Barcelona Days Argentina General - 06 - Small Cells and Flexi Zone

August 29, 2017 | Author: jspn01 | Category: Cloud Computing, Wi Fi, Data Transmission, Telecommunications, Computer Networking
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Small Cell Overview...


Small Cells Flexi Zone & Flexi Lite Barcelona Days 2014 Jul, 2014

1 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Paving the way to support up to…

MIMO & adv. receiver

Carrier Aggregation

Advanced macros

Smart Scheduler

New bands

HetNet management



Flexible small cells

1000x capacity 2 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

… times more capacity

High value customers consider mobile internet quality almost as important as network coverage or voice quality High value customers*

All customers

Network Coverage

Voice Quality

Mess. & Internet Quality

Network Coverage

Voice Quality

Mess. & Internet Quality

* Who use at least two of the following services once a week: video calling, send/receive emails, chat, browse the web, download or upload data files, play online games, use personalized applications, mobile payment, mobile TV, location based services and/or GPS navigation. 3 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Outdoor - Helping Operators grow Capacity Flexibly Flexi Zone Supporting Small Cell Capacity Deployment Evolution Capacity start to outstrip macro sites capabilities Urban Capacity requirements

Flexi Zone portfolio From Hot Spots to Hot Zones 1st - Add Capacity to Hot Spots 1-3 Micro/Pico per Hot Spot Next Gen Flexi Zone Micro & Pico

Macro sites limit

No of Macro sites

Past macro capacity ceiling, Small Cells become the only viable option to add capacity in Hot Zones

2014-15 2-4x capacity boost Initial Hot Spot Micro & Pico deployments 2015-16

4-10x capacity boost

Densification & Expansion to Hot Zones

4 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

2nd - Hot Spots into Hot Zones 10-100 Pico/Micro per Hot zone Mostly LTE (+ WiFi) Evolution to Zone Architecture Add Flexi Zone controller Convert FZ Micro/Pico to Zone AP Expand with additional FZ M/P

Award Winning Flexi Zone Solution Addresses all HetNet challenges for lowest TCO & Best performance Macro parity Small cells Most innovative small cell architecture with Flexi Zone Controller Aggregation & Coordination Performance & Scaling

S/w upgrade to Zone

Low impact, Simplified O&M Stand Alone Micro/Pico Small deployments & Hot Spots

Enhanced Edge Services Up to very large deployments & Hot Zones with Flexi Zone Controller

30-50% TCO reduction & Highest performance

Increased Versatility & Intelligence Now applicable to all indoor & outdoor, coverage and capacity use cases

FlexiZone Controller planned for 2015 5 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

“NSN’s Flexi Zone is definitely the most ambitious hetnet proposal”

Flexi Zone Small Cells

Public 6


Flexi Zone ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Industry leading LTE Small Cells No trade off - Macro parity for lowest OPEX & highest performance NEW


Flexi Zone Micro & Pico Outdoor & Rugged indoor

Flexi Zone Pico-E Outdoor & Rugged indoor

Flexi Zone Indoor Pico Enterprise & Public indoor

Common features > Industry Smallest all in one Micro, Pico BTS form factors > Same capacity as macro & Full Macro parity for tightest HetNet integration & lowest OPEX > Unique Zone capability – Upgrade installed base, Low impact ultra high cell densification > Bluetooth for “no-touch” install & field maintenance > Same as load-line as Macro: same features, “Smart Scheduler”, O&M (NetAct), SON features (iSON), same IOT as Macro > Call capacity for 10 MHz FDD: (600 Active UEs, 240 scheduled users, 400VoIP users); up to 24 Mbps UL and 69 Mbps DL > Integrated GPS > 5l / 5Kg > 2x 5W, down to 2x 250mW > LTE & TD-LTE variants

7 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

> > > >

> >

3l / 3Kg 2x 250mW, down to 2x 100mW Optional 802.11ac Wi-Fi Leverage existing & utilized Ethernet cabling for reduced CAPEX > PoE++ for ease of deployment

FWHA – Flexi Zone BTS The Flexi Zone BTS is an All-in-One (AiO) LTE, single cell eNB, Up to 1 x 20MHz Carrier • • • • • • • • •

Output Power: 250mW - 5W per Tx path Antenna Configuration: 2Tx / 2Rx MIMO Antenna Configuration: OMNI, Directional, Remote Carrier bandwidth support: 5,10,15, & 20MHz Backhaul Interface: 100/1000 Base-T or Fiber Synchronization: RF GPS, 1588v2 (time, phase)


Size: 5.0L / 5.2kg, Outdoor: -40C to +55C Emission: TS36.104 Rev 11 Medium Area SW: Call Processing Macro Parity/Convergence Side Bottom

LTE1682 8 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Flexi Zone BTS Interfaces Flexi Zone Micro Interfaces

TX Diversity Antenna Connector

TX Main Antenna Connector

AC Input LED Indicators (3) BH

Backhaul Connector A (Fiber SFP) Bluetooth Antenna

9 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

* RF-GPS “N” Connector on top not shown ** Ground lug connector on side not shown

Backhaul Connector B (RJ45)

Flexi Zone BTS Antenna Configurations OMNI “Stick” antenna configuration RF-GPS antenna

LTE OMNI “stick” antennas

Note: Wall mount bracket also available

10 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

* Bluetooth Antenna on bottom of unit not included in picture

Flexi Zone Micro/Pico – Snap-ON Integrated Antenna Option 1. Antenna panel is slid over existing cover.

Antenna panel

2. Antenna panel is then secured to the FZ Micro lid using the four mounting holes used for the solar cover.

Radom is extended below unit to hide the cable connections. to improve aesthetics TX Monitoring Ports

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© Nokia 2014

Macro Parity benefits Performance under High Load

NSN Smart Scheduler

Korea Busan fireworks festival 2013 > 1.35 million people > 3 LTE networks > 3 suppliers Vendor1 Vendor2

Same iSON and OSS

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© Nokia 2014

Planning, Deployment, Optimization, Management

Close to


LTE subs

Upcoming Release

Flexi Zone Micro BTS Synchronization

Release Plans RL50FZ Features


the data stream and the receiver is supposed to extract the clock from the stream.

Integrated GPS Recveiver with a phase accuracy of 50ns Support nLOS GPS reception (Urban canyons, limited inbuilding support) Detachable GPS antenna to support remote positioning Hardware / Software roadmap support of multi GNSS Ethernet Phy/MAC HW recovered clock used as frequency reference FPGA time stamps recovered SyncE clock - SW processing of Synch Status Message (ESMC, SSM) FZM does not support SyncE clock regeneration SynchE daisy-chaining downstream of FZM not supported

ToP - Freq

• In TDM system (or SDH), clock signal is embedded in


Integrated design and synchronization options provide savings to operators

Pkt based UDP/IP PTP protocol according to IEEE1588v2 Uses time stamped messages to synchronize FZM clock to PRC traceable master clock IPSec and ToP Resiliency not supported in RL50FZ Provides frequency reference typically accurate to ±15ppb of master clock frequency

• FzM will not be using TDM backhaul so timing • Ethernet or packet based networks operate


asynchronously. Each packet network element has its own free running clock (~ ±100ppm). This level of accuracy is insufficient for 3G and 4G networks.


solution that is packet based is needed.

LTE1629 13 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Flexi Zone Bluetooth Support

Wireless connect to Flexi Zone Micro/Pico at street level for install & local site maintenance Faster & less costly install > After mechanical fixing & AC powering, bucket truck can move to next install > Engineer wirelessly connects to Flexi Zone Micro/Pico via Bluetooth device to finalize initial configuration Facilitate & reduce local maintenance time > Wirelessly connect to Flexi Zone Micro/Pico via Bluetooth at street level from comfort of vehicle rather than outside > No need for costly special site access equipment, authorization to block roads

Bluetooth for street level site access

Eliminates need for special site access in many cases

14 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Flexi Zone Wireline BH Configurations Operator cost savings by eliminating need for external ONT(optical network terminals) box

Physical Connectivity Options

Flexi Zone Micro BTS

Both Copper and Fiber ports are supported Power over Ethernet (Future Roadmap)

Supported Port Configurations


Port-1: RJ45 + Port-2: RJ45 or Port-1: SFP + Port-2: RJ45 EPON or GPON SFPs can be used in the optics capable port

“Fiber-to-the-Cell” Realized via special SFP for G-PON or E-PON PON SFPs are integrated with standard GE port towards AP Eliminates the need for an external ONT LTE1686 15 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

xSFP Stick

To/From CORE


Closure Box

Splitter To other ONTs

Basic Ethernet Switching

Upcoming Release

Integrated switching support for daisy-chaining at the Flexi Zone Micro BTS site • FlexiZone Micro BTS supports integrated Ethernet switching • Another eNB co-located or at a different location can be connected to Flexi Zone Micro BTS (daisy-chaining) − A leaf node can also be any external hardware (e.g., external Wi-Fi AP from 3rd party vendor) supporting Ethernet connectivity

• This feature provides daisy chain connectivity with basic Ethernet switching. − It does not provide the shaping of the aggregated traffic or QoS enabled Layer-2 switching − Upstream FZMs and/or devices (like Wi-Fi AP) are responsible for managing QoS and shaping for their traffic − Upstream FZMs and/or devices are limited to a combined uplink and downlink traffic throughput of 150Mbps.

LTE1857 16 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Release Plans RL50FZ Features

Flexi Zone Micro – Wireless Backhaul Solution WBH Solutions with External Hardware Support of both Licensed and Unlicensed spectrum bands LTE1625 covers Unlicensed Solution LTE1626 covers Licensed Solution Support for P2P deployments only Support of both nLOS and LOS (NLOS not recommended but can be evaluated on a case by case basis since every deployment scenario is different) Operators can use any product for Seg-1 as long as they meet NSN’s KPIs Integrated O&M support through NSN’s NetViewer platform for NSN certified products 17 04/07/2014 LTE1625, LTE1626 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Small Cell Wireless Backhaul Portfolio Product

Line of Sight

Physical Architecture

Target Application

Harmony Radio Lite

nLoS & LoS


Near/non line of sight. 5.xGHz Licensed and 3.xGHz unlicensed band 2.xGHz

Harmony E-band



High Capacity (up to 2Gbps) Aggregation links CPRI/OBSAI fronthaul

70/80GHz FDD

Avenue Link



Line of sight licensed links for medium capacity (10Mbps to 500Mbps)

58GHz 56GHz 38GHz 28GHz 26GHz 24GHz

18 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Frequency Support

Flexi Zone Controller

Public 19


Flexi Zone ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Flexi Zone – Unique Award Winning Zone Architecture Highest performance & TCO reduction up to ultra dense/very large deployments Enhanced IP Services via Liquid Application

Highly Scalable Capacity for Best User XP

Add values & Lower Transport/EPC impact > > > > >

Street IP offload Local LAN access Caching Enterprise IP services Virtual clustering for adapting policy to multi-use case deployments



> Extremely low EPC/Macro impact (S1/X2 aggregation) > Zone based mobility & layer stickiness > RAN sharing ready > Easier IOT – 1 x Controller (vs 100 AP) > Future Wi-Fi Traffic steering integration

© Nokia 2014




Offload Controller Transport

HetNet Ready & Multi-vendor Deployments 20 04/07/2014 Confidential

> Virtually unlimited scaling - up to 100AP per cluster > Macro capacity & Macro Parity Small Cells > Zone RF perf improvement & optimization (Zone level load balancing, scheduling coordination) > Unique HetNet features (load balancing Dyn eICIC) > Optional WiFi Access Layer


> O&M Paradigm shift with up to 100AP managed by controller (IP address reduction, Zone O&M offload) > Fronthaul delay tolerant topology (NLOS/Chaining BH) > Plug & play operation > Innovative Zone based iSON for HetNet

Lowest TCO Deployment & Operation

FlexiZone Controller planned for 2015

Large small cell deployments network impact Small Cell Scaling Aggregation is Critical Without aggregation (just showing X2) Initial deployment

With local aggregation

Scaled up deployment

Macro Network level 100k Small cells FZ Ctrl

= 100k S1 = ½ Millions X2 = X Millions paging/s = X Millions HO/s

1-6 SC per Macro

>6 SC per Macro

Interconnections & stress manageable

Significant Network stress + Unmanageable

Small cell logical aggregation critical for large SC deployments

FZ Ctrl

Significant Reduction in complexity

Flexi Zone - Only SC solution able to scale without significant increased in network complexity Even more critical for indoor – Building density x AP /buildings => Very High local area stress

Zone Cluster - Delay tolerant architecture for ease of deployment 21Flexi 04/07/2014 © Nokia 2014 Confidential Indoor – FZ architecture allows existing LAN cabling with traffic on it

& scaling (MW backhaul)

Flexi Zone Liquid Applications

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Flexi Zone ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Flexi Zone Liquid Application enabled

Indoor location Content close Sticky enterprise Real time data •1Value Enhancing small cell deployments based services & to subscribers 3 party value services 2 3 contextual apps 4 with Edge Cloud Server Flexi Zone Architecture enables Liquid Apps on Small Cells rd

Outdoor Street level

Local Applications for Value Add + Lower Transport cost > Security camera local encoding / motion detection

Shopping mall

Caching & Local Offload to internet POP > Improved performance > Lowest Transport cost

Caching & Content extension > Enterprise apps performance boost > Lower transport cost > Integrated wireless M2M apps > Virtual cluster for each enterprise in same building


Precise augmented reality shopping

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© Nokia 2014

Indoor location tracking, apps & contextual data analysis > Real time store guidance > Find “my spouse” application > Billboard content adaptation > Personalized & contextually relevant in-store offers (leveraging inventory & subscriber analytics) + later analysis > Fraud prevention Credit.card vs. sub location > Foot fall analysis

Just one plug-in unit turns FlexiZone Controller into an Edge Cloud Server

Standard IT architecture > Computing and storage dedicated to applications > Intel multicore CPU dedicated to applications > Solid state disk for storing rich media

Seamless mobile network integration > Fully integrated with FlexiZone Controller > Access to real time data > Telco-grade robustness and security

24 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Datacenter-like flexibility > State-of-the-art IBM middleware for highly distributed environments > Applications inside Virtual Machines – deploy and undeploy within minutes

Flexi Zone Controller provides a slot for Radio Applications Cloud Server (RACS) to be deployed into

Boost superfast and secure connectivity on enterprise campuses Enterprise campus

> >

FZC with RACS Enterprise WAN

> > >

> > > EPC

> 25 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014


Augmented Reality

Enterprise WAN securely and seamlessly integrated into MNO’s network Boosted performance of high value mobile enterprise applications Integrated wireless M2M solution (e.g. video surveillance, building and car park access) Reduced backhaul traffic Redundancy of critical services

Accelerated enterprise content delivery Local Breakout of enterprise mobile traffic Campus / building integration of wireless M2M devices (e.g. wireless video surveillance)

Flexi Zone Analysts

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Flexi Zone ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Flexi Zone – What’s the Industry Saying? NSN’s Flexi Zone is definitely the most ambitious hetnet proposal we’ve seen coming out of Mobile World Congress so far.... .... it has huge implications for the heterogeneous networks (or het-nets) of the future Current Analysis Flexi Zone offers a compellingly holistic view of small cells that will set a standard for competitors Flexi Zone, combining a laundry list of buzzwords (i.e., SON, small cells, WiFi, and backhaul) in one compelling, cohesive package

Rethink Wireless

One of the highlights of the MWC announcements is the unveiling of its most ambitious approach yet to the mobile RAN, called Flexi Zone.

NSN’s Flexi Zone is an ambitious and groundbreaking solution for the densification of macro networks.” ABI Research compared Flexi Zone to ALU’s lightRadio, Ericsson’s HetNet portfolio, and Huawei’s AtomCell. His commentary cites two reasons why the Flexi Zone is superior to competition: 1) “Flexi Zone is unique in being able to distribute baseband computing resources intelligently and based on demand.” 2) “NSN has tackled backhaul by using a novel zone architecture…”

Flexi Zone [....] is by far the most innovative approach taken by any of the tier one OEMs 27 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Flexi Lite (3G)

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Flexi Zone ©2014 Nokia Solutions and Networks. All rights reserved.

Flexi Lite BTS for a wide range of applications

Traffic hot spots


Remote areas

Special events

Macro network capacity extension and off-loading

Service improvement from indoor, outdoor or DAS installation

Coverage and costefficient service extension

Meet high traffic demand at stadiums and conferences

29 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Flexi Lite BTS 1900MHz – RU50 EP1 Small single –box BTS for micro & pico cell applications

Flexi Lite BTS • WCDMA/HSPA • Output power • 5W + 5W/micro • 250mW + 250mW/pico • Volume ~15 L • Weight ~13 kg • 180CE • 140 HSPA users *) • DL peak rate: 84Mbps • AC Power Feed.

Micro & pico cell solution • Small size • Low weight • Low power consumption • Easy site finding • IP65 outdoor, -35 C to +55°C • Fast rollout • Indoor or Outdoor • Input Voltage: 100-240 VAC, 50/60 Hz • MIMO+ 64QAM= 28Mbps

• Passive cooling (Without

Flexi Lite BTS

30 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Integrated patch antenna (opt) External antenna

FAN) • IP transport with Ethernet (Fiber and Wireline), xPON and Microwave

Flexi Lite BTS transport options Ethernet backhaul • 1*) 1x Electrical 10/100/1000Base-T • 2*) 1x SFP cage for optical/electrical SFP • 1000Base-SX/LX/BX (optional items) • Ethernet switching between both ports Power over Ethernet (P + E) xPON (GPON, EPON *) • 3*) Realized via special SFP’s for GPON or EPON • Special SFP’s integrate a complete ONU/ONT with standard GE port towards BTS Harmony Radio Microwave Radio (MWR) • Throughput up to 450Mb/s • 6 – 38 GHz frequency range Harmony Radio Lite Microwave Radio (MWR) • Throughput up to 230Mb/s TDD • Sub-6 GHz frequency range (NLOS support) 31 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

Flexi Lite BTS 1) Ethernet, electrical

2) Optional optical or electrical ethernet SFP 3) Optional GPON/EPON ONU SFP

Flexi Packet Lite MWR

Flexi Lite BTS Harmony Radio MWR

Key differentiators

> > > > >

Feature parity

Software parity

between 3G small cells and 3G macro

between Flexi Lite and Flexi Multiradio BTS

Same OSS Same Smart Scheduler Same QoS - mechanisms Same iSON - mechanisms Same IP security

32 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

> Seamless experience across macro & small cells > Same HSPA peak rates > Easy deployment > Fast rollout

Highest power – lowest TCO

> High output power > Indoor and outdoor > Easy implementation in large and multi vendor networks

¡Gracias! 33 04/07/2014 Confidential

© Nokia 2014

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© Nokia 2014

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