด๋””๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฐ€์„ธ์š”? (eodi-kkaji gaseyo?) - Until where do you go? (= Where are you going?)

LC: 283_B_S3L7_102708

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4. ์ด๊ฒƒ๊นŒ์ง€ ํ•ด์•ผ ๋ผ์š”? (igeot-kkaji haeya dwaeyo?) - Do I even have to do this? 5. ์–ธ์ œ๊นŒ์ง€ ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? (eonje-kkaji sigan isseoyo?) - Until when do you have time?

7

LC: 283_B_S3L7_102708

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Beginner Lesson S3 Is Your Roommate Worse Than This?

8

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 2 3 4

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(1)ํฌ์„  (2)์ง€ํ˜„ (3)ํฌ์„  (4)์ง€ํ˜„ (5)ํฌ์„  (6)์ง€ํ˜„ (7)ํฌ์„ 

(1)huiseon (2)jihyeon (3)huiseon (4)jihyeon (5)huiseon (6)jihyeon (7)huiseon

2

(1)Huiseon (2)Jihyeon (3)Huiseon (4)Jihyeon (5)Huiseon (6)Jihyeon (7)Huiseon

Korean Hangul

์•ผ, ์ด์ง€ํ˜„! ๋„ˆ... ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์„ ๋•Œ ๊นจ๋—์ด ๋จน์–ด! ๋”๋Ÿฝ์ž–์•„! ์•Œ์•˜์–ด. ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ด. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์ž˜ ๋•Œ ์กฐ์šฉํžˆ ์ž! ์‹œ๋„๋Ÿฝ์ž–์•„!! ์•Œ์•˜์–ด... ์กฐ์šฉํžˆ ์ž˜๊ฒŒ. ์ง‘์—์„œ ์‰ด ๋•Œ๋Š” ์ฒญ์†Œ๋„ ํ•ด. ์ฐธ! ๋Šฆ๊ฒŒ ์˜ฌ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•ด ์ค˜! ๊ทธ๋ž˜, ์•Œ์•˜์–ด... ์•„! ๋˜, ๋‚˜๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์—ด์‡  ๊ผญ ์ฑ™๊ฒจ! ์•Œ์•˜์–ด? ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๋„ˆ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋ชป ์‚ด์•„!

Romanization

ya, ijihyeon! neo... bap meogeul ttae kkaekkeusi meogeo! deoreopjana! arasseo. mianhae. geurigo jal ttae joyonghi ja! sikkeureopjana!! arasseo... joyonghi jalge. jib-eseo swil ttae-neun cheongso-do hae. cham! neutge ol ttae-neun yeollakhae jwo! geurae, arasseo... a! tto, nagal ttae-neun yeolsoe kkok chaenggyeo! arasseo? nae-ga neo ttaemun-e mot sara!

English

Hey, Jihyeon Lee! When you eat, eat in a clean manner. It's dirty! I got it. Sorry. And when you sleep, sleep quietly. You're noisy! I got it... I'll sleep quietly. When you are resting at home, do some cleaning, too. Oh, and when you're going to come home late, give me a call! OK... I got it... Oh, and, when you go out, don't forget the keys, okay? You make my life so difficult!

Alternative Transcript

(the dialog in the standard politeness level) (1)ํฌ์„  (2)์ง€ํ˜„

LC: 286_B_S3L8_103108

์ง€ํ˜„ ์”จ! ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์„ ๋•Œ ๊นจ๋—์ด ๋จน์–ด์š”! ๋”๋Ÿฝ์ž–์•„์š”! ์•Œ์•˜์–ด์š”. ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ด์š”.

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(3)ํฌ์„  (4)์ง€ํ˜„ (5)ํฌ์„  (6)์ง€ํ˜„ (7)ํฌ์„ 

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๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์ž˜ ๋•Œ ์กฐ์šฉํžˆ ์ž์š”! ์‹œ๋„๋Ÿฝ์ž–์•„์š”!! ์•Œ์•˜์–ด์š”... ์กฐ์šฉํžˆ ์ž˜๊ฒŒ์š”. ์ง‘์—์„œ ์‰ด ๋•Œ๋Š” ์ฒญ์†Œ๋„ ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ์ฐธ! ๋Šฆ๊ฒŒ ์˜ฌ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•ด ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”! ... ์•„! ๋˜, ๋‚˜๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์—ด์‡  ๊ผญ ์ฑ™๊ธฐ์„ธ์š”! ์•Œ์•˜์–ด์š”? ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์ง€ํ˜„ ์”จ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋ชป ์‚ด์•„์š”!

Vocabulary

Hangul ๊นจ๋—์ด

Romanization kkaekkeusi

๋”๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค ์•Œ๋‹ค ์ž๋‹ค ์กฐ์šฉํžˆ ์‹œ๋„๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค ์‰ฌ๋‹ค ์ฒญ์†Œ ๋Šฆ๊ฒŒ ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•˜๋‹ค

deoreopda alda jada joyonghi sikkeureopda swida cheongso neutge yeollakhada

๋‚˜๊ฐ€๋‹ค ์—ด์‡  ์ฑ™๊ธฐ๋‹ค

nagada yeolsoe chaenggida

English cleanly, in a clean manner to be dirty to know to sleep quietly to be noisy, to be loud to rest cleaning late to contact, to keep in touch to go out key to take care of, to put in order, to gather, to collect

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

๊นจ๋—์ด ์ผ์–ด์š”. ์˜ท์ด ์™œ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋”๋Ÿฌ์›Œ์š”? ์•Œ๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด์š”. ์•„์ง ์ž์š”? ์กฐ์šฉํžˆ ์ผ์–ด์„œ์š”. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐ˜์€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์‹œ๋„๋Ÿฌ์›Œ์š”. ์ฃผ๋ง์— ์•„์ฃผ ์ž˜ ์‰ฌ์—ˆ์–ด์š”. ๋ฐฉ์ด ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋”๋Ÿฌ์›Œ์š”. ์ฒญ์†Œ ์ข€ ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ๋งจ๋‚  ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋Šฆ๊ฒŒ ์ž? ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉด ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ์ง€๊ธˆ ๋‚˜๊ฐ€์•ผ ํ•ด์š”.

LC: 286_B_S3L8_103108

Synonyms ๊นจ๋—ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ง€์ €๋ถ„ํ•˜๋‹ค ์ฃผ๋ฌด์‹œ๋‹ค ์กฐ์šฉํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์†Œ๋ž€์Šค๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค

ํ‚ค

I used it in a clean manner. Why is your clothes so dirty? I want to know. Are you still sleeping? Please stand up quietly. My class is too noisy. I had a very good rest over the weekend. Your room is too dirty. Clean it. Do you go to sleep this late everyday? Contact me when you have time. I have to go out now.

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์—ด์‡ ๊ฐ€ ์–ด๋”” ์žˆ๋‚˜์š”?

Where is the key?

Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #1 - When + Subject + Verb - -ใ„น/์„ ๋•Œ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ใ„น/์„ ๋•Œ (l/eul ttae) is the grammatical structure that expresses "when + subject + verb" in Korean. This grammatical structure is used to express the time of the verb, or the time of occurrence of the verb. This form is used in the present and the future tenses. When you want to express the past, ์•˜/์—ˆ/์˜€ is added between the verb stem and this grammatical structure. This construction can be translated as "when (subject) (verb)" as in "When I eat..." This clause is a non-final clause, so it must have another clause to form a complete sentence. โ–ท Construction Verb stems ending in a vowel + -ใ„น ๋•Œ Ex) - ๊ฐ€๋‹ค (gada) = to go - ๊ฐ€(๋‹ค) + ใ„น ๋•Œ = ๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ = when (you) go

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Verb stems ending in a consonant + -์„ ๋•Œ Ex) - ์ฝ๋‹ค (igda) = to read - ์ฝ(๋‹ค) + ์„ ๋•Œ = ์ฝ์„ ๋•Œ = when (you) read โ–ท In This Dialog (1)ํฌ์„ : ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์„ ๋•Œ ๊นจ๋—์ด ๋จน์–ด! (1)huiseon: bap meogeul ttae kkaekkeusi meogeo! (1)Huiseon: When you eat, eat in a clean manner. (3)ํฌ์„ : ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์ž˜ ๋•Œ ์กฐ์šฉํžˆ ์ž! (3)huiseon: geurigo jal ttae joyonghi ja! (3)Huiseon: And when you sleep, sleep quietly. (5)ํฌ์„ : ์ง‘์—์„œ ์‰ด ๋•Œ๋Š” ์ฒญ์†Œ๋„ ํ•ด. ์ฐธ! ๋Šฆ๊ฒŒ ์˜ฌ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•ด ์ค˜! (5)huiseon: jib-eseo swil ttae-neun cheongso-do hae. cham! neutge ol ttae-neun yeollakhae

LC: 286_B_S3L8_103108

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jwo! (5)Huiseon: When you are resting at home, do some cleaning too. Oh, and when you're going to come home late, give me a call! (7)ํฌ์„ : ์•„! ๋˜, ๋‚˜๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์—ด์‡  ๊ผญ ์ฑ™๊ฒจ! (7)huiseon: a! tto, nagal ttae-neun yeolsoe kkok chaenggyeo! (7)Huiseon: Oh, and, when you go out, don't forget the keys! โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ์ง‘์— ๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€์š”. [๊ฐ€๋‹ค] [ํƒ€๋‹ค] (jib-e gal ttae-neun jajeongeo-reul tayo) - I ride a bicycle when I go home. 2. ํ•™๊ต ๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ ๊ฐ™์ด ๊ฐ€์ž. [๊ฐ€๋‹ค] (hakgyo gal ttae gachi gaja) - When you go to school, let's go together. 3. ์ผํ•  ๋•Œ ์ „ํ™”ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ. [์ผํ•˜๋‹ค] [์ „ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค] (ilhal ttae jeonhwahaji ma) - Don't call me when I'm working. 4. ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•  ๋•Œ ์Œ์•…์„ ๋“ค์–ด์š”. [๋“ฃ๋‹ค] (gongbuhal ttae eumak-eul deureoyo) - I listen to music when I study.

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5. ์•„ํ”Œ ๋•Œ๋Š” ๋งŽ์ด ์ž์•ผ ๋ผ์š”. [์•„ํ”„๋‹ค] [์ž๋‹ค] (apeul ttae-neun mani jayadwaeyo) - When you're sick you have to sleep a lot.

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Beginner Lesson S3 Days, Months and Years in Korean

9

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 2 3 4

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(1)์ •ํƒœ (2)์ฃผ์—ฐ (3)์ •ํƒœ (4)์ฃผ์—ฐ (5)์ •ํƒœ (6)์ฃผ์—ฐ (7)์ •ํƒœ (8)์ฃผ์—ฐ (9)์ •ํƒœ (10)์ฃผ์—ฐ

2

(1)jeongtae (2)juyeon (3)jeongtae (4)juyeon (5)jeongtae (6)juyeon (7)jeongtae (8)juyeon (9)jeongtae (10)juyeon

(1)Jeongtae (2)Juyeon (3)Jeongtae (4)Juyeon (5)Jeongtae (6)Juyeon (7)Jeongtae (8)Juyeon (9)Jeongtae (10)Juyeon

Korean Hangul

์ฃผ์—ฐ์•„... ๋‚˜ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ๊ฐ€. ์–ด, ์ •๋ง? ์—ฌํ–‰ ๊ฐ€? ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ? ์–ด... ๊ทธ๊ฒŒ... ์ดํ‹€, ์‚ผ์ผ? ์•„๋‹ˆ... ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ? ๋ณด๋ฆ„? ์•„๋‹ˆ... ๊ทธ... ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ํ•œ ๋‹ฌ? ์„ค๋งˆ ๋‘ ๋‹ฌ? ์•„๋‹ˆ... 3๋…„... ๋ญ? ์™œ? ์ •ํƒœ์•ผ! ๊ฐ€์ง€ ๋งˆ... ํ‘ํ‘...

Romanization

juyeon-a... na miguk ga. eo, jeongmal? yeohaeng ga? eolmana isseul geo-ya? eo... geuge... iteul, samil? ani... iljuil? boreum? ani... geu... geureom han dal? seolma du dal? ani... sam nyeon... mwo? wae? jeongtae-ya! gaji ma... heukheuk...

English

Juyeon... I'm going to America. Oh, really? Are you going on a trip? How long will you be there? Well, the thing is... Two days, three days? No... One week? Fifteen days? No... Then... a month? Or could it be for two months? No... three years... What? Why? Jeongtae! Don't go... (sob)...

Alternative Transcript LC: 287_B_S3L9_110308

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(1)์ •ํƒœ (2)์ฃผ์—ฐ (3)์ •ํƒœ (4)์ฃผ์—ฐ (5)์ •ํƒœ (6)์ฃผ์—ฐ (7)์ •ํƒœ (8)์ฃผ์—ฐ (9)์ •ํƒœ (10)์ฃผ์—ฐ

3

์ฃผ์—ฐ ์”จ... ์ € ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ๊ฐ€์š”. ์–ด, ์ •๋ง์š”? ์—ฌํ–‰ ๊ฐ€์š”? ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”? ๋„ค... ๊ทธ๊ฒŒ.. ์ดํ‹€, ์‚ผ์ผ์ด์š”? ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”... ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์ด์š”? ๋ณด๋ฆ„์ด์š”? ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”... ๊ทธ... ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ํ•œ ๋‹ฌ์ด์š”? ์„ค๋งˆ ๋‘ ๋‹ฌ์ด์š”? ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”... 3๋…„์ด์š”... ๋„ค? ์™œ์š”? ์ •ํƒœ ์”จ! ๊ฐ€์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”... ํ‘ํ‘...

Vocabulary

Hangul ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ์—ฌํ–‰ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜

Romanization miguk yeohaeng iljuil eolmana

๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์„ค๋งˆ

geureom seolma

ํ•˜๋ฃจ ์ดํ‹€ ํ•œํ•ด ๋‘ํ•ด

haru iteul han hae du hae

English America a trip one week for how long, how much well; then impossible, there's no way, that can't be one day two days one year two years

Synonyms 1์ฃผ์ผ, ํ•œ ์ฃผ ์–ด๋Š ์ •๋„ ํ˜น์‹œ

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

์ € ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์—ฌํ–‰ ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ? ๋ฉฐ์น ๋™์•ˆ? ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— ๋ช‡ ๋ฒˆ ์ˆ  ๋งˆ์…”์š”? ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ์ž์ฃผ ์šด๋™ํ•˜์„ธ์š”? ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ๋ญ ํ•ด์š”? ์„ค๋งˆ ์ด๊ฑฐ ๋„ˆ์•ผ?

LC: 287_B_S3L9_110308

That person is American. You are going to go on a trip? For how many days? How many times a week do you drink? How often do you work out? Then what do we do today? By any chance, could this be you?

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Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Vocab Focus #1 - Time Terms - Days, Months and Years --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ถ Days (= ์ผ, ๋‚ ) ** There are native Korean names used to express the number of days. Sino-Korean numbers + ์ผ(il) is a more formal usage than the native names for the number of days. 1 day = ํ•˜๋ฃจ (haru) = 1์ผ (iril) 2 days = ์ดํ‹€ (iteul) = 2์ผ (iil) 3 days = ์‚ฌํ˜ (saheul) = 3์ผ (samil) 4 days = ๋‚˜ํ˜ (naheul) = 4์ผ (sail) 5 days = ๋‹ท์ƒˆ (dassae) = 5์ผ (oil) 6 days = ์—ฟ์ƒˆ (yeossae) = 6์ผ (yugil) 7 days = ์ด๋ ˆ (ire) = 7์ผ (chiril) 8 days = ์—ฌ๋“œ๋ ˆ (yeodeure) = 8์ผ (paril) 9 days = ์•„ํ๋ ˆ (aheure) = 9์ผ (guil) 10 days = ์—ดํ˜ (yeolheul) = 10์ผ (sibil) 15 days = ๋ณด๋ฆ„ (boreum) = 15์ผ (siboil)

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โ–ถ Months (= ๋‹ฌ, ์›”) ** ๋‹ฌ is combined with the native numbers, and ์›” is combined with the sino-Korean numbers. When counting the months with sino-Korean numbers, the counter word ๊ฐœ is added. 1 month = ํ•œ ๋‹ฌ (han dal) = 1๊ฐœ์›” (ilgaewol) 2 months = ๋‘ ๋‹ฌ (du dal) = 2๊ฐœ์–ผ (igaewol) 3 months = ์„ธ ๋‹ฌ (se dal) = 3๊ฐœ์›” (samgaewol) 4 months = ๋„ค ๋‹ฌ (ne dal) = 4๊ฐœ์›” (sagaewol) 5 months = ๋‹ค์„ฏ ๋‹ฌ (daseot dal) = 5๊ฐœ์›” (ogaewol) 6 months = ์—ฌ์„ฏ ๋‹ฌ (yeoseot dal) = 6๊ฐœ์›” (yukgaewol) 7 months = ์ผ๊ณฑ ๋‹ฌ (ilgop dal) = 7๊ฐœ์›” (chilgaewol) 8 months = ์—ฌ๋Ÿ ๋‹ฌ (yeodeol dal) = 8๊ฐœ์›” (palgaewol) 9 months = ์•„ํ™‰ ๋‹ฌ (ahop dal) = 9๊ฐœ์›” (gugaewol) 10 months = ์—ด ๋‹ฌ (yeol dal) = 10๊ฐœ์›” (sipgaewol) When ๊ฐœ is not placed between the sino-Korean numbers and ์›”, the words become the

LC: 287_B_S3L9_110308

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names of the months of the year. (1์›”, 2์›”, ...) โ–ถ Years (= ํ•ด, ๋…„) ** ํ•ด is combined with the native numbers, and ๋…„ is combined with the sino-Korean numbers. For years, using the sino-Korean numbers + ๋…„ is more common, both in formal and informal situations. In fact, native numbers are usually used in formal situations. 1 year = ํ•œ ํ•ด (han hae) = 1๋…„ (illyeon) 2 years = ๋‘ ํ•ด = 2๋…„ (inyeon) 3 years = ์„ธ ํ•ด = 3๋…„ (samnyeon) 4 years = ๋„ค ํ•ด = 4๋…„ (sanyeon) 5 years = ๋‹ค์„ฏ ํ•ด = 5๋…„ (onyeon) 6 years = ์—ฌ์„ฏ ํ•ด = 6๋…„ (yuknyeon) 7 years = ์ผ๊ณฑ ํ•ด = 7๋…„ (chillyeon) 8 years = ์—ฌ๋Ÿ ํ•ด = 8๋…„ (pallyeon) 9 years = ์•„ํ™‰ ํ•ด = 9๋…„ (gunyeon) 10 years = ์—ด ํ•ด = 10๋…„ (sipnyeon)

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Beginner Lesson S3 Itโ€™s Been a Long Time Since Youโ€™ve Seen a Lesson Like This!

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Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

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(1)ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ (2)๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ (3)ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ (4)๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ (5)ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ

Korean Hangul

์–ด๋จธ! ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ! ์˜ค๋žœ๋งŒ์ด์•ผ! ์–ด๋จธ, ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ! 1๋…„๋งŒ์ด์ง€? ํ˜•์šฐ๋Š” ์ž˜ ์žˆ์–ด? ๊ตฐ๋Œ€์—์„œ ์ž์ฃผ ๋‚˜์™€? ์•„๋‹ˆ. ์–ด์ œ 3๋‹ฌ๋งŒ์— ๋‚˜์™”์–ด. ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜๋Š”? ์ž˜ ์ง€๋‚ด? ์•„์ด๊ณ ... ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜? ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์œผ๋กœ ์œ ํ•™ ๊ฐ”๋Š”๋ฐ, 3๋‹ฌ๋งŒ์— ๋Œ์•„์™”์–ด. ์—ํœด... ๋ชป ์‚ด์•„ ๋‚ด๊ฐ€... ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ, ํž˜๋‚ด!!

Romanization

(1)hyeongu eomeo! minsu eomma! oraenmaniya! eomma (2)minsu eomma eomeo, hyeongu eomma! ilnyeonman-iji? minsu-neun jal isseo? gundae-eseo jaju nawa? (3)hyeongu ani. eoje sedalman-e nawasseo. minsu-neun? jal jinae? eomma (4)minsu eomma aigo...uri minsu? minsu-neun miguk-euro yuhak gatneunde, sedalman-e dorawasseo. ehyu... mot sara, nae-ga... (5)hyengu minsu eomma, himnae! eomma

2

(1)Hyeongu's mother (2)Minsu's mother (3)Hyeongu's mother (4)Minsu's mother (5)Hyeongu's mother

(1)ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ (2)๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ

English

Huh? Minsu's mother! Long time no see! Huh? Hyeongu's mother! It's been a year, right? How is Hyeongu? Is he home from the army often? No, he came out yesterday after three months. How about Minsu? How is he? Whew... Minsu? Minsu went to America to study, but he came back in three months. Whew... it's so frustrating. Minsu's mother, cheer up!

Alternative Transcript

์–ด๋จธ! ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ! ์˜ค๋žœ๋งŒ์ด์—์š”! ์–ด๋จธ, ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ! 1๋…„๋งŒ์ด์ฃ ? ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜๋Š” ์ž˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? ๊ตฐ๋Œ€์—์„œ ์ž์ฃผ ๋‚˜์™€์š”?

LC: 290_B_S3L10_110708

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2008-11-07

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(3)ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ (4)๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ (5)ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ

์•„๋‹ˆ์š”. ์–ด์ œ 3๋‹ฌ๋งŒ์— ๋‚˜์™”์–ด์š”. ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜๋Š”์š”? ์ž˜ ์ง€๋‚ด์š”? ์•„์ด๊ณ ... ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜์š”? ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์œผ๋กœ ์œ ํ•™ ๊ฐ”๋Š”๋ฐ, 3๋‹ฌ๋งŒ์— ๋Œ์•„์™”์–ด์š”. ์—ํœด... ๋ชป ์‚ด์•„์š” ๋‚ด๊ฐ€... ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ, ํž˜๋‚ด์š”!!

Vocabulary

Hangul ์–ด๋จธ ๊ตฐ๋Œ€ ์ž์ฃผ ๋‚˜์˜ค๋‹ค ์œ ํ•™ ๋Œ์•„์˜ค๋‹ค ์—ํœด ํž˜๋‚ด๋‹ค

Romanization eomeo gundae jaju naoda yuhak doraoda ehyu himnaeda

English oh my, oh dear army, troops frequently, often to come out studying abroad to return, to come back phew to cheer up

Synonyms ์ข…์ข…

์•„์ด๊ณ  ๊ธฐ์šด๋‚ด๋‹ค

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

์–ด๋จธ! ๋‚˜ ์–ด๋–กํ•ด? ํ•œ๊ตญ์—์„œ ๋‚จ์ž๋“ค์€ ๊ตฐ๋Œ€์— ๊ฐ€์•ผ ํ•ด์š”. ์œ ๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์„ ์ž์ฃผ ํ•ด. ์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ์—์„œ ์ด๊ฒƒ์ด ๋‚˜์™”์–ด์š”. ๋‚ด ์—ฌ๋™์ƒ์€ ์˜๊ตญ์œผ๋กœ ์œ ํ•™๊ฐ”์–ด.

3

์ด์ œ ๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€์ž. ์—ํœด... ํž˜๋“ค๋‹ค. ํž˜๋‚ด์š”. ์ž˜ ๋  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”.

Oh my! What am I going to do? In Korea, men have to go to the army. Yura lies a lot. This came out of my pocket. My younger sister went to England to study abroad. Let's go back now. Phew... I'm tired. Cheer up. It's going to be alright.

Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #1 - It Has Been + Time / In + Time - -๋งŒ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๋งŒ (man) is a particle used to indicate how much time has passed since a previous action happened or a state began until the present moment, when another action is happening or the state is changing. There isn't a direct translation for this particle that always works, but it is usually translated as โ€œit has been + timeโ€ or โ€œafter/in + time.โ€ The form time + ๋งŒ is a noun, so -์— can be attached to it to modify an action.

LC: 290_B_S3L10_110708

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โ–ท Construction Time + -๋งŒ + ์ด๋‹ค - 1๋…„ (1 year) + ๋งŒ + ์ด๋‹ค - 1๋…„๋งŒ์ด์—์š” = It's been one year. Time + -๋งŒ + ์— - 3๋‹ฌ (three months) + ๋งŒ + ์— - 3๋‹ฌ๋งŒ์— ํ•œ๊ตญ์— ์™”์–ด์š”. = I came back to Korea three months after I left. โ–ท In This Dialog (1)ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ: ์–ด๋จธ! ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ! ์˜ค๋žœ๋งŒ์ด์•ผ! (1)hyeongu eomma: eomeo! minsu eomma! oraenmaniya! (1)Hyeongu's mother: Huh? Minsu's mother! Long time no see! (2)๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ: ์–ด๋จธ, ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ! 1๋…„๋งŒ์ด์ง€? (2)minsu eomma: eomeo, hyeongu eomma! ilnyeonman-iji? (2)Minsu's mother: Huh? Hyeongu's mother! It's been a year, right? (3)ํ˜•์šฐ ์—„๋งˆ: ์–ด์ œ 3๋‹ฌ๋งŒ์— ๋‚˜์™”์–ด. (3)hyeongu eomma: eoje sedalman-e nawasseo. (3)Hyeongu's mother: He came out yesterday after three months.

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(4)๋ฏผ์ˆ˜ ์—„๋งˆ: ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์œผ๋กœ ์œ ํ•™ ๊ฐ”๋Š”๋ฐ, 3๋‹ฌ๋งŒ์— ๋Œ์•„์™”์–ด. (4)minsu eomma: minsu-neun miguk-euro yuhak gatneunde, sedalman-e dorawasseo. (4)Minsu's mother: Minsu went to America to study, but he came back in three months. โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. 3์ผ๋งŒ์— ์ง‘์— ๋Œ์•„์™”์–ด์š”. [๋Œ์•„์˜ค๋‹ค] (samilman-e jib-e dorawasseoyo) - He came back home after three days (of not coming home). 2. ํ•œ๋‹ฌ๋งŒ์— ํ•™๊ต์— ๊ฐ”์–ด์š”. [๊ฐ€๋‹ค] (handalman-e hakgyo-e gasseoyo) - I went to school after one month (of not going there). 3. 1๋…„๋งŒ์— ๋งŒ๋‚ฌ์–ด์š”. [๋งŒ๋‚˜๋‹ค] (ilnyeonman-e mannasseoyo) - We hadn't met for a year. 4. ์–ผ๋งˆ๋งŒ์ด์ง€? [์ด๋‹ค] (eolmamaniji?)

LC: 290_B_S3L10_110708

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- How long has it been? 5. 5๋…„๋งŒ์— ๋‹ค์‹œ ์˜์–ด ๊ณต๋ถ€๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. [์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค] (onyeonman-e dasi yeongeo gongbu-reul dasi sijakhaesseoyo) - I started studying English again after not studying it for 5 years.

5

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Beginner Lesson S3 Read This Before You Speak Korean!

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Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 2 3 3

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(1)๋ฏธ์ • (2)๋ฏธ์ง„ (3)๋ฏธ์ • (4)๋ฏธ์ง„ (5)๋ฏธ์ • (6)๋ฏธ์ง„ (7)๋ฏธ์ • (8)๋ฏธ์ง„ (9)๋ฏธ์ •

(1)mijeong (2)mijin (3)mijeong (4)mijin (5)mijeong (6)mijin (7)mijeong (8)mijin (9)mijeong

Korean Hangul

๋ฏธ์ง„์•„! ์ „์— ๋นŒ๋ ค๋˜ ๋‚ด ๊ฐ€๋ฐฉ ์–ด๋”” ์žˆ์–ด? ์–ด... ๊ธ€์Ž„? ๋ฐฉ๊ธˆ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด... ๊ทผ๋ฐ ์ง€๊ธˆ์€ ์—†์–ด. ๋ญ? ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์—๋Š” ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด? ์‘. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์—๋Š” ๋ญ ํ–ˆ์–ด? ์Œ... ํ‹ฐ๋น„ ๋ดค์–ด. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ... ํ‹ฐ๋น„ ๋ณด๊ธฐ ์ „์—๋Š” ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด? ์Œ... ๋ชฐ๋ผ... ์•ผ! ๊น€๋ฏธ์ง„! ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ฐพ์•„!!!!

Romanization

mijin-a! jeon-e billyeo gatdeon nae gabang eodi isseo? eo... geulsse? banggeum bap meokgi jeon-e isseosseo... geunde jigeum-eun eopseo. mwo? geureom bap meogeun daeum-eneun isseosseo? eung. geureom bap meogeun daeum-eneun mwo haesseo? eum... tibi bwasseo. geureom... tibi bogi jeon-eneun isseosseo? eum... molla... ya! gimmijin! ppalli chaja!!!

2 (1)Mijeong (2)Mijin (3)Mijeong (4)Mijin (5)Mijeong (6)Mijin (7)Mijeong (8)Mijin (9)Mijeong

(1)๋ฏธ์ •

English

Mijin! Where is my bag that you borrowed the other day? Oh... I'm not sure. I had it right before I ate. But, I don't have it now. What? Then did you have it with you after you ate? Yeah. Then what did you do after eating? Hmm... I watched TV. Then... did you have it before you watched TV? Hmm... I don't know. Hey, Mijin! Look for it quickly!!!

Alternative Transcript

๋ฏธ์ง„ ์”จ! ์ „์— ๋นŒ๋ ค๋˜ ์ œ ๊ฐ€๋ฐฉ ์–ด๋”” ์žˆ์–ด์š”?

LC: 295_B_S3L13_111708

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(2)๋ฏธ์ง„ (3)๋ฏธ์ • (4)๋ฏธ์ง„ (5)๋ฏธ์ • (6)๋ฏธ์ง„ (7)๋ฏธ์ • (8)๋ฏธ์ง„ (9)๋ฏธ์ •

๋„ค... ๊ธ€์Ž„์š”? ๋ฐฉ๊ธˆ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด์š”... ๊ทผ๋ฐ ์ง€๊ธˆ์€ ์—†์–ด์š”. ๋„ค? ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์—๋Š” ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด์š”? ๋„ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์—๋Š” ๋ญ ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”? ์Œ... ํ‹ฐ๋น„ ๋ดค์–ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ... ํ‹ฐ๋น„ ๋ณด๊ธฐ ์ „์—๋Š” ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด์š”? ์Œ... ๋ชฐ๋ผ์š”... ๋ฏธ์ง„ ์”จ! ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ฐพ์•„์š”!!!!

Vocabulary

Hangul ๋นŒ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค ๊ฐ€๋ฐฉ ๋ฐฉ๊ธˆ

Romanization billida gabang banggeum

๋‹ค์Œ ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ฐพ๋‹ค

daum boda ppalli chatda

๊ธ€์Ž„ ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋‹ค

geulsse moreuda

3

English to borrow, to rent bag just now, a few minutes ago next, next time to see, to meet fast, quickly to search for, to look for well, let me think... to not know

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

๋ˆ ์ข€ ๋นŒ๋ ค ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. ์ƒˆ ๊ฐ€๋ฐฉ์„ ์ƒ€์–ด์š”. ๋ฐฉ๊ธˆ ์ ์‹ฌ์„ ๋จน์—ˆ์–ด์š”. ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋˜ ์˜ค์„ธ์š”. ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ์—†์œผ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ, ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋ณด์ž. ์‹ ๋ฌธ ๋ณด๊ณ  ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜! ๋ญ ์ฐพ์œผ์„ธ์š”? ๊ธ€์Ž„ ๋‚˜๋„ ์ž˜ ๋ชจ๋ฅด๊ฒ ๋Š”๋ฐ. ์ €๋„ ์ž˜ ๋ชฐ๋ผ์š”.

๋ง‰ ๋‹ค์Œ ๋ฒˆ

Please lend me some money. I bought a new bag. I just had lunch. Please come again next time. I don't have time today, so let's meet next time. I'm reading the newspaper. Get up quickly! What are you looking for? Well..I am not sure, either I don't know much about it either.

Grammar Points

LC: 295_B_S3L13_111708

Synonyms ๋Œ€์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค

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2008-11-17

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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #1 - Before + Verb - -๊ธฐ ์ „์— ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๊ธฐ ์ „์— (-gi jeon-e) is the grammatical structure used to express "before + verb." Similar to the English "before + -ing" form, the tense of the sentence is not expressed in the structure. Instead, it is expressed through the verb that comes after it. ์ „ (jeon) means โ€œbefore,โ€ and -๊ธฐ nominalizes the verb before you put ์ „์— after it. โ–ท Construction Verb stem + -๊ธฐ ์ „์— Ex) ์ž๋‹ค (jada - to sleep) - ์ž + ๊ธฐ ์ „์— = ์ž๊ธฐ ์ „์— - ์ž๊ธฐ ์ „์— = before going to sleep, before you go to sleep - ์ž๊ธฐ ์ „์— ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด = Study before you go to sleep. Ex) ์ฃฝ๋‹ค (jukda - to die) - ์ฃฝ + ๊ธฐ ์ „์— = ์ฃฝ๊ธฐ ์ „์— - ์ฃฝ๊ธฐ ์ „์— = before dying, before I die - ์ฃฝ๊ธฐ ์ „์— ๊ฐ€ ๋ณด๊ณ  ์‹ถ์€ ๊ณณ์ด 100 ๊ตฐ๋ฐ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. = There are 100 places I want to visit before I die.

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โ–ท In This Dialog (2)๋ฏธ์ง„: ๋ฐฉ๊ธˆ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด... (2)mijin: banggeum bap meokgi jeon-e isseosseo... (2)Mijin: I had it right before I ate. (7)๋ฏธ์ •: ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ... ํ‹ฐ๋น„ ๋ณด๊ธฐ ์ „์—๋Š” ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด? (7)mijeong: geureom... tibi bogi jeon-eneun isseosseo? (7)Mijeong: Then... did you have it before you watched TV? โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ๋ฐฅ ๋จน๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์† ์”ป์–ด. [๋จน๋‹ค, ์”ป๋‹ค] (bap meokgi jeon-e son ssiseo) - Before eating, wash your hands. 2. ์˜ค๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์ „ํ™”ํ•ด. [์˜ค๋‹ค, ์ „ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค] (ogi jeon-e jeonhwahae) - Call me before you come.

LC: 295_B_S3L13_111708

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3. ์นœ๊ตฌ ๋งŒ๋‚˜๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์„ ๋ฌผ ์‚ด ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. [๋งŒ๋‚˜๋‹ค, ์‚ฌ๋‹ค] (chingu mannagi jeon-e seonmul sal geo-ya) - I'll buy a present before I meet my friend. 4. ์˜ํ™” ๋ณด๊ธฐ ์ „์— ํŒ์ฝ˜ ์‚ฌ์ž. [๋ณด๋‹ค, ์‚ฌ๋‹ค] (yeonghwa bogi jeon-e papkon saja) - Let's buy some pop corn before watching the movie. 5. ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ๊ฐ€๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•ด. [๊ฐ€๋‹ค, ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•˜๋‹ค] (miguk gagi jeon-e yeollakhae) - Contact me before you go to America. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #2 - After + Verb - -ใ„ด/์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ใ„ด/์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์— (-eun daeum-e) is the grammatical structure that expresses "after + verb." Similar to the English "after + -ing" form, the tense of the sentence is not expressed in the structure. Instead, it is expressed through the verb that comes after it. ๋‹ค์Œ (daeum) means โ€œnext,โ€ and -ใ„ด/์€ changes the verb to the adjective form. โ–ท Construction Verb stem ending in a vowel + -ใ„ด ๋‹ค์Œ์—

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Ex) ์˜ค๋‹ค (oda - to come) - ์˜ค + ใ„ด ๋‹ค์Œ์— = ์˜จ ๋‹ค์Œ์— (after coming, after you come) - ๋„ˆ ์˜จ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋น„๊ฐ€ ์™”์–ด. (After you came, it rained.) Verb stem ending in a consonant + -์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์— Ex) ๋จน๋‹ค (meokda - to eat) - ๋จน + ์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์— = ๋จน์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์— (after eating, after you eat) - ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ์–ด๋”” ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ? (After we finish eating, where are we going?) โ–ท In This Dialog (3)๋ฏธ์ •: ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์—๋Š” ์žˆ์—ˆ์–ด? (3)mijeong:geureom bap meogeun daeum-eneun isseosseo? (3)Mijeong: Then did you have it with you after you ate? (5)๋ฏธ์ •: ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์€ ๋‹ค์Œ์—๋Š” ๋ญ ํ–ˆ์–ด?

LC: 295_B_S3L13_111708

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(5)mijeong: geureom bap meogeun daeum-eneun mwo haesseo? (5)Mijeong: Then what did you do after eating? โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ์ˆ  ๋งˆ์‹  ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ ๊ฐ€์ž. [๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€๋‹ค] (sul masin daeum-e noraebang gaja) - After drinking, let's go to the singing room. 2. ์ผ์–ด๋‚œ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ์ „ํ™”ํ•ด. [์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค, ์ „ํ™”ํ•ด] (ireonan daeum-e jeonhwahae) - Call me after you get up. 3. ์ง‘์— ๊ฐ„ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋ฐ”๋กœ ์ž ๋“ค์—ˆ์–ด. [๊ฐ€๋‹ค, ์ž ๋“ค๋‹ค] (jib-e gan daeum-e baro jamdeureosseo) - I fell asleep right after I went home. 4. ๋ชฉ์š•ํ•œ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ์ฒญ์†Œํ•  ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. [๋ชฉ์š•ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ฒญ์†Œํ•˜๋‹ค] (mokyokhan daeum-e cheongsohal geo-ya) - I will clean the room after taking a bath. 5. ์‹œํ—˜ ๋ณธ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ์ˆ ์„ ๋งˆ์…จ์–ด์š”. [๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค] (siheom bon daeum-e sul-eul masyeosseoyo) - I drank alcohol after I took the test.

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Beginner Lesson S3 This is Almost Too Easy!

14

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Korean Hangul (1)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ (2)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ (3)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ (4)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ (5)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ (6)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ (7)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ (8)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ

๋„ค. ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. 101 ์‹๋‹น์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ €๊ธฐ์š”... ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“ค์–ด์š”? ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”. ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์›Œ์š”. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์•Œ๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•ด ๋“œ๋ฆด๊ฒŒ์š”. ์•„. ์˜ˆ. ์‚ฌ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ์—์„œ ์™ผ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ๋Œ๋ฉด ํฐ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์ด ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์•„... ๋„ค. ํฐ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์ด์š”? ๋„ค. ๊ทธ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์—์„œ, ๋‹ค์‹œ 100๋ฏธํ„ฐ ๊ฐ€์„œ, ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ๋Œ๋ฉด ์€ํ–‰์ด ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์„œ 15๋ถ„ ๊ฑธ์œผ๋ฉด ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ทธ ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ์—์„œ ์™ผ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ 200๋ฏธํ„ฐ ๊ฑธ์œผ๋ฉด ์ €ํฌ ์‹๋‹น์ด ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ์ฃ ? ์ €๊ธฐ์š”... ๋ฐฐ๋‹ฌ์€ ์•ˆ ๋ผ์š”?

Romanization (1)sikdang juin (2)mingyeong (3)sikdang juin

2

(4)mingyeong (5)sikdang juin (6)mingyeong (7)sikdang juin

(8)mingyeong

ne. gamsahamnida. ilgongil sikdangimnida. jeogiyo... geogi chatgi himdeureoyo? aniyo. chatgi swiwoyo. je-ga algi swipge seolmyeonghae deurilgeyo. a. ye. sageori-eseo oenjjok-euro dolmyeon keun geonmul-i isseoyo. a... ne. keun geonmul-iyo? ne. geu geonmul-eseo, dasi baek miteo gaseo, oreunjjok-euro dolmyeon eunhaeng-i isseoyo. geogiseo sibobun georeumyeon apateu-ga isseoyo. geu apateu-eseo oenjjok-euro ibaek miteo georeumyeon jeohui sikdang-i isseoyo. chatgi swipjyo? jeogiyo... baedal-eun an dwaeyo?

English (1)Restaurant owner (2)Mingyeong (3)Restaurant owner

LC: 298_B_S3L14_112108

Hello, thank you for calling 101 Restaurant. Excuse me... is your restaurant difficult to find? No, it's easy to find. I'll explain it in a way thatโ€™s easy to understand.

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(4)Mingyeong (5)Restaurant owner (6)Mingyeong (7)Restaurant owner (8)Mingyeong

Oh, okay. If you turn left after the intersection, there's a big building. Oh... okay. A big building? Yes. From that building, go 100 meters more, turn right and you will see a bank. From there, walk for 15 minutes, there's a department store, and walk 200 meters to the left. From there you'll see our restaurant. It's easy to find, right? Well... do you have delivery service?

Alternative Transcript (the dialog in the intimate politeness level) (1)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ (2)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ (3)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ (4)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ (5)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ (6)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ (7)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ

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(8)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ

์•ˆ๋…•. 101 ์‹๋‹น์ด์•ผ. ์ €๊ธฐ... ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“ค์–ด? ์•„๋‹ˆ. ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์›Œ. ์•Œ๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•ด ์ค„๊ฒŒ. ์•„. ์‘. ์‚ฌ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ์—์„œ ์™ผ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ๋Œ๋ฉด ํฐ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์ด ์žˆ์–ด. ์•„... ์‘. ํฐ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ? ์‘. ๊ทธ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์—์„œ, ๋‹ค์‹œ 100๋ฏธํ„ฐ ๊ฐ€์„œ, ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ๋Œ๋ฉด ์€ํ–‰์ด ์žˆ์–ด. ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์„œ 15๋ถ„ ๊ฑธ์œผ๋ฉด ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์–ด. ๊ทธ ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ์—์„œ ์™ผ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ 200๋ฏธํ„ฐ ๊ฑธ์œผ๋ฉด ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์‹๋‹น์ด ์žˆ์–ด. ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ์ง€? ์ €๊ธฐ... ๋ฐฐ๋‹ฌ์€ ์•ˆ ๋ผ?

Vocabulary

Hangul ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ ์‹๋‹น ์ฐพ๋‹ค

Romanization geogi sikdang chatda

ํž˜๋“ค๋‹ค

himdeulda

์‰ฝ๋‹ค ์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๋‹ค ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ

swipda seolmyeonghada apateu geonmul

LC: 298_B_S3L14_112108

English there restaurant to search for, to look for to be difficult, to be arduous to be easy to explain apartment building

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2008-11-21

Synonyms ๊ทธ๊ณณ

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์™ผ์ชฝ ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ ์€ํ–‰ ๋ฐฐ๋‹ฌ

oenjjok oreunjjok eunhaeng baedal

left, left side right, right side bank delivery

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์—์„œ ๋ญ ํ•˜์„ธ์š”? ์ด ์‹๋‹น ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋ง›์—†์–ด. ๊ฐ€์ž! ๋ญ ์ฐพ์œผ์„ธ์š”? ์ผ์ด ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์•„์„œ ํž˜๋“ค์–ด์š”. ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด๋Š” ์ •๋ง ์‰ฌ์›Œ. ์ž์„ธํžˆ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•ด ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ์—์„œ ์‚ด๊ณ  ์‹ถ์ง€ ์•Š์•„์š”. ์ด ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์€ 30๋…„ ๋์–ด์š”. ์™ผ์ชฝ์—๋Š” ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ์—†์–ด์š”. ์˜ค๋ฅธ์ชฝ์— ๋ญ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‚˜์š”? ์€ํ–‰์— ๋ˆ์ด ๋งŽ์ด ์žˆ์–ด์š”? ์งœ์žฅ๋ฉด ๋ฐฐ๋‹ฌ์‹œ์ผฐ์–ด?

What are you doing there? This restaurant tastes so bad. Let's go! What are you looking for? I have too much work so I'm tired. Korean is really easy. Please explain in detail. I don't want to live in an apartment. This building is 30 years old. There's nothing on the left. What's on the right? Do you have a lot of money in your bank account? Did you order jjajangmyeon delivery?

Grammar Points

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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------โ–ท Grammar Point #1 - Easy/Hard To + Verb - -๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค/์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค/์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค (-gi swipda/eoryeopda) is used to describe something that is โ€œeasy/hard to + verb.โ€ Adding -๊ธฐ at the end of a verb stem is one of the ways to nominalize a verb in Korean. -๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค/์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค is sometimes used with the subject particle in it. In this case, it becomes -๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค/์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค, but it's more common to hear -๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค/์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค. โ–ท Construction - Verb stem + -๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค/์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค โ˜† Note that ์‰ฝ๋‹ค and ์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค take the ใ…‚ irregular conjugation.

LC: 298_B_S3L14_112108

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Ex) ์กธ๋‹ค (jolda) - to fall asleep โ–ท ์กธ + -๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค = ์กธ๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค โ–ทโ–ท ์กธ๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์›Œ์š”. (It is easy to fall asleep.) Ex) ์ฝ๋‹ค (ilgda) - to read โ–ท ์ฝ + -๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค = ์ฝ๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค โ–ทโ–ท ์ฝ๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์š”. (It is hard to read.) โ–ท In This Dialog (2)๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ: ์ €๊ธฐ์š”... ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“ค์–ด์š”? (2)mingyeong: jeogiyo... geogi chatgi himdeureoyo? (2)Mingyeong: Excuse me... is your restaurant difficult to find? (3)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ: ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์›Œ์š”. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์•Œ๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•ด ๋“œ๋ฆด๊ฒŒ์š”. (3)sikdang juin: chatgi swiwoyo. je-ga algi swipge seolmyeonghae deurilgeyo. (3)Restaurant owner: No, it's easy to find. I'll explain it in a way thatโ€™s easy to understand. (7)์‹๋‹น ์ฃผ์ธ: ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ์ฃ ? (7)sikdang juin: chatgi swipjyo? (7)Restaurant owner: It's easy to find, right?

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โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ์ถ”์›Œ์„œ ๊ฐ๊ธฐ ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์›Œ์š”. (oneul-eun chuwoseo gamgi geolligi swiwoyo) - It's cold outside today, so itโ€™s easy to catch a cold. 2. ๊ทธ ์ˆ˜์—…์€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์ดํ•ดํ•˜๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์š”. (geu sueop-eun neomu ihaehagi eoryeowoyo) - That class is too hard to understand. 3. ๋„ˆ๋Š” ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์‚ฌ๊ธฐ ๋‹นํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์›Œ. (neo-neun neomu sagi danghagi swiwo) - Youโ€˜d fall for a fraud to easily. 4. ๊น€์น˜๋Š” ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์š”. (gimchi-neun mandeulgi eoryeowoyo) - Kimchi is difficult to make. 5. ์ด ์ฑ…์€ ๊ธ€์”จ๊ฐ€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์ž‘์•„์„œ ์ฝ๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์š”. (i chaek-eun geulssi-ga neomu jagaseo ilggi eoryeowoyo) - This book's print is too small, so it's difficult to read.

LC: 298_B_S3L14_112108

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2008-11-21

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โ˜ž remember โ˜œ -๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค is often interchanged with -๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“ค๋‹ค (-gi himdeulda). Ex) - ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์š”. = ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“ค์–ด์š”. - ๋จน๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์š”. = ๋จน๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“ค์–ด์š”.

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LC: 298_B_S3L14_112108

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Beginner Lesson S3 The Best Way to Improve Your Korean Today!

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Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Korean Hangul ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๋Š” ์—„๋งˆ์—๊ฒŒ ์—„๋งˆ, ์ž˜ ์ง€๋‚ด์‹œ์ฃ ? ์ €๋Š” ์ž˜ ์ง€๋‚ด์š”. ์–ด์ œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ํ•œ๊ตญ์€ ๋‚ ์”จ๊ฐ€ ์ถ”์›Œ์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ๋Š” ๋‚ ์”จ ์–ด๋•Œ์š”? ์ €๋Š” ์š”์ฆ˜ ํ•œ๊ตญ์—์„œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋“ค์ด ๋งŽ์ด ์ƒ๊ธฐ๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ์—ฌ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹์•„์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์—„๋งˆ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋งŒ๋‚  ๋•Œ๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. - ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋”ธ, ์—๋ฐ€๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€

Romanization

2

saranghaneun eomma-ege eomma, jal jinaesijyo? jeo-neun jal jinaeyo. eoje-buteo hanguk-eun nalssi-ga chuwojigi sijakhaesseoyo. geogi-neun nalssi eottaeyo? jeo-neun yojeum hanguk-eseo chingudeul-i mani saenggigi sijakhaesseoyo. geuraeseo yeogi-ga joajigi sijakhaesseoyo. geureom eomma daeum-e mannal ttae-kkaji geonganghaseyo. - saranghaneun ttal, emilli-ga

English Dear Mom, How are you? I'm doing fine. It started getting cold here in Korea yesterday. How's the weather there? I recently started making a lot of friends here in Korea. So, Iโ€™m starting to like this place. Then Mom, until the next time we meet, please stay healthy. - I love you, from your daughter Emily

Alternative Transcript LC: 299_B_S3L15_112408

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์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๋Š” ์—„๋งˆ์—๊ฒŒ ์—„๋งˆ, ์ž˜ ์ง€๋‚ด์ง€? ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ž˜ ์ง€๋‚ด. ์–ด์ œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ํ•œ๊ตญ์€ ๋‚ ์”จ๊ฐ€ ์ถ”์›Œ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด. ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ๋Š” ์•„์ง๋„ ๋”์›Œ? ๋‚˜๋Š” ์š”์ฆ˜ ํ•œ๊ตญ์—์„œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋“ค์ด ๋งŽ์ด ์ƒ๊ธฐ๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ์—ฌ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹์•„์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ์—„๋งˆ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋งŒ๋‚  ๋•Œ๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•ด. - ์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋”ธ, ์—๋ฐ€๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€

3

Vocabulary

Hangul ์ง€๋‚ด๋‹ค

Romanization jinaeda

๋‚ ์”จ ์ถฅ๋‹ค ์•„์ง๋„ ์ƒ๊ธฐ๋‹ค

nalssi chupda ajikdo saenggida

์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค ๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•˜๋‹ค ์—„๋งˆ ๋”ธ

sijakhada geonganghada eomma ttal

English to spend (time), to get along weather to be cold still to come into existence, to get, to have to start, to begin to be healthy mom daughter

Synonyms

์•„์ง

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์ง€๋‚ด์š”? ๋‚ ์”จ๊ฐ€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์ถ”์›Œ. ์ถ”์šด ๋‚ ์—๋Š” ๋”ฐ๋œปํ•œ ์Œ์‹์„ ๋จน๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด์š”. ์ €๋Š” ์•„์ง๋„ ํ•™์ƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ž‘๋…„์—๋Š” ๋‚จ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์—†์—ˆ๋Š”๋ฐ, ๋ฉฐ์น  ์ „์— ๋‚จ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์ƒ๊ฒผ์–ด์š”. ์˜ํ™”๊ฐ€ ๋ฒŒ์จ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”! ์—„๋งˆ! ๋‚˜ ๋ฐฐ๊ณ ํŒŒ! ์ œ ๋”ธ์€ ์ด๋ฒˆ์— ๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ€์š”.

LC: 299_B_S3L15_112408

How are you doing? The weather is too cold. I want to eat hot food on cold days. I'm still a student. I didn't have a boyfriend last year, but I got a boyfriend a few days ago. The movie has already started. Please take care! Mom, I'm hungry! My daughter is going to university.

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Grammar Points Grammar Point #1 - To Start + -ing - -๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค

-๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค (-gi sijakhada) is the grammatical structure that means "to start doing something." It is often used along with the pattern -(์•„/์–ด/์—ฌ)์ง€๋‹ค (-jida), which means "to become + adjective" and forms -(์•„/์–ด/์—ฌ)์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค. โ–ท Construction

โ–ถ Action verbs - Verb stem + -๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค Ex) ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค (dallida - to run) โ–ท ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ + -๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค = ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค โ–ทโ–ท ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. = I started running. โ–ถ Descriptive verbs - Verb stem + -์•„/์–ด/์—ฌ + -์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค

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Ex) ์กฐ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค (joyonghada - to be quiet) โ–ท ์กฐ์šฉํ•˜ + -์—ฌ + ์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค = ์กฐ์šฉํ•ด์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค โ–ทโ–ท ์กฐ์šฉํ•ด์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. = It started getting quiet. โ–ท In This Dialog

(3) ์–ด์ œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ํ•œ๊ตญ์€ ๋‚ ์”จ๊ฐ€ ์ถ”์›Œ์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. (3) eoje-buteo hanguk-eun nalssi-ga chuwojigi sijakhaesseoyo. (3) It started getting cold here in Korea yesterday. (5) ์ €๋Š” ์š”์ฆ˜ ํ•œ๊ตญ์—์„œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋“ค์ด ๋งŽ์ด ์ƒ๊ธฐ๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. (5) jeo-neun yojeum hanguk-eseo chingudeul-i mani saenggigi sijakhaesseoyo. (5) I recently started making a lot of friends here in Korea.

LC: 299_B_S3L15_112408

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(6) ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ์—ฌ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹์•„์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. (6) geuraeseo yeogi-ga joajigi sijakhaesseoyo. (6) So, Iโ€˜m starting to like this place.

โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ

1. ์–ด์ œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ํ•™๊ต์— ๊ฐ€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. [๊ฐ€๋‹ค] (eojeo buteo hakgyo-e gagi sijakhaesseoyo) - I started going to school from yesterday. 2. ์ด๋ฒˆ ๋‹ฌ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์‹œํ—˜์„ ์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด. [์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค] (ibeyon dalbuteo siheom-eul junbihagi sijakhaesseo) - I started to prepare for the exam from this month. 3. Koreanclass101์œผ๋กœ ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. [๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜๋‹ค] (koreanclass101-euro hangukeo-reul gongbuhagi sijakhaesseoyo) - I started to study Korean with Koreanclass101.

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4. ์ œ ์—ฌ๋™์ƒ์ด ์˜ˆ๋ป์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. [์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค] (je dongsaeng-i yeppeojigi sijakhaesseoyo) - My younger sister has started to become pretty. 5. ๋‚ด์ผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋ฐ”๋น ์ง€๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. [๋ฐ”์˜๋‹ค] (naeil-buteo bappajigi sijakhalgeo-yeyo) - I'll start to get busy from tomorrow.

LC: 299_B_S3L15_112408

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2008-11-24

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Beginner Lesson S3 Don't Say This in Korean!

16

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Korean Hangul (1)๋ฏผ๊ทœ (2)์˜๋ฏธ (3)๋ฏผ๊ทœ (4)์˜๋ฏธ (5)๋ฏผ๊ทœ (6)์˜๋ฏธ (7)๋ฏผ๊ทœ (8)์˜๋ฏธ

์–ด, ์˜๋ฏธ์•ผ, ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์„œ ๋ญ ํ•ด? ์–ด? ๋‚˜ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด. ๋ฐฉํ•ดํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ. ์—์ด, ์™œ ๊ทธ๋ž˜? ๊ฐ™์ด ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜์ž. ๋ชฉ ๋ง๋ผ? ์ปคํ”ผ ๋งˆ์‹ค๋ž˜? ๋‚˜ ๋ชฉ ์•ˆ ๋ง๋ผ. ์ •๋ง ๋ง ์‹œํ‚ค์ง€ ๋งˆ. ๋‚˜ ๋ฐ”๋น . ์—์ด, ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ. ์‹œํ—˜ ๋๋‚ฌ์ž–์•„. ์•„๋‹ˆ์•ผ. ์•„์ง ์•ˆ ๋๋‚ฌ์–ด. ๊ท€์ฐฎ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ. ์ณ‡... ์•Œ์•˜์–ด. ๋‚˜ ๊ฐ„๋‹ค! ๋ฏผ... ๋ฏผ๊ทœ์•ผ... ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ด. ํ™” ๋‚ด์ง€ ๋งˆ.

Romanization

2

(1)Mingyu (2)Yeongmi (3) Mingyu (4)Yeongmi (5)Mingyu (6)yeongmi (7)Mingyu (8)Yeongmi

Eo, Yeongmi. yeogi-seo mwo hae? eo? na gongbuhae. banghaehaji ma. ei, wae geurae? gachi gongbuhaja. mok malla? keopi masillae? na mok an malla. jeongmal mal sikiji ma. na bappa. ei, geojitmal haji ma siheom kkeutnatjana. aniya, ajik an kkeutnasseo. gwichanke haji ma. chet... arasseo. na ganda. min.. mingyu-ya... mianhae. hwa naeji ma.

English (1)Mingyu (2)Yeongmi (3) Mingyu (4)Yeongmi (5)Mingyu (6)Yeongmi (7)Mingyu (8)Yeongmi

LC: 302_B_S3L16_112808

Hey, Yeongmi. Whatโ€™re you doing here? Huh? Iโ€™m studying. Stop bothering me. Hey, come on. Let's study together. Are you thirsty? You want some coffee? Iโ€™m not thirsty. Seriously, stop talking to me. Iโ€™m busy. Hey, come on. Stop lying. The exams are over. No. Not yet. Stop annoying me. Fine...Iโ€™m going! Min..Mingyu...Sorry. Don't be mad.

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Alternative Transcript (1)๋ฏผ๊ทœ (2)์˜๋ฏธ (3)๋ฏผ๊ทœ (4)์˜๋ฏธ (5)๋ฏผ๊ทœ (6)์˜๋ฏธ (7)๋ฏผ๊ทœ (8)์˜๋ฏธ

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์–ด, ์˜๋ฏธ์”จ, ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์„œ ๋ญ ํ•ด์š”? ์–ด? ์ € ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์š”. ๋ฐฉํ•ดํ•˜์ž ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ์—์ด, ์™œ ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ๊ฐ™์ด ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์š”. ๋ชฉ ๋ง๋ผ์š”? ์ปคํ”ผ ๋งˆ์‹ค๋ž˜์š”? ์ € ๋ชฉ ์•ˆ ๋ง๋ผ์š”. ์ •๋ง ๋ง ์‹œํ‚ค์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ์ € ๋ฐ”๋น ์š”. ์—์ด, ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ์‹œํ—˜ ๋๋‚ฌ์ž–์•„์š”. ์•„๋‹ˆ์˜ˆ์š”. ์•„์ง ์•ˆ ๋๋‚ฌ์–ด์š”. ๊ท€์ฐฎ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ์ณ‡... ์•Œ์•˜์–ด์š”. ์ € ๊ฐ€์š”! ๋ฏผ... ๋ฏผ๊ทœ์”จ... ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•ด์š”. ํ™” ๋‚ด์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.

Vocabulary

Hangul ๋ฐฉํ•ดํ•˜๋‹ค ๊ฐ™์ด ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜๋‹ค ๋ง ์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค ์ปคํ”ผ ๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค ๋ชฉ ๋งˆ๋ฅด๋‹ค ๋ฐ”์˜๋‹ค ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง ์‹œํ—˜ ๋๋‚˜๋‹ค ๊ท€์ฐฎ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค

Romanization banghaehada gatchi gongpuhada mal sikida keopi masida mok mareuda bappeuda geojitmal siheom kkeutnada gwichanke hada

ํ™” ๋‚ด๋‹ค

hwa naeda

English to disturb, to bother together to study to talk to, to speak to coffee to drink to be thristy to be busy lie test to be over, to end to annoy, to bother, to bug to go mad, to get angry

Synonyms ํ•จ๊ป˜

๊ดด๋กญํžˆ๋‹ค, ์„ฑ๊ฐ€์‹œ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค ์„ฑ๋‚ด๋‹ค

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ๋ฐฉํ•ดํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ์ €๋Š” ๋ถ€๋ชจ๋‹˜๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์ด ์‚ด๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ผ์š”์ผ์—๋Š” ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ์ง€ ์•Š์•„์š”. ๋ฐ”์˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ ๋ง ์‹œํ‚ค์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ์ปคํ”ผ ์ •๋ง ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”.

LC: 302_B_S3L16_112808

Don't disturb me. I'm living with my parents. I don't want to study on Sunday! I'm busy so don't talk to me. I really like coffee.

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์ €๋Š” ์ˆ ์„ ๋ชป ๋งˆ์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ํ•ด์„œ ๋ชฉ์ด ๋ง๋ผ์š”. ์ด๋ฒˆ ์ฃผ๋Š” ์ •๋ง ๋ฐ”๋น ์š”. ๊ทธ๊ฑฐ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์ด์•ผ. ์‹œํ—˜์€ ์–ธ์ œ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•ด์š”? ์˜ํ™”๊ฐ€ ๋ฒŒ์จ ๋๋‚ฌ์–ด์š”. ๊ท€์ฐฎ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ๋ฐ”๋น ์š”. ํ™” ๋‚ด์ง€ ๋งˆ. ๋ฌด์„œ์›Œ.

I cannot drink alcohol. I did some running so I'm thirsty. I'm very busy this week. โ€œThat's a lie.โ€ When does the exam start? The movie is already over. Stop bothering me. I'm busy. Don't get upset. I'm scared.

Grammar Points Grammar Point #1 - Don't + verb - -์ง€ ๋งˆ(์š”/์„ธ์š”)

-์ง€ ๋งˆ(์š”/์„ธ์š”) (-ji ma(yo/seyo) is the grammatical structure used to tell someone not to do something. Therefore, it can be used only with action verbs, and descriptive verbs should be changed into action verb form to be used correctly with this structure. -์ง€ ๋งˆ์š” and -์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š” are both in the standard politeness level, but -์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š” is more commonly used. This structure comes from ๋ง๋‹ค, which means to stop, to give or to quit.

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โ–ท Construction - Verb stem + -์ง€ ๋งˆ (intimate) - Verb stem + -์ง€ ๋งˆ์š”/๋งˆ์„ธ์š” (standard) Ex) ๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋‹ค (gidarida - to wait) - ๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ + -์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š” = ๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š” (standard) = Don't wait. Ex) ์ „ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค (jeonhwahada - to call) - ์ „ํ™”ํ•˜ + -์ง€ ๋งˆ = ์ „ํ™”ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ (intimate) = Don't call. โ–ท In This Dialog (2)์˜๋ฏธ: ๋ฐฉํ•ดํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ. (2)yeongmi: banghaehaji ma. (2)Yeongmi: Stop bothering me.

LC: 302_B_S3L16_112808

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(4)์˜๋ฏธ: ์ •๋ง ๋ง ์‹œํ‚ค์ง€ ๋งˆ. (4)yeongmi: jeonmal mal sikiji ma. (4)Yeongmi: Seriously, stop talking to me. (5)๋ฏผ๊ทœ: ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ. (5)mingyu: geojitmal haji ma. (5)Mingyu: Stop lying. (6)์˜๋ฏธ: ๊ท€์ฐฎ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ. (6)yeongmi: guichanke haji ma. (6)yeongmi: Stop annoying me. (8)์˜๋ฏธ: ํ™” ๋‚ด์ง€ ๋งˆ. (8)yeongmi: hwa nae ji ma. (8)Yeongmi: Don't be mad. โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ 1. ๋„์„œ๊ด€ ์•ˆ์—์„œ๋Š” ๋– ๋“ค์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. [๋– ๋“ค๋‹ค] (doseogwan an-eseoneun tteodeulji maseyo) - Don't be loud in the library.

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2. ์ˆ˜์˜์žฅ ์•ˆ์—์„œ๋Š” ๋›ฐ์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. [๋›ฐ๋‹ค] (suyeongjang an-eseoneun ttwiji maseyo) - Don't run around the pool. 3. ๋‚ฎ์—๋Š” ์ˆ  ๋งˆ์‹œ์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. [๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค] (naj-eneun sul masiji maseyo) - Don't drink in the daytime. 4. ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ์ง€๊ฐํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. [์ง€๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค] (oneul-eun jigakhaji maseyo) - Don't be late today. 5. ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ์•ฝ์†ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. [์•ฝ์†ํ•˜๋‹ค] (neomu swipge yaksokhaji maseyo) - Don't make a promise too easily.

LC: 302_B_S3L16_112808

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Beginner Lesson S3 Princess Disease

17

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Korean Hangul (1)์ฑ„๋ฆฌ (2)์ง„์ˆ˜ (3)์ฑ„๋ฆฌ (4)์ง„์ˆ˜ (5)์ฑ„๋ฆฌ (6)์ง„์ˆ˜

ํ์Œ! ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ •๋ง ์˜ˆ๋ป! ๋ญ...? ์—ํœด... ํ ... ์ง„์งœ์•ผ, ๋ณด๋ฉด ๋ณผ์ˆ˜๋ก ์˜ˆ๋ป. ์•ˆ ๊ทธ๋ž˜? ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋„ˆ ๋ณด๋ฉด ๋ณผ์ˆ˜๋ก ์งœ์ฆ ๋‚˜! ์™œ? ๋„ˆ ์งˆํˆฌํ•ด? ์ง„์ˆ˜์•ผ, ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์˜ˆ์œ ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋‚ด ์ž˜๋ชป์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ์ž–์•„. ์–ดํœด... ๋์–ด! ๋„ˆ๋ž‘ ์–˜๊ธฐํ•˜๋ฉด ํ• ์ˆ˜๋ก ๋‚˜๋งŒ ํ™”๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜. ๋„ˆ ํ˜ผ์ž ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋†€์•„!

Romanization (1)Chaeri (2)Jinsu (3)Chaeri (4)Jinsu (5)Chaeri (6)jinsu

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heum! na-neun jeongmal yeppeo! mwo?... ehyu... heum... jinjja-ya, bomyeon bolsurok yeppeo. an geurae? na-neun neo bomyeon bolsurok jjajeung na! wae? neo jiltuhae? jinsu-ya, nae-ga yeppeun geos-eun nae jalmos-i anijana. eohyu... dwaesseo! neo-rang yaegihamyeon halsurok na-man hwa-ga na. neo honja jaemiitge nora!

English (1)Chaeri (2)Jinsu (3)Chaeri (4)Jinsu (5)Chaeri (6)Jinsu

Hmm! I am gorgeous! What? Whew... Hmm... really, the more I look at myself, the prettier I am. Every time I see you, I get more annoyed. Why? Are you jealous? Jinsu, it's not my fault that Iโ€™m so pretty. Whew... never mind! The more I talk with you the more I get mad. Have fun by yourself!

Alternative Transcript (1)์ฑ„๋ฆฌ

LC: 303_B_S3L17_120108

ํ์Œ! ์ €๋Š” ์ •๋ง ์˜ˆ๋ป์š”!

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(2)์ง„์ˆ˜ (3)์ฑ„๋ฆฌ (4)์ง„์ˆ˜ (5)์ฑ„๋ฆฌ (6)์ง„์ˆ˜

๋„ค...? ์—ํœด... ํ ... ์ง„์งœ์˜ˆ์š”, ๋ณด๋ฉด ๋ณผ ์ˆ˜๋ก ์˜ˆ๋ป์š”. ์•ˆ ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ์ €๋Š” ์ฑ„๋ฆฌ์”จ ๋ณด๋ฉด ๋ณผ ์ˆ˜๋ก ์งœ์ฆ ๋‚˜์š”! ์™œ์š”? ์ง„์ˆ˜์”จ ์งˆํˆฌํ•˜์„ธ์š”? ์ง„์ˆ˜์”จ, ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์˜ˆ์œ ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ œ ์ž˜๋ชป์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ์ž–์•„์š”. ์–ดํœด... ๋์–ด์š”! ์ฑ„๋ฆฌ์”จ๋ž‘ ์–˜๊ธฐํ•˜๋ฉด ํ•  ์ˆ˜๋ก ์ €๋งŒ ํ™”๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์š”. ์ฑ„๋ฆฌ์”จ ํ˜ผ์ž ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋†€์„ธ์š”!

Vocabulary

Hangul ์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค ๋ณด๋‹ค ์งœ์ฆ๋‚˜๋‹ค ์งˆํˆฌํ•˜๋‹ค ์ž˜๋ชป ํ˜ผ์ž ๋†€๋‹ค

Romanization yeppeuda boda jjajeungnada jiltuhada jalmot honja nolda

English to be pretty to see/watch to get annoyed to be jealous fault, mistake, error alone, by oneself to hang out, to play

Synonyms ์•„๋ฆ„๋‹ต๋‹ค, ๊ท€์—ฝ๋‹ค ์‹œ๊ธฐํ•˜๋‹ค ํ˜ผ์ž์„œ

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

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๊ตฌ๋‘๊ฐ€ ์ •๋ง ์˜ˆ๋ป์š”. ํ˜ผ์ž ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ๋ด. ๋”์›Œ์„œ ์งœ์ฆ๋‚˜์š”. ์ง€๊ธˆ ์งˆํˆฌํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”? ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์ œ ์ž˜๋ชป์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ˜ผ์ž ์˜ค์…จ์–ด์š”? ๋†€์ง€ ๋ง๊ณ  ์ผํ•ด!

Your shoes are very pretty. I'm watching TV by myself. It's hot so I feel so distrubed. Are you being jealous now? This is my fault. Did you come alone? Don't play around and work!

Grammar Points Grammr Point #1 - The More, The Better - -(์œผ)๋ฉด -(์œผ)ใ„น์ˆ˜๋ก

-(์œผ)๋ฉด -(์œผ)ใ„น์ˆ˜๋ก ((eu)myeon (eu)lsurok) is the grammatical structure that can express the

LC: 303_B_S3L17_120108

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English pattern "the more A, the more B". The ending -(์œผ)๋ฉด makes a conditional clause, and -(์œผ)ใ„น์ˆ˜๋ก is the main part that means "the more A, the more B". And the tense is expressed through the clause that follows this structure.

โ–ท Construction

Verb stem + -(์œผ)๋ฉด + (the same) verb stem + -(์œผ)ใ„น์ˆ˜๋ก (** Note that the same verb is used twice in the structure. But the part is often dropped when you want to keep the sentence short.) Ex) ๋จน๋‹ค (meokda - to eat) - ๋จน + ์œผ๋ฉด + ๋จน + ์„์ˆ˜๋ก = ๋จน์œผ๋ฉด ๋จน์„์ˆ˜๋ก (the more I eat, the ... ) Ex) ํ•˜๋‹ค (hada - to do) - ํ•˜ + ๋ฉด + ํ•˜ +ใ„น์ˆ˜๋ก = ํ•˜๋ฉด ํ• ์ˆ˜๋ก (the more I do it, the ... ) โ–ท In This Dialog

4 (3)์ฑ„๋ฆฌ: ๋ณด๋ฉด ๋ณผ์ˆ˜๋ก ์˜ˆ๋ป. (3)chaeri: bomyeon bolsurok yeppeo. (3)Chaeri: The more I look at my self, the prettier I look. (4)์ง„์ˆ˜: ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋„ˆ ๋ณด๋ฉด ๋ณผ์ˆ˜๋ก ์งœ์ฆ ๋‚˜! (4)jinsu: na-neun neo bomyeon bol surok jjajeung na! (4)Jinsu: Every time I see you I get more annoyed. (6)์ง„์ˆ˜: ๋„ˆ๋ž‘ ์–˜๊ธฐํ•˜๋ฉด ํ• ์ˆ˜๋ก ๋‚˜๋งŒ ํ™”๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜. (6)jinsu: neo-rang yaegihamyeon halsurok na-man hwa-ga na. (6)Jinsu: The more I talk with you the more I get mad. โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ

LC: 303_B_S3L17_120108

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1. ์ด ์น˜์ฆˆ์ผ€์ต์€ ๋จน์œผ๋ฉด ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜๋ก ๋ง›์žˆ๋‹ค. [๋จน๋‹ค, ๋ง›์žˆ๋‹ค] (i chijeu keik-eun meogeumyeon meogeulsurok masita) - The more I eat this cheesecake, the more delicious it is. 2. ์ด ์ฑ…์€ ์ฝ์œผ๋ฉด ์ฝ์„ ์ˆ˜๋ก ๋” ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ์–ด. [์ฝ๋‹ค, ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๋‹ค] (i chaek-eun ilgeumyeon ilgeulsurok deo jaemisseo) - The more I read this book, the more interesting this book is. 3. ์ˆ ์€ ๋งˆ์‹œ๋ฉด ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜๋ก ๋” ๋งˆ์‹œ๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด์ ธ. [๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค, ์‹ถ๋‹ค] (sul-eun masimyeon masilsurok deo masigo sipeojyeo) - The more you drink, the more you want to drink. 4. ๊ณต๋ถ€๋ฅผ ํ•˜๋ฉด ํ• ์ˆ˜๋ก ๋ฐ”๋ณด๊ฐ€ ๋ผ. [ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋˜๋‹ค] (gongbu-reul hamyeon halsurok babo-ga dwae) - The more you study, the more foolish you become. 5. ๊ทธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์•Œ๋ฉด ์•Œ์ˆ˜๋ก ๋ชจ๋ฅด๊ฒ ์–ด. [์•Œ๋‹ค, ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋‹ค] (geu saram-eun almyeon alsurok moreugesseo) - The more I get to know him, the less I know about him.

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LC: 303_B_S3L17_120108

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Beginner Lesson S3 Here Comes the Best Korean Lesson Among Them All!

18

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Korean Hangul (1)๋ช…์ˆ˜ (2)๋ฏธ์—ฐ (3)๋ช…์ˆ˜ (4)๋ช…์ˆ˜ (5)๋ฏธ์—ฐ (6)๋ช…์ˆ˜

์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ๋ฏธ์—ฐ ์”จ. ๋ฐฐ ๊ณ ํ”„์ฃ ? ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์œผ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์š”. ๋ฏธ์—ฐ ์”จ๋Š” ๋ฌด์Šจ ์Œ์‹์„ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”? ํ”ผ์ž์š”! ํ”ผ์ž๋ฅผ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ์ข‹์•„์š”. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๊ฐ‘์‹œ๋‹ค. (ํ”ผ์ž์ง‘์—์„œ) ์šฐ์™€... ํ”ผ์ž ์ข…๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์•„์š”. ์ด ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ๋ง›์žˆ๋Š” ํ”ผ์ž๊ฐ€ ๋ญ์˜ˆ์š”? ์ด๊ฑฐ์š”. ์ด๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋ง›์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ํ”ผ์ž ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ์–ด? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ๋ฐ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด... ์™œ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋น„์‹ธ์š”? ์ €๊ธฐ์š”! ์ด ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์‹ผ ํ”ผ์ž ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”!

Romanization (1)Myeongsu

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(2)Miyeon (3)Myeongsu (4)Myeongsu (5)Miyeon (6)Myeonsu

annyeonghaseyo. miyeon-ssi. bae gopeujyo? ppalli bap meogeureo gayo. miyeon ssi-neun museun eumsik-eul gajang joahaeyo? pijayo! pija-reul jeil joahaeyo. geuraeyo? joayo. geureom gapsida. uwa... pija jongryu-ga neomu manayo. i jung-eseo jeil masitneun pija-ga mwo-yeyo? igeo-yo. ige gajang massisseoyo. je-ga pija jung-eseo jeil joahaneun geo-yeyo. geureyo? eo? geureonde gagyeok-i... wae ireoke bissayo? jeogiyo! i jung-eseo jeil ssan pija juseyo!

English (1)Myeongsu (2)Miyeon (3)Myeongsu (4)Myeongsu

LC: 306_B_S3L18_120508

Hello, Miyeon. Youโ€™re hungry, right? Let's go eat. What's your favorite food? Pizza! I like pizza the best. Yea? Good. Let's go. Wow... there's so many different kinds of pizza. Whatโ€™s the most delicious one out of these?

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(5)Miyeon (6)Myeongsu

This one. This is the most delicious one. I like this one the most of all pizzas. Yeah? Hey? But it costs... why is it so expensive? Excuse me! Can you give us the cheapest one of these?

Alternative Transcript (1)๋ช…์ˆ˜

์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ๋ฏธ์—ฐ ์”จ. ๋ฐฐ ๊ณ ํ”„์ฃ ? ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์œผ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์š”. ๋ฏธ์—ฐ ์”จ๋Š” ๋ฌด์Šจ ์Œ์‹์„ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”? ํ”ผ์ž์š”! ํ”ผ์ž๋ฅผ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ์ข‹์•„์š”. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ ๊ฐ‘์‹œ๋‹ค. (ํ”ผ์ž์ง‘์—์„œ) ์šฐ์™€... ํ”ผ์ž ์ข…๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์•„์š”. ์ด ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ๋ง›์žˆ๋Š” ํ”ผ์ž๊ฐ€ ๋ญ์˜ˆ์š”? ์ด๊ฑฐ์š”. ์ด๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋ง›์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ํ”ผ์ž ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ์–ด? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ๋ฐ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์ด... ์™œ ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋น„์‹ธ์š”? ์ €๊ธฐ์š”! ์ด ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์‹ผ ํ”ผ์ž ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”!

(2)๋ฏธ์—ฐ (3)๋ช…์ˆ˜ (4)๋ช…์ˆ˜ (5)๋ฏธ์—ฐ (6)๋ช…์ˆ˜

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Hangul ๋ฌด์Šจ ์Œ์‹ ์ข…๋ฅ˜ ๋น„์‹ธ๋‹ค ์ œ์ผ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋ง›์žˆ๋‹ค ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ

Vocabulary

Romanization museun eumsik jongnyu bissada jeil gajang masitda gagyeok

English what, what kind of food kind, sort, type to be expensive the most, the best the most, the best to be delicious price

Synonyms ๋ญ” ๋จน์„ ๊ฒƒ

์ œ์ผ ๊ฐ’

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ๋ฌด์Šจ ๋“œ๋ผ๋งˆ ๋ด? ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ์Œ์‹์€ ๊น€์น˜์ฐŒ๊ฐœ์˜ˆ์š”. ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ์ข…๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์–ด์„œ ๊ณ ๋ฅด๊ธฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์š”. ๊ณจํ”„๋Š” ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋น„์‹ธ์š”.

LC: 306_B_S3L18_120508

What kind of drama are you watching? My favorite food is Kimchi stew. There's a wide variety so it's hard to choose. Golf is too expensive.

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๊ณต๋ถ€๊ฐ€ ์ œ์ผ ์‰ฌ์›Œ์š”. ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ต์ˆ˜๋‹˜์ด์•ผ. ์ด ์ฐŒ๊ฐœ๋Š” ๋ง›์žˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์„ ๋ชฐ๋ผ?

Studying is the easiest thing to do. He is my favorite professor! This stew is delicious. You don't know the price?

Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #1- The Most + Adjective/Adverb - ๊ฐ€์žฅ, ์ œ์ผ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๊ฐ€์žฅ (gajang) and ์ œ์ผ (jeil) both have the meaning of "most." These two words can always be used interchangably. ๊ฐ€์žฅ or ์ œ์ผ comes before descriptive verbs in their adjective/adverb/verb form and also before some action verbs that work like descriptive verbs. ์ œ์ผ is sometimes changed to ์ œ์ผ๋กœ in colloquial situations. ----------------------------โ–ท Construction ----------------------------โ–ถ ๊ฐ€์žฅ/์ œ์ผ + Descriptive Verb (in the adjective/adverb/verb form) - Action verbs cannot be used alone right after ๊ฐ€์žฅ or ์ œ์ผ.

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Ex) ์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค (yeppeuda - to be pretty) [verb] ์˜ˆ์œ (yeppeun - pretty) [adjective] ์˜ˆ์˜๊ฒŒ (yeppeuge - beautifully) [adverb] โ–ทโ–ท ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค / ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์˜ˆ์œ / ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์˜ˆ์˜๊ฒŒ โ–ถ ๊ฐ€์žฅ/์ œ์ผ + Action verbs that work like descriptive verbs - Verbs related to emotions, and verbs in the passive form can be used with ๊ฐ€์žฅ or ์ œ์ผ alone. Ex) ์•Œ๋ ค์ง€๋‹ค (to be known), ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋‹ค (to like), ์‹ซ์–ดํ•˜๋‹ค (to hate), and etc. -----------------------------

LC: 306_B_S3L18_120508

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โ–ท In This Dialog ----------------------------(1)๋ช…์ˆ˜: ๋ฏธ์—ฐ ์”จ๋Š” ๋ฌด์Šจ ์Œ์‹์„ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”? (1)myeongsu: miyeon ssi-neun museun eumsik-eul gajang joahaeyo? (1)Myeongsu: Hello, Miyeon. you are hungry, right? Let's go eat. What's your favorite food? (2)๋ฏธ์—ฐ: ํ”ผ์ž๋ฅผ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”. (2)miyeon: pija-reul jeil joahaeyo. (2)Miyeon: I like pizza the best. (4)๋ช…์ˆ˜: ์ด ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ๋ง›์žˆ๋Š” ํ”ผ์ž๊ฐ€ ๋ญ์˜ˆ์š”? (4)myeongsu: i jung-eseo jeil masitneun pija-ga mwoyeyo? (4)Myeongsu: What is the most delicious one out of these? (5)๋ฏธ์—ฐ: ์ด๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋ง›์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ํ”ผ์ž ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (5)miyeon: ige gajang massisseoyo. je-ga pija jung-eseo jeil joahaneun geoyeoyo. (5)Miyeon: This one. This is the most delicious one. This is the one that I like the most. (6)๋ช…์ˆ˜: ์ด ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์‹ผ ํ”ผ์ž ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”! (6)myeongsu: i jung-eseo jeil ssan pija juseyo! (6)Myeonsu: Can you give us the cheapest pizza among these?

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--------------------------โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ --------------------------1. ์ €๋Š” ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ํ•™๊ต์—์„œ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๊ณต๋ถ€๋ฅผ ์ž˜ ํ•ด์š”. [ํ•˜๋‹ค] (jeo-neun uri hakgyo-eseo gajang gongbu-reul jal haeyo) - I am the best student in my school. 2. ์ด ํ˜ธ์ˆ˜๋Š” ์„ธ๊ณ„์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์ปค์š”. [ํฌ๋‹ค] (i hosu-neun segye-eseo jeil keoyo) - This lake is the biggest lake in the world. 3. ์ค‘๊ตญ์€ ์„ธ๊ณ„์—์„œ ์ธ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์ œ์ผ ๋งŽ์€ ๋‚˜๋ผ์˜ˆ์š”. [๋งŽ๋‹ค] (jungguk-eun segye-eseo ingu-ga jeil maneun nara-yeyo) - China is the country with the biggest population in the world. 4. ์ €๋Š” ์ˆ˜ํ•™์ด ์ œ์ผ ์‹ซ์–ด์š”. [์‹ซ๋‹ค]

LC: 306_B_S3L18_120508

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(jeo-neun suhak-i jeil sireoyo) - I hate Mathematics the most. 5. ์ œ์ผ ๋น„์‹ผ ๊ฑฐ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. [๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋‹ค] (jeil bissan geo boyeojuseyo) - Show me the most expensive one. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #2 - Among/Between - ์ค‘์—(์„œ) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------์ค‘์—์„œ (jung-eseo) means "among," "between," or "out of," and it is often used together with the word ๊ฐ€์žฅ or ์ œ์ผ. The last letter, ์„œ (seo) is often dropped in colloquial speech, and the word becomes ์ค‘์— (jung-e). ์ค‘ comes from the Chinese character ไธญ (์ค‘), which means center or middle. So together with the location particle '์—์„œ,' ์ค‘์—์„œ (center + at) has the meaning "among/between". ----------------------------โ–ท Construction ----------------------------Noun + ์ค‘์—์„œ Ex) ์ด ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค (i haksaengdeul - these students) - ์ด ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค + ์ค‘์—์„œ = ์ด ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค ์ค‘์—์„œ (among these students)

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Ex) ๋‘˜ (dul - two) - ๋‘˜ + ์ค‘์—์„œ = ๋‘˜ ์ค‘์—์„œ (between these two) --------------------------โ™ฃ Remember โ™ฃ --------------------------Often the last letter, '์„œ' drops in colloquial situations. ----------------------------โ–ท In This Dialog ----------------------------(4)๋ช…์ˆ˜: ์ด ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ๋ง›์žˆ๋Š” ํ”ผ์ž๊ฐ€ ๋ญ์˜ˆ์š”? (4)myeongsu: i jung-eseo jeil masitneun pija-ga mwo-yeyo. (4)Myeongsu: What is the most delicious one out of here?

LC: 306_B_S3L18_120508

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(5)๋ฏธ์—ฐ: ์ œ๊ฐ€ ํ”ผ์ž ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. (5)miyeon: je-ga pija jung-eseo jeil joahaneun geo-yeoyo. (5)Miyeon: This is the one that I like the most among all pizzas. (6)๋ช…์ˆ˜: ์ด ์ค‘์—์„œ ์ œ์ผ ์‹ผ ํ”ผ์ž ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”! (6)myeongsu: i jung-eseo jeil ssan pija juseyo. (6)Myeonsu: Can you give us the most cheapest one from here? --------------------------โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ --------------------------1. ์˜ํ™”, ์ฑ…, ๋งŒํ™” ์ค‘์— ๋ญ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋งŽ์ด ๋ด? [๋ณด๋‹ค] (yeonghwa, chaek, manhwa jung-e mwo-reul gajang mani bwa?) - Among, movies, books, and cartoons, what do you watch the most? 2. ์—„๋งˆ ์•„๋น  ์ค‘์— ๋ˆ„๊ฐ€ ๋” ์ข‹์•„? [์ข‹๋‹ค] (eomma appa jung-e nuga deo joa?) - Who do you like more, mom or dad? 3. ์ดํšจ๋ฆฌ, ๊น€ํƒœํฌ, ์ด์˜์•  ์ค‘์— ๋ˆ„๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์˜ˆ๋ป์š”? [์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค] (ihyori, gimtaehui, iyeongae jung-e nuga gajang yeppyeoyo?) - Out of Lee Hyori, Kim Taehui, and Lee Yeongae, who is the prettiest?

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4. ์นœ๊ตฌ ์ค‘์— ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ ์ž˜ ํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? [์ž˜ ํ•˜๋‹ค] (chingu jung-e keompyuteo jal haneun saram isseoyo?) - Among your friends, do you have anyone who's good with computers? 5. ์˜ค๋Š˜ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋‚ด์ผ ์ค‘์— ์–ธ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹์•„์š”? [์ข‹๋‹ค] (oneul-hago naeil jung-e eonje-ga joayo?) - Between today and tomorrow, when is good?

LC: 306_B_S3L18_120508

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Beginner Lesson S3 Making Smart Comparisons in Korean

19

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 3 3 3

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Korean Hangul (1)์ง„ํ˜ธ (2)์ฒ ํ˜ธ (3)์ง„ํ˜ธ (4)์ฒ ํ˜ธ (5)์ง„ํ˜ธ (6)์ฒ ํ˜ธ (7)์ง„ํ˜ธ

์ฒ ํ˜ธ์•ผ... ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜๋งŒํผ ๋จธ๋ฆฌ ์ข‹์•„? ์•„๋‹ˆ... ๋‚˜๋ณด๋‹ค ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ๋จธ๋ฆฌ ์ข‹์•„. ์Œ... ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜๋ณด๋‹ค ๋ˆ์ด ๋งŽ์•„? ์•„๋‹ˆ... ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋„ˆ๋งŒํผ ๋ˆ ์—†์–ด. ๋‹ˆ ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ๋‚ด ์ฐจ๋งŒํผ ์ข‹์•„? ์•„๋‹ˆ... ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ฐจ ์—†์ž–์•„. ๊ทผ๋ฐ, ์™œ ๋„ˆ๋Š” ์—ฌ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๊ณ , ๋‚˜๋Š” ์—ฌ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์—†์–ด? ์™œ? ์™œ? ์™œ!!!!

Romanization (1)Jinho (2)Cheolho (3)Jinho (4)Cheolho (5)Jinho (6)Cheolho (7)Jinho

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Cheolhoya... ni-ga na-mankeum meori joa? ani... na-boda ni-ga meori joa. eum... ni-ga na-boda don-i mana? ani... na-neun neo-mankeum don eopseo. ni cha-ga nae cha-mankeum joa? ani... na-neun cha eopjana. geunde, wae neo-neun yeojachingu-ga itgo, na-neun yeojachingu-ga eopseo? wae? wae? wae!!!!

English (1)Jinho (2)Cheolho (3)Jinho (4)Cheolho (5)Jinho (6)Cheolho (7)Jinho

Cheolho... are you as smart as I am? No... you are smarter than me. hmm... do you have more money than I have? No... Iโ€™m not as rich as you are. Is your car as good as mine? No... I don't have a car. Then, why do you have a girlfriend and I don't? Why? Why? Why!!!!

Alternative Transcript LC: 307_B_S3L19_120808

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์ง„ํ˜ธ ์ฒ ํ˜ธ ์ง„ํ˜ธ ์ฒ ํ˜ธ ์ง„ํ˜ธ ์ฒ ํ˜ธ ์ง„ํ˜ธ

์ฒ ํ˜ธ์”จ... ์ €๋งŒํผ ๋จธ๋ฆฌ ์ข‹์•„์š”? ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”... ์ €๋ณด๋‹ค ์ง„ํ˜ธ์”จ๊ฐ€ ๋จธ๋ฆฌ ์ข‹์•„์š”. ์Œ... ์ฒ ํ˜ธ์”จ๊ฐ€ ์ €๋ณด๋‹ค ๋ˆ์ด ๋งŽ์•„์š”? ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”... ์ €๋Š” ์ง„ํ˜ธ์”จ๋งŒํผ ๋ˆ ์—†์–ด์š”. ์ฒ ํ˜ธ์”จ ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ์ œ ์ฐจ๋งŒํผ ์ข‹์•„์š”? ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”... ์ €๋Š” ์ฐจ ์—†์ž–์•„์š”. ๊ทผ๋ฐ, ์™œ ์ฒ ํ˜ธ์”จ๋Š” ์—ฌ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๊ณ , ์ €๋Š” ์—ฌ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์—†์–ด์š”? ์™œ? ์™œ? ์™œ!!!!

Hangul ๋จธ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹๋‹ค ๋ˆ ์ฐจ ๊ทผ๋ฐ ์—ฌ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ

Vocabulary

Romanization moeri-ga jota don cha geunde yeojachingu

English to be smart money car but, by the way girlfriend

Synonyms ๋˜‘๋˜‘ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์˜๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค ์ž๋™์ฐจ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ๋ฐ ์—ฌ์นœ

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

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๊ทธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๋จธ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹์•„์„œ ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ดํ•ดํ•ด์š”. ๋ˆ ์ค˜! ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์ด ๋ง‰ํ˜€์š”. ๊ทผ๋ฐ, ์—ฌ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์–ด๋””์ฃ ? ์ œ ์—ฌ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ๋Š” ์ •๋ง ์˜ˆ๋ป์š”. ์ง„ํ˜ธ๋Š” ์—ฌ์ž์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

He's smart so he understands fast. Give me money! The road is jammed with traffic. By the way, where am I? My girlfriend is really pretty. Jinho has a girlfriend.

Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #1 'to the extent of', 'as much as' - -๋งŒํผ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๋งŒํผ is used to indicate an extent or a degree, by comparing the subject or object to

LC: 307_B_S3L19_120808

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something else. It comes after a noun and it means 'as much as' or 'equal to'. ----------------------------โ–ท Construction ----------------------------(1) Noun + -๋งŒํผ โ™ฃ ์†์˜ˆ์ง„ (Son Yejin) - a Korean actress โ–ท ์†์˜ˆ์ง„ + -๋งŒํผ โ–ท ์†์˜ˆ์ง„๋งŒํผ (Son Yejin-mankeum) - as much as Son Yejin โ–ทโ–ท ์ €๋Š” ์†์˜ˆ์ง„๋งŒํผ ์˜ˆ๋ป์š”. (na-neun SonYejin-mankeum yeppeoyo) = I am as pretty as Son Yejin. โ™ฃ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ (geugeot) - that โ–ท ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ + ๋งŒํผ โ–ท ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋งŒํผ (geugeot-mankeum) - as much as that โ–ท ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋งŒํผ ์ข‹์ง€ ์•Š์•„์š”. (igeos-eun geugeotm-ankeum jochi anayo) = This one is not as good as that one. (2) Verb A + -ใ„ด/๋Š”/์€/ใ„น/์„ + ๋งŒํผ + Verb B

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โ™ฃ Verb A should be in the adnominal form to modify ๋งŒํผ, and this structure can be translated as "Verb A + so much that + Verb B" or "Verb A + enough to + Verb B". โ–ท ๋†€๋ผ๋‹ค (Verb A - to be surprised) + ๋น„์‹ธ๋‹ค (Verb B - to be expensive) โ–ทโ–ท ๋†€๋ž„ ๋งŒํผ ๋น„์‹ธ๋‹ค = to be expensive enough to be surprising โ–ท ๋‚ ์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค (Verb A - to fly away) + ์„ธ๋‹ค (Verb B - to be strong) โ–ทโ–ท ๋‚ ์•„๊ฐˆ ๋งŒํผ ๋ฐ”๋žŒ์ด ์„ธ๋‹ค = The wind is so strong that I might fly away. ----------------------------โ–ท In This Dialog ----------------------------(1)์ง„ํ˜ธ: ์ฒ ํ˜ธ์•ผ... ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜๋งŒํผ ๋จธ๋ฆฌ ์ข‹์•„? (1)jinho: cheolhoya... ni-ga na-mankeum meori joa? (1)Jinho: Cheolho... Are you as smart as I am?

LC: 307_B_S3L19_120808

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(4)์ฒ ํ˜ธ: ์•„๋‹ˆ... ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋„ˆ๋งŒํผ ๋ˆ ์—†์–ด. (4)cheolho: ani... na-neun neo-mankeum don eopseo. (4)Cheolho: No... I am not as rich as you are. (5)์ง„ํ˜ธ: ๋‹ˆ ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ๋‚ด ์ฐจ๋งŒํผ ์ข‹์•„? (5)jinho: ni cha-ga nae cha-mankeum joa? (5)Jinho: Is you car as good as mine is? --------------------------โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ --------------------------1. ๋‚˜๋Š” ์žฅ๋™๊ฑด๋งŒํผ ๋ฉ‹์žˆ์–ด. [๋ฉ‹์žˆ๋‹ค] (na-neun jangdonggeon-mankeum meosisseo) = I am as cool as Jangdonggeon is. 2. ์ด ์ผ€์ต์€ ์Šค์œ„์Šค ์ตธ์ฝ”๋ ›๋งŒํผ ๋ง›์žˆ์–ด. [๋ง›์žˆ๋‹ค] (i keik-eun seuwiseu chokoret-mankeun masisseo) = This cake is as delicious as Swiss chocolate is. 3. ์„œ์šธ์€ ํ™์ฝฉ๋งŒํผ ์•ผ๊ฒฝ์ด ์˜ˆ๋ป์š”. [์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค] (seoul-eun hongkong-mankeum yagyeong-i yeppeoyo) = Seoul has a night view as beautiful as the one that Hongkong has.

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4. ์ œ๊ฐ€ ๋ˆ ๋‚ธ ๋งŒํผ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. [๋‚ด๋‹ค, ์ฃผ๋‹ค] (je-ga don naen mankeum juseyo) = Please give me as much as I paid mone for. 5. ๋†€๋ž„ ๋งŒํผ ๋นจ๋ผ์š”. [๋น ๋ฅด๋‹ค] (nollal mankeum ppallayo) = It's fast enough to surprise you.

LC: 307_B_S3L19_120808

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Beginner Lesson S3 The One Korean Word That'll Help you Make Sense

20

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 3 3 4

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Korean Hangul (1)์˜์ง„ (2)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ (3)์˜์ง„ (4)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ (5)์˜์ง„ (6)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ (7)์˜์ง„ (8)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ (9)์˜์ง„ (10)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ

๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ์•ผ, ๋„ˆ KoreanClass101์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์†ก ์•Œ์•„? ์Œ... ์•„๋‹ˆ. ๋ชฐ๋ผ. ๋ฌด์Šจ ๋ฐฉ์†ก์ด์•ผ? ์‘. ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์†ก์ด์•ผ. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ๋ฐ, ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์— Keith๋ผ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ๋‚˜์™€. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ? ์ง„์งœ ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ์–ด! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์œค์„ค์ด๋ž‘ ๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ์ด๋ผ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋„ ๋‚˜์™€. ๊ทธ๋ž˜? ์–ด. ๋‘˜ ๋‹ค ์ง„์งœ ์˜ˆ๋ป. ๋„ˆ๋ž‘์€ ๋น„๊ตํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์–ด. ๋ญ? ์™œ ๊ฐ‘์ž๊ธฐ ๋‚˜๋ž‘ ๋น„๊ตํ•ด? ์•„๋ฌดํŠผ, KoreanClass101์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์†ก ๋“ค์–ด ๋ด! ์‹ซ์–ด!

Romanization (1)yeongjin (2)miri (3)yeongjin

2

(4)miri (5)yeongjin (6)miri (7)yeongjin (8)miri (9)yeongjin (10)miri

miri-ya, neo Koreanclass101-iraneun bangsong ara? eum... ani. molla. museun bangsong-iya? eung. hangugeo-reul gareuchineun bangsong-iya. geureonde, geogi-e Keith-raneun saram-i nawa. geuraeseo? jinjja jaemisseo! geurigo yunseol-irang mingyeong-iraneun saram-do nawa. geurae? eo. dul da jinjja yeoppeo. neo-rang-eun bigyo hal su eopseo. mwo? wae gapjagi na-rang bigyohae? amuteun, koreanclass101-iraneun bangsong kkok deureo bwa! sireo!

English (1)Yeongjin (2)Miri (3)Yeongjin

LC: 310_B_S3L20_121208

Miri, do you know a broadcasting called Koreanclass101? Um... no. I don't know it. What kind of podcast is it? Yeah, it's a podcast that teaches Korean. And, itโ€™s hosted by someone named Keith.

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(4)Miri (5)Yeongjin (6)Miri (7)Yeongjin (8)Miri (9)Yeongjin (10)Miri

So What? It's a lot of fun! And, itโ€™s also hosted by two other people whose names are Minkyong and Yunseol. Really? Yeah. Both of them are really pretty. Can't compare with you. What? Why are you comparing them with me all of a sudden? Well, just listen to the broadcasting called Koreanclass101. No!

Alternative Transcript (the dialog in the standard politness level) (1)์˜์ง„ (2)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ (3)์˜์ง„

3

(4)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ (5)์˜์ง„ (6)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ (7)์˜์ง„ (8)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ (9)์˜์ง„ (10)๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ

๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ ์”จ, KoreanClass101์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์†ก ์•„์„ธ์š”? ์Œ... ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”. ๋ชฐ๋ผ์š”. ๋ฌด์Šจ ๋ฐฉ์†ก์ด์—์š”? ๋„ค. ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์†ก์ด์—์š”. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ๋ฐ, ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์— Keith๋ผ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ๋‚˜์™€์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ? ์ง„์งœ ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ์–ด์š”! ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์œค์„ค์ด๋ž‘ ๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ์ด๋ผ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋„ ๋‚˜์™€์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ๋„ค. ๋‘˜ ๋‹ค ์ง„์งœ ์˜ˆ๋ป์š”. ๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ ์”จ๋ž‘์€ ๋น„๊ตํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์–ด์š”. ๋„ค? ์™œ ๊ฐ‘์ž๊ธฐ ์ €๋ž‘ ๋น„๊ตํ•ด์š”? ์•„๋ฌดํŠผ, KoreanClass101์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์†ก ๋“ค์–ด ๋ณด์„ธ์š”! ์‹ซ์–ด์š”!

Vocabulary

Hangul ๋ฐฉ์†ก ์•Œ๋‹ค ๋‚˜์˜ค๋‹ค ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๋‹ค

Romanization bangsong alda naoda jaemiitda

๋‘˜ ๊ฐ‘์ž๊ธฐ ๋น„๊ตํ•˜๋‹ค ๋“ฃ๋‹ค ์‹ซ์–ด

dul gapjagi bigyohada deutda sireo

LC: 310_B_S3L20_121208

English broadcast to know to come out to be fun, to be interesting two suddenly to compare to hear, to listen to I don't want to.

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2008-12-12

Synonyms

์ด

์•ˆํ•ด

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๋ชฐ๋ผ ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ

molla geuraeseo

I don't know. so, therefore

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ์–ด์ œ ์ œ ๋ชฉ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ฐฉ์†ก์— ๋‚˜์™”์–ด์š”. ์•Œ๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ด์š”. ์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ์—์„œ ์ด๊ฒƒ์ด ๋‚˜์™”์–ด์š”. ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ์–ด์„œ ๋‹ค์‹œ ๊ฐ€์•ผ ํ•ด. ์—ฌ๋™์ƒ์ด ๋‘˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ๊ฐ‘์ž๊ธฐ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์ถ”์›Œ์š”. ์—„๋งˆ, ์ €๋ฅผ ์ œ ์นœ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๋น„๊ตํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. ์ง€๊ธˆ ๋…ธ๋ž˜ ๋“ฃ๊ณ  ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์‹ซ์–ด. ์•ˆ ๊ฐ€. ๋‚˜๋„ ๋ชฐ๋ผ.

Yesterday my voice was aired on a broadcasting. I want to know. This came out of my pocket. It's so fun, I have to go again. I have two younger sisters. It's suddenly too cold. Mom, don't compare me with my friends. I'm listening to a song now. I don't want to. I'm not going. I don't know either.

Grammar Points

4

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #1 - called - -(์ด)๋ผ๋Š” ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(์ด)๋ผ๋Š” (iraneun) came from "(์ด)๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š”" which is equivalent to "called as" in English. It is used to indicate or refer to something or someone by the name. -๋ผ๋Š” is used for a noun that ends in a vowel, and -์ด๋ผ๋Š” is used for a noun that ends with a consonant. ----------------------------โ–ท Construction ----------------------------Noun ending in a vowel + ๋ผ๋Š” - ์ œ์ฃผ๋„ (jejudo) - Jeju Island โ–ท ์ œ์ฃผ๋„ + ๋ผ๋Š” โ–ท ์ œ์ฃผ๋„๋ผ๋Š” (jejudo-raneun) = (a place) called Jeju Island โ–ทโ–ท ์ œ์ฃผ๋„๋ผ๋Š” ์„ฌ์„ ์•Œ์•„์š”? (jejudo-raneun seom-eul arayo?)

LC: 310_B_S3L20_121208

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= Do you know an island called Jejudo? Noun ending in a consonant + ์ด๋ผ๋Š” - ๋–ก๊ตญ (ttokguk) - rice cake soup โ–ท ๋–ก๊ตญ + ์ด๋ผ๋Š” โ–ท ๋–ก๊ตญ์ด๋ผ๋Š” (tteokguk-iraneun) - (something) called Tteokguk โ–ทโ–ท ๋–ก๊ตญ์ด๋ผ๋Š” ํ•œ๊ตญ ์Œ์‹์„ ๋จน์—ˆ์–ด์š”. (tteokguk-iraneun hanguk eumsik-eul meogeosseoyo) = I ate a Korean dish called Tteokguk. ----------------------------โ–ท In This Dialog ----------------------------(1)์˜์ง„: ๋ฏธ๋ฆฌ์•ผ, ๋„ˆ KoreanClass101์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์†ก ์•Œ์•„? (1)yeongjin: miri-ya, neo Koreanclass101-iraneun bangsong ara? (1)Yeongjin: Miri, do you know a broadcasting called Koreanclass101? (3)์˜์ง„: ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ๋ฐ, ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์— Keith๋ผ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ๋‚˜์™€. (3)yeongjin: geureonde, geogi-e Keith-raneun saram-i nawa. (3)Yeongjin: And it is hosted by someone called Keith.

5

(5)์˜์ง„: ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์œค์„ค์ด๋ž‘ ๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ์ด๋ผ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋„ ๋‚˜์™€. (5)yeongjin: geurigo yunseol-irang mingyeong-iraneun saram-do nawa. (5)Yeongjin: It's really funny! And it is also hosted by two other people whose names are Minkyong and Yunseol. (9)์˜์ง„: ์•„๋ฌดํŠผ, KoreanClass101์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์†ก ๋“ค์–ด ๋ด! (9)yeongjin: amuteun, koreanclass101-iraneun bangsong kkok deureo bwa! (9)Yeongjin: Well, just listen to the broadcasting called Koreaclass101. --------------------------โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ --------------------------1. ๋Œ€๊ตฌ๋ผ๋Š” ๋„์‹œ๋ฅผ ์•„์„ธ์š”? [์•Œ๋‹ค] (daegu-raneun dosi-reul aseyo?) = Do you know a city called Daegu? 2. ์ €๋Š” Koreanclass101์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต์— ๋‹ค๋…€์š”. [๋‹ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค] (jeo-neun Koreanclass101-iraneun daehakgyo-e danyeoyo)

LC: 310_B_S3L20_121208

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= I go to a university called Koreanclass101. 3. ์–ด์ œ ์žก์ฑ„๋ผ๋Š” ํ•œ๊ตญ ์Œ์‹์„ ๋จน์—ˆ์–ด์š”. [๋จน๋‹ค] (eoje japchae-raneun hanguk eumsik-eul meogeosseoyo) = I ate a Korea dish called Japchae yesterday. 4. ๋ฏผ์ˆ˜๋ผ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ์ „ํ™”ํ–ˆ์–ด. [์ „ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค] (minsu-raneun saram-i jeonhwahaesseo) = Someone called Minsu called. 5. 'ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด ๋ฐฐ์šฐ๊ธฐ'๋ผ๋Š” ์ฑ… ์žˆ์–ด์š”? [์žˆ๋‹ค] (hangugeo baeugi-raneun chaek isseoyo?) = Do you have the book called "Learning Korean"?

6

LC: 310_B_S3L20_121208

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Beginner Lesson S3 Skipping Out on School

21

Korean Hangul Romanization English Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 3 3

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Korean Hangul (1)ํ•™์ƒ (2)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (3)ํ•™์ƒ (4)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (5)ํ•™์ƒ (6)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ (7)ํ•™์ƒ (8)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜

์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜, ๋‚ด์ผ ์†Œํ’ ๊ฐ€์š”? ์Œ... ๊ธ€์Ž„. ๋‚ด์ผ ๋น„๊ฐ€ ์•ˆ ์˜ค๋ฉด ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋น„๊ฐ€ ์˜ค๋ฉด... ํ•™๊ต ์™€์•ผ ๋ผ์š”? ๋‹น์—ฐํ•˜์ง€! ๋น„ ์˜ค๋ฉด ์†Œํ’์€ ์ทจ์†Œ์•ผ! ํ•™๊ต ์™€์•ผ ๋ผ. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ํ•™๊ต์— ์•ˆ ์˜ค๋ฉด ๊ฒฐ์„์ด์—์š”? ๊ทธ๋ž˜. ๋‚ด์ผ ๊ฒฐ์„ํ•˜๋ฉด ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ ๋™์•ˆ ํ™”์žฅ์‹ค ์ฒญ์†Œ์•ผ! ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋ชธ์ด ์•„ํ”„๋ฉด์š”? ๋„ˆ๋Š” ๋ฌด์กฐ๊ฑด ํ™”์žฅ์‹ค ์ฒญ์†Œ์•ผ!!

Romanization (1)Student (2)Teacher (3)Student (4)Teacher (5)Student (6)Teacher

2

(7)Student (8)Teacher

seonsaengnim, naeil sopung gayo? eum... geulsse. naeil bi-ga an omyeon gal geo-ya. manyak bi-ga omyeon... hakgyo waya dwaeyo? dangyeonhaji! bi omyeon sopung-eun chwiso-ya! hakgyo waya dwae. manyak hakgyo-e an omyeon gyeolseok-ieyo? geurae. naeil gyeolseok-hamyeon iljuil dongan hwajangsil cheongso-ya! manyak mom-i apeumyeonyo? neo-neun mujogeon hwajangsil cheongso-ya!!

English (1)Student (2)Teacher (3)Student (4)Teacher (5)Student (6)Teacher

LC: 311_B_S3L21_121508

Teacher, are we going on a class trip tomorrow? Hmm... maybe. If it doesnโ€™t rain tomorrow, weโ€™re going to go. If it rains tomorrow... do I have to come to school? Of course you do. If it rains, the class trip is going to be cancelled! You must come to school! So if I don't come to school, is it going to be taken as an absence? Yes. If you don't come to school tomorrow, you are going to have to clean the bathroom for a week.

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(7)Student (8)Teacher

What if Iโ€™m sick? You are definitely going to have to clean the bathroom

Vocabulary

Hangul ์†Œํ’

Romanization sopung

๋น„ ๋‹น์—ฐํ•˜์ง€ ์ทจ์†Œ ๊ฒฐ์„ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ ํ™”์žฅ์‹ค ์ฒญ์†Œ ๋ฌด์กฐ๊ฑด ๋ชธ ์•„ํ”„๋‹ค

bi dangyeonhaji chwiso gyeolseok iljuil hwajangsil cheongso mujogeon mom apeuda

English picnic, class trip (school) rain Of course. (intimate) cancellation absence one week toilet, bathroom cleaning unconditional, absolute body to be sick

Synonyms

1์ฃผ์ผ, ํ•œ ์ฃผ

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

3

์˜ค๋Š˜ ํšŒ์˜๋Š” ์ทจ์†Œ๋˜์—ˆ์–ด์š”. ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— ๋ช‡ ๋ฒˆ ์ˆ  ๋งˆ์…”์š”? ํ™”์žฅ์‹ค์ด ์ฐธ ๊นจ๋—ํ•ด์š”. ํ™”์žฅ์‹ค์ด ์ฐธ ๊นจ๋—ํ•ด์š”. ๋ฐฉ์ด ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋”๋Ÿฌ์›Œ์š”. ์ฒญ์†Œ ์ข€ ํ•˜์„ธ์š”.

Today's meeting has been cancelled. How many times a week do you drink? The bathroom is very clean. The bathroom is very clean. โ€œYour room is too dirty. Clean it.โ€

Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Gramamer Point #1 - 'if', 'when' - -(์œผ)๋ฉด ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(์œผ)๋ฉด is used to indicate supposition, assumption as well as condition. It is equivalent to 'if' or 'when' in English. So the sentence which contains -(์œผ)๋ฉด indicates the condition for the

LC: 311_B_S3L21_121508

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clause that comes after. And if ๋งŒ์ผ, ๋งŒ์•ฝ, is added usually in front of the sentence to indicate an advance signal of the condition, it emphasizes the suppositional condition. ----------------------------โ–ท Construction ----------------------------Verb stem ending in a consonant + -์œผ๋ฉด - ์ข‹๋‹ค (jota) - to be good โ–ท ์ข‹ + ์œผ๋ฉด = ์ข‹์œผ๋ฉด = if it's good โ–ท ์ด๊ฑฐ ์ข‹์œผ๋ฉด, ๊ฐ€์ ธ๊ฐˆ๋ž˜์š”. (igeo joeumyeon gajjyeogallaeyo) If this is good, I am going to take it. Verb stem ending in a vowel + -๋ฉด

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- ๊ฐ€๋‹ค (gada) - to go โ–ท ๊ฐ€ + ๋ฉด = ๊ฐ€๋ฉด = if I go โ–ท ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€๋ฉด ๋„Œ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํ• ๊ฑฐ์•ผ? (manyak nae-ga gamyeon neon otteoke hal geoya?) If I go, what are you going to do? ----------------------------โ–ท In This Dialog ----------------------------(2)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ๋‚ด์ผ ๋น„๊ฐ€ ์•ˆ ์˜ค๋ฉด ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. (2)seonsaengnim: naeil bi-ga an omyeon gal geo-ya. (2)Teacher: If it doesn't rain tomorrow we are going to go. (3)ํ•™์ƒ: ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋น„๊ฐ€ ์˜ค๋ฉด... ํ•™๊ต ์™€์•ผ ๋ผ์š”? (3)haksaeng: manyak bi-ga omyeon... hakgyo waya dwaeo)

LC: 311_B_S3L21_121508

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(3)Student: If it rains tomorrow... Do I have to come to school? (4)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ๋น„ ์˜ค๋ฉด ์†Œํ’์€ ์ทจ์†Œ์•ผ! (4)seonsaengnim: bi omyeon sopung-eun chwisoya! (4)Teacher: If it rains, the class trip is going to be canceled! (5)ํ•™์ƒ: ๋งŒ์•ฝ ํ•™๊ต์— ์•ˆ ์˜ค๋ฉด ๊ฒฐ์„์ด์—์š”? (5)haksaeng: manyak hankgyo-e an omyeon gyeolseok-ieyo? (5)Student: So if I don't come to school, is it going to be taken as an absence? (6)์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜: ๋‚ด์ผ ๊ฒฐ์„ํ•˜๋ฉด ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ ๋™์•ˆ ํ™”์žฅ์‹ค ์ฒญ์†Œ์•ผ! (6)seonsaengnim: naeil gyeolseok-hamyeon iljuil dongan hwajangsil cheongso-ya. (6)Teacher: If you don't come to school tomorrow, you are going to have to clean the bathroom for a week. (7)ํ•™์ƒ: ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋ชธ์ด ์•„ํ”„๋ฉด์š”? (7)Haksaeng: manyak mom-i apeumyeonyo (7)Student: What if I am sick? --------------------------โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ ---------------------------

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1. ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ ์•ˆ ๊ฐ€๋ฉด ๋‚˜๋„ ์•ˆ ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. [๊ฐ€๋‹ค] (ni-ga an gamyeon na-do an gal geo-ya) = If you are not going, I am not going to go, either. 2. ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ค€๋น„ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์œผ๋ฉด ๋‚˜ ํ˜ผ์ž ๊ฐˆ ๊ฑฐ์•ผ. [์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€๋‹ค] (ppalli junbihaji aneumyeon, na honja gal geo-ya) = If you don't get ready quickly, I'm going to go by myself. 3. ๊ณ ์žฅ๋‚˜๋ฉด ๋‚˜ํ•œํ…Œ ๋งํ•ด. [๊ณ ์žฅ๋‚˜๋‹ค, ๋งํ•˜๋‹ค] (gojangnamyeon na-hante malhae.) = If it's broken, tell me. 4. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋น„์‹ธ๋ฉด, ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์–ด๋•Œ์š”? [๋น„์‹ธ๋‹ค, ์–ด๋–ป๋‹ค] (geugeos-i neomu bissamyeon, igeos-eun eottaeyo?)

LC: 311_B_S3L21_121508

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= If that one is too expensive, how about this one? 5. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์ „ํ™” ์•ˆ ํ•˜๋ฉด, ๋จผ์ € ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์–ด. [์ „ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋จน๋‹ค] (manyak nae-ga jeonhwa an hamyeon, meonjeo bap meogeo) = If I don't call you, go ahead and eat first.

6

LC: 311_B_S3L21_121508

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Beginner Lesson S3 Hanging Out All Night Long

22

Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

2 2 2 3 3 4

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Korean Hangul (1)์ง€๋ฏผ (2)์ œ์ž„์Šค (3)์ง€๋ฏผ (4)์ œ์ž„์Šค (5)์ง€๋ฏผ (6)์ œ์ž„์Šค (7)์ง€๋ฏผ (8)์ œ์ž„์Šค

์ œ์ž„์Šค, ์†Œ์ฃผ ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? ๋„ค. ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์†Œ์ฃผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”? ์ž˜ ๋๋„ค์š”. ๋‚ด์ผ ํšŒ์‹ ํ•ด์š”. ์†Œ์ฃผ ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์ง„์งœ์š”? ์˜ค์˜ˆ!! ์‹ ๋‚œ๋‹ค! ํ•˜ํ•˜. ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์‹ ๋‚˜์š”? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  2์ฐจ๋กœ ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ์— ๊ฐˆ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์šฐ์™€. ์ € ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ ์ง„์งœ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด์š”! 3์ฐจ๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? 3์ฐจ๋Š” ์žˆ์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๊ณ , ์—†์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์•ˆ ๋ผ์š”. 3์ฐจ๋„ ๊ผญ ๊ฐ€์š”! ์ €๋Š” ์•„์นจ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋†€ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”!

Romanization (1)jimin (2)james (3)jimin (4)james (5)jimin

2

(6)james (7)jimin (8)james

jeimseu, soju masil su isseoyo? ne. masil su isseoyo. soju joahaeyo. geuraeyo? jaldwaetnaeyo. naeil hoesik haeyo. soju masil su-do isseoyo? jinjjayo? oye!! sinnanda! haha... geureoke sinnayo? geurigo i-cha-ro noraebang gal su-do isseoyo. uwa. jeo noraebang jinjja joahaeyo! sam-cha-do isseoyo? sam-cha-neun isseul su-do itgo, eopseul su-do isseoyo. andwaeyo. sam-cha-do kkok gayo! jeo-neun achim-kkaji nol su isseoyo!

English (1)Jimin (2)James (3)Jimin (4)James (5)Jimin (6)James

LC: 314_B_S3L22_121908

James, Can you drink soju? Yeah, I can drink soju. I like soju. Yeah? That's good. Weโ€™re going to have a company dinner tomorrow. We might drink soju. Really? Yay!! That's great. Haha... are you that excited? And, we may go to a noraebang afterward. Wow. I really like noraebang. Is there something after

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noraebang? There could be, but there might not be. No. We have to go somewhere after! I can hang out until the morning!

(7)Jimin (8)James

Alternative Transcript (1)์ง€๋ฏผ (2)์ œ์ž„์Šค (3)์ง€๋ฏผ (4)์ œ์ž„์Šค (5)์ง€๋ฏผ (6)์ œ์ž„์Šค (7)์ง€๋ฏผ (8)์ œ์ž„์Šค

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์ œ์ž„์Šค, ์†Œ์ฃผ ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด? ์‘. ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด. ์†Œ์ฃผ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด. ๊ทธ๋ž˜? ์ž˜ ๋๋„ค. ๋‚ด์ผ ํšŒ์‹ ํ•ด. ์†Œ์ฃผ ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด. ์ง„์งœ? ์˜ค์˜ˆ!! ์‹ ๋‚œ๋‹ค! ํ•˜ํ•˜. ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์‹ ๋‚˜? ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  2์ฐจ๋กœ ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ์— ๊ฐˆ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด. ์šฐ์™€. ๋‚˜ ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ ์ง„์งœ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ด! 3์ฐจ๋„ ์žˆ์–ด? 3์ฐจ๋Š” ์žˆ์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๊ณ , ์—†์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด. ์•ˆ ๋ผ. 3์ฐจ๋„ ๊ผญ ๊ฐ€์ž! ๋‚˜๋Š” ์•„์นจ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋†€ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด!

Vocabulary

Hangul ์†Œ์ฃผ ๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค ํšŒ์‹ ์‹ ๋‚˜๋‹ค ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ ์•„์นจ ๊ผญ ์ž˜ ๋๋‹ค.

Romanization soju masida hoesik sinnada noraebang achim kkok jal dwaetta

์ฐจ

cha

English distilled liquor to drink company dinner to be exciting karaoke (room) morning certainly, for sure That's good. It turned out well. round, series, cycle

Synonyms

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ์†Œ์ฃผ ์•ˆ ๋งˆ์…”์š”. ๋‚ ๋งˆ๋‹ค ์ปคํ”ผ๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์…”์š”. ํšŒ์‹ ํ•˜๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ‘์‹œ๋‹ค! ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ์—์„œ ํ† ํ–ˆ์–ด.

LC: 314_B_S3L22_121908

I don't drink soju. I drink coffee everyday. Let's go eat (a company) dinner! I puked in the karaoke room.

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Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #1 -Potential - ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค (-l/eul su itda) is a grammatical structure used to express ability, capability or possibility (i.e. whether you can or can't speak English, or you can or can't use a computer). This structure adds onto the end of both descriptive and action verbs to express the possibility, or capability of that verb. This can be translated as "can," or "able to." The last verb ์žˆ๋‹ค (itda) can be conjugated to express politeness level, tense, mood. Traditionally, the verb can inflect negation as well, but in this grammatical structure, the negated form would come from the verb "์—†๋‹ค (eopda)", which is the opposite to the verb ์žˆ๋‹ค (itda). The construction -ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋‹ค (-l/eul su eoptda) can be translated as "cannot" or "not able to."

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However, when using the the construction ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋‹ค (l/eul su eoptda), this carries the notion that the speaker (or subject of the sentence) was unable to do something because they did not have the capacity to perform that activity. Using this structure implies that the subject does not posses the ability to perform that action [i.e. ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์–ด - I can't eat (I don't have the ability to eat)]. When expressing the "can't" because of other factors other than inability, the impossibility adverb ๋ชป (mot) is used. ----------------------------โ–ท Construction ----------------------------Verb stem ending in a vowel + -ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. - ํ•˜๋‹ค (hada) - to do โ–ท ํ•˜ + ใ„น ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค = ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค (hal su itda) = to be able to do. โ–ท ์ €๋Š” ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (jeo-neun hangukeo hal su eopseoyo.) = I can speak Korean.

LC: 314_B_S3L22_121908

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Verb stem ending in a consonant + -์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค - ๋จน๋‹ค (meokda) - to eat โ–ท ๋จน + ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค = ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค (meogeul su itda = to be able to eat โ–ท ๊น€์น˜๋ฅผ ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (gimchi-reul meogeul su isseoyo.) = I can eat Kimchi. ----------------------------โ–ท In This Dialog ----------------------------(1)์ง€๋ฏผ: ์ œ์ž„์Šค, ์†Œ์ฃผ ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? (1)jimin: Jeimseu, soju masil su isseoyo? (1)Jimin: James, Can you drink soju? (2)์ œ์ž„์Šค: ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (2)jeimseu: ne. masil su isseoyo. (2)James: Yeah, I can drink soju.

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(8)์ œ์ž„์Šค: ์ €๋Š” ์•„์นจ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋†€ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”! (8)jeimseu: jeon-neun achim-kkaji nol su isseoyo! (8)James: I can hang out until the morning! --------------------------โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ --------------------------1. ์ €๋Š” ์†Œ์ฃผ 6๋ณ‘๊นŒ์ง€ ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. [๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค] (jeo-neun soju yeoseot-byeong-kkaji masil su isseyo) = I can drink up to six bottles of soju. 2. ๋‚ด ๋‚จ๋™์ƒ์€ ํ”ผ์•„๋…ธ๋ฅผ ์น  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด. [์น˜๋‹ค] (nae dongsaeng-eun piano-reul chil su isseo) = My younger brother can play the piano. 3. ๋„ˆ ๋…์ผ์–ด ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด? [ํ•˜๋‹ค] (neo dogireo hal su isseo?) = Can you speak German?

LC: 314_B_S3L22_121908

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4. ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์žŠ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”? [์žŠ๋‹ค] (eotteoke ijeul su isseoyo?) = How can you forget? 5. ๊ทธ๋ฆผ ๊ทธ๋ฆด ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. [๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค] (geurim geuril su isseoyo) = I can draw a picture. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #2 - Might + Verb - -ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค (l/eul su-do itda) is a grammatical structure used to express possibility. A similar structure, -ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค (l/eul su itda) withtout the particle "๋„", means "to be able to." Therefore -ใ„น/์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค literally means "there is also a possibility that + Verb" and it is translated in English as "might + verb". ----------------------------โ–ท Construction ----------------------------Verb stem ending in a vowel + -ใ„น ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค. - ๊ฐ€๋‹ค (gada) - to go

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โ–ท ๊ฐ€ + ใ„น ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค = ๊ฐˆ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค (gal su-do itda) = might go โ–ท ๋‚ด์ผ ๋ณ‘์›์— ๊ฐˆ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (naeil byeongwon-e gal su-do isseoyo) = I might go to the hospital tomorrow. - ๋จน๋‹ค (meokda) - to eat โ–ท ๋จน + ์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค = ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค = might eat โ–ท ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ๋ฐ–์—์„œ ๋ฐฅ ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด. (oneul-eun bakk-eseo bap meogeul su-do isseo) = I might eat outside today. -----------------------------

LC: 314_B_S3L22_121908

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โ–ท In This Dialog ----------------------------(3)์ง€๋ฏผ: ์†Œ์ฃผ ๋งˆ์‹ค ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (3)jimin: soju masil su-do isseoyo. (3)Jimin: We might drink soju. (5)์ง€๋ฏผ: ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  2์ฐจ๋กœ ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ์— ๊ฐˆ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (5)jimin: geurigo i-cha-ro noraebang gal su-do isseoyo. (5)Jimin: And we may go to a noraebang afterward. (7)์ง€๋ฏผ: 3์ฐจ๋Š” ์žˆ์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๊ณ , ์—†์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (7)jimin: sam-cha-neun isseul su-do itgo, eopseul su-do isseoyo. (7)Jimin: We might have a third round and we might not. --------------------------โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ --------------------------1. ๋‚ด์ผ ์‹œํ—˜ ๋ณผ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. [๋ณด๋‹ค] (naeil siheom bol su-do isseoyo) = We might take an exam tomorrow. 2. ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜ ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์•ˆ ์˜ค์‹ค ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด. [์˜ค๋‹ค] (seonsaengnim oneul an osil su-do isseo) = The teacher might not come in today.

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3. ์ € ๋‚ด์ผ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ์—†์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. [์—†๋‹ค] (jeo naeil sigan-i eopseul su-do isseoyo) = I might not have time tomorrow. 4. ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋น„ ์˜ฌ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. [๋น„ ์˜ค๋‹ค] (oneul bi ol su-do isseoyo) = It might rain today. 5. ๊ทธ๋Ÿด ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. [๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค] (geureol su-do isseoyo) = That might be the case. ----------------------------โ–ท Remember ----------------------------A similar grammatical structure to this one is "-ใ„น/์„์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋‹ค", which literally means "to not know if ... will happen or not".

LC: 314_B_S3L22_121908

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Ex) - ๊ทธ๋Ÿด ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. = ๊ทธ๋Ÿด์ง€๋„ ๋ชฐ๋ผ์š”. - ๋น„ ์˜ฌ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š”. = ๋น„ ์˜ฌ์ง€๋„ ๋ชฐ๋ผ์š”.

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LC: 314_B_S3L22_121908

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Beginner Lesson S3 You'll Use this Korean Phrase All the Time, Whether you Mean to or Not!

23

Korean Hangul Romanization English Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Korean Hangul (1)๊ธฐ์ž (2)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ (3)๊ธฐ์ž (4)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ (5)๊ธฐ์ž (6)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ (7)๊ธฐ์ž (8)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ (9)๊ธฐ์ž (10)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ (11)๊ธฐ์ž (12)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ

๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ ์”จ, 3์–ต ๋ณต๊ถŒ์— ๋‹น์ฒจ๋˜์…จ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ถ•ํ•˜๋“œ๋ฆฝ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์•„, ์ง„์งœ์š”? ๊ณ ๋ง™์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด ๋ˆ์œผ๋กœ ๋ฌด์—‡์„ ํ•˜์‹ค ๊ฒ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ์•„... ๊ธ€์Ž„์š”... ์˜ท์„ ์‚ฌ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜... ๋„ค? 3์–ต์ธ๋ฐ, ๋ณดํ†ต, ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์ข€ ๋” ๋น„์‹ผ ๊ฒƒ์„ ์‚ฌ์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ์•„... ๋„ค... ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฉด, ์ €๋„... ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ๋“ ์ง€... ์ง‘์„ ์‚ฌ๋“ ์ง€... ์—์ด... ์„œ์šธ์—์„œ 3์–ต์œผ๋กœ ์ง‘์„ ์‚ฌ๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“ค์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฉด... ํ•ด์™ธ ์—ฌํ–‰์„ ํ•˜๋“ ์ง€... ํ•ด์™ธ ์—ฌํ–‰์ด์š”? ์•„๋‹ˆ์š”... ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฉด... ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๋งํ•ด ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. ์•„, ์ง„์งœ!! ์™œ ๊ทธ๋ž˜์š”?!!

Romanization (1)gjia

2

kimminseong-ssi, sam-eok bokgwon-e dangcheomdoesyeosseumnida. Chukhadeurimnida. (2)kimminseong a, jinjja-yo? gomapseumnida. (3)gjia i don-euro mueos-eul hasil geomnikka? (4)kimminseong a... geulsseyo... os-eul sageona, keompyuteo-reul sageona... (5)gjia ne? sam-eok-inde, botong, dareun saram-deul-eun jom deo bissan geos-eul saji anseumnikka? (6)kimminseong a... ne... geureomyeon, jeo-do... cha-reul sadeunji... jib-eul sadeunji... (7)gija ei... seoul-eseo sam-eok-euro jib-eul sagi himdeulji anseumnikka? (8)kimminseong geureomyeon... haeoe yeohaeng-eul hadeunji... (9)reporter haeoe yeohaeng-iyo? (10)kimminseong aniyo... geureomyeon... (11)gija ppalli malhae juseyo. (12)kimmiseong a, jinjja !! wae geuraeyo?!!

English

LC: 315_B_S3L23_122208

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(1)Reporter (2)Minseong Kim (3)Reporter (4)k Minseong Kim (5)Reporter

Mr. Kim, you won 300,000,000 in the lottery. Congratulations! Oh, really? Thank you. What are you going to do with this money? Oh, well... buy some clothes... or a computer....

Excuse me? It's 300,000,000. Usually, donโ€™t other people buy something more expensive? (6)Minseong Kim Oh... Ok. Then I will buy a car... or a house, too. (7)Reporter Come on, isn't it hard to buy a house in Seoul with 300,000,000? (8)Minseong Kim Then... I will maybe travel overseas or... (9)Reporter Travel overseas? (10)Minseong No, then... Kim (11)Reporter Come on, tell us quickly. (12) Minseong Hey, seriously, why are you doing this to me? Kim

3

Vocabulary

Hangul ์–ต ๋‹น์ฒจ๋˜๋‹ค ๋ณต๊ถŒ ์ถ•ํ•˜ํ•˜๋‹ค

Romanization eok dangcheomdwaeda bokgwan chukahada

๋ˆ ์˜ท ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ ์ง‘ ์ฐจ ํ•ด์™ธ์—ฌํ–‰ ๋ณดํ†ต ๋น„์‹ธ๋‹ค

don ot keompyuteo jip cha haeoeyeohaeng botong bissada

English hundred million win a prize, lottery to celebrate, to congratulate money clothes computer home car overseas trip usually to be expensive

Vocabulary Sample Sentences

LC: 315_B_S3L23_122208

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Synonyms

์ž๋™์ฐจ

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๋ˆ ์ค˜! ์˜ท์— ๋ญ๊ฐ€ ๋ฌป์—ˆ์–ด์š”. ์ €๋Š” ์•„์ง ์ง‘์— ์žˆ์–ด์š”. ์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์ด ๋ง‰ํ˜€์š”. ๋ณดํ†ต ์ง‘์— ๋ช‡ ์‹œ์— ๊ฐ€์„ธ์š”?

Give me money! You have something on your cloth. I am still at home. The road is jammed with traffic. What time do you usually go home?

Grammar Points --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Grammar Point #1 - 'either... or', 'whether... or' - -(์ด)๋“ ์ง€, (-(์ด)๊ฑฐ๋‚˜) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------๋“ ์ง€ (deunji), -๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ (geona) is used to express various alternatives to choose one from. Sometimes it is used to indicate an action that might or might not happen, and sometimes to indicate a variety of actions/states that usually take place in a similar situation. It is usually translated as "whether ... or" or "either ... or". When you're talking about "whether to do an action or not", ๋ง๋“ ์ง€, from the verb ๋ง๋‹ค (malda - to discontinue, to give up) is used as a pair.

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----------------------------โ–ท Construction ----------------------------Verb stem + -๋“ ์ง€, -๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ - ๋†€๋‹ค(nolda) - to hang out โ–ท ๋†€ + -๋“ ์ง€ = ๋†€๋“ ์ง€ (noldeunji) = whether you hang out or ... = you either hang out or ... โ–ท ๊ฑ”๋ž‘ ๋†€๋“ ์ง€ ๋ง๋“ ์ง€ ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ƒ๊ด€ ์•ˆ ํ•ด! (gyae-rang nol-deunji mal-deunji na-neun sanggwan anhae) = Whether you hang out with her or not, I don't care! - ๊ฐ€๋‹ค(gada) - to go

LC: 315_B_S3L23_122208

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โ–ท ๊ฐ€ + ๋“ ์ง€ = ๊ฐ€๋“ ์ง€ (ga-duenji) = whether you go or ... = you either go or ... โ–ท ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฐฉ์„ ๊ฐ€๋“ ์ง€ ์˜ํ™”๊ด€์„ ๊ฐ€๋“ ์ง€ ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋‹ค ๊ดœ์ฐฎ์•„. (noraebang-eul gadeunji yeonghwagwan-eul gadeunji na-neun da gwaenchanha) = Whether we go to a noraebang or to a movie theather, it's all fine by me. ----------------------------โ–ท In This Dialog ----------------------------(4)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ: ์˜ท์„ ์‚ฌ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜... (4)gimminseong: a...geulsseyo... os-eul sageona, keompyuteo-reul sageona... (4)Minseong Kim: I'll either buy some clothes... or a computer... (6)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ: ์ €๋„... ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ๋“ ์ง€... ์ง‘์„ ์‚ฌ๋“ ์ง€... (6)gimminseong: jeo-do... cha-reul sadeunji... jib-eul sadeunji... (6)Minseong Kim: I will also either buy a car... or a house... or...

5

(8)๊น€๋ฏผ์„ฑ: ํ•ด์™ธ ์—ฌํ–‰์„ ํ•˜๋“ ์ง€... (8)gimminseong: haeoe yeohaeng-eul hadeunji... (8)Minseong: I will travel overseas or ... --------------------------โ™ฃ More Examples โ™ฃ --------------------------1. ์ฃผ์Šค๋ฅผ ๋งˆ์‹œ๋“ ์ง€ ๋ฌผ์„ ๋งˆ์‹œ๋“ ์ง€ ํ•ด. [๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค] (juseu-reul masideunji mul-eul masideunji hae) = Drink some juice or some water. 2. ์ผ์„ ํ•˜๋“ ์ง€ ๊ณต๋ถ€๋ฅผ ํ•˜๋“ ์ง€, ์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ ํ•ด! [ํ•˜๋‹ค] (il-eul hadeunji gongbu-reul hadeunji yeolsimhi hae) = Whether you work or study, do your best! 3. ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ์„ ํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋ง๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ๋‚˜ํ•˜๊ณ ๋Š” ์ƒ๊ด€ ์—†์–ด. [์—†๋‹ค] (gyeolhon-eul hageona malgeona na-hago-neun sanggwan eopseo.)

LC: 315_B_S3L23_122208

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= Whether you get married or not, it has nothing to do with me. 4. ์ž ์„ ์ž๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋ง๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ๋‚ด๋ฒ„๋ ค ๋‘ฌ. [์ž๋‹ค, ๋‚ด๋ฒ„๋ ค ๋‘๋‹ค] (jam-eul jagona malgeona, geunyang naebeoryeo dwo) = Whether she sleeps or not, just leave her alone. 5. ๋‚ด์ผ์€ ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ ์ง‘์—์„œ ์‰ฌ๋“ ์ง€... ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋“ ์ง€ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. [์‰ฌ๋‹ค, ๋ณด๋‹ค, ํ•˜๋‹ค] (naeil-eu geunyang jib-eseo swideunji... yeonghwa-reul bodeunji hal geo-yeyo) = Tomorrow, I will just take it easy at home... or watch a movie.

6

LC: 315_B_S3L23_122208

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Beginner Lesson S3 The Spoiled Brat

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Korean Hangul Romanization English Alternative Transcript Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Korean Hangul (1)์—„๋งˆ (2)๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ (3)์—„๋งˆ (4)๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ (5)์—„๋งˆ (6)๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ (7)์—„๋งˆ (8)๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ (9)์—„๋งˆ

๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ์•ผ. ๊ณผ์ผ ๋จน์ž. ์—„๋งˆ! ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์ด์ž–์•„์š”. ์˜†์œผ๋กœ ๋น„์ผœ์š”. ์–ด.์–ด. ๊ทธ๋ž˜. ์•Œ์•˜์–ด. ๊ณผ์ผ ๋จน์ž. ์‘? ์ง€๊ธˆ ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ๋ณด์ž–์•„์š”. ๋‚˜์ค‘์— ๋จน์„๊ฒŒ์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜... ์—„๋งˆ, ์ €๊ธฐ ํŒŒ๋ฆฌ!! ํŒŒ๋ฆฌ ์ข€ ์žก์•„ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. ์–ด? ์–ด๋””? ๊ทธ๋ž˜! ์•ˆ ์žกํ˜€... ์—„๋งˆ! ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”! ๋ญ? ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „์ด ์—„๋งˆ๋ณด๋‹ค ์ค‘์š”ํ•ด?

Romanization

2

(1)Eomma (2)Byongho (3)Eomma (4)Byeongho (5)Eomma (6)Byeongho (7)Eomma (8)Byeongho (9)Eomma

Byeongho-ya. gwail meokja. eomma! telebiseon an boijanayo. yeop-euro bikyeoyo. eo. eo. geurae. arasseo. gwail meokja. eung? jigeum tellebijeon bojanayo. najung-e meogeulgeyo. geurae... eomma, jeogi pari!! pari jom jaba juseyo. eo? eodi? geurae! an japhyeo... eomma! tellebijeon an boyeoyo! mwo? tellebijeon-i eomma-boda jungyohae?

English (1)Mom (2)Byongho (3)Mom (4)Byeongho (5)Mom (6)Byeongho (7)Mom (8)Byeongho (9)Mom

Byeongho, Let's eat some fruits. Mom! I can't see the TV. Move to the side please. Oh... Ok, ok. Let's eat this fruit, ok? I am watching TV. I will eat later. Ok... Mom, there... a fly!!! Please catch it!! Huh? Where? Ok! I can't.... Mom! I can't see the TV!! what? Is TV more important than I am?!!!

LC: 317_B_S3L24_122708

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Alternative Transcript ์—„๋งˆ ๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ ์—„๋งˆ ๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ ์—„๋งˆ ๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ ์—„๋งˆ ๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ ์—„๋งˆ

3

๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ์•ผ. ๊ณผ์ผ ๋จน์ž. ์—„๋งˆ! ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์ด์ž–์•„์š”. ์˜†์œผ๋กœ ๋น„์ผœ์š”. ์–ด.์–ด. ๊ทธ๋ž˜. ์•Œ์•˜์–ด. ๊ณผ์ผ ๋จน์ž. ์‘? ์ง€๊ธˆ ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ๋ณด์ž–์•„์š”. ๋‚˜์ค‘์— ๋จน์„๊ฒŒ์š”. ๊ทธ๋ž˜... ์—„๋งˆ, ์ €๊ธฐ ํŒŒ๋ฆฌ!! ํŒŒ๋ฆฌ ์ข€ ์žก์•„ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. ์–ด? ์–ด๋””? ๊ทธ๋ž˜! (๋™๋™) ์•ˆ ์žกํ˜€... ์—„๋งˆ! ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”! ๋ญ? (ํ•œ์ˆจ) ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „์ด ์—„๋งˆ๋ณด๋‹ค ์ค‘์š”ํ•ด? (ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ๋ถ€์ˆ˜๋Š” ์†Œ๋ฆฌ)

Vocabulary

Hangul ๊ณผ์ผ ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค ์žกํžˆ๋‹ค ๋‚˜์ค‘์— ์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์˜† ๋น„ํ‚ค๋‹ค

Romanization gwail boda boida japhida najunge jungyohada tellebijyeon yeop bikida

์žก๋‹ค

japda

English fruit to see, to look at to be seen to be caught later to be important television side, next to move to side, get out the way to catch

Synonyms

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ์ ‘์‹œ์— ๊ณผ์ผ์„ ๋‹ด์•„ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. ์•ผ๊ตฌ ๋ณด๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ž! ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”. ๊ฒฝ์ฐฐ์— ์žกํ˜”์–ด์š”. ๋‚˜์ค‘์— ๋‹ค์‹œ ์˜ฌ๊ฒŒ์š”. ์™ธ๊ตญ์–ด ๊ณต๋ถ€๋Š” ์ค‘์š”ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ˜ผ์ž ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ๋ด. ๋‹ˆ ์˜†์— ๊ท€์‹ ์ด ์žˆ์–ด!

LC: 317_B_S3L24_122708

Please put the fruits on the plate. Ler's go watch baseball. I can't see anything. I got caught by the police. I'll come back later. Learning foreign languages is important. I'm watching TV by myself. There's a ghost by your side!

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์˜†์œผ๋กœ ๋น„์ผœ ์ฃผ์„ธ์š”. ์ œ ์†์„ ์žก์œผ์„ธ์š”.

Please move over to the side. Please hold my hand.

Grammar Points Passive Voice : -์ด/๊ธฐ/๋ฆฌ/ํžˆ์•ˆ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”. "I can't see it/It is not seen."

In Korean, a lot of grammatical structures lie in the verb endings rather than using additional words, and it is the same for the passive voice too. Right after the verb stem, you add ์ด, ๊ธฐ, ๋ฆฌ, or ํžˆ, depending on the word, and you have the passive. There is no set rule to this, but you can find some common patterns. The main suffixes used for changing a verb into passive voice are ์ด (i), ๊ธฐ (gi), ๋ฆฌ (ri) and ํžˆ (hi). And a lot of phrases that would use the active voice in English with a person as the subject use the passive voice in Korean. Construction โ–ท์ด

4

- ์ด is usually used for the verb stems that end in a vowel. ๋ณด๋‹ค (boda) "to see" ๋ณด + ์ด + ๋‹ค = ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค (boida) "to be seen, can see, to seem" ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”? (boyeoyo?) "Can you see it?" (lit. Is it seen?) ๋ฐ”๊พธ๋‹ค (bakkuda) "to change (something)" ๋ฐ”๊พธ + ์ด + ๋‹ค = ๋ฐ”๋€Œ๋‹ค (bakkwida) "to be changed" ์ด๋ฆ„์ด ๋ฐ”๋€Œ์—ˆ์–ด์š”. (ireum-i bakkwieosseoyo) "The name has been changed. / The names have been switched." โ–ท๊ธฐ -๊ธฐ is usually used for the verb stems that end with ใ„ด, ใ……, ใ…ˆ, ใ…Š.

LC: 317_B_S3L24_122708

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2008-12-27

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์•ˆ๋‹ค (anda) "to hug" ์•ˆ + ๊ธฐ + ๋‹ค = ์•ˆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค (angida) "to be hugged / to be braced" ์•„๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์—„๋งˆ์—๊ฒŒ ์•ˆ๊ฒผ์–ด์š”. (agiga eomma-ege angyeosseoyo) "The baby was braced in her mother's arms." ์ซ“๋‹ค (jjotda) "to chase" ์ซ“ + ๊ธฐ + ๋‹ค = ์ซ“๊ธฐ๋‹ค (jjotgida) "to be chased" ๊ฒฝ์ฐฐ์—๊ฒŒ ์ซ“๊ธฐ๊ณ  ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (gyeongchal-ege jjotgigo isseoyo) "I'm being chased by the police." โ–ท๋ฆฌ

-๋ฆฌ is usually used for the verb stems that end with ใ„น. ํŒ”๋‹ค (palda) "to sell" ํŒ” + ๋ฆฌ + ๋‹ค = ํŒ”๋ฆฌ๋‹ค (pallida) "to be sold" ์ด ์ฑ… ์ž˜ ํŒ”๋ ค์š”? (i chaek jal pallyeoyo?) "Does this book sell well?" (lit. Is this book sold well?) ์—ด๋‹ค (yeolda) "to open" ์—ด + ๋ฆฌ + ๋‹ค = ์—ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค (yeollida) "to be opened" ๋ฌธ์ด ์•ˆ ์—ด๋ ค์š”. (mun-i an yeollyeoyo) "The door doesn't open." (lit. The door isn't opened.)

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โ–ทํžˆ -ํžˆ is usually used for the verb stems that end with ใ„ฑ, ใ„ท and ใ…‚. ๋จน๋‹ค (meokda) "to eat" ๋จน + ํžˆ + ๋‹ค = ๋จนํžˆ๋‹ค (meokhida) "to be eaten" ํ† ๋ผ๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌ์ž์—๊ฒŒ ๋จนํ˜”์–ด์š”. (tokki-ga saja-ege meokhyeosseoyo) "The rabit was eaten by the lion." ์žก๋‹ค (japhida) "to catch" ์žก + ํžˆ + ๋‹ค = ์žกํžˆ๋‹ค (japhida) "to get caught" ๋„๋‘‘์ด ์žกํ˜”์–ด์š”. (doduk-i japhyeosseoyo) "The thief got caught." โ–ท Exception

LC: 317_B_S3L24_122708

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2008-12-27

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-ํ•˜๋‹ค, the most commonly used verb type in Korean, becomes -๋˜๋‹ค (doeda) ์ดˆ๋Œ€ํ•˜๋‹ค (chodaehada) "to invite" becomes ์ดˆ๋Œ€๋˜๋‹ค (chodaedoeda) "to be invited" ์ˆ˜๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค (surihada) "to fix" becomes ์ˆ˜๋ฆฌ๋˜๋‹ค (suridoeda) "to be fixed"

In This Dialogue ๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ: ์—„๋งˆ! ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์ด์ž–์•„์š”. ์˜†์œผ๋กœ ๋น„์ผœ์š”. Byongho: eomma! telebiseon an boijanayo. yeop-euro bikyeoyo. Byongho: "Mom! I can't see the TV. Move to the side please." ๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ: ์ง€๊ธˆ ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ๋ณด์ž–์•„์š”. ๋‚˜์ค‘์— ๋จน์„๊ฒŒ์š”. Byeongho: jigeum tellebijeon bojanayo. najung-e meogeulgeyo. Byeongho: "I am watching TV. I will eat later." ์—„๋งˆ: ์–ด? ์–ด๋””? ๊ทธ๋ž˜! ์•ˆ ์žกํ˜€... Eomma: eo? eodi? geurae! an japhyeo... Mom: "Huh? Where? Ok! I can't...." ๋ณ‘ํ˜ธ: ์—„๋งˆ! ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”! Byeongho: eomma! tellebijeon an boyeoyo! Byeongho: "Mom! I can't see the TV!!"

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โ˜ž Examplesโ˜œ 1. ๋ฏธ์•ˆ, ๋ชฉ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์•ˆ ๋“ค๋ ค. (mian, moksori-ga an deullyeo) "Sorry, I can't hear you." (lit. Your voice is not heard.) 2. ์•„์ง ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”. (ajik amugeotdo an boyeoyo) "I still can't see anything." (lit. Nothing is seen yet.) 3. ๋ฌธ์ด ๋‹ซํ˜”์–ด์š”. (mun-i dachyeosseoyo) "The door opened. (lit. The door got closed.) 4. ์ฐฝ๋ฌธ์ด ์—ด๋ ธ์–ด์š”. (changmun-i yeollyeosseoyo) "The window opened." (lit. The window was opened.)

LC: 317_B_S3L24_122708

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2008-12-27

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Beginner Lesson S3 Korean Make-up Artist

25

Korean Hangul Romanization English Vocabulary Grammar Points

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Korean Hangul (1)์ •ํฌ (2)์ •๊ท  (3)์ •ํฌ (4)์ •๊ท  (5)์ •ํฌ (6)์ •๊ท  (7)์ •ํฌ (8)์ •๊ท 

์˜ค๋น , ์˜ค๋น , ๋‚˜ ์–ด๋•Œ? ์–ด? ๋ญ๊ฐ€? ๋‚˜ ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์Šคํƒ€์ผ ์–ด๋•Œ? ์–ด๋ ค ๋ณด์—ฌ? ์„ฑ์ˆ™ํ•ด ๋ณด์—ฌ? ์•„ํŒŒ ๋ณด์—ฌ. ํ™”์žฅ์„ ์™œ ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋งŽ์ด ํ–ˆ์–ด? ๋ญ? ์•„ํŒŒ ๋ณด์—ฌ? (ํ•œ์ˆจ) ์•ˆ๊ฒฝ ์“ฐ๋ฉด? ์–ด๋•Œ? ๋˜‘๋˜‘ํ•ด ๋ณด์—ฌ? ์•„๋‹ˆ... ๊ทผ๋ฐ ์กฐ๊ธˆ ์ฐฉํ•ด ๋ณด์—ฌ. ๋‚˜ ์›๋ž˜ ์ฐฉํ•˜์ž–์•„! ์•„... ์ง€๊ธˆ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด? ์•„... ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๊ฐ€์•ผ ๋ผ! (๋›ฐ์–ด๊ฐ„๋‹ค) ์ •ํฌ์•ผ ์–ด๋”” ๊ฐ€?!

Romanization (1)Jeonghui (2)Jeonggyun (3)Jeonghui (4)Jeonggyun (5)Jeonghui

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(6)Jeonggyun (7)Jeonghui (8)Jeonggyun

oppa, oppa, na eotte? eo? mwo-ga? na oneul seutail eottae? eoryeo boyeo? seongsukhae boyeo? apa boyeo. hwajang-eul wae geureoke mani haesseo? mwo? apa boyeo? angyeong sseumyeon? eottae? ttokttokhae boyeo? ani... geunde jogeum chakhae boyeo. na wollae chakhajana! a... jigeum sigan-i? a...ppalli gayadwae! Jeonghui-ya eodi ga?!

English (1)Jeonghui (2)Jeonggyun (3)Jeonghui (4)Jeonggyun (5)Jeonghui (6)Jeonggyun (7)Jeonghui (8)Jeonggyun

Jeonggyun, jeonggyun, How do I look? Huh? What? How's my style today? Do I look young? Do I look mature? You look like you are sick. Why did you put on so much make-up? What? I look sick? What if I put on my glasses? Do I look smart? No... but you look a bit kind. I am always kind! Ah... What's the time? Oh... I have to go quick!!! Jeonghui, where are you going?

LC: 318_B_S3L25_122908

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2008-12-29

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Vocabulary

Hangul ์Šคํƒ€์ผ ์–ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค ์„ฑ์ˆ™ํ•˜๋‹ค ์•„ํ”„๋‹ค

Romanization seutail eorida seongsukhada apeuda

ํ™”์žฅ ์•ˆ๊ฒฝ ์“ฐ๋‹ค ์ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์›๋ž˜ ๋นจ๋ฆฌ

hwajang angyeong sseuda chakhada sigan wollae ppalli

English style to be young mature to hurt, to be in pain, to be painful make up, cosmetics glasses to put on kind, nice, good time originally quickly

Synonyms

Vocabulary Sample Sentences ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์Šคํƒ€์ผ ๋ฉ‹์ ธ! ๋„Œ ์•„์ง ์–ด๋ ค. ์ œ ๋™์ƒ์€ ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์„ฑ์ˆ™ํ–ˆ์–ด์š”.

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You look very stylish today! You're still too young. My younger brother is young but he's already mature. I took medicine because my head hurt. I hate putting make-up on. I don't wear glasses. Try putting these sun glasses on. This is my nice brother. It's nothing more than just a waste of time. What's the original price? Come over here quick!

๋จธ๋ฆฌ ์•„ํŒŒ์„œ, ์•ฝ์„ ๋จน์—ˆ์–ด. ํ™”์žฅํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑฐ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์‹ซ์–ด. ์ €๋Š” ์•ˆ๊ฒฝ์„ ๋ผ์ง€ ์•Š์•„์š”. ์ด ์„ ๊ธ€๋ผ์Šค ์จ ๋ด. ์ฐฉํ•œ ๋‚ด ๋™์ƒ์ด์•ผ. ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ๋‚ญ๋น„์ผ ๋ฟ์ด์—์š”. ์›๋ž˜ ์–ผ๋งˆ์˜ˆ์š”? ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์˜ค์„ธ์š”.

Grammar Points to look/to seem : -์•„/์–ด/์—ฌ ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์˜ˆ๋ป ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”. "You look pretty today."

LC: 318_B_S3L25_122908

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2008-12-29

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-์•„/์–ด/์—ฌ ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค (-a/eo/yeo boida) is the grammatical structure that expresses "to seem" or "to look." This structure is added at the end of the verb stem, and the tense and the mood are expressed through the verb ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค (boida). When used with nouns, the verb ๊ฐ™๋‹ค (gatda), which means "to be like," is used with this structure. Construction (Descriptve Verb) Verb Stem +์•„/์–ด/์—ฌ ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค ์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค (yeppeuda) "to be pretty" ์˜ˆ์˜ - verb stem ์˜ˆ์˜ + ์–ด ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค = ์˜ˆ๋ป ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค (yeppeo boida) "to look pretty" ๋„ˆ ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์ง„์งœ ์˜ˆ๋ป ๋ณด์—ฌ. (neo oneul jinjja yeppeo boyeo) "You look really pretty today." Noun + ๊ฐ™์•„ + ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค ํ•™์ƒ (haksaeng) "student" ํ•™์ƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค (haksaeng gatda) "to be like a student" ํ•™์ƒ ๊ฐ™ - verb stem ํ•™์ƒ ๊ฐ™ + ์•„ + ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค = ํ•™์ƒ ๊ฐ™์•„ ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค (haksaeng gata boida) "to look like a student" In This Dialogue

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์ •ํฌ: ์–ด๋ ค ๋ณด์—ฌ? ์„ฑ์ˆ™ํ•ด ๋ณด์—ฌ? Jeonghui: eoryeo boyeo? seongsukhae boyeo? Jeonghui: Do I look young? Do I look mature? ์ •ํฌ: ์•„ํŒŒ ๋ณด์—ฌ? (ํ•œ์ˆจ) ์•ˆ๊ฒฝ ์“ฐ๋ฉด? ์–ด๋•Œ? ๋˜‘๋˜‘ํ•ด ๋ณด์—ฌ? Jeonghui: apa boyeo? angyeong sseumyeon? eottae? ttokttokhae boyeo? Jeonghui: I look sick? What if I put on my glasses? Do I look smart? ์ •๊ท : ์•„๋‹ˆ... ๊ทผ๋ฐ ์กฐ๊ธˆ ์ฐฉํ•ด ๋ณด์—ฌ. Jeonggyun: ani... geunde jogeum chakhae boyeo. Jeonggyun: No... but you look a bit kind. โ˜ž Examplesโ˜œ

1.

LC: 318_B_S3L25_122908

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2008-12-29

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ํ”ผ๊ณคํ•ด ๋ณด์—ฌ. ๋„์™€์ค„๊นŒ?(pigonhae boyeo. dowajulkka?) "You look tired. Do you want my help?" ์กธ๋ ค ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”. ์–ด์ œ ์ž  ๋ชป ์žค์–ด์š”? (jollyeo boyeoyo. eoje jam mot jasseoyo?) "You look sleepy. Couldn't you get any sleep last night?" ๊ฐ€๋ฐฉ์ด ๋ฌด๊ฑฐ์›Œ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”. (gabang-i mugeowo boyeoyo) "Your bag looks heavy." ์ด๊ฑฐ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋น„์‹ธ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”. (igeo neomu bissa boyeoyo) "This looks too expensive." ๋ฐ”๋ณด ๊ฐ™์•„ ๋ณด์—ฌ์š”. (babo gata boyeoyo) "You look like a fool."

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LC: 318_B_S3L25_122908

www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserved

2008-12-29

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