Automation and Robotics
What is the Difference? • Automation involves a mechanical device that can imitate the actions of people or animals. • Robotics involves the design, construction, and operation of a robot. • A robot is a machine that performs complicated tasks and is guided by automatic controls.
Robot Generations • achines, like the puppets in this theater, !ere designed to imitate human actions over ",### years ago.
Robot Generations • $irst generation robots !ere designed to perform factory !ork. • %uch robots performed simple tasks that !ere dangerous or unpleasant for people. • Robots !ere used to !eld, spray paint, move heavy ob&ects, handle hot materials, etc.
1961 - The first industrial robot was online in a General Motors automobile factory in New Jersey. It was called UNIMATE. It was used to pic up and put down parts.
Robot Generations • %econd generation Robots perform more comple' tasks and simulate many human functions. • %uch robots move, sense surroundings, and respond to changes in their environment. SWORDS on Display U.!. Army !"t. #st $lass Jason Mero %ri"ht& describes the capabilities of the !' ()*! %!pecial 'eapons (bser+ation )emote *irect-Action !ystem& robot to Garth )enn, an attendee at the 'ashin"ton Auto !how, 'ashin"on $on+ention $enter in 'ashin"ton *.$., Jan. , //0. *efense *ept. photo by Gerry J. Gilmore
(oday)s Robots *ndustrial robots perform many factory &obs + Welding + ainting + Assembly
(oday)s Robots edical Robots + Assist !ith surgery + (ransport materials + Dispense medicine + -ommunicate 5t. $ol. $harles )eilly performs laser eye sur"ery on !enior Airman John 2aul Marsh Au". 6 at the newly opened *efense *epartment Joint 'arfi"hter )efracti+e !ur"ery $enter at 5acland Air 7orce 8ase, Te9as.
The mobile robot %left& can roll to a patient1s bedside and enable two-way, real time communication between a physician and a patient, patient1s family, other physicians, and nurses. 2hoto by Army Institute of
(oday)s Robots Assistive Robots + ating + Walking + -leaning + Grasping/reaching 01 (he Robot
(oday)s Robots 'plore + %pace + 2nder!ater + ilitary
(oday)s Robots 3ousehold Robots + 4acuum + o! la!n + -lean
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